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Mitosis and Meiosis Webquest

Name: Chrysleyth Lopez

Objective: In this activity, you will use the following web pages to examine the processes of
mitosis and meiosis. Both of these processes are important in homeostasis as well as human
reproduction.
PART A: Cell Growth and Mitosis
Please go to the following webpage:
http://plaza.ufl.edu/alallen/pgl/modules/rio/stingarees/module/index.html
1. What is the function of the cell membrane related cell division?
To control what goes in and out of the cell, is to creates the cleavage furrow to create
another cell
2. What is the role of the nucleus in cell division?
Serves as the control center of a cell.
3. What is the role of the centrioles in cell division?
Paired organelles that are In the cytoplasm
4. What is the role of the microtubules in cell division?
Miniature tubes that act as the skeleton Of the cell, just like our skeleton holds us
together
Click on the tab, Why Must Cells Divide?
1. Why are cells limited in size?
Because the outside must transport the food And oxygen to The parts on the inside.
Because the inside grows fater then the outside
2. Click on the animation. A cell with 2cm sides has what surface area? - 24cm^2
What volume? 8cm^3
3. What would be the surface to volume ratio?
3
4. A cell with a large volume will have a more difficult time doing what?
Getting materials in and waste products out
Click on the tab, What Does Mitosis Do?
1. What are the 2 major functions of mitosis?
Growth and repair
Click on the tab, Built-in Controls in Mitosis
1. What are the 2 ways that cells know to stop dividing?
Contact inhibition when the cells have covered the bottom of the dish and are all in
contact with one another, cell division stops. They have go and no go, chemical signals
that tell them to divide
Please go to the following webpage:
http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookmito.html
1. What ends the cell division process where one cell splits from the sister cell?
Cytokinesis, chemical signal
2. Some cells divide rapidly. Example?

red blood cells must divide at a rate of 2.5 million per second
Skin cells

Some cells do not divide at all after maturity. Example?


Nerve cells
1. What is the result of binary fission (genetically the same or different)?
The same

2. What is the genetic relationship between resulting cells in mitosis (genetically the same
or different)?
Same
3. Label the following steps of mitosis:
the process of forming (generally) identical daughter cells by replicating and dividing the
original chromosomes, in effect making a cellular xerox. Commonly the two processes of
cell division are confused. Mitosis deals only with the segregation of the chromosomes
and organelles into daughter cells.

PART B: Meiosis
Please go to the following webpage: http://www.cellsalive.com/meiosis.htm
1. Why is the meiosis important?

Is important in assuring genetic diversity in sexual reproduction.

2. Start the animation. What do the chromosomes do in Prophase 1?


Duplicate themselves to produce Sister Chromatids
3. Compare how chromosomes line up on the equator (for separation) in Metaphase 1 and
2?

chromosomes line up side by side on the equator in metaphase 1 and in metaphase


2 in this the chromosomes line up along the equator and the centromere divides into
two.

4. In which phase are the number of chromosomes divided in half as a reduction


division(Meiosis 1 or 2)?
In 2
(sperm and egg do meiosis)

1. Label the following steps of Meiosis:


http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/VL/GG/meiosis.html
The link did not work for me

PART C: Comparing and Contrasting Mitosis and Meiosis


http://www.biology.arizona.edu/CELL_BIO/tutorials/meiosis/problems.html
http://www.cellsalive.com/meiosis.htm
http://www.stolaf.edu/people/giannini/flashanimat/celldivision/meiosis.swf
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/baby/divide.html#
After visiting the web pages above,
compare and contrast mitosis and
meiosis.
Mitosis allows the cells in your body to
divide and regenerate for example like
growing your hair, and your skin to heal
after being wounded. Almost all of the DNA
duplication in your body is carried out
through mitosis. Meiosis, on the other
hand, is the process by which certain sex
cells are created. If you're male, your body
uses meiosis to create sperm cells; if
you're female, it uses meiosis to create
egg cells.

Then, create a Venn Diagram of the


terms listed below. You will turn the
Venn Diagram in to me at the end of
class. If an item does not belong put
it in a list titled Does Not Belong.
(on paper)
Terms:
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Same Chromosome number
Different Chromosome number
One part to cell division
Two parts to cell division (I and II)
Example: Bacteria reproduction
Example: Human reproduction
chromosomes

Haploid
Diploid
Sex cells
somatic cells
cell division
growth
repair