Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 152

Minitab 15

Windows

2007 .

Minitab Inc., 2006 . .


Minitab Minitab Inc. Minitab,
Quality Companion by Minitab, Quality Companion by Minitab, Quality Trainer by
Minitab, Quality Trainer by Minitab, Capability Sixpack, Process Capability Sixpack,
ReportPad StatGuide Minitab Inc.
.

ii


1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Minitab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6

2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14

3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
(ANOVA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Project Manager Minitab. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13

4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11

iii

5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14

6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Exec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8

7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
ReportPad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10

8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12

iv

9 Minitab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Minitab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9

10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Minitab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
StatGuide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12

11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
Minitab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Minitab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-6

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1

vi

Minitab, . 1-1;

Minitab, . 1-3;

, . 1-4.

Minitab
Minitab. ,
, .
, , ,
Minitab.
Minitab
, .
,

, .
2 5 ,
Minitab:

6 9 :

Minitab

Minitab.
1-1

10, ,
Minitab. 11,
Minitab. ,
, Minitab,
, .
Minitab :

,

.

Minitab.

Minitab ,
.
(
):
.
Minitab
StatGuide.


&

, Enter.

a+D

: ,
. ,
a, D.

File () Exit () .
Exit () File ().
: Stat () Tables () Tally
Individual Variables (
). Stat
(), Tables
() Tally Individual
Variables ( ).

1-2

OK.


, Minitab.

Pulse1.

,
.

Minitab


,
.
.
,
,
.

, ,
Minitab. ,
,
.
,
.
,
. ,
. ,
.
, ,
, Minitab.

Minitab
, Minitab
.
Minitab

1 Windows

Minitab Solutions Minitab 15 Statistical Software English.


Minitab. :

Minitab

. ,
, Minitab.
,
. ,
.

1-3

Minitab . Minitab . 11-2.


, . ,
, .
, Minitab.
, , .
SHIPPINGDATA.MTW.
.
, , . 8,
.

1-4

Minitab

1 File

() Open Worksheet
( ).
2 Look in

Minitab Sample Data


folder (

Minitab)
.
3 Sample Data

Meet Minitab.
,


Minitab,
Tools () Options () General ().
4 SHIPPINGDATA.MTW Open ().

, Do not display this


message again ( ) OK.
,
Minitab . .
Minitab . 9-8.

,
. .
,
.

Minitab : ,
.
.

Minitab

1-5

(On time , ,
Back order , , Late ,
);
.
. Minitab . 11-5.


, ,
Minitab. ,

.

1-6

Minitab

, . 2-2;

, . 2-4;

, . 2-5;

, . 2-7;

, . 2-9;

, . 2-10;

, . 2-11;

, . 2-12;

, . 2-13;

, . 2-14.

,

. ,
.
Minitab Graph ()
Stat (). ,
,
.

Minitab

2-1

Minitab :
.

:
.

, :
, , , , .

,
, ,
,
.
Minitab :

Minitab Graphs ()
overview () Minitab. ,
Help () Help Index ().

Help () Tutorials () Session One: Graphing


Data( : )
Minitab.


, ,
.

. ,
,
,
.

, .
, .
1 , File ()

Open Worksheet ( ).
, 4.
2 Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (

Minitab) .
3 Sample Data Meet Minitab

SHIPPINGDATA.MTW. Open ().

2-2

Minitab


4 Graph ()

Individual Value Plot (


).

Minitab .

, .
5 One Y ( Y)

With Groups ( )
OK.
6 Graph variables

(
) Days ().
7 Categorical variables

for grouping (1-4, outermost


first) (,
,
, 1-4,
)
Center ().

. , ,
.

, .
, ( ).
8 Data View (

). Mean
connect line (,
).
9 OK

Minitab :
,
Select .

Minitab

2-3

,
. Western ,
Central Eastern.
.


:
.
.
1 Graph () Histogram

().
2 With Fit And Groups ( ,

) OK.

3 Graph variables

(
) Days ().
4 Categorical

variables for grouping (0-3)


(,
,
, 0-3)
Center ().
5 OK.

2-4

Minitab

,
. :
Central3,984 days
Eastern4,452 days
Western2,981 days
, Central Eastern

. Western
. 3, ,
,
.
Minitab .
. Updating graphs ( )
Minitab.

Minitab
. . ,
:

Minitab

( )
;
.

2-5

.
2 Header Font

( ).
3 Style ()

Bold ().
4 OK.

(Histogram of Days
( )).
2 Text () Histogram

of Delivery Time (
).
3 OK.

2-6

Minitab

,
.
, ,
.

, , ,
, Tools () Options () Graphics ().

, ,
, Tools
() Options () Individual Graphs ( ).

, ,
.

,
,
.
1 Graph () Histogram

().
2 With Fit ( )

OK.

3 Graph variables

(
) Days ().

Minitab

2-7


4 Multiple Graphs

( )
By Variables ( ).
5 By variables with groups in

separate panels ( ,
)
Center ().
6 OK


: .
50,
(Graph ()
Probability Plot ( )).


.

.
,
,
.
,
.
2-8

Minitab

Help
()

, ,
Help Minitab.
1 Help () Help.
2 Index ().
3 Type in the keyword to find ( )

Graphs () Overview (),


.
4 ,


Types of graphs
( )

Examine
relationships
between pairs of
variables
(

).

,
.
- Minitab,
Help () 1.
. 10,
.

Minitab

2-9


1 Graph ()

Scatterplot ( ).
2 With Regression ( )

OK.

3 Y variables

( Y)
Days ().
Y variables (
Y) Days ().

4 Multiple

Graphs ( )
By Variables
( ).
5 By variables with groups in

separate panels ( ,
)
Center ().
6 OK

2-10

Minitab

, -
.
, ,
.
,
.
1 ,

..
2 Editor ()

Add () Footnote ().


3 Footnote ()

Relationship between delivery time and


distance from shipping center
(
).
4 OK.


Minitab ,
.
, , .

Minitab

2-11


, .
Minitab,
.
, 3.

1 , Editor ()

Layout Tool ( ).
.

2 .
3

,
.

.
5

.
6 Finish ().

2-12

Minitab

, Minitab
, , .
.

.
1 Editor () Add () Title ().
2 Title () Graphical Analysis of Shipping Center Data

( ). OK.

Minitab

, :
Minitab .

2-13


1 , , File ()

Print Graph ( ).

2 OK.


Minitab . ,
Minitab, ,
. Minitab ,
, , , ,
ReportPad .
, .

Minitab

Minitab.
1 File ()

Save
Project As (
).
2 File name (

)
MY_GRAPHS.MPJ.

Minitab


.MPJ.
3 Save

().
, , Minitab
.


, , ,
.
,
, .

2-14

Minitab

, . 3-2;
(ANOVA)
, . 3-5;

, . 3-5;

StatGuide, . 3-9;

Project Manager, . 3-11.

, ,
,
. ,
,

.
Minitab :

, :
, (ANOVA), ,
;
,
;
.


Minitab, , StatGuide
Project Manager.

Minitab

3-1


.
Minitab
Stat menu ( ) .



.
Display Descriptive Statistics (
) , ,
, .

1 , File ()

New (), Minitab Project ( Minitab).


OK. ,
Minitab.
2 File () Open Worksheet ( ).
3 Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (

Minitab) .
4 Sample Data Meet Minitab

SHIPPINGDATA.MTW. Open ().


, 2, .
5 Stat ()

Basic Statistics ( )
Display Descriptive Statistics (
).
6 Variables ()

Days ().
7 By variables (optional) (

, ) Center
Status (, ).
Minitab
.

, .
8 Statistics ().

3-2

Minitab

9 First quartile (

), Median (), Third


quartile ( ), N
nonmissing (N ) N missing
(N ).
10 N total (N ).
11 OK

.
, Statistics,
. ,
Tools () Options () Individual Commands (
) Display Descriptive Statistics ( ).
Statistics, .

Session ()

Descriptive Statistics: Days


Results for Center = Central
Variable
Days

Status
Back order
Late
On time

Total
Count
6
6
93

Mean SE Mean StDev


*
*
*
6.431
0.157 0.385
3.826
0.119 1.149

Minimum
*
6.078
1.267

Maximum
*
7.070
5.983

Mean SE Mean StDev


*
*
*
6.678
0.180 0.541
4.234
0.112 1.077

Minimum
*
6.254
1.860

Maximum
*
7.748
5.953

Mean SE Mean StDev


*
*
*
2.981
0.108 1.090

Minimum
*
0.871

Maximum
*
5.681

Results for Center = Eastern


Variable
Days

Status
Back order
Late
On time

Total
Count
8
9
92

Results for Center = Western


Variable
Days

Status
Back order
On time

Total
Count
3
102

Session () , , ReportPad
. ReportPad 7, .

Minitab

3-3

(ANOVA)

. Total
Count () ,
, ,
.

Eastern ,
(8), (9).
Central
(6), (6).
Western (3)
.

, ,
,
. , ,
, .

(ANOVA)
,
. Minitab
,
. :
, ,
.
: (H0)
(H1). ,

. ,
.
, ,
, , ,
( )
() .
, (ANOVA),
, .
, ,
, .

3-4

Minitab

(ANOVA)

(ANOVA)

1 Stat () ANOVA

One-Way ().
2 Response ( )

Days (). Factor ()


Center ().


.
,
,
.
3 Comparisons ().
4 Tukeys, family error rate

(, )
OK.

5 Graphs ().


Minitab
,


.
6 Individual value plot

( )
Boxplots of data (
).
7 Residual Plots ( ) Four in one ( ).
8 OK .

Minitab

3-5

Session ()

(ANOVA)
One-way ANOVA: Days versus Center
Source
Center
Error
Total

DF
2
299
301

S = 1.209

Level
Central
Eastern
Western

SS
114.63
437.28
551.92

MS
57.32
1.46

R-Sq = 20.77%

N Mean
99 3.984
101 4.452
102 2.981

StDev
1.280
1.252
1.090

F
P
39.19 0.000

R-Sq(adj) = 20.24%

Individual 95% CIs For Mean Based on


Pooled StDev
-----+---------+---------+---------+---(----*---)
(----*----)
(----*---)
-----+---------+---------+---------+---3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50

Pooled StDev = 1.209

Tukey 95% Simultaneous Confidence Intervals


All Pairwise Comparisons among Levels of Center
Individual confidence level = 98.01%

Center = Central subtracted from:


Center
Eastern
Western

3-6

Lower
0.068
-1.402

Center Upper ---------+---------+---------+---------+


0.468 0.868
(---*---)
-1.003 -0.603
(---*---)
---------+---------+---------+---------+
-1.0
0.0
1.0
2.0

Minitab

(ANOVA)

Center = Eastern subtracted from:


Center
Western

Lower
-1.868

Center Upper
-1.471 -1.073

---------+---------+---------+---------+
(---*---)
---------+---------+---------+---------+
-1.0
0.0
1.0
2.0


( ), ,
.
,
.

(0.000), ,
, = 0,05

. ,
95%: ,
, . ,
,
.
,
:

Eastern Central
Western Central;
Western Eastern.

(0,068; 0,868).
, Eastern
Central 0,068 0,868 .
,
. Eastern ,
Central.
. ,
. ,
.
Western (2,981 ).

Minitab

3-7

(ANOVA)

Graph ()

,
,
, .
Eastern (
) , .
, ,
:

3-8

(
) .
, .
,
, .
.

,
.
.

Minitab

(ANOVA)


.
.

, ,
.
(ANOVA)
.
Minitab
. , .

StatGuide


, ,
StatGuide, ,

.
1

.
2

MiniGuide


StatGuide

.

3 ,

MiniGuide Tukeys method ( ).

Minitab

3-9

(ANOVA)

MiniGuide


.

StatGuide



.


, .

5 StatGuide File () Exit ().


StatGuide .
StatGuide . 10-9 StatGuide Overview ( StatGuide) .

Minitab.
1 File () Save Project As ( ).
2 File name ( ) MY_STATS.MPJ.
3 Save ().

3-10

Minitab

Project Manager Minitab

Project
Manager Minitab
Minitab, ,
. Project Manager
Minitab,
.

Project Manager.

Project Manager

1 Project Manager,

Project Manager
c+I.

,
.
Project Manager.
. Project Manager . 11-3.

, ANOVA.
Project Manager,
Show Session Folder ( ,
)
. .
1

Project Manager.

2 One-way ANOVA: Days versus

Center ( , ).

Minitab

3-11

Project Manager

Project Manager ,
Session.

.
Show Graphs ( , ) .
1

Project Manager.

2 Boxplot of Days by Center

( ).

Project Manager .
3-12

Minitab



, Western
.
, ,
Western,
.

Minitab

3-13

3-14

Minitab

, . 4-3;

, . 4-3;

, . 4-5;

, . 4-7;

, . 4-8;

,
. 4-9.


.
,
.
Minitab ,
, : ,
(
),
.
.
Minitab
:

Minitab

,

.
: ,
, .
4-1

Minitab,
, .
, , :

: ,
, , ,
-, .
,

.

, ,
, Western.
, ,
.


,

, .
Minitab
, ,
, .
Minitab :

;
(UCL) 3
;
(LCL) 3
.

, Minitab
, . ,
,
.
.
Minitab
Control Charts ( ) .

4-2

Minitab

,
, Minitab ,
,
.
Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG),
:

1: 1 >3
;

2: 9 ;

3: 6 .

AIAG,
2 3 7.

.
, .
1 Tools

()
Options ()
Control Charts
and Quality Tools
(


) Tests
().
2


.
3 K 7.
4 K 7.
5 OK.
,
Minitab. .
Minitab . 9-8.

X S

Minitab

,
. 10 ,
20- ,
. X S,

4-3

.
X S 9 .
1 , File ()

New (), Minitab Project ( Minitab).


OK. ,
Minitab.
2 File () Open Project ( ).
3 C:\Program Files\Minitab 15\English\Sample Data\Meet

Minitab. ( Minitab
, .)
4 QUALITY.MPJ. Open ().
5 Stat () Control Charts (

) Variables Charts for Subgroups (


) Xbar-S (X S).

. , ,
,
.
6 All

observations for a chart are in


one column (

) Days ().
7 Subgroup sizes (

) Date ().

8 Xbar-S

Options ( X S)
Tests ().
,

,
. (.

. 4-3.)
,
,

.

4-4

Minitab

.
Parameters (), Estimate (), Display () Storage
() .
Stages (), Tests (), S Limits
( S) Box-Cox ( -).
.
9 OK .

Graph ()

X S

Western
. ,
().
( ) 2,985, ( S) 0,629.

, ,
. Graph (
Stem-and-Leaf, ) .
X S,
Western , 23/03/2006.
.

C1 C2.
1 Data ( ), .
2 C1 j,

.
3 23/03/2006 201210, :

Minitab

4-5

23/03/2006 201 C1.


, 23/03/2006,


. (+).
c
210
.
c,

(++). ,

,
.

4 C2, 201:

3,60 2,40 2,80 3,21 2,40 2,75 2,79 3,40 2,58 2,50
,
&.

5 , .


1 X S

Update Graph Now ( ).

4-6

Minitab

Graph ()

X S . ( = 2,978)
( S = 0,6207) ,
- .
, :
1 Tools () Options () Graphics () Other
Graphics Options ( ).
2 On creation, set graph to update automatically when data change
( ).

Minitab,

.
, 9 (
).
1 , 9.

Graph ()

Minitab

4-7

, 9
3,369 .


3,33 (80 ),
Western .
X, .
1

X (
)
Add () Reference Lines
( ).
2 Show reference lines at

Y values (
Y) 3.33.
3 OK.

Graph ()

4-8

( ) , ,
Western 3,33 .
9 (> 3,33).

Minitab


, .
:

.
,
. , -
, .
Minitab
.
,
. ( )
.
- ,
.
Minitab ,
, , ,
, - .
. Process
Capability ( ) Minitab.

, .
, ,
.
3,33 .
(USL) 6 (, 6 , ).
(LSL) .
,
.
1 Stat ()

Quality Tools
( )
Capability Analysis (
) Normal
().
2 Data are arranged

as ( )
Single column
( ).
Days ().
3 Subgroup size ( ) Date ().

Minitab

4-9


4 Upper spec ( ) 6.
5 Options (). Target (adds Cpm to table)

(, Cpm) 3,33.

Minitab,


,
,

.
6 OK

Graph ()

1,33
( ),
Western , ,
.
Cpm ( , USL LSL,
)
1,22, .
X ,
, .

4-10

Minitab

, ,
3,33 .
,
, . capability analysis ( ) StatGuide.

Minitab.
1 File () Save Project As ( ).
2 File name ( ) MY_QUALITY.MPJ.
3 Save ().


, Western
, .


Western.

Minitab

4-11

4-12

Minitab

Minitab, . 5-1;

, . 5-2;

, . 5-5;

, . 5-6;


, . 5-10.

(DOE)
().
,
, , .


, ,
(), .
Minitab :
, ,
( ). ,

Minitab .
, Minitab
,
.

Minitab

5-1

.
Minitab.
DOE Minitab :

, ;

,
;
, .


Western. ,
. ,
:
.
Western ,
, . ,
. ,
. , ,
.
,
.
, Minitab, .
DOE ( ) .


Minitab,
.
,
. Minitab :
. ,
Minitab .

,

.
1 , File () New

(), Minitab Project ( Minitab). OK.


, Minitab.

5-2

Minitab

2 Stat () DOE

( ) Factorial
() Create Factorial Design
( ).
Minitab
:
Display Available Designs (
) Designs ().


Designs ().
3 Display Available

Designs ( ).

Minitab
Display Available Designs
( )

.
4 OK,


.
5 Type of Design ( ) 2-level factorial (default

generators) ( , ).
6 Number of factors ( ) 2.
7 Designs ().



.
,
:
.
22,
.
8 Number of replicates for corner points (

) 3.
9 OK, .

, .

Minitab

5-3

Minitab ,
.
. , Minitab
1 1 .
1 Factors ().
2 ,


Name ().

.
. :

Factor A ( A) OrderSystem ( )
Name (), New () Low () Current
() High (). Type ()
Text ().
Factor B ( B) Pack () Name
(), A Low () B High ().
Type () Text ().

3 OK, .

Minitab
, .

, .
,
.
,
, .
1 Options ().
2 Base for random data generator

( ) 9.
3 , Store design in

worksheet (
) . OK
.

5-4

Minitab


, Minitab
. ,
. DOE.MTW,
Meet Minitab.
.

1 Window ()

Worksheet 1 ( 1).

RunOrder ( , C2),
, .
, StdOrder ( )
RunOrder ( ) .

, , Minitab C3 C4
1. C5 C6 OrderSystem
( ) Pack ().
Factors (),
.
Stat () DOE ( ) Display Design (
)
, .
, Stat () DOE
( ) Modify Design ( ).
, .


,
. .

Minitab

5-5

,
. :
14,72 9,62 13,81 7,97 12,52 13,78 14,64 9,41 13,89 13,89 12,57 14,06

1 C7 Hours ().
2 ,

(
)
Hours () .

, ,
.
,

,
.

File () Print Worksheet (


). Print Grid Lines ( ).
.


, .
, .
,
.

5-6

, Minitab
Analyze Factorial Design ( ) Factorial Plots
( ) DOE ( ) Factorial
().
, . .

Minitab


1 Stat ()

DOE ( )
Factorial () Analyze
Factorial Design (
).
2 Responses ()

Hours ().

,
.
3 Terms (). ,

A: OrderSystem, B: Pack AB
Selected Terms ( ).

Terms () ,
,
.

.
.
4 OK.
5 Graphs ().
6 Effects Plots (

) Normal
() Pareto ().

.
,
,
.
7 OK

Minitab

,
, .
.

5-7

Session ()


Factorial Fit: Hours versus OrderSystem, Pack
Estimated Effects and Coefficients for Hours (coded units)
Term
Constant
OrderSystem
Pack
OrderSystem*Pack

S = 0.668069
R-Sq = 93.79%

5-8

Effect
3.097
-2.320
1.730

Coef SE Coef
T
12.573 0.1929 65.20
1.548 0.1929 8.03
-1.160 0.1929 -6.01
0.865 0.1929 4.49

PRESS = 8.0337
R-Sq(pred) = 86.02%

P
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.002

R-Sq(adj) = 91.46%

Minitab

Analysis of Variance for Hours (coded units)


Source
Main Effects
2-Way Interactions
Residual Error
Pure Error
Total

DF Seq SS
2 44.9152
1 8.9787
8 3.5705
8 3.5705
11 57.4645

Adj SS
44.9152
8.9787
3.5705
3.5705

Adj MS
22.4576
8.9787
0.4463
0.4463

F
50.32
20.12

P
0.000
0.002

Estimated Coefficients for Hours using data in uncoded units


Term
Constant
OrderSystem
Pack
OrderSystem*Pack

Coef
12.5733
1.54833
-1.16000
0.865000

Alias Structure
I
OrderSystem
Pack
OrderSystem*Pack

,
. (P)
Estimated Effects and Coefficients (
), . = 0,05
(OrderSystem)
(Pack) OrderSystemPack
, 0,05.

Minitab


, , ,
Hours ().

5-9

,

Window ()
Effects Plot for Hours
(
).

.
OrderSystem (A), Pack
(B) OrderSystemPack (AB) ( = 0,05).
2 , Window

() Effects Pareto for Hours ( ).



Minitab

.
,

,



0,05.
OrderSystem (A),
Pack (B)
OrderSystemPack
(AB) ( = 0,05).

5-10

Minitab ,
( ).
,
.

Minitab


1 Stat () DOE

( ) Factorial
() Factorial Plots (
).
2 Main Effects Plot (

) Setup
().
3 Responses ()

Hours ().
4 ,

A:OrderSystem
Available ().

,

A:OrderSystem
Selected
().
B:Pack Selected.
OK.

5 Interaction Plot ( )

Setup ().
6 3 4.
7 OK .

Minitab

,
A
B. .

5-11

1 Window Main Effects Plot for Hours (

), .


,

.


(Hours),

.


. , ,
,
, ,
A B. ,
, :


, ;
B
, A.

,
,
.
, .

.

5-12

Minitab


2 Window () Interaction Plot for Hours (

), .


( y)

(Hours, ).



(OrderSystem).

,



A.

( x)
(Pack).


. ,
, .
, ,
B,
( 9 ). ,
A, ( 14,5 ).
, ,
x, , ,
,
, .

Western
B.

1 File () Save Project As ( ).


2 Meet Minitab. File name ( )

MY_DOE.MPJ.
3 Save ().

Minitab

5-13


,
Western ,
B. ,
(Execs),
.

5-14

Minitab

, . 6-2;

, . 6-3;

Command Line Editor, . 6-5;

(Exec), . 6-7.

.

.
: PLOT (), CHART (), SORT
(). , .
, , , , .
:

Session ( ) Command Line Editor;


History () Command Line Editor (
Minitab
History );
Exec ( ),
,
.


. .

Minitab

6-1

, ,
, , .
Western
. 4,
.
, .
Help ()
Help Session Commands ( ) References ().



.
Minitab .
, .

1 , File () New (),

Minitab Project ( Minitab) OK.


, Minitab.
2 File () Open Worksheet ( ).
3 Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (

Minitab) .
4 Sample Data Meet Minitab

SESSIONCOMMANDS.MTW. Open ().


5 Session ( ), .
6 Editor () Enable Commands (

). .

, :
1 Tools () Options () Session Window ( )
Submitting Commands ( ).
2 Command Language ( ) Enable ().

6-2

Minitab

,
.
.

4,
,
( ).
Stat () Quality Tools ( )
Capability Analysis ( ) Normal ().
.
Western
.
,
, .
.
1 MTB > :

CAPABILITY 'Days' 'Date';


2 &.

, .

Minitab

6-3

, MTB > SUBC>.


,
.

3 SUBC> :

USPEC 6;
4 &.
5 SUBC> :

TARGET 3.33.
6 &.

.
Minitab


.

,
, Help .
Help () Help,
Session Commands ( ) References ().
Notation for session commands ( )
Session Command ( ).

6-4

Minitab


Minitab
History ()
Project Manager. ,
, :
History () Edit () Command Line Editor (
).
, ,
, History (). History
Command Line Editor,
.

History

1 Window () Project Manager.


2 History ().

History

Project Manager ,
Minitab.
, .
History,
Command Line Editor, .

Minitab

1 , ,

CAPABILITY 'Days' 'Date';, *


TARGET 3.33.

6-5


2 Edit

() Command Line
Editor (
).
3 Submit

Commands (
).

Graph ()

,
.
Minitab
. ,
, , :

Editor () Copy Command Language ( )


;

Editor () Duplicate Graph ( )


, History .

Copy Command Language (


) Duplicate Graph ( ) Editor menu (
) Minitab Graph window ( ).


Exec
Exec , Minitab.
, ,
Exec. .
6-6

Minitab

Exec

, History ()
Command Line Editor,
Exec .
Exec ,
Help () Help Macros ()
References ().

Exec
History

Exec.
.
1 Window () Project Manager.
2 History ().
3 , ,

CAPABILITY 'Days' 'Date';, *


TARGET 3.33.
4 Save As

( ).

5 File name ( ) SHIPPINGGRAPHS.


6 Save as type ( ) Exec Files (.MTB).

Save ().

, Exec.
1 File () Other Files (

) Run an Exec ( Exec).


2 Select File ( ).
3 SHIPPINGGRAPHS.MTB

Open ().

Minitab

6-7

Graph ()

Minitab , Exec.
Exec (
), Minitab,
. , ,
Western, Exec
Central Eastern,
. Exec
,
, .

Minitab.
1 File () Save Project As ( ).
2 File name ( ) MY_SESSIONCOMMANDS.MPJ.
3 Save ().



.
, .

6-8

Minitab

ReportPad, . 7-2;

ReportPad, . 7-3;

ReportPad, . 7-5;

, . 7-6;

ReportPad , . 7-7;

Minitab , . 7-8.

Minitab :

ReportPad Project Manager


, Minitab;
Copy to Word Processor ( ),
ReportPad ;
,
Minitab , .

,
, Minitab.

Minitab

7-1

ReportPad

ReportPad
Minitab
. .
Minitab, Project Manager ReportPad,
.
ReportPad (
).
RTF ( ) HTML (-). ReportPad
:


ReportPad

Minitab ;

, ;

-.

ReportPad,
Append
to Report ( ).
ReportPad Minitab.
, 2,
, ReportPad.
1 , File ()

New (), Minitab Project ( Minitab).


OK. ,
Minitab.
2 File () Open Project ( ).
3 C:\Program Files\Minitab 15\English\Sample Data\Meet

Minitab. ( Minitab
, .)
4 REPORTS.MPJ. Open ().
5 Window () Histogram of Days ( ).

7-2

Minitab

ReportPad

Append Graph to Report ( ).

7 Window () Project Manager.


8 ReportPad. ReportPad.



ReportPad

ReportPad.
3,
.
ReportPad.
1 Window () Session ().

Minitab

7-3

ReportPad
2 Results for Center = Central.

Append Section to Report


( ). , Minitab
, ( ).




Append
Section to Report
(
), ,

Central,
ReportPad.

3 Results for

Center = Eastern Results for Center = Western.


4 Window () Project Manager

ReportPad. ,
.

7-4

Minitab

ReportPad

ReportPad, :
1 .
2 .
3 Append Selected Lines to Report ( ).



ReportPad

: , ,
.
1 (Minitab Project Report,

Minitab). Report on Shipping Data ( ).


*.
2 Report on Shipping Data Histogram of delivery time by

center ( ).
3 Histogram of delivery

time by center.

Font ().
4 Font () Arial.

Font style ()
Regular ().
Size () 11.
Color () Maroon
(-).
5 OK.

Minitab

7-5

, .
Minitab,
, Minitab
ReportPad .

ReportPad. ReportPad,
Minitab.


ReportPad (
) RTF ( )
- (HTML),
.

RTF

RTF,
.
1 Project

Manager

ReportPad
Save Report As
( ).
2 File name (

)
ShippingReport.
3 Save as type (

)
Rich Text
Format (.RTF).
Save
().

7-6

Minitab


,
ReportPad. , , ,
, .
ReportPad Move to Word Processor (
) Copy to Word Processor ( )
ReportPad ,
:

Move to Word Processor ( )


ReportPad ,
ReportPad .
Copy to Word Processor ( )
ReportPad
ReportPad.

1 Project

Manager

ReportPad.
2 Copy

to Word Processor
(
).
3 File name (

) Shipping
Report.
,
Rich Text Format (.RTF).
4 Save ().

Minitab ,
,
RTF.
Minitab .

Minitab

7-7




Copy to Word Processor (
)

Minitab.


Minitab


,
, ,
Minitab.
1 . :

Minitab

.
, Minitab.
2 .

7-8

Minitab

3 Fill Pattern ( )

Custom ().
4 Type ()

5 Borders and Fill Lines

( )
Custom ().
6 Type () None

(). OK.
7 ,

Minitab .
Embedded graph editor ( ) .

Minitab.
1 Minitab File () Save Project As

( ).
2 File name ( ) MY_REPORTS.MPJ.
3 Save ().

Minitab

7-9


Minitab.
Minitab.
, ,
.

7-10

Minitab

, . 8-2;

Excel Minitab, . 8-3;

, . 8-4;

, . 8-5;

, . 8-6;

, . 8-7;

, . 8-8;

, . 8-9;

, . 8-9;

Calculator
(), . 8-9.

,
Minitab.

Minitab. Minitab
:

Minitab

Minitab;

Microsoft Excel.

8-1

Minitab :

Minitab;

, (
, Excel ).

Minitab

. ,
.
,
Minitab (
SHIPPINGDATA.MTW, 2 3).

Minitab,
SHIPPINGDATA.MTW,
. .
:

Eastern Minitab;

Central Microsoft Excel;

Western .

,
Minitab.

Eastern,
Minitab EASTERN.MTW.
1 , File

() New (), Minitab Project ( Minitab)


OK. ,
Minitab.
2 File () Open Worksheet ( ).
3 Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (

Minitab) .

8-2

Minitab

4 Sample Data Meet Minitab

EASTERN.MTW. Open ().


Minitab . ,
, Files of type ( ) Open Worksheet
( ).

Excel

Central Excel.
Central Eastern,
Excel
Minitab.
1 File

() Open Worksheet
( ).
2 Files of type (

) Excel
(.xls).
3

CENTRAL.XLS.
4 Merge

().
5 Open

().

Merge (), Excel


. Minitab
C5C8.
Merge (), Minitab
..

Minitab

8-3

Minitab Merge Worksheets ( ),


.
Merge () . Merge Worksheets (
) Minitab.

Western ,
WordPad.
Western Eastern Central,
Minitab.
1 File

() Open Worksheet
( ).
2 Files of type

( )
Text (.txt).
3

WESTERN.TXT.
4 Merge

().
5 Open

().

Merge (),
. Minitab
C9C12.
Merge (), Minitab
.

Minitab,
, ,
8-4

Minitab

Preview ( ) Open Worksheet


( ).
,
. Minitab .
. Text files ( )
Minitab.


,
. :

.
, Minitab
, . Data menu ( ) Minitab.

To view a summary of your worksheet columns, use


on the Project Manager
toolbar. This button will open the Project Managers Columns subfolder in the
Worksheets folder.
.
1

Project Manager
c+a+I.

Minitab

8-5

Columns () .

. , Eastern (C1C4)
109 , Central ( C5C8) 105 .
Western C10 104 , 105.
2

.
Project Manager
. Project Manager Toolbar ( Project Manager)
Minitab.

C10

.
:
.


Excel

, Minitab





.
().
, Minitab
(. C10).
Minitab ,
.
1 ,

, Editor
() Go To ().
2 Enter column number or name

( )
C10.
3 Enter row number ( ) 105.

OK.
4 105 C10 (). &.

8-6

Minitab

Minitab. ,
.
Minitab ,
. ,
.
, .
,
.
,
Data () .
1 Data ()

Stack () Blocks of
Columns ( ).
2

Order (), Arrival ()


Status () Distance
().
Select (),

Stack two or more
blocks of columns on top of each
other (
).
.
3 2 order, arrival, status distance

Central Western.
4 Store stacked data in ( )

New worksheet ( ). Name ()


MY_SHIPPINGDATA.
5 Use variable names in subscript column (

).
6 OK.

Minitab


. Order (Eastern center), Order_1 (Central center) Order_2 (Western center)

8-7

( ), ,
..

Subscripts ,
. ,
.
1 Data ()

Code () Text to Text


( ).
2 Code data from columns

( )
Subscripts ().
3 Store coded data in columns

(
) Subscripts
().
4 Original

values ( )
Order (). New () Eastern.
5 Original values ( )

Order_1. New () Central.


6 Original values ( )

Order_2. New () Western.


7 OK.

Eastern, Central
Western.

8-8

Minitab

, .
1

Data ( ), .
2 C1. Subscripts

(), Center () &.


3 :

C2 Order.

C3 Arrival.

C4 Status.

C5 Distance.

,
,
. ,
, Minitab Calculator
().
.

Days () Arrival Status.
1 C4, .
2 Insert Columns

( ).
3 C4. Days ()

&.

Calculator () Minitab
.
Minitab
. ,
.
Days ().

Minitab

8-9


1 Calc ()

Calculator ().
2 Store result in variable

( )
Days ().
3 Expression ()

Arrival Order.
4 Assign as a

formula ( ).
5 OK.
.
Formulas () Minitab.
Calculator () .
Calculator () Minitab.
:
Editor () Formulas () Assign Formula To Column (
).

Days () .
. ,
.
,
. ,
.

, ,
. , .

8-10

Minitab

, ,
Central. ,
Minitab Days ().
127: 6/3/2006 7/3/2006.
1 Arrival (),

127 . 6/3/2006
7/3/2006.
2 &.

Minitab Days ():


2,98125 3,98125.

. Editor ()
Formulas () Calculate All Formulas Automatically (
), .
, , . Editor
() Formulas () Calculate All Formulas Now (
), , .
, Calculate All
Formulas Automatically ( ) Editor ().

Minitab

Minitab.

8-11


1 File

() Save Current
Worksheet As (

).
2 File name (

)
MY_SHIPPINGDATA.
3 Save as type (

) Minitab.
4 Save

().


Minitab
.
, Minitab ,
.

8-12

Minitab

Minitab

:

, . 9-2

, . 9-4

, . 9-5

, . 9-7

Minitab
, . 9-8

Minitab
,
.
Tools () Options ()
:

Minitab

( , ,
)

9-1

Tools () Customize ()
:

Minitab

, ,
Tools () Options () Tools
() Customize () Minitab
.


Minitab , ,

. Minitab
Minitab.

Minitab, Tools () Options
(). ,
.

,
.

Minitab. .
Minitab . 9-8.


, .

,
.
1 , File () New (),

Minitab Project ( Minitab) OK.


, Minitab.
2 File () Open Worksheet ( ).
3 Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (

Minitab) .
9-2

Minitab

Minitab
4 Sample Data Meet Minitab

SHIPPINGDATA.MTW. Open ().


5 Tools

() Options
()
Graphics ()
Annotation
()
My Footnote
( ).
6

Information to
include in my
footnote
(

) Worksheet name ( ) Date the
graph was last modified ( ).
7 Custom text ( ), Shipping center

efficiency ( ). OK.
Minitab
.

.
1 Graph () Histogram ().
2 With Fit and Groups ( , ) OK.
3 Graph variables ( )

Days ().
4 Categorical variables for grouping (0-3) (-

, 0-3) Center ().

Minitab

9-3


5 OK.



Minitab Tools () Customize
().
Customize ()
, ,
, .


.
.
,
, .

9-4

Minitab

Minitab

1 Tools () Customize ().


2 Toolbars

( ).
3 New ().
4 Toolbar Name (

) Shipping Data
( ).
OK.



Shipping Data (
)
Toolbars (
),


.

.
Graph () Histogram () Graph
() Scatterplot ( ),
.
1


Customize
().

Minitab

9-5


2 Keyboard

().
3 Categories ()

Graph ().
4 Commands ()

Histogram ().
Categories ()
Minitab.

Commands ()

.
5 Histogram ()

.
6 Commands ()

Histogram ().
7 Scatterplot (

)
.

8 Close ().

,
.

.
.
Tools () Customize () Customize ()
Minitab .

Minitab
, (c+C), (c+V)
(c+S).
.
Tools ()
Customize () Keyboard ().

9-6

Minitab

Minitab

,
.
1 Tools ()

Customize ().
2 Keyboard

().
3 Category ()

Graph ().
Categories ()

Minitab.
Commands ()

.
4 Commands () Histogram ().
5 Press New Shortcut Key (

).
6 c+*+H.

Press New Shortcut Key


(
) Assigned
to (:),

.
[Unassigned] (
).
,
.
,
, ,
.
7 Assign (). Current Keys ( )

.
8 Close ().

c+*+H.
Minitab
; Help () Keyboard Map (
), Shortcut keys ( )
Minitab.

Minitab

9-7

Minitab


Minitab
, Tools () Options ()
Tools () Customize (), ,
/ , .
(
) Tools () Manage Profiles (
).
, .
,
Minitab, .
Minitab
.
Manage Profiles
( ) Minitab Help ( Minitab).

1 Tools () Manage

Profiles ( ).
2


MyProfile ( ) Active
profiles ( )
Available profiles (
).

3 MyProfile (

) Available profiles
( ),
ShippingCenterAnalysis
( ).
4 OK.

. Minitab
.
, Meet Minitab,
Available profiles (
), ShippingCenterAnalysis ( )
Active profiles ( ), OK.
Minitab ,
RestoreMinitabDefaults ( Minitab ) English (
), English Minitab 15,
. , , ,
.

9-8

Minitab

Minitab

Minitab.
1 File () Save Project As ( ).
2 File name ( ) My_CUSTOMIZE.MPJ.
3 Save ().


, ,
?
Minitab ,
Minitab StatGuide.

Minitab

9-9

9-10

Minitab

10

, . 10-2

Minitab, . 10-7

Minitab StatGuide, . 10-9

, . 10-11

,
, Minitab .
, ,


Minitab .
,
StatGuide Minitab
Minitab.

Minitab

10-1

10


Minitab
Minitab. ,

Minitab.



Minitab.
:

Help ()
.

1 .

Help ()
Help ().


. . 10-7.


Minitab Help( Minitab).

Help () Help
(), Using
Help ( )
Basics ().

StatGuide

,


.



,
StatGuide.


Session ()
Graph ()
Project Manager (
),
StatGuide.

*+1.

Help ()
StatGuide.


. StatGuide . 10-9.
StatGuide
Overview
(
StatGuide)

10-2


Minitab
Help( Minitab).

Help ()
StatGuide,
StatGuide Overview (
StatGuide) Contents
().

Minitab

Minitab



,

Minitab.

,
.

Help ()
Glossary ( ).

,

Minitab
Minitab.

Help ()
Tutorials ().


Minitab,


.

Help ()
Help (),
Session Commands
( )
References (
).

MTB >
HELP.




MTB >
HELP, .


.
. 10-11.

Minitab



Minitab,

.

Help () Help
(),
Macros ()
References (
).

PDF

Minitab


Minitab
PDF.


Minitab
Solutions ( Minitab)
Minitab Reference (
Minitab) Meet
Minitab 15 English.

10-3

10


15
Minitab.


Minitab
Solutions ( Minitab)
Minitab Reference (
Minitab) Whats
New in Minitab 15 English (
Minitab, 15
).


(ReadMe)



Minitab,


.


Minitab
Solutions ( Minitab)
Minitab Reference (
Minitab) ReadMe
Minitab 15 English.

;
;


Minitab.





techsupport@minitab.co.uk.



+44 (0)24 7643 7500.

,
,
.

www.minitab.co.uk.

Minitab
doc_comments@minitab.com.

10-4

Minitab

Minitab

Minitab
Minitab,
.
, ,
.
Minitab.

Help () Help.

1.

Minitab

Basics () ,
Minitab, Minitab
References ( ) ,
,
, Minitab
Service and Support ( )
Minitab,
, - Minitab

10-5

10

Minitab


,
.

Minitab Help ( Minitab)


Help () Help (), Using Help ( )
Basics ().

10-6

Minitab

Minitab - , ,
, , ,
, .
Minitab .

Minitab, , ,
.
, Minitab;
; Exec; ,
Minitab .

, :


, ,




Minitab

10-7

10

Minitab
Help () 1.

, .
:

, , , ,
,

- , ,


. - ,


Minitab

10-8

Minitab

StatGuide

StatGuide
StatGuide Minitab
, .
, Minitab,
StatGuide Minitab
.
StatGuide :

,
StatGuide.
StatGuide :

,
StatGuide.
,
*+1.

Project Manager ( )
,
,
*+1.
, StatGuide.

StatGuide Help () StatGuide.


Help ()
StatGuide, Find ().

Minitab StatGuide
:

Minitab

StatGuide.

Minitab.
.

StatGuide

.

10-9

10

StatGuide

StatGuide :
MiniGuide. MiniGuide
StatGuide.

.


StatGuide .


StatGuide
.

StatGuide StatGuide
Overview ( StatGuide) StatGuide Contents ( StatGuide).

10-10

Minitab


Minitab
, ,
. Minitab ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
. . Help () Help, Macros
() Reference ( )s
Exec .

Minitab Session Command Help


Help () Help, Session Commands
( ) References ( ).
Minitab .
,
.




.


.

6,
.

Minitab

10-11

10


MTB > HELP . &.

, .

. .


Minitab.

.


.
.


Minitab
, Minitab.
, Minitab.

10-12

Minitab

11

Minitab, . 11-2

Minitab, . 11-5

, . 11-6

Minitab
Minitab .
Minitab,
, ,
.

Minitab

11-1

11

Minitab

Minitab

Minitab. Minitab:

Project
Manager

Minitab

11-2

, , ,
. ,
Data () Display Data ( ).
, ,
.
.
200 .

Minitab

Minitab

Project Manager

Project Manager , ,
.
, ,
, ,
, .

Session ()

.
:

History
()

Graph ()

Minitab

, ,


ReportPad


Exec

. :

, ,


ReportPad

11-3

11

Minitab

ReportPad


ReportPad

Related
Documents
(
)


,
URL- ,

Minitab



( Minitab),

Worksheets
(
)

Columns
(), Constants
(), Matrices
() Design
()


, :

Minitab:

11-4

.

,
Minitab .
Project Manager Project Manager.

,
.
,
.
, ,
Minitab Project Manager.
.
(Graph Editing ( ),
Graph Annotation Tools ( ) 3D
Graph Tools ( ))
.

Minitab

Minitab

(Factorial Designs
( ), Response Surface Designs (
), Mixture Designs ( ), Taguchi Designs (
) OptiPlot) .

, Tools () Toolbars ( )
, .

Minitab
Minitab .
.

.
, , , .
, 4 .
/ (, 01-01-2007, 1 2007 ., 3/17/07, 17/03/07),
(, 08:25:22), , (, 3/17/07 08:25:22
17/03/07 08:25:22 ). Minitab ,
, .

...

, ,

/

C + ,
C1 C22

,
Center
() Arrival
()



(,
-)

K + ,
K1 K93

,
First
() Counter
()

Minitab


,
4000

1000

11-5

11

...

M + ,
M1 M44

,
Inverse
()

100

Worksheets ( ) Project Manager


, .

Minitab .
Meet Minitab
Meet Minitab.

Look in Minitab Sample Data folder (
Minitab)
Open Worksheet (
).
, Sample data sets
( )
Minitab.


Minitab,
.
.
, Minitab,
. ,
Minitab.
:

11-6

, 11-7

, 11-8

, 11-9

, , 11-9

, 11-11

Minitab

, 11-13

, 11-14

, 11-21

, 11-22

...

...

Edit Command Line Editor




(, ,
)

File Project Description

Edit Edit Last Dialog


ReportPad

Window Project Manager Session,


ReportPad

File New Minitab Project


File Open Project
File Exit

Exec ( File Other Files Run an Exec


Minitab)

File Save Project As Security

, , Window Project Manager Session




Window Project Manager Related
(Minitab),
Documents
URL-

Minitab

File Open Project

Window Project Manager Session

Window Project Manager History

Window Project Manager ()


Worksheet

11-7

11

...

...

Window Project Manager History

File New Minitab Project

, Window Project Manager ReportPad


ReportPad

File Save Project


File Save Project As

(,
, ,
,
ReportPad)

Window Project Manager Graphs

Exit Minitab

File Exit

...

...


(,
)

Editor Worksheet Description


( ,
,
)

Edit Worksheet Links

Data Subset Worksheet

File Close Worksheet

Editor Worksheet Change Entry Direction


( )

11-8

Data Split Worksheet

File Print Worksheet

File New Minitab Worksheet

File Open Worksheet

Data Copy Worksheet to Worksheet

Minitab

...

...

Data Merge Worksheets

File Save Current Worksheet

File Save Current Worksheet As


...

...

Tools File Security

Tools Customize,
Keyboard

, ,

Tools Customize,
Commands, Toolbars Menu

Tools Customize,
Toolbars

Tools Customize,
Options

Tools Customize,
Options

Minitab

Tools Customize,
Menu

Tools Toolbars

Tools Status Bar

Minitab

Tools Customize,
Toolbars

Tools Manage Profiles

Minitab,

Tools Options

...

...

Editor Column Description

11-9

11

...

...

Editor Insert Cell

Editor Insert Column

Editor Insert Row

Edit Paste Cells



Edit Select All Cells

Edit Cut Cells


11-10

Data Stack Columns


Data Stack Blocks of Columns

Data Stack Rows

Edit Copy Cells

Data Copy

,
,

Editor Formulas

Data Unstack Columns

Edit Undo
Edit Redo

Edit Clear Cells

Editor Go To

,
/

Editor Go To

Assign Formulas to Columns


Remove Formulas From Selected Columns
Calculate All Formulas Now
Calculate All Formulas Automatically

Minitab

...

...


Editor Move Columns
,


Data Transpose Columns


Data Concatenate

Data Sort

, ,

,

Data Erase Variables

Data Delete Rows

Edit Delete Cells

( , Editor Format Column


,
Editor Column
,
,
)

Minitab

...

...


/
,

Data Extract from Date/Time To Numeric


Data Extract from Date/Time To Text



(, ,
/
,

)

Data Code

/ ,

/

Data Change Data Type

11-11

11

...

...



, ,
, ,

Calc Calculator

Editor Find
Editor Replace

(
)

Calc Standardize

Editor Clipboard Settings

Editor Define Custom Lists

Data Display Data

Calc Matrices

,
,

Calc Column Statistics

Calc Row Statistics


,
,
,


Calc Probability Distributions
(pdf), (cdf),

(invcdf)

Calc Make Mesh Data

Calc Make Indicator Variables


Calc Random Data
,
, -,


Data Rank

11-12

Minitab

...

...

( Calc Make Patterned Data


,


/)

Calc Set Base

...

...

Editor Enable Commands


Edit Select All
,

Edit Copy
Edit Cut
Edit Paste

Editor Find
Editor Replace

Editor Next
Editor Previous

Minitab

Window Session

File Print Session Window

Editor Output Editable


Session () TXT, RTF,
HTM, HTML LIS

File Save Session Window As

Editor Apply Font

11-13

11


...

...


,
,

Calc Column Statistics

Calc Row Statistics


,
,
,

Stat Basic Statistics


Display Descriptive Statistics
Store Descriptive Statistics
Graphical Summary

Z- t-

Stat Basic Statistics


1-Sample Z
1-Sample t
2-Sample t
Paired t

Stat Basic Statistics

Stat Basic Statistics

Stat Basic Statistics

Stat Basic Statistics

1 Proportion
2 Proportions

1-Sample Poisson Rate


2-Sample Poisson Rate

1 Variance
2 Variances

Correlation
Covariance

11-14

Stat Basic Statistics Normality Test

Stat Basic Statistics Goodness-of-Fit Test for


Poisson

Minitab


...

...

Regression
(/,
,

)

Stat Regression

Stat Regression Partial Least Squares

Stat Regression

Regression
Stepwise
Best Subsets
Fitted Line Plot

Binary Logistic Regression


Ordinal Logistic Regression
Nominal Logistic Regression

(ANOVA)

Stat ANOVA
One-Way
One-Way (Unstacked)
Two-Way
Balanced ANOVA
General Linear Model
Fully Nested ANOVA

Stat ANOVA

Stat ANOVA

Balanced MANOVA
General MANOVA

Analysis of Means
Interval Plot
Main Effects Plot
Interactions Plot

Minitab

Stat ANOVA Test for Equal Variances

11-15

11


...

...

(DOE)
(,
)

Stat DOE Factorial


(, )

Stat DOE Response Surface

Create Factorial Design


Define Custom Factorial Design
Select Optimal Design
Pre-Process Responses for Analyze Variability
Analyze Factorial Design
Analyze Variability
Factorial Plots
Contour/Surface Plots
Overlaid Contour Plot
Response Optimizer

Create Response Surface Design


Define Custom Response Surface Design
Select Optimal Design
Analyze Response Surface Design
Contour/Surface Plots
Overlaid Contour Plot
Response Optimizer

(, Stat DOE Mixture


)
Create Mixture Design
Define Custom Mixture Design
Select Optimal Design
Simplex Design Plot
Factorial Plots
Analyze Mixture Design
Response Trace Plot
Contour/Surface Plots
Overlaid Contour Plot
Response Optimizer
(,
)

11-16

Stat DOE Taguchi


Create Taguchi Design
Define Custom Taguchi Design
Analyze Taguchi Design
Predict Taguchi Results

Minitab


...

...

Stat Control Charts Box-Cox Transformation

Stat Control Charts Variables Charts for


Subgroups
Xbar-R
Xbar-S
I-MR-R/S (Between/Within)
Xbar
R
S
Zone

Stat Control Charts Variables Charts for


Individuals

I-MR
Z-MR
Individuals
Moving Range

Stat Control Charts Attributes Charts


P
NP
C
U

Stat Control Charts Attributes Charts


Moving Average
EWMA
CUSUM

Stat Control Charts Multivariate Charts


Tsquared-Generalized Variance
Tsquared
Generalized Variance
Multivariate EWMA

Stat Quality Tools


Run Chart
Pareto Chart
Cause-and-Effect
Multi-Vari Chart
Symmetry Plot

Minitab

11-17

11


...

...

Stat Quality Tools


Individual Distribution Identification
Johnson Transformation
Capability Analysis
Capability Sixpack

Stat Quality Tools Gage Study


Type I Gage Study
Create Gage R&R Worksheet
Gage Run Chart
Gage Linearity and Bias Study
Gage R&R (Crossed)
Gage R&R (Nested)
Attribute Gage Study (Analytic Method)

Stat Quality Tools Attribute Agreement


Analysis

Stat Quality Tools


Acceptance Sampling by Attributes
Acceptance Sampling by Variables

Stat Reliability/Survival
Demonstration Test Plans
Estimation Test Plans
Accelerated Life Test Plans

Stat Reliability/Survival Distribution Analysis

Stat Reliability/Survival Warranty Analysis

Distribution ID Plot
Distribution Overview Plot
Parametric Distribution Analysis
Nonparametric Distribution Analysis

Pre-Process Warranty Data


Warranty Prediction

Stat Reliability/Survival Repairable Systems


Analysis
Parametric Growth Curve
Nonparametric Growth Curve

11-18

Stat Reliability/Survival Regression with


Life Data

Minitab


...

...

Stat Reliability/Survival Accelerated Life


Testing

Stat Reliability/Survival Probit Analysis

Stat Multivariate

Stat Multivariate

Principal Components
Factor Analysis

Cluster Observations
Cluster Variables
Cluster K-Means

Stat Multivariate Discriminant Analysis

Stat Multivariate
Simple Correspondence Analysis
Multiple Correspondence Analysis

Stat Time Series Time Series Plot

Stat Time Series

Stat Time Series

Trend Analysis
Decomposition
Moving Average
Single Exp Smoothing
Double Exp Smoothing
Winters Method

Differences
Lag

Stat Time Series


Autocorrelation
Partial Autocorrelation
Cross Correlation

(ARIMA)

Minitab

Stat Time Series ARIMA

11-19

11


...

...

Stat Tables Tally Individual Variables

Stat Tables Cross-Tabulation and Chi-Square

Stat Tables Chi-Square Test (Two-Way Table


in Worksheet)

Stat Tables Descriptive Statistics

Stat Nonparametrics
1-Sample Sign
1-Sample Wilcoxon
Mann-Whitney

Stat Nonparametrics
Kruskal-Wallis
Moods Median Test
Friedman

(
)

Stat Nonparametrics Runs Test

Stat Nonparametrics
Pairwise Averages
Pairwise Differences
Pairwise Slopes

(EDA)

Stat EDA
Stem-and-Leaf
Boxplot

Stat EDA
Letter Values
Median Polish
Resistant Line
Resistant Smooth
Rootogram

11-20

Minitab


...

...


Z- t-

Stat Power and Sample Size


1-Sample Z
1-Sample t
2-Sample t

Stat Power and Sample Size

Stat Power and Sample Size One-Way


ANOVA

Stat Power and Sample Size

1 Proportion
2 Proportions

2-Level Factorial Design


Plackett Burman Design

Minitab

...

...

Graph

Graph

Graph

Scatterplot
Matrix Plot
Marginal Plot

Histogram
Dotplot
Stem-and-Leaf
Probability Plot
Empirical CDF
Boxplot
Probability Distribution Plot

Boxplot
Interval Plot
Individual Value Plot
Line Plot
Bar Chart
Pie Chart

11-21

11

...

...

Graph
Bar Chart
Pie Chart

Graph

Graph


(
Tools Customize
Menu)

Character Graphs

...

...

Editor Annotation Rotate Left or Rotate


Right


(
3D Graph Tools)

Tools Toolbars 3D Graph Tools

Editor Panel

Editor Select Item

Editor Set ID Variables

Time Series Plot


Area Graph
Scatterplot

Contour Plot
3D Scatterplot
3D Surface Plot

, , Editor Add
,

11-22


(
3D Graph Tools)

Tools Toolbars 3D Graph Tools

Editor Copy Text

Minitab

Minitab

...

...

Edit Copy Graph

Editor Copy Command Language

Editor Update

File Open Graph

Editor Select

Editor Brush

Editor Annotation Bring to Front


Editor Annotation Send to Back

Editor Annotation Graph Annotation Tools

X Y

Editor Crosshairs

Editor Edit selected element

Editor Plant Flag

Editor Layout Tool

File Print Graph

Editor Duplicate Graph

Editor Annotation Duplicate Annotation

Editor Make Similar Graph

Editor Create Indicator Variables

11-23

11

11-24

...

...

(Minitab MGF, JPG,


TIF, PNG, Windows BMP)

File Save Graph As

Editor Zoom

Minitab

10-4
4-6
6-7
,
9-2
4-9
3-1

.

- 10-4
2-5

ReportPad 7-5
4-9

9-2, 9-8
8-9
2-1, 3-1
3-5
7-8
8-9

2-4
, 2-5
2-7
4-9
5-10
Minitab

5-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-1
5-9
2-5,

2-11, 7-8
2-1, 3-1, 3-5

7-8
2-3
2-10
ReportPad 7-2

4-8

2-7

2-2, 3-5
4-5
3-5, 3-8
2-13

7-8
3-12

6-6
2-11
5-10
5-9
3-5
3-8

3-8

3-8
3-8
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