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4

19

20

9
3

28

GDF

12
1

GRL
GL

27

GBL

13
26

GG

GBR

14

GAC
GR

25

15

(1) Cooler (hydraulic oil)


(2) Piston pump (implement)
(3) Hydrostatic piston pump
(4) Piston pump (fan)
(5) Charge filter
(6) Main valve (implement control)
(7) Selector valve and breather filter
(8) Pump (vacuum)
(9) Filter (return oil)
(10) Filter (pilot)

17

16

23

22

21

The manifold for the frame and the gate is located


inside the rear frame below the tower for the crane.
Access to the manifold is through a panel in the rear
frame below the tower of the crane.

(19) Cylinder (stick)


(20) Cylinder (extendable stick)(21) Pump (hydraulic fill)
(22) Cylinder (grapple)
(23) Motor (rotator)
(24) Manifold (rear brake and differential lock)
(25) Cylinders (oscillation lock)
(26) Manifold (frame and gate)
(27) Cylinders (swing)(slew)
(28) Cylinder (gate)
(29) Cylinder (boom)

(11) Switch (hydraulic oil level)


(12) Hydraulic tank
(13) Cylinders (steering)
(14) Hydraulic oil temperature sensor
(15) Valve (steering and optional blade valve)
(16) Manifold (front brake and differential lock)
(17) Manifold (hydraulic oil cooler bypass)
(18) Cylinder (ladder)

Shuttle Valve
Ladder Cylinder
Accumulator: (Rear) Brake and Diff Lock Manifold
Accumulator: (Front) Brake and Diff Lock Manifold
Fan Motor
Implement Pump Manifold
Implement Pump
Hydraulic Vacuum Pump
Selector Valve
Relief: Push Button
Filter: Breather
Return Filter (In Tank)
Tank
Hydrostatic Pump
Fan Pump
Falling Sensor
Charge Filter
Thermal Bypass Manifold
Cooler
Hydrostatic Motor
Dropbox Manifold
Dropbox
Junction Manifold
Electric Fill Pump

Part
Number
338-3135
338-2941
338-3131
338-2946
338-2945
338-3134
338-2943
338-3050
338-3050
338-3055
338-3052
338-3089
338-3090
338-3053
338-3133
098-0255
338-2962
N/A
338-3088
338-3087
338-3161
338-2961
338-3054
N/A
338-3057
338-3051
338-2951
338-3049
338-3056

Frame Lock Cylinders

338-2944

Brake and Diff Lock Manifold

2748

2948

PCL 1-UP

PCH 1-UP

Part No. UENR0779


May 2010
Rev. 00

REAR

MANIFOLD: FRAME / GATE

COMPONENT LOCATIONS

Frame / Gate Manifold


Gate Lift Cylinder
In-Line Filter
Main Implement Valve

Forwarder

FRONT

2010 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

CC

DD EE

FF

JJ

338-2983
338-2942
338-3026
338-3132
338-3050
338-3050

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS

MM

BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

Implement Control Valve

Schematic
Location
J-15
H-15
J-14

Printed in U.S.A.

MANIFOLD: BRAKE and DIFF LOCK

HH KK LL

AA

Steering Cylinder

GPK

The rear manifold for the brake and differential lock is located in
the rear frame below the loader. Remove the oval shaped panel
from the frame in order to access the manifold.

BB

Blade and Steering Valve


Blade Cylinder
Steering Valve

GDF

The front manifold for the brake and differential lock is located
under the cab on the left side of the frame. the side panel has
been removed for this photo.

COMPONENT LOCATIONS

Description

GSB

GAC

GRR

24
18

SCHEMATIC
Hydraulic System

GSB

MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

CONTROL VALVES

SPRING

FLUID CONDITIONER

LINE RESTRICTION
(FIXED)

RESTRICTION

PUMP: VARIABLE and


PRESSURE COMPENSATED

2-SECTION PUMP

NN

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE)

SPRING
(ADJUSTABLE)

VARIABILITY

HYDRAULIC
PNEUMATIC
ENERGY TRIANGLES

VALVES

VALVE ENVELOPES

ATTACHMENT

LINE RESTRICTION
VARIABLE and PRESSURE
COMPENSATED

VALVE PORTS

H-14

PRESSURE TAPS

H-14
H-16
G-16
E-2
F-14
D-15
D-15
B-14
B-14
B-14
B-14
B-12
A-14
C-13
D-12
E-13
E-13
F-11
E-11
C-10
D-9
D-9
C-8
C-7
D-6
D-7
E-7
D-4
J-6
F-6
E-3
F-16

TWO POSITION

ONE POSITION

Machine
Location

Description
Accumulator - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

GAC

Schematic
Location

H-14

Base Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GBL

E-7

Base Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GBR

D-6

Differential Lock - Front and Rear Brake & Differential Manifold

GDF

Hydrostatic Pump

M3

D-13

Implement Pump

GP2

E-16

Lift Gate - Frame / Gate manifold

GG

E-4

Oil Cooler - Manifold

GPR

F-11

Park Brake - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

GPK

D-6

Rod Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GRR

D-5

Service Brake - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

GSB

VENTED

E-7

Supply Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GR

D-5

ROTATING SHAFTS

FLOW

TEMPERATURE

SOLENOID
or MANUAL

SOLENOID

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

REAR VEIW
INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

ACCUMULATORS

(AA) Solenoid (Up)


(BB) Solenoid (Down)
(CC) Solenoid (RETRACT)
(DD) Solenoid(EXTEND)
(EE) Solenoid(OUT)
(FF) Solenoid (IN)
(II) Solenoid (OPEN)

DETENT

THERMAL

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

RELEASED PRESSURE

(H) Pump port


(I) Grapple (OPEN)
(J) Grapple (CLOSE)
(K) Rotator (CLOCKWISE)
(L) Rotator (COUNTERCLOCKWISE)
(M) Swing (slew)(RIGHT)
(N) Swing (slew)(LEFT)

SERVO

SOLENOID and
PILOT or MANUAL

MANUAL SHUTOFF

EXTERNAL RETURN

(A) Boom (Up)


(B) Boom (Down)
(C) Extendable stick (RETRACT)
(D) Extendable stick (EXTEND)
(E) Stick (OUT)
(F) Stick (IN)
(G) Tank port

BIDIRECTIONAL

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER

UNIDIRECTIONAL

SOLENOID
and PILOT

(1) Air purge valves


(2) Relief valves (port)
(3) Signal limiter valves
(4) Signal limiter valves
(5) Main relief valve
(6) Load sensing port
(7) Pilot pressure reducing valve

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

PILOT
CONTROLLED

G-15

GL

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

PRESSURIZED

MEASUREMENT

D-2

Supply Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

SHUTTLE

SPRING
LOADED

BASIC
SYMBOL

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

TANK:
Hydraulic Oil

TANK: Fuel

INFINITE POSITION

G-16
GRL

P T
SHIFTED POSITION

PRESSURE

E-2

Rod Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

D-2
G-15

CHECK VALVES

AB

P T
NORMAL POSITION

FOUR-WAY

THREE-WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB

C-1

TWO-WAY

THREE POSITION

(JJ) Solenoid (CLOSE)


(KK) Solenoid (CLOCKWISE)
(LL) Solenoid (COUNTERCLOCKWISE)
(MM) Solenoid (RIGHT)
(NN) Solenoid (LEFT)

SPRING LOADED

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

LINES CROSSING

GAS CHARGED

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

LINES JOINING

SINGLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC MOTORS

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

DOUBLE ACTING

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE

COMPLETE

INFINITE
POSITIONING

THREE
POSITION

CROSS
FLOW

PARALLEL
FLOW

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

TWO
POSITION

FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

IMPLEMENT CONTROL VALVE

GPR

GPC

Electrical Symbols Table


Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G
Transducer
(Fluid)

Transducer
(Gas / Air)

Generator

Electric Motor

B
Pressure Switch
(Adjustable)

Pressure Switch

Electrical Wire

Temperature Switch

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

The front brake accumulator is located on the front frame with


access through the belly guard.

The rear brake accumulator is located in the rear frame. The


accumulator is accessible through the access panel on the top
of the bunk.

A-A

Pressure
Symbol

Temperature
Symbol

Level
Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example

Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard

Current Standard

GP2

Harness identification code


This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG".

REAR
3

GP2

VIEW A - A

Flow
Symbol

Wire
Circuit Number
Identification

FRONT

Wire Color

325-AG135 PK-14
325-PK

PUMP ARRANGEMENT

Circuit Identification
Number

Wire Color

Wire Gauge

Previous Standard

(1) Implement pump. (2) Power train pump. (3) Fan pump. (4) Load Sensing Valve. (5) Front Diff Lock Manifold. (6) Thermal Bypass Manifold.

Wire Color

Wire

(7) Steering and Optional Blade Valve. (8) Piston Pump / Implement Maniflod (A) Case drain line. (B) Inlet line from tank.

325-PK-14
B
Circuit Number
Identification

UNDER THE CAB

BRAKE ACCUMULATORS

Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

(Dimensions: 56 inches x 35 inches)

GPK

42 Page,

11

29

UENR0779

10

16

15

14

13
LSP

LS

PL

12

BLADE and STEERING VALVE: 338-3135

11

10

T3B

STEERING VALVE: 338-3131

P1

SWING BOX

DOUBLE-ACTING

T2B

DIA = 100mm

IN-LINE FILTER
338-2942

RATIO = 1.0
STROKE = 703

(Dimensions: 56 inches x 35 inches)

507

SINGLE-ACTING

REC FLOW = 60 l/min

DOUBLE-ACTING

REGENERATIVE

REGENERATIVE

DIA = 140mm / 100mm

DIA =

DIA = 125mm / 63mm

DIA = 55mm / 32mm

RATIO = .49

RATIO =

RATIO = .75

RATIO = .66

STROKE = 700

DOUBLE-ACTING

STROKE =

STROKE = 942

STROKE = 1960 (8.5M BOOM)

REC FLOW = 100 l/min

DIA =

REC FLOW = 54 l/min

REC FLOW = 100 l/min

REC FLOW = 54 l/min

40

RATIO = 1.0
STROKE =
REC FLOW = 36 l/min

CCW

T1

40

TP

P2B

CW

3335

3335

TP

PS

PL

YS

PX

LSP

PS
2755

3335

2755

3335

3335

3335

3335

3335

3335

BLADE CYLINDER
338-2941

SHUTTLE VALVE
338-3134

PS

T3

P2B

STEERING CYLINDER
10503092, 10503093

2175

ACCUM.
338-2880

GDF

SLEW

GAC

GSB

3335

3335

ROTATOR

T3

P2B

J
O
I
N
T

LADDER CYL
338-2943

GPK

3335

3335

C
E
N
T
E
R

TP

42 Page,

UENR0779

GRAPPLE

507

STICK

TELE

MAIN

3335

FALLING
600

PKS

PK

GPK

DF

GDF

SB

GSB

GAC

AC

LS

2900

1520

T1
750
580

DIFF
LOCK

SERVICE
BRAKE
ACS

DR

FALLING
1200

SAE -6: PK, DF, SB, LS


SAE -6: GSB, GDF, GPK, GAC
SAE -6: PKS, ACS
SAE -8: P, DR
SAE -12: AC

MAIN VALVE: 338-3132


BRAKE and DIFF LOCK MANIFOLD (Front): 338-3050

THERMAL BYPASS MANIFOLD: 338-3054


T1

DR

80

SPEED
PICKUP

PS

CENTER JOINT

SAE -4: GPR,GPC


SAE -8: DF
SAE -12: DR
SAE -16: TF
SAE -24: T1,TB,TC,TR

80

LS2

LS

1000
MAX

725
580

PARK
BRAKE

P1

F
SAE -6: PK, DF, SB, LS
SAE -6: GSB, GDF, GPK, GAC
SAE -6: PKS, ACS
SAE -8: P, DR
SAE -12: AC
10501011

FM

20

LOAD
SENSE
DUMP

FLOW RATE 8-10 GPM: WORK PORTS

.125

FAN MOTOR: 338-3055

SAE -6: GR,GL,GG,GRR,GBR,GBL,GRL


SAE -8: P,T,A,B,RR,RL,BL,BR

DR

FP
ADDED
DYNAMIC
BRAKING

TR

GP2

1000

GG

200

600
PARK

GL

COOLER
T

PK

GPC

GPR

750
580
2900

2900

2900

2900

850

40

DIFF

25 25
M4

M3
C1

M3

M1

250cc

M3
MA

PUMP MANIFOLD: 338-3052

M5
A

2nd

5.8GPM

34cc

45cc

ccw

P
-08

L4

L2

L1

FAN PUMP
338-3087

L2

MB

FRAME LOCK CYLINDER


338-2944

GRR

GR

GATE LIFT CYLINDER


338-2942

SERVICE

GSB

BRAKE

ACS

GAC

1000
MAX

FALLING
1200

AC

-08 DR

LS

M2

B
P

SB

ELECTRIC
FILL PUMP
338-3051

DROPBOX MANIFOLD
338-3051

GDF

DR

B
6090

T
-08

SAE -08: DR, DRF

M5

L3

GBR

-08 T

SAE -06: 1,2,CP,RA

DROPBOX
3382951

6400

DR
-08

DR

350

GRL

FRAME / GATE MANIFOLD: 338-2983

RA

flow out B

IMPLEMENT PUMP: 338-3098

REAR AXLE
DISCONNECT

max.
disp.

580

UP
FRAME LOCK CYLINDER
338-2944

Tair

DRF

L1

P
261-0420

BR

725

D
147cc

RR

6400

6090

M4

RL

BL

1ST
F

DF

210 - 5000 PSI

200

LOCK

GBL

CP

GEAR SHIFTING
CONNECTION

CHARGE FILTER
338-2961

218

3120

400

PL

C2

GPK

DR

FALLING
338-3161

Dr

PKS

GG

R1

FALLING

BRAKE

261-0420

GP2

GPC

3480

GP1

TC

200

5
LS1

TB

2900

1520

-08 P

261-0420

HYDROSTATIC MOTOR: 338-3057

L2

L1

HYDROSTATIC PUMP: 338-3088

JUNCTION
MANIFOLD
338-3049

-06 LS

BRAKE and DIFF LOCK MANIFOLD (Rear): 338-3050

COMPONENT LOCATIONS

HYDRAULIC VACUUM
PUMP: 338-3090
PUSH BUTTON
RELIEF: 338-3133

0.3 PSIV

RETURN FILTER
338-2962 (IN TANK)

LINE PATTERNS

PRESSURE TAPS
Description

Pressure Line

Accumulator - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

40

Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure


Drain / Return Lines
Component Group

HYDRAULIC TANK
A

14

13

12

11

10

H-14

Base Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GBL

E-7

Base Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GBR

D-6

Differential Lock - Front and Rear Brake & Differential Manifold

GDF

D-2

Hydrostatic Pump

M3

D-13

Implement Pump

GP2

E-16

Lift Gate - Frame / Gate manifold

GG

E-4

GPR

F-11
E-2

Park Brake - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

GPK

Rod Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GRL

D-6

Rod Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GRR

D-5

Service Brake - Front and rear brake & Differential Manifold

GSB

G-16

CALLOUTS

52

GAC

Schematic
Location
C-1

Oil Cooler - Manifold

Air Line

YY

Machine
Location

G-15

Attachment

15

Frame Lock Cylinders

338-2944

Frame / Gate Manifold


Gate Lift Cylinder
In-Line Filter
Main Implement Valve

338-2983
338-2942
338-3026
338-3132
338-3050
338-3050

Steering Cylinder

16

Shuttle Valve
Ladder Cylinder
Accumulator: (Rear) Brake and Diff Lock Manifold
Accumulator: (Front) Brake and Diff Lock Manifold
Fan Motor
Implement Pump Manifold
Implement Pump
Hydraulic Vacuum Pump
Selector Valve
Relief: Push Button
Filter: Breather
Return Filter (In Tank)
Tank
Hydrostatic Pump
Fan Pump
Falling Sensor
Charge Filter
Thermal Bypass Manifold
Cooler
Hydrostatic Motor
Dropbox Manifold
Dropbox
Junction Manifold
Electric Fill Pump

Blade and Steering Valve


Blade Cylinder
Steering Valve

FILTER BREATHER:
098-0255

Part
Number
338-3135
338-2941
338-3131
338-2946
338-2945
338-3134
338-2943
338-2880
338-2880
338-3055
338-3052
338-3089
338-3090
338-3053
338-3133
098-0255
338-2962
N/A
338-3088
338-3087
338-3161
338-2961
338-3054
N/A
338-3057
338-3051
338-2951
338-3049
338-3056

Description

SELECTOR VALVE:
338-3053

ACCUM.
338-2880

Taps (Pressure, Sampling,Sensor) by letter


Components by number

D-2
G-15

Supply Left (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GL

E-7

Supply Right (Frame Lock) - Frame / Gate manifold

GR

D-5

Brake and Diff Lock Manifold

Schematic
Location
J-15
H-15
J-14

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS


IMPLEMENT PUMP
PILOT OIL
MAIN CYLINDER
TELE CYLINDER
GRAPPLE CYLINDER
STICK CYLINDER
FAN PUMP
SUPPLY LINE
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
STEERING CYLINDER
BLADE CYLINDER
SLEW CYLINDER
LOAD SENSE
HYDROSTATIC CIRCUIT
BRAKE and DIFFERENTIAL LOCK
FRAME and GATE MANIFOLD CIRCUIT
ROTATOR

H-14
H-14
H-16
G-16
E-2
F-14
D-15
D-15
B-14
B-14
B-14
B-14
B-12
A-14
C-13
D-12
E-13
E-13
F-11
E-11
C-10
D-9
D-9
C-8
C-7
D-6
D-7
E-7
D-4
J-6
F-6
E-3
F-16

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 2748 / 2948 FORWARDER


MEDIA NUMBER: UENR0779
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications.

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