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MunnarWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia
Coordinates:100521N770335E

Munnar
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

MunnarisatownandhillstationlocatedintheIdukkidistrictofthesouthwesternIndianstateofKerala.
Munnarissituatedataround1,600metres(5,200ft)abovesealevel,[2]intheWesternGhatsrangeofmountains.

Munnar

ThenameMunnarisbelievedtomean"threerivers",[3]referringtoitslocationattheconfluenceofthe
Mudhirapuzha,NallathanniandKundalyrivers.[4]MunnartownissituatedontheKannanDevanHillsvillagein
DevikulamtalukandisthelargestpanchayatintheIdukkidistrictcoveringanareaofnearly557square
kilometres(215sqmi).ThenearestmajorrailwaystationsareatErnakulamandAluva(approximately140
kilometres(87mi)byroad).TheNearestFunctioningRailwaystationisatUdumalaipettaiaccordingtoGoogle
mapsThenearestairportisCochinInternationalAirport,whichis105kilometres(65mi)away.

Hillstation

Contents
HillsaroundAnamudifromMunnarHillstation

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Floraandfauna
Endemicspecies
Landownership
Geographyandclimate
Seealso
References
Externallinks

Floraandfauna
MostofthenativefloraandfaunaofMunnarhave
disappearedduetoseverehabitatfragmentationresultant
fromthecreationoftheplantations.However,somespecies
continuetosurviveandthriveinseveralprotectedareas
nearby,includingthenewKurinjimalaSanctuarytotheeast,
theChinnarWildlifeSanctuary,ManjampattiValleyandthe
AmaravatireserveforestofIndiraGandhiWildlifeSanctuary
tothenortheast,theEravikulamNationalParkandAnamudi
SholaNationalParktothenorth,thePampadumShola
NationalParktothesouthandtheproposedPalaniHills
NationalParktotheeast.

Endemicspecies

TeaplantationsinMunnar

Theseprotectedareasareespeciallyknownforseveral
threatenedandendemicspeciesincludingNilgiriThar,thegrizzledgiantsquirrel,theNilgiriwoodpigeon,
elephant,thegaur,theNilgirilangur,thesambar,andtheneelakurinji(thatblossomsonlyonceintwelveyears).
[5][6]

Landownership
Therehasbeenactiontoaddresstheproblemsofpropertytakeoversbythelandmafiathathave,accordingto
successivegovernments,plaguedthearea.In2011,thegovernmentestimatedthat20,000hectaresoflandhad
beenillegallyappropriatedanditlaunchedacampaignofevictionsthathadfirstbeenmootedin2007.[7]

Geographyandclimate
TheregioninandaroundMunnarvariesinheightfrom1,450meters(4,760ft)to2,695meters(8,842ft)above
meansealevel.Thetemperaturerangesbetween5C(41F)and25C(77F)inwinterand15C(59F)and
25C(77F)insummer.[8]Temperaturesaslowas4C(25F)havebeenrecordedintheSevenmallayregion
ofMunnar.[9]

Munnar

Coordinates:100521N770335E
Country
State
District

India
Kerala
Idukki

Area
Hill
station

557km2(215sqmi)

Elevation[1]

1,700m(5,600ft)

Population
Metro

68,205

Languages
Official

Malayalam,English

Timezone

IST(UTC+5:30)

PIN
Telephone
code
Vehicle
registration

685612
04865

Website

keralatourism.org/destination(http://ke
ralatourism.org/destination)

KL06

KppenGeigerclimateclassificationsystemclassifiesitassubtropicalhighland(Cwb).[10]
ClimatedataforMunnar
Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

AveragehighC(F)

22.4
(72.3)

23.7
(74.7)

25.3
(77.5)

25.6
(78.1)

25.6
(78.1)

23.7
(74.7)

22.4
(72.3)

22.8
(73)

23.2
(73.8)

22.7
(72.9)

21.8
(71.2)

21.9
(71.4)

23.42
(74.17)

DailymeanC(F)

17.6
(63.7)

18.7
(65.7)

20.2
(68.4)

21
(70)

21.4
(70.5)

20.3
(68.5)

19.3
(66.7)

19.5
(67.1)

19.6
(67.3)

19.2
(66.6)

18.3
(64.9)

17.7
(63.9)

19.4
(66.94)

AveragelowC(F)

12.9
(55.2)

13.7
(56.7)

15.1
(59.2)

16.5
(61.7)

17.3
(63.1)

16.9
(62.4)

16.3
(61.3)

16.3
(61.3)

16
(61)

15.7
(60.3)

14.8
(58.6)

13.5
(56.3)

15.42
(59.76)

Averageprecipitationmm(inches)

18
(0.71)

29
(1.14)

47
(1.85)

129
(5.08)

189
(7.44)

420
(16.54)

583
(22.95)

364
(14.33)

210
(8.27)

253
(9.96)

164
(6.46)

64
(2.52)

2,470
(97.25)

Averagerainydays

10

10

12

84

Meanmonthlysunshinehours

248

232

248

240

217

120

124

124

150

155

180

217

2,255

Source#1:ClimateData.org,altitude:1461m[10]
Source#2:Weather2Travelforsunshineandrainydays[11]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munnar

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MunnarWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Hillsaroundtheteaplantations,Munnar

Seealso
Bisonvalley
Kolukkumalai
Kunchithanny
Marayur
MattupettyDam
MunnarTeaMuseum
Pallivasal
Rajakkad

References
1.Munnar(http://www.onlytravelguide.com/kerala/touristattractions/topstation.php)
2.MunnartheHillStationofKeralainIdukki|KeralaTourism(http://www.keralatou
rism.org/destination/destination.php?id=306)
3.MunnarHistory(http://www.munnarweb.com/munnarhistory.html)
4."Munnar".
5."GovernmentofKerala,ForestandWildlifeDepartment,NotificationNo.36/2006
F&WLD".KeralaGazette.6October2006.Retrieved20071205.
6.Roy,Mathew(25September2006)."ProposalforKurinjimalasanctuaryawaits
Cabinetnod".TheHindu.Retrieved20071205.
7.Jacob,Jeemon(12July2011)."Keralagovernmentlaunchesevictiondrivein
Munnar".Retrieved20140710.
8.Eravikulam"EravikulamNationalPark,Munnar,Kerala,India,thehomeofNilgiri

8.Eravikulam"EravikulamNationalPark,Munnar,Kerala,India,thehomeofNilgiri
Tahr"Check|url=value(help).EravikulamNationalPark.Retrieved20130828.
9.FrosthitsplantationsinMunnar(http://www.hindu.com/2003/12/17/stories/2003121
707061600.htm)
10."Climate:MunnarClimategraph,Temperaturegraph,Climatetable".Climate
Data.org.Retrieved20130828.
11."MunnarClimateandWeatherAverages,Kerala".Weather2Travel.Retrieved
20130828.

Externallinks
MunnartravelguidefromWikivoyage
KeralaTourism(https://www.keralatourism.org/destination/munnar/202)

WikimediaCommonshas
mediarelatedtoMunnar.

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