You are on page 1of 10

TERROR ATTACKS

!1

Terror Attacks
Sofia Herrera

University of Texas at El Paso

TERROR ATTACKS

!2
Introduction

Every year, thousands or sometimes millions of people die because of terrorist attacks.
There were many popular terror attacks that occurred over the last years like the one on
September 11, 2001, a huge tragedy. Also a terror attack occurred last year in Paris. On the
evening of November 13, 2015 a catastrophe happened. Approximately 130 people died; a
beautiful night in Paris ended in a nightmare. After the attack, France held a national day of
mourning. Terror attacks are a serious problem affecting the entire world. Many people do not
think about it, but the reality is that this can happen to anyone. Everybody is exposed to an act of
terrorism, this can happen in any place, at any time. A terror attack is a war, a nightmare.
The newspaper The Telegraph and the magazine Vice focus on the terror attack that occured in
Paris. The Telegraph fits the typography genre and the interview held by Vice fits the
iconography genre.
These genres are helpful to open peoples eyes to see how serious this problem is. Eleanor
Steafel, Rory Mulholland, Rozina Sabur, Edward Malnick, Andrew Trotman and Nicola Harley
from The Telegraph, newspaper UK, wrote an interesting article, named: Paris terror attack:
Everything we know on Saturday afternoon, explaining the evening of November 13, 2015. In
this article, everything is very well explained showing images and videos that made the audience
felt sad. Shane Smith, founder of the popular magazine Vice, interviewed the famous band
Eagles of Death Metal, the video is named: Eagles of Death Metal Discuss Paris Terror
Attacks. They were giving a concert in Paris on the day of the attack; the concert took place in
Concert Hall, where Paris attackers were also shooting. In the interview, the band talked about

TERROR ATTACKS

!3

their experience in this horrible attack.


These two genres are a little different, because the article is written by some reporters,
that were not in the attack when everything happened. Paris terrorist attack in the article, Paris
terror attack: Everything we know on Saturday afternoon informs and describes the tragedy.
The video is an interview with some of the people that were in the attack and survived it. The
Eagles of Death Metal interview is felt by the audience. These two types of genres will be
discussed during the analysis.
Audience and Purpose
The first genre, Steafel, Mullholand, Sabur, Malnick, Trotman, and Harley, Paris terror
attack: Everything we know on Saturday afternoon, The Telegraph newspaper publish an article
on November 21, 2015. The purpose of this article was to inform the audience about the tragedy
that happened in Paris the night on the evening of November 13, 2015. The audience of the The
Telegraph newspaper were adults and older people. This age group is more likely to read the
newspaper every day because they would want to know what is happening around them. The
audience will probably know that something happened in Paris, but without reading the article
they will not know the exact details. In the article, the information that is given, is to inform
everyone of the tragedy in Paris, The Telegraph newspaper, includes many photos, videos, and
details from this article, being very informative.
In the second genre, Smith, did a special interview to the famous band Eagles of Death
Metal, the video is titled Eagles of Death Metal Discuss Paris Terror Attacks, for Vice
Magazine. In this interview, the day of the tragedy Eagles of Death Metal were giving a
concert in Paris. The concert was in Concert Hall, one of the locations that was attacked. The

TERROR ATTACKS

!4

members of the band shared their bad experiences they had. They told the interviewer what they
saw, many people injured, suffering, screaming and a lot of blood. In the interview, we could see
the actual expressions of the band when they were talking about that night and saw sadness on
their faces. The audience of this video were everybody that wanted to know more about the
tragedy of Paris, but specially the fans of the band. The audience knew that something had
happened in Paris, but they did not know the details, that is why they probably wanted to see the
interview, just to know more personal details about the tragedy. The interview is to inform the
audience with personal experiences from some of the victims in Paris. By seeing the interview it
will help the audience open their eyes and appreciate life better.
These two genres are similar, because both have the same purpose, to inform the
audience about the tragedy in Paris. For the audience, it can be similar and also it can be a little
different, both genres have the same purpose, but reading the article will give more details about
the tragedy. In the interview, the members of the band were sharing their bad experience about
the tragedy and what they lived that day. In the first genre, depending on the interest of the
readers, it will take a few minutes reading the article in the newspaper. In the second genre, the
interest level will be higher, due to a video and because it contains emotional appeal. Each genre
presented the information in a different way. The article is detail-specific reporting the event. The
interview is people describing on first hand experiences of the tragedy. Both genres appealed to
the audience with the same purpose to inform about the massacre in Paris.
Ethos
In the first genre, the authors are people with experience doing their job as writers. Doing
the research regarding the attack in Paris they used many details providing credible information

TERROR ATTACKS

!5

to the audience. The article is believable, because they used pictures and videos to support their
argument. Eleanor Steafel, Rory Mullholland, Rozina Sabur, Edward Malnick, Andrew Trotman
and Nicola Harley from The Telegraph (2015), stated that The next attack, at the Bataclan
concert venue in Boulevard Voltaire, was the most deadly. There, at least 89 people lost their
lives when they were shot by black-clad gunmen wielding AK-47s and wearing suicide
vests (Steafel, Mullholland, Sabur, Malnick, Trotman & Harley, 2015). The authors wrote the
article very detailed, giving as much information as they could for the audience to understand
how terrible the attack was. The article was very well prepared and organized. In the second
genre, the interviewer is the founder of Vice Magazine. The interview was regarding the bad
experiences from this tragedy that the famous band had. By living this tragedy they were also
victims, they could provide the audience a credible experience. In this interview, the evidence
was in the expressions on the members of the band faces while explaining this terrible attack.
Their somber faces expressed how terrible and real this event was and because of this the
audience felt it too. Jesse Hughes, member of the band Eagles of Death Metal was the most of
them who shared details about the tragedy, one of the things that he shared was Several people
were hidden in our dressing room, then the killers came in and killed most of the people, I
remember that one kid was hidden under my leather jacket. There were also people playing
death, then they could save their lives (Hughes, 2015). Hearing real experiences coming from
real victims, makes the audience to have credibility about the interview.
Pathos
In the first genre, the authors made the audience felt angry, frustrated, and shocked when
reading the article because they included pictures, videos, and descriptions where the audience

TERROR ATTACKS

!6

could see exactly how the tragedy was in Paris. In some of the pictures and videos, it showed
people death and many more injured, this could be hard for most of the audience to see, making
them to feel the same sadness that France was living. Also, they used emotional words like:
killing, attacks, and people's deaths. Eleanor Steafel, Rory Mulholland, Rozina Sabur, Edward
Malnick, Andrew Trotman, and Nicola Harley from The Telegraph (2015), stated that A little
further east at least 19 people died when the terrace of the La Belle Equipe in Rue de Charonne
was sprayed with gunfire, while 15 people were killed at Le Carillon bar-cafe in Rues Bichat.
Five people at the Casa Nostra pizzeria and a nearby bar were killed by attackers wielding rifles
(Steafel, Mulholland, Sabur, Malnick, Trotman, & Harley, 2015). There were many deaths, Paris
was living a nightmare. The evidence that the authors used were the pictures and videos, this
helped the audience to believe and felt in what the authors were explaining. This was a simple
way to helps the audience understand everything better about the attack. The second genre, was
an interview with people present during the attack, this is an excellent example of pathos,
because it made the audience to feel different emotions. To be more specific, it makes the
audience feel distressed and angry about the tragedy, just by seeing the expressions on the band
faces because they lived the attack. Seeing the expressions of each member of the band, can
made the audience to have a connection, to feel the same sadness that they had, the interview is
very emotional. It makes the audience think about the importance of appreciating everything in
life. The evidence were the victims of the attack. It can be difficult for the band or any victim of
the attack talking about the bad experience they had. Jesse Hughes, one of the members of the
Eagles of Death Metal, shared his experience in the interview, and he said I was looking for my
girlfriend everywhere, I went behind the stage and open one of the doors, then I run up with one

TERROR ATTACKS

!7

of the shooters, he pointed his gun into me, but he fail the shoot and then I escape. I felt very
afraid at that moment, I was only trying to look for my girlfriend (Hughes, 2015). At the time
Hughes explained one of his bad experiences in the attack, most of the time he never made eye
contact with the interviewer, his face was expressing sadness, he mades the audience felt sorrow.
At the final of the interview, the band showed gratefulness to all their French fans that helped
them to be safe during the attack. It is very different just to read an article than to see and hear
real victims experiences during the attack. An article is very informative, but a face expression
tells much more."
Logos
In the first genre, the authors gave many facts on how people died at each location, at what
time the first attack happened, and the exact locations of the attack. Eleanor Steafel, Rory
Mulholland, Rozina Sabur, Edward Malnick, Andrew Trotman, and Nicola Harley from The
Telegraph (2015), stated that At least 19 people died after the terrace was sprayed with bullets at
around 9:35pm (Steafel, Mulholland, Sabur, Malnick, Trotman, & Harley, 2015). The authors
gave the time of each attack and how many deaths were in each location, this was helpful for the
audience on understanding better the tragedy. The article is very detailed with facts that the
authors gave, persuading the audience to believe everything better. In the second genre, the
interview is more difficult for the audience to understand or believe. There are not facts, just the
band talking about their experiences, it was more of a conversation, more informal. If the band
had provided more details, as at what time they notice the shooters on the concert or how long
they stayed in the Concert Hall, where the concert took place. If they had provided a little more
details, the message could have benefitted, letting the audience to know facts from first hand.

TERROR ATTACKS

!8
Structure

Both genres have organized their information in a cohesive way for easy understanding.
Both are accesible to everyone. In the first genre, everything is well arranged; it includes
headings for each paragraph to help the audience understand how the attack happened. The
authors also included a map of where the attacks occurred, this help them to understand
everything better. They also included how many people died at each location. It is more easy for
the audience to understand the message of the authors because of the way the article was written
and organized. In the second genre, it can also be considered organized because the members of
the band explained everything very well, on how the shooting started in the concert and how it
ended. The interview video was found on youtube, next to it is a section of suggested videos and
most of them were about similar topics of the interview. This helped the audience understand
everything better about the attack in Paris on that concert. For both genres, just by being well
organized, it facilitated the purpose they had for the audience, to understand better and feel the
attack in Paris.
Style/Language
In the first genre, the language is formal, the authors used more professional vocabulary
to explained the attack. The specialized vocabulary used to understand the purpose of the
message words like: attacks and killing, those words are necessary to understand the article.
There is not any other kind of language, is only formal. In the second genre, the language is
informal, the interviewer and the band members are not using a formal vocabulary, is more like a
conversation. There is no specialized language used in the interview, it is only informal
vocabulary, like any regular conversation.

TERROR ATTACKS

!9
Conclusion

In conclusion, both genres explained the topic very good. They are very informative, but the
first one is more effective, it has more details and the vocabulary is more formal and
professional. The second genre is not formal, is more informal, but it is very emotional and
helpful to understand the attack better. Both genres have the same purpose, both makes the
audience feel sad about the tragedy in Paris, but the first one is more detailed than the second
one. The two genres informs the audience very good about how bad was the attack in Paris.
Everyone can be a victim of terror attacks, it is important to appreciated everything in life,
nobody know how their life will end. In this article, there are many photos and videos that
showed how terrible this attack was, and in the interview the members of band had sad faces
while explaining their bad experiences during the attack. Terrorism is the most serious problem

around the world.

TERROR ATTACKS

!10
References

Steafel E., Mullholand R., Sabur R., Malnick E., Trotman A., and Harley N., (2015, Nov 21).
Paris terror attack: Everything we know on Saturday afternoon. The Telegraph.
Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/11995246/
Paris-shooting-What-we- know-so-far.html
Smith S., (2015, Nov 25). Eagles of Death Metal Discuss Paris Terror Attacks. Retrieved from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n74HBrrFnIc