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HIV/Aids

Cause:

HIV is a viral infection that can be transmitted through


sexual contact, through blood or from mother to child during
pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding.

Symptoms:

Rapid weight loss. Recurring fever or profuse


night sweats. Extreme and unexplained tiredness.
Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or
neck. Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week.
Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals. Pneumonia.

Prevention:

There's no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and


no cure for AIDS. But it's possible to protect yourself and others
from infection. That means educating yourself about HIV and
avoiding any behavior that allows HIV-infected fluids

Justin Allen H. Cruz


Grade 7-Unity

Tuberculosis
Cause:

The condition is spread when a person with an active


TB infection in their lungs coughs or sneezes and someone else
inhales the expelled droplets, which contain TB bacteria.

Symptoms:

A persistent cough. Constant fatigue. Weight


loss. Loss of appetite. Fever. Coughing up blood.
Night sweats.

Prevention: If you test positive for latent TB infection, your


doctor may advise you to take medications to reduce your risk of
developing active tuberculosis. The only type of tuberculosis that
is contagious is the active variety, when it affects the lungs. So if
you can prevent your latent tuberculosis from becoming active,
you won't transmit tuberculosis to anyone else.

Justin Allen H. Cruz


Grade 7-Unity

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