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Helium Wind

Turbine

Guided by:
Mr. Rahul Pal
&
Dr. Vivekanand Tiwari

Presented by:
Kanishk katare

Introduction
In present time the human civilization is in
need of clean energy, one such equipment to
produce clean energy is Wind turbine
Wind turbine is a device which converts wind
energy into electrical energy.
It does so by converting linear motion to
rotational motion and then to electrical energy.

Classes OF WIND TURBINE


Horizontal Axis have the main rotor shaft and
electrical generator at the top of a tower, and
must be pointed into the wind.
Vertical axis have the main rotor shaft
arranged vertically. One advantage of this
arrangement is that the turbine does not need
to be pointed into the wind to be effective

Previous models
Conventional wind turbine
Flying turbine [4]
Helical structural turbine
Maglev turbine [2]

[1]

[3]

Conventional Wind turbine

Conventional wind turbines have a


set of 3 blades which mounted on a
high base. They have to be facing
in the direction of wind to produce
electricity, are very costly and need
regular maintenance.

Flying turbine
It contains helium to make it fly,
so it can access high speed air
The main problem with these
turbines is that, they have to be
connected to ground via wire for
transmission.
The risk remains that wire can
break and the turbine can fly
away

Helical Structural turbine


These are touted to be the
windmills of tomorrow.
Logically, helical structures
should function better than
the traditional windmills as
they maximize the winds
energy by containing the
wind.

Maglev wind turbines


The blades of the turbine are
suspended on a cushion of
air, and the energy is directed
to linear generators via gears
with minimal friction losses.

Suggested Model

Helium
Wind
Turbine

HELIUM WIND TURBINE


It is a type of vertical axis turbine but
without any physical contact like gear
attached to it. The power generating
part of the turbine uses NdFeb magnets
to produce flux as it doesnt
demagnetize easily. The blade design is
chosen to help free rotation.

Rotor
Air
(Helium box
and
rotor are
Levitated in air)

Helium Box
Case

Coils

Rotor
It is an integration of 6 blades,
with an angle of 60 between
each blade. The blades are
slightly curved from the front
and have a protruding edge on
the back to enhance its
aerodynamic property.

The movement of air due to


its shape facilitates rotation

Helium box
The box is placed below the
rotor and contains helium to
lift the whole structure. The
box is fitted with magnets to
help it balance while rotating
and a different set of magnets
which produce changing flux
to produce electricity.

Coils
A pairs of coil are connected
to this structure at a height
that is similar to that of flux
magnets. One set of coil ends
are interconnected and other
are connected to transformer.

Case
The case contains the helium
box with supporting magnets
to balance the box and
prevent it from jumping out.

Working
The helium box is attached to a turbine which rotates
rapidly in the presence of wind (While none of its parts
are physically connected)
In the process results in a constant change of the
magnetic poles which generates a change in magnetic
flux.
The case is kept in the presence of a Cu coil
connected to a step down transformer.
When the turbines are rotated an emf is induced in the
coils which is then used to transfer power to
households via the step down transformer.

Advantages
As the whole system is levitated, including flux
magnets so ideally there is very little loss of energy
due to friction though air friction still remains.
The setup and construction of this turbine is easy.
It is ideal for household use.
As there is no part that is physically connected so we
expect very less wear and tear due to friction.

Conclusion
Wind is a free and unlimited resource and Helium
turbine theoretically tends to take all its energy from
it with improved efficiency. The turbine is ideal for
household use and can be a great resource for
country like India.

References
[1] Wright, A. K., and D. H. Wood. "The starting and low wind speed
behaviour of a small horizontal axis wind turbine." Journal of Wind
Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 92.14 (2004): 1265-1279.
[2] Dinesh N Nagarkarand Dr. Z. J. Khan,Wind Power Plant Using
Magnetic Levitation Wind Turbine, InternationalJournal of Engineering and
Innovative Technology (IJEIT) Volume 3, Issue1, July 2013.
[3] Wind turbines and methods for capturing wind energy US
20130170949 A1. Samuels, Davian A. "Wind turbines and methods for
capturing wind energy." U.S. Patent Application 13/731,938.
[4] B. W. Roberts et al., Harnessing high-altitude wind power, IEEE
Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 136144, Mar. 2007.
[5] Mehat, V. K., and Rohit Mehta. Principles of Physics for Class XI. RSM
Press.M. Young, The Technical Writers Handbook. Mill Valley, CA:
University Science, 1989.

THANK YOU

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