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{both A and B are not minerals; however, C is a mineral}\plain \f0


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{\cell
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{D}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{3.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Minerals are all naturally occurring solid substances with a definable chemical
composition. They must also possess ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
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{an ability to be synthesized in the laboratory as well as being found in nature
}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{metallic elements, such as iron, calcium, or magnesium}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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}\plain \f1
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{metallic luster}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{a fixed crystalline structure (spatial arrangement of atoms and ions)}\plain \f
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{\cell
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{D}\plain \f0

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{\par
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{4.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Two distinct minerals may have the same chemical formula.\par
}\plain \f0
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{true}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{false}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{A}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\par
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{5.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{A single mineral may take on multiple crystalline lattice structures.\par
}\plain \f0
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\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
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{true}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{false}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{B}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{6.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Natural glass is not considered a mineral because it ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
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\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415

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\ql{a.}{\cell
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{is not produced by geologic processes}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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\clvertalt
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{is organic}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{does not have fixed crystalline structure}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
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\clvertalt
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{can be made synthetically as well as being a naturally occurring substance}\pla
in \f0

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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{C}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\tab }\plain \f0
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{7.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Which common mineral is found in most kitchens?\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
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{flour}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{sugar}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{halite}
}\plain \f0
\fs22

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{\tab }\plain \f0
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{13.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{For the majority of minerals, the streak color obtained when the mineral is scr
a
tched against a porcelain plate is ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
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\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
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\ql{a.}{\cell
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\fs24
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{likely to be diagnostic only if the mineral is hard enough to scratch porcelain
}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
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\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
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\ql{b.}{\cell
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{more variable than the color in hand sample among crystals}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415

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\ql{c.}{\cell
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\fs24
\cf1
{less variable than the color in hand sample among crystals}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
}\row
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\clvertalt
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{always dark brown or black}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0

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{C}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{14.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{The shininess of a mineral is a helpful diagnostic property termed ____________
.\par
}\plain \f0
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\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
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{color}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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\clvertalt
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\ql{b.}{\cell
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{specific gravity}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
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\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
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{luster}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{streak}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{C}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\par
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{15.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Ore minerals, such as galena and hematite, tend to be distinct in their very __
_
_________.\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
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\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard

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\ql{a.}{\cell
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{dark coloration}\plain \f0
\fs22
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{\cell
}\row
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\clvertalt
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\ql{b.}{\cell
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{diamond-like crystal habit}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
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\clvertalt
\cellx315
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\ql{c.}{\cell
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\fs24
\cf1
{great specific gravity}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
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\clvertalt
\cellx315
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\ql{d.}{\cell
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\fs24
\cf1
{vitreous luster}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1

{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{C}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\par
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{\tab }\plain \f0
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{16.}{\tab }\plain \f0

\fs22
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\plain \f1
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{Cleavage in minerals refers to ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
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\ql{a.}{\cell
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\fs24
\cf1
{a tendency to break in an irregular pattern}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{a tendency to break along planes of weakness}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{the sharpness of edges between crystal faces}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row

\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{the development of distinct crystal faces}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{B}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0

\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{17.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{The most abundant minerals belong to a chemical group termed the ____________.\
par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{silicates}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{carbonates}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1

\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{halides}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{oxides}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508

\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{A}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{18.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{When in contact with hydrochloric acid, which mineral gives off bubbles of carb
o
n dioxide gas?\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{quartz}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1

\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{halite}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{calcite}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{fluorite}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par

}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{C}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{19.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{The silica tetrahedron that forms the backbone of all the silicate minerals is
c
omposed of silicon and what other element?\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1

\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{magnesium}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{oxygen}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{iron}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1

\fs24
\cf1
{carbon}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{B}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630

\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{20.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{All minerals are chemical compounds (composed of more than one element).\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{true}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{false}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2

\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{B}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{21.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{In silicate minerals, tetrahedra may be coordinated to form ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415

\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{long one-dimensional chains}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{extensive two-dimensional sheets}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{massive three-dimensional frameworks}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{all of the above}\plain \f0
\fs22

\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{D}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1

{22.}{\tab }\plain \f0


\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{In which type of silicate are the greatest proportion of oxygen atoms shared by
pairs of adjacent tetrahedra?\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{chain silicates}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{framework silicates}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{sheet silicates}\plain \f0
\fs22

\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{Sharing of oxygen atoms does not occur in silicates.}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{B}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1

\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{23.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{With regard to minerals, hardness refers to ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{an ability to resist breaking when being struck with hammer}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{b.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{an ability to resist being scratched by other substances}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell

}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{c.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{an ability to resist chemical reactions with other substances}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{d.}{\cell
}\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{an absence of cleavage}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\cell
}\row
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\sa1\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs12
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0

\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\tx0\tx634\tx1958\tx2592\tx3916\tx4550\tx5874\tx6508
\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{B}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs2
\cf1
\pard
\nowidctlpar\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\pard
\widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi-630
\ql\tqr\tx-180\tx0
{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
{24.}{\tab }\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\plain \f1
\fs24
\cf1
{Minerals that do not possess cleavage are said to possess ____________.\par
}\plain \f0
\fs22
\cf1
\trowd \trql\trgaph45\trleft-45\trautofit1
\clvertalt
\cellx315
\clvertalt
\cellx8415
\pard
\intbl \widctlpar\keep\hyphpar0
\li0\ri0\fi0
\ql{a.}{\cell
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{\par
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{Trace amounts of impurity in a mineral can commonly produce significant differe
n
ces in ____________ among individual crystals of this mineral.\par
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{\cell
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{specific gravity}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{A}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{33.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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{Minerals are classified into groups primarily on the basis of ____________.\par
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{chemistry, specifically the cations within the chemical formula}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{chemistry, specifically the anions within the chemical formula}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{hardness; hard, soft, and medium are the three primary classes}\plain \f0
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{the number of cleavage directions present}\plain \f0
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{\cell
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{\par
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{\par
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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{B}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{\tab }\plain \f0


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{34.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
\fs24
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{Which of the following minerals is softest?\par
}\plain \f0
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{talc}\plain \f0

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{ANS:\tab }\plain \f0
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{C}\plain \f0
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{\par
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{35.}{\tab }\plain \f0
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\plain \f1
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{Which of the following minerals is hardest?\par
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{A\par
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}}