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ZONDGM2D
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(Profile) ________________________________________________ 36
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Cell summarization ________________________________________________________ 50
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3D __________________________________ 56
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1

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

____________________________________________________________________ 67
________________________________________________________________ 70
(Print preview) __________________________ 72

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

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IBM PC-
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Windows 98 . :
P IV-2 , 512 . , 1024 X 768, True color. ( ).

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( ).


ZONDGM2D - .
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: www.zond-geo.ru.

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SenseLock. SenseLock (
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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

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2,8 - 3,1

2,7 - 3,3

2,8 - 3,4

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013



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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

10-5 (. )

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25

750

500 - 50000

6000

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

+400 +700 .
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ZONDGM2D
,
.
.
, ZONDMG2D,
*.GM. .
:

, ( TAB
SPACE)

,
5000.

Excel. File Import from


text/excel. (),
.
, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. Import from text/excel.


c
(Type) (Units).
:
ProfPos
X/Lattitude /
Y/Longitude /
Z
Grav
Mag
line
.
,
.

, , .
GM.
10

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

:
prpos
LATITUDE
LONGITUDE
z
GRAV ( )
MAG ( )
:
prpos LATITUDE

LONGITUDE

GRAV

479

-3.49.38.31598

-40.49.47.04385

156.645

977996.7625

478

-3.50.14.23385

-40.49.34.86847

176.749

977993.118

477

-3.50.41.81796

-40.49.12.96376

158.598

977996.16

476

-3.50.56.86075

-40.48.43.78614

153.596

977995.8746

475

-3.51.29.57703

-40.48.33.59533

163.494

977992.9616

474

-3.51.34.51079

-40.47.58.78146

150.784

977994.8251

473

-3.51.57.72425

-40.47.37.80829

173.923

977989.1426

472

-3.52.13.61573

-40.47.09.33508

151.016

977993.4726

471

-3.52.13.05078

-40.46.50.40375

164.658

977990.0839

470

-3.52.27.34988

-40.46.39.50728

170.948

977988.923

469

-3.52.44.12399

-40.46.27.26992

154.136

977992.3446

468

-3.52.54.85479

-40.46.09.14952

161.646

977990.9782

467

-3.53.10.34938

-40.45.59.98908

162.519

977990.9039

466

-3.53.27.27992

-40.46.01.57194

168.091

977990.0246

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-40.46.02.08070

172.989

977989.2686

464

-3.53.50.90568

-40.45.46.82738

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ZONDGM2D ().
. txt

11

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

, .
:
( ),
. .
:

0.5

118.3035394 0

126.9002384 0

1.5

123.4170888 0

116.1519574 0

2.5

117.240884

111.9424174 0

3.5

142.0405875 0

125.3686538 0

4.5

521.0730567 0

735.5232592 0

5.5

707.7315998 0

706.3561614 0

6.5

725.9945623 0

722.433627

7.5

717.0991126 0

716.9836552 0

8.5

725.5024012 0

722.3551713 0

9.5

731.5717173 0

10

723.5097884 0

10.5

726.8844987 0

11

725.962034

11.5

743.2485878 0

12

726.4061156 0

12.5

734.399887

13

727.9166309 0

13.5

116.1921851 0

14

517.9613065 0

0
12

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

14.5

125.3706264 0

15

111.2952478 0

15.5

131.911879

16

107.9217309 0

16.5

114.9327361 0

17

134.0939196 0

17.5

138.4457143 0

18

129.1165104 0

:
( )
. .
. .

23 , ,
.

13

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
0 1 0 13 1
4 1 0 13 1
4 1 0 19 2
11 1 0 19 2
11 1 0 27 3
16 1 0 27 3

( *.crt) ,
. CRT
.
2280.txt

2280

- ( )

18 2 2 1 0 1 0 0

18 .
2 - ( , 1 - 20).
2 - 0 - 3.
0 - ( );
1 - ( )
;
2 - ;
3

,
;
1 - 0 - 2.
0,1 ;
1,2 - ;
14

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

0 - (
, ) 0 n-1, n
.
1 - .
0 - 0, 1.
0 .

3246.txt

3246
102 2 2 1 0 1 0 0



Import/Export/Borehole data.

.

Import/Export/Import model/data
ZOND .

.

15

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

,
, .

Save/Load selection
.

16

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

,
(Blocks section), Selection
Save selection.
:
. ,
.

Load selection

. ,
.

Extract 1d log / Load 1d log.


X .
X.
, ,
.
(
) Import/export/ Background
image. , , ,
, .
half-space transparency.
*.sec .
*.sec :
1- ;
2-

X1 Y1 X2 Y2.

sect.emf
0 0 152.4 53.3
Blocks section ,
. ,
.

17

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Smooth section ,
.

Output settings Vertical scale (


), Horizontal scale ( ),
Print resolution ( DPI) Font
size.

18

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

BMP (Model)

Automatic.
.

ZONDGM2D ( *.GMP). ,
,
. , ,
.
,

. ,
, (Calculated)
, (Model, WorkSheet)
*.BMP.
.

Zond project data


Zond

project

with .

calculated data
Worksheet

BMP.

Model


BMP.

Grid file

-.

Section file

*.sec




. ( - ):
.
.

19

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

()
.

.
.
.
( ).
.


:
File/Create syntetic survey


().

File/Open file

File/Import from text/excel


Excel ()

File/ Add to project

File/Save file

File/Edit data

Notepad.
File/Recent

File/

File/English

File/Reg file

File/Register

File/Exit

Options/Mesh constructor

Options/Lines observation
settings
20

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Options/Set survey lines

()

Options/Program setup

().

Options/Data editor

()

Options/Show modeler tools

()

Options/Geological editor

()

Options/Create/Edit

/ ()

borehole data
Options/Remove

borehole

data
Options/3D section plot

.
()

Options/Graphics map

()

Options/Print preview

().
Options/Model/Block

section
Options/Model/Smooth

section
Options/Model/Contour

section
Options/Model/Smooth

contours
Options/Model/X=Z scale

Options/Model/Extend

bottom

Options/Model/Gravity and
magnetic sections

Options/Advanced/Cells

summarization

). ()

Options/Advanced/Set

()

boundaries
Options/Advanced/Inverse
21

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

norms/Norming factor 1
Options/Advanced/Inverse
norms/Sharpness 0.01
Options/Advanced/Real

topo coordinates
Options/Advanced/Extende

d nodes
Options/Advanced/Infiniti

borders

Options/Import/Export/Bore

hole data

. ()

Options/Import/Export

/Import model/data

. ^

Options/Import/Export

/Remove data

Options/Import/Export

/Save selection
Options/Import/Export

/Load selection

Options/Import/Export

/Extract 1d log

.
Options/Import/Export

/Load 1d log

Options/Import/Export/Back SectionCor (*.sec).


ground image
Options/Import/Export/Outp

ut setting
Options/Import/Export/Imp

ort topography
Options/Import/Export/Exp

Excel

ort to Excel
22

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Options/Import/Export/Exp

AutoCad (*.DXF)

ort model to DXF


Options/Import/Export/Dra

Surfer

w model in Surfer
Operations/Line operations
Operations/Subtract

total

field
Operations/Subtract median
value
user ,

Operations/Subtract
value

Operations/Denoise data

Operations/ Subtract med in (


)

window
Operations/Return

to

original data
Operations/Areal operations
Operations/Subtract

total

field
Operations/Subtract median
value
Operations/Subtract

user ,

value
Operations/Return

to

original data
^ : ,
. .
Zond 2D,
, , .
, .

23

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013


/ .

Delete

Insert

.
F

magic wand
.

/ /

Space

Enter

Euler Objects
.


,
:
.
.
.
*.GM,
. ,
,
.
: Magnetic survey Gravity survey,
.

24

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Magnetic survey:
Total field, nT (To), .
Inclination, deg ,
(I). .
Declination, deg ,
(D). .
Profile azimuth, deg , .
.
Magnetometer elev, m , ,
.
Data type . T , GrZ

Gradient base, m
Gravity survey:
Gravimeter elev, m , ,
.

25

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Data type . Gz
, Grz .
Gradient base, m

(Cx, Cz) :

,
2005 .
.

26

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

nodes
.
Minimum .
Maximum - .
Nodes number In points,
,
.
Regular mesh
( In points).
Z nodes
( ).
StartH .
.
Factor .
1 2.
Nodes number .


,
.

27

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Inversion .
Inversion ,
.
,
.


.
Smoothness constrained
.
( ) .

28

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

A W WA C C m A W
T

.
.
, .
Occam
[Constable,
1987].

A W
T

WA C T C m AT W T f C T Cm


Smoothness factor. ,
.
Marquardt
(Ridge regression) [Marquardt, 1963].
,
.

29

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

A W
T

WA I m AT W T f

, .

Marquardt, (

), Smoothness constrained
Occam.
Focused
[Portniaguine,
2000].

, ,
.

A W
T

WA C T RC m AT W T f C T RCm


Threshhold.

,
( , ).
( ) Ri
30

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

e ri :
Ri

e2
e 2 ri

Blocks
.
.
,
Marquardt:

A W
T

WA I m AT W T f


( Focused),
Cell summarization.
, .
.
Smoothing factor
( ).
,
: 0.5 - 2;
: 0.005 - 0.01.

Occam Focused.
smoothing factor:
0.01 1. 4.5 %, 6 %.

31

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Depth smoothing
Stop criteria .
Iterations ,
.
RMS error ,
.
Reduction ,

%)

.
Focusing parameters
Threshold
(
).
(0.1-10).
( ).
.

Threshold: 0.1 10.

32

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Robust weighting scheme


, .

.

Use reference model , .



. Occam
Focused.

,
. ,
.

( )
( ) ( ).

33

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Options
.
Model
Min susceptibility, Max susceptibility
.
(n*10-5).
Min density, Max density
. /3.

Smoothness

ratio

. -
<1, - >1. ,
, 0.2 1.

Smoothness ratio: 1 0.3.

34

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Topo coefficient (0-5).


0 . 1 -
, .
:
max( Topo) Topox
z * x, z Topox z 1
Tcoeff
max( z )

Topo , z - .

Cell grouping .
,
.
,
. ,
.
: (Layer)
; (ID) ; (Width)
( ),
, .
.
Width
, -

.
35

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

ID
, -
.
: ,
, , ,
, , ,
.

(Profile)

. 47
,
.
36

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

,
. .

().
( +SHIFT ).
ALT.
.



. ,
.
,
.
, ,
.

. ,

, .
.
.
Options/Model/Block-section (.29),
Options/Model/Smooth-section (.29),
Options/Model/Contour-section (.29).

37

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 29. :
Block-section (), Smooth-section (), Contour-section ().

Display model mesh

Display

, .

objects ,

border

Display color bar

,
.

Setup

().

Zoom&Scroll

Print preview

Setup

Set minimum

Set maximum

Set incremental factor


38

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
Automatic

Log scale

Set cursor value

Colors as histogram

Set maximum

Redivide


( ).

Thick mesh

Thin mesh

.
Redivide

.
Thick mesh


(
).

Thin mesh

.

:

Display cell setup

Cell to cursor value

Edit mode
Selection\Free
selection

.
form
. .
39

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Selection\Rectangular

selection

. .

Selection\Elleptical

selection

. .

Selection\Magic wand


.
.
.

Selection\Remove

selection
Mesh

options\add .

column /row

Mesh options\remove .
column /row
Mesh

options\resize .

column /row
Clear model

Clear parameters

, Show modeler tools Options.


:




. .
.
.

. .
.

40

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. .
.

.
.
.


:
.

Zoom&Scroll .

, ,
. ,
, .
SHIFT
. SHIFT
.

.
CTRL
.

.
.


Options

41

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Box margins (pixels)


Left margin ( ) .
Right margin ( ) .
Top margin ( ) .
Bottom margin ( ) .
Object difference -
, .
Selection admissibility -
, ,
( Magic Wand).
Parameter alteration
( ), Edit,
Shift.
Font .
Colors

42

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Color bar
Palette ()
Others
Body border ,
Parameter alteration .
Grid .
Selection - .
Fixed - .


.
Value .
Fixed .
Min value, Max value .
Apply to selected ,
.

, .

. ,
43

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

,
.

. 31. .
,
: , (,
), . ,
,
: File/Create syntetic survey (. 32).

Lines minimum, m
44

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Lines maximum, m
Points number
Gravity Magnetic
.

block-section. . .


.
( )

,
, ,
Zond project with calculated data, , .
, Import
model/data ( ),
, - Zond model with calculated.

.
,
. ,
,
.

.
, ,
, ,
.

.
:
Parameters inversion ( /
)
45

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Z nodes inversion
X nodes inversion
ZX nodes inversion
PZX inversion ( / )
.

Modeling (..), :
Show background

Remove background

Get value from background

Remove polygons

Display ColorScale

Colors from ColorScale

Exit from modeling mode

46

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
. (
) .
(.. -
) .

.

.
. ,

.

. (
), , ,
.. .
, .
.
( , )
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(
) .
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) ,
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, (..
).
.


. , ,
( ).
47

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
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48

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
.
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.
.
.

,
.


,
.

.
Color . ,
.
Pen .
, .
Brush .
, .
Gradient .
,
.
49

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
.
.
, .
None .
Density .
Susceptibility
.
Density & Susceptibility
.
User text
. .
, .


Cell summarization
Cell summarization ( )
. Blocks.
.
.

50

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Blocks,
(Contrast factor),
.

Start layers ,

.
Smooth,

(Smooth factor),

. End layers ,
.

51

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Geological editor
, .

, .
,
.
, .
,

CAD.

.
.
Geological editor ,
.
, .

. Geological Editor

Geological

editor

.
.

.
. (
) .
(.. -
) .
52

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

.
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.

. (
), , ,
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, .
.
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) .
(.. -
) ,
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).
.


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( ).
.
, .

.
. .

.
53

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

, .
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54

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

,
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.

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.

;
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)
.
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.

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55

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Color . ,
.
Pen .
, .
Brush .
, .
Gradient .
,
:








Options Geological editor :


Automatic scaling
Model setup
Load borehole data
Remove borehole data
Output settings
Export to DXF DXF .

3D

56

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013


Options/Set lines survey. Line settings (. 49),
.

. 49 Line settings
:
Map - ,
Topography
Gravity
Magnetic
. ,

.
.
.

.
, (
),
.
57

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

perc


.


.

,
. /
.
,
.
,
.
, .

, .

Active line index

.
Graphics map (..)
( ) .

. /
.
Shift ().

58

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. Graphics maps
3D sections plot (Options/ 3D sections plot)

. 3D sections
viewer. :



3D
()
3D
.

.

. ,
.
59

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013


3D section viewer :
Lines (. 51)
, , 3D
. : , ,
. 3D
(V visible). .
.
, Shift
.
.

. 51 3D section viewer, Lines.


3D view (. 52) 3D .

60

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 52 3D section viewer, 3D view


Options (. 53) .
Color scale . Palette
(). Color scale limits

, .

. 53 3D section viewer, Options


61

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Axis scales .


( )
. ZONDGM2D
,
.



Options/Create/Edit borehole data. Add borehole data
(. 54).

. 54 Add borehole data.


:

62

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013










( ).


( ) horizontal position,
Position from surface.
. .
. ,
: N , H
, Z , C .
.

. .
. ,
,
. Pattern Color Editor
C (. 55).
. Color
.

63

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 55

.
,
.
.

.
,
. ,
.

Save

default palette.
(

- Load default palette).

Set percent,

.
: *.crt
, ZONDGM2D *.txt
, .
.
,

Options/Import/Export/Borehole data.
, (. 56).
64

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 56 .
( Set boundaries)
Set boundaries Options/Advancied
.
, :

Enable/Disable editing

boundaries mode

Add new boundary

Delete boundary

Save boundaries to file

Load boundaries from file

,
.
,
. ,

.
65

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

, Occam.
1-2 ,
.

,
.
.
.
.
.
,
(. ).

. () ()
.



Palette (. 58).
( , ..) .

Ctrl. Delete.
,
,

66

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 58 .

. 59
.
SHIFT
. : options
default. ,
.
Scales
.

67

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Auto , .

Minimum Maximum.
Visible / .
Inverted .
Increment change .
Logarithmic - .
LinLog
options.
Base .
LinLog options ,
.

.
Dec Shift

( )

. ()
, .
Min dec () ,
.
Rounded limits ,
.
Minimum Maximum .
Auto , -
Change.
Offset
.
Title .
Style:
Title .
Angle .
Size . 0
.
Visible / .
Text:
68

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Font .
Outline .
Inter-char spacing
.
Gradient
.
Outline gradient , :
.
Shadow
.
Labels .
Style:
Visible / .
Multiline .
Round first .
Label on axis .
Alternate .
Size . 0
.
Angle .
Min separation % .
Text:
Font .
Outline .
Inter-char spacing
.
Gradient
.
Outline gradient , :
.
Shadow
.
69

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Ticks .
Axis .
Grid .
Ticks . Len
.
Inner .
Len .
Centered .
At labels only
.
Minor .
Grid .
Ticks .
Length .
Minor .
Len .
Count .
Position .
Position %
( ,
Units).
Start %
( ).
End %
( ).


.
SHIFT .
: options default.
, .
Format .
70

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Border
.
Color .
Pattern .
Outline
.
Shadow
.
Point .
Visible / .
Style .
Width .
Height .
Inflate margins ,
.
Pattern .
Border .
Gradient .
Marks .
Style.
Visible / .
Draw every , ..
.
Angle .
Clipped , ,
.
Arrows
.
Border .
Pointer (
Point).
71

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

Length .
Distance
.
Arrow head .

None

Pointer. Line
. Solid .
Size , .
Format
.
Color .
Frame .
Pattern .
Bevel : , .
Size .
Size .
Transparent Transparency .
Text:
Font .
Outline .
Inter-char spacing
.
Gradient
.
Outline gradient , :
.
Shadow
.

(Print preview)

Options/Print preview.
.

72

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. 64 Print preview
.
Print Preview
-

.
- .
, ,
.
- , ,
.
- bitmap files.
- Print preview.
,
.
, .
.
73

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

. ,

. table files

, ,

74

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2013

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