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Check it Check it
9 (a) simple distillation
1) C 2) A 3) B 4) A (b) evaporation to dryness
(c) filtration
5) D 6) D 7) D 8) D
(d) chromatography

Practice Question Test it

a) Process 1 : Addition of water and
stirring 1) D 2) A 3) D 4) D 5) A
Purpose : To dissolve all sodium chloride
b) Process 2 : Filtration
Purpose : To separate the insoluble 6) B 7) D 8) B 9) C 10) B
substances from the sodium
chloride solution
c) Process 3 : Evaporation to dryness
Purpose : To remove water from sodium
chloride solution to form
sodium chloride crystals

Test it Test it
11(a) chromatography 12(a) (i) solute – sucrose
(ii) solvent – water
(b) Chlorophyll and xantophyll have
different solubilities in ethanol. One (b) draw best-fit curve
is more soluble than the other, and
thus, moves further up the paper.


Test it Test it
12(c) Some sucrose is dissolved in 50g of 12(d) From the graph,
water at 900C. Determine the mass of At 650C,
sucrose that would crystallise out as the
solution is cooled from 900C to 300C. 100g of water dissolves 306g of sucrose,
From the graph, Thus 250g of water would dissolve
Solubility at 900C is 416g in 100g of water, 306g x 250/100 = 765g of sucrose
so 208g would dissolve in 50g of water.
Solubility at 300C is 219g in 100g of water, 10g of sucrose is found on 1 teaspoon
so 109.5g would dissolve in 50g of water. 765g of sucrose would need 765/10
Mass of crystals formed = 76.5 teaspoons
= 208g – 109.5g
= 98.5g

Test it Test it
12(e) From the results, 12(f) Sucrose decomposes when it is
Mass of sucrose dissolved heated above its melting point.
= 150g – 25g = 125g
Mass of water = 200g – 150g = 50g

Thus 125 of sucrose had dissolved in 50g

of water, which means,
250g of sucrose would have dissolved in
100g of water.
From the graph, this occurs at 460C