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Pedigree’s R Us – Staff Training Manual – Page # Section Content Agency 2 Practice

Pedigree’s R Us

– Staff Training Manual –

Page # Section Content Agency 2 Practice Problems #1 (1-22) / 22 / 10 3-4
Page #
Section
Content
Agency
2
Practice Problems #1 (1-22)
/ 22
/ 10
3-4
Practice Problems #2 (1-23)
/ 23
/ 10
5-8
Practice Problems #3 (1-21)
/ 21
/ 10
9
Reviewing Vocabulary (1-11)
/ 11
/ 10
10-11
Understanding Main Ideas (12-23)
/ 12
/ 10
12
Thinking Critically (1-5)
/ 5
/ 10
TOTAL SCORE
/ 94
/ 60

Name:

Class Period

Punnett Square Practice Problems #1

Monohybrid Crosses

Identify the following as either heterozygous or homozygous:

1. RR

2. Tt

3. TT

4. tt

5. Aa

or homozyg ous: 1. RR 2. Tt 3. TT 4. tt 5. Aa 6. Ss 7.

6. Ss

7. Pp

8. bb

9. BB

10.aa

Tt 3. TT 4. tt 5. Aa 6. Ss 7. Pp 8. bb 9. BB 10.

Write the genotypes for the following parents knowing that brown eyes are dominant over blue eyes and the tall allele is dominant over the short allele.

eyes and the tall allele is dominant over the short allele. 14. blue eyes 15. heterozygous
eyes and the tall allele is dominant over the short allele. 14. blue eyes 15. heterozygous

14.blue eyes

15.heterozygous tall

over the short allele. 14. blue eyes 15. heterozygous tall 16. homozygous brown eyes 11. Homozygous

16.homozygous brown eyes

blue eyes 15. heterozygous tall 16. homozygous brown eyes 11. Homozygous tall 12. heterozygous brown eyes
blue eyes 15. heterozygous tall 16. homozygous brown eyes 11. Homozygous tall 12. heterozygous brown eyes
blue eyes 15. heterozygous tall 16. homozygous brown eyes 11. Homozygous tall 12. heterozygous brown eyes

11.Homozygous tall

12.heterozygous brown eyes

brown eyes 11. Homozygous tall 12. heterozygous brown eyes 13. short Complete the Punnett square for

13.short

Complete the Punnett square for the following crosses:

17.

Rr x Rr

(Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds)

20. Heterozygous tall x Homozygous short

(Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x Homozygous short
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x
17. Rr x Rr (Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds) 20 . Heterozygous tall x

18. Genotype ratio =

19. Phenotype ratio =

    18 . Genotype ratio = 19. Phenotype ratio = 21 . Genotype ratio =

21. Genotype ratio =

22.

Phenotype ratio =

ratio = 21 . Genotype ratio = 22. Phenotype ratio = Content ! Agency ! !

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Punnett Square Practice Problems #2

Monohybrid and Dihybrid Crosses

Fill in the blanks below using the following terminology: homozygous dominant,

homozygous recessive, and heterozygous.

1) AA

2) bb

3) Cc

4) DD

recessive, and heterozygous. 1) AA 2) bb 3) Cc 4) DD 5) ee 6) Ff 7)

5) ee

6) Ff

7) GG

8) hh

1) AA 2) bb 3) Cc 4) DD 5) ee 6) Ff 7) GG 8) hh

Write the correct genotype for the following phenotypes. Assume that tall is dominant to short and brown eyes are dominant to blue eyes.

9) Heterozygous brown eyes

11) Short

dominant to blue eyes. 9) Heterozygous brown eyes 11) Short 10) Homozygous tall 12) Homozygous blue
dominant to blue eyes. 9) Heterozygous brown eyes 11) Short 10) Homozygous tall 12) Homozygous blue
dominant to blue eyes. 9) Heterozygous brown eyes 11) Short 10) Homozygous tall 12) Homozygous blue

10) Homozygous tall

12) Homozygous blue eyes

eyes 11) Short 10) Homozygous tall 12) Homozygous blue eyes 13) Father who is short with

13) Father who is short with blue eyes

14) Mother who is heterozygous for height and has blue eyes

15) Homozygous tall and heterozygous brown eyes

16) Heterozygous tall and homozygous brown eyes

Answer the following questions. You MUST show all of your work (including all Punnett squares to get credit!)

17) In chimpanzees, straight fingers are dominant to bent fingers. Complete a Punnett square that represents the crossing of a chimp that has heterozygous straight fingers and a chimp that has bent fingers. Next to the Punnett square, write the genotypic and phenotypic ratios to the F 1 generation.

that has bent fingers. Next to the Punnett square, write the genotypic and phenotypic ratios to

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In humans, the gene for brown eyes (B) is dominant to the gene for blue eyes (b) and the gene for right handedness (R) is dominant to the gene for left handedness (r). Two individuals that are heterozygous for both traits get married.

that are heterozygous for both traits get married. 18 ) What are the genotypes for both

18) What are the genotypes for both parents?

get married. 18 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 19 ) Complete a Punnett
get married. 18 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 19 ) Complete a Punnett
get married. 18 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 19 ) Complete a Punnett
get married. 18 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 19 ) Complete a Punnett

19) Complete a Punnett square that shows the expected genotypes of the offspring in the F 1 generation.

genotypes of the offspring in the F 1 generation. 20) What are the phenotypic ratios of
20) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation?
20) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation?

In hamsters, the gene for black fur (B) is dominant to the gene for tan fur (b) and the gene for red eyes (R) is dominant to the gene for black eyes (r). A tan hamster with heterozygous red eyes is crossed with a homozygous black hamster with black eyes.

21) What are the genotypes for both parents?

black eyes. 21 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 22 ) Complete a Punnett
black eyes. 21 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 22 ) Complete a Punnett
black eyes. 21 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 22 ) Complete a Punnett
black eyes. 21 ) What are the genotypes for both parents? 22 ) Complete a Punnett

22) Complete a Punnett square that shows the expected genotypes of the offspring in the F 1 generation.

genotypes of the offspring in the F 1 generation. 23 ) What are the phenotypic ratios
genotypes of the offspring in the F 1 generation. 23 ) What are the phenotypic ratios

23) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation?

) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation? Content ! ! !!!!!!!! /23
) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation? Content ! ! !!!!!!!! /23
) What are the phenotypic ratios of the F 1 generation? Content ! ! !!!!!!!! /23

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Punnett Square Practice Problems #3

Putting It All Together

For each genotype below, indicate whether it is heterozygous (He) or homozygous (Ho)

1 AA 2 Ee 3 Ii 4 Mm Bb ff Jj nn Cc Gg kk
1
AA
2
Ee
3
Ii
4
Mm
Bb
ff
Jj
nn
Cc
Gg
kk
oo
DD
HH
LL
Pp
For each of the genotypes below determine what phenotypes would be possible.
Purple flowers are dominant to white
Brown eyes are dominant to blue eyes.
5
6
flowers.
PP
BB
Pp
Bb
pp
bb
7
Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled
seeds
8
Bobtails in cats are recessive (straight tails
are dominant)
.
RR
TT
Rr
Tt
rr
tt
For each phenotype below, list all possible genotypes (remember to use the letter of the
dominant trait!)
Straight hair is dominant to curly.
Pointed heads are dominant to round heads.
9
10
straight
pointed
straight
pointed
curly
round

www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm

Set up the Punnett squares for each of the crosses listed below. Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled seeds.

Rr x rr RR x rr RR x Rr Rr x Rr
Rr x rr
RR x rr
RR x Rr
Rr x Rr

www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm

11. What percentage of the offspring will be round?

11. What percentage of the offspring will be round? 12. What percentage of the offspring will

12. What percentage of the offspring will be round?

round? 12. What percentage of the offspring will be round? 13. What percentage of the offspring

13. What percentage of the offspring will be round?

14. What percentage of the offspring will be round?
14. What percentage of the offspring will be round?
Practice with crosses. Show all work! 15. A TT (tall) plant is crossed with a

Practice with crosses. Show all work!

15. A TT (tall) plant is crossed with a tt (short) plant).

What percentage of the offspring will be tall?

plant). What percentage of the offspring will be tall? 16. A Tt plant is crossed with
plant). What percentage of the offspring will be tall? 16. A Tt plant is crossed with

16. A Tt plant is crossed with a Tt plant.

What percentage of the offspring will be short?

a Tt plant. What percentage of the offspring will be short?   17. A heterozygous round
 
 
 

17. A heterozygous round seeded plant is crossed with a homozygous round seeded plant.

17. A heterozygous round seeded plant is crossed with a homozygous round seeded plant.
17. A heterozygous round seeded plant is crossed with a homozygous round seeded plant.
17. A heterozygous round seeded plant is crossed with a homozygous round seeded plant.

What percentage of the offspring will be homozygous?

What percentage of the offspring will be homozygous?
What percentage of the offspring will be homozygous?
What percentage of the offspring will be homozygous?
What percentage of the offspring will be homozygous?

18. A homozygous round seeded plant is crossed with a homozygous wrinkled seeded plant.

What are the genotypes of the parents? x

seeded plant. What are the genotypes of the parents? x 19. In pea plants purple flowers
seeded plant. What are the genotypes of the parents? x 19. In pea plants purple flowers
seeded plant. What are the genotypes of the parents? x 19. In pea plants purple flowers

19. In pea plants purple flowers are dominant to white flowers.

If two white flowered plants are crossed, What percentage of their offspring will be White flowered?

What percentage of their offspring will be White flowered?   20. A white flowered plant is
What percentage of their offspring will be White flowered?   20. A white flowered plant is
 
 
 

20. A white flowered plant is crossed with a plant that is heterozygous for the trait.

20. A white flowered plant is crossed with a plant that is heterozygous for the tr
20. A white flowered plant is crossed with a plant that is heterozygous for the tr
20. A white flowered plant is crossed with a plant that is heterozygous for the tr

What percentage of the offspring will have purple flowers?

What percentage of the offspring will have purple flowers?
What percentage of the offspring will have purple flowers?
What percentage of the offspring will have purple flowers?
What percentage of the offspring will have purple flowers?

www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm

21. In humans, the gene for brown eyes (B) is dominant to the gene for blue eyes (b) and the gene for right handedness (R) is dominant to the gene for left handedness (r). Complete a Punnett square that shows the expected genotypes of the offspring for the following parents: BBrr x BbRr

of the offspring for the following parents: BBrr x B bR r www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm Content !
of the offspring for the following parents: BBrr x B bR r www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm Content !

www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/basicgenetics.htm

Content !

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Reviewing Vocabulary

Directions: In the space at the left, write the term that best fits the definition. Use these choices:

Incomplete dominance Completely dominant alleles Pedigree

Carrier Simple Recessive Heredity Autosomes

Codominant Alleles Polygenic Inheritance Sex-linked traits

1.
1.

Phenotypes of both homozygotes are produced in the heterozygote.

of both homozygotes are produced in the heterozygote. 2. Phenotypes of both heterozygous and homozygous dominant
2.
2.

Phenotypes of both heterozygous and homozygous dominant individuals have the same phenotype.

3.

The phenotype of the heterozygote is intermediate between those phenotypes expressed by the homozygotes.

4.

Another name for a heterozygous individual

5.

Inheritance pattern of phenylketonuria and Tay-Sachs disease

Inheritance pattern of phenylketonuria and Tay-Sachs disease 6. Inheritance pattern of a trait controlled by two
Inheritance pattern of phenylketonuria and Tay-Sachs disease 6. Inheritance pattern of a trait controlled by two

6.

Inheritance pattern of a trait controlled by two or more genes

7.

A graphic representation of an individual’s family tree

8.

Humans have 22 pairs of these types of chromosomes.

9.
9.

Traits controlled by genes located on the X or Y chromosome

Directions: In the space at the left, write the letter of the word or phrase that best completes the statement.

of the word or phrase that best completes the statement. 1 0 . 1 1 .

10.

11.

The 23 rd pair of chromosomes that differ in males and females are called

a.

c.

autosomes.

multiple alleles.

b. sex chromosomes.
b.
sex chromosomes.

d.

polygenes.

A trait controlled by four alleles is said to have

a.

c.

homologous alleles.

hybridization.

b. autosomes.

d. multiple alleles. Content ! Agency ! ! ! !!!!!!!! /11 ! !!!!!!!! /10 !
d. multiple alleles.
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Understanding Main Ideas

Directions: In the space at the left, write the letter of the word or phrase that best completes the statement or answers the question.

that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1 2 . 1 3 . When
that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1 2 . 1 3 . When

12.

13.

When roan cattle are matted, 25% of the offspring are red, 50% are roan, and 25% are white. Upon examination, it can be seen that the coat of a roan cow consists of both red and white hairs. This trait is one controlled by

a.

multiple alleles.

c.

sex-linked genes.

by a. multiple alleles. c. sex-linked genes. b. codominant alleles. d. polygenic inheritance. If a female
b. codominant alleles.
b. codominant alleles.

d.

polygenic inheritance.

If a female fruit fly heterozygous for red eyes (X R X r ) crossed with a white-eyed male (X r Y), what percent of their offspring will have white eyes?

 

a. 0%

b. 25%

c. 50%

d. 75%

Base your answers to questions 14 – 17 on the pedigree shown at the right, which shows the incidence of hemophilia over three generations of a family.

14 – 17 on the pedigree shown at the right, which shows the incidence of hemophilia
14 – 17 on the pedigree shown at the right, which shows the incidence of hemophilia
 

14.

What is the relationship between individual I-1 and individual III-2?

 

a.

grandfather – granddaughter

b. grandmother – grandson
b.
grandmother – grandson
  c. great aunt – nephew d. mother – son
 

c.

great aunt – nephew

d.

mother – son

15.

For the trait being followed in the pedigree, individuals II-1 and II-4 can be classified as

 

a.

homozygous dominant.

b.

mutants.

c.

homozygous recessive.

d.

carriers.

1 6 . What type of inheritance pattern does the trait represented by the shaded

16.

What type of inheritance pattern does the trait represented by the shaded symbols illustrate?

 

a.

incomplete dominance

codominance

b. multiple alleles d. sex-linked
b.
multiple alleles
d. sex-linked
 

c.

If individual III-2 marries a person with the same genotype as individual I-1, what is the chance that one of their children will be afflicted with hemophilia?1 7 . a. 0% b. 25% c. 50% d. 75% Which of the bar

17.

a. 0%

b. 25%

c. 50%

d. 75%

Which of the bar graphs represents what the phenotypic frequencies might be for polygenic inheritance?with hemophilia? 1 7 . a. 0% b. 25% c. 50% d. 75% 1 8 .

18.

frequencies might be for polygenic inheritance? 1 8 . 1 9 . 2 0 . Because
frequencies might be for polygenic inheritance? 1 8 . 1 9 . 2 0 . Because

19.

2 0 . 20.

Because the gene for red-green colorblindness is located on the X chromosome, it is normally not possible for a

a. carrier mother to pass the gene on to her daughter.

b. carrier mother to pass the gene on to her son.

c. colorblind father to pass the gene on to his daughter.

d. colorblind father to pass the gene on to his son.

A cross between a white rooster and a black hen results in a 100% blue Andalusian offspring. When two of these blue offspring are mated, the probable phenotypic ratio seen in their offspring would be

2 1 . 21.

a.

100% blue.

c.

75% blue, 25% white.

b. d. 75% black, 25% white. 25% black, 50% blue, 25% white.
b.
d.
75% black, 25% white.
25% black, 50% blue, 25% white.

A human genetic disorder caused by a dominant gene is

a.

Tay-Sachs diease.

c.

cystic fibrosis

b. d. PKU. Huntington’s disease
b.
d.
PKU.
Huntington’s disease

Answer the following questions.

22. How does polygenic inheritance differ from Mendelian inheritance?

polygenic inheritance differ from Mendelian inheritance? 23. How does incomplete dominance differ from multiple

23. How does incomplete dominance differ from multiple alleles?

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Thinking Critically

In the space at the left, write the term that does not belong in the list. Then explain your choice.

that does not belong in the list. Then explain your choice. 1. heterozygous, carrier, homozygous Explanation:
that does not belong in the list. Then explain your choice. 1. heterozygous, carrier, homozygous Explanation:

1. heterozygous, carrier, homozygous

Explanation:

choice. 1. heterozygous, carrier, homozygous Explanation: 2. genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous
choice. 1. heterozygous, carrier, homozygous Explanation: 2. genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous

2. genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation:

genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation: 3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex
genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation: 3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex
genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation: 3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex
genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation: 3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex
genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, homozygous Explanation: 3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex

3. autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex chromosomes

Explanation:
Explanation:
chromosomes, sex-linked traits, sex chromosomes Explanation: Answer the following questions. 4. The gene for

Answer the following questions.

4. The gene for nearsightedness in humans is found on the X chromosome. A boy has a nearsighted father. Will the boy be nearsighted? Explain.

a nearsighted father. Will the boy be nearsighted? Explain. 5. A male is said to be
a nearsighted father. Will the boy be nearsighted? Explain. 5. A male is said to be

5. A male is said to be hemizygous for genes on the X chromosome. Explain why you think this term was chosen.

Hemizygous was chosen because males have XY and can only have one allele.

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