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# Ashley Bobman

I-now am real. All things that exist now are real. If I was not real-now, then I
could not be typing this paper in my current now. In my current now, I-now am
writing this paper. Thus, in my-now I-now am real.
At least one other observer-now is real. For if at least one other observer was not
real-now, then there would be no one reading this paper. In fact if at least one other
observer was not real-now, take for example Professor Manchak, then the necessity
of this paper would no longer be real and thus this paper would not exist. It
follows that at least one other observer Professor Manchak is real-now. We
shall call this observer you-now.
If special relativity is real, then it is possible for I-now and you-now to be in
motion relative to one another. Einsteins theory of special relativity created a
fundamental link between space and time.i Because of the space-time continuum
of the theory of special relativity, if you move fast enough through space, the
observations that you make about space and time differ somewhat from the
observations of other people, who are moving at different speeds. ii Thus, you will
observe other people as in motion relative to you.
If you-now are in motion relative to I-now, then it follows that I-now coordinate
system of simultaneity is not the same as you-now coordinate system of
simultaneity. Relativity shows that the inertial frames of reference of relatively
moving objects do not overlie each other.iii The relativity of simultaneity says that
whether two events are simultaneous depend on the choice of inertial space to
which the judgments are referred,iv meaning simultaneity is not absolute; it
depends on the observers reference frame. Thus, if you are moving relative to me,
then from my coordinate system of reference-now, you are moving in a different
coordinate system of simultaneity. Thus, our coordinate system of simultaneity
cannot be the same.
If I-now coordinate system of simultaneity is not the same as you-now coordinate
system of simultaneity, then I-now and you-now have a unique set of events that
constitute the present moment. The effect of the relativity of simultaneity is that
I-now and you-now each consider a different set of events simultaneous. To have
different sets of things that are simultaneous is to have different sets of things that
are in I-now and you-nows present moment.
If we have a unique set of events that constitute our present moment, then there
are events which lie in the future according to I-now coordinate system now that lie
in the present of you-now according to your coordinate system. The relation of
simultaneity-in-my coordinate-system is transitive, meaning it has the property that
if x is simultaneous with y in my coordinate system and y is simultaneous with z in
my coordinate system, then x is also simultaneous with z in my coordinate system.v
Thus it follows that the following also hold true: If all things in relation to me-now
are real-now and I find that you-now is real, then everything that is simultaneous to
you-now in your coordinate system is also real. Since the relation of simultaneityin-my-coordinate-system is transitive, as a consequence of Special Relativity,
there are events which lie in the future according to my coordinate system and
which lie in the present of you-now according to your coordinate system. vi
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If events which lie in the future of I-now according to my coordinate system, lie in
the present of you-now according to your coordinate system, then I-now future
events are real now. As previously mentioned, there are events which lie in the
future according to my coordinate system and which lie in the present of younow according to your coordinate system, vii thus my-now future events are already
real to you-now. Since the relation of simultaneity-in-my-coordinate-system is
transitive, all things in relation to me-now are real-now and I find that you-now is
real, then everything that is real to you-now in your coordinate system is also real
to me-now. Thus if an event is real for you-now, even if that event lies in my
future, the event is also real for me-now.
Assume special relativity is true. Einstein developed his special theory of
relativityas the consequences of two postlates: the principle of relativityand what
we now call the light postulate.viii Special relativity is the accepted physical
theory regarding the relationship between space and time. Thus, because of its
wide acceptance in the community of physics, we shall hold it to be true for our
argument.
Thus, future events are real now.

Schematic
A is R.
B is R.
If S is R, then B possibly is MA and A possibly is MB.
If B is MA, then CA is not CB.
If CA is not CB, then EP of CA is not EP of CB.
If EP of CA is not EP of CB, then EF of CA is EP of CB.
If EF of CA is EP of CB, then EFA is R.
S is R.
Thus, EF is R.
R = real now
A = I-now
B = observer-now/you-now (used interchangeably)
XA = of or pertaining to A
XB = of or pertaining to B
S = special relativity
Mm = in motion relative to m, where m is some object or thing
C = coordinate system of simultaneity
EP = events that constitute the present moment
EF = events that lie in the future

i Andrew Z. Jones and Daniel Robbins, Einstein's Special Relativity. For Dummies. <http://www.dummies.com/howto/content/einsteins-special-relativity.html>.
ii Ibid.
iii Special Relativity/Simultaneity, Time Dilation and Length Contraction. Wikibooks.
<http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Special_Relativity/Simultaneity,_time_dilation_and_length_contraction>.
iv John D. Norton, Introduction to the Philosophy of Space and Time from Introduction to the Philosophy of Science,
ed. M. Salmon et al. (Hackett, 1999), 214.
v Hilary Putnam, The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 8 (Apr. 27, 1967), 242.
vi Ibid.
vii Ibid.
viii John D. Norton, Introduction to the Philosophy of Space and Time from Introduction to the Philosophy of
Science, ed. M. Salmon et al. (Hackett, 1999), 213.