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Telangana, 38 @ geographical and politcal enity was born on June 2, 2014 as the 29th and the youngest state in Union of India. However, as an economic, social, caltural and historical emit it has a glorious hisory of at least two thousand five hundked years or more. Megalithic stone structures like caims, cists, dolmens and menhirs found in several districts of Telangana show that there were human habitations in this part of the country thousands of years ago. Remnants of ion ore smelting found at many places demonstrate the hoary roots of artisanship and tool making in Telangana for at Ieast1wo thousand years, The reference to Asmaka Janapada, part of present Telangana, a one ofthe 16 Janapadas in ancient India proves that there existed an advanced stage of socisty. One of the firs five disciples of the Buddha, Kondanna is atypical name from Telangana and though there is no exact information about his native place, the earliest known Buddhist township of Kondapur in Medak district is believed to be after him. The Buddha himself famously acknowledged that it was Kondanna who understood him properly. The Buddhist sources say that Bavari, a Brahmin from Badanakurti in ‘Karimnagar sent his disciples to all the way to north India to learn Buddhism and spread the message in this region, Megesthenes, wo visited India inthe 4th century BCE, wrote that there were 30 fortified towns of Andhras and a majority of them were in Telangana. Inthe historical age, Telangane had given rise co mighty empires and kingdoms like the Satavehanes, Vakotakas, Iksbvakus, Vishuukundias, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Qui Shahis and Asif Johis, The emergence and flourishing of these powerful political formations isin itself a proof of existence of a sturdy eoonomic, social and cultural structure, Thus Telangana has been a vibrant socal entity by the time of the Buddha and continued to be so forthe next two and a half millennia, Endowed with such rich cultural heritage, despite the attemprs by historians and scholars from Andra region co obfuscate and erase its history, Telangang always retained and fought for its self respect ané self rule, Duc t the official efforts to ignore, eras, belie and look down Telangana history and turn it into an appendage or a footnote, particularly during 1956-2014, much of ‘Telangana history is either not properly researched or not recorded even iit was studied. Telangane rose again and secured its political identity now and is in the process of resurrecting its own glorious past, Here isan attempt to reconstruct the history of Telangana, the wonderful musical instrumest with athousend strings. Pre-history (Up to 1000 BCE) Even though extensive exploration has not been done, particularly subjected to neglect Stet 1956, the archacological department under the Nizams’ government had done tremendous work in discovering the traees of pre-historical human habitations in Telangana. These studies found that human habitations in parts of Telangana can be seen from the Paleolithic age consistently. Bither the same locations or extended locations showed people continued to live and develop through the Ister stages of Mesolithi, Neolithic and Mctal ages. Excavations discovered stone tools, microliths, cists, ddolmens, eaims and menirs. Al the ten districts of Telangana showed these traces even when a proper, scientific and official research and excavations have not been done and thanks tothe efforts of ether the frst generation researchers before 1950s or individual amateur explorations Pre-Satavahanas (1000 BCE — 300 BCE) In the historical age beginning from 1000 BCE there are some references of Telangana as a geographical entity as well as Telugu asa linguistic entity, inthe contemporary Buddhist and mythological texts. However, it needs a detailed research to discover finer aspects and establish the stage of development of pre-Satavahana society, Thought the official research into this agpect was stalled for about six decades, some enthusiasts like Taekur Rajaram Singh, BN Sastry and Dr D Raja Reddy did their own painstaking explorations and showed thatch before the emergence of the Satavahanas, Particularly Dr Raja Reddy proved with mumismatic evidence that there were rulers was a flourishing society re the Satavahanas with Kotalingala as capital and issued their own coins. In these excavations the coins of Gobada, Naarana, Kamvaaya and Samagopa wore discovered and at least two other rulers’ names came to ight. ‘Thus Telangana happens to be the first region i the subcontinent t9 have issved puneh-marked coins with even insignia, The Buddhist texts as well as accounts of es and Arrian talked about this 18 like Magesthe region as having thirty forts, many of which have to be explored, Satavahanas (250 BCE — 200 CE) Ater the fll of the Mauryen Empire, around the third century BC there arose the fitst significant kingdom under the Satavahanas from this region Te earliest capital ofthe Satavahanas was Kotalingala and then moved to the other popular capitals like Pathan and Amravati (Dharanikota) only after two centuries of their rule. However, the First capital was either ignored or brushed aside to give prominence to the later place in coastal Andhra, The coins issued by the Sstevahana kings Simuke (BC 231-208), Siri Satavabane, Satekani I, Satasri, Satakani II, Vasitputta Pulumayi, ‘Vasitiputa Satakani and their governors were discovered in Kotalingala, Numismatic and epigrap! larger area of the peninsula, with oceans as borders on three sides. IL Satavahana rule Post-Satavahana (200 CE — 950 CE) After the fall of Sstavahanas inthe thd century AD, Telugu-speaking areas were divided under various small rulers and til the emergence of the XKokatiyas, for about six or seven centuries this fregmentaton continued. Even as the mainstream Andhra historians maintained tht it was a dark period in Telangana history without any political formation, the current research found that Telangana was ruled by various kingdoms like the Tkshvaleus, Vakatakas, Vishnukundins, Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Verulavads Chalukyas, Kalyani Chalukyas, Mudigonds Chalukyas, ‘Kanduri Chodas and Polvasa dynasty. A detailed research into this period is yet to take place, Kakatiyas (950 CE - 1323 CE) The sub-feudatories of the Rashirakutas emerged themselves as independent kings and founded the Kakstiye dynasty around 980 AD and this kingdom became strong and united whole of Telugu-speaking lands and lasted for more than three centuries and a half, The kingdom saw powerful kings like Ganapatideva, Rudradeva and Prataparuadra as well asthe first ever woman ruler in the subcontinent Rudramadevi. The Kakatiyas ruled from Hanumakorda in the beginning and shifted their capital to Warangal later. c evidence showed thatthe Satavahanas ruled a ature like Gathasaptashat, painting like Ajanta flourished during the The Kakatiyas are known for thir irrigation public works, sculplure and fre arts. Thanks to the well-planned irrigation facilites and a perfect system of chain tanks fo suit the undvlating nature of the terrain, the Kakatiya kingdom flourished economically Ieading to cultural progress also Envy ofthis affluence, several neighbouring kingdoms as well as Delhi Sultanate tried to wage war on Warangal many times and failed. Finally in 1323, Delhi army could lay seize on Warangal fort and capture Prataparudra, who, according to the legend, killed himself om the banks of the Narmada unwilling (o surrender when he was being taken as prisoner of war to Debi Post-Kakatiya Interregnum (1323 - 1496) ‘After Prataparucra was defeated by Malik Kafur in 1323, the Kakatiya kingdom was gain fragmented with local governors declaring independence and for bout 150 years Telangana was agtin under different rulers like Musunuri Nayakes, Padmanayakas, Kalinge Gangas, Gsjapalis, and Babmanis Qutbshahis (1496 - 1687) Sultan Quli Qutb Shab, subedar for Telangana under the Bahamanis, with Golconda as his capital, declared his independence in 1496 and seven sultans ofthis dynasty ruled rot only Telangana but the entire Telugu-speaking land including pars of present day Maharashtra and Karnataka, The Moghul empire waged war and defested Goleonda in 1687 and for about three decades Telangana was again witnessed chaos and fragmented rulers Asaf Jahis (1724-1948) In 1712, Emperor Farrukhsiyar appointed Qemar-ud-din Khan as the viveroy of Deccan and gave him the ttle Nizam-ul-Mulk . He was later recalled to Delhi, with Muberiz Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan detested Mubariz Khan and reclsimed the Deccan sua, It was established as an autonomous province ofthe Mughal empire. He took the name Asif Jah sarting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty, He named the arca Hyderabad Deccan. Subsequent rules retsined the title Nizam ulMulk and were celled Asaf Jabi Nizam of Hyderabad. The Medak and Warangal divisions of Telangana were patt of their ream, ‘When Asaf Jah T died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces, In 1769, Hyderabad city became the formal capital ofthe Nizams, Nasirsud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the Subsidiary Alliance with the Bri alfuirs. Hyderabad State hecame a princely tate among the presidencies and provinees of British Inia ih in 1799 and lost its control over the state's defense and foreign A total of seven Nizam's ruled Hyderabod, (there was a period of 13 yeas after the rule of Asaf Jab 1, when thtee of his sons (Nasir Ju Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They were not officially recognised as the rulers , Muzaffar + NizamuleMall, Asaf Jeh 1 (Mir Qaovar-ud-din Khan) + Nasir Jung (Mir Ahmed Ali Khan) + Muzaffar Jung (Mir Hidayat Muhi-uc-din Saladullah Khas) + Salabat Jung (Mir Sad Mubammad Kian) + Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah II (Mir Nizam Ali Khan) + Sikander Jah, Asaf Joh ITI (Mir Akbar Ali Khan) + Nasir-ud-Daula, Asaf Jah IV (Mir Fargunda Ali Khan) + Afzal-ud-Daula, Asaf Jeh V (Mir Tabniyath Ali Khan) + Asaf Jah VI (Mir Mabbut Ali Khan) + Asaf Jah VIT (Mir Osman Ali Khan) Post-independence \When India bsame independent from the rsh Emit in 197, yraai remained an inpennt princely ste forapridof 13 months ‘The peasants of Telangana waged an armed struggle t liberate the region. Scores of people lost their lives ip the armed struggle, ‘The private nila named Razakars, under the leedership of Qasim Raziwi unleasaed terror in the stale by resorting to looting and murder. On 17 September 1948, the Indian government conducted 2 military operation called Operation Polo to bring Hyderabad state into the Indian ‘Union. 1 appointed a civil servant, M, K. Vellod, a fits chiet minister of Hyderabad State on 26 January 1950, In 1952, Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected chief minister of the Hyderabad State in its first democratic election. During this time, there was an agitation by locals in the state to ensure proper representation was given to locals (mulkis) of Hyderabad First Telangana Movement In early 1950s, people of Telangana region in Hyderabad state, started organizing themselves with a demand for separate state, In 1953 the Indian government appointed the States Reorganization Commission (SRC) to look into various statehood demands in the country. The Commission was headed by Fazal Ali, Kavalam Madhova Panikkar and HIN. Kunzru The SRC toured the whole country 10 seek representations from various sections of the society. People of Telangana region submitied several ‘memorandums to the SRC and expressed their wish to constture Telangana as a separate sate, Telangana intellectuals suchas late Prof Jayashankar and politcal leaders such as Sri HC Heda, Sri Konda Venkat Ranga Reddy gave memorandums containing historic, politcal, economic, social and cultural justifications for ereting the Telangans state, The Commission submitted is report on 30 September 1985, and recommended formation of Telangana state Dring the period between 1955 September and 1956 November, the people of Telangana launched series of protests demanding statchood by implementing the SRC recommendations, But intense lobbying by leaders from Andhra state in New Delhi resulted in the merger of Telangana region in Andhra state to form the Andhra Pradesh state. Telangana leaders insisted on Gentlemen's Agreement before the merger could take place. The agreement was signed by Andhra and Telangana Jeaders and proviced safeguards with the purpose of preventing discrimination against Telangana by the Andhra Ieaders:However, the agreement was violated from day one by the Andhra leaders. 1969 Telangana Agitation Non-implementation of Geatlemen's Agreement and continued discrimination to Telangana region in government jobs, education and public spending resolted in the 1969 satchood agitation In January 1969, students intensified the protests for a ssparate state, On 19 January, all party accord was reached to ensure the proper implementation of Telangana safeguards. Accord’ main points were 1) All non-Telanguna employees holding posts reserved for Telangans locals will be transfered immediately, 2) Telangana surpluses will be used for Telangana development, 3) Appedl to Telangana students to call off agitation, But the protests further intensified, as more and more students and employees joined the statchood movement. Police firing on protesters led to the death of about 369 youngsters during this phase of the agitation. Then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ealled for a high-level mesting to discuss the statebood issue. After several days of talks with leaders of both regions, on 12 April 1969, che Prime Minister developed an Eight Point Plan. Sri M, Chemna Reddy, founded the Telangana Praja Samithi (TPS) political party in 1969 to spearhead the statchood movement. Mrs, Indira Gandhi had called snap parliamentary elections in Merch 1971. In chese parliamentary elections, Telangana Praja Samithi won 10 out ‘he 14 Parliament seas in Telangana, However, Indira Gandhi's Congress (R) Party scored a landslide victory ona platform of progressive policies such as poverty elimination (Garibi Hatao), She was reluctant to accept the Telangans statehood demand st chat juncture, Sri M Chenna Reddy then merged TPS in Congress (R) party, after formulating @ Six-Poiat Formula to safeguard Telangana’s interests. The statchood movement continued uunsil 1973, but subsided later, Final Telangana Movement Since mid 1990s, the people of Telangana started organizing themselves under various organizations with demand for separate state of Telangana, In 1997, the sate unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) passed a resolution seeking a separate Telangana, Though the party ercated the states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Uetarakhand in 2000, it did not create @ separate Telangana state citing resistance of its coalition partaer, Telugu Desa Party Sri Kalvakuntla Chandrashokar Rao (KCR), wo was then the Deputy Speaker of AP State assembly, had started background work on Telangana ‘issue in early 2000. And after detailed discussions and deliber ‘Telangana Rashtra Samiti on May 17th 2001 fons with a plethora of Telangane intellectuals, KCR announced the launch of KCR had resigned (o the post of Deputy Spesker and MLA before launching the Telangana Rashira Samitbi party. Prof Jayashankar, the ideologue of statchood movement extended his soppart to KCR. In 2004, TRS entered into & poll alliance with Congress party. The party won 26 MLAs and $ MPs and entered into both the AP state and Indian government, Telangana issue found a place in UPA- Common Minimum Program. Statehood ise was also mentioned by President Abdul Kalam and Prime Minister Manmohan Singl in their speeches. ‘TRS president KCR, was initially allotted the Shipping portfolio, But another UPA ally DMK demanded Shipping portfolio and threatened to walk fut of the coalition, i ts demand was not met, KCR voluntarily relinquished the Shipping portfolio to save the fledgling UPA~I government, KCR remtined as a Union Minister without portfolio, before being given the Labour and Employment portfolio. As the UPA government continued to Aily-dally on the decades old demaad for Telangana state, KCR resigned to his ministry in 2006, ‘When a Congress leader made a beliling statement on the statchood movement in September 2006, KCR resigned to the Karimaagar Lok Sabha Seat and won it with a thumping majority, Tae massive majority achieved by KCR in that eletion proved the strong statchood aspirations in the region. In April 2008, TRS party MLAs resigned also walked out ofthe stte government in protest against the delay in Telangana formation. But, TRS ‘ould setain only 7 MLA and 2 Lok Sabha seats inthis by-election. In 2009 elections, TRS allied with TDP, CPI and CPM partes. The grand alliance did not yield the desired result, as the Pro-Telangane vate got split between TRS, Congress, PRP and BIP. In the end, TRS could win only 10 MLA seats and 2 MP seats. Intensifying the movement (On Nov 29th, 2009 , KCR had announced an indefinite hunger strike demanding stahood to Telangana, But enroute, the state police had arrested him and sent to Kharamam sub-jil, The movement spread like wildfire with students, employess, peoples’ organizations plunging into it. In the next 10 days, the whole of Telangana region came to a standstill ‘The state government, headed by Sri K Rossiah had called for an all-party meeting on 7dh December. Leaders of TDP and PRP partes promised ‘hat chey Would support a Telangana statchood resolution iF it was tabled inthe state Assembly. As KCR's health was deteriorating very fat, on Dec 9th 2008, the UPA government announced thatthe process of statchood for Telangana would be initiated [But within 2 weeks, resistance from Scemandhra leadership resulted in UPA backtracking on this ise. KCR then brought all politcal forces in Telangana region together to form the Telangana JAC ~ an umbrella body of several organizations and partes, with Prof Kodandaram as its CCheirman, TRS cadre and leaders actively participated in several agitations and protests launched by THAC. State Formation After 4 years of peaceful and impactful protests, the UPA. government started the statshood process in July 2013 and concluded the process by passing the statehood bill in both houses of Parliament in Fes 2014 Im the General Elections held ia April 2014, Telangana Rashiea Samithi emerged victorious by winning 63 of the 119 seats and formed the government, Sri K Chandrashekar Rao was sworn in as the First Chief Minister of Telangana, ‘The Telangana sate was inaugurated formally on June 2nd 2014. Telangana sth 20% se af India, fone onthe 2a of June 2014, The tte as en ate of 1.14840 Sq Kn and tas gin wa pct of he Hyer stefan Sep 17194 to Noy In 1956, wali was eae Wh Ane state fore ‘Ae cde of ovemet fore separate State, Teagaos was ested by pas the AP Ste Reorgizton i in oth by Malar and Ctiagt nthe Nor, Kara inthe We and Andra Pade in the sth and Es estone Warn, Nora and Karnage Talangana Telangana Statistics Capital City ‘Ava Dist Revenue Divisions ‘Towns (s per Census, 2011) ‘Municipal Corporations ‘Musiipaies [Nagara Panchayath Zila Praia Parishaes ‘Manda! Praja Parishad Gram Pancheyats Revenue Mandals Revenue Vises Inhabited Vilages ‘inhabited Villages Howscolds Household size Population uantiy Hyderabs nasaos 0 2 158 38 2 403 srs 466 10,761 10,108 3 $358Lal 351.941 Mae Female ‘Sex Rati Female per 1000 Males) Density of Population Decadal Growth Rate (2001-2011) Raat Popul ara Population Female ‘Rural Population Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Mls) ‘Rural 1 Total Population ‘Urban Popuason ‘Urban Population Male ‘Urban Population Female ‘Urban Population Sex Ratio (Female por 1000 Males) ‘Urbon to Tot! Population ‘SC Population ‘SC Population Male ‘$C Population Female ST Population ‘ST Population Male ‘SP Population Female Child Popalacon (0-5 years) ‘Cita Population (0-6 yess) Male Cita Population (0-6 years) Female (Cild to Total Population Child Sex Ratio Female per 1000 Males) Litertes Litrtes Male Litres Female Literacy Rate Literacy Rate Male Literacy Rate Female ‘Total Workers Main Workers ‘Marginal Workers ‘Members of Parliament (MPs) ‘Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAS) Zila PorishedTerntrial Consttoeney Members PICS) ‘Mandal Paisd Tertri Constitueney Members (MPIC) i104 490. ‘988 Rati 307 pers 1ns8 Re 2IS8SL worst 107881. 999 Rate 61.33% 16.091. 9.07 Lal ronal 970 Rai 38.64% S433 Lal 2705 Lal 2728 Lal S287 Lal 16.60 Lal 627 3920141 2028 La 192 La nies 933 Rati ones n749L 90.35 Lal 5.86% 1495% 57.92% 1643. Culture "South of North and North of South,’ Telangana State has long been a meeting place for diverse languages and cultures. It is easily the best example for India’s composite culture, pluralism and inclusiveness, Located on the uplands of Deccan plateau, Telangana is the link between the North and South of India, It is thus no surprise that the region on the whole came to be known for its Ganga-Jamuna Tehzeeb and the capital Hyderabad as a ‘miniature India! Geography, Polity and Economy of the region determined the culture of Telangana. Satavahanas, the earliest known rulers of the region sowed the seeds of independent and self-sufficient village economy, the relies of which can be felt even today. In the medieval times, the Kakatiya dynasty's rule, between the [1th and 14th centuries with Warangal as their capital, and subsequently the Qutub Shahis and Asafjahis, who ruled the Hyderabad state defined the culture of the region, Art forms Some classical art forms received the royal patronage and attained finesse, However, the art forms of the innumerable ‘communities spread actoss the length and breadth of the State give Telangana its distinet identity. While the Kakatiya rule Jed to evolution of dance forms such as Perini Sivatandavam, also known as ‘dance of warriors’, the commone faced with the challenges of daily life developed traditions of story-telling coupled with solutions to tide over them through Golla Suddulu, Oggu Kathalu and Gotralu ete Several art forms like above mingled and new forms emerged. The ubiquitous ‘Dhoom Dham’ is one such evolved and composite art form. They generally were about the struggle and exploitation. People adopted the old sensibilities of theatre and art changing the content as per the case and place. A variant of Yakshagana, Chindu Bhagavatham is performed widely across Telangana, It isa theater art form that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form, The word *Chindu’ in Telugu means ‘jump’. As their presentation is interspersed with leaps and jumps, it gained the name of Chindu Bhagavatam, Most of the stories nerrated are from “Bhagevatam’ Qawali, Ghazals and Mushairas evolved under the patronage of Qutub Shahi and the Asafjahi rulers in and around the capital city of Hyderabad, Festivals ‘The Hindu festivals like Ugadi, Srirama Navami, Bonalu, Vinayaka Chaturthi, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, Holi, Mahashivaratri are celebrated with pomp, gaiety and devotion, Dasara is the main festival with the epithet ‘pedda panduga.” Bathukamma, a part of Dasara festivities, is unique to Telangana. This colourful festival has historic, ecological, societal and religious significance. Women clad in glittering costumes and jewellery carry s like Tangedu, Gunugu, Chamanti and others to the village or street's meeting point. beautifully stacked Bathukammas with flow Making circles around the assembled Bathukammas, womenfolk recite songs in a group. The songs have their roots in Puranas, History and even in the recent political and social developments of the particular region. The fete culminates in Saddula Bathukamma where the villagers immerse the flower stacks in the nearby tanks and lakes, Bonalu is a Hindu Festival, celebrated during the Telugu month of Ashadam (translates to June/ July of Gregorian calendar) wherein Goddess Mahakali is worshiped. The festival is also considered a thanksgiving to the Goddess for fulfilling the desires of devotees. As part of the festival, Bojanam or Meal is offered to the presiding Mother Goddess, Women prepare rice cooked with Milk, Jaggery in @ Brass or Earthen Pot adorned with Neem Leaves, Turmeric, Vermilion putting a Lighted Diya on top of the Ghatam, An important part of the festival is Rangam (prophecy). Women standing atop of an earthen pot ‘invokes’ goddess Mahankali onto her and turns an Oracle. Next is Ghattam. A copper pot is decorated in the form of Mother Goddess. The Ghattam is carried by a priest and is taken {n procession accompanied by ‘Pothurajus’ and musical instruments like trumpets and drums for the immersion. Pothurajus are considered the brother of Mother Goddess and are represented by well-built, bare-bodied men, wearing a small tightly draped red dhoti and bells on ankles with turmeric on bodies and vermilion on the foreheads. While Ramzan is the main festival of Muslims, Mobarram too is celebrated on a large scale in Telangana, It is known famously as ‘peerla panduga.” Pir means Master. Many Hindus take part in the festival. Chirstians, mainly in and around Hyderabad celebrate Christmas and Good Friday with great fervor and religiosity. Arts and Crafts ‘Telangana is a great place for arts and crafts with many astounding handicrafts Bidri Craft ‘The unique art of silver engraved on metal. Black, gold and silver coatings are applied on this, It involves various several stages like casting, engraving, inlaying and oxidizing. The name of this art form is derived from a town called Bidar (currently part of Karnataka) of the erstwhile Hyderabad state Banjara Needle Crafts Banjara Needle Crafts are the traditional handmade fabrics made by Banjaras (the tribal Gypsies) in Telangana. It is a form of embroidery and mirror work on fabrics employing the needlecraf. Dokra Metal Crafts Dhokra or Dokra is also known as bell metal craft and is widely scen in Jainoor Mandal, Ushegaon and Chittalbori in Adilabad district, The tribal craft produces objects like figurines, tribal gods, etc. The work consists of folk motifs, peacocks, elephants, horses, measuring bowl, lamp caskets and other simple art forms and traditional designs. Nirmal Arts The renowned Nirmal oil paintings use natural dyes for depicting themes from the epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharata, Also, the wood paintings and other wooden articles, has great aesthetic expression. The origin of the Nirmal craft is traced back to the Kakatiya era, The motifs used for Nirmal craft are floral designs and frescoes from the regions of Ajanta and Ellora and Mughal miniatures. Bronze Castings Telangana is famous world-wide for its amazing Bronze castings. While using solid casting of icons, the mould is created using several coatings of different clays on a finished wax model. This process then imparts fine curves to the cast image. ‘he Telangana government hes snnounced the following fou cons forthe new State: + The Sat Bird -Palapta Und Rl o Bae 3), 1 The Ste An - ik (ee) i Chet (romp Cie) ‘These ioas et he cut nd tad of Telangana se ad tee of pon - Tange flowers, Be By ad Chet ae susie wit he pops oval of Busha sd Dasa. Whi Tangs ome ra in aking of Baas, potig the Bayon Dasari const gion ad people worship Am Ch on ha dy. ard Rama spl te Plain fore invading Lanta nd vungited Ravina, Plait a bon cone to put Tling onthe pth of very ‘inser KTR wins Skoch Challenger Amara In Strt-ap India category 217° 1BLA / ‘Tv18 INDIA BUSINESS LEADER AWARDS Dee UE lehman ont Be Telangana ca Promising State Of The Year MAN NG em In Telangana—Innovate, Incubate and Incomorate sapiota Aes ‘The Telangana State Industrial Investment Corpora- tion has 150 ready-to-cocupy industrial parks that have attracted both domestic and international investors. Furthermore, the government of Telange- na is determined to create an ecosystem in which the ease of doing business in the state matches and even exceeds the best global standards. ® o presented by ) union Gane Hospitality Parmer (Ye ny GHiadr Se Rswts The Yer" Ava a the 1 TYG THF —~ Wi Se Nie 4 i \nauguration by Narendt