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From the Millennium Development

Goals to the sustainable


development goals in the post2015 development agenda
Agenda item 3(b)
62nd Session of the Regional Committee for the Eastern
Mediterranean
Kuwait, 58 October 2015

Outline

MDGs: where are we now?


What are the sustainable development
goals?
Way forward

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

MDGs 20002015
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

MDGs: where are we now?


Under-five mortality
19902015

Maternal mortality
19902013

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

MDGs: where are we now?


Eligible people
receiving antiretroviral
therapy

698 37

5209
2006

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

2014

MDGs: strengths and gaps


Strengths

Gaps

Measurable and time-bound


goals and targets
Helped to:
achieve health results
promote global awareness
gain political accountability
improve metrics

UN-led process
Exclusion of health priorities such
as noncommunicable diseases,
mental health, and violence and
injuries
Equity, human rights and social
determinants of health were not
well articulated or monitored
No implementation framework

encourage community
participation

Implemented vertically with no


linkage with other MDGs
Late accountability

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

Sustainable development goals


In September 2015, the UN General Assembly
adopted a new development agenda for the
period 20162030 that includes a set of
sustainable development goals (SDGs)
There are 17 SDGs with 169 associated targets
that are supported by three pillars of
sustainability:
1. Economic development
2. Environmental protection
3. Social equity

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

Sustainable development goals


Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote
sustainable agriculture

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong


learning opportunities for all

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation


for all

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for


all

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and


productive employment and decent work for all

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable


industrialization and foster innovation
From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals
in the post-2015 development agenda

Sustainable development goals


Goal 10

Reduce inequality within and among countries

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for
sustainable development

Goal 15

Goal 16

Goal 17

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems,


sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land
degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide
access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions
at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for
sustainable development
From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals
in the post-2015 development agenda

Targets of the health goal


Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per
100 000 live births

Unfinished
business of
the MDGs

By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5


years of age
By 2030, end the epidemic of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, neglected
tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, waterborne diseases and
other communicable diseases
By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from
noncommunicable disease through prevention and treatment and
promote mental health and well-being

NCDs and
injuries

Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including


narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic
accidents
From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals
in the post-2015 development agenda

10

Targets of the health goal


By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and
reproductive health care services

Cross-cutting
and systems
focused

Achieve universal health coverage, including financial


risk protection, access to quality essential health care
services and access to safe, effective, quality and
affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and
illness from hazardous chemical and air water soil
pollution and contamination

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

11

Way forward: regional priorities


Reproductive,
maternal, neonatal
and child health

Increasing treatment coverage of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis


and malaria
Developing regional action plans for HIV, malaria and
tuberculosis

Communicable
diseases

Noncommunicable
diseases and
injuries

Focus on high burden countries, building on the regional


initiative Saving the lives of mothers and children, and on
countries in emergency
Developing strategic plans for reproductive, maternal,
neonatal and child health for all countries with an equity lens

Implementing the regional framework on noncommunicable


diseases
Implementing the regional framework on mental health
Scaling up cost effective interventions to address road traffic
injuries

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

12

Way forward: regional priorities


Implementing the regional framework for action
on advancing universal health coverage
(population coverage, financial protection and
service coverage)
Ensuring access to quality essential health
services and to safe, effective, quality and
affordable essential medicines and vaccines

Universal
health
coverage

Environmental
health

Adoption of a collaborative multi-agency


approach to reduce deaths and illness from all
hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil
pollution and contamination

Emergencies
: Strengthen health information systems and civil registration
Availability of quality, timely, accessible and reliable disaggregated data

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

13

Way forward

Strong political commitment

Adequate financing mechanisms

Multisectoral approach with engagement of all governmental


sectors at the highest level

Inclusive platform and partnership with key stakeholders


including civil societies

Use of new health technologies

Accountability and close monitoring, using the global and


regional targets and indicators that are harmonized with the
SDG indicators

From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

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From the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals


in the post-2015 development agenda

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