Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 73

..

..

--



,

2007

551.7
26.33
12


25.10.2007

:
- , ..

..
--
12 : .:
, 2007. 48 .
ISBN 978-5-317-02111-5




. 1.
211
, .

, .
551.7
26.33

ISBN 978-5-317-02111-5

.., 2007

1755

2005

..

--

1898

1998
2007


, ,

, . ,

.

, , , ,
, , .


1.

abyssal

; . .
2.
absolute
geochronology

, .
3.

silt

, , 0,001-0,1 ;
.
4.

anhydrite

: 1) , Ca[SO4].
4

3,53,8; 2,93 /3. ,


. .
, , .
. 2) , . ,
.
5.

anteclise

( . anti nklisis
) ( )

,
( ,
).

. 1 ; 2
; 3

6.

baikalides

7.

bathyal

.: ,
.
, ( . baths ),
,
() () . ,
2002500 .
: ( 25 /2, . . ~ 250
/2), , , , , ,
. , ,
; - .

bioherm

8.

( ... . herma , )

, (,
, .);
.
,
.

9.

biohorizon

,

7

10.

biozone

-
(, , ).
11. - biostratigrahpic
zone (biozone)

[]


, ,
- .

,
12.
- biostratigrahpic
units

[]

, .

13.

biostratigraphy

,

.
14.

biostrome

[]

(
),
. ( . )
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
15.

breccia

,
1 . ,
.

16.

age

,
, .

upper

17.

,
.

18. -

index-species

- , .

19.

reconstruction

, .

20.

time

, .
10

21. - volcanogenous
rocks

, .

gas regime

22.

23.

pebblestones

, .

24.

pebbles of phosphorite

1 , 20
.
(5(4)3 Cl Ca5(PO4)3 F,
, . , ,
, , . , , ; 5 ,
. 33,2; .

11

geological age

25.

, :
, , . .
26.

geology

,
.
, . ""
. . (1657). : , , ,
, , ,
, , . ,
( "" ), ,
.
: , ,
., ,
,
, , .
12

27.
geosynclinal areas

( )
, ,
, ,

- .

geochronological
28.
- scale

, ( )
.

29. - geochronologic

- units

30.
- geochronometric
units

13

31.

gypsum


,
CaSO42H2O.
,

. 1,52; 2,3 /3. : ( );


, (- ), (-
). ; ;
. ,
, .
32.

clayey, argillaceous sands

.
33.
clayey, argillaceous
limestones

14

34.

clays

,
(, , .).
.
( 0,001 ): SiO2
(3070%), Al2O3 (1040%) 2 (510%).

35.

depth

,
-

36.

Regional Stage (Substage) horizon


,
.
37.
pebbel horizons

, ,
.
38.

granites


, ,
15

(, ),
(, ).

39.
boundaries of a
stratigraphic unit
(.)
,
.
40.

group

, ,
, .

41.

diatomites


,
16

42.

dolomites

: 1) ,
CaMg[CO3]2. , . 3,54,0;
2,9 3,2 /3. , .
2) , . ,
, .
(1750

1801), .

43.
(ancient) platforms,
cratons


17

, : (AR+PR1) (PR1Q).

contraction

44.

45.
contraction
concretions

of

trenches

46.

47.

task

////

, .

48.

law, regularity

49.

deposit

18

( )
, .
, , , ( )
.

50.

zveno


,
. .
, :
(, ) (, ).

51.

zone

()
, ( );
, - .

19

52.

polarity zone

()
.

53.
zoogenic limestones

54.

limestones

,
50% , ;
, .

55. isotopic age

, .
. : t=1/
*ln(1+/), t ,
, ,
.

20

span

56.

57.

historical /

,
: , , , .

58. carbonate clays

59.

wedge, cline

( ) ( ) .

60.

oscillatory

, .

61.

complex

: 1) , ; 2)
,
.
21

,
.
,
.

62.

assemblage zone

, - ,
,
.

63.

conglomerates

;
, .

concretions

64. ()

-
(, ,
) ,

22

()

.
- .

, . , , "".

65. (- pyrite concretions


)

- (. ) .
(. , ),
, ,
FeS2 (46,6% Fe, 53,4% S).
, Ni, As, Cu, Au, Se .

23

66. (- siderite
tions
)

concre-

- . ( ,
)
(. sideritis,

sideros

) FeCO3

. 24

. ,
.. 48% .

67.
)

(- chert, flint concre-


tions

- (SiO2)
.
, . .

( ,

25

.)

68. continental rise

()
35 .

23%
.
, , . 15 .

, .

26

:
; () , ; (..,
..)

69.

continental slope

() (. )
;
() . : ;
4 40 ; 140
3600 .; ,
.

27

-
.
,
.
. , ,
.
70. - coralline, coral limestones

,
.

71.

correlation

28

( )

72.

hollow, basin, depression

,
, . , ,
, , ,
;
.

73. crinoid limestones


(),
.

29


74.

lava stream, lava flow

, .
.

lateral boundaries

75.

, .

76.

lectostratotype

( )
30

,
, ,
() .

77.

loesses

(. loss) , ,
-
. 0,010,05 ;
.
4055%. .

, . . .
100200
.

78.

lens

(.)
;
.

79. littoralic, littoral zone

. ( . litoralis ) -

31

,
.
.
. . .

80. - lithostratigraphic
units


, ().

81. (- lona (provincial zone)


)
( )
, . () ,
, .. .
()
.

82.

magnetozone
32

, ,
.

83.
magnetopolar
units

, (, )

,

.
84. - magnetostratigraphic
scale

33

85.
- magnetostrati
graphic units


,
, .

86. - magnetostratigraphy

34

,
.

horizon,
87. - reference
guide bed, marker bed

(, ),
, (
) ,
.

( ) 35


()

88.

megazone

, ;
.

89.

megachron

100 . .

90.

interstade

() , ( ). , ,
.
91.

marls

, 36

; 30 90%
CaC3 MgCO3, 10 70% .

.

92.

local zone

,
.

93. - local
stratigraphic

units

- ,
, , .

94.

microzone

,
: , 37

.
.

95.

microchron

0,5 .
.

96.
plates, platforms

),

(), (
).

97. bryozoan limestones

98.

superstage

38

, , ,
.

99. - informal
units

, .

100.

neritic

, (..), (
. nerites ),
.
. ,
, ,
. , , . . .
. . . . . .
.
101.

lower

39

102. - general (standard)


stratigraphic scale


( ),
.
103. - general (standard)
- stratigraphic units

()
, .
104. - unconformity-b
ounded units
-

- . , -

40

, .
105.
oolitic limestones


- -
; ;
.
106.

opoka, siliceous marl

, ,
, ( 97%) ,
.
.
.

107. - reference
- stratigraphic section
, . - , .
108.

orogenic

41

.
1 , 2 - , 3 , 4
, 5 , 6 , 7 .

109.

orthozone

,
.
. 42

110.

orthochron

50,5 .

111.

- illumination, light

,
, .
(1
= 1 ), (
10000 ). ,
, ,
.

112. - base igneous (erup-


tive, volcanic) rocks


(, , ), 50% (SiO2), 2,83
/3, , , ,
.

113. - main
43

- stratigraphic
units

114.

series, division

; , ,
.

115. - formal
units

, , ..

.
().

116.

parastratotype

( ), 44

117.

member


(),
, .

118.

period

, ,
.

119.

sands

,
0,145 ,
.
.

120.

sandstones

, , (. .
).
45

121.
- sandy mudstones

121. sandy clays

121.
- sandy limestones

122.

chalk

, , , , . ,
, .

123. () stratum

( ) , , , .

.
46

124.

sheet reef

, .

125.

platform

()

, .

126.

plate

, .

127.

late

, .

128.

sheet

, , (. charriage,
charrier , ), , , , ,
47

100 .
. , , ; .
()
,
(-) ;
, .
, .
-
,
,
.

, . . .
,
, ,
48

,
.
, .

129.

pora


, .

order, succession
130.
/

, .

131.

flow(s)

, , .

49

.
132.

soil

,
,
, ; .
, ( ), ( ) . (, , , , ). ,
.
.
133. - provincial zone

.
134.

streak

, - - .
135. - coal streak

50

, (. ).
136.

lignite streak

, . (
lignum

, ), ,

, ;

radiometric
137.

138. ()

development

//

- .

139.

razdel


, , () .

.

.

51

140.

early

,
.

141.

division, partition

142.

regional stage

,
.

143.

reconstruction

144.

bottom relief

, , , , .

52

145.

suite, formation

,
, -
.
,
.
. .
,
. .
.

146. seismic
stratigraphy


(),
.

147.

group

53

, , .
, - :
, ,
.

148. serpulitic limestones

,
() ()

149.

syneclise

( . sn nklisis ),
,
( , ) 35
( ). ( .
), ;

, . .
,
, . . . .
54

150.

folded

, .

151.

shales

,
. (, , .) () .

bed(s)

152.

153. ()

evaporites

() ,
.
, , ,
,
.

154.

salts

, 55

, .

( ).


.

correlation

155.

//

156.
- mid-oceanic
- ridges

- ( ) ,

23 .
60 . . .

157.

middle

, .

158.

stage

56

-,

159. stratigraphic
boundary

, .

160. stratigraphic
classification


, .

161. stratigraphic

correlation


() .

162. stratigraphic

nomenclature


.
57

163. - stratigraphic chart


()
, (, ) .

164. stratigraphic
terminology

,
.

165. - stratigraphic scale



,
, .

, .

166. - stratigraphic code



58

,
- .

167. - stratigraphic section


168.

- stratigraphic
59

unit

( ) , ,
.

169. boundary-stratotype,
stratotype of a strati-
graphic boundary


,
-
.

170. - unit-stratotype, stra-


- totype of a strati-
graphic unit

( )
,
.

171. stratotype locality

() ,

60

,
.

172.

subzone


, .

173.

loam, loamy soil

,
, 3040 %
( 0,01 ). 3 :
, , .

174.

superchron

() ,

175. - taxonomic rank


() 61

176. temperature

,

,
.
.
177.

thermochron

,
.

178.

current, flow

: 1) , ; 2) .

type locality

179.

,

. ,
/ .
, , 62

,
.

180.

unit, body, strata

,
.
,
.
.

181.
tuffaceous sandstones

, .

182.

coal

, .

ultraabyssal

183.

63

. ; ,
6000
.
.
establishment //

184.

, .

185.

phase


13 , .

186. ( facies
)

,

.

187. (- phytogenic
(algal) lime-
)
stones
() , .

64


188.

chemostratigraphy

,
. 18/16, 13/12,
34

S/32S,

87

Sr/86Sr.

, , .

65

189.

chron

. .

polarity chron

190.

191.

chronozone

, . .
()
,
,
. .

192.

- polarity chronozone

66

, - .

193.
- chronostratigraphic
units


, , .
.
, , .
194. - chronostratigraphy

195.
- cyclostratigraphic
- units

: .
67

196.

cyclostratigraphy


(, ) ,
.

197.

shelf

( )
,
.

,

;
,
.

, .

1982,
68

198. - geologic
scale

time

,
,

199.

shield

,
, . . .
.

200.

ecozone

, (
), .

201.
- ecostratigraphic
units

(, ), 69

,
( , ). .
eon

202.

,
; .
eonotheme

203.

,
.
204.
, peak zone, epibole,
acmezone

() , - .
205.

era

,
().
; .
, , , .
206.

erathem

,
70

207.

stage

,
,
.
.

71

--

-
.
119992, ,

N 00510 01.12.99 .
22.10.2007 .
6090 1/16. ... 3,0. 100 . 543.
119992, -2, , , . .. ,
2- , 627 .
. 939-3890, 939-3891. ./ 939-3891.