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InquiryQuestion

ThereweremultiplereasonswhytheNaziswereabletoriseintopowerandbecome

successfulatit.Whileresearchingaboutthetopic,allsignspointedtoAdolfHitlerandthe

TreatyofVersailles.HitlerwassupposedlythemastermindbehindthemakingoftheNazis.He

wasonlyabletotakeadvantageofthisopportunitybecauseoftheTreatyofVersailles.The

TreatyofVersaillescreatedamassiveeffectagainsttheGermansafterWorldWarI.

TheTreatyofVersaillesforcedtheGermansinto“payingwarreparationsforall

civiliandamagescausedbythewar”(Website#3).Italsoleadstothe“StockMarketcrash

in1929”(Website#2).TheTreatyofVersaillesalsocaused“theDepression,[which]renewed

risingoftariffs[and]createdtenseinternationalrelations”(Website#2).Inaddition,italso

placedrestrictionsonthe“Germanarmamentsandmilitarystrength”(Website#3).Italso

“destabilizedGermanybotheconomicallyandpolitically”(Website#2).Germanyalso“lost

hercoloniesandlargeportionsofGermanterritory”(Website#3).Aroundthistime,“the

WeimarRepublic,whichsucceededtheKaiser’smonarchy,wasmoderate,butweak,and

thusletmattersgetoutofhand”(Website#2).ThetreatytookahugepunchatGermanyand

theyhadahardtimetorecuperate.Everythingwentoutofcontrol,andnoonewasabletohandle

thesesituations. ThiseffectonGermanycausedGermanstofeelangryandhumiliated.Even

thoughitcauseddamagedtotheGermans,itbecamebeneficialtoHitler.

BeforeHitlerbecametheleaderoftheNazis,hewasjustservingasareservist.Beforehe

becameareservist,heservedintheGermanarmy.“Hefeltdisappointedandbetrayedwhen

GermanysurrenderedinNovember1918”(Website#2)andayearlatertheTreatyof

Versaillestookplace.Whenhewasareservist,hewouldspyonpoliticalpartiestomakesure

nothingwouldgetoutofhandforGermany.“Hitlerdiscoveredthattheparty’spoliticalideas

weresimilartohisown”(Website#1)whileattendingtheGerman’sWorkParty.Heagreedto

theirpoliticalviews,butwasunimpressedonthewayonhowtheywereorganized.Oneday

someonedisagreedwithanideathatHitlerproudlyagreedwith,andthismadehimgowild.In

addition,he“stoodupandmadeapassionatespeechonthesubject”(Website#1)tochange

theviewsofothersandthepersonwhodisagreedwiththeidea.Thissurprisedandimpressedthe

audiencebecauseofhisspeechskills.Hitlerstartedtodevelopthetechniques“thatmadehim

intosuchapersuasiveorator”(Website#1).Hesoonrealizedthathewastheonlyreasonwhy

“peoplewerejoiningtheparty”(Website#1).Thisgavehimagreatamountofpowerwithin

theorganization,andthepartyknew“theycouldnotaffordtolosehim”(Website#1).They

immediatelywantedtomakehimanexecutivememberoftheparty.Thenin“April1920,Hitler

advocatedthatthepartyshouldchangeitsnametotheNationalSocialistGermanWorkers

Party”(Website#1).ThiswasthebeginningoftheNazi’srisetopoweruntilayearlaterwhen

Hitlerbecametheofficialleaderoftheparty.

OnceHitlerbecamethechairmanoftheparty,theywerestartingtoget“thousandsof

newmembers,manyofwhomwerevictimsof[hyperinflation](Website#3).Oncethe

StockMarketcrashedin1929,manyGermansbecameunemployed,andtheNazisreactedtothis

intwoways.Theystarted“riotswithopposinggroups,especiallyCommunists,while

blamingthemforthedisorder,embarrassingthegovernmentforfailingtokeeporder”

(Website#2).Thenthey“bolsteredtheirpopularitywithfreefoodandfestivals,making

themlooklikeniceconcernedGermans”(Website#2).TheNazi’sgoalwastodrawmore

supportersfortheirpartyandsetupmeetingstopresenttheirsupport.ThenHitlerdecidedtorun

forpresident,butwasunsuccessful.Hisnextgoalormovewastotakethespotofbecominga

chancellor.Whilerunningforchancellor,theeconomywasimprovingandHitlerclaimedfull

creditforit.Afterall,hismainmessagewasthat“Germany’seconomicrecessionwasdueto

theTreatyofVersailles”(Website#1).Thismadenewmembersjoinandsupporttheparty.

TheNaziswonmostoftheirsupportfrom“thelowermiddleclassandthepeasantry”

(Website#3).Theywerestronglyintotheirpoliticalviews,andtheywereafraidthatthe

“depressionwoulddeprivethemoftheirstandardofliving”(Website#3).Theythought

theironlyhopewasforHitlertobecomechancellorandmakethingsevenbetterforGermany.In

addition,therewerealso“richGermanindustrialists,promptedbyfearofaCommunist

takeover,[who]pressuredthegovernmenttomakeHitlerchancellor”(Website#2).Every

supporteroftheNazisandHitlerwerereallydesperateforanyhopeafterthedownfallofthe

economyandtheriseofCommunist.Hitlerwasabletorequiresupportbyusing“liesand

propagandatodeceivethepublicandturnthemagainsthelplessscapegoats”(Website#2).

WhenthesupportoftheNaziPartybegantofall,Hitlersavedthemby“claimingthat

[Germany]wasonthevergeofaBolshevikRevolutionandonlytheNSDAPcouldprevent

thisfromhappening”(Website#2).ThisleadtofearandthenHitlerbecamechancellorof

Germany.

WithouttheTreatyofVersailles,theNaziscouldhaveneverrisentopower.Hitlerwas

anotherreasonwhytheNazisrosetopower,buttheTreatyofVersailleswasprobablythereason

Hitlermadethembecomepowerful.TheeffectoftheTreatyofVersaillesdidn’tshowany

kindnesstowardsGermany.Hitlerwasabletobuildthemupandcreateapartylikenoother.He

didthisbyusingpropagandaandcreatingspeechesthat“attractedlargeaudiencesandfunds

tothenewparty'streasury”(Website#2).OveralltheTreatyofVersaillesleadtothepaid

growthoftheNazis,andtheywereabletorequirepoliticalpowerthroughAdolfHitler.

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