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III. .
:
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6

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). , ,
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:

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( ) ,
,
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[ ] .



[eI]

[bJ]
Bb
[sJ]

[dJ]
Dd
[J]
Ee
[ef]
Ff
[dZJ]
Gg
[eItS]
Hh
[aI]
Ii
[dZeI]
Jj
[keI]
Kk
][el]
Ll
[em]
Mm
[en]
Nn
[qu]
Oo
[pJ]
Pp
[kju]
Qq
[R]
Rr
[es]
Ss
[tJ]
Tt
[jH]
Uu
[vJ]
Vv
['dabljH]
Ww
[eks]
Xx
[waI]
Yy
7

[zed]
Zz
,


meet -
J

kick
I

set
e

plan -
x

car
R
rob
O = P

door
L
book
u = V

tooth
H
, ome
A
,
,
August
q
W = E: , murder

eiq
qu
ai
au
Oi
iq
Fq = eq
uq
aiq
auq


case
go
crime
out , , ,
boy
real ,
air
poor
fire
our


p
8

plain ( )

b
m
w

b
m
w, wh

f, ph, ugh

v
T

v
th

bar ( )
mark (,
)
wages
(
),
why ()
fast (),
phone ()
laugh ()
voice ()
theft ()
threaten ()

this ()
weather ()

s, (e, ci, cy)

safety ()
peace (, )

z, s ( s freeze ()
z
)
physics ()

t
time ()
t

d
detect ()
d

n
name ()
n

l
law ()
l

r
rape ()
r
sh, ch, s+ure, sio (
ash ( )
S
), tion pressure ()
speculation ()
s+ure
measure ()
Z

ch, tch
branch ()
C

g (gi, ge, gy) j


change ()
G

k, que
key (),
k
nock ()
qu
quickly ()
kw

g
gang ()
g
ng
acting ()
N
h, wh
hand (), who ()
h
i, u, y
you (, ), tube ()
j ,
9


a
b
v
g
d
E
yo,e,ye
zh
Z
i
y, j
k
l
m
n
o
p


r
s
t
ou
f, ph
kh
ts
ch
sh
shch
y
ee
yu
ya

:
1). Kharkov;
2). Kiev ( ), Kyiv ( );
3). Donetsk;
4). . Universitetskaya str.;
5). Anatoly Solovyanenko
IV. .
?
, , ?
?
? ?
?
? ?

Why [wai]
How [hau]
many
much
often
long
How

Who [hH]
Whom [hHm]
Whose [hHz]
What [wOt]
When [wen]
Where [wFq]

?
? ?
(.)
(.)
?
?

IV. .
10

- Personal details
surname [sq'neim]

name [neim]

patronymic ["pxtrq'nimik]

residence, permanent address
()
the place of registration

occupation
,
birth [bWT]

birth-place

date of the birth

nationality ["nxSq'nxliti]

citizenship ['sitiznSip]
.
dual ['dju(:)ql] C
.
to grant C
.
to revoke smb.s C

marital status [mq'raitl]

husband [' hAzbqnd]

wife [waif]

bachelor ['bxtSqlq]

marriage
certificate
['mxridZ]
[sq'tifikeit]

family

age [eidZ]

sex

the female ['fJmeil]

the male ['meil]

identity card [QI'dentiti kRd]

V

drivers license ['draiviN
'laisqns]

social origin ['souSql 'PridZin]

weight [weit]

stature, height ['stxCq]; [hait]


,
Parts of the body

ankle ['xnkl]
arm [Rm]
armpit
[Rmpit]

back [bxk]
belly ['beli]
11

heel [hJl]
hip [hip]
knee [nJ]

leg [leg]
nail [neil]

body ['bOdi]
bust [bAst]
buttock ['bAtqk]

()

chest [Cest]
elbow ['elbou]
finger ['fiNgq]
foot [fHt]
hand [hxnd]

()
()

Description of the head


head [hed]

face ['feis]

lips [lips]

birth-mark,
mole
jaw [dZL]
forehead
['fOrid]
temple
[temmpl]

neck [nek]
palm [pRm]
shoulder
['Souldq]
throat [Crout]
thumb [Cum]
toe [tou]
waist [weist]
wrist [rist]
ear [iq]
eye [Qi]
eyebrow
['Qibrau]
chin [tSin]
cheek [tSJk]
back of the
head
eyelid ['ailid]

- Internal organs
blood [blAd]
lungs [lANz]
brain [brein] pancreas
['pxxNkrqs]
bowels

spleen [splJn]
['bauqlz]
heart [hRt]

stomach
['stAmqk]
liver ['livq]

kidney ['kidni]

trauma ['trLma], injury ['indZqri]

car-injury ['indZqri]

cranial-cerebral T. ['kreiniqlseribrql]

road T. ['roud]

life T. [laif]

major (severe) ['meidZq] (si'viq) T

.


c bruise [brHz]

fraction ['frxkSn]
12

burn ['bWn]

dislocation ["dislq'keiSn]

scar [skR]

bleeding ['blJdiN]

fainting fit

heart attack

wound [wHnd]

blow [blou]

deep [dJp] W.

punch [pAnC]

stab [stxb] W.

kick

bullet ['bulit] W.

. strike ['straik] a blow

gunshot W

cut [kAt] W.

() stab
with a sharp (blunt) object

W. cavity ['kxviti]

()
(,
, , )




?
.

()

strike (hit) somebody

Call on for an ambulance!


wounded
victim ['viktim]
eyewitness of (the crime, road accident, the
burglary) ['ai'witnqs]
to interview the witnesses ['intqvjH]
to invite attesting witnesses
to lose consciousness ['kOnSqsnqs]
to be unconscious
to bring smb. to consciousness
to be highly excited [haili ik'saitqd]
How are you?
I am not well
My blood [blAd] pressure ['preSq] is high
(low)
I need a doctor
Mans nose is bleeding

- Temperament ['tempqrqmqnt]
Phlegmatic [fleg'mxtik]

sanguine ['sxNwin]-

Melancholic ["melqn'kOlik]

choleric ['kOlqrik]

Professions

A
[q'kauntqnt]
actor [xktq]
actress

13

diplomat
['diplqmxt]
diver ['daivq]
doctor [doktq]

['xktris]
architect
['Rkitekt]
banker
['bxnkq]
builder
['bildq]
clerk [klRk]

cook [kuk]

()

interpreter
[in'tWpritq]
translator
[trxns'leitq]
manager
['mxnedZq]
miner
['mainq]
pilot ['pailqt]

sailor ['seilq]

singer ['siNq]
teacher ['tJCq]
judge
public
prosecutor
guide
dentist

locksmith
['loksmiT]
painter
['peintq]
policeman
[pq'lJsmqn]
salesman
['seilzmqn]
tailor ['teilq]
worker ['wWkq]
waiter
tailor

confectioner
conductor

()

driver ['draivq]

engineer
["endZi'niq]
farmer ['fRmq]

()

()

barber ['bRbq]
hairdresser
['hFq"dresq]
journalist
['dZWnqlist]
lawyer ['lLjq]

Forms of applying & greeting


!
!
!
,
.?
!
!
!
!

Excuse me, .
Im so sorry to trouble you, but
Pardon me, .
I say! Hi!......Hey!
Excuse me, could you tell me .,
please
I beg your pardon, sir! ( :
Sir!)
Citizen!
Madam!
Miss!
Young man!
14

!
! (.)
! (.)
!
!
!
!!
()
..
!

Hey,
you

there!

Hey! There!
Brother! (Buddy! [US], Old man!)
Friend!
Chum! (Pal! Buddy!)
Good morning! Good afternoon! Good
evening! How do you do?
Welcome!
I am happy to welcome you on behalf
of ...
Welcome!

!
Good bye!
!
See you (soon)!
Till we meet again!
!
Good bye! All the best!
!
See you tomorrow!
!
Good Bye! God bless you! (
)
!
Good luck!
! !
Happy journey!
!
Have a nice trip!
,

? ?
? ?
?
?
()?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?

(
,
)?
,

Who are you? What is your name?


What are you? What are you doing?
What are you by profession?
How old are you?
Are you married?
What is your citizenship?
Where have you come from?
What is the term of your visa validity?
What is your nationality?
What is your occupation?
Where do you live?
What is your permanent address?
What is the place of your registration?
Have you a passport (identity card, driving
license)?
Your passport, please
15

?
?
?
- (-)?
?
, .
?
?
?
?
?

Where do you work?


How are you?
Whom are you accompanied by?
Do you speak Ukrainian (Russian)?
Do you understand (follow) me?
Could you speak slower, please?
May I help you?
What can I do for you?
What currency do you have?
Do you need to change the currency you
have?
Is it your first visit to our country?

IV. .
()

city ['siti]

()

town ['taun]
suburb
['sAbWb]
district
['distrikt]
block
centre ['sentq]

borough ['bArq]
region ['rJdZqn]

infrastructure

population

city council

court [kLt]

embassy ['ebmqsi]

ministry
public prosecutors
office
['prOsqkjutqz]
post office
militia
[mi'liSiq]
station
consulate
['kOnsjuleit]
bank

clinic ['klinik]
hospital ['hOspitl]
ambulance
['xmbjulqns]
chemists
['kemists

university
institute
school [skHl]
technical school
kindergarten

Shops

department store

16

foot wear

grocery
green-grocery
book-store
confectionary
butchers
fishmongers
go shopping

jewelers
perfumery
souvenir
bakery
market
cash-desk
counter

fashion house

studio

['stjHdiou]
laundry ['lLndri]

\
\

hairdressers
barbers

castle [kAsl]
temple [templ]
cathedral
[kq'TJdrql]
catholic church
church

plant [plAnt]

philharmonic
society
[sq'saiqti]
factory

theatre ['Tiqtq]
opera house
clothing F.

drama T.
Shoe F.

mine ['main]

cinema

museum
Means of transport
bus

taxi
tram

underground
trolley-bus

lorry (truck)


restaurant ['restqrLN]
? Where can
I have a cheap snack?
['kxfei] ]

canteen [kxn'tJn]
? What restaurant with
bar [bR]
good cuisine [kwi'zJn] would you
snack bar [snxkbR]
recommend me?
City topography

17

prospect
street
one-way
through
[TrH]
lane
block
cross-road
crossing
building [bildiN]
bridge
odd number

high-way [hai-wei]
road
ring [riN]
pavement
['peivmqnt]
square [skwFq]
station ['steiSn]
rail-way S.
bus S.
airport ["Fq'pLt]
stadium ['steidjqm]
embankment
even number

.
()
Go (straight) along the street
(, )
Turn to (the right, the left)

Its round the corner

Pass two blocks
(, )
Get to (the hotel, the station)

Change

It takes you .. minutes
( ) You had better take a taxi (a bus)
?
Have you lost your way?
( )
The stop is around the corner (crossing the
street)

You may go on foot

Traffic

jam / congestion

Stop by the traffic lights

Patrol station (filling station)


()
The bus (trolley-bus) stop
C
Taxi rank

Traffic-free area
o
Pedestrian [pi'destriqn]precinct
()
Crossing (zebra)
.
underground C. (underpass)

.?
Can you give me some information?
(, ) What bus (trolley-bus, tram) should I take
, ..? to reach (to get).?
?
How do I get to the centre of the city?
?
How do I get top the post office?
18

.
?
?
-?
?
?
?
?
?

Can you direct me to .


Where do I change ?
How much is the fare, please?
Where is the stadium Donbass-Arena situated?
Is the hotel on this side of the street?
What station should I get out?
Where can I make a phone call?
Where can I park the car?
Where can I have my car filled?

Building ['bildiN]

floor (storey ) [flL]


one-storey house [wAnstOri]
five-storey house
multi-storey house [mAltistOri]
sky-scraper ['skai'skreipq]
ground F. (Br.) first S. (USA)
the first F.(Br), the second F. (USA)
roof [rHf]
tiled R [taild]
window ['windOu]
double casement W [dAbl'keismqnt]
dormer W ['dOmq]
wall [wOl]
window-sill
balcony ['bxlkqni]
loft (attic)
basement ['beismqnt]
cellar [selq]
the steps
porch [pOC]
stairs ['stFq]
lift (Br), elevator (USA)
rubbish chute ['rAbiSSHt]
front door [frAntdL]]
house
municipal [mjH'nisipl] H.
private ['praivqt] H.
flat, apartment (US) [fflxt]]][qq'pRtmqnnt]
one-room flat
privatized F.
secured [sq'kjuqd]] F.
19

step
fence
stair case
garage ['gxrRg]

?
?
?

What house do you live in?


What floor is your flat on?
How many rooms are there in your flat?
I live in my own house
I have a three room flat
I live on the third floor in the nine storey
building
I live with my parents, but I have a room of
my own.
My family has bought the flat by installment
[in'stOlmqnt]

You have come to the stadium

stadium ['steidjqm]

playing field [ppeiNfJld]

sector

row [rOu]

seat [sJt]

tier [tiq]
VIP
VIP box [dOks]

cloak-room of the team [klOuk]

commentators cabin

football fan

entrance to the stadium ['entrqs]

exit ['ekzit]

national team ['nxSqnl tJm]

home team

contestant [kOn'testqnt]

coach (trainer) [kouC]



open the score [skL]

keep the score

even the score

score a goal


It is forbidden [fO'bidqn] to ........
to the stadium
20

..


!
.
.

alcoholic drinks
glass bottles
explosives [iks'plOusiv]
fire-arm(s) ['faiqRmz]
shooting [SutiN] and cutting
['kAtiN] items ['aitqmz]
It is forbidden . in the stadium
to smoke
to drink alcohol
Dont break [breik] public order!
You should go to your seat
Show your ticket, please

V. .
)
-
Does anyone here speak English (German,
-
(-,
- French, Italian)?
, -)?
? Where is the nearest police station?

I want to report on

an accident ['xksidqnt]]
,
mugging, [mAgiN]

the los of the documents
I need to contact the British (American)
() .
Consulate.
(), I need an English speaking lawyer.['lLjq]
-.
.
My child is missing.['misiN]

Help me(to) find my tourist group.


.
()
I have lost
.
My has been stolen.

camera
,
hired car ['haiqd]

bag (handbag)

credit card

passport

purse [pWs]

wallet ['wOlit]

ticket
:
What shall I do?
21

)
?
What is missing?
?
How do you estimate the damage?
?
When did it happen?
?
When did you notice the loss?
?
Where were the things taken from?
?
Where were you at that time?
?
Is there a witness of the theft?
?
Who can confirm the fact of the theft?
?
?
Where are you staying?
,
Please, fill in this form.
,
Sign here, please
?
Do you need an interpreter?
.
We are getting an interpreter for you.
Go to the room with the officer on duty
.
['djuti] for making an evidence.

You have to explain something

.
You will be asked some questions
['kwesCn]
?
Are you ready to testify ['testifai]?

You are legally responsible for the false


information

- ... Have you any claim to the militia officer?

You have been detained [di'teind] for


.
breaking the peace.
. You will be informed and explained your rights
[raits]
You are allowed [q'laud] to phone to the

guide ['gaid] of your group (delegation).


().
.
Show your . , please.

passport

identification card
[ai"dentifi'keiSn] [kRd]

driving license ['laisqns]

vehicle ['vJikl] registration

medical insurance [in'Suqrens]

travelling papers ['trxvqliN]

staff pass [stAfpAs]
22

) ()

I am .

sworn [swLn] staff [stAf]


a private.['praivit]
a junior sergeant ['dZHnjq] ['sRdZqnt]
a sergeant ['sRdZqnt]
a senior ['sJnjq] sergeant ['sRdZqnt]
a sergeant major ['meidZq]
a warrant ['wOrqnt] officer
a senior warrant officer
a junior lieutenant [lef'tenqnt]
a lieutenant
a senior lieutenant
a captain
a major ['meidZq]
a lieutenant colonel
a colonel ['kWnl]
(, , )

I work in/at
['rJdZqnql]
regional
[di'pRtmqnt]
department
[in'tWnql]
internal
[q'fFqz]
affairs
[mi'liSq]
miltia
[di'liNkwqnsi]
delinquency
[pri'liminqri]
preliminary
['faiq]
fire
['sWvis]
service

[in"vesti'geiSn]
investigation
['kraim]
crime
[drAg]
drug
[in'fLsmqnt]
enforcement
['dZHvinail]
juvenile
[fO'rensik]
forensic
["ekspe'tJz]
expertise
['priz(q)n]
prison
['djHti]
duty
The Oblast Department of Internal Affairs
of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
The City Department of Internal Affairs
of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
Crime Investigation Department
Department for Combating Economic
Crimes
Drug Enforcement Department

23

Criminal
Militia
Department
for
Combating Juvenile Delinquency
Investigation Department
Preliminary Investigation Department

-
-







Expertise and Forensic Department


Patrol and sentry duty
Transport Militia Service
State Traffic Inspection
Security and Protection Service
State Fire Department
Prison Administration
Department of Logistics
Inner Troops
Regional Office of Interpol National
Central Bureau

VI. () Illegal acts (crimes)


,

capital crime
common law [lL] crime
crime against [q'geinst] humanity
crime against law of nations
crime against a person ['pWsn]
crime against property ['pprOpqti]
Felony ['felOni]

Violent ['vaiqlqnt] crimes

killing

murder ['mWdq]

(excusable)
homicide
[iks'kjuzqbl]['hOmisaid]

assassination [q"sxsi'neiSn]

suicide ['sjusaid]

slaughter ['slLtq]

rape [reip]


assault [q'sLlt]
aggravated ['xgrqveitqd] A.

assault and battery



kidnapping

trafficking
Property [prOpqti] crimes

burglary ['bWglqri]
24

larceny ['lRsqni]
theft [Teft]
arson ['RsOn]
pick-pocketing [pik'OkqtiN]
shop-lifting ["SOp'liftiN]
carjacking ["kRdZxkiN]

- Economic crimes

counterfeiting ['kauntqfitiN]

white collar crimes [wait] ['kOlq] [kraim]
(
)
organized crime ["Lgq'naizd] [kraim]
forgery ['fLdZqri]

embezzlement [im'bezlmqnt]

fraud ['frLd]

money-laundering ['mAni'lLdqriN]

bankruptcy
[kqm'pAlsiv]
compulsive
['bxnkrqpsi]

bribery ['braibqri], bribe-taking, corruption

smuggling ['smAgliN]
breach of law, law-breaking, misdemeanour, tort, wrong-doing

abuse [q'bjuz]

alcohol A.
A. of power ['pauq]

drug A. [drAg]

hooliganism ['hHligqnizm]
.
malicious [mq'liSqs] H.
.
disorderly conduct ['kOndAkt]

to break the peace

extortion [iks'tLSn]

to extort money

prostitution

gambling ['gxmbliN]

foul ['faul] language ['lxNgwiC]


to use foul language, to swear ['swFq]



to catch ['kxC] a criminal

to arrest, to detain a law-breaker

to trace a law-breaker

to take a law-breaker into the district militia

(
station (the office of public order safeguarding)
25

()

['seifgRdiN]
to manacle ['mxnqkl] handcuffs ['hxndkAfs]
to commit [kq'mit] a crime
to prevent [pri'vent] a crime
to
undertake
["Andq'teik]
preventive
measures['meZqs]
to investigate [in'vestigeit], to detect a crime,
to clear up [kliq Ap]a crime
examine the scene [sJn] of the crime

VII.

.

key economic branches


power
['paue]
engineering
["endZi'niqriN]

mechanical engineering

coal-mining ['koulmaInIN]

manufacturing
industry
["mxnju'fxkCqriN]
agricultural ["xgri'kAlCurql]

chemical ['kemikql]

activity [xk'tiviti]

financial [fainxnSql] and economic A.


- .
foreign economic, external economic
.

enterprise ['entqprais], business



plant, factory
,
form, company, concern
,
society
[sq'saiqti],
institution,

community
~
joint stock company ['kAmpqni]

close company
~
associated [q'souSieitqd] company

limited company

,
damage ['dxmidZ] , loss, waste
,
harm, detriment
,
injury
['idZqri],
prejudice
['predZudis]
.
monetary ['mAnitqri] damage
.
material loss
.
26

.
.
.
.
.
.




.
.
.
.
.
.


()


material (property) damage


moral damage, prejudice
compensate for the D.
do the D.
estimate the extend of the damage
estimate the damage
cause [kLz]the damage
sphere [sfiq], field
field of activities (of business, of
action)
production sphere
economic domain
fuel and power sphere
bank
agency ['eidZqnsi]
government (state) A.
advertising ['xdvqtaiziN] (publicity)
A.
insurance [in'Suqrqns] A.
trade (mercantile) A.
administration
management
authorities [L'TOritiz]
market administration
executive [ig'zekjutiv] department
city council
local administration
management of an enterprise
customs administration
staff number of an enterprise
founder (member), promoter
(general)
director
(manager),
executive secretary (USA)
manager
chief [CJf], (head, principal)
employee ["implOi'J] ()
official ()
revenue
['revinju]
officer
( )
profit, (benefit, earning, income)
27

additional (extra) profit


after-tax profit
goods turnover [tWn'Ouvq], commodity

circulation ["sWkju'leiSn]

gross trade turnover

annual ['xnjuql] sales

transit turnover circulation

net trade turnover

the subject of business activity


()
tax [txks]

value-['vxljH] added tax

tax declaration

tax liability ["laiq'biliti]


a
payment (pay, defrayal)

consignment [kqn'sainmqnt] P.
.
cashless [kxSlqs] P.

payment in the amount of .

payment in cash

cash payment

~
collect on delivery [di'livqri]
bill (paper, note, promissory note
~
usance ['jHzqns] B.

currency ['kArqnsi] B.

advanced [qd'vRnst] B.


bill drawn [drOn] on a nonexisting
person
.
treasury ['treZqri] B.
.
cancel a bill
.
write out a bill
.
protest a bill

.
forge a bill
securities (papers, stock, funds)
..
pawn [pLn] securities

absorb stock
..
quote [kwout] securities


speculate in stocks and shares

property

ownership ['ounqSip]

corporate P.

28





.
.
.



-




.
.
.

.
.

residential P. ["rezi'deSql]
insured P. [in'Suqd]
intellectual P.
property in goods
property in land
private P.
inherit P.
transfer ownership
buy P. [bai]
contract
mutually beneficial
operating C.
contract of purchase ['pWCqs]
short-term C.
long-term C.
money lending C.
turnkey C. ['tWnki]
negotiate [ni'gouSieit] a C.
violate ['vaiqlleit] a C.
depart from a C.
sing [sain] C.
conclude [kqn'klHd] (make, place ) a C.
terminate ['tWmineit] a C.
cancel (revoke) a C.
goods (products)
imported
defective
industrial
supply [sqp'lai] (provision, security)
collateral [kO'lxtqrql] security
information support [sq'pO]
legal ['ligql] security [ssi'kjuiriti]
software
protection of intellectual property
financial [fai'nxnSql]
financial investigative enquiry
financial transactions
tax [ttxks] (tariff, duty, fee)
29

state tax (government duty)


stamp duty ['djut]
notarial fee
legal expenses
customs duty
export duty
collect a D.
impose a D.
evade customs D.

What is the form of your enterprise
?
ownership?

Are you the owner of the real estate?


?
What firms has the foreign economic activity

contract been concluded with?


?
?
Who is the consignee ["kOnsai'nJ]?
?
To whose name have the notes been made out?

.
.
.

VIII.

..

Illegal migration
counteract I.M.
illegal entry
migrant
undocumented migrant
temporary migrant
the term of staying
extend the term of
staying
border
border control
border crossing
border service
border checkpoint
entry documents


-
-

-
-

-

- .
- .
- .
- .

destination
travel documents

visa
visa entitlement

-
- .

30

transit V.
.

permanent residence

inquiry [in'kwaiqri]

address an inquiry

-

make an inquiry

-
receive an inquiry from -

abroad
()

ban (prohibition)
..
prohibition to enter for -

the term of ..

citizenship (nationality)
- ~

dual C.
- ~

legal C.

.
possess nationality

.
grant citizenship
.
be naturalized
.
facilities
to
get

citizenship

the term of validity of smth

list
(enumeration)
of
documents

signature (sign)

attested (certified) S.

forged S.

authentic S.
.
own S.

put a S./

unsigned (without a S.)



services

consulting S.

paid S.

certificate

birth C.

S. of marriage


trafficking

marriage agency

location
issue of passports
job placement
31

IX.
?
?

()



a second
a minute
(15 ) a quarter ['kwLtq]
(30 ) a half ['hRf]
(60 ) an hour ['auq]
a.m. ante meridiem
p.m. post meridiem
() (in) the morning
() (in) the afternoon
() (in) the evening
the night
5 at five oclock
5 about five oclock

What time is it now?


What time is it by your watch?
It is.. now.
three (sharp)
half past six
twenty minutes past eight
a quarter to eleven
Note:

past ().

TO ()
:
) , ..
(ten minutes past five),
) , ..
(half past eleven)
) , ..
(five minutes to sxi)

X. .
1. , , . (/)
: - (
) THE - .
S
: A foreigner foreigners ( )
1.
A crime (the) crimes ( )
A street (the) streets ( )
A law laws ( )
A man men ( , )
:
A woman women ( )
A tooth teeth ( )
A foot feet (, , )
2.


I
() my
Me , ,
you
() your
You , ,
() he/she/it (it .) / his/her/its
Him , her ,
32

we
you
they

() our
() your
their

Us , ,
You , ,
Them , ,

3.
TO BE (, , )
Present/

Past/

Future/

I am

Was

shall be -

You are

Were

will be

He/she/it is

Was

will be

We are

Were

shall be

You are

Were

will be

They are

Were

will be -

:
be present

be sure

be absent

be ill (sick)

be late

be ready

be in time

- be responsible for

be free

be afraid of

:
1. . The child is afraid of the dog.
2. . Tomorrow I will be busy
with the negotiation with the suppliers.
3. . All chiefs of the
departments were present at the meeting.
4. . I am ready to help our city
visitors.
5. . Militia is responsible for public
order.
ED,
:
()

to interview interviewed

()

to help helped
33

()

to show showed

WILL,
:
. The militiaman will interview the witness.
. The traffic controller will
help the old man to cross the street.
, ;
:

Can

May

? What can I help you?



? Can you translate
the tourists words?
Mo ? May I smoke here?


!
You must not break the peace!

Should

, ,


. You should be
attentive crossing the street.

Need not

Must



. Tourists need not pay
for breakfast in the five-stars
hotel

3. :
in (), on (), under (), over = above (), between (), near
(), to (), into ( ), by (), within (
in ( .. ), on ( . ), at ( .. ), for = during (
, - )
3. .
Cardinal numerals.
1 10
11 19 [ N+th ]
20 90 [ N+ty]
One
Eleven
34

Two
Twelve
Twenty
Three
Thirteen
Thirty
Four
Fourteen
Fourty
Five
Fifteen
Fifty
Six
Sixteen
Sixty
Seven
Seventeen
Seventy
Eight
Eighteen
Eighty
Nine
Nineteen
Ninety
Ten
100 hundred
10000 ten thousand
1000 thousand
100000 one hundred thousand
Ordinal numerals. [N+th]
the 1 10
the 11 19 [ N+th ]
the 20 90 [ N+ty]
1 first -
Eleventh
2 second -
Twelfth
Twentieth
3 third
Thirteenth
Thirtieth
4 fourth Fourteenth Fourtieth
5 fifth -
Fifteenth
Fiftieth
6 sixth
Sixteenth
Sixtieth
7 seventh Seventeenth Seventieth
8 eighth Eighteenth Eightieth
9 ninth
Nineteenth
Ninetieth

1. Everyman's English Pronouncing Dictionary. (by Daniel Jones). .:


:, 1963.
538 .
2. Oxford Dictionary of Law.(ed. by Elizabeth A. Martin) Oxford: Oxford univ.
press,2003. 550 p.
35

3. The Oxford Duden Pictorial English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford univ. Press,
1985. 816 p.
4. .., .. - . .:
, 1999. 608 .
5. .. . .
.: , 2003.- 352 .
6. .. . - . .:
, 2001. 624
7. .., .. - .
.: , 1993. 400 .
8. .. - . .: , 1976.
912 .
9. - . ( . ). .:
, 1994. 912 .
10. .. . . .: -, 2006. 221 .
11. . : . , . ., -, 2006.
159 .

36

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