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English Score A+ in SPM

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ENGLISH PERFECT SCORE


SPM 2015

MODULE 1

PAPER 1
DIRECTED WRITING [35 marks]
Written by: Cikgu Marzuqi Mohd Salleh
M.Sc. Ed USM, Band 5
Edited by Teacher Suhaili, B.M (hons) Ed USM
Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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TOTAL MARKS FOR DIRECTED WRITING


Aspects
Format
Content
Language
TOTAL
Criteria for Marking Language
Range

A
19 20

B
16 18

Marks
3
12
20
35

Description of Criteria

The language is entirely accurate apart from occasional first draft


slips.
Sentence structure is varied and sophisticated shows that the
candidate is able to use sentence length and type to achieve an
intended effect.
Vocabulary is wide and is used with precision.
Punctuation is accurate and helpful to the precision.
Spelling is accurate across the full range of vocabulary used.
Paragraphs are well-planned, have unity are appropriately linked.
The topic is addressed with consistent relevance.
The interest of the reader is aroused and sustained throughout
the writing.
The style and tone is appropriate.
The language is accurate but there may be more errors or first
draft slips.
Sentences show some variation in length and type, including the
use of complex sentences.
Punctuation is almost always accurate and generally helpful to
the reader.
Vocabulary is wide enough to convey intended shades of
meaning with some precision.
Spelling is nearly always accurate.
Written in paragraphs which shows some unity and are usually
linked appropriately.
The piece of writing is relevant to the topic and the interest of the
reader is aroused and sustained though most of the composition.
The style and tone is appropriate. The reader is satisfied that
genuine attempt has been made.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Past Years Question (1997 to 2014)


Year

Format

1997

An article for school newspaper

1998
1999

A format letter to the Manager of a factory


A report to the principal

2000

An information letter to your mother

2001
2002
2003

An article for your school magazine


A talk to other students
A formal letter to your teacher

2004

A report for the principal

2005

A letter to a friend (informal letter)

2006

A letter to a friend (informal letter)

2007

A talk to students

2008
2009

An article for a school magazine


A report to the principal

2010

A letter to your cousin

2011

A speech to Red Crescent Society members

2012
2013

A letter to younger sister (informal letter)


A letter to the Town Council (formal letter)

2014
2015

An article for your school magazine


Speech/report/talk

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Task
To inform students about the nature club and
persuade them to join.
To request a visit for your school consumer club.
To inform the principal about the poor condition
and services or the library.
To ask for some money to buy a birthday gift for
your brother.
How cope with stress
Road Safety
To state the choice made by your class on a trip
after the end-of-year examination and give reasons
for the choice.
To write on matters in your school which could be
improved
To describe your experiences at a three-day
outdoor camp.
To give reasons why he/she would make a good
Head Prefect
To give a talk on a reference book that is useful for
secondary students
To write an article about your friend.
To give reasons for the lack of interest in sports
and provide suggestions to overcome the problems.
To tell him/her about the benefits of the National
Service Programme and to encourage him/her to
go.
To inform them on how to manage a sprained
ankle.
To advise her on how to spend her money wisely.
Complaint about poor condition in Indah
Recreational Park.
How to ensure safety in the neighbourhood.
Sport / reading / planting

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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EXAMPLE 1
Section A: Directed Writing
[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]
1.You are unhappy with the poor condition and services of your school library. Write a
report to your principal. You must use the notes given below.

Rude librarian
Insufficient space
Old furniture
Old and torn books
Faulty media equipment
Short borrowing period

When writing the report, you should remember:


to provide a title
to use all the notes given
the elaborate the notes
Suggested answer 1
To: The Principal of Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas

F1

The Poor Conditions And Services By The Library

My name is Ahmad Bin Mohd. Ali. I am very unhappy with the

F2

Introduction

conditions and services provided by our school library. This is a serious


matter and should be solved as soon as possible.
First of all, the librarians are very rude. They often scold us
when we return the books late although we pay the fine. It is hard to

C1
E1

see them smile. So I hope you will do something about this.


There is insufficient place to sit and read. Our school has
about 1000 students. The library is too small. We have to stand and sit

C2
E2

outside the library along the corridor to read books or newspaper.


Besides, the library has old furniture. The chairs are all rusty

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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and some even broken. The tables are shaking and might fall one day.

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C3

The racks are very old. We are afraid if would fall anytime. I request the
school to buy new furniture.

E3

Apart from that, our library is filled with old and torn books,
which are not suitable for the students. Some of us have asked the

C4

teacher in charge to buy new books but he said the library has financial

E4

problems.
Other than that, the media equipment is faulty. The students
cannot access computers anytime they want. The television cannot be

C5

switched on. We hope that the school will buy a new television or repair

E5

the old one.


Finally, the students are not satisfied with the borrowing period,
which is too short. We can only borrow the reference books for two

C6

days. We can borrow the story books for one week. We hope the library

E6

would expand the borrowing period. This is all I would like to complain
about. I hope you will look into this matter as soon as possible.

Reported by,

(Ahmad bin Mohd. Ali)


Student from form 5A,
SM Sains Kepala Batas,
Pulau Pinang.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

F3

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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EXAMPLE 2
2. Imagine that you were very dissatisfied with the food and service at an expensive
restaurant where you entertained your family. Write a letter of complaint to the
restaurants management. Include the following points:
- Rude waiters
- Poorly cooked food
- Unhygienic conditions
- Wrongly totalled bill
- Noisy surroundings
- Old and uncomfortable furniture
In your letter you should:
- state your complaint
- elaborate on your complaints
- ask the management to rectify the complaints
- express your thoughts about dining at the restaurant again

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Suggested answer 2
Lot A13 Taman Sri Berjaya,
47 000 Sungai Buloh,
Selangor.

F1

The Manager,
Seasons Restaurant,
Jalan Industri Sunagi Buloh,
47000 Sungai Buloh,
Selangor

09 SEPTEMBER 2014

Dear Sir,

Complaint About Unsatisfactory Food And Restaurant Service

F2

I wish to express my dissatisfaction about the food and service at your


established and well-known restaurant. On behalf of my family, I would Introduction
like to raise a few points regarding this matter. My family and I had
dinner at your restaurant on 08 September 2014 to celebrate my
mothers 50th birthday. We expected to have a great time at your
seafood restaurant but unfortunately we did not.

2.

Your waiters treated us rudely and inconsiderately. We had to wait

for about half an hour before we could order any food. The waiter

C1

spoke to us rudely whilst taking the orders. In fact, he scolded my

E1

mother who wanted to have a cup of tea without sugar. He claimed that
the restaurant does not serve such a drink. For your information, my
mother has diabetes and is trying to avoid taking sugary food and drinks.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

3.

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The poorly cooked food was also unsatisfactory. We were

C2

surprised to find out that the roast chicken and fish that we had ordered

E2

were still raw and inedible. The mushroom soup tasted a bit sour and
the fried prawn was overcooked. We made a complaint about the food to
your waiters and cooks but no further action was taken.

4.

Besides, the poorly served food we also felt uncomfortable with the

C3

dirty and unhygienic conditions at your restaurant. The food was

E3

greasy. There were some cats wandering searching for food. These bad
conditions are harmful as they might get food poisoning and other health
problems.

5.

I nearly lost RM57 as a result of the wrongly totalled bill I was

C4

given. It was my sister who noticed the unreasonable price of the food.

E4

Then, we recounted the bill and found that out it was wrongly calculated.
The total was supposed to be RM120 but the calculation made by the
cashier showed RM177.

6.

Another problem that spoiled our evening was the noisy

C5

surroundings, especially the yelling of waiters and waitresses calling

E5

names and taking orders from the customers. Besides this, the loud
music and noise coming from the kitchen also contributed to this
unsatisfactory situation. What more disappointing were the defective
fans and air-conditioners? The weather was very humid and there were
a lot of people in the restaurant. There are also old and uncomfortable

C6

furniture in your restaurant.

7.

Hereby, I would like to make suggestions to help you solve these

problems. First of all, I suggest that you look at your restaurant and
make sure no more cats and other stray animals are on your premise.
You should also train your waiters and cooks to provide good service

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

E6

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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and food to customers. It would be better to use a calculator to avoid


mistakes in totalling the bill. You need to repair the defective fans and
air-conditioners immediately. Last but not least, cleanliness should be
maintained in all parts of your restaurant. I hope that you will look into
these complaints and take immediate actions. It is very important to
remember that The Better The Service, The Better The Business.

Thanking you in advance for your co-operation.

Yours faithfully,
Rodziana

F3

(RODZIANA RAZALI)

EXAMPLE 3
3.You are the President of the Environmental Club of your school. You have been
requested by your principal to give a speech during school assembly. Your speech is in
conjunction with the Love your Environment campaign. Using the notes below, write
your speech.
o Collect waste material and separate
o Send to recycling centers/Collect old newspapers
o Poster competition
o Do not litter

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Suggested answer 3

A very good morning I bid to the principal, Pn. Aqilah binti Ahmad,

F1

senior assistants, teachers and friends.

I am Izzairy bin Azmie, proudly standing here as the President of


the Environmental Club, and am really honoured to be given this

F2
Introduction

opportunity to talk to all of you today. In conjunction with the Love your
Environment campaign, I would like to talk about the activities to be
carried out to show that we love our environment.

Thesis
statement

As students, it is our responsibility to keep our environment


clean. We play a vital role in protecting our environment. A lot of waste

E1

can be reused such as bottles, cans, and newspapers. Therefore, every


morning we will go around the school compound and collect all waste

C1

materials. Then we must separate these waste products in different

E2

garbage bags. These garbage bags will then be sent to Recycling


Centre.

The next activity is collecting old newspapers from our home.


You are requested to collect old newspapers and bring them to

C2

school every morning. The collection centre will be the school canteen.

E3

There will be someone from the club who will be in charge of the

E4

collection. Please make sure that you tie the newspapers into bundles
before handing them in.

Another activity that will be held is the poster competition.

C3

Anyone interested must register with Lim May May from Form 5 Mulia.

E5

The closing date of submission is the 10th March 2011. The theme of
the posters must follow the theme of our campaign. The first prize

E6

winner will get a book voucher of RM200, the second prize winner will

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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get a book voucher of RM100, and the third prize winner will receive a
book voucher of RM50.

Finally, I wish to give a word of reminder to you all. Please do

C4

not litter. We must avoid the habit of throwing rubbish indiscriminately.

E7

We must always remember that a cleaner environment would ensure a

E8

happier and healthier life. I would like to make an appeal for full
cooperation from all parties to make this campaign a success. With

F3

that, thank you.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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EXAMPLE 4
4.You find that many of your friends are under a lot of pressure. They spend most of
their day studying and appear to suffer from stress. Write an article for your school
newsletter on how to cope with stress.
Include the following points:
Regular exercise
Hobbies
Work in groups
Balanced meals
Enough sleep
Study skills
Make a check-list
Seek advice
Talk to your family
Listen to music
Counsellors
Game
Suggested answer 4
Coping with Stress

F1

by Wira Mohamad

F2

The phenomenon of students under pressure is evident from the


behaviour of those students affected. I am a student and I know when

Introduction

my friends are under pressure. Some of those active ones will suddenly
turn passive. Some will become too quiet while some tend to get
angry fast.

Thesis
statement

There are many ways one can get rid of stress. Firstly, student,
especially teenagers, must go for regular exercise. A brisk walk in the

C1

park would release a lot of tension. Students should play football,

C12

hockey, basketball and badminton to reduce stress.


Exercise is also said to relax the body muscles and keep you
calm. Students must have hobbies such as reading, collecting stamps,

C2

fishing or listening to music of your choice. These leisure activities

C10

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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help keep students free from school-related stress.


Therefore, students should plan a time-table. They can also
work in groups to solve some of their academic problems. Besides

C3

making friends and discussing certain issues, group discussions can


help improve study skills. One of these is the ability to make a check-

C6/C7

list of all the activities planned and carried out. This in turn will make
studying more effective and avoid unnecessary pressure.
Students should also have balanced meals and enough sleep.

C4/C5

These are said to be basic to healthy lives. Students, especially those


in examination classes, must sleep and eat well because a healthy
body creates a healthy mind. However, the process of going to sleep
can sometimes be difficult. Hence, it is necessary to seek advice from

C8

those whom we trust and love. Counsellors in school are helpful but

C11

you can always talk to your family first. However, if nothing works,

C9

there is a need to seek treatment from the relevant authorities. You may
be surprised but a friend of mine said that screaming at the mountains
and laughing your heart out can take away stress.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

F3

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Section A: Directed Writing


[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]

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SPM 14

Crime prevention is everyones responsibility.


Your teacher has asked you to write an article for your school magazine on how to ensure safety
in the neighbourhood. Using the information in the poster below, write your article.

When writing your article, you must:

give your article a title

include the name of the writer

use all the points given


KBAT

suggest two other ways school children can stay safe on the way home.
Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Self-Exercises
Section A: Directed Writing
[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]

1. You are the president of the English Language Society in your school. You noticed that most
of your friends are stressed about the SPM examinations. Write a speech on how to cope
with the problem to be delivered during an assembly.

WAYS TO DEAL WITH EXAM STRESS


Early preparations
Eat nutritious food
Do regular physical activities
Attend motivational talks or seminars

Last minute preparations


Think positive
Take a short break
Have an early night

When writing your speech you should remember to:


address the audience
use all the content points given
give examples / further details for each content point
add any relevant information of your own
write in paragraphs
end the speech appropriately

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Section A: Directed Writing


[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]

2. You are the Head Prefect of your school. You received many complaints from the students
concerning the school canteen. You have decided to write a report to the principal to
complain about the conditions of the canteen. Write your report based on the information
below.

Complaints on the canteen


Food

Cleanliness

Not nutritious

Food exposed to flies

Not tasty

Dirty cutlery

Limited choices

Clogged and smelly drains

Too expensive

Workers
Rude
Poor personal hygiene
Not enough workers

When writing the report, you should remember:


- to give a suitable title
- to use all the information given
- to add two other complaints of your own
- to provide an ending
- to indicate your name and position

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Section A: Directed Writing


[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]

3. You are not satisfied with the conditions in your neighbourhood. You would like the District
Council to take immediate action. Write a letter of complaint to the District Officer to
express your dissatisfaction regarding this matter. You should include the following points in
your letter:

rubbish dumped along roadside

playground not maintained

roads with potholes

stray cats and dogs increasing in number

clogged and smelly drains

long and uncut grass

When writing the letter, you should remember to:

include all the points given

elaborate on all the points given

lay out the letter correctly

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Section A: Directed Writing


[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]
4. The English Society of your school recently organised A Caring Society Week. During that
week, the members visited the following institutions in your town to express their care and
concern in various ways. Write an article for your school magazine based on all the notes
below.
Monday: Golden Years Home for the aged
- distribute food hampers and entertain residents
Wednesday: House of Hope for disabled children
- offer private tuition and organise story-telling session
Thursday: Seri Insan Home for under-privileged children
- treat them to Kenny Fried Chicken and take them to the zoo
Saturday: Mutiara General Hospital
- play board games and decorate childrens ward

When writing the article you should remember:

to give an appropriate title

to use all the given points

to add relevant details

to write in paragraphs

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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Section A: Directed Writing


[35 marks]
[Time suggested: 45 minutes]

5. You are concerned about the rise in kidnapping cases involving schoolchildren in Malaysia.
Write an article for your school newsletter giving tips to your schoolmates on how to avoid
being kidnapped.
Use the notes given below to write your article.
Dos

Dons

inform parents of whereabouts

go anywhere alone

be alert of surroundings

give out personal information

remember

trust strangers

important

telephone

number

When writing your article, you must remember:

to give a suitable title

to use all the information given

to elaborate on all the information given

to give two additional tips of your own

that your readers are the students of your school

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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PAPER 1
CONTINUOUS WRITING
[50 marks]
CATEGORY DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUOUS WRITING
Language 20 marks
Mark range

A
44 - 50

B
38 - 43

Description of criteria
The language is entirely accurate apart from very occasional first
drafts slips
Sentence structure is varied and sophisticated shows the
candidate is able to use various types of sentences to achieve a
particular effect.
Vocabulary is wide and used with precision.
Punctuation is accurate and helpful to the reader.
Spelling is accurate across the full range of vocabulary used.
Paragraphs are well-planned, have unity and are linked.
The topic is addressed with consistent relevance.
The interest of the reader is aroused and sustained throughout the
writing.
The language is accurate; occasional errors are either minor or first
draft slips.
Sentences show some variation of length and type, including some
complex sentences.
Vocabulary is wide enough to convey intended shades of meaning
with some precision
Punctuation is almost always accurate and generally helpful
Spelling is nearly always accurate
Paragraphs show some evidence of planning, have unity and are
usually appropriately linked.
The piece of writing is relevant to the topic and the interest of the
reader is aroused and sustained through most of the composition.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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CONTINUOUS WRITING
Aspects
Format
Content
Language
TOTAL

Marks
50
50

REMINDERS
Question

Include all the


given content
points

Elaboration
points
Give details /
explains /
suggestions

Language
points
20 marksaccording to
criteria

Include all the


given content
points

Give details /
explains /
suggestions

20 marksaccording to
criteria

Include all the


given content
points

Give details /
explains /
suggestions

20 marksaccording to
criteria

Include all the


given content
points
TALK/SPEECH 1. Greeting
Include all the
2. Introduction/opening given content
speech
points
3. Ending

Give details /
explains /
suggestions
Give details /
explains /
suggestions

20 marksaccording to
criteria
20 marksaccording to
criteria

FORMAL
LETTER

INFORMAT
LETTER

REPORT

ARTICLE

Format points
1. Address of the
sender
2. Address of the
recipient
3. Date
4. Salutation
5. Heading/tittle
6. Closure
7. Signature
8. Name and post of
the sender
1. Address of the
sender
2. Date
3. Salutation
4. Closure
5. Signature
6. Name of the sender
1. Title
2. Address
3. Signature
4. Name of the write
5. Post of the write
1. Title
2. Name of the write

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Content points

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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COHESIVE DEVICES
Cohesive devices
Firstly, secondly, first,
second, finally, lastly, for
one thing, to begin with,
next
Also, similarly, furthermore,
likewise, moreover

Function
To show the logical order of
ideas or time sequence

Example
Firstly, the Internet plays an
important role in the world of
communication.

To link ideas together

Besides, other than that,


apart from that, on top of
that, in addition
This is because, this is due
to the fact that

To add ideas and to link the


new ideas to the previous
ideas
To provide a reason to
illustrate an ideas provided
earlier

.the Internet also saves time as


messages can be delivered in a
matter of seconds.
Besides, the Internet also save
time as messages can be
delivered in a matter of seconds.
This is because the Internet offers
easy and inexpensive ways to
communicate such as e-mails,
messenger, chatting,
teleconferencing and blogger.

In sum, in short, in
conclusion, to conclude, all
in all, overall, to summarize

To summarize ideas either at


the end of sections or to
explicitly state that the essay
is concluding
To reinforce the previous idea
by expressing it in a slightly
different way to make it more
explicit
To provide an example in
order to illustrate an idea

Which is to say, in other


wars, this is

For example, for instance,


such as, namely,
specifically

In conclusion, it is undeniable
that Internet brings us many
advantages.
In other wards, the Internet helps
to promote students learning.
. the Internet offers easy and
inexpensive ways to communicate
such as e-mails, messenger,
chatting, teleconferencing and
blogger.
Therefore, I strongly disagree with
the writers opinions which were
published in your editorial column.

Consequently, thus, as a
result, hence, so, therefore

To demonstrate that the


following idea is a result of
the previous idea

On the other hand, on the


contrary, in contrast,
alternatively, conversely, by
comparison, instead,
instead of
Though, however,
nevertheless, in sprite of
that

To signal differences or
alternatives between two
ideas

Instead, we should make full use


of the Internet to benefit mankind.

To state an opposing idea

However, I do agree up to a
certain point with the writer that the
Internet has the potential to
distract students from their studies.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

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LIST OF USEFUL IDOMS/PHRASES

1. Absence makes the heart grow fonder


(We miss our friends and relatives more
when they are away)
eg. She use to quarrel with her sister
but now, she misses her. It is a case of
absence makes the heart grow fonder.
2. All and sundry
(everybody, all types of people)
eg. The governments new
concerns all and sundry.

rule

3. As different as night and day


(completely different)
eg. The twins sister may look alike but
their mannerisms are as different as
night and day.
4. Bed of roses
(a happy, comfortable situation)
eg. Life is not always a bed of roses. At
times, it can be challenging too.

17. From cradle to the grave


(throughout ones life)
eg. Whatever you learn now, you should
remember it from cradle to the grave.
18. Give a big hand
(to clap/applause)
eg. Everybody gave a big hand after the
dancers
finished
their
beautiful
performance.
19. Give a pat on the back
(to praise/congratulate someone)
eg. Although Lim did not excel in his
exams, his parents gave him a pat on the
back for trying hard.
20. Green with envy
(feeling very envious)
eg. If you buy a new car, your
neighbours will be green with envy.

5. Boiling point
(when one is very angry)
eg. When he repeated the mistake for
the third time, the teachers reached the
boiling point.

21. Haste makes waste


(doing something in a hurry will spoil the
work)
eg. She was in such a hurry that she
spilt the milk on the floor. Haste makes
waste.

6. Cost a bomb
(very expensive)
eg. His new bungalow house cost a
bomb.

22. In hot water


(in serious trouble)
eg. The principal caught him red-handed
vandalizing. Now, he is in hot water.

7. Curry favour with someone


(to sweet talk/pretending to be nice to
someone for owns advantage)
eg. Some students have been currying
favour with the new form teacher.

23. On the dot


(at exactly the right time)
eg. We are expected to be at there at
2.30 on the dot.

8. Cut your coat according to your cloth


(adjust the spending expenses according
to the money one has)

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24. On ones high horse


(very arrogant/proud)
eg. She has been on her high horse ever
since she was admitted to the prestigious

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eg. That shirt is too expensive, so I have


to cut may coat according to my cloth.
9. Dream come true
(a wish has come true)
eg. Having you as a friend is a dream
come true.
10. Dyed in the wool
(holds
certain
principles/believes
strongly since small)
eg. For a person dyed in the wool, it was
difficult for him to change his ideas and
values.
11. Eat humble pie
(to be apologetic when proven wrong)
eg. Youll have to eat humble pie if youre
proved wrong.
12. Every nook and cranny
(everywhere)
eg. They searched every nook and
cranny for the missing book but to no
avail.
13. Fall on deaf ears
(did not pay attention to advice/warning)
eg. The teachers advice to him seemed
to have fallen on deaf ears.
14. Few and far between
(Very few/limited)
eg. Good jobs with bright chances for
promotion are few and far between.
15. Fish out of water
(someone who is uncomfortable with the
surroundings)
eg. I was like a fish out of water as I was
not familiar with the place.

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university.
25. Pride and joy.
(A special object that is someones love
and pride)
eg. The table that he built on his own, is
his pride and joy.
26. Shake like a leaf.
(to tremble with fear)
eg. The boy who was caught stealing,
was shaking like a leaf.
27. Show ones true colours.
(to show ones true character)
eg. He pretended to be generous but he
showed his true colours when he refused
to donate money to charity.
28. See red.
(to become very angry)
eg. My mother saw red when she caught
me coming home late at night.
29. Thick and fast
(comes in great numbers and fast)
eg. Offers to help the tragedy-stricken
family came thick and fast.
30. Tom, Dick and Harry.
(anybody)
eg.We do not want ant Tom, Dick and
Harry to enter the hall.
31. Ways and means.
(methods or ways to do something)
eg. There are ways and means of
making money through business deals.
Absence makes the heart grow fonder

16. From A to Z
(to know everything in detail)
eg. You should know the details of the
topic from A to Z.

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TYPES OF WRITING
NARRATIVE

ARGUMANTATIVE

DESCRIPTIVE

WRITE A STORY

STATE THEIR
VIEWS

DESCRIBE A
SCENE/EVENT,
PLACE, PERSON

FACTUAL

BASED ON FACTS

SAMPLE OUTLINE FOR ESSAY

Good results at school is the key to students


success in life. Do you agree? Give your opinion.
Introduction
A. What is the purpose of a student comes to school
B. Make thesis statement (disagree)

Introduction (P1)

Body
A. Student obtain formal education
1. learn various subjects
2. how well the students have learnt
3. take exam

Paragraph 2

B. Student need to have effective communication skill


1. proficient use of language
2. sharing of knowledge
3. using all the modern technological gadgets
C. Good moral value
1. student must realize and be aware
2. namely diligence, being responsible, disciplined and
trustworthy
3. gain invaluable experience
Conclusion
A. good result
B. follow guidelines

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Paragraph 3

Paragraph 4

Conclusion (P5)

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Suggested answer
Good results at school is the key to students success in life. Do
you agree? Give your opinion.
Students attend school to obtain knowledge as well as to develop
other skills necessary for work and to prepare themselves to be
individuals with good moral values. Therefore, I fully disagree that
good results at school is the key to students success in life. I think that
besides good results, students need effective communication skills
and good moral values in order to succeed in life.

Introduction

Thesis
statement

In school, students obtain formal education where teacher


impart knowledge in the classrooms. The students learn various
subjects namely languages, science, history, mathematics and arts to
become holistic individuals who have good general knowledge. To find
out how well the students have learnt, they take exam. Many students
just study for sake of exams. As a result, there are many students who
obtain strings of distinctions in exams but they are unable to speak
during interviews. This is because many of them lack the maturity and
ability to express opinions. They do not have enough general
knowledge; hence their world view is limited and lacking. Therefore,
these students have yet to obtain success in life.

Main point
Elaborate

In my opinion, students need to have effective


communication skills in order to succeed in life. Effective
communication skills include proficient use of language as well as the
ability to express and exchange ideas and opinions confidently. When
the students have mastered this skill, they display their intelligence in
the sharing of knowledge and maturity in giving their viewpoints in a
systematic and logical way. Furthermore, students who can
communicate effectively can interact using all the modern
technological gadgets as well as face-to-face communication. Also,
with effective communication skill, students can become global citizens
through the use of the internet. They can broaden their perspective in
their thinking when they exchange ideas with friends from all over the
world. They learn humility, respect and tolerance with effective
communication skills. Thus, these experiences enrich their lives and
make them gain success.

Main point

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Example

Effect

Elaborate

Example

Effect

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Last but not least, good moral values are necessary in order
to succeed in life. The students must realize and be aware that
certain moral values such as diligence, being responsible, disciplined
and trustworthy can help them succeed in life. When students uphold
these values, they will be known by teachers, peers and classmates
for their positive attributes. This is important as they will be given more
opportunities to be involved in various events and activities. From their
participation, they gain invaluable experience that can help them
become leaders at their future workplace.

Main point

In a nutshell, good results, effective communication skills and


good moral values are the main ingredients for success in
students live.

Sum up /
conclusion

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Elaborate
Example
Effect

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Example 1
HOW TO GET EXCELLENT RESULTS ON YOUR EXAMINATION
Thomas Edison, one of the worlds leading inventors once
remarked that genius was two per cent inspiration and ninety-eight
per cent perspiration. He worked very hard often 20 hours a day
doing hundreds of experiments before he could produce an invention.

Introduction

As a student, do you work as hard as Edison to achieve success in


your studies, by getting excellent results in your examination? Do you
know how to do it? Here are a few guidelines you can follow to
ensure that you do very well in your exams.

Thesis
statement

Firstly, it is important that you pay attention during class.

Main point

This is to make sure that you understand whatever has been taught. If

Elaborate

you talk with your friends or daydream when the teacher is teaching,
you will miss valuable information. Do not depend on your friends to

Example

explain the part of the class that you have missed. This is because
they themselves might not have understood it. Besides, you need to
concentrate on the class to take down notes which will help you to

Effect

study and revise for test or exams.

Secondly, you must study throughout the year and not just

Main point

before exams. A last-minute preparation will make you confused

Elaborate

because you have so much to study in such a short time. This might

Example

lead to panic and eventually stress. To prevent this from happening to


you, put in regular hours of private study throughout the year. Do not

Effect

leave it until the eleventh hour. By then it will be too late.

Finally, you should prepare a timetable for revision. You need

Main point

to have a study schedule or a plan of work for each day so that your

Elaborate

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time will be allocated effectively. A timetable will ensure that you do not

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Example

waste your precious time on activities that are not related to study.
However, having a good plan will not benefit you, unless you stick to it.

Effect

You have to work smart so as to get excellent results in your


examination. To work smart means working hard and ensuring that
there is a system in your study. If you follow the guidelines given
above, you will definitely achieve success in your examination.

Sum up /
conclusion

Example 2
Traffic jams have become one of the aspects of Malaysian
lifestyles. Why do you think this is so? Discuss.

Malaysia is well known for a number of things like good food,


beautiful beaches, tallest building, friendly Malaysians and not
forgetting terrible traffic jams. Yes, traffic jams have become one of the

Introduction

aspects of Malaysian lifestyles. In fact, some of us even use traffic


jams as our excuse when we are late in submission of assignments.
Why are we putting up with these traffic jams? There are many
reasons for this phenomenon of traffic jams in our lives.

Thesis
statement

In this affluent society, owning a car is not impossible

Main point

dream. Most of us are able to own a car because of the low affordable

Elaborate

installments schemes offered nowadays. Buying a car is indeed a


necessity. Besides, nowadays it is very common to see a family with at

Example

least two cars. These of course have contributed to the large number

Effect

of vehicles on the roads.

Another factor contributing to the increasing traffic jams is

Main point

Malaysians are not in the habit of carpooling. In many ways, we are

Elaborate

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conceited selfish lots as we do not want to create inconvenience for

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Example

ourselves and also not to trouble other people. Thought we are aware
of the benefit of carpooling to reduce traffic jams, we are still far from

Effect

getting ourselves to embrace the practice of carpooling.

Next, Malaysians are immune to the traffic jams. They have

Main point

become a part and parcel of our lives. Most of us will just shrug our

Elaborate

shoulders and accept the frustrations of being caught in the traffic jams
as something that cannot be avoided. Even when there is the ease of

Example

travelling in our Light Rail Transport (LRT) which has been hailed as
the solution to reduce traffic congestion, many of us still prefer to travel

Effect

in the comfort of our own car.

In conclusion, traffic jams will continue to be part of our lifestyle


for years to come, if our mentality for comfort, convenience and social
status remains the same. We need to change our attitude if the
problem of traffic jams is to be alleviated. We need too to change our
mindset and try to make use of the public transportation system

Sum up

or to car-pool whenever we can.

Example 3
The Challenges that teenagers face in life today.

The teenagers of today face a rapidly changing world with many


challenges. They are confronted with many social issues in life. These
young people are at stage of their lives where they have a sense of
critical perspective in what they see across the world. Challenges

Introduction

come in various forms: neglect, peer pressure, identity problems,


drugs, eating disorders and others. Our young people need to be en

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courage to grow to be productive citizens of the country but first,

Thesis

we need to know the challenges that these teenagers face on a

statement

daily basis.

It is generally believed that the teenager years are

Main point

characterized by rebellion and confusion, the need for social


acceptance by ones peers as the teenagers struggle to define
their identity to get a focus in life. This is proven to be one of the

Elaborate

biggest challenges that teenagers will face today. They evaluate the
performances according to the judgments of others and when they fall

Example

short, they are angry, depressed and they blame themselves for falling
short of the expectation of others. Young people, who dress differently,
think differently. They act differently and may be consumed with selfreproach, anxiety and fear. They think that to be accepted, they must

Effect

like the others. They then struggle to be like others and often end up
unhappy and stressed because they are not able to keep up the
charade.

Besides

peer

pressure,

other

challenges

faced

by

Main point

teenagers include personal matters of the heart. Because


teenagers are growing up between the stage of being not quite adults

Elaborate

and not being children, they have a roller coaster of emotions buried
deep within them. Being in love and falling out of love is a challenge

Example

faced by teenagers today. Although the teen years offer new


experiences and challenges that can be exciting, this period of time
can also be stressful. The stress of adolescence is one of many factors
that can make young people unhappy. Because teenagers face
hormonal changes, these can affect their moods. To be able to handle
the different mood swings is also challenging to the teenagers.

Effect

Teenagers may become pressurized, stressed out or worse, be


depressed.

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Besides that, the biggest challenge faced by many

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Main point

teenagers is the need to succeed academically. Studies are a


major challenge for most teenagers and this is by no means getting

Elaborate

easier with the stiff competition in the world of education. Students are

Example

becoming smarter and the drive to be the best is the constant

Effect

challenge faced by many teenagers.

To conclude, all of us need to recognize these challenges


faced by the young people and we have to find ways to help them
overcome their problems. The teenagers who are going through
difficult and tough times need positive, caring people who can steer
them to the right direction so their lives can be shaped into something
positive and meaningful. Teenagers, like all of us, sometimes just

Sum up

need help and guidance and ears to listen to their problems.

Example 4
Forming study groups is an effective way f studying. Give your
opinions.

Forming independent study groups is a common phenomenon in

Introduction

polytechnics, colleges and universities these days. This concept is also


promoted by the local school authorities as research has proven that
there are many advantages to be derived when students discuss
lessons in groups.

Thesis
statement

Firstly, study groups help students to gain important values

Main point

that cannot be literally taught in class. In study groups, students

Elaborate

depend on each other for support. The faith and trust put on members
in group create the bond and bind them together. Members have to be

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committed to one another as long as they are part of the group. It is


this interdependence that increases the effectiveness of a study group.
Punctuality is another ground rule that all members come and go as

Effect

they like, the bond will be broken and the group will slowly sink.

Secondly, study groups promote active interaction among

Main point

students. This is healthy as through interaction students are able to

Elaborate

revise lessons that were taught in class and help each other in subject
areas. Lessons which are not understood or covered well in class can

Example

be trashed out with friends. This encourages active learning and


students are able to internalize concepts and ideas better in the long
run. Over time students become not just good communicators, but

Effect

good listeners as well.

Thirdly, Study groups help students become effective

Main point

team players. Generally, students would like to belong to a group they

Elaborate

are comfortable with and have faith in. In a study group students have

Example

to train themselves to have a positive mindset and to contribute ideas.


This challenges students to increase their knowledge and to prepare
them for challenging tasks in their careers later on in life. If members
are negative, lazy and not committed, they may be rejected by
members. Being effective team members helps prepare students for
the workforce too. Companies these days expect employees to

Effect

cooperate and work well in group projects.

In conclusion, the above points show us that study groups have


many advantages to offer the students. All teachers should encourage
and guide their students to form study groups. It may take your time
getting adjusted to group study, but over time you will find it

Sum up

rewarding.

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Example 5
Gangsterism has become a problem in many schools these days.
Discuss.
Gangsterism is becoming a growing problem in schools these
days. Although efforts have been taken by school authorities to curb
this problem, unfortunately, it still exists. This inevitably affects the

Introduction

teaching and learning process of the students. It is necessary to find


out the reasons why students get involved in gangsterism and to
look for ways to solve this problem.

Thesis
statement

The main cause for gangsterism, especially in most

Main point

secondary schools, is peer pressure. Students, especially at lower

Elaborate

secondary level, are sometimes coerced into submitting to their


seniors. These students are afraid that if they do not submit

Example

themselves to their seniors, they may be harassed, bullied and even


physically harmed. These seniors become gangsters who normally
target meek and insecure students and lure them with money. Little do

Effect

these preys realize that they are unconsciously being initiated into
becoming gang members themselves. This cycle goes on and one
tragedy leads to another.

Another cause for gangsterism is the influence of the home

Main point

on students minds. Research has shown that students from broken

Elaborate

homes are vulnerable to these activities. These days, with both


parents working, students lack parental love and care. This is

Example

compounded if parents bicker and fight all the time while they are at
home. All these may lead to insecurity in students. When this happens,

Effect

these innocent victims fall preys to the negative attractions handed to


them by gangsters. Interestingly, one cannot deny that the bond
among gangsters, even at a young age, is solid and strong.

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The family and the school play important roles in curbing

Main point

this problem. Firstly, parents should take full responsibility of their

Elaborate

children and their daily movements. Care and attention should be


given to children at home to boost their self-esteem and to assure
them that their home is their safety zone. There should also be good

Example

communication between parents and children. Apart from that, parents


have to make it a point to visit their childrens schools often enough to
get feedback on their childrens performances. In this way, students

Effect

will feel belonged and valued and will not be threatened by the tactics
used by gangsters.

In short, the responsibility to curb gangsterism falls on the


shoulders of parents too. The home should be safety net for students
not just in happier times but also during difficulties. Together with the

Sum up

schools, parents can help to reduce or even to eliminate


gangsterism over time.

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Self-Exercise 1
Important factors to consider when choosing a career. Discuss.

Make an introduction
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Thesis statement ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Make body 1
Main point + Elaborate + Example + Effect/Suggestion
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Make body 2
Main point + Elaborate + Example + Effect/Suggestion
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Make body 3
Main point + Elaborate + Example + Effect/Suggestion
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Conclusion
______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
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Self-Exercise 2
Boys should learn how to cook. Do you agree?
Make an introduction
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Make a conclusion
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

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Section B: Continuous Writing


[50 marks]
[Time suggested: one hour]
Write a composition of about 350 words on one the following topics.
Bil

Topic

i. Teenagers today are given too much freedom.


What is your opinion?
ii. Habits of young Malaysians.
iii. Night curfew should be imposed on teenagers.
Discuss.
iv. Teenagers nowadays do not like to read books. Do
you agree?
v. Sending students for overseas education is a waste
of money. Do you agree?
vi. The major problems faced by students.
vii. Students should be independent learners. Do you
agree? Support you opinion.
viii. How teenagers handle stress.
ix. The use of the internet by teenagers should be
controlled. Discuss.
x. Teenagers should help out at home. Discuss.
xi. The children of today are too spoilt and
undisciplined. Discuss.
xii. Should Facebook be banded among teenagers?
Discuss.
xiii. School children should be allowed to bring cell
phone to school. Do you agree?
2.
i.
Things that I would change about myself.
ii. Things that would make me angry.
iii. Describe an incident that you will never forget
iv.
Describe a person who has a great influence in your
life.
v. Failure makes us more determined. Do you agree?
vi. Describe your best childhood memory.
vii. The benefits I hope to get from learning English.
viii. Describe an event that has changed your life.
ix. What can we do to become popular?
x. How I can be a patriotic citizen.
xi. How do friends motivate you?
xii. Describe the strangest person you have met in your
life.
xiii. Write about a humorous incident that you have
experienced.

Focus

1.

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Students/teenagers

Individual

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i. Describe an interesting day in school.


ii. Describe an unforgettable Teachers Day celebration
in your school
iii. What would you do if you were the Principal of your
school?
iv. Ways to reduce bullying in schools.
v. Examinations should not be abolished. Discuss.
vi. Group discussions help to improve examination
results. Do you agree?
vii. Describe a scene at a school canteen during recess.
viii. A gift for my teacher.
ix. School plays a more important role in preventing
gangsterism than the home.
x. Knowledge is Power. Discuss.
xi. My ideal school.
xii. Academic excellence guarantees a perfect life.
Discuss.
xiii. Success comes only with hard word. Discuss.
4. i. How has technology helped people in the world today?
ii. Internet - good or bad?
iii. Mobile phones bring more harm than good. Do you
agree?
iv. The importance of telecommunication in todays
world.
v. How has modern technology benefited man?
vi. How can internet help students to improve their
studies?
vii. Social networking sites have more advantages than
disadvantages. Discuss
viii. Smart phones are a necessity. Discuss.
ix. Social networking such as Facebook and Friendster
brings more advantage than disadvantages. Do you
agree?
x. Is watching television a waste of time?
6. i. Describe how you and your family spend the
weekends.
ii. Parents are not spending enough time with their
children nowadays. Discuss.
iii. A small family is better than a big family.
iv. Parents should allow teenagers to make their own
decision. Discuss.
v. Do you agree that the home is more important that the
school in cultivating values?
vi. Describe a family reunion.

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3.

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Technology

Family

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ENGLISH PERFECT SCORE


SPM 2015
MODULE 2
PAPER 2
Summary
[15 marks]

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Marking English Language Use for Presentation


Language / expression / style

Grades

Very good, accurate language. Good handling of complex structures.


No gross errors. Errors are isolated. Distinct economising of words or
language. Variety of sentence types. Paraphrasing with own words
very evident with only occasional phrases from text. Organisation
and linking of points very cohesive.
Accurate language. Shows some ability to handle complex
structures. Use of own language overrides occasional lifting from the
text. Hardly any gross errors and occasional minor errors. There is
an economy of words. Only very little evidence of irrelevant content.
Organisation of content points generally good sound, sound and
cohesive.
SECTION C
TOTAL MARKS FOR SUMMARY
Aspects
Content
Paraphrase
Use of English
Language
TOTAL

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Marks
10
5
4
5
15

5+4/
2

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SECTION C: SUMMARY
[15 marks]

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Based on the passage given, write a summary on:

the problems faced by the writer after she was diagnosed with asthma, and

what she did after her recovery


Credit will be given for use own words but care must be taken not to change the original
meaning.
You summary must:

be in continuous writing (not in note form)

use materials from lines 10 to 44

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
begin your summary as follows:
She could recall some of the problems she faced, being
[15 marks]
Note

Please note that the pronouns must be changed when writing the summary.
If students fail to change the pronouns, only penalize the first content point. Then a ward
marks for the rest of the content points. Summary is marked as a normal script.

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Layout of answer for summary


No
C1

Line
11- 13

C2
C3

14
15

C4
C5

17
21 - 22

C6

24 - 25

C7

25 - 27

C8

27 - 28

C9

29

C10

31 33

C11

34

C12

40

C13
C14

42
42

Lifting
Being in school one moment, (and the next,
lying on the back seat of my fathers car),
being driven to the hospital.
My asthma attacks were really bad.
Lost consciousness due to breathing
difficulties
I had been in and out of the hospital so often
Threw up on my fathers had (while he held
me on the way back home).
When my classmates played sports, all I could
do was just sit and watch
When my sister joined our friends for rope
skipping in the playground I would be
confined at home, (forced to look only from
inside due to my condition).

Paraphrase
Being ferried back and forth
between school and hospital
often.
Her asthma was terrible.
She fainted because she had
problems breathing.
She was always hospitalized.
She vomited on her fathers
hand.
While her classmates played,
she just sat and watched.
When her sister played with
their friends outside she had
to remain indoors. Or
She could not have rigorous
activities and had to remain
indoors.
She was prevented from
joining her friends.
She was not permitted to take
anything cold.
Hair from pets would trigger
an attack.

I was not allowed to join my friends (due to


my condition).
I was also not allowed to eat or drink anything
cold.
Pets were also strictly forbidden my parents
were afraid that their hair would trigger an
attack.
Every day, I was made to take a very bitter She was forced to take her
cough mixture
medication daily.
I could do everything a normal person could
She could do anything she
wanted
I could now enjoy having pets
She could have pets.
Eat or drink anything I want
Consume / take anything she
wanted.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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Suggested answer for summary


She could recall some of the problems she faced, being ferried back and forth between
school and hospital often. Her asthma was terrible. As a result, she fainted due to breathing
difficulties. She was always hospitalised. Once she vomited on her fathers hand. Often, while
her classmates played she just sat and watched. She also had to remain indoors when her sister
played with their friends as she was prevented from joining them. Moreover, she was not
permitted to take any cold and drinks as well as touch or own pets as it would trigger an attack.
She was forced to take her medication daily. Now not only could she eat, drink and do
everything she wanted but also keep pets.
(122 words)

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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PAPER 2
Novel: Catch Us If You Can
[15 marks]
SCORE: 9 - 10
BAND DESCRIPTORS:
Response - relevant to specified task.

Elaborations given - well - supported and linked with evidence or knowledge from
text.

Main and supporting ideas - relevant to specified task.

Ideas - clearly presented, well - organised and easily understood.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
1119/2

Novel: Catch Us If You Can


Bil.

Questions

Task

1.

Character you like best

Character

2.

Event that teaches you an important moral lesson

3.

Character you sympathize with

4.

Memorable event

5.

Love is important in a family. How is shown in the novel


you have read?

6.

The main characters determination

Character

7.

Character in the novel that you look up to

Character

8.

What happens at the end of the novel. Why the ending


is either happy or sad.

Plot

9.

Who a character has to make a difficult decision. Did


he make the right decision?

Character

10.

Which part of the story do you like most?

11.

Event that make you angry.

12.

Which characters have a negative impact?

Moral value
Character
Event
Moral value

Plot
Event
Character

Marks awarded are as follows:


Aspects

Marks

Content

10

Language

TOTAL

15 marks

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
1119/2

Elements of the Novel

Themes
Characters
Challenges of growing up and coping with Main characters
responsibility

Rory McIntosh
Love, compassion and family relationships Granda McIntosh
Social
responsibilities
and
public Darren
awareness.
Power and authority.
Minor characters
Generation gap

Val Jessup
Social bias

Mr Foley, Dr Nicol

Darrens mum, Tony, Tess

Sammy, Tyrone and Ruby

Bernie, his wife, and daughter Zara

Rab, Annie, Norma, Nicola

Jeff McIntosh

The mad bunch of the Castle Street


Childrens home.
Moral values
Message
Love and care of family

In is important to love, care for and protect


Compassion and kindness
family members.
Responsibility

Respect and concern for others and their


Religious piety
rights is important.
Not to be judgmental

Community and social workers need to be


Maintaining family relationships
sensitive and caring.
Trust

Faith in the Almighty is essential.


Appearance may be deceiving

Prejudices in society must be corrected.


Synopsis

Sinopsis

Rory and his grandfather, Granda, have been


inseparable ever since Rorys father walked out on them.
Granda suffers from lapses in memory and sometimes
does things such as leaving his pipe to smoulder in his
pocket and disposing Rorys homework in the rubbish
chute. At the same time, he is a charming person with a
generous heart. Rory has been taking care of him until a
fire breaks out at their flat when Granda left the chip pan
on the stove while he went looking for potatoes. The
authorities then decide to separate them with Rory being
sent to childrens home at Castle Street whereas Granda
will be sent to an old folks home at Rachnadar. Rory is
determined to keep the both of them together and he
plants Grandas wscape from the old folks home. They
soon embark on a journey of discovery with strangers
helping them along the way. The authorities are also hot
on their trail. The story ends when Granda and Rory
meet up with Rorys father.

Rory rapat dengan datuknya, Granda, sejak ayah Rory


meninggalkan mereka. Granda kerap lupa akan perkara yang
sedang dibuat dan kadang-kala akan melakukan benda
seperti meninggalkan pipanya yang sedang membara di
dalam saku serta membuang buku catatan kerja rumah Rory
ke dalam saluran sampah. Namun, pada masa yang sama,
beliau adalah seorang yang menawan dan pemurah hati.
Rory telah menjaganya sehinggalah suatu kebakaran berlaku
di flat mereka apabila Granda meninggalkan periuk atas api
yang sedang membara sementara dia pergi mencari ubi
kentang. Pihak berkuasa memutuskan kemudiannya untuk
memisahkan mereka. Rory akan dihantar ke rumah kanakkanak di Castle Street manakala Granda akan dihantar ke
rumah orang dua di Rachnadar. Rory bertekad untuk
memastikan bahawa mereka berdua tidak akan dipisahkan
dan dia melarikan diri dengan Granda dari rumah orang tua.
Mereka memulakan perjalanan mereka dan menemui ramai
orang yang tidak diketahui yang sanggup membantu mereka
di sepanjang perjalanan. Pada masa yang sama, pikah
berkuasa sibuk menjejaki mereka. Cerita ini berakhir selepas
Granda dan Rory bertemu dengan ayah Rory.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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Example 1
How is the theme love shown in the novel you have read? Support you answer with
close reference to the text.
How is the theme love shown

Paragraph

I have read the novel Catch Us If You Can, written by


Catherine MacPhail. It is an interesting novel. One of the main themes
of the novel is love.
First and foremost, Granda has been taking care of Rory ever
since his mother passed away and his father walked out of their life.
Granda sees the needs of Rory in schooling and goes to see the
class teacher whenever being called.
On top of that, Darren gives the key of his moms caravan to
Rory in the Great Escape. Tyrone agrees with her mother Ruby to
help Rory and Granda in their journey because he could empathise
with Rory and his Granda.
Apart from that, Rab gives shelter to Rory and Granda knowing
that they are in trouble. Norma and her daughter, Nicola allow Rory
and Granda to stay overnight at their house.
To sum up, the theme love is shown between the main
character, Rory and the people surrounding him that is his
grandfather, his best friend, Darren and the new friends like Tyrone
and his family, Rab and friends. It is true that Love does not count
and A friend in need is a friend indeed!.

Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Example 2
In the novel that you have studied, which characters do you like most?

Which characters do you like most

Paragraph

I have read the novel Catch Us If You Can, written by


Catherine MacPhail. I like Rory the most as compared to other
characters.
First of all, he is a young boy who is very attached to his aging
grandfather, Granda. His dedication in taking care of Granda
impresses me as it shows that he is a caring and mature boy for his
age.
Besides, his courage and determination to remain united and
close to his Granda even when faced with desperate situations is
endearing. This is especially clear when Granda was admitted to the
old folks home at Rachnadar and Rory became very upset.

Introduction

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

This shows that he is a caring person. Another trait that makes


me like Rory even more is helpless and clueless in dealing with the
simplest of situations. Rorys sacrifice and commitment towards his
grandfather really makes him my favourite character of the novel.
To sum, it is clear that I like Rory best because of his positive
values, strength and determination.

1119/1
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Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Write about a character you sympathize with/admire. Give reasons for your choice.
A character you sympathize with/admire

Paragraph

From the novel Catch Us If You Can, written by Catherine


MacPhail, the character I sympathize with/admire is Rory. There are
many reasons why I choose him.
The first reason I choose Rory is because he was a loving
grandson. Ever since his grandfather had not been well, Rory took
care of almost everything. He would make sure that Granda took his
medicine every day. He would also buy food for Granda during his
school lunch break. To Rory, Granda was everything and he loved his
grandfather very much because after his mother died, Granda was
the only person who brought him up.
Another reason is because Rory was a brave boy and acted
like a savior to his grandfather. First, when he knew that his
grandfather would not last long at Rachnadar, the resting home, he
planned an escape for both of them. He ran away from the orphanage
in Castle Street and saved his grandfather from Rachnadar. This
shows that Rory is brave and cared very much of his grandfather.
In addition, Rory is also a high risk taker because he ran away
with an old and sick grandfather. His plan almost cost him his
grandfathers life when at one point, his grandfather collapsed and
fainted while they were escaping from a house of Rabs friend,
Norma. He received the news from Nicola, Normas daughter that her
mother had gone to the police to report their where about. Therefore,
Rory and Granda ran away again. He planned to take his grandfather
to Liverpool with an intention to reunite with his long lost father.
Based on the reasons and evidence from the novel, I really
sympathize with/admire Rory. From the beginning until the end of the
story, he had to face so many problems. However, in the end he
managed to save both himself and his beloved Granda. He was also
united with his own father and his family.

Introduction

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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Describe what happens at the end of the novel. Explain how you find the ending of
the story. Support your answer with close reference to the text.
Paragraph
what happens at the end of the novel (Plot)
Based on the novel that I have studied, Catch Us if You Can
by Catherine MacPhail, at the end of this novel, Rory had a great
shock in his life when he thought that his grandfather was dead before
he at last met his biological father and together with his grandfather,
they both reconciled with Jeff McIntosh, Rorys father, his stepmother
and his two sisters. Rory then had a happy time with his new found
family.
When Granda fainted at the bus shelter while on their run,
Rory ran away to get help, leaving Granda at the shelter. He received
a help from a stranger who recognised him from the news on the
television. He and his grandfather were taken to the hospital but on
their way, a man whom Rory thought a policeman in plain clothes sat
beside him in the patrol car and he later found out that the man was
his father.
Rory spent the next few days with his new found family while at
times visiting his grandfather who was recovering at the hospital. His
fathers wife, Karen was kind as she came and asked Rory to go and
stay with them while Granda was hospitalised. He also found out that
he got two little sisters, Ronda 5, and Ava, 3. Granda loved the
granddaughters soon as he saw them even though he was still mad at
his son.
Rorys dad was an apologetic man. He asked for forgiveness
from Rory and Granda every now and then. He was sorry about
leaving his son away with his father because he could not accept the
insults from his father. He asked Rory to give him a chance to be a
good father and a good son to his ailing father. They were given a flat
and helps came around every day which made him wonder why not
before? But he realized that he had found what he had looking for.
In conclusion, I find that the ending of the novel is a joyful one.
This is because Rory had found what he had been looking for, a
family of his own and a comfortable life for his grandfather. It is very
convenient to find that Rory could forgive everyone who had caused
him pain and fear of losing hope. I am also happy to cherish the
friendships that Rory had built with the people he met along his
journey: Ruby, Sammy and Tyrone; Norma, Nicola, Annie, Rab; not
forgetting his ever good buddy, Darren.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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Choose an event in the novel you have studied which you find to be the most
memorable. Give reasons for your choice and with close reference to the text, discuss
the event.
Paragraph
An event in the novel you have studied which you find to be the
most memorable.
The novel I have studied is Catch Us If You Can by Catherine
MacPhail and I find the most memorable event is when Rory and his
Granda had to go away from Darrens mothers caravan after Darren
sent him a message telling him that the authority had known where
Rory and his Granda were.
It is a memorable event because from there Rory and Granda
started to have more interesting adventures. For instance, Rory had
to urge his grandfather to move faster and in doing so, he could see it
was very funny because Granda was trying hard not to show his
panic. Granda was also forgetting his shoes which Rory had to shove
the shoes to his feet while wrapping his coat and scarf around him
and also buttoning his jacket as well. Rory had also not forgotten his
grandfathers things including the food and warm clothes.
The event is also memorable because Rory and Granda were
always alert for the authority not to get them. He was careful not to let
his grandfather lose the way by taking and pulling his grandfathers
hand at him. He also flung his hand phone into the bushes because it
would be useless to him since the phone had run out of battery and
there was no way for him to charge it.
It is a memorable event because from there Rory and Granda
met more kindhearted people who jumped in to give them a helping
hand. For instance, the man and his son, Sammy and Tyrone whom
Rory and Granda met at the loch while they were fishing the other day
helped them by giving them a ride in their caravan to get away from
the camp site which was full of police and their search party. Sammys
wife Ruby gave Rory and Granda food and drinks in the journey. This
also tells us that not all strangers that we meet are bad people or
unkind. We should learn to respect people in order for people to
respect us.
In conclusion, the most memorable event from this novel is the
part when Rory and Granda got away from the caravan because this
has caused them to face more interesting adventures and
encountered with some kind-hearted people like Sammy, Ruby and
Tyrone.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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Choose a message that you obtained from the novel that you have read and say what
you have learned from it.
A message that you obtained from the novel

Paragraph

In Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhai, one important


message the author conveys is that we must show respect and
concern for others and uphold their rights.
We are told that people like Granda need special care and
attention. Rory remembers that the good days when his Granda made
toffee apples for him, put up Christmas trees and carried him on his
shoulders at footfall matches. He remembers Grands better moments
and therefore wants to care for him now. Rory hides Grandas
smoking pipe and drills him on how to behave at Parents Night. Rory
treats his Granda with respect all the time and even when he teases
Granda, it is done in a kind and humorous manner.
The authorities think that Granda should be put away in an old
folks home but both Rory and Granda think that is not right. Granda is
unhappy about it and does not want to be separated from Rory. I think
the elderly should have their wishes respected and be cared for at the
same time. They must have proper home help, meals and medical
care. They have done much for us before. Now it should be our turn
to do good for them. Let them live their remaining days in pride and
dignity.
Children need to be given the right care and attention too.
When they become careers, it is harder for them to enjoy the
childhood they are entitled to, go to school and get the right
education. So it is important that they get the use of proper services
from the authorities. They emotional needs too must be addressed.
People who are different from us must be treated with respect.
Take the travelers for example. People look down upon them, but
they have their rights too and need to be treated with respect and
dignity. This is an important message that is most relevant in todays
world.

Introduction

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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What is the important moral value you have learned in the novel of your choice? Give
evidence from the novel to support your answer.
The important moral value you have learned in the novel

Paragraph

In Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail, I learnt about


compassion for fellow human beings. Many characters
exhibit
compassion for each other and act in a kind manner because of their
compassionate nature.
Rory and Granda care for each other and there is compassion
in their actions. Rory cares for his grandfathers well-being and
protects him from anything he considers bad, offensive or dangerous.
Granda tries his best to help Rory unfortunately makes mistakes, but
there is still compassion. He strongly says that no grandson of his is
going to a home for as long as he is around.
Dr Nicol, Val Jessup, the police and the nurse act
compassionately towards Granda and Rory. They are affected by the
dilemma of an ageing man who is so dependent on a young boy and
therefore do what they think is the best. Even Darrens mum thinks
Rory has taken on too big a responsibility and worries over him. Mrs
Foley, Rorys teacher, wants to foster Rory because of this same
reason.
Darren offers his mums caravan to them because he cares for
Rory and Granda. He warns them about the arrival of the police. Tony
and Tom look after Rory in the childrens home because they know he
is miserable. Sammy, Ruby and Tyrone help pair on their escape
because of their kind nature. All the others, like Bernie, Rab, Annie
and Norma are concerned about the pairs well-being. They feel for
both Granda and Rory and do their best to make things better for
them.
I think the nature of the characters proves that the author thinks
that being compassionate helps you lead a good life.

Introduction

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
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PAPER 2
Novel: The Curse
[15 marks]
SCORE: 9 - 10
BAND DESCRIPTORS:
Response - relevant to specified task.

Elaborations given - well - supported and linked with evidence or knowledge from
text.

Main and supporting ideas - relevant to specified task.

Ideas - clearly presented, well - organised and easily understood.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
1119/2

Novel: The Curse


Bil.

Questions

Task

1.

Character you like best

Character

2.

Event that teaches you an important moral lesson

3.

Character you sympathize with

4.

Memorable event

5.

Love is important in a family. How is shown in the novel


you have read?

6.

The main characters determination

Character

7.

Character in the novel that you look up to

Character

8.

What happens at the end of the novel. Why the ending


is either happy or sad.

Plot

9.

Who a character has to make a difficult decision. Did


he make the right decision?

Character

10.

Which part of the story do you like most?

11.

Event that make you angry.

12.

Which characters have a negative impact?

Moral value
Character
Event
Moral value

Plot
Event
Character

Marks awarded are as follows:


Aspects

Marks

Content

10

Language

TOTAL

15 marks

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

1119/1
1119/2

Elements of the Novel

Themes
Love
Forgiveness
Violence against women
Gender stereotyping
Belief in the supernatural
Fear of the unknown

Moral values
Caring
Helpful
Standing up for what you believe in
Responsibility
Diligence
Concern
Bravery
Loyalty
Persistence
Thoughtfulness

Characters
Main characters

Azreen
Bomoh (Awang)

Madhuri
Fatihah

Mohd Asraf

Saleh Abdullah

Haji Ghani

Siti

Puan Normala

Old Lady

Datin Sharifah & Datuk Zulkifli


Setting
Landon
A village on a small island off Langkawi

Azreens house

Madhuris room

Neks house

The rubber plantation

The farm / The forest

The school

Paddy field

The cemetery

Synopsis

Sinopsis

Azreen takes time off from her studies in London, UK, to


return to her village in one of the legendary islands of
Langkawi. She returns to mourn the loss of her older
sister, Madhuri. However she finds out via rumours and
loud whispers that Madhuri was murdered. At her village
Azreen has to contend with a cold-hearted father and
support an Alzheimer stricken mother. Azreen is
subjected to negative comments and suspicion from her
neighbours. She finds consolation in the company of the
Old Lady, an outcast of the village.
Azreen has to confront the mystery that shrouds her
sister's sudden death under suspicious circumstances.
Her old classmate, Mohd. Asraf, refuses to reveal what
he knows. A mysterious figure keeps on watching Azreen
and strange things happen. Madhuris room is partially
destroyed in a fire. A carcass of a chicken with a broken
neck is thrown in front of her house. Many villagers fall
sick for no apparent reason. The Old Lady is killed in a
fire accidentally caused by an angry Mohd. Asraf. Bit by
bit, the mysterious death of Madhuri is revealed to
Azreen.

Azreen mengambil cuti dari pengajiannya di London, United


Kingdom, untuk kembali ke kampung halamannya di Pulau
Lagenda, Langkawi. Dia kembali meratapi kehilangan kakak
sulungnya, Madhuri. Walau bagaimanapun dia mendapat
tahu melalui khabar angin dan bisikan kuat bahawa Madhuri
telah dibunuh. Di kampungnya, Azreen berdepan dengan
ayahnya yang mempunyai hati baik dan menyokong ibu
Alzheimer dalam keadaan kesukaran. Azreen tertakluk
kepada komen-komen negatif dan syak wasangka daripada
jiran-jirannya. Dia mendapat penghiburan dalam syarikat Old
Lady, buangan kampung.
Azreen berhadapan dengan misteri berhubung kematian
yang mengejutkan tentang kakaknya dalam keadaan
mencurigakan. Rakan sekelas lama, Mohd. Asraf, enggan
mendedahkan perkara yang sebenar yang dia benar-benar
tahu. Seorang tokoh misteri melihat tentang Azreen dan
perkara-perkara pelik yang berlaku. Bilik Madhuri yang
sebahagiannya musnah dalam kebakaran. Bangkai ayam
dengan leher patah dibuang di depan rumahnya. Ramai
penduduk jatuh sakit tanpa alasan yang jelas. Old Lady
terbunuh dalam kebakaran yang disebabkan marah oleh
Mohd Asraf. Sedikit demi sedikit, kematian misteri Madhuri
diturunkan kepada Azreen.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

Example 1
Write about an important lesson that you have learnt
The Curse by Lee Su Ann many lesson for its readers. One of
the lessons is truth will be known and secrets will last forever. There
are a few characters who kept secrets and eventually the secrets
were exposed.
First of all are Mohd. Asraf and Madhuri. They were secret
lovers. They planned to secretly run away to Kuala Lumpur. After
Madhuri died followed by hid grandmothers death, he almost lost his
mind. Keeping his love a secret was very difficult. He was easily
influenced by Puan Normala that his grandmother was poisoned by
Old Lady. That was the reason why he burned the Old ladys house
causing her death. Finally, he realized his mistakes and come to his
senses.
Secondly is En Saleh Abdullah, Azreens father. He was always
proud of Madhuri. Madhuri made him proud when she agreed to
marry the village headmen, haji Ghani. When her affair was
discovered, Encik Saleh got very angry and accidentally killed
Madhuri. He never told anyone until Azreen confronted him. Actually,
he was ashamed because the daughter he was really proud of had
an affair and tried to run away. He kept seeing a ghost. He suffered a
heart attack and died.
In a nutshell, dark secrets only life difficult. The evidence in the
story has shown us that. Any dark secrets we have destroy our lives.
We may lose the people we love. Always be true to ourselves and do
not take advantage of others and always think before we act.

Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh

1119/1
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Paragraph
Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

Professional Master in Education

English Score A+ in SPM

ENGLISH
ENGLISH

Example 2
Describe a memorable event

Paragraph

I consider an event that look place in Chapter 10 of the novel,


The Curse a memorable event. That event took place when Asraf
told Azreen that Madhuri has always been the women he loved
although he knew she was a married woman. In fact the fell in love
with her the moment he met her. His love for Madhuri was
reciprocated. When Azreen heard his confession, she shocked
beyond words as she had feelings for him. This incident is
memorable as I learnt about control of ones emotions. Because
Azreen was able to control her anguish and pain, she became a
stranger person.
This event also taught me about being able to forgive. Azreen
learnt to forgive Asraf for betraying her love for him. At last she
realized that when she put aside all her anger, hatred and sorrow,
she felt happier and all her emotional burden suddenly disappeared.
Thus, the ability to forgive is a noble act.
After Asraf confessed to Azreen about his relationship with
Madhuri, it is was followed by a series of news. Azreen learns from
the bomoh that Madhuri was not her real sister. The bomoh also
confessed that he was the one left the gate open and had indirectly
led to the motorcycle accident that paralysed her mother. All these
shocking incidents had caused so much hurt to Azreen who had no
choice but to put all these behind in order to live a life with no
resentment and anger. In fact, when she visited the graves of her
family members she felt overwhelming peace.

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Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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PAPER 2
Novel: Step by Wicked Step
[15 marks]
SCORE: 9 - 10
BAND DESCRIPTORS:
Response - relevant to specified task.

Elaborations given - well - supported and linked with evidence or knowledge from
text.

Main and supporting ideas - relevant to specified task.

Ideas - clearly presented, well - organised and easily understood.

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Novel: Step by Wicked Step


Bil.

Questions

Task

1.

Character you like best

Character

2.

Event that teaches you an important moral lesson

3.

Character you sympathize with

4.

Memorable event

5.

Love is important in a family. How is shown in the novel


you have read?

6.

The main characters determination

Character

7.

Character in the novel that you look up to

Character

8.

What happens at the end of the novel. Why the ending


is either happy or sad.

Plot

9.

Who a character has to make a difficult decision. Did


he make the right decision?

Character

10.

Which part of the story do you like most?

11.

Event that make you angry.

12.

Which characters have a negative impact?

Moral value
Character
Event
Moral value

Plot
Event
Character

Marks awarded are as follows:


Aspects

Marks

Content

10

Language

TOTAL

15 marks

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Elements of the Novel

Themes
Characters
The importance of preserving the family Main characters
unit

Caudia
Acceptance and tolerance

Stella
Responsibility

Claudias father
Children have opinions too

Richard Clayton Harwick

Charlotte

Collin

Ralph

Pixie

Robbo
Moral values
Setting
Family is everything
Time
Patience is a virtue

Evening
We must learn to adapt to new situations

Night
Dont give up hope
Location

Her grannys house

Stellas house

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Example 1
Character you like the most?
The novel that i have read is Step by Wicked Step by Anne Fine.
The character that i like the most is Colin.

Paragraph
Introduction

I like him because Colin shows maturity beyond his age.


Although Colin is perhaps too young to understand the conflict faced
by the adults, he has deep hidden feelings about the matter. He
shows maturity by not telling his mother about his feeling towards
his stepfather, Jack. However, Colin still loves his mother and
accepts the situation. He never blames his mother like any other
children of his age. Instead, he defends his mother's actions. Thus,
his maturity has actually made me like his character very much.

Evidence +
Example

Another reason why I like Colin is because of his


determination. He is determined to look for his stepfather. First, he
writes a letter to his stepfather in his effort to locate his
whereabouts. Then, he saves every penny whenever he gets the
chance. For example, he always prefer cash for Christmas present
from his mother and does three paper rounds to earn money. Colin
does all this because he is determined to leave home one day when
he is old enough to look for his beloved stepfather. As a child he
does not give up easily but makes a plan to achieve his dreams. I
adore him for his strong will.
Finally, Colin proves to be a very sentimental person. He
remembers everything about his stepfather. He remembers how his
stepfather rolls his own cigarette out of tobacco tin. He also
remembers the many names that his stepfather gives him - 'Col,
Collie, Sonny-Boy, Buster and Bluebird'. He misses the times when
his stepfather walks with him to school and pushes him up the swing
in the park. In fact, he keeps an exact account on how long his
stepfather has been gone which is five years, eight months and
seven days. The sentimental values in Colin is the reason why he
can stay loving towards his stepfather after so many years. He
treasures all the good things Jack does for him and that has given
him strength. Therefore, i also admire Colin for being a sentimental
person.
The above reasons are why I like Colin the most.

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Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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Example 2
Theme of family love
The novel that I have chosen to portray the theme of family love is
Step by Wicked Step by AnneFine. This novel is regarding five
British school children from Stagfire who shared their joys, sorrows
and anxieties of their family life. It all begin when they arrived ahead
of their classmates for a week-long field trip at "haunted' Old
Harwick Hall. In the stormy wild night, Claudia, Pixie, Robbo, Ralph
and Colin find a long-abandoned secret room containing a
mysterious journal with the aid of flashes of lightning. They uncover
a heart rending story of Richard Clayton Harwick, who runs away
from the sinister influence of a loveless stepfather. This discovery
triggers off each of them to reveal and share their own engrossing,
heart-rending stories filled with hurting and healing moments way
through a minefield of embittered or uncommunicative or just plain
immature parents, insecure or reluctant step parents and resentful
step siblings. The implied themes in this novel are revealed through
the characters thoughts, speech, actions, reactions and what others
say about them. Thus, based on this novel, I have chosen to write
on Richard Clayton Harwicks family members who have portrayed
the theme of family love amazingly and dramatically through sense
of love, devotion and loyalty.
Richards mother, Lilith was the first to portray the sense of
love in the family. She took all the trouble to search for Richard after
he ran away from home. Richard was frustrated as his mother
married Reverend Coldstone after his father's death. Lilith suffered
Coldstones anger as when she spent a fortune seeking for Richard,
their money lessened. Out of love for her beloved son, Richard,
Lilith willingly sacrifices her wealth. She never stopped searching for
him until her death. She died of broken heart because of her
undying love for her beloved son, Richard.
Charlotte showed her love too through her devotion. She kept
searching for her beloved brother, Richard, after her mothers death.
However she faced trouble as she had no money of her own.
Because of her strong family love, she married a rich man she did
not love as he promised to help her find Richard. She was willing to
sacrifice due to her immense devotion to her brother. She managed
to reveal her selfless characteristic through her quest for her
brother.
Richard also showed that he had strong love for his family
through his sense of loyalty. Before Richards father died, he tells
Richard to take care of his mother and sister, Lilith and Charlotte
Harwick. Richard become depressed as his father had only thought
of his mother and sister instead of him until the end of his life.

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Paragraph

Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

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Richard become more tensed when his mother marries Reverend


Coldstone, who is cruel towards him. Richard is then sent to a
boarding school called Mordanger School, where he still suffered.
Then he decides to run away and sail all over the world. Although he
ran away, he still came by the house twice to catch a glimpse of his
mother and sister due to his love that still lives in him, He finally
returns home after he found a note on the captains table from the
solicitors who have stated something to his advantage. He
discovered a letter from his beloved sister, Charlotte, who had
written before her death, In the letter, Charlotte reveals all the
difficulties they had had to undergo. He realized that his mother and
sister was searching for him deliberately. He has restored his loyalty
in the end but his loved ones are gone forever. His final decision of
whether to stay or leave Harwick Hall remains unknown while the
family love will remain in his memories for the rest of his life.
This novel managed to prove that strong family relationship
sustains family bond and heals all the hurting moments through
sense of love, devotion and loyalty. The power of family love leads
to reunion and healing in a family. Therefore, we should appreciate
and love our family unconditionally and be prepared to make
sacrifices as when there is strong sense of love, there is
forgiveness , patience, loyalty and devotion growing without force
under the shade of genuine family love.

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Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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Example 3
A memorable event and how the event affects one of the characters
in the story.
I choose the novel Step by Wicked Step written by Anne
Fine. The memorable event from the novel is the honest
conversation between Pixie and her stepmother Lucy. I think that
the conversation is important because it affects Pixie's life.
First of all, I think that the conversation is important because
Pixie has a chance to tell the truth about her feelings. Pixie tells
Lucy that she hates to pretend that their family is normal. It is hard
for her to accept strangers as family. She dislikes her stepsisters.
When Hetty moves into Pixie's bedroom after quarreling with
Sophie, Pixie is very angry. She tries many ways to get rid of Hetty.
Apart from that, I think that the conversation between Lucy
and Pixie is important because Lucy also gets a chance to express
her feelings towards Pixie. Lucy hates being a step mother. It is very
hard for her to take care of someone else's child. Lucy is angry
when Pixie when Pixie tries to get rid of Hetty from her bedroom.
Last but not least, I think the heart to heart conversation is
memorable because it improves the relationship between Pixie and
Lucy. They understand each other better. at the end of the
conversation, they are crying and hugging each other. After that
day, their relationship becomes better and they are more like a
normal family.
In a nutshell, I think that the honest conversation between
Lucy and Pixie is memorable because it improves the relationship
between Pixie and her step family. I learn many things from this
novel.

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Paragraph
Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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Example 4
Character you admire because of the positive qualities?

Paragraph

The novel that I have read is Step by Wicked Step by Anne


Fine. The character that i admire because of the positive qualities is
Robbo.
Robbo is a kind person. His immense kindness was evident in
the way he sought to protect Dumpa. Even though he wished his
parents were back together, he worried about how it would affect
Dumpa. He did not want his baby half-brother to have to go through
the pain and suffering he and his sister had experienced during his
parents frequent arguments and final separation.
Robbo is also very understanding and sensitive person. He
understood why Roy felt unwelcome in the house and that the only
reason he remained there was for Dumpa. The burden and strain
his mother went through while trying to referee the fights between
Roy and Callie was not lost on Robbo either. He was willing to put
himself in his mother's and Roy's shoes and tried to understand their
pain.
Finally, Robbo's best quality is his maturity. Due to his maturity,
he was able to accept his parents' separation and bot be jealous or
resentful of Dumpa and Roy. It also helped him realize that drastic
changes were needed to keep the family together and to come to a
solution that would benefit all parties. He showed a maturity beyond
his years when he confronted his mother and sister directly and
dealt with the situation once and for all.
These are some of the positive qualities that Robbo has
displayed and which have drawn my admiration.

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Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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Example 5
Similarities and Differences

Paragraph

The novel that I have read is Step by Wicked Step by Anne Fine.
There are glaring differences and some similarities between Richard
and Robbo. They both make a good comparison of characters.
For similarities, both are products of a broken home and both
have to adjust living with a stepfather. Their stepfathers are difficult
to live with and so conflicts arise within the family. But this is where
the similarities end.
Their differences are more marked. Robbo refuses to let his
stepfather ruin his happiness. He even tries to mediate between
Callie, his old sister and Roy, his stepfather. He loves his halfbrother like his own. When situations prove to be difficult, he chips in
to help his mother and stepfather.
On the other hand, Richard handles things differently. His
arguments with his stepfather are so bad that it is impossible for
them to love together. He is too stubborn to compromise or at least
try to make things better. He allows his stepfather to make his home
like a tomb as he calls it. He feels like a stranger in his own home.
Not surprisingly, he chooses the cowardly way of leaving home. This
is something Robbo would never do. He chooses to make the best
of a challenging home situation.
These are some of the similarities and differences between
Richard and Robbo.

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Introduction

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Evidence +
Example

Conclusion

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ENGLISH PERFECT SCORE


SPM 2015
MODULE 3

GRAMMAR

TOPICS
1
2
3
4
5

NOUNS
PRONOUNS
VERBS
ADJECTIVES
ADVERBS

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EXTRA
EXERCISES 1
EXERCISES 2
EXERCISES 3
EXERCISES 4
EXERCISES 5

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1.NOUNS
NOUNS
People

Animals

Things

Places

Activities

Concepts

girl

cat

radio

Malaysia

reading

knowledge

boy

fish

computer

town

cycling

gravity

Proofread the following sentences for errors in countable (singular or plural) and
uncountable nouns. Underline the errors and correct them.
1. Forty childrens from the orphanage were taken on a sightseeing tours round
Putrajaya.
2. How many time have you been to the library?
3. These flower cost about RM 50.
4. My favourite colour are blue and yellow.
5. I can finish reading this books in two week.
6. She is saving some money to buy a new pair of shoe.
7. The furnitures in the room looks old.
8. A kings and queen live in a castle.
9. Insects have three pair of leg, but spiders have four pairs of leg.
10. Shela has three niece and four nephew.
11. There are many interesting place that you can visit in Malaysia.

Proofread the following paragraphs for errors in singular and plural nouns.
Underline the errors and correct them.
A flea markets is a place where peoples can sell thing they no longer need. There are
long table at some flea markets. They may put price tag on the items. Item for sale at
the flea markets can still be used. The owner may have outgrown them or they may just
be tired of them. But they will fit someone else, and they will be new to someone else.
Item at flea market do not cost much money. Some peoples sell hobby project at flea
markets. There are many interesting thing to see and buy at flea markets. (12 errors)

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Make sentences with the suitable nouns.


People (Ali and he)
Example: Ali is a good boy. He is always helping others.
Answer: Ali is a good boy and always helps others.

Animals (cat and they)


Example:

Answer:

Things (internet and it)


Example:

Answer:

Places (Kuala Lumpur and Penang)


Example:

Answer:

Activities (badminton and netball)


Example:

Answer:

Concepts (knowledge and skill)


Example:

Answer:

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2.PRONOUNS
Subject

Object

Possessive

Possessive

Reflexive

pronoun

pronoun

adjective

pronoun

pronoun

me

my

mine

Myself

He (Ali)

him

his

his

Himself

She (Anis)

her

her

hers

Herself

You

you

your

yours

Yourself

You

you

your

yours

Yourselves

It (the cat)

it

its

Itself

We (Ali and I)

us

our

ours

Ourselves

They

them

their

theirs

themselves

Ali likes her.

That is her car.

That is hers

She hurt

(her car).

herself.

(Ali and Anis)

(Ali and Anis)


She eats.

She baked the


cake herself.

1.

They

(Dollah and Karim) were absent yesterday.

2. I bought ___________ (the watch) from The Omega Shop.


3. ______________ (My friend and I) go to the library every day.
4. _____________ (Puan Aminah) is a teacher.
5. ____________ (the magazines) are on the table.
6. Give _________ (I) some water.
7. Rohaya taught _________ (her brother) how to swim.
8. _________ (the bomb) destroyed _________ (the buildings).
9. ________ (Father) gave ________ (Rohaya) a computer for her birthday.
10. _________ (Durian, rambutan, and papayas) are local fruits.
11. _________ (the girl) is too young to go to school.
12. _________ (the farmers) kill ___________ (caterpillars) with insecticides.

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Fill in each blank with the correct pronoun.


1. Sarah thinks that

she

is the most popular girl in her class.

2. One of the ladies left __________ handbag in the toilet.


3. Tina and Tom live with ___________ grandparents.
4. Mr. and Mrs. Gam live in Kota Kinabalu. ________ have lived there for ten years.
5. Most of the students did not bring ____________ books.
6. Azman parked ___________ car in a no-parking zone, so __________ was
towed away.
7. Faridah told ____________ mother that _________ felt ill.

Make sentences with the suitable pronouns.


I
Example: I am a handsome boy. I was popular among the students in the class.

He (Ali)
Example:

She (Anis)
Example:

It (the cat)
Example:

We (Ali and I)
Example:

They (Ali and Anis)


Example:
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3.VERBS
be (is, are, am, was, were) is used to farm tenses.
Verb

Tense

Is + going
am + going

Present continuous

are + going
was + going
were + going

Past continuous

do is used to farm tenses.


Verb

Tense

Does + not + go

Simple present

Do + not + go
Did + not + go

Simple past

have is used to farm tenses.


Verb

Tense

Has + gone

Present perfect

Have + gone
Had + gone

Past perfect

can, could, may, must, will and should is used to farm tenses.
Verb

Tense

Can
Could
May

+ Base form

Must
Will
Should

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Underline the correct verb in brackets.


1. You (are, is) wrong and I (am, are) right.
2. One of the boys (does not have, do not have) a book.
3. Five of the men (has, have) donated blood many times.
4. Either those girls or Ali (has, have) taken my notes by mistake.
5. Mathematics (is, are) an interesting subject.
6. The teacher, as well as the pupils, (are, is) going on a field trip.
7. At the top of that hill (stand, stands) a few houses.
8. There (are, is) not much sugar left in the container.
9. Some of the students in this class (do not, does not) do their assignments.
10. Everybody (is, are) invited to party.
Use the simple present tense form of the verb in the brackets.
1.

Do

(Do) you have a brother?

2. Lions and tigers ___________ (be) wild animals.


3. We ____________ (celebrate) Teachers Day on 16 May every year.
4. The plural of fly __________ (be) flies.
5. Your hair ____________ (need) washing.
6. Japan ________ (be) an industrialsed country.
7. Hasnis parents ________ (visit) her every weekend.
8. I _________ (do) my homework every night at 9.00.
9. They often _________ (play) badminton with their friends.
10. Friends ________ (be) like flowers in your life.
11. She never _________ (watch) TV at nigh.
12. She _________ (have) two pair of glasses.
13. The pictures on the wall __________ (look) expensive.
14. Nobody in the room __________ (know) the answer to this tricky riddle.

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Make sentences with the suitable verbs.


Simple future

Present

Will

+ listen

shall

+ eat

Am

+ eating

Example: I will listen to the radio.

Example: I am eating my lunch.

continuous

Is

Past

+ drinking

Are

+ sitting

Was

+ listening

Were

+ falling

Has

+ been

Example: Amira was listening to the radio.

continuous

Present

Example: Amirah has been studying for two


hours.

perfect
progressive

Pas perfect

have

+ bought

have

+ seen

has

+ loved

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Example: I have seen that movie twenty times.

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4.ADJECTIVES
At the end of each sentence, there is an adjective in brackets. Rewrite each sentence
with the adjective in the correct position.
1. The children loved the lady. (old)
__The children loved the old lady.__________________________________________

2. He was a history of mental illness. (long)


______________________________________________________________________
3. She wanted a life. (quiet)
______________________________________________________________________
4. The man was dressed in a suit. (dark)
______________________________________________________________________
5. The doctor examined the child. (injured)
______________________________________________________________________
6. The student speaks English. (good)
______________________________________________________________________
7. She is a writer. (successful)
______________________________________________________________________
8. The lawyer was a man. (humble)
______________________________________________________________________

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Make sentences to compare the three forms of transport. Use suitable adjectives.

Aeroplane

Car

Bicycle

Faster, the fastest


1.

The aeroplanes is faster than the car.

2.

The car is faster than the bicycle.

3.

The aeroplanes is the fastest among the there.

Slower, the slowest


1.

2.

3.

Smaller, the smallest


1.

2.

3.

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5.ADVERBS
If the main verb is a Be verb, place the adverb after the Be verb.
Subject

(is, am, are, was, were)

Adverb

She

was

very

nervous.

we

are

just

good friends.

The coffee

was

too

bitter.

He

Speaks

loudly

to the audience.

For each sentence, place the adverb in brackets. Rewrite each sentence with the
adverbs in the correct position.
1. She can speak German. (well)
__She can speak German well._____________________________________________
2. I am so busy nowadays that I have time to talk to my friend. (hardly)
______________________________________________________________________
3. She can play the piano. (beautifully)
______________________________________________________________________
4. He read the safely manual. (carefully)
______________________________________________________________________
5. She walked towards the door. (slowly)
______________________________________________________________________
6. The dresses in that shop are expensive. (too)
______________________________________________________________________
7. The tea was sweet. (very)
______________________________________________________________________

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GOOD LUCK!

WHERE THERE IS A WILL,


THERE IS A WAY.
ALL THE BEST!

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