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Standard Designation:
BPV Section IX
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section II, Part C, SFA 5.1, Table 1

Record Number:

BC03-274

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/19/2003
IX-01-38

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a welder qualify with E7018 electrode using either uphill or
downhill progression?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403, Base Metal Requirement; QW-404, Filler Metal Requirement

Record Number:

BC00-514

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/11/2000
IX-01-01

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): If a WPS is written using the GMAW-S process alone, is T
limited to l.l T per QW-403.10 and t limited to l.l t per QW-404.32?
Reply (l): Yes.

Question (2): If a WPS is written using FCAW process alone, is T limited to


2T per QW-403.8 and t limited to 2t per QW-404.30?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC00-553

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/11/2000
IX-01-02

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A large majority of fabrication contracted by a design


Company A is performed by Manufacturers B and C. Each company is
independent in ownership from the other two. Companies A, B, and C have
developed a Welding Coalition. The top management of all three companies
has executed an Agreement and Commitment protocol consenting to the

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establishment of this Welding Coalition. The Welding Coalition controls all


weld procedures developed for use on Company A contracts by Companies
B and C under one designated program. The Coalition does not control
production welding at either of the manufacturing companies. Weld
procedure qualifications performed by Company C are controlled by
Company A's Quality Program. Weld procedure qualifications performed
by Company B are controlled by Company B's Quality Program that has
been approved by Company A. Company C is on Company B's Approved
Vendors List.
Question: Is it permissible to consider the Welding Coalition as "the
organization which has responsible operational control of production of the
weldments to be made in accordance with this Code" such that Company B
may use weld procedures qualified by Company C and vise versa?
Reply: No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-194, Visual Examination

Record Number:

BC00-519

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

01/03/2001
IX-01-03

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is a welder's performance qualification test coupon in which
undercut is present acceptable, provided that the rest of the examinations
and tests are acceptable?

Reply: Yes. However, manufacturers may disqualify welders based on QW301.2 when discontinuities such as undercut and porosity do not comply
with the quality requirement of the manufacturer.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-304.1, Welder's Test Coupon Examination

Record Number:

BC00-653

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

01/03/2001
IX-01-04

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-304.1 require that when radiography is used for
examination of welder test coupons for performance qualification, the
visual examination per QW-302.4 be performed and documented on the
Welder/Welding Operator Performance Qualification record?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
QW-200.2, Welding Procedure Qualification

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Date Issued:

01/03/2001

Interpretation Number :

IX-01-05

Record Number:

BC00-654

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When a nonessential variable is recorded on a PQR, may a new
or revised WPS supported by that PQR specify a different range for that
nonessential variable from that recorded on the PQR?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-410.51, Addition/Deletion of Oscillation

Record Number:

BC98-240 (Intent Interpretation)

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/09/2001
IX-01-06

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: QW-410.51, addition or deletion of oscillation is an essential


variable for GTAW hard-facing. QW-410.1, addition or deletion of weave
bead is not a variable for the GTAW hard-facing process.

Question: Is it the intent of Section IX that a PQR developed with a


machine or automatic GTAW hard-facing process, with or without
oscillation, may be used to qualify a WPS for a manual, or a semiautomatic
GTAW hard-facing process, with or without weave?

Reply: Yes. Note that recent actions by Section IX have defined oscillation
as applicable to machine and automatic processes and wave as applicable to
manual and semiautomatic processes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-410.51, Addition/Deletion of Oscillation (1998 and Earlier Editions)

Record Number:

BC98-240*

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/09/2001
IX-01-06R

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: QW-410.51, addition or deletion of oscillation is an essential


variable for GTAW hard-facing. QW-410.1, addition or deletion of weave
bead is not a variable for the GTAW hard-facing process.

Question: Is it the intent of Section IX that a PQR developed with a


machine or automatic GTAW hard-facing process, with or without
oscillation, may be used to qualify a WPS for a manual, or a semiautomatic
GTAW hard-facing process, with or without weave?
Reply: Yes. Note that recent actions by Section IX have defined oscillation
as applicable to machine and automatic processes and weave as applicable
to manual and semiautomatic processes.

Standard Designation:

BPV Section IX

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Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

QW-420.2, Material Grouping

Record Number:

BC01-029

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/23/2001
IX-01-07

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A PQR is qualified on a P-Number X material to a P-Number


Y material.
Question (1): Does this PQR support a WPS for welding P-Number X to
S-Number Y without changes to any other essential variables?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does this PQR support a WPS for welding S-Number X to
S-Number Y without changes to any other essential variables?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-300.2, Transfer of Record of Performance Qualification

Record Number:

BC01-030

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/26/2001
IX-01-08

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When a new owner acquires a company or part of a company,
does QW-300.2 prohibit continued use of existing welder performance
qualifications?

Reply: No. Section IX does not address rules applicable to performance


qualification continuity when a new owner acquires a manufacturer or
contractor. If welder performance qualification continuity is to be
maintained by the new owner, the Quality Control System/Quality
Assurance Program should reflect to the source of the welder performance
qualification records as being from the former manufacturer or contractor.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-356, Welding Variables

Record Number:

BC01-032

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/26/2001
IX-01-09

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welder was qualified on P-No. 1 material using the GTAW
process without gas backing using F-No. 6 filler material. Is he qualified to
weld P-No. 8 material using the GTAW process with gas backing using
F-No. 6 filler material, provided all other essential variables remain the
same?

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Reply: Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-144 and QW-194, Visual Examination

Record Number:

BC01-073

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/26/2001
IX-01-10

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Are the requirements of QW-144 and QW-194 for visual
examination of the test coupon required for the qualifications of a welding
procedure?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
QW-510 and QW-540 in Article V, Standard Welding Procedure
Specifications
06/04/2001
BC01-089
IX-01-11

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Under QW-510(d), is it acceptable to weld the demonstration
test coupon with only GTAW if the SWPS is for combination GTAW root
and SMAW E7018 fill?
Reply (1): No. All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential
variables.

Question (2): Under QW-510(d), is it acceptable to weld the demonstration


test coupon with only SMAW E7018 if the SWPS is for combination
GTAW root and SMAW E7018 fill?
Reply (2): No. All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential
variables.

Question (3): Under QW-510(d), is it acceptable to weld demonstration test


coupon with only SMAW E7018 if the SWPS specifies both E6010 and
E7018?
Reply (3): No. All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential
variables.

Question (4): Does Section IX, Article II apply when the fabricator chooses
to use SWPSs?
Reply (4): No. Ref. para. QW-100.1.

Question (5): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX, may a
single welding process of a multiple process SWPSs be used to complete a
weld?

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Reply (5): No. Ref. paras. QW-540(a) and (c).

Question (6): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX, may a
single process SWPS for E7018 and a single process SWPS for GTAW be
used to complete a weld, assuming all other variables are within the SWPS
parameters?
Reply (6): No. Ref. paras. QW-540(a) and (c).

Question (7): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX, may a
single process SWPS for E7018 and a single process SWPS for E6010 be
used to complete a weld, assuming all other variables are within the SWPS
parameters?
Reply (7): No. Ref. paras. QW-540(a) and (c).
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-322.2(a) and QW-452.1, Rule Change Affecting Welder Qualification

Record Number:

BC01-201

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/04/2001
IX-01-12

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: ASME Section IX, Addenda 2000, revised table QW-452.1
reducing the coupon size from 3/4 in. to 1/2 in. to qualify the welder for
"Maximum to be welded" when welding a minimum of three layers.

Question (1): A welder qualified prior to Addenda 2000 and has remained
qualified since his original test. His original test coupon consisted of at least
three weld layers and greater than 1/2 in. but less than 3/4 in. deposited
weld metal. May the qualification recorded be revised from "2t" to "Max. to
be welded" subsequent to Addenda 2000?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): A welder was qualified prior to Addenda 2000. His


qualification has lapsed due to not welding with the original weld process
for greater than 6 months. His original test coupon consisted of at least three
layers and greater than 1/2 in. but less than 3/4 in. deposited weld metal. His
renewal restores his original qualifications in accordance with QW-322.2
(a). May the original qualification record be revised from "2t" to "Max. to
be welded" subsequent to Addenda 2000?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

References to Edition and Addenda

Record Number:

BC01-570

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/26/2001
IX-01-13

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Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): The 1998 Code Edition, as published, incorporates the 1998
Addenda. When providing reference to this Code Edition and Addenda
within a Code-required document, may only the Edition be listed (i.e., 1998
Edition)?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): For the 1998 Edition only, is it necessary to revise Coderequired documentation where the term "1998 Edition" was used as
meaning the 1995 Edition through the 1997 Addenda?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-500, The Use of SWPS's

Record Number:

BC01-332

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/25/2001
IX-01-14

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a manufacturer or contractor adopt and use SWPSs in
accordance with the rules of Article V for work on Code items built to an
edition or addenda prior to the 1998 edition with the 2000 Addenda,
provided the construction code does not prohibit the use of SWPSs?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-300.2, Employer's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC01-641

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/15/2001
IX-01-15

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Section IX requires that the manufacturer, contractor,
assembler, or installer "be responsible for conducting tests to qualify the
performance of welders which his organization employs in construction of
weldments built in accordance with the Code." It also requires that the
manufacturer, contractor, assembler, or installer provide supervision and
control over welders while they are welding test coupons for performance
qualification.

Question (1): An employee of a contractor provides supervision and control


over a welder during welding of a test coupon, but that welder is not an
employee of the contractor at the time of the test. Is it required that the
welder be an employee of that contractor at the time of qualification
testing?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Must the welder be the employee of any manufacturer or


contractor at the time of qualification testing?

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Reply (2): No.


Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Code Case 2142-1 and 2143-1

Record Number:

BC01-338

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/18/2001
IX-01-16

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: The submerged arc welding process is being used to deposit
corrosion-resistant weld overlay for Section III, Subsection NB fabrication
using a Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal and flux combination. The strip
filler metal does not meet the chemical requirements of Code Case 2142-1
(bare electrode and rod), but both the filler metal and weld deposit meet the
chemical composition limits of Code Case 2143-1 (covered electrodes).
Question (1): Must the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal used for the SAW
process meet the chemical composition requirements of Code Case 2142-1
to be classified as F-43 for procedure and performance qualifications?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): May Ni-Cr-Fe alloy filler metal that is not designated as F-43
per Code Case 2142-1 be used for welding if the welding procedure is
qualified separately per QW-404.37?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): If the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal meets the chemical
composition requirements of Code Case 2143-1 and was produced to the
requirements of SFA-5.14, except for the chemical analysis, may the filler
metal be classified as F-43 for procedure and performance qualification?
Reply (3): No.

Question (4): If the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal is not classified in an
SFA specification, and is not covered in Code Case 2142-1 or 2143-1, is it
permissible to identify the filler metal and flux on the WPS, PQR, and WPQ
by the manufacturer's brand names?
Reply (4): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-202.2(b), QW-202.3(b), and QW-407.4

Record Number:

BC01-615

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/18/2001
IX-01-17

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A groove weld procedure qualification test coupon 1.5 in.
thick was welded with the SMAW process using multiple passes of 1/2 in.
max. thickness. The test coupon was given a subsequent post weld heat

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treatment exceeding the upper transformation temperature prior to the


completion of mechanical testing.

Question: May this PQR be used to support the weld of partial penetration
groove welds per QW-202.2(b) or weld repair and buildup welds per QW202.3(b) on base material thickness exceeding 1.65 in.?

Reply: No. Per QW-407.4, a procedure qualification test coupon receiving a


post weld heat treatment in which the upper transformation is exceeded, the
maximum qualified thickness for production welds is 1.1 times the
thickness of the test coupon.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-153.1, Acceptance Criteria for Tensile Strength

Record Number:

BC01-772

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/18/2001
IX-01-18

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does the minimum specified tensile strength in QW/QB-422
supercede the SA/SB material tensile strength for procedure qualification?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-202.4(b), Dissimilar Base Metal Thickness

Record Number:

BC01-811

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/18/2001
IX-01-19

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-202.4(b) permit the maximum weld deposit thickness
limit to be extended beyond the limit specified in QW-451.1?
Reply: No; QW-202.4 applies only to the base metal thickness limits.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-407.1, Postweld Heat Treatment

Record Number:

BC01-813

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/18/2001
IX-01-20

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): May a procedure qualification record subject to variable QW407.1(a) that included only a PWHT below the lower transformation
temperature be used to support a WPS with PWHT above the upper
transformation temperature and a subsequent PWHT below the lower
transformation temperature ?

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Reply (I): No.

Question (2): Does Section IX address the values to be used as


transformation temperature?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
QW- 151.1(d), Reduced Section -- Plate; QW-200.4(b), Combination of
Processes: QW-322, Expiration and Renewal of Qualifications
01/19/2002
BC01-035
IX-01-21

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background [(1), (2), (3)]: A welder is qualified for manual SMAW and
GTAW, and semiautomatic FCAW and GMAW.

Question (1): Do welders maintain their qualifications for manual SMAW


and GTAW by welding with either semiautomatic GMAW or FCAW?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Do welders maintain their qualifications for both SMAW and
GTAW by welding with only one of the processes during the six-month
period?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): Do welders maintain their qualifications for semiautomatic


GMAW and FCAW by welding with either GMAW or FCAW during the
six-month period?
Reply (3): Yes.

Background (4): A WPS was qualified using a Trade Name wire-flux


combination that conforms to a classification in ASME Section II, Part C.
Question (4): Does the substitution in the qualified WPS of a different
Trade Name wire-flux combination that conforms to the same SFA
Specification and classification in ASME Section II, Part C require
requalification?
Reply (4): No.

Background ( 5 ) : The tensile specimens of a 60 mm PQR test plate was


divided into three pieces. The sum of the thickness of the three specimens
was less than 60 mm.

Question (5): What is the allowable percentage thickness reduction from the
original base metal thickness?
Reply (5): Section IX does not address this issue.
Standard Designation:

BPV Section IX

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Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

QW-100.3, QW-420.1, P-Number Reassignment

Record Number:

BC01-679

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/11/2002
IX-01-22

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a previous qualified WPS, written to permit the welding of
P-No. 5, Group 1 material to P-No. 5, Group 4 material prior to the
establishment of P-Nos. 5A, 5B, and 5C be used to weld SA-213 T22 to
SA-213 T91 materials?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-202.4, Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses

Record Number:

BC01-789

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/11/2002
IX-01-23

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A WPS is qualified to weld base material from 1.6 mm to 20 mm.
May that WPS be used for welding a part 30 mm thick that has been tapered
to 15 mm thick to another 15 mm part?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-200.4, Impact Test Qualification of Multiprocess Welds

Record Number:

BC01-814

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/11/2002
IX-01-24

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welding procedure qualification is made using multiple
welding processes on a single test plate for an application where notchtoughness testing is required. The weld coupon was welded with two passes
each of GTAW and FCAW, and the remainder with SAW process. Is it
required to take multiple sets of weld metal impact test specimens to
include all welding processes when all welding could not be included in a
single set of specimens?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
ASME BPV Section II, Part C

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Date Issued:

03/11/2002

Interpretation Number :

IX-01-25

Record Number:

BC01-815

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does Section II, Part C mandate the use of SFA 5.01?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-100.3, The Use of the Referenced Edition of the Code

Record Number:

BC01-826

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/11/2002
IX-01-26

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A designer specifies a specific year of the ASME Code to be
complied with for the fabrication of a component, i.e., including 96
Addenda, and this component is installed in 2003.
Question (1): What year of Section IX does the installer use for qualifying
welders/welding operators?

Reply (1): Welders are qualified in accordance with the current edition and
addenda of Section IX in effect at the time of the qualification. See QW100.3.
Question (2): What year of Section II does the installer use for purchasing
welding materials?
Reply (2): Section IX does not address this issue. The question should be
addressed to the applicable construction code.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-452.1, Nominal Coupon Thickness

Record Number:

BC02-111

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/11/2002
IX-01-27

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welder welds an NPS 6 Schedule 80 test coupon that is 0.432
in. thick. He uses one welding process, one set of essential variables, and
deposits at least three layers of weld metal in that test coupon. Is that welder
qualified to weld "maximum to be welded?"
Reply: No. The nominal coupon thickness must be at least 1/2 in. thick in
order for a welder to be qualified for "maximum to be welded."

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

Para./Fig./Table No:

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Subject Description:

QW-409.4, Electrical Characteristics

Record Number:

BC02-2691

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/22/2002
IX-01-28

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-409.4 apply to the current type used to preheat the
filler metal wire when welding GTAW Hot-wire Automatic or machine
corrosion-resistant overlay?
Reply: No.

Note: This interpretation was inadvertently omitted from Volume 51 of the


interpretations.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section II-C SFA Specifications, Marking of Packages

Record Number:

BC02-2692

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/03/2002
IX-01-29

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: ASME Section II-C SFA specifications state in the "Marking
of Packages" paragraphs that the AWS specification and classification
designations must be marked on the outside of each unit package.

Question (1): Must filler metal procured to an ASME SFA specification be


marked with the ASME SFA specification such as ASME SFA-5.XX?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is marking the package with the AWS specification and
classification such as AWS A5.XX EXXXX required?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): May the material manufacturer add the ASME specification
(e.g., SFA-5.XX) to the required AWS markings on the unit container?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403.5, Base Metal Requirements

Record Number:

BC02-2693

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2002
IX-01-30

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When impact testing of a heat-affected zone is required for
nonferrous base materials of the same P-Number, does a PQR with a UNS
number designation (e.g., SB-619, UNS N06022) qualify a WPS that
specifies a different UNS number designation (e.g., SB-619, UNS N10276)
within the same P-Number?

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Reply: No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-423, Alternate Base Materials for Welder Qualification

Record Number:

BC02-2694

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2002
IX-01-31

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal
within the left column of QW-423 weld any combination of P-Number base
metals in the corresponding row of the right column within the limits of the
other essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal
within the left column of QW-423 weld one of the P-Number base metals in
the corresponding row of the right column to any other (dissimilar)
P-Number in the corresponding row of the right column within the limits of
the other essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal
within the left column of QW-423 welded to an unassigned base metal,
weld any combination of P-Number base metals in the corresponding row
of the right column to the unassigned metal within the limits of the other
essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-200.4(b), Root Pass Procedure Qualification

Record Number:

BC02-3449

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2002
IX-01-32

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Do the provisions of QW-200.4(b) permit a GTAW procedure
qualification test weldment performed on a 13 mm thick coupon to support
depositing a root pass in a production joint of the qualified base metal
having a thickness of 8 mm when impact testing is required?
Reply: No. See QW-403.6.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

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Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

QB-203.1, Limits of Qualified Flow Positions for Procedures, and QB408.4, Joint Design; QB-303.3, Limits of Qualified Positions, and QB408.1, Joint Design
03/13/2003

BC02-3541
IX-01-34

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background (1): QB-203.1 states: "Qualification in pipe shall qualify for
plate, but not vice versa. Horizontal-flow in pipe shall qualify for flat-flow
in plate." QB-408.4 states: "A change in the joint type, e.g., from a butt to a
lap or socket, from that qualified. For lap or socket joints, a decrease in
overlap length from that qualified."
Question (1): Do procedure qualifications in plate lap joints qualify for
tube-to-tube socket joints for brazing procedure qualifications?
Reply (1): No.

Background (2): QB-303.3 states: "Qualification in pipe shall qualify for


plate, but not vice versa. Horizontal-flow in pipe shall qualify for flat-flow
in plate." QB-408.1 states: "A change in the joint type, i.e., from a butt to a
lap or socket, from that qualified. For lap or socket joints, an increase in lap
length of more than 25% from the overlap used on brazer performance
qualification test coupon."
Question (2): Do performance qualifications in plate lap joints qualify for
tube-to-tube socket joints for brazer performance qualifications?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-404.33, Change in SFA Specification Filler Metal Classification

Record Number:

BC03-263

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/19/2003
IX-01-37

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does the expression "a change in the SFA specification filler
metal classification" refer to a change in the AWS classification?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-283, Welds With Buttering

Record Number:

BC02-3896

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

Question(s) and Reply(ies):

12/30/2002
IX-01-33

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Background: In all cases described below, the manufacturers develop and


follow WPSs and PQRs based on the test coupons welded. The minimum
buttering thickness in all cases will be greater than 3/I6 in.

Question (1): Manufacturer A qualifies a WPS by buttering the ends of the


test coupons, which are the same material. The buttered ends are heat
treated, then the weld is completed using the same filler metal as was used
for the buttering. Manufacturer B welds a groove weld test coupon of the
same base metal using the same process, filler metal and other essential
variables as manufacturer A. That test coupon is heat treated in the same
manner as the heat treatment used for the buttering by manufacturer A. May
manufacturer A weld parts that were buttered by manufacturer B?
Reply (I): Yes.

Question (2): Manufacturer C welds a groove weld test coupon using the
same base metal, process, filler metal, and other essential variables as
manufacturer A. That test coupon is heat treated in the same manner as the
heat treatment used for the buttering by manufacturer A. May manufacturer
A weld parts that were buttered by manufacturer C?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Manufacturer A receives parts that have been buttered by both
manufacturers B and C. May the parts buttered by manufacturer B be
welded by manufacturer A to parts buttered by manufacturer C?
Reply (3): Yes.

Question (4): Manufacturer D receives parts that have been buttered by


manufacturers A, B, and C. May manufacturer D weld the buttered parts
together using a buttered groove weld test coupons qualified using the same
base metal, process, filler metal, and other essential variables as
manufacturer A?
Reply (4): Yes.

Question (5): Manufacturer D receives parts that have been buttered by


manufacturers A, B, and C. May manufacturer D weld the buttered parts
together using a groove weld test coupon qualified in accordance with QW283.4(b) using the same process, filler metal, and other essential variables
that manufacturer A used to join the buttered parts (i.e., the as-welded
portion of the test) using a base metal that nominally matches the chemical
analysis of the buttering used by manufacturer A, B, or C?
Reply (5): Yes.

Question (6): Manufacturer E welds a groove weld test coupon of another


base metal using the same filler metal as manufacturer A. That test coupon
is heat treated and tested in accordance with QW-202.2(a). May
manufacturer F, who has welded a test coupon in accordance with QW283.4(b), join parts buttered by manufacturer E?
Reply (6): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

Para./Fig./Table No:

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Subject Description:

QW-451.1, Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits

Record Number:

BC02-4075

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/13/2003
IX-01-35

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A test coupon is prepared as follows: A 1.75 in. plate is
welded to 1.75 in. plate with 1 in. thick weld. Per QW-451.1, is 8 in. the
maximum thickness range of base metal qualified?

Reply (1): Yes, except that further limits or exceptions may apply as stated
in Notes (1) and (5) of QW-451.1.

Question (2): Using the same test coupon as Question (1), where a single
process was used to deposit the entire weld thickness, is 8 in. the maximum
thickness of the weld metal permitted per QW-451.1 ?
Reply (2): Yes, except that further limits or exceptions may apply as stated
in Notes (1) and (5) of QW-451.1.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-301.4, Record of Welder Performance Qualification

Record Number:

BC02-4198

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/13/2003
IX-01-36

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: For welder's performance qualification, a multiple layer
groove weld is made on a single test coupon using one welder for first layer
and another welder for the second.
Question: QW-301.4 requires a record of welder performance qualification.
May a single form be used to record the essential variables, the type of test
and test results, and the ranges qualified in accordance with QW-452 for
each welder and welding operator?
Reply: Section IX specifies information required to be recorded, but does
not specify the format of the records.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-401.3, Supplemental Essential Variable (Procedure)

Record Number:

BC03-469

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/19/2003
IX-01-39

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A company has qualified a PQR to satisfy all testing
requirements other than notch toughness for welding P1 Group 2 to P1
Group 2 by the SAW process. Another test coupon is subsequently prepared
using the WPS written on the original PQR and an additional PQR is then
qualified with only testing for notch toughness, as allowed by the Code, to
supplement the original PQR for welding with impact requirements.

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However, the preheat value (an essential variable) used to qualify the
original PQR was 150F. The preheat temperature was less than 150F.

Question: May the supplemental PQR with reduced preheat be used with
the original PQR to support a WPS for notch toughness application?
Reply: Yes, provided that the requirements of QW-406.1 are met.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-201/QW-201.1, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC03-740

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/19/2003
IX-01-40

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Several manufacturing organizations within the same
company perform welding procedure qualifications in accordance with
Section IX. Each manufacturing organization performs these activities in
accordance with specific Quality Assurance Program(s)/Quality Control
System(s) that comply with their ASME Construction Code Certificate(s) of
Authorization and describe operational control of qualifications.
Question: Is it permissible for any of the manufacturing organizations
within the company to use WPSs and PQRs qualified by any of the other
manufacturing organizations?
Reply: Yes, this is permitted by QW-201.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-151.3(b), Tension Test Turned Specimen

Record Number:

BC02-3586

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/15/2003
IX-04-01

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: QW-151.3(b) states, For thicknesses over 1 in. (25 mm),
multiple specimens shall be cut through the full thickness of the weld with
their centers parallel to the metal surface and not over 1 in. (25 mm) apart.
The centers of the specimens adjacent to the metal surface shall not exceed
5/8 in. (16 mm) from the surface.

Question (1): Does the specified distance between specimens of not over 1
in. apart refer to the distance between the centers of the specimens?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): How many tension tests would be required for a 2 1/2-in.
thick groove welding procedure qualification test coupon welded full
thickness?
Reply (2): Two. See QW-451.1.

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Question (3): When reduced section turned tension test specimens are used
in accordance with QW- 462.1(d) for a 2 1/2-in. thick groove welding
procedure qualification test coupon welded full thickness, what is the
minimum number of specimens that must be removed for each tension test
set?
Reply (3): Three.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-258.1 and QW-410.38, Multiple Layers

Record Number:

BC03-1029

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/15/2003
IX-04-02

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: The electroslag welding process is used to apply a corrosionresistant overlay. The essential variables in QW-258.1 apply. QW-410.38 is
listed as an essential variable for corrosion-resistant overlay.
Question (1): When a single layer is recorded in the PQR, is a WPS
qualified for application of multiple layers?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): When multiple layers are recorded in the PQR, is a WPS
qualified for application of single layer?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403.6, QW-451, and QW-401.3; Notch Toughness Testing

Record Number:

BC03-1246

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/15/2003
IX-04-04

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A WPS is supported by three PQRs. Two PQRs are recorded
on 12-mm and 28.5-mm thick coupons using tensile, bend, and impact
testing specimens. A third PQR was made using 5-mm thick plate using the
same welding parameters, but only impact specimens were tested.
Question (1): May these PQRs be combined to support a WP for welding
2.5 mm through 57 mm material requiring notch toughness testing?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): May these three PQRs be combined to support welding base
metal thicknesses of 4.8 mm through 57 mm with or without notch
toughness?
Reply (2): Yes.

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Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-200.2(f) and QW-45 1, Weld Tests

Record Number:

BC03-1583

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2003
IX-04-05

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Two separate PQRs with identical welding process exist for a 6
mm and an 8 mm base metal thickness. May these PQRs support a WPS,
with all the essential and supplementary variables unchanged, to weld a 28mm thick production joint?
Reply: No. See QW-451.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QB-451.3 and QB-462.l(e), Tension Tests

Record Number:

BC03-1664

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2003
IX-04-06

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Two tubes under 3 in. in diameter are separately torch brazed
into each end of a coupling using face-fed filler in the same position with all
the remaining brazing variables the same for both joints. The coupon is
pulled to failure which occurs in the weaker of the two brazed joints. The
resulting ultimate tensile strength exceeds the minimum specified values
listed in QW/QB-422.
Question (1): Does one tensile coupon, as shown in QB-462.l(e), brazed in
this manner, fulfil the requirement in QB-451.3 for two tension tests?
Reply (1): Yes. See QB-463.1(e).

Question (2): Since the same inside diameter, outside diameter, crosssectional area ultimate load, ultimate tensile strength, and type of failure
exist for both lap joints, may the same values be recorded for the two
tension tests on the Brazing PQR?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-310.1, QW-452.3, and QW-461.9; Position

Record Number:

BC03- 1686

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/30/2003
IX-04-07

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-310.1 apply if the pipe coupon is welded in the 6G
position?

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Reply: No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-200.4, Combination of Welding Procedures

Record Number:

BC03-1770

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

04/01/2004
IX-04-08

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A combination weld process PQR was qualified using the GTAW
for the root pass, SMAW, and SAW. May this PQR support a WPS for
welding with only one or two of the processes shown on the PQR?
Reply: Yes, provided the following are met: (a) The remaining essential,
nonessential, and supplementary essential variables, when applicable, are
applied. (b) The base metal and deposited weld metal thickness limits of
QW-451 are applied.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403.9, Base Metal Thickness

Record Number:

BC04-065

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

04/01/2004
IX-04-09

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: An EGW procedure was qualified on 3/8 in. thick base material
completing the weld joint in one single pass. Is the WPS qualified to make a
weld deposit greater than in., in one pass, in base metal greater than in.
in thickness?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-100.3 and QW-200.2, Procedure Qualification Record Time Limits

Record Number:

BC04-601

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/10/2004
IX-04-10

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is there a time limit on the validity of a PQR?

Reply: PQRs always remain valid but may only be used to support WPSs,
provided they meet the requirements of the 1962 or later Edition of ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IX. See QW-100.3.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

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Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

QW-451.1, Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens


and QW-202.4, Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses
12/22/2004
BC04-599
IX-04-11

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A procedure qualification test coupon using the same
P-Number material and consisting of two plates of different thicknesses are
welded together, where the thicker of the two plates (T2 = 1-1/2 in. thick)
has been tapered on a 4:1 taper down to the thinner plate thickness (T1 = 1
in. thick). Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for a base metal thickness
range of 3/16 in. to 8 in.?
Reply (1): See Interpretation IX-86-43, Question (2).

Question (2): A procedure qualification test coupon using the same or


different P-Number materials and consisting of two plates of different
thicknesses, T2 = 1-1/2 in. thick and T1 = 1 in. thick, has been welded with
a single process. The thicknesses meet on the same plane with neither plate
being tapered. The joint is welded in accordance with Fig. IX-04-11.
Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for both base metals for a thickness
range of 3/16 in. to 8 in. on both sides of the weld joint?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for both base metals of
different P-Numbers for a thickness range of 3/16 in. to 8 in.?
Reply (3): No. QW-202.4 requires both base metal thicknesses be in
accordance with QW-451.1. Base metal T1 is qualified 3/16 in. to 2 in. and
base metal T2 is qualified 3/16 in. to 8 in., except as permitted by QW202.4(b)(1).
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW409.1, Electrical Characteristics, Heat Input

Record Number:

BC04-1013

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/22/2004
IX-04-12

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does QW-409.1 require that the highest heat input, to be
recorded on the PQR, be calculated based on the parameters used at the
location where the HAZ impact specimens are removed?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): GTAW is a nonconsumable electrode welding process that


would record zero for the "per unit length of electrodew in QW-409.1(b).
Therefore, can the weld volume method detailed in QW-409.1 be used to
control the heat input for a nonconsumable electrode welding process such
as GTAW?
Reply (2): See Interpretation IX-92-40.

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Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-322.2, Renewal of Qualification

Record Number:

BC04- 1457

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/22/2004
IX-04-13

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welder has been qualified for the GMAW process (short
circuiting transfer mode). The required mechanical bend tests were
performed and found to be acceptable. The welder did not weld with this
process during the following 6-month period, resulting in expiration of the
qualification. May a welder's qualification be renewed by radiographing a
production weld performed with the GMAW process (short circuiting
transfer mode)?
Reply: No. See QW-322.2(a).

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
QW-200.2, Procedure Qualification Record and QW-409.1, Electrical
Characteristics, Heat Input
12/22/2004

BC04-1592
IX-04-14

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Procedure qualification tests were conducted with notch
toughness testing. When documenting the PQR with actual variables (amps,
volts, travel speed) that were recorded during welding of the test coupon, is
it required that a single value be recorded for these variables in the PQR?
Reply (1): No. See QW-200.2(b).

Question (2): Must the volts, amps, and travel speed used to calculate heat
input for each process per QW-409.1 be measured in the same weld pass or
unit length of weld?
Reply (2): Yes,
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
QW-403.7, Base Metal Thickness Qualification and QW-407.2, PWHT
Temperature and Time Range
12/22/2004

BC04-1595
IX-04-15

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Will a procedure qualification test coupon on 1.5 in. thick
P-No. 1, Gr. 2 material and postweld heat-treated at 1,100F for 1.5 hr with

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supplementary essential variable requirements met, support a WPS with


supplementary essential variable requirements for production welding on 8
in. thick P-No. 1, Gr. 2 material that is PWHT at 1,100F for 3.5 hr?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Based on the conditions stated in Question (I), could the
PWHT time on the 8 in. thick weldrnent be increased to 4 hr and 10 min at
1,100F and still be in compliance with Code requirements?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403.5, Qualification of Dissimilar Group Number Base Metals

Record Number:

BC04-1418

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/08/2005
IX-04-16

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A PQR is qualified with impact testing using API 5L X56,
which is an S-No. 1, Group 2 material. Does that PQR support a WPS for
impact-tested welding API 5L X52 and X46 which are S-No. 1, Group 1
materials?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Does a PQR qualified with impact testing conducted using an
unassigned material welded to an S-No. 1, Group 2 material support a WPS
for welding the same unassigned material to S-No. 1, Group 1 material?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-409.8, QW-256, SFA Specifications, GTAW Electrode Characteristics

Record Number:

BC05-024

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/08/2005
IX-04-17

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May current levels outside the range of SFA 5.12 Table A1 for
specific tungsten electrode diameters be specified in a WPS in accordance
with Section IX?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

BPV Section IX
QW-200.4(b), Combining Procedure Qualification Records
03/08/2005

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Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BC05-025
IX-04-18

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A combination GTAW and SMAW WPS is supported by two
PQRs. PQR A is welded with SMAW to join 1-1/2 in. (38 mm) thick plates
with 1-1/2 in. (38 mm) of SMAW deposit. PQR B is welded with GTAW
and SMAW to join 1/2 in. (13 mm) thick plates, with 1/8 in. (3 mm) of
GTAW deposit, and 3/8 in. (10 mm) of SMAW deposit.
Question (1): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a base
metal thickness range of 3/16 in. (5 mm) to 8 in. (200 mm) when impact
testing is not required?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a


maximum deposited weld metal thickness of 1/4 in. (6 mm) for the GTAW
process and 8 in. (200 mm) for the SMAW process?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): When impact tests are performed for both PQRs with
acceptable results, do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a
base metal thickness range of 1/2 in. (13 mm) to 8 in. (200 mm) when
impact testing is required?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-404.36, Filler Metals, Testing of Recrushed Slag

Record Number:

BC05-026

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/08/2005
IX-04-19

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-404.36 require that each batch or blend of recrushed
slag, as defined in SFA-5.17, be tested in accordance with Section II, Part C
regardless of the source of slag?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.1, Base Metals

Record Number:

BC95-194

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/19/1996
IX-95-24

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a WPS qualified, using P-No. 1 Group No. 1 material,
qualify for welding P-No. 1 Group No. 2 material when notch toughness
tests are not required?

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Reply: Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC95-252

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/19/1996
IX-95-25

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If company A purchases company B, is it permissible for


company A to write Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) in their name
supported by Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) qualified by company
B?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC95-303

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/19/1996
IX-95-26

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Company A owns company B and changes its name to C. The
new company C continues to use the WPSs and PQRs initially developed
by B. After some time company A (the parent company) splits C back to B
and C. Both B and C now operate independently but under company A.
Question: May company B use the WPSs and PQRs initially developed by
B and also use WPSs and PQRs qualified by company C before the last
reorganization?
Reply: Yes, provided that the requirements of QW-201 are satisfied.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC95-482

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/19/1996
IX-95-27

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a subcontractor use a WPS supported by a PQR which was
qualified by the contracting company and subsequently supplied to the
subcontractor?
Reply: No.

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Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.10, Short Circuiting Mode

Record Number:

BC96-002

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/19/1996
IX-95-28

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Are the base metal thickness restrictions for the GMAW process
short circuiting mode stated in QW-403.10 and QW-404.32 also applicable
to fillet weld tests, either in procedure qualifications (QW-451.3, QW451.4) or in performance qualifications (QW-452.4, QW-452.5, and QW452.6)?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC95-302

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1996
IX-95-29

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If more than one manufacturer or contractor agrees upon the use
of one WPS, which is to be followed during production of test weldments
for qualification testing, may the welder used to produce the weldments to
be tested for qualification of procedures be under the full supervision and
control of each manufacturer or contractor during the welding, provided the
Quality Control System or Quality Assurance Program of each
manufacturer or contractor describes the control of welders?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-350, Welding Variables for Welders

Record Number:

BC96-073

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1996
IX-95-30

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Do the essential variables of QW-350 apply to welding
operators carrying out corrosion resistant overlay?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Are welding operators qualified for submerged arc welding
also qualified for Electroslag welding and vice versa?
. Reply (2): No.

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Question (3): Is a welding operator qualified to QW-360 and QW-381 of


Section IX in submerged arc weld overlay using wire electrode also
qualified to use strip electrodes with the same process?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-361.2, Essential Variables -- Machine Welding

Record Number:

BC96-141

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1996
IX-95-31

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A welding operator has direct visual contact with a pipe
weldment that is being welded utilizing machine orbital pipe welding
equipment. This welding operator is giving verbal commands to a second
welding operator, who does not have eye contact with the weldment and
who is positioning the weld head and wire aimers located on the head,
remotely, during the welding of the joint in accordance with the verbal
commands of the first operator. Each welding operator has been qualified to
perform both remote and direct visual control welding.
Question: Are these welders qualified to make the subject weld in
accordance with QW-361.2 even though the welding operator having direct
visual control is directing the positioning of the orbital pipe welding
equipment verbally and does not have "hands-on" control of the welding
head?
Reply: Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300.2, Welding Performance Qualifications

Record Number:

BC95-302

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

07/01/1996
IX-95-32

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If more than one manufacturer or contractor agrees upon the use
of one WPS, which is to be followed during production of test weldments
for qualification testing, may the welder used to produce the weldments to
be tested for qualification of procedures be under the full supervision and
control of each manufacturer or contractor during the welding, provided the
Quality Control System or Quality Assurance Program of each
manufacturer or contractor describes the control of welders?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

Para./Fig./Table No:

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Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.10, Short-Circuiting Mode

Record Number:

BC96-001

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1996
IX-95-33

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-403.10 limit the base metal thickness qualified to 1.1T
for a combination GMAW-S/SMAW PQR test coupon thickness "T" less
than in. when used to support a combination GMAW-S/SMAW WPS?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.3, Weld Repair and Buildup

Record Number:

BC96-060

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1996
IX-95-34

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Assurance of defect-free hardfacing deposits on cast surfaces
is often improved if a layer of weld metal is first deposited on the casting,
acting as a substrate for the subsequent hardfacing weld metal overlay.

Question (1): Does Section IX require qualification of the substrate (e.g., in


accordance with QW-202.3 or when the substrate is not included in the
design minimum wall thickness in accordance with QW-214) which will be
subsequently covered by a hardfacing weld metal overlay?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): If the deposit of the substrate is included in a hardfacing weld


metal overlay procedure qualified to QW-216, is evaluation of the substrate
to QW-202.3 or QW-214, as applicable, required?
Reply (2): Section IX does not address qualification of a combination
substrate/hardfacing WPS in a single coupon.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300.1, Welding Performance Qualifications

Record Number:

BC96-287

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1996
IX-95-35

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is it permissible to use ultrasonic examination in lieu of


radiography to qualify welders and welding operators in accordance with
QW-300.1?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:

BPV Section IX

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Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300, Welding Performance Qualifications

Record Number:

BC96-314

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1996
IX-95-36

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Would the successful qualification of a welder in a manual or
semiautomatic method qualify him to weld in production using a machine
or automatic method in the same process?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Since the essential variables are the same for both methods,
would successful qualification with testing in manual GTAW allow the
same welder to weld in production using semiautomatic GTAW without
testing?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404.9, Filler Metals

Record Number:

BC96-315

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1996
IX-95-37

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: In accordance with QW-404.9(c), does a change in the wire
classification shown in SFA 5.9, with no change in the flux composition,
F-Number, or A-Number, require procedure requalification?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322, Expiration and Renewal of Qualification

Record Number:

BC96-132

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

01/06/1997
IX-95-38

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is it a requirement of QW-322 for a manufacturer to maintain


records to demonstrate a welder's or welding operator's continuing
qualification for a process from the date of the original qualification test?

Reply: Section IX does not address how conformance to QW-322 is


demonstrated. Other book sections may address the maintenance of records.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

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Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-304, Performance Qualification -- Welders

Record Number:

BC96-331

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

01/06/1997
IX-95-39

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Would the successful performance qualification of a welder in
a manual or semi-automatic type (e.g,. GMAW, GTAW, SAW) per QW304 qualify the same welder to operate as welding operator in machine or
automatic type welding?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): If a welder used GMAW (short-circuiting mode) for the root
pass and SAW for the hot and fill passes of test coupon, may the test
coupon be testing using radiography for the SAW portion of the weld in
accordance with QW-304 and QW-306?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC93-431 and BC95-222

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

01/21/1997
IX-95-40

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Company A was a subsidiary of Company B. Company B sold
Company A to Company C, and Company A became a division of
Company C.
Question: May Company A continue to use WPSs and PQRs previously
developed by Company B?

Reply: It is the intent of the Code that when a manufacturer or contractor, or


part of a manufacturer or contractor, is acquired by a new owner(s), the
PQRs and WPSs may be used by the new owner(s) without requalification,
provided all of the following are met: (a) the new owner(s) takes
responsibility for the WPSs and PQRs; (b) the WPSs reflect the name of the
new owner(s); and (c) the Quality Control System/Quality Assurance
Program reflects the source of the PQRs as being from the former
manufacturer or contractor.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-453, Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness
Limits and Test Specimens for Hardfacing (Wear-Resistant) and CorrosionResistant Overlays
03/06/1997
BC97-028

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Interpretation Number :

IX-95-41

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: Corrosion-resistant weld overlay on P-No. 1 material needs to
be carried out with Nickel-Aluminum Bronze using E CuNiAl SMAW
electrode (F-No. 37) and ER CuNiAl GMAW filler wire (F-No. 37).

Question: For procedure qualification of the above to QW-453, can side


bend test specimens of 1/8 in. thickness be used, bent to inner diameter of 2
1/16 in., as given for P-No. XX with F-No. 36 under QW466.1?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-284, Seam Welding Equipment Qualification

Record Number:

BC97-044

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/20/1997
IX-95-42

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: When qualifying resistance seam welding equipment for QW284, testing and acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with QW-196.
QW-196.2.1 addresses shear test specimens but only deals with spot
welding.
Question (1): When qualifying seam welding equipment, do the
requirements for spot shear test per QW-196.2.1 apply?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Do the rules of QW-286 for procedures qualification apply for
equipment qualification?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QB-141.4, Sectioning Tests

Record Number:

BC97-304

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/15/1997
IX-98-01

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: In QB-451.3, Note (1), is the Sectioning Test a substitute for the
Peel Test?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

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Date Issued:

12/15/1997

Interpretation Number :

IX-98-02

Record Number:

BC97-309

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a manufacturer use another organization's Welding
Procedure Specifications in fabrication of pressure vessels contracted to that
organization if the manufacturer works to specifications controlling all
fabrication processes from material procurement to final delivery including
QC examination provided by the contracting organization?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-451. Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test
Specimens
12/15/1997
BC97-479
IX-98-03

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a partial penetration groove weld procedure qualification
test assembly qualify for full penetration production groove welds within
the ranges indicated in QW451?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.2, Welding Procedure Qualifications

Record Number:

BC97-481

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/15/1997
IX-98-04

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does ASME Section IX require that a preliminary WPS be
attached to the PQR?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

Question(s) and Reply(ies):

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW453, Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness
Limits and Test Specimens for Hardfacing (Wear-Resistant) and CorrosionResistant Overlays
04/28/1998
BC98-009
IX-98-05

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Question: In making repairs to hardfacing weld metal overlays, does the


existing hardfacing weld metal overlay deposit to be repaired constitute a
change in the original essential variable(s) (e.g., base material, thickness,
etc.) thus requiring a new qualification.
Reply: No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-402.12(a) and (c) and QW-402.14, Joints

Record Number:

BC98-009

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

04/28/1998
IX-98-06

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Do the words "any change exceeding +10%," "change... greater
than 10%," "a change ... greater than +10%," and "an increase or decrease
of more than 10%," respectively, all indicate a qualified range of 10%
above and 10% below the value recorded on the PQR?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-410.42, Technique

Record Number:

BC98-009

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

04/28/1998
IX-98-07

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): For PAW hardfacing and corrosion resistant weld metal
overlay qualifications, may the full range of oscillation qualified (including
the "change of more than 10%") also apply to the combined minimum and
maximum oscillation range qualified? (e.g.. would the range qualified for a
1 in. oscillation combined with a 1.5 in. oscillation be 0.9 in.-1.65 in.)
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): May the minimum and maximum oscillation values be


combined and qualified on a single hardfacing weld metal overlay test
coupon assuming all other essential variables are the same?

Reply (2): Section IX does not prohibit the qualification of more than one
set of essential variables on a single test coupon, provided each set of
essential variables is tested in accordance with the requirements of Section
IX.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-432, F-Numbers

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Date Issued:

04/28/1998

Interpretation Number :

IX-98-08

Record Number:

BC98-131

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A WPS is qualified with an SMA electrode that is not certified by
the manufacturer as conforming to an AWS classification. Are welders who
were previously qualified with an electrode classified as F4, also qualified
to use this unclassified electrode that conforms to the deposit chemistry of
EXXXX-G, in Table 2 of SFA 5.5 (within the other limitations of QW350)?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-150 and QW-462.1, Tension Test Specimens for Pipe and
Plate
10/09/1998
BC97-302
IX-98-09

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Would tensile tests performed in accordance with SA-370 be
acceptable for meeting ASME Section IX, QW-462.1(a) and (b)?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-407.1, Post Weld Heat Treatment

Record Number:

BC97-306/BC97-308

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/09/1998
IX-98-10

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is it the intent of Section IX in QW-407.1 to permit reporting the
results of more than one PWHT condition on a single report, with a single
PQR number, provided all other applicable essential and supplementary
essential variables are identical and all required tests are conducted and
reported for both conditions?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300, Welding Performance Qualifications

Record Number:

BC98-133

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/09/1998
IX-98-11

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Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May Company A retain the Company B employee responsible for
welder performance qualification to review the welder qualification
documents of both companies and qualify the welders of Company B to the
welding program of Company A without further testing of the welders?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-451, Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test
Specimens
10/09/1998

BC98-237/BC98-238
IX-98-12

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May longitudinal bend specimens be used in lieu of transverse
bend specimens when the base metals or the base metal and the weld metal
do not differ markedly in bending properties?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.1, Welding Procedure Qualifications

Record Number:

BC98-239

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/22/1998
IX-98-13

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Are all-encompassing terms acceptable when addressing
nonessential variables in a WPS (e.g., for backing, "with or without," for
root spacing, "unlimited")?
Reply: Section IX does not specify how nonessential variables are to be
addressed; however, the terms used must provide direction to the
welder/welding operator for making production welds to Code
requirements.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-361.2, Machine Welding Variables for Welding Operators;
and QW-381, Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal Overlay
12/22/1998
BC98-447
IX-98-14

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: A multiple layer corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay
performance qualification (machine welding) is made with the first layer
under Direct Visual control and the second layer Remote Visual control.

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Question (1): Is the welding operator qualified for both Direct and Remote
Visual control techniques applied either in single or multiple layers?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): For the qualification described in the background, may two
welding operators qualify on one coupon, provided the requirements of
QW-453 and QW-361.2 (which delineate the welding operators "limits of
qualification" as per QW-306) are addressed?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-405.3, Positions

Record Number:

BC98-448

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/22/1998
IX-98-15

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a single-pass "seal weld" as defined in QW-492, used to seal
boiler tubes to a boiler tube sheet, be considered a "cover pass" or a "wash
pass" for purposes of exemption from QW-405.3?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-462.5(a), Chemical Analysis and Hardness Specimen
Corrosion-Resistant and Hardfacing Weld Metal Overlay
12/22/1998
BC98-453
IX-98-16

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is it permissible to use the surface of the test coupon as the
"approximate fusion line" when determining the minimum finished
thickness for corrosion-resistant and hardfacing overlays in accordance with
QW-462.5(a)?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-453, Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness
Limits and Test Specimens for Hard-Facing (Wear Resistant) and
Corrosion-Resistant Overlays
03/23/1999
BC98-055
IX-98-17

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Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When performing corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay welding
operator qualification using a machine GTAW process, are the limitations
on thicknesses qualified per QW-453 applicable?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201.1, Manufacturer's or Contractor's Responsibility

Record Number:

BC99-025

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/23/1999
IX-98-18

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Background: When one of a company's plants is sold, it is not clear if the
new owner can use the Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) and
Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) qualified by the original company,
when the original company wishes to continue using those WPS/PQR.
Question: Company A sells one of its plants to Company B. May both
Company A and Company B use the WPSs/PQRs previously qualified by
Company A?
Reply: Yes, provided the requirements of QW-201.1 are addressed by
Company B.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-404, Filler Metals

Record Number:

BC99-409

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1999
IX-98-19

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is requalification required when the filler metal specified in the
WPS and supporting PQR is moved from one SFA specification to another
SFA specification, or the AWS classification is changed, or when a
previously unclassified filler is classified by the filler metal manufacturer as
conforming to an SFA specification?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-202.4(b), Dissimilar Base Metal Thickness

Record Number:

BC99-539

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

Question(s) and Reply(ies):

06/08/2000
IX-98-20

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Question: When welding a corner joint with dissimilar base metal thickness,
the thickness of both members must be within the qualified thickness range
of the WPS(s) being used. How is the thickness for the thicker member
defined in sketches (a), (b), and (c) below?
Reply: For sketch (a), the thicker of T or tS. For sketch (b), the thicker of T
or ta. For sketch (c), the thicker of flange a or hub b.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-202.4(b), Dissimilar Base Metal Thickness

Record Number:

BC99-539*

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/08/2000
IX-98-20R

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When welding a corner joint with dissimilar base metal thickness,
the thickness of both members must be within the qualified thickness range
of the WPS(s) being used. How is the thickness for the thicker member
defined in sketches (a), (b), and (c) below?
Reply: For sketch (a), the thicker of T or tS . For sketch (b), the thicker of T
or tS. For sketch (c), the thicker of flange a or hub b.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

QW-403.5, Base Metals

Record Number:

BC00-470

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/04/2001
IX-92-70R

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch
toughness requirement is conducted with one P-Number material having
multiple certifications in different Group Numbers, are WPSs qualified for
all combinations of the Group Numbers?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In the above question, does one set of HAZ impact specimens,
when required, satisfy the requirements of Section IX?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch


toughness requirement is conducted with two materials of different
P-Number each having multiple certifications in different Group Numbers,
are WPSs qualified for all combinations of the multiple certified Group
Number of the first P-Number material to the multiple certified Group
Number of the second P-Number material?
Reply (3): Yes.

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Question (4): In the above question, does one set of HAZ impact specimens
from each P-Number material, when required, satisfy the requirement of
Section IX?
Reply (4): Yes.

Question (5): In Question (3), are materials from the multiple certified
Group Numbers qualified for welding a P-Number material to itself?.
Reply (5): No.

Note: The term "multiple certifications" as used means any material for
which a material test report indicates that the material meets all the
requirements of two or more specifications, grades, types, or classes.
Copyright 2016 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. No reproduction may be made of this material without
written consent of ASME

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