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TECHNICAL REVISION

October 2001

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES


In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.

This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team
and will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or
withdrawn. Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at
www.pip.org.

Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The


University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.

PRINTING HISTORY
May 1999
Issued
October 2001
Technical Revision
Not printed with State funds

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2

6. Execution ................................... 15

1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2


1.2 Scope................................................. 2

6.1 Design.............................................. 15
6.2 Fabrication ....................................... 16
6.3 Erection............................................ 19

2. References ................................... 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 2
2.3 Government Regulations ................... 5

3. Definitions .................................... 5
4. General ......................................... 6
4.1 Design and Performance
Requirements .................................... 6
4.2 Submittals .......................................... 6
4.3 Product Handling, Delivery, and
Storage .............................................. 8
4.4 Quality Assurance.............................. 8

5. Products ....................................... 8
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

General .............................................. 8
Structural Materials............................ 9
Roofing and Siding .......................... 10
Accessories ..................................... 11

Process Industry Practices

Page 1 of 22

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

1.

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

Introduction
1.1

Purpose
This Practice provides pre-engineered metal building contractors and manufacturers
with a specification for pre-engineered buildings.

1.2

2.

Scope
1.2.1

This Practice describes the requirements for design, fabrication, and erection
of pre-engineered metal buildings. This Practice does not address foundation
requirements, interior finish out, cranes, specialty requirements, or building
systems such as fire protection, electrical, or mechanical systems.

1.2.2

Any conflicts or inconsistencies between this Practice and other contract


documents shall be brought to the attention of the buyer for resolution.

References
When adopted in this Practice or in the contract documents, the following PIP Practices,
codes and standards, and government regulations shall be considered an integral part of this
Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract award shall be used, except as
otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein when appropriate.
2.1

2.2

Process Industry Practices (PIP)

PIP ARS08111 - Standard Steel Doors and Frames Specification

PIP ARS08710 - Door Hardware Specification

PIP CVC01016 - Plant Site and Project Data Sheets Introduction and
References

PIP CVC01017 - Plant Site Data Sheet

PIP CVC01018 - Project Data Sheet

PIP STC01015 - Structural Design Criteria

Industry Codes and Standards

Architectural Aluminum Manufacturers Association (AAMA)

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AAMA 701 - Combined Voluntary Specification for Pile Weather Strip

American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)

Allowable Stress Design Specification for Structural Joints Using


ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts

Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges

Detailing for Steel Construction

Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Joints Using
ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts, June 3, 1994

Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Steel


Buildings [AISC LRFD Specification]

Specification for Structural Steel Buildings Allowable Stress Design, Plastic


Design [AISC ASD Specification]

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI)

Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual, Part 1: Specification for the Design of


Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

LRFD Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual, Part 1: Load and Resistance


Factor Design Specification for Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ASCE 7 - Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM)

ASTM A1 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Tee Rails

ASTM A36/A36M - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

ASTM A53 - Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped,
Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless

ASTM A106 - Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for
High Temperature Service

ASTM A123/A123M - Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dipped


Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products

ASTM A153/A153M - Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip)


on Iron and Steel Hardware (AASHTO No. M232)

ASTM A307 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs,
60,000 PSI Tensile Strength

ASTM A325 - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat


Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength (AASHTO No. M164)

ASTM A325M Standard Specification for High-Strength Bolts for


Structural Steel Joints [Metric]

ASTM A475 - Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Wire Strand

ASTM A490 - Standard Specification for Heat-Treated Steel Structural


Bolts, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength (AASHTO No. M253)

ASTM A490M Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts,


Classes 10.9 and 10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints [Metric]

ASTM A500 - Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and


Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes

ASTM A501 - Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless


Carbon Steel Structural Tubing

ASTM A529 - Standard Specification for High-Strength Carbon-Manganese


Steel of Structural Quality

Process Industry Practices

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Page 4 of 22

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

ASTM A563 - Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts

ASTM A563M - Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
[Metric]

ASTM A570/A570M - Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip,


Carbon, Hot-Rolled, Structural Quality

ASTM A572/A572M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy


Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel (AASHTO No. M223)

ASTM A607 - Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, HighStrength, Low-Alloy, Columbium or Vanadium, or Both, Hot-Rolled and
Cold-Rolled

ASTM A653/A653M - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated


(Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip
Process

ASTM A759 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Crane Rails

ASTM A792 - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, 55% Aluminum-Zinc


Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process

ASTM A992/A992M Standard Specification for Steel for Structural


Shapes for Use in Building Framing

ASTM B221 - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy


Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

ASTM B221M - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy


Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes [Metric]

ASTM B695 - Standard Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically


Deposited on Iron and Steel (AASHTO No. M298)

ASTM C509 - Standard Specification for Elastomeric Cellular Preformed


Gasket and Sealing Material

ASTM C665 - Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal


Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing

ASTM C1036 - Standard Specification for Flat Glass

ASTM D1494 - Standard Test Method for Diffuse Light Transmission


Factor of Reinforced Plastics Panels

ASTM D2000 - Standard Classification System for Rubber Products in


Automotive Applications

ASTM D2287 - Standard Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer


and Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds

ASTM F436 - Standard Specification for Hardened Steel Washers


(AASHTO No. M293)

ASTM F436M - Standard Specification for Hardened Steel Washers


[Metric]

ASTM F959 - Standard Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct


Tension Indicators for Use with Structural Fasteners

Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

American Welding Society (AWS)

AWS D1.1 - Structural Welding Code-Steel, 1998

AWS D1.3 - Structural Welding Code-Sheet Steel, 1998

Flat Glass Marketing Association (FGMA)

2.3

Low Rise Building Systems Manual

Steel Joist Institute (SJI)

Glazing Manual

Metal Building Manufacturers Association (MBMA)

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Standard Specification for Steel Joists and Joist Girders

Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC)

SSPC SP1 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 1, Solvent Cleaning

SSPC SP3 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 3, Power Tool Cleaning

SSPC SP7 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 7, Brush-off Blast


Cleaning

Government Regulations
Federal Standards and Instructions of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health
Administration, including any additional requirements by state or local agencies that
have jurisdiction where the metal building is to be erected, shall apply.

3.

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration


(OSHA)

OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 - Occupational Safety and Health Standards

OSHA 29 CFR Part 1926 - Safety and Health Regulations for Construction

Definitions
buyer: The party who awards the contract to the contractor and/or manufacturer. The buyer
may be the owner or the owners authorized agent.
contract documents: Any and all documents, including design drawings, that the buyer has
transmitted or otherwise communicated, either by incorporation or reference, and made part
of the legal contract agreement or purchase order between the buyer and the
contractor/manufacturer.
contractor: The party with overall responsibility for providing the materials and work
associated with building. Contractor also refers to any subcontractors used by the primary
contractor.
manufacturer: The party responsible for the design and fabrication of the metal building. The
manufacturer may be a subcontractor of the contractor.
owner: The owner of the proposed building

Process Industry Practices

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

professional engineer: An engineer registered or licensed to practice engineering as defined


by the statutory laws of the locality in which the project is to be constructed

4.

General
4.1

Design and Performance Requirements


4.1.1

Structural Design, Design Loads, and Load Combinations


The manufacturer shall engineer and design the pre-engineered metal
building system in accordance with and to withstand the loads and load
combinations specified in PIP STC01015, PIP CVC01016, PIP CVC01017,
and PIP CVC01018, unless otherwise required in the contract documents.
Design criteria not specified in the contract documents shall be in
accordance with the MBMA Low Rise Building Systems Manual, Part I Design Practices.

4.1.2

Deflections and Drift Limits


4.1.2.1 Maximum deflections of primary and secondary structural members
shall be as follows, unless required otherwise in the contract
documents or unless the governing codes are more stringent:
Deflection of Frame System

L/240

Purlins

L/180

Girts

L/120

Sheeting

L/120

Elements Supporting Masonry Construction

L/600

Where:
L = span length of the member being considered

4.1.2.2 Deflections for members supporting cranes shall be in accordance


with PIP STC01015, unless otherwise required in the contract
documents.
4.1.2.3 Maximum wind drift shall be in accordance with PIP STC01015.
4.2

Submittals
Submittals shall be submitted to the buyer within the specified time, unless otherwise
noted or otherwise required in the contract documents.
4.2.1

Anchor Bolt Locations and Reactions


Submit within 2 weeks after award of contract a drawing that provides the
diameter, projection, and location of all required anchor bolts and the
unfactored reactions at each point influencing the foundation for each design
load (e.g., dead, live, snow, wind, earthquake, crane, etc.).

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Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

4.2.2

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Structural Design Calculations


Submit within 4 weeks after award of contract one copy of all design
calculations for the building, sealed by a professional engineer, to include
the following:

4.2.3

Summary of the criteria, codes, design loads, and load combinations


used for the building design

Deflection and drift calculations

Fabrication and Erection Drawings for Review and Approval


Before the start of fabrication, submit complete and checked fabrication and
erection drawings for review and approval to proceed. Drawings shall be
sealed by a professional engineer.

4.2.4

Final Fabrication and Erection Drawings Record


Submit final checked and sealed fabrication drawings and erection drawings
before delivery. All drawings shall identify materials of construction by type
of material, ASTM specification, gage, thickness, etc., as applicable.

4.2.5

Product Data
Submit manufacturers product information, specifications, and installation
instructions for building components and accessories with the fabrication
and erection drawings that are submitted for review and approval.
Accessory component drawings shall include locations and elevations for
personnel doors, overhead doors, windows, ventilator, louvers, gutters,
downspouts, and any other accessories. Submit specifications, data sheets,
and wiring diagrams from the of motor-operated doors detailing power,
signal, and control systems with clear differentiation between field-installed
and manufacturer-installed wiring.

4.2.6

Maintenance Manual
Before mechanical completion, submit two identical three-ring binder
manuals that include the following:

Process Industry Practices

Outer jacket labeled to read: Maintenance Manual - Name of


Project, Completed (date: )

Table of contents

List of prime and subcontractors with key personnel, addresses, and


phone numbers

Letters of guarantee and warranties

Warning labels for posting by owner at roof access

Maintenance instructions

Any other relevant information

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

4.2.7

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

Samples
Submit one of each of the following samples before fabrication:
1. 12" x actual width samples of roofing, siding, and soffit panels with
required finishes, including specified style and texture
2. Fasteners (including standing seam roof clips) for application of
roofing, siding, and soffit panels
3. A minimum 12" x 12" sample of the side lap seams for both sides of a
typical panel, including any sealants and closures
4. Color chips for color selections by the buyer

4.3

4.4

5.

Product Handling, Delivery, and Storage


4.3.1

Deliver and store prefabricated components, sheets, panels, and other


manufactured items so that they will not be damaged or deformed.

4.3.2

Store materials, if subjected to water accumulation, in such a manner so that


they will drain freely. Do not store sheets and panels in contact with other
materials that might cause staining or corrosion.

4.3.3

Report all damaged material to the buyer to determine if replacement is


required.

Quality Assurance
4.4.1

Unless otherwise approved by the buyer, the contractor shall have a


minimum of 2-years experience in successful construction of pre-engineered
metal building. The contractors job supervisor shall have a minimum of 5years experience in the construction of similar buildings.

4.4.2

Unless exempted by the buyer, the building system manufacturer shall be


AISC Category MB certified.

4.4.3

The contractor and manufacturer shall be responsible for quality control of


all materials and workmanship. Inspections or approvals from the buyer shall
in no way relieve the contractor or manufacturer from their obligations to
perform the work in accordance with the contract documents.

4.4.4

The buyer has the right to inspect all materials and workmanship. The buyer
may reject improper, inferior, defective, or unsuitable materials and
workmanship. All rejected materials and workmanship shall be replaced by
the contractor as directed by the buyer.

Products
5.1

General
Materials shall be as specified herein, in accordance with the contract documents,
and as required by the manufacturer responsible for the design of the building.
Substitutions shall not be allowed without prior written approval from the buyer.

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Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

5.2

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Structural Materials
5.2.1

5.2.2

5.2.3

Hot-Rolled Structural Shapes, Plates, and Bars (Including


Built-up Members)

ASTM A36

ASTM A529, Grade 50

ASTM A570, Grade 50

ASTM A572, Grade 50

ASTM A607 Class 1 or 2, Grade 50

ASTM A992

Cold-Formed Structural Shapes

ASTM A570, Grade 55

ASTM A607 Class 1 or 2, Grade 55

ASTM A653 SS Class 1, Grade 50

Pipe

5.2.4

Structural Tube

5.2.5

5.2.7

5.2.8

Process Industry Practices

ASTM A501 or ASTM A500, Grade B

Wire Strand (Cable)

5.2.6

ASTM A53 Types E or S, Grade B, or ASTM A106, Grade B

ASTM A475, extra high strength (seven wires per strand)

High-Strength Bolt Assemblies

Bolt - ASTM A325 Type 1 or ASTM A490 (only if required by design)

Washer - ASTM F436

Direct tension indicator (DTI) washers - ASTM F959

Heavy hex nut - ASTM A563

Standard Bolt Assemblies

Bolt - ASTM A307, Grade A heavy hex

Washer - ASTM F436

Heavy hex nut - ASTM A563

Anchor Bolt Assemblies

Threaded - ASTM A36

Headed - ASTM A307, Grade A heavy hex

Washer - ASTM F436

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

5.2.9

Plate washer - ASTM A36

Heavy hex nut - ASTM A563

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

Weld Filler Metal

Welding of Structural Shapes - Comply with AWS D1.1, Section 3.3


(including Table 3.1) with an electrode strength of 58 ksi minimum
yield strength and 70 ksi minimum tensile strength (e.g., use E70XX
for SMAW, F7XX-EXXX for SAW, ER70S-X for GMAW, and
E7XT-X for FCAW).

Welding of Sheet Steel - Comply with AWS D1.3, Section 1.4


(including Table 1.1)

5.2.10 Crane Rails

Rails less than 104 lb./yd. - ASTM A1

Rails 104 to 175 lb./yd. - ASTM A759

5.2.11 Steel Joists

5.3

Comply with SJI Standard Specification for Steel Joists and Joist
Girders.

Roofing and Siding


5.3.1

5.3.2

5.3.3

Steel Sheets

ASTM A570 - Grade 50 or 55

ASTM A607 - Class 1 or 2, Grade 50, or higher

ASTM A653 - SS, either Grade 50, Class 1 or 3, or Grade 80

ASTM A792 - SS, either Grade 50 Type A or Grade 80

Sheet Coatings

Zinc coating - ASTM A653 Coating Designation G-90

Aluminum-zinc alloy coating - ASTM A792 Coating Designation


AZ-55

Prime/painted - According to contract documents or manufacturers


standards

Trim
Flashing, corner trim, caps, and closure pieces shall be of the same material,
finish, and color as adjacent material, unless otherwise required in the
contract documents. Profile shall be selected by manufacturer to suit.

5.3.4

Insulation
Insulation shall be rigid, semi-rigid, ASTM C665, batt or roll, faced or
unfaced with a thickness or R-rating as required in the contract documents.
UL flame spread classification shall be 25 or less.

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Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

5.3.5

5.3.6

5.4

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Fasteners

Wall and Roofing through Fasteners - Manufacturers standard selfdrilling stainless steel screws with sealing washer. All exposed
fastener heads shall be factory colored to match color of panels.

Clips for Standing Seam Panels - Manufacturers standard sliding


design to allow for unrestrained expansion and contraction movement
of panels, complete with plated self-drilling fasteners at each clip

Exposed Fasteners for Eave, End Lap, Ridge Cover, Trim, and
Flashing - Manufacturers standard self-drilling stainless steel screws
with sealing washer. All exposed fastener heads shall be factory
colored to match color of panels.

Sealant

Factory-Applied Roof Panel - Non-shrinking, non-drying, butyl-based


sealant specifically formulated for factory application in standing
seams and to allow roof panel assembly at temperatures from -10 F to
+140 F or manufacturers standard type as approved by the buyer

Field-Applied Roof Panel Sealant - Approved type, non-shrinking,


non-drying, butyl-based sealant specifically formulated for roof
application at temperatures from 20 F to 120 F or manufacturers
standard type as approved by the buyer

Accessories
5.4.1

Personnel Doors
Refer to PIP ARS08111.

5.4.2

Door Hardware
Refer to PIP ARS08710.

5.4.3

Overhead Roll-up Doors


5.4.3.1 Provide complete overhead roll-up door assemblies including door
curtain, guides, counterbalance, hardware, operators, and installation
accessories as specified herein, unless otherwise required in the
contract documents.
5.4.3.2 Doors and Frames: Design for the wind loading specified in
Section 4.1.
5.4.3.3 Door Curtain: Provide interlocking steel slat door curtain with onepiece slats for the full length of door width. Form from minimum 22gage, structural sheet steel.
5.4.3.4 Bottom Bar: Provide bottom bar on door curtain consisting of two
1/8" thick angles of the same metal as the door curtain slats. Provide
flexible rubber, vinyl, or neoprene weather seal and cushion bumper
on the bottom bar.

Process Industry Practices

Page 11 of 22

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

5.4.3.5 Vision Panel: Where vision panels are shown, provide 1/4" thick
cast thermo-plastic, methyl methacrylate vision panels set in
neoprene or vinyl glazing channels in the arrangement indicated
5.4.3.6 Weather Seals: At exterior doors, provide 1/8" thick continuous
rubber or neoprene sheet weather seals on metal pressure bars
secured to inside of curtain coil hood. At doorjambs, use 1/8" thick
continuous strip secured to exterior side of jamb guide.
5.4.3.7 Hood: Form to enclose the coiled curtain and operating mechanism
entirely at the opening head and to act as a weather seal. Contour to
suit end brackets to which attached. Roll and reinforce top and
bottom edges for stiffness. Provide closed ends for surface-mounted
hoods and any portion of between-jamb mounting projecting beyond
wall face. Provide intermediate support brackets to prevent sag.
Fabricate hoods for steel doors from minimum 24-gage zinc-coated
steel sheet. Phosphate-treat before fabrication.
5.4.3.8 Shop Finish: Provide shop finish as specified in the contract
documents
5.4.3.9 Chain Hoist Operation: Provide operator assembly consisting of an
endless cadmium-plated alloy steel hand chain, chain pocket wheel
and guard, and geared reduction unit with maximum 35-pound pull
for door operation. Design chain hoist with self-locking mechanism
allowing curtain to be stopped at any point in its travel and to remain
in that position until movement is reactivated. Furnish chain with
chain holder secured to operator guide.
5.4.3.10 Electric Door Operators: Furnish electric operator assembly of size
and capacity recommended by manufacturer. Operators shall be
complete with NEMA-rated motor and factory-prewired motor
controls, gear reduction unit, solenoid-operated brake, remote
control stations, control devices, conduit and wiring from controls to
motor and central stations, and accessories required for proper
operation. Electric operator shall meet the buyers area classification
requirements in accordance with the contract documents.
a. Provide a hand-operated disconnect or mechanism for
automatically engaging a sprocket and chain operator and
releasing the brake for emergency manual operation. Include
interlock device to automatically prevent motor from operating
when manual operator is engaged.
b. Electric Motors: Provide high-starting torque, reversible,
constant duty, Class A insulated electric motor with overload
protection. Size to move door in either direction, from any
position, at not less than 2/3 foot nor more than 1 foot per
second. Coordinate wiring requirements and current
characteristics of motors with building electrical system.

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Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

c. Furnish open-drip-proof-type motor and controller with NEMA


Type 1 enclosure.
d. Remote Control Station: Provide NEMA-approved, momentary
contact, three-button control station with push-button controls
labeled open, close, and stop.
1.

Interior Units: Full-guarded, surface-mounted,


heavy-duty remote control stations, with generalpurpose NEMA Type 1 enclosure

2.

Exterior Units: Full-guarded, surface-mounted,


standard-duty weatherproof-type remote control
stations with NEMA Type 4 enclosures. Provide
units designed for key operation.

e. Automatic Reversing Control: Furnish each door with an


electric automatic safety switch, extending the full width of the
door bottom, located within a neoprene or rubber astragal
mounted to bottom rail of the door or an electric eye (should be
electric eye) system. The mechanism shall be manufactured
so that contact with an obstruction before fully closing will
immediately stop downward travel and reverse the travel
direction so that the door is returned to the fully opened
position.
5.4.4

Aluminum Windows
Aluminum windows shall be designed and constructed for integral
installation with the system. Unless required otherwise in the contract
documents, provide building manufacturers standard insulated double-pane
window (AAMA HS-C20 horizontal sliding, commercial grade) with
medium natural anodized finish (NAAMM AA-C22A31). (Alternative if
selected by buyer: fixed sash AAMA, Grade C20.)
5.4.4.1 Aluminum Extruded Frame: Material shall comply with
ASTM B221.
a. Provide thermal-break construction. Separate frame and sash
members exposed on the exterior from metal parts exposed on
the interior by a continuous gasket or filler of rubber or plastic,
locked into construction.
b. Mullions: Provide mullions between adjacent windows,
fabricated of extruded aluminum matching the finish of
window units.
5.4.4.2 Fasteners: Provide aluminum, stainless steel, or other material
warranted by the manufacturer to be non-corrosive and compatible
with aluminum window members, trim, hardware, anchors, and other
components of window units.
5.4.4.3 Anchors, Clips, and Window Accessories: Depending on strength
and corrosion-inhibiting requirements, fabricate from aluminum,

Process Industry Practices

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

stainless steel, or hot-dip zinc-coated steel (complying with


ASTM A123).
5.4.4.4 Compression Glazing Strips and Weather-Stripping: Provide molded
neoprene gaskets complying with ASTM D2000 designation 2BC415
to 3BC620, molded PVC gaskets complying with ASTM D2287,
Grade 4, or molded expanded neoprene gaskets complying with
ASTM C509.
5.4.4.5 Sliding Weather-Stripping: Provide woven pile weather-stripping of
wool, polypropylene, or nylon pile and resin-impregnated backing
fabric, with aluminum backing strip. Comply with AAMA 701.
5.4.4.6 Sealants: Provide manufacturers standard for the joint size or
anticipated movement. The sealant shall remain permanently elastic
and be non-shrinking and non-migrating.
5.4.4.7 Insect Screens: Provide removable insect screen on each operable
exterior sash, with finish matching window.
5.4.4.8 Pre-glazed Construction: To the greatest extent possible, glaze units
at the shop before installation.
5.4.4.9 Glass: Unless required otherwise in the contract documents, comply
with ASTM C1036 for glass type, class, quality, style, kind, and form
and with recommendations of the FGMA Glazing Manual.
5.4.5

Louvers
Wall Louvers: Provide louvers as required in the contract documents.
Louvers shall be of a minimum of 18-gage steel. Fold or bend blades at
edges to set them at an angle that excludes driving rains, and secure blades to
frames by riveting or welding. Prime and finish to match wall panels.
a. Provide vertical mullions for louvers 4 feet and wider with one mullion
for each 4 feet of width.
b. Provide flanges on interior face of frames where air intake or exhaust
louvers are indicated to be connected with mechanically operated
dampers or metal ductwork.
c. Provide galvanized steel insect screens in rewirable frames on exterior
face of louvers. Secure with clips to ensure ease of removal for
cleaning and rewiring. Fabricate screen frames to match louvers.

5.4.6

Translucent Panels
Wall and roof light-transmitting panels shall conform to the wall and roof
panel configurations and shall be a minimum of 10-oz., one-piece, flexible,
translucent, fiberglass-reinforced resins. Roof panels shall be capable of
supporting a 200-pound concentrated load without failure. The panels shall
be uniformly white with heat transmission of 25% and light transmission of
55% in accordance with ASTM D1494, unless noted otherwise in the
contract documents. Other types of skylights may be used when specified or
approved by buyer.

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5.4.7

PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

Gutters and Downspouts


5.4.7.1 Gutters shall be suspended box sections of a minimum of 26-gage
galvanized steel formed to match the configuration of the gable trim.
Gutters shall be independent of the roof seal and shall be attached to
the eave strut adapter by means of a gutter hanger.
5.4.7.2 Downspouts shall be located in accordance with the contract
documents and shall be a minimum of 26-gage galvanized factorycolored steel to match the siding, with a minimum cross section of
20 square inches. A 45-degree elbow shall be provided at the base of
all downspouts, unless otherwise required.
5.4.7.3 Downspout straps shall be galvanized steel, 1/16" x 1" and factorycolored to match the downspout.

5.4.8

Ventilators
Provide continuous or individual ridge ventilators as required by the contract
documents. Provide continuous ridge ventilators in standard length sections
at the locations indicated. Provide throat size and total length indicated,
complete with side baffles, ventilator assembly, operating damper, hardware,
bird screen, end caps, splice plates, flashing, reinforcing diaphragms,
closures, and fasteners. Finish shall match roof panels.

6.

Execution
6.1

Design
6.1.1

The metal building shall be engineered in accordance with the requirements


specified herein and the requirements of the other contract documents.
Changes from the requirements in the contract documents shall be approved
by the buyer. The engineering of the building shall be by, or in the
responsible charge of, a professional engineer.

6.1.2

Structural steel design shall be in accordance with the AISC ASD


Specification or the AISC LRFD Specification, as applicable.

6.1.3

Cold-formed steel design shall be in accordance with the AISI Cold-Formed


Steel Design Manual, Part 1, Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed
Steel Structural Members or the AISI LRFD Cold-Formed Steel Design
Manual, Part 1, Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for ColdFormed Steel Structural Members, as applicable.

6.1.4

Structural connections shall be in accordance with Sections 6.2.5 and 6.2.6.


All field connections shall be bolted, and all shop connections shall be either
bolted or welded, unless otherwise required by the contract documents.

6.1.5

Roofing, siding, and other accessories shall be designed in accordance with


the MBMA Low Rise Building Systems Manual.

6.1.6

Crane supports, when required, shall be designed in accordance with


PIP STC01015 and shall meet the requirements of the contract documents.

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

6.2

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

Fabrication
6.2.1

Hot-rolled and built-up members shall be fabricated in accordance with the


AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges and either
the AISC ASD Specification or the AISC LRFD Specification, as applicable,
and subject to modification by the contract documents, state or local laws,
and building codes.

6.2.2

Cold-formed structural members shall be fabricated in accordance with the


Common Industry Practices in the MBMA Low Rise Building Systems
Manual.

6.2.3

Fabrication tolerances for hot-rolled members shall be in accordance with


the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges.
Fabrication tolerances for built-up members and cold-formed structural
members shall be in accordance with Section 9 of the Common Industry
Practices in the MBMA Low Rise Building Systems Manual.

6.2.4

Welding of structural steel shall be in accordance with AWS D1.1. Welding


of sheet steel shall be in accordance with AWS D1.3.

6.2.5

Bolted Connections
6.2.5.1 Design, detailing, and fabrication of bolted connections shall be in
accordance with either the AISC Allowable Stress Design (ASD)
design method or the AISC Load and Resistance Factor Design
(LRFD) design method (the same method used for the design of the
steel).
6.2.5.2 ASD-based connections shall conform to the AISC ASD
Specification and the AISC Allowable Stress Design Specification
for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts. Connection
detailing shall be done in accordance with the AISC Detailing for
Steel Construction.
6.2.5.3 LRFD-based connection design shall conform to the AISC LRFD
Specification and the AISC Load and Factor Design Specification
for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts. Connection
detailing shall be done in accordance with the AISC Detailing for
Steel Construction.
6.2.5.4 Unless otherwise required by the design, 3/4"-diameter ASTM A325
high-strength bolt assemblies shall be used in all primary bolted
structural connections.
6.2.5.5 ASTM A307 or ASTM A325 bolt assemblies shall be used for bolted
connections for secondary members such as purlins, girts, and
doorframes.
6.2.5.6 If direct tension indicator washers are used, they shall conform to
ASTM F959 and shall be installed according to the manufacturers
published specifications.
6.2.5.7 Unless otherwise specified, all structural bolts except for
ASTM A490 bolts shall be galvanized.

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

6.2.5.8 All nuts for high-strength bolts shall be wax-dipped to reduce torque
during installation.
6.2.6

Welded Connections
6.2.6.1 Design, detailing, and fabrication of welded connections shall be in
accordance with either the AISC ASD or AISC LRFD design method
(the same method used for the design of the steel).
6.2.6.2 ASD-based connections shall conform to AWS D1.1, AWS D1.3, and
the AISC ASD Specification. Connection detailing shall be done in
accordance with the AISC Detailing for Steel Construction.
6.2.6.3 LRFD-based connection design shall conform to AWS D1.1,
AWS D1.3, and the AISC LRFD Specification. Connection detailing
shall be done in accordance with the AISC Detailing for Steel
Construction.

6.2.7

Primary Structural Frames


Fabricate primary structural frames from hot-rolled structural steel shapes
that are built-up factory-welded, I-beam-shaped or open web-type frames
consisting of tapered or parallel flange beams and tapered columns. Furnish
frames with attachment plates, bearing plates, and splice members, factorydrilled or punched for field-bolted assembly.

6.2.8

Primary Endwall Framing


6.2.8.1 Endwall Columns: Rolled shapes, built-up factory-welded I-beamshaped, or cold-formed C sections, fabricated from a minimum of
14-gage steel
6.2.8.2 Endwall Beams: Rolled C shapes or C-shaped cold-formed
sections fabricated from a minimum of 16-gage steel

6.2.9

Secondary Structural Framing


6.2.9.1 Purlins and Girts: C- or Z-shaped sections fabricated from
minimum 16-gage roll-formed steel. Purlin spacers shall be
fabricated from 14-gage cold-formed galvanized steel sections.
C-shaped girts shall be installed toe down.
6.2.9.2 Wind Bracing: Steel rod or wire strand (cable) bracing, complete
with necessary slope washers, flat washers, and adjusting nuts at
each end. Where applicable, wall panels may utilize diaphragm
action bracing in lieu of steel rod or wire strand bracing.

6.2.10 Galvanizing and Painting


6.2.10.1 Unless required otherwise in the contract documents, all hot-rolled
and built-up members shall be shop-primed. All cold-formed
sections shall be galvanized.
6.2.10.2 Shop-Primed: Clean surfaces to be primed of loose mill scale, rust,
dirt, oil, grease, and other matter than precludes the bonding of
paint. Follow procedures of SSPC SP3, SSPC SP7, and SSPC SP1,

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

as applicable. Prime members with the manufacturers standard


rust-inhibiting primer, unless otherwise required in the contract
documents.
6.2.10.3 When specified in the contract documents, hot-rolled and built-up
members shall be galvanized in accordance with ASTM A123.
6.2.10.4 Galvanize cold-formed sections in accordance with ASTM A653.
6.2.10.5 Galvanize bolts, nuts, and washers in accordance with ASTM B695
(or in accordance with ASTM A153 for A325 Type 1 bolts).
6.2.10.6 Roof, Siding, and Trim Finish: Provide shop-applied fluoropolymer
finish, a minimum of 1 mil thick, to galvanized steel roofing and
siding panels and all related trim, in accordance with the
manufacturers standard painting system unless required otherwise
in the contract documents. Roof, siding, trim, gutters, and
downspouts shall match in color unless otherwise specified in the
contract documents.
6.2.11 Roofing - Single Sheet Sloped Roof System
6.2.11.1 Manufacturer shall provide roof panels precision roll-formed from
a minimum of 24-gage sheet steel.
6.2.11.2 Panel edges for standing seam roofing shall be fabricated for a
machine-closed, double lock (360 degrees) seam with factoryapplied sealant.
6.2.11.3 Panel edges for through-fastened roofing shall be fabricated for side
laps of one full major rib.
6.2.11.4 End splices, where occurring, shall be over a structural member
with a minimum 6" lap. The panel ends shall be factory-notched for
end splicing.
6.2.11.5 Panels shall be the longest length possible to minimize end splices.
6.2.11.6 Perimeter trim, start/finish panels, ridge panels, and transition
flashing shall be provided as required for the roofing system and
shall be designed to accommodate the roofs expansion and
contraction.
6.2.11.7 Closures shall be of the exact profile as the panel to form a
weather-tight seal.
6.2.11.8 Sealants and fasteners shall be provided as required by the design
to form a weather-tight installation.
6.2.12 Siding - Single Sheet Wall System
6.2.12.1 Manufacturer shall provide a wall panel precision roll-formed from
a minimum of 26-gage sheet steel.
6.2.12.2 Panel side laps shall be formed by lapping major ribs at the panel
edges. The underlapping rib shall have full bearing legs to support
the side lap.

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

6.2.12.3 Panel end splices, where occurring, shall be over a structural


member with a minimum of a 4" lap.
6.2.12.4 Panels shall be the longest length possible to minimize end laps.
6.2.12.5 Corner trim, base trim, and transition flashings shall be provided as
required for the wall system and shall provide for a weather-tight
installation.
6.2.12.6 Sealants and fasteners shall be provided as required by the design
to form a weather-tight installation.
6.2.13 Gutters and Downspouts
6.2.13.1 Gutters and downspouts shall be in accordance with the contract
documents.
6.2.13.2 Gutter hangers shall be spaced at maximum 4'-0" centers.
6.2.13.3 Gutter sections shall be provided in the longest continuous sections
possible. At joints, sections shall be lapped a minimum of 4" and
sealed with sealant, then fastened with fasteners.
6.2.13.4 Gutter end closures shall be sealed with sealant and fastened with
pop rivets.
6.2.13.5 Downspouts shall be attached to a thimble installed in the gutter.
Downspouts shall be attached to the wall panel using straps on
maximum 10'-0" centers.
6.2.14 Canopies and Overhangs
Eave and/or gable canopies and overhangs shall be located as indicated in
the contract documents. Roof, siding, trim, and fasteners shall match
building in color and finish.
6.2.15 Mezzanine and Platforms
Mezzanine and platform framing, flooring, grating, deck, railing, ladders,
and stairs shall be provided as required in the contract documents.
6.2.16 Framed Openings
Provide shapes of proper design and size to reinforce openings and to carry
imposed loads and vibrations, including equipment furnished under
mechanical and electrical work as indicated in the contract documents.
Securely attach to building structural frame.
6.3

Erection
Unless otherwise specified herein or in the contract documents, erection
shall be in accordance with Section 6 of the Common Industry Practices in
the MBMA Low Rise Metal Building Systems Manual.
6.3.1

Inspection
Contractor shall inspect the work area and verify that conditions are
satisfactory to begin work. This shall include inspection of column-bearing

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Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

surface, foundation level and elevation, and anchor bolt locations and
projections. Contractor shall notify the buyer in writing of any unsatisfactory
conditions.
6.3.2

Structural and Miscellaneous Steel


Erection of structural and miscellaneous steel shall be in accordance with the
manufacturers drawings, the contract documents, AISC Code of Standard
Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges, OSHA Part 1910 and Part 1926,
and any applicable state or local regulations or codes.

6.3.3

Roofing and Siding


6.3.3.1 Contractor shall install roofing and siding in accordance with the
manufacturers requirements, as specified herein, and in the other
contract documents.
6.3.3.2 Lap ribbed or fluted sheets one full rib corrugation. Apply panels
and associated items for neat and weather-tight enclosure. Avoid
panel creep or application not true to line. Protect factory finishes
from damage.
a. Field cutting of exterior panels by torch shall not be permitted.
b. Provide weather seal under ridge cap. Flash and seal roof
panels at eave and rake with rubber, neoprene, or other closures
to exclude weather.
6.3.3.3 Standing Seam Roof Panel System: Fasten roof panels to purlins
with concealed clips in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions.
a. Install clips at each support.
b. At end laps of panels, install sealant between panels.
c. Install factory-caulked cleats at standing-seam joints. Machineseam cleats to the panels to provide a weather-tight joint.
6.3.3.4 Through-Fastened Roofing: Fasten roof panels to purlins with
fasteners and spacing required by the manufacturer. Install sealant
continuously at all panel side and end laps.
6.3.3.5 Wall Sheets: Apply elastomeric sealant continuously between metal
base channel (sill angle) and foundation, and apply elsewhere as
necessary for waterproofing. Handle and apply sealant and backup in
accordance with the sealant manufacturers recommendations.
a. Unless required otherwise by the manufacturer, align bottom of
wall panels and fasten panels with blind rivets, bolts, or selftapping screws. Fasten flashings and trim around openings and
similar elements with self-tapping screws. Fasten window and
door frames with machine screws or bolts. When building
height requires two rows of panels at gable ends, align lap of
gable panels over wall panels at eave height.

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Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

b. Install fasteners with power tools having controlled torque


adjusted to compress neoprene washer tightly without damage
to washer, screw threads, or panels.
c. Provide weatherproof escutcheons or flashing for pipe, conduit,
cable tray, and duct penetrating exterior walls as required in the
contract documents.
6.3.4

Accessories
6.3.4.1 Sheet Metal Accessories: Install gutters, downspouts, ventilator
louvers, and other sheet metal accessories in accordance with
manufacturers recommendations for positive anchorage to building
and weather-tight mounting. Adjust operating mechanism for precise
operation.
6.3.4.2 Hollow Metal Doors and Frames: Install doors and frames straight,
plumb, and level. Securely anchor frames to building structure. Set
units with 1/8" maximum clearance between door and frame at
jambs and head and with 3/4" maximum between door and floor.
Adjust hardware for proper operation.
6.3.4.3 Overhead Doors: Set doors and operating equipment complete with
necessary hardware, jamb and head mold stops, anchors, inserts,
hangers, and equipment supports in accordance with manufacturers
instructions. Adjust moving hardware for proper operation.
6.3.4.4 Windows: Anchor windows securely in place. Seal perimeter of each
unit with the elastomeric sealant used for panels. Adjust and
lubricate operating sash and hardware for proper operation. Clean
surfaces of window units. Mount screens directly to frames with
tapped screw clips.
6.3.4.5 Field Glazing: Clean channel surfaces and prime as recommended
by sealant manufacturer. Cut glass to required size for measured
opening; provide adequate edge clearance and glass bite all around.
Do not install glass that has significant edge damage or other
defects. Replace broken or damaged glass. Each piece of exterior
glass must be airtight and watertight through normal
weather/temperature cycles and through normal door/window
operation. Factory-sealed double-pane windows shall be repaired as
required by the manufacturer.
6.3.4.6 Insulation: Install insulation concurrently with installation of roof
and wall panels in accordance with the manufacturers directions.
Install blankets straight and true in one-piece lengths with both sets
of tabs sealed to provide a complete vapor barrier. Locate insulation
on inside of roof and wall sheets, extending across the flange of
purlin or girt members and held taut and snug to panels with retainer
clips. Install retainer strips at each longitudinal joint in such a
manner that the strips are straight and taut and will hold the
insulation firmly in place.

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PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification

TECHNICAL REVISION
October 2001

6.3.4.7 Translucent Panels: Attach translucent panels to structural framing


and roof and wall panels in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions for weather-tight installation.
6.3.5

Cleaning and Touch-Up


Clean all component surfaces. Touch up abrasions, marks, skips, and other
defects to finished surfaces with same type of finish.

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