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132 Science Vision 7(4) 132-143: Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna


K. Lalchhandama
Department of Zoology, Pachhunga University College
Mizoram University, Aizâwl 796 001

Khatia Dr. P.C. Biaksiama Bible leh Science Vol-I \um thum tlawng a hahum dum dum hnu khân Science Vision
hmasaah kan han chiap khum ve chauh kha a nia, tûnah a pa dâwp tih tâwk vel tal chuan kan ngur ve tawh ang chu
– zah fâkah lu êm chhum suh. BS hi theology ziktluak lo leh science cheksawlhna lama thatho hleihluak Young Earth
Creationism tawtawrâwt, rin duap leh hriatna tluantling lo thu lehburh mai, a \anfung zawng zawng tih tûr pawh YEC
mi thiamte ngeiin an an paih thlâk daih tawh a nihzia pho lan a ni tawh a1,2. Juda 1:3-a ‘mahni mualphona phuan
chhuak’ tih ang maia ama mawng mai bâka Setana leh Darwin-a mawng pawh thliar hrang lova a rawn vai hlim vek
mai dân te pawh tihlan a ni. A bu behbâwm thil inmung tam tak hriat hmasak a \ûl avângin khati khan thu kan \heh
ai te chhin a nia, tûnah chuan kan hriatna beitham te te hmangin a thu laimu kan \het tawh ang chu. Kum 2004-a ka
thûl khung khâwm ka tih tawh kha, a thui luattuk avângin insûm takin ka hlawi \euh, thuhnâr ka vuah \ha a, BS ang
lo takin kalhmang hlâwm fel deuh tûrin ka rem khâwm bawk.

Lei leh vân thil zawngte hole hi awm tak tak nise; a râpthlâk dan tur zia chu!”
Bing bang theory ‘finfiah theih a ni lo’ (p. 18), ‘sci- (p.286) leh “Vanneihthlak takin black hole hi science
ence hrilhfiah phâk bâk’ (p. 19), ‘scientist-te chhan châk fiction thawn thu ang,” (p. 287) tihte phei chuan sci-
loh zawng tak’ (p. 25) a tih hi kan pian ve hma daih khan ence te chu ‘leuset, ka chepa êk pêk hnu’ a ti a ni ber e.
Arno Penzias leh Robert Wilson te \hian dûn chuan Big bang (CMB), hahîpa a sawi ngei quasar (p. 288),
vânneih thil tak meuhin a \anchhan rintlâk cosmic mi- pulsar (p. 284), supernova leh arsi hmuhchhuah thar
crowave background an hmuhchhuah avângin (p. 287) zozai te hi ‘beng hlai pui pui’ hmanga an
nemngheh a ni tawh a, 1978 khan lâwmman chhete Nobel hmuhchhuahte a ni tih beng nei chuan hre mawlh rawh
Prize chu an lâk kha. Miin Nobel Prize an lâkpui tawh se. A thuhnâr zînga tharlâm ber (1994) hnu lam khân
thil hmuhchhuah rêng rêng hi lêt leh theih loh lungpui Hubble telescope leh a dang te chuan galaxy tam tak
châra châr bim bem tih anga nghet a ni. Tûnah phei laiah black hole a awm fur tih leh, kan galaxy, thlasik
chuan mi thiamten an zir ril tawh khawpa big bang hi kawng (Milky Way) laiah pawh hian a lian chi, ‘beng
kum tlûklehdingâwn 15 (p. 18) vêl ni tawh lovin, hlai pui pui’ a\anga an ‘beng chhe ri’ hriat hmangin a
tlûklehdingâwn 13.7 kaltaa thleng a ni tih pawm tlân a ni lenzâwng nên lam an finfiah3.
tawh. “A tirin Pathianin lei leh vân a siam ... khawvel “French astronomer Pierre Laplace (1749-1825)
finna hian a dik lohna a hmu chhuak thei tlat lo,” a tih lai chuan ... a lo chhût chhuak daih tawh,” (p. 285) a tih
hian (p. 27) scientist te chuan lei leh vân awm hmain big Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace hi 1827-ah a thi chauh
bang a awm tiin an khawithlâr nghîn dal dal chu a nih si a, black hole chungchâng a chhût chhuak lo, ngaihdân
hi. Tin, big bang hi “Pathian siam tih ringlotu evolu- a nei mai chauh a ni a. Ani hma hian John Mitchell
tionist-te thurin pui ber a ni,” (p. 290) tih phei hi chu (1784) chuan ngaihdân a lo nei daih tawh bawk. Black
chaltlai uchuak tak a ni, Kristian kohhran lian lian hian hole lama thawh hlâwk ber zinga mi Stephen Hawking-
evolution an do lo va, an pawm hial zâwk tihte kan sawi an creationism a thlâwp ni âwm zâwnga thu an chhep
tawh, chubâkah big bang theory puang chhuaktu (p. 26) te hi a thu a man thiam lo tawp, chhûn leh zân ang
Lemaître ngei pawh hi Roman Catholic puithiam zu nia. a ni. “Big bang kha Pathianin lei leh van a siam \anna
Evolution biology-ah tuman big bang an zir hek lo. ang ... a nih loh pawhin big bang lo awm tawh ni awm
Elsên deuh taka satellite/telescope chungchâng takin, tuna a awm dan ang tak hian a siam a ni ang,”
a sawi, “Chuvangin sorkar changkang tak takten Hawking-a tihtir hian Pathian thil siam emaw creation-
ngaihthlâkna beng hlai pui pui hmanga an ngaihthlak ism emaw a kâwk hlek lo va, a fiamthu un pui hmangin
pawhin bengchhe ri mai lo chu hriat an la nei mumal Pathian (leh a hnathawh) chêpzia a sawi a ni zâwk, “[Ex-
thei chuang lo,” (p. 305) “Mithiamte sawi anga black panding universe] does play limits on when he [God]

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Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna 133

might have created out his job!” tiin a tlip daih4. tawngchham nghâl. Gen 7:22 chauh châng thlana whale
Mi faten vân boruak zau fan nan leh zir nana an leh shark te an thi tel lo (p. 52) tih hi a ni thei lo, a châng
hman lai a, a chhiarkawp hawrawp khat pawh chawk dawtah “...thil nung tinrêng ... lei ata tihboralin an awm
thei lo tûrina Einstein-a relativity theory lo sawihnawm ... Nova leh a hnêna awmte chauh chu zuahin an awm,”
bawrhbân tum ve phêt (p. 442-457), Isaia 65:24 leh Tualte (Gen 7:23) tih ziak a ni. Whale te hi sangha an ni bawk
Vânglai thu ang chauha han chhuah ngam te hi chu hek lo. Pathian khan bacteria, rûlhût, natna hrik leh thlaite
hma kan sâwnpui lovang. Einstein-a theory dikzia hi engtin nge a tih chiah kan hre lo na a, lawnga dam
hmuh theih leh enchhinnain an finfiah daih tawh a: 1919- khawchhuak pawh kha \âmin a hmuak tho tho. Sa tinrêng
ah êng kal hi a kûl tih te, 1962-ah hun kal chak zâwng tuak khat zêl chauh an him laiin lawng an chhuak hlawt
danglam theih dân te leh a dang dang a tam, 1945-a a, sa leh sava thing tinrêng ami Nova khân halral
atomb bomb puak te nên khân5,6. “Hetiang thil hi finfiah thilhlanah a’n hlân chawpchilh mai a, chutah economy
theih chi a ni em?” lo la tih ve leih leih te chu(h), a satel thiam deuh zâwk tûra ngaih Pathian lah khan nungcha
mau la \uan deuh e. Hun/kum bi chhiarah a bo chhah tawh phawt chu ei a phal vek zui bawk a (Gen 8:20-9:3).
hle tih tilang tûrin ‘Albert Einstein (1879-1955)’ ti siin ‘a Lawnga chaw ei tûr kha buaipui tham tak pawh a
tleirawl lai, 1905’ (p. 543) a tih te hi, kum 26 mi hi ‘tleirâwl’ ni. “Scientist-te hriatthiam zawng takin, ‘scientific’
ka ti ve lo. BS hian Einstein-a leh Hawking-a râ chu a deuha” (pp. 66-68) min hrilhfiah thei hi a lâwmawm.
tiso ang mawle. Amaherawhchu hibernate chite hi rannung tê ho, sakuh,
Leilung naupanzia \anchhan atâna vân a\anga vut bâk leh an aia te an nih vek bâkah kumtluana ti thei
nawi lo tla a sawi (p. 236), kum tlûklehdingâwn 4.6 a upa pawh an ni lo va, an hibernate laia an thau thahrui an
ni ta se ‘chuan khawvel pumpui hi feet 182 a chhahin a hman zawh chuan nasa taka chaw an ei leh a ngai nghe
khuh thei dawn’ a tih hi a pu Morris-a Scientific Cre- nghe; Nova ten ei leh bârah an zângkhai phah lovang.
ationism (1974) thu \hing lutuk a rawn thlasik mau chang Estivation phei hi chu a tiha tih ngeih loh, nipui khaw
puahpui a ni. Miten an la zir zêl a, tûnlai khâwl \ha zâwk lum leh \hal khaw ro bîkbosanna thil a ni a,
leh chhiarkawp fet zâwka an chhût chuan leia arsi nawi ruahpuivânâwn namên lo leh tui lêt but but laia lo esti-
lo lût hi 30,000 tons per year a ni a7, kum tlûklehdingâwn vate te chu, Sahara thlalêra sikri zawrh te pawh a ang
4.6 chhûngin 8.1 cm, a tam thei berah 66.18 cm-a chhah dâwn. Tin, lawngah khân ei tûr tam tâwk an mamawh tih
chauh a ni thei8. ‘Ton 14,000,000’ tih hi a duhâm lua. Lei a lanna chu, “[C]haw ... dah khawm rawh, tichuan nang
hi a zâwl mâm loh bâkah tui tam zâwkin a khuh a vângin leh anni tân chaw a ni ang,” tih ziak a ni lehpek (Gen
hmun tina he vaivut tlin khawm beisei chi a ni hek lo; 6:21). Eng pawh ni se, he Tui Lêt thawnthu, Bible ziah
leilung mineral/element tam tak hi arsi nawi chu a ni hma kum 400 daih tawha Babulon-hovin an lo nei thlip
rêng a ni. “Thla (moon) khi scientist-te chuan lei aia thlep tawh hi a va han scientific tak lo êm.
hian upa deuh zawkin an ngai,” maw? tu scientist-ten? Chanchin \ha dang, lâwmâwm êm êm ni âwm tak
Scientist ka hriat ve te chuan an inrual thu min hrilh. min au khumin ‘ARARAT TLANGAH NOVA LAWNG
Thlaah pawh vaivut hi 2,989 tons per year a tla, kum HMUHCHHUAH A NI TA’ (p. 75) a han ti zet a, Isua
tlûklehdingâwn 4.6 chhûngin 4.1 cm-a chhah chauh a pian hma kum 700 BC vêla an hriat daih tawh thu min
ni, a taka thla leilung an teh te nên a inang thlap. Lei leh fah zui leh chawpchilh, ‘ta’ khian awmzia a nei ta lo.
vân hi a upa tawh tih a tichiang bawk. Leilung Chutah a ni ngei tih theihna tûrin “Scientist-ten lawng
naupanziaa a \anfung (pp. 235-239), Morris-a thu hlui tihchhiat an tum” (p. 78) tiin scientist-te a’n diriam tê
tawh ho hi science letling \hiau a ni e. tê a, kan kik vur vur tawh laiin hahchhiau \hawtna tûr
khawpin, ‘ENGVANGA LAWNG HI HMUH
Nova lawng puarpawlêng leh Tui Lêt nêp CHHUAH HAR EM EM NGE A NIH?’ (p 87) tiin,
Nova lawng inchhût len siak hi creationist-te hna “[H]aichhuah a la ni ngei ang. I lo ngaichang reng
lian tak a ni (p. 51), a dung tawng 300, a vâng tawng 50, ang u,” tiin a Chhura ko thlâk ta daih a. Nova lawng
tawng 30-a sâng, chhâwng thum nei tih bâk hi chu Bible hmuhchhuah thu hi thu vuvûk lehlâng mai mai a ni9,10.
hian a sawi lo va. Chumi hisâpa a khêlmual zâwnga kan BS ziaktu lei pathian fapa, lawng hmuhchhuah tuma
teh dâwn a nih chuan Wembley stadium-ah khuan thâwl tai tâta \an khawh John D. Morris pawh kut bêngin a
lutukin a hûn mawi theih ang. A berâm zawnga chhût kût chi lo hawi ta mai mai a, lawng lem siam lamah a
tûr a nih pawhin, dinosaur lian tuak hnih tân pawh a \uan ta zâwk, “Of course, the message is the impor-

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134 Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

tant thing, not the Ark ... This, I feel, is the overriding inzawl tawk chiah ... leilung tla-khawm zeuh zeuh ni ta
reason to continue the search for the Ark,” a ti thlâwt11, se; chung vaivut leh hnâwlte chu an themthiam awm
zahthlâkin! mang e ... vaivutte pawhin rilru nei ni awm ang ziazanga,”
A \anfung pawimawh tak, lei pum chîm thei Tui Lêt tiin an chungtlâk a. Kum khat Tui Lêt khan eng tin fakau
siam tûra vân boruaka tuihu lo awm theih dân canopy nge ruam pang lehlam lehlama lei inthuah upat dân inmil
theory (pp. 29, 62, 111-115, 441) hi creationist hrânghluite a siam teh lul ang, Tui Lêt kha fing kherek tak zâwk chu
ngaihdân chhut chet dâwl miah lo a ni. Science a ni lo a ni ang. Bible hial a khûmna, a hman rim êm êm
tih chianna a ni bawk. Science-a theory kan tih hi chu \awngkama \anin, “Dik takin leilung chanchin zirtu (ge-
ngaihdân satliah ni lo, \an chhan (evidence) fel fai tak ologist) tam zawkte chuan khawvel huap thama tui lian
nei a ni. He theory zet hi chuan \an chhan derdêp deuh hnathawh avanga lo awm thei chauh a nih thu hi an
chauh pawh a tlachham. He canopy-ina ‘ultra violet awih leh \an tawh ... Chutiang ni lo se, engtinnge ... a lo
rays leh radio active’ te a lo thlitfim theihna (p. 442) rêng insiam theih ang?” a tih ang ahnêkin a leilung vut them
science thiamna huangah a la awm chhin lo. Boruaka thlengin an la zir chik zêl a, a sawi anga geologist tam
tuihu awm hnêm lutuk hi khuarêl dân a ni lo hrim hrim a, zawktena Tui Let hnathawha an pawm chuan sakei seh
atmosphere a luah khat deuh vek a nih phei chuan ni ka ngam. Grand Canyon khu leilung inthuahthip indawt
êng a hliah thim reng ang a, tâwpin tai awm lovin a sûr nalh ber mai, kum tlûklehdingâwn 2 chhûnga insiam,
(condense) ngei ngei tûr a ni. Relative humidity hi 100% ruam thûk tak te chu tui luang hrût khuar a ni tih te, a
a tlin chuan ruah a sûr thîn. Chuti a nih loh chuan boruak kum indawt dân kimchang te kan hre thar zêl13,14. Nova
chu lum lutuk (tui boiling point aia sâng) a nih reng a te êk tum emaw, tui lêt hnuhma emaw an la hmu chhin lo
ngai, pressure cooker chhûnga khawsak ang a ni dâwn, va, a leilung upat dan \hen hrang hranga Pa leh Fapa
atmospheric pressure phei chu a lêt 70 deuhthawin a leh Thlarau Thianghlim ti lova, Rama, Brahma, and
sang ang12, nunna a awm thei lo. Vishnu an ti te hi lu an tihaiin thin a khei, creationist-te
‘Boruak lum nuam in sem darh, nungchate tana tân chuan. Jim carrey (Bruce Almighty, 2003) \awngkam
\angkai’ thei ziazâng a ni lo. “Tuihu hi rawng nei lo, kha \ên ang ka pêl thei lo, “Thank you [God] for the
lang tlang thei ... ni lum leh ni êng te, arsi leh thla êng Grand Canyon.”
te a lo lût tlang thei,” (p. 29) tih êm êm phei chu sakhi
a nui dah ang. Boruaka tuihu awm khâwm hi CHHÛM Nunna kan duh berte hi
kan tih hi a ni roh, chhûm a zîn chuan khua te a dur vêl “Chi thlahna hi DNA leh RNA inkawp atanga lo
\hin a, khawi lamah a lang tlang lêk lovang. Creationist awm thei chauh ... RNA pawh chu atom 30 lai mai ... a aia
vengva deuh te pawn vapour canopy awm theih lohzia mawl lehzual ... enge kan tih chuan molecules hrang
leh Bible zirtirna pawh a ni nek [‘nek’ tak hi chu an hrang inhlawmkhawm – organic compounds te hi an ni
hmaih] lo tih an au chhuahpui tawh, “Tuilet hma kha tawh mai,” a han tih (p.144) te hi chuan \awnghriatloh a
chuan ruah sur pawh a la awm lova,” (p. 112) tih te nên pâwl. “RNA leh DNA siamtu amino acids” (p. 147), “Chu
lam hian kan sawi tawh kha2. “He Canopy theory hian laimu [nucleus] chu hruiin a lo vet chuat ang a, chung
mithiamte zingah pawh thlawptu a ngah tial tial,” (p. chu Chromosomes an ti a,” (p. 152), “Cell laimu vela
114) a tih namêka ‘creation scientist’ a tihte meuhin DNA hruhrual” (p. 154), “Chromosome hruite chu mol-
lungrual taka an hnâwla an paih hnu kha, a lo la ecule hrui hnih inkawp zelin an awm ... hrui hnih inkawpte
lunghlu, aw khaih! u\awk tûr vawn hle hlu a; hi an lo puitlinin an inbelhkhawm mai a, tichuan 46
hrilhhaithlâk tak maw le? Nia, i rin aiin Nova Tui Lêt atangin 23 an lo ni” (p. 153) tih te hi a naupang chiarhiar
atâna tui supply-tu tûr i vân ang, science-in a pui thei thukhawchâng deuh.
si lo che a. A thu chheh fimkhur loh aleiah greenhouse Inthlah chhâwnnaah DNA leh RNA hi inkawp ngai
effect te pawh a lei pathian Morris leh Whitcomb-a te lovin, DNA hmang (sa, thlai, bacteria)-in DNA chauh,
hmuhchuahah a chhâl ngawt bawk (p. 113), hria se RNA hmang (virus \henkhat)-in RNA chauh an hmang.
chu Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourrier (1768-1830) kha a RNA leh DNA te hi organic compound ve bawk an ni.
zak ngawt ang. Chromosome hi cell laimu chhûng takah an awm, chro-
Grand Canyon insiam dân chungchâng (p. 93-95)- mosome ni lovin DNA hi hrui hnih inkawp. Inbelhkhâwm
a a leilung inthuahthip scientist-ten an sawi dân na na na 46 a\anga 23 ni daih thu a awm lo. Protein siam
diriamin, “A kam lehlama inthuah dan chu inang chiah, tûrin “RNA ah pawh hian chi hnih – ‘Messenger RNA

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Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna 135

leh ‘Transfer RNA’ a awm,” (p. 156) tih bâkah hian RNA nemnghettu’ (p. 106) anga thu ro lum a siam ngam te
dang ribosomal RNA (rRNA) i neih tel si loh chuan hi a huaisen, ni lo, huaisâr hle mai, thil inbâ lo ber
protein, leh nunna i nei lovang. Thomas Cech ‘chuan zing ami a ni. ‘Kum maktaduai 600-570 B.C. vel khan
RNA chi khat, inthah theihna pawh nei ve ang reng thilnung mawl ber ber te chu leilungah an lo lang
hmu chhuakin a insawi a’ (p. 143) a tih lekfang hi a RNA tan’ (p. 107), ‘... a thuah hnuaihnung ber Cambrian
hmuhchhuah ve mai mai avâng hian Nobel Prize in Chem- Rocks [sic] an tih’ (p. 108) a tih a\angte hian Geol-
istry 1989 an pe hlauh. Cech-a thil hmuhchhuah chu ogy leh Paleontology-a han fail chhin tûr pawhin
RNA te hi molecule dangte puihna ngai miah lova fossil a hre lo tih a lang. Fossil a\anga leilung
anmahnia inthlahchhawnna tûr hmanrua (self-splicing thuahthip kan hriat upat theih ber chu Precambrian
ribozyme) an ni nghal tih a ni, chuvângin nunna lo awm Period, Archaen Eon, Eoarchaen Era a ni a, Cam-
\an dân RNA World hypothesis kan tih hian pawm leh brian Period-a kum upa ber chu tlûklehdingâwn (giga
thlâwp a hlawh ta a ni15. anum, Ga) 542 a ni. Eoarchaen Era hi kum 3.6 Ga
BS II-ah pawh DNA hi ‘hrik chi khat’ (p. 148) tiin [maktaduai 3,600 – a kum tlûklehdingâwn biin a hlah
nihna ropui tak a pe a. Insuatna Rapthlak-ah pawh e, B.C. tih te phei chu a tiha tih ngeih loh] leh a aia
“Cell chhung chu a thawrawng vek emaw tih tur ... [DNA upate a ni. “Recent Epoch” tihte hi Holocene kan
chu cell] laimu tereuhte hual velah,” (p. 5) chutah, “chro- tih tâk hi a ni. Tichuan fossil (microfossil) kan hriat
mosome pawl hrang 46 ah an intel hrang leh .. hmeichhe tawh hlui berte chu 3.49 Ga-a upa Pilbara Craton,
chi nen .. an khingpui \heuh nena an inkawp rem hnuah Western Australia ami te, 3.4 Ga-a upa Barberton,
chuan a zatve, group 23,” an lo ni ta (p. 6) a ti he hu South Africa ami te a ni 19. 3.8 Ga kalta khan West
bawk. Mahni inzir piah lama Thlarau Thianghlim puihna Greenland chhim lam Isua (Krista ni lo) Krustal Belt-
paw’n molecular biology bulthûmah, kum 1988 ata tawh ah nunna hnuhma awm ngei niin a lang bawk20 .
kha a la bo reng a, a boral mai âwm e – thil pawimawh tak ‘Krista pian hma kum sangruk sangsarih vel’ (p.
a nih chu a hre ve tumhrang chu a nia le(h). 449)-a Genesis Tui Lêt khan hetianga upa fossil hi
1953-a Miller-a experiment lungphûm zîktluak takin chu a hnutchhiah loh kan ring.
a sawi ve thei hlauh, mahse a hnu lama a enchhinna Mi barakhaih tum taka, “[F]ossil hi a insiam tawh
tihtham namên lo a hmaih bâkah a thu tâwp nana “Chu lo ... hman laiin fossil a insiam hnem êm êm a,
thil siam chhuah a\anga theory lo piang leh ta chu – kum engvanginnge tunah a insiam tâk loh?” (p. 109-110)
tluklehdingawn 4 vel kalta khan ... hydrogen gas tamna han tih te chu a thu a satel lu mang e. Fossil awmzia a
boruak ... a\angin organic compound a siam a,’” (p. 145) hre lo a ni chiang. Fossil hi nungcha taksa a pum a
tih hi chu a dik lo. Miller-a experiment hmasa ber-ah khan them, leh a thla engpawh hlui tawh tak kum 4,000 aia
hydrogen a tlem ber – CH2, NH3, H2 tam dân chu 2:2:1 a upa tihna mai a ni. Keini pawh hi kum sâng tam hnuah
ni16. A experiment dangah phei chuan hydrogen hman chuan fossil kan la ni ve mai dâwn. “Fossil chhiar sên
loh châng pawh a nei. Tin, CO2 hi boruak tam ber nia loh leilungin a lo vawn him theihna chhan ...chu Gen-
pawm a ni. Chutichuan amino acid chauh ni lo nunna esis tuilet” a nih dâwn chuan Tui Lêt kha a rei lutuk
châkkhai dang hydrogen cyanide, DNA leh RNA ruhrel ang – fossil upa berte kum Ga 3 chuang a\anga indawt
siamtu adenine, guanine, ribose te nen lam a siam chhuak chho vek a ni sia le(h)!
thei17. Hetiang nunna bu\hut chemical te hi vânah hian a “Richard Owena’n kum 1824 a rulke nei ruhro
insiam mai thei tih tichiang tûrin Murchison, Australia- hrawl pui mai England rama laih chhuah kha
ah 1969 khan arsi them a rawn tla hlauh a, zir chian a nih Dinosauria tiin a hming a vuah” (p. 132-133) tih hi a
hnuin Miller-a te hmuhchhuah ang organic molecule ho thu a tawi nên \huang thumin a dik lo! Sir Owen khan
kha a lo kim deuh biai nia17,18. Arsi them dang pawh ‘Dinosauria’ tih hming a phuah chu kum 1842 khân a
hmuhchhuah leh enchhin a ni tawh. A thu hrimah him- ni. Dinosaur te hi ‘rul ke nei’ an ni lo, laiking
dama leia arsi them rawn thleng thla thei lo tûra ngaih hi phawkphawhraw, a Greek \awng chuan – han ti ve
(p. 148) thil sual lai let dêr, thihna khâwp êm si lo, a ni. ngial ila – deinos, terrible; sauros, lizard, an ni mai a,
“tangkawng râpthlak” tih pawh a ngai chuang hek
|uan-leh-mâng hma chuan lo. Owen-an ‘terrible’ a hman hi ‘râpthlâk/hlauhawm/
Kum sâng tlêmte kaltaa khawvêl awm \an chauh \ihbaiawm’ tihna zu ni lo va; hlain ‘ropui râpthlâk’ a
nia pawm siin fossil te hi ‘Genesis tuilet dikzia tih nên khan a inzâwl khawp. “Grik tawnga a awmzia

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136 Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

chu ‘tangkawng râpthlâk’ tihna” a la ti tak deuh deuh, Diplodocus species (D. hallorum) pakhatah an dah
Zo\awnga a awmzia sawi a tumna a nih ngei ka ring. Tin, leh ta bawk; lian ber aia lian zâwk an tam ta.
dinosaur ruh hriat hmasak te hi kum 1676 daiha Oxford, ‘Archaeopteryx’ [sic] (p. 172) hi chu e, eng icon/
England-a an laihchhuah a ni a, Oxford theologian leh idol emaw ang deuh a evolution icon/idol ve ngang a nia.
geologist, D.W. Buckland-an ‘Megalosaurus’ tiin kum Scientist-ten sava dik takah an ngai tih hi a dik zet e,
1824 khan a hming a sa a, chu pawh chu ‘ruhro hrawl mahse a tihdik tel loh chu Archaeopteryx fossil [‘ruhro’ a
pui mai’ ni rai lovin, khabe ruh \hen lai leh ruh them mai ni hauh lo a nia] ho hi sava pianhmang an neih deuh vek
chauh a ni. Owen-an hming a sak lai hi chuan species bâkah reptile [‘tangkâwng’ a tihthlâk zen hi ni ngei tûr]
thum Megalosaurus, Iguanodon, leh Hylaeosaurus te ho, a bîkin dinosaur hmuhchhuah tawh te pianhmang
an awm tawh bawk. Mak ve mai mai chu Owen leh tam tak nei a ni. Dâr ruh chuktuah, ha hriam tak [savain ha
Buckland te hi an hunlaia science lama challang ber ber, an nei lo], mei sei tak te hi reptile pianphung bîk a ni,
creationist kherkhiap, leh Darwin leh a theory dodâl chuvângin he sava hian sava te leh reptile te inzawmna a
namên lotute an ni. entir tih a chiang tâwk. I la ringhlel te a nih hlauh chuan
Bible leh hmânlai thawnthu bâka awm lo ‘rûl ke nei, he reptile-sava inkâra fossil hi tûn kum 10 chhûnga fossil
dragon lian pui pui’ Indonesia Komodo thliarkâra la awm hmuhchhuah hnem ber zîng ami a ni a, a indawt dân
te pawh a hria a (p. 137), rawn tlângzarh se zoologist pawhin Eoraptor, Herrerasaurus, Ceratosaurus,
hmingthang a ni mai tûr. Komodo dragon tih hi a lo hre Allosaurus, Compsognathus, Sinosauropteryx,
ve a ni maithei e. Komodo dragon hi ‘dragon’ a ni lo va, Protarchaeopteryx, Caudipteryx, Velociraptor,
rûl ke nei te phei chu a ni hnai lo lehzual, tangkâwng dik Sinovenator, Beipiaosaurus, Sinornithosaurus,
tak chi khat, Varanus komodoensis a ni mai, Komodo- Microraptor, Archaeopteryx, Rahonavis,
ah chauh ni lovin Indonesia thliarkâr hrang hrangah an Confuciusornis, Sinornis, Patagopteryx, Hesperornis,
awm bawk. Dinosaur te ber chi chu arpui tiat tih hre siin, Apsaravis, Ichthyornis, leh Columba tiin kan tlar dil del
“[T]unlaia dinosaur la awm te pawh an te tawh hle,” ti thei tawh e21; tûnlai thil awmzia hi hre teh u’n.
chungin (p. 136) mokele-mbembe chu hippopotamus
tiat a ti leh lawi, amah a inhnial chingchivêt a ni. Nia, Mammoth manganthlâk
dinosaur nungdama la awm a tihte hi ‘thawnthu thu hlu Mammoth min han hlui a (pp. 126-132), “[S]ai chi
hlu’ tihte nêna mên khata thlâk tûr a ni. Dinosaur dam lai khat, hâng rên rûn, hrawl deuh mai ... ngho pawh sei tak
hmuh duh viau te chuan lungsi takin sava te hi en mai ... Tunlaia sai kan hmuhte ai hian a lian daih ... ruhrote
tûr, technically-in dinosuar an ni vek e. Tu mitvai mahina chu Alaska leh Siberia hmar lam tuipui kamah a sang
an la hmuh chhin loh, Bible-in chiang lo ruaia behemoth telin vûrin a chhilh \euh mai ... chhuttu \henkhatte chuan
a tihte pawh ‘Brontosaurus’ [sic] species-a lo khung ve 5,000,000 vel chu ni ngeiin an ring,” a han tih ngawt
rikngawt te hi ‘Kristiante thlirna lam a\ang’ hi chuan a bâkah, “[T]unlaia ... saite hi hmanlai sai ... mammoth ...
khawlh lu deuh, science-in min pawmpui chuan loh ai chuan an te daih,” tihte (p. 136) hi a thlasik mumang
chuan dârbenthek ri... nên a inchiahpiah deuh a ni. Mammoth (Mammuthus)
BS hmasaa a hri vei, eng emaw hleka ‘ber’ a tih zen hi species khat a ni lo va, chi hrang chi hrai an awm. BS
kha kiam duak tawh mah se, a vei benvawn hle tih sawi tak Siberia mammoth te hi tûnlai sai aia te mah, 7-9
tilang tûr fangin dinosaur “lian ber chi Seismosaurus ft. inkâra sâng, an ngho phei chu tawi daih zâwk, an
an tih te chu [sic] ft. 140 a sei, ton 90 a rit ... A dawt beng pawh te tak te a ni. A hriat loh N. America a impe-
lehtu chu Brontosaurus, an ti a, ft 100 vela sei, ton 30 rial mammoth te erawh chu an lian hle thung.
vela rit” (p.133) a ti leh a. Dinosuar lian ho hi an ruh Siberia-a Berezovka mammoth kha a sawi tuihnai
kimchang hmuchhuah a nih hlawm loh avângin an lutuk deuh. Nia, ramsa kohamte’n an ei ral nual a, \awih
lenzâwng chiah tuman an hre tak tak thei lo, an ruh sei pawh a \awih nasa rêng. Mahse \awih ral hman lovin
leh len dân a\angin an hisâp mai a, a ber thlan theih a vûr leh leiin a chhilh ta a ni; ‘mihring tan pawh ei tlâk ...
ni lo. BS hriat loh ber Brachiosaurus te hi a ruh London-ah an thawn a, Kumpinu lal chhungkua leh
hmuhchhuah kimchang zinga lian ber an ni; 82 ft-a sei, milianhoten an lo tem hlawm’ tih phei chu a awihawm lo
42 ft-a sâng, 35 ton vêl an ni. Seismosaurus hi a ruh luak chhuak, a thu hnâr hriat a châkawm; a
kimchang zâwk an hmuh hnu hi chuan 105 ft-a sei, 22- hmuchhuaktute’n a uihzia leh vân sânzia, a bul vêl laih
27 ton-a rit chauh an ni tih an hriat tawh bâkah, pawh tih hleih theih loh khawpa rim chhia tih an hrilhfâk

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Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna 137

lai lai a22,23. Hliam nei lo anga sawi te hi a dik lo, a \hen thuziak a rawn \an chhan, Natural History vol. 88, p. 96
chu ruh tliak sâwp te, tuia tla hlum te, chirhdûpa tâng (1979) [a thupui a rawn târ lan loh hi ‘Piltdown revisited’
hlum te an ni. Mammoth pakhat ruang ding ûr pawh hi tih a ni]-ah hian Gould-a hian, “[M]ithiam sang puipui
chirhdûpa tâng hlum chu a ni. kan tihte pawh hian hmuh tura awm reng hmu thei lo
Mammoth ka chhûnga a thil ei, pangpâr leh thlai hian, an hmuh duh lam chu awm lo thlengin an hmu
hnah te hmuh nia a sawi (pp. 127,129) te hi dâwt tumtlang chhuak ... Mi 500 chuang zet chuan ... doctoral disserta-
tihhluhlân tumna mai a ni. Mammoth thil ei te hi a ka-ah tion beih nan ... he siamchawp bumna thil hi an hai
ni lovin a pumpui a\anga an hmuhchhuah a ni. Butter- chhuak tlat lo zu nia!” a ti eih lo va, p. 96-ah tak phei
cup hi ram lum thlai ni si, hmâr tâwp vûr khuhna hmuna chuan Piltdown Man luruh lenzâwng hlîr a sawi25, Natu-
an \o theih dân a zawhna hi chu mâwl tein a chhân ral History-a a zâwn zata scientific article 300 [world
theih. Buttercup hi ram vawt (tundra) thlai dik tak a ni. record] zet, 1974-2001 inkâra a ziah zozaiah hian he thu
Siberia hi vûr ram ni kum tluan mah se 40°F (=4.4°C) aiin hi chu, BS \awngkam hawhin, ‘hmeithai ina til zawn chu
a lum fo, kum khat chhûng chawh rual 15°C, buttercup nêpte’ (p. 307).
awm duhna chî tak a ni24. Tin, mammoth te thihna avânga Woodward-a kha London Museum-a director a ni
‘tuilet râpthlâk’ a awm theihna tûr a awm lo. Chutih a lova, British Museum (tûn hnua Natural History Mu-
hnêkin Nova Tuilêt a kâwlkalh zâwk; tui lêt avânga thi seum), London-ah Keeper of Geology a ni, Director nih
mang an nih chuan enga ti nge ramsa chi hrang hrang tuma mei kawha \ang ve chauh a ni. 1949 khan fluorine
ruang a awm ve loh? Chu lovah Nova lawng absorption test hian Piltdown Man ha te hi an lo en
tawngchham zetah khan a dam khaw chhuak tûr mam- tawh a, X-ray thla a\ang pawh hian a chiang mai chuang
moth leh an laichin hnai mastodon (Mammut) species lo, microscope chak chi a\angin cheibâwl chawp a ni tih
ho an seng lût ve duh lo em ni? an fiah chauh. Fluorine test tak phei hi chu 1943 a\anga
Tin, “Kum 10,000 a\anga 5000 inkâr kalta vel khan hman \an tawh a ni. Tin, he Piltdowm Man hi inbumna a
heng; [sic] mammoth-te pawh hi hmar tawp ram hnaihah nihzia Paleontologist rothap pui pui Le Gros Clark, Ken-
an lo cheng” tih pawh hi, Siberia mammoth hmuhchhuah neth Oakley leh Jonathan S. Weiner ten finfiahna \ha
tawh zawng zawng hi kum 9,700 leh 42,000 kalta inkâr tawk an neih hnu, 1953 khan an puangzâr chauh a ni;
ami an ni a, N. America amite hi kum 11,000-32,000 kalta creationist-te \anpuina emaw thlarau hriattirna emaw
inkâr ami an ni24. an chang lo hlauh26,27. A hun laia finfiahna tûr hmanrua
an la hmuhchhuah mumal miau loh avângin thudik anga
Mihring bul leh bâl pawm ni mah se, science thiamna \hang zêl chuan mi
Creationist hnialkhâna a serh zinga a mei ang chu thiamte ngaih\hat lohna chu a rawn nemnghet ta zâwk a
mihring thlahtu bul ruhro nia sawi Piltdown Man hi a ni. ni; science-ah hian dik tâwk lo a awmin, science vêkin a
Mathei lovin BS pawh hian phêk 194-196 lai a phalrai a. pho lang \hin, theology lam ni lovin. Doctoral thesis
Mahse a lên tlâkpuite pawh tluk lovin thudik chiah lo te 500 chuang hi tûn thleng hian a la awm lo, Piltdown
pawh a telh hrâm hrâm: “Arthur Smith Woodward-a, Man finfiahin tuman eng degree mah an lâk hriat a ni
London Museum a director” tih te, “mithiamten hnial hek lo. He thu hi creationist-te dâwt lêng phuahchhawp
rual lova thudik nia an ngaih\hatpui” tih te, “1950 vel emaw, 1954-a Nature editorial (vol. 274, no 4419, pp. 61-
khan ruhro upat dan tehna ... fluoride an hip luh tam leh 62)-a inbumna a nihzia an sawina a, “More than five
tam lohva upat dan” tih te, “X-ray a\ang chuan mihring hundred articles and memoirs are said to have been
ha a ni lo tih a han chiang ... chumi zawhah ... fluoride a written about Piltdown man. His rise and fall are a salu-
lo pai zât” tih te, leh mi barrakhaih zawk tûrin, “Mi 500 tary example of human motives, mischief and mistake,”
chuang zet chuan he Piltdown man [sic] chanchin chhui an tih laia a 500 lai hi la vâwngin a uar hluar zâwngin
hian doctoral dissertation beih nan an lo hmang tluk doctoral dissertation ni-ah an puh thlu emaw a nih hmêl
tluk” ni âwm ten min fah a. ber28.
A thu hnâr ni âwma a rawn thur ‘Tunlaia evolution- “Homo Sapiens [sic] ruhro an laih chhuah zingah
ist scientist challang berte zinga mi; Stephen Jay Gould’ chuan Neanderthal Man [sic] te” (p. 197) leh “Nean-
(p. 196) a tih mihring hi science thu ziak thiam tâwpthanga derthal Man [sic] kha mihring dik tak a ni,” (p. 207) hi
ka ngaih, ka ‘American Idol’ ve a ni; May 20, 2002 khan an ni lo va. Neandertal mi (Homo neanderthalensis) hi
min boralsan daih tawh, a ‘tûnlai’ vak tawh lo. Gould-a Homo sapiens an ni ve lo tih hi kan chiang ta vêk vâwk

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138 Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

viau29,30. Neandertal mi hrang hrang mtDNA leh nDNA


khaikhin tawhah chuan keini mihring dam laiteah hian
an thlah hnuhma engmah a awm lo va, species hrang
hlak niin keiniho nên hi chuan kum 500,000 kalta khan
thlah khat a\angin kan pêng tih a chiang ta30,31. “Kum
35,000 vel kal tawha mihring thlahtute,” (p 197) tih te hi
a vui liam theih. “Kum 600,000,000 vel liam hnua mihring
hmasa ber lo lang chhuak,” (p. 33) te hi scientist sawi
chu a ni lo phawt, mihring evolution chungchanga a
thuhnâr thûlkhung Newsweek bawk rawn perhtârin,
“Evolution theory chuan kum maktaduai 600 vel kal tawh
a\ang khan nungcha mawl ber a\angin khawvela
nungcha zawng zawng ... inthlah pung” (p. 208) tiin a’n
tuihnih sak bawk. Nunna lo awm \an a\anga kum Ga 4
(4,000,000,000) hnu, kum maktaduai 2.4 kalta a\anga FIG 1. Cranial capacity (in cc) as a function of time for 94
mihring chi (Homo) lo awm \an leh, keini ho hêl hâwl (H. specimens of Pleistocene Homo (from Lee and Wolpoff,
sapiens) phei chu kum nuai 1.5 vêla lo lang ve hlawl kan 2003)34.
ni. E khai! a chiang lo, Lelte, va lâm leh rawh!
“Kum 1865 ... Neanderthal phairuamah ... quarry Creationist te dâwt thu ropui pakhat, Eugene Dubois-
laituten an laichhuak” (p. 197) tih tlar ngawt pawh hi a’n a thih dâwna Java Man ruh ro te kha gibbon ruh a ni
tihdik ngai vek a ni. Kum 1856, Thi |in thla khan Neander zâwk tiin a puang tih duhthawh taka a sawi (p. 190),
Valley-ah chinai quarry-ah an lai chhuak a ni zâwk. Tin, “Dubois-a inpuanna thu hi hnial rual loha thudik,” (p.
Neandertal mi hi pakhat chauh anga sawi a (“kha pa,” p. 191) a tih hi a nih lohzia chian nan Dubois-a thu hnuhnûng
198), ricket leh arthritis vei ni âwma han chhâlte chu a (1938) hi a \awng let buangbâr lovin i’n chhiar teh ang: I
Chhûra thawnthu êm mai. Neanderthal mi hi Europe never imagined Pithecanthropus as a ‘giant Hylobates’,
hmun kil tin, Germany, Belgium, Gibralter, Croatia, France, only as a giant descendant from a ‘generalized’ form,
Romania a\anga Iraq-ah te thlengin an hmuchhuak a, a which had inherited from its ancestor, the ‘gibbonlike
hming tumtu Neander Valley-ah phei hi chuan tûnlai appearance’. A fiah ti r’u, Pithecanthropus hi Java Man
thleng hian an la lai chhuak zêl a nih si hi32. Nia, 1906 [Homo erectus kan tih tâk], Hylobates hi gibbon scien-
hma, Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger-an Croatia-a a tific hming a ni. A nihna takah chuan German scientist-
hmuhchhuah hma kha chuan a la tlêm tham avângin te’n Dubois-a hmuhchhuah tirh (1895 vêl) khân gorilla
scientist-te pawhin (doctor-te chu ni deuh lovin) mihring tiin an puhsak a, a thinrim ngawltâwtin a fossil te chu a
piangsualah an ngai mai a ni; an lo ni chai lo. thukru ta hmiah a. 1923-ah mi thiamte’n zir chian an duha
“Zawng (Gorilla) thluak lian ber erawh chu cc 650 an nawr fêt hnu-ah a phawrh leh chauh a ni, uikawm ve
chauh a ni thei,” (p. 199) tiin creationist Evan Shute-a’n a khawp mai!
sawi maw? Paleontologist Le Gros Clark-a chuan gorilla Peking Man, a tira Sinanthropus, tûna H. erectus ni
thluak bur 752 c.c. a hria asin33. ‘Tunlai mihringte ai hian ve ta, ruh tam tak hmuhchhuah hi ‘1920 leh 1930 inkar’ (p.
[Neandertal-te hian] thluak an nei lian zâwk’ tih te leh ‘Cro- 191) ni lovin 1929-37 inkâr a ni. A tir 1827-a an hmuhchhuah
Magnon hun atang khan...mihring thluak len zâwng a kiam Davidson [David ni narân lovin] Black-a zirna ‘Hapui
telh telh a ni’ (p. 200) titute hi chu an thluak thâwl vâng mai pakhat chauh’ ni lovin pahnih lai a ni. Peking Man ruhro
mai a ni ang! Chawh rualin Neandertal thluak bûr hi 1450 zawng zawng 1941-a bo riral anga sawi leh ‘hafang hnih
c.c a ni a, Cro-Magnon-in 1550 c.c. vêl, keini tûnlai mihring khat thu hla’ (p. 191) a chhâl hi dâwt mawng khal a ni,
hi 1350-1600 c.c., mi tam tak chu 2300 c.c. lai a ni. “Mihring ruhro bo zawng zawng hi a thla (cast) an dah \ha vek.
thluak bur len zawng hi cc 910 a\anga cc 2100” ti zo chauhin Tin, tûn hnai thlengin ‘Java Man’ dang pawh an la
Cro-Magnon Man (1472-1660) te hi thluak bûra teh chuan hmuhchhuah belh zêl35. H. erectus te ‘lo awm hun chu
tunlai mite aia chungnung zâwka dah tlat (p. 200) te hi a a kum 150,000 atanga 500,000 inkar’ (p. 189) ni lovin kum
khirh. Kan ‘pute’ atang hian awmze neiin thluak bûr te hi a maktaduai 1.8 leh nuai 3 ‘kalta’ inkâr a ni.
danglam chu a nih si hi (Fig 1)! Nebraska Man chungchângah hian ‘scientist-ten

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Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna 139

evolution theory nemnghehna tur an dap nasat ruai ruaizia’ hian mark chu a hmu lovang.
(p. 192) a lang hauh lo va, chu ahnêkin creationist hovin
evolution dikhlelhna an zawn nasat ruai ruaizia a lang zâwk, Evolution enchhinnate
science chhûnga thil dik lo chu science vêkin a rawn tidik “[E]volution danin rannung chi khat a\anga rannung
mai \hin36, chu chu science ropuina a ni tih a lang fiah chi danga inthlah danglam tûrin vawi engzât nge ngai ...
zâwk. Nebraska-a hafang khat hmuchhuaktu H. J. Cook hi tuman an sawi thei lo ... rinnaa pawm tawp ngai chi ...
“geology zirna mumal nei lo” tih ngawt chi a ni lo phawt. evolution theory hi science thudik a ni thei ta lova ... scien-
Graduate thleng chuan a zir ve, zo chiah lovin, research tific bik deuh anga ngaih theih a ni hek lo,” (p. 8) a ti maw?
lamah a inhmang zui a, paleontologist hlawhtling tak niin, A chhiarkawp dân chi tam a awm asin. Pakhat chu darwin
scientific papers tihtham tak chhuahin Colarado Museum- [amah Pu Darwin-a ni lo, a change in an organism’s char-
a Curator hial a ni. Chuvâng a chanchin sawi apiangin acter by a factor of e per million years (where e is the base
‘geologist/paleontologist’ an ti zêl zâwk. Henry Fairfield of natural log)] a ni a. BS chhuak hmasa ber hma lawka
Osborn-a, BS hmasaa duhsak uchuak taka ‘scientistte zinga hmuhchhuah a ni. Mihring chhûngkua (hominid)-ah hian
luruh endik hnem ber’ a tih hial hian a han endik khân, “He kum 100,000 chhûngin thluak (cerebellum) hi a lêtin a \hang
hafang tereuhte hian mihringte hi zawng thlah kan ni tih (7 darwin) tih te, chu chu inthlahchhâwn khat 0.02%
thuchah sawi sên loh a pai a ni,” (p. 193) a ti chhin miah lo chhûnga thleng thei a ni tih te, sazu chu saiah insiam dâwn
mai a! A scientific paper-a a sawi fiahnaah chuan primate se, kum 10,000 lo liam a ngai lo (400 darwin) tihte an chhût
eng emaw ber ha, mahse zâwng emaw ape emaw mihring thei tawh zâwk a ni. Heng kum sing/nuai bi te hi lei leh vân
emaw lampang a ni tih hriat theih loh tiin, “[W]e cannot be kum chhiarah chuan mi khap kâr ang lek chauh a ni.
certain whether Hesperopithecus is a member of the He chhiarkawp dân pawh hian awlsam takin a chawh
Simiidae or of the Hominidae,” a ti daih37, a hnuah pawh, “I chhuah theih; mahse, nia, genetics tam tak i hriat erawh a
have not stated that Hesperopithecus was either an Ape- \ûl nameuh: The rate of evolution, k = 2Nvu (in diploids),
man or in the direct line of human ancestry,” a ti zui; BS where k is nucleotide substitutions, N is the effective popu-
ziaktu hi chu a bengvâr fawr lua. lation size, v is the rate of mutation and u is the proportion
Khatih lai khân British scientist GE Smith-an Nebraska of mutants that eventually fix in the population. I rinhlelh
Man atâna mihring ang taka Illustrated London News tihkian nan, evolution (speciation) chak ber kan hriat theih
chanchinbua milem a lo ziak chawp avângin mihring (ape- chu Africa-a Lake Victoria-a sangha tê tak tê cichlid
man)-a ngai an lo tam ta mai a ni. Osborn-a phei chuan a (Haplochromis)-te chu kum 100,000 chhûngin species 500-
duh lo khawp, “[S]uch a drawing or ‘reconstruction’ would ah an insiam hman a ni39,40. I awih loh cheu leh zâwl rawh.
doubtless be only a figment of the imagination of no sci- A genome lampang chûlnêlte tan phei chuan chhût
entific value, and undoubtedly inaccurate,” a ti hial. dân dang a kuh \ûl bawk. Pakhat chauh: nucleotide sub-
Osborn-a thawhphui WK Gregory-an chîk leh zuala a han stitution rate hi chhût zung zung theih a ni tawh. Mihring
zir chuan ram vawk chi khat [peccary, ‘vawkpui’ han tih leh chimpanzee [zâwng an ni hlek lo a nia, zâwngho] nucle-
thawr chi miah loh] ralthûm tawh Prosthennops a ni ngei a otide substitution chak zâwng chu ~1.3 x 10-9 base substi-
ni tih a finfiah ta a ni36,38. Tin, “Nebraska Man chu zawng tutions per site per year a ni a; chhuan khat (kum 15-20)
thlah kan ni chiang alawm, tih fianfiah nan 1925 kuma chhûngin ~2 x 10-8 per site lai a ni. Chutichuan unau duh
Tennesee Zawng Thubuai hmingthang zet maiah khan tak te u, chimpanzee nên hian kum maktaduai 6 kalta khan
court hmaah thuhretu ang ziazanga hman a ni,” (p. 193) thlahtu bul khat a\angin kan lo in\hen tih an chhût a, mahse
therte lova, Nebraska Man rim a râ hi Scopes Monkey inlaichin hnai êm êmin ~99% genome ‘hrui khat vuanin’
Trial-ah khan a lang lo tlat. kan la awm ta a ni41. Chu chauh chu a la ni lo, fossil record-
Biology thiamna beitham pui a nei tih tifiah tûra sci- ah mihring chhûngkua upa ber chu kum maktaduai 6 hnu
entific hming leh hming lo a duh duha a ziak âwn (italics) lamah chauh an awm; ngai teh u, evolution chu a va chiang
leh ding (regular), hawrawppui hman dân thleng hian mit si êm, rûl thlahte u, in ni lo!
chu a tikham – science sawi a inti ve si a; phek 197-206 Chimpanzee te lah chu, “Darwin-a chuan Africa rama
inkâr leka Homo Sapiens, Neanderthal Man, Cro-Magnon zawng lian vak lo Chimpanzee hi kan thlahtu a ni ang e; tiin
Man, Swancombe Man, Java Man, Rhodesian Man, Pe- rin thu a sawi. Mahse; chimpanzee te hian hmul an ngah si
king Man, Zinjanthropus bosei, Chimpanzee, Homo a, engtinnge hmul nei lo mihringah a lo chan theih?” (p.
halibis, Piltdown Man, boboon, bonabo a tih châmchî te 171) tiin thlahtu bul dinhmun a pe a. Tu Darwin-an nge a

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140 Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

sawi a hriat ka hre lova, Charles Darwin kha chuan khawi tam zâwk hi a \ha lo a ni naa, mahse a \ha awm chhunte hi
laiah mah chimpanzee thlah kan nih theihna a sawi tlat lo. nghawng neitu ber chu an ni, a nih loh chuan evolution hi
The Descent of Man (Vol 1, p. 199)-ah chuan thlahtu bul a chak lutuk ang! Mahse, Muller-a hian a sawi dik vek lo.
khat nei kan nih ngei ringin, ‘It is therefore probable that Mutation zawng zawng deuhthaw hi thâwm nei lo (silent/
Africa was formerly inhabited by extinct apes closely al- neutral) a ni tih hriat a ni tawh; tin, mutation hi a hluar
lied to the gorilla and chimpanzee; and as these two spe- khawp a, mihring pakhat zygote apiangah hian chawh rualin
cies are now man’s nearest allies,” tiin chimp hming chu a 64 vêl a awm a47, chhuan khat chhûngin mutation 175 a
lâm ri ve dêt dêt. awm48. Hei vâng mai mai hi alâwm chi tin hnam tin, mit tin
JK Waage-a enchhinna pawh hi (p. 171), “Barrel tina mi tang kan lo awm. Science thu thar avâng hian ‘Muta-
[tho] man khawm zat a han chhiar chuan Zebra [sic] ang tion ho a awm khât... mihring chi hi kum nuai 25 lai chu
(barrel \ial) chuan a man hnem ber,” tiin zebra ze râng hian danglamna awm lo’ titu World Book Encyclopedia 1966
tho chi khat tsetse (‘testse’ ni leh hek lo) te a hîp zâwk tih leh a sawichhawngtu BS te hian thu dik lo baksak an sawi
Waage-a enchhinna a\anga chiang niin, Waage-a chu ta mai a ni. One “Hundred Years Without Darwin Are
ngaihdân thûltho lo zet “han chhep ve rawk” niin a chhuah Enough” tia \hahnemngaitu Muller-a hi Darwinist ropui a
a. A leh a linga vuttuithlawrbêl a ni leh ta. Waage-a ni tih i hre phawt mai ang u.
enchhinna hi zebrate hmul dum leh vâr in\ial chhan Thisen Inlaichinna (pp. 179-181) hi thil intuha lo fûn
sawifiah nana enchhina puitling hmasa ber a ni a; BS sawi khâwm a ni. Specific gravity hi ‘rih zawng’ a ni satliah lo va,
loh ang chiah chiah hian khermei taka Zimbabwe rama a tui mukna (1 g/cm3 emaw 1000 kg/m3 emaw) tehkhawnga
enchhinnaah chuan rawng dum-vâra \ial aiin rawng vâr hmanga thil muk zâwng hi a ni. Tichuan “[M]ihring thisen
emaw dum emaw hlang te hi tsetse (Glosina morsitans) chu 1059 a ni a, vawk leh sazupui chu 1060 ve ve... chungu
bâkah tho dang pawhin an bâwm duh zâwk daih tih a hi 1055-56; rul leh zawng thisen chu 1054.9 ... kan laichin
finfiah a ni zâwk42. Khawsikpui hri \ihbaiawm (Trypano- hnai ber chu vawk” a tih hian eng inlaichinna mah a kâwk
soma brucei) \ai darhtu tsetse hi zirchian hlawh tak pawh lo. Kum zabi 20 tir tê DNA (hming) pian hma, genetics hrim
a ni a; thil a \ial dân bial leh kil li nei chi aiin a tung leh sâwl hrim pian hma, biochemical test dân mumal pawh an la
chi te an bâwm duh zâwk a, rawng dum hlang an duh ber a, hmuhchhuah hma daiha BC Nelson te enchhinna hi rin
a pâwl leh a sen an duh leh viau, rawng eng leh vâr telna tlâk a ni thei lo tih hi beng nei, leh nei lo pawhina hriat harsa
chu an tiltîp ber bawk43. A dumah pawh a kham pheia \ial chu a ni lo asin. Anni aia rin tlâk thârlam deuh zâwkah
aiin a tunga \ial an duh zâwk bawk44. Chuvângin zebra te chuan mihring thisen specific gravity hi 4°C-ah 1.0621 (g/
hian rawng dum leh vâr \ial an pu hi natna thlen thei cm3), 37°C-ah 1.0506 a ni49. BS inlaichhinna tehfungah
rannungte laka an him theih nan kori a tu viau a nih si âwm chuan temperature azirin kan laichinte kan thlâk chhên
hi45. dâwn. nipuiah rûl, thlasikah chungu! A mak leh zêl e sir
‘Mutation te hi an \ha lo deuh vek...’ (p. 165) tih HJ khen chu, tih ang mai a ni.
Muller-a tawngkam a sawi hi a ni chiah lova, Noble Prize a A awmzia zâwk chu thisen zawng zawng specific grav-
dawn hlimchhâwna chanchinbu mite’na Time chanchinbu ity hi 1.04-1.067 inkâr, tui aia muk vek a ni, mi pahnih thisen
(Nov 11, 1946)-a an chhuah a ni. He an \awngkam chheh hi muk zâwng pawh a inthlauh bâkah, mipa aiin hmeichhia a
creationist-te thunawn berah a \ang ta nghe nghe. “Muller- hniam a; mahniah pawh din laiin a muk, \hutin a hniam
a phei chuan zaa 99 aia tam mah hi a thalo lam vek niin a lo hret, mutin a tlêm lehzual50. Mahni pawh kan lo inlaichin
sawi,” (p. 444) tih phei hi chu dâwt tumtlang a ni. Amah meuh lo a nih chu. Tunge a nih chiah ka chhui theih lo B.C.
ngeiin, “[T]his process of accidental natural Nelson-a ber hi vawk chu a ni mai lo maw? A thu hnâr
mutation...could take place only because of the Darwinian rinrâwl Enoch-a Evolution or Creation (1966) \hin tawh
principle of natural selection...on the rare occasions when dân chhût chuan a mawh lo ve.
an accidental mutation did happen to effect an advanta- Nia, awmze neia biochemistry, molecular biology zir
geous change, the resultant individual, just because it \anna chu 1950 hnu lam vek a ni mai a. Thu \hing un lutuk
was aided by that mutation, tended to multiply more than tak tlângaupuia, “[T]hisen inlaichinna chungchanga evo-
the others,’ tih puangtu leh Nobel Prize a dawn lawmna lution theory \anhmun chu a phet chiang ngawt mai; a aia
thuchah a, “We should expect most mutations to be dis- nasa hi hmuh chhuah zel a la ni lehnghal a,” tihte chu a thu
advantageous if the theory of natural selection is cor- ba sa ngam thlâk. BS ziah laia data awm daih tawh Sarich
rect,” tih nên a in\hel\haw hle46. A chiang em? Mutation leh Wilson-a te finfiahna (1967)51 mai mai pawh a rin tlâk

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Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna 141

zâwk ang (Table 1). Hetiangin [evolution leh instinct hi \huang khat, inhalna zeuh nei lo
a ni; a sawi ho hi animal behavior (ethology) a ni e] hi BS
Table 1. Immunological distances between albumins of vari- hmasa ami a hlawp a hlawpa a rawn chhawm a ni. Hei vâng
ous primates. tak hian a ‘ber’ puan hri pawh a châmbâng nasa le – hei
chauh, “[K]um zabi 19-na rannung chanchin zirtu
hmingthang ber... Fabre-a,” (p. 241) tihte hian ethology leh
Darwin-a a tithangtlâwm, Fabre-a hria bân phar in awm
em? Ka awih lo. Scientific taka sa (animal) nungchang zirna
ethology hi a evolution theory ruala Darwin-a bul \an tak
meuh a ni, Origin of Species, The Descent of Man, The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals te khan
BS sawi tam tak hi a hrilhfiah daih tawh! A thu rinrâwl
Krachmalnicoff The Magic of Animals (1977) te ai chuan a
rawn târlan zeuh Karl von Frisch (p. 375,376) thu leh hlate
han zir zîktluak se zawhna lungmâwl, “Hetiang khawpa
A tehna uluk taka an hmuhchhuah hnua 52 he finna (instinct) rannung te takte ... hi scientist-te pawhin
khaikhinna hi siam an ni. Nia, mathei lovin chimpanzee an hre pha lo ...Engkimtitheia finna atanga lo chhuang
te hi kan laichin hnai ber chu an ni. A hnute tui zâwng zawk a ni ang ... Nge evolutionist-te hrilhfiah theih hun kan
pawha sawi tûr tingin “London University ... Professor la nghâk zawk dawn?” tihte hi a zâwt lo tûr. Darwina-a
thiam tak” chiangkuang lo deuh thu sawi ai chuan dungthûlin finfiahna awmze neia Karl von Frisch, Konrad
Hanke-a ten hnute tuia lysozyme an khaikhin53 hi en leh Lorenz leh Nikolaas Tinbergen ten heng sa nungchangte
ila (Table 2): an hrilhfiah theih avângin Nobel Prize 1973 an lo dawng
tawh a, experiment ril tak tak nên Nobel laureate dang Sir
Table 2. Immunological distance between the lysozymes of Charles Sherrington (1932) leh Walter Hess (1949) te pawhin
man and baboon to other primates.
Antiserum to an rawn hrilhfiah bawk kha – evolution hmangin. A nihna
Species
Homo Pan Gibbon Anti-lysozyme to takah chuan Krachmalnicoff pawh hian heng evolution-
Species
Homo sapiens (mihring) 0 3.7 11.1 man baboon ists ropuite thu leh hla tlângpui a lâwr khâwm mai a ni tih a
Pan troglodytes Homo sapiens
5.7 (mihring)
0 14.6 0 66 lang, BS hian a Bethlehem dai reh a\anga Kalvari tlâng hrût
(chimpanzee)
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee) 0 67 zâwngin a rawn tuihnih ve mai a ni!
Pan paniscus (bonobo) 5.7 0 14.6 BS hmasa aiin rannung leh ransa leh ramsa te a rawn
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla) 32 38
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla) 3.7. 6.8 11.7
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan) 1 76 thlei hrang thiam ta deuh a, Cromtono a tih fo pawh
Pongo pygmaeus
(orangutan)
8.6
Papyo cynocephalus 9.3(baboon)11.1 127 0 Crompton-a a lo ni tluan chhuak ta a, tlângkawmna para-
Symphalangus Lang lo ruamah hian a va chiang si êm! Ape leh zâwng graph 2-in min belhchhah bawk. Mahse a la hlawhtling
11.4 9.7 2.9
syndactylus (siamang) te nêna kan inlaichinna dik tak hre tûr phei chu thu thar lam tluantling lo, a tâwp lamah chuan a insiam \hat peihnain a
Hylobates lar (gibbon) deuh, genome
10.7 te pawh 9.7 hi han 0 bengkhawn ve deuh tawh tlin ta lo a ni ang, ransa a sawinaah sazupui, savawm,
âwm. Chimpanzee (bonobo telin) te phei chu nunna bupui gorilla, sazuk (p. 366-367) an la telh tlat. Mi thiamte tih ngai
genome ~99% lai kan \âwmpui54; kan dam rualpui nungcha loh ang takin a thu nêna inchawbe hauh lo milem a neih
zinga kan laichin hnai ber an ni. Science dânah chuan ang ang a rawn belh bawk a. “[C]hinghne chi khat Wolver-
hetiang zâta genome inang chu species inlaichin hnai lutuk, ine” a tih (p. 347), wolverine (Gulo gulo) hi chinghnia ni
genus khata awm ngei tûr an nih avângin mihring genus lovin hleizuam lian ber chi a ni, a ‘wolve’ lai hi a hre ve a
(e.g. Homo sapiens, H. troglodytes, H. paniscus) an ni ve niang! Mak tak maiin zoology lamah a bengvâr vak lo tih
tûr a ni tiin genome ti mite chuan \an an khawh nghe nghe hriatna tûrin “Sephung chi khat ‘Bom-bardier Beetle’ ....
(a chin chhuakin Lalchhandama, 2006)41. chuan mittui tlakna hlo (tear gas), acid hlo emaw in a lo
phuh vak thin,” tih chauh a zep tel a (p. 360). Bombardier
Nungchate nunchan beetle (Brachinus) hi creationist challangte hnialfung hla
Lungchim duhthawh taka a hril bung 11-na (pp. 340- pui, thu tam taka sawi fiah ngai a ni; a hre zîktluak lo hi a
390), a engti kawng zâwng pawha thupui hming hnaisai lo, engthâwlthlâk huai. Brachinus hian a mawng a\angin p-
“EVOLUTION VERSUS INSTINCT (Natural History)” benziquinones, hydroquinones and hydrogen peroxide

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142 Bible leh Science Bihchian Lehna

chawhpalh sa lutuk (100°C) hmangin hmêlmate a kap (‘bomb’ finfiah (emperical test) a, a dikzia hmuhchhuah a nih phawt
hming put chhan) kâng thei a ni55; tear gas leh acid lam a ni chuan science bu kan neih tawh zawng zawng hi hnâwm
lo. Creationist pachal til tawlh pawhina an la hriat loh chu bâwmah kan vawm lût ang a; science ruah\ham loh nên,
heng sephûng te hi ‘power’ inang lo thluah, tribe 4 lai “Thisen hlu, thisen hlu” tiin bâng lovin kan zai-lâm tlaitluan
Brachinini, Paussini, Ozaenini, leh Metriini a awm a, species tawh mai ang.
500 zet a ni. Han sawi tâkah chuan sephûng hi species chi Amah Darwin-a kha zâwlneia han chhâl chi miah loh ni
hrang 350,000 teh meuh hriat tawh a ni a, a vai chuan spe- mah se science \han dân leh creationism te ang rinna pelhe
cies maktaduai 5-8 vêl awm tûra ngaih a ni; chuvâng chu a chungchâng te hi a lo seprawtui dik ber e: “False facts are
nia pathian chungchâng an zawhin scientist ropui JBS highly injurious to the progress of science, for they often
Haldane khan, “[Siamtu hi a awm a nih chuan] sephûng endure long; but false views, if supported by some evi-
ngainatna hleihluak tak a nei a ni ang (inordinate fondness dence, do little harm, for every one takes a salutary pleasure
for beetles),” a tih ni! ‘Pathian hmangaih kan hre zo lo’ tih te in proving their falseness: and when this is done, one path
pawh hi sephung ho sak chi zâwk a nih hmêl! towards error is closed and the road to truth is often at the
same time opened (The Descent of Man, vol 2, p. 385).”
Thu khâr nan Bible-in, “Pathian tân khawlo takin in \awng ang
HUI HAH! BS zet hi chu science kan tih ve mai maiah maw?...Amah \anin hleih in nei ang maw?...Miin mihring a
hian, tu pa ui sa buhchiar an sawi ang maiin, a va han chhah bum angin amah in bum dâwn êm ni? (Joba 13:7-9) a tih te hi
muih muih tak êm; sawiin a siak lova, sawi lovin a siak nahek BS leh YEC te tân ka hlân. Zirtirna mak tak len bovin i awm
lo. A bu hming meuha ropuinaa thuam tumin ‘science’ hial lovang u.
telh mah se, vaki \awng thiam tak ngial pawha science thu ril
han tihrik fuh hleih theih a nei lam lo va. Khawii lai creation- Note: BS is also the BS author’s own initials!
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