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2. 1 ASME B31.8
ASME B31.8 .
:
(2.1)
(2.2)

F1 (F1=0,72) (
A842.22 ASME B31.8);
Pe , ;
Pi , ;
S , ;
Sh , ;
T 841.116A
ASME B31.8 ( 250oF
450 oF );
t , .

:
(2.3)
SL ,
( ) = Sa + Sb
Sa Sb ;
S , ;
F2 = 0,80 ;
A , 2;

Sa , (
) = Fa /A;
Fa , ;
Sb , = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2] 1/2/z ;
ii ;
io ;
z , 3;
Mi , -;
, -.
:
(2.4)

F3 = 0,90;
Sh , ;
St , = Mt/2z;
Mt , -.
2.2 DNV-OS FS-101

DNV-OS

FS-101,

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:
, t1 t2
. t1 ,
(..
), t2 ,
.
2.1.

2.1

t-t
t

t1
t2
t1, t2


t-t-t
t-t

t ,
t ;
t .

(

()).

, .
:
(2.5)

pli
pe

;
;

pb(t1) = min{ pb,s(t1), pb,u(t1)};


t1

SC

pb,s(t1) ;
.

:
(2.6)

fy,temp - 0,
50C;
U , 0,96 1,00
.
:
(2.7)
D/t2 45, Pi > Pe
(2.8)
D/t2 45, Pi < Pe
(2.9)
(2.10)
MSd ;
SSd ;
pi ;
pe ;
pb ;
fy ;
pmin

, , ,
, ;
pc ;
c .
( ) :
(PC) ()
:
5

(2.11)

(2.12)
(2.13)
(2.14)

( ):
(2.15)
D ;
E

pmin

, ,
;
pc

( );

:
(2.16)

(2.17)
D/t2 < 45
fab .
2.3 VN39-1.9-005-98

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:
t min

m ( P P0 ) D
2 K T

(2.18)

D , ;
T , ;
m , 1,1;
,
= 0,72;
, /2;
, /2;
;
, /2;

/2.

( , , ) :
P0 0

1
Pc c

(2.19)

15 < D/t < 5


, ,

, :

Pc

Py Pcr

(2.20)

( Py2 P 2 cr )0.5

Pcr

2E t

(1 2 ) D

Py 2 T

(2.21)

(2.22)

t
D

, /2;
r , /2

, /2;


, /2;
,
, /2;
,
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2.4


2.2
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2.2


VN39-1.9-

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005-98
ASME B31.8
DNV OS-F101

3.

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API RP 1111 (, ,

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DNV OS FS-101
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LFRD
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DNV OS FS-101
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(. 2.1). ASME B31.8, DNV OS
FS-101
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VN39-1.9-005-98 ,
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VN39-1.9-005-98 DNV OS FS-101
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1. Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems. B31.8. American
Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2007, 200 p.
2. New International Standards for Offshore Pipelines/ Moshagen, Hermann ;
Gjertveit, Erling; Lund, Sverre; Verley, Richard. Canada: Proceedings of
the Eighth International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, 1998,
18p.
3. Submarine Pipeline Systems. Offshore Standard OS-F101.Det Norske
Veritas,2000,204p.
4. 39-1.9-005-98.
. .: , 1998. 32 .

15

5. :
/ [. . - . ; . . . ]. : , 2006. 192 .
6. /..,..,..
. .: -,2001. 131 .

16