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Aircraft Familiarization

Lesson Objectives
At the conclusion of this lesson you
will
Understand

the basic components of

an airframe
Be familiar with aircraft controls.
Be familiar with the cockpit

Airframe - General

Fuselage
Wings
Empennage
Landing Gear
Powerplant

Fuselage
Houses
Cockpit
Seats
Cargo
Attachment

Points

Wings
Lift
Monoplane
Flaps
Ailerons

vs Biplane

Empennage
Tail

Section
Vertical Stabilizer
Rudder

Horizontal
Elevator

Stabilator

Stabilizer

Landing Gear
Supports

aircraft on ground
Absorbs landing load
Struts

Tail

Wheel (Conventional) vs Tricycle

Landing Gear
Fixed Gear

Retractable Gear

Landing Gear
Movement

on Ground

Powerplant

Engine
Converts chemical energy (fuel) into
mechanical energy which turns the propeller.

Lycoming 0-320 Engine

Powerplant

Propeller
Converts
mechanical energy
into thrust.
Attached to engine
by crankshaft.
Rotates clockwise,
as seen from
cockpit.

Powerplant

Cowl
Ducts air over engine for cooling.
Makes airflow around engine as smooth as
possible.

Three Axis of Aircraft


Longitudinal Axis
Lateral Axis
Vertical Axis

Aircraft Control

Roll Control
- Movement about Longitudinal Axis
- Controlled by Ailerons

Aircraft Control

Pitch Control
- Movement about Lateral Axis
- Controlled by Elevator

Aircraft Control

Yaw Control
- Movement about Vertical Axis
- Controlled by Rudder

Cockpit Familiarization

Glass Cockpit

Glass Cockpit

Questions?