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. : http://insaph.kcl.ac.uk/ala2004 ( 14.12.2010).

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369

V . . .

Summary
N. Khrapunov
The Administration of Bosporus in the 5th Century AD

he paper analyses the administrative machinery of the Bosporan state in the


last stage of its development. The sources consist of inscriptions that mention
officials. Their positions have been reconstructed against the background of analogies
in the Bosporan administration of the previous period and parallels from the Roman
provinces.
In the 5th century, Bosporus remained an independent state headed by a monarch. Although his pro-Roman dynastic name and titles survived from the previous
period, they could be filled with another ideological sense under the new circumstances rather underlining his succession from the older rulers of Bosporus than indicating his connection with the empire.
The 5th century administration of Bosporus developed under the interaction of
two trends: the continuity of certain administrative principles, several positions and
ideological motives on one hand and parallel creation of new administrative offices
on the other.
Information only about a part of the state administration machinery has survived.
Two positions (epi tes pinakides and epimiletes) appeared in the previous period,
though three positions (eparchos, komes and protokomes) were obviously borrowed
from the empire. The latter circumstance was the continuation of a trend that appeared in the first centuries AD.
The functions of eparchos and komes remain vague because in the empire such
titles were used for military, civil and fiscal magistracies. It is not clear whether only
the names of the offices were borrowed or their functions as well. The only understandable issue is that both offices had some relation to building and took place on
the medium administrative level. Protokometes headed rural communities, the office
of epi tes pinakides was related to records management, and epimiletes managed
construction works.
The analysis of the 5th century Bosporan administration as a system indicates
that, despite of some changes, it kept the continuity from the governmental system of
the previous period. The structure of state of Bosporus appeared to have been strong
enough to survive through the partial or complete change of elites in the 4th century.
Independent Bosporan kingdom ceased to exist only in the late 5th or early 6th century.

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