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Eisenhower & Dulles. Produce a SWOT analysis of the new US administration.

starter activity

How did US foreign


policy develop
under Truman,
Eisenhower &
Aims
Kennedy?
To identify key characteristics of
To identify key characteristics of
the New Look
To assess the extent it marked a
change from previous US foreign
policy

Your task

Read p.81 and note down the key


characteristics of Eisenhowers New
Look

Characteristics of the
New Look

Hard-line approach
USSR & Communist allies were
pursuing expansionist foreign policy
Military means to contain
communism
Massive retaliation
Brinkmanship
Covert operations

Your task

Read p.82 and find evidence of


compromise & conciliation in
Eisenhowers foreign policy
approach

Nixon, Eisenhower & Dulles

Evidence of
compromise/conciliation

Eisenhower keen to avoid military


confrontation
Economic pressures by 1954, 12% US GNP
spent on armaments
Drive for smaller army & more efficient
weapons more bang for your buck
Eisenhower less prone to scaremongering
than Truman
U-2 spy planes gave USA greater
intelligence

Produce a
factoid on the
career and
achievements of
Dwight
Eisenhower

Your task

How similar or different were


Eisenhowers foreign policy
objectives to those of Truman?
Complete a Venn diagram.

Read John Foster Dulles obituary. Imagine you are Molotov reading this text. Underline an
what you would challenge or what would make you angry

Your task

Study the sources on p.83 and complete a


chart similar to the one below:

Answer Qs 1 & 2 on p.84

Your task

Read p.84 and note the impact that


Kennedys decisions had on US foreign
policy.

Kennedys foreign policy

Flexible Response range of responses


including conventional weapons, covert
operations, economic aid & nuclear
We intend to have a wider choice than
humiliation or all-out nuclear war
Economic aid e.g. $20bn to Latin-Am.
Covert operations e.g. Cuba, Bay of Pigs
(1961)
Military expansion increased to 2.7m
(1964); specialist units, e.g. Green Berets
Diplomacy

Your task

Produce a timeline charting the


achievements of Cold War. Plot the
achievements and failures either
side of the timeline. Use p.85-6

Plenary

What were the characteristics of


Trumans approach to foreign policy
How was Eisenhowers approach
different?
How significant was the influence of
Dulles on US foreign policy?