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Table 1.

Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-variant)


Country or area*
World 1

Total

Population (000)
Male

Female

Sex ratio (males per


100 females)

6 056 715

3 051 099

3 005 616

102

21 765
3 134
30 291
13 134
37 032
3 787

11 227
1 603
15 346
6 499
18 163
1 834

10 538
1 531
14 945
6 635
18 868
1 953

107
105
103
98
96
94

Australia 2
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

19 138
8 080
8 041
304
640
137 439
267
10 187
10 249
226
6 272
2 085
8 329
3 977
1 541
170 406
328
7 949
11 535
6 356
13 104
14 876
30 757
427
3 717
7 885
144
15 211
1 275 133

9 529
3 942
3 959
150
368
70 858
130
4 746
5 020
115
3 092
1 054
4 144
1 968
755
84 169
173
3 864
5 576
3 088
6 389
7 405
15 229
199
1 811
3 900
70
7 531
655 702

9 608
4 138
4 082
154
272
66 582
138
5 441
5 229
112
3 180
1 032
4 185
2 009
787
86 238
156
4 086
5 959
3 268
6 715
7 471
15 527
228
1 907
3 985
74
7 680
619 431

99
95
97
97
135
106
94
87
96
103
97
102
99
98
96
98
111
95
94
94
95
99
98
87
95
98
95
98
106

China, Hong Kong SAR 3

6 860

3 491

3 369

104

444
42 105
706
3 018
4 024
16 013
4 654
11 199
784
10 272
22 268
50 948
5 320
632

217
20 786
354
1 478
2 040
8 206
2 253
5 611
391
4 995
11 179
25 245
2 633
297

227
21 319
352
1 540
1 983
7 807
2 401
5 588
393
5 276
11 090
25 703
2 687
335

96
98
100
96
103
105
94
100
100
95
101
98
98
89

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

China, Macao SAR 4


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

23

Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-variant)
Country or area*
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg

Total
8 373
737
12 646
67 884
6 278
457
3 659
1 393
62 908
814
5 172
59 238
165
233
1 230
1 303
5 262
82 017
19 306
10 610
428
155
11 385
8 154
1 199
761
8 142
6 417
9 968
279
1 008 937
212 092
70 330
22 946
3 803
6 040
57 530
2 576
127 096
4 913
16 172
30 669
1 914
4 921
5 279
2 421
3 496
2 035
2 913
5 290
3 696
437

Population (000)
Male
4 254
381
6 350
34 364
3 082
225
1 817
649
31 259
414
2 523
28 856
85
121
609
644
2 512
40 148
9 613
5 230
209
80
5 741
4 102
591
369
3 989
3 230
4 756
140
520 312
106 379
35 998
11 666
1 890
2 980
27 902
1 270
62 212
2 554
7 844
15 273
1 115
2 413
2 636
1 116
1 711
1 009
1 465
2 741
1 743
215
24

Female
4 119
356
6 296
33 521
3 196
231
1 842
745
31 649
400
2 649
30 382
80
113
621
658
2 750
41 869
9 692
5 380
219
75
5 645
4 052
608
392
4 153
3 187
5 212
139
488 626
105 713
34 332
11 280
1 913
3 060
29 628
1 307
64 884
2 359
8 329
15 396
800
2 508
2 643
1 305
1 786
1 026
1 448
2 549
1 953
222

Sex ratio (males per


100 females)
103
107
101
103
96
97
99
87
99
103
95
95
106
107
98
98
91
96
99
97
95
108
102
101
97
94
96
101
91
101
106
101
105
103
99
97
94
97
96
108
94
99
139
96
100
86
96
98
101
108
89
97

Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-variant)
Country or area*
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 5
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia

Total
15 970
11 308
22 218
291
11 351
390
383
2 665

Population (000)
Male
7 943
5 617
11 255
149
5 624
193
186
1 321

Female
8 028
5 692
10 964
142
5 727
197
198
1 344

Sex ratio (males per


100 females)
99
99
103
105
98
98
94
98

1 161
98 872
2 533
29 878
18 292
47 749
1 757
23 043
15 864
215
215
3 778
5 071
10 832
113 862
4 469
3 191
2 538
141 256
2 856
4 809
5 496
25 662
75 653
38 605
10 016
3 915
565
46 740
4 295
721
22 438
145 491
7 609
148
159
20 346
9 421
4 405
4 018
5 399
1 988
447
8 778

579
48 926
1 268
14 964
9 042
23 729
868
11 811
7 862
104
110
1 861
2 523
5 459
57 383
2 213
1 622
1 347
72 622
1 441
2 507
2 772
12 726
38 092
18 761
4 819
1 885
366
23 522
2 054
352
10 977
68 130
3 765
72
83
10 872
4 697
2 165
2 023
2 625
966
230
4 358

583
49 946
1 265
14 914
9 251
24 020
889
11 232
8 002
112
105
1 917
2 548
5 373
56 479
2 256
1 569
1 191
68 634
1 415
2 303
2 725
12 935
37 561
19 844
5 197
2 030
199
23 218
2 242
369
11 461
77 361
3 844
75
75
9 474
4 723
2 239
1 995
2 773
1 022
217
4 420

99
98
100
100
98
99
98
105
98
93
105
97
99
102
102
98
103
113
106
102
109
102
98
101
95
93
93
184
101
92
96
96
88
98
96
111
115
99
97
101
95
95
106
99

25

Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-variant)
Country or area*
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
TFYR Macedonia 6
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Total
43 309
39 910
18 924
31 095
417
925
8 842
7 170
16 189
6 087

Population (000)
Male
21 323
19 511
9 718
15 639
207
456
4 375
3 546
8 200
3 032

Female
21 986
20 400
9 206
15 457
210
469
4 467
3 624
7 988
3 055

Sex ratio (males per


100 females)
97
96
106
101
98
97
98
98
103
99

2 034
62 806
4 527
1 294
9 459
66 668
4 737
23 300
49 568
2 606
59 415
35 119
283 230
3 337
24 881
197
24 170
78 137
252
18 349
10 552
10 421
12 627

1 017
31 078
2 248
644
4 776
33 676
2 345
11 625
23 019
1 722
29 242
17 422
139 655
1 619
12 357
101
12 161
38 938
125
9 142
5 248
5 236
6 315

1 017
31 728
2 279
651
4 682
32 992
2 393
11 676
26 549
884
30 173
17 697
143 575
1 718
12 524
96
12 009
39 199
127
9 207
5 305
5 185
6 313

100
98
99
99
102
102
98
100
87
195
97
98
97
94
99
105
101
99
99
99
99
101
100

Source: United Nations Population Division.


The world population includes the population of all countries and areas including those with less than 140,000
persons.
1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

4
5

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
6

26

Table 2. Total population by country, 1950, 2000, 2015, 2025 and 2050 (medium-variant)
Country or area
World

Population (000)
2000
2015

1950

2025

2050

2 519 495

6 056 715

7 207 361

7 936 741

9 322 251

8 151
1 215
8 753
19
4
4 131
5
46
17 150
1 354
57

21 765
3 134
30 291
68
86
13 134
11
65
37 032
3 787
101

35 577
3 439
38 022
104
146
20 795
16
68
43 498
3 808
157

45 193
3 676
42 738
129
181
28 213
19
70
47 160
3 736
194

72 267
3 905
51 180
172
193
53 328
23
73
54 522
3 150
242

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

8 219
6 935
2 896
79
116
41 783
211
7 745
8 639
69
2 046
37
734
2 714
2 661
389
53 975
6
48
7 251
3 960
2 456
4 346
4 466
13 737
146
6
1 314
2 658
102
6 082
554 760

19 138
8 080
8 041
304
640
137 439
267
10 187
10 249
226
6 272
63
2 085
8 329
3 977
1 541
170 406
24
328
7 949
11 535
6 356
13 104
14 876
30 757
427
38
3 717
7 885
144
15 211
1 275 133

21 910
7 848
8 725
359
793
183 159
281
9 664
10 272
287
9 448
69
3 070
11 218
4 279
1 694
201 393
32
417
6 816
18 509
9 835
18 585
20 226
34 419
567
59
4 877
12 376
143
17 912
1 410 217

23 523
7 605
9 076
393
887
210 823
285
9 335
10 205
324
11 992
73
3 843
13 131
4 165
1 826
218 980
35
473
6 125
25 227
12 390
22 310
23 986
36 717
647
72
5 886
16 383
139
19 548
1 470 787

26 502
6 452
8 897
449
1 008
265 432
263
8 305
9 583
392
18 070
79
5 569
16 966
3 458
2 109
247 244
39
565
4 531
46 304
20 218
29 883
32 284
40 407
807
89
8 195
27 732
120
22 215
1 462 058

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

1 974

6 860

8 025

8 678

9 648

190
12 568
173
808
15
862
2 775
3 850
5 850
494
8 925
10 815
12 184
4 271
62

444
42 105
706
3 018
20
4 024
16 013
4 654
11 199
784
10 272
22 268
50 948
5 320
632

499
52 641
1 067
4 730
22
5 233
21 529
4 622
11 644
864
10 028
24 396
84 045
5 372
703

529
59 161
1 327
6 284
23
5 929
25 024
4 519
11 733
899
9 727
25 872
114 876
5 359
801

527
70 862
1 900
10 744
27
7 195
32 185
4 179
10 764
910
8 429
28 038
203 527
5 080
1 068

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba

China, Macao SAR 3


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti

27

Table 2. Total population by country, 1950, 2000, 2015, 2025 and 2050 (medium-variant)
Country or area
Dominica
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faeroe Islands
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti

1950
51
2 353
433
3 387
21 834
1 951
226
1 140
1 101
18 434
32
2
289
4 009
41 829
25
61
469
294
3 527
68 376
4 900
21
7 566
23
76
210
60
2 969
2 550
505
423
3 261

Holy See 4
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania

1
1 380
9 338
143
357 561
79 538
16 913
5 158
2 969
56
1 258
47 104
1 403
83 625
472
6 703
6 265
32
152
1 740
1 755
1 949
1 443
734
824
1 029
14
2 567

Population (000)
2000
2015
71
70
8 373
10 137
737
1 099
12 646
15 936
67 884
84 425
6 278
7 979
457
692
3 659
5 720
1 393
1 190
62 908
89 765
46
52
2
3
814
925
5 172
5 180
59 238
61 892
165
255
233
288
1 230
1 757
1 303
1 781
5 262
4 775
82 017
80 673
19 306
26 378
27
26
10 610
10 472
56
58
94
97
428
471
155
209
11 385
16 329
8 154
11 300
1 199
1 727
761
749
8 142
10 215
1
6 417
9 968
279
1 008 937
212 092
70 330
22 946
3 803
75
6 040
57 530
2 576
127 096
4 913
16 172
30 669
83
1 914
4 921
5 279
2 421
3 496
2 035
2 913
5 290
33
3 696
28

1
8 703
9 254
305
1 230 484
250 068
87 103
33 550
4 410
83
7 714
55 239
2 957
127 522
7 191
15 957
40 001
100
2 766
5 836
7 334
2 225
4 219
2 141
5 550
7 058
37
3 538

2025
70
10 924
1 204
17 796
94 777
8 975
889
7 063
1 062
113 418
55
3
954
5 138
62 753
326
318
2 178
2 077
4 377
78 897
30 936
25
10 149
59
100
487
242
19 624
14 120
2 170
703
11 549

2050
72
11 959
1 410
21 190
113 840
10 855
1 378
10 028
752
186 452
55
4
916
4 693
61 832
503
372
3 164
2 605
3 219
70 805
40 056
21
8 983
62
105
479
307
26 551
20 711
3 276
504
13 982

1
10 106
8 783
319
1 351 801
272 911
99 343
40 298
4 745
84
8 486
52 364
3 264
123 798
8 666
16 090
44 897
112
3 219
6 460
8 721
2 090
4 581
2 225
7 638
7 972
39
3 418

1
12 845
7 486
333
1 572 055
311 335
121 424
53 574
5 366
81
10 065
42 962
3 815
109 220
11 709
15 302
55 368
138
4 001
7 538
11 438
1 744
5 018
2 478
14 370
9 969
39
2 989

Table 2. Total population by country, 1950, 2000, 2015, 2025 and 2050 (medium-variant)
Country or area
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 5
Mexico
Micronesia (Fed. States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Pitcairn 6
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Helena 7
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Pierre and Miqueleon
Saint Vincent and Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia

Population (000)
2000
2015
437
518
15 970
24 072
11 308
15 656
22 218
27 911
291
453
11 351
17 657
390
411
51
62
383
410
2 665
4 105

1950
296
4 230
2 881
6 110
82
3 520
312
13
222
825

2025
576
30 759
19 544
31 326
580
23 461
418
69
421
5 351

2050
715
47 030
31 114
37 850
868
41 724
400
85
413
8 452

493
27 737
32
20
761
14
8 953
6 198
17 832
511
3
8 502
10 114
112
65
1 908
1 134
2 500
29 790
5
7
3 265
1 005
456
39 659
6
860
1 613
1 488
7 632
19 996

1 161
98 872
123
33
2 533
4
29 878
18 292
47 749
1 757
12
23 043
15 864
215
215
3 778
5 071
10 832
113 862
2
73
4 469
3 191
2 538
141 256
19
2 856
4 809
5 496
25 662
75 653

1 301
119 175
172
37
3 085
6
37 680
23 526
55 260
2 313
17
32 138
16 420
242
278
4 141
7 216
18 482
165 313
2
124
4 670
5 317
4 110
204 267
26
3 451
6 642
7 773
31 876
95 881

1 374
130 194
204
39
3 478
7
42 002
28 012
60 243
2 776
20
38 706
16 571
255
316
4 302
8 606
25 725
202 957
2
157
4 800
7 145
5 411
250 981
30
3 779
8 023
9 355
35 518
107 073

1 426
146 651
269
38
4 146
11
50 361
38 837
68 546
3 662
26
52 415
15 845
259
397
4 439
11 477
51 872
278 788
2
216
4 880
11 821
8 751
344 170
39
4 262
10 980
12 565
42 122
128 383

0
24 824
8 405
2 218
25
20 357
2 341
248
16 311
102 702
2 120

0
38 605
10 016
3 915
565
46 740
4 295
721
22 438
145 491
7 609

0
38 035
10 030
4 390
693
50 631
4 152
845
21 437
133 314
10 504

0
37 254
9 831
4 615
754
52 065
4 052
911
20 585
125 687
12 883

0
33 370
9 006
4 835
831
51 560
3 577
1 002
18 150
104 258
18 523

5
44
79
5
67
82
15
60
3 201

6
38
148
7
113
159
27
138
20 346

7
35
169
8
123
179
31
178
31 748

8
34
179
8
129
200
32
208
40 473

10
34
189
9
138
223
30
294
59 683

29

Table 2. Total population by country, 1950, 2000, 2015, 2025 and 2050 (medium-variant)
Country or area
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
TFYR Macedonia 8
Thailand
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
United States Virgin Islands
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Wallis and Futuna Islands
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Population (000)
2000
2015
9 421
13 516
80
97
4 405
7 115
4 018
4 756
5 399
5 420
1 988
1 926
447
719
8 778
15 405
43 309
44 616
39 910
39 018
18 924
21 451
31 095
42 433
417
437
925
1 022
8 842
8 625
7 170
6 972
16 189
23 206
6 087
7 097

1950
2 500
34
1 944
1 022
3 463
1 473
90
2 264
13 683
28 009
7 483
9 190
215
264
7 014
4 694
3 495
1 532
1 230
19 626
1 329
2
41
636
3 530
20 809
1 211
5
5
5 210
37 298
70
50 616
7 886
157 813
27
2 239
6 314
48
5 094
27 367
7
14
4 316
7 131
2 440
2 744

2 034
62 806
4 527
1
99
1 294
9 459
66 668
4 737
17
10
23 300
49 568
2 606
59 415
35 119
283 230
121
3 337
24 881
197
24 170
78 137
14
252
18 349
10 552
10 421
12 627

2 075
72 490
6 576
1
105
1 392
11 257
79 004
6 059
26
12
38 739
43 335
3 230
60 566
49 343
321 225
140
3 670
30 554
282
30 877
94 413
16
368
33 118
10 309
14 796
16 368

2025
16 511
110
9 052
4 998
5 317
1 847
943
21 192
43 772
37 395
22 529
49 556
442
1 138
8 518
6 729
27 410
8 066

2050
22 711
145
14 351
4 620
4 674
1 527
1 458
40 936
47 301
31 282
23 066
63 530
418
1 391
7 777
5 607
36 345
9 763

2 067
77 480
8 219
1
110
1 437
12 343
86 611
6 844
31
14
53 765
39 569
3 468
61 243
60 395
346 822
151
3 871
34 203
342
34 775
105 488
17
438
48 206
10 044
19 026
18 672

1 894
82 491
11 832
1
125
1 378
14 076
98 818
8 401
39
16
101 524
29 959
3 709
58 933
82 740
397 063
167
4 249
40 513
462
42 152
123 782
19
599
102 379
9 030
29 262
23 546

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Refers to the Vatican City State.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The population of Pitcairn is 68 in 2000 and remains constant till 2050.

Including Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

30

Table 3. Total fertility by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)


Country or area*

Total fertility (average number of children per woman)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050

World

2.82

2.68

2.50

2.39

2.15

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

6.90
2.60
3.25
7.20
2.62
1.39

6.80
2.27
2.79
7.20
2.44
1.10

6.18
2.10
2.10
6.50
2.19
1.14

5.22
2.10
2.10
5.58
2.10
1.31

2.82
2.10
2.10
3.26
2.10
1.70

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

1.77
1.36
1.94
2.40
2.63
3.80
1.50
1.27
1.55
3.41
6.10
5.50
4.36
1.35
4.35
2.27
2.80
1.14
6.89
6.80
5.25
5.10
1.60
3.56
5.30
6.65
1.50
2.44
1.80

1.75
1.24
1.51
2.31
2.28
3.56
1.50
1.20
1.48
2.89
5.68
5.10
3.92
1.30
3.94
2.15
2.53
1.10
6.80
6.80
4.77
4.70
1.58
3.24
4.92
6.65
1.50
2.35
1.80

1.78
1.22
1.44
2.10
2.10
2.90
1.58
1.26
1.47
2.10
4.84
4.30
3.12
1.33
3.12
2.10
2.10
1.17
6.17
6.10
3.80
3.90
1.64
2.59
4.17
5.89
1.51
2.21
1.90

1.85
1.35
1.58
2.10
2.10
2.32
1.74
1.48
1.58
2.10
3.99
3.50
2.51
1.44
2.30
2.10
2.10
1.43
5.21
5.16
2.83
3.10
1.74
2.10
3.42
4.88
1.57
2.10
1.90

2.02
1.65
1.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.90
1.86
1.82
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.70
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.89
2.82
2.81
2.10
2.10
1.90
2.10
2.10
2.35
1.70
2.10
1.90

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

1.17

1.17

1.36

1.56

1.70

China, Macao SAR 3


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

1.15
2.80
5.40
6.29
2.83
5.10
1.68
1.55
1.98
1.18
2.05
6.70

1.10
2.62
4.96
6.29
2.67
4.64
1.70
1.55
1.92
1.16
2.07
6.70

1.15
2.37
4.08
5.59
2.42
3.72
1.71
1.69
1.90
1.22
2.10
5.93

1.26
2.21
3.20
4.66
2.23
2.79
1.77
1.83
1.90
1.45
2.10
4.91

1.70
2.10
2.10
2.33
2.10
2.10
1.90
1.90
1.90
1.97
2.10
2.36

31

Table 3. Total fertility by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)


Country or area*
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

Total fertility (average number of children per woman)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
1.74
1.65
1.62
1.71
1.90
6.10
5.77
5.12
4.35
2.10
2.88
2.71
2.41
2.20
2.10
4.35
3.85
2.85
2.10
2.10
3.10
2.76
2.32
2.10
2.10
3.40
2.88
2.10
2.10
2.10
3.17
2.88
2.45
2.19
2.10
5.89
5.89
5.18
4.23
2.10
5.70
5.28
4.43
3.58
2.10
1.24
1.20
1.27
1.53
2.00
6.75
6.75
6.05
5.12
2.80
3.20
2.98
2.49
2.10
2.10
1.71
1.55
1.53
1.66
1.94
1.73
1.80
1.84
1.86
1.90
4.05
3.86
3.47
3.08
2.10
2.60
2.47
2.18
2.10
2.10
5.40
5.40
4.69
3.75
2.10
5.20
4.79
3.96
3.13
2.10
1.58
1.39
1.34
1.51
1.90
1.33
1.29
1.31
1.40
1.61
4.60
4.22
3.45
2.68
2.10
1.30
1.24
1.25
1.43
1.85
2.06
2.02
1.94
1.90
1.90
3.95
3.95
3.26
2.33
2.10
4.93
4.41
3.42
2.68
2.10
6.27
5.83
4.95
4.08
2.10
5.99
5.99
5.26
4.29
2.10
2.45
2.31
2.10
2.10
2.10
4.38
3.98
3.26
2.70
2.10
4.30
3.72
2.85
2.38
2.10
1.37
1.20
1.26
1.48
1.97
2.05
1.90
1.84
1.92
2.10
3.32
2.97
2.27
2.10
2.10
2.60
2.27
2.10
2.10
2.10
3.20
2.76
2.10
2.10
2.10
5.25
4.77
3.80
2.83
2.10
1.92
2.02
2.07
2.08
2.10
2.93
2.70
2.22
2.10
2.10
1.20
1.20
1.23
1.35
1.61
2.50
2.37
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.41
1.33
1.43
1.53
1.75
4.69
4.31
3.55
2.80
2.10
2.10
1.95
1.90
1.90
1.90
4.60
4.15
3.24
2.33
2.10
2.89
2.66
2.21
2.10
2.10
2.89
2.34
2.10
2.10
2.10
5.30
4.80
3.82
2.84
2.10
1.12
1.10
1.18
1.48
2.00
2.29
2.18
1.96
1.90
1.90
4.75
4.45
3.79
3.08
2.10
32

Table 3. Total fertility by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)


Country or area*
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 4
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal

Total fertility (average number of children per woman)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
6.80
6.80
6.10
5.16
2.81
3.80
3.31
2.34
2.10
2.10
1.38
1.20
1.19
1.48
2.00
1.72
1.76
1.77
1.81
1.90
6.10
5.68
4.84
3.99
2.10
6.75
6.34
5.51
4.69
2.63
3.26
2.90
2.26
2.10
2.10
5.80
5.37
4.49
3.62
2.10
7.00
7.00
6.35
5.35
2.85
1.91
1.77
1.71
1.75
1.84
1.75
1.70
1.74
1.80
1.89
6.00
6.00
5.27
4.29
2.10
2.00
2.75
2.70
3.40
6.30
3.30
5.30
4.83
1.54
2.10
2.60
1.97
4.32
8.00
5.92
1.83
5.99
5.85
5.48
2.63
4.60
4.17
2.98
3.64
1.46
1.46
1.97
3.70
1.51
1.61
2.30
1.32
1.23
6.20
2.70
4.51
6.15
5.57

1.90
2.49
2.32
3.03
5.86
2.80
4.87
4.48
1.50
2.09
2.47
1.97
3.82
8.00
5.42
1.70
5.60
5.46
5.08
2.42
4.32
3.84
2.64
3.24
1.26
1.45
1.90
3.34
1.51
1.40
2.14
1.32
1.14
5.77
2.53
4.24
5.54
5.11
33

1.90
2.22
2.10
2.29
4.97
2.10
4.02
3.70
1.52
2.04
2.18
1.87
2.97
7.26
4.40
1.68
4.82
4.67
4.16
2.16
3.77
3.25
2.26
2.33
1.32
1.43
1.90
2.63
1.64
1.34
1.90
1.37
1.18
4.91
2.19
3.71
4.51
4.18

1.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
4.09
2.10
3.17
2.92
1.61
1.97
2.10
1.82
2.41
6.28
3.38
1.80
4.05
3.88
3.25
2.10
3.21
2.77
2.10
2.10
1.56
1.56
1.90
2.10
1.87
1.51
1.90
1.58
1.36
4.04
2.10
3.07
3.61
3.26

1.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.81
1.90
2.10
2.07
2.10
3.82
2.10
2.07
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.83
1.90
2.10
2.10
1.90
1.90
2.05
1.75
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10

Table 3. Total fertility by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)


Country or area*
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
TFYR Macedonia 5
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Total fertility (average number of children per woman)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
6.50
6.50
5.77
4.79
2.34
1.60
1.45
1.45
1.65
1.90
1.40
1.28
1.31
1.43
1.70
1.24
1.14
1.15
1.36
1.83
5.60
5.26
4.60
3.82
2.10
7.25
7.25
6.55
5.61
3.27
3.10
2.85
2.35
2.10
2.10
1.16
1.13
1.14
1.29
1.64
2.10
2.09
1.94
1.90
1.90
4.90
4.47
3.61
2.75
2.10
2.21
2.05
1.70
1.75
1.90
4.80
4.44
3.72
3.00
2.10
1.51
1.29
1.34
1.55
2.01
1.47
1.38
1.37
1.48
1.72
4.00
3.65
2.96
2.27
2.10
3.72
2.87
2.33
2.15
2.10
1.92
2.10
5.80
1.65
2.31
2.70
3.60
7.10
1.26
3.17
1.70
5.48
2.04
2.40
2.85
4.59
2.98
2.50
4.40
7.60
1.77
6.05
5.00

1.48
2.00
5.36
1.53
2.10
2.30
3.17
7.10
1.10
2.86
1.61
5.03
1.93
2.30
2.29
4.26
2.72
2.25
3.80
7.60
1.55
5.66
4.50

1.31
1.85
4.49
1.63
2.10
2.10
2.31
6.35
1.15
2.25
1.60
4.13
1.90
2.16
2.10
3.59
2.34
2.10
2.99
6.85
1.48
4.87
3.43

1.49
1.88
3.62
1.81
2.10
2.10
2.10
5.35
1.35
2.10
1.70
3.23
1.95
2.10
2.10
2.93
2.10
2.10
2.38
5.85
1.61
4.08
2.37

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
5

34

1.90
1.90
2.10
1.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.85
1.70
2.10
1.91
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
3.35
1.90
2.10
2.10

Table 4. Life expectancy at birth (both sexes combined) by country, for selected periods
Country or area*
World

1995-2000
65.0

Life expectancy at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
66.0
68.7
71.3

2045-2050
76.0

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

42.5
72.8
68.9
44.6
72.9
72.4

43.2
73.7
70.3
45.8
73.8
73.4

47.2
75.3
72.7
49.0
75.6
75.0

51.2
76.9
74.8
52.9
77.2
76.1

62.4
79.9
78.4
64.5
80.0
79.3

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

78.7
77.7
71.0
69.1
72.9
58.1
76.4
68.5
77.9
73.6
53.5
60.7
61.4
73.3
44.4
67.2
75.5
70.8
45.3
40.6
56.5
50.0
78.5
68.9
44.3
45.2
77.6
74.9
69.8

79.2
78.5
72.2
69.4
73.8
60.7
77.2
68.5
78.8
74.4
54.0
63.2
63.5
74.0
36.1
68.3
76.3
70.9
48.1
40.6
56.2
50.0
79.0
70.5
44.3
46.3
78.2
75.6
71.2

80.1
80.1
74.0
72.7
75.5
65.3
78.4
71.3
80.2
75.8
56.0
67.6
67.5
75.5
43.0
70.8
77.7
72.5
56.4
44.9
59.2
52.9
80.0
73.1
49.1
50.9
79.2
76.9
73.5

81.0
81.2
75.4
74.9
77.1
69.2
79.3
73.7
81.4
76.9
59.5
70.7
71.1
76.5
51.6
73.0
78.8
74.3
62.2
49.6
64.1
58.2
80.8
75.2
55.8
56.3
80.2
78.0
75.5

83.0
83.6
79.0
77.3
79.9
75.0
81.4
77.9
83.8
79.7
69.9
76.0
76.1
78.9
63.2
76.9
81.1
78.3
69.7
64.3
72.2
70.7
82.8
78.6
67.3
67.9
82.2
80.1
79.0

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

79.1

79.9

81.1

82.1

84.7

China, Macao SAR


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

78.5
70.4
58.8
50.9
76.0
47.7
73.3
75.7
77.8
74.3
63.1
50.5

79.3
71.9
60.8
51.6
76.7
47.9
74.2
76.4
78.3
75.4
65.1
52.1

80.7
73.7
64.8
55.7
78.0
52.4
75.5
77.5
79.2
77.6
68.7
56.3

81.6
75.3
68.3
60.9
79.0
57.8
76.6
78.4
80.2
79.3
71.2
61.2

83.8
78.4
76.3
70.4
80.9
68.1
79.6
80.2
82.2
81.4
76.3
70.1

35

Table 4. Life expectancy at birth (both sexes combined) by country, for selected periods
Country or area*
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

1995-2000
75.9
45.5
67.3
47.5
69.5
66.3
69.1
50.0
51.5
70.0
44.5
68.4
77.2
78.1
75.0
71.7
52.4
45.4
72.7
77.3
56.3
78.0
77.3
73.5
64.0
46.5
44.1
63.7
52.0
65.6
70.7
78.9
62.3
65.1
68.0
58.7
76.1
78.3
78.2
74.8
80.5
69.7
64.1
52.2
75.9
66.9
52.5
69.6
72.6
51.2

Life expectancy at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
76.6
78.2
79.2
40.6
38.0
44.2
66.9
66.1
67.0
50.0
55.0
60.0
70.5
72.2
73.9
68.3
71.4
73.7
70.3
72.5
74.5
52.0
56.0
60.0
52.4
55.6
60.3
71.2
73.3
74.8
43.3
46.9
53.0
69.8
71.9
73.7
78.0
79.7
81.0
79.0
80.3
81.5
75.9
77.4
78.6
73.1
75.1
76.7
52.9
55.9
60.2
47.1
51.2
55.4
73.6
75.0
76.3
78.2
79.7
81.0
57.2
61.5
65.8
78.5
79.5
80.4
78.3
80.0
81.1
74.5
76.3
77.8
65.6
68.7
71.5
48.5
52.5
56.5
45.4
49.2
53.4
62.4
61.6
62.9
53.3
57.8
62.0
65.8
67.7
70.2
72.0
74.3
76.1
79.4
80.3
81.1
64.2
67.9
70.5
67.3
70.5
72.9
69.7
72.4
74.6
64.9
70.8
73.2
77.0
78.3
79.3
79.2
80.6
81.6
78.7
79.7
80.6
75.7
77.3
78.5
81.5
83.3
84.9
71.0
73.3
75.3
65.0
68.3
71.2
49.3
51.5
56.1
76.5
77.7
78.6
68.6
71.4
73.3
54.5
59.0
63.7
71.2
73.2
74.7
73.5
75.0
76.2
40.2
37.8
45.5
36

2045-2050
81.4
63.3
72.5
70.3
77.6
77.8
78.0
70.3
70.1
78.2
66.7
77.8
83.0
84.0
80.9
79.6
69.9
65.4
79.3
83.4
72.5
82.4
83.1
80.4
76.7
68.0
66.0
71.2
69.9
74.1
79.4
83.1
75.4
77.4
78.5
77.6
81.4
83.5
82.5
80.8
88.0
78.8
76.4
66.9
81.1
77.8
72.2
78.0
79.2
65.1

Table 4. Life expectancy at birth (both sexes combined) by country, for selected periods
Country or area*
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 4
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal

1995-2000
48.1
70.0
71.4
77.0
51.6
40.7
71.9
65.4
50.9
77.6
78.8
50.5
70.7
72.2
61.9
66.6
40.6
55.8
45.1
57.3
77.9
75.5
74.0
77.2
67.7
44.2
51.3
78.1
71.4
70.5
59.0
73.6
55.6
69.6
68.0
68.6
72.8
75.2
74.9
68.9
74.3
66.6
73.8
69.8
66.1
39.4
73.0
68.5
70.9
52.3

Life expectancy at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
55.6
60.7
64.9
70.9
73.8
75.8
72.7
74.7
76.5
77.9
79.5
80.8
53.6
57.6
61.6
39.3
43.1
49.0
73.0
75.0
76.6
67.6
71.5
74.4
52.1
56.1
60.5
78.5
80.3
81.6
79.1
80.3
81.1
52.5
56.5
63.5
72.0
73.0
63.9
68.7
38.0
56.2
44.3
59.8
78.3
76.3
74.9
78.0
69.1
46.2
52.1
78.9
72.4
71.5
61.0
74.5
57.7
70.7
69.5
70.0
73.9
76.2
75.6
70.3
75.5
66.6
74.9
69.8
66.0
40.9
73.8
70.0
72.2
54.3
37

73.9
74.6
70.7
71.5
41.0
61.8
53.6
64.6
79.3
77.8
76.5
79.0
71.8
50.2
55.9
80.2
74.2
73.2
65.0
75.9
61.7
72.6
72.1
72.4
75.9
77.6
76.8
72.6
77.5
69.9
76.7
72.1
69.3
46.5
75.4
72.7
74.3
58.4

75.3
76.1
73.0
73.8
47.4
66.5
59.3
68.9
80.2
78.9
78.0
80.0
74.0
54.2
60.4
81.2
75.6
74.6
68.5
76.9
65.8
74.3
74.4
74.5
77.4
78.8
77.6
74.4
79.3
72.6
78.0
73.8
72.0
52.8
76.4
74.7
76.1
62.4

2045-2050
71.6
79.1
79.6
82.8
71.1
64.0
79.7
78.2
69.7
84.0
83.0
72.1
78.8
78.8
77.5
77.9
62.8
72.0
67.3
74.9
82.2
81.0
80.4
82.0
77.7
65.4
69.3
83.7
79.0
78.5
73.7
79.2
73.2
77.8
77.5
78.4
80.1
81.0
80.3
78.3
82.0
77.2
81.4
76.9
76.9
64.2
79.5
78.0
79.4
71.6

Table 4. Life expectancy at birth (both sexes combined) by country, for selected periods
Country or area*
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
TFYR Macedonia 5
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

1995-2000
37.3
77.1
72.8
75.0
67.4
46.9
56.7
78.1
71.6
55.0
70.1
50.8
79.3
78.6
70.5
67.2
72.7
69.6
51.3
73.8
69.5
69.0
65.4
41.9
68.1
74.6
77.2
51.1
76.5
73.9
68.3
67.2
72.4
67.2
61.4
59.4
72.2
40.5
42.9

Life expectancy at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
40.5
44.5
48.8
78.1
79.7
80.9
73.7
75.2
76.5
76.1
78.0
79.7
69.2
71.9
74.1
48.9
52.9
56.9
47.4
42.0
46.4
78.8
79.7
80.6
72.6
74.6
76.4
57.0
61.0
65.0
71.1
73.2
75.0
38.1
39.2
49.8
80.1
81.1
82.1
79.1
80.0
80.9
71.8
74.0
75.8
68.0
70.7
72.7
73.6
70.8
52.2
74.8
70.9
70.5
67.1
46.0
68.1
75.4
78.2
51.1
77.5
75.0
69.7
68.8
73.3
69.2
63.9
61.9
73.2
42.2
42.9

75.2
73.5
57.0
76.6
73.3
72.9
69.8
54.3
71.2
76.9
79.8
56.3
79.2
76.8
71.9
71.3
75.0
71.9
68.2
66.3
74.8
52.1
50.2

76.4
75.9
62.3
78.1
75.3
74.9
72.3
58.9
73.3
77.9
81.1
62.3
80.7
78.4
73.7
73.3
76.4
74.1
71.3
70.0
76.0
58.6
56.3

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
5

38

2045-2050
61.5
82.9
79.5
81.8
78.3
68.3
66.4
82.6
79.5
72.9
78.6
62.7
84.6
82.9
79.1
77.3
79.5
79.1
69.9
80.5
78.8
78.6
77.1
67.8
77.5
80.5
83.0
69.6
82.6
80.9
78.1
76.5
79.2
78.2
76.4
75.5
79.1
66.0
66.3

Table 5. Infant mortality rate by country, for selected periods


Country or area*
World

Infant mortality rate (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
59.6
54.5
43.4
34.7
19.4

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

164.7
28.3
50.0
126.2
21.8
16.9

161.3
25.0
42.8
117.7
20.0
15.4

143.8
19.6
30.5
99.2
16.0
12.9

127.0
15.0
21.9
82.3
12.8
11.3

83.9
9.8
12.4
43.4
7.3
7.0

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

5.4
5.4
32.5
18.7
16.4
78.8
12.4
12.5
4.4
32.5
87.7
62.9
65.6
15.0
73.9
42.1
9.6
15.2
99.1
120.0
83.4
87.3
5.5
55.6
101.2
122.5
5.8
12.8
41.4

5.2
4.7
29.3
17.2
14.4
67.0
10.9
12.5
4.2
30.0
80.6
53.6
55.6
13.5
67.2
38.3
8.6
15.2
86.6
111.5
72.5
79.3
5.4
49.6
93.3
116.1
5.5
11.6
36.5

4.8
4.3
24.6
12.2
11.3
47.1
9.2
10.4
4.0
25.6
66.3
38.6
38.1
10.9
44.5
29.8
7.2
12.9
64.9
95.4
53.1
60.2
5.0
39.8
71.6
94.5
5.2
9.6
28.6

4.4
4.1
21.0
9.9
8.9
31.3
8.3
8.7
3.8
22.3
50.9
28.8
27.1
9.4
33.0
22.1
6.6
10.5
47.5
75.5
36.3
41.5
4.8
31.4
52.6
73.3
4.8
8.0
22.2

3.6
3.5
12.8
7.9
6.8
13.7
6.5
5.8
3.3
14.0
23.9
15.9
14.0
6.9
20.0
7.7
5.4
6.5
23.7
33.7
16.1
19.3
4.1
18.3
23.6
33.1
4.2
5.1
13.3

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

4.2

4.1

3.9

3.7

3.2

8.9
30.0
76.3
72.1
12.1
89.0
10.1
7.5
8.1
5.8
45.1

8.2
25.6
67.0
65.8
10.9
80.8
8.1
7.3
7.7
5.4
39.1

7.0
19.1
49.6
52.0
9.0
63.2
7.2
6.6
7.1
4.5
29.3

6.3
15.2
34.9
38.7
7.8
47.0
6.5
5.8
6.5
4.1
23.3

5.1
11.1
11.6
20.1
6.3
23.8
4.9
3.6
5.3
3.7
12.8

China, Macao SAR 3


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea

39

Table 5. Infant mortality rate by country, for selected periods


Country or area*
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon

Infant mortality rate (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
90.6
77.2
61.2
46.8
22.5
5.9
5.0
4.5
4.2
3.6
116.6
117.1
99.4
78.7
33.0
40.6
36.3
27.8
21.2
11.4
135.0
120.9
94.4
70.3
27.5
45.6
41.5
33.2
25.0
8.0
50.8
40.5
26.8
18.7
10.3
32.0
26.4
17.5
12.1
7.3
107.7
98.8
81.7
65.7
30.1
89.3
82.4
64.0
46.2
22.6
11.1
9.7
8.3
7.3
5.2
114.8
106.1
83.0
61.8
28.3
19.6
17.5
14.3
11.9
7.5
4.4
4.0
3.7
3.4
2.9
5.5
5.0
4.6
4.3
3.6
31.9
28.7
24.3
20.7
13.6
9.7
8.7
7.3
6.3
5.0
87.7
80.0
63.8
49.2
23.6
125.3
115.0
96.2
79.5
41.8
19.4
17.6
15.4
13.3
8.7
5.0
4.6
4.2
4.0
3.5
68.6
62.1
47.3
35.0
18.8
6.6
6.3
5.7
5.2
4.1
8.3
7.4
6.2
5.5
4.3
11.0
9.8
7.8
6.5
5.3
46.0
41.2
32.5
25.5
13.4
124.2
114.4
96.3
79.4
37.1
130.8
121.2
101.8
84.7
39.2
56.2
52.5
40.1
32.8
18.8
68.3
61.3
51.1
40.6
17.3
37.1
33.1
26.0
19.9
14.2
9.6
8.7
7.3
6.2
4.7
4.7
4.5
4.2
4.0
3.3
72.5
64.7
49.0
39.6
25.2
48.4
39.5
27.1
19.2
9.9
44.0
35.9
24.7
17.3
9.7
91.7
63.5
33.0
22.7
8.3
6.6
6.0
5.4
4.9
3.9
6.3
5.9
5.3
4.9
4.2
5.6
5.4
5.0
4.7
4.1
21.9
19.9
16.3
13.8
9.1
3.5
3.3
3.2
3.0
2.5
26.6
22.6
16.3
12.5
8.1
44.8
42.1
32.6
25.3
13.8
64.7
58.7
44.4
33.4
19.3
12.3
10.8
9.2
8.3
6.6
43.2
37.0
30.1
25.1
14.6
96.6
88.0
69.6
51.9
24.7
15.6
13.6
11.4
9.9
6.8
20.0
17.2
14.2
12.0
8.3
40

Table 5. Infant mortality rate by country, for selected periods


Country or area*
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 4
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia

Infant mortality rate (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
108.1
111.2
89.3
68.4
34.6
111.4
79.3
55.9
39.8
17.8
27.8
25.2
18.3
14.4
9.7
10.7
8.9
8.2
7.4
5.4
6.6
5.6
4.8
4.3
3.5
100.2
91.5
74.9
59.4
27.6
139.8
130.1
105.8
82.9
36.6
11.6
10.3
8.3
6.9
5.3
46.4
37.3
23.2
14.7
9.1
130.3
120.5
99.4
79.7
41.7
7.7
7.0
6.0
5.3
4.2
7.0
6.8
6.2
5.8
4.8
105.6
96.7
79.7
52.8
24.9
18.5
31.0
65.8
52.2
136.7
92.2
78.5
82.6
4.6
14.2
7.2
6.6
39.5
136.1
88.1
4.8
24.0
26.6
95.3
21.4
69.0
39.2
45.0
34.4
10.0
6.6
11.0
13.6
7.9
20.5
9.0
22.1
16.7
121.9
14.3
29.8
25.0

16.0
28.2
58.2
42.1
127.7
87.2
64.7
70.9
4.5
12.6
6.6
6.2
35.7
125.7
78.5
4.5
20.7
22.9
86.5
18.6
62.1
37.0
37.4
29.0
9.1
6.1
10.3
11.2
7.1
20.5
8.2
22.1
16.8
119.2
13.1
25.9
20.6
41

12.9
23.3
35.0
29.3
105.8
64.9
45.2
49.9
4.3
9.8
5.8
5.6
27.9
106.4
59.4
4.1
15.9
17.3
69.4
14.2
49.0
30.8
27.0
20.8
7.5
5.3
9.2
8.2
5.8
17.2
6.8
16.4
14.0
94.2
10.8
19.9
14.7

10.8
19.2
28.1
20.6
85.9
50.8
34.5
32.7
4.1
8.7
5.1
5.1
22.1
88.9
43.7
3.8
13.0
14.3
55.3
10.9
37.1
24.4
21.5
15.4
6.3
4.8
8.4
6.5
4.9
14.3
5.9
13.5
11.4
75.8
9.5
15.5
11.2

7.0
11.8
16.0
10.9
39.7
31.0
19.8
14.1
3.7
6.9
4.4
4.1
12.6
45.9
22.3
3.0
8.4
8.8
36.2
7.5
18.5
14.7
15.0
9.0
4.9
4.2
6.1
4.9
4.1
8.7
4.5
8.9
7.2
35.4
6.7
9.7
8.0

Table 5. Infant mortality rate by country, for selected periods


Country or area*
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan

Infant mortality rate (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)


1995-2000
2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
2045-2050
62.4
56.8
46.3
36.5
16.7
165.4
146.3
124.0
105.4
53.9
4.9
4.6
4.3
4.1
3.7
8.6
8.0
7.0
6.1
4.7
6.1
5.6
4.7
4.2
3.8
24.0
20.7
16.1
12.6
7.8
122.3
112.7
94.7
77.9
36.4
58.2
59.2
50.1
38.2
16.1
5.7
5.3
5.0
4.7
4.1
22.9
20.1
15.6
12.0
8.0
85.9
77.7
62.0
47.5
22.6
29.1
25.7
19.5
15.2
9.1
86.9
91.7
62.2
42.8
23.4
3.5
3.4
3.2
3.0
2.5
5.1
4.8
4.5
4.3
3.8
26.9
22.3
15.8
12.3
8.3
56.6
53.3
43.6
37.2
21.8

TFYR Macedonia 5
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

18.2
25.4
83.1
14.3
30.3
45.7
54.8
106.5
15.3
12.0
5.9
81.3
7.6
17.5
41.0
32.5
20.9
40.1
64.5
73.8
14.8
93.6
65.0

16.0
20.8
74.8
12.5
25.5
38.5
48.6
93.9
15.3
10.9
5.4
72.7
6.8
13.1
36.7
28.5
18.9
33.6
53.6
62.5
13.0
79.6
55.0

12.6
15.5
57.9
9.8
17.6
27.7
40.1
74.8
12.3
8.9
4.7
55.0
5.8
11.0
31.0
22.6
15.3
25.5
35.6
43.9
10.4
59.2
40.3

10.5
12.0
42.9
8.1
13.4
20.7
32.9
59.2
10.3
8.1
4.2
40.6
5.2
9.0
26.2
18.5
12.4
20.0
24.4
29.0
9.0
44.2
30.7

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
5

42

7.1
8.1
22.9
6.4
8.6
10.9
18.7
28.3
6.7
6.5
3.4
21.6
4.4
5.3
15.2
12.4
7.4
12.2
11.6
13.3
6.2
24.0
18.6

Table 6. Annual population growth rate by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)
Country or area*
World

1995-2000
1.35

Annual population growth rate (percentage)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
1.23
1.09
0.92

2045-2050
0.47

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

2.64
-0.32
1.82
2.94
1.26
0.14

3.68
0.63
1.76
2.99
1.19
0.06

2.56
0.76
1.30
3.15
0.95
0.01

2.34
0.61
1.12
3.02
0.78
-0.28

1.43
0.07
0.47
2.11
0.44
-0.95

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

1.15
0.08
0.91
1.44
2.21
2.12
0.37
-0.28
0.22
2.17
2.66
2.60
2.33
3.02
1.61
1.33
2.18
-1.12
2.32
0.89
2.80
2.28
0.93
2.30
2.10
3.15
0.10
1.36
0.90

0.99
-0.10
0.59
1.25
1.68
2.09
0.35
-0.40
0.09
1.89
2.81
2.62
2.15
1.13
0.54
1.22
1.81
-0.98
3.01
3.00
2.43
2.14
0.80
2.14
1.64
3.07
0.05
1.18
0.71

0.82
-0.27
0.53
1.00
1.29
1.74
0.27
-0.32
-0.05
1.32
2.64
2.52
1.85
0.05
0.80
1.01
1.41
-1.05
3.21
2.54
2.22
1.95
0.71
1.65
1.92
2.93
-0.19
1.03
0.63

0.67
-0.34
0.32
0.86
1.04
1.29
0.11
-0.37
-0.08
1.18
2.29
2.14
1.48
-0.37
0.66
0.78
1.20
-1.09
3.04
2.23
1.66
1.62
0.62
1.25
1.84
2.75
-0.28
0.81
0.34

0.41
-0.83
-0.27
0.35
0.37
0.70
-0.60
-0.57
-0.33
0.52
1.21
1.20
0.82
-0.93
0.57
0.32
0.52
-1.30
1.86
1.59
1.04
1.07
0.30
0.57
1.11
1.48
-0.81
0.36
-0.26

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

1.99

1.16

0.93

0.73

0.22

China, Macao SAR


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

1.30
1.77
2.95
2.96
2.48
2.14
0.09
0.42
1.05
-0.11
0.82
2.56

0.85
1.59
2.92
3.03
2.03
2.07
0.03
0.30
0.77
-0.10
0.68
3.34

0.72
1.37
2.56
2.94
1.49
1.85
-0.12
0.23
0.55
-0.22
0.59
3.30

0.51
1.10
2.07
2.80
1.17
1.38
-0.26
0.02
0.32
-0.34
0.56
3.05

-0.21
0.52
1.18
1.54
0.57
0.89
-0.36
-0.61
-0.06
-0.65
0.26
1.60

43

Table 6. Annual population growth rate by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)
Country or area*
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

1995-2000
0.35
2.96
1.68
-2.60
1.97
1.82
2.04
2.68
2.75
-1.26
2.55
1.16
0.25
0.37
3.50
1.67
2.63
3.11
-0.34
0.09
2.20
0.30
0.90
1.42
2.64
2.13
2.14
0.47
1.59
2.64
-0.49
0.87
1.69
1.41
1.69
2.70
1.05
2.43
0.08
0.83
0.26
2.90
-0.54
2.32
2.48
1.51
2.38
-0.77
1.97
1.69

Annual population growth rate (percentage)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
0.16
-0.01
-0.02
1.03
0.70
1.39
1.50
1.04
0.67
3.93
1.50
0.73
1.74
1.35
1.03
1.67
1.26
1.10
1.82
1.40
1.10
2.82
2.69
2.43
4.22
2.31
2.03
-1.14
-1.02
-1.20
2.41
2.34
2.33
1.06
0.64
0.23
0.07
-0.03
-0.10
0.36
0.22
0.11
3.15
2.70
2.37
1.56
1.22
0.95
2.48
2.28
2.09
2.38
1.83
1.44
-0.53
-0.74
-0.92
-0.04
-0.17
-0.24
2.20
1.94
1.46
0.04
-0.20
-0.34
0.79
0.49
0.29
2.15
1.81
1.30
2.58
2.20
1.73
1.48
2.45
2.15
2.41
2.40
2.24
0.20
-0.39
-0.70
1.55
1.45
1.15
2.30
1.78
1.41
-0.50
-0.50
-0.54
0.67
0.52
0.44
1.52
1.11
0.92
1.21
1.01
0.82
1.38
1.50
1.21
2.75
2.29
1.68
0.96
0.97
0.65
2.02
1.24
0.94
-0.13
-0.41
-0.56
0.89
0.95
0.94
0.14
-0.11
-0.35
2.80
2.26
1.75
-0.37
0.20
0.02
1.91
1.59
1.01
2.56
2.24
1.30
1.16
1.15
0.95
2.30
2.08
1.59
-0.56
-0.56
-0.67
1.55
0.98
0.77
0.74
0.14
0.44
44

2045-2050
-0.30
0.92
0.21
0.47
0.48
0.54
0.54
1.26
1.14
-1.51
1.63
-0.50
-0.39
-0.16
1.34
0.43
1.24
0.77
-1.46
-0.52
0.86
-0.61
-0.32
0.79
0.96
1.09
1.19
-1.89
0.58
0.73
-0.66
0.05
0.41
0.35
0.62
0.96
0.40
0.50
-0.98
0.43
-0.59
0.95
-0.37
0.74
0.61
0.45
0.90
-0.74
0.09
0.62

Table 6. Annual population growth rate by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)
Country or area*
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius 4
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal

1995-2000
7.07
2.13
-0.10
1.28
2.94
2.42
2.09
3.02
2.68
0.63
0.59
3.16

Annual population growth rate (percentage)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
5.53
3.40
3.18
2.20
1.55
1.19
-0.24
-0.32
-0.38
1.20
1.09
1.05
2.83
2.64
2.37
2.16
2.20
2.20
1.72
1.31
1.13
3.01
2.86
2.35
2.91
2.95
2.81
0.40
0.31
0.10
0.54
0.37
0.23
2.96
2.76
2.56

0.83
1.63
0.97
1.87
2.31
1.48
2.06
2.40
0.52
0.99
2.18
0.94
2.72
3.46
2.74
0.50
3.83
3.29
2.66
1.64
2.34
2.59
1.73
2.03
0.01
0.20
1.03
1.99
0.78
-0.20
1.67
-0.22
-0.36
8.48
1.14
0.02
3.49
2.54

0.80
1.42
1.14
1.78
1.76
1.16
1.71
2.32
0.35
0.86
1.93
0.73
2.59
3.63
2.61
0.37
3.59
3.27
2.54
1.43
2.24
2.46
1.60
1.86
-0.09
0.13
0.88
1.51
0.66
-0.26
1.33
-0.26
-0.64
2.11
1.07
0.35
3.11
2.51
45

0.70
1.09
1.45
1.29
1.66
0.84
1.96
2.11
0.13
0.71
1.47
0.49
2.11
3.46
2.36
0.24
3.22
3.12
2.38
1.10
2.07
2.15
1.29
1.29
-0.12
-0.10
0.65
1.21
0.40
-0.18
0.85
-0.35
-0.54
2.17
0.72
1.26
2.81
2.29

0.48
0.82
1.10
1.06
1.74
0.84
1.73
1.76
0.08
0.42
1.26
0.37
1.65
3.26
1.93
0.28
2.86
2.63
1.94
0.85
1.82
1.75
1.02
1.08
-0.26
-0.22
0.45
0.72
0.25
-0.28
0.71
-0.42
-0.63
1.99
0.52
1.04
2.29
1.89

2045-2050
1.89
0.61
-0.62
0.79
1.24
1.49
0.54
1.27
1.76
-0.24
-0.28
1.30
-0.03
0.24
0.46
0.47
0.97
0.31
0.97
1.01
-0.29
-0.06
0.70
0.01
0.89
2.38
1.09
-0.01
1.39
1.42
1.03
0.26
0.95
0.94
0.46
0.47
-0.47
-0.50
0.03
0.31
-0.25
-0.60
0.18
-0.58
-0.82
1.00
-0.03
0.24
1.22
1.07

Table 6. Annual population growth rate by country, for selected periods (medium-variant)
Country or area*
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan

1995-2000
1.53
2.90
0.13
-0.02
3.44
3.56
1.57
0.09
0.96
2.13
0.39
2.04
0.03
0.15
2.59
1.17

TFYR Macedonia 5
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Annual population growth rate (percentage)


2000-2005
2010-2015
2020-2025
4.54
2.49
2.38
1.74
0.65
0.48
0.08
-0.04
-0.25
-0.12
-0.31
-0.46
3.32
2.99
2.61
4.21
3.30
3.14
0.77
-0.23
-0.09
-0.02
-0.28
-0.46
0.94
0.71
0.42
2.30
1.86
1.44
0.44
0.19
0.08
0.92
0.70
1.11
-0.13
-0.18
-0.12
-0.06
-0.29
-0.39
2.55
2.21
1.48
0.69
1.40
1.18

0.71
1.34
3.27
0.50
1.12
1.62
2.36
2.95
-0.78
2.05
0.27
2.58
1.05
0.73
1.76
2.67
2.02
1.40
3.34
4.17
0.01
2.46
1.91

0.30
1.14
2.55
0.45
1.14
1.32
1.88
3.19
-0.94
1.72
0.18
2.32
0.89
0.70
1.39
2.52
1.82
1.30
2.95
4.07
-0.15
2.09
1.73

0.04
0.79
2.42
0.49
1.15
1.00
1.40
3.46
-0.86
1.11
0.10
2.26
0.81
0.58
1.37
2.26
1.45
1.25
2.12
3.82
-0.18
2.61
1.71

-0.08
0.63
2.15
0.24
0.83
0.88
1.19
3.21
-0.94
0.61
0.10
1.92
0.74
0.53
1.02
1.82
1.10
1.03
1.63
3.71
-0.29
2.45
1.15

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
5

46

2045-2050
1.31
-0.60
-0.67
-0.91
1.34
2.19
0.54
-0.95
-0.13
0.82
-0.47
0.76
-0.37
-0.86
0.85
0.55
-0.47
0.01
1.14
-0.39
0.32
0.34
0.57
1.92
-1.25
0.15
-0.25
1.04
0.47
0.27
0.47
0.96
0.56
0.45
1.01
2.45
-0.49
1.13
0.79

Table 7. Percentage distribution of the population in major age groups by country, 2000 and 2050 (mediumvariant)
2000
Age groups
0-14
15-59

60+

2050
Age groups
0-14
15-59

60+

World

30.0

60.0

10.0

21.0

58.0

21.1

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Argentina
Armenia

43.5
30.0
34.8
48.2
27.7
23.7

51.8
61.1
59.1
47.3
59.0
63.1

4.7
9.0
6.0
4.5
13.3
13.2

30.5
19.0
19.7
36.7
19.7
12.2

61.8
56.4
58.1
58.1
56.9
48.3

7.7
24.6
22.2
5.2
23.4
39.5

Australia 1
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Channel Islands
Chile
China

20.5
16.6
29.0
29.6
28.2
38.7
20.7
18.7
17.3
38.4
46.4
42.7
39.6
18.9
42.1
28.8
31.9
15.7
48.7
47.6
43.9
43.1
19.1
39.3
43.0
46.5
17.5
28.5
24.8

63.1
62.6
60.5
62.4
67.1
56.4
66.0
62.4
60.6
55.6
49.4
50.8
54.2
66.1
53.4
63.4
63.0
62.6
46.5
48.1
51.8
51.3
64.2
54.2
50.9
48.6
62.8
61.4
65.0

16.3
20.7
10.5
8.0
4.7
4.9
13.4
18.9
22.1
6.0
4.2
6.5
6.2
14.9
4.5
7.8
5.1
21.7
4.8
4.3
4.4
5.6
16.7
6.5
6.1
4.9
19.7
10.2
10.1

17.7
11.6
15.1
19.8
18.2
22.0
15.0
14.6
14.2
19.8
27.3
24.2
21.8
12.9
24.6
19.9
18.8
13.8
33.9
33.3
24.3
24.8
16.3
20.7
25.9
30.9
13.3
19.8
16.3

54.1
47.4
52.8
56.7
56.9
62.0
49.6
49.6
50.3
58.5
63.8
63.6
61.8
49.3
63.5
56.5
57.4
47.6
59.5
59.9
64.0
64.1
53.2
59.7
64.7
62.3
51.1
56.7
53.8

28.2
41.0
32.1
23.5
24.9
16.0
35.4
35.8
35.5
21.7
8.9
12.2
16.4
37.7
11.9
23.6
23.8
38.6
6.5
6.8
11.7
11.2
30.5
19.6
9.4
6.8
35.5
23.5
29.9

China, Hong Kong SAR 2

16.3

69.3

14.3

13.9

50.7

35.4

China, Macao SAR


Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

22.1
32.8
43.0
46.3
32.4
42.1
18.0
21.2
23.1
16.4
26.5
48.8

68.2
60.3
52.8
48.7
60.2
52.9
61.8
65.1
61.2
65.2
63.5
46.7

9.7
6.9
4.2
5.1
7.5
5.0
20.2
13.7
15.7
18.4
10.0
4.5

12.5
20.3
23.8
31.0
20.2
24.3
16.3
15.4
16.7
13.6
19.6
31.7

49.1
58.2
64.0
62.0
57.5
63.3
53.0
50.6
53.4
46.3
58.0
62.1

38.5
21.5
12.2
6.9
22.3
12.4
30.8
34.0
29.9
40.1
22.4
6.2

Country or area*

47

Table 7. Percentage distribution of the population in major age groups by country, 2000 and 2050 (mediumvariant)
Country or area*
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Dem. Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho

0-14
18.3
43.2
33.5
43.0
33.8
35.4
35.6
43.7
43.9
17.7
45.2
33.3
18.0
18.7
34.8
30.8
40.2
40.3
20.5
15.5
40.9
15.1
24.5
34.7
43.6
44.1
43.5
30.6
40.6
41.8
16.9
23.3
33.5
30.8
37.4
41.6
21.6
28.3
14.3
31.5
14.7
40.0
27.0
43.5
31.3
33.9
42.7
17.4
31.1
39.3

2000
Age groups
15-59
61.8
51.2
59.9
52.2
59.2
58.3
57.2
50.3
51.4
62.1
50.1
60.9
62.0
60.7
58.8
62.3
51.1
54.6
60.8
61.2
54.0
61.5
62.7
56.9
51.1
51.5
50.9
62.5
53.8
53.1
63.3
61.6
58.9
61.6
57.4
53.8
63.2
58.6
61.7
58.9
62.1
55.4
61.8
52.3
64.3
57.1
51.6
61.7
60.3
54.2
48

60+
20.0
5.5
6.6
4.7
6.9
6.3
7.2
6.0
4.7
20.2
4.7
5.7
19.9
20.5
6.4
6.8
8.7
5.2
18.7
23.2
5.1
23.4
12.7
8.4
5.3
4.4
5.6
6.9
5.6
5.1
19.7
15.1
7.6
7.6
5.2
4.6
15.2
13.2
24.1
9.6
23.2
4.5
11.2
4.2
4.4
9.0
5.6
20.9
8.5
6.5

0-14
15.2
28.1
21.0
21.8
20.0
20.1
20.6
27.2
25.3
15.6
32.5
17.8
15.0
16.0
24.0
19.7
25.7
23.5
14.4
12.4
23.2
13.1
16.5
21.9
22.6
26.2
28.1
17.2
22.9
21.9
14.4
17.3
19.7
19.9
20.1
22.5
19.1
18.9
11.5
19.3
12.5
22.5
17.7
24.3
19.7
20.0
23.2
15.0
17.5
24.5

2050
Age groups
15-59
53.0
66.1
58.4
60.3
58.1
59.1
58.8
64.2
64.7
48.5
60.9
58.9
50.6
51.3
61.7
57.1
65.0
64.5
49.8
49.5
62.1
46.2
52.3
62.1
62.9
64.3
64.0
51.8
61.5
61.7
49.4
53.2
59.7
57.7
58.1
62.4
53.3
56.3
46.2
56.7
45.2
61.9
56.8
62.7
54.7
57.7
63.4
47.5
57.1
66.0

60+
31.8
5.8
20.7
18.0
21.9
20.8
20.6
8.6
10.0
35.9
6.6
23.3
34.4
32.7
14.3
23.2
9.3
12.0
35.8
38.1
14.7
40.7
31.2
15.9
14.4
9.6
7.9
31.0
15.6
16.4
36.2
29.5
20.6
22.3
21.7
15.1
27.6
24.8
42.3
24.0
42.3
15.6
25.4
13.0
25.7
22.3
13.3
37.5
25.4
9.5

Table 7. Percentage distribution of the population in major age groups by country, 2000 and 2050 (mediumvariant)

Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania

0-14
42.7
33.9
19.5
18.7
44.7
46.3
34.1
43.7
46.1
20.2
22.5
44.1

2000
Age groups
15-59
52.8
60.6
62.0
62.0
50.5
49.0
59.3
51.0
48.1
62.9
62.5
51.1

Mauritius 4
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Reunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Senegal

25.6
33.1
35.2
34.7
43.9
33.1
43.7
41.0
18.3
24.6
29.9
23.0
42.6
49.9
45.1
19.8
46.4
44.1
41.8
31.3
40.1
39.5
33.4
37.5
19.2
16.7
23.8
26.7
20.8
23.1
28.1
18.3
18.0
44.3
32.1
41.2
42.9
44.3

65.4
59.9
59.2
59.0
50.9
60.1
50.6
53.1
63.4
63.8
61.9
61.5
52.8
46.9
50.2
60.7
48.7
51.7
52.5
60.6
55.7
55.1
59.4
56.9
64.3
62.5
61.9
70.2
68.2
63.2
62.1
62.9
63.5
51.5
60.2
52.0
52.3
51.5

Country or area*

49

60+
4.5
5.5
18.6
19.4
4.7
4.6
6.6
5.3
5.7
17.0
15.0
4.7
9.0
6.9
5.6
6.4
5.1
6.8
5.6
5.9
18.3
11.6
8.2
15.6
4.6
3.3
4.8
19.6
4.9
4.2
5.8
8.1
4.1
5.3
7.2
5.5
16.6
20.8
14.3
3.1
11.0
13.7
9.9
18.8
18.5
4.2
7.8
6.8
4.8
4.2

0-14
33.5
20.1
14.6
17.7
26.8
32.2
19.8
24.2
33.6
15.3
15.7
27.2

2050
Age groups
15-59
59.8
58.7
48.1
57.1
63.9
61.2
59.4
63.7
59.4
51.1
51.7
63.8

60+
6.7
21.1
37.3
25.2
9.3
6.6
20.8
12.1
7.0
33.6
32.6
8.9

17.4
19.3
19.7
20.1
26.8
19.7
24.7
23.6
14.7
17.4
19.5
17.1
22.0
38.4
25.1
16.1
26.7
26.8
23.1
19.1
23.2
22.2
19.8
20.3
15.7
14.4
17.0
19.8
16.5
15.3
17.4
15.9
13.5
27.2
19.7
22.7
23.1
24.4

56.4
56.3
57.2
59.3
65.4
58.7
64.2
64.0
52.5
55.8
58.0
53.7
61.9
56.6
64.6
51.7
63.3
62.7
64.4
56.5
64.6
61.9
57.8
60.1
48.7
49.9
55.1
59.5
50.4
52.2
56.2
50.0
49.3
63.8
58.3
62.6
64.0
64.7

26.1
24.4
23.1
20.6
7.8
21.6
11.1
12.4
32.8
26.8
22.6
29.3
16.1
5.0
10.3
32.3
9.9
10.5
12.4
24.4
12.1
16.0
22.4
19.5
35.6
35.7
27.9
20.7
33.2
32.5
26.5
34.2
37.2
9.0
22.0
14.7
12.9
11.0

Table 7. Percentage distribution of the population in major age groups by country, 2000 and 2050 (mediumvariant)

Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan

0-14
44.2
21.9
19.5
15.9
44.8
48.0
34.0
14.7
26.3
40.1
30.5
41.6
18.2
16.7
40.8
39.4

2000
Age groups
15-59
51.0
67.6
65.1
65.0
51.0
48.1
60.3
63.5
64.4
54.4
61.4
53.1
59.4
62.1
54.4
53.8

TFYR Macedonia 5
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

22.6
26.7
44.3
25.0
29.7
30.0
37.6
49.2
17.8
26.0
19.0
45.0
21.7
24.8
36.3
42.0
34.0
33.4
36.4
50.1
20.0
46.5
45.2

63.0
65.2
50.9
65.4
61.9
61.5
55.9
47.0
61.6
68.9
60.4
51.0
62.1
58.1
56.7
53.0
59.4
59.2
55.9
46.3
61.7
48.9
50.1

Country or area*

60+
4.8
10.6
15.4
19.2
4.2
3.9
5.7
21.8
9.3
5.5
8.1
5.3
22.4
21.3
4.7
6.8
14.4
8.1
4.9
9.6
8.4
8.4
6.5
3.8
20.5
5.1
20.6
4.0
16.1
17.2
7.1
5.0
6.6
7.5
7.7
3.6
18.3
4.5
4.7

0-14
31.0
13.9
13.2
12.4
24.6
36.3
23.6
11.4
17.3
22.7
16.5
25.8
14.0
12.5
21.8
20.0

2050
Age groups
15-59
62.2
51.1
50.0
45.1
64.5
58.0
62.7
44.5
55.1
62.9
54.1
65.0
48.3
48.6
60.2
59.0

60+
6.8
35.0
36.8
42.4
10.8
5.7
13.7
44.1
27.6
14.4
29.4
9.1
37.7
38.9
18.0
21.0

14.2
17.1
25.4
16.4
19.6
19.5
20.1
34.8
12.9
18.6
15.0
24.3
18.5
19.2
19.9
22.7
20.2
19.8
22.0
37.0
15.2
28.6
24.9

52.0
55.8
64.5
50.3
55.9
57.5
60.0
59.5
49.0
54.8
51.1
64.6
54.6
55.9
57.8
63.4
58.4
56.6
62.2
57.7
52.4
63.6
63.8

33.8
27.1
10.1
33.3
24.6
23.0
19.9
5.7
38.1
26.7
34.0
11.0
26.9
24.9
22.3
13.9
21.4
23.5
15.9
5.3
32.5
7.9
11.3

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
5

50

Table 8. Countries with a population of 50 million or more, 1950, 2000 and 2050 (medium-variant)
Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Population in
1950 (000)

China
India
United States of America
Russian Federation
Japan
Indonesia
Germany
Brazil
United Kingdom

Source: United Nations Population Division.

554 760
357 561
157 813
102 702
83 625
79 538
68 376
53 975
50 616

Cumulated
percentage
22.0
36.2
42.5
46.6
49.9
53.0
55.7
57.9
59.9

Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

China
India
United States of America
Indonesia
Brazil
Russian Federation
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Japan
Nigeria
Mexico
Germany
Viet Nam
Philippines
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Egypt
Turkey
Ethiopia
Thailand
United Kingdom
France
Italy
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

Population in
2000 (000)
1 275 133
1 008 937
283 230
212 092
170 406
145 491
141 256
137 439
127 096
113 862
98 872
82 017
78 137
75 653
70 330
67 884
66 668
62 908
62 806
59 415
59 238
57 530
50 948

Cumulated
percentage
21.1
37.7
42.4
45.9
48.7
51.1
53.4
55.7
57.8
59.7
61.3
62.7
64.0
65.2
66.4
67.5
68.6
69.6
70.7
71.6
72.6
73.6
74.4

Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

India
China
United States of America
Pakistan
Indonesia
Nigeria
Bangladesh
Brazil
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Ethiopia
Mexico
Philippines
Viet Nam
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Egypt
Japan
Russian Federation
Yemen
Uganda
Turkey
United Republic of Tanzania
Thailand
Afghanistan
Colombia
Germany
Myanmar
Sudan
France
Saudi Arabia
United Kingdom
Kenya
Argentina
Iraq
Angola
Nepal
Niger
Republic of Korea
Algeria
Morocco

Population in
2050 (000)
1 572 055
1 462 058
397 063
344 170
311 335
278 788
265 432
247 244
203 527
186 452
146 651
128 383
123 782
121 424
113 840
109 220
104 258
102 379
101 524
98 818
82 740
82 491
72 267
70 862
70 805
68 546
63 530
61 832
59 683
58 933
55 368
54 522
53 574
53 328
52 415
51 872
51 560
51 180
50 361

Cumulated
percentage
16.9
32.5
36.8
40.5
43.8
46.8
49.7
52.3
54.5
56.5
58.1
59.5
60.8
62.1
63.3
64.5
65.6
66.7
67.8
68.9
69.7
70.6
71.4
72.2
72.9
73.7
74.3
75.0
75.6
76.3
76.9
77.4
78.0
78.6
79.2
79.7
80.3
80.8
81.4

Table 9. Countries accounting for 75 per cent of population growth in the world in 1950-1955, 2000-2005 and 2045-2050 (medium-variant)

Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Annual
population
increase 19501955 (000)

Cumulated
percentage

China
India
United States of America
Brazil
Russian Federation
Indonesia
Japan
Bangladesh
Pakistan
Mexico
Nigeria
Philippines
Thailand
Turkey
Egypt
Ukraine
Viet Nam
Poland
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Canada

10 849
7 507
2 652
1 782
1 740
1 384
1 238
864
816
800
707
645
627
610
572
560
537
491
436
400

23
39
45
48
52
55
58
60
61
63
64
66
67
68
70
71
72
73
74
75

WORLD

47 044

100

Source: United Nations Population Division.

Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Annual
population
increase 20002005 (000)

Cumulated
percentage

India
China
Pakistan
Nigeria
Bangladesh
Indonesia
United States of America
Brazil
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Ethiopia
Philippines
Mexico
Egypt
Viet Nam
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Turkey
Afghanistan
United Rep. of Tanzania
Yemen
Uganda
Sudan
Thailand

15 929
9 246
3 818
3 172
3 023
2 649
2 567
2 136
1 852
1 611
1 470
1 453
1 184
1 052
1 007
908
880
863
827
805
758
739

21
33
38
42
46
49
53
55
58
60
62
64
65
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

WORLD

76 857

100

Country

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

India
Pakistan
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Nigeria
Ethiopia
Yemen
Uganda
Bangladesh
United States of America
Niger
Indonesia
Angola
Afghanistan
Somalia
United Rep. of Tanzania

WORLD

Annual
population
increase 20452050 (000)

Cumulated
percentage

6 361
3 455
3 129
2 965
2 917
2 362
1 861
1 832
1 827
1 166
1 075
1 070
998
850
837

15
23
30
37
43
49
53
57
61
64
67
69
71
73
75

43 496

100

Table 10. Ten countries or areas with highest and ten countries or areas with the lowest total fertility*, 2000-2005
and 2045-2050 (medium-variant)
2000-2005
Country or area**

2045-2050
Total fertility

Country or area**

Total fertility

A. Highest total fertility


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Niger
Yemen
Somalia
Angola
Uganda
Mali
Afghanistan
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Liberia

8.00
7.60
7.25
7.20
7.10
7.00
6.80
6.80
6.80
6.80

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Niger
Yemen
Somalia
Angola
Uganda
Mali
Afghanistan
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Liberia

3.82
3.35
3.27
3.26
2.85
2.85
2.82
2.82
2.81
2.81

Germany
Italy
Spain
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Channel Islands
China, Hong Kong SAR
China, Macao SAR
Slovakia

1.61
1.61
1.64
1.65
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.70

B. Lowest total fertility


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Latvia
Armenia
Bulgaria
China, Macao SAR 1
Ukraine
Spain
Slovenia
Russian Federation
Czech Republic

1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.13
1.14
1.14
1.16

10. China, Hong Kong SAR 2

1.17

WORLD

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10. Ukraine

2.68

WORLD

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.
* Average number of children per woman
** Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
2

53

1.70
2.15

Table 11. Ten countries or areas with the highest and ten countries or areas with the lowest life expectancy at birth,
2000-2005 and 2045-2050
2000-2005
Country or area*

2045-2050
Life expectancy

Country or area*

Life expectancy

A. Highest life expectancy at birth


1. Japan

81.5

1. Japan

88.0

2. Sweden

80.1

2. China, Hong Kong SAR1

84.7

79.9
79.4

3. Sweden
4. Malta

84.6
84.0

79.3
79.2

5. France
6. Belgium

84.0
83.8

3. China, Hong Kong SAR


4. Iceland

5. China, Macao SAR 2


6. Australia
7.
8.
9.
10.

Israel
Martinique
Switzerland
France

79.2
79.1
79.1
79.0

7.
8.
9.
10.

China, Macao SAR2


Norway
Austria
Israel

83.8
83.7
83.6
83.5

B. Lowest life expectancy at birth


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Botswana
Mozambique
Swaziland
Malawi
Lesotho
Sierra Leone
Djibouti
Burundi
Rwanda
Zambia

WORLD

36.1
38.0
38.1
39.3
40.2
40.5
40.6
40.6
40.9
42.2

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

66.0

Sierra Leone
Afghanistan
Swaziland
Mozambique
Botswana
Djibouti
Malawi
Rwanda
Burundi
Angola

WORLD

Source: United Nations Population Division.


1

As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.

As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.
* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
2

54

61.5
62.4
62.7
62.8
63.2
63.3
64.0
64.2
64.3
64.5
76.0

Table 12. Ten countries or areas with the highest and ten countries or areas with the lowest rates of population
growth, 2000-2005 and 2045-2050 (medium-variant)
2000-2005
Country or area*

2045-2050
Annual growth
rate
(percentage)

Country or area*

Annual growth
rate
(percentage)

A. Highest rate of population growth


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Liberia
Sierra Leone
Eritrea
Somalia
Yemen
Afghanistan
Niger
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Oman

5.53
4.54
4.22
4.21
4.07
3.68
3.63
3.59
3.34
3.27

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Yemen
Niger
Somalia
Angola
Uganda
Liberia
Burkina Faso
Mali
Ethiopia
Dem. Rep. of the Congo

2.45
2.38
2.19
2.11
1.92
1.89
1.86
1.76
1.63
1.60

B. Lowest rate of population growth


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Estonia
Bulgaria
Ukraine
Russian Federation
Latvia
Georgia
Hungary
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Republic of Moldova

WORLD

-1.14
-0.98
-0.94
-0.64
-0.56
-0.53
-0.50
-0.40
-0.37
-0.26

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

1.23

Estonia
Georgia
Bulgaria
Ukraine
Italy
Armenia
Spain
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia
Switzerland

WORLD

Source: United Nations Population Division.


* Countries or areas with 1 million persons or more in 2000.

55

-1.51
-1.46
-1.30
-1.25
-0.98
-0.95
-0.95
-0.93
-0.91
-0.86
0.47

Table 13. Ten countries or areas with the highest and ten countries or areas with the lowest rates of natural increase,
2000-2005 and 2045-2050 (medium-variant)
2000-2005
Country or area*

2045-2050
Rate of natural
increase
(percentage)

Country or area*

Rate of natural
increase
(percentage)

A. Highest rate of natural increase


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Liberia
Yemen
Niger
Somalia
Occupied Palestinian Terr.
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Uganda
Mali
Angola
Oman

4.32
4.05
3.61
3.48
3.47
3.36
3.34
3.23
3.22
3.19

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Yemen
Niger
Somalia
Angola
Uganda
Burkina Faso
Liberia
Mali
Ethiopia
Burundi

2.45
2.38
2.20
2.11
1.92
1.88
1.88
1.84
1.63
1.61

B. Lowest rate of natural increase


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Ukraine
Bulgaria
Russian Federation
Latvia
Belarus
Hungary
Estonia
Germany
Sweden
Lithuania

WORLD

-0.73
-0.72
-0.67
-0.56
-0.50
-0.46
-0.46
-0.26
-0.24
-0.24

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

1.23

WORLD

Source: United Nations Population Division.


* Countries or areas with 1 million persons or more in 2000.

56

Italy
Spain
Slovenia
Ukraine
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Switzerland
Austria
Bulgaria
Russian Federation
Greece

-1.12
-1.04
-0.97
-0.93
-0.93
-0.93
-0.90
-0.87
-0.87
-0.82
0.47

Table 14. Ten countries or areas with the oldest and ten countries with the youngest populations, 2000 and
2050 (medium-variant)
2000
Country or area*

2050
Median age

Country or area*

Median age

A. Oldest population
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Japan
Italy
Switzerland
Germany
Sweden
Finland
Bulgaria
Belgium
Greece
Denmark

41.2
40.2
40.2
40.1
39.7
39.4
39.1
39.1
39.1
38.7

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Spain
Slovenia
Italy
Austria
Armenia
Japan
Czech Republic
Greece
Switzerland
China, Macao SAR 1

55.2
54.1
54.1
53.7
53.4
53.1
52.4
52.3
52.0
51.9

B. Youngest population
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Yemen
Niger
Uganda
Burkina Faso
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Angola
Somalia
Burundi
Zambia
Benin

WORLD

15.0
15.1
15.4
15.6
15.6
15.9
16.0
16.0
16.5
16.6

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

26.5

Niger
Yemen
Angola
Somalia
Uganda
Burkina Faso
Liberia
Mali
Burundi
Malawi

WORLD

Source: United Nations Population Division.


As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.
* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
1

57

20.4
21.1
21.2
21.5
22.1
22.8
22.9
22.9
23.2
23.7
36.2

Table 15. Countries or areas whose population is projected to decrease between 2000 and 2050 (mediumvariant)
Rank
order

Country or area*

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Russian Federation
Ukraine
Japan
Italy
Germany
Spain
Poland
Romania
Bulgaria
Hungary
Georgia
Belarus
Czech Republic
Austria
Greece
Switzerland
Yugoslavia
Sweden
Portugal
Kazakhstan
Slovakia
Republic of Moldova
Lithuania
Latvia
Belgium
Estonia
Armenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Kingdom
Finland
Croatia
Slovenia
Cuba
Guyana
Denmark

36
37
38
39

TFYR Macedonia 1
Channel Islands
Netherlands
Barbados

Population (000)
2000
2050
145 491
104 258
49 568
29 959
127 096
109 220
57 530
42 962
82 017
70 805
39 910
31 282
38 605
33 370
22 438
18 150
7 949
4 531
9 968
7 486
5 262
3 219
10 187
8 305
10 272
8 429
8 080
6 452
10 610
8 983
7 170
5 607
10 552
9 030
8 842
7 777
10 016
9 006
16 172
15 302
5 399
4 674
4 295
3 577
3 696
2 989
2 421
1 744
10 249
9 583
1 393
752
3 787
3 150
3 977
3 458
59 415
58 933
5 172
4 693
4 654
4 179
1 988
1 527
11 199
10 764
761
504
5 320
5 080
2 034
144
15 864
267

Source: United Nations Population Division.


The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.
1

58

1 894
120
15 845
263

Difference
Absolute
Percentage
-41,233
-28.3
-19,609
-39.6
-17,876
-14.1
-14,568
-25.3
-11,212
-13.7
-8,629
-21.6
-5,235
-13.6
-4,288
-19.1
-3,419
-43.0
-2,481
-24.9
-2,043
-38.8
-1,882
-18.5
-1,842
-17.9
-1,628
-20.1
-1,627
-15.3
-1,563
-21.8
-1,522
-14.4
-1,066
-12.1
-1,010
-10.1
-871
-5.4
-724
-13.4
-718
-16.7
-707
-19.1
-677
-28.0
-667
-6.5
-642
-46.1
-637
-16.8
-519
-13.0
-482
-0.8
-479
-9.3
-474
-10.2
-461
-23.2
-435
-3.9
-257
-33.7
-240
-4.5
-140
-25
-18
-4

-6.9
-17.2
-0.1
-1.7

Table 16. Expectation of life at birth with and without AIDS for the most affected countries and groups of
affected countries in major areas, 1995-2000, 2000-2005 and 2010-2015

Country
Angola
Bahamas
Benin
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Malawi
Mali
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sierra Leone

1995-2000
With
AIDS
44.6
69.1
53.5
44.4
67.2
45.3
40.6
56.5
50.0
44.3
45.2
50.9
47.7
50.5
45.5
67.3
51.5
44.5
52.4
45.4
56.3
44.1
63.7
52.0
65.6
62.3
52.2
51.2
48.1
40.7
50.9
40.6
55.8
45.1
51.3
39.4
37.3

Expectation of life at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015

Without
AIDS
46.5
72.8
55.0
67.6
67.6
53.4
49.6
58.0
56.2
52.9
47.2
56.9
56.6
54.9
50.5
68.2
53.3
50.6
55.5
47.0
60.0
45.7
65.4
57.1
67.1
62.8
63.6
61.4
51.8
51.2
52.6
47.0
57.2
62.1
55.6
49.2
39.0

59

With
AIDS
45.8
69.4
54.0
36.1
68.3
48.1
40.6
56.2
50.0
44.3
46.3
51.6
47.9
52.1
40.6
66.9
52.4
43.3
52.9
47.1
57.2
45.4
62.4
53.3
65.8
64.2
49.3
40.2
55.6
39.3
52.1
38.0
56.2
44.3
52.1
40.9
40.5

Without
AIDS
48.5
73.7
57.0
69.7
68.9
55.9
51.6
60.3
58.6
55.2
48.8
58.9
58.6
58.2
52.4
69.6
55.7
53.0
57.5
49.0
62.0
47.8
66.8
59.0
67.8
65.0
65.9
63.7
59.3
53.2
54.7
49.0
58.6
64.5
58.1
50.6
43.0

With
AIDS
49.0
72.7
56.0
43.0
70.8
56.4
44.9
59.2
52.9
49.1
50.9
55.7
52.4
56.3
38.0
66.1
55.6
46.9
55.9
51.2
61.5
49.2
61.6
57.8
67.7
67.9
51.5
37.8
60.7
43.1
56.1
41.0
61.8
53.6
55.9
46.5
44.5

Without
AIDS
52.5
76.7
61.0
73.0
71.3
60.9
55.5
64.8
63.7
59.3
53.4
63.0
62.7
62.1
56.5
71.9
60.7
58.1
61.5
53.0
66.0
51.8
70.8
63.0
69.7
68.9
69.8
67.9
63.6
57.3
58.9
53.0
64.0
68.6
63.1
54.8
47.0

Table 16. Expectation of life at birth with and without AIDS for the most affected countries and groups of
affected countries in major areas, 1995-2000, 2000-2005 and 2010-2015

Country
South Africa
Swaziland
Thailand
Togo
Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe
All 45 countries
35 African countries
4 Asian countries
6 Latin American countries
9 countries with prevalence of 14
per cent or more

1995-2000

Expectation of life at birth (years)


2000-2005
2010-2015

With
AIDS
56.7
50.8
69.6
51.3
41.9
51.1
40.5
42.9

Without
AIDS
63.3
60.2
71.4
57.1
52.0
57.1
57.6
66.5

With
AIDS
47.4
38.1
70.8
52.2
46.0
51.1
42.2
42.9

Without
AIDS
65.8
62.7
72.7
59.2
54.2
59.2
59.6
68.5

With
AIDS
42.0
39.2
73.5
57.0
54.3
56.3
52.1
50.2

Without
AIDS
69.6
67.2
74.7
63.3
58.3
63.3
63.6
71.4

56.9
48.3
62.2
66.1

59.8
54.8
62.8
66.9

57.5
48.2
64.0
67.2

61.7
57.1
64.9
68.2

60.4
52.4
67.7
69.5

65.2
61.2
68.9
70.7

49.3

61.5

45.3

63.6

47.5

67.1

Source: United Nations Population Division

60

Table 17. Excess deaths in a projection with AIDS in relation to a projection assuming no AIDS for affected
countries and groups of affected countries in major areas, 1995-2000, 2000-2005 and 2010-2015
1995-2000
Country

Angola
Bahamas
Benin
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Malawi
Mali
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sierra Leone

Excess
deaths
(000)
60
2
20
83
142
195
148
38
198
79
39
37
317
463
8
14
15
998
8
6
140
5
3
90
15
989
681
47
19
295
37
333
150
70
1 025
162
27

2000-2005
Excess
deaths
(000)

Percentage
increase
5
27
6
193
3
25
29
6
23
31
6
22
37
15
17
6
7
22
10
5
16
5
9
21
8
2
63
49
10
33
4
21
6
91
16
31
5

61

87
3
42
148
193
178
178
115
294
101
49
48
406
649
21
46
31
1 668
13
7
192
8
8
101
22
1 592
1 129
132
23
418
57
631
276
87
1 504
189
35

2010-2015

Percentage
increase
7
29
11
342
3
22
33
18
35
39
7
26
46
21
44
18
13
35
15
6
22
7
27
23
11
4
104
141
12
45
6
38
11
113
23
30
6

Excess
deaths
(000)
122
2
85
109
195
86
187
181
405
87
48
51
407
682
30
115
55
1 845
16
6
201
8
15
90
26
2 386
1 414
166
22
411
67
609
255
56
2 000
145
33

Percentage
increase
9
24
21
234
3
10
29
29
48
33
6
26
43
20
62
39
22
37
18
5
22
7
58
21
11
6
129
179
12
41
6
35
11
72
30
21
5

Table 17. Excess deaths in a projection with AIDS in relation to a projection assuming no AIDS for affected
countries and groups of affected countries in major areas, 1995-2000, 2000-2005 and 2010-2015
1995-2000
Country

South Africa
Swaziland
Thailand
Togo
Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe
All 45 countries
35 African countries
4 Asian countries
6 Latin American countries

9 countries with prevalence of


14 per cent or more

Excess
deaths
(000)

2000-2005
Excess
deaths
(000)

Percentage
increase

2010-2015

Percentage
increase

Excess
deaths
(000)

Percentage
increase

654
20
234
54
521
459
440
668

41
48
15
23
31
27
77
161

2 191
67
247
70
365
661
435
753

138
161
14
28
20
37
73
179

3 469
70
155
66
100
569
233
597

208
167
7
25
5
31
37
131

10 010
8 332
1 412
266

11
25
3
4

15 468
12 866
2 230
372

17
37
5
5

17 877
14 457
2 976
443

19
40
6
6

2 958

61

5 361

110

6 526

128

Source: United Nations Population Division

62

Table 18. Difference in projected population with and without AIDS and percentage difference for affected countries and groups of
affected countries in major areas, 2000, 2015 and 2050
2000
Country
Angola
Bahamas
Benin
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Malawi
Mali
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sierra Leone
South Africa

2015

Population
Percentage
difference
difference
(000)
147
1
4
1
35
1
113
7
231
0
501
4
385
6
46
0
437
3
170
4
95
1
88
3
679
4
994
2
11
2
17
0
24
1
1 741
3
15
1
12
1
286
1
10
1
3
0
203
2
27
0
1 624
0
1 195
4
62
3
45
2
605
5
73
1
649
3
192
0
112
6
2 263
2
470
6
59
1
782
2

63

Population
Percentage
difference
difference
(000)
723
3
13
3
314
3
675
28
883
0
1 508
8
1 535
14
621
3
2 015
9
638
12
377
3
364
7
2 608
11
4 611
5
136
16
287
3
210
4
11 558
11
84
5
43
2
1 192
4
51
3
43
5
611
6
113
1
8 460
1
6 563
14
731
25
177
3
2 856
15
414
2
3 888
14
1 166
2
465
17
10 448
6
1 496
12
249
3
11 675
21

2050
Population
difference
(000)
3 563
26
1 616
1 610
1 754
5 120
5 650
1 986
6 336
1 671
1 377
1 329
6 873
18 485
466
1 147
904
44 739
305
113
3 259
171
116
1 538
329
24 129
19 899
1 967
765
9 935
1 835
10 964
2 870
1 231
37 093
3 963
838
30 093

Percentage
difference
6
6
8
43
1
10
22
6
16
17
5
11
18
8
30
9
8
19
9
4
8
5
19
10
2
2
26
44
5
24
4
22
4
25
12
18
6
39

Table 18. Difference in projected population with and without AIDS and percentage difference for affected countries and groups of
affected countries in major areas, 2000, 2015 and 2050
2000
Country
Swaziland
Thailand
Togo
Uganda
United Rep. of Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe
All 45 countries
35 African countries
4 Asian countries
6 Latin American countries
9 countries with prevalence
of 14 per cent or more

2015

Population
Percentage
difference
difference
(000)
25
3
322
1
118
3
1 627
7
835
2
948
8
1 456
10

2050

Population
Percentage
difference
difference
(000)
332
25
1 025
1
467
7
3 873
9
3 847
7
2 895
16
4 677
22

Population
difference
(000)
863
1 175
1 367
12 783
10 253
8 210
11 373

Percentage
difference
38
1
10
11
11
22
33

19 739
17 069
2 185
485

1
3
0
0

96 913
83 693
11 272
1 948

4
10
1
1

302 090
267 019
30 161
4 910

8
15
2
2

5 298

30 869

18

85 180

30

Source: United Nations Population Division

64