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AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA

Buku Panduan Belajar AutoCAD

AutoCAD adalah salah satu perangkat lunak (SoftWare) yang


dipergunakan untuk pembuatan gambar yang berorientasi pada visual, baik gambar
dua maupun tiga dimensi yang sangat memerlukan ketelitian dan keakuratan
pengukuran. AutoCAD paling banyak dipakai dalam dunia disain konstruksi yang
banyak diaplikasikan pada bidang teknik baik itu teknik sipil atau arsitektur, teknik
mesin, instslasi listrik, perencanaan tata kota dan sebagainya yang membutuhkan
ketepatan dan ketelitian pengukuran.
Seiring dengan perkembangan disain, AutoCAD dari waktu ke waktu juga
mengalami perkembangan yang pesat. Saat ini AotuCAD tidak hanya merupakan
sebuah alat bantu gambar garis (line) yang hanya dapat dibaca saja atau cenderung
kaku dalam penyajian. Namun saat ini AutoCAD telah berkembang menjadi alat
presentasi yang dinamis dan atraktif yang mampu memberikan gambaran
rancangan yang akan dikerjakan pada calon konsumen dan dengan mudah dapat
dimodifikasi sebelum rancangan tersebut dilaksanakan.
Buku ini disusun berdasarkan pengamatan penulis tentang kebutuhan
penggunaan AutoCAD dalam dunia disain, sehingga diharapkan dengan
mempelajari buku ini seluruh siswa AMIK Triguna Dharma mampu menciptakan
rancangan-rancangan yang bermutu dan bernilai tinggi sehinggan dapat bersaing
merebut pangsa pasar yang semakin kompetitif.
Buku ini ditulis dalam tim yang terdiri dari berbagai disiplin ilmu dan
pengalaman. Namun demikian tidak luput dari kesalahan. Oleh karena itu, kritik
dan saran Anda sangat kami harapkan demi kesempurnaan buku ini dimasa yang
akan datang. Kami harapkan semoga buku ini dapat bermanfaat bagi Anda dan
selamat belajar.
Medan, 2007
Penyusun

Team Work AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA


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Buku Panduan Belajar AutoCAD

AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA

Kata Pengantar .....................................................................................................


Daftar isi ................................................................................................................
BAB 1 : DASAR-DASAR AUTOCAD .......................................................
1. Pengertian dan Sejarah AutoCAD ..............................................
2. Pengaturan Units ........................................................................
3. Page Setup ..................................................................................
4. Sistem Koordinat ........................................................................
5. Perintah dasar AutoCAD ............................................................
SOAL LATIHAN 1 ....................................................................................

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1
1
1
2
2
4
6

BAB 2

: PERINTAH DASAR MENGGAMBAR ...................................... 8


1. Rectangle .......................................................................... 8
2. Circle (C) .................................................................................... 8
3. ARC ............................................................................................ 8
4. Polygon ....................................................................................... 8
5. Ellips (El) ................................................................................... 9
6. Donut .......................................................................................... 9
7. Polyline ....................................................................................... 9
8. Spline ..........................................................................................10
9. Sketch .........................................................................................10
10. Text .............................................................................................10
11. Mtext ..........................................................................................10
12. Ddedit .........................................................................................11
SOAL LATIHAN 2 ....................................................................................11

BAB 3

: PERINTAH PENDUKUNG ..........................................................13


1. Objek Snap ....................................................................... 13
2. Ucs Icon ......................................................................................14
3. Zoom ..........................................................................................14
4. PAN ............................................................................................14

BAB 4

: PERINTAH EDITING...................................................................15
1. Copy ...........................................................................................15

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AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA

Buku Panduan Belajar AutoCAD

2. Move ...........................................................................................15
3. Rotate .........................................................................................15
4. Scale ...........................................................................................15
5. Stretch .........................................................................................15
6. Mirror .........................................................................................15
7. Array ...........................................................................................15
8. Layer ...........................................................................................16
SOAL LATIHAN 4 ....................................................................................17
BAB 5

: EDITING DAN DIMENSI ............................................................18


1. Break ..........................................................................................18
2. Trim ............................................................................................18
3. Extend .........................................................................................18
4. Fillet ...........................................................................................18
5. Chamfer ......................................................................................18
6. Offset ..........................................................................................18
7. Divide .........................................................................................18
8. Measure ......................................................................................18
9. ID .............................................................................................19
10. Dist .............................................................................................19
11. Explode .......................................................................................19
12. Pedit ............................................................................................19
13. Dimensi Gambar .........................................................................19

BAB 6

: SOAL LATIHAN ...........................................................................21

BAB 7

: GAMBAR 3 DIMENSI .................................................................22


1. Sistem Koordinat 3D ..................................................................22
2. Thickness dan Elevasi ................................................................22
3. Hide (Hi) ....................................................................................22
4. Vpoint .........................................................................................22
5. Plan .............................................................................................23
6. Rendering ...................................................................................23
7. Vports .........................................................................................24
8. Shademode ..................................................................................24

BAB 8

: OBJEK 3 DIMENSI PADAT .......................................................25


1. 3 Dimensi ....................................................................................25

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Buku Panduan Belajar AutoCAD

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
BAB 9

AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA

Cylinder ......................................................................................26
Extrude .......................................................................................26
Solidedit .....................................................................................26
3Dface ........................................................................................26
Pface ...........................................................................................26
Region ........................................................................................27

: TUGAS DAN DISKUSI ................................................................28

BAB 10 : UCS,
APLIKASI
BOOLEAN
DAN
PERINTAH
PENDUKUNG GAMBAR 3 DIMENSI .......................................30
1. Ucs .............................................................................................30
2. Aplikasi Boolean ........................................................................30
3. Slice ............................................................................................31
4. Hatch ..........................................................................................31
5. Facetres .......................................................................................31
6. Dispsilh .......................................................................................32
SOAL LATIHAN 10 ..................................................................................33
BAB 11 : TUGAS DAN DISKUSI .................................................................34
BAB 12 : POLYGON MESHES ...................................................................40
1. Surftab1 ......................................................................................40
2. Surftab2 ......................................................................................40
3. Rulesurf ......................................................................................40
4. Tabsurf .......................................................................................40
5. Revsurf .......................................................................................40
6. Edgesurf .....................................................................................40
SOAL LATIHAN 12 ..................................................................................41
BAB 13 : OBJEK GAMBAR DAN MATERIAL ........................................44
1. Material (Render Material) .........................................................44
2. Objek Gambar (Landscape New) ...............................................44
SOAL LATIHAN 13 ..................................................................................45
BAB 14 : TUGAS DAN DISKUSI ................................................................46
BAB 15 : TUGAS DAN DISKUSI ................................................................48
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AMIK TRIGUNA DHARMA

Buku Panduan Belajar AutoCAD

BAB 16 : TUGAS DAN DISKUSI ................................................................51


BAB 17 : TUGAS DAN DISKUSI ................................................................54
LMPIRAN 1 ...........................................................................................................56
DAFRTAR PUSTAKA .........................................................................................58

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