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: ,



: GSM -900.
,
()
(),
, ,

1.
-
:
1.
2.
3. ,
4. 2 - Sc
1

,
,
,
. GSM
3/9 4/12.
/ 80% 9
. 1
7
4
1

5
7

10

6
3

21
11

8
9

2
14

6
20

16

9
3

1
13

15
5

12
19

17

10

4
12 18

11

:
1) ;
2) ;
3) ()
(),
4) ,
5) .
6)
7)
8)

2.

.1 - 3 .
. 1 , 2, 3,
.
. ,
.
.
. GSM-900
R 1,1-1,4 . ( 2).

GSM

2 -

, . 1
.
1




1
8
1
7

2
16
2
14

3
24
2
22

4
32
3
29

5
40
3-4
36-37

,
.
.
(/)
, .. .
1. 1 -
() .
, ,

.
4

,
.
p

A N / N !
N

A i / i!

i0

. = 0,02.

. ,
( )
1 = 0,015 - 0,025 ,


1 ,

.

S
S
q 1 .
q

( 2)
S
R
0,65 ,
R -
.
4.1 1
7 . = 0,02
= 2,935 . 1 = 0,015 .

= /1 ,
= 2,935/0,015 200 .

qCOT = / ,
qCOT = 95000/200 = 475.

SCOT = S/q ,
SCOT = 30/475 = 0,06 2 .

S
,
0,65

0,06
0,3 .
0,65

2 14
.
= 0,02.
= 8,2 .
1 = 0,015 .

= /1 ,
= 8,2/0,015 550 .

qCOT = / ,
qCOT = 95000/550 = 172,7.

SCOT = S/q ,
SCOT = 30/172,7 = 0,17 2 .

R

S
,
0,65

0,17
0,52 .
0,65

3 22
.
= 0,02.
= 14,9 .
1 = 0,015 .

= /1 ,
= 14,9/0,015 1000 .

qCOT = / ,
qCOT = 95000/1000 = 95.

SCOT = S/q ,
SCOT = 30/360 = 0,31 2 .

6

S
,
0,65

0,31
0,69 .
0,65


2.
2


:
3/9, 4/12
,
, q
, S , 2
, R

1
7

2
14

3
22

200
475
0,06
0,3

550
172,7
0,17
0,52

1000
95
0,31
0,69

2 ,

, .

3.

3.1.

R , 1
.
7


4.

, ,
.

()
()=10 lg ().
4 :
G ;
L ;
Lp - ;
;
D- ;
F ;
;
;
Rx- ;
Pin - ;
Pout - ;
(Tower Mounted Amplifier) - .

( => ):
Pin = Pout - Lf AC + Ga - Lp + Ga + Gd - Lf

(1)

( => ):

Pout

Lp

G
LF

LF

Pin

Pin

Lp

PoutA

R
PinA

Rx

()

GD

LF

4
8

Pin = Pout - Lf C + Ga - Lc - Lp + Ga Lf
(2)
(4.1) (4.2)
, ().
Pin PinAC - ,
Pout PoutAC - ,
Ga Ga - ,
Lf Lf - ,
Lc - ,
Lp - ,
Gd - (3...4 ),

GSM .
GSM 900/1800 4/1
PoutAC = 2 900 1 1800
. , .. PinAC = -104
.

( 4)
Pin = -111 , -106 .
,
28 50 (
2 ).
( 3.1)
Lf = 0, Ga = 0, Ga = 15 - 17 , Lf = 2 , GdBTS = 3
( ).
( 3.2)
Lf = 2 , Ga = 15 - 17 , LC = 3 , 3-4 ; Lf = 0, GaAC
= 0.
PinAC Pin

-104
- 111 . ,
.

3.2.
- .
R, F,

.
,
9

,
.
1800 COST 231 .
: F = 15002000 ; = 30200 ; = 1
10 .
.
( => )
Pin = Poutac - Lfac + Gaac Lp + Ga + Gd - Lf
( => )
Pin = Poutc - Lfc + Gac L + Ga + Gd - Lf - Lp
.
Lfac = 0
Gaac = 0

Ga = 16
Lf = 2

Gd = 3
Lp = 117,6

Pin = 30 0 + 0 117,6 + 16 + 3 2 = -70,6


.
Lfc = 2
Ga = 16

L =3
Lf = 0

Ga = 0
Lp = 119,8

Pin = 47 2 + 16 3 + 0 0 119,8 = - 61,8


.
R
F
H
H

10


R = 0,69
F = 1747
H = 30
H = 2
L = 9,56 + 53,73*log F 13.82*log H 4,78*( log F)2 - (1,1*log F 0,7)* H +
(44.9 6.55*log H)*log R
L = 9,56 + 53,73*3,24 13.82*1,48 4,78*10,5- (1,1*3,24 0,7)* 2 + (44.9
6.55*1,48)*(-0,69) = 100,09
Lp = 81,4 + 5,6 + 12 = 117,6
.
R = 0,69
F = 1842
H = 30
H = 2
L = 9,56 + 53,73*log F 13.82*log H 4,78*( log F)2 - (1,1*log F 0,7)* H +
(44.9 6.55*log H)*log R
L = 9,56 + 53,73*3,27 13.82*1,48 4,78*10,7- (1,1*3,27 0,7)* 2 + (44.9
6.55*1,48)* (-0,16) = 102,2
Lp = 100,8 + 5,6 + 12 = 119,8
=>
F
()

()

1842

30

R L ()
() ()
()
2

0,69

102,2

5,6

L Pout Lf
() () ()
12

47

GaC
()

L
()

LP ()

GaAC
()

LfAC
()

PinAC
()

17

119,8

- 61,8

L
()

GaC
()

GdC
()

LfC
()

PinC
()

17

- 70,06

=>
F
()

()

1747

30

R L ()
() ()
()
2

0,69 100,09

5,6

L Pout Lf GaC
() () () ()
12

30

117,6

3.3.

() .

.
.
,
, .
:
.
, .
- ,
,
. ( )
.
.
,
.
,
.

: , , .
.
:
, .
, /
.
-
:
-
-
-
-
:
- - 1
;
- -
;
- - " ",
;
- .

- ;
-
;
- (200
300);
-
;
- .
-
,

.
. , .
,
- (), ,
.

Pmax
,
PF

-
;
PF(Power Factor) - ,
0,7;
Pmax .
GSM
60.

- - 900
3000.
Pmax= 3960 .

3960
5657,1.
0,7

5660


.

t
t

60 E U
,
P

60 800 24
203 3 23 .
5657,14

3.4.

,
.

.

,
.
:
-
-
-

.


.


.
.
,

.
, ,
.

: ,
.
, ,
. ,
, , ,
.

.
, ,
,
.


.

,
.
,
.

.
:
- ;
- ;
- .
.
T ,
, 1/,
= 1/T
T()= 33 ..
1 = 1/(33*103)=0,030*10-3=30*10-6 [1/]
T()= 61 ..
2 = 1/(61*103)=16,39*10-6 [1/]
T(MUX)= 40 ..
3 = 1/(40*103)=25 *10-6 [1/]

n

( t )c i ,
i 1

(t ) c 30 *10 16,39 *10 25 *10 71,39 *10

i .

Tcp.c

1
71,39 *10

1
c

14007 14 .. 583 .

,
.

P(t) = e t ,
t, .
-
t, : 24,720,2172,8760.
t=24:
t=720:
t=2172:
t=8760:

P(t)=0.998288
P(t)=0.949898
P(t)=0.856365
P(t)=0.53506

:
- ;
- ;
- .

,
( ).
- ,

.

K

Tcp

,
;
= 6 .

=+++ ,
;

;
;
.
K

Tcp TB

14007
0,99957
14007 6

,
,
.
K = 1 = 0,00043


P(t)
t
=2172

=8760
2
6

0,00043

14007.
583

0.949898

71.39*10

=720
0.998288

=24
-6

0,99957

0.53506



, .

0.856365


, 1/.


.
:
380 .
0,99.


-

GSM -900.
, ,

.


1.

, ..

[] / .., .. .:
, 2007. 173 .
2.

, ..

[] / .. . .: , 2006. 288 .
3.

, . . : -

. . 2- ., .[]/ .
., . ., .. .: ,
2007. 224 .
4.

. .

.[] / ..- : , 2003.-258.


5.

. . .[]/ . .

, . . . .: -, 2008.-324.


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1. ..........................................................................................................3
2. .............................................................................................4
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3. ..............................................................................................8
3.1. .................................................................................................8
3.2. ...................................................................................................10
3.3. ................................................................................1
3.4. ...................................................................................3
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...............................................................................................................9