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# Caraga State University

## College of Engineering and Information Technology

Ampayon, Butuan City 8600

Lecture 5

## Broddett B. Abatayo, GE, REA

Lecturer

TRIANGULATION
CHAIN OF TRIANGLES
Step 1: STATION
a. The sum of the angles about each station is equals to 360.

## b. The sum of the interior angles of each triangle equals to 180

TRIANGULATION
the angles by station
method.
the angles
method.

T2

T5

T4

K
J

F
T3

B
A
T1

Figure
Measured
Station
Angle
Value
nt
A 3120024"
B
475940"
C 1371029"
D
570242"
E
1004025"
F
650620"
G 2410513"
H
665330"
I
521020"
J
2890030"
K
705930"
L
2804358"
M
271812"
N
515753"

TRIANGULATION
the angles by station
method.
the angles
method.

T2

T5

T4

K
J

F
T3

B
A
T1

Figure
Measured
Station
Angle
Value
nt
A
3120024" 3120022"
B
475940" 475938"
C
1371029" 1371030"
D
570242" 570243"
E
1004025" 1004026"
F
650620" 650621"
G 2410513" 2410212"
H
665330" 665029"
I
521020" 520719"
J
2890030" 2890030"
K
705930" 705930"
L
2804358" 2804357"
M
271812" 271811"
N
515753" 515752"

TRIANGULATION
the angles by station
method.
the angles
method.

T2

T5

T4

K
J

F
T3

B
A
T1

Station
Figure
Measured
Angle
Value
t
t
A
3120024" 3120022"
480048.67
B
475940" 475938"
"
C
1371029" 1371030"
570241.33
D
570242" 570243"
"
1003827.3
E
1004025" 1004026"
3"
650731.67
F
650620" 650621"
"
G 2410513" 2410212"
665139.67
H
665330" 665029"
"
520520.33
I
521020" 520719"
"

TRIANGULATION
A: ANGLE CONDITION
Step 1: STATION
a. Sum of angles about each station is equal to 360.

B:

## a. Sum of interior angles equals to 360.

b. Opposite angles at the intersection of diagonals should be
equal.
SIDE CONDITION
a. The sine of each angle should be proportional to the
length of the opposite side of that triangle.

TRIANGULATION
1. Adjust the angles by simple
H

D
F

Angle
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

Value
423836"
645228"
403257"
315607"
620046"
452958"
333132"
385740"

D
F

Angle

Value

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

423836"
645228"
403257"
315607"
620046"
452958"
333132"
385740"

ANGLE CONDITION
(Step 2 a)
(Step 2 b)

SIDE CONDITION

D
F

Angle

Value

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

423836"
645228"
403257"
315607"
620046"
452958"
333132"
385740"

ANGLE CONDITION
(Step 2 a)
(Step 2 b)
423835.5"
645227.5"
403256.5"
315606.5"
620045.5"
452957.5"
333131.5"
385739.5"

SIDE CONDITION

D
F

Angle

Value

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

423836"
645228"
403257"
315607"
620046"
452958"
333132"
385740"

ANGLE CONDITION
(Step 2 a)
(Step 2 b)
423835.5"
423830.5"
645227.5"
645222.5"
403256.5"
403258.5"
315606.5"
315608.5"
620045.5"
620050.5"
452957.5"
453002.5"
333131.5"
333129.5"
385739.5"
385737.5"

SIDE CONDITION

D
F

Angle

Value

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

423836"
645228"
403257"
315607"
620046"
452958"
333132"
385740"

ANGLE CONDITION
(Step 2 a)
(Step 2 b)
423835.5"
423830.5"
645227.5"
645222.5"
403256.5"
403258.5"
315606.5"
315608.5"
620045.5"
620050.5"
452957.5"
453002.5"
333131.5"
333129.5"
385739.5"
385737.5"

SIDE CONDITION
423830.45"
645222.55"
403258.45"
315608.55"
620050.45"
453002.55"
333129.45"
385737.55"

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