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Government Programs and

Initiatives Impacting
Early Childhood Ed.
Objective 9.02

6 Government
Programs/Initiatives

Kaiser Child Care Centers


Head Start
Smart Start
No Child Left Behind
More at Four Pre-Kindergarten
Partnership for 21st Century Skills
D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi
atives

Kaiser Child Care Centers

Originated during World War II


Offered health care and hot meals
Convenient to work
Provided round-the-clock care
Offered exemplary child care

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Impact of
Kaiser Child Care Centers
Served over 3,000 children
Freed women to work during World
War II
Provided a model for exemplary child
care

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Head Start
Started in 1965
Major points of the program

Compensatory education
Parental involvement
Community control
First to bring national attention to the
importance of providing good care and
educational experiences for young children

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Impact of
Head Start on ECE
Services for low-income families
Comprehensive developmental services to over 10
million children
Now serving about 20% eligible low-income children
Burst of enthusiasm for programs for young children
Expanded enrollment in nursery school,
kindergarten, and child care programs
National attention to the need for good care and
educational experiences for children

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Smart Start
Started in 1993
A North Carolina initiative
To ensure that young children are
healthy and ready to succeed
NC partnership for children oversees
the program

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Impact of
Smart Start on ECE
Made early childhood education accessible
to children of all races, classes, cultures,
and needs
Made child care affordable
Improved child health outcomes
Strengthened families
Used cutting-edge, innovative approaches
for early learning
D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi
atives

No Child Left Behind


Started in 2001
All children receive a quality education
Higher standards and greater
accountability throughout the nations
school systems
Expanded options for parents
Teaching methods proven to work

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

Impact of
No Child Left Behind
Provides accurate assessment of student
performance
Provides children with effective development
materials
Increases student and teacher accountability
Provides individualized and comprehensive
reporting
Encourages parental involvement by providing athome activities

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atives

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More at Four Pre-Kindergarten


A North Carolina initiative
Started in January-June, 2002
A state-funded initiative
For at-risk four-year-olds
Designed to help children be more
successful in elementary school
Focuses on underserved children and those
never served in a pre-K program

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atives

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Impact of More at Four


Provides a high quality classroom-based educational
program
Children served in a variety of settings:

public schools
for-profit and nonprofit child care
Head Start
Combination settings

Offers financial assistance


Serves a diverse group of children
Very detailed planning of program objectives for
children

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atives

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Partnership for

21st Century Skills


Started in 2002 as a partnership of 27 member
organizations
In 2005, NC created the nations first Center for 21 st
Century Skills
In May, 2006, NC State Board of Education endorsed a
framework for education based on 21st century skills which
will serve as a foundation for evaluating and realigning the
states K-12 standards and curriculum.
Recognizes that there are results that matter for students
in 21st century that go beyond traditional standards
Redefines rigor as not just mastery of core subjects, but
also of 21st century skills and content

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atives

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Impact of 21st Century Skills


Provides expanded academic enrichment activities
for children
Opportunities for students and their families to
continue to learn new skills and discover abilities
after school year has ended
Provides tutorial services
Provides art, music, and recreation programs
Helps children meet standards in reading and math

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

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On which of the 6 government


programs/initiatives will you write an
investigative report?

Kaiser Child Care Centers


Head Start
Smart Start
No Child Left Behind
More at Four Pre-Kindergarten
Partnership for 21st Century Skills

D - 9.02 - Programs & Initi


atives

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