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..
..

-
2008

80
T13
: . . (.-. . -),
. . , (-. . -)

13

.., ,
: . . .: -
.-. -, 2008. 119 .
ISBN 978-5-288-04729-9


, , . 4- , 5- -.


.
, ,
.
80

ISBN 978-5-288-04729-9

. . , . . , 2008

I. ( )

12

II. ( )

46

64

117

. ......

118



,
() . ,
. , , ( ) (
). , . , (. ). ,
,
,
(.
1-38), (. 39).

, .

.



(kvya-sstra)

,
, , . 16- , , 1. ,
,
(alamkra), 10 (guna), 10 (dosa) 36 (laksana) .
( IV
VII . ..).
{), , ,
, .


(vakrokti , ).
(.: [ 1.14-16])

(sabda-alamkra) (aitha-alamkra).

( VII IX .) ,
, :

(mrga) ,
. (rlti) ()
, (VIII-IX .). 1
: IV . ..; , ,
16- , VEI . . .
-

,
( VIII-IX .), ,
( XI-X .), .
, ,
-,
( .:
[, 1987: . 9-55]).

:
,
(), , ..
..
.
, .
,
,
: , ,
, .
,
, .
(), , () , .
, ,
, , , , , , .
( )
( ). ()
(), ,
, , , ( ).
(
), , (, )

. .

. ,
, .
, : ,
( ) 39 (+4) , 68; : 80,
1 1 5 .

, , ,
,
. . : ( ) , ( ) , . , . , , , .
, : , (anuprsa),
(upam).

(- -) :
. ,
, : ,
, ,
() , , , ()
.
.
,
().
, ,
,
,

.. .


, ,
( ) (dhvani),
, ^
, , (rasa). ,
, . , ,
, , , ,
, ,
(: rasavat, rjasvi,
preyah), () .
, , . () .
9 : (srngra, ); (vlra, ); (raudra, ); (blbhatsa, ); (hsya, ), (adbhuta, ); (karana, );
(bhaynaka, ) (snta, ). , . , .
(aucitya)
. (sthyibhva), , ,
(vibhva),
, (anubhva), .


( IX .)
( XXI .), ,
( XI .), .
, ( .: [, 1974]; [,
1987: . 141-268]). X-XI .
. ,
,
XI .
.
( XXI .) ( )
; ( XII .)
() . . , , ,
(, XIII-XIV .), (, . . XIV .) ., ( XVI-XVII .).


( ),
( ),
.
. ,
: ,
(V . ..);
VII . ,
,

, , , ,
( )
[, 1976: I, . 52]. ,
, , ,
, .

, , :
, .
: ,
,
.
, 22 , ( 1013),
(prasaima-knda), . ,
10- ( I ) , ,
: . , ,
. , , , 2 .
11 - ,
(. II). (mdhurya),
2
,
, ^ (.: [, 1976:1, . 51
56]).

,
.
: ,
, . , (
- ), , .

I. ( )

II

II ? 11 ^^ ^ (. . 1)

j
HK'lcf

ft

(.) ,
(.)
(m.)
(part. perf. pass.)

(m.)
(m.) ,

11 ^^^ 11 ^ (. . 2)

II
(.)
(adj.)
(adv.) ,
, (rma)
(adj.) ,

12

II $ I I ^ M 3 11

1) (adj. f.) (sa-has) []; 2) (adv.)


(part. praes.)
1) (part. praes. viWi) , , ;
2) (.) ,
3Jl0C4acTH0Q
, .. , ,
,

(part. perf. pass. caus.)

IU

<1^, >f
"

(.)
(adj.) (sa-rasa)
(f.) , (.)
1) (part. praes.) ; 2) (m.)
(f.)
1) (adj.) ; 2) (adj.) (sa-kala)
TsT

(n.)
(part. perf pass.)

13

11

(n.)
ff) (citi) ,
1) (adj.) , . . ; 2) (.)
impf. 3sg. samWy -
(nom. abstr.)
(part. praes.) ,
(adj.) ,

II ^

I I ^5ft3IC04H<*>*i ^

(part. perf. pass.)


(.) ,
(adj.) ,
(.) []
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(part. perf. pass.)
(adj.) (sa-mada)
(f.)
(bah.) ,
(.)

14

(pari perf. pass.)


(part. perf. pass.)

II fc H Wf^rW*T ^ I I

(bah.) [], (samiddha) (sarana)


1) (perf. pass. 3sg.) ; 2) (Loc.sg.) ,
(bah.) [],
[], (~t, Vty, ), (dlp)
, () , (dh)
(samidh), . . , -
[], (Tsvar) [] (alamkmat)

^ i u

(m.) ,
(adv.)
(part. praes.)
(nom. abstr.) , sphutatm + Vgam -
(nom. abstr.)
(part. praes.) -
(part. perf. pass.)
(.)
Tier!

(part. perf. pass.)

15

M S II ^HcbMpfl 1 II
T c5fect
474
(adj.) ( )
1) (adj.) ; 2) (part. perf pass.)
1) (.) () (vi); 2) (part. perf pass.)
1) (.) , , ; 2) (part. perf pass.)

(f.)
^

(adj.)
(adj,) []
(adj.)
1) impf 3sg. samWy - ; 2) (adv.) ,

!^ ^ II

MW M ^^ MW

1) (adv.) ; 2) (adj.) ,
(part. perf pass.)
(adj.) (abina)

(adj.) []
(adj.) , . .
(adv.) ,
(adj.) []

1) (adj.) ; 2) (.)

<HM<i<=hcf

(part. perf. pass.)

11 ^

II

f^WPT

II

(.)
1) (adj.) ; 2) (adj.) (hra)
1) (f.) ; 2) (adj.)

II ^^ II *? II

(f.)
perf. 3pl. apa-Vnud -
(m.) ( )
(part. perf. pass.)
(f.)
(f.) ( ari)
(adj.)
(.)
(.) , ( )

17

1) (adj.) ; 2) (adj.)
) (part. praes. .f.) []; 2) (adj.f.)

(adj. f.)

II ^\9 II TT^Frf^RFT I 1?\9

(adv.)
(adv.)
(adv.)
(adv.)
(adj.)
(part. praes.)
(nom. .)

11 ^ i \

(n.)
(adj.)
19

(adj.) []
(adj.) []
(adj.) [],
(adj.) [], [ ]
(adj.) [], [ ]
( ( ) [],

^ i

perf. 3sg. Vbh -


-
(part. perf. pass.)
(adj.) , .. ,

perf. 3sg. "^bh - , (.)
,
(part. perf. pass.) (- ,
)
(adj.) ,
perf. 3sg. Vbh - , (.)
[ ]
(part. perf. pass.) [ ]
(.)
perf. 3sg. Vbh - , (.)

(part. perf. pass.) ()


(adj.) ( Vr - ) (mud)

20

lt

<Jf"

1) (fut. 3sg.) ; 2) (part. praes. Instr.)


(a4J)
1) (adj.) ( ); 2) (adj.) ( )
1) (.) (); 2) (.)
(adj) ,

1) (adv.) ; 2) (f. Gen. sg. ph)


1) (adv.) ( , );
2) (adv.) , , ( )
1) (adj.) ( ); 2) (part. perf pass.)
1) (.) [] ( ); 2) (.)
1) (adj.) ( ); 2) (adj.) ( )
^.)
(.)

w ^ ^ 11
1) (adj.) ; 2) (m.)
(adj.)
(part. praes.)
(m.)
(m.) ,
(ger) , (.)
(part perf pass.)
(perf. 3pl.)
(adv.)
21

U ^9 II ^*? II ^

S I (. . 3)

cTR
(pron.) =
(m.)
(adj.) ,
(adj.)

II ^

II

( . .)
(adv.)
(.)
(impf. 3sg.)

II ^ II <0* 1 II

^ 11
(.)
(.) ,
22

11

(adj-)
(. perf. pass.) , (.)
(impf 3pl.)
(adv.) ,

^ ^ ? (. . 4)

-
(part. perl pass.) ,
(.) ,
(adj.)
(adj.)
(f.) ,
(part. perf pass.)
(.)
(.) , [ ]

^ T^rilrf^tffbwT^fe' ^^ I s %,

(bah.)
(f.)
23

^<t

(adj)

(f.) (^)

(f.)

5*

(.)

1TFJ

(. .) ()

(adj,) ,

I I ?\9 I I ^^|||^141|<|*[ I I ^ I I

11
(m.) ,
(.)
(f.)
(aor. . 3sg.)
(.)

i i 11 ^ \\
I
cTrf:

II
(part. perf. pass. caus.) ,
^^

(f.)

(m.)

37^

(.)

(. .)

(.)

24

II 34 ^^^

\\ N

I
(m.)
(adj.) (-nud)
(m.)
(m.)
(.) ()
(.)
(.)

II ^ f^^RfT II ^ (. . 5)

(.) ,
(aor. 3 g. Vi)

(f.) ,
(.) ( ),
(.)
(.)
(.)
(.) ,

25

^ \\ ^

(. .)
( )
(.)
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(n.)

\i

(.) -,
(f.) , []
(m.) !

II 3$ HferUW II

II
(bah.) 1) ( ); 2) ( )
(adj.) 1) , [
] ( ); 2) , ( )

26

(adj.)
(bah.) 5 ..
(.) 1) ( ); 2) ( )

(bah-) , [ ]
(.)
(. .)

II $ 4 II \\ ? II

11
(part. praes.)
(.) ,
( ) ,

(.) ,

27

II ! j 3Tlf^RITW: M ^ (. . 6)
^

(aor. . 3sg.) ,
(m.) ,
(bah.)
(part. perf. pass.)
(.)
(.)
(f.)
(adj.) - ( Instr.)
(caus. Vvyath) , ( .)
(.)
(part. perf)
(f.) , ,

?V ^: 11 ^V3 11 (. . 7)

(adj.)
, ...
(part. perf. pass.)
(adj.)

28

n ^c\\ ? ^

?F[

(adj.) ,

\5)

(adj.) , ,

<11

(bah.) , ,
(adj,)
(part. perf. pass.)
(m.) ,

1|): ? (. . 8)

(nom. abstr. f.)


(opt. 3sg. -Vy) ,
(f.)
(adj.) ,
(adj.)
(m.) ( )
(part. perf. pass.) ( )
(denom. opt. 3sg. laghu ) , ,
(adj.)

29

I! * II 1^ I! ^\1 (. , 9)

11
(adj.) , []
(adj.) , []
(a<-) ,
imper. . 2sg. Vghat -

11 <)(": WW (. . 10)
:I

^&
#[
(adj.) , ,
(.) 1) ; 2) , ()
(adj) 1) ; 2)
(.)
4l<rfl4

(.) 1) ; 2)
(part. perf. pass.) 1) , .. (
); 2) ( )
(adv.) , . .

II II dtftttltllfrt): II W II (. . 11)

30

S ^ F J : W&% TFT

0>ah.) [], , [
]
(bah.) [],

II ^ | | V$ | | (. . 12)
ft cTcft

,
(. .)

\ I l$m\

U ) { | i (. . 13)

(m.)
(m.)
(f.)
(m.) ,
(.)
ger. caus. praWsr -

31

II * I I ^TT?f 11 II (. . 14)

I
(m.) ,
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(.) ()
(adj.)
(f.)
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(adj.)
(m.)

I I Y* 11 UV: I I ^ N (. , 15)

'! I
(.) ,
(.) , (.)
(.) ,
(.) ,
(f.)
(adv.)
(part. praes. .)

32

II XV3 I I U \ 9 l l (, . 16)

11
"?

(m,)

T^FfT

(f.)

HcF^*

(m.) 1) ; 2) []
(adj.)
(.) -

II I I 3^3cft ^ II (. . 17)

(adj.)
(adj.)
(adj.)
(adj.) ,
(m. sg.)
(adj.)
(.)
(.)
(bah.)
(bah.) [ ]

33

* S I I \\^>\ \ (. . 18)

()
(adj.)
(m.) , ,
(.) ,
(f.)
(f.) ,
(adv.)
(bah.) ,

II | | ^% 11 (. . 19)

': 11
(adj.) [],
(bah.) [], [ ] , . .
(bah.)

34

? 1\ \ ? (;. 20)

I
,

[ ], ()
(tirohita) (bims) (tigmaraSmi)

cRlf

(m.)
(adj.) [], (ksama)
(bah.) [],

11 ^\\

4<$4| 11

^iib'IH

(m.)

^14 ci

(part. perf. pass.)

<^110

(.)

"^Jcf

(part. perf. pass.) ,

^^

(m.)

<$

(part. perf pass.)

3^1

(adv.)

(adj.)

^*

(part. praes. .)

cHvrllcft

^n)
)

( ,

35

(bah.) ,
(f.)
(bah.) , , . . ( ,
, ,
)
(.) ,
(adj.)

II \ 1 I I (. . 21)

(adj.) ,
(bah.) 1) ( ); 2) ( )
(adj.) 1) ( ); 2)
[ ] ( , , , )
(adj.) (, )
(m.)
(m.)
(bah.) 1) ( , , . bhdhara); 2) ( ,
, )
(.)

36

(bah.) [], (mukta) (um)


(ogha) (stkara)
(m. n.) ,
( )
(adj.) , ( )
(adj.) , ( )
(f.)
(adj.) ,

II ^

(m.)
(m.)
(part. perf. pass.)
Iffl

(part. perf. pass.) , ,

qcr>lcld

(m.)

3T4ffrf: II 4V9 11 (. . 22)


WM:

:t

37

(part. perf. pass.)


(f.)
(.)
(adv.)

11 \ II f^Ntf^: 11 II (. . 23)

[], (
, )
(part. praes.) , ,

II *\\ : <\%{\ (. . 24)

(m.)
(.) ,
(.) , ,
(part. praes.) ,
(f.)
(.) ,
(.)
(.) , , (.)

38

(. . 25)

II

\ \
(part. perf. pass.) [] , . .
,
(adj.) ,

3TFFTRT

(.) (pag)
(m.)
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(m.)
(m.)
(.) , ,

II ^

(. . 26)

(part. perf. pass.)


(m.) , , (.)

^ (. . 27)

39

(f.) ,
(adv.)
(adj.) ( )
(f.)

I I ^ fsRk: $ (. . 28)

(adj.)
( . ) ,
(adj.)
(.)
(nom. pr.) ,
$
3i!ddN

(.) ,
perf. 3sg. -Vtan - , (.) ,
(.)

(. . 29)
t ^ ^

(bah.) I) ( ); 2) ( )
(.) ,

1) , . . ( ); 2) ( )
(bah.) ,
(f.)
(m.)
aor. 3du. Vkr -

II ^4(1 wH%: II ^411 (. . 30)


^ ^ ^

(part. praes.)
(m.) ,
(adj-) > (gata)
(.)
(bah.) ,

^ II " I ^ (. . 31)
?f4:

(adv.)
(part. praes.) , (.)
(m.) ,
(bah.) ,
(part. praes.)
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(.) , parrthe + Vbh

41

II 11 &

11 11 (. . 32)

(f.)
(adj.)
(adj.)
(perf. 3sg. niS-Vci) ,

$6 3R^^T: M ^

M (. . 33)

: I(
(m.) ( )
(f.) , ,

(bah.)

^ U ^ ^ : II ^ II (. . 34)

(m.)
(pari, perf pass.) ,

(m.)
(adj.) , , ( )
(n.)
(bah.) [],

II | | $: II \ 11 (. . 35)

(adj.) 1) , ( );
2) , ( )
(adj.) ,
(adj.)

\9^ ! I 11 II (. . 36)

W : 11
(bah.) [ ],
(.) ( )
(.) ,

43

II

VS3 M t < : M V9? I I ( . 3 7 )

11
(.) , ,
(4))
(n.) ,

I I V3? II PiyiWJ I N (. . 38)

(.) ,
(bah.) ,
(bah.) (, )
(n.)
(adj.) [ ],
(.) ,
caus. Vghat-

44

fcFt

' V l i d f t ^ W I ^ R y^'H

! ! ^ 11

(m.) ,
(.)

(f. des.)
(.)
(adv.)

II. (
) (. . 39)

II

: 11

: WRT:

: 11 11
(part. perf act. astam+ Wsad) (

), . .
[16-] , (kal - 1/16 ,
)
(perf. 3sg. pass. sam--Vlamb) , (.)

IFFTR^T fT: 4rRT

11:

11
(adv.)
(
, )
(bah.) [], ( , )
^ ; 2) ,

(f.) ( ,
trpati - )

46

(m.) , (.)
(bah.)

5 T < # F | : 11 ^ 11
(m.) ,
(adj.)
(f.)
, , . .

F: 1 1 X 1 1
(adv.)
( a d J)
(.)
(f) ,
(part. perf. pass.)

(f.)
47

(part. perf. pass,) ,


(part. perf. pass.)
(adj. adv.)
(m.)
(part. perf. pass.) , (.)

r 11 ^ 11
(bah.)
(bah.) ,
(adj.)
(m.) ,
(part. praes. .) [ ]
(perf 3sg.)
(m. sg.) , (.)

: 11 V9 11
(f.)
(bah.) [],
(.) , ()
(part. praes. .) , (.) ,
(. 3sg.) , (.) ,

(adj.) ,

48

II

6\\

(adj.) ,
(pari perf. pass.)
(bah.) ,
(m.)
(bah.) []
,
(perf. . 3sg.) ,

\%\\
(bah.) , ,
(bah.) , ,
(.)
||<

(adj, adv.) ,
(part. perf. pass.)
(m.) , (.)

?FT:

49

(f.)
(m.) ,
(bah.)
(perf. 3pl)

(part. praes. caus. Vghat) ,


(adv.) , . .
J
'

(adj.) , ..
(f.) ,
(. .)

(bah.) , ,
(part. praes. pass.)
(bah.) ,
tf) ( , ,
)
^5^1' ^ ' 0 0
(. . )

50

(part. perf. pass.)


3413 c!

(adj.)

(adj.) ,
(.)

(part. perf. pass. caus.)


(adj.)

II
(adj.) ,
(part. perf. pass.)
(m.) ,
(adj.) ,
(part. perf. pass.)

I ^ 11
{>

(adj. f.) ,

51

(.)
(part. perf. pass.)
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(f.)
(.)
(.)

11
(bah.)
(m.)
(adv.) ,
4?cRT

(adj.) ,
(. 3sg. Vi)
(.)

(.) -
(adj.)
(adj.)
(bah.) 1) ; 2) [ ]

(f. . dyu) (. )
(f.)
52

II U l i
^dlfofjj*d^fei*-M

[ ],
[ ]

(part. perf. pass.)


(adj. des.)
(adv.)
(part. perf. pass.)
(bah.) , []

(m.)
(.) ,
(.)
(.) , ( )
(.)
(.) ,
(adj.) []

53

(adj.)
(perf. 3sg. prati-udWhr)
(m.)

: f
(m. n.)
(bah.) ,
(adv.)

: 11 11
VMMK

(m.)
(adj.)
(m.) ; , (
)
(f.) ,
(adj. f.) [], [ ]

(bah. f.) [], , . .


54

(bah.) [],
(adj.) [], . .
, [] , ; , ,

(n.) ,
(adj.)
(.) -, (.)

sicfTPTRT I i 3 4 I
(part. perf. pass.)
(m. .) , (.)
(adj.) , , . .

55

4^FT

(n.)

3|0

(m. .)

rlrf

(pari, perf pass.) ?!

~$

(m.)

(.)
(f-) -
(bah.) [],

TFF: II ^<S 11

|||$

(rn.) ,

\&

(adj.) , (.)

(adj.) [] (. . )

3>cjj5<lc^

(adv.)

( . ) 1) , ; 2)

56

:I

(f.) ,
(m.) ,
(bah.) [ ]
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(m.) >; , .
(.)

(bah.) [] -
(adj.) []
(.)
(bah.) , ..
(.) []

(adv. cpv.)
(bah.)
(.) ,
57

(m.)

\\

(f.) 1) ; 2)

(.) [],

(.)
(.) , ,
(bah.)
(f.) ,

(bah.) [],
1) , . . ; 2)

58

(m.)
(m.)
(nom. pr. .) ,

Sfqr f ^ J : I I 3 ^ 11
(adj.)
(m.) ,
(adj.)

(m.) ,
(m.)
(.) ,
(.)
(.)
(.)

59

(adv.)
(m.) ,

II II
(n.)

(.) (), . .
(adv.) ( .)
5jwe. [], , . ,

(.)
(adj,) ,

60

":

11 X ^ 1 1

(adj.) ,
(^J*) [] [] (,
, ,
)
(.)
(part. perf. pass.)

(part. perf pass.)


(part. perf. pass.) ,
(m.) ,
(.) 1) ; 2) , ( , )
(bah.) [], !
(.) ,
(adj.)
(adj.)

II X ^ 11
6i

(part. perf. pass.) , (.)


(part. perf. pass.) ,
(m.) , ,
(bah.)
(.) (. . )

: I I X X 11
(adj.) , ,
(part. perf. pass.) ,
4I4I3N

(bah.) ,
(adj.)

11
(adj.) 1) ; 2)
(.) ,
51<

(adj.) ,
(bah.) , -
(aor 3sg. Vvi^)
(n.)
(part. perf. pass. caus.)

62

11
cRT^
MlPId

(pron.) =
(part. perf. pass.) ,
(m.) ,
(.)
(m.)
(adj.) , (.) [], []

(adj. f.) 1) ; 2) ( )

(dj.) ,
(adv.)
(adj.)
(adj.)

63


( s a b d a - a l a m k r a )
1. Anuprsah
varnvrttiranuprsah pdesu ca padesu ca /
prvnubhavasamskrabodhinl yadyadrat / /
[1.55]
[] , ,
[ ] []
.
, . ,
(., : [, 1987, . 124]). , , ,
- (),
( ),
,
.

(varnvrtti), (mrga),
( , ).
(, . ), (.: [ 1.43-61]).
(vrtti-anuprsa)
() 3, (
) .

3
- . ,
,
(, ) . , grmya () [1], [] ; upangarika (.,
) ([kk], [tt]), ,
([], [nt]); parusa (rpy-

64

cheka-anuprasa ()
:
, . -, (:
[ IX.79]). , , :
t a t o ' r a n a p a r i s p a i i d a m a i i d l k r t a v a p u h sasl /
dadhre k m a p a r i k s m a k m i n i g a n d a p n d u t m / /
[ IX. 355]
(, [] ,
,
.)
[nd], [nd]

([nda], [ndl] [nda], [ndu]),
[kma] [mak]. , -
, .
lta-anuprsa ( ) ,
. ,
( ),
. ,
.
, ,
,
, .
:
drstim drstisukhm d h e h i candras candramukhoditah //
[2.8]
[] , ,
[] -.
) ~ , , [] . .
(. : [, 1971, . 102-107]).
65

, "drsti"
"candra" : "drsti"
() , ; "candra" (, ) ,
4.
:
(, ) .
2. Y a m a k a m
avyapetavyapettm yvrttixvarnasamhateh /
y a m a k a m tacca p d n m d i m a d h y n t a g o c a r a m / /
ekadvitricatuspdayamaknm vikalpanh /
dimadhyntamadhyntamadhydydyantasarvatah//
atyantabahavastesm b h e d h sambhedayonayah /
sukar duskarscaiva... //
[ 3.1-3]
,
[] , .
[] , , , ,
, , , [] , [] ,
[] [] [],
, [] ,
[ ]...
; , ( , (),
)
, , . ,
( , )
-, (), .

4
,
.

66

50
([ 3.1-71]), :
(, ,
),
( ( ) ( ,
. .), (, , , .), ,
( , , ..) . ,
.
,
,
( , ,
), , . ; - (di-madhya)
2, 3 4- :
j a y a t t v a n m u k h e n s m n a k a t h a m n a k a t h a m jitam /
k a m a l a m k a m a l a m k u r v a d a l i m a d d a l i m a t p r i y e //
[3.17]
, , [] ,

, , [] ,
[] ?
( 1- 3-
; 2- 4- ) :
uditairanyapustnmrutairme hatam manah /
u d i t a i r a p i tp dti m r u t a i r a p i daksinaih / /
[3.31]
,
, , ,
[] .
, :
67

N a te dhirdhlra bhogesu r a m a n l y e s u s a m g a t /
m u m n a p i harantyete r a m a n l y e s u s a m g a t / /
[2.10]
, ,
.
[] ,
[] .
, 4- ()
2- .
, :

, . :
, , .
,
(, , 1- 2- ( )
3- 4- ( ), ..) , .
mahayamaka () [ 3.70] ,
, :
dhardharkradhar dharbhujm
bhuj m a h i m p t u m a h m a v i k r a m a h /
kramtsahante sahas h a t r a y o
rayoddhura mnadhurvalambinah //
[3.72]
[],

, , []
, ,
, .

68

(artha-alamkara)
3. Dlpakam
jtikriygunadravyavcinaikatra vartin/
sarvavkyopakrascet tadhurdipakam... //
[2.97]
[], [], ,
[] , ,
[] ,
[] .
,
( , ).
,
,
, . ( ),

(): ,
( , ). :
symalh prvrsenybhirdiso jimtapanktibhih /
b h u v a s c a sukumrbhimavasdvalarjibhih / /
[200]
[] ,
.
[.457] 5 :
, [] ,
,

[] ?

. :
krpannm dhaiiam ngnm phanamanih kesarsca smhnm/
kulapliknm ca stanh kufah sprsyante 'mrtnm//
69


, , (jti),
(dravya); (gima,
) (kriy, . ).
(.: [ 2.97]).
, (di),
(madhya) (anta) [ 2.102].
,
(, ,
) , (ekrthadipaka),
(viruddhrtha-dipaka) . . (viruddhrtha-dipaka):
avalepamanangasya vardhayanti balhakh /
karsayanti ca gharmasya mrutoddhtasikarh //
[ 2.109]
[], , ,
,
.
,

[ 2.110]. ( ) , ; , .
,
,
(mla-dlpaka). :
suklah svetrciso vrddhyai paksah pancasarasya sah /
sa ca rgasya rgo 'pi y u n m ratyutsavasriyah //
[ 2.107]
[] - [],
,
, .

70

4. R u p a k a m
upamaiva tirobhutabhed r u p a k a m u c y a t e /
yath bhulat p n i p a d m a m caranapallavah //
[2.66]
, [ ] [
], .
: -, -, -,
, , ,
( ) .
,
(samastarpaka), (vyastarpaka) [ 2.68].
-, ( )
,
, ( ) -. ,

, ,
: (sakalarpakam [ 2.69-70]), ,
( )
-
( ); (avayavarpaka
[ 2.71-72]),
- ; (avayavirpaka [ 2.73-74]) ,
,
(.. ). (avayavirpaka):
valgitabhru galadgharmajalamlohiteksanam /
vivrnoti m a d v a s t h m i d a m vadanapankajam //
[2.73]
, , ,
[] - [] .
71

,
: ( ),
. . (,
, ), , , ,
(.
). ,
, . , , slistarpaka (, [ 2.87]),

; upamrpaka (, ) vyatirekarpaka (,
[ 2.88-90]),
- .
(vyatirekarpaka):
candramh plyate devairmay t v a n m u k h a c a n d r a m h /
asamagro 'pyasau sasvadayamprnarnandalah / /
[2.90]
[] , - [],
[] , [] .

-:
(yuktarpaka [ 2.77]),
, (ayuktarpaka),
, ,
:
idamrdrasmitajyotsnam snigdhanetrotpalam m u k h a m /
[ 2.78]
- [] -
[ ] .

72


: vimddharpaka [ 2.83-84], ; hetumpaka [ 2.85-86],
;
kseparpaka [ 2.91], , ..

(. : , 1987: . 77-78).
, , , (laksan)
.
, , , , .

.
5. U p a m
yathkathamcitsdrsyam yatrodbhtam pratlyate /
u p a m n m a s
/ / [ 2.14]
[ ]
- , ...
, , ,
,
. , , , . , ,
-
,
(aupamya-mulaka).
, : (upameya; , ), (upamna; , ),

73

(dyotaka) (dharma), ,
.
:
a m b h o r u h a m i v t m r a m m u g d h e karatalam tava /
[2.15]
, , [] .
(luptopam), . ,
( ) ,
6:
savit vidhavati vidhurapi savitarati tath dinanti y m i n y a h /
yminayanti dinni ca sukhadukhavasikrte m a n a s i //
[.405]
[] , ,
[] ,

[, ] .
,
(vastu-upam [ 2.16]).
32 ,
- ,
. , , , ,
. (atisayopam):
tvayyeva t v a n m u k h a m drstam drsyate divi c a n d r a m h /
i y a t y e v a b h i d n n y . . . . / / [2.22]

6
. , . . [ 2.61]
. , -
(. . ).

74

, ,
...;
- (mohopam):
sasityutpreksya tanvngi t v a n m u k h a m t v a n m u k h s a y /
i n d u m a p y a n u d h v m i . . . / / [2.25]
, , ,
[]..,;
- (sansayopam):
k i m padmantarbhrntli k i m te loleksanam m u k h a m /
m a m a dolyate cittam... // [ 2.26]
, ,
...;
- (nindopam):
p a d m a m bahurajascandrah ksayl t b h y m t a v n a n a m /
s a m n a m a p i sotsekam... // [ 2.30]
, ,
, [] ...;
- (virodhopam):
satapatram saraccandrastvdananamiti trayam /
parasparavirodhi... // [ 2.33]
, []
[]...;
(asambhvitopam):
candrabimbdiva visam candandiva p v a k a h /
parus vgito vaktrt... // [ 2.39]
[] ,
[ ] [] ...;
.

(, ..,
): yathevasabdopam ( yath ()
iva (, ), [ 2.31]), taddhitopam ( ^ , ; [ .87]) .
, ,
, ( )
[ 2.57-65], , , ,
.
75

,
: anyonyopam (
[ 2,17]), ,
; mlopam ( [ 2.42]); vakyrthopam (- [ 2.43]),
, .. ,
, .
, .
6. Arthntaranysah
jiieyah so 'rthntaranyso vastu prastutya kimcana /
tatsdhanasamarthasya nyso yo 'nyasya vastunah //
[ 2.169]
[],
, - [] ,
, [] .
-, ..
( ) . , ( )
, , ,
. ( smnya ([ ] []) visesa ( []). (visesa):
payomucah paritpam harantyete saririnm /
nanvtmalbho mahatm paraduhkhopasntaye //
[ 273]
.
[ ] [],
?
76

, :
( , ) , .
, , ,
, (
, ) . ,
, : 1)
, (yukttman);
2) (ayuktakri) 3) , , (yuktyukta) [ 2.176-178].
[]
(viparyaya)
, :
k u m u d n y api dhy k i m a n g a kamalkarah /
na hindugrhyesgresu sryagrhyo mrdurbhavet / /
[ 2.179]
,
[] ?!
[] ,
[ ] .
7. k s e p a h
pratisedhoktirksepastraiklypeksay tridh /
athsya punarksepyabhednantydanantat //
[ 2,120]
[] ;
[ ] , .
,
[].
. ,
,
, . ,
77

. . - . , ,
, ,
(.: [ 2.120], [ 2; 121-126]) (
) .
, , , ,
, .
,
,
(), .
( )
:
( ) ,
, , ( ), . . :
kutah kuvalayam k m e karosi kalabhsini /
k i m a p n g a m a p a r y p t a m a s m i n karmani m a n y a s e / /
[ 2.123]
, [] ?
[] , [] [] ?

() -
(, , ), (, -, ,
.) ( .). :
aham t v m yadi nekseya ksanamapyutsuk tatah /
iyad evstvato ' n y e n a kimuktenpriyena te // [ 2.68]
, [], ...
[] ! [] ?
78

() .

(smnya) , , , . arthntarksepa:
citramkrntavisvo ' p i vikramaste na trpyati /
k a d v drsyate trptirudirnasya havirbhujah //
[ 2.166]
! [ ] ,
[] .
[] , [ ]
!

, ,
(.: [ 2.120]).
, ,
, ().
8. Vyatirekah
sabdopatte prallte v sdrsye vastunordvayoh /
tatra y a d b h e d a k a t h a n a m vyatirekah sa kathyate //
[2.180]
,
[] [] , .
, , .
(sabdopdna),
(pratiyamana) . (pratiyamana vyatireka):
abhrvilsamasprstamadarnga m r g e k s a n a m /
i d a m tu n a y a n a d v a n d v a m tava tadgunabhsitam / /
[ 2.191]
, ,
.
79

, . (
)
( ), ; , ,
(eka vyatireka),
(ubhaya vyatireka). [ 2.186]:
saslesa vyatireka (, ); sahetu vyatireka ( [] ) sksepa vyatireka
(, ). (sksepa vyatireka):
sthitimnapi dhiro ? pi ratnnmkaro ' p i san /
tava k a k s m na ytyeva malino makarlayah / /
[ 2.187]
, , ,
[]
, [].
9. V i b h v a n
prasiddhahetuvyvrtty yatkimcit kranntaram /
yatra svbhvikatvam v vibhvyam s vibhvan //
[299]
[]
- []
[] , .
. ,
: (, ) .
,
(, ) . :
apltakslvakdambamasammrstmalmbaram /
aprasditasuddhmbu j a g a d s i n m a n o h a r a m / /
[ 2.200]
, [ ] , ,
, [] [], ,
, [] , . [] !
80


, . , ,
,
.
, ,
().

, (virodhamlaka). : ,
, ( ), . . , ,
[. 198] (. : [ 2338]):
udynanirutoddhutscutacampakarenavah /
udasrayanti pnthnmasprsanto 9 pi locane / /
[] , ,
,
[] [] .
10. S a m s o k t i h
vastu kimcidabhipretya tattulyasynyavastunah /
uktih sankseparpatvts samsoktirisyate / /
[ 2.205]
[], [] ,
, ,
[], [ ],
.
. ,
(visesya, ) - (visesana, ). ,
(). :
81

analpavitapabhogah phalapuspasamrddhimn /
socchyah sthairyavn daivdesa labdho m a y d r a m a h / /
[ 2.210]
, ,
[] !

.
,
-, (, ) ( )
( ). ,
, :
( ), ,
, :
nivrttavylasamsargo nisargamadhursayah /
ayamambhonidhih kastam klena parisusyati / /
[ 2.212]
(: ),
[, ] (: ) ,
! .
11. Atisayoktih
vivaks y visesasya lokaslmtivartinl /
asvatisayoktih sydalankrottam... / /
[ 2.214]
[] [, ] [ ]
,
, ...,
, .
,

[ 2.220]. , ,
.
82


, ,
.
, ( ) - ( ), () ,
,
. :
mallikmlabhrinyah sarvnginrdracandanh /
k s a u m a v a t y o na laksyante jyotsnymabhisrikh //
[ 2.215]
[] ,
,
[ ] ,
[] .
,
, .
:
, () ():
k a m a l a m a n a m b h a s i kamale ca kuvalaye tni kanakalatikayam /
s ca sukumrasubhagetyutptaparampar k e y a m / /
[ .449]
[, ] , ,
[ ] .
[] ! ?
,
,
,
(rpaktisayokti; .. ).
83

, , : , ( ), - (
), ,

, ()
(). ,
, :
stanayorjaghanasypi m a d h y e m a d h y a m priye tava /
asti nstiti sandeho na m e d y p i nivartate//
[ 2.217]
,
? .

( ) (, ) ,
,
.
, ( ) , , ,
sambhavyamanartha ( ), , :
apm yadi tvakchithil cyut sytphaninmiva /
tad suklmsukni syurangesvambhasi yositm / /
[2.83]
, ,
[] ,
[] .
12 Y a t h s a n k h y a m
uddistnm p a d r t n m a n d d e s o y a t h k r a m a m /
yathsankhyamiti... // [ 2.273]
[ ] , [] [ ]
[], ....
84

, (krama), <.
, ,
. , , , ,
,
() . . :
dhruvam te corit tanvi smiteksanamukhadyutih /
snatumambhahpravistyh kumudotpalapaukajaih //
[ 2.274]
, , , , , ,
[] [] ,
, , .
, ,
. , -, ( L3.10)
.
, ,
, . , .
13. U t p r e k s
anyathaiva sthit vrttiscetanasyetarasya v /
anyathotpreksyate yatra tmutpreksm viduh.,. //
' [ 2.221]
[, ] ,
,
, .
, , , , . ,
, 85

.
, (, )
,
. , :
madhyandinrkasantaptah sarasirn ghate gajah /
m a n y e mrtandagrhyni p a d m n y u d d h a r t u m u d y a t a h / /
[ 2.222]
, ,
[ ] .
,
,
iva (, ) [ 2.234].

(upam). [
2.227], , , iva ,

tinantenopamnamastiti [, . 3.1.7] ( [] ).
, , , . : , ( , ), - .
()
(, ,
), , ,
. :
kimsukavyapadesena tarumruhya sarvatah /
dagdhdagdhamaranynyh pasyativa vibhvasuh //
[2.92]
[] , []
, []
[] [] .
86

14, V a r t a ( s v a b h a v o k t i h )
nnvastham padrtfanm r u p a m sksdvivrnvatl /
svabhvoktisca jtiscetydy slankrtih ... //
[2.8]
[, ]
[]
, , .
[] , ,
svabhvokti ( ),
.

,
(vakrokti).
, , ()
, , , .
, [ 2.363] ,
, [ 2.13],
[ 2.S] (, , .. ), , .
(jti, kriy, guna, dravya)
, , ( kriy):
kalakvanitagarbhena kanthenghrniteksanah /
prvatah pariksipya riramsuscumbati priym //
[2.10]
[] ,
[] [].
-, , , , , .
, , ,
87

, . . (, 5 ).
, ,
, , ..: .. , - - ,
/ . ,
( dravya):
kanthe klah karasthena kaplenendusekharah
jatbhih snigdhatmrbhirvirsldvrsadhvajah / /
' [2.12]
, [] ,
[]
, [] [] .
, ,

[ .111], .., , ,
( , )

. (,
, ) ,
:
- ( ,
, , ..), .
15. P r e y a h
preyah priyatarkhynam rasavad rasapesalam /
tejasvi rdhharikram yuktotkarsam ca tat trayam / /
[ 2.275]
[] [ -] ,
[], ,
[], ,
[] [].

. ,
(rasavat, tejasvi, urjasvi), ,
. , ,
. ,
, ,
.
, () , (.: [ 2.275]), , [] []. ( . ),
() ,
(priti)
(bhva), .
,
(). ,

, , .
, :
, ,

, (
, , - - . .).
:
adya y m a m a govinda j t tvayi grhgate /
klenais bhavet pritistavaivgamant p u n a h //
[ 2.276]
, ! ,
[] ,
, [] .
89

, , , ,
, , ( , ) [ 2.277]7. ,
, ( ).
16. R a s a v a i
( . ).
. ,
, , . , (, ),
,
(sthyibhva), 8.
( , ;
):
(anubhva), (.. , vibhva)
, (vyabhicri-bhva). .
, []
, , , , ,

...bhaktimtrasamradhyah supritasca tato harih //


, , (rati),
(utsha), (soka), (krodha),
(bhaya), (jugups), - (hsa)
(vismaya).
8

90

(. : [, 1987: . 145-173]; [, 1974: . 13-60]).



,
( ), ,
, . ( ), ,
, , :
mrteti pretya sangantum yay m e m a r a n a m m a t a m /
saivvantl m a y labdh kathamatraiva j a n m a n i / /
[ 2.280]
, [] ,
, [ ],
[] ?!
, (rati)
,
(rpabhulyayogena..., [ 2.281]).
, ,
, ,
, ..
, (
),
.
, , , .
17. Tejasvi (rjasvi)
( . )
() . ,
, , .
, :
91

apakartahamasmlti hrdi te m a sma b h u d b h a y a m /


vimukhesu na m e k h a d g a h prahartum jtu vnchati / /
[ 2.293]
[] ,
[] .
[ ] !
, , , . , :
() , , (, , ),
, .
( VIII-IX .)
() (, , ). .
18. P a r y y o k t a m
arthamisthamankhyya skst tasyaiva siddhaye /
yat prakrntarkhynam paryyoktam tadisyate //
[.2.295]
,
[], ,
[]
.
. ,
(, ) ,
() , , ,
. ,
(vcaka) (vcya).
, - :

92

dasatyasau parabhrtah sahakrasya manjarirn /


t a m a h a m vriyasymi y u v b h y m svairamsyatm / /
[ 2.296]
[] !
, [] .

, , ( -
). (. ).


, .
19. S a m h i t a m
kincidrabhamnasya k r y a m daivavastpunah /
tatsdhanasampattiry tadhuh samhitam / /
[ 2.298]
-
[] .
,
(samedhi). , , . , :
m n a m a s y nirkartum p d a y o r m e n a m a s y a t a h /
upakrya distyaitadudlrnam ghanagarjitam //
[ 2.299]
[], [] ,
[] ,
[] []
.
,
,
93

,
. , , , (
, ).
,
, . , ( ),
, , . 5 ,
.
, ,
.
20. U d t t a m
sayasya vibhterv y a n m a h a t t v a m a n u t t a m a m /
udttam n m a tatprhuralankram m a m s i n a h / /
[ 2.300]
[]
.
, (udra). ,
(
..) , (, , .) . ,
, [ 2.303],
( .
. 15, 17). :
guiroh ssanamatyetum na saska sa rghavah /
yo rvanasiraschedakryabhre 'pyaviklavah //
[ 2.301]
94

[] ,
[] .
, , () . .
, ( . . 11), , , :
ratnabhittisu sankrntaih pratibimbasatairvrtah /
jiito lankesvarah krcchrdnjaneyena tattvatah //
[ 2.302]
,
,
[] , -, .
,

.
2 1 . Slistam
slistamistamanekrthamekarpnvitam vacah /
tadabhinnapadam bhinnapadapryarniti dvidh //
[2.310]
, []
.
[]
[ ] [].
, (siesah, ). , , (
) ( ). , :
95

(abhinnapada-slista),
,
, , (bhiimapada-slista)
:
doskarena sambandhannaksatrapathavartin /
rjn pradoso m m i t t h a m a p r i y a m k i m na bdhate //
[2.312]
[] (: ) [] (: ),
(: ),
(: ),
, [] (: ),
?

()
, , , , .
, ,
( , , , , (. [ 2.212] ) . .)- , , , -slista, ()
, (. );
-slista, , (.
), hetu-slista, - (. ):
ratnavattvdagdhatvt svamarydvilanghant /
bahusattvsrayatvcca sadrsastvam udhanvat / /
[3.20]
[, ] , ,
,
(: )
.

96

, ,

-.
- - [KIT IX.84-85, X.96]: , (-)
,
, .. ,
. , , , , .
(-) :
stokenonnatimyti stokenytyadhogatim /
aho susadrsi vrttistulkoteh khalasya ca //
[1.85]
[] , ,
.
22. Apahnutih
apahnutirapahnuty k m c i d a n y r t h a d a r s a n a m /...
[ 2.304]
[], [],
...
. ,
( ) (). , ()
( ), , .

, . ,
:

97

n e y a m virauti b h m g a l i m a d e n a m u k h a r a m u h u h /
ayamkrsyamnasya kandarpadhanuso dhvanih / /
[3.21]
, , ,
[] .
, , . (, ) ,
. , :
amrtasyandikiranascandram n m a t o matah /
anya evyamarthtm visanisyandidldhitih //
[ 2.307]
[] , [] .
[ ] !
,
, .
23. Visesoktih
gunajtikriydlnm yatra vaikalyadarsanam /
visesadarsanyaiva s visesoktirisyate //
[ 2.323]
, [],
. .,
[]
.
. ,
, , ,
,
.
- , ,
, , . :

98

n a ratha n a ca m t a n g a n a h a y a na ca pattayah /
strinmapngadrstyaiva j l y a t e j a g a t m t r a y a m / /
[ 2.327]
,
.
9,
, (
, ), . , -
.. ,
(guna) (kriy),
(jti)
(dravya, ), 4 ~
. , hetu-visesokti, :
ekacakro ratha yanta vikalo v i s a m h a y h /
krmatyeva tejasvi tathpyarko nabhastalam / /
[ 2.328]
, 10,
11 ,
.
2 4 . Vyjastutih
yadi nindanniva stauti vyjastutirasau smrt /
dosbhs g u n e v a labhante yatra sannidhim / /
[ 2.343]
, , , ,
[] .
9
, apangadrs, , .
10
, () .
11
visama (, , )
, .

99

. , , () ,
.
( ..)
- .
. , :
tpasenpi r m e n a j i t e y a m bhutadhrinl /
tvay rjnpi seveyam jit m b h u n m a d a s t a v a //
[ 2.344]
[] , [] ,
, [] , !
,
. , , , (
):
p u m s a h purndcchidya srlstvay paribhujyate /
rjanniksvkuvamsasya k i m i d a m tava yujyate / /
[ 2.345]
(: ) (: ),
[] [].
, , , ?

vyjanind ( ), .
25. U p a m - r p a k a m
istam sdharmya... d a r s a n d g a u n a m u k h y a y o h /
upam...khyam rpakam...//
[2.88]
- [, ] ...
[] [] [ ],
[] -...
100

- , [] . , ( . . 4),
, (),
. , - , .
:
ayamlohitacchyo m a d e n a m u k h a c a n d r a m h /
sannaddhodayargasya candrasya pratigarjati / /
[2.89]
[] -
, [] .

26. Tulyayogita
vivaksitagunotlastaiiyatsamikrtya kasyacit /
klrtanam stutinindrtham s m a t tulyayogita / /
[ 2.330]
[] - [],
[ ] [-] ,
[ ] , []
.
. , (
. . 11),
,
,
.
( ) :
(),
. ( ),
, (. ).
, . , , 101

:
sangatni m r g k s l n m tadidvilasitni ca /
ksanadvayam na tisthanti ghanrabdhnyapi svayam / /
[ 2.332]

(: )
.
()
,
, , :
kumudakamalamlamrajMalitavilsajusordrsoh purah k /
amrtamamrtarasrnkambujanma pratihatamekapade tavananasya//
[.461]
, ,
, ?
[]
, [], [], .
, ,
, (
) , . , (
) , (hita ahita).
27. N i d a r s a n a m
arthntarapravrttena kimcit tatsadrsam p h a l a m /
sadasadv nidaxsyeta y a d i tat syannidarsanam / /
[ 2.348]
- , [], [] []
, .
102

. ,
( . . 6), ,

, ( ). , (sat)
(asat) .
( asat):
yti candrmsubhih sprst dhvntarj! p a r b h a v a m /
sadyo rjaviruddhnm scayantl durantatm //
[ 2.350]
[] ,
[]
(: ).
, , ,
( ). ,
, -
(, ), ( )
.
28. Virodhah
viruddhnm p a d r t h n m yatra samsargadarsanam /
visesdarsanyaiva sa virodhah smrtah...//
[ 2.333]
,
[], .
. , (, . .)
(), , .
, (., , [ .110]), (103

, . .) . :
prvrsenyairjaladharairambaram durdinyate /
rgena punarkrntam jyate j a g a t m m a n a h / /
[ 2.335]
,

(: ).
, ,

.
,
, . ,
, [
2.338], (. , . 9).
, -,
,
( ).

, , (: [ .110]) ,
, (jti, kriy, guna, dravya)
. ( ):
pesalamapi khalavacanam dahatitaram m n a s a m sutattvavidam/
parusamapi sujanavakyam malayajarasavatpramodayati / /
[.487]
[],

.

104

29 U p a r a e y o p a m a
...anyonyopam s e y a m a n y o n y o t k a r s a s a m s i m //
[2.18]
...
[ ].
. ,
, , . (upam)
(anyonya-upam [ 2,18]),
. :
k a m a l e v a matirmatiriva k a m a l tanurivavibh vibheva tanuh /
d h a r a m v a dhitirdhrtiriva dharanl satatam vibhti vata yasya //
[.415]
[ ],
, , , [],
, [] , [] ,
[] , [] .
,
, :
( )
, , .

30- S a h o k t i h
sahoktih sahabhvasya k a t h a n a m g u n a k a r m a n m /...
[ 2.351]
[ ].
. ,
( ) , .
105

,
(. . 28).

,
. :
. ( ):
kokillpasubhagh sugandhivanavyavah /
ynti srdham jannandairvrddhim surabhivsarh //
[ 2.354]
,

.
3 1 . Parivrttih
arthnm yo vinimayah parivrttistu s ... //[ 2.351]
[ ]
...
, , , . , , ,
.
, .. . ,
,
,
: ,
, . .
:
sastrapraharani dadata bhujena tava bhubhujani /
cirrjitam hrtam tesm yasah k u m u d a p n d u r a m / /
[ 2.356]
[] ,
[] [] ,
.
106

(, , .)
,
, ,
, , , ,
, .. ,
,
.

:
:
pradya vittamarthibhyah sa yasodhanamdita /
satm visvajanlnnmidamaskhalitam vratam //
[3.41]
,

.
3 2 . Sasandehafa
u p a m n e n a tattvam ca b h e d a m ca vadatah p u n a h /
sasandeham vacah stutyai sasandeham viduh... //
[3.43]
[] [ ] , [] , [] , []
, .
[] , , ( )
. , ,
,
,
. , .
,
(samsayopam, .: [ 2.26]). ,
107

(. ), (
sandeha, samsaya, sasandeha) . ,
bhednukti ( ,
samsaya), . . , ,
; niscayagarbha (, ) bhedokti,
( sasandeha). , (bhedokti):
ayam mrtandah k i m sa khalu turagaih saptabhiriiah
krsnuh k i m sarvh prasarati diso naisa niyatam /
krtntah kim sksnmahisavahano 'sviti ciram
samlokyjau t v m vidadhati vikalpnpratibhath / /
[.418]
, ? - , ...
? - ...
? - [] []!
, , [, ], .
33. A n a n v a y a h
yatra tenaiva tasya s y d u p a m n o p a m e y a t /
asdrsyavivakstastamityhurananvayam//
[3.45]
[] , [] [], [ ],
.
, , ,
, .
(.:
[ 2.358]) (asdhrana
upam):
candrravindayoh k a k s y m a t i k r a m y a m u k h a m tava /
tmanaivbhavat tulyam... / / [ 2.37]
, [] ,
[] ...
108

(. ), , .
34 U t p r e k s v a y a v a h
slistasyrthena s a m y u k t a h kimcidutpreksaynvitah /
rpakrthena ca punar utpreksvayavah...//
[3.47]
- , , [] , ...
, , , ,
, , (
. . 13), (, , ), .

(.: , 1971: . 139).

(. )
:
tulyodayvasnatvdgate ' s t a m prati bhsvati /
vsya vsarah klnto visativa t a m o g r h a m //
[3.48]
[] ,
[] , ,
- .
, , ([ 2.359]). (. : samsrsti).
3 5 . Samsrstih
nnlankrasamsrstih samsrstistu nigadyate //
[ 2.359]
.
109

, , . ,
, - ( , ),
.
: angngi ([
] ), ,
, , samakaksat (), -.
(sankara, ).
:
ksipantyaravindni tava m u g d h e m u k h a s r i y a m /
kosadandasamagrnm k i m e s m a s t i duskaram //
[ 2.361]
! !
, [] (: ),
(: ) ?

, ( . . 6),
( ). , ,
.

, :
limpativa tamongni varsatlvnjnam n a b h a h /
asatpurusasevaiva drstirnisphalatam gat / /
[ 2.226,2.362]
,
,
, .

, -.

3 6 . slh
sirnmbhilasite vastunysamsanam... //
[ 2.357]
, [] , ...
, , .
,
. ,
, ,
, . , , ,
, , , ( ):
ptu vah p a r a m a m jyotiravrimanasagocaram //
' [ 2.357]
, !
, . [, 1971:
. 129], ,
.
37.Hetuh
...krakajnpakau heto tau cnekavidhau ... //
[ 2.235]
... [ ] [ ] ,
[] ....
, ,
. ,
, , ( )
. , , ,

111

, .
[ 2.235]: kraka-hetu, , , . .
, jnpaka-hetu, , . .

(yukta-hetu), , ,
, (ayukta-hetu). , , . , (yukta-hetu):
pnipadmni bhupnrn sankocayitumisate /
tvatpdanakhacandrnmarcisah kundanirmalh / /
[ 2.259]
- - , [, ],
-12 .
:
-, , -
(, , ) . . ( ),
(drakrya-hetu).
; :
drakrya-hetu:
tvadapnghvayam jaitramanangstram yadarigane /
m u k t a m tadanyatastena so ' s m y a h a m m a n a s i ksatah / /
[ 2.255]
,

, , !
12

(padma)

112

vikarya-hetu (, ):
utpravlnyaranyni vpyah samphullapankajh /
candrah purnasca k m e n a pnthadrstervisam krtam //
[ 2.242]
,
, []
!
, ,
(kraka-hetu) , , sahaja-hetu, .. , . , ( . . 6).
38* N i p u n a m
. , , . ( . . 20); ,
( .
. 15).
,
( - , ) , ,
.
, .
39. (guna) ;
, , , ..
(abhidh) (laksan).
,
, , ,
.

.
, , , . 10 , 10 (dosa),
(16.91).
, . , (, , mdhnrya (),
udra (), knti () ..)
, .
(mrga, rlti) ,
( vaidarbhi, gaudlya .),
(vrtti) (paras , grmy , upangarik . .). , , (mrga),
, 10 :
astyaneko girm m r g a h sksmabhedah paraspararn I
tatra vaidarbhagaudiyau varnyete prasphutntarau II
siesah prasdah samat m d h u r y a m sukumrat 1
arthavyaktirudratvamojah kntisamdhayah II
iti vaidarbhamrgasya prn dasa gunh smrth I
esm viparyayah pryo laksyate gaudavartmani II
[ 1.40-42]

.
[ ] .
[], , [],
[],
, , , ,
[],
, .
.
114

()
, .
()
, . (), (), () . , ( ,
, , [] []
) ; , ,
[], , .
, ,
, ( ), .
XI , , , , ,
.
: , , , , (.: [: II, . 14]).
: , (agrmyat [
1.62-68]), ( , ) (srutyanuprasa [
1.52-58]).
:
m a d h u r a m rasavadvci vastunyapi rasah sthitah I
yena m d y a n t i d h i m a n t o m a d h u n e v a m a d h u v r a t h II
[1.51]
[, ] (: ),
[] [] , [] .
, [] .

115

, (,
, ) [ 2.13],
. , , .
, -, .


.
Abi.

adj.

adv.

.
bah.
cpv.
denom.
des.
da
f
fiit.II
Gen.

ger.

imper.

impf.

Instr.

Loc.

m.

n.

nom. abstr.

nom. pr.

opt

part. perf. act.


part. perf. pass
part. praes.

pass.

perf.

Pl.
pn.

pron.
sg.

117


1. Bhmaha. Kvyalankrah / Pandit Batukantha Sarmm tath
pandit Baladeva Updhyya ityetbhym
bhumikdibhih
samalankakrtya sampditah. Ksl: Jayakrsnads-Haridsgupta,
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3. Kvya Praksa by Sri Mammatchrya. With a comm. Called
Ngesvari by pandit Sri Hari Shankara Sarm / Ed. by
Nyyopdhyya, pandit Dhundhi Rj Shstri. Benares: Vidy Vils
Press, 1926.
4. , 1974 ..
// . (
) / . , . . .. .
.: , 1974. . 13-60.
5. , 1987 . .
. ., 1987.
6. , 1976 De S.K. History of Sanskrit Poetics. Vol. III. Calcutta:
Firma KLM Private Limited, 1976.
7. , 1971 Gerow E. A Glossary of Indian Figures of Speech. The
Hague, Paris, 1971.
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12.02.09. 60*84/16.
. .
. . . 6,98. 100 .
<f5

.
199004, .-, .., 6- , 11/21
. / (812)326-44-22
E-mail: editor@umpress.ru
www.unipress.ru
.
199061, -, . 41