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Teacher: Eyyup Sehmec,

Date: 3/31/2016
Subject: 7th grade Science
Topic: Large molecules
Duration: 2 x 50 minutes
The student is expected to recognize how large molecules are broken down into
smaller molecules such as carbohydrates can be broken down into sugars.
Students will be able to
-Define large molecules.
- Give examples of food that contain carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids.
-Illustrate digestion of large molecules in daily human diet.
-Explain how carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids break down into simple sugars, amino
acids, and fatty acids. (In order)
Per group of four students;
4 scissors, 2 glue sticks, 1 stapler, 2 sets of colored pencil, 2 metric rulers, construction

Set induction / Introduction;

Take a look at the list of foods and drinks below, and rank the food based on the speed
of digestion in stomach. The top of ranking must be the quickest to digest. Your ranking
does not have to be accurate, so you are expected to use best judgement.
A random list of foods and drinks; Egg, meat, lettuce, sport drink, fruit juice, Potato,
meat, olive oil, grains, candy bar, fish.

(Students are expected to finish ranking in 5 minutes. Human diet will be discussed, and
the term of molecules will be introduced.)

Instructional activities;

In the first activity, students will be completing a puzzle to show how large molecules
break down into small molecules. Students will be working in groups, having their
printouts, and materials to match each large molecule puzzle piece with correct
enzymes and smaller molecules. (Puzzle and exemplar student work at the end of this
1. What are three types of large molecules that are found in human diet?
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids.
2. What substances involved in breaking down proteins?
Enzymes and stomach acid help human body breaking down proteins into amino
3. Give 3 examples of human diet that contain carbohydrates.
French fries, pizza, and pasta. (Answer can vary)
In the second activity, students will be working in groups making graphic organizers that
show three categories of large molecules and information about each type. (See the
procedures and exemplar pictures in an extra document)
This table summarizes the graphic organizer;
Food examples
Large molecules
Enzymes involved



Substance involved
Small molecules

1. What are some parts of human body where carbohydrates are digested?
Mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines.
2. What are some examples of food that contain proteins?
Meat, egg, milk, dairy,
3. What would be a result of lack of some specific enzymes in human body?
(The answer can vary.) Enzymes are responsible for breaking down specific molecules.
In case of lack of proper enzymes, certain molecules would not be digested. The human
body would face malnutrition.
Small group assignment ; Word bank worksheet will be attached to the end of lesson
Open-ended questions will be asked during cooperative learning activities as a form of
formative assessment. In addition, the following questions will be asked upon
completion of topic.
1. Explain what happens to large molecules during digestion.

2. Name the three types of large molecules?

3. Which of the following small molecules is matched correctly to the large molecule
it forms?
A. Lipids: Amino acids

B. Simple sugars: Proteins

C. Fatty acids: Lipids
D. Proteins: Carbohydrates
4. Which of the following is a type of large molecules that breaks down into amino
A. Carbohydrates
B. Proteins
C. Enzymes
D. Lipids
5. Vegetable oils are types of
A. Lipids
B. Vitamins
C. Proteins
D. Enzymes
6. Human diet consist of large molecules that are called as carbohydrates, proteins, and
fatty acids.
7. A molecule is a group of _____ or more atoms.

Closure discussion questions;

Whats a large molecule?

Babies are tested if they have specific enzymes, why is it so important for babies
to be tested?
Why do you think it is important to digest large molecules?