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-

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95
-22


2016 .


()
:
1. () ,
.
2. ,
(
) .
3.
..,
, .


1. () .. ,
N = 550 . .. 55%.
2. .. , 2- 4-
= 7.
3. 4 / = 7.
4.
.
5. - ()
.
6. N = 60 .
100%.

1. R1 = 1,4 ..
() q = 45 .
2. ()
Q = 80 R2 = 0,8 .
3. R3 = 3,2 . ,
G = 85 = 1,42 /3.
. V = 2 /.
4. ,
t = 5 .
( ) = 7 /.

= 7 t = 5 .
= 4 .
..
()
t = 8
5. .. =
5 .

()
.. :
1.
2.
3. .
4.
5. 5
,
:
1.
2.
3.
4.

:

J,
U, /2.
1.
8
4,5
250

2.
10
5
2500

3.
10
5
2500

4. 2-
40
8
2500
\
5.
800
9
6.
800
9

7.
50
9

8.
20
6
250


..,
,

.. :
1.
2.
3. 5
..,
.
, R1=1,4,
. q=45 .
1. :
= [105(q)1/3]/R1 +[410(q2)1/3]/R12 +(1370q)/R13,
q = 22,5 = 22500000
R1 = 1,4 = 1400
= (105 (22500000) (1 3)) 1400 + (410 (22500000 2) (1 3)) 1400 2 + (1370
22500000) 1400 3 = 49,1
2. :
U = (74q/R12)e-R1, /2
q = 45
R1 = 1,4
= 0,1 1/
U = (74*45/1,42)e-0,1*1,4 = 1477 /2
^

1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

:
(>40 , <50 )
, ,
:



2- \


:


4

..,
.
, R2=0,8 ,
. Q=80
1.
()
R = 0,8 = 800
= 0,014 R2/Q1/3=0,014*800/801/3=2,6
= 22/[(lg +0,158)1/2], > 2
=22/[2,6(lg 2,6 +0,158)1/2] = 18
2.
:
Q = 70 = 0,07
R = 0,6
U = (74Q/R22)e-R2, /2,
U = (74*0,07/0,62)e-0,1*0,6 = 8,5 /2
:
1.
2. :



3.

..,
.
.. 5 ,
10 .
:
1.
:



2.
.
.., ,
,

() ,
.
.

,
.


..,

,
R3=3,2 .. . G=85
1,42\3. V=2\
1.
1.1.

S = G /( d)
d = 0,5
S = 85/(1,42*0,5)=119,72
1.2.

.. V=2\, , : =0,5;
=0,38; =0,55.
= 32
= 9,2
.= 1,4
=9,2,
=32 -1,4.
1.3.

,
.
:
= 0,03* = 0,96
=0,15 =1,39
=0,8 = 1,09.
,
( 1).

1
: ,
. .
1.4.

.. .
t = R3/ (V 60)
,
,
.
.
R3 = 2,8 < 10 , 1,5.
R3 = 2,8 = 2800
V = 1,5*V=1,5*2 /c= 3/c
t = R3/ (V 60) = 26,6 ~ 27
: , ,
,
.
.
1.1.
.
1\ :
= 23,0 = 1380
2\
0,7.

: t=1380*0,7=966 = 16,1 .
, 16 6
.
: 16 6 ..

,

.
.
1.2.
..

.. :
4% - 3 (1 , 1 , 1
)
16% 73 (19 , 30 ,
24 )
: 3 ,
.
2. ..,

.
,

.

, .

..,

1

, t = 5, t = 5 ,
, t = t + t = 10 .
( ) =
7/.

= (/)
= 10 = 0,4 = 3 = 0,645
= (/) = 3*(0,4/0,645) =5,3 \,

:
= 1,7( t t)
= 1,7(1,86*10 3*3) = 30,69 .
t.()=2

: 5

= 30,69 , =4 7,5 .
2.
2 ,
=7
, ,
:
=
= /

= / = 30,69 / 7 = 4,38
: = 4,38 ,
=4 .

.
P1=13,3 /
,
a = 7 =4 .
= 1 / ( ) =13,3/(4*7)=0,475
t = (1/1,7 + t0,6)1/0,6=9,5.
t = t t=9,5 5= 4,5 .

:
4,5 .
4 .. 8 . ,
= 7.
= [1,7 (t t)]/
= 6,5
: -99, =0.1 /.
.
5 .. .
, =0,209.
= (/), = 0,645.
= 2,7 \
= [1,7 (t t)]/
= 26,5
: -99, =0.1 /. 2 (48 ) 26,5 .
= 50 /.
,
.
6 .. 30
, 30 =0,072
= (/), = 0,645.
0,95 \
= [1,7 (t t)]/
= 159,8
: -99, =0.1 /.
= 3 , .. = 3*30 = 90 .
.
7 .. 70
, 70 = 0,0003

= (/), = 0,645.
= 0,95 \
= [1,7 (t t)]/
= 9767
: -99, =0.1 /.
= 100 70 . ,
.
4,5,6,7:
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8 ..,
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,
,
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,
, .
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