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ISSN 0013-5380

1989

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1880

1999

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CONTENTS
G A. Zhemchugov, V A. Kruglin and S-. Samoilov, An Investi
gation of an A utonom ous Supply System of Cosmic
2
A p p a ra tu s e s ..................................................................................
2
YuA. G rishin,
I.N. Kolosok, Ye.S. Korkina, L.M. Em,
V.G. Ornov and N.N. Shelukhin, Computer Progr am
Package OTSENKA for Real-Tim e State A ssessm ent
8
of the Power S y s t e m .............................................................
8
N.I. Sokolov and R.N. Sokolova, Possibilities of Using HalfWave Power Transm ission Lines at the Increased
17
F r e q u e n c y ....................................................................................
17
A.V. Posse, Technical Characteristics of a Twinned Thyristor28
Controlled R e a c t o r ...................................................................
28
A.I. Inkin and Z.S. Temlyakova, Principles of Synthesizing
the Equivalent Circuits of the Slots of Electrical M achines
34
with T w o - L a y e r.......................................................................... 34
VA. Martynov, Analysis of Dynamic Processes of Induction
M otors with A ccount Taken of the Current Displacement
38
Effect in a Rotor W in d in g .................................................
38
S.G. Obukhov and A V . Lobko, M ethods of the Control
42 ' ,
of a Group of Distributed Objects of Power Electronics 42
N.B. Kurchenkova and B.S. Sergeyev, Capacitor-Type Sources
46
of Secondary Power S u p p ly .......................................................46
Z.M .Narkun, Analysis of the Electrical Capacitance of
a System of Round Wires Placed Inside a Right Dihedral
52
52
A n g l e ............................................................................................


CA.
-
..........................
55
.-..
....................................58

NOTES and LETTERS


S . Doganovskil, Application of Generalized CoordinateParam etric Operators when Studying Electrical Circuits
with an A r c ...................................................................................55
A.-Z.R. Dzhendubayev, Electrom agnetic Effective and Static
M om ents of Electrical D r i v e ...........................................
58

( 60-
) ...................................................................... 60
( 60-
)...................................................................... 61
( ) .................
62

CHRONICLE
Vladimir Georgiyevich Mironov
(to Mark the 60th A n n iv e rs a ry )...................................
Vitaiii Nikolayevich Boronin
(to M ark the 60th A n n iv e rs a ry )...................................
"Vladimir Petrovich Larionov (Notice Obituary) . . . .

, 1999


www.booksite.ru

60
61
62



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It is demonstrated that fo r autonomous systems


o f the electric power supply o f the spacecraft payload,
the main goal is to achieve the m inim um possible
weight and size o f the entire power system with ensuring
the required level o f the reliability and service life.
The basic principles o f designing an autonomous elec tric
power supply system based on a cryogenic turbogenerator
are stated. The distinguishing features o f a cryogenic
turbogenerator with a hyperconducting inductor are
described. A mathematical model o f a hyperconducting
turbogenerator, which underlies the optimum design
algorithm, is proposed. The relationships between the
unit power o f the hyperconducting turbogenerator and
the rotational speed and the relationships between the
specific mass characteristics and the cryogenic
turbogenerator unit power have been obtained. Individual
units o f a cryogenic turbogenerator are described.
K e y w o r d s : spacecraft, autonomous power
supply system, cryogenic turbogenerator




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6 . IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1977, V.MAG-13,

[17.08.98]

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Results are given o f the implementation o f proposed


methods in the computer proqram package OTSENKA
fo r state assessment and as well as numerical results
obtained when processing real telemetering at the Central
Dispatch Board o f the Russian United Power System.
K e y w o r d s : electric power system, real time,
computer program package,
telemetering,
state
assessment


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Limitations which are inevitable fo r long half-wave


transmission lines are considered. The significant
improvement in their characteristics as well as the
expension o f field o f their application when shifting
to the increased frequency are shown. Som e features
o f determining symmetrical and non-symmetrical short
circuit currents are presented. The possibility o f using
incomplet e-phase regimes with half-wave lines is
examined. The change is corona losses due to frequency
and their infiuence on the transmission regime are
shown.
K e y w o r d s : half-wave transmission lines, short
circuit, incomplete-phase regimes, corona losses,
calculation

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20

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22

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^0150 -^050 + 0^3 ;

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^0300 = -^050 + 0 .7 5 ;

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^0300 = 650


Z^Qp
.

..

2 /9 9

1. 330 15:
- 0,02 / ; = 0,32 / ; go = 0; = 3 ,4 9
X 1 0 ^ / , 150 (
50 ). 990,89 .
Zb = 3 3 0 ,8 2 -/3 ,1 0 1 .
= 3,30131 1 0 -^ + 7 3,1705
X 10~2. 50
0 = 0-17 / ; = 1,0 / : = 2 , 7 4 1 0 - 0 /.
150 (6 ) 0 1 5 0
= 0,47 / ; A o i5 0 = 2,689 / ; 6 1 5 0 = -2 2 ~0;
ZbO = 574,116-7 49,79; = 4,0932 1 0 ~ 4 + ) 4,719 1 0 2 .
250
990,89 .
.
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740,88
Zx.l=Zx.2 = 11-^23-7 307,81 250 : 2 ,1 = 2 .2 = 8.27 +
+ 7 307,14 .

= Z 2 = 4703 +J 208,5.
: Zx.O = 207,7 +
+7179,8 Zbx.hO = 4 9 7 ,2 2 + 7 1278 Zq = 1 6 3 ,2 8 + 7 165.73.


:
Z x = 2 ^ + Z 2 + Zq = 9563 + 7 582,73 .

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, 20 .


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740,88 , Zx.l =
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400 : 2 .1 = 2 .2 = 55,55 +
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+ 7 179,8 Zbx.hO = 629,86-7 1426
Zq = 2 4 4 ,8 + 7 146,0 .

Z2 = Z i+ Z 2 + Z o = 319,0-7'751,0; |Z | =
= 815 .

3 3 0 /V5 '/ ( 3 1 9 ,0 - 7 7 5 1 ,0 ) = 0 ,0 9 1 +7 0 ,2 1 4 = 0 ,23 el .


1 2 ,
( / ^ 0,631 ),
.. 36% /- 2
.


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2 /9 9



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24

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/ 1 + 4 2 + 4 = 0 -
Z
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( Z i + Z 4 + Z 7 ) - ( Z 2 + Z 5 + Z 8 ) /2 + -^ 7
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+ Eg I 2 +

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-

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+ Z g )l4 = 0 ;

+ Zii + Zq)!^ -

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(8 )

2;

E g I i + (Z g + Z 9) I 2 + ( Z g + Z i 4 + Z 1 5 ) I j +

+ ( ^ 1 2 + -^ + ^14 + -^15 + E ^ + Z g ) / 4 = 0 .



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= 1 0 8 0 ). 50 ;
150 .
.
,
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= 1 1 ,3 8 6 + /5 7 ,2 4 6 .
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X1 0 ~ 4 + j 4 7 3 9 .
( 1).
= 0 ,4 3 + /4 ,9 5 5 .
-
:
Z i 2 0 = 8 ,3 - /614,85;
Z iq q = Z200 =
=354,11 +j 621,2.
,
,
, Z q =Z.j^ + Z i 2 0 /
/Z 2 0 0 = 1049,1-/505,84.


A Z ^ Z q Z ^ /iZ ^ + Z 2 ) = 39,26 + / 146,23 .

= AZ + (Z io iZ i2 i)/( Z io i + Z i2 i) = 67,16 + / 199,03 .



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= 427,66 ; 0 ^ = 2974,27 ;
1 = 1420,1 ; Q i = 2114,2

..

2 /9 9


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2 /9 9


,
.

, 1984, 11.
12.


3 3 0 750
8 0 0 -1 5 0 0 . - .: , 1975.

______________ ________________
1. .. . .
: . ,1963.
2. .., ..
. ,
1997, 11.
3. ..
. . , 1998,
3.
4. ., ..

. , 1946, 4.
5. .
.
.: , 1941.
6. ..
. .: , 1990.
7. ..

. , 1957.
8. Clarke . Circuit Analysis of A - Power Systems. Vol. I.
New York: John Wiley, 1948.
9. .., B.C.
. : , 1971.
10. .. . .: , 1964.
11. .., ..

.

27

[24.08.981

:


1 9 3 7 . 1963 .
()


.
-
( ).

1955 .
1974 .

5 0 0
750
.
.



.
, -
.

80 -
,
.
ON-LINE
URL:
http;//www.ripn.net
gopher://gopher. ripn.net



HELP ims@ripn. net

HELP,
infomag@lgrant.mipt.msk.su


www.booksite.ru


-
..


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The operating modes are considered and the char


acteristics are determined fo r a reactor with two identical
three-phase windings whose neutral terminals are
connected to two oppositely directed thyristor deltas.
Analytical expressions are derived, which enable the
currents o f thyristor rectifiers and reactor windings as
well as the consumption mains current to be calculated.
The relationship between the reactive power and the
adjustment angle o f the rectijiers is given. It is shown
how the values o f the fundam ental higher harmonics
o f the mains current change during the abjustment
o f the reactive power. Comparison is made between
the device considered and the thyristor-reactor bank
used fo r the same purpose.
K e y w o r d s : reactor, thyristor rectifier, reactive
power, adjustment angle, adjustment characteristic,
mains current, higher harmonics



,
-
.


[1].
1983 .
- [2],

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()]


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2, 4 6.

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).
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1,
3 5.

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www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

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1-0 2-1.
1 - 0
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1-0
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:

= / 2 t/cOSd ,
^=ojf; t .
2 1 6,
1 - 6 .
1 ^ = 0 ,
Ug , .

^ 60. 1-0
30
60. 1-0
1.
. 1
1

( 1)

= U rns
(x)L =

16

sin 3 + - sin
/J
\h f ' /

(2 )

/'i = 0 # = - - / - ,

2 1 3 -1 1 2 0 -2 .
3 . 2

1 ( 2 ) / 2 ~ '
2 6. 16,
/I /2
: ia ~ ia i'^a2 -
4 6.
7
Ul 1. , ,
Ui=Ug-Ug\

. 2. : 1-0 = 40; 2-1 = 1 0


www.booksite.ru

30

. .

v"2
- V 2 ,
.
5
^,

-0,5Ufj
u^ = -0 ,5 U fj-U fj= -l,5 u ij.
3
^,
b i - 0 , 5 h ^
1 = - ( - 0 ,5 ) = 1,5. ,
2
6
=
^ = 1,5.
4 2
2

^,
1 = 0 .

2-1, < 3 0 , . 2,6.
1 2

1 6, 16.
3 '1
(. 1 );
i'l 1. ,
i^.
= - - +
6 i ( 6
). . 1
;

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IxoL

di.

- -

V2 ,
(sin - sin ) .


sin
2

7'
\

= sin ( - ) .

= I - 2 .

(7)

(7)
,

1 2 - 1
:

(s in ^ -s in a )

2

^ [ ; / - ] ;

sm ^

(9)

sin

(3)

+ .

/ =

(sin ^ -

sin )

[ / + ; 2 / 3 - ] .

( 11 )


=ia2 ~ h (9) (10)

i^~

(4)


In

S1H

^ - -1 - V3 sin a

^ [2 :/3 - ; 2 / 3 + ] ;
sin

( 5)

9 = + /3
^ = + /3 + i 2.
,
, ,

( 10 )


,
1.

/5

( 3 . 2,6), /2
/4 '2 ( 4).
ia=iai+ia 2 ( 5).
. 2 ,6 ,
ia = ia i^ h ^ ( 8 ) (9).
(10) ( 8 )

- +

1,

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(8 )

- V3 sin

& [/3- ^ / + ]-,

/
\
sin + - - \
/

sin + -

(6 )

sin + - - - sin a

\
/
_
y = f( a ) ,
= + :/3 +
\ = 0.

2

- sin a
J
\
/
_
# [jr/3+ ; 2 / 3 - ] .


M = L , , ==.
,

+D,

D =

cos

= + /3

(1).

Jl

_ di,
+ - ^ = Ug - =
dr)

h =

2 /9 9

h =

-
2 ) - + )
d9

.
-sin

(s in # -s in a )

( 12)

# [2/3+; -] .(13)

, ( 8 ), (9), (1 1 )(13)

' 2-1.
ig


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

, / ()+)=-' (^).
6 . 2,6
Ul 1 2-1.
,
Ul 0 - 1 , ,
5 6
1 2 - 1
1

= 1,5 V2 cos'd d [ - a ; a ] ,


2 3

(2 + sin 2)

(14)

= 0 1^1 .^=1]/
. = 30 l,i^ = Q),Q&65U/x.
1-0 [30; 60]

'(!) =

2 + sin 2 + -

(15)

= 30 1 (^1 ^ ,
2-1. = 60 7 (i)= 0,
.
, ,
Q -3 U I^iy

= 0, I(^i^=U/x:
(16)

* = -2- =
/-
'
^

Q*=0/Q,:

Q,n =

=3^/

^ = 0.
.
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2

io

. 3. :

Ul = - 1 , 5 V2 co sb d [ - a ; a ] .

^(1) =

10

(17)

(1 7 ), (1 4 ) (15)
Q *= f(a),
. 3. 2-1
30
10
0,0865Qj.
1 -0 30
60
: = 40 <*= 0,026,
= 50 Q* = 0,003 ( 0,3%

).
.
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(/^ /2 . 2 ,, 6 )
, ,
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= 6 1 ,
,
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= 6 1 = 5\ 7; 11; 13; ...


.


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2-1 [0; 30]
-
I

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-

_ .
COS , s i nf n-
sin(n + l ) a
2 sm
+
----------- -7

\
+1

= 0 1( )^^
.
1-0 [30; 60]

= 6 -1 = 5; 11; ...

-7 - ^ 2 sin
) "

6
/

71
COS ( - 1 ) + -

sin ( + 1 )
.+ 1

/1-1

= 6/+1 = 7;

) -

sin

''


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COS - -
\
(>} +

13; ...

. .

32

^ = 0 ^, 6 2 5X- .

iw ; /.

2 /9 9

(18)

(
)
Qp = 2 -3 x /p i = 6 0 ,6 2 5 ^

. 4. 5-, 7 - 11-

( + ! ) - -

sin ( - 1 )

+ 1



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-

, = ^100% .

5-; 7- 11-
. 4.

7,5, 4 1,5% .
13-
1%,
.
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(1 6 )

X =


==/>.
(8 )(1 0 ),
/ (
). , 2-1, [0;
30],
J_
2

^ - \?3 - 5 - I sin 2 +

4
\ .J

/-- .

+ 2 - V3 +

sin ^ a
/

_
= 0:

= 2 ,3 4 ^

(1 9 )


,
, (19) (16) Qp/Q^ = 2 ,3 4 /3 =
= 0,78. Qp<Qm>

,
;

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1 6 (. 1)
,
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2-1 = 0.
(8), (1 0 ) (18) ,

: 0,2 2 5 U /x ;
0,442G /x .
1-0
2-1 . 2,, . 1-0

( )

:
G .^ = V 2 Uj^ =
= 1,73V2 . 2-1
1,5
: Ga^ = l,5><
xV2 .
-
. -
(),

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(
).

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-).

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www.booksite.ru

Q^.
=
(^,

- (),
X ()
.
( )
(2 () = 0 ^ = () q

(16)

- ()

^ () = 2 , 3 4 ^

= 3

(19):

: ()

:
= 2,34 5 ^ .

, ,


;
( ) = | ( ) ;

() = ^

33

2 /9 9

( ),
V2 .

.
, 2 - 1
1,5-
( 13% )

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,
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.

,
= 6 1 = 5 ; 7; 11; 13; ...
,
(. 4) 1,5 ,
[1].

5 - 7 - .
( )
,

Qp () = 0,78Qp () .

_____________
,
22%.
.

.
= 0,

V2 / ().

;
0,45/ () =
= 0 ,7 7 9 / () ; 0,707/ () =
= 1,22 / () .

(.
). , () = (),
,
13% ,
9% .
,

.

______________________

1. ..

. .; .
. . 6. .: . 1984.
2. .. 1029323 ().
- / A.I5. , ..
. . , 1983, 26.
3. .., .., .,

. . . .
1987, 3.
4. .., .
. , 1969.

1.
[22.05.98]

:

1938 . 1965 .



.

.


www.booksite.ru




.., ..
,



.

,

.

,

-
.
;
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-

Saturation o f individual sections o f the core o f


an electrical machine and the design features o f its
active volume are shown to have a substantial effect
on the form and integral characteristics o f the field
distribution in the slot. Using the fundam ental theorems
o f electrodynamics and the laws o f electrical and
magnetic circuits, a logical number o f problems are
solved in order to determine the equivalent parameters
o f the slot. Principles o f synthesizing the equivalent
circuit o f a slot with a two-layer winding are developed,
which enable the voltages o f self-induction and mutual
induction across the slot conductors to be calculated
fro m specified values o f the currents.
K e y w o r d s : electrical machine, modelling,
equivalent circuit, voltages o f self-induction and mutual
induction


-
-
,

, .

.

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( ~)


[1, 2 .].
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2 = i .

:
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= ^ -^ H i+ ^ ^ H

-,

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( )

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1:

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37

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(18)

(1 9 )

'

>V4

^2 = ^ ,^ 2

1+
'2

1+

W,

^^4

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^

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z:,
z z
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/ 2 / 4 (. 7).
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), ,



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-,

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(17)

(1 6 ), (1 7 ) Z 2 = Z 2 w 2; Z4-(?4H'2.
Z^ 2

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^2 =

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3
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'4

_________________
1. .., .. . .:
.: , 1939.
2. .., .., .
. .; .:
, 1965.
3. ..

. , 1998, 4.
[28.01.98]

18)

(2 0 ) (21).
,




-
,

.

2 -

1 -

>2


()

1 9 5 9 .



1 9 8 7 .

().
1971 .
.



1986 .
.


www.booksite.ru




..



,

,
,

.

:
, ,
, ,

mathematical m odel o f dynamic electromagnetic


processes o f induction motors has been developed on
the basis o f the universal tooth contour method. The
m odel makes it possible to calculate their transient
responses taking into account displacement o f induced
currents in a rotor winding, steel saturation, winding
structure discrete character and assymmetry as well
as m utual transference o f tooth cores.
K ey
words:
asynchronous motor, tooth
contour method, transients, magnetic field, equivalent
circuit


( )

,
,
.

,

,
.
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[1]

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,


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www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

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^
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dt

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= )(M 3 + Mg);

da

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= Q,

(1)

[] ~ - ; [gj -
;


www.booksite.ru

..

40

(^.] ;
[ig] - ;
Q ; ^,
Mg
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; J ;
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(1)

[^]
[4'g]. , [/g] [Wg]
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[3].


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:
['] = [ ^ .

(2)

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d rw 1
-[B ][ g ]p [B ]4 g p ,

(3)

[g]p

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[2],
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Ujj=380 , / = 5 0 ;

Mg = 50 .
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R A -160-S2,

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[1],



.

, . 2. '^'^^^
160S2


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

41

oS/mn

/ '

2SOO

1500

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12% (. 3,),
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3%
.
______________ _________________
1. ..
: . .: , 1994.
2. - .., .., ..

. / . .. -
. .: , 1986.
3. .
. ,
1995, 3.

4. ..

: . .
. . . .: , 1989.
5. ..
. : , 1980.
6. ., .

. ,
1996, 9.
[26.03.98]

:

1 9 7 7 .
1 9 9 7



.

.


www.booksite.ru



.., ..

,

.
,
.

.
:
,

Structures o f decentralized control systems o f


distributed objects o f power electronics are considered.
Information channels, their practical implementation
and topological structures are surveyed. A n example
o f transmission o f a piece o f information when con
trolling the peripheral units o f transducers is given.
K ey
words:
power electronics, objects,
decentralized systems




,
.
,
,
(
) [1].


,
,
,
,
,
, ,

, ..
,

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, . (
)

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.
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.
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www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

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RS-485,
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.


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, :
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www.booksite.ru

.., ..

44

01 ( )
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IBM
.
. 2.


IBM PC

2/99


N ,
.


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[1].

- ,
^.
- :
F

CRC

Dynp

Adr

~
; F :
7Eh (0 1 1 1 1 1 0 )
; Adr


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

,
;
( );
Dynp ;
CRC
.

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. : 7 .
:
CRC

Data

Adr

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. 3 ( 1200 ).

45

Pan

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500 .

250
.

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, . 2,

.

_________

1. ..
.
.: , 1985.
2. ., .., ..
. . .:
, 1989.
3. .., .., ..
, .: , 1985.
4. . : , ,
. .: 1990.

[05.11.97]

. 3

7' '+7 . + 2 7 ^ ; * = 7 ' *


* 8 /1 2 0 0 = 47 ; = * 8 /1 2 0 0 = 67 ;
' ;
=
.
50
10 ,

:

() 1956 . 1965 .

.
.

1994 . 1998 .
.

, ,
,
!


, , ,
, ,
,
,
,
. -
. : 103012 , 12,
. ., 2/10 101000 , , 648.
: 924-24-80, 928-88-69.


www.booksite.ru



.., ..

,


.


. ,

.

, ,
.
:
, ,
,
,

source o f secondary power supply, consisting


o f a limiting non-polar capacitor connected in series
with a smoothing capacitor-type fdter, is considered.
The main function o f this source is to reduce the
primary a.c. voltage and to obtain an output d.c.
voltage. Expressions are derived, which characterize
the load characteristics and pulsation o f the output
voltage. The basic specific features o f the above source,
which distinguish it fro m conventional sources, and
the main areas o f its application are described.
K e y w o r d s : secondary power supply sources,
capacitor-type sources, load characteristics, output volt
age, pulsation, areas o f application

,

()

(2 2 0 ).



,



,

,

.


1020 ,

,
.





().
() [13].



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,

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,
,


. ,
.


[46].


.

. 1 ,
. : Hn(f)=t/^iSincof
; i^(t)
VD^,

,
u^{t)\ Uyi(t) u^(t)
,

(t) .
. 1,,
, UDg-/ (1)

.
,
VD^ ,
,
. ,
[1],
:


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

0 +

. 2.

(7/=|[/,^=311,1 )
Ujj(t).

,
4.K3=4V2t//Cg.

(5 )


, (
, (

)

. 1.
() ()

.,

= arccos
z' b

(0

..

= arccos

1-

= 27r7/^/CoSin(cur +

2/..
(1)
0 ),

(2)

/= ( / 2

(f).



(3)

T = l / f
(0; f i = ^ / 3 6 0 / .
(2 )

Uji=Uf,i/V 2
( . 2 (4 )
Cq / = 5 0
U ^= 220 . ,


/. / = 0 ( )

4.K3 = 2^t^n/Co-

(6)

. 2,


7/=7/^,-;-0 4 = 0 + 4 .
.
d U ^/d l^
, (4)

(7)

/
. ,


.

, ,
7 / = 0 , (2) 6 = 0
i^(f)
.1,6 .

, ,
u^(t ),
() .
: 6 = 1 8 0 , / = 0,
, , .
. 2, ,
,


www.booksite.ru

.., . .

48

2/99


C q. ,
// = 220
= 1 / = 0 ,0 5
// = 6 0 ,
= 3 , = 5
// // / = 0,25 ,
F = 1 5 .

[2];
V2
= --------- - >
(8)
,



= 4/ ( V 2 / / / / - / / 2 ) .

(9)

,
,
7 = 2//2/,

( )


GH=C(,ax) = ( V 2 / 2 ) / / = = / / ^ / 2 ,

()

, ,
(1 1 ) , , ,
// = 2 2 0
Fmax
// = 155,5 .
. 3
(8) / = 5 0 ,
/7^=311,1 (// = 2 2 0 )
- (8)
,

// = // /2 .
Cq,
( )
, (10).
(8) . 3
,
( F=Pjax)
. . 3
:
1 // ji / / 2 2
= 2 .

Gh =

[// 1 1

/ / < ( V 2 / 2 ) / / ;

// 1 2

/ / > ( V 2 / 2 ) / / ,

(1Z)


// = // /2 , ..

. 3.
|

,
,

.

,


. ,
. 3,
,
// = //^ /2 ,

/7^. ,
// = 220 Uy^ll = 2Q
Gh1 2 Gm G ii = 291,1 .
, ,


,
20 , 291,1 ,


,

.


. 1,6.
.
/^ = {( /2 ) ... [ ( /2 )+ 0 )]} ,
( //^
// 2 - : a)t2 = { [ it/ 2 )-\-e] ... ( /2 )}
w (/) //;^
/ / 2 //^ ty

1 ( =

G - / / i i = / / i 2 - f //.

(13)

~q(14)

A //i = / / i - / / h 2
,


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

( ).
, = 6 /3 6 0 /, (1)
(4) (1 4 ), ,

[/1 =

49

(V2 I/j, - U f) arccos

90,

1-

2 U.

t / .

t
.(15)

, (1 5 )
/ .
,


(4). , /,
(15) :
/ t,
(16)

(1 5) Z7=220
/ ^
. 4. , 7 = 0
:
1/=0 1/ = 311,1 ([ / = 1 / , ,
= 0
(/=7,)> ^
~
,
,
/=0.


/, ..

.
. 4,
1 = ^ ( ) , ,

(1 5),

[/ = [//2. (15)



:

(1) (4)

360/

arccos

H U JC ^

arccos 1 -

(18)
(19)


(18) (19) 1/^4 = 311,1 ( = 220 )
/ = 5 0 ( = 2 0 )
. 5, . ,
,
( )
, / ,
(4)
. 2.

(18)

(19)

arccos. . 5,,
(/ ~ 0 ) ti = 1 0 ,
ti = T I 2 = l l 2 j \
= 3 6 0 (/ = 1 8 0 , /g(f) = 0.
/=/. ( ), = 0 ,
6 = 0.
ti=<p{If)
,

7=7=7. ( ti = 0). . 5,6




(. 5,), , = 0 = 0,
6 = 0 , = fi = 1 0 , 6= 1 8 0 .

(18) (1 9 )

(15), ..
= 4/ 2 .

(17)
^^1 = 0*7412/ .
'



,,3

. 4.

. 5.

() ()


www.booksite.ru

50

.., . .

2/99



wt on d
, [7].

k l

( = ' ( - 4 ( >

(2 0 )

/g(/) ( 2 ).


7/
. (1 ) (2 0 )
/(7)=7=const
6 = const.

2 ( 0 = ^ / [ / 2 ( 0 ] ^ 4

(21)

( 2 0 )
4 2 ( = ^ [- V2 7/ cos (cot + 6) - 4 7[.

(22)

6
(4 )
-c o s
-4ft

1-

cuf+arccos

Vl/

1-

(1)

vT
(23)

, (15),

/.
(2 3 )
,


u^((of) . 1,6.
(2 3 ) .

2 (^0 >
(23), . 6.

: 77^= 160 ;
100 ; 60 ; 20 10 ,
^ = 220 (/= 5 0 )
/ = 4 - 1 0 ^,
.
. 6 ,
cot= 0
cot= (n/ 2 + 6 ) . 1 , 6 , ..
. 6
i^(t).


)/= 1 8 0
: 6 igo = 91,634 ( 77^=160 );
6igg = 69,073 ( 77=100 ); 6 ^0 = 52,098 (
77=60 ); 6 20 = 29,374 ( [/ = 20 ); 6 ^ =

. 6.

= 20,656 ( [/ = 1 0 ).
( 1 )
.
, 2 (cot)
. , , ,

[/ = 1 6 0 ,
[/ = 1 0 ,
.

.
(2 2 )

:
cot,() = arcsm -

1-

-arccos

.(2 4 )

,
(24)
/ { 0 ... [( /2 )-6 ,]} , 6,-
/-
[/, .
(24), /)


[//[/.
(24)
. 7. [/,

[/=220 .
(23),
: /) ^ ty/min)
.
[/ /[/ ,
cy[(n,in)=0, (23) ,
.

2 U
\
= arccos 1 (25)
.

/
, -

/
arcsin - 1 -


www.booksite.ru

2 /9 9

uiifo/icmei,
.

, 0,4 0.6 0.6 1,01, i f u j un


so

150 ia o 2 5 0 ,

. 7.

, : // /// = 0 ,1 3 0 1 ,
// = 220
//^q)^ 28,622 . ,
//</7(0)>
2 (<0 ,
.

AUh2
,
//=//^ 0 ) 1 = 0 .
//
1
, // = //^ = 3 1 1 ,1
1 = 0 .

. 6, 2

// = 10 // = 20 , ,
,
//, 60, 100 160 ,
,
w t< 0 .
(2 4 ) (23)


:
AG2 = ^ V 2 / / / - cos arcsin ^
'
-4ft

vT

1-

(26)



, :
s in a = s in (1 8 0 - a ).
,
. 6. ,

: /)
(H/iTiin) . 7.


(17).
, ,

,

51


:
1)
//
;
2)
;
3)

.

[16].


.



.

, ,

. (/7h1i) ^

( / / 1 2 )

.
,
,
.. , // < /7 ^ /2 ,

.
____________ ___________
1. ..
. . .
. 1992, . 2. .: .
2. ..

. , 1996, 2.
3. ..
. , 1994, 6.
4. .
. , 1995, 1.
5. .
. , 1997, 5.
6. . -
. , 1998, 9.
7. ..
. .
/ . .. . .: ,
1978, . 19.
[06.11.98]

:
1992 .

().

.
1964 .


( ^ ).
1993 .
.
.


www.booksite.ru


,
..

,
.

.
.
.

:
, ,
,
[1]

( )
,
.


,
.
,
,
,
,
.
> 0 , > 0 N
Rj
O j { X j , y f ) , j = l , N .

, .

(
> 0 , > 0 (
G) ^ = 0,

:
1= = | = = 0 ;

N 00 4
+ 2 2
2(!fcosfc6y^ + b + sin/:6,y)(/y;-'',
/=1 =1 =1

M G G ; (pj^, 6)

, A j ,
.
(1 )
:
= ,

Aj^ = -A j^ = Aj^ = ^ A j ;

= 4

fj=Q 1
.

O j= O j^ = 0 ^,
^, ^
^, ^.

, j = l , N , /=!, 4
,
.

<()= +

s = l , N .
Aj, '. ' (2 )

2 ^).+
-Xjoos
N

+2
=

= /
N

;=l,;Vs
00

+2

vk '

= 0 ;

< +
00

+2

=XMs
N

= 0;
J= X j7 S

s = 1, N , V = 1, 2 ,...,

=1 =1

= (-1)'"^^ 4" = '

(2),


[2] (^^, ^^),

(2)

(3)

(1)

9\T=fj.

= 0

method is proposed fo r determining the electrical


capacitance o f a system o f round wires placed inside
a right dihedral angle. The method is based on precise
construction o f the electrostatic field potential. An
algorithm fo r deriving approximate calculating formulae
is given. Several particular cases are considered.
K e y w o r d s : electrical capacitance, round wire,
electrostatic field, analysis


www.booksite.ru

(4 )

2 /9 9

53

^, = 1, ..., N.

(6 )

,
,

.
.
1. N = 1 . (6 )

cosv6,^,^;
r=2

r= l

== Rvk - i - l f

cos(v + ^)6^^,^ +
4^2*/

= /1 ,

)

COS (V + )

NV+A:
cos(v + fc)6,^. I;

Cl ~ 2/1

4^4
(-If

(.RsY(.Rj)

2 1 1

(7)

R^h

1 =1 (4 -3 9 ) [1].
(4 -3 7 ) [1]

c o s ( v + k ) 0^ j ^ -

Q = 47/1 1 +

6 * 1 / 3 )

j^s\

6 *1 / 4)

l^vk

^vk

a"
VA

+ ; , ,

cos sin;
^vA

R^h

(7)

,
(7) , (7).

- ^,
G

a i = R \ / { 2 xi),
a 2 = R i / ( 2 y{)


(. 1).


R,
Cl 2/1 Y ,

_ ( + -1)!.

! (fc _ 1)! >

l = f o i + |
.

(('i/r ^^i/r) ~ Oj^



(4 )
[3], ,
,
,
,
.

S ^ d l -^,

(5 )

. 1


www.booksite.ru

54

..

2.

N=2.

(6)

2/99

+ ^^2 = / i ;
211 + 2 2 ^ 2 = / 2 / i = l

, /2

Ci2 = 2 1

= 0 ( )

2 ^ 2 / ( 11

1 2 _ (12)2) _

/ i = / 2 = l:
Cjo ~ 2cT (22 - ^2(-11 f l l _ (0 -1 2 ) 2 ^ .
- ^2('-11 -22 _ (12^2^.

20 ~ 2

,
Q = 2 ( a l l + ^22 _ 2 a i2 ) /( a ii 22 - (a i2 )2 );

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