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History Final Exam Review

Humanism and the Renaissance

Differences between Medieval Art and the Art of the Renaissance:

Page 4 - Characteristics of the renaissance

Answer Page 8 #5

Changes from Medieval thought to Humanist thought:

Page 10

Answer Page 13 #1 a)

Answer Page 15 #9

The Reformation:

Page 18 (Why was the church being criticized?)

European Exploration:

Three motives for exploration:

What Motivated the Europeans to Launch Expeditions? notes

page 42-43

Advances in Navigation (specifically The Caravel):

Advances in Navigation during the Age of Discovery notes

page 47

The Effects of Colonization on the Conquered Peoples (specifically the Epidemics):

Five Ways European Contact was Devastating for the Indigenous People of the Americas notes

Page 58 - Changes in population chart (be able to explain why the population drops)

The French Revolution

How Society was structured:

Setting the Stage notes

pages 70 72, particularly the Absolute Monarchy information

Factors leading/causing to the French Revolution:

Factors that Led to the French Revolution notes


Graphic organizer (Money and Brain Symbols)

The Philosophy of the Enlightenment (page 81)

The Financial Crisis (Page 86)

The philosophy of the Enlightenment:

(With particular emphasis on the three types of power and the importance of separating these powers)

Page 81

Extra Notes:

The Philosophy of the Enlightenment:

Philosophers in France believed in progress.

They wanted society to progress towards happiness

They thought they could achieve this through reason, education, tolerance and freedom

Some of their ideas included:

The right to choose ones leaders
The separation of powers
Freedom of religion
Freedom of thought and expression

The spread of these ideas led to Public Opinion

The Separation of Powers:

In every society there are three kinds of powers:

Legislative (making laws)


Executive (enforcing laws)


Judicial (judging those accused of breaking laws)

Enlightenment philosophers felt that one man holding all powers could lead to injustices.

They believed that these powers should be separated.

The French Revolution (continued)

Reasons for the financial crisis in 1788:

Page 86

The calling of the Estates-General:

Page 87

Pay particular attention to the sixth paragraph


Changes in the way products were manufactured:

Workbook page 118

Intro notes: The Industrial Revolution

Living conditions of the working class

page 120

Graphic Organizer notes

Socialist Movements of the Industrial Revolution

Social Movements of the Industrial Revolution Notes

page 126

Imperialism and Colonialism

The Scramble for Africa and The Berlin Conference:

Page 149

The economic, cultural and political effects of colonialism in Africa:

What were the consequences of colonization in Africa? Notes

pages 160-161

Racial Discrimination:

Review the racist justification used by European colonial Empires to justify the colonization of Africa (Page 152)

Winning of Civil Rights and Freedoms

The United Nations:

Page 179-180

Answer Question #9 on page 182


The Movement to End Racial Discrimination notes

Martin Luther King:

The Movement to End Racial Discrimination notes

Non-Violent Dissidence:

Page 188

Answer Question #5 on page 190

The Feminist Movement:

The Feminist Movement notes