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# Appendix B

Mock Test 1

## Section A: Single Correct Answer Type

1. An elevator is accelerating upwards with an acceleration of 6 m/s2. Inside it, a person of mass 50 kg is
standing on a weighing machine which is kept on an
inclined plane having the angle of inclination 60.
The reading of the weighing machine is

## (c) Point 9 on the string has the greatest downward

acceleration
(d) Point 2 on the string has a downward velocity
and upward acceleration.
9

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a = 6 m/s

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Fig. B.2

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## The center of mass moves towards left.

The center of mass moves towards right.
The center of mass remains stationary.
The net torque about the center of mass of the
spool is zero.
3. The rate of dissipation of heat by a black body at a
temperature T is Q. The rate of dissipation of heat by
another body at temperature 2T and emissivity 0.25 is

(a) 16Q
(b) 4Q

(c) 8Q
(d) 8.5Q
4. Figure B.3 shows a sinusoidal wave of period T travelling to the right along a string at time t = 0. Which
of the following statements is incorrect?

(a) Point 3 on the string is moving upward with
maximum speed.

(b) Point 5 on the string has the greatest upward
acceleration.

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I. +
II.

III. +

+
P

P
P

IV. +
The correct order of choices in a decreasing order of
magnitude of force on P is

(a) II > I > III > IV (b) I > II > III > IV

(c) II > I > IV > III (d) III > IV > I > II
6. Find the equivalent resistance across AB.
A

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## 5. Given are four arrangements of three fixed electric

charges. In each arrangement, a point labeled P is
also identifiedtest charge, +q, is placed at point P.
All of the charges are of the same magnitude Q, but
they can be either positive or negative as indicated.
The charges and point P all lie on a straight line. The
distances between adjacent items, either between two
charges or between a charge and point P, are all the
same.

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Fig. B.3

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(a) 40 kg
(b) 160 kg

(c) 80 kg
(d) 50 kg
2. A spool is pulled horizontally by two equal and
opposite forces as shown in Fig. B.2. Which of the
following statements is correct?

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Fig. B.1

Weighing machine

60

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Paper 1

2W

2W

2W
2W

Fig. B.4

2W

B.2 Physics

## loop shown in the figure? The integration in done in

the sense shown. The loop has N turns and a part of
helical loop on which arrows are drawn is outside the
plane of paper.

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(a) m0(NI)
(b) m0(I)

(c) m0(NI)
(d) Zero
8. A flag is mounted on a car moving due north with
the velocity of 20 km/h. Strong winds are blowing
due east with the velocity of 20 km/h. The flag will
point in direction

(a) East
(b) North-East

(c) South-East
(d) South-West
9. Water coming out of the mouth of a tap of area
of cross-section 2.5 cm2 is falling vertically in a
streamline flow with the speed 3 m/s. The area of
cross-section of the water column 80 cm below the
tap is

In

Fig. B.5

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11. For a particle moving in straight line with increasing speed, the appropriate sign of acceleration a and
velocity v can be

(a) a > 0 and v > 0 (b) a < 0 and v < 0

(c) a > 0 and v < 0 (d) a < 0 and v > 0
12. A number of forces of different magnitudes and directions which are variable in nature are used to move a
particle along a smooth curved horizontal path.

(a) The work done on the particle by the resultant
force equals the change in the kinetic energy
of particle.

(b) No work done is possible on a particle in circular motion.

(c) Work done is possible on a particle in circular
motion but it will not be equal to change in KE.

(d) If the speed of particle changes during circular
motion, then some work is being done on the
particle.
13. A particle of mass m = 4 kg moving at 6i m/s col-

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## Section B: Multiple Correct Answers

Type

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(a) 1 W
(b) 2 W

(c) 3 W
(d) 4 W
7. In Fig. B.5, a wire carries current I. What is the value

B dl (as in Amperes law) on the helical
of the

Fig. B.6

1f / cm

V0

(a) 0.5 cm
(b) 1 cm2
2

(c) 1.5 cm
(d) 2 cm2
10. A particle is executing S.H.M. A and B are two
extreme positions in which its velocity is zero. It
passes through a certain point P at intervals of 0.5 s
and 1.5 s with a speed of 3 m/s. What is the maximum
speed of the particle?

en

(b) 2 2 m/s

(c) 4 2 m/s

(d) 3 2 m/s

2f / cm

Volts
Metal 1

(a) 6 2 m/s

## (a) Velocity of the center of mass (CM) is 5i m/s.

(b) The velocities of the particles relative to the
center of mass have same magnitude.
(c) The speed of individual particle before and after
collision remains same.
(d) The velocity of particles relative to CM after

collision are v
= - i m/s, v
= 2i m/s

## 14. The graph between the stopping potential (V0) and

wave number (1/l) is as shown in Fig. B.7. If f is
the work function, then

## lides perfectly elastically with a particle of mass m2

= 2 kg moving at 3i m/s.

Metal 2

f1

f2

f3

0.001 0.002

0.004

Metal 3
(1/nm)
1/l

Fig. B.7

(a) f1 : f2 : f3 = 1 : 2 : 4
(b) f1 : f2 : f3 = 4 : 2 : 1
(c) tan q hc/e, where q is the slope.

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## an input power of 16 W produced a rise of 10 K in

the liquid. When the power was doubled, the same
temperature rise was achieved by making the rate of
flow of liquid three times faster. Find the power lost
(in W) to the surrounding in each case.
18. A block of mass m = 1 kg is projected on a smooth
horizontal floor with a speed v0 = 3 m/s towards a
fixed light spring of stiffness k = 16 N/m. The time
of contact of the smooth block with the spring is
p
sec. Find the value of *.
*

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(d) Ultraviolet light can be used to emit photoelectrons from metal 2 and metal 3 only.
15. A wave is transmitted from medium 1 to medium 2
and the respective velocities in the two media are v1
and v2, respectively,

(a) The phase of the transmitted wave does not
change if v2 > v1.

(b) The amplitude of transmitted wave is always
less than that of the incident wave.

(c) The frequency of the transmitted wave is always
equal to that of the incident wave.

(d) The phase of the transmitted wave does not
change if v1 < v2.

v0

Fig. B.9

In

## 19. A string 120 cm in length sustains a transverse

standing wave. The points of the string where the
displacement amplitude is each 3.5 mm are separated
by the distance of 15 cm. Find the overtone in which
the string vibrates.
20. In the circuit shown in Fig. B.10, each battery is 5 V
and has an internal resistance of 0.2 W. The reading
of the ideal voltmeter is V. Find V in volt.

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## 16. A cubical vessel with a liquid of density r = 103 kg/m3

is kept at rest on an inclined plane of angle of inclination q = 37. If b = 1 m, then find the pressure
difference between A and B.

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## Section C: Integer Answer Type

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Fig. B.8

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17. In two experiments with a continuous flow calorimeter to determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid,

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Fig. B.10

Type

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## 1. A metallic square loop PQRS is moving in its own

plane with velocity v in a uniform magnetic field
perpendicular to its plane as shown in Fig. B.11. If
VP, VQ, VR and VS are the potentials of points P, Q,
R and S then which of the following is an incorrect
statement?

(a) VP = VQ
(b) VP > VS

(c) VP > VR
(d) VS > VR

Fig. B.11

## 2. A bomb of mass 3m is kept inside a closed box of

mass 3m and length 4L at its center. It explodes in
two parts of mass m and 2m. The two parts move in
opposite directions and stick to the opposite sides
of the walls of box. The box is kept on a smooth
horizontal surface.

B.4 Physics

Fig. B.12

time interval?

L
(d)
3

Fig. B.13

## (a) When switch S is closed, the direction of the

momentary current induced in coil B will be in
anticlockwise direction.
(b) When switch S is closed, the direction of the
momentary current induced in coil B will be in
clockwise direction.
(c) When switch S is opened, the direction of the
momentary induced current in coil B will be in
clockwise direction.
(d) When switch S is opened, the direction of the
momentary induced current in coil B will be in
anticlockwise direction.
8. A small ball of mass m suspended from the ceiling
at a point O by a thread of length moves along a
horizontal circle with a constant angular velocity w.
Which of the followings is/are correct?

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## 3. An AC source rated 100 V (rms) supplies a current of

10 A (rms) to a circuit. The average power delivered
by the source

(a) must be 1000 W

(b) may be greater than 1000 W

(c) may be less than 1000 W

(d) All of the above three are possible.
4. The deviation for a ray at the interface of two media
from denser (1) to rarer (2) with the angle of incidence
30 is 15. What maximum deviation a ray of same
wavelength can undergo at the interface of two media
when entering from medium (2)?

(a) 90 (b) 45 (c) 0
(d) 60
5. Two identical photocathodes receive the light of
frequencies v1 and v2. If the velocities of the photoelectrons (of mass m) coming out are v1 and v2, respectively, then

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(a) 0

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(c)

12

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(b)

6

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4L

## (c) A non-metal shell of uniform charge attracts or

repels a charged particle that is outside the shell
as if all the shells charges were concentrated
at the center of the shell.

(d) If a charged particle is located inside a nonmetal shell of uniform charge, there is no electrostatic force on the particle due to the shell.
7. There are two coils A and B as shown in Fig. B.13.

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1/ 2

2h

(a) v1 - v2 = (n1 - n 2 )
m

## (b) v12 - v22 =

2h

(c) v1 + v2 = (n1 - n 2 )
m

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2h
(n1 - n 2 )
m

2h
(n1 - n 2 )
m
6. Pick the correct statements:

(a) If a point charge is placed off-center inside
an electrically neutral spherical metal shell,
then the induced charge on its inner surface is
uniformly distributed.

(b) If a point charge is placed off-center inside an
electrically neutral, isolated spherical metal
shell, then the induced charge on its outer surface is uniformly distributed.
(d) v12 + v22 =

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w
m

Fig. B.14

## (a) Angular momentum is constant about O.

(b) Angular momentum is constant about C.
(c) Vertical component of angular momentum
(d) Magnitude of angular momentum about O is
constant.

M/

tan q
m=
2

(a)

J0R
m0
6

(b)

3
J 0 Rm0
16

(c)

5
J 0 Rm0
16

(d)

5
J 0 Rm0
6

B

2
M/

(a)

(b)

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## For Problems 911

As shown in Fig. B.15, blocks of masses M/2, M and M/2
are connected through a light string as shown; pulleys are
light and smooth. Friction is only between block C and
floor. System is released from rest.

## 12. The position where magnetic field strength is maximum is

(a) R
(b) 3R/4

(c) R/2
(d) R/4
13. The magnitude of maximum magnetic field is

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Fig. B.15

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(c)

(d)

## For Problems 1519

An inductor of inductance 3 H is given across which a potential difference varying with time is shown in Fig. B.17.
At t = 0, current in the inductor is zero.

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## Find the acceleration of block B.

(a) > g sin q
(b) < g sin q
(c) g sin q
(d) Any of the above can be possible
Regarding the accelerations of A and C, we can say
that:

(a) accelerations of both will be same

(b) acceleration of A will be greater than that of C

(c) acceleration of C will be greater than that
of A

(d) any of the above is possible.
11. Find the tension in the string.

(a) 5 Mg sin q/8
(b) Mg sin q/4

(c) Mg sin q/6
(d) Mg sin q/8
For Problems 1214
An infinite cylindrical wire of radius R and having current
density varying with its radius r as, J = J0[1 (r/R)]. Then

In

9.

10.

Fig. B.16

V (volt)
12

t (s)

Fig. B.17

15.

16.

## Area under Vt graph represents

(a) total charge flown
(b) change in current
(c) product of inductance and change in current
(d) product of inductance and total charge flown
Maximum value of current in the inductor will take
place at time t equal to

(a) 4 s (b) 2 s
(c) 0
(d) 1 s
17. Find the current in the circuit at t = 3 s.

(a) 1 A (b) 3 A (c) 5 A (d) 7 A

## Section C: Matching Column Type

18. Heat given to process is positive. Match the following
columns I and II.

B.6 Physics

r1

30
20

r2

H
E

Fig. B.19

Fig. B.18

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Column I
Column II

(p) EF
(a) DW < 0

(q) FG
(b) DW > 0

(r) GH
(c) DQ < 0

(s) HE
(d) DQ > 0
19. Column I and column II contain four entries each.
Entries of column I are to be matched with entries of
column II.
A battery of emf E is connected across a conductor
as shown in Fig. B.19. As one observes from A to B,
match the following.

Column I
Column II

(p) Current
(a) increases

(q) Drift velocity
(b) decreases
of electron

(r) Electric field
(c) remains same

(s) Potential drop
(d) cannot be deter per unit length mine
20. Match quantities in column I and with those quantities
in column II having same dimensions.
Column II
Column I

(p) Torque
(a) Plancks constant

(q) Angular Momentum (b) Work

(r) Latent heart
(c) Strain

(s) Angle
(d) Gravitatinal
Potential

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V (m )

20

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10

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P (atm)

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Paper 1

## Section A: Single Correct Answer Type

(a)

1- k2

R

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1. A projectile is fired vertically upwards from the surface of the earth with a velocity Kve, where ve is
the escape velocity and k < 1. If R is the radius of
the earth, the maximum height to which it will rise
measured from the center of earth will be (neglect
air resistance)?

(c) R (1k)2

(b)

R
1- k2

(d)

R
1+ k2

## 2. In the measurement of the focal length f of a concave

mirror, the object distance u = 40 0.1 cm, the image
distance v = 20 0.2 cm. The maximum % error in
the measurement of f is

(a) 1.75 (b) 0.75 (c) 0.3 (d) 2.25

Mock Test 2

## 3. A small ball is projected horizontally between two

large blocks. The ball is given a velocity V m/s and
each of the large blocks move uniformly with a velocity of 2V m/s. The ball collides elastically with the
blocks. If the velocity of the blocks do not change
due to the collision, then find out the velocity of the
ball after the second collision.

## Assume friction to be absent

Fig. B.20

(a) 5V
(b) 7V

(c) 9V
(d) None of these
4. Four forces of the same magnitude act on a square as
shown in Fig. B.21. The square can rotate about point

## O, mid point of one of the edges. The force which

can produce greatest torque is
(a) F1
(b) F2
(c) F3
(d) F4

5. The voltage of an AC source varies with time according to the relation: E = 120 sin 100 pt cos 100 pt V.
What is the peak voltage of the source?

(a) 60 V (b) 120V (c) 30 V (d) V
6. A capacitor having initial charge q0 = CE/2 is connected to a cell of emf E as shown in Fig. B.22. The
total heat generated in the circuit after the closing of
switch is
C

(d)

2 (- i + j + k )

(a)

h - 1
(b) a ln h -
RT0
g - 1

(c) a ln h (g 1) RT0

(d) None of these
9. A container filled with mercury and having a wooden
block floating in it is allowed to fall freely under
gravity. During the fall, the upthrust on the wooden
block will be

(a) zero

(b) equal to the weight of mercury displaced by the
immersed portion of the block

(c) equal to the weight of the block in air

(d) equal to the loss of weight of the block in water
10. Flux passing through the shaded surface of sphere
when a point charge q is placed at the center is (radius
of the sphere is R)

Fig. B.22

(b) (1/8)CE2
(d) None of these

## 7. A uniform magnetic field B = 3i + 4 j + k exists in

region of space. A semicircular wire of radius 1 m
carrying current 1 A having its center at (2, 2, 0) is
placed in x-y plane as shown in Fig. B.23. The force
on semicircular wire will be
(a) (1/2)CE
(c) (1/4)CE2

R/2

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1
ln h
a

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2 (i + j - k )

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-q0

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F1

Fig. B.21

+q0

2 (i - j + k )

F4

(b)

## 8. The molar heat capacity C for an ideal gas going

through a given process is given by C = a/T, where
a is a constant. If g = CP/CV, the work done by one
mole of gas during heating from T0 to hT0 through
the given process will be:

F2

2 (i + j + k )

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F3

(a)

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Fig. B.24

1m

(2, 2)

(a) q/e0
(c) q/4e0

(b) q/2e0
(d) zero

45
x

Fig. B.23

## 11. A box of mass m is released from rest at position 1

on the frictionless curved track shown in Fig. B.25.
It slides a distance d along the track in time t to

B.8 Physics

## Section C: Integer Answer Type

Fig. B.25

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(a) h = vt
(b) h = (1/2)gt2
2

(c) d = (1/2)at
(d) mgh = (1/2)mv2
12. Monoatomic, diatomic and triatomic gases whose
initial volume and pressure are same. Each is compressed till their pressure becomes twice the initial
pressure. Then:

(a) if the compression is isothermal, then their final
volumes will be same.

(b) if the compression is adiabatic, then their final
volumes will be different.

(c) if the compression is adiabatic, then the triatomic gas will have maximum final volume

(d) if the compression is adiabatic, then the monoatomic gas will have maximum final volume.
13. Three simple harmonic motions in the same direction
having each of amplitude a and the same period are
superposed. If each differes in phase from the next
by p/4, then

## 16. A particle moves with uniform acceleration along

a strainght line AB. Its velocities at A and B are 2 m/s
and 14 m/s, respectively. M is the mid-point of AB.
The particle takes t1 seconds to go from A to M and
t2 seconds to go from M to B. Then find the ratio
t1/t2.
17. The Suns mass is about 3.2 105 times the Earths
mass. The sun is about 400 times as far from the
Earth as the Earth is from the Moon. Assume that
the Sun-Moon distance is constant and equal to SunEarth distance. Find the ratio of the magnitudes of
the gravitational pull of the Sun on the Moon (Fms)
and of the Earth on the Moon (Fme).
18. A body rolls on two horizontal plates 1 and 2 moving
with velocities 3v and v, respectively. The distance
of instantaneous axis of rotation from the lowest plate
is equal to R/*. Find the value of *.

Pv
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## 15. An elastic metal rod will change its length when it

(a) falls vertically under its weight

(b) is pulled along its length by a force acting at
one end

(c) rotates about an axis at one end

(d) slides on a rough surface

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## reach position 2, dropping a vertical height h. Let v

and a be the instantaneous speed and instantaneous
acceleration, respectively, of the box at position 2.
Which of the following equations is/are not valid for
this situation?

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## (a) Resultant amplitude is ( 2 + 1) a

(b) Phase of resultant motion relative to first is 90.
(c) The energy associated with the resulting motion
is (3 + 2 2 ) times the energy associated with
any single motion.

(d) Maximum speed of resultant SHM will be more
than double of the initial SHMs.
14. In Youngs double slit experiment, the phase difference between the waves at a point on screen having
intensity less than the average intensity on screen
may be

(a)

p

4

(b)

2p
(c) p
3

(d)

7p
8

3v

Fig. B.26

## 19. A point source of sound is located somewhere along

the x-axis. Experiments show that the same wave
front simultaneously reaches listeners at x = 8 m
and x = +2.0 m. A third listener is positioned along
the positive y-axis. What is her y-coordinate (in m) if
the same wave front reaches her at the same instant
as it does the first two listeners?
20. The inductor in an LC oscillation has a maximum
potential difference of 10 V and maximum energy
of 100 mJ. Find the value of capacitor in mF in LC
circuit.
Paper 2

Paper 2

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2 R1R2

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(a)

2 R12

(a)

Fnet

(b)

ma

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Frotor

Fgravitational

(c)

Fdrag

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Frotor

(d)

Fdrag

Frotor

ma
Fgravitational

In

Fgravitational

## 4. A ray of light strikes a cubical slab as shown in

Fig. B.29. Then the geometrical path length traversed
by the light in the slab will be:

(a) 2 3

(c)

(b) 6

2

3

3 3
+
2
2

(d)

60

R1

m=

2m

(3 / 2)

2 2m

air

m (3/2)

LE
(b)
2 R22
(d)

Fdrag

Fgravitational

LE 2 R2
2 R12

## 3. A helicopter is moving to the right at a constant

horizontal velocity. It experiences three forces

## Fgravitational , Fdrag and force on it caused by rotor

Frotor . Which of the following diagrams can be correct free body diagram representing forces on the
helicopter?

Frotor

Fig. B.27

Fig. B.28

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R2

Direction of motion

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## 1. A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance 200 mF is

charged by a battery of emf 100 V. The battery is
now disconnected and temperature of the plate is
equal to atmospheric temperature. The plates are
now connected by a thin wire of negligible heat
capacity. Assume 50% of their stored energy increases their temperature till the capacitor gets completely discharged and energy equally distributes
over the plates. If thermal capacity of each plate
is 0.5 J K1 and coefficient of linear expansion is
2 105 C1, percentage increase in the volume of
the plates is

(a) 0.001%
(b) 0.002%

(c) 0.003%
(d) 0.004%
2. In the circuit shown in Fig. B.27, X is joined to Y for
a long time, and then X is joined to Z. The total heat
produced in R2 is

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## Section A: One or More Correct Answer

Type

2 2m

Fig. B.29

5. For a silver atom, energy corresponding to Ka transition is 21.75 keV. Also the minimum energy of a striking electron so as to produce L X-rays is 3.56 keV.
Now, if an electron with an energy of 23 keV strikes
a silver target, the characteristic X-rays spectrum
will have

B.10 Physics

(b) vB = 2 g(h1 + h2 )

(c) vB = 2 g(h2 - h1 )

(d) vB = gh2

di

## 10. If h2 = 3.0 m, the maximum value of h1, for which

the siphon will work, will be

(a) 3.0 m (b) 6.0 m (c) 7.2 m (d) 4.8 m
11. Given h1 = h2 = 3.0 m, the gauge pressure of water
in the highest level CD of the tube will be

(a) 3.0 104 N/m2 (b) 5.9 104 N/m2

(c) 3.9 104 N/m2 (d) 1.5 104 N/m2
For Problems 1214
A charged ball of mass 9 kg is suspended from a string in

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h1

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x
q

Fig. B.31

12.

13.

14.

h2
V
B

Fig. B.30

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## Section B: Comprehension Type

P0

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(a) vB = 2 gh2

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3 6Q
3Q

(d) E =
4 p e 0a
4 p e 0a 2
8. Consider a body undergoing S.H.M. Let, at any in
stant of time, the net force acting on the body be F,

## of the body be a and its velocity be v. Which of

the following be always negative (throughout the
motion).

(a) F r (b) a r (c) v r (d) a F
(c) V =

## A tube of uniform cross-section is used to siphon water

from a vessel V as shown in Fig. B.30. The pressure over
the open end of water in the vessel is atmospheric pressure
(P0). The heights of the tube above and below the water
level in the vessel are h1 and h2.
9. Determine the velocity vB of the water issuing out
at B.

In

## (a) Only Ka and L X-rays

(b) Only L X-rays
(c) K and L X-rays
(d) Only Ka X-rays
Two resistances are expressed as (3 0.3) and (5
0.1) W

(a) The combined resistance in series is (8W
5%) W.

(b) The combined resistance in series is (8W
12%) W.

(c) The combined resistance in parallel is (15/8 +
7.5%) W.

(d) The combined resistance in parallel is (15/8
17%) W.
7. Three equal point charges (Q) are kept at the three
corners of an equilateral triangle ABC of side a. P
is a point having equal distance a from A, B and C.
If E is the magnitude of electric field and V is the
potential at point P, then
3Q
6Q

(a) E =

(b) E =
4 p e 0a 2
4 p e 0a 2

6.

## Find the charge on the ball.

(a) 10 mC
(b) 100 mC
(c) 1 mC
(d) 200 mC
Find the tension in the string.
(a) 50 N
(b) 100 N
(c) 150 N
(d) 200 N
If the direction of electric field is reversed, find
the new equilibrium position of the ball. Give your

3
(a) tan -1
4

3
(b) cot -1
14

3
(c) cot -1
4

3
(d) tan -1
14

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.11

(r) Distance covered in (c) is less than that
time T during part AB

(s) Angle rotated by
(d) is more than that
disc in time T during part AB
19. A battery of emf E is connected across a conductor
as shown in Fig. B.34. As one observer from A to B.
Match the following:

S2

Pv
t

1m

x
C

2 mm

r2

E
Fig. B.34

2m

Fig. B.32

ar
ni

ng

## 15. At t = 0, fringe width is b1, and at t = 2 s, fringe width

of the figure is b2. Then

(a) b1 > b2
(b) b2 > b1

(c) b2 > b1
(d) Data is insufficient.
16. At t = 2 s, the position of central maxima is

(a) 2 mm above C
(b) 2 mm below C

(c) 4 mm above C
(d) 4 mm below C
17. At t = 1 s, a slab of thickness 2 103 mm and the
refractive index 1.5 is placed just in front of S1. The
central maxima is formed at

(a) 1 mm above C
(b) 1 mm below C

(c) 2 mm above C
(d) 2 mm below C

Column I
Column II

(p) Current
(a) increases

(q) Drift velocity of
(b) decreases
electron

(r) Electric field
(c) remains same

(s) Potential drop across (d) cannot be deter the length mined
20. Each of the two concentric conducting spherical shells
is given a charge q. Match the columns.

di

r1

S1

1 mm

In

.L
td
.

## For Problems 1517

In a Youngs double slit experiment set up, the source S of
wavelength 6000 illuminates two slits S1 and S2 which
act as two coherent sources. The source S oscillates about
its shown position according to the equation y = 1 + cos pt,
where y is in mm and t is in seconds. P is taken to be the
origin of the co-ordinate system.

Le

en

ga

ge

## 18. A disc of radius R is at rest at a point A on a horizontal

surface. A constant horizontal force starts acting at the
center. Between A and B, there is sufficient friction to
prevent slipping, but there is no friction to the right
of B. The disc takes time T to go from A to B. To the
right of B:
F

Fig. B.33

Column I
Column II

(p) Angular acceleration (a) zero
of the disc

(q) Angular velocity of (b) constant but not
the disc zero

2R

Fig. B.35

Column I

(p) The total energy of the system if none of the
spheres is earthed.

(q) The total energy of the system if the outer
sphere is earthed.

(r) Now original charges are restored and the inner
sphere is earthed, then the total energy of the
system.

(s) If both are earthed.

Column II

(a)

q2

64pe 0 R

(b)

5q 2
16pe 0 R

(c)

q2

16pe 0 R

B.12 Physics

Mock Test 3

In

ng

Fig. B.36

di

## 1. A monkey is climbing up a tree at a speed of 3 m/s.

A dog runs towards the tree with a speed of 4 m/s.
What is the relative speed of the dog as seen by the
monkey?

(a) >7 m/s
(b) Between 5 m/s and 7 m/s

(c) 5 m/s
(d) <5 m/s
2. With what acceleration a sho-uld the box in Fig. B.36
moving up so that the block of mass M exerts a force
7Mg/4 on the floor of the box?

## (a) Cart carrying Ram will have more speed finally

than that carrying Shyam.
(b) Cart carrying Ram will have less speed finally
than that carrying Shyam.
(c) Cart carrying Ram will have same speed finally
that of carrying Shyam.
(d) Depends on the amount of snow thrown.
5. A conducting sphere of radius R and a concentric
thick spherical shell of inner radius 2R and outer
radius 3R is shown in Fig. B.38. A charge +10Q is
given to the shell and inner sphere is earthed. Then
the charge on inner sphere is

.L
td
.

Pv
t

Paper 1

ge

Le

ar
ni

(a) g/4 (b) g/2 (c) 3g/4 (d) 4g
3. A 1-kg mass is projected down a rough circular track
(radius = 2.0 m) as shown in Fig. B.37. The speed
of the mass at point A is 3 m/s and at point B, it is
6.0 m/s. How much work is done on the mass between
A and B by the force of friction? (Take g = 9.8 m/s2)

90

Fig. B.38

(a) 4Q (b) 10Q (c) Zero (d) None
6. A current-carrying wire is placed in the grooves of
an insulating semi circular disc of radius R, as shown
in Fig. B.39. The current enters at point A and leaves
from point B. Determine the magnetic field at point D.

en

ga

2.0 m

30

Fig. B.37

(a) 7.3 J (b) 8.1 J (c) 6.1 J (d) 24 J
4. Two identical carts constrained to move on a straight
line, on which sit two twins of same mass, are moving with equal velocity. At some time snow begins to
drop uniformly. After the snow fall is stopped, Ram,
sitting on one of the carts, picks the snow from cart
and throws off the falling snow sideways and in the
second cart Shyam is asleep.

i
30

D
R

Fig. B.39

(a)

m 0i

8p R 3

(c)

3 m 0i

4p R

(b)

m 0i
4p R 3

20 V

5W

5W

50 mF

t=0

## 11. A particle has a rectilinear motion and Fig. B.42 gives

its displacement as a function of time. Which of the
following statements is/are true with respect to the
motion?

Pv
t

500 mH
S

## where R is gas constant) form an ideal gas mixture.

The molar specific heat at constant pressure of the
mixture is (neglecting vibrational degrees of freedom)
7
16
10
23
(a)
R (b)
R (c)
R (d)
R
3
7
3
7

.L
td
.

## 7. Switch S is closed at t = 0 in the circuit shown in

Fig. B.40. The change in flux in the inductor (L =
500 mH) from t = 0 to an instant when it reaches

5W

di

In

(a) 2 Wb
(b) 1.5 Wb

(c) 0 Wb
(d) none
8. A cork suspended from the bottom of a container
filled with water with a string as shown in Fig. B.41.
If the container accelerates in a horizontal direction
towards right, which one is correct?

Fig. B.40

Fig. B.42

## (a) In the motion between O and A, the velocity is

positive and acceleration is negative.

(b) Between A and B, both velocity and acceleration
are positive.

(c) Between B and C, the velocity is negative and
acceleration is positive.

(d) Between C and D, the acceleration is positive.
12. Figure B.43 shows three blocks on a rough surface
under the influence of a force P of same magnitude
in all the three cases. The coefficient of friction is
same between each block and ground. What possible
relation holds between magnitudes of normal reaction and friction forces. (Assume that blocks do not
overturn about edge.) Here, fA, fB and fC are frictional
forces and NA, NB and NC are reactions.

Le

ar
ni

ng

Fig. B.41

## (a) Inclination of string with vertical is tan1 (a/g)

towards left.

(b) Inclination of the string with vertical is tan1 (a/g)
towards right.

(c) Inclination of the string with vertical is
p/2 tan1 (a/g) towards left.

(d) Inclination of the string with vertical is
p/2 tan1 (a/g) towards right.
9. The gravitational potential in a region is given by
V = 20 (x + y) J/kg. Find the magnitude of gravitational force on a particle of mass 2 kg placed at
origin.

(a) 40 2 N
(b) 40 N

(c) Zero
(d) 20 N
10. Two moles of helium, four moles of hydrogen and
one mole of water vapor (for water vapors CV = 3R,

en

ga

ge

P
q

q
P
(a)

(b)

P
(c)

Fig. B.43

B.14 Physics

q1
(1)

q2

(2)

## (c) nth order minima of l2 will coincide with 2nth

order minima of l1
(d) nth order minima of l2 will coincide with (2n
1)th order maxima of l1

.L
td
.

v2

v1

## 16. In a finite square grid, each link having resistance r

is fitted in a resistance-free conducting circular wire.
Calculate x if the equivalent resistance between A and
B is 21r/8x.

Pv
t

(a) NA > NC > NB
(b) fA > fC > fB

(c) fC > fA = fB
(d) NC > NA = NB
13. Two particles of equal mass m are projected from the
ground with speeds v1 and v2 at angles q1 and q2 as
shown in Fig. B.44. Given q2 > q1 and v1 cos q1 = v2
cos q2. Which statement/s is/are correct?

Fig. B.44

E2

Le

E1
4.00 W 3.00 W

ge

3.00 A

3.00 W

4.00 W

di
In

## 17. In the figure a conducting rod AD makes contact with

the metal rails BA and CD which are 50 cm apart in
a uniform magnetic field of induction 0.5 Wbm-2
perpendicular to the plane of the diagram. The total
resistance of the circuit ABCD is 0.02 W.

ar
ni

2.00 A

Fig. B.46

ng

## (a) The center of mass of particles will move along

a vertical line.

(b) The center of mass of particles will move along
a line inclined at some angle with vertical.

(c) The particle (1) will be above the center of mass
level when both particles are in air.

(d) The particle (2) will be above the center of mass
level when both particles are in air.
14. In the circuit shown in Fig. B.45, E1 and E2 are two
ideal sources of unknown emfs. Some currents are
shown. Potential difference appearing across 6-W
resistance is VA VB = 10 V.

6.00 W
B

Fig. B.45

## (a) The current in the 4.00-W resistor is 5 A.

(b) The unknown emf E1 is 36 V.
(c) The unknown emf E2 is 54 V.
(d) The resistance R is equal to 9 W.
In Youngs double slit experiment, two wavelengths
of light are used simultaneously where l2 = 2l1. In
the fringe pattern observed on the screen,
(a) maxima of wavelength l2 can coincide with
minima of wavelength l1.
(b) fringe width of l2 will be double that of fringe
width of l1 and nth order maxima of l2 will
coincide with 2nth order maxima of l1.

en

ga

15.

Fig. B.47

## Work done in 10 seconds is found to be 100x J.

Calculate x.
18. A concave mirror with its optic axis vertical and
mirror facing upward is placed at the bottom of the
water tank. The radius of curvature of mirror is 40 cm
and refractive index for water m = 4/3. The tank is
20 cm deep and if a bird is flying over the tank at a
height 60 cm above the surface of water, the position
of image of a bird is at v = 1.25y cm. Calculate y.

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.15

19. Light of intensity I falls along the axis on a perfectly
reflecting right circular cone having semi-vertical
angle q and base radius R. If E is the energy of one
photon and c is the speed of light, calculate b if the
force acting on the cone due to light is found to be
p R2I
b
(1 - cos 2q ) .
2c

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td
.
N

Fig. B.48

Pv
t

## Determine the velocity (in m/s) of the axle of the

wheel A, when it has travelled a distance s = 3.5 m
down the slope. Both wheels and the pulley are assumed to be homogeneous disks of identical weight
and radius. Neglect the weight of the string. The string
does not slip over C.
[Take a = 53 and b = 37]

(c) 2p

K ( F + Mg )
M ( rwVg + Mg )

(d) None of these
2. An observer (O) and source (S) move horizontally
with speeds v1 and v2 as shown in Fig. B.50. v3 is
the velocity of sound wave. At t = 0, the horizontal
separation between O and S is L. The wave pulse from
the source S at t = 0 reaches the observer at time [for
v1 < v2 < v3]

ng

Type

di

Paper 2

In

## 20. A wheel A is connected to a second wheel B by means

of inextensible string, passing over a pulley C, which
rotates about a fixed horizontal axle O, as shown
in Fig. B.48. The system is released from rest. The
wheel A rolls down the inclined plane OK, thus pulling up the wheel B which rolls along the inclined
plane ON.

Le

ar
ni

## 1. Suppose there is an, empty box in which a block of

mass m is hanging in equilibrium with the help of a
vertical spring of stiffness K. Now the box is moved
downwards in water (rw = density of water) with
a constant acceleration a by applying a vertically
downward force F as shown in Fig. B.49. The volume
of the box is V. The time period of oscillation of the
block in the frame of the box is

V1

ge
ga

en

Water

Fig. B.49

(a) 2p

K (F )
M ( rwVg )

(b) 2p

K ( rwVg )
M (F )

Fig. B.50

V2

(a) t=

L

v2

(b) t=

L
v1

(c) t>

L

v3

(d) t<

L
v3

## 3. A plano convex lens has thickness of 4 cm and radius

of curvature of its curved surface is 30 cm. Consider
two cases:

(i) the rays parallel to the principal axis are incident
on plane surface

(ii) the rays parallel to the principal axis are incident
on curved surface
Which of the following is correct?

(a) The rays in both the cases will converge at
same distance from the surface on which rays
are incident.

B.16 Physics
(b) To calculate the focal length of lens,
1
1
1

= (m 1) is applicable.
R
R
f
2
1

L
O
(Principal axis)

1 1 1
= f u v

F
(First principal focus)
L

Pv
t

Fig. B.52

## 8. Two strings of lengths L1 and L2 and mass per unit

length 4m and m, respectively, are joined and tied
horizontally by two fixed vertical walls as shown in
Fig. B.53. A standing wave is created and the junction is found to be a node. If L1 = L2, then

ng

should be used.

(d) None of these.
4. In a Coolidge tube, the potential difference used to
accelerate the electrons is increased from 12.4 kV
to 24.8 kV. As a result, the difference between the
wavelength of Ka-line and minimum wavelength
increases two-fold. The wavelength of the Ka line is

(a) 1
(b) 0.5

(c) 1.5
(d) None of these
5. A Vernier caliper with a least count of 0.01 cm was
used to measure diameter of a cylinder as 4 cm and
a scale (015 cm) with the least count of 1 mm was
used to measure a length of 5 cm. The % error in the
volume of the cylinder is

(a) 3.0 (b) 4.0 (c) 5.0 (d) 2.5
6. When current (I) in R-L series circuit becomes constant, where L is a pure inductor, which of the following given statements is/are correct?

di

## (c) Located below the principal axis

(d) Located left of the lens

In

ge

Supply
voltage

Fig. B.51

en

ga

## (a) Voltage across R is RI.

(b) Some part (not 100 %) of the energy supplied by
the battery will be dissipated in R and remaining
will continue to store in L.

(c) Voltage across L is equal to zero.
1

(d) Magnetic energy stored is LI 2 .
2
7. Consider the rays shown in Fig. B.52 as paraxial. The
image of the virtual point object O formed by the lens
LL is

(a) Virtual

(b) Real

ar
ni

Le

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td
.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

L1

L2

m1

m2

Fig. B.53

## The minimum number of loops in L1 is 2.

The minimum number of loops in L1 is 1.
The wavelength in L1 and L2 are different.
The frequency in L1 and L2 are same.

## For Problems 911

Two plane harmonic sound waves are expressed by the
equations:
y1(x, t) = A cos (0.5 px 100 pt)
y2(x, t) = A cos (0.46 px 92 pt)
(All parameters are in MKS):
9. How many times does an observer hear maximum
intensity in one second?

(a) 4
(b) 10

(c) 6
(d) 8
10. What is the speed of the sound?

(a) 200 m/s
(b) 180 m/s

(c) 192 m/s
(d) 96 m/s
11. At x = 0, how many times the amplitude of y1 + y2 is
zero in one second?

(a) 192
(b) 48

(c) 100
(d) 96

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.17

Fig. B.54

(a)

2
k

2
Q2
(b)
mg

k
Ae 0

(c)

2
k

Q2
mg - 2 Ae (d) None of these

(a) T > 2p

(c) T = 2p

d
m

Fig. B.55

(b) T < 2p

m

k

di

m
k

In

## 17. If Q2 = 2mAe0g, the elongation of the spring is

(a) Zero

ng

m

k

(c)

2
k

(b)

2 Q2
- mg

k 2 Ae 0

Q2
2 mg - Ae (d) None of these

ar
ni

Le

ge

ga
Wall

en
C

Smooth table

2Q 2
mg

Ae 0

## 12. Which is correct?

(a) If the beam is thick, then the whole beam can
be focussed at A.

(b) The whole beam can be focussed at A only if
the beam is thin enough

(c) If the beam is thin, then the beam cannot be
focussed before A.

(d) None of these
13. If however thin beam is focussed at A, then find the
refractive index of the sphere;

(a) 1.5 (b) 1.7 (c) 2.0 (d) 2.5
14. For what value of refractive index , the thin beam
can be focussed at centre of sphere.

(a) 1.5
(b) 2

(c) 2.5
(d) none of these
For Problems 1517
The plates each of area A of a parallel plate capacitor are
given charges Q and Q. The plates are joined by a nonconducting spring of force constant k. The natural length of
the spring is d, the initial separation between the plates. The
left plate is connected to a vertical wall through a massless
non-conducting rope and the right plate is connected to a
block of mass m through similar rope. Assume the pulley
to be massless, neglect dielectric effect of the spring and
Q2 < 2mAe0g.
Q

.L
td
.

questions.
15. If the block is released from rest, the maximum
elongation of the spring is

Pv
t

## For Problems 1214

A parallel beam of light falls on a solid transparent sphere.

## 18. A uniform rope of mass m and

length l hangs vertically from a
rigid support. A transverse pulse
of wave-length l0 is produced at
the lower end. Here the speed of
the pulse is v0. At any time t, the
pulse speed is v and wavelength
Fig. B.56
of the pulse is l. Then
Column I
Column II

(p) Pulse speed v along (a) Constant
the string at any
time.

(q) Acceleration of
(b) Variable
pulse at any time
along the string.

(r) Frequency of the
(c) Depends on wave
pulse when it travels length
along string.

(s) Tension along the
(d) Independent of
length of string. wavelength

B.18 Physics

Fig. B.57

ge
ga

N
60

Fig. S.1

en

## Reading will be 40 kg.

2. Ans (b): The spool is having the tendency to rotate
in clockwise direction. The point of contact of spool
with ground will move in backward direction; friction will act in forward direction. Hence, the center
of mass will move in forward direction and the net
torque about the center of mass is in anticlockwise
sense.
3. Ans (b): By Stefans law, the rate of dissipation of
heat by a black body, Q = sT4.

a
di
In

N
R

h/4

Fig. B.58

ng

Le

## 1. Ans (a): N mg cos 60 = ma cos 60

N = m cos 60 (a + g) = 400 N

a 60

(d) non-zero

ar
ni

Paper 1

a cos 60

(c) Zero

h/4

Column I
Column II

(p) During AB
(a) DQ > 0

(q) During BC
(b) DQ < 0

(r) During CD
(c) DW > 0

(s) During DA
(d) DW < 0
20. The axis of a hollow cone shown in Fig. B.58 is
vertical. Its base radius is R. It is kept in a uniform
electric field E parallel to its axis.
Column I
Column II

(p) Magnitude of flux
(a) pR2E
through base of cone

Section A

(b) pR2E/2

Magnitude of flux
through curved part
of cone
Magnitude of flux
through curved part
MNQP of cone
Net flux through
entire cone

Pv
t

(q)

(r)

(s)

.L
td
.

## 19. A cyclic process for an ideal gas is shown in Fig. B.57.

DQ is the heat supplied to gas and DW is the work
done by the gas. Match the columns.

## Rate of dissipation of heat by a body of emissivity e,

Q = esT4
When T = 2T and e = 0.25,
Q = 0.25 s (2T)4
= 0.25 16 sT4 = 4sT4 = 4Q
4. Ans (d): Displacement y (x, t) = A cos (kx wt)
At t = 0, point 1 on the string has maximum displacement
Velocity vy (x, t) = wA sin (kx wt)
vy

9
vy

8
ay

ay
3
4

vy = 0

vy

ay = 0
7

ay

Fig. S.2

vy
vy

ay
x

ay

5
vy = 0

ay

VW / F

-20

Fig. S.4
2

2W

Le

2W

2W

2W

Fig. S.3

ga

## 7. Ans (c): Here B (due to I) and dl will be in same

direction.

So, B dl = B dl cos 0

en

= B dl

= B dl = BN 2p r = N(B2pr) = Nm I

A1v1
= 1.5 cm2
v2

In

di

## 10. Ans (d): According to the problem, the particle is at

P when t = 0.5 s and once again at P when t = 0.5 s.
Let us assume that particle moves from P to A and
back from A to P in 0.5 s; from P to B and back from
B to P in 1.5 s.
1/4

B
(Mean position)

Fig. S.5

## This implies that T = 0.5 + 1.5 = 2 s

2p
=p
T
Let OP = x, where O is the mean position.
Then to go from O to A or from O to B, time taken
1
is s. As per the problem, time taken for the particle
2
1
to go from P to A is s. Hence time taken to go
4
1 1 1
from O to P is tO P = - = s.
2 4 4
We have x = a sin wt.
1
a

4
2

ge

2W

A1v1 = A2v2 A2 =

Pv
t

## 9. Ans (c): A1 = 2.5 cm , v1 = 3 m/s, h = 0.8 m,

g = 10 m/s2
v22 = v12 + 2gh = 25 v2 = 5 m/s

ar
ni

.L
td
.

20

ng

At t = 0, vy is maximum at kx = p/2.
pl
l
x =
=
2 2p 4
i.e., point 3 on the string. Hence, (a) is correct.
Acceleration, ay = (x, t) = w2A cos (kx wt)
At t = 0, ay is the maximum downward acceleration.
If cos kx = 1 kx = 2 p x = l.
i.e., point 9 on the string has maximum downward
acceleration. Hence, (c) is correct.
At t = 0, kx = p, x = l/2, i.e., the string has maximum
upward acceleration. Hence, (b) is correct.
Velocity vy is positive and acceleration ay is negative
when 0 < kx < p/2.
vy is negative and ay is positive p < kx < 3p/2.
vy and ay are positive when p/2 < kx < p.
vy and ay are negative when 3p/2 < kx < p.
Hence, (d) is correct.
5. Ans (c): In (I) and (II), forces on P due to all three
charges are in same directions, but in case (II) distances are minimum.
Hence forces (II > I).
In case (III) force on P will be towards left and in
(IV), force will be towards right. But on calculation
forces (IV > III).
6. Ans (a): Fig. B.4 can be redrawn as:

w=

Now, vp = w a 2 - x 2 = p

8. Ans (c): v f = 20 j , vw = 20 i

i.e., 3 = p

## Velocity of wind w.r.t. flag:

vw / f = vw - v f = 20 i - 20 j

a=

a
2

3 2
p

a2 -

a2
2

B.20 Physics

Now, vmax = aw =

## 15. Ans (a, b, c, d): The amplitude of the transmitted

2 v2
wave is given by at = ai
v + v

3 2
p = 3 2 m/s
p

v1

v2

## 16. Ans (6): The pressures at A and B are

PA = P0 + rgy1
PB = P0 + rgy2

Fig. S.6

46+23
= 5 m/s
4+2

y1q

Le

hc hc hc
1
1
1
:
:
=
:
:
= 1: 2 : 4
lo1 lo2 lo3 lo1 lo2 lo3

## From Einsteins photoelectric equation

hc
= f + eVs
l

Vs =

ge

hc f
el e

hc
Therefore, slope tan q =
e

ga

h1

y2

h1

q
B

Fig. S.7

## Then, PB PA = P0 + rgy2 (P0 + rgy1)

= rg (y2 + y1)
where y2 y1 = AB sin q = b sin q
Then, we have PB PA = rgb sin q
17. Ans (8): Let the power lost to surrounding is Q.
Therefore,

dm
16 Q =
S (10)
dt

dm

and 32 Q = 3
S (10)

dt

1
= 0.001 nm -1
lo1

en

A
y2 y1

ar
ni

## u1/cm = u1 vcm = 6 5 = 1 m/s

u2/cm = u2 vcm = 3 5 = 2 m/s
Hence (b) is incorrect.
After collision: v1 = 4 m/s, v2 = 7 m/s
v1/cm = v1 vcm = 4 5 = 1 m/s
v2/cm = v2 vcm = 7 5 = 2 m/s
14. Ans (a, c):
f1 : f2 : f3 =

In

vcm =

ng

Pv
t

Section C

3 m/s

6 m/s
m2 = 2 kg

m1 = 4 kg

m2

m1

## Note that the transmitted wave is always in phase

with the incident wave.
at/ai < 1 only when v1/v2 < 1. Otherwise, at may be
more than ai.
The frequency of the incident, reflected and transmitted waves are always equal.

di

11. Ans (a, b): For increasing speed, velocity and acceleration both should be in same direction, either
both towards right or both towards left.
12. Ans (a, d): If any work is done on the particle (work
will be done by tangential forces and not by centripetal forces), it will go in the form of KE. If work is
done on the particle, then its speed will change.
13. Ans (a, d):

.L
td
.

Section B

1
= 0.002 nm1
lo2

1
= 0.004 nm1
lo3

## lo3 = 250 nm = 2500

Hence, UV light can be used to eject photoelectrons
from all the metals 1, 2 and 3.

32 - Q
= 3 Q = 8 W
16 - Q

cycle, therefore

T= p

m p
=
k
4

## 19. Ans (3): The length of the string is 1.20 m. If V be

the velocity of transverse waves in the string, the fun-

P 15 cm

Fig. S.8

Then I =

ln
> 15 cm
2

Paper 2

## 1. Ans (d): Since the entire loop is in magnetic field,

so no net emf will be induced in the loop. Hence, no
current will flow in the loop.
Q

Le

P
e

ge

ga

Fig. S.9

en

## So VP = VQ, VS = VR, VP > VS, VP > VR, VQ > VR.

2. Ans (d): Let the box moves towards right by a distance x, then the displacement of 2m is x + 2L and
displacement of m is x 2L towards right.
m

3m
4L

Fig. S.10

.L
td
.

## PD across voltmeter = potential difference across

rightmost battery = E Ir = 5 25 0.2= 0

ar
ni

Section A

85
= 25 A
8 0.2

In

Hence, ln > 30 cm

## The string vibrates in its third overtone.

20. Ans (0): There are eight batteries.
Let the current in the circuit is I,

ng

## Since PQ = 15 cm, N1N2 =

2p l
p
a
= a cos =
l 8
4
2

Hence, a = ( 2 ) (3.5) = 5 mm

3.5 mm

## Y = 3.5 a cos kx = a cos

di

3.5 mm

Hence, the string vibrates in one of the first four harmonics, which have wavelengths 240 cm, 120 cm, 80
cm and 60 cm, respectively. From symmetry, from the
figure, we see that N1P = PA = AQ = QN2 = 7.5 cm
so that N1N2 = 30 cm = ln/2. Hence, ln = 60 cm, i.e.,
the string vibrates in its fourth harmonic. Also if the
equation to the loop is y = a cos kx with x = 0 at the
antinode A, we see that

Pv
t

V
. The ends of the
2 1.20
string are nodes and the string may vibrate in any of
its higher harmonics. If it vibrates in the nth harmonic,
the wave length of this harmonic is ln = 2.40/n, as the
string will vibrate with n loops. Figure S.8, shows one
of the loops and the data given in the problem. P and
Q represent the space point of string where amplitude
is 3.5 mm with PQ = 15 cm. It is required to find a,
the amplitude at the antinode.
damental frequency is f =

Dxcm =

m1 + m2 + m3

## 0 = 3mx + 2m(x + 2L) + m(x 2L)

L
x = 3
3. Ans (c): Pav = EvIv cos f

= 100 10 cos f = 1000 cos f Watt
So depending upon the value of f, Pav can be equal
to or less than 1000 W.
4. Ans (b): Angle of refraction = Angle of incidence +

Angle of deviation
r = 30 + 15 = 45
m1 sin 30 = m2 sin 45

m1 1/ 2
m
1
=
= 2; 2 =
m2
1/ 2
m1
2

## When ray enters from medium (2) for maximum

deviation, angle of incidence 90.
\ m2 sin 90 = m1 sin q q = 45
Therefore, maximum deviation = 45
5. Ans (b): hn1 = hn 0 +

hn 2 = hn 0 +

1
mv12 m
2

1
mv2
2

B.22 Physics
1
m (v12 - v22 )
2

6.
7.

12.
13.

di

dA

Le

## LC = rmv, always perpendicular to r, i.e., always

upwards and hence constant.

en

ga

ge

9. Ans (c)
10. Ans (a)
11. Ans (d): Here the acceleration of A and C will be
same; let it be a. The acceleration of B will be independent of A and C; let it be b.
For B: T + Mg sin q T = Mb b = g sin q

T
/2

J dA

Fig. S.11

r 2 r3
r r2
B 2p r = m0 2p J 0 B = m0 J 0

2 3R
2 3R
dB
To find max B:
= 0 r = 3R / 4
dr

ar
ni

C
a T /2
M
T

r 2 r3
r

J 0 1 - 2p r dr = 2p J 0
0
R
2 3R
Apply amperes law: B2pr = m0I
I =

ng

Lc l

Section B

3R / 4 (3R / 4) 2 3R
Bmax = m0 J 0
m0 J 0
=
3R 16
2
15. Ans (c): Area under Vt graph.

## 14. Ans (d): Current within radius r: I =

In

Lo

.L
td
.

2h
(n1 - n 2 )
m
Ans (b, c, d): Concept based.
Ans (a, c): According to Lenzs law, current in coil
A grows in clockwise direction (when switch S is
closed). This causes increase in magnetic flux linking
coil B in clockwise direction. Therefore, current is induced in coil B in anticlockwise direction. Similarly,
when switch is opened the magnetic flux linked with
coil B decreases. The direction of induced current in
coil B will be clockwise.
Ans (b, c, d): Angular momentum about O:
L0 = lmv, as l keeps changing direction, so L0 also
changes in direction but its magnitude remains constant. Its vertical component also remains same.

v12 - v22 =

8.

M
M
g sin q - T =
a
2
2
M
M
M
For C: T +
g sin q - m
g cos q =
a
2
2
2
Solve to get T = Mg sin q/8
Ans (b)
Ans (b)

For A:

Pv
t

h (n1 - n 2 ) =

dt

Fig. S.13

dA = Vdt

dA = L dt dt

A=

dI

dI

Q V = L dt

I2

L dI = L (I

- I1 )

I1

V

M
T

Fig. S.12

Fig. S.14

## E is directly proportional to vd, so E also decreases.

If E decreases, then PD across a segment of fixed
length also decreases.
It can also be done like this
dR

12

A1
2

x
3

Fig. S.15

Fig. S.16

A1 21
=
=7A
3
L

di

Section C

I r dx
A

dV I r 1
=

dx
A
A

In

E=

## So E and dV/dx both decrease as A increases.

20. (p b) (q a) (r d) (s c)
Theory based.

ar
ni

ng

18. (p c) (q b, d) (r d) (s c, a)
W is positive during expansion and negative during
compression.
19. (p c) (q b) (r b) (s b)
Current through any cross-section should remain
same as all the cross-sections are in series.
I = neAvd. As area increases, so drift velocity decreases.

r dx
; A increases with x.
A

dR =

I2 =

dx

Pv
t

.L
td
.

## I2 is maximum if the area is maximum. Maximum

area will be at 4 s.
17. Ans (d): A1 = 21

Le

Paper 1
Section A

1
mgh
mv 2 =
2
1 + h/ R

ga

ge

## 1. Ans (b): If a body is projected from the surface of the

earth with a velocity v and reaches a height h, then
according to the law of conservation of energy,

en

Here v = kve = k 2 gR

1
mg (r - R )
mk 2 .3 gR =
(r - R)
2
1+
R

r - R
k 2 R 1 +
= r - R or k2r = r R
R

or r =

R
1- k2

## Solutions of Mock Test 2

2. Ans (a): f =

uv
= uv (u + v) -1
u+v

u
df = v (u + v) -1 du
(u + v) 2

v
+ u (u + v) -1 dv
(
u
+
v) 2

df du
du
dv
dv
=
+
f
u
(u + v)
v
(u + v)

## Since all errors add up with positive sign, hence

df
0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
=
+
+
+
f
40 60 20 60
0.1 0.3 0.7
+
=
40 20 40

df
or
f

0.7
100 = 40 100 = 1.75%

B.24 Physics
3. Ans (c): Use the following result:
v0

v0
O

u1

v1

Before collision

## l = AC = 2 R (cos 45i + sin 45 j ) = 2 (i + j )

F = Il B

= 1 2 (i + j ) (3i + 4 j + k )
= 2 [i - j + k ]
hT0

After collision

8. Ans (b): Q =

h - 1
W = Q - DU = a ln h -
RT0
r - 1

## 9. Ans (a): Upthrust = Weight of fluid displaced.

As g = 0, upthrust = 0.
10. Ans (c): a = 60 , Solid angle subtended by BCD:
w = 2p (1 cos a) = p

ar
ni

q2
q2
qE =
- 0 + Heat
2C 2C

ge

CE
2
Wb = DU + Heat
q = q f - q0 =

Le

1
CE 2
8

ga

Heat =

en

## 7. Ans (b): Force on semi-circular wire will be same as

the force on straight wire AC.
y

C
A

2, 2

Fig. S.18

R=1m

C
B

ng

## Using the above result:

Now velocity after first collision,
V = V + 2(2V) = 5V
Velocity after second collision,
V = V + 2(2V) = 5V + 4V = 9V
4. Ans (c): Perpendicular distance of F3 is greatest from
O, hence torque of F3 is greatest.
5. Ans (a): E = 120 sin 100 pt cos 100 pt = 60 sin (200 pt)
So, peak voltage E0 = 60 V
6. Ans (b): Final charge on capacitor qf = CE
Charge flown through battery:

Pv
t

v1 = u1 + 2v0

DU = CVDT =

- v - (- v1 )
1 = 0
u1 - ( - v0 )

R
(h - 1) T0
r -1

di

v2 - v1
u1 - u2

= a ln h

In

e=

hT0

CdT = a ln T

T0

Fig. S.17

.L
td
.

D
R
2

Fig. S.19

## Solid angle subtended by ABDE:

w(ABCDE) w(BCD) = 2p p = p
q p
q
Hence, flux through ABDE: f =
=
e 0 4p 4e 0

Section B
11. Ans (a, b, c): Here, the acceleration of block will
be changing both in magnitude and direction, so we
cannot apply the kinematical formulae of constant
acceleration.
We can apply the conservation of energy, because
there is no dissipating force (such as friction) which
decreases the energy of system.
12. Ans (a, b, d): Pi = P
Pf = 2P

Vi = V
Vf = ?

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.25

For adiabatic process PV3 = (2P) v3f
1/ 3

1
vf = for v is maximum, vf is minimum
2
For isothermal process, PV = (2P)vf
vf = v/2
13. Ans (a, c, d): A = a + 2a cos 45 = ( 2 + 1) a
Energy is proportional to the square of amplitude
Maximum velocity is proportional to amplitude.
a

p/4

## 17. Ans (2): Let m = Moons mass, Ms = Suns mass

Me = Earths mass
rms = the center-to-center distance from the Sun to
the Moon
rme = the center-to-center distance from the Earth to
the Moon
Fms = gravitational force exerted on the moon by the Sun
Fme = gravitational force exerted on the moon by the
Earth

In
Then

Fig. S.20

2
Fms M S rme
32
1
=
= 3.2 105
=
=2

Fme M e rms
16
400

ar
ni

Df 1
<
I < Iav cos2
2 2

ng

I
Df
I = I0 wt
Iav = 0
2
2

1
Df
cos
<
2
2

## 18. Ans (2): Let the required distance is x. Then,

w = v/x = 3v/(2R x). Hence, x = R/2.
8+ x 2- x
19. Ans (4): t =
=
c
c

Le

p
3p
< Df <
2
2
15. Ans (b, c): In options (a) and (d), there will be no
tension in the rod.
But in options (b) and (c), roll will be under tension.
Hence, length will increase.

ga

ge

8+x

2x

en

## 16. Ans (2): v 2 = 22 +

Fig. S.22

S/2
t1

S/2
t2

142 - v 2 =

2as
2

6 = 2x x = 3m t =
y

14 m/s

Fig. S.21
2

2as
2

2 m/s

Section C

v 4 = as

t1 1
=
t2 2

2
Fms M S rme
=
2
Fme M e rms
Putting the values,

di

p/4

14 - v 14 - 10 4
=
=
a
a
a

(3)

Pv
t

t2 =

(2)

.L
td
.

196 v2 = as
From (1) and (2), we get
v2 4 = 196 v2 v = 10 m/s
v - 2 10 - 2 8
Now t1 =
=
=
a
a
a

(1)

Fig. S.23

5
c

B.26 Physics
From (1) and (2),

5 32 + y 2 y = 4

Q2
20. Ans (2):
= 100
2C

(1)

Q
= 16
C

(2)

Paper 2

\ C =

60

a
di

ge

Le

## This whole energy will be dissipated as heat after X

is connected to Z.

en

ga

Frotor

2m

45

2m

ar
ni

1 2 E2L
LI =
2
2 R12

45

60

ng

## Therefore, percentage change = 3 a (DT) 100 %

= 0.003 %
2. Ans (a): When X is joined to Y, current in L:I = E/R1

In

DV
= g (DT) = 3 a (DT)
V

Energy stored in L: U =

Q
20
=
mF = 2 mF
10
10

Pv
t

1 1

CV 2 ,

2 2

\ DT = 0.5 C
Now ,

Q 100 10- 6
=
Q = 20 106 C
2
10

## There is no force ma. Basically, ma is the resultant

of all the forces acting on a body. Moreover, here
a is zero because the velocity of helicopter is constant.
4. Ans (b): L = 2 m + 2 m + 2 m = 6 m

Section A
1. Ans (c): 2 S DT =

.L
td
.

TIR
45

45

2m

TIR

Fig. S.25

## 5. Ans (b): Energy required to remove an electron from

K shell = energy required to remove an electron from
L shell + Energy difference of K and L shells
(i.e., the energy of Ka transition)

= 21.75 + 3.56 = 25.31 keV
The incident electron does not have this energy, hence
only L X-rays will be produced.
6. Ans (a, d): In series,
0.3 + 0.1

Rse = (3 + 5)
100 = (8 5%) W

3+5

(a)

(b)

Fig. S.24

## Wings of helicopter will push the air perpendicular to

their plane of rotation as shown in Fig. S.24(a). From

## third law, air will apply force Frotor on the wings as

shown in Fig. S.24(b).

r r Dr Dr
Dr r
RP = 1 2 1 + 2 + 1 2 100
r2
r1 + r2
r1 + r2 r1

=

+
+
100
5
3 + 5
5 + 3 3

15
15

8

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.27

7. Ans (b, c): Let the points charges have the coordinate

P0

## Therefore, coordinate of point at which E has to be

2
a
calcualted is 0 0,
,
3
2 3

P0 = PA
atm. pressure

h2

\ Enet

1 Q
r
4pe 0 r 3

= E1 + E2 + E3

Q 3
6Q
=
a k =
k
3
4pe 0 a 3 2
4pe 0 a 2

Pv
t

1 Q
( P0 + Q0 + R0 )
4pe 0 a 3

P0

Fig. S.28

di

## 10. Ans (c): We apply Bernoullis theorem for level A

and for the highest level, CD, (labeled by subscript 1)
1
...(1)
to get PA = P1 + rv12 + r gh1
2
Since the tube has uniform cross section and water
is incompressible, v1 = vB = 2 gh2
...(2)
From (1) and (2),

In

y
R

2
1
r 2 gh2 - r gh1
2
= Patm rg (h1 + h2)
...(3)
The minimum value of P1 = 0 (P1 cannot be negative
because then not water will reach the level). Hence
putting P1 = 0,

P1 = PA -

ar
ni

ng

Le

Fig. S.26

## 8. Ans (a, b): Refer Fig. S.27.

Mean
position

ge

ga

h1

P0

a .

Also, we have E =

Patm
1.0 105
- h2 =
- 3.0
rg
1 103 9.8

= 10.2 m 3.0 m = 7.2 m
11. Ans (b): Putting h1 = h2 = 3.0 m in equation (3) above,
we get
P1 = Pressure at level CD
= Patm (rg)(3 + 3) = 1.0 105 6rg
The gauge pressure at level CD = 6rg = 6 103
9.8 N/m2 = 5.9 104 N/m2.
12. Ans (b)
13. Ans (a)
14. Ans (d)
T sin q = 3q 105
(1)
T cos q = mg 5q 105
(2)
Solve to get: q = 100 mC
T = 50 N
After the reversal of the direction of electric field
T sin a = 3q 105 T cos a = mg + 5q 105

Fig. S.27

en

Section B

## 9. Ans (a): As long as water fills the tube (as shown

in Fig. S.28) and the points A and B are open to the
atmosphere, the velocity at B will be given by Torricellis theorem.
Hence, vB = 2 gh2 , where h2 is the difference in
levels A and B.

.L
td
.

3
P (a/2, 0, 0); Q (a/2, 0, 0) and R 0,
a, 0
2

(h1) max =

B.28 Physics

q (3 10 )

17.

mg

Fig. S.29

3q 105
mg + 5q 105

3 10-4 105
3
=
-4
5
14
9 10 + 5 10 10

Section C

T cos a

ng

a
T

ar
ni

3q 10

T sin a

Le

5q 10
mg

Fig. S.30

ga

ge

## 15. Ans (c): Fringe width will be independent of the

position of S.
16. Ans (d): Path difference between the waves reaching
A,
S

C2

S1
y1

C1
R

en

18. (p a, c) (q b, d) (r d) (s d)
To the right of B, there is no friction, so the torque
about center becomes zero. Hence, angular acceleration becomes zero. So, angular velocity becomes
constant. To the right of B, it will cover more distance
in same time T because now there is no opposing
friction. Also angle rotated is also more.
19. (p c) (q b) (r b) (s b)
Current through any cross-section should remain
same.
I = neAvd, as area increases so drift velocity decreases.
E is directly proportional to vd, so E also decreases.
If E decreases, then PD across a segment of fixed
length also decreases.
20. (p b) (q c) (r d) (s d)
4pe 0 (2 R R )

(p) C1 =
= 8pe 0 R
2R - R
C2 = 4pe0 (R) = 8pe0R

In

3
a = tan -1
14

2 (1.5 - 1) 2 10-6
= 10-3 m = 1 mm
2 10-3

tan a =

di

Dx =

.L
td
.

q
T sin q

dy1 dy
+
D2 D1
For central maxima: Dx = 0
y1 = 2y = 2(1 + cos pt)
At t = 2 s, y1 = 4 mm
Ans (a): If slab is placed in front of S1, then
dy dy1
Dx =

+
- ( m - 1) t1
D1 D2
At t = 1 s, y = 0 and for central maxima, Dx = 0.
D
y1 = 2 ( m - 1) t1
d

Pv
t

T cos q
5
q (5 10 )

D1 = 1 m

S2

2R
D2 = 2 m

Fig. S.31

Fig. S.32

-q

2q

q
x
V = k +
= 0 x = q/2
R 2 R

U =

## (r) PD of inner sphere is zero.

5q 2
q2
( 2q ) 2
+
=
2C1
2C2
16pe 0 R
q2
q2
=
2C1 16pe 0 R

.L
td
.

U =

-q

C1

Fig. S.34

x2
q2
(q + x)2
+
=
2C1
2C2
32pe 0 R
(s) The charge on both will become zero. Here the
net energy of system will be zero.

di

2R

Pv
t

2R

q+x

U =
Fig. S.33

In

Section-A

Le

## 1. Ans (c): VD1M = VD - VM = 4i - 3 j

\ VD1M = 16 + 9 = 5 m/s

en

ga

ge

## 2. Ans (c): FBD of M: If M exerts force F = 7Mg/4 on

floor, then from the third law, the floor also exerts
force F on box in upward direction.
F Mg = Ma
7 Mg

- Mg = Ma
4
3g
a =
4
3. Ans (c): Conservation of energy principle
1
1.0 3.02 = 4.5 J
2
Loss in PE between A and B = 1.0 9.8 2 = 19.6 J
Gain in KE from A to B if there had been no friction
= 19.6 J
Total KE at B if there had been no friction

KE at A =

## = 4.5 + 19.6 = 24.1 J

1
But actual KE at B = 1.0 62 = 18 J
2
Work done by friction = Change in energy

= 18 24.1 = 6.1 J
4. Ans (c): mv0 = (m + m)v, where m is the mass of

ar
ni

Paper 1

ng

v =

mv0
m + m

## Since Ram throws off show sideways, no impulse

acts in the direction of motion.
v for Ram and Shyam will have equal velocities.
5. Ans (a): Potential of sphere should be zero.
10Q + q
-q
q

Fig. S.35

B.30 Physics

B
A

i
60

r1

r2

30

Fig. S.36

BD = BAC + BCB

m0
4p

i
m0 i
sin f1 +
sin f2
p
r
4
r
1

m0 sin 60 sin 30
m 0i
i
=
r2 4p R 3
4p r1
7. Ans (b): Current through the inductor before closing
the switch = 10/(5 + 5) = 1 A
Current through the inductor after closing the switch
20
= 4A
5
\ Df = LDI = 1.5 Wb
8. Ans (b): As shown in
Fig. S.37, the water
surface will make an
q
angle q with horizonB
a
tal, where tan q = a/g.
T
The string will orient
q
mg
itself perpendicular
to the water surface.
Fig. S.37
Hence, inclination of
1
the string with vertical is tan (a/g) towards right.
Alternately:
T cos q + mg = B cos q
(B T) cos q = mg
...(1)
B sin q T sin q = ma
(B T) sin q = ma
...(2)
From (1) and (2), tan q = a/g
dV
dV
9. Ans (a): I x = = - 20, I y = = - 20
dx
dy
=

## 11. Ans (a, c, d): From O to B, acceleration is negative

and from B to D, acceleration is positive, because
from O to B, graph is opening downwards and from
B to D graph is opening upwards. From O to A and
from C to D, slope is positive, so velocity is positive.
From A to C, slope is negative, so velocity is negative.
12. Ans (a, b, c)

en

ga

ge

Le

ar
ni

ng

Section B

Resultant field: I =

I x2 + I y2 = 20 2

16
23
R+R =
R
7
7

CP = Cv + R =

di

.L
td
.

## 6. Ans (b): r1 = 2R sin 30 = R, r2 = 2R sin 60 = R 3

Force = mI = 2 (20 2 ) = 40 2 N
10. Ans (d): For helium, the molar specific heat at con3
5
stant volume, Cv = R; for hydrogen, Cv = R.
2
2
For water vapour, Cv = 3R
Specific heat Cv of the mixture
3
5
2 R + 4 R + 1 3R 16
2
2
=
=
R
2 + 4 +1
7

Pv
t

kq kq k (10Q + q )
+
= 0 q = - 4Q
R 2R
3R

In

V=

fA

P sin q
P cos q
NA

mg

P sin q

P cos q
fB

NB

(a)

mg
(b)
P

fA
mg

NC

(c)

Fig. S.38

NA = mg + P sin q
NB = mg P sin q
NC = mg
Clearly NA > NC > NB
Now to find relation betwen frictions:

(i) Let sliding does not occur:
fA = P cos q, fB = P cos q, fC = P
fC > fA = fB

(ii) Let sliding occurs at all contact surfaces:
fA = mNA, fB = mNB, fC = mNC
fA > fC = fB

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.31

14.

2A
+

E1

E2 +
6.00 W

10 V

R
(3)

(1)
4.00 W 3.00 W

E2 + 7 A

Le

3.00 A

6.00 W

ge

5A
4.00 W

10 V

5A

Fig. S.40

ga

Current through 4 W = 5 A
From loop (1):
8(3) + E1 4(3) = 0 E1 = 36 V
From loop (2): + 4(5) + 5(2) E2 + 8(3) = 0
E2 = 54 V
from loop (3): 2R E1 + E2 = 0

en
C

(c)

2n - 1 l2 D 2m - 1 l1D
=
2 d 2 d
(2n 1) 2 = 2m 1
1
m = 2n 2
not possible because m and n are integers
Let nth order minima of l2 coincides with mth
order maxima of l1. Then

2n - 1 l2 D ml1D
=

2 D
d
m = 2 n 1
Hence, (d) is correct

Section C

(2)

5A+3A

(a)

(b)

(c)

ar
ni

## After redrawing the circuit, we get

E1

(d)

Fig. S.39

1A +

(b)

ng

3.00 W
4.00 W

2A

3.00 A
4.00 W 3.00 W

di

In

.L
td
.

nl2 D 2m - 1 l1D
2m - 1
2n =
=
2 d
d
2
2m = 4n + 1
1
m = 2n +
2
Not possible because m and n are integers
l D 2l D
b 2 = 2 = 1 = 2b1
d
a
Let nth order maxima of l2 coincides with mth
order maxima of l1. Then
nl2 D ml1D
=
m = 2n
d
d
Hence (b) is correct
Let nth order minima of l2 coincides with mth
order minima of l1. Then

Pv
t

## mv1 cos q1 + m (- v2 cos q 2 )

=0
m+m
So the horizontal velocity of center of mass is zero.
Hence, center of mass will move in vertical direction.
Now v2 cos q2 = v1 cos q1
v
cos q1
>1
2 =
(Q q2 > q1)
v1 cos q 2
v2 > v1
v2 sin q2 > v1 sin q1
At any time, particle (2) will be at greater height than
particle (1). So particle (2) will be above the center
of mass level.
Ans (a, b, c, d)

## 16. Ans (5): Since A, P, Q and R are at same potential.

So, the following circuit can be redrawn as:
R

x/2
x/2
A

x/2

x x

x
x/2

Fig. S.41

x
x
x

E - E1 54 - 36
R = 2
=
=9W
2
2
15. Ans (b, d)

(a) Let nth order maxima of l2 coincides with mth
order minima of l1, then

x
x

B.32 Physics

21
21
x=
r
10
40
17. Ans (5): Rate of mechanical work done = Fv
where F is the force and v is the velocity.
Blv
F = Bil = B
l
R

## 19. Ans (2): Power of light received by the cone = l (p R2).

Let the number of photons hitting the cone per second
is n. Then

q
q

= 0.5 0.5 0.5 = 12.5
Therefore, power = 12.5 4 = 50 W
Work done in 10 s = 50 10 = 500 J
4 / 3 1 ((3 / 4) - 1)
18. Ans (3):
+
=
=0
v
60

Pv
t

di
2

nE = IR n = pR2I/E
By symmetry, the net force on the cone will be vertically downward.
h
Force due to one photon: f = 2 sin q
l
This force is perpendicular to the surface of cone.
Hence, net force on cone will be

In

ar
ni

ng

Fig. S.42

Le

v = 80 cm
I seen as object for the mirror
1
1
-1

+
=
v = - 25 cm
v -100 20

ga

ge

## I will serve as a object for plane surface

1 (4 / 3) (1 - (4 / 3))

=
v
5

v = +3.75 cm

Paper 2

en

Section A

M
in any case
K

2. Ans (d): As the observe is moving, so relative velocity between pulse and observer = v1 + v3.
So time taken t =

Fig. S.43

O
I

1. Ans (d): T = 2p

.L
td
.

L
L
< .
v1 + v3 v3

## F = nf sin q = n 2 sin q sin q

l

p R2I
(1 - cos 2q )
c
20. Ans (2): Applying COE,
mgs (sin a sin b)

1
1
1

I w 2 + 2 mv 2 + I w 2
2

2
2

## where w = v/r and I = mr2/2

Putting values and solving, we get v = 2 m/s.
3. Ans (d): Because of the thickness of the lens, we
cannot use the usual formulae of lens and a unique
focal length cannot be derived.
1.24 104
= 1 for 12.4 kV and
V
0.5 for 24.8 kV.
Now, 2 (la lmin, 1) = (la lmin, 2)
2la 2 = la 0.5 la = 1.5
4. Ans (c): lmin =

5. Ans (d): V =

pd2
l
4

## Appendix B: Mock Tests B.33

DV
100 = 2.5%
V
6. Ans (a, c, d): When the current becomes constant, PD
across inductor will become zero. Hence, the entire
PD will be across R.
Also energy stored in the inductor becomes constant
if current through it becomes constant.
7. Ans (a, c, d): The incident rays parallel to the principal axis pass through (or appears to come from)
second focus after refraction.
% error in volume =

## For y = 0, cos 96pt = 0 or 4pt = 0

96pt = (2n + 1)(p/2) and 4pt = (2m + 1)p/2
For 0 < t < 1,
1
1

- < n < 95.5 and - < m < 3.5
2
2
Here n and m are integers, therefore, the net amplitude
becomes zero 100 times.
12. Ans (b)
13. Ans (c)
14. Ans (d)
m 1 m -1
mR

- =
y=
y
R
m -1
If beam is focussed at A, than y = 2R
mR
2 R =
m=2
m -1

.L
td
.

=
+
=
+
=
V
d
l
4
5
40

Pv
t

ar
ni

Fig. S.44

ng

In

F2

## The above is valid for paraxial rays. Hence, beam

should be thin.
If m > 2, then y < 2R. Hence, beam can be focussed
before A.
For thin beam to be focussed at A, y = R.
mR
R =
m=
(not possible)
m -1
15. Ans (c): Use conservation of energy.
16. Ans (c): Time period is not affected by a constant
force acting along the line of SHM.
17. Ans (a): mg is balanced by the electrostatic force.

di

F1

Le

## F1 first focus, F2 second focus

I Image. Since the second focus is to the left of
lens, so it should be concave lens.
v
m 2 l1
l1 1
8. Ans (a, c, d): 1 =
=

=
v2
m1 l2
l2 2

ga

ge

l
l

L1 = m 1 and L2 = n 2
2
2
where m and n are the number of loops in L1 and L2,
respectively.
l
l
Now L1 = L2 m 1 = n 2 m = 2n
2
2
For minimum, n = 1 m = 2

en

Section B

## 9. Ans (a): w1 = 100 p

w
92p
f1 =
= 50 Hz, f2 =
= 46 Hz
2p
2p
Beat frequency = f1 = f2 = 4
10. Ans (a): v = w/K = 100 p/(0.5p) = 200
11. Ans (c): At x = 0
y = y1 + y2 = 2A cos 96pt cos 4 pt

Sectiion C
18. (p b, d) (q a, d) (r a, d) (s b, d)
Velocity at a point at distance x from the lower end:

v=

a=

T
=
m

m xg
= xg
m

dv
x -1/ 2 dx
= g
2 dt
dt

g x -1/ 2
gx = g / 2
2
Velocity, tension, frequency etc, do not depend upon
wavelength. But in turn, wavelength depends upon
them.
19. (p b, d) (q a, c) (r a, c) (s b, d)

(p) During AB: Temperature is constant (DU = 0)
and pressure is increasing. So from PV = nRT,
volume decreases. Hence, DW < 0. So also DQ
<0

a=

B.34 Physics
(s) Net flux through the entire cone will be zero
as in uniform electric field, flux through any
closed surface is zero.

.L
td
.

Pv
t

## (q) During BC: Temperature increases (DU > 0) and

pressure remains constant, so volume increases.
Hence DW > 0. So also DQ > 0.

(r) During CD: Opposite to AB

(s) During DA: Opposite to BC
20. (p a, d) (q a, d) (r b, d) (s c)

(p) Flux entering through base: f = EA = EpR2

(q) Flux outgoing through curved part is same as
the flux entering through base.

(r) Flux through MNQP will be same as the flux
through base from radius R/4 to 3R/4. So

3R 2 R 2 Ep R 2
f = Ep - =
4
2
4

R/4

3R/4

en

ga

ge

Le

ar
ni

ng

In

di

Fig. S.45