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. II
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. II
:

x x0 0 xt

,
:

, ,
h :

ax t 2
2

L
t

0
2

2gh


,
v:

hmax

S x 0t 0

2
2g
2H
g

02 gt

,
:

T
T

:
,
:

(
):

t
N

2H
g

1
T

2
2
T

F12 F21

:

:

g G

R h

gR

:
1


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. II
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k k1 k2 ...

1 1 1
...
k k1 k2

. ,
:

F1 F2

S1 S2

. ,
:

S2 h2 S1h1

. ,
:

F1h1 = F2h2
x

x1m1 x2 m2 x3m3 ...


m1 m2 m3 ...

P F

3kT
3RT

m0
M

PV
const
T

kT


m:

Q = m

3
2

Q Q
A

Q
Q

:
:

q
S

A = qEd = qU
E

.
:

I1 = I2 = = I

.
:

U = U1 + U2 +
2


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. II
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.
:

R = R1 + R2 +

.
:

q1 = q2 = = q

.
:

1 1
1

...
C C1 C2

.
:

I = I1 + I2 +

.
:

U1 = U2 = = U

.
:

1 1
1
+

R R1 R2

.
:

q = q1 + q2 +

.
:

C = C 1 + C2 +
I

Rr

:
,
:

,
:

0 I
2 R

0 I
2R

,
:

B 0 I

:
.
:

N
L

m
qB

I
L
t
t

0 = q0

.

:

U0 =

q0
C


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. II
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h
h
p

():

f
d

E h

.
:

A hc /

()

:

hnm = |En Em|

N(t) = N0 2t/T