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RUNNING HEAD: MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Rachael Celia
Spring 2016

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

SECTION 1: UNIT PLANNING

UNIT OBJECTIVE
SKILLS/CONCEPTS/VOCABULARY/FACTS CHART
CONTENT AND BRIDGES GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

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6
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SECTION 2: INSTRUCTION

SUMMARY PAGE
LESSON 1
LESSON 2
LESSON 3
LESSON 4
LESSON 5
LESSON 6
LESSON 7
LESSON 8
LESSON 9
LESSON 10

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13
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43
51
57
64
70
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SECTION 3: ASSESSMENT

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SUMMARY PAGE
ASSESSMENT MATRIX
PRE-ASSESSMENT
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS
SUMMATIVE EVALUATION
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT DATA

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SECTION 4: STUDENTS

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SUMMARY PAGE
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES GRAPHIC ORGANIZER
PLAN FOR INDIVIDUAL LEARNERS
LITERACY STRATEGIES
ELL ACCOMMODATIONS

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SECTION 5: TECHNOLOGY

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SUMMARY PAGE
TECHNOLOGY CHART

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SECTION 6: CROSS CURRICULAR STANDARDS

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SUMMARY PAGE
CROSS CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS CHART

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UNIT RATIONALE DISCUSSION PAGE

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

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SECTION 9: RESOURCES AND MATERIALS

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SUMMARY PAGE
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES CHART

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REFERENCE PAGE

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Section 1
Unit Planning

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Unit Objective
th

Subject Area: Mathematics
Standards: 14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a
fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Unit Objective: Students will be able to multiply and divide fractions with fractions, mixed
numbers, and whole numbers using both equations and word problems with 75% accuracy to be
considered proficient.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Skills/Concepts/Vocabulary/Facts
Skills
Concepts
Vocabulary
Multiply whole
When multiplying a fraction
Numerator
numbers
and another fraction, the
product will be less than
both fractions from the
equation.
Divide whole
When multiplying a fraction Denominator
numbers
and a whole number, the
product will be less than the
whole number but greater
than the fraction.
Simplify Fractions When multiplying a fraction
Equivalent
and a mixed number, the
Fractions
product will be greater than
the fraction and less than the
mixed number.
Change mixed
When multiplying a fraction
Mixed
numbers to
with any number, the
Number
improper fractions
multiplication symbol can
and vice versa
be replaced with the word
of
Multiply fractions
When dividing a fraction,
Improper
with fractions
the reciprocal is used and
Fraction
the equation becomes
multiplication.
Multiply fractions
When dividing with a
Reciprocal
with whole numbers
fraction, the quotient is
larger because the division
Multiply fractions
Product
equation is really asking
with mixed
how many in
numbers
Divide fractions and
Quotient
fractions
Divide fractions and
Evaluate
mixed numbers
Divide fractions and
Simplify
whole numbers
Model
Common
multiplication and
Factor
division equations

Facts
When multiplying a
fraction equation, multiply
the numerators then
multiply the
denominators.
When multiplying a
fraction equation, there is
no need to find a common
denominator.
When dividing a fraction
equation, use the
reciprocal and change the
division to multiplication.
When multiplying, the
commutative property can
be used.

When dividing, the

commutative property
cannot be used.

Content with Bridges

Fractions Foldable

Fractions multiplied with fractions

Fractions Foldable

Fractions multiplied with Whole Numbers

Fractions foldable

Fractions multiplied with Mixed Numbers

Fractions Foldable

Multipliying fractions using word problems

Fractions Foldable

Dividing Fractions with Fractions

Fractions Foldable

Dividing Fractions with Whole Numbers

Fractions Foldable

Dividng Fractions with Mixed Numbers

Fractions Foldable

Dividing Fractions using word problems

Fractions Foldable

Multiplying and Dividing Fractions using word problems

Fractions Foldable

Section 2
Instruction

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Summary Page
I will teach the content of this unit with a combination of my personal teaching
philosophy in guiding students to become their own teachers and with my cooperating teachers
methods of teaching so that students will be able to still have an understanding of what they are
expected to learn and do throughout the unit. It is always difficult to mold oneself to anothers
style, particularly when two teachers have different philosophies. Throughout this unit I kept in
mind my cooperatings methods of very direct instruction combined with a skill and drill type
practice. While this method does not necessarily align with my personal philosophy, I did not
feel that the students would benefit from a sudden and complete shift in what they have become
accustomed to in the year.
I believe that it is important to make connections to their previous learning and to the
world around them when learning. I felt it best to guide students to making small connections
throughout the unit and then be able to put all of those connections into a culminating activity or
project. This guiding of students and culminating application falls in line with my teaching
philosophy of guiding students to be their own teachers. It is my hope that at the end of the unit
students will be able to identify situations where they can connect what they have learned to the
real world and to more advanced fractional thinking as they progress through math.
I think that it is important to have students be able to have one place that they can keep
their vocabulary. For this reason I created a Vocabulary section in my fraction foldable. This
way, when a student encounters a word they are unsure about, they know where to look it up
rather than having to wait and ask the teacher or interrupt another student to ask them. If they
come across a vocabulary word they are unsure about, they know exactly where they can find it.
This promotes students to becoming their own teachers and being able to solve their problems

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independently. I also think that it is important for students to be able to define vocabulary in
their own words and be able to apply the vocabulary term by means of a student created
example.
In mathematics, it is important that students be able to apply critical thinking to problems,
particularly word problems. I dedicated three lessons to teaching and working with students on
how to think critically about word problems and multiplying and dividing fractions. This
included modeling my thinking and connecting information to the previous lessons on solving
simple equations. It is important to take time on this and model thinking and writing, focus on
showing work and making sure students understand the questions and are able to read into the
questions to understand what they are really asking. Questioning really helped in this aspect as
well. It is important that students are able to understand the true questions, for example,
multiplied by 6 is really asking what half of six is. Being able to answer those questions and
explain what the true question or meaning of a word problem or equation is essential for
understanding the concept.
If students are not focused on the teaching, they are not going to be able to fully learn the
concepts and material that they need to. It is important that students have something to focus on
while learning the material. To serve this purpose, I am a big supporter of foldable notes
because they hold students attention more than just taking notes on a piece of notebook paper
because they can be made with colorful construction paper. It also helps students organize their
information in a neater manner and helps them be better able to quickly look up information
while they are practicing or studying the material. Having students stay focused through the
notetaking process and having steady questions helps to promote active learning throughout the
unit. I also use equity sticks to promote active learning and help guide myself to ensure that all

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students have equal chances to participate in class. This also helps assure them that I am not
specifically calling out a certain student but raises the expectation that they are supposed to be
purposeful and staying focused throughout the lesson.
Having the foldable makes it easy to bridge between days of the lessons. A quick review
by tasking students to review the last part of the foldable is a quick way to ensure that all
students understand where we left off. This can also help introduce the new content because
often math concepts build on each other, and that is true for this unit. In order to understand how
to divide fractions, the students have to be able to understand how to multiply fractions.
When giving opportunities for practice, it is important that students have the chance to
work with each other and with the teacher to fully develop their understanding of the material. It
is difficult in a departmentalized school to give students the full time that they need to have to
have truly in depth practice, but I think it is important to give them time before leaving class and
after instruction to partner or small group work with practice problems. While students are
working in small groups, the teacher should be circulating to answer independent questions and
clarify information for students. When designing opportunities for practice, I believe in the
phrase practice does not make perfect, perfect practice makes perfect. I believe that students
benefit more from correctly solving fewer problems and being able to understand and explain
their thinking than being given multiple problems to practice and being able to just do them
without fully understanding why they are doing what they are doing.
With introducing and closing the unit, it is much easier with older students who are able
to understand the concept of units and are able to refresh themselves after a summative
assessment to learn something new. They were able to make the connection between addition
and subtraction and multiplication and division. They assumed that after they learned how to

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add and subtract fractions, they would move on to multiplying and dividing fractions. Therefore,
the introduction of the unit was simple and required only a quick review of basic fractional
concepts such as numerators and denominators, mixed numbers, and improper fractions.
In closing the unit, I think it is important to have a culminating activity that allows the
student to apply what they have learned in a real world type setting. Problem based and Project
based activities are a good way to close out a unit and I chose a Project based activity for the
students to better understand how multiplying and dividing fractions are used in real world
settings and problems.

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Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Multiply Fraction by Fraction
Date: February 22, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 80 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Multiply a fraction by a fraction with like and unlike denominators with 80%
accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to multiply a fraction by a fraction with like and unlike denominators.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
Using a teacher-made Kahoot quiz, students will answer fraction multiplied by a fraction
problems with at least 80% accuracy.
Engagement:
The teacher will introduce the new unit and review the learning objective with the students.
o Today, we are going to begin our new unit! We just finished adding and subtracting
fractions with like and unlike denominators, so who can guess what is coming next?
Yes, multiplying and dividing fractions! Now, typically multiplying and dividing is
much harder than adding and subtracting, but if we havent figured out that fractions
are weird by now, you are in for a surprise. Multiplying and dividing fractions is way
easier than adding and subtracting them. No more having to find equivalent fractions
and borrowing, Yay! So because we are starting a new unit, we obviously have a new
learning target. I can multiply a fraction by a fraction with like and unlike

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denominators. Now all together I can multiply a fraction by a fraction with like and
unlike denominators. Great! And if you thought that I was excited about adding and
subtracting fractions, wait until we start multiplying them.
The teacher will call the students table by table to get two pieces of construction paper from
the table.
o Before we begin learning how to multiply the fractions, we are going to make a
foldable, because if there is one thing I love more than fractions it is working with
construction paper. Clear your desks, the only thing that you need out is a pencil and
you really dont even need that yet. I will be calling you up table by table to get two
pieces of construction paper. They can be the same color or two different colors, it
does not matter. Choose quickly so that we can do this fast, we have a lot to get
through today. Table 3 is sitting nicely, go up and get your paper. Table 1 is doing a
great job, Table 4 looks ready. Table 5 is sitting quietly, Table 6 is ready to go, and
Table 2 is ready.
The teacher will instruct the students on how to fold the construction paper correctly to create
the Fractions Foldable.
o The first thing that you are going to do is take one of your pieces of paper and fold it
hamburger style, leaving about an inch, inch and a half, space between the two
shorter edges. Fold and press the crease. Now you are going to need to take your
other piece of paper and stick the folded piece so that you have the same amount of
space between the edge of the folded card and the edge of the unfolded paper. Now
take the top part of the unfolded paper and fold it over the already folded piece. Press
down the crease. You should now have four tabbed edges. I am going to pass the
staplers around. You only need to have two staples on the top crease, here and here.
How many staples should you have? Yes, two. No more, no less.
As the staplers are being passed around, the teacher will direct the students what to write on
the different tabs of the foldable.
o As the staplers are going around, I am going to go over what you are going to write
on your foldable, you are going to need to multitask a little.
o In the Vocabulary tab: Make 3 columns and 8 rows
o In the Multiplying tab: Make 3 columns that go across both the top and bottom flaps
of the tab. Split the columns in half along the fold of the two pieces.
o In the Dividing tab: Make 3 columns that go across both the top and bottom flaps of
the tab. Split the columns in half along the fold of the two pieces.
The teacher will review the fraction vocabulary that has been previously learned by the
students.
o I know that weve already gone through a lot of the fraction vocabulary in the last
unit, but you can never have too much review. This way, all of your vocabulary
words for fractions are in the same place. Also, when we get to dividing next week,

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we are going to be learning some new words that maybe you arent as familiar with.
In the first column under the Vocabulary tab, you are going to write the words:
Numerator
Denominator
Equivalent Fractions
Mixed Number
Improper Fraction
o These are all words that you should be familiar with. Now, because you are fairly
familiar with these words, I am not going to give you a definition. You are going to
create the definitions in your own words, and then come up with an example. Lets
do numerator together. When I think of the word numerator I think of the top
number in a fraction. For example, in the fraction 2/3, the numerator would be 2.
Now I have a definition and example of the word numerator. So when Im studying
or working on homework or classwork, and I forget the word numerator, I just flip
open my vocabulary tab and there it is!
The teacher will give the students time to create definitions and examples for the vocabulary
words. Students may work individually, with a partner at their table, or with their table as a
whole.
o Now that you know what to do, I am going to give you about 7 minutes to work either
by yourselves, with a partner who is already at your table, or with your table to finish
the rest of the words. Ready, go!
The teacher will use the equity sticks to call on the students to share either one of their
definitions or examples to review the vocabulary. (Day 1 will possibly end here).
o Now that you have your vocabulary filled out, my lovely example still looks a little
empty. I have my handy dandy Popsicle sticks. When I call your name, I either want
you to pick a definition or an example to share with me. If you really like someones
definition or example, feel free to put it on your foldable as well.

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will instruct the students where to write their notes on the foldable.
o Our notes for today will go in the Multiplication tab in the first column on the top
half of the tab.
The teacher will go through step by step the process of multiplying a fraction by a fraction.
The teacher will write under the ELMO for students better visualization.
o Label the top of the column Fraction by Fraction
o Write Step 1: Line up your fractions
o Write Step 2: Multiply the numerators straight across
o Write Step 3: Multiply the denominators straight across

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o Write Step 4: Simplify if needed

Are we always going to need to simplify? No, sometimes we will get a
product that is as simple as it is going to get.
The teacher will go through the step by step process of multiplying a fraction by a fraction
connecting the steps with an example problem. The students will follow along with their
personal foldable.
o For the example 7/9 x 3/4
o Step 1: 7/9 x 3/4 with the numerators and the denominators lined up next to each
other.
o Step 2: 7 x 3 = 21
o Step 3: 9 x 4 = 36
o Step 4: 21/36 can be simplified to 7/12
The class will discuss what they notice about the product of the two fractions.
o Students should notice that the fraction is smaller than the two fractions that were
multiplied together. The class will discuss why that is.

II. Opportunity for Practice:

The teacher will post problems on the board using the ELMO and pull equity cards/sticks for
students to go step by step through the process of solving the problems.
o 1/4 x 3/4 = (3/16)
o 2/9 x 4/5 = (8/45)
o 3/10 x 1/8 = (3/80)
o 4/5 x 5/7 = (20/35 = 4/7)
III. Assessment
The teacher will explain to the students how to use Kahoot.
o Have any of your other teachers used Kahoot before? No, well its pretty simple.
The first thing that you are going to do is sign in with the class pin number. When it
asks you to create a username, you are going to put your first name! Dont worry
about putting any weird or cool nicknames on, just put your first name. Once
everyone has logged in, then the questions are going to pop up. You will have 1
minute to answer them. You answer a question by clicking on the same colored
shape as the answer choice. After the time or after everyone has submitted their
answer, then the correct answer will show up. After each question, a list will appear
with the top, 5 or 10 people. These people are the ones who are not only answering
the fastest, but getting the correct answer. So, is it going to help you any if you just
randomly pick an answer to be the fastest? Not at all. And I get to see after were
finished who answered what for each question. Now I know all of you and I know
that wed never, ever make fun of someone for getting the wrong answer if they tried.
One thing I dont want to hear though is anyone asking whatd you put or Who

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would choose that! So am I going to hear any of that? No thank you. If you need
some extra space to write down the problem, feel free to use your whiteboards. Now
I want to know what you know, not what your partner knows, so when you get the
answer, just submit it and keep it to yourself please.
1. What is x 2/3 in simplest form?
2. What is 2/5 x 4/9 in simplest form?
3. What is 1/10 x 3/7 in simplest form?
4. What is 4/6 x 3/5 in simplest form?
5. What is x 5/10 in simplest form?
6. What is 3/5 x 8/11 in simplest form?
7. What is 6/9 x 2/3 in simplest form?
8. What is 7/8 x 1/7 in simplest form?
9. What is 9/10 x 2/4 in simplest form?
10. What is 4/11 x 5/6 in simplest form?
Students will take the Kahoot Quiz and the teacher will pull the results and test analysis for
data.

IV. Closure:
Fraction Bingo
o Personally, I love to play games, and I think that you guys do too. However, because
were still in school, the games have to be educational. One of my favorite games is
BINGO. I have made some BINGO cards, I need two people to help me pass them
out and two people to help pass out the counters. What you have on your cards are
the answers to multiplication problems. In my bag, I have cards with the problems. I
will pull out a card and place it on the board so you can see it. You may use your
whiteboards to help you work out the problem. Once you have your answer, place a
counter over the fraction. Now, the answers on your board are in the most simplified
form. If youre solving your problem and dont see the answer you got, think of your
equivalent fractions. Like always in Bingo, the first person to get a row, column, or
diagonal of five in a row wins. What do you do when you win? Raise your hand and
you can shout Bingo! This is just about the only time you can shout in class, so hope
that you get Bingo if you like to be loud.
Materials and Resources:
2 pieces of Construction Paper per student
Pencils
ELMO and Projector
Math Spiral Notebooks
Stapler(s)
Equity cards/sticks

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Personal Whiteboards
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Microphone
Fraction Bingo Cards
Bingo markers/counters
Bingo calling cards (index cards with the coordinating problems written on them)
Fraction pieces (for differentiation)
Chromebook/Student devices.
Butcher paper, markers, blank paper (for differentiation)
Kahoot Quiz

Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):

Revisions:
For students struggling with understanding the concept, the teacher will work with them either
one-on-one or in a small group during Intervention. The students will use manipulatives and
visual models of the fraction equations to understand the basic concepts of multiplying fractions.
Extensions:
For students who have a firm understanding of the concept and finish early can work on creating
anchor charts for the classroom on ways to visualize multiplying fractions by fractions.
Data Analysis:
Kahoot Analysis:
Answered 8-10 Questions Correctly: 17 students
Answered 5-7 Questions Correctly: 2 students
Answered 0-5 Questions Correctly (pull for morning intervention): 0 students
Reflection:
I thought that this lessen went very well. The students quickly understood how to
multiply the fractions with other fractions. Some of them did get a little confused as to why they
did not have to make common denominators. I tried to model the problems using the grid model
from the Eureka Unit, but the students seemed really confused and didnt know why they would
have to use that when they could use the shortcut method that I showed them. We talked about
being able to justify their answers and why it was important to be able to explain why they got
their answers and what the equations actually meant. They really enjoyed the Kahoot game and
were very excited to be able to use their devices for something other than a PowerPoint or
practice test. I think I will definitely try to incorporate that more into the unit. I also liked how I
could print out the results. I had one student who scored the lowest and answered 5 correct,
however after looking at her responses and talking to her after class, she was just having

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difficulty answering within the time limit. She was able to correctly answer the questions when
given enough time. This may be something that I need to adjust in the future and give the
students more time to work out the problems. The biggest difficulty that I noticed was when it
came to simplifying, a fourth grade standard. I may need to review that with some students
during Intervention.

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Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers
Date: February 23, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 65 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Multiply a fraction and a whole number with 80% accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to multiply a fraction and a whole number.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly multiply fractions
and whole numbers with 8/10 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
The teacher will have a bell-ringer problem on the board when students enter the classroom.
o Hello everyone! As you come into class, make sure that you write your homework
down in your Agendas, table leaders, make sure you check! On the board I have a
question that I want you to think about. Now I said think not talk, that will come
later. Right now, I just want you to think about What does it mean for a whole
number to also be a fraction. Once you think youve got an answer, and that may be
very quickly, think about numbers other than the number 1. Think about what you
already know about fractions and about whole numbers. For example, what does it
mean that the number 5 can also be a fraction? Lets take about 3 minutes and get
those juices flowing!

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After being given think time, the teacher will have the students turn and talk. After they have
discussed their ideas, the teacher will use equity sticks to call on students to share their
groups thoughts on the question(s). The teacher will call on 3-4 students in different tables.
o Now that weve all been thinking, turn and talk to your partner, or if youre a group
of three, thats fine, share what youve been thinking about. Talk about any ideas or
connections that you made. When I pull your number using my equity sticks, share a
thought or connection that your partner made that you really liked.

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will instruct the students where to write their notes on the foldable.
o Yesterday, we learned how to multiply fractions and other fractions. Today, who can
take a guess at what we are going to be doing? Think about your bell-ringer. We are
going to be learning how to multiply fractions and whole numbers!
o We are going to be taking our notes today in the Multiplication tab in the second
column on the top half of the tab. This should be right next to your notes from the
other day.
The teacher will go through step by step the process of multiplying a fraction by a whole
number. The teacher will write under the ELMO for students better visualization.
o Label the top of the column Fraction and Whole Number
o Write Step 1: Turn your whole number into a fraction
Once we turn our whole number into a fraction, its exactly like multiplying a
fraction by a fraction!
o Write Step 2: Line up your fractions
o Write Step 3: Multiply the numerators straight across
o Write Step 4: Multiply the denominators straight across
o Write Step 5: Simplify if needed
Again, are we always going to need to simplify? No, sometimes we will get a
product that is as simple as it is going to get.
The teacher will go through the step by step process of multiplying a fraction by a fraction
connecting the steps with an example problem. The students will follow along with their
personal foldable.
o For the example 5 x 3/4
o Step 1: Turn 5 into a fraction by turning it into 5/1.
Now why does 5 get turned into 5/1? Yes, because 5 is really five groups of
one whole. It really helps to think about fractions as pieces. If my fractions
are pieces of pie, and I have five pies, I have 5/1. When weve talked about
turning whole numbers into fractions, weve typically used the same
numerator and denominator, for example 5/5. Why would we not do that

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here? Yes, because when we have the same numerator as denominator, we

have one whole. What I need for this problem is five wholes. Whenever I
have a fraction that has a 1 as the denominator, I have whatever is in the
numerator groups of wholes. If I have 3/1, what do I really have? Three,
exactly! If I have 35/1, what do I have? Thirty-five, perfect! This is the
hardest part of what we are going to be doing today. Once you understand
how to turn the fraction into a whole number, then its just like multiply a
fraction by a fraction.
Step 2: 5/1 x 3/4 with the numerators and the denominators lined up next to each
other.
Step 3: 5 x 3 = 15
Step 4: 1 x 4 = 4
Step 5: 15/4 can be simplified to a mixed number of 3 and

II. Opportunity for Practice:

The teacher will pass out a math forum problem for the students to work on individually,
then in pairs, then as a class discussion.
o Okay, so now that we understand how were supposed to multiply fractions and
whole numbers, Ive got a bit of a challenge for you all to work on. I need two
people to help me pass out these papers, everyone should get one. While those are
coming around, lets take a look at what this is. Alright, so this is called Filling
Beautys Seats. Tickets to Fairview Elementary Schools production of Beauty and
the Beast went on sale this week. The school theater has 24 rows of 16 seats each.
What might we want to do to find out how many seats are in the theater? Multiply,
yes. 1/3 of all of the seats have been sold to students for 3 dollars each. of them
have been sold to adults for 5 dollars each. 1/6 of them were given to the teachers.
So did the teachers have to pay for their seats? No, which is good because we already
know that teachers dont make a lot. The first question is if everyone who already
has a ticket goes to the show, what fraction of the seats in theater will be filled? What
is this question asking? They want to know how many tickets were sold or given
away. The second question is how many seats are still available. So, before we can
move to the second question, we are going to need to figure out the answer to the first
question. If you fly through that, there is an extra that I would like you to attempt. It
says how much money has been collected so far? Keep in mind that the teachers did
not have to pay for their seats. If all the remaining seats are sold to students, how
much money will be raised altogether? Remember, how much money students have
to pay for their tickets. I know what youre going to ask, and no, you may not move
to work in partners yet. I want you to take 10 minutes and just work independently,
after 10 minutes I will let you know and you may work with one other person.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

39

Remember, threes a crowd. After you spend a little bit of time finishing up and
collaborating with a partner, we will go over this as a class.
III. Assessment
Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers homework.
o Now, as much as you all know I hate homework, sometimes you have to do thinks
you dont want to do. Luckily for you, your homework shouldnt take you more than
15 minutes. Its only ten questions. I need 2 people to help pass these out, make sure
everyone gets a copy. Lets take a look at this on the board while its coming around.
The directions say Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the
lowest/simplest form possible. Does this mean that you will leave me any improper
fractions? No. Does this mean that if you get 2/8ths as an answer you will leave it?
No. If you do not simplify, I will only give you half credit. There are only 10
problems. You can do that math. Its not very good. Simplify! Show all of your
work in the space below the problem. What does it mean to show your work? It
means to write down the steps, you do not have to label the steps, but if you multiply
3 and 5 and get 15, I should see 3x5=15 written down. If you do not show your work,
do you think you will get full credit? Nope. These are all problems that you should
know how to do. This should go in as an easy 100 for you. Now that you all should
have a paper in front of you, the first thing that you should be doing, right now, is
putting your name and number at the top. If you turn in a paper that does not have a
name and number, do you think I am going to grade it? Nope.
IV. Closure:
The teacher will read aloud the book Multiplying Menace: The Revenge of Rumpelstiltskin by
Pam Calvert.
o Alright, so I love to read picture books, especially after having to read really long
chapter books. Today, I have this book, which I thought was really funny. Are all of
you familiar with the story of Rumpelstiltskin? Good. Now, as youre listening, I
want you to think about what is happening in the story and start making some
connections with what weve been learning today.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Markers/crayons/colored pencils (for differentiation)
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers assessment worksheet

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

40

Bell-ringer question
Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers with Visual Models Worksheet (for
differentiation)
ELMO and Projector
Multiplying Menace: The Revenge of Rumpelstiltskin by Pam Calvert

Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):

Revisions:
For students who are struggling with understanding the concept, during Intervention they will
work either one-on-one with the teacher or in a small group with using visual models to visualize
the concept of multiplying whole numbers and fractions to get a smaller product.
Extensions:
For students who already have a firm understanding of the concept, they could create visual
models of how one could understand multiplying fractions and whole numbers, working step by
step to explain their modeling and thinking.
Data Analysis:
Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers Worksheet Analysis:
Answered 8-10 Questions Correctly: 20 students
Answered 5-7 Questions Correctly: 4
Answered 0-5 Questions Correctly (pull for morning intervention): 0
Reflection:
This lesson went very well, particularly when we talked about how to consider whole numbers
fractions. When working with fractions and whole numbers I noticed that it was particularly
helpful to replace the multiplication symbol with the of. We touched on how this works
because with multiplication you can use the commutative property. One thing that I would like
to revisit is the explanation of how the product of a fraction and a whole number will always be
larger than the fraction but smaller than the whole number and have students be able to justify
why that is. One thing that the school is really focusing on is open ended questions and

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your work in
the space below the problem

1. 6/7 x 3 = _____

6. 6 x 9/10 = _____

2. 5/8 x 7 = _____

7. 3 x 2/9 = _____

3. 3/9 x 5 = _____

8. 5 x 2/3 = _____

4. 1/5 x 6 = _____

9. 3/2 x 5 = _____

5. 6/7 x 7 = _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your work in
the space below the problem

1. 6/7 x 3 = 24/7

6. 6 x 9/10 = 52/5

2. 5/8 x 7 = 43/8

7. 3 x 2/9 = 2/3

3. 3/9 x 5 = 12/3

8. 5 x 2/3 = 31/3

4. 1/5 x 6 = 11/5

9. 3/2 x 5 = 71/2

5. 6/7 x 7 = 6

10.

/9 x 3 = 22/3

43

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers
Date: February 24, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 65 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in g-eneral by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Multiply a fraction and a mixed number using like and unlike denominators with 6/8
accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to multiply a fraction and a mixed number with like and unlike denominators.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher made assessment, students will answer 6/8 questions correctly to be
considered proficient.
Engagement:
The students will come in with their daily routine and the teacher will have them set up for
playing a review game on Kahoot.it The teacher will have the page pre-loaded onto the
laptop, ready to connect to the projector.
o Come in and write your homework down in your agenda, team captains make sure
that you check! Once you have written down your homework, team captains need to
make sure that everyone has a whiteboard, eraser, and their yellow folder. While
those items are being passed out, you can take out your device; make sure that it is on
silent. We are going to do a quick review of what we learned yesterday. What did

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

44

we learn yesterday? Thats right, multiplying fractions and whole numbers. How do
we do that? Yes, thank you! Alright, so now that you have everything in front of
you, you are going to go onto Kahoot, your game pin is up on the board. Remember
to only use your first name as your nickname.
The students will complete the Kahoot questions and the teacher will print the resulting data
while the students are putting away their devices.

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will instruct the students where to write their notes on the foldable.
o In the Multiplication tab in the third column on the top half of the tab.
The teacher will go through step by step the process of multiplying a fraction and a mixed
number. The teacher will write under the ELMO for students better visualization.
o Label the top of the column Fraction and a Mixed Number. Remember that the
commutative property applies in multiplication. Does it matter if the mixed number
is the first or the last number? No, it does not. Keep that in mind because when we
move onto division next week that is going to change.
o Write Step 1: Change your mixed number into an improper fraction
How do we move from a mixed number to an improper fraction? We multiply
the denominator by the whole number. Add the numerator, and the whole
number goes over the original denominator. Think of it like a circle. Once
we do that, than it is pretty much the same process that weve been doing for
our other fraction multiplication problems.
o Write Step 2: Line up your fractions
o Write Step 3: Multiply the numerators straight across
o Write Step 4: Multiply the denominators straight across
o Write Step 5: Simplify if needed
Are we always going to need to simplify? No. Are you going to give me an
improper fraction ever again unless I specifically ask for it? No.
The teacher will go through the step by step process of multiplying a fraction by a fraction
connecting the steps with an example problem. The students will follow along with their
personal foldable.
o For the example 2 and 3/4 x 1/9
o Step 1: 2 and 3/4 into an improper fraction of 11/4
How do we turn 2 and into an improper fraction? We go in a circle. We
multiply the denominator and the whole number, 4 times 2, which gives us 8.
We add that to the numerator, 8 plus 3 equals 11, and then that goes over the
original denominator, giving us 11/4.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

45

o Step 2: 11/4 x 1/9 with the numerators and the denominators lined up next to each
other.
o Step 3: 11 x 1 = 11
o Step 4: 4 x 9 = 36
o Step 5: 11/36 cannot be simplified.
The teacher will visually demonstrate how to represent a mixed number equation model in
the students Math notebooks.
o Now, mixed numbers are probably the hardest to visualize, so there is a method that
you can if you get a bit stuck on understanding the equation or process. Lets think
about area. To start with, we can draw a rectangle and at one end of the rectangle
draw a line. Lets say that our equation is 2 and 3/5 x . Label the short end of the
rectangle with . The longer side is going to be our mixed number. In the smaller
rectangle, label 3/5, and the larger end label 2. We can find the area of the two
rectangles and then add them together. What is times 2? 2/4 which is simplified to
. And times 3/5 equals 3/20. plus 3/20 is equal to 10/20 plus 3/20 which is
going to equal 13/20. Now lets try that using our step by step method and we should
get the same answer. 2 and 3/5 turns into 13/5. Line up our fractions, 13/5 x . 13
times 1 equals 13. 5 times 4 equals 20. 13/20 cannot be simplified anymore.

II. Opportunity for Practice:

The teacher will project four problems for the students to work out in their notebooks.
o Alright, so here Ive got four problems and I know that you will be able to solve all of
these. For two of the problems, and you can choose which two, I want you to draw
the rectangles and give me a visual representation of the problem. You may work
with a partner, thats one other person, for these problems. You do not have to, you
may work independently if you would like. If the noise level gets too loud than we
wont be able to work in partners.
32/5 x 1/6 =
2/7 x 42/5 =
57/10 x 3/8 =
121/5 x 7/9 =
o Okay, so you should all be finishing up. Lets share some of our answers and how we
got them. I want you to turn and share with the rest of your table about what answers
you got and how you got them.
Lets go over the problems altogether. For the first problem, 32/5 x 1/6 = did
anyone solve it with the visual model? Good, walk us through the steps that
you did. Show us what your model looks like. Others who used this method
for the first problem, do you agree? Excellent. Now those who did not use
the model, did you get the same answer? Good. Someone walk us through
their work without using the model.

46

o The teacher will continue through the next three problems.

III. Assessment
The teacher will pass out the assessment which students will complete for homework
individually.
o Alright, lets take a look at your homework. There are ten questions that you can all
do. You can solve it either way that we talked about, using the steps or the model, I
want you to be able to work these problems out in a way that makes the most sense to
you. If you are a very visual person, then go for it. If you like the step by step, thats
fine too.
IV. Closure:
The teacher will put a bell-ringer question on the board from the ELMO. The students will
have 2 minutes to work through it independently.
o There is a bell-ringer on the board, take a couple of minutes and work it out on your
whiteboards individually, by yourself. Lets read through the problem. The question
is 7 and times 2 and . Okay, now lets take a look at the answer choices weve
been given. A: 5. B: 10. C: 14 and . D: 18 and . And finally E: 37 and . Think
about how we solve mixed number multiplication.
The students will turn and talk to their neighbor about how they solved the problems.
The students will discuss as a table the problem.
The teacher will go through the problem with the students.
o Now, first, lets say that I want model this problem. What is my first step going to
be? What am I going to label my rectangle as? What is going to be my next step?
o Now, if I want to not model the problem, what am I going to do first? Then what?
o Someone give me an explanation of what this problem is really saying?
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Bell-ringer: Question #5 (5th Grade Bell Ringers from Interim 1 Assessment)
Math Spiral Notebooks
ELMO and Projector
Lesson 3 practice problems
Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers Assessment.
Student Devices
Kahoot.it: Multiplying Mixed Numbers and Fractions quiz

47

Fraction pieces (for differentiation)

Large paper and markers (for differentiation)

Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):

Revisions:
For students who are struggling with the concept, they can work one-on-one with the teacher or
in a small group focusing on visualizing the problem using fraction pieces and/or graph paper
and different colors to represent the equations.
Extensions:
For students who understand the concept quickly, they can work on exploring and creating
explanations of the process, why the multiplication steps work and/or why the visual model is the
way it is.
Data Analysis:
Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers Worksheet Analysis:
Answered 8-10 Questions Correctly: 10
Answered 5-7 Questions Correctly: 13
Answered 0-4 Questions Correctly (pull for morning intervention): 1
Reflection:
This lesson went well; the biggest issue that I noticed with their assessments was that
many of the students do not consider simplifying more than once. They will often simplify once
and then not check to make sure that they have simplified as far as they can. As far as the lesson,
I think that they were able to really understand the concept behind multiplying mixed numbers
and fractions as a combination of multiplying fractions and fractions and fractions and whole
numbers. I was a little uncertain about teaching the concepts in this order after understanding
that other teachers were teaching mixed numbers before whole numbers, but I think the students
really benefited from understanding it more conceptually after knowing fractions and whole
numbers.

3 /5 x /6 =
2

/7 x 4 /5 =
7

5 /10 x /8 =
1

12 /5 x /9 =

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

/7 x 3/4 = _____

6. 6

/8 x 7 1/2 = _____

7. 3

/6 x 2/9

= _____

8. 5

/8 x 2/3

= _____

1. 5

2.

3.

/9

4.

/5 x 6 2/9 = _____

5.

x5

/3

= _____

/7 x 7 2/3= _____

9.

10.

/10

/10

=_____

/2 x 5 2/5 = _____

/9 x 3 3/5= _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

/7 x 3/4 = 4 11/28

6. 6

/8 x 7 1/2 = 4 11/16

7. 3

/6 x 2/9

= 23/27

8. 5

/8 x 2/3

= 3 7/12

1. 5

2.

3.

/9

4.

/5 x 6 2/9 = 1 11/45

5.

x5

/3

= 1 7/9

/7 x 7 2/3= 6 4/7

9.

10.

/10

/10

= 6 3/100

/2 x 5 2/5 = 8 1/10

/9 x 3 3/5= 3 1/5

51

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems Date: February 29, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 45 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Use word problems to multiply fractions with 80% accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to multiply a fraction using a word problem.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly multiply fraction
equations using word problems with 4/5 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
The teacher will have the beginning of class routine posted on the board.
o Come in, take have your homework out, table leaders get your tables yellow folders
and whiteboards out.
The students will review the homework within their table group. The teacher will go through
problems where students disagreed on the answer.
o Take three minutes and share your answer with your table. If you get different
The students will take a review quiz on Kahoot.it to review the different types of fraction
multiplication problems.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

52

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will explain how to identify key words to look for when reading word problems
for multiplying fractions.
o Remember, when we are talking about multiplying fractions, we are really looking for
that question What is blank of blank? Thats what we have to do when we are
solving word problems as well.
The teacher will model finding the equation from the word problem and solving the resulting
equation.
o Jack in the Beanstalk has 512 magic beans. He will plant 5/8 beans and save the rest
for next year. How many beans did he plant?
o Know, I look at this question and Im going to highlight the important parts. I know
Im going to need the numbers, so Im highlighting 512 beans, we always label our
numbers, and 5/8 beans planted.
o When I look at this question, I can see that the real question is what is 5/8 of 512?
o When Im writing my equation, I know that I can replace the multiplication sign with
what? Of. Good, well the reverse is true. I can replace the of with what? A
multiplication sign. Yes.
o So, I end up with 5/8 x 512. I can solve this.
o What is my first step? Make my whole number a fraction.
o What is 512 as a fraction? 512/1
o What do I need to do next? Line up my fractions.
o Now what do I do? Multiply my numerators.
o What are my numerators? 512 and 5.
o What is 512 multiplied by 5? 2560
o Alright, now what do I do? Multiply my denominators.
o What are my denominators in this equation? 1 and 8
o What is 1 multiplied by 8? 8 good.
o Now what do I do? Put my numerator and denominator together.
o So I have 2560/8. Am I finished? No. What do I need to do now? Simplify.
o What type of fraction is this? An improper fraction.
o What do I do with improper fractions? I make them into mixed numbers.
o Work with a partner and find out what 2560/8 is as a mixed number. 320. Its
actually a whole number.
o Lets go back to our problem and see if that makes sense.
o Is it logical, or rational, that Jack would plant 320 beans? Yes!
o Do you think it would be rational or logical that Jack would plant a fraction of a
bean? I dont think so, that doesnt quite make sense.
o Now weve gotten our answer, lets write our summary sentence.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

53

o Jack in the Beanstalk planted 320 beans this year. My sentence fully answers the
question and Ive shown all of my work.
II. Opportunity for Practice:
The students will work in pairs to create three word problems involving multiplying
fractions. They will write out their solutions.
o Okay, now were going to do something a little different. Instead of me just giving
you the problems and you working with each other to solve them, you are going to be
creating the problems for yourselves and each other. You have 10 seconds to find a
partner. If you cannot find a partner in that time, then I will find one for you. Ready,
go.
o Once you have your partner, you are going to need two pieces of paper.
o In your neatest handwriting, you are going to create three multiplication fraction word
problems. On the other piece of paper, you are going to create your answer key,
solve your problems. Im going to give you 8 minutes to work.
The students will switch problems with another group and solve that team pairs problems.
o Alright, now when I say go you are going to exchange your problems with another
group. Keep your answers with you. You are going to work with your partner to
work out the other groups problems. Im going to give you another 8 minutes to
solve these. Ready, Go.
The students will meet back with the partners that they switched with and check to review
their problems.
o Now that everyone has finished solving, find the group who you switched problems
with and join up to be a group of four. Among your groups, discuss your answers and
how you solved the problems.
III. Assessment
The teacher will hand out the teacher-made assessment for the students to do as homework.
o Here is your homework. There are only five problems. I want to see all of your work
and your summary sentence. If you do not show your work, is it going to be correct?
No. If you do not simplify ALL THE WAY, is it going to be correct? No. If you do
not label, is it going to be correct? No.
The teacher will review the problems before the students work on them.
o Can I get someone to read the directions? Thank you.
IV. Closure:
The students will play word problem BINGO using the teacher made multiplying fractions
BINGO cards.
o Now, I think we have enough time to get one or two rounds of Bingo in before the
end of clas..

54

Materials and Resources:

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Word Problem Bingo cards and counters
Paper
ELMO and Projector
Graph Paper
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with understanding the concept will work one-on-one or in small
groups with the teacher on working through word problems using modeling.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept will work on creating a study guide Kahoot to be
shared during a review of the unit.
Data Analysis:
Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems Worksheet Analysis:
Answered 4-5 Questions Correctly: 23
Answered 2-3 Questions Correctly: 3
Answered 0-1 Questions Correctly (pull for morning intervention): 0
Reflection:
This lesson went really well. I stressed how important it is to understand what the
question is really asking. The students at first had a hard time understanding that and I really had
to model more than I had planned, but in the end it really helped and the students were able to
see what I meant when I was asking What is the real question here? I really wanted to make
sure they understood this lesson because I knew it would get very difficult once I moved to
division questions and didnt explicitly highlight whether the problem was multiplication or
division.

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems

Directions: Solve the problems below. Label and write your answers in the simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. The Smiths had 9/10 of a tank of gas before going on a road trip.
They used 3/5 of their gas on their trip. How much of a tank did
they use?

2. Nicole had 4/5 of a yard of fabric to make a scarf. She cut 3/10
of a yard off to make it the right size. How much fabric did she
cut?

3. Old McDonalds farm is 7/9 of an acre. If he plants 3/8 of the

farm with carrots, how many acres of the farm are planted with
carrots?

4. Susan has 7/8 of a pound of butter. She uses 2/3 of it to make

cookies. How much butter did she use?

5. Nikki was jogging for 5/7 of an hour. He ended up walking of

that time. How long did Nikki walk?

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems

Directions: Solve the problems below. Label and write your answers in the simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

6. The Smiths had 9/10 of a tank of gas before going on a road trip.
They used 3/5 of their gas on their trip. How much of a tank did
they use?
9/10 x 3/5 = 27/50 of a tank of gas
7. Nicole had 4/5 of a yard of fabric to make a scarf. She cut 3/10
of her fabric off to make it the right size. How much fabric did
she cut?
4/5 x 3/10 = 12/50 = 6/25 of a yard off.
8. Old McDonalds farm is 7/9 of an acre. If he plants 3/8 of the
farm with carrots, how many acres of the farm are planted with
carrots?
7/9 x 3/8 = 21/72 = 7/24 of an acre are planted with carrots.
9. Susan has 7/8 of a pound of butter. She uses 2/3 of it to make
cookies. How much butter did she use?
7/8 x 2/3 = 14/24 = 7/12 of a pound of butter.
10.

of that time. How long did Nikki walk?

5/7 x = 5/28 of an hour.

57

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Dividing Fractions and Fractions
Date: March 2, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 65 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Divide a fraction by a fraction with like and unlike denominators with 80% accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to divide a fraction by a fraction with like and unlike denominators.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly divide fractions by
fractions with 8/10 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
The teacher will direct the students through their beginning routine.
o Hi everyone, as you come in, write your homework down in your agenda, table
captains get your tables yellow folders and whiteboards. When you have your
whiteboard you can take out your fractions foldable.
The teacher will introduce the new learning target.
o So weve finally finished multiplying fractions and now, we start something even
more exciting: DIVIDING! Our new learning target is that I can divide fractions by
other fractions. What am I looking for? I know my fraction vocabulary, I can find
the reciprocal of a fraction, and I can multiply fractions.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

58

The teacher will create a KWL chart of what the students know about fractions and division,
what they want to know, and will finish up the lesson with a review of what they learned
about dividing fractions by fractions.
o So, before we get too far into Dividing Fractions, have you guys ever done a KWL
chart? No, well, we start with what you already know about dividing fractions or
fractions in general. Then, well talk about what you want to know about dividing
fractions. When we finish, well come back and talk about what we learned.
o Lets get started on what we already know about fractions and about dividing them.

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will introduce a new vocabulary word: Reciprocal and discuss what it means.
o Open your fraction foldable to the vocabulary section. You should have at least one
more space in your chart. In that last space you are going to add the word
Reciprocal. Does anyone have any idea what that word means? Reciprocal means
the opposite of a number. For example, if we have a fraction like 1/2, we are going to
flip it upside down and get the fraction 2/1 which equals two. So what is the
reciprocal of 1/2? 2. Excellent. What would the reciprocal be of 3/5? 5/3, which
simplifies to 1 and 2/5.
The teacher will guide the students through how to solve a division problem using a model of
the equation.
o Now that weve got our vocabulary taken care of, lets get to dividing fractions. Lets
think about what exactly it means to be dividing fractions. When we multiply
fractions, were really asking how many fractions of another number we have. For
example, 1/2 x 6 is really asking what 1/2 of 6 is. When we divide fractions and
another number, we are really asking how many times that fraction will go into a
number. For example, if my problem is 1/2 divided by 1/8, then what Im really
asking is how many 1/8ths will be in that 1/2. Lets model this. If I have a rectangle,
and I split it in half, because thats what I want to know first. Then, Im going to
break my rectangle into eighths. Now that Ive done that, how many of those eights
fit into that half? 4, absolutely.
The teacher will work through the step-by-step process of dividing two fractions using
multiplication and the reciprocal number.
o Alright, so now that we understand that concept behind what it really means to divide
fractions, lets find out the shortcut. Do we remember that new vocabulary word that
we just learned? Reciprocal. Well, here is where we are going to be using it. Take
out your foldable and turn to the Division flap. Just like we did with our
multiplication, we are going to write the steps out on the top flap and then have an
example in our bottom flap. Our first step is going to be to keep our first number the

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

59

same. Step 2 is to change the division sign to a multiplication sign. Our third step is
going to be to take the reciprocal of the second number. Step 4 is to solve the new
multiplication problem. What is always our last step when we have fractions? To
Simplify. Now for our example, lets take that same problem we modeled. 1/2
divided by 1/8. We are going to keep our 1/2, change our division sign to a
multiplication sign, and then take the reciprocal of 1/8, which is going to be 8/1. We
arent going to simplify this 8/1 yet, because now were multiplying and we want to
have two fractions to multiply together. Now that we have 1/2 x 8/1, what is our
answer going to be? 8/2. Which simplifies to 4/1, and we know that any number over
1 is a whole number, so we get 4. Thats the same number we got when we modeled
this problem, so we can check our answer that way. Fantastic!
II. Opportunity for Practice:
The students will work with a partner on their whiteboard to show the model of equations as
well as the multiplication of the reciprocal.
o Take your whiteboards and you are going to work with a partner to solve these
problems. You can model or use the reciprocal, whichever is going to make the most
sense to you. Make sure you are checking your work and simplifying all the way.
o 5 divided by 1/2.
o 3 divided by 1/3.
o 2 divided by 1/4.
o 7 divided by 2/3.
The class will come together to discuss the relationships between the fractions being divided
o So, what do you notice about the numbers within the equation and the quotients, the
III. Assessment
The teacher will have students pass out the assessment homework and review the problems.
o Coming around is your homework. I need someone to read aloud the instructions.
What was that last part? Show all of your work. That means everything! Make sure
you simplify as well. Looking over some of your other work, Ive noticed that many
of you simplify once and then dont go back and do so again. You need to be
checking to ensure that you have simplified all of the way.
IV. Closure:
The students will revisit their KWL chart and complete a sticky note with what they learned
during the lesson. On their way out, students will place their sticky note on the chart,
highlighting one thing they learned.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

60

o While youve been working Ive placed a sticky note at your desk. What I want you
to do is to write one thing that youve learned today on the note. Put your name on
the back of the note, on the sticky side. As you leave, you are going to put the sticky
note on the chart that we made earlier. What column do you think you are going to
place the note on? The L column, excellent.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Sticky notes
KWL chart
Graph paper
ELMO and Projector
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with understanding the concept will work one-on-one or in a small
group on modeling equations dividing fractions.
Extensions:
Students who really understand the concept will explore practical application for dividing
fractions in the real world.
Data Analysis:
Dividing Fractions Worksheet Analysis:
Answered 8-10 Questions Correctly: 25
Answered 5-7 Questions Correctly: 0
Answered 0-5 Questions Correctly (pull for morning intervention): 1
Reflection:
I was really surprised and proud of how well my students did on this lesson. Once I
discussed the reciprocal, they were able to make the connection between division and
multiplying fractions. I think conceptually they understood this more than multiplication of
fractions, understanding that you are dividing fractions among others and questioning how many
in, rather than of. My expectations were proved by the assessment data. I had a discussion with
the one student who missed five of the problems and he was able to sit down and explain the

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

61

material and why he made the mistakes he did. On the Assessment I ended up including some
division with whole numbers to see how they did and they were able to pick up on it very
quickly and use what they knew about multiplying with fractions and whole numbers to solve the
division with fractions and whole numbers. This makes me confident that I will not have to
spend as much time on the next lesson as I had planned, which is good because of time
constraints Im afraid that I will not have as much time to focus on division as I had originally
planned to have.

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions
Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

6.

/4

/4 = _____

/8 = _____

7.

/5

/4 = _____

3. 4

8.

/4

/6 = _____

4. 2

/2 = _____

9.

5. 6

/7 = _____

10. 9

1. 5

2. 3

/4 = _____

/6 = _____

/8

/4 = _____

/2 = _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions
Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

6.

/4

/4 = 3

/8 = 24

7.

/5

/4 = 2 2/5

3. 4

8.

/4

/6 = 4 1 /2

4. 2

/2 = 4

9.

5. 6

/7 = 42

10.

1. 5

2. 3

/4 = 20

/6 = 24

/8

/4 = 2 1 /2

/2

= 18

64

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Dividing Fractions and Whole Numbers
Date: March 2, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 55 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Divide a fraction and a whole number with 4 out of 6 accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to divide a unit fraction and a whole number.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly divide fractions
and whole numbers with 8/10 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
The teacher will read aloud the story The Multiplying Menace Divides by Pam Calvert.
o So, do we remember the story that I read aloud last week about how when you
multiply with fractions and whole numbers you get a smaller product? The one with
Rumpelstiltskin, right. Well, there is actually a sequel that goes along with what we
are going to be learning today. It is called The Multiplying Menace Divides. While
Im reading it, I want you to see if you can pull out any information that may give
you a clue about what we are going to be learning. Remember if you notice anything
interesting while were going through the story about what happens to the numbers.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

65

Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The students will take out their whiteboards, foldable, markers, and erasers.
o I need table leaders to get your tables whiteboards, erasers, and yellow folders out.
Remember, if you do not have a dry erase marker, you will need to use a pencil and
paper. Once you get your yellow folder, you need to take out your fraction foldable.
We are not going to be writing our notes on the lesson just yet. First, we are going to
be using a model. But, what do you think we are going to model? Yesterday we
learned about dividing fraction with other fractions. Today, we are going to learn
about dividing fractions and whole numbers.
The teacher will demonstrate how to solve an equation using a model.
o Now, remember what type of question Im really asking when I have a fractional
division equation? Im really asking how many in? Lets work through the
equation 4 divided by 1/3. What Im really asking with this equation is how many
1/3s in 4 wholes? Lets start with our model. Say that I have 4 cakes. I want to cut,
to divide, my cakes into 1/3s. How many friends am I going to be able to feed if they
all get 1/3? How many 1/3s in four cakes? There are 12 pieces of cake. I can feed
12 friends. There are 12 1/3s in four cakes.
The teacher will walk through how to divide an equation using multiplying and the
reciprocal.
o Now lets go use our shortcut methods in our foldable. What tab are we in?
Dividing, thats correct. Our first step is going to be to change our whole number into
a fraction. How do we make a whole number into a fraction? We make the
denominator one. Now I have a fraction divided by a fraction. We know how to do
that. We are going to keep our first number the same. Then we change the division
symbol to a multiplication symbol. Next, we take the reciprocal of the last number.
What does that mean? It means that we flip the number upside down. The numerator
becomes the denominator and the denominator becomes the numerator. Now, we
solve like we would a regular multiplication equation. We multiply our numerators,
multiply our denominators, and get our answer. Are we finished? No, what do we
always do for fraction equations? We Simplify.
o Lets use the same equation that we modeled earlier. I have 4 cakes that I want to cut
into 1/3 pieces and I want to know how many friends I can have if they each get one
piece. 4 divided by 1/3. My 4 gets turned into a fraction, making it 4/1. My division
symbol turns into a multiplication symbol. I take the reciprocal of 1/3, which is 3/1.
Now I line up my fractions and just multiply like a typical multiplication fraction
equation. Multiply my numerators, 4 x 3 equals 12. Multiply my denominators, 1 x 1
equals 1. I end up with 12/1. Any number with one as the denominator is really the
numerator as a whole number. 4 divided by 1/3 equals 12.

66

II. Opportunity for Practice:

The students will work with partner to divide fractions and whole numbers using both the
steps and the model of the equation.
o Im going to give you ten seconds to choose a partner. 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.
You should have your partner. You are going to use your whiteboards to work with
your partner to solve through these problems.
o 5 divided by
o 12 divided by 2/3
o 15 divided by 3/5
o 6 divided by
The teacher will walk through the equations with the students, using the equity sticks to call
on students for different problems.
o I am going to be using my sticks to call on you to walk through how you and your
partner solved each of the problems.
III. Assessment
The teacher will pass out the assessment and go over the problems with the class.
o Coming around is your homework page. You need to be sure that you show ALL of
your work and that you SIMPLIFY. These are the two biggest problems that Ive
been noticing that you guys have. Go back and double check your problems using
multiplication if you are unsure of your answer. I need someone to read the
instructions. Thank you.
o Now, lets take a look at what exactly Im asking you to complete.
IV. Closure:
The students will do a review Kahoot.it game to practice dividing fractions and fractions as
well as fractions and whole numbers.
o Because we have some time, you are going to take out your device and we can play a
quick round of Kahoot.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
The Multiplying Menace Divides by Pam Calvert
Graph Paper
ELMO and Projector

67

Student Devices
Kahoot.it

Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):

Revisions:
Students who are struggling with the concept will be able to work on a review Kahoot.it in a
small group with teacher assistance on working out problems.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept will be able to create their own challenging
kahoot.it questions to work on as a challenge review in a small group.
Data Analysis:
I ended up adding these problems in with the other assessment and the students were able
to solve them fairly easily, using what they knew about multiplication and applying it to division.
Reflection:
Due to time constraints I did not have time to fully teach this lesson and instead
combined some of the problems in my last lesson. Students were able to easily pick up on the
concepts and combine what they have learned about division and multiplication. Because the
standards do not cover this explicitly and the other math teachers were not teaching this
separately I felt confident in not having to spend a whole lesson on this material.

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

4. 2

/8 = _____

5. 6

6. 9

3. 4

/4 = _____

/6 = _____

/2 = _____

/7 = _____

/2 = _____

Name:

69

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

4. 2

/8 = 24

5. 6

6. 9

3. 4

/4 = 20

/6 = 24

/2 = 4

/7 = 42

/2 = 18

70

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers
Date: March 3, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 55 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Divide a unit fraction and a mixed number with like and unlike denominators with
80% accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to divide a fraction and a mixed number with like and unlike denominators.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly divide fractions
and mixed numbers with 8/10 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
The students will move through their beginning routine: take out their homework, team
leaders will get whiteboards and yellow folders, students will write out their homework in
their agendas.
o As you come in, make sure that you write down the homework. Table captains get
your tables yellow folders, whiteboards, and erasers. If you do not have a dry erase
marker, you need paper and a pencil.
The class will have a class discussion combining what they have learned about dividing
fractions with fractions, as well as whole numbers to predict what they think will happen

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

71

when they divide a fraction and a mixed number. The teacher will ask guiding questions to
promote the students discussion and critical thinking.
o What do we know about fractions and division? What have we learned so far?
o What are some vocabulary words that we need to know with division?
o Take a moment and think about what we do when we multiply fractions and mixed
numbers. How do you think that will relate to dividing fractions and mixed numbers?
o What do you think it means to be dividing fractions and mixed numbers?
o Can we make a prediction about what type of quotient we will get when we divide a
fraction and a mixed number? Will it be smaller than the fraction? Smaller than the
mixed number? Larger than the fraction? Larger than the mixed number? Why?
Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will model and explain how to solve an equation using a visual model.
o Lets go to our model first, and work through that before I show you the short cut.
Lets say that my equation is 3 divided by 2/3. What am I really asking here? I am
asking How many 2/3 in 3 and a half? Remember, this is not multiplication, I am
not asking what is 2/3 of 3 and a half?
o What number do you think Im going to start off with? 3 and , good, why?
Because it is the first part of my equation. This is division; we cannot use the
commutative formula. Im going to draw 3 and 1/2 cakes using my graph paper.
Now, Im going to DIVIDE my cakes into 2/3. How many 2/3 did I end up with?
21/4. Now, when I write that as my answer, is that how Im going to leave it? No, I
have to simplify. Now, I can see that this is an improper fraction, so I know that it
has to be changed to be a mixed number. I can divide 4 into 21 5 times, so 5 is going
to be my whole number. 4 x 5 is 20, 21 20 equals 1, and I put that over the same
denominator, and end up with 5 and 1/4. I know that 3 and divided by 2/3 equals 5
and . Turn and talk with your partner about how the quotient, the answer, relates to
the other numbers in the equation. Did it match the predictions we made earlier?
The teacher will indicate where the students are working in their foldable.
o Alright, are we ready to learn the shortcut? Good. Take your foldable out of your
yellow folder and where do you think we are going to be working? In the Division
Tab. And weve already filled up our first two columns, so its pretty obvious where
we are going to be writing.
The teacher will work through the steps to solve an equation without a model.
o Our first step is going to be to change our mixed number into a fraction. What type
of fraction will it be? An improper fraction. How do we make a mixed number into
an improper fraction? We multiply the denominator by the whole number, add it to
the numerator, and then place that number over the same denominator. Remember to

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

72

think about it like a circle. Now I have a fraction divided by a fraction. We know
how to do that. We are going to keep our first number the same. Then we change the
division symbol to a multiplication symbol. Next, we take the reciprocal of the last
number. What does that mean? It means that we flip the number upside down. The
numerator becomes the denominator and the denominator becomes the numerator.
Now, we solve like we would a regular multiplication equation. We multiply our
numerators, multiply our denominators, and get our answer. Are we finished? No,
what do we always do for fraction equations? We have to Simplify.
o Lets work through the same example we modeled earlier. 3 and divided by 2/3.
My first step is to change that mixed number into an improper fraction. 3 x 2 = 6,
6+1 = 7. Put 7 over the same denominator of 2. Now I have 7/2 divided by 2/3. We
know how to divide a fraction and a fraction. We keep the first number the same, 7/2,
change that division symbol into a multiplication sign, and get the reciprocal of 2/3,
which is 3/2. Now I have a fraction multiplied by a fraction. Multiply our
numerators, 7 x 3 = 21. Multiply our denominators, 2 x 2 = 4. 21/4 am I done? No.
What kind of fraction do I have? An improper fraction. And how do I simplify
those? I make them into a mixed number. How many times can I put 4 into 21? 5
times. 5 x 4 = 20. 21 20 = 1. I have 5 and . Is that the same answer that I got
when I modeled?

II. Opportunity for Practice:

Students will work on practice problems with partners on their whiteboard, both with steps
and with modeling. While students are working through the problems, the teacher will
circulate to ensure students are staying on task.
o Now, I want you to work with your table members and solve this problem using
modeling. 4 and pizzas were divided into pizzas. How many pizzas were
there? 4 and divided by =
o Solve this problem using the short cut method to check your work.
o Solve this problem using modeling and the shortcut method to check.
The teacher will work through the problems with the students using the equity sticks to have
students contribute to different parts of the problem solving.
III. Assessment
The teacher will have the assessment handed out to do as homework.
o Coming around is your homework. Once you get your paper make sure to put your
name, date and number on the top. If it doesnt have your name on it than you will
not be getting a grade on it. I need one person to read the directions out loud. Make
sure that you simplify all the way. Check using the shortcut method. A lot of us have
trouble make improper fractions mixed numbers and making mixed numbers

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

73

improper fractions, so its really important that you take your time and check your
work.
The students will review the problems as a class before working on them individually.
o Lets take a look at the problems that you need to complete.

IV. Closure:
Students will play Fraction Bingo as a way to review dividing fractions and fractions,
fractions and whole numbers, and fractions and mixed numbers.
o We have some time before the end of class, so we can get a couple of games of
BINGO in. This BINGO game has multiple types of equations in, dividing fractions
with fractions, fractions and whole numbers, and fractions and mixed numbers.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
ELMO and Projector
Graph Paper
Fraction Bingo Cards
Bingo counters
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with the concept will work to create their own bingo cards to be
used as a review for the test.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept will create a poster with a verbal explanation of
what it means to divide a fraction and a mixed number.
Data Analysis:

Reflection:
Due to time constraints I was not able to teach this lesson explicitly, but I reviewed the
material with the students and they did very well. The only issue they had was with simplifying,
something that has been a bit of an issue throughout the unit, though it is something they should

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

have been proficient last year with simplifying fractions. This has been my focus during
intervention with many students.

74

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

3. 4

/8 1/4 = _____

4. 2

/8 = _____

5. 6

/2 1/6 = _____

6. 9

/2

/7 1/2 = _____

/6 1/7 = _____

/6 1/2 = _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

3. 4

/8 1/4 = 20 1/2

4. 2

/8 = 28

5. 6

/2 1/6 = 27

6. 9

/2

/7 1/2 = 4 6/7

/6 1/7 = 47 5/6

/6 1/2 = 18 1/3

77

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Dividing Fractions with Word Problems
Date: March 4, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 55 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Use word problems to divide fractions with 80% accuracy.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to divide a fraction using a word problem.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher created problem sheet, students will be able to correctly divide fractions
using word problems with 4/5 accuracy to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
Students will follow their beginning routine: take out their yellow folders, get whiteboards,
erasers, homework out, and fraction foldable out.
Students will review dividing a fraction and a fraction, fraction and whole number, and
fraction and mixed number with a review Kahoot.it game.
Learning Design:
I. Teaching:

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

78

The teacher will explain how to identify key words to look for when reading word problems
for dividing fractions.
The teacher will model finding the equation from the word problem.

II. Opportunity for Practice:

The students will work in pairs to create three word problems involving multiplying
fractions. They will write out their solutions.
The students will switch problems with another group and solve that team pairs problems.
The students will meet back with the partners that they switched with and check to review
their problems.
III. Assessment
The teacher will hand out the teacher-made assessment for the students to do as homework.
The teacher will review the problems before the students work on them.
IV. Closure:
The students will play word problem BINGO.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with concept will work one-on-one or in small groups with the
teacher to highlight and analyze word problems to find the equation.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept will create their own division word problems when
Data Analysis:

Reflection:

79

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Multiplying and Dividing Fraction Word Problems
Date: March 7, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 40 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1. Compare and contrast solving word problems multiplying and dividing fractions.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will be able to understand the difference between multiplying and dividing word problems with
fractions.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
When given a teacher made assessment, students will score to be considered proficient.
Engagement:
Students will go through their beginning routine: table captains will get out their yellow
folders and whiteboards, and students will have their homework out to go over while settling
in.
The teacher will have students decide whether a word problem is multiplying or dividing.
Learning Design:

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

80

I. Teaching:
The class will discuss what they know about multiplying and dividing fractions with word
problems.
The teacher will model how to justify their answers using word problems.
II. Opportunity for Practice:
Students will play Kahoot.it to work out whether a word problem is asking to multiply or
divide.
III. Assessment
The teacher will hand out the assessment and review the problems before the students work
on the problems individually as homework.
IV. Closure:
The students will revisit the word problems from the beginning of class and be able to
understand the differences between multiplying and dividing the word problems.
Students will solve the problems.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Green and Red cards
Word problems
Kahoot.it
Student devices
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with understanding the concept will work one-on-one or in a small
group to create their own fraction word problems and then work to understand the concept of
how to put multiplying and dividing fraction equations into word problems.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept will work to turn multiplying fraction word
problems into dividing fraction word problems and vice versa.
Data Analysis:

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Reflection:
Due to time constraints I was not able to teach this lesson.

81

82

Design for Learning

Instructor: Rachael Celia
Lesson Title: Catering Fractions
Date: March 9, 2016
Curriculum Area: Mathematics
Estimated Time: 90 minutes
Standards Connection:
ALEX 5th Grade Mathematics:
14.) Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole
number by a fraction. [5-NF4]
16.) Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by
using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5-NF6]
17.) Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole
numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can
develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between
multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at
Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to:
1) Apply multiplying and dividing fractions into a real world investigation with 75%
accuracy using the project rubric.
Learning Objective(s) stated in kid-friendly language:
I will multiply and divide fractions in a real-world scenario.
Evaluation of Learning Objective(s):
Students will be able to complete two letters outlining and justifying their work with 75%
accuracy to be considered accurate.
Engagement:
The teacher and students will brainstorm what they know about multiplying and dividing
fractions in real world settings.
o Come in and get settled, we have a lot to go over today. At your tables are pieces of
paper with a thought cloud in them. What you are going to do as a group is take 5
minutes and brainstorm with your group what you know about multiplying and
dividing fractions in the real world. This can be examples, what you know about
multiplying and dividing, anything that comes to mind when youre read this phrase
Multiplication and Division of Fractions in the Real World Think about some of
the practice problems that we have had over the past couple of weeks. Also think

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

83

about anything that you may have noticed or remembered if you had an experience
where you used fractions and division or multiplication.
Learning Design:
I. Teaching:
The teacher will split the students into groups of two and three to work on the investigation.
o I am going to split us up into groups of three by pulling your equity sticks in threes.
Dont get up and move yet, just take note of who you are going to be working with.
The teacher will introduce the 1st letter, recipes, and ingredients list using the ELMO.
o Alright, lets take a look at this letter that I have. (The teacher will read the letter and
highlight the important information).
o Get up and get into your groups, make sure you spread out. Once you have found a
spot, one person from each group come up and get your papers. The only paper that
you should write on is your scratch paper and your letter template. Do not write on
my ratings booklet, ingredient list, or recipes.
o So, what we need to do to help the catering company is to figure out how to convert
these recipes to serve 200 people. We need to know how much that is going to cost
for each recipe, how many ingredients we need to buy, and then consider the ratings.
All of these factors need to be included in your explanation.
The teacher will introduce the 2nd letter, recipes, and ingredients list.
o So now that we have a good understanding of how to work with these recipes and
ingredients, theyve thrown us a curveball. Now we find out that there are going to
be some vegetarians at the party. Are vegetarians going to be eating meatballs?
Nope. They need vegeballs. You have to figure out how to get 10 servings of
vegetarian meatballs and how much they are going to cost. Again, tell me which
recipes to use and why.
II. Opportunity for Practice:
The students will work in their groups to work through the problems.
The teacher will circulate while the students are working.
o I will be coming around if you have any questions while youre working. Before you
ask me anything, make sure that there isnt someone in your group who can help you
first. Thats why we are working in groups.
III. Assessment
The students will work on their final letter to the catering company individually.
o Lets take a look at our rubric once more and see what I am looking for when I am
going to be grading your letters. (the teacher will project the rubric on the ELMO and

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

84

read through the categories and discuss what a 4 is in each category). I know that you
can all get a 24 out of 24 on this. Remember, I am counting neatness as well!
IV. Closure:
The students will have a class congress to share and discuss their results and conclusions.
o Before we get up and start switching partners and groups, here is what we are going
to do. You are going to find 2 people who were not in your group and you are going
to pair up with them. You are going to share your final list and justification and
explanation. Discuss why you did what you did and how you feel about each others
methods for solving this issue.
While the students are sharing, the teacher will Circulate and listen to the conversations and
offering input on the methodologies or keep the conversations moving between groups.
Materials and Resources:
Fractions Foldable
Concept Maps for brainstorm
Pencils
Equity Sticks/cards
Cumulative Catering Activity
o Student Letter Templates
o Ingredient List 1 and 2
o Recipes 1 and 2
o Letters from the company
o Rubric
Paper
ELMO and Projector
Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):
Revisions:
Students who are struggling with the concept can work on the splitting candy bars activity to
enhance their understanding of the concept.
Extensions:
Students who quickly understand the concept can research their own recipes and determine how
to edit the recipe for numerous people and compare ingredients.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

85

Data Analysis:
According to the Rubric
20-24 Points: 20
15-19 Points: 5
10-14 Points: 2
5-9 Points (Pull for Intervention): 0
4 Points (Pull for Intervention): 0
Reflection:
I feel like I definitely learned more than my students for this lesson. Overall I really
liked the lesson and I will definitely do this project again if Im able, but there were a lot of
changes that Id make if I were to do this again. I think many of the students really needed
some more structure in this lesson, and I ended up giving them much more time than I had
originally planned. I think they enjoyed this project and it really helped them to explain
their thinking.

Section 3
Assessment

86

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

87

Summary Page
In working with the assessments, I found it a little difficult to offer a wide variety of
assessments. The majority of the class time needed to be focused on the teaching and practicing
of the content rather than the assessment. My solution was to have the majority of the
assessments be done as homework, as a way to cement what students have learned. It also
helped me to see how the students solved the problems and identify specific areas of difficulty.
While I am typically not a supporter of homework, for the purpose of this unit it was
required to have tangible data for assessments. I made sure while working with my cooperating
teacher and team that the assigned problems would not take the students a long time to complete
but would still give them extra problems. I also made sure that the problems were similar to
ones that we covered in class. The assessments were also helpful to use with students during
Intervention as a way to see what the students were able to do on their own and where the focus
skills of the intervention needed to be.
For quick checks during the lesson, Im a bit proponent of the thumbs up, thumbs
sideways, or thumbs down method of quickly assessing how students feel about the material.
This particular method is difficult to script because I use it mainly when I feel that not all of my
students are comfortable with the material and dont want to ask questions. After taking not of
which students have a thumbs sideways and thumbs down, I like to ask the sideways students
what exactly they are unsure about and usually it is something that I can quickly clear up. I like
to go to the students who are completely lost while the other students are working individually or
in partners and talk with them about what is troubling them so much. I feel that this does not put
them in the spot and makes students more comfortable with sharing that they are not confident
with the material. In my class with very high achievers, the students can sometimes react badly

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

88

when another student gets an answer or a concept incorrect. While in an ideal classroom with a
carefully constructed failure free environment this would not be an issue, the reality with my
students was that they did not follow this idea and there was not much I could do in two weeks to
completely erase that behavior. It is important that students are comfortable with sharing that
they do not understand rather than waiting to see it in the assessment and not being able to focus
that much time on the material needed to be reviewed.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

89

Assessment Matrix
Lesson #

Lesson Objective

Students will be able to

multiply a fraction by a
fraction with like and unlike
denominators with 80%
accuracy.
Students will be able to
multiply a fraction and a
whole number with 80%
accuracy

Students will be able to

multiply a fraction and a
mixed number using like
and unlike denominators
with 6/8 accuracy.
Students will be able to use
word problems to multiply
fractions with 80%
accuracy.

Students will be able to

divide a fraction and a
fraction with 80% accuracy.

Students will be able to

divide a fraction and a
whole number with 80%
accuracy.

Students will be able to

divide a unit fraction and a
mixed number with like and
unlike denominators with
80% accuracy.

Formative Assessment
Using a teacher-made Kahoot quiz,
students will answer fraction
multiplied by a fraction problems
with at least 80% accuracy.

Summative
Assessment
4, 5, 10, 11

When given a teacher created

problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly multiply fractions and
whole numbers with 8/10 accuracy
to be considered proficient.
When given a teacher made
assessment, students will answer 6/8
questions correctly to be considered
proficient.

1, 3, 6, 7, 9

When given a teacher created

problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly multiply fraction
equations using word problems with
4/5 accuracy to be considered
proficient.
When given a teacher created
problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly divide fractions and
whole numbers with 8/10 accuracy
to be considered proficient.
When given a teacher created
problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly divide fractions and
whole numbers with 8/10 accuracy
to be considered proficient.
When given a teacher created
problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly divide fractions and
mixed numbers with 8/10 accuracy
to be considered proficient.

1, 3, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

12

2, 8, 13, 14,
15, 16

8

Students will be able to use

word problems to divide
fractions with 80%
accuracy.

Students will be able to

compare and contrast
solving word problems
multiplying and dividing
fractions.
Students will be able to
apply multiplying and
dividing fractions into a real
world investigation with
75% accuracy using the
project rubric.

10

90

When given a teacher created

problem sheet, students will be able
to correctly divide fractions using
word problems with 4/5 accuracy to
be considered proficient.
When given a teacher made
assessment, students will score 3 out
of 4 questions to be considered
proficient.

2, 8

Students will be able to complete

two letters outlining and justifying
their work with 75% accuracy to be
considered accurate.

1, 2, 3, 8, 10,
11

1, 2, 3, 8, 10,
11, 13

Pre-Assessment

91

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Name:
_____________________________Date:________________#:______________
Adding and Subtracting Fractions Quiz

92

93

94

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

95

Divide the line below into third and sixths. Label all fractions.
______________________________________________________________________________

96

Name:

Date:

97

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your work in
the space below the problem

1. 6/7 x 3 = _____

6. 6 x 9/10 = _____

2. 5/8 x 7 = _____

7. 3 x 2/9 = _____

3. 3/9 x 5 = _____

8. 5 x 2/3 = _____

4. 1/5 x 6 = _____

9. 3/2 x 5 = _____

5. 6/7 x 7 = _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your work in
the space below the problem

1. 6/7 x 3 = 24/7

6. 6 x 9/10 = 52/5

2. 5/8 x 7 = 43/8

7. 3 x 2/9 = 2/3

3. 3/9 x 5 = 12/3

8. 5 x 2/3 = 31/3

4. 1/5 x 6 = 11/5

9. 3/2 x 5 = 71/2

5. 6/7 x 7 = 6

10.

/9 x 3 = 22/3

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

/7 x 3/4 = _____

6. 6

/8 x 7 1/2 = _____

7. 3

/6 x 2/9

= _____

8. 5

/8 x 2/3

= _____

1. 5

2.

3.

/9

4.

/5 x 6 2/9 = _____

5.

x5

/3

= _____

/7 x 7 2/3= _____

9.

/10

/10

=_____

/2 x 5 2/5 = _____

10. 10.

/9 x 3 3/5= _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

/7 x 3/4 = 4 11/28

6. 6

/8 x 7 1/2 = 4 11/16

7. 3

/6 x 2/9

= 23/27

8. 5

/8 x 2/3

= 3 7/12

1. 5

2.

3.

/9

4.

/5 x 6 2/9 = 1 11/45

5.

x5

/3

= 1 7/9

/7 x 7 2/3= 6 4/7

9.

/10

/10

= 6 3/100

/2 x 5 2/5 = 8 1/10

10. 10.

/9 x 3 3/5= 3 1/5

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems

Directions: Solve the problems below. Label and write your answers in the simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. The Smiths had 9/10 of a tank of gas before going on a road trip.
They used 3/5 of their gas on their trip. How much of a tank did
they use?

2. Nicole had 4/5 of a yard of fabric to make a scarf. She cut 3/10
of a yard off to make it the right size. How much fabric did she
cut?

3. Old McDonalds farm is 7/9 of an acre. If he plants 3/8 of the

farm with carrots, how many acres of the farm are planted with
carrots?

4. Susan has 7/8 of a pound of butter. She uses 2/3 of it to make

cookies. How much butter did she use?

5. Nikki was jogging for 5/7 of an hour. He ended up walking of

that time. How long did Nikki walk?

Name:

Date:

#:

Multiplying Fractions with Word Problems

Directions: Solve the problems below. Label and write your answers in the simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. The Smiths had 9/10 of a tank of gas before going on a road trip.
They used 3/5 of their gas on their trip. How much of a tank did
they use?
9/10 x 3/5 = 27/50 of a tank of gas
2. Nicole had 4/5 of a yard of fabric to make a scarf. She cut 3/10
of her fabric off to make it the right size. How much fabric did
she cut?
4/5 x 3/10 = 12/50 = 6/25 of a yard off.
3. Old McDonalds farm is 7/9 of an acre. If he plants 3/8 of the
farm with carrots, how many acres of the farm are planted with
carrots?
7/9 x 3/8 = 21/72 = 7/24 of an acre are planted with carrots.
4. Susan has 7/8 of a pound of butter. She uses 2/3 of it to make
cookies. How much butter did she use?
7/8 x 2/3 = 14/24 = 7/12 of a pound of butter.
5. Nikki was jogging for 5/7 of an hour. He ended up walking of
that time. How long did Nikki walk?
5/7 x = 5/28 of an hour.

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions
Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

6.

/4

/4 = _____

/8 = _____

7.

/5

/4 = _____

3. 4

8.

/4

/6 = _____

4. 2

/2 = _____

9.

5. 6

/7 = _____

10. 9

1. 5

2. 3

/4 = _____

/6 = _____

/8

/4 = _____

/2 = _____

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions
Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

6.

/4

/4 = 3

/8 = 24

7.

/5

/4 = 2 2/5

3. 4

8.

/4

/6 = 4 1 /2

4. 2

/2 = 4

9.

5. 6

/7 = 42

10. 9

1. 5

2. 3

/4 = 20

/6 = 24

/8

/4 = 2 1 /2

/2 = 18

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

4. 2

/8 = _____

5. 6

6. 9

3. 4

/4 = _____

/6 = _____

/2 = _____

/7 = _____

/2 = _____

Name:

106

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Whole Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

4. 2

/8 = 24

5. 6

6. 9

3. 4

/4 = 20

/6 = 24

/2 = 4

/7 = 42

/2 = 18

Name:

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

3. 4

/8 1/4 = _____

4. 2

/8 = _____

5. 6

/2 1/6 = _____

6. 9

/2

/7 1/2 = _____

/6 1/7 = _____

/6 1/2 = _____

Name:

108

Date:

#:

Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Directions: Solve the problems below. Write your answers in the lowest/simplest form
possible. Change improper fractions answers to mixed numbers if needed. Show all of your
work in the space below the problem.

1. 5

2. 3

3. 4

/8 1/4 = 20 1/2

4. 2

/8 = 28

5. 6

/2 1/6 = 27

6. 9

/2

/7 1/2 = 4 6/7

/6 1/7 = 47 5/6

/6 1/2 = 18 1/3

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Summative Evaluation

109

110

5th Grade Multiplying and Dividing Fractions Test

Name: _________________________________________
Class: _________________________________________
Date: _________________________________________
Test Instructions: Work out all test questions and select the correct answer for each questions on the
paper copy
1. Mr. Hanson has 7 pieces of construction paper to be used for an art project in his class. The paper is
divided among 4 students.

A.
of the paper
B.
papers
C.
papers
D.
papers

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

111

2. Four friends went to dinner. They shared three pizzas equally. What portion of a pizza did each person
eat?

A.
of a pizza
B.
of a pizza
C.
of a pizza
D.
of a pizza

3.
Of the 45 houses on Bridlewood Drive,
Drive have swingsets?
A. 15 houses
B. 3 houses
C. 5 houses
D. 30 houses

x
A.
B.
C.
D.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

112

5. Evaluate.
2/5 x 4/7

a.
b.
c.
d.

8/35

2/3
7/10

6. Which symbol corectly completes and explains the number sentence below?

x 20 ______ 20
A.
>, because multiplying any number by

results in a product that is less than the original number

B. <, because multiplication results in a product that is greater than the original number
C. >, because multiplication results in a product that is greater than the original number
D. <, because multiplying any number by results in a product that is less than the original number

7. Mr. Pratts class is multiplying 9 x 2/3.

How can the class determine before multiplying how the product compares to 9?
a. The answer is less than 9 because the class is multiplying by a fraction.
b. The answer is less than 9 because the class is multiplying by a number less than 1.
c. The answer is greater than 9 because multiplying always creates a larger number.
d. The answer is greater than 9 because 9 x 2 = 18.
8.

of a pie and she needed to give it to 3 people. How much pie would each person get?

A.
of a pie
B.
of a pie
C.
of a pie
D.
of a pie

9. Johnny had 20 marbles. If he sold of them, how many marbles did he sell?
a. 80 marbles

b. 5 marbles

c. 1/5 of a marble

d. 1/80 of a marble

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

10.
In Tom's refrigerator, of the cans are orange soda. of those orange soda cans are cold. What
fraction of all the cans in the refrigerator are cold orange soda?
A.
of the cans
B.
of the cans
C.
of the cans
D.
of the cans

11. Paris spent 2/7 of her day at school. If 1/5 of her school day was spent in her math class,
what fraction of Paris entire day was spent in math class?
a.
b.
c.
d.

17/35 of her day

3/35 of her day
2/35 of her day
7/10 of her day

12. A recipe uses 1 and tablespoons of sugar for a serving. How many tablespoons of sugar are
needed for 6 servings?
a. 4 and 4/5 tablespoons

b. 6 and tablespoons

113

13. Mary Kate cut 3 boards into three equal pieces.

Which equation represents the number of pieces Mary Kate has now?
A.
B.
C.
D.

114

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

14. Which fraction model represents the expression below?

A.

B.

C.

D.

4 1/3
a.
B.

C.

d.

115

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

116

16. Thomas wants to divide a 6-slice pizza into smaller slices for his friends. If Thomas divides each
slice by 1/3, how many slices will he have?
a. 2 slices
b. 9 slices
c. 12 slices
d. 18 slices

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Summative Assessment Answer Key
1. D
2. D
3. A
4. B
5. A
6. D
7. A or B
8. D
9. B
10. A
11. C
12. D
13. A
14. D
15. C
16. D

117

118

Summative Evaluation Data

Less than 75%
75-79%

80-89%

90-100%

I thought that this data accurately reflected student learning. Overall my students did
very well. The three students who scored a 75% were absent for the entire first week of the unit
and though we worked to catch them up, I think their absence was visible in their results.
If I were to use this assessment in the future, I think that I would have changed the
formatting. Because the assessment was taken from the computerized assessment bank, the
formatting did not transfer very well and I think a lot of the students were intimidated by the
multiple pages of the assessment rather than the questions themselves.

Section 4
Students

119

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

120

Summary Page
My classroom was a fairly homogeneous class. Due to my school being
departmentalized, my classes were broken up by ability level and the class that I wrote this unit
for was made up of students the majority of whom were in the Gifted and Talented Education
program. The remaining students were consistently high achievers. This made considering
diversity difficult. The majority of students were from traditional, middle class families. In my
other classes, the lessons were differentiated to the point that many of them ended up looking
quite different from my original lesson plans, therefore I wrote and took data from my
homeroom class who moved at the pace and with the expected material that I planned for.
I like to use a variety of grouping methods to ensure that students arent being left out.
For the groupings I mainly used the equity sticks pulled out in groups of however many students
I wanted in a group. My cooperating teacher also had playing cards made specifically for
grouping students and I used these occasionally, but found that this took longer than I had
planned for. My class as a whole tended to work with each other well and so I felt confident in
letting them choose their own groups many times.
I observed and found that technology and challenges really motivated my students. They
really enjoy getting to use their own technology in the classroom and using that as a motivation
to focus and move through the lesson at an appropriate pace really helped them stay focused.
Offering problems specifically identified as challenging problems is also a way to ensure that
they are motivated to think critically and apply their learning. With a class of such high
achievers and competitive students they thrive with the prospect of a challenge and are incredibly
motivated and feel accomplished when they successfully complete or explain a challenge. The
question why is a good way to get them to think critically and move beyond the answers they

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

121

think that I am looking for. It is not enough that they are able to find the answer, they need to be
able to communicate why.
One thing that I think really helps ensure that all my students have the opportunity to be
successful is that in the morning there is a time set aside for Intervention groups. During this
time, it is easy to pull students with specific concerns and work with them one on one or in small
groups to correct any misunderstandings or clarify the concepts and materials. This is helpful
because it is not detracting the student from other academic work and doesnt interfere with their
Specials or Recess, the common time to review material in other schools. Students who have to
miss Specials or Recess are often not going to be accepting of additional help, but rather be
resentful, and it is not fair to other teachers to interrupt their own academic classes. All students
have the ability to be successful; some just need different explanations of the material or
additional practice that should not come with a cost to their other subjects or their enjoyment.

122

Multiple Intelligences Graphic Organizer

Group Work
Class Discussions
Partner Work
Individual Assignments
One-on-One instruction

Visual/Spatial

Paper

Naturalist

Problems applicable to outside

learning.
Assessments can be done outdoors

Verbal/Linguistic

Class Discussions
Turn and Talks

Logical/Mathematical

Mathematical Concept
Mathematical Reasoning and Critical
Thinking

Musical

Musical rhymes and rhythms in the

books

Bodily/Kinesthetic

Interpersonal

Intrapersonal

123

Extensions

Revisions

For students who have a firm understanding of

the concept and finish early can work on
creating anchor charts for the classroom on
ways to visualize multiplying fractions by
fractions.

For students struggling with understanding the

concept, the teacher will work with them either
one-on-one or in a small group during
Intervention. The students will use
manipulatives and visual models of the fraction
equations to understand the basic concepts of
multiplying fractions.

For students who already have a firm

understanding of the concept, they could create
visual models of how one could understand
multiplying fractions and whole numbers,
working step by step to explain their modeling
and thinking.

For students who are struggling with

understanding the concept, during Intervention
they will work either one-on-one with the
teacher or in a small group with using visual
models to visualize the concept of multiplying
whole numbers and fractions to get a smaller
product.
For students who are struggling with the
concept, they can work one-on-one with the
teacher or in a small group focusing on
visualizing the problem using fraction pieces
and/or graph paper and different colors to
represent the equations.
Students who are struggling with the concept
can work on the splitting candy bars activity to
enhance their understanding of the concept.

For students who understand the concept

quickly, they can work on exploring and
creating explanations of the process, why the
multiplication steps work and/or why the
visual model is the way it is.
Students who quickly understand the concept
can research their own recipes and determine
how to edit the recipe for numerous people and
compare ingredients.
Students who quickly understand the concept
will work to turn multiplying fraction word
problems into dividing fraction word problems
and vice versa.

Students who are struggling with

understanding the concept will work one-onone or in a small group to create their own
fraction word problems and then work to
understand the concept of how to put
multiplying and dividing fraction equations
into word problems.
Students who quickly understand the concept
Students who are struggling with concept will
will create their own division word problems
work one-on-one or in small groups with the
when given the answer.
teacher to highlight and analyze word problems
to find the equation.
Students who quickly understand the concept
Students who are struggling with the concept
will create a poster with a verbal explanation of will work to create their own bingo cards to be
what it means to divide a fraction and a mixed used as a review for the test.
number.
Students who quickly understand the concept
Students who are struggling with the concept
will be able to create their own challenging
will be able to work on a review Kahoot.it in a
kahoot.it questions to work on as a challenge
small group with teacher assistance on working

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

review in a small group.

out problems.

124

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

125

Literacy Strategies
Strategy

Used in Lessons

Think Aloud

Evidenced when modeling out loud during teaching

portion of the lessons.

Summarizing

Evidenced when reviewing past material as well as

when reading the two books used during this unit.

Evidenced when students turn and talk with their partner

and then share what their partner has said after taking a
moment to consider the problem.
On KWL Chart when students are asked to write one
item they learned and place it on the chart before leaving
class.
Understanding what a word problem is really asking and
applying it to the mathematical equations

Exit Slips

Comprehension Check

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

126

ELL Accommodations
While none of my classes had any students with limited language proficiency, my unit can easily
be adapted to accommodate those students. With mathematics, it is often easier for students with
this limited proficiency to understand

Assessment directions read aloud

Vocabulary defined in multiple ways
Unclear words clarified during instruction
Partner work
One-on-One or small group revision instruction
Written and verbal instructions
Highlighting of key words or phrases on handouts

Section 5
Technology

127

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

128

Summary Page
In a school where students do not all have equal access to technology, it can be hard to
fully integrate it into the lesson plans. Throughout my unit, I did not have access to the gradelevel cart of chrome books. Thankfully many of the students have access to their own, personal
devices. That in combination to the two classroom desktops helped me be able to incorporate
technology more than I would have been able to otherwise.
The main technological instrument that I plan to utilize is the ELMO. Due to the set-up
of the classroom it is difficult to teach from the front of the room and ensure that all students are
focused on me. Using the ELMO I can more easily survey the students and ensure that they can
see the enhanced and zoomed in images of my modeling, notes, and equations.
The other Technology component that I most utilized was Kahoot. My students are very
competitive with each other and with themselves. Kahoot allows them to compete against the
clock, with their class, without embarrassing anyone, and allows the students to use their devices
in school, which they really enjoy. It also provides extensive feedback for the teacher and is
editable, making it a good tool for differentiating between my classes and small groups.

129

Technology Chart
Technology
ELMO
Student Devices
Projector
Kahoot

Lesson
1-10
1, 3, 6, 9
1-10
1, 3, 6, 9

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Section 6
Cross Curricular Standards

130

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

131

Summary Page
One of the biggest difficulties with Mathematics is that the concepts do not often transfer
to many other academic subjects. Being in a departmentalized school helped in being able to
focus purely on the mathematics. Working with the Science teachers, I did note that there is a lot
of math that the students are tested on during the ACT Aspire tests they take. This helped me be
able to make some connections with the Science classes, though it did not necessarily connect to
what the students are currently learning in class.
The biggest concept that can be used when discussing fractions is growth. Fractions have
an effect on numbers when they are multiplied or divided, be those numbers other fractions,
whole numbers, or mixed numbers. The product or quotient will be either larger or smaller in
relationship to the numbers used. Students need to be able to apply their critical thinking to
understand why.

132

Cross Curricular Connections

Subject
Science

Standard
11.) Compare distances from the sun to
planets in our solar system.
Relating the size of Earth to the size
of other planets in our solar system
Identifying technology used to study
planets
Examples: Hubble telescope, space
probes, Mars Exploration Rover

Objective
Students will
compare
objects in the
solar system
using
fractional
relationships.

Activity
Use scale to
measure the
distances
between
objects and
the Sun.

Assessment
Students will
create a chart
of the solar
system with
the distances of
the objects
from the Sun
and each other
measured and
stated using
fractional
relationships.

Music

3.) Play rhythm patterns, including

triplets and dotted eighth- and sixteenthnote combinations on pitched and
nonpitched instruments.

Students will
be able to
identify the
differences
between the
meter
signatures.

Use wooden
blocks to
count meter
signatures to
identify the
different
growths of
patterns
depending
on the
signature

Students will
correctly
match the
meter signature
with the
correct audio
pattern when
played.

Physical
Education

12.) Describe how aerobic exercise

affects the efficiency and longevity of
the heart and lungs.

Students will
be able to
describe how
aerobic
exercise
growth in the
efficiency
and longevity
of the heart
and lungs

Perform and
research the
fractional
comparisons
between
active
aerobic
exercise and
inactive
aerobic
exercise and
how they
affect the
heart and
lungs.

Students will
conduct a
research based
study of the
effect of
aerobic
exercise and
the heart and
lung
efficiency.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS UNIT

Section 7
Culminating Activity

133

Missy Mix-It
14 Peppermint Street
Miami, FL 33056
February 20, 2016
Mrs. Apples Class
Chefs
25 Macaroni Way
Miami, FL 33186
Dear Chefs:
We are pleased to announce that Fancy Fractions Catering Company (FFCC) will be catering a
party for 200 people next weekend. We have five different recipes in which to choose from. We
need you help in changing the recipes to serve 200 people. We also need your help to see how
much all the materials will cost: either buying the brand name or the store brand.

Here is some information that will help you achieve this. The original recipes will be included
and the date table with all the prices for each of the ingredients. It will also include the customer
ratings and cook times for each of the recipes. Make your choices wisely in order to have an
awesome party! Look over all the data given to you and decide what will be your next step in
helping us out.

When you have completed both parts, please write back to us with your results. In your written
response please provide: why you choose the recipe, how you rated each of the recipes, the cost
of each of the recipes and how you used the fractions to change the amounts.

Thank you for all your help!

Sincerely,

Missy Mix-It
President of Fancy Fractions Catering Company

Ingredients

\$0.05

\$0.57

\$0.59

\$1.25

\$1.10

\$0.56

\$0.69

\$3.33

\$2.34

\$1.75

Eggs (1 dozen)

\$2.29

\$1.50

\$1.25

\$0.75

\$4.08

Milk (1 cup)

\$0.50

\$2.50

\$0.10

\$0.60

\$0.45

\$0.48
\$1.00

Oregano (1/4 cup)

Parmesan Cheese (1/2 cup)

\$1.49
\$1.75

\$1.45

Pork (1lb)

\$4.50

\$0.25

\$1.50

San Marzano tomatoes (28oz

can)

\$2.50

Sirloin (1 pound)

\$1.75

\$5.50

Spaghetti (16oz)

\$1.21

\$1.06

\$0.33

\$0.15

Tomato paste can (6oz)

\$0.85

\$0.66

Veal (1 lb.)
Worcestershire Sauce (2 tsp.)

\$5.60
\$0.25

\$0.40

10 Servings
60 minutes

3 tablespoons olive oil

cup chopped onion
4 cloves garlic, minced
2(16oz) cans crushed tomatoes
3 (6oz) cans tomato paste
1 cup water
cup sugar
cup chopped fresh oregano, divided

1 dried bay leaf

Salt & pepper to taste
1 pound ground beef
cup Italian seasoned bread crumbs
cup chopped fresh parsley
cup grated Parmesan cheese
1 (16oz) package uncooked spaghetti

6 Servings
120 minutes

lb. ground veal

lb. ground pork
1 lb. beef
1 cup bread crumbs (fresh)
cup bread crumbs (dried)
2 tbsp. parsley
tsp. black pepper
tsp. nutmeg
1 egg

1 tbsp. olive oil

1 cup onion
1 tsp. garlic
cup red wine
1 (28oz) can crushed tomato
1 tbsp. parsley
1 tsp. salt
tsp. pepper
1 lb. spaghetti

Moms Spaghetti and Meatball Recipe

4 Servings
35 minutes
2 tbsp. olive oil

1 lb. sirloin
2 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
cup bread crumbs (dried)
1 egg
cup parmesan cheese
2 garlic cloves
tsp. crushed red pepper flakes
4 garlic cloves
1 small onion

1 cup beef stock

1 (28oz) can crushed tomato
Parsley
10 basil leaves

5 Servings
90 minutes

1 onion
2 Garlic cloves
2 tbsp. parsley
1 cup milk

lb. mozzarella
1 lb. spaghetti
cup oil
1 onion

3 garlic cloves

1 lb. beef

1 lb. pork

Salt

1 egg

6 Servings
75 minutes
cup basil

2 tbsp. oil
lb. pork

lb. veal

4 garlic cloves
lb. beef

1 bay leaf
2 eggs

2 (28oz) cans plum tomatoes

cup parmesan cheese

1 (16ox) can crushed tomatoes

4 garlic cloves

Parsley
1 cubano chile pepper
Salt
Pepper

cup parsley
1 cup oil
1 lb. spaghetti

Missy Mix-It
14 Peppermint Street
Miami, FL 33056
June 26, 2013
Mrs. Apples Class
Chefs
25 Macaroni Way
Miami, FL 33186
Dear Chefs:
Thank you for all your help in changing our recipes to 200 people and finding the cheapest way
to make it. After receiving your letter we were told that now there will be vegetarians at the
party. This means we will need to change the recipe once again, this time omitting the meatball
for 10 of the meals. Instead of meatballs for these meals we will be adding vegetarian balls.

Please change the amounts needed to make this happen! We will be providing you with a new
recipe which includes the tofu balls and the new grocery list as well. Please explain to us in a
letter how you came up with the new measurements and how much it will cost.

Thank you so much for your hard work. Please reply to us as soon as possible since the big day
is almost here. We cant wait to hear from you.

Thank you for all your help!

Sincerely,

Missy Mix-It
President of Fancy Fractions Catering Company

Ingredients

\$0.05

\$0.57

\$0.59

\$1.10

\$1.05

\$0.56

\$0.69

\$0.75

\$0.60

\$0.95

\$3.33

\$1.75

Eggs (1 dozen)

\$2.29

Fresh Bread Crumbs (1/2 cup)

\$1.50

\$2.34

\$1.25

Garlic (4 cloves)

\$0.75

\$2.50

Milk (1 cup)

\$0.50

Mozzarella (1/2 lb.)

Nutmeg (1/4 tsp.)

\$0.45
\$2.50

\$0.10

Olive oil (3 tablespoons)

\$0.60

Onion (3/4)
Onion Soup (1pck)

\$1.00
\$0.75

Oregano (1/4 cup)

Parmesan Cheese (1/2 cup)

\$0.48

\$1.49
\$1.75

\$1.45

\$3.50

\$0.25

\$1.50

can)

\$2.50

\$1.75

Spaghetti (16oz)

\$1.21

\$1.06

\$0.33

\$0.15

Sunflower Seeds (1/2 cup)

Tomato paste can (6oz)

\$1.25
\$0.85

Vegetable beef Substitute ( 1

pound)
Vegetable Stock (1 cup)

\$0.66
\$5.20

\$1.00

\$1.25

Walnuts (1 cup)

\$1.24

White Mushrooms (1 cup)

Worcestershire Sauce (2 tsp.)

\$1.20
\$0.85

\$0.25

\$0.40

Student Template Letter

Dear Mrs. Missy Mix-It,
Our team, _________________, has determined that you should use the following recipes. The order from
best to worst is
1) _______________________________________________________,
2) _______________________________________________________,
3) _______________________________________________________,
4) _______________________________________________________,
5) _______________________________________________________,
Our procedure for ranking is

Sincerely,
_________________________
Chef

Missy Mix-Its Famous Spaghetti and Vegeballs Recipe

10 Servings
3 tablespoons olive oil
cup chopped onion
4 cloves garlic, minced
2(16oz) cans crushed tomatoes
3 (6oz) cans tomato paste
1 cup water
cup sugar
cup chopped fresh oregano, divided

1 dried bay leaf

Salt & pepper to taste
cup uncooked long grain brown rice
cup Italian seasoned bread crumbs
cup chopped fresh parsley
cup grated Parmesan cheese
1 (16oz) package uncooked spaghetti
1 cup green lentils

Real Spaghetti and Vegeballs Recipe

6 Servings
120 minutes
1 lb. red lentil beans
20 oz. portabella mushrooms
1 cup bread crumbs (fresh)
cup bread crumbs (dried)
2 tbsp. parsley
tsp. black pepper
tsp. nutmeg
1 egg

1 tbsp. olive oil

1 cup onion
1 tsp. garlic
cup red wine
1 (28oz) can crushed tomato
1 tbsp. parsley
1 tsp. salt
tsp. pepper
1 lb. spaghetti

Moms Spaghetti and Vegeballs Recipe

4 Servings
35 minutes
cup walnuts
1 pck onion soup
2 cup cheddar cheese
2 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
cup bread crumbs (dried)
1 egg

2 tbsp. olive oil

1 cup vegetable stock
1 (28oz) can crushed tomato
Parsley
10 basil leaves

cup parmesan cheese

2 garlic cloves
tsp. crushed red pepper flakes
4 garlic cloves
1 small onion
Bubbas Spaghetti and Vegeballs Recipe
5 Servings
90 minutes
1 onion
2 Garlic cloves
2 tbsp. parsley
1 cup milk
4 thick bread slices
3 lb. vegetarian beef substitute
1 egg
cup parmesan cheese

lb. mozzarella
1 lb. spaghetti
cup oil
1 onion
3 garlic cloves
2 (28-oz) can whole peeled San Marzano tomatoes
Salt
cup basil leaves

Macs Spaghetti and Vegeballs Recipe

6 Servings
2 tbsp. oil
1 large Spanish onion
4 garlic cloves
1 bay leaf
2 (28oz) cans plum tomatoes
1 (16ox) can crushed tomatoes
Parsley
1 cubano chile pepper
Salt
Pepper

cup basil
1 cup mushrooms
cup sunflower seeds
1 cup cooked black beans
1 cup brown rice
2 eggs
cup parmesan cheese
4 garlic cloves
cup parsley
1 cup oil
1 lb. spaghetti

Math - Problem Solving : Fancy Fractions Catering

Company Rubric
Teacher Name: Miss Celia
Student Name:

_______________________________ # ________

Final Grade: ________ / 24

Mathematical
Concepts

Explanation shows
complete
understanding of
the mathematical
concepts used to
solve the
problem(s).

Explanation shows
substantial
understanding of
the mathematical
concepts used to
solve the
problem(s).

Explanation shows
some
understanding of
the mathematical
concepts needed to
solve the
problem(s).

Explanation shows
very limited
understanding of
the underlying
concepts needed to
solve the
problem(s) OR is
not written.

Mathematical
Reasoning

Uses complex and

refined
mathematical
reasoning.

Uses effective
mathematical
reasoning

Some evidence of
mathematical
reasoning.

Little evidence of
mathematical
reasoning.

have no
mathematical
errors.

Almost all (85-89%)

of the steps and
solutions have no
mathematical
errors.

Most (75-84%) of
the steps and
solutions have no
mathematical
errors.

More than 75% of

the steps and
solutions have
mathematical
errors.

Explanation is
detailed and clear.

Explanation is
clear.

Explanation is a
little difficult to
understand, but
includes critical
components.

Explanation is
difficult to
understand and is
missing several
components OR
was not included.

CATEGORY

Explanation

Strategy/Procedures Typically, uses an

Neatness and
Organization

Typically, uses an
efficient and
effective strategy to
effective strategy to solve the
solve the
problem(s).
problem(s).

Sometimes uses an Rarely uses an

effective strategy to effective strategy to
solve problems, but solve problems.
does not do it
consistently.

The work is
presented in a neat,
clear, organized
fashion that is easy

The work is
presented in an
organized fashion
but may be hard to

The work is
presented in a neat
and organized
fashion that is
usually easy to

The work appears

sloppy and
unorganized. It is
hard to know what
information goes
together.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

Section 8
Rationale for Unit Design

148

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

149

Rationale Discussion
When selecting the topic, instructional strategies, assessments, and resources for this unit
I worked a lot with the other fifth grade math teachers during CAD meetings once a week and
with my cooperating teacher. Many of the resources that I used came from previous lessons that
she had accumulated in the past years. I also incorporated what I had already observed other
fifth grade math teachers and classes use when teaching and learning this subject. It was a unit
that I felt confident on and felt like I could teach successfully. It was also the only complete unit
that happened to fall during my student teaching period.
When working with the specific content I made sure to explain the material in multiple
ways so that students had multiple exposures to the same concepts. This is a research based
strategy that Ive often seen utilized in Language Arts, but I have also found it useful when
applied to multiple subjects, including Math. I also used my cooperating teachers math
notebook to better teach myself the material and fully understand how to work out the modeling
aspect of the equations. I think that it is important to continue to learn as a teacher in order to
better teach your students and I was able to do that with this unit.
One of the most prevalent practices that I use is the use of equity sticks. This keeps me
reminded on choosing students who I wouldnt normally pick to answer or share, something that
I often find myself doing, gravitating towards a particular student or group to answer the
questions or share their thinking. It also ensures to the students that I am not singling out a
particular student or students and reminds them to stay focused on the current lesson.
While this unit does not fully fall into line with my personal Philosophy of Education due
to the nature of the class system and learning styles, it does a good job of maintaining what
students are accustomed to and blending in aspects of my own teaching style and methods.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

150

Philosophy of Education
John Dewey, an education reformer, once said that Education is not preparation for life;
education is life itself. I believe that his words ring true in more ways than one. Just as every
human being has a right to life, so too do they have a right to a high-quality, well-rounded
education. Students should not be segregated in the classroom; they should have the opportunity
to work with all students in a variety of settings, rather than be grouped into levels for every
subject area. Dewey also brings into focus the fact that education is not simply reading what is
written in a textbook or what is evaluated by an exam; it is the discovery that knowledge can be
found in whatever you do and wherever you go. The role of an educator is not only to provide
that fundamental education, but to encourage students to become their own teachers. I believe
that this is done by giving students access to a wide variety of learning materials in the classroom
that they can use to answer their questions that are not related to curriculum material.
Every person, no matter their ethnicity, age, or socio-economic status deserves an
education. Not only do they deserve an education, but they deserve a learning environment that
will foster a life-long thirst for knowledge and the skills needed to quench that thirst. They
deserve to feel encouraged, safe, and challenged by their teachers and peers. It is experience that
shapes us, and a successful educator is one that creates in their students a passion to learn from
those events. I believe that these events are created by providing hands-on learning experiences
and through problem and project based learning models that get students physically involved and
engaged with the learning process.
One of my goals as an educator is to find what makes each of my students passionate,
what they are interested in, and incorporate it into the classroom. This can be accomplished
through providing students materials that allow them to learn more about their interest and giving
the students options so that they can be creative with assignments and connect them to their
interests. One of my goals for my students is that they become independent learners. This
means that they have the knowledge to answer questions they have on their own and do not need
adult instructions constantly. For example, if students are unsure what book to read next, instead
of going to the teacher and asking, they are able to use the Dewey Decimal system to find books
similar to other books they have read, because they have been taught the system and understand
what the numbers mean.

151

In a classroom that is involved with physical, hands on learning, it can be difficult to

gather data on students because they are not filling out worksheets or doing homework problems.
Despite this lack of paper data, I believe that evidence of learning can still be found through
observations and student involvement. Being able to discuss with the students about what they
feel they have learned provides much more information and data than whether they have
completed their homework problems correctly. These conversations and conferences with
students also works to build that relationship with the student that is so valuable in the
classroom.
An educator must teach the material required by the government or school board, but
they must also do so much more. They must instill and encourage a desire in their students to
become their own greatest teachers. A teacher must strive to touch the lives of students forever,
in only a short period of time. This is done by fostering a relationship with students that allows
the teacher to encourage them to learn about their personal interests, and share those with others
around them, and in doing so spark interest in others to learn more as well. This chain can carry
far beyond a single classroom, and a single generation.

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

Section 9
Resources and Materials

152

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

153

Summary Page
With a large classroom with a larger than average class size, materials have to be easy to
access, inexpensive, and able to be equally distributed. The most utilized material that I used
throughout this lesson was the Fraction Foldable. This student created guide to multiplying
fractions was a way for students to keep all of their notes and examples in one location,
something difficult for many fifth grade students. It was kept in a folder that stays in the
classroom and if students chose to take it home than they accepted the specific responsibility of
ensuring that it returned to class. This foldable was a huge success and I created examples for
the other math teachers on my team. The students had a math spiral, but at this point in the year
I observed that many of them were falling apart and students were not able to carefully sort their
notes into categories that made sense to them.
The materials that I used helped the students better understand their notes. Using Graph
Paper for much of my modeling also helped students visualize the fractional parts and
multiplying and dividing those parts. When trying to incorporate some reading into the unit, I
chose some funny math picture books that did not take a long time to read and that the students
would find funny and be able to use to introduce or conclude the specific lesson topic.

154

Lesson
Plan
1

2 pieces of Construction Paper per student

Pencils
ELMO and Projector
Math Spiral Notebooks
Stapler(s)
Equity cards/sticks
Personal Whiteboards
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Microphone
Fraction Bingo Cards
Bingo markers/counters
Bingo calling cards (index cards with the coordinating problems written on
them)
Fraction pieces (for differentiation)
Chromebook/Student devices.
Butcher paper, markers, blank paper (for differentiation)
Kahoot Quiz

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Markers/crayons/colored pencils (for differentiation)
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Multiplying Fractions and Whole Numbers assessment worksheet
Bell-ringer question
Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers with Visual Models Worksheet (for
differentiation)
ELMO and Projector
Multiplying Menace: The Revenge of Rumpelstiltskin by Pam Calvert

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Bell-ringer: Question #5 (5th Grade Bell Ringers from Interim 1 Assessment)
Math Spiral Notebooks
ELMO and Projector
Lesson 3 practice problems

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers Assessment.

Student Devices
Kahoot.it: Multiplying Mixed Numbers and Fractions quiz
Fraction pieces (for differentiation)
Large paper and markers (for differentiation)

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Word Problem Bingo cards and counters
Paper
ELMO and Projector
Graph Paper

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Sticky notes
KWL chart
Graph paper
ELMO and Projector

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
The Multiplying Menace Divides by Pam Calvert
Graph Paper
ELMO and Projector
Student Devices
Kahoot.it

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards

155

ELMO and Projector

Graph Paper
Fraction Bingo Cards
Bingo counters

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards

Fractions Foldable
Personal Whiteboards
Pencils
Dry Erase Markers and Erasers
Equity Sticks/cards
Green and Red cards
Word problems
Kahoot.it
Student devices

10

Fractions Foldable
Concept Maps for brainstorm
Pencils
Equity Sticks/cards
Cumulative Catering Activity
o Student Letter Templates
o Ingredient List 1 and 2
o Recipes 1 and 2
o Letters from the company
o Rubric
Paper
ELMO and Projector

156

157

158

159

160

161

162

163

164

165

166

167

168

169

170

171

172

Section 10
References

173

MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS

174

References
Calvert, P., & Geehan, W. (2006). Multiplying menace: The revenge of Rumpelstiltskin.
Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge Pub.

Calvert, P., & Geehan, W. (2011). The multiplying menace divides!: A math adventure.
Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge.

The Math Forum. (1994-2016). Math Forum, Drexel University.

Myfreebingocards.com - free printable bingo card generator. (n.d.). Retrieved February, 2016,
from http://myfreebingocards.com/