Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 120

# 16

BAB IV
PENGUMPULAN DAN PENGOLAHAN DATA
PERCOBAAN 1
1. Berdasarkan Teori !
1
2
3
4
5
6

Diket

Jumlah
1
1
1
1
1
1
6

Peluang
1/6
1/6
1/6
1/6
1/6
1/6
1

: M = (1,2,3)
N = (2,4,6)
O = (1,3,5)

Tentukan :
1. P(M)

S
1
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3) 2
3
= 1/6+1/6+1/6

= 3/6
= 0.5
S

2. P(N)

= P(2)+P(4)+P(6)
= 1/6+1/6+1/6
= 3/6
= 0.5
S

3. P(O)

= P(1)+P(3)+P(5)
= 1/6+1/6+1/6

2
4
6

1
3
5

17

= 3/6
= 0.5

S
1

4. P(MN)

= M(1,2,3) + N(2,4,6) 3
= P(2)
= 1/6
= 0.167
S
2

5. P(MO)

6. P(NO)

3
= P(1,2,3) +O (1,3,5)
= P(1,3)
= 2/6
= 0.333

= N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)
= P(-)
= 0/6
=0

7. P(MN)

4
6

= M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6)
= P(MN) = (1,2,3,4,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(6)
S
= 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6
1
= 0.83
2

8. P(MO)

5
3

= M(1,2,3) O(1,3,5)
= P(MO) = (1,2,3,5)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(5)
= 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6
= 0.67

18

S
1
3
5

9.P(NO)

10.P(MNO)

= N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)
= P(NO) = (1,2,3,4,5,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
= 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6
= 1.00

## = M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)

= P(MNO)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
4
1
5
= 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6
6 2
3
= 1.00
P(MNO)

PEMBUKTIAN:
P(MO)

P(MNO)

2
4
6

= P(M)+P(O)-P(MO)
= 0.5+0,5-0,333
= 0.67

19

B IV
PENGOLAHAN DATA

P(M)

P(N)

P(O)

20

P(MN)

P(MO)

P(NO)

P(MN)

P(MO)

21

P(NO)

22

23

24

19

## 2. Berdasarkan Praktek 55x

1
2
3
4
5
6

Diket

Jumlah
10
4
7
9
11
14
55

Peluang
10/55
4/55
7/55
9/55
11/55
14/55
1.00

: M = (1,2,3)
N = (2,4,6)
O = (1,3,5)

Tentukan :
S

1. P(M)

= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)
= 10/55+4/55+7/55
= 0.38

2. P(N)

= P(2)+P(4)+P(6)
= 4/55+9/55+14/55
= 0.49

3. P(O)

= P(1)+P(3)+P(5)
= 10/55+7/55+11/55
= 0.69

20

4. P(MN)

= M(1,2,3) + N(2,4,6)
= P(2)
= 0.07

s
1
3

5. P(MO)

6. P(NO)

7. P(MN)

= P(1,2,3) + O(1,3,5)
= P(1,3)
= 0.31

S
2

= N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)
= P(-)
= 0/55
=0

S
2
4
6

= M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6)
= P(MN) = (1,2,3,4,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(6)
= 10/55+4/55+7/55+9/55+14/55
= 0.80
S
1
3

8. P(MO)

= M(1,2,3) O(1,3,5)
= P(MO) = (1,2,3,5)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(5)
= 10/55+4/55+7/55+11/55
= 0.58
S
1

21

1
2

9. P(NO)

= N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)
= P(NO) = (1,2,3,4,5,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
= 10/55+4/55+7/55+9/55+11/55+14/55
= 1.00
S

10.P(MNO)

## = M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)

= P(MNO)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
= 10/55+4/44+7/55+9/55+11/55+14/55
= 1.00
S
4
2

1
3

PEMBUKTIAN:
P(MO)

P(MNO)

= P(M)+P(O)-P(MO)
= 0.38+0.69-0.31
= 0.76
=
P(M)+P(N)+P(O)-P(MN)-P(MO)-P(NO)-P(MNO)

22

1
2
3

2
4
6

1
3
5

23

1
3

2
4
6

1
3
5

4
6

1
5

24

1
5

O)-P(MN)-P(MO)-P(NO)-P(MNO)

25

26

27

22

## 3. Berdasarkan Praktek 70x

1
2
3
4
5
6

Diket

Jumlah
15
12
10
14
9
10
70

Peluang
15/70
12/70
10/70
14/70
9/70
10/70
1.00

: M = (1,2,3)
N = (2,4,6)
O = (1,3,5)

Tentukan :
1. P(M)

= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)
= 15/70+12/70+10/70
= 0.53

2. P(N)

= P(2)+P(4)+P(6)
= 12/70+14/70+10/70
= 0.51
S

3. P(O)

= P(1)+P(3)+P(5)
= 15/70+10/70+9/70
= 0.44

2
4
6

1
3
5

23

4. P(MN)

= M(1,2,3) + N(2,4,6)
= P(2)
S
= 0.17

1
2

5. P(MO)

= P(1,2,3) + (1,3,5)
= P(1,3)
S
= 0.36
1
2

6. P(NO)

7. P(MN)

= N(2.4.6)O(1.3.5)
= P(-)
= 0/70
=0

S
2
4
6

= M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6)
= P(MN) = (1,2,3,4,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(6)
= 15/70+12/70+10/70+14/70+10/70
= 0.87
S
1
3

4
2

24

8. P(MO)

= M(1,2,3) O(1,3,5)
= P(MO) = (1,2,3,5)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(5)
= 15/70+12/70+10/70+9/70
= 0.66
S

1
2

9. P(NO)

= N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)
= P(NO) = (1,2,3,4,5,6)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
= 15/70+12/70+10/70+14/70+9/70+10/70
= 1.00
S

10.P(MNO)

## = M(1,2,3) N(2,4,6) O(1,3,5)

= P(MNO)
= P(1)+P(2)+P(3)+P(4)+P(5)+P(6)
= 15/70+12/70+10/70+14/70+9/70+10/70
= 1.00
S
4
2
6

PEMBUKTIAN:
P(MO)

= P(M)+P(O)-P(MO)

1
3

25

P(MNO)

= 0.53+0.44-0.36
= 0.61
= P(M)+P(N)+P(O)-P(MN)-P(MO)-P(NO)-P(MNO)

26

1
2
3

2
4
6

1
3
5

27

1
3

2
4
6

1
3
5

28

1
5

0/70+14/70+9/70+10/70

0/70+14/70+9/70+10/70

O)-P(MN)-P(MO)-P(NO)-P(MNO)

29

30

31

32

33

25

PELUANG
TEORI
P(M)
P(N)
P(O)

P( N O)
P(M N )
P( M O)
P( N O)
P( M N O)

PRAKTEK
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.17
0.17
0.83
0.67
1
1

55 X
0.38
0.49
0.69
0.07
0.31
0.8
0.58
1
1

26

## rkan teori dan praktek

PRAKTEK
70 X
0.53
0.51
0.44
0.17
0.36
0.87
0.66
1
1

26

Percobaan 2
B. Pelemparan Uang Logam
1. Berdasarkan Teori
Variasi

Jumlah

Peluang

AAAA
AAAG
AAGA
AGAA
GAAA
AAGG
AGGA
AGAG
GAGA
GAAG
GGAA
AGGG
GAGG
GGAG
GGGA
GGGG
Total

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
16

1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
16/16

Keterangan :
M = Angka [coin 1]
N = Angka [coin 2]
O = Angka [coin 3]
P = Angka [coin 4]

1.

P(M)

M = Gambar [coin 1]
N = Gambar [coin 2]
O = Gambar [coin 3]
P = Gambar [coin 4]

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5

27

2.

P(N)

=
=
=
=

3.

P(O)

=
=
=
=

4.

P(P)

=
=
=
=

5.

P(M')

=
=
=
=

6.

P(N')

=
=
=
=

7.

8.

P(O')

P(P')

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5

=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+

28

=
=
=
9.

P(M N )
P(M)
=

P(N)

P(M N ) =
=
=
=
10.

11.

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
8/16
0.5

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( M O)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P( M O)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(AAAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P( M P)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( M P)
P(M)

29

12.

13.

P( N O)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P( N O)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+P(GGAA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

P( N P)

P( N P)

14.

P (O P )
P(O)

P(P)

P (O P )

30

=
=

15.

P(M N ' )

P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

=
=
=
=

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( M O' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P( M O' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( M P' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P( M P' )

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(M N ' )

16.

17.

4/16
0.25

31

P( M P' )

18.

19.

20.

=
=
=

1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P( N O' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( N P' )
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P( N P' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P( N O' )
P(N)

P (O P ' )

32

P (O P ' )

21.

22.

23.

=
=
=
=

P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P ( M ' N ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M ' N ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M 'O ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M 'O ' )

P ( M ' P ' )
P(M')

33

24.

25.

26.

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P ( M ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P ( N 'O ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( N 'O ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AGGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P ( N ' P ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P ( N ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+

P (O ' P ' )
P(O')

34

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

27.

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P (O ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
4/16
0.25

P( M N O P)
P(M)
=
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P( M N O P)

28.

=
=
=

P(AAAA)
1/16
0.063

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

P(M')
=
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

35

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

29.

P(M N )
P(M)

P(GGGG)
1/16
0.063

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(M N )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=
30.

=
=
=

P( M O)
P(M)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

36

P( M O)

=
=
=

31.

P( M P)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P( M P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=
32.

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P ( N O)
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

37

P(O)

P( N O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

33.

P( N P)
P(N)

P(P)

P( N P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+

34.

P (O P )
P(O)

38

P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P (O P )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

35.

P(M N ' )

P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P( M N ' )

=
=
=

39

36.

P(M O' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P( M O' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

37.

P( M P' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16

P(M P' )

=
=

40

=
38.

P( N O' )
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P( N O' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

39.

0.75

P( N P' )
P(N)

P(P')

P( N P' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+

41

=
=

40.

P (O P ' )

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P (O P ' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

41.

1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P ( M ' N ' )
P(M')

P(N')

P ( M ' N ' )

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+

42

=
=
=
42.

P ( M 'O ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M 'O ' )

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)

1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=

43.

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P ( M ' P ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

43

P ( M ' P ' )

=
=
=
44.

P ( N 'O ' )
P(N')

P(O')

P ( N 'O ' )

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

45.

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P ( N ' P ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+

44

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P ( N ' P ' )

=
=
=
46.

P (O ' P ' )
P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P (O ' P ' )

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

=
=
=

47.

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
12/16
0.75

P( M N O P)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

45

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P( M N O P)
=

=
=
=

48.

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
15/16
0.94

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

46

P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

=
P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
=
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
=
15/16
=
0.94

49.

P(M|N)

=
50.

P(M|O)

=
=

51.

P(M|P)

=
=

52.

P(N|O)

=
=

P( N M ) 0,2 5

P( N )
0,5
0.5
P (O M )
0,25

P (O )
0,5

0.5

P( P M )
0,25

P( P)
0,5
0.5
P (O N ) 0,25

P (O )
0,5
0.5

47

53.

P(N|P)

=
=

54.

P(O|P)

=
=

55.

P(M|N')

=
=

56.

P(M|O')

=
=

57.

P(M|P')

=
=

58.

P(N|O')

=
=

59.

P(N|P')

=
=

60.

P(O|P')

=
=

61.

P(M'|N')

=
=

62.

P(M'|O')

P( P N )
0,25

P( P)
0,5
0.5
P( P O)
0,25

P( P)
0,5

0.5
P ( N ' M )
0,25

P( N ' )
0,5
0.5
P (O ' M )
0,25

P (O ' )
0,5

0.5

P ( P ' M ) 0,25

P( P' )
0,5
0.5
P (O ' N )
0,25

P (O ' )
0,5
0.5
P ( P ' N )
0,25

P( P' )
0,5
0.5
P ( P 'O )
0,25

P( P' )
0,5
0.5
P ( N ' M ' )
0,25

P( N ' )
0,5
0.5
P (O ' M ' )
0,25

P (O ' )
0,5

48

63.

P(M'|P')

=
=

64.

P(N'|O')

=
=

65.

P(N'|P')

=
=

66.

P(O'|P')

=
=

0.5

P ( P ' M ' )
0,25

P( P' )
0,5
0.5

P (O ' N ' )
0,25

P (O ' )
0,5
0.5
P ( P ' N ' )
0,25

P( P' )
0,5
0.5
P ( P 'O ' )
0,25

P( P' )
0,5

0.5

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

49

## 2. Berdasarkan Praktek 50 kali

Variasi

Jumlah Peluang

AAAA
AAAG
AAGG
AGGG
GGGG
GAAA
GGAA
GGGA
AAGA
AGGA
AGAA
AGAG
GAGA
GAAG
GAGG
GGAG
Total

4
2
1
3
5
2
3
2
4
2
5
3
3
4
2
5
50

Keterangan :
M = Angka [coin 1]
N = Angka [coin 2]
O = Angka [coin 3]
P = Angka [coin 4]

1.

P(M)

4/50
2/50
1/50
3/50
5/50
2/50
3/50
2/50
4/50
2/50
5/50
3/50
3/50
4/50
2/50
5/50
50/50

M = Gambar [coin 1]
N = Gambar [coin 2]
O = Gambar [coin 3]
P = Gambar [coin 4]

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+5/50
24/50
0.48

50

2.

P(N)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

=
=
=
=

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

3.

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

4.

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

5.

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

6.

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

7.

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+

8.

P(O)

=
=
=
=

P(P)

=
=
=
=

P(M')

=
=
=
=

P(N')

=
=
=
=

P(O')

P(P')

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+1/50+2/50+4/50+4/50+2/50
19/50
0.38

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/40+2/50+2/50+3/50+5/50+3/50+4/50
28/50
0.58

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+5/50
22/50
0.44

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
5/50+2/50+3/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+2/50
26/50
0.52

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
3/50+5/50+3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50+3/50
28/50
0.56

=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
1/50+3/50+5/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+3/50
22/50
0.44

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G

51

AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

=
=
=

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G
2/50+1/50+3/50+5/50+3/50+4/50+2/50
25/50
0.5

P(M N )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)

P( M N )

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50
10/50
0.2

9.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

10.

P( M O)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
4/50+5/50+3/50+2/50
14/50
0.28

P(M P)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)

P(M P)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(A
4/50+1/50+5/50+2/50
12/50
0.24

P( M O)

GAA)+P(AGAG)+P(AAAG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

11.

52

12.

P( N O)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)

P( N O)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(A
4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50
12/50
0.24

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

=
=
=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+P(G
4/50+4/50+2/50+3/50
13/50
0.26

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

=
=

P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+P(G
4/50+3/50+4/50+4/50

13.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P(P)

P( N P)

AGA)+P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

GAA)+P(GAAA)+P(GGAA)

P( N P)
P(N)

14.

P (O P )
P(O)

P(P)

P (O P )

53

15.

=
=

15/50
0.30

P(M N ' )

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

=
=
=
=

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50
13/50
0.26

P( M O' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)

P( M O' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(A
4/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
10/50
0.2

P( M P' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P( M P' )

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(M N ' )

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

16.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

17.

54

P( M P' )

18.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P( N O' )
P(N)

=
=
=

2/50+1/50+3/50+3/50
9/50
0.18

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)

P( N O' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(G
4/50+1/50+3/50+2/50
10/50
0.2

P( N P' )
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

AGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P( N P' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(G
2/50+1/50+4/50+2/50
9/50
0.18

19.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

20.

P (O P ' )

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

55

P (O P ' )

GAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)

=
=
=
=

P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(G
2/50+3/50+4/50+5/50
14/50
0.28

P ( M ' N ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M ' N ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
3/50+5/50+2/50+2/50+5/50
17/50
0.34

21.

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

22.

P ( M 'O ' )

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( M 'O ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50
12/50
0.24

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

23.

P ( M ' P ' )
P(M')

56

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P ( M ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+5/50+5/50
16/50
0.32

P ( N 'O ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

GGA)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P ( N 'O ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AGGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GGGA)+P(G
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50
12/50
0.24

P ( N ' P ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

GGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P ( N ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G
3/50+3/50+5/50+5/50
16/50
0.32

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G

24.

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

25.

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+

26.

P (O ' P ' )
P(O')

57

AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

GGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)

P (O ' P ' )

=
=
=
=

P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(G
1/50+3/50+2/50+5/50
11/50
0.22

27.

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

P( M N O P)
P(M)
=
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P( M N O P)

28.

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

P(M')
=
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

58

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

29.

P(M N )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(M N )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
2/50+3/50+4/50+2/50
35/50
0.7

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

=
=
=
30.

P( M O)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(O)

P( M O)

59

P( M O)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

=
=
=

31.

P(M P)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P( M P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+1/50
2/50+3/50+3/50+2/50
32/50
0.64

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

=
=
=
32.

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(GAAA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
2/50+4/50+3/50+5/50
38/50
0.76

P( N O)
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(O)

60

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
P( N O)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
GAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

=
=
=

33.

P( N P)
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50
33/50
0.66

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(P)

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P( N P)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
GGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+

=
=
=
34.

P (O P )
P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50
5/50+3/50+3/50+5/50
38/50
0.76

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

61

AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P (O P )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50
34/50
0.68

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
GGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGGA)

=
=
=

35.

P(M N ' )

P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(M N ' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
3/50+5/50+2/50+5/50
39/50
0.78

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

=
=
=
36.

P( M O' )

62

P( M O' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P( M O' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50
36/50
0.72

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

=
=
=

37.

P( M P' )
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A
P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
4/50+2/50+5/50+5/50
40/50
0.8

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P( M P' )

=
=
=

63

38.

P( N O' )
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P( N O' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50
2/50+3/50+2/50+5/50
34/50
0.68

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
GGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

=
=
=

39.

P( N P' )
P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50
3/50+3/50+5/50+5/50

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
GGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(P')

P( N P' )

64

40.

=
=

38/50
0.76

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

P (O P ' )

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(G
4/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50
1/50+3/50+2/50+5/50
39/50
0.78

P (O P ' )

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
GGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)

=
=
=

41.

P ( M ' N ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(N')

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+

P ( M ' N ' )

65

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

=
=
=
42.

P ( M 'O ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P ( M 'O ' )

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(A

2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+5/50
4/50+1/50+2/50+4/50
39/50
0.78

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)

=
=

43.

2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50
39/50
0.78

P ( M ' P ' )
P(M')

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

P ( M ' P ' )

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

66

P ( M ' P ' )

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

=
=
=
44.

P ( N 'O ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(G
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+3/50+5/50+2/50
4/50+1/50+3/50+2/50
38/50
0.76

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(O')

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P ( N 'O ' )

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
AGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)

=
=
=

45.

P ( N ' P ' )
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+

P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(A
2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+5/50
2/50+1/50+3/50+3/50
37/50
0.74

67

AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P ( N ' P ' )

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
AGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

=
=
=
46.

P (O ' P ' )
P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

P (O ' P ' )

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(G
4/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+2/50
2/50+3/50+4/50+5/50
36/50
0.7

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
GAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

=
=
=

47.

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(G
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+3/50+5/50+2/50
2/50+1/50+4/50+2/50
37/50
0.74

P( M N O P)
P(M)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(A

68

P(N)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(G
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

P(O)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(G

P(P)

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(G
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(G

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

AAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

AGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
AGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P( M N O P)
=

AAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
=

+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16
=
=

48.

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(A
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(A
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(A
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+2/50+1/50+2/50
3/50+4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50
45/50
0.9

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

P(M')
=
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(G

69

AGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
P(N')

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(O')

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(G

P(P')

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(G
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(G

GGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
AGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

AGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
AGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

## P ( M ' N 'O ' P ' )

=
P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(A
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(A
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(G
=
2/50+4/50+5/50+2/50+1/50+2/50+3/50
4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+5/50
=
46/50
=
0.92

AGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
AAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
GAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16+1/16

49.

P(M|N)

=
50.

P(M|O)

=
=

51.

52.

P(M|P)

P(N|O)

P( N M ) 0.2

P( N )
0.3 8
0.53
P (O M )
0.28

P (O )
0,58

0.48
P( P M )
0.24

P( P)
0.44

0.55

P ( P M ) 0.28

P( P)
0.58
0.55

70

53.

P(N|P)

= P ( P N ) 0.26
P( P)
0.44
=
0.59

54.

P(O|P)

=
=

55.

P(M|N')

P(M|O')

P(M|P')

=
=

58.

P(N|O')

P(N|P')

P(O|P')

61.

P(M'|N')

62.

P(M'|O')

## P (O' M ' ) 0.24

P (O' )
0.56
0.64

0.45

= P ( P ' N ) 0.2
P( P' )
0.5
=

60.

0.45

= P (O ' N ) 0.2
P (O ' )
0.56
=

59.

0.46

= P (O ' M ) 0.2
P (O ' )
0.44
=

57.

0.68

= P ( N ' M ) 0,26
P( N ' )
0,56
=

56.

P( P O)
0,30

P( P)
0,44

0.36

= P ( P 'O ) 0.28
P( P' )
0.45
=
0.56
= P ( N ' M ' ) 0.34
P( N ' )
0.56
=

0.61

P (O' )
0.44
0.55

71

63.

P(M'|P')

= P ( P ' M ' )
P( P' )

=
64.

P(N'|O')

P(N'|P')

P(O'|P')

0.62

0.55

P( P' )
0.5
=

66.

0.44
0.5

P (O ' )
0.44
=

65.

0.64

## = P ( P 'O ' ) 0.22

P( P' )

0.44

0.44

72

M = Gambar [coin 1]
N = Gambar [coin 2]
O = Gambar [coin 3]
P = Gambar [coin 4]

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+5/50+3/50

73

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
4/50+2/50+1/50+2/50+4/50+4/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
4/40+2/50+2/50+3/50+5/50+3/50+4/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+5/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
5/50+2/50+3/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+5/50

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
3/50+5/50+3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50+3/50+5/50

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
1/50+3/50+5/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+

74

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
2/50+1/50+3/50+5/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)
4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(AAAG)
4/50+5/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)
4/50+1/50+5/50+2/50

75

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)
4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)
4/50+4/50+2/50+3/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+P(GGAA)
4/50+3/50+4/50+4/50

76

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)
4/50+1/50+2/50+3/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

77

2/50+1/50+3/50+3/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)
4/50+1/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
2/50+1/50+4/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

78

P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)
2/50+3/50+4/50+5/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
3/50+5/50+2/50+2/50+5/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

79

P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+5/50+5/50

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
3/50+3/50+5/50+5/50

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+

80

P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)
1/50+3/50+2/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
=
=
=

P(AAAA)
4/50
0.08

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)

81

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
=
=
=

P(GGGG)
5/50
0.1

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
2/50+3/50+4/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

82

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
2/50+4/50+3/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+
2/50+3/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+

83

P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGAA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+
5/50+3/50+3/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)

84

P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+5/50+
4/50+2/50+3/50+2/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
3/50+5/50+2/50+5/50

85

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
4/50+2/50+5/50+5/50

86

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+
2/50+3/50+2/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)+
P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+4/50+2/50+1/50+3/50+4/50+2/50+
3/50+3/50+5/50+5/50

87

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGG)
4/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+5/50+
1/50+3/50+2/50+5/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

88

2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+5/50+
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGGG)
2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+5/50+4/50+
4/50+1/50+2/50+4/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+

89

P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)
2/50+3/50+4/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+5/50+4/50+
2/50+1/50+3/50+3/50

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAGG)
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+3/50+5/50+2/50+5/50+
4/50+1/50+3/50+2/50

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

90

P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
5/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+3/50+5/50+2/50+5/50+
2/50+1/50+4/50+2/50

P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)+
P(AAAG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAG)
4/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+2/50+5/50+
2/50+3/50+4/50+5/50

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(AGGG)

91

P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AAGG)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GAGG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(GGAG)
P(AAAA)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+P(GAAA)+
P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+P(GGAA)+P(GGGA)
P(AAAA)+P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)
4/50+2/50+4/50+5/50+2/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+
3/50+4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50

P(GAAA)+P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+

92

P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AGAA)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+P(GGAA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAGA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(GAGA)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
P(AAAG)+P(AAGG)+P(AGAG)+P(GAAG)+
P(AGGG)+P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGG)

P(AAAG)+P(AAGA)+P(AGAA)+
P(GAAA)+P(AAGG)+P(AGGA)+P(AGAG)+
P(GAGA)+P(GAAG)+P(GGAA)+P(AGGG)+
P(GAGG)+P(GGAG)+P(GGGA)+P(GGGG)
2/50+4/50+5/50+2/50+1/50+2/50+3/50+3/50+
4/50+3/50+3/50+2/50+5/50+2/50+5/50

P( N M ) 0.2

P( N )
0.3 8
P (O M )
0.28

P (O )
0,58

P( P M )
0.24

P( P)
0.44

P ( P M ) 0.28

P( P)
0.58

93

P( P N )
0.26

P( P)
0.44
P( P O)
0,30

P( P)
0,44

P ( N ' M )
0,26

P( N ' )
0,56

P (O ' M )
0. 2

P (O ' )
0.44
P (O' M ' ) 0.24

P (O' )
0.56

P (O ' N )
0.2

P (O ' )
0.56
P ( P ' N )
0.2

P( P' )
0 .5

P ( P 'O)
0.28

P( P' )
0.45
P ( N ' M ' )
0.34

P( N ' )
0.56

P (O' )
0.44

94

P ( P ' M ' )
0.44

P( P' )
0.5

P (O ' N ' )
024

P (O ' )
0.44

P ( P ' N ' )
0.32

P( P' )
0.5

P ( P 'O ' )
0.22

P( P' )
0.44

70

## Perbandingan Pelemparan Uang Logam berdasarkan teori dan praktek

No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

Berdasarkan Teori
P(M)
P(N)
P(O)
P(P)
P(M)
P(N)
P(O)
P(P)
P(MN)
P(MO)
P(MP)
P(NO)
P(NP)
P(OP)
P(MN)
P(MO)
P(MP)
P(NO)
P(NP)
P(OP)
P(MN)
P(MO)
P(MP)
P(NO)
P(NP)
P(OP)
P(MNOP)
P(MNOP)
P(MUN)
P(MUO)
P(MUP)

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.63
0.63
0.75
0.75
0.75

70

32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.

P(NUO)
P(NUP)
P(OUP)
P(MUN')
P(MUO')
P(MUP')
P(NUO')
P(NUP')
P(O'UP')
P(MUN')
P(MUO')
P(MUP')
P(NUO')
P(NUP')
P(OUP')
P(MUNUOUP)
P(MUN'UO'UP')
P(M|N)
P(M|O)
P(M|P)
P(N|O)
P(N|P)
P(O|P)
P(M|N)
P(M|O)
P(M|P)
P(N|O)
P(N|P)
P(O|P)
P(M|N)
P(M|P)
P(N|P)
P(N|O)
P(N|P)
P(O|P)

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.94
0.94
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

70

Keterangan :
M = Angka [coin 1]
N = Angka [coin 2]
O = Angka [coin 3]
P = Angka [coin 4]

M = Gambar [coin 1]
N = Gambar [coin 2]
O = Gambar [coin 3]
P = Gambar [coin 4]

70

## Uang Logam berdasarkan teori dan praktek

Berdasarkan Praktek
(50X)
0, 48
0.38
0.58
0.44
0.52
0.56
0.44
0.5
0.2
0.28
0.24
0.24
0.26
0.3
0.26
0.2
0.18
0.2
0.18
0.28
0.34
0.24
0.32
0.24
0.32
0.22
0.08
0.1
0.7
0.76
0.64

70

0.76
0.66
0.68
0.78
0.72
0.8
0.68
0.76
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.74
0.76
0.74
0.7
0.9
0.92
0.53
0.48
0.55
0.55
0.59
0.68
0.46
0.45
0.64
0.45
0.36
0.56
0.61
0.55
0.62
0.55
0.64
0.44

70

71

## C. Percobaan Pengambilan Kelereng

1. Berdasarkan Teori !
Kelereng
Merah
Kuning
Hijau
Total

T
2
2
3
7

TT
2
3
3
8

Jumlah
4
5
6
15

ket :

M
K
J
T
TT

= Merah
= Kuning
= Hijau
= Tanda
= Tidak Tanda

1. P(KM T)

P(TKM)
P(T)

=
=

(2/15)(7/15)
0.06

2. P(KK T)

P(TKK)
P(T)

=
=

(2/15)(7/15)
0.06

3. P(KH T)

P(TKH)
P(T)

=
=

(3/15)(7/15)
0.09

4. P(KM TT)

P(TTKM) =
P(TT)
=

(2/15)(8/15)
0.07

5. P(KK TT)

P(TTKK) =
P(TT)
=

(3/15)(8/15)
0.11

6. P(KH TT)

P(TTKH) =
P(TT)
=

(3/15)(8/15)
0.11

72

## C. Percobaan Pengambilan Kelereng

2. Berdasarkan Praktek !
Pengambilan Kelereng Sebanyak 25 x
Kelereng
Merah
Kuning
Hijau
Total

T
7
5
6
18

TT
3
2
2
7

Jumlah
10
7
8
25

ket :

M
K
J
T
TT

= Merah
= Kuning
= Hijau
= Tanda
= Tidak Tanda

1. P(KM T)

P(TKM)
P(T)

=
=

(7/25)(18/25)
0.20

2. P(KK T)

P(TKK)
P(T)

=
=

(5/25)(18/25)
0.14

3. P(KH T)

P(TKH)
P(T)

=
=

(6/25)(18/25)
0.17

4. P(KM TT)

P(TTKM) =
P(TT)
=

(3/25)(7/25)
0.03

5. P(KK TT)

P(TTKK) =
P(TT)
=

(2/25)(7/25)
0.02

6. P(KH TT)

P(TTKH) =
P(TT)
=

(2/25)(7/25)
0.02

73

## C. Percobaan Pengambilan Kelereng

2. Berdasarkan Praktek !
Pengambilan Kelereng Sebanyak 35 x
Kelereng
Merah
Kuning
Hijau
Total

T
5
8
5
18

TT
5
5
7
17

Jumlah
10
13
12
35

ket :

M
K
J
T
TT

= Merah
= Kuning
= Hijau
= Tanda
= Tidak Tanda

1. P(KM T)

P(TKM)
P(T)

=
=

(5/35)(18/35)
0.07

2. P(KK T)

P(TKK)
P(T)

=
=

(8/35)(18/35)
0.12

3. P(KH T)

P(TKH)
P(T)

=
=

(5/35)(18/35)
0.07

4. P(KM TT)

P(TTKM) =
P(TT)
=

(5/35)(17/35)
0.07

5. P(KK TT)

P(TTKK) =
P(TT)
=

(5/35)(17/35)
0.07

6. P(KH TT)

P(TTKH) =
P(TT)
=

(7/35)(17/35)
0.10

74

## D. Pengembalian Kelereng Pada Kaidah Bayes

Bedasarkan Teori 30 x
Kelereng

30x

Peluang JK

T
5
8
4
17

Jumlah

TT
3
4
6
13

Merah
Kuning
Hijau
Total

1/3
1/3
1/3
1

8
12
10
30

1. P(KM)

1/3

0.33

2. P(KK)

1/3

0.33

3. P(KH)

1/3

0.33

4. P(T KM)

P(TKM) =
P(KM)

(5/30)(1/3)
0.06

5. P(T KK)

P(TKK)
P(KK)

(8/30)(1/3)
0.09

6. P(T KH)

P(TKH)
P(KH)

(4/30)(1/3)
0.04

7. P(TT KM)

P(TKM) =
P(KM)

(3/30)(1/3)
0.03

8. P(TT KK)

P(TKK)
P(KK)

(4/30)(1/3)
0.04

9. P(TT KH)

P(TKH)

(6/30)(1/3)

75

P(KH)

0.07

76

(2/15)(7/15)

(2/15)(7/15)

(3/15)(7/15)

(2/15)(8/15)

(3/15)(8/15)

(3/15)(8/15)

77

(7/25)(18/25)

(5/25)(18/25)

(6/25)(18/25)

(3/25)(7/25)

(2/25)(7/25)

(2/25)(7/25)

78

(5/35)(18/35)

(8/35)(18/35)

(5/35)(18/35)

(5/35)(17/35)

(5/35)(17/35)

(7/35)(17/35)

79

80

75

BERDASARKAN
TEORI
P(KM|T)
0.26
P(KK|T)
0.286
P(KH | T)
0.43
P(KM | TT)
0.25
P(KK | TT)
0.38
P(KK | TT)
0.38

PRAKTEK
25X
0.2
0.14
0.17
0.03
0.02
0.02

Ket :
M
H
K
T
TT

MERAH
HIJAU
KUNING
TANDA
TIDAK TANDA

75

PRAKTEK
35X
0.07
0.12
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.1

76

Kelereng
Merah
Kuning
Hijau
Total

Peluang
JK
1/3
1/3
1/3
1

30x
T
5
8
4
17

Ket :
M = Merah
H = Hijau
K = Kuning
T = Tanda
TT = Tidak Tanda

TT
3
4
6
13

Jumlah
8
12
10
30