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Set Induction in

Microteaching

Set Induction

Set induction is also called anticipatory set.


Steps taken by a teacher to begin a lesson
or other classroom activity.
To introduce topic and get students
focused and interested in the days lesson.
When the learners are set, they are ready
to learn.
It is about getting ready and induced into
the right frame or mind-set to learn.
Concerned with the ways of introducing the
teaching and learning process.

Why Set Induction?

To arrest or gain the attention of


the learners and prepare them into
a state of readiness.
To motivate the learners and get
them interested in the lesson.
To get students focused or think
on what is to be learned.
To suggest an approach of the
lesson.

Why Set Induction? (2)

To establish a link between what


students had known before and
what is introduced, moving from old
to new materials and linking of the
two.
To establish a framework to assess
the impact and effectiveness of a
lessons
To give meaning to a new concept or
principle, such as giving examples.

Ways to Good Set Induction

Attention Gaining Method


o Perform or do something
o Do nothing
o Start talking in low tone
o Eyes focus on students with
disruptive behaviour.

Ways to Good Set Induction (2)


Interest Method
Ask perplexing question: For example,
if you are given N10,000000 how are
you going use it to establish an IT
business?
Show specimens, samples or real
objects,
Present a case study,
Show pictures,
Give demonstration

Ways to Good Set Induction (3)

Putting the lesson in Context


Ask questions to assess prior
knowledge/skills
Review previous lessons and link
them to what is to be learnt in
class
Give them learning objectives

Ways to Good Set Induction (3)


Advance Organizers:
A cognitive strategy proposed by Ausubel,
allows the learner to recall and transfer
prior knowledge to the new information
being presented. Advance Organizers
examples are:
A simple statement
A mind-map
A handout
A humble story or anecdote

Closure
Everything has a beginning and an end.
Closure, is indispensable in teaching.
Any lesson that is not closed does not
have its full effects on the learners.
A teacher begins the lesson with set
induction and ends with closure.
Closure is concerned with the ways of
closing the teaching and learning process.

Kinds of Closure

Instructional closure: instructional closure


is reached when the lesson is completed and
the teacher shows the link between past
knowledge and the new knowledge.
Cognitive closure: cognitive closure is
reached when the students have reached
closure and have made the link between old
and new knowledge.
Social Closure: social closure is the act of
giving pupils a feeling of achievement after a
lesson and encouraging them to continue to
strive and make improvements.

Ways to Good Closure

Structure and making links


Link to the instructional objectives
Link to the advance organizers
Links with familiar materials
Value of the lesson

Ways to Good Closure (3)

Follow up Resources
Provide information on relevant
resources that can be complementary
for the lesson:
Textual
Video
Audio
Multimedia

Ways to Good Closure (2)

Reviewing and summarizing


Reviewing
Reiteration of key points, recapitulating
Revising or reviewing the lesson
Summarizing
Teacher: The teacher summarises the
major points and
Students:
Get
the
students
to
summarise the major points or concept.

Ways to Good Closure (3)

Evaluate the lesson


Ask questions to elucidate for information
on students learning gain.
Involve students in activities, e.g.
Use new concepts of ideas,
Dramatization.
Demonstrate newly acquired skills,
Express opinions about the value of what
was done.
Give follow up assignments to assist
students in chaining of contents.

Mudasiru Olalere Yusuf (PhD)


Department of Educational Technology,
University of Ilorin, Nigeria
E-mail: moyusuf@unilorin.edu.ng;
lereyusuf@yahoo.com;
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/mudasiruoy
Twittter: @moyusuf
Blog: http://wordpress.com/#!/my-blogs/

(2013)
15

Thank
You