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INTRODUCTION

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

1. INTRODUCTION

Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering is a prestigious institution managed by

National Education Society. It is located on the outskirts of Shimoga city, at about 4km from the

heart of the city. The college campus is spread over an area of about 52 acres.

It was established in 1980, by great visionaries & freedom fighters, with the intention of

imparting technical education to the ambitious students of the region. The college which had less

than 100 students in the beginning has now after 28 years more than 3000 students studying in it.

The college has grown both in terms of infrastructure & the educational standards. Presently it is

one of the most sought after engineering colleges in Karnataka. Apart from engineering, various

P.G courses such as M.Tech, MBA, MCA have also been started and recently Polytechnique

courses have also been started, thus increasing the student strength even more.

The college, in these 28 years has shown a slow & steady growth. With this growth the

demand for better infrastructure also grew. As and when the requirement arose, new buildings

were constructed. Each time a new building was constructed, separate water connection was

given and each building was provided separate overhead tank and sump arrangement. Thus the

college as of now doesn’t have a single water supply and distribution system.

Thus in this project an attempt has been made to design a water tank and a sewage

treatment plant for the entire campus assuming that the college was actually planned to have

been developed in this manner.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Detailed survey of the campus was carried out for about 20 days using the Total Station.

Total Station is a single instrument which can be used to perform all the steps involved in the

survey work such as leveling, distance and angle measurements etc., with high level of accuracy.

The survey work was carried out by rectangular coordinate method using the plinth level

of the administrative block as the reference Bench Mark with an RL 100.00m.

In the rectangular coordinate method each point is assigned its rectangular coordinates in

all three dimensions, so that all the points can easily be plotted using a software such as AutoCad

and since the level of the point is also recorded, the ground profile can also be known for a series

of points, which facilitates the location of highest or least RL.

Thus in course of the survey, important points such as building corners, road edges,

points on curves, diversion points on compound wall etc., were recorded, cross checking the

work with other accessories such as tape at regular stages of the work, so that all the information

necessary for the planning stage were made available.

After the survey work, the data in the form of points and their coordinates was transferred

to the computer from the instrument. Then using these points, the layout of the college was

prepared using AutoCad software.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

After deciding the location of the tank, next step was to design the tank. It was decided to

go for a flat bottomed RCC circular overhead tank, with 6 columns and bracings forming the

staging, because of its easy and convenient design procedure.

Before going for the actual design, certain data required for the design were collected

which included the admission data of students, hostel intake, number of staff- both teaching and

non teaching etc. After analyzing the collected data, the average student strength of 2008 & 2009

batch was taken as the design strength since there was 15% rise in student intake from the year

2008 onwards.

After the layout of JNNCE was prepared, the points of highest RL and lowest RL were

located on it. Also it was observed that at these points the conditions were suitable for the

location of the water tank and the oxidation pond respectively.

Some of the factors considered for the site selection of water tank were as follows

restrictions.

4. The site should be preferably located closer to the builtup area so that the length

of the pipeline required for conveyance & distribution gets reduced.

Taking into account all these factors, the water tank was decided to be located near the

administrative block as shown in the college layout where almost all of the above conditions are

satisfied.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

I) No. OF STUDENTS

B.E - (630 x 4)

P.G - (130 x 2)

Diploma - (150 x 3)

TOTAL - 3230

TOTAL - 3580

= 2,38,050 liters

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

3.3.1. DATA :

Capacity of tank = 300 m3

Grade of concrete = M20

Grade of steel = Fe415

Method adopted – WORKING STRESS METHOD

From IS:3370 stresses relating to resistance to cracking are ;

σct= 1.2 N/mm2 σst= 150 N/mm2

For strength calculations, stresses in concrete and steel as recommended in IS:456 are ;

σcc = 5 N/mm2 m = 13

σcb = 7 N/mm2 Q = 1.14

j = 0.897

Let D = inside diameter of the tank. Assuming an avg. depth of 0.6D, we have

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Live load on dome = 1.00 kN/m3

Self weight of dome = (0.1 x 24) = 2.4 kN/m3

Finishes = 0.2 kN/m3

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Since the stresses in dome are within safe permissible limits, provide nominal

reinforcements of 0.3%

Provide 4- 12 mm dia. bars [Ast = 452 mm2], with 6mm dia. stirrups @150 c/c(nominal).

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

For the tank H=5m, D=9m

Since maximum Hoop tension occurs @ 0.6H (=3m) from the top

From IS:3370, table 17.2(a), hoop tension coefficient = 0.639

Provide 16mm dia. bars @ 200 c/c along the outer face of the tank

the maximum –ve moment occurs @ the base, co-efficient for –ve moment = 0.0090

Maximum +ve moment occurs @ 0.7H from the top, coefficient for +ve moment = 0.0019

= 0.0019 x 10 x 52

= 2.375 kNm

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

The tank floor slab is circular & is fixed on the periphery to the circular ring beam.

Load on the circular beam = w

= (Weight of water) + (Self weight of slab assumed as 450mm)

w = (10 x 4.8) + (0.45 x 24)

w = 58.8 kN/m

Positive moment at the centre of span is

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Using the above values of moments, the steel required is calculated.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

a) Total load on the ring beam;

Weight of water = 3000 kN

Load from dome = (2πRrw) =254 kN

Weight of top ring beam = (π x 9.21 x 0.21 x 0.21 x 24) = 30.62 kN

Weight of cylindrical wall = (π x 9.2 x 0.2 x 5 x 24) = 693.6 kN

Weight of floor slab = (π x 4.52 x 0.475 x 24) = 725.24 kN

Weight of bottom ring beam(assuming a .4 x .6 section) = (π x 9.2 x 0.4 x 0.6 x 24)

= 124.8 kN

Assuming six columns supporting the ring beam, the moments are as follows;

Negetive B.M at the supports = 0.0148 WR

= 0.0148 x 4830 x 4.6

= 328.8 kNm

Positive B.M at the centre of span b/w supports = 0.0075 WR

= 0.0075 x 4830 x 4.6

= 166.635 kNm

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Bending moment = M = 328.8 kNm

Shear force = V = 402.5 kN

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Bending Moment, M=166.6 kNm

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Oxidation pond combines the features of the aerobic and anaerobic ponds. Constructed of

intermediate depth (1.0m to 1.5m) , an oxidation pond consists of three zones; (a) aerobic zone at

the top, (b) anaerobic zone at the bottom, (c) facultative zone situated between the aerobic and

anaerobic zones, where decomposition of incoming organic wastes and products of anaerobic

decomposition are done by facultative bacteria. The aerobic layer acts as a good check against

odour evolution from the pond. The pond depth inhibits mixing; hence organic solids which

settle will remain on the bottom and will be subjected to anaerobic decomposition. The treatment

effected by this type of pond is comparable to that of conventional secondary treatment

processes. Hence the oxidation pond is best suited and most commonly used for treatment of

sewage.

The site for the oxidation pond was decided considering the following

restrictions.

of treated effluent becomes easy.

4. A water body such as a pond, lake or stream must be situated near the site so

that the disposal becomes easy.

Considering all these factors the oxidation pond was decided to be located near the

compound wall beside the Thunga hostel as shown in the layout, where all of these conditions

are satisfied. Moreover a pond is located just outside the compound wall facilitating easy

disposal of the treated effluent.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

4.2.1. Data

= 2, 40,000 liters/day

Hence the total sewage flow = 240 m3/day

Also the desired effluent BOD = 30 mg/day

Assuming the sewage produced as purely domestic,

It’s initial BOD5 = 300 mg/l [avg. strength]

= 72 kg/day

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

= 270.255 kg/ha.day

4.2.4.Pond Area

= 0.06317/day

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

Total inflow = 240 m3/day

Total pond area= 0.2664 ha = 2664m2

Adopt rectangular ponds with length to breadth ratio as 2.5

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

CONCLUSIONS

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

5. CONCLUSIONS

3. The project work is a case study where an attempt has been made to design the OHT and

oxidation pond to fulfill the requirements of the institution for another decade.

4. The site-map of the college prepared for this project can be used as a reference map for

the future planning of the campus.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

IMPROVEMENT

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

It was possible to prepare the layout of the campus and design the water tank and

oxidation pond in the limited time. The following works are to be completed for the satisfactory

functioning of the system.

pond.

Design Of Water Tank & Sewage Treatment Plant For JNNCE Campus

7. REFERENCES

2. IS:3370 -Indian Standard Code of practice for concrete structures for the storage

of liquids.

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