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1. What is the strategy/activity? Describe in detail.

-Frontloading vocabulary and concepts: Preparing students for reading and

This is a strategy that is used when introducing vocabulary words to the
class. When you are frontloading vocabulary and concepts, you are explaining
the important words so that the students are understanding the concepts and
vocabulary. It is very important not to introduce more than six to ten words,
because that is the amount of vocabulary word that students can remember.
When using this strategy it is important to remember to only teach words
that will be useful and used frequently while participating in the lesson.
Connecting students prior knowledge to new vocabulary words and concepts
can make their vocabulary skills stronger. One aspect of teaching vocabulary
words to ELL students that is important to remember is Students may need
to encounter a word about twelve times or more before they will know it well
enough to help them comprehend what they read (McKeown et al. 1985).
2. Why is the strategy/activity beneficial to making a lesson
comprehensible for ELLs or for supporting ELLs in their English
language development? (here you will need to cite relevant points in
the courses texts that help support the use of your strategy/activity
for ELLs)
This strategy is beneficial to making a lesson comprehensible for ELLs
because students will be able to encounter the vocabulary words and
concepts prior to reading them or hearing them used in a lesson.
Vocabulary is an essential component of reading and writing in the content
area (Cloud et al. 2009). There are also many different methods that you can
use while using this strategy while teaching. As a teacher you could use
cognate word walls. This would provide the support that students would need
so that they could look up at the word wall and see the word they may be
trying to decode next to a word that is in their first language. This would help
provide the students the opportunity to make the connections that are so
vital to learning new vocabulary words. Another method that a teacher could
use while using a cognate word wall is having students develop definitions for
the words (Cloud et al. 2009). Students self-discovery is very important in a
gaining a full understanding in concepts.
3. To better illustrate your strategy, provide at least one video example
and one image and any necessary explanations. Include links for the
videos and copies of any images. Be sure to cite media
appropriately if its not your own video or image.
H. (2014, August 27). Frontloading for English Language Learners. Retrieved
March 25, 2016, from

4. Describe how you could adapt this strategy for three different
content areas.
Social Studies: You could frontload the different vocabulary words that the
students are going to encounter during the lesson. Adding words to the
cognate word wall, or having students come up with the definitions to the
words, self-discovery.
Math: When introducing new concepts in math it is important to connect the
new concepts to the previous learned concepts. It is also important to make
sure that as a teacher you arent introducing more than 6-10 vocabulary
words during one lesson.
Reading: When working on grammar, comprehension, or fluency it is very
important to use this strategy. Making connections between previously
learned skills and the skills that the students are learning. Frontloading the
vocabulary words that the students will be using will help the comprehension
of the students, because when they come across the words while reading or
hearing a passage, the students wont need to stop to decode what the words
5. Citations:
H. (2014, August 27). Frontloading for English Language Learners. Retrieved
March 25, 2016, from
Cloud, N., Genesee, F., & Hamayan, E. V. (2009). Literacy instruction for English
language learners: A teacher's guide to research-based practices. Portsmouth,
NH: Heinemann.