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Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

Annotated Bibliography
Primary Sources
Hurley, Frank. South with Endurance:Shackleton's. New York: Simon&Schuster, 2001.
Print.
The book contains a collection of pictures that were taken in the expedition. The pictures
contain captions that help explain what the picture was depicting. The source is primary, since
the photos were taken during the expedition by the photographer Frank Hurley, a participant of
the expedition. The photography book connects to the theme because it shows how the crew
explored the unmapped Wendell Sea and captions show what they had discovered while
exploring the Antarctic. The photographs from the photography book will be included in the
website to help readers interpret what the crew was doing at the time.
"Diary of a Survivor." Nova Online Shackleton. Nova Online, n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2016.
This website contained diary entries from the crew member, Thomas Orde-Lees. The
diary entries included information that Thomas Orde-Lees wrote in his diary after the crew
abandoned ship. The diary entries state that after abandoning ship, the crew had to camp out on
ice floes and soon sailed to Elephant Island, where most of the men stayed and the others left to
receive help. Even though this source is a website, it contains diary entries that have not been
tampered with from Thomas Orde-Lees. This source connects to the theme because it explains
how the men had to navigate their way through the Weddell Sea to find Elephant Island. The
source helps us get and understanding of what happened during the voyage where the crew had
to navigate through the Wendell Sea.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

Shackleton, Ernest Henry. South: The Story of Shackleton's Last Expedition, 1914-1917.
Ed. Macmillian. 1st Ed. New York: Macmillan, 1920. Print.
The author of the book was Ernest Shackleton, who wrote the book with entries from
both his diary and other crew member diaries. The book explains the events that took place on
the Endurance and how the crew did to overcome the situations that threatened the safety of the
crew. The book explains the crews journey, and when the crew became lost and drifting in the
ice after the crew abandoned ship, and it explains the crew exploring unmapped islands. This
source is a direct source from the crew members themselves, making this source primary. The
source connects to the theme, because the book tells of what Shackleton encountered on the trip
and how he explored his way through the Antarctic. This source tells us what the crew of the
Endurance did throughout the voyage in a first person view with the crews diaries, allowing it to
be visible on our project.
Shackleton, Ernest Henry, and Christopher Ralling. Shackleton, His Antarctic Writings.
London: British Broadcasting, 1983. 143-253. Print.
This portion of the book mainly explains about Shackletons his thoughts, feelings, diary
entries, and poems that he created during the third expedition. Shackletons view of the voyage
wa implemented into the book by Christopher Ralling, and Christopher Ralling also narrated
some of the expedition.. His poems and thoughts give an explanation of what he had to
encounter, and what happened throughout the voyage. Shackletons diary entries give a clear
explanation of what was happening during certain dates. The book explains what the
Endurance encountered during the journey in the poems and the narration portion of the book.
This source is primary due to the fact is holds many of Shackletons thoughts and poems he

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

created. The source can be used as an example of his view of what was happening, with his
poems and diary entries.
Worsley, Frank Arthur. Shackleton's Boat Journey. New York: Norton, 1977. Print.
The book is Frank Worsleys account of the events the followed after he, Shackleton, and
four others left Elephant Island for South Georgia Island to receive help. The source also
contains images taken during the expedition with captions, explaining the event taken. The
source is primary since the book was written by Frank Worsley, the captain of the Endurance,
which was the ship that participated in the expedition. The source connects to the theme because
it explains how the crew had to explore the unmapped South Georgia Island to find rescue for the
crew.

Secondary Sources
Alexander, Caroline. The Endurance: Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition. New
York: Knopf, 1998. Print.
The book by Caroline Alexander begins when the ship, Endurance, is being crushed by
the ice. The book explains the events continuing after the crew abandoned ship with pictures of
the crew on the side. The source connects to the theme when it explains how Shackleton
encountered harsh weather that endangered the crew, and when it states that Shackleton had to
explore the unmapped islands. The book is a secondary source because it is a historian view of
the expedition without any first-hand views. The text in the book can be used to explain what
happened in the voyage, and the pictures with captions can be used to help understand what was
going on and what they faced during the voyage on our project.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

Shackleton. Prod. P6 Productions. Screenplay by Mike Beegle and Jes Bickhart.


Perf. Patrick James Murphy. N.p., n.d. Video.
Ernest Shackleton and his crew attempt to cross Antarctica in uncharted waters, but their ship,
the Endurance, becomes stuck in ice, and they abandon ship. After the crew abandoned ship,
Shackleton and the crew travel to Elephant Island and then heads to South Georgia Island to
receive help and to rescue his crew. The source explains how Shackleton and his crew had to
explore uncharted islands and waters to rescue his crew and how the crew encountered bad
weather that changed the entire voyage. The source is secondary because it was a historian
narration of the expedition; the historians were not at the expedition when it took place. The
video was short and brief and was constantly reviewed in our project.
Heacox, Kim. "Chapter 3." Shackleton, the Antarctic Challenge. Washington, D.C.:
National Geographic Society, 1999. Print.
The book explains what happened during the third expedition. The pages also have some pictures
and captions taken around the area of the expedition. The source is secondary, since it is a third person
view of the expedition, and has no type of first person view of the expedition. The pages connect to the
theme since the pages tell Shackleton encountered during the expedition, and explains a little about what
he explored during the expedition. The information in these pages are more of what Shackleton faced
rather than his crew, allowing us to see how Shackleton felt during the expedition.

Mgonigal, David. "Ernest Shackleton Antarctic Expedition 1914-1917."Antarctic Guide


Ernest Shackleton Imperial Transantarctic Expedition 1914-1917 Comments. Antarctic
Guide, n.d. Web. 06 May 2016.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

The source is a website that tells the expedition in a narration form. It explains a small
amount of the preparation of the Wendell Sea crew and narrates until when Shackleton saved the
Ross Sea Crew. The source is secondary because the author narrates the events of the Wendell
Sea crew and did not have any interaction with the expedition. The source connects to Encounter
and Exploration because the website explains how the bad weather the Wendell Sea crew
encountered changed the fate of the expedition and how the three men had to explore the
mountain they were scaling in order to find help on South Georgia Island. The source provided
us with easily accessible information, like dates, on our website.

Shackleton's Frozen Hell. Smithsonian Channel, 2013. Television.


The film explains the expedition, but focusing on Frank Worsleys contributions to the
expedition rather than focusing on Shackleton. The source explains how Worsleys knowledge of
the sea and skills helped the expedition recover rather than just the leadership of Shackleton. The
source is secondary since it is a documentation of the journey in a third person perspective with
interviews from professor and historians. The source connects to the theme because it tells how
after getting abandoning ship, Frank Worsley had to measure to find their location at the sea and
explore the sea to find their precise location. The documentation shows how Shackleton was not
the only hero that saved the crew but rather it was Frank Worsley that saved the expedition,
giving us a new perspective of the expedition..
Shackleton, Ernest. "The Ross Sea Party." Shackleton. Ed. Peggy Nelson. N.p., 06 Sept.
2013. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

The website is an edited version of Shackletons thoughts when he saved what was left of
the Ross Sea Party. The source also contains images that the Ross Sea Party took when they had
reached their destination. The source is secondary because even though Shackleton took part in
the expedition, he did not have any first hand encounter of the Ross Sea Partys troubles. The
source connects to the theme because it tells how the ship encountered bad weather like the
Wendell Sea Party and was blown out to sea, leaving only a few men left on the shore. The
source gave us a new perspective of the expedition through Shackletons edited interpretation of
what happened.
Shackleton. Dir. Charles Sturridge. Perf. Kenneth Branagh John Grillo Paul
Humpoletz. N.d. DVD.
The movie Shackleton was a third person view of the expedition, telling how the
expedition was founded, and how the expedition ended. It had two parts, with the first part
explaining how the expedition was funded and the beginning of the expedition, and the second
part told their journey out of the ice. The movie showed how the bad weather they encountered
led up to the Endurance freezing in the ice, and how the crew explored the unmapped islands for
a way out. The source was secondary, since it was a third person view of the expedition and was
based on a historian vision of the expedition instead of how the original crew faced the
expedition. This source gives a more in depth explanation with the two parts; the first tells of the
beginning events and the second explains the escape from Antarctica.
Tyler-Lewis, Kelly. The Lost Men: The Harrowing Saga of Shackleton's Ross Sea Party.
New York: Viking, 2006. Print.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

The book is a third person narration of the events that took place at the Ross Sea Party. It
explains how the ten men were stranded after blizzards and gusts blew away their ship while
attempting to create a supply camp. The source is secondary because the author did not partake
in the events and used evidence from the events instead. The source connects to the theme
because it tells how the stranded men had to explore their way in Antarctica to set up the supply
camp for Shackleton and how the encounter of constant blizzards made the Aurora drift away.
The source gave us the idea of how the men survived rather than telling us an overview of what
happened on the supply mission.

Ward, Paul. "The Ross Sea Party South." Ernest Shackleton. Cool Antarctica, n.d. Web. 10
Apr. 2016.
The source is a website that explains all of the events that took place on the Ross Sea
Party. It tells how part of the party were creating a supply camp so Shackleton could use it when
he made it, while blizzards made the Aurora drift away. The source is secondary because it is a
historian narration of the events that took place at the Ross Sea Party. The source connects to the
theme because when the Party encountered multiple blizzards and gusts, it jeopardized the safety
of the crew. The source gives us easy access to information about the lesser known Ross Sea
Party.
"Shackleton Endurance Expedition - Trans-Antarctica 1914 - 1917." Shackleton. N.p., n.d.
Web. 03 Jan. 2016.

Dowens, Harrison ,Tran

The website is a historian overview of the expedition, beginning with the preparation and
to the end, when the crew was rescued. This source also contains some pictures from the voyage
and diary entries from the voyage. It tells of how the crew encountered bad weather caused a
problem that put the lives of the crew on the line. The website also explains how Shackleton had
to explore the unmapped part of South Georgia to receive help. The source is a secondary source
because it is narrated from a third person, historian view, and the narrator was not an eyewitness
of the event. The information on the website is a decent overview, making it easy to refer back
to, for any part of the expedition.