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Nokia Networks Flexi Zone Micro, Rel. RL50FZ, Operating Documentation, Issue 02 Installing and Cabling Flexi

Nokia Networks

Flexi Zone Micro, Rel. RL50FZ, Operating Documentation, Issue 02

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

DN09158885

Issue 01B Approval Date 2014-09-15

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

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Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Table of Contents

This document has 71 pages

Summary of changes 8 1 Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS 10 1.1 Installing Flexi Zone
Summary of changes
8
1
Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS
10
1.1
Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a wall
10
1.2
Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a vertical pole
16
1.3
Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a horizontal pole
22
2
Installing
Antennas
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28
2.1
Installing Directional Antenna
28
2.2
Installing Omnidirectional Antennas
32
2.3
Installing Third Party Antennas
33
2.4
Installing Bluetooth Antenna
33
2.5
Installing GPS Antenna
34
3
Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS
36
4
Adjusting the Tilting Bracket
49
5
Requirements for GPS antenna installation
52
5.1
Introduction
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52
5.1.1
Scope
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52
5.1.2
The Global Positioning System
52
5.1.2.1
Satellite Constellation
52
5.1.2.2
GPS RF Carrier
53
5.2
General antenna positioning requirements
53
5.2.1
Required Antenna Visibility
54
5.2.2
Antenna Placement Optimization
54
5.2.3
Lightning Protection
55
5.2.4
Antenna Blockage
55
5.2.5
RF Interference
56
5.3
Integrated GPS antenna operation
56
5.4
Remotely positioned antenna operation
57
5.4.1
Active GPS Antenna
57
5.4.1.1
Antenna Element
57
5.4.1.2
Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) / Pre-selector Filter
57
5.4.1.3
Overall GPS Antenna RF Requirements
58
5.4.2
RF
Cabling
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58
5.4.3
Lightning Arrestor
59
5.4.4
GPS Antenna System RF Requirements
59
5.4.4.1
Antenna System Gain
60
5.4.4.2
Antenna System Noise Figure
60
6
Contents of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery
62

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

7

Flexi Zone Micro BTS installation tools and equipment

 

64

8

Safety for Public and Workers

 

65

8.1

Installing base stations to ensure public safety

 

65

8.2

Installing base stations to ensure installer safety

 

65

9

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWHA) CE Marking

 

67

10

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWIB) United States FCC Part 15

 

compliance

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68

11

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWIB) Industry Canada IC RSS-GEN

 

compliance

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69

12

Flexi Zone Micro Bluetooth Modular Approval

 

70

13

EU RoHS statement

 

71

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

List of Figures

Figure 1 10 Figure 2 12 Figure 3 12 Figure 4 13 Figure 5 13
Figure 1
10
Figure 2
12
Figure 3
12
Figure 4
13
Figure 5
13
Figure 6
14
Figure 7
15
Figure 8
15
Figure 9
16
Figure 10
18
Figure 11
19
Figure 12
19
Figure 13
20
Figure 14
21
Figure 15
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Figure 16
22
Figure 17
24
Figure 18
24
Figure 19
25
Figure 20
25
Figure 21
26
Figure 22
27
Figure 23
29
Figure 24
29
Figure 25
Figure 26
Figure 27
Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel
Fixing the interface bracket
Static mounting bracket keyholes
Drilling the holes
Installing the static mounting bracket on the wall
Rubber plug location
Correct brackets alignment
Installing the BTS on a wall
Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel
Fixing the interface bracket
Threading the straining straps
Installing the installation plate to the pole
Rubber plug location
Correct brackets alignment
Installing the BTS on a vertical pole
Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel
Fixing the interface bracket
Threading the straining straps
Installing the static mounting bracket on the pole
Rubber plug location
Correct brackets alignment
Installing the BTS on a horizontal pole
Antenna connectors in the directional antenna
Connecting RF cables
Securing antenna cables
Sliding directional antenna onto BTS
Attaching directional antenna to BTS
Directional antenna RF cables
FAWB omnidirectional antenna label
FAWC omnidirectional antenna label
30
31
31
Figure 28
32
Figure 29
32
Figure 30
32
Figure 31
Bluetooth antenna
GPS antenna label
34
Figure 32
34
Figure 33
GPS
.
Flexi Zone Micro BTS bottom view interfaces
Flexi Zone Micro BTS top view interfaces
Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces
Power cable alignment
Removing the seal
antenna
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35
Figure 34
36
Figure 35
36
Figure 36
36
Figure 37
37
Figure 38
37

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 39

Preparing optical cable

 

38

Figure 40

Connecting optical cable

39

Figure 41

Fastening fiber extender tube

40

Figure 42

Fastening grommet housing into fiber extender tube

41

Figure 43

Pushing grommet into grommet housing

42

Figure 44

Fastening nut to grommet housing

43

Figure 45

Removing the seal

 

43

Figure 46

Preparing copper cable

44

Figure 47

Connecting copper cable

44

Figure 48

Fastening grommet to BTS

45

Figure 49

Pushing grommet into grommet housing

46

Figure 50

Fastening nut to grommet housing

47

Figure 51

Complete cabling of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS

48

Figure 52

Tilt bracket rotation angle index

49

Figure 53

Adjusting bracket angle

50

Figure 54

Flexi Zone Micro BTS with tilt bracket installed on pole

51

Figure 55

Cellsite GPS Satellite Visibility

53

Figure 56

Maximizing GPS Antenna Visibility

54

Figure 57

GPS Antenna Placement Considerations

55

Figure 58

Maximum GPS Receiver Interference Power Level vs. Frequency

56

Figure 59

Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram

56

Figure 60

Remote RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram

57

Figure 61

GPS Antenna Loss Budget / Noise Figure Calculation

61

Figure 62

CE

marking

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67

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

List of Tables

Table 1

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

 

11

Table 2

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

17

Table 3

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

23

Table 4

Recommended GPS Antenna Specifications

 

58

Table 5

Antenna Cable Loss / Bend Radius Data

 

58

Table 6

Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery contents

62

Table 7

FMWA Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (472858A) delivery

contents

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62

Table 8

FMWB Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (473031A) delivery

contents

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62

Table 9

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Antennas delivery contents

 

63

Table 10

Tools for installation

 

64

Table 11

Required Compliance Boundaries (CB)

 

65

Summary of changes

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Summary of changes

Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all changes made to previous issues.

Changes between issues 01A (2014-07-09) and 01B (2014-09-15)

Antenna System Noise Figure

Information on RGPS has been removed.

Changes between issues 01 (2014-02-27) and 01A (2014-07-09)

Section Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a ceiling has been removed.

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWIB) Industry Canada IC RSS-GEN compliance

New chapter.

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a wall

Purpose has been updated with information on tilting bracket.

Preconditions have been updated with information on the BTS optimum placement and maintenance clearances.

Step 2 has been added.

Notice has been updated with information on eyebolt.

Installing Antennas

New chapter.

Contents of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery

Section has been updated with information on mounting brackets and antennas delivery contents.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Steps related to antennas installation have been moved to section Installing Antennas .

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWIB) United States FCC Part 15 compliance

New chapter.

Flexi Zone Micro Bluetooth Modular Approval

New chapter.

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a horizontal pole

Purpose has been updated with information on tilting bracket.

Preconditions have been updated with information on the BTS optimum placement and maintenance clearances.

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a vertical pole

Purpose has been updated with information on tilting bracket.

Preconditions have been updated with information on the BTS optimum placement and maintenance clearances.

Step 2 has been added.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Summary of changes

Notice has been updated with information on eyebolt. Adjusting the Tilting Bracket

New chapter. Installing Directional Antenna

New chapter. Flexi Zone Micro BTS installation tools and equipment

Section has been updated.

Issue 01

This is the first issue of the document.

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1 Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1.1 Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a wall

Purpose

Use the interface bracket and the static mounting bracket for installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a wall.

If you want to install the BTS with the directional antenna, the tilting bracket might be used instead of static mounting bracket. Usage of the tilting bracket allows best performance and flexibility in controlling the coverage area when using the directional antenna.

The tilting bracket has the same mounting interfaces as the static mounting bracket, therefore the following procedure applies also for the tilting bracket installation.

w

w

f

Before you start

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment must be installed by trained and qualified service personnel in accordance with all local codes and requirements.

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment is intended for installation in restricted access location or equivalent.

CAUTION! Risk of personal injury. Ensure that the wall installation surface and selected fasteners can sustain the device under required circumstances. Evaluation of the wall structure and fastening hardware type should be done by a structural engineer.

The BTS interface panel should always face the ground.

Figure 1

Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel

InterfacepanelsideofBTS
InterfacepanelsideofBTS

When selecting a location to mount the BTS keep the following in mind:

Try to avoid mounting the BTS such that the antennas are blocked by other structures, walls, etc. A direct line of sight to the area to be covered will provide the best performance.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Keep other metallic mounting features as far away from all antennas as possible.

Keep cables routed and secured away from the LTE and Bluetooth antennas.

If you plan to use omnidirectional antenna, do not install the BTS on a metal wall or nearby metal obstructions.

Remotely connecting the FAWB omnidirectional antenna (472933A) is not allowed as this is a monopole antenna.

If any omnidirectional or directional antennas are remotely connected, external lightning surge protection must be added.

If side clearance is less than screw driver length, the grounding cable needs to be pre- installed. The minimum and recommended maintenance clearances are shown in Table 1: Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances .

Table 1

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

BTS side

Minimum clearances

Recommended clearances

Front

50

mm / 360 mm (1)

500

mm

(1.97 in / 14.17 in (1) )

(19.68 in)

Rear

35

mm (2)

35

mm (2)

(1.38 in (2) )

(1.38 in (2) )

Top

100

mm / 400 mm (3)

Height of the unit + 10 mm / 300

(3.94 in / 15.75 in (3) )

mm

(3)

(Height of the unit + 0.39 in / 11.81 in (3) )

Bottom

100

mm

300

mm

(3.94 in)

(11.81 in)

Left

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

Right

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm (4) / 110 mm (1), (4)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in (4) / 4.33 in (1),(4) )

(1) For applications with tilting bracket.

(2) For wall and pole installations.

(3) For applications with directional antenna.

(4) Depends on the screwdriver length.

1 Fix the interface bracket to the Flexi Zone Micro BTS with two M6x16 hexagonal screws and washers.

Tighten the screws to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 2

Fixing the interface bracket

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 2 Fixing the interface bracket 2 If applicable, install the directional

2 If applicable, install the directional antenna as instructed in section Installing Directional Antenna.

3 Mark the mounting screw locations on the wall and drill the holes for the screws.

t Use the static mounting bracket keyholes as a template.

Figure 3

Static mounting bracket keyholes

Keyholesfor drilltemplate
Keyholesfor
drilltemplate

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 4 Drilling the holes 115 mm (4.53in.)
Figure 4
Drilling the holes
115
mm
(4.53in.)

4 Fix the mounting bolts to the wall, and install the static mounting bracket on the wall.

The static mounting bracket keyholes are designed to suit M6 screws.

Check that the bracket is level.

Figure 5

Installing the static mounting bracket on the wall

Check that the bracket is level. Figure 5 Installing the static mounting bracket on the wall

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5 Tighten the bracket’s fastener according to manufacturer’s instructions.

6 Install the BTS to the static mounting bracket.

w NOTICE: If you lift the unit with a rope, use an M6 size eyebolt. The eyebolt is to be fixed to the top of the BTS, in place of the rubber plug. The eyebolt should be removed and replaced with the rubber plug after installing the BTS.

If the directional antenna is already installed, an eyebolt with a neck length of at least 40mm must be used.

The eyebolt is not a part of delivery and has to be ordered separately.

Figure 6 Rubber plug location Rubberplug
Figure 6
Rubber plug location
Rubberplug

a) Position the BTS with the interface bracket above the static mounting bracket and align the middle holes position.

b) Push the BTS down until the interface bracket rests on the static mounting bracket.

c) Fix the brackets with the captivated screw. Use a T25 screwdriver.

g The captivated screw is pre-installed on the interface bracket.

d) Tighten the screw to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

g Before tightening the screw make sure that:

the static mounting bracket is securely captivated in the slot in the interface bracket,

tabs on the interface bracket are captivated by the back surface of the static mounting bracket.

Figure 7

Correct brackets alignment

Tabson interfacebracket Tabon staticbracket Slotininterfacebracket
Tabson
interfacebracket
Tabon
staticbracket
Slotininterfacebracket

Figure 8

Installing the BTS on a wall

Tabon staticbracket Slotininterfacebracket Figure 8 Installing the BTS on a wall Issue: 01B DN09158885 15

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1.2 Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a vertical pole

Purpose

Use the interface bracket, the static mounting bracket and band straps for installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a pole.

If you want to install the BTS with the directional antenna, the tilting bracket might be used instead of static mounting bracket. Usage of the tilting bracket allows best performance and flexibility in controlling the coverage area when using the directional antenna.

The tilting bracket has the same mounting interfaces as the static mounting bracket, therefore the following procedure applies also for the tilting bracket installation.

The pole diameter depends on chosen band straps.

w

w

g

f

Before you start

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment must be installed by trained and qualified service personnel in accordance with all local codes and requirements.

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment is intended for installation in restricted access location or equivalent.

The band straps are not a part of delivery and should be ordered separately.

CAUTION! Risk of personal injury. Ensure that the selected band straps can sustain the device under required circumstances. The selected band straps should be rated for outdoor use and capable of securing the BTS weight. A certified structural engineer should inspect and approve mounting pole and hardware prior to installation.

The BTS interface panel should always face the ground.

Figure 9

Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel

InterfacepanelsideofBTS
InterfacepanelsideofBTS

When selecting a location to mount the BTS keep the following in mind:

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Try to avoid mounting the BTS such that the antennas are blocked by other structures, walls, etc. A direct line of sight to the area to be covered will provide the best performance.

Keep other metallic mounting features as far away from all antennas as possible.

Keep cables routed and secured away from the LTE and Bluetooth antennas.

If you plan to use omnidirectional antenna, do not install the BTS on a metal wall or nearby metal obstructions.

Remotely connecting the FAWB omnidirectional antenna (472933A) is not allowed as this is a monopole antenna.

If any omnidirectional or directional antennas are remotely connected, external lightning surge protection must be added.

If side clearance is less than screw driver length, the grounding cable needs to be pre- installed. The minimum and recommended maintenance clearances are shown in Table 2: Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances .

Table 2

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

BTS side

Minimum clearances

Recommended clearances

Front

50

mm / 360 mm (1)

500

mm

(1.97 in / 14.17 in (1) )

(19.68 in)

Rear

35

mm (2)

35

mm (2)

(1.38 in (2) )

(1.38 in (2) )

Top

100

mm / 400 mm (3)

Height of the unit + 10 mm / 300

(3.94 in / 15.75 in (3) )

mm

(3)

(Height of the unit + 0.39 in / 11.81 in (3) )

Bottom

100

mm

300

mm

(3.94 in)

(11.81 in)

Left

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

Right

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm (4) / 110 mm (1), (4)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in (4) / 4.33 in (1),(4) )

(1) For applications with tilting bracket.

(2) For wall and pole installations.

(3) For applications with directional antenna.

(4) Depends on the screwdriver length.

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1 Fix the interface bracket to the Flexi Zone Micro BTS with two M6x16 hexagonal screws and washers.

Tighten the screws to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Figure 10

Fixing the interface bracket

and washers. Tighten the screws to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb). Figure 10 Fixing the interface bracket

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

2 If applicable, install the directional antenna as instructed in section Installing Directional Antenna.

3 Thread the straining straps to the static mounting bracket.

Figure 11

Threading the straining straps

mounting bracket. Figure 11 Threading the straining straps 4 Install the static mounting bracket to the

4 Install the static mounting bracket to the pole with the straining straps.

g The straps should be tightened and secured according to the strap manufacturer’s instructions and the bracket should be secure and immovable.

Figure 12

Installing the installation plate to the pole

should be secure and immovable. Figure 12 Installing the installation plate to the pole Issue: 01B

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5 Tighten the straining strap around the pole.

6 Install the BTS to the static mounting bracket.

w NOTICE: If you lift the unit with a rope, use an M6 size eyebolt. The eyebolt is to be fixed to the top of the BTS, in place of the rubber plug. The eyebolt should be removed and replaced with the rubber plug after installing the BTS.

If the directional antenna is already installed, an eyebolt with a neck length of at least 40mm must be used.

The eyebolt is not a part of delivery and has to be ordered separately.

Figure 13 Rubber plug location Rubberplug
Figure 13
Rubber plug location
Rubberplug

a) Position the BTS with the interface bracket next to the static mounting bracket and align the middle holes position.

b) Push the BTS until the interface bracket rests on the static mounting bracket.

c) Fix the brackets with the captivated screw. Use a T25 screwdriver.

g The captivated screw is pre-installed on the interface bracket.

d) Tighten the screw to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

g Before tightening the screw make sure that:

the static mounting bracket is securely captivated in the slot in the interface bracket,

tabs on the interface bracket are captivated by the back surface of the static mounting bracket.

Figure 14

Correct brackets alignment

Tabson interfacebracket Tabon staticbracket Slotininterfacebracket
Tabson
interfacebracket
Tabon
staticbracket
Slotininterfacebracket

Figure 15

Installing the BTS on a vertical pole

staticbracket Slotininterfacebracket Figure 15 Installing the BTS on a vertical pole Issue: 01B DN09158885 21

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1.3 Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a horizontal pole

Purpose

Use the interface bracket, the static mounting bracket and band straps for installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a pole.

The pole diameter depends on chosen band straps.

g

w

w

g

f

The tilting bracket is not intended for horizontal pole mount applications.

Before you start

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment must be installed by trained and qualified service personnel in accordance with all local codes and requirements.

NOTICE: Flexi Zone Micro BTS equipment is intended for installation in restricted access location or equivalent.

The band straps are not a part of delivery and should be ordered separately.

CAUTION! Risk of personal injury. Ensure that the selected band straps can sustain the device under required circumstances. The selected band straps should be rated for outdoor use and capable of securing the BTS weight. A certified structural engineer should inspect and approve a mounting pole and the hardware prior to the installation.

The BTS interface panel should always face the ground.

Figure 16

Flexi Zone Micro BTS interface panel

InterfacepanelsideofBTS
InterfacepanelsideofBTS

When selecting a location to mount the BTS keep the following in mind:

Try to avoid mounting the BTS such that the antennas are blocked by other structures, walls, etc. A direct line of sight to the area to be covered will provide the best performance.

Keep other metallic mounting features as far away from all antennas as possible.

Keep cables routed and secured away from the LTE and Bluetooth antennas.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

If you plan to use omnidirectional antenna, do not install the BTS on a metal wall or nearby metal obstructions.

Remotely connecting the FAWB omnidirectional antenna (472933A) is not allowed as this is a monopole antenna.

If any omnidirectional or directional antennas are remotely connected, external lightning surge protection must be added.

If side clearance is less than screw driver length, the grounding cable needs to be pre- installed. The minimum and recommended maintenance clearances are shown in Table 3: Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances .

Table 3

Flexi Zone Micro BTS maintenance clearances

BTS side

Minimum clearances

Recommended clearances

Front

50

mm / 360 mm (1)

500

mm

(1.97 in / 14.17 in (1) )

(19.68 in)

Rear

35

mm (2)

35

mm (2)

(1.38 in (2) )

(1.38 in (2) )

Top

100

mm / 400 mm (3)

Height of the unit + 10 mm / 300

(3.94 in / 15.75 in (3) )

mm

(3)

(Height of the unit + 0.39 in / 11.81 in (3) )

Bottom

100

mm

300

mm

(3.94 in)

(11.81 in)

Left

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

Right

10

mm / 110 mm (1)

10

mm (4) / 110 mm (1), (4)

(0.39 in / 4.33 in (1) )

(0.39 in (4) / 4.33 in (1),(4) )

(1) For applications with tilting bracket.

(2) For wall and pole installations.

(3) For applications with directional antenna.

(4) Depends on the screwdriver length.

1 Fix the interface bracket to the Flexi Zone Micro BTS with two M6x16 hexagonal screws and washers.

Tighten the screws to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 17

Fixing the interface bracket

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 17 Fixing the interface bracket 2 Thread the straining straps to

2 Thread the straining straps to the static mounting bracket.

Figure 18

Threading the straining straps

mounting bracket. Figure 18 Threading the straining straps 3 Install the static mounting bracket on the

3 Install the static mounting bracket on the pole with the straining straps.

g The straps should be tightened and secured according to the strap manufacturer’s instructions and the bracket should be secure and immovable.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 19

Installing the static mounting bracket on the pole

Figure 19 Installing the static mounting bracket on the pole 4 Tighten the straining strap around

4 Tighten the straining strap around the pole.

5 Install the BTS to the static mounting bracket.

w NOTICE: If you lift the unit with a rope, use an M6 size eyebolt. The eyebolt is to be fixed to the top of the BTS, in place of the rubber plug. The eyebolt should be removed and replaced with the rubber plug after installing the BTS.

If the directional antenna is already installed, an eyebolt with a neck length of at least 40mm must be used.

The eyebolt is not a part of delivery and has to be ordered separately.

Figure 20 Rubber plug location Rubberplug
Figure 20
Rubber plug location
Rubberplug

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

a) Position the BTS with the interface bracket next to the static mounting bracket and align the middle holes position.

b) Push the BTS until the interface bracket rests on the static mounting bracket.

c) Fix the brackets with the captivated screw. Use a T25 screwdriver.

g

g

The captivated screw is pre-installed on the interface bracket.

d) Tighten the screw to 3 Nm (2.2 ft-lb).

Before tightening the screw make sure that:

the static mounting bracket is securely captivated in the slot in the interface bracket,

tabs on the interface bracket are captivated by the back surface of the static mounting bracket.

Figure 21

Correct brackets alignment

Tabson interfacebracket Tabon staticbracket Slotininterfacebracket
Tabson
interfacebracket
Tabon
staticbracket
Slotininterfacebracket

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 22

Installing the BTS on a horizontal pole

Micro BTS Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 22 Installing the BTS on a horizontal pole

Installing Antennas

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

2 Installing Antennas

2.1 Installing Directional Antenna

Purpose

The directional antenna is installed by sliding onto the Flexi Zone Micro BTS. Installing the BTS on the tilting bracket allows the antenna to tilt both vertically (+/- 15 degrees) and horizontally (+/- 30 degrees).

Installing the BTS with tilting bracket on a wall or on a vertical pole is done in the same way as installing the BTS with static mounting bracket.

Before you start

w NOTICE: The directional antenna is meant to be used as attached to the Flexi Zone Micro BTS. Mounting the antenna remotely could result in slightly worse performance as the ground plane of the radio is utilized to optimize the gain and beamwidth.

The directional antenna is equipped with TX monitor ports meant for regulatory measurements. The ports have -35 dB couplers and require cables with SMA-male connectors.

Turn off the transmitter power before connecting cables to the monitor ports.

1 Install the static mounting bracket or the tilting bracket.

If you install the BTS on a wall, see Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a wall .

If you install the BTS on a vertical pole, see Installing Flexi Zone Micro BTS on a vertical pole .

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Antennas

2 Turn over the directional antenna so that the antenna connectors are visible.

Figure 23

Antenna connectors in the directional antenna

Figure 23 Antenna connectors in the directional antenna 3 Connect the RF cables to the antenna

3 Connect the RF cables to the antenna N-ports and tighten the connectors to 1.7 Nm (1.25 ft-lb).

Figure 24

Connecting RF cables

N-ports and tighten the connectors to 1.7 Nm (1.25 ft-lb). Figure 24 Connecting RF cables Issue:

Installing Antennas

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

4 Secure antenna cables by tucking the cables in.

Figure 25

Securing antenna cables

by tucking the cables in. Figure 25 Securing antenna cables 5 Slide the directional antenna onto

5 Slide the directional antenna onto the BTS, as shown in Figure 26: Sliding directional antenna onto BTS.

g

g

Remove the GPS antenna, if installed.

Remove the eyebolt, if installed.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Antennas

Figure 26

Sliding directional antenna onto BTS

Antennas Figure 26 Sliding directional antenna onto BTS 6 Attach the antenna to the BTS with

6 Attach the antenna to the BTS with the supplied four screws with washers. Torque the screws to 0.8 Nm ( ft-lb)

Figure 27

Attaching directional antenna to BTS

washers. Torque the screws to 0.8 Nm ( ft-lb) Figure 27 Attaching directional antenna to BTS

Installing Antennas

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

7 Connect the RF cables to the main and diversity TX/RX ports on the BTS and tighten the connectors to 1.7 Nm (1.25 ft-lb).

g Properly connected RF cables should be crossed, as shown in Figure 28: Directional antenna RF cables .

Figure 28

Directional antenna RF cables

antenna RF cables . Figure 28 Directional antenna RF cables 8 Cable the BTS as instructed

8 Cable the BTS as instructed in Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS.

2.2 Installing Omnidirectional Antennas

Purpose

FAWB omnidirectional antenna (472933A) or FAWC omnidirectional antenna (472947A) can be used. See Figure 29: FAWB omnidirectional antenna label and Figure 30: FAWC omnidirectional antenna label for omnidirectional antenna labels.

Figure 29

FAWB omnidirectional antenna label

China 1.8G/1.9GOmni Madein (1P)472933A.101 (1T)YEYYWW
China
1.8G/1.9GOmni
Madein
(1P)472933A.101
(1T)YEYYWW

Figure 30

FAWC omnidirectional antenna label

China Madein 2.6GOmni (1P)472947A.101 (1T)YEYYWW
China
Madein
2.6GOmni
(1P)472947A.101
(1T)YEYYWW

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Antennas

1 Connect the omnidirectional antennas to each of the TX/RX ports.

2 Hand-tighten the antenna.

Make sure to grip the antenna by its base and not by its radome.

3 Cable the BTS as instructed in Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS.

2.3 Installing Third Party Antennas

1 Connect the antennas to the proper main and diversity TX/RX port on the BTS using appropriately rated RF cables.

Note the following:

The only antennas that are permitted to be directly connected to the Flexi Zone Micro BTS are the antennas specifically offered by NSN for BTS direct attachments as listed in sections Installing Directional Antenna and Installing Omnidirectional Antennas . Other antennas are not supported to be directly attached to the Flexi Zone Micro unit.

If any other RF antennas are used they must be remotely mounted (separately from the FZM unit) and attached using appropriately rated RF cables.

g Remotely located antennas must meet the requirements stipulated in the antenna installation section in the installation manual and be equipped with additional in-line surge protection.

If using remotely connected antennas a surge arrestor should always be employed at the RF antenna cable building or outdoor BTS enclosure entry point to protect cellsite equipment and for operator safety. The surge arrestor should be connected to the cellsite single point ground using a low impedance conductor. The surge arrestor should have a low insertion loss within the RF band of operation.

2 Tighten the connectors to 1.7 Nm (1.25 ft-lb).

3 Cable the BTS as instructed in Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS.

2.4 Installing Bluetooth Antenna

Purpose

The approved antenna is a Reverse Polarized design and interfaces to the RP SMA Bluetooth antenna connector on the enclosure of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS host. See Figure 31: Bluetooth antenna .

Installing Antennas

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

w Use only the antenna shipped with the Flexi Zone Micro BTS. Failure to do so will void the Flexi Zone Micro BTS Bluetooth module regulatory modular approval.

Antenna approved for use is the Laird WXC2400SMRP-NS1, P183129 with the following parameters:

• Frequency 2.4 – 2.5 MHz

• Length: 61mm

• Gain 0dBi

• RP-SMA mount.

Figure 31

Bluetooth antenna

Gain 0dBi • • RP-SMA mount. Figure 31 Bluetooth antenna 1 Connect the Bluetooth antenna to

1 Connect the Bluetooth antenna to the Bluetooth port.

2 Hand-tighten the antenna.

Make sure to grip the antenna by its base and not by its radome.

3 Cable the BTS as instructed in Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS.

2.5 Installing GPS Antenna

Purpose

FAWD GPS antenna (472932A) can be used. See Figure 32: GPS antenna label for the GPS antenna label.

Figure 32

GPS antenna label

China Madein GPS_Ant (1P)472932A.101 (1T)YEYYWW
China
Madein
GPS_Ant
(1P)472932A.101
(1T)YEYYWW

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing Antennas

Figure 33

GPS antenna

Zone Micro BTS Installing Antennas Figure 33 GPS antenna For more information on GPS antenna requirements,

For more information on GPS antenna requirements, considerations, and remotely mounting see Requirements for GPS antenna installation

1 Connect the GPS antenna to the GPS port located on the top of the BTS.

2 Tighten the antenna to 1.7 - 2.6 Nm (15 - 20 in-lbs.).

Use a breakover type torque wrench of a standard click with an extended adapter. The extended adapter must have enough clearance to get under the radome of the GPS antenna.

3 Cable the BTS as instructed in Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

3 Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

w

w

w

Before you start

NOTICE: Always make sure the Bluetooth antenna is removed when tightening or loosening the Backhaul B cable gland nut due to risk of damage from wrench.

NOTICE: Incorrect cables and seals might not provide secured weather protection. In outdoor installations, including the outdoor cabinet, use only tested IP65 class outdoor cables with seals provided by NSN. This is also recommended for indoor installations.

NOTICE: Branch circuit protection must be provided during installation. Use a single pole 20A rated circuit breaker or adequately rated fuse/protection device.

The Flexi Zone Micro BTS interfaces are shown on the figures below.

Figure 34

Flexi Zone Micro BTS bottom view interfaces

Backhaul A BackhaulB TX/RXMain Fiberonly Copperonly TX/RXDiversity (N-type) (M25thread) (M25thread)
Backhaul A
BackhaulB
TX/RXMain
Fiberonly
Copperonly
TX/RXDiversity
(N-type)
(M25thread)
(M25thread)
(N-type)
ACConnector
Bluetooth
(MIL-C-38999standardsize9shell)
(SMA)

Figure 35

GPS

Flexi Zone Micro BTS top view interfaces

(SMA) Figure 35 GPS Flexi Zone Micro BTS top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro

Figure 36

Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces

top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
GNDpoint
GNDpoint
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885
top view interfaces Figure 36 Flexi Zone Micro BTS right-hand side view interfaces GNDpoint 36 DN09158885

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1 Connect grounding cable to the grounding interface located on right-hand side of the BTS.

The grounding cable should not be smaller than 16 mm 2 (6 AWG) and the lug should be crimped according to manufacturer’s instructions.

Fix the grounding cable with M6x12 screws and tighten to 3.2 Nm (2.4 in-lbs.).

2 Connect power cable to the AC connector.

g

Use the FPWA AC power cable supplied by NSN (472853A).

Align the keying features in the connectors and hand tighten.

Figure 37

Power cable alignment

connectors and hand tighten. Figure 37 Power cable alignment 3 For fiber connection, connect the transmission

3 For fiber connection, connect the transmission cable to the Backhaul A interface.

g

If the Bluetooth antenna is installed, remove it.

a) Remove the seal from the connector with a flathead screwdriver.

Figure 38

Removing the seal

Remove the seal from the connector with a flathead screwdriver. Figure 38 Removing the seal Issue:

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

b) Remove the protective cover from the Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) transceiver.

c) Disassemble cable gland and place it on the cable.

g If rubber grommet does not fit over connector, the rubber grommet can be cut and placed around cable. The cable range for grommet is 6 – 13

mm.

Figure 39

Preparing optical cable

grommet is 6 – 13 mm. Figure 39 Preparing optical cable d) Connect optical cable with

d) Connect optical cable with SFP transceiver into backhaul A (BH-A) port.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 40

Connecting optical cable

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 40 Connecting optical cable e) Slide fiber extender tube up cable

e) Slide fiber extender tube up cable and fasten the tube to the BTS. Tighten to 8 Nm (5.9 in-lbs.) using a 30 mm open end wrench.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 41

Fastening fiber extender tube

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 41 Fastening fiber extender tube f) Fasten the grommet housing into

f) Fasten the grommet housing into end of the fiber extender tube. Tighten to 8 Nm (5.9 in-lbs.) using a 30 mm open end wrench. Secure fiber extender tube with wrench while tightening grommet housing.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 42

Fastening grommet housing into fiber extender tube

Figure 42 Fastening grommet housing into fiber extender tube g) Push rubber grommet into the grommet

g) Push rubber grommet into the grommet housing. Ensure that the grommet is flush with the top of grommet housing.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 43

Pushing grommet into grommet housing

Micro BTS Figure 43 Pushing grommet into grommet housing h) Fasten the nut to the end

h) Fasten the nut to the end of grommet housing. Tighten to 8 Nm (5.9 in-lbs.) using a 30 mm open end wrench. Secure grommet housing with wrench while tightening grommet housing.

g The rubber seal is compression fitting. When the fitting is tightened, it seals against the outer diameter of the cable.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 44

Fastening nut to grommet housing

Zone Micro BTS Figure 44 Fastening nut to grommet housing 4 For copper connection, connect the

4 For copper connection, connect the transmission cable to the Backhaul B interface.

g If the Bluetooth antenna is installed, remove it.

a) Remove the seal from the connector with a flathead screwdriver.

Figure 45

Removing the seal

with a flathead screwdriver. Figure 45 Removing the seal b) Disassemble cable gland and place on

b) Disassemble cable gland and place on the cable.

g If rubber grommet does not fit over connector, the rubber grommet can be cut and placed around cable. The cable range for grommet is 6 – 13

mm.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 46

Preparing copper cable

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 46 Preparing copper cable c) Connect copper cable into backhaul B

c) Connect copper cable into backhaul B (BH-B) port.

Figure 47

Connecting copper cable

cable c) Connect copper cable into backhaul B (BH-B) port. Figure 47 Connecting copper cable 44

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

d) Slide grommet up cable and fasten the grommet to the BTS. Tighten to 8 Nm (5.9 in-lbs.) using a 30 mm open end wrench.

Figure 48

Fastening grommet to BTS

a 30 mm open end wrench. Figure 48 Fastening grommet to BTS e) Push rubber grommet

e) Push rubber grommet into the grommet housing. Ensure that the grommet is flush with the top of grommet housing.

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 49

Pushing grommet into grommet housing

Micro BTS Figure 49 Pushing grommet into grommet housing f) Fasten the nut to the end

f) Fasten the nut to the end of grommet housing. Tighten to 8 Nm (5.9 in-lbs.) using a 30 mm open end wrench. Secure grommet housing with wrench while tightening grommet housing.

g The rubber seal is compression fitting. When the fitting is tightened, it seals against the outer diameter of the cable.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Figure 50

Fastening nut to grommet housing

Zone Micro BTS Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS Figure 50 Fastening nut to grommet housing Issue:

Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Result

Figure 51

Complete cabling of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Result Figure 51 Complete cabling of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS 48

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Adjusting the Tilting Bracket

4 Adjusting the Tilting Bracket

Purpose

The tilt bracket can tilt both vertically and horizontally (+/- 15 degrees vertical and +/-30 degrees horizontal) to achieve the coverage of antenna. The top surface of the tilt bracket has rotation angle index for both vertically and horizontally orientation, as shown in Figure 52: Tilt bracket rotation angle index .

Figure 52

Tilt bracket rotation angle index

Horizontalangleindex 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 30 Verticalangleindex 20 10 0 10 20
Horizontalangleindex
15 10 5
0
5 10 15
30
Verticalangleindex
20
10
0
10
20
30

Adjusting the Tilting Bracket

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

1 Loosen the screws with the hex key to adjust the angle on the desired orientation.

2 Push the position according to indication, as shown in Figure 53: Adjusting bracket angle until the needed angle is reached.

Figure 53 Adjusting bracket angle 15 10 Screwsforadjusting 0 Pushforadjusting 5 verticalangle vertically 10
Figure 53
Adjusting bracket angle
15
10
Screwsforadjusting
0
Pushforadjusting
5
verticalangle
vertically
10
15
Screwsforadjusting
horizontalangle
Pushforadjusting
horizontally
30
20
10
0
10
20
30

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Adjusting the Tilting Bracket

3 Tighten the screws to 4.5 Nm (3.32 ft-lb).

Result

Figure 54

Flexi Zone Micro BTS with tilt bracket installed on pole

ft-lb). Result Figure 54 Flexi Zone Micro BTS with tilt bracket installed on pole Issue: 01B

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5 Requirements for GPS antenna installation

5.1

Introduction

5.1.1 Scope

The synchronization of Flexi Zone Micro BTS transmissions is primarily provided by a Global Positioning System (GPS) timing receiver. A high degree of reliability can be expected from the BTS GPS timing receiver but the overall receiver performance is heavily dependant on the GPS antenna installation. To realize the expected GPS performance the GPS antenna installation must meet requirements regarding antenna placement, cabling, lightning protection and interference suppression

This section provides a brief overview of the GPS followed by a summary of BTS GPS antenna installation requirements, guidelines for optimizing antenna installations and cellsite debugging procedures.

5.1.2 The Global Positioning System

The C/A (Coarse Acquisition) Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space based radio- navigation system that provides precise three dimensional (3D) positioning and time of day information to civilian users.

5.1.2.1 Satellite Constellation

The GPS is designed to operate with a minimum constellation of 21 operational and 3 active spare (24 total) satellites. The GPS satellite constellation is organized with 6 orbital planes each with an inclination of 55 degrees to the equator and an altitude of 20,200 kilometers. GPS satellite orbits are non-geosynchronous and complete one orbit in approximately 12 hours. It therefore is important to understand that a GPS receiver is to be exposed to a varying (but predictable) constellation of satellites which are constantly moving across the sky.

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Figure 55

Cellsite GPS Satellite Visibility

installation Figure 55 Cellsite GPS Satellite Visibility 5.1.2.2 GPS RF Carrier All C/A GPS satellites employ

5.1.2.2 GPS RF Carrier

All C/A GPS satellites employ 1.023MHz wide spread spectrum modulation on a common carrier frequency of 1.57542GHz. GPS transmissions received at the surface of the Earth should have a minimum RF signal strength of -160dBW.

5.2 General antenna positioning requirements

GPS antenna placement can be one of the most critical factors in realizing reliable BTS synchronization. The FZM design involves an integrated GPS antenna that allows direct reception of GPS transmissions when operated in locations that afford a suitable satellite visibility. In cases where the FZM must be operated in a location that does not provide suitable satellite visibility the GPS antenna can be detached and positioned in a more optimal position with connection through a coaxial cable.

Considerations of several (often conflicting) factors are required in determining the optimal GPS antenna position. The GPS antenna position should ideally be chosen to provide a maximum view to the horizon in all directions. However, sacrifices in antenna visibility are often necessary when considering other factors such as RF interference from nearby transmit antennas or potential antenna damage due to impact from falling ice or lightning strikes. For example the placement of a GPS antenna atop a cellular tower would likely provide a maximum satellite visibility but would be a poor positioning choice because of potential lightning damage or interference from nearby cellsite transmit antennas.

Consideration must also be given to changing environmental conditions when selecting a GPS antenna location. Dense foliage can significantly attenuate GPS transmissions and may not cause problems during fall or winter months but could impact GPS reception during other seasons or with continued tree growth.

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

In most cases suitable compromises can be made to obtain the necessary mix of GPS

satellite visibility and protection of antenna hardware.

5.2.1 Required Antenna Visibility

A line of sight view is required between the GPS antenna and any satellites used in

determining a timing solution. Before the GPS receiver can provide accurate timing information it must first determine the location of its antenna in 3D space. The information from a minimum of four (4) satellites is required to determine the 3D antenna

location. After the GPS receiver has determined its antenna location it can continue to provide accurate timing information with as few as one (1) satellite in view.

Because GPS satellites operate in non-geosynchronous orbital patterns the GPS antenna must be prepared to receive GPS signals from most any direction. The minimum GPS constellation guarantees that a minimum of four (4) GPS satellites are to be in view from any location on the Earth with an un-obstructed view to the horizon. Typically however, six (6) or more satellites are visible allowing for some obstruction of the GPS antenna visibility if necessary.

5.2.2 Antenna Placement Optimization

While the ideal GPS antenna installation provides an unobstructed view in all directions

to within 20° of the horizon, practical limitations exist at some cellsite locations that afford

only a fraction of the desired visibility. Reductions in GPS antenna visibility can result in increased BTS initialization times or in the reporting of numerous alarms from affected

BTS's. Care should be taken in selecting the antenna location to maximize the available visibility. Even small improvements in visibility can have a large impact in receiver performance as can be seen in the example presented in Figure 56: Maximizing GPS Antenna Visibility .

Figure 56

Maximizing GPS Antenna Visibility

Figure 56: Maximizing GPS Antenna Visibility . Figure 56 Maximizing GPS Antenna Visibility 54 DN09158885 Issue:

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

5.2.3 Lightning Protection

The GPS antenna position should be chosen to minimize the potential of damage because of a direct or nearby lightning strike. In cellsite installations employing an antenna tower it is recommended that the GPS antenna be mounted near the tower base (but not where it might be impacted by falling ice) to allow the tower to act as a lightning rod. Many different approaches have been used to define the protective area provided by a nearby tower or lightning rod such as the 45° protection zone or the rolling ball method. While the accuracy of these methods has recently come into question the general rule holds where higher antenna elevations yield a higher probability of damage due to lightning. The GPS antenna should never be at or near the highest elevation of its surroundings.

The GPS antenna cabling must be grounded at the cellsite master ground point. If the GPS antenna must be positioned on or close to the cellsite tower it requires to bond the antenna and cabling to the tower as well to avoid lightning flashover.

Figure 57

GPS Antenna Placement Considerations

flashover. Figure 57 GPS Antenna Placement Considerations 5.2.4 Antenna Blockage While NSN recommends GPS antennas

5.2.4 Antenna Blockage

While NSN recommends GPS antennas utilize a conically shaped radome to minimize the likelihood of blockage due to debris or snow buildup care should still be taken in positioning the antenna to minimize any such accumulation on the antenna surface. Mounting the GPS antenna on a pole or mast at an elevation above any potential snow or debris buildup is a common solution to this problem. The pole or mast mounting also allows any temporary ice accumulation to quickly dissipate after sever weather conditions subside.

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5.2.5 RF Interference

While the BTS GPS receiver and recommended antennas provide a high level of out of band interference rejection care should be taken to avoid placing the GPS antenna in the direct radiation path of cellular or other transmit antennas. To minimize interference potential the GPS antenna should be positioned at a different elevation and as far as possible from nearby transmit antennas. The graph presented in Figure 58: Maximum GPS Receiver Interference Power Level vs. Frequency can be used to identify the maximum interference source power levels presented at the GPS antenna surface (assuming that a NSN recommended GPS antenna is in use and RF signal presented to the GPS receiver meets all level and noise figure requirements).

Different interference rejection performance than what is presented in Figure 57: GPS Antenna Placement Considerations might be experienced with other (non-NSN recommended) GPS antenna types or when the GPS receiver is not provided with the required (minimum or maximum) RF signal levels.

Figure 58

Maximum GPS Receiver Interference Power Level vs. Frequency

Maximum GPS Receiver Interference Power Level vs. Frequency 5.3 Integrated GPS antenna operation For typical

5.3 Integrated GPS antenna operation

For typical configuration, the GPS antenna is directly mounted on the Flexi Zone Micro BTS, as shown in Figure 59: Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram .

Figure 59

Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram

GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram . Figure 59 Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram 56 DN09158885 Issue:

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

5.4 Remotely positioned antenna operation

The FZM supports direct GPS antenna mounting as shown in Figure 59: Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram . Figure 59: Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram depicts the connections and hardware where it is necessary to position the GPS antenna separately from the FZM. A description of the GPS antenna system elements along with relative installation requirements is presented in following subsections of this document.

Figure 60

Remote RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram

Figure 60 Remote RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram 5.4.1 Active GPS Antenna The GPS antenna is

5.4.1 Active GPS Antenna

The GPS antenna is used to capture and amplify transmissions from multiple in view GPS satellites while providing adequate rejection of out of band signals. The Flexi Zone Micro BTS GPS antenna consists of an antenna element, pre-selector filter and Low Noise Amplifier (LNA).

5.4.1.1 Antenna Element

The antenna element must be capable of receiving transmissions from multiple GPS satellites while in view throughout their orbit. A suitable GPS antenna is to have a nearly uniform gain throughout a 360° azimuth and to within 20° above the horizon. Extending antenna gain to elevations of less than 20° offers little benefit in terms of satellite tracking and can actually make the GPS receiver more vulnerable to terrestrial interference sources.

5.4.1.2 Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) / Pre-selector Filter

An active antenna is utilized to minimize antenna system noise figure and maximize usable antenna cable lengths. The Flexi Zone Micro supplied antenna incorporates an LNA and GPS bandpass filtering.

The active antenna LNA is powered by a +5V DC ±0.5V bias provided from the Flexi Zone Micro BTS through the GPS antenna cabling.

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5.4.1.3 Overall GPS Antenna RF Requirements

The NSN recommended GPS antennas should meet the requirements outlined in Table 4: Recommended GPS Antenna Specifications and have proven quality with good field performance. While it is possible to use other antennas, considerable care must be exercised in selecting alternatives to insure full BTS compatibility for all conditions.

Table 4

Recommended GPS Antenna Specifications

 

Requirement / Recommendations

Gain

+25dB (recommended)

Noise Figure

<2.5dB (recommended)

Operating Frequency

1575.42 MHz with less than 3dB attenuation at a +1.2MHz offset from center (Required)

Filtering

>40dB attenuation at +50 MHz offset from L1 center (Recommended) )

LNA Supply Voltage

Operation with a supply voltage of +5VDC +0.25V (Required)

LNA Supply Current

<30mA (Required)

Azimuth Coverage

360° (Required)

Elevation Coverage

10° to 90° (Required)

Operating Temperature

-40°C to +85°C (Recommended)

5.4.2 RF Cabling

A wide range of coaxial cable types may be used between the GPS antenna and BTS connection. In choosing the GPS antenna cable all RF, physical installation and environmental requirements must be considered. The GPS antenna cable must have a characteristic impedance of 50Ω and must satisfy the signal loss requirement outlined in section GPS Antenna System RF Requirements for the installation length.

The chosen antenna cable must support all installation requirements such as the minimum cable bend radius, operating temperature range any special insulation requirements such as ultra-violet light resistance, armor jacketing for rodent proofing, plenum ratings, etc. Signal loss and minimum bend radius information for commonly used GPS antenna cable types is presented in Table 5: Antenna Cable Loss / Bend Radius Data .

Table 5

Antenna Cable Loss / Bend Radius Data

Cable Type

Loss / length @

MinimumBend

CableDiamet

1575MHz

Radius

er

RG-142

0.56

dB/m

51mm

4.95mm

LMR-400

0.17

dB/m

25.4mm

10.3mm

FSJ4-50

0.15

dB/m

32mm

13.2mm

LDF4-50

0.091 dB/m

125mm

16mm

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Care must be exercised in properly terminating and weather-proofing all cable connections. A common problem experienced with GPS antenna installations involves poor cable terminations or weather-proofing that result in degraded performance over time and eventual failures.

5.4.3 Lightning Arrestor

A surge arrestor should always be employed at the GPS antenna cable building or outdoor BTS enclosure entry point to protect cellsite equipment and for operator safety. The surge arrestor should be connected to the cellsite single point ground using a low impedance conductor as shown in Figure 59: Typical RF GPS Antenna Configuration Diagram . The surge arrestor should have a low insertion loss within the GPS L1 band and must be capable of passing the antenna LNA 5VDC supply voltage. The Polyphaser DGXZ+06NFNF-A surge arrestor is NSN recommended because of its low clamping voltage and high surge handling capabilities. The DGXZ+06NFNF-A has the following performance specifications:

Parameter

Specification

Frequency Range

800MHz to 2500MHz

VSWR

 

<1.1:1

Insertion Loss

<

0.1dB over frequency range

Turn-on Voltage

+6.5V DC

Turn-on Time

4μS for 2kV/μS

Maximum Surge

20kA per IEC 61000-4-5 8/20μS Waveform

Throughput Energy

<

175μJ for 3kA, 8/20μS waveform

User Voltage

+6.0V DC MAX

Operating Temperature Range

-50°C to +85°C

5.4.4 GPS Antenna System RF Requirements

To realize optimal GPS receiver performance the total GPS antenna system gain and noise figure at the Flexi Zone Micro BTS GPS antenna input must meet the following requirements:

Total Antenna System Gain (G): +10dB > G > +26dB (Within the GPS L1 band (1575.42MHz +1.023MHz))

Total Antenna System Noise Figure: < 4.0dB

Operation outside of these limits can negatively impact receiver operation. Potential negative impacts include increased cellsite initialization times, the intermittent GPS signal reception and a reduction in receiver interference immunity.

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

5.4.4.1 Antenna System Gain

The total antenna system gain can be calculated by summing the gains and losses (in decibels) of all antenna system elements using the following equation:

G = G Antenna + G Cable 1 + G Lightning Arrestor + G Cable 2

As an example the antenna system gain of a hypothetical cellsite GPS installation utilizing the following elements (pictured in Figure 61: GPS Antenna Loss Budget / Noise Figure Calculation ) is calculated as follows:

G

Antenna = +25dB (Antenna)

G

Cable 1 = -7.7dB (50m FSJ4-50 cable (0.15dB/m * 50m + 0.2dB connector loss )

G

Lightning Arrestor = -0.1dB (Polyphaser DGXZ+06NFNF-A)

G

Cable 2 = -0.65dB (3m FSJ4-50 cable (0.15dB/m * 3m + 0.2dB connector loss )

G

= +25dB - 7.7dB -0.1dB -0.65dB

G

= 16.55dB

The calculated gain of this hypothetical GPS antenna system is +16.55dB which is within the required gain range of +10dB to +26dB. If the resulting gain were less than +10dB modifications to the antenna system such as using a lower loss cable to increase the overall gain would be required.

5.4.4.2 Antenna System Noise Figure

The GPS antenna system noise figure requirement is seldom violated unless a non recommended GPS antenna is used or additional signal amplifiers are employed to compensate for large cable losses. The total antenna system noise figure can be calculated using the following equation:

f=f 1 + f 2 -1

g

1

+

f 3 -1

g 1 *g 2

+...,

Where:

f = the total antenna system noise figure

f 1 = noise figure of stage 1

g 1 = gain of stage 1

g All gain and noise figure values are absolute and not in decibels

The noise figure of the hypothetical GPS antenna system described in Antenna System Gain would be calculated as follows:

f = 1.535

NF(dB) = 10*Log(1.535)=1.86dB

The calculated noise figure of this hypothetical GPS antenna system is 1.86dB which is below the required +4.0dB maximum. Violations in antenna system noise figure can be addressed by utilizing lower loss antenna cabling utilizing signal amplifiers with lower

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Requirements for GPS antenna installation

noise figures and reducing the signal losses prior to any in-line signal amplifiers. Difficulties in satisfying antenna system noise figure requirements are usually caused by the need to utilize long cable runs.

Figure 61

GPS Antenna Loss Budget / Noise Figure Calculation

need to utilize long cable runs. Figure 61 GPS Antenna Loss Budget / Noise Figure Calculation

Contents of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

6 Contents of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery

The Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery contents are listed in Table 6: Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery contents .

Table 6

Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery contents

No.

Item name

Item code

Quantity

1

Flexi Zone Micro BTS (FWGB/FWHA/FWIB)

472851A/

1

472897A/

472899A

2

Cable Gland

P182696

2

3

Ground Lug 6 AWG, 2 hole

P180544

1

4

M6x12 Combined Screws with Plain/Spring Washers

P184316

2

5

Bluetooth 2.4GHz Antenna, 0dBi, 61mm, SMA-RP

P183129

1

6

Fiber Tube Extender

828548

1

The Flexi Zone Micro BTS mounting brackets delivery contents are listed in Table 7:

FMWA Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (472858A) delivery contents and Table 8: FMWB Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (473031A) delivery contents .

Table 7

FMWA Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (472858A) delivery contents

No.

Item name

Item code

Quantity

1

Static Mounting Bracket

086857A

1

2

M6x16 hexagonal screw

6196890

2

3

Washers

6340451

2

4

Interface Bracket

828551

1

Table 8

FMWB Flexi Zone Wall and Pole Mounting Bracket (473031A) delivery contents

No.

Item name

Item code

Quantity

1

Tilting Mounting Bracket

087151A

1

2

M6x16 hexagonal screw

6196890

2

3

Washers

6340451

2

4

Interface Bracket

828551A

1

The Flexi Zone Micro BTS antennas delivery contents are listed in Table 9: Flexi Zone Micro BTS Antennas delivery contents .

Installing and Cabling Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Contents of the Flexi Zone Micro BTS delivery

Table 9

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Antennas delivery contents

Antenna Name

Description

4 letter

Sales

Delivery

Quantity

Quantity

code

Item

Contents

Per

Needed Per

Sales

FZM

Item

RF Access

FAWB OMNI

FAWB

472933A

OMNI Antenna

1

2