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1

The Soroban / Abacus Handbook


is 2001-2003 by David Bernazzani
Rev 1.0 - March 9, 2003


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: 14+1=15

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3345+6789 (=10134)
3345 :

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47:

21. G " 2"


2 .
27 ( )

" 1"
. 26.

Now let's subtract 4 from this. We can go right to the units rod and "Subtract
4" except that there are not enough single earth beads (worth 1 each) to

4 .
" 4",
, " 5, 1".
,
. 22. ( 26-4):

"". 22
14. 1 G, .
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" 4" H.
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10, 6" .
G ( ,
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" 6" H.
, (5+1=6). 8
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2347. 23
, 47 .
( 23) .
, 47 ()
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34=12. 12
( FG)


37=21, 21
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2.
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EF.
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08, ,
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2 7
14 FG
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9. G 4

23x47=1081

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, 8/2=4, 8 , 2
, 4

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10
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1. 837 3 = ?
1: 837 (
G,H,I) 3 ( B)
, 7 ( )
:
Step 1
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
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.
0 3 0 0 0 0 8 3 7 0 0 0 0

2: .. ,
D,
F. 837 3 8 3
2 . 2 D. 2 3
6, 6 8 2
:
Step 2
A B C D E F G H I J K
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.
.
0 3 0 0 0 0 8 3 7 0 0
2
- 6
0 3 0 2 0 0 2 3 7 0 0

L M
.
0 0
0 0

3: 237 GHI.
23 3. 3 23 7 .
7 . 73 21, 21 23
2.

Step 3
A B C D E F G
.
.
0 3 0 2 0 0 2
7
- 2
0 3 0 2 7 0 0

H I J K L M
.
.
3 7 0 0 0 0
1
2 7 0 0 0 0

4 : 27 H I.
3 27. 3 27 .

11
9 F. 93=27, 27 27
0. 9
F
279
Step 4
A B C D E F G
.
.
0 3 0 2 7 0 0
9
0 3 0 2 7 9 0

H I J K L M
.
.
2 7 0 0 0 0
2 7
0 0 0 0 0 0

2. 6308 83 = ?
1: 6308 (
F,G,H,I) 83 ( )
, "8"

:
Step 1
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
.
.
8 3 0 0 0 6 3 0 8 0 0 0 0

2: , 83 6, 63, 630,
.
,
F
2a 6308 83,
8 63. 8
63 . 7
. 78=56,
56 63, 7.
2b. 708 G,H,I.
"8" 83 7,
"3" 83 7. 73=21.
21 70 49.

Step 2a
A B C D E F G H I J K
.
.
.
8 3 0 0 0 6 3 0 8 0 0
7
- 5 6
8 3 0 0 7 0 7 0 8 0 0

L M
.
0 0
0 0

12
2 2b:

3a: 498
G,H,I. .
8,
49. 8 49 .
6 F.
68=48. 48 49
1.

Step 2b
A B C D E F G
.
.
8 3 0 0 0 0 7
7
- 2
8 3 0 0 7 0 4

Step 3a
A B C D E F G
.
.
8 3 0 0 7 0 4
6
- 4
8 3 0 0 7 6 0

H I J K L M
.
.
0 8 0 0 0 0
1
9 8 0 0 0 0

H I J K L M
.
.
9 8 0 0 0 0
8
1 8 0 0 0 0

3b: 18 H I 6 3
. 63=18. . 18 18 0.
, 6 76 .
76
Step 3b
A B C D E F G
.
.
8 3 0 0 7 0 0
6
8 3 0 0 7 6 0

H I J K L M
.
.
1 8 0 0 0 0
1 8
0 0 0 0 0 0

3: 554 71 = ?
1: 554 (
G,H,I) ( A,B)
:
Step 1
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 0 5 5 4 0 0 0 0

2. , 71 5, 55, 554.

. F.
.

13
2a: 554 71 7
55 . 7
55 . 77=49,
49 55, 6.

Step 2a
A B C D E F G
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 0 5
7
- 4
7 1 0 0 0 7 0

H I J K L M
.
.
5 4 0 0 0 0
9
6 4 0 0 0 0

2b: H,I 64 7
1 . 71=7. 7 64 57.
2a, 2b:
Step 2b
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
.
.
7 1 0 7 0 0 0 6 4 0 0 0 0
7
- 7
7 1 0 0 0 7 0 5 7 0 0 0 0
3: . ,
J. .
3a:
, 570
H,I,J. 7
57. 7 57
. 8 G.
87=56, 56 57,
1.

Step 3a
A B C D E F G
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 7 0
8
7 1 0 0 0 7 8

H I J K L M
.
.
5 7 0 0 0 0
5 6
0 1 0 0 0 0

3b: I,J 10 8 1
. 81=8. 8 10, 2 (, 8
G)
3a & 3b:
Step 3b
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 7 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
8
- 8
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 0 2 0 0 0
4: . 2 J.
, .
20. 20 71,
L , ,
H)
Step 4a
4a: 200 J,K,L.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
200 71. . 7
.
.
.
.
, 20 . 7
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 0 2 0 0 0
20 .
2
2 I. 27=14.

14
14 20. 6.
4b: 60 K,L.
2 1 .
21=2. 2 60, 58.
4a & 4b:

- 1 4
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 0 6 0 0

Step 4b
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 0 0 6 0 0
2
- 2
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 0 5 8 0

5: 58 K,L.
. ( ,
)
5a: 580 K,L,M
. 7
58 . 7
58 . 8
J. 87=56. 56
58. 2.

Step 5a
A B C D E F G H I J
.
.
.
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 0
8
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 8

K L M
.
5 8 0
5 6
0 2 0

5b: 20 L,M. 8 1
8. 8 20 12.
, .
, .
7.8028 F J. ( 12
L,M ),
, 7.803
Step 5b
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
.
.
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.
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 8 0 2 0
8
- 8
7 1 0 0 0 7 8 0 2 8 0 1 2

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15
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