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621.313.

333
2012



.. , ,
.. , ,
, ()

: ; ; .
: ,
.


.
, .
.

.
, (
),
[1].

15 %,
(25, 50, 75, 100, 125%).

,
, :
P, U, n
s, cos ,
= M M ,

1 -

- ,
[3]

1 = 1 +

r1 + jx 1
Z
= 1 + 1 = c1 e jc .
r + jx
Z

k = M M , -

k i = I I .

,
,
,
.
,
MATLAB.
1 - -
, , : r1, x1 - ; r2, x2 - ; r, x -
.
- , .

108

. 1. - () - () .

c < 1 , 1 c1 [4].
-
U1 = z I 0 ; U1 = z I = ki z I ; z1 0,5 z ,

. 1 (23), 2013

.. , ..


P
I =
3 U cos

I0
z
=
1 = 1 + 1 +
2 z
2 k i I
(1)
3 U cos
I0
= 1+
2 k i P
z =

(r1 + r2 )2 + (x 1 + x 2 )2

, [2],
.

m1 pU12 r2
,
(2)
M ( s) =
1s (r1 + c1r2 / s )2 + x2
1=2f ; m1, p ;
U1 ;
x = x 1 + c1 x 2 -

.
dM/ds
. 1 (23), 2013

s=1, ..
; I0
s=0.
(1), 1 (P, U,
cos, ki, ).
I0.
, ,
,
10% 40% . I0.
2.
.
,
: 30-45, 55-90,
110-315 ( 3) :
I 0 = 1,161 10 8 P2 + 0,001194 P 8,85

30 P 45 ;
I = 1,459 10 8 P 2 + 0,002663 P 80,70
0

55
90
;

I = 6,688 10 10 P 2 + 0,000426 P 3.37

0
110 P 315 .

2(r2 ) 2 (r1 + c1r2 / s )c1

2
2 2
2 3
dM m1 pU 1 s (r1 + c1r2 / s ) + ( x )
.(3)
=

ds
1
r2

2
s (r + c r / s )2 + ( x )2

1
1 2

. 2. .
, s0,
(3)
dM m1 pU12 .
(4)
=
lim
s 0 ds
1c12 r2

0 s s ,

, .
(4)

m1 pU12 M M ,
(5)

=
s
1c12 r2
s
M = p P
(1 s ) 1

m1 pU12 s
(6)
.
1c12 M
, (6) (10%) ..

, . (6)
.
dM/ds=0 ,
r2

109

.. , ..

m1 pU12

Mm =

2
21c1r2 r12 + r12 + ( x 1 + c1 x 2 )

sm =

c1r2

r + (x1 + c1 x2 )

2
1

+ (x1 + c1 x2 )

(7)

, (8)

= r1 , c1r2
,
2,5<<1/sm [1].
(8)

sm = sn

+ 2 (1 2s ( 1)) .
1 2 s ( 1)

(9)


(8) (7)
m1 pU12
(10)
.
Mm =
21c1r2 ( + 1 sm )
,

P
p P ,
(11)
M m = M =
=
(1 s ) 1

(10) (11)

m (1 s ) U12 1 .
(12)
= 1

2c1r2P
sm
(9) (12)

sm

1 + 2 s ( 1) A
,
sm = s
1 2 s ( 1) A

(13)
1 2 s ( 1) A
,
= A
s 1 + 2 s ( 1) A

2
A = m1 (1 s ) U1 .

2c1r2P

r1 = c1r2 ,

, (8)

1
x = x 1 + c1 x 2 = c1r2 2 2 .
sm

110

, x
, , [2,3]
x1 = 0,48 x , x2 = 0,52 x .
c1
x


Q1 = Q + Q ,
,
Q1 = m1U1I sin = m1U1I 1 cos 2 ,
,
Q m1I 02 x ,
,
( 1,)
2
Q = m1 (I 2 ) c1 (x 1 + c1 x 2 ) =

m1U 12

1 + (1 s + )

(1 s

2
m

x =

Q1 Q
=
m1 I 02

)[

U I 1 cos 2 U 12 1 sm2 2 (1 s + ) + 1 sm2 2


= 1
I 02
2

)]


250 4. 1 (), , (), . ,


.
, 6,
, .

1. .. . - : http://ets.ifmo.ru/usolzev/wopros/op_ad.pdf ( , : ). - 4 .

. 1 (23), 2013

.. , ..

1. .

P,

4355S23

250

r1
0,013
0,013

..
x1
x
r2
0,091
6,53
0,011
0,091

5,7

0,011

x2
0,098
0,1



P U s cos k ki

. 4.

. 1 (23), 2013

111

.. , ..

2. . ., . ., . .
// . - 4/98. - 1998. - . 38-42.
3. .., .. .
: .

.: , 2007. 350.
4. : 3- . .2. / . .
(. . .. ) -7-
., . . : , 1986.
712.

ALGORITHM FOR CALCULATING THE PARAMETERS OF THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT OF THE


ASYNCHRONOUS ENGINE AT THE CATALOG DATA
2012
M.S. Makeev, postgraduate student, assistant of the chair power supply and electrical engineering
A.A. Kuvshinov, doctor of technical Sciences, professor
Togliatti State University, Tolyatti (Russia)
Keywords: asynchronous engine; equivalent circuit; catalog data.
Annotation: The algorithm, which allows to determine the parameters of the equivalent circuit of an induction motor is
only on the catalog data and save significant computing resources due to the exclusion of iterative procedures.

112

. 1 (23), 2013