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How to Prevent Child Abuse?

An analytical report by Denise Cordova.

April 30,2016.

Abstract: Children are suffering from an unseen epidemic of child abuse. Its an
extensive battle against our children that we have the power to stop, and
understanding the issue is the first step. There are many forms of child
maltreatment, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation, and
emotional abuse. The United States has one of the worst records among modern
nations, losing on average between four and seven children every day to child
abuse and neglect. The purpose of this study is to investigate and inform the
importance of child abuse in the United States, this study focuses on addressing
and analyzing the causes of child abuse. Also understanding on what can we do to
prevent child abuse.

Denise Cordova Analytical report- April 30, 2016 Page

Letter of transmittal

From: Denise Cordova, How to Prevent


Child Abuse.

To: Population of the United States.

Subject: Child Abuse.

whether through action or failing to act,


causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk
of serious harm to a child. There are many
forms of child maltreatment, including
neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse,
exploitation, and emotional abuse. This
research will focus on an intensive research
of different scholarly articles and the
impressive high numbers of death happened
every year on the United States by
addressing the following questions:
1. What is child abuse?

Every year more than 3 million reports of


child abuse are made in the United States.
Its a terrible epidemic that we as a society
need to put an end to. In order to achieve
this, we need to first increase awareness of
the issue itself.

When a parent causes injury, death,


emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a
child.
2. What causes child abuse?
Poverty, lack of education etc.
3. Why should we value children?

The main issue is that children all over the


country are being abuse by parents,
caregivers, family members and people they
should trust and feel safe with. Many people
are unaware of how important is to bring
attention in the ways we can help prevent
child abuse all over the world. We need to
make sure that we can explain and help
prevent child abuse by advocating for those
who do not have a voice to defend for
themselves.

Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver,

Children are the future of this


country.
4. How to help prevent child abuse?
by reporting any suspicion of child
abuse to Child Protective services.
In order to project the real devastation that
the continuing unacceptable treatment of
children can have on the world, it is
essential to create awareness of this
worldwide issue. It is necessary to inform
every citizen of the world that is not only an

innate responsibility to protect the innocent


ones but with that we are protecting the
future generations of the world. A unity
among the worlds nation, must be created,
in order to commit to the proper protection
of children.

Executive summary

Introduction.

Scope.

It is important to understand that there are


four different types of child abuse, and each
type of abuse have very high statics numbers
in the country.

This research will focus on helping


preventing child abuse, inform and educate
people on how to help children in need, also
the high numbers of child abuse reported
every year. In order to understand the
statistics and inform people on preventing
child abuse we need to analyze the
following questions:

Purpose.
The purpose of this study is to investigate
and inform the importance of child abuse in
the United States, this study focuses on
addressing and analyzing the causes of child
abuse. Also learning about the different
types of child abuse is curtail on order to
help children, the earlier you learn how to
help a child the more chance they have heal
and break the cycle of child abuse. it is
important to understand what can we do to
prevent child abuse.

1. What is child abuse?


2. What causes child abuse?
3. Why should we value children?
4. How to help prevent child abuse?

Methods.
The methods use in this study include
scholarly
articles,
Google
research,
government websites, journal articles, and
The University of Texas at El Paso library.

Limitations.
This report has a limitation based on the lack
of reports to child protective services. The
research was based on statistic provided by
government documents on child abuse
reports made to agencies of child protective
services.

Conclusions and recommendations.


The research show how high are the
numbers on reports made to child abuse
every year. A report to child abuse is made
every ten seconds. There are four different
types of child abuse and the statics of death
are very high on each one. An important
recommendation is to spread the word and
get involved on organizations to help
prevent child abuse.

Table of Contents

Abstract.........................................
.......1

Introduction..................................
..5

Letter of
Transmittal..........................2

Executive
Summary...........................3

Table of
Contents..............................4

Study Focus One: Definition of


Child
Abuse.............................................
...6-7

Study Focus Two: The Causes


of Child Abuse
..............................................8

Study Focus Three: The


Importance of the Value of
Children................9

Study Focus Four: Ways to


prevent Child
Abuse...................... 10-11

Conclusions and
Recommendations.......................
.....12
Appendixes: 12-14

Introduction

A report of child abuse is made every ten


second in the Unites States. In 2014, state
agencies found an estimated 702,000 victims
of child maltreatment, but that only tells part
of the story (Child Help). It is important to
understand that there are four different types
of child abuse, and each type of abuse have
very high statics numbers in the country, the
definition of the four types of child abuse;
physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional
abuse, and neglect.

Most of the emotional abuse is a pattern or


behavior that causes damages over time.
Neglect happens when a parent does not
give care, supervision, affection and support
needed for a childs health, safety and wellbeing.
Understanding the four different types of
child abuse, the value of children and the
cycle of parents who beats their children that
needs to be broken in order to understand
and stop child abuse.

According to the website childhelp.org,


Physical Abuse is when a parent causes any
non-accidental physical injury to a child.
Sexual Abuse is when an adult uses a child
for sexual purposes or involves a child in
sexual acts. Emotional Abuse occurs when a
parent harms a childs mental and social
development or causes several emotional
harm, it is considered emotional abuse.
http://www.childtrends.org/wpcontent/uploads/2014/07/40_fig1.jpg

Study One: Definition of Child Abuse.

Is very important to understand what child


abuse is, in order to fully comprehend the
abuse.
According to the Child welfare government
agency, the Federal Child Abuse Prevention
and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C.A.
5106g), as amended and reauthorized by
the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010,
defines child abuse and neglect as, at
minimum:

Any recent act or failure to act on the part


of a parent or caretaker which results in
death, serious physical or emotional harm,
sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or
failure to act which presents an imminent
risk of serious harm.

abuse. it is important to learn more and to


understand how can signs of child abuse be
recognize. According to the article by
Rimsza and Schackner, although inaction or
inappropriate action by Child Protective
Services is often thought to be the cause of
child abuse deaths, the ACFRP determined
that in 79% of child abuse deaths, there had
been no previous CPS involvement with the
childs family. Although 61% of child abuse
deaths were considered to be preventable,
much of the responsibility for preventing
these deaths rests with community members
like neighbors who were aware of the abuse
but failed to report the family to CPS

Most Federal and State child protection laws


primarily refer to cases of harm to a child
caused by parents or other caregivers; they
generally do not include harm caused by
other people, such as acquaintances or
strangers. Some State laws also include a
childs witnessing of domestic violence as a
form of abuse or neglect (2013).
Most states in the United States recognize
the four different types of abuse: physical
abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and emotional

(2002).

http://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/8033/werechildren-safer-in-the-good-old-days

The high numbers of deaths per day due to child abuse is unbelievable. The death for child abuse
has been increasing during the last several years. Instead of having the numbers going down, the
numbers are increasing year by year due to the lack of prevention programs of child abuse.

http://skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/8033/were-children-safer-in-the-good-old-days

Study Two: The Causes of Child Abuse


child, even the person that is least expected
According to the Department of Humans

because that person looks normal or not a

and Health Services, there is not any single

violent person does not mean he or she is a

fact which causes child abuse; abuse usually

child abuser. On sexual abuse the majority

occurs in families where there is a

of the abuser are males and the majority of

combination of risk factors. Abuse and

victims are females. The department of

neglect occur most often in families who are

Humans and health Services reported that

under pressure and lack support. Some

both men and women commit physical

major key factors are families who grow on

abuse, emotional abuse and neglect. It often

difficult situations such as, poverty, lack of

depends on which parent spends most time

education, unemployment, frequent changes

with the child. Child abuse usually takes

of addresses, violence between family

place in the home with someone that the

members, loneliness, social isolation,

child knows rather than with strangers

inadequate housing, depression, parent may


have been abuse as a child this is the cycle
of the abuse, alcohol, drugs, mental health,
and sometimes work pressure (2013).
Another important question is who are the
abusers? The answer can vary depending on
the type of the abuse but the most general
http://cbpi.ca/understanding-the-signs-of-child-abuse/

answer is anyone, yes, anyone can abuse a


(2013).

Study Three: The Importance of the Value of Children

It is very important to value children so they


continue to develop a sense of self-esteem,
self-worth and independent thinking, to
teach children that they have self-worth and
that their ideas and opinions are just as
important as ours. Children need to know
form the beginning that they are loved and

https://www.sccgov.org/sites/cac/Pages/cac.aspx

that they are worth it. children need to grow


up with more than the requirement of care,
children need love, attention, protection and
more. Is very important that children grow
knowing they are very valuable, so that the
cycle of the abuse from the parents does not
repeat with the children future children.

Study Four: Ways to Prevent Child Abuse

The first step in order to know how to


prevent child abuse is to educate yourself, is
important to remember to be reasonable
when suspecting child abuse is occurring,
but even the smallest feeling of suspicion,
contact the local Child Protection services
agencies to report the abuse, because even
though is the person is not sure the abuse is
happening, the phone call can save a life.
Here are some tips to help prevent child
abuse.
First evaluate the situation, help a child
when you see adults abusing children in
public places. When talking to a parent
about the children in their care you should
consider be helpful and supportive, rather
than judgmental and critical. Be empathetic
when having a conversation and focus the
attention on the child because it may divert
the parents anger. Also help when a child is
physically hurt.
Second, report the abuse, there is no need to
make decisions about whether abuse or
neglect occurred: people are just reporting
their concerns. Reporting the abuse to the
local Child Protective Services (CPS) or
called to the Child help National Child

Abuse Hotline (24/7) at 1.800.422.4453.


There might be a need to call more than
once. Remember, a child may be counting
on that person to make the call. Third
Understanding Child Abuse Laws Once the
report is made, Child Protective Services
agencies are not free to give any information
about the case.
They will, however, be able to say whether a
case has been substantiated or not.
Substantiation means that there is enough
evidence to justify an investigation and case
plan. Remember that one person can make a
meaningful contribution in the life of a child
in your community.

Get involved in American Humanes Front


Porch Project and help protect children by
reconnecting with your neighbors and the
surrounding community.

Conclusion and Recommendations


The research show how high are the
numbers on reports made to child abuse
every year. A report to child abuse is made
every ten seconds. There are four different
types of

child abuse and the statics of death are very


high

on

each

one.

An

important

recommendation is to spread the word and


get involved on organizations to help
prevent child abuse.

Appendix
Butchart, A., & and Harvey, A.
(2006). Preventing child
maltreatment: A guide to taking action
and generating evidence. World
Health Organization and International
Society for Prevention of Child Abuse
and Neglect. Available at:
http://libdoc.who.int/publications/200
6/9241594365_eng.pdf. - See more at:
http://www.childtrends.org/?
indicators=childmaltreatment#sthash.yiBiqbch.dpuf

Can Child Deaths Be Prevented? The


Arizona Child Fatality Review
Program Experience (2002). Mary E.
Rimsza, Robert A. Schackner,
Kathryn A. Bowen and William
Marshall Pediatrics.

Centers for Disease Control and


Prevention, National Center for Injury
Prevention and Control. (2012).
Understanding child maltreatment:
Fact sheet. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePreventi
on/pub/CM_factsheet.html. - See
more at: http://www.childtrends.org/?

indicators=childmaltreatment#sthash.yiBiqbch.dpuf

Child Welfare Information Gateway.


(2013). What is child abuse and
neglect? Recognizing the signs and
symptoms. Washington, DC: U.S.
Department of Health and Human
Services, Children's Bureau.

Department of Human Services,


Victoria, Australia. (2013). Retrieved
from: http://www.dhs.vic.gov.au/forindividuals/children,-families-andyoung-people/child-protection/aboutchild-abuse/what-is-child-abuse/whatare-the-causes-of-child-abuse
National Research Council. (1993).
Understanding child abuse and
neglect. Washington, DC: National
Academy Press. Available at:
http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?
isbn=0309048893 - See more at:
http://www.childtrends.org/?

indicators=childmaltreatment#sthash.yiBiqbch.dpuf

What is Child Abuse. (n.d.). Retrieved


January 28, 2016, from
https://www.childhelp.org/childabuse/