Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 35

..

2015

654 (024)
397
19
:

.. ;

.-. ,
..

19

..
: .
/ .. . :
, 2015. 35 .

,
.

190901 ,


.
.: 10. .: 4. .: 8 .

654 (024)
397


, 2015
.. 2015

...................................................................................................................................

1 .................................................................................................................

2 ..............................................................................................

2.1 ..................................................................................................................

2.2 ............................................................................................

2.3 ............................................................

3 ..........................................................................

3.1 DWDM OptiX BWS 1600G............................

3.2 ........................................................................................................

13

3.3 (OTM) .........................................................

13

3.4 (OLA) ....................................................................

14

3.5 / (OADM)....................

15

3.6 .....................................................................................................................

16

3.7 ...................................................................................................

17

4 ...................................................................................... 19
4.1 501.118....................

19

4.2 501.118....................................... 20
4.3 501.118............................................

22

5 ..........................................................................................

24

6 ................................................................

27

6.1 ...................................................................................... 27
6.2 .............................................................................

29

6.3 ...............................

31

............................................................................................................................... 32
......................................................................................

33

.............................................................................................................................. 34


- ()
DWDM,

.
:
1.
;
2. () ;
3. DWDM;
4. () ;
5. ()
() ;
6.
;
7. ;
8.

.
1

(http://sod.irgups.org)
,
.

DWDM OptiX BWS 1600G (),
- LOFIS ().
DWDM :

STM-16

STM-64

2.5G

10G

2.1
:
- ;
- ;
-

;
- .


:
- ;
- .
, , ,
., ,
,
.

, ,
.
,
, ..
.

. ,
.
,

.
,
,
, .
,
.
, , ,
.

,

.
.

.
L (1.1):

L LAB LBE LEF LBC LCD ,

(1.1)

L -, ;
LBE B-E, ..


(. .1).
E

. 1


,
.
, .

2.2

,

, .

, :
, ,
ITU-T (
- ), IEC
( ), CECC (
CENELEC);

.
.
,
;
- .
, , ,
, ,
;
-
.
.
.
, ,
;
- ,

;
-

.

.
.2,
1 2.

1
;
2


;
3 ;
4 ;
5 - ;
6 ;
7 .

.2 024 06 04
1 - .



,
, /
,
,
, /
,
,
,

24
6
4
12
110
230
4
0,5
30
-60+70
-10+50

2 - .

,
, /, :
, /(.),
(1530-1565) ,
(), /,
, ,
, , 1550
,
,
,
, %,
,



(ITU-T G.655)
1530-1565
0,22
3
0,5
1470
9,5 0,5
0,8
125 1,0
1
245 10

3.1 DWDM OptiX BWS


1600G
DWDM
Huawei Technologies ().
Huawei DWDM OptiX
BWS 1600G,
.


OptiX BWS 1600G
.
10 / 1600 /.

.
.
OADM
.

"-", .
,

, DWDM
(MAN, metropolitan area network), SDH
.
OptiX BWS 1600G
,

, ,
. / AWG, - ,
, ,

(pre-chirp), ,
OptiX BWS
1600G
.
,
Huawei ( NMS - network management system),
DWDM,

OptiX,
SDH METRO. ITU-T NMS

. ,
, , ,
OptiX. NMS

. ,

.
OptiX BWS 1600G NMS

.



. OptiX BWS 1600G NMS
( ),
, ,
, ,
..
DWDM
OptiX BWS 1600G
1.
3.
3 OptiX BWS 1600G

OptiX BWS 1600G

C,L

40

G.652, G.655, G. 653

192

T2000
Fibre Channel 1 Gbps,Gigabit
Ethernet, SDH (STM-16/64),
SONET: OC-48c/192c,
10 Gigabit Ethernet

50/100

10

2N
40

OADM

3R ..
3R+
G.709 FEC

,AFEC(

40
RS-232/422, 16
, 8


OSNR

17

L,C 10,40,60,80

OSC

;
1+1

();
Y- 2

DWDM OptiX BWS 1600G


, , ,
( ),
(Dispersion Compensation Module, DCM) .


.
. DCM
.
,
.
. OptiX BWS
1600G :
, , .
,
.
.

.
11

13 (IU1-IU13),
IU1, IU2, IU3 IU13. IU7
24 . SCC/SCE (:
). IU (
) 38 .
.
. 3 DWDM-
.
V40

F
I
U

O
P
U

M
C
A

9 10 11 12 13

L L L L
W W W W
F F F F
S S S S

S L L L
C W W W
E F F F
S S S

V40
40
,
FIU
,
SCC SCE
,
MCA
,
D40
40
,
OPU
,
LWFS
STM64
FEC,
OAE

D
4
0

S
C
C

O
A
E

9 10 11 12 13

DCM

HUB

. 3 DWDM OptiX BWS 1600G


,
. DWDM-
,
,
.
DWDM .

- .
DWDM

12

,
.
3.2
DWDM OptiX BWS 1600G
, , , ,
...

.

. OTM
400 /
,
OLA.
, ,
DCM HUB. HUB
(HUB), DCM
DCM.
:
- (OTM, Optical terminal
multiplexer);
- (OLA, Optical line amplifier);
- / (OADM, Optical
Add/Drop Multiplexer);
- (REG);
- (OEQ, Optical equalizer).

40 .
3.3 (OTM)
OTM DWDM,

DWDM.

,
,
SDH, -
.

.
OTM :
13

- (OTU, Optical transponder unit);


- (M40);
- 40- VOA
(V40);
- (OAU/OBU/OPU);
- (D40);
- (FIU, Fiber interface unit);
-
(SC1)/
(TC1);
- (DCM, Dispersion compensation
module);
- (MCA, Multi-channel
spectrum analyzer unit);
- (SCC, System control &
Communication unit).
DCM

SC1

OAU

FIU

C-EVEN
OTU

D40

RPC

40

MCA

. 4 - OTM

3.4 (OLA)
OLA
. OLA
,
3R-.
5, OLA
, (
EDFA

,
), DCM, FIU, SC2, SCC ..

14

DCM

C-EVEN
OAU

RPC

F
I
U

SC2

C-EVEN

OAU

F
I
U
RPC

DCM

. 5 - OLA

OTM,
OLA, 5. (
) ,
FIU.
FIU
,
. , C-,
, OAU (
), .
DCM
.
3.5 (OADM)
OADM:
OADM OADM.
OADM
/ 16 /
MR2. OADM.

, , ,
.
OADM
(OAU/OBU),
/ (MR2), DCM, OTU, FIU,
SC2/TC2, SCC .. - OADM
6.
15

: n 16
OTU
1

OTU
2

n-1

OAU
F
I
U

OBU

C-EVEN M
R
2
OBU

F
I
U

M
R
2

OAU
C-EVEN

SC2

. 6 - OADM

OADM MR2.
MR2 / .
MR2,
/ 16 ,
6.
FIU
C- .
SC2/TC2
. C- MR2,
.
/
OTU.



MR2. OBU.
FIU C-
-
.
3.6
OLA
. -


, , ,
PMD-. (REG) 3R,
16

(re-shaping), (re-timing)
. REG
.
7, REG
OAU, D40, OTU, M40, FIU, SC2 SCC.

C-EVEN
OAU

OTU

D40

F
I
U

M40

OAU

SC2
OAU

M40

OTU

D40

C-EVEN
OAU

. 7 - REG

,
OTM REG. ,
REG /
OTM.
REG OTM, OTU.
REG OTU ,
3R-.
3.7
(ELH - Extra
Long Haul)

, ,
:
-

-
()
/ ;
- DCM

-
,


.

17

F
I
U


ELH
OEQ.
OEQ
.
.
:

(DGE, dynamic gain equalizer unit)



VMUX.
,

.

.
,
.

. ,
-, ,
.
DGE,
.

, SuperWDM.
1000 ,
.


DSE.

.

.

18

4.1

501.118

,
501.118 (-
LOFIS, ).

1 Ethernet.
-
() SFP. SFP
- ,
2.5 / 120 .
,
501.118
.
SFP 2
.

501.118 4.

:
- 32 E1 G.703 2
Gigabit Ethernet 1000BASE-T ;
- - 2500
/;
-
1250 /;
- VLAN- IEEE 802.1p IEEE 802.1q;
- LLCF (Link Loss Carry Forward), LLR (Link Loss
Return) - Ethernet -
;
- SFP
;
-

1+1;
- WDM
1310/1550 1550/1590 ;
- 31 , 100
;
- ;

19

- ;
- RS-232 115 /
;
- Web- SNMP;
- 19" 1U;
-
18..36, 36..72 ~220 .
- 15 .
4.2 501.118
32xE1 + 2x Gigabit Ethernet
1000BASE-T

. 1x, 4x, 8x 16x
E1 .
16x E1
.
, 2.5
/,
, 2 Gigabit
Ethernet .
Ethernet 2
/ Ethernet
,
Gigabit Ethernet
,
.
1.25 /
. Ethernet
,
E1 - 16.

-
. -
,
E1.
E1 , Ethernet .
Gigabit Ethernet
full-duplex,
4/. ,
Ethernet ,
20


.
IEEE 802.3x flow-control VLAN Ethernet .
LLCF (Link Loss Carry Forward)
Ethernet ,
.
LLR (Link Loss Return),
Ethernet
.
Ethernet
SNMP Web-. SNMP
MIB-2,
.
SNMP
trap.
RS-232


,
,
.

21

4.3 501.118

. 8 - 2.5 / -

. 9 - 1.25 /

22

. 10 - 1.25 /

23


,

. ,

.


:
- ( ,
);
-

, ,
.
25 ;
- (
).


L = 12500 :
1. =0,92;
2. >40 ;
3. < 10 (
3,5 ).
= 0,34,

(5.1)

- ()
100 (
0,34).
1 L

L
8760 100

L = 329 (. 1.1);
8760 - .

24

(5.2)

0,34 329
1,28 10 4
8760 100

,1/
(5.3):
n n ,

(5.3)

= 3010-6 ;
n = 2 ;
=1,510-6
n=2 ;
1,28 10 4 30 10 6 2 1,5 10 6 2 1,91 10 4 1/

,
(5.4):

(5.4)

1
5,24 10 3
1,91 10 4

(5.5):

l n n
,

(5.5)

= 10
;
= 0,5 ;
= 2,5 -
.

1,28 10 4 10 30 10 6 2 0,5 1,5 10 6 2 2,5


2,5 10 7
3
5,24 10

(5.6):
25

(5.6)

2,5 10 7
4,771 10 11
3
7
5,24 10 2,5 10


(5.7):

(5.7)

5,24 10 3
0,9999999995
5,24 10 3 2,5 10 7


, .
DWDM

,
,

.

, 1+1.

.

26



, ,
,
.

:

(6.1)

;
;
.
6.1

.
,
,
.

,
- ,
.
.
:

(6.2)

;
-
;

27

-
;
.

- (6.2),
4.

4 -

,
. .

,
..

.
DWDM
OptiX BWS 1600G
.
6
48 587
291 522
Huawei Technologies

.
6
53,65
321,9
161 501.118 2G
SFP
2.5G (STM-16, T501.118)
.
12
4,65
55,8
1310 LC 10 40

291 899,7

%
10
29 189,97

321 089,67

%
0,3
963,26

%
13
41 741,65

363 794,58
-
%
5,5
18 189,73

381 984,3
. -

-
%
1,7

%
0,7


. -

28

02406-04
961-01-4

345,45
58

40
2,6

10

%
%

0,3
13

5,5

13818
150,8


. ,

%
24


345,45
120


OTDR
.
58
32




,
.
6.2

)
, , ,

,
.
, .
:
= + ,

- ;

29

(6.3)

-
;

,
:
= + /

(6.4)


1,5 % :
=0,015

(6.5)

:
/ / 1,2 F ,

(6.6)

/ - 1 * , / = 0,40;
1,2 - , ;
- , = 0,3;
- , =
200 ;
F - ,
F = 1998;
- ; = 3
3 - , 3 = 0,8.


n:

30

n
100

5 221306846
11065342,3 ,
100

(6.6)

n=5 %.
:
= 11065342,3+3319602,69 = 14384944,99 .

6.3

(6.1):

221306846 14384944,99
2,99
78,6 10 6

,
-

.
2,99 .

31


DWDM ,

.
:
1)
;
2) ,
DWDM
80 /;
3)
02406 04 -;
4) DWDM OptiX
BWS 1600G Huawei Technologies;
5)_
321 501.118 2G
LOFIS;
6)_ ,
=0,9999999995;
7)_ ,
,
~3 .

32


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

.. , - ,- : ,
1990-224.
.. , , .1
: , 1999 115 .
.. , ,
.2 : , 1999 122 .
.. , - , :
, 1999 132 .
.. , .. ., -
,- : , 1992-416 .
.. , .. .,
-
.. , - , - : -,
2000 267 .
.. , .. .,
, - : , 1988-768 .

33

STM-16

Optix BWS
1600G

STM-16

10 GE

5.6

...

T501.118 2G
MUX

32 x E1

34

MUX / DEMUX

MUX / DEMUX

MUX / DEMUX
SFP

2 x GbE

SFP

SFP

...

5.6
T501.118 2G
MUX

32 x E1

2 x GbE

32 x E1

SFP

3.4

3.4

10 GE

5.6
T501.118 2G
MUX

...

SFP

10 GE

Optix BWS
1600G

SFP

STM-16

3.4

1.2

1.2
MUX / DEMUX

Optix BWS
1600G

MUX / DEMUX

MUX / DEMUX

1.2

2 x GbE

..

10.02.2015.
6084 1/16. .
. . . 2,0. .-. . 2,3.
2015 . 30 .
, . , . , 15

35