Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 305

S

SRRII R
RAAM
MAA JJA
AYYA
AMM

,uhk fhtpak;
RAMAYANAM
bbjjaa;t
;tjj;j;jppU
U jjppU
UKKU
Uff ffppU
Ugghhd
dee;j;j t
thhuuppaahhuu; ; RRt
thhkkppffs
s; ;

C
COOLLLL BBYY DDRR,,JJ,,P
PEERRUUM
MAALL..M
M..B
B..A PHH..D
A,,P D
ddrrjjppeerruum
maallpphhdd@@yyaahhoooo..ccoom
m

"
"hhd
dff;f;fz
z; ; ffz
z;l;l ffhhll;r;rpp
ccyyffkk; ; aahhi
it taa[e[e; ; jjhhKKs st thhff;f;fY Ykk; ;
eeppi
iyybbgg E Ejj;j;jY
Ykk; ; eePfPf;f;fY
Ykk; ; eeP'P';f;fyyhh
m
myyffpp yyhht tppi
is s aahhll;L;Li ill aahhuut tuu; ;
jjiiyyt tuu; ; m
md d;d ;dttuu;f;f; ; nnffrruuz
z; ; eehh'';f;fnns s

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
1
f';if ejpgha[k; ePu; tsKk; jpytsKk; FotsKk; bghUe;jpa ehL
nfhry ehL. tsik kpFe;j ,e;jf; nfhry ehl;od; jiyefuk;
mnahj;jp vd;w jpUefuhFk;. ,e;efuj;jpy; thGk; kf;fs; kwe;Jk; jP';F
bra;ahjtu;fs;. tWikahy; tho ahrpg;gtu; ,e;efupy; ,y;yhjjhy;
jUkFzrPyu;fs; ms;spf; bfhLf;Fk; jd;ik ,d;wp thH;e;jdu;.
mnahj;jp vd;w brhy;Yf;F a[j;jk; ,y;yhj Cu; vd;W bghUs;. ,e;j
efuk; nghUk; rpdKk; ,e;wpr; rhe;jp epnfjdkhfj; jpfH;e;jJ.
vy;nyhUk; vy;yh ey';fSk; bgw;W ,d;g[w;W thHe;jhu;fs;.
,e;j mnahj;jpkh efiu Mjpj;jd; Fyj;jpy; m$kfh uh$Df;Fk;
,e;Jkjpf;Fk; kfdhfg; gpwe;j jruj rf;utu;j;jp jha;nghy; kf;fSf;Fj;
jz;zUs; g[upe;J muR g[upe;J te;jhu;. gapUf;Fj; jz;zPu; Jiz
g[uptJ nghyt[k;/ capUf;F clk;g[ Mjhukhf ,Ug;gJ nghyg[k;
kf;fSf;F ,k;kd;dtu; fUiz g[upe;J te;jhu;. ,tUila Ml;rpapny
jUkk; jiHj;J x';fpaJ. ,tUila Ml;rp khl;rpa[ld; tps';fpaJ.
giftu;fshYk;/ tpy';FfshYk;/ fs;tu;fshYk; Jd;gk; ,d;wp kf;fs;
,d;gk; bgw;W thHe;jhu;fs;. jruj kd;dUila fu';fs; <e;J <e;J
rpte;jd. ,tUf;Ff; bfsriy/ ifnfap/ Rkpj;jpiu vd;W \d;W
kidtau; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,tUf;F kf;fl;ngW ,y;yhikapdhy;
mt;tg;nghJ ntW ntW khju;fisj; jpUkzk; bra;J bfhz;lhu;.
mt;thW bra;Jbfhz;l bgz;fs; 360 nguhFk;. ,tu; mWgjpdhapuk;
Mz;Lfs; mwbewp tGthky; ey;yw ehafdhf epd;W muR g[upe;jhu;.
kf;fs; kd;diu be";rhu epidj;J thahu thH;j;jpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
2
jruju; jkf;Fg; gpd; jUkbewp jtwhky; juzpia muR g[upa xU kfd;
gpwf;ftpy;iyna vd;W bgupJk; tUe;jpdhu;.
jruju; ehl;ilf; fhf;f ed;kfd; ,y;iyna vd;W tUe;JtJ bghJ
eykhFk;. muritapy; jruj rf;utu;j;jp/ jkJ FyFUthfpa trp#;l
Kdptiu tz';fp/ FUehjh * monad; j';fs; Mrpapdhy; fly;
NH;e;j ,e;j cyfj;jpy; gj;Jj; jpirfspYkpUe;J te;j gj;J uj';fis
btd;W/ jrujd; vd;W ngu; bgw;nwd;/ rk;guid btd;W ,e;jpuDf;F
cjtp g[upe;njd;/ Mdhy;/ monaDf;F kfg;ngW tha;f;ftpy;iy
jiytdpd;wp kf;fs; tUe;Jthu;fns vd;W vz;zp monad;
tUe;Jfpd;nwd;. jh';fs; gpuk g[j;jpuu;. j';fis FUehjuhff; bfhz;l
vdf;F ,e;jf; Fiw ,Ue;jhy; mJ j';fSf;Fj;jhnd ,Hpt[ > FHy;/
ahH; vd;w ,d;dpirf; fUtpfspd; ehj';fisf; nfl;Fk; vd; brtpapy;
mg;gh * vd;W miHf;fk; kHiyr; brhy; nfl;Fk; ghf;fpak;
bgw;nwdpy;iy. thdshtp tsu;e;j kuk; gGf;ftpy;iyahdhy;
mk;kuj;jhy; ahJ gad; > vd;Dila kDf;Fyj;jpy; ,Jtiu
FHe;ijapy;yhj kyl;Lj; jd;ik xUtUf;Fk; ,y;iy. bgUk;
jtKdptuhfpa j';fs; rPldhfpa vdf;F ,e;jf; Fiw ,Ue;jhy; mJ
j';fSf;Fj;jhnd mtkhdk; > monaDf;F kfg;ngW cz;lhfj;
njtuPu; mUs;g[upa ntz;Lk; vd;W Twp Kiwapl;lhu;.
trpl;l Kdptu; Cdf;fz;fis \odhu;. mg;bghGJ mtUf;F
"hdf;fz; jpwf;fg; bgw;wJ. mjpny fz;l fhl;rp moapy; tUfpd;wJ.
jpUkhy; jpUg;ghw;flypy; mutizapy; mwpJapy; g[upfpd;whu;.
,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fshy; gyfhykhfj; Jd;gg;gLfpd;w gpukhjp njtu;fs;
ehuhazuplk; j";rk; g[Fe;J fUizf;flny * fkyf;fz;zh ( ePynkf
tz;zh ( ,uhtzd; Kjypa muf;fu;fshy; eh';fs; Miyf;fUk;g[nfhy;
behe;J bte;J tUe;Jfpnwhk; ). eh';fs; muf;fu;fshy; g";Rglhj
ghLgLfpd;nwhk;. mRu Fyj;ij mHpj;J/ eh';fs; brHpj;J thH mUs;
g[upantz;Lbkd;W ruz; mile;jhu;fs;.
jpUkhy; njtu;fis nehf;fp mkuu;fns * ehd; g{t[yfpy; ,uhkdhf
mtjupj;J ,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fisj; bjhiyj;J c';fs; Jau; Jilj;J
mUs;g[upntd;. ,uhtzd; gpuknjtdplk; kdpju;fisa[k;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
3
theu';fisa[k; rpwpa gpuhzpfs; vd;W tpl;L tpl;lhd;. Mfnt/ ehd;
kdpjdhf te;J mtjupg;ngd;. njtu;fshfpa eP';fs; Kd;djhfnt
theu';fshfg; gpwe;J ,U';fs; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhu;.
jpUkhypd; fl;lisapd;go thdtu;fs; theu';fshfg; gpwe;jhu;fs;.
,e;jpud; thypahfg; gpwe;jhd;. Nupad; Rf;fpuPtdhfg; gpwe;jhd;.
mf;fpdpj;njtd; ePydhfg; gpwe;jhd; ( ePyd; nridj; jiytd; ).
tpRtgpuk;kh esdhfg; gpwe;jhd;/ tha[njtd; mDkdhfg; gpwe;jhd;.
Uj;uhk;rKk; mjpy; fye;J epd;wJ. cnge;jpud; m';fjdhfg; gpwe;jhd;.
gpuknjtu;/ ehd; Vw;bfdnt fuof; FGj; jiytd; $hk;gte;jdhfg;
gpwe;jpUf;fpnwd; vd;W Twpdhu;.
f';iff;fiuapy; ju;kh';fju; vd;w Xu; me;jz Kdptu;/ "Xk; enkh
ehuhazha" vd;w m#;lh&u ke;jpuj;ij $gpj;Jf; bfhz;L jtk;
bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;. Xu; mf;fpufhuj;jpy; Xu; me;jzu; thH;e;jhu;.
mtu; kpft[k; rhe;jrPyu;. re;jdk; nghy Fspr;rpahf ,Ug;gtu;.
,tUila kidtp bgau; fyif. ,ts; mf;fpdpj; jpuhtfk;
nghd;wts;. beUg;g[ kiy nghy; fztd; kPJ rPwpr; rPwp tpGths;.
mtu; ntz;lhk; vd;gij ntz;Lk; vd;W bra;ths;. ntz;Lk;
vd;gij ntz;lhk; vd;W bra;akhl;lhs;. Vl;of;Fg; nghl;oahf
vija[k; bra;ths;.
fyif * vdf;F rPjsj;jhy; ePu;f;bfhz;oUf;fpd;wJ. kpsFf; FHk;g[ it
* vd;whu;. mts; ePw;Wg; g{rzpf;fha; nkhu;f;FHk;g[ itj;jhs;. mJ
rPjsj;ij mjpfupf;fr; bra;jJ.
kw;bwhU ehs;/ fyif * FL mjpfkhfpr; rPjngjpahfpd;wJ. kpsfha;
,y;yhky; kpsF urk; it * vd;whu;. mts; fj;jpupf;fha[k;/ gr;ir
kpsfha[k; file;J itj;jhs;. fyif * fz; vupfpd;wJ. vz;bza;
nja;j;Jf; Fspf;f ntz;Lk; vd;whu;. mts; Fspu;e;j ePiuj; jiyapy;
tpl;Lf; bfhjpj;J epd;whs;. fyif * cwf;fk; tUfpd;wJ. ehd; gLf;f
ntz;Lk; vd;whu;. gLf;fpd;w ,lj;jpy; jz;zPiu thu;j;Jf; Fskhf;fpg;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
4
gLf;f tplhky; mts; bra;J tpl;lhs;. ,t;thW vy;ytw;Wf;Fk;
vjpu;kiwahfr; bra;J te;jhs;. ,jdhy; btWg;gile;J ntjpau;
jiyapy; Jz;L nghl;Lf; bfhz;L btspapy; fpsk;gpr; brd;whu;.
Vjpupy; Xu; Mg;j md;gu; te;;jhu;. mtu; Ianu * v';nf nghfpwPu; >
vd;W nfl;lhu;.
kidtpapd; Jd;gk; vd;dhy; rfpj;Jf;bfhs;s Koatpy;iy. mts;
nga;. Mjdhy; tPl;iltpl;L btspnawpg; nghfpd;nwd; vd;whu;.
nga; ntg;gpiy moj;jhy; Xog;nghFnk vd;whu; md;gu;.
,ts; kpUfk; vd;whu;.
kpUf';fisbay;yhk; ru;f;f!py; mlf;fp MSfpd;whu;fns * xU
bgz;iz cd;dhy; mlf;fp MsKoatpy;iyna * vd;whu;.
,ts; g{jk; vd;whu;.
gpUjptp/ tha[/ nja[/ mg;g[/ Mfhrk; vd;w g";r g{j';fis ehk; mlf;fp
Ms;fpnwhnk * ,e;jg; bgz; gps;isia mlf;fp MsKoatpy;iyah >
mts; vd;djhd; bra;fpwhs; > tptukhfr; brhy; vd;whu;.
Iah * mts; bra;a[k; bfhLik xd;wh/ gj;jh/ Ehwh/ Mapukh >
yl;nrhg yl;rk; Fw;w';fs; bra;fpwhs;. mtw;iw ehd; v';'dk;
brhy;ntd; > RUf;fkhfr; brhy;Yfpnwd;. ntz;lhk; vd;gij
ntz;Lk; vd;W bra;fpwhs;. ntz;Lk; vd;gij ntz;lhk; vd;W
bra;fpwhs;.
md;gnu * ehd; brhy;tijf; filg;gpoa[';fs;. c';fSf;F ntz;lhk;
vd;gij/ ntz;Lk; vd;W brhy;Y';fs;. ……Kaw;rp cau;r;rp jUk;…… vd;W
Twpdhu;.
me;jzu; tPl;Lf;Fr; brd;whu;. mtUf;F mnfhug;grp. fyif * ,d;W
ehd; rhg;gplkhl;nld; vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
5
mts; nfhgj;Jld;/ cdf;fhfr; rikj;J itj;jpUf;fpnwd;. rhg;gpL vd;W
czt[ bfhLj;jhs;.
fyif * ehd; cLj;jpa ntl;oia eP bjhlf; TlhJ. cd; if
glf;TlhJ.
mts;/ cdf;F Mrhuk; kpFe;J tpl;ljh > "hdk; Kjpu;e;Jtpl;ljh >
ehd; ,d;W Kjy; cd; ntl;oiaj; njha;j;Jg; nghLntd;. eP
bra;tijr; bra; vd;W Twp mtUila cilfisj; Jha;ikahfj;
njha;j;J cau;e;j bfhoapy; cyu;j;jp tpLths;.
fyif * cd;nky; gl;l fhw;W vd;nky; glf;TlhJ vd;whu;. mts;/
cdf;F ,t;tst[ cau;t[ te;Jtpl;lhjh > vd;W rPwptpGe;J rpwpa
trpwpia vLj;Jr; Rfkhf tPrptpl;lhs;.
fyif * vz;bza; nja;j;Jf; Fspf;f khl;nld; vd;whu;. mts; ekJ
ehl;Lj; jl;gbtg;g epiyf;F vz;bza; nja;j;Jf; Fspg;gJ kpft[k;
ey;yJ. vz;bza; nja;j;Jf; Fspj;Jj;jhdhf ntz;Lk; vd;W Twp
vz;bziaf; bfhz;L te;jhs;.
rup/ ehnd vz;iz nja;j;Jf; bfhs;fpnwd;. eP ngh vd;whu;.
mts; Vd; * ehd; vz;bza; nja;j;jhy; vd;d Fw;wk; * ehd;jhd;
nja;g;ngd;. thia \of;bfhz;L ,U vd;W Twp/ fztDila
clk;g[ KGtJk; vz;bza; nja;j;jf; Fspf;f itj;jhs;.
me;j me;jzu; fyifaplk; ntz;Lk; vd;gij ntz;lhk; vd;W
Twpa[k;/ ntz;lhk; vd;gij ntz;Lk; vd;W Twpa[k; fhupaj;ijr;
rhjpj;Jf; bfhz;L Rfnk thH;e;jhu;. me;j Mg;j md;giu xUehs;
re;jpj;jhu;. Ianu * ,g;bghGJ cd; tPl;Lf;fhup vg;go ele;J
bfhs;fpwhs; * vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,g;bghGJ vy;yhk; btF Rfkhf eilbgwfpd;wd. Mdhy;/ ntz;lhk;
vd;gij ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ntz;Lk; vd;gij ntz;lhk; vd;W
ftdkhfr; brhy;y ntz;oapUf;fpwJ. ,g;bghGJ mts; Jzp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
6
njha;j;Jg; nghLfpd;whs/ vz;bza; nja;f;fpd;whs;. tprpwp
tpLfpd;whs;. gLf;if tpupf;fpd;whs;/ vy;yhj; bjhz;Lk; bra;fpd;whs;.
xU Fiwa[k; ,y;iy vd;whu;.
xUehs; me;j ntjpau; kidtpiag; ghu;j;J/ fyif * ehis vd;
je;ijahUila rpuhu;j;jk;. tPL thry; bkGfhnj. ePuhlhnj.
rikf;fhnj vd;w Twpdhu;. mts; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; xG';fhfr; bra;J
itj;jhs;. gpz;lg;gpurhjk; nthl;L ,ij $yjhiuapy; bfhl;Lkhw
brhy;ypaUf;f ntz;Lk;. brhy;ypUe;jhy; Rj;jkhd jz;zPupy;
bfhl;apUg;ghs;. mtu; rw;Wf; ftdf;Fiwthf/ gpJu; gpurhjj;ijr;
Rj;jkhd ePupy; bfhl;LkhW Twptpl;lhu;. mts; mijf; bfhz;L ngha;
mRj;jkhd jz;zPupy; bfhl;otpl;lhs;. nfhgnk tuhj Fzf;Fd;wkhfpa
me;j me;jzu; nfhgpj;J/ ghtp * vdf;F Mapukhapuk; Fw;w';fs;
bra;jha;. mj;jida[k; bghWj;Jf;bfhz;nld;. gpJu;fspd; Jha
gpurhjj;ij $yjhiu jz;zPupy; bfhl;odhna * ,J vt;tst[ bgupa
ghtk; > fyif * eP myifahfg; nghff; fltJ vd;W rhgkpl;lhu;.
me;j ntj tpj;jpd; rhgj;jhy; mts; bgz; ngahf khwpdhs;. Fof;f
ePUk;/ j';f epHYkpd;wp m';Fk; ,';Fkhf miye;J ciye;J. jpupe;J
ntjidg;gl;lhs;.
f';iff;fiuapy; "Xk; enkh ehuhazha" vd;W ke;jpu $gk; bra;J
bfhz;oUe;j ju;kh';fjiu ,e;jg; bgz; nga; gpof;fr; brd;wJ.
beUg;ig tpG';fr; brd;w vWk;g[ nghy; ,Ue;jJ. Kdptu; g[d;dif
g[upe;J fkz;lyj; jz;zPiu/ "Xk; enkh ehuhazha" vd;W
bjspj;jhu;. me;j ke;jpu ePuhy; mtsJ ghtKk; rhgKk;
tpyfptpl;ld. mts; mtUila mokyu; kPJ gPH;e;J bjhGJ/
mGJ/ jnghjdnu * ehd; fyif vd;w bgaUs;s bgz;. fztd;
kdk; nehfg; gyg;gy Fw;w';fs; bra;j ghtj;jhy;/ mtUila rhgj;jhy;
ngahfj; jpupe;J miye;J behe;njd;. vdf;F mUs; g[uptPuhf vd;W
ntz;o epd;whs;. ju;kh';fj Kdptu; mtSf;Fj; jz;zUs; g[upe;J
mk;kh * mHhnj. ehd; mwpt[ njhd;wpa ehs; bjhl;L ,d;Wtiu
bra;j jtj;jpy; ghjp cdf;Fj; je;njd; vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
7
itFz;lj;jpypUe;J bghd;kzp tpkhdk; xd;W te;J ,Utiua[k;
itFz;lj;Jf;F miHj;Jr; brd;wJ. mtu;fs; guthRnjtidr;
nrtpj;jg; ngupd;gj;ij va;jpdhu;fs;.
|kd; ehuhazu; ju;kh';fjiug; ghu;j;J/ ju;kh';fjnu * eP g{t[yfpy;
Mjpj;ju; Fyj;jpy; gpwe;J jrujd; vd;w ngu; bgw;W mWgjpdhapuk;
Mz;L jtk; bra;thahf. ehd; cdf;F kfdhfg; gpwe;J uhkd; vd;w
bgaUld; tps';fp ,uhtz tjk; bra;J ehl;Lf;F eyk; bra;ntd;.
mk;kh * fyif * eP nffa ehl;oy; mRtgjp vd;w kd;dDf;F
kfshfg; gpwe;J ifnfap vd;w ehkj;Jld; tsu;tha;. ju;kh';fjUila
jtj;jpy; ghjp bgw;wjdhy; bfsriy tapw;wpy; ehd; gpwe;jhYk; vd;id
eP md;g[ kfdhf tsu;g;ghahf. eP gpwe;j tPl;oYk; g[Fe;j tPl;oYk;
bgUika[ld; thH;tha;. rkak; tUk;bghGJ vd;idf; fhdfk; nghfr;
brhy;ypf; fyfk; bra;tha; vd;whu;.
jpUkhYila rf;fuk;-gujuhft[k;/ r';F-rj;JUf;fddhft[k;/ Mjpnr#d;
- ,yf;Fkzdhft[k; gpwf;FkhW jpUkhy; fl;lisapl;lUspdhu;.
,tw;iwbay;yhk; trpl;lu; "hdf; fz;zhy; fz;lhu;.
nts;tp bra;jy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
8
trpl;l Kdptu;/ jrujnu * cdf;F vjpu;fhyk; rpwg;ghf ,Uf;Fk;. rpwe;j
kfg;ngW fpilf;Fk;. m';f ehl;oy; kDFyj;jpy; cj;jhdghjDila
g[jy;td; nuhkghjd; vd;Dk; kd;dd; muR g[upfpwhd;. me;j ehl;oy;
gd;dpuz;L Mz;Lfshf kiHapy;yhky; g";rk; neu;e;jJ.
fiyf;nfhl;L Kdptiu m';F miHj;J te;jgoahy; kiH bghHpe;J
tsk; bgUfpaJ. cd;Dila g[jy;tpahfpa rhe;ijia cnuhkghj
kd;dDf;F !;tPfhukhff; bfhLj;jiday;yth > mg;bghGJ me;jr;
rhe;ijiaf; fiyf;nfhl;L Kdptu; jpUkzk; bra;J bfhz;lhu;.
mjdhy;/ mtu; cdf;F kUkfuhthu;. mtu; mstw;w jtk; bra;jtu;.
rkhd kpy;yhjtu;. mtiu miHj;Jf; bfhz;L te;J g[j;jpu fhnk#;o
ahfk; bra;thahdhy; cdf;Fg; g[j;jpu ghf;fpak; cz;lhFk; vd;W
Twpdhu;. jrujr; rf;futu;j;jp gup$d';fs; g[ilNH/ njnuwp m';f
ehl;il mile;jhu;. cnuhk ghju; md;g[ld; tuntw;W cgrupj;jhd;.
fiyf;nfhl;L Kdptiu mnahj;jpf;F mDg;g[khW ntz;of;
bfhz;lhd;. jrujUila ntz;L nfhSf;fpz';fp fiyf;nfhl;L
Kdptu; vd;fpd;w up#;arpU';fu; jd; kidtpahfpa rhe;ija[ld;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
9
mnahj;jp khefUf;F vGe;jUspdhu;. jruju; Xuhz;L mtUf;F
te;jid tHpghL bra;jhu;.
mtu; xUehs; up#;arpU';fiu tz';fp jt Kdptnu * monad;
mWgjpdhapuk; Mz;L ,t;t[yif Mz;nld;. gpwpbjhd;iw
ntz;nld;. vdf;Fg; gpd; ey;y jiytd; ,y;iyna vd;W kf;fs;
tUe;Jthu;fns vd;W ehd; tUe;Jfpd;nwd;. mjyhy;/ ,e;j cyfj;ij
mwbewpapy; epWj;jp Ml;rp g[upa[k; khl;rpa[ila xU g[j;jpud; cz;lhf
mUs;g[upa ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;of;bfhz;lhu;.
jhu;fhj;j eW';F";rpj; jdau;fbsd; wtkpd;ik
thu;fhj;j tdKiyahu; kzptapW tha;j;jpyuhy;
ePu;fhj;j fly;fhj;j epy';fhj;nj bdd;dpw;gpd;
ghu;fhj;jw; Nupahiug; gzpePbad; wogzpe;jhd;.
fiyf;nfhl;L Kdptu;/ g[j;jpuhfhnk#;o ahfk; bra;jhy; cdf;Fg;
g[j;jpughf;fpak; fpilf;Fk; vd;W Twpdhu;. gpd;du; fiyf;nfhl;L
Kdptu;/ efu;g;g[wj;nj bgupa ahfrhiy mikj;J ahfj;Jf;Fupa
jputpa';fisf; Ftpj;J trpl;l Kdptu; Kjypa jtrPyu;fs; Jizg[upa
ntjke;jpu';fisf; Twp kpfr; rpwe;j nts;tpiar; bra;jhu;.
g{u;zhFjp bfhLj;jt[ld; xU bja;tg{jk; ahfj;jpy; njhd;wp ahf
gharj;ij tH';fp kiwe;jJ. fiyf;nfhl;L
Kdptupd; fl;lisg;go ahfgharj;ij xU ghjp
bfsriyf;Fk;/ kw;bwhU ghjp ifnfapf;Fk; kd;du;
tH';fpdhu;. bfhLj;J gHfpa bfsriya[k;/
ifnfapa[k; j';fSf;F kd;du; tH';fpa gharj;jpy;
ghjp/ ghjp Rkpj;jpiuf;F tH';fpdhu;fs;.
kd;dtuhy; bfhLglhky; tpLgl;l Rkpj;jpiuf;F
,uz;L g';F fpilj;jJ. \d;W jha;khu;fSk; fU
cw;whu;fs;. gd;dpuz;L khj';fs; fU ,Ue;jhu;fs;.
ehk; vy;yhUnk gd;dpuz;L khjk; fUtpy;
,Uf;fpd;nwhk;. mJ vt;thbwdpy; Md;khf;fs; thdj;jpypUe;J kiH

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
10
tHpahf kz;qyfj;ij milfpd;wd. mt;thW te;j capu;fs; fha;fdp
jhdpa';fspy; fye;j je;ijahu; tapw;wpy; 2 khkj';fs; fU ,Ue;j gpd;/
jha; tapw;wpy; gj;Jkhjk; fU ,Ue;J kfthfg; gpwf;fpd;wd. Mfnt/
capu;fs; fUtpy; gd;dpuz;L khj';fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Kjypy; ek;ik/
fUr;Rke;jtu; je;ijahu;. Mjdhy;jhd; ek;Kila bgaUf;F Kd;dhy;
je;ijahu; vGj;ijg; bghwpf;fpd;nwhk;.
,uhkUila fU kd;dtd; ghypd;wp ghar tHpahfj; jha;tapw;iw
mile;jjhy; ,tu;fs; 12 khjk; fUr;Rke;jhu;fs;.

jpU mtjhuk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
11
rpj;jpiu khjk; etkp j;jp g[du;tR el;rj;jpuk; flf yf;fpdj;jpy;
,uhkgpuhd; jpU mtjhuk; bra;jhu;.
xUgfy; cybfyhk; cjuj; Js;bghjpe;(J)
mUkiwf; Fzu;tUk; mtid m";rdf;
fUKfpy; bfhGe;bjHpy; fhl;Lk; nrhjpiaj;
jpUt[wg; gae;jds; jpw';bfhs; nfhriy.
kWehs; g{r el;rj;jpuj;jpy; gujUk;. mjw;F kWehs; Mapy;a
el;rj;jpuj;jpy; ,yl;RkzUk; rj;Uf;dUk; njhd;wpdhu;fs;.
kd;dtu;f;F kfg;ngW cz;lhdjhy; tuk;gpy;yhj kfpH;r;rp mile;jhu;.
md;djhdKk;/ brhu;z jhdKk; t!;jpu jhdKk;/ g{jhdKk;/ nfh
jhdKk; ms;sp/ ms;sp jd jUk';fs; bra;jhu;. VHhz;Lfs;
tupapy;iy vd;W giw miwar; bra;jhu;. fUt{yj;ijj; jpwe;J
vy;yhUk; m';Fs;s epjpfis vLj;Jf; bfhs;SkhW Twpdhu;.
Mya';fisg; g[Jg;gpf;FkhW fl;lisapl;lhu;.
vy;yhUk; mstpy;yhj kfpH;r;rp mile;jhu;fs;. mnahj;jp khefuk;
,d;gbts;sj;jpy; ePe;jpaJ. trpl;l Kdptu; ,uhk;/ gujd;/
,yl;Rkzd;/ rj;Uf;dd; vd;W bgau; Nl;odhu;. ehd;F ntj';fisg;
nghy; ehd;F Fkhuu;fSk; ,dpJ tsu;e;jhu;fs;. Ie;J taJf;F nky;
mtu;fs; trpl;lUila Mrpukj;jpy; tsu;e;J fiy gapd;whu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
12
,uhku; trpl;lUila Foirapy; tsu;e;jgoapdhy; "hdk; tsu;e;jJ.
khw;whe; jhahfpa ifnafp/ fhdfk; ngh vd;wt[ld; cLj;j cila[ld;
fhl;Lf;Fg; nghdhu;. muz;kidapy; tsu;e;jpUe;jy; ml;tnfl;
tPl;Lf;Fg; nghapUg;ghu;. ,uhku; jhnd type;J brd;W twpatu;f;F
cjtp bra;thu;. mtu;fSila Fiwfisf; nfl;L epiwt[ bra;thu;.
t
tppRRt
thhkkppjj;j;jppuuuu; ; t
tUUi
iff

,uhkUf;Fg; gd;dpuz;L taJ epuk;gpaJ. rfy fiyfspYk;


ty;ytuhf/ kf;fSf;F ey;ytuhf tps';fpdhu;. rf;utu;j;jp muritapy;
,e;jpu gfthidg; nghy; Re;ju tot[ld;; tPw;wpUe;jhu;. trpl;lu;/
Rke;jpuu;/ ahghyp Kjypa mwp"u;fs; mtiur; NH;e;j
mku;e;jpUe;jhu;;fs;.
cyfj;ij ,uz;lhtjhf/ rpU#;of;fj; bjhl';fpdtUk;/ fhaj;up
ke;jpuj;Jf;F mjpnjtiua[k;/ mstw;w jtk; bra;jtUkhfpa
tpRthkpj;jpu Kdptu; m';F vGe;jUspdhu;.
filf;fhtyd; Xote;J kd;du; bgUkhid tz';fp/ nte;ju;
bgUkhnd * tpRthkpj;jpu Kdptu; tUfpd;whu; vd;W Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
13
rf;utu;j;jp gpuknjtiu vjpu;bfhs;sr; bry;Yk; ,e;jpugfthidg;nghy;
g{irf;Fupa rhjd';fSld; vjpu; brd;W/ vd; Fyk; bra;j g[z;zpak;
vd;W tyk; bra;J tz';fp/ mtiu miHj;Jf;bfhz;L ngha;
kzpj;jtprpy; ,Uj;jp/ fsgf!;Jhup re;jd';fshYk; kyu;fshYk;
ghjg{ir bra;jhu;.
ehk; Xu; mjpfhupiag; ghu;f;fg; nghnthkhdhy; mtuJ mUfpy;
cs;stiug; g[fGiu Twp/ mtiu ek; trkhf Mf;fpf;bfhs;s
ntz;Lk;. ,y;iynay; ehk; mjpfhupaplk; Twpa nfhupf;ifia mtu;
Kl;Lf;fl;il nghl;Lj; jLj;JtpLthu;. ,e;j cyfpay; "hdj;ij
cila tpRthkpj;jpuu;/ trpl;liu tz';fpj; jrujiug; ghu;j;Jf;
TWfpd;whu;.
jrujh * trpl;liuf; FUehjuhfg; gilj;j cd; jtk; mstplw;fupaJ.
trpl;l KdptUila fUiz cdf;fpUg;gjhy; cdf;F cy;;yh
fUk';fSk; vspjpy; rpj;jpahFk;. kd;du; kd;dnu * new;W ehd; ,e;jpu
cyfk; brd;W ,e;jpuidr; re;jpj;njd;. ,e;jpund * Rfkh > vd;W
nfl;nld;. ,e;jpud; jrujUila fUizapdhy; Rfkhf ,Uf;fpnwd;
vd;whd;. ,e;jpuDila bghd;Dyifr; rk;guhRud; ftu;e;J bfhz;lhd;.
jruju;/ ifnfap nju; elhj;jr; brd;W rk;guh Ruidf; Fyj;njhL
mHpj;Jg; bghd;Dyif ,e;jpuDf;F mspj;jhu;. me;j btw;wpj;jpwj;ij
tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,';nf Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;.
jrujh * cd;idg; nghd;w cj;jk murid v';Fk; fhz ,ayhJ. eP
rj;jpa rk;ge;jd. gnuhgfhup. ey;yw \u;j;jp/ ew;Fz rPyd;. cdf;F
vy;yhk; bjupa[k;. ,y;iy vd;w nfl;gtUf;F ,y;iybad;W brhy;yj;
bjupahJ. mstw;w bgUika[ila muru; bgUkhnd *
vd;idg;nghd;w Kdptu;fSk;/ njtu;fSk; j';fSf;F Xu; ,ila{W
te;jhy; kiyfs; njhWk; vGe;jUspa[s;s KUfg; bgUkhdplk; brd;W
KiwapLnthk;. fapiy kiy brd;W fz;qjw; bgUkhdplk;
KiwapLnthk;. jpUg;ghw;flypy; brd;W mutizapy; mwpJapy;
g[upfpd;w mupKFe;jdplk; KiwapLnthk;. Rj;jpanyhfk; brd;W guk
jahs\u;j;jpahfpa gpuk njtuplk; KiwapLnthk;. bghd;Dyfk; brd;W

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
14
mkuhtjpia muR g[upfpd;w ,e;jpudplk; KiwapLnthk;. ,';bfy;yhk;
brd;W epiwntwhj Fiwfis mnahj;jp khefuk; te;J cd;dplk;
KiwapLnthk;. v';fsf;F cd;idj;jtpu g[fyplk; VJ > vd;W ,dpa
trd';fshy; fdpaKjk; nghy; Twpdhu;.
g[fGiuf;F ka';fhjhu; ahu; > fuoiaf; fz;zhof; fhl;og; gpof;f
ntz;Lk;. rp';fj;ijj; njhy;tiy nghj;jpg; gpof;f ntz;Lk;.
ahidiaf; FHp njhz;og; gpof;f ntz;Lk;. bgaup kdpju;fisg;
g[fGiuahy; trk; bra;a ntz;Lk; * ,e;j a[f;jpiaj; bjupe;j
tpRthkpj;jpuu; jrujiuj; jd;ik etpw;rpahy; g[fH;e;J ngrpdhu;. jruju;
mfKk;/ KfKk; kyu;e;jJ. FUehjh * vd;dplj;jpy; VjhtJ xU rpwg;g[
,Uf;Fkhdhy; mij njtuPUila MrPu;thjj;jpdhy;jhd;. ehd;
j';fSila moik. ehd; j';fSf;F vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk; >
fl;lisapL';fs;. bra;fpd;nwd; vd;whu;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; Twpdhu; / Mjpj;jd; Fye;jiHf;f te;j murnunw * ehd;
re;epahr. vdf;F vd;d ntz;Lk; > vdf;F vjpYk; tpUg;g[ btWg;g[
,y;iy. ahfk; \d;W tifg;gLk;.
1. giftiu mHpf;f bra;tJ. mJ mgprhu Xkk; vdg;gLk;.
2. jhd; ca;ag; gad; fUjpr; bra;tJ. mJ g[j;u fhnk#;o -
mRtnkjk; Kjypad.
3. cyfk; ca;ag; bghJ ey';fUjpr; bra;tJ. mJ cj;jk ahfk;;
vdg;gLk;. nte;ju; bgUkhnd * cyf ey';fUjp ehd; jUf;fs;
epiwe;j Fspu;e;j fhdfj;jpy; ahfk; bra;ntd;. mjid muf;fu;fs;
jLj;J ,ila{W bra;fpd;whu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ me;j nts;tpiaf; fhty;
g[upa xUtidaDg;g ntz;Lk; vd;W Twpdhu;.
ey;yJ/ Rke;jpunu * xU nghu; tPuid mDg;g[ kd;dtnd *
rhkhd;akhd nghu; tPudhy; MfhJ.
RthkP * nridj; jiytid mDg;g[fpd;nwd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
15
md;gnd * nrdhjpgjpahy; MfhJ.
Iand * monad; tUfpd;nwd;.
nte;jnd * cd;dhYk; MfhJ/ cd;idg; ghu;f;fpDk; rpwe;jtd; xUtd;
,Uf;fpd;whd; mtid mDg;g[f.
FUehjh * vd;idg; ghu;f;fpYk; rpwe;jtd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Uf;fpd;whdh
> ehd; gj;J uj';fis btd;wtd;. Xg;ghUk; kpf;fhUk; ,y;yhjtd;
monad; rk;guid mHpj;jtd;. njhs;typa[k; ths;typa[k; kpf;ftd;.
Rke;jpunu * vd;idg; ghu;f;fpYk; rpwe;jtd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Uf;fpd;whdh
>
bfhw;wtnu * ck;iktplr; rpwe;jtu; Rtu;f;f kj;jpa ghjyk; Mfpa
\t[yf';fspYk; ,y;iy.
FUehjh * Rke;jpu;/ mjpEl;gkhd kjpEl;gk; cilatu; mtu; Twpaijf;
nfl;Ouh > vd;idtplr; rpwe;jtd; ,y;iy. ,y;yhjij ,Ug;gjhf
vz;zp TWfpd;wPu;. XUtd; Mik kapu;f;fk;gsk; nfl;lhdhk;.
,d;bdhUtd; Fjpiuf; bfhk;g[ bgholg;gp nfl;lhdhk;. mJnghy
vdf;F epfu; xUtUk; ,;y;iy. cz;L vd;W jh';fs; TWfpd;wPu;fs;.
jrujh * cd;idg; ghu;f;fpYk; xU nfho kl';F cau;e;jtd;
mnahj;jpapy; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtid mDg;g[. ,y;yhj xd;iw
,Ug;gjhf ehd; xUnghJk; Twkhl;nld;. vd; thf;F rj;jpak;.
tpRthkpj;jpUila trd';fisf; nfl;Lj; jruju; rpwpJ rpe;jpj;jhu;.
FUehjh * vd;idg; ghu;f;fpYk; gykl';F cau;e;jtu; trpl;l Kdptu;.
mtiu miHj;Jg; ngh';fs; *
tpRthkpj;jpuu; g[d;dif g{j;jhu; * mtu; xU jho ehd; xU jho. ,U
jhofSk; brd;W jhlifaplk; thjho epw;f ntz;Lk;. ehd; TWtJ
trp#;liu ad;W. mtd; ntj ntj;ad;. mtd;jhd; ,uhkd;/
kd;dtnd/ eP bgw;w ehd;F ike;ju;fspy; fupa brk;ky; mupa Mw;wy;
gilj;jtd;. ,uhkid mDg;g[f vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
16
,uhkidaDg;g[ vd;w brhy; g[z;zpny nty; gha;e;jJ nghy;
kd;dtid thl;o tijj;jJ. mstpy;yhj my;yy; mile;jhu;.
tpRthkpj;jpuUila jpUtoapy; tPH;e;jhu;. ftiyf; flypy; MH;e;jhu;.
FUehjh * ,uhkd; ,sk; ghyfd;. nghu; Kfk; mwpahjtd;. khaj;jpy;
ty;y muf;fu;fis bty;Yk; jpwk; mwpahjtd;. monad; gy
nghu;fspy; btw;wp bgw;wtd;. ehd; tUfpd;nwd;. muf;fu;fisf;
bfhd;W nts;tpia Koj;Jf; bfhLg;ngd; vd;whu;.
jruju; ,uhkidj; jd;Dld; mDg;g ka';fpa jd;ikapdhy;
tpRthkpj;jpu; Kdptu; btFa;L vGe;jhu;. mtUila nfhgf;fdy;
cyf';fis btJg;gpaJ. Nupad; nkyz;lj;Jf;Fg; ngha; kiwe;jhd;.
epyk; eL';fpaJ/ jpir ahidfs; m";rp xL';fpd/ ruhru';fbsy;yhk;
mire;jd.
trpl;l Kdptu; tpRthkpj;jpu Kdptupd; rPw;wj;Jf;F m";rpj; jrujiug;
ghu;j;J kd;dtnu * ,uhkid tpRthkpj;jpuUld; mDg;gp ita[';fs;.
mjdhy; ,uhkDf;F mjpj;j Fyj;Jf;Fk; ed;ik cz;lhFk;. vd;
thu;j;ijiaj; jl;l ntz;lhk; vd;W Twpdhu;.
jruju; Rke;jpuiug; ghu;j;J/ ,uhkida[k;/ ,yl;Rkzida[k; miHj;J
tUkhW fl;lisapl;lhu;. Rke;juu; bfsriyapd; muz;kidf;Fr;
brd;W. ,e;jj; jfty;fisf; bfsriyaplk; Twp ,uhkid
miHj;Jf;bfhz;L te;jhu;.
,uhku; trpl;liua[k;/ tpRthkpj;jpuiua[k;/ je;ijahiua[k; jpUtoapy;
tPHe;e;J tz';fpdhu;. jruju; ,uhk ,yl;rkzupd; fu';fisg; gw;wp
tpRthkpj;jpuUila fuj;jpy; itj;J/ Rthkp * ,tu;fSf;Fj; jha;/ je;ij/
FU vy;yhk; njtuPu;jhk;. ,tu;fisg; bgWtjw;F ehd; mWgjpdhapuk;
Mz;Lfs; jtk; bra;njd;. vd; capiuj; j';fsplk;
xg;gilj;jpUf;fpnwd;. jpUk;gt[k; bfhz;L te;J nru;f;ft[k; vd;W
jGjGj;j Fuypy; brhd;dhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
17
tpRthkpj;jpu; Kdptu; tpilbgw;Wg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. thfd';fspy; brd;why;
vWk;g[/ g[G Kjypa rpw;Wapu;fs; khz;blhHpa[k;. mjdhy;/ Kdptu;fs;
nju; Kjypa Cu;jpfspy; bry;yhky; ele;nj gpuahzk; bra;thu;fs;.
mjdhy;/ tpRthkpj;jpuup ele;j nghtjdhy;/ ,uhk/ ,yl;Rkzu;
bjhlu;e;J nghtjhapw;W. tHpapy; kpfg; g[dpjkhd rua[ ejpiaf;
fz;lhu;fs;. mjpy; ePuho kfpH;e;J xU kyu;r; nrhiyia
mile;jhu;fs;. m';Ff; fhaj;up ke;jpuj;ij b$gpj;Jr; NupaDf;F
mu;f;fpak; bfhLj;jhu;fs;.
fhzhky; bfhL/ nfhzhky; bfhL/ fz;L bfhL vd;gJ gHbkhHp.
Nupad; cjpg;gjw;F Kd;dnkna NupaDf;F mu;f;fpak; bfhLg;gJ/
fhzhky; bfhLg;gjhFk;. Nupa gfthd; cr;rpapypUf;fk; bghGJ
mu;f;fpak; bfhLg;gJ nfhzhky; bghLg;gjhFk;. Nupa gfthd;
nkw;flypy; \H;Fk;bghGJ Nupaidg; ghu;j;Jf;bfhz;nl mu;f;fpak;
vt;thwW gLg;ghu;fs; >
mnrhf';bfhGe;J/ kh';bfhGe;J Kjypa bfhGe;Jfis tpupj;J mur
Fkhuu;fisg; gLf;f itj;jhu;. fpHf;nf jiyitj;Jg; gLg;gJ ey;yJ.
fz;fs; ,lg;gf;fk; fPnH ,Uf;FkhW gLj;jhy; gpuhz tha[ Nupa
ehoapy; b$gk; bra;Jbfhz;nl fz;qw';fp tpl;lhu;. ,uhkUila
fhy;khl;oy; ,isa bghUkhs; gLj;Jf; fz;qw';fpdhu;. cyf
brhj;jhfpa mur Fkhuu;fis muf;fu;fSk;/ nga;fSk;/ tpy';FfSk;
thH;fpd;w fhl;oy; cw';f itj;Jtpl;L/ KdptUf;F cwf;fk; tUkh >
,uhkUila jiykhl;oy; mku;e;j ,uhkiuna cw;W nehf;fp
bfhz;oUe;jhu;. ,uhkUila jpUKfj;jpy; fUiz
tHpe;Jbfhz;oUe;jJ. kw;wtu;fs; cw';fpdhy; fUizah tHpa[k; >
,uhkh * cd; je;ijahfpa jrujd; ehd; cul;oa cul;lYf;Fg; gae;J
,e;jg; bghy;yhj fhdfj;jpy; cd;id vt;thWjhd; mDg;gpdhndh >
mtd; fy;kdk; gilj;jtd; nghYk;. eP vdf;F kfdhfg;
gpwe;jpUe;jhy; Mapuk; tPRthkpj;jpud; te;jhYk; cd;idf; fhdfj;Jf;F
mDg;gpapUf;fkhl;nlnd. eP ghw;flypy; ghk; gizapy; Japd;w
guk;bghUs; my;yth > cyfk; ca;a kdpjdhfg; gpwe;J xU RfKk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
18
,y;yhj ,e;j bta;a fhdfj;jpy; bgWe;jiuapy; cw';Ffpd;whna * vd;W
kdpjw;fs; Twpf;bfhzL fz;tpHpj;Jf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
jjhhq
qMMrrppuukkkk; ;

tpoaw;fhiyapy; \tUk; vGe;J ePuhof; fhaj;up ke;jpu b$gk; bra;j


g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;. tHpapy; rpwe;j Xu; Mrpukj;ijf; fz;lhu;fs;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhk ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/ uF Fy uj;jp';fns * ,J
\tUk;/ njtUk; ahtUk; nghw;Wk; KGKjw; flt[shfpa rptbgUkhd;
nahfk; bra;j MrukhFk;. rpt\u;j;jpna jtepiyapay; epd;w ,e;j
Mrpu;kk; kpft[k; typik tha;e;jJ. mstplw;fupa kfpik cilaJ.
rpt\u;j;jpapd; nahfj;ijf; fiyf;f kd;kjd; Kad;w nghJ
rpt\u;j;jpapd; bew;wpf; fz;zhy; mtd; m';fk; mw;w tpge;jgoahy;
,J m';fnjrk; vd;W tH';fg;gLfpwJ vd;W Twpdhu;.
md;W m';Fr; rptrpe;ija[ld; j';fpdhu;fs;.

rPijapd; gpwg;g[

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
19
jhliftjk; kWehs; \tUk; fhiyf; fld;fis Koj;Jf;bfhz;L
g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;. tHpapy; bfhoa ghiytdk; bjd;gl;lJ. jh';fKoahj
btg;gKila mf;fhdfj;jpy; grp jhfj;jhy; mur Fkhuu;fs; my;yy;
gl;lhu;fs;. tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fSf;F giy/ mjpgiy
vd;W ,uz;L tp";i"fis cgnjrpj;jhu;. mtu;fSf;F mg;bghGJ
gjpdhapuk; ahid gyk; cz;lhapw;W. grp jhf';fs; kiwe;jd.
,uhku; Kdptiu nehf;fp/ "FUehjh * ,e;jf; fhdfk; g[y; g{z;L
,y;yhky; ghiytdkhf ,Ug;gjw;f vd;d fhuzk; > rptbgUkhDila
bew;wpf; fz;zhy; vupe;jjh > vd; je;ijahUila Ml;rpapy; ,g;gof;
mHpaf; Tlhnj *" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
tpRthkpj;jpu Kdptu; TWfpd;whu;. ",uhfth/ ,Jjhd; jhlif
thh;fpd;w fhdfk;. CnyhgFzk; xd;nw Mapukhapuk; ew;Fz';fis
mHpg;gJnghy; jhlif xUj;jpna ,e;j tskhd fhdfj;ij mHpj;Jg;
ghiytdkhf;fp tpl;lhs;."
rnfJ vd;w al;rd; gpuknjtiu ntz;oj; jtk; bra;J Mapuk; ahid
gyj;Jld; xU bgz; kfisg; bgw;whd;. mtSf;Fj; jhlif vd;W
bgau; Nl;odhd;. mts; Re;jd; vd;w al;ridj; jpUkzk; bra;j
bfhz;lhs;. mtSf;Fr; RghF/ khuprd; vd;w ,uz;L g[jy;tu;fs;
gpwe;jhu;fs;.
jhlifapd; fztdhfpa Re;jd;/ mf!;jpaupd; rptg{irf;Fupa
g{ku';fis xoj;Jtpl;lhd;. mtu; jHy; vH tpHpj;jhu;. mtd;
rhk;gyhfpdhd. ,jid mwpe;j jhlifa[k;/ mtSila kf;fsk;
mf!;jpaiu tz';fpf; Fw;wj;ij kd;dpf;f ntz;Lk; vd;W nfl;Fk;
gz;ig tpl;L/ mRuu;fisg;nghy; fy;Yk; kz;qk; tPrp vwpe;J
Muthuk; bra;jhu;fs;. mf!;jpau; rpde;J/ eP';fs; mRuu;fshfg; nghff;
fltJ vd;W rhgk; bfhLj;jhu;. al;ru;fshfpa mtu;fs; muf;fu;fshf
khwp Kdptu;fSf;F vz;zpy;yhj bfhLik
g[upe;Jbfhz;oUf;fpd;whu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
20
mts; kiyg;ghk;g[fisf; ifapy; tisay;fshf
mzpe;jbfhz;oUg;ghs; Nyj;ij Ve;jpf; bfhz;oUg;ghs;.
,uhkh * jhlifapk;/ mts; g[jy;tu;fSk; rjh Kdptu;fSf;Ff;
bfhLik tpistpj;j tUfpd;whu;fs;. cyf eyd; fUjp ehd; bra;a[k;
nts;tpfisj; jLj;Jf; bfLj;J tpLfpd;whu;fs;. jhlif ,uhtzdplk;
cwt[ bfhz;L mtd; Vtypdhy; mstw;w bfhLikfisr; bra;J
tUfpd;whs; vd;whu;.
jhlif kdpju;fs; tuk; thridia nkhg;gj;jhy; czu;e;J Myfhy
tp#k; nghyt[k;/ tlth Kfhf;fpdp nghyt[k; rPwp vGe;jhs;. ,uhku;
mtisg; bgz; vd;W fUjpg; nghu bra;aj; ja';fp epd;whu;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhkidg; ghu;j;j/ uFtPuh * ,tisg; bgz; vd;W
fUjhnj. Vj;jid vj;jid bfhLik csnth mj;jida[k; bra;gts;.
Kdptu;fshfpa v';fisf; bfhz;W jpd;dhky; tpl;oUf;fpd;whs;. mJ
fUizapdhyd;W. eh';fs; jtj;jhy clk;ig thl;or; rijg;gw;w
,y;yhky; ,Ug;gjdhy;/ rhW rP';fpa nfhJ vd;w v';fis
tpl;oUf;fpd;whs;. Mjyhy;/ ,tisf; bfhy;YtJ mwk; MFk; vd;whu;.
jhlif/ ,uhkd;kPJ xU Nyj;ij Vtpdhs;. ,uhku; mjidg;
bghoahf;fpdhu;. md;nwhu;fs; thf;nf kiw bkhHp vd;bwz;zp ,uhku;
jhlifkPJ rpwe;j mk;gpid Vtpdhu;. Jhlif khz;L tpGe;jhs;.
njtu;fs; kyu; kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;. ,uhkgpuhdf;Fr; rpwe;j
ghz';fisj; jUkhW njtu;fs; gzpj;jhu;fs;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; jt";bra;J rptbgUkhdplk; bgw;w 500 tifahd
mj;jpu';fisa[k;/ mjidj; jpUg;gpaiHf;fpd;w cgrk;khu';fisa[k;
,uhkUf;F Kdptu; bgUkhd; cgnjrpj;jUspdhu;.
Me;j mj;jpunjtijfs; muhku; Kd; njhd;wp/ ePu; miHf;fpd;wnghJ
eh';fs; te;J cdf;F cjtp g[upnthk; vd;W Twp kiwe;jd.
,uhkuhy; tpRthkpj;jpuu; mile;j gad; gj;jr; rjkhfk;/
tpRthkpj;jpuuhy; ,uhku; mile;j gad; 90 rjkhFk;. B$gk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
21
g[upgtDf;f b$gkhkiy ntz;Lk;. g{i$ g[upgtDf;F ey;y RehjKs;s
kzp ntz;Lk;. vGJfpd;wtDf;F vGJnfhy; ntz;Lk;. ,e;j mj;jpu
yhgj;ij Kdptuhy; ,uhku; bgw;whu;.
nts;tp fhty; \tUk; nfhkjp vd;w ejp rua[ ejpapy; fyf;Fk;
r';fkj;jpy; Xu; ,ut[ j';fpdhu;fs;. tpRthkpj;jpu KdptUila
jkf;ifa[k; uprPfKdptUila kidtpa[khfpa bfsrPif vd;gts;
cyfj;jf;f ed;ik bra;a[k; bghUl;L ejpaf Mdhs;. Me;j ejpapd;
bgUik mUikfis Kdptu; ,uhkUf;Ff; Twp m';fpUe;J g[wg;gl;Lr;
rpj;jhrpukj;ij mile;jhu;fs. me;j Mrpukk; fw;g[ila k';ifaupd;
cs;sk;nghy; Jha;ikahf ,Ue;jJ. jpUkhy; m';Fg; gyfhyk; jtk;
bra;jhu;.
mg;bghGJ kfhgypr; rf;utu;j;jp kpf;f typika[ld; tpz;qyfj;ija[k;/
kz;qyfj;ija[k; ftu;e;Jbfhz;lhd;. jpUkhy; mjpjp tapw;wpy;
Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; fUtpUe;J thkd \u;j;jpaf mtjupj;jhu;.
mg;bghGJ kfhgypr; rf;utu;j;jp mRtnkjahfk; bra;J
bfhz;oUe;jhd;. bgU';bfhilahspahfpa mtid typikahy; mlf;f
KoahJ. mtidj; jhdj;jpy; bty;y ntz;Lk; vd;W fUjp
ahfrhiyia mile;jhu;. mtUila FWfpa totj;ijf; fz;L
vy;yhUk; vs;sp eifahodhu;fs;.
mRu Futhfpa Rf;fpuhrhupahu;/ kfhgyp * ,e;jf; Fwsd; jpUkhy; vd
czu;tha;. cd;id khak; bra;J mlf;f te;jpUf;fpwhd;. vr;rupf;if *
vd;whu;.
kfhgyp/ FUnt * kha;e;jtu; - kha;e;jtu; my;yu;. <e;jtu;jhd; vd;Wk;
thH;e;jtu;fs;. bfhLf;Fk;nghJ jLf;fpd;wtu;fspd; Rw;wk; cLg;gJk;
cz;gJk; ,d;wpf; bfLk; vd;W Twp thkd \u;j;jpia te;jid
tHpghL bra;J/ ckf;F vd;d ntz;Lk; > vd;W nfl;lhd;. thkd
\u;j;jp/ ms;spf; bfhLf;fk; ts;sny * vd; fhyhy; \to kz;jhdk;
ntz;Lk; vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
22
kfhgyp g[d;KWty; g{j;J. \t[yfj;Jf;Fk; jiytdhfpa vd;dplk;
\d;W efu';fis; nfl;fyhnk > ckJ fhyhy; \to vd;why; mJ
rpwpa bghUs;jhnd > vd;whd;.
thkdu;/ vd; fhyhy; \to kz; bfhLj;jhy; nghJk; vd;whu;. mtu;
ifapy; jz;zPiuj; jhiu thu;j;J/ \to kz; mse;j bfhs;Sk;
vd;whd;.
rpwpa Fws;toapy; ,Ue;j mtu; cau;e;jtu; cjtp bahg;g/ \jz;l
Tl KfL Kl;l tsu;e;jhu;/ mtUila ngUUitf; fz;L
mjpapj;jtu;fs;/ m";rpdhu;fs;. jpUkhy; Xuoahy; tpz;qyfj;ija[k;
Xuoahy; kz;qyfj;ija[k; mse;J. \d;whtJ mof;F ,lk; v';nf *
vd;whu;.
kfhgyp/ j';fs; \d;whtU mof;F ,lk; vd; brd;dp vd;whd;. thkd
\u;j;jp mtDila jiyapy; jpUtoia itj;J mjy cyfj;jpnyna
,Ue;jpdhu;.
uFee;jdh * ,j;jifa tpj;jfuhd thkd \u;j;jp mtjupj;j ,lk; ,J.
kpft[k; g[dp;jkhdJ vd;whu; Kdptu;.
me;jr; rpj;jhrpukj;jpy; ghk;g[k; fPupa[k;/ kapYk; ghk;g[k; xd;Wgl;L
cwthod. EypthUk; bkypthUk; gifapd;wp xd;Wgl;L epd;wdu;.
khKdptu;/ ,uhkh * ,dp ehd; ahfj;ijj; bjhl';Fntd;/ jhlifapd;
g[jy;tu;fshfpa RghFt[k; khuPrDk; mtu;fSila nridfshd
muf;fu;fSfk;/ cjpuj;ija[k; khkpr';fisa[k; ahfj;jpy; brhupe;J
mRj;jg;gLj;jp ,lu; g[upthu;fs;. ,dp ehd; bksd epiyapy; ,Ue;J
ahfk; g[upntd;. muf;fu;fis tijj;j ahfj;ij epiwntw;Wthahf
vd;W Twp ahfj;ijj; bjhl';fpdhu;.
Kdptu;fs; gyu; ntjke;jpu';fs; Twpa[k;/ ahfj;Jf;F cupa
jputpa';fisr; nrfupj;Jj; je;Jk; cjtpdhu;fs;. ntjke;jpu';fSld;
nts;tp bjhl';fpaJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
23
,uhku; ahfrhiyapy; bjw;f thrypYk;/ ,yl;Rkzu; tlf;f thrypYk;
tpy;nye;jp epd;w fhty; g[upe;jhu;fs;. jhlifapd; kf;fshfpa RghFt[k;/
khuPrDk; Mapuk; Mapuk; muf;fu;fsk;/ cjpuj;ija[k; khkprj;ija[k;
fy;iya[k; kz;iza[k; brhupe;J Muthuk; bra;jhu;fs;. ,uhku;
ruf;Tlk; fl;o ahfj;jpy; jPa bghUs;fs; tpHhjtz;zk; bra;jhu;. xU
rpwe;j mk;gpdhy; RghFit bfhd;whu;. khuPrd; kPJ Xu; mk;ig
Vtpdhu;. KhuPrid me;j mk;g[ flypy; vwpe;jJ. mtd; ghjhs
cyfk; ngha; ,uhtzDila cjtp bgw;W capu;bgw;whd;.
muf;fu;fisf; fz;lJz;l';fshf tijj;J kha;j;jhu;. gyu; Xo
xspe;jhu;fs;. njtu;fs; bghUl;L ahfk; Ie;J ehs;fs; ele;jJ.
vl;L Ejiya[ila gpuk njtdhYk; bra;jw;fupa ahfk; guk k';fskhf
epiwntwpagpd; Kdptu;fsp mtgpUJ !;ehdk; bra;jhu;fs;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhkiuf; fz;Fspuf; fz;L/ uFehjh *
vy;yht[yf';fisa[k; cd; cjuj;Js; itj;Jf; fhj;jUSk; flt[shfpa
eP/ ,e;j nts;tpiaf; fhj;jUspajpy; vd;d tpag;g[ > ,uhfth * cd;
ehkk; thH;f. cd; g[fH; X';Ff * vd;W Twpdhu;.
rPijapd; gpwg;g[
gj;khl;rd; vd;w ghu;j;jpgd; ,e;jg; guj fz;lj;ij Ml;rp g[upe;jhd;.
mtd; kfg;ngW ntz;o khjtid ntz;o khjtk; g[upe;jhd;.
jpUkhy; mtd; Kd; njhd;wp/ cdf;F vd;d tuk; ntz;Lk; > vd;W
nfl;lhu;.
Muh mKjk; mspj;j ehuhazh * jpUkfs; vdf;F kfshfg; gpwf;f
ntz;Lk; vd;W tuk; nfl;lhd;.
jpUkhy; xU khJs';fspia mtDf;F mspj;jhu. mtd; mijg;
gpwj;jnghJ xu ghjp brGk;gpija[k;/ kw;w ghjpapy; ,yl;Rkpa[k; ,Uf;ff;
fz;L kfpH;e;jhd;. khJs';fdp nghd;w epwKila mk;k';iff;Fg;
gj;khl;rp vd;W bgau; Nl;odhd;. gj;khl;rp jpUkhiy ntz;oj; jtk;
bra;jhs;. gj;khl;rd; kfSf;Fr; Rak;tuk; itj;jhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
24
Rak;tuk; vd;why; bgz; jhnd kzkfid tupg;gJ. 56 rpw;wuru;fSk;
Rak;tuj;Jf;F te;J nru;e;jhu;fs;. gj;khl;rp je;ijiag; ghu;j;J/ mg;gh *
ehd; jpUkhiy kze;Jbfhs;sj; jtk; bra;fpnwd;. Rak;tuk; vg;go
mikj;jPu; > vd;W nfl;lhs;. gj;khl;rd; Rak;tu kz;lgj;jpy;
epiwe;jpUf;fpd;w kd;du;fisg; ghu;j;J/ nte;ju;fns * tpz;zpy;
bjupfpd;w ePyepwj;ij vtd; clk;gpy; g{rpf;bfhs;thndh * mtd; vd;
kfSf;F khiy nghl ntz;Lk;. ,J vd; kfspd; tpUg;gk; vd;whd;.
,J Mfhj fhupak; vd;W muru;fs; rPwp/ gj;khl;rd; kPJ
nghu;bjhLj;jhu;fs;. nghupy; gj;khl;rd; btw;wp bgw;whd;. gj;khl;rp jtk;
bra;Jbfhz;oUe;jhs;. thdtPjpapny tpkhdj;jpy; brd;W bfhz;oUe;j
,uhtzd; gj;khl;rpiaf; fz;L fhjy; bfhz;L gj;khl;rpiaj; jdf;Fj;
jUkhW nfl;lhd;.
gj;khl;rd;/ bgz;izj; jutjpy; jilapy;iy. thdj;jpy; bjupfpd;w ePy
epwj;ij clk;gpy; g{rpf;bfhz;lhy; vd; kfs; cdf;F khiy nghLths;
vd;whd;.
,uhtzd; gj;khl;rDld; nghu; g[upe;J mtidf; bfhd;Wtpl;lhd;.
,uhtzd; gj;khl;rpiag; gw;Wtjw;F Kad;whd;. mtd;
kiwe;Jtpl;lhs;. me;j efuj;Jf;F ,uhtzd; jP itj;jhd;. me;j
bray; ,y';if vuptjw;Ff; fhuzkhapw;W.
kw;bwhUehs; ,uhtzd; thd;tHpna bry;Yk; bghGJ efuk; vupe;J
bfhz;nlapUg;gija[k;/ mjd; mUfpy; gj;khl;rp jtk; bra;J
bfhz;oUg;gija[k; fz;lhd;. ,uhtzd; gj;khl;rpiag; gw;w
Kad;whd;. gj;khl;rp vupfpw jPapy; tpGe;Jtpl;lhs;. ,uhtzd;
jz;zPiu tpl;Lj; jPia mizj;jhd;. mjpy; xU bgupa
khzpf;fj;ijf; fz;L vLj;J/ mjid tz;nlhjupf;Fj; juntz;Lbkd;W
bgl;oapy; itj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. gy mYty; fhuzkhf mjid
kwe;J tpl;lhd;.
xUehs;/ tz;nlhjup * bgz; khzpf;fkhfpa cdf;f xU khzpf;f
kzpia bfhz;L te;njd; vd;W Twpg; bgl;oiaj; jpwe;jhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
25
mg;bgl;oapy; xU bgz; FHe;ij ,Ue;jJ. ,uhtzd; mjpu;r;rp
mile;jhd;. ,ts; khaf;fd;dp/ kaf;Fk; fs;sp * vd;d vd;d totk;
vLf;fpwhs; vd;W Twp/ this vLj;J btl;Ltjw;F X';fpdhd;.
tz;nlhjup fztdhu; fuj;ijg; gw;wpj; jLj;J/ bgUkhnd * ,e;jf;
FHe;ijia btl;lhjPu;fs;. khwp khwpg; gy tot';fs; vLj;j ,ts;
gj;ufhspahf khwp cd;idf; bfhd;WtpLths;. ,e;jg; bgl;oapy; itj;J
\o v';fhtJ g[ijj;JtpL';fs; vd;W Twpdhd;. bgl;oia \o
muf;fu;fspd; ifapny bfhLj;J/ ,kakiyr; rhuypny g[ijj;J
tpL';fs; vd;whd;. mt;thnw mtu;fs; g[ijj;J tpl;lhu;fs;.
rpyu; ,y';ifapny rPij gpwe;jhs; vd;Wk;/ rPij gpwf;f ,y';if
mHpa[k; vd;Wk; Tw/ ,uhtzd; bgl;oapy; FHe;ijia itj;Jf;
flypy; tpl;Ltpl/ kpjpyhg[upapy; fiu jl;oaJ vd;W TWthu;fs;.
kpjpyhg[upf;fk;/ flYf;Fk; rk;ge;jnk ,y;iy. kpjpyhg[up ,g;bghHJ
$df;g{u; vd;W tH';FfpwJ. mjw;Fg; ghl;dhtpypUe;J $Pg;gpy;
nghfntz;Lk; neghsj;jpd; ghu;lupy; ,e;j efuk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
kpjpyhg[upia muR g[upfpd;w rPuj;Jt$ $dfu; guk"hdp kut[upiaj;
jd;bfhoapy; vGjpf; fl;oajpdhy; rPuj;Jt$ $dfu; vd;W bgau;
bgw;whu;. ,tUila jk;gp Frj;Jt$u; vd;gtu;. rh';fh!;ak; vd;w
efuj;ij Ml;rp g[upe;J te;jhu;. $dfuplk; bfsjkupd; g[jy;tuhfpa
rjhde;ju; g[nuhfpjuhf ,Ue;J te;jhu;. $dfu; ntjhe;j tpj;jfu;.
kfg;ngW ntz;og; bghw;bfhGthy; ntjke;jpuk; brhy;yp
cGfpd;wbghGJ ,uhtzdhy; g[ijf;fg;gl;l bgl;o fpilj;jJ. jpwe;J
ghu;j;jhu;. kfhyl;Rkpna FHe;ijahf tps';fpf; bfhz;oUe;jhs. $dfu;
mstw;w kfpH;r;rp mile;J rPij vd;W bgau; Nl;odhu;. jhd
jUk';fs; bra;jhu;.
gpd;du;/ MWkhjk; fHpj;J $dfUila kidtp !%eadp fUt[w;w ntW
xU bgz; FHe;ijiag; bgw;whs;. mg;bgz;qf;F Cu;kpis vd;W
ngu; Nl;odhu;fs;. $dfUila jk;gpf;F khz;ltp/ RUjfPu;j;jp vd;w
,uz;L bgz;fs; gpwe;jhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
26
xUehs; ,e;j ehd;F bgz; FHe;ijfSk; muz;kidapy; ge;J
tpisahof; bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs. rPjhnjtp tPrpa ge;J $dfu; g{ir
bra;fpd;w rptd; tpy;ypd; moapy; rpf;fpf; bfhz;lJ. rPij/ Cu;kpis *
ge;ij vLj;Jg; nghL vd;whs;. Cu;kpis/ mf;fh * ge;J rpt jDrpd;
fPnH mfg;gl;Lf; bfhz;lJ. mJ mWgjpdhapuk; ngu; vLf;ff; ToaJ
vd;whs;.
vd;dk;kh * xu ge;ij vlf;f mWgjpdhapuk; nguh > vd;W Twp/
md;dk;nghy; ele;J ,lf;ifapy; tpy;iy vLj;J \iyapy; rhu;j;jp
itj;Jtpl;Lg; ge;ij vLj;jf; bfhlj;jhs;. giHagona tpy;iy vLj;J
nkilapy; itf;f kwe;Jtpl;lhs;.
kWehs; fhiyapy; g{ir bra;ate;j $dfu; tpy; nkilapy; ,y;yky;
\iyapy; ,Ug;gijf; fz;L Mr;rupak; mile;jhu;. ghuhr; nrtfid
miHj;J tpy;iy ahu; vLj;jJ > vd;W nfl;lhu;.
ghuhr; nrtfd; ,';F xUtUk; tutpy;iy. rPjh njtp jd; j';ifa[ld;
ge;J tpisahodhu;fs; vd;whd;. $dfu; rPijia miHj;J tpy;iy
ahu; vLj;jJ > vd;w nfl;lhu;. mg;gh ehd;jhd; vLj;J itj;njd.
vd;id kd;dpj;J tpL';fs; vd;W Twp/ tpy;iy ,lf;ifahy; vLj;J
nkilapy; itj;Jtpl;lhs;. ,e;j epfH;r;rp $dfUf;F Mra;rupaj;ij
mspj;jJ.
mWgjpdhapuk; ngu; vLf;f ntz;oa tpy;iy. ,e;j Ie;J taJ
FHe;ij mehahrkhf ,lf;ifahy; vLj;J itj;jnj * ,e;jg; bgz;iz
ahUf;Fj; jpUkzk; bra;J bfhLg;gJ vd;w rpe;jpj;jhu;.
tpy;iy tisj;jtDf;nf bgz;izj; jUtjhfg; gpufld; bra;jhu;.
gyu; te;J tisf;fhky; njhy;tp mile;jhu;fs;. mg;nghJ rPijf;F 12
taJ. RPijapd; jpUkzk; guk k';fskhf eilbgWk; bghul;L xU
rj;uahfk; bjhl';fpdhu;. me;j ahfj;Jf;F kd;du;fSk;/ kiwatu;fSk;
Fgkpdhu;fs. me;j ahf miHg;g[ rpj;jh rpukj;jp;y; ,Uf;f
tpRthkpj;jpuiu mile;J. tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ ,uhkh *

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
27
cd;dhy; xU bgaup fhupak; elf;f ,Uf;fpwJ. mjw;fpilapy;
$dfUila ahfj;Jf;Fg; nghfntz;Lk; vd;W Twp/ ,uhk
,yl;RkzUld; kpjpiyia nehf;fp g[wg;gl;lhu;. tHpapy; nrhid
ejpiaf; fz;lhu;fs;. f';fh ejpiaj; juprpj;jhu;fs;. gfPjud; f';if
bfhz;L te;j tuyhw;iw tpRthkpj;jpuu; ,uhkUf;Ff; Twpdhu;. tHpapy;
KUfg; bgUkhd; jpUttjhuk; bra;j rutzg; bgha;ifiaf; fz;L
KUfg; bgUkid epidj;J tz';fp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
Xlf;fhud; re;jpg;g[ \tUk; njtUk; nghw;Wk; kpjpiyf;fUfpny
nru;e;jhu;fs;. m';F xU bgupa ejp FWf;fpl;lJ. mjw;Fg; ghyk;
,y;iy. me;ejpiaf; flf;f tHp vd;d vd;W rpe;jpj;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;jbghGJ fupa epwj;Jld; xUtd; te;J tz';fp epd;whd;.
eP ahug;gh > cdf;F vd;d ngug;gh > vd;W nfl;lhu;fs;. mtd; ehd;
tPug;gd; vd;whd;. mf;fiuf;Fg; nghfntz;Lbkd;w mf;fiw. Xlk;
fpilf;Fkh >
ehd; Xlf;fhud;. kPdtu; kutpy; te;jtd;. ehd; guk;giuahf Xlk;
brYj;Jgtd;.
,g;ngh * Xlk; jahuhf ,Uf;fpd;wjh > vj;jidg; ngu; Vwyhk; >
mWgJ ngu; Vwyhk;. eP';fs; \tu;jhd; te;jpUf;fpd;wPu;fs;.
mg;gh * ,d;Dk; 57 ngu;fs; nrUk; tiuapYk; eh';fs; fhj;jpUf;f
ntz;Lkh>
eP';fs; cyfj;ijf; fhf;Fk; bja;t';fs;. c';fisf; fhf;f
itf;fkhl;nld;. c';fs; \tUf;Fk; Xlk; brYj;Jntd;.
mg;goahdhy; mWgJ ngUf;Fupa fl;lzj;ij eh';fns
je;JtpLnthk;.
eP';fs; \tUk; Vwpdhy; Kk;\u;j;jpfs; VwpaJ nghyhFk;. c';fsplj;jpy;
fhR th';fkhl;nld;. c';fs; Mrp ,Ue;jhy; nghJk;. VW';fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
28
tpRthkpj;jpuu; Xlj;jpy; Vwpdhu;. ,uhku; VWfpd;w bghGJ me;j
kPdtd;/ gr;ir * gr;ir * Xlj;jpy; fhy; itf;fhnj. mg;gd; Miz
vd;whd;.
,uhku; Jf;fpa fhiy fPnH itj;Jtpl;lhu;. ,yl;RkzUf;Fr; rPw;wk;.
,tid miwe;Jtpl;L ehnk Xlk; brYj;jyhk; vd;W vz;zpdhu;.
,uhku;/ jk;gp * mtd; guk;giuahf Xlk; brYj;jpf; bfhz;oUf;fpwhd;.
jdpahu; Jiwapy; murh';fk; if itf;ff;TlhJ. murh';fk;
nkw;bfhz;l ,yhf;fh xG';fhf ,Ug;gjpy;iy. gr;irahf ,Uf;fpd;w
vd;idg; gr;ir vd;W miHj;jhy; vd;d > mtDf;Fr; brhe;jkhd
Xlj;jpy; fhy; itf;fhnj vd;W brhy;y mtDf;F cupik cz;Ljhnd
>
mg;gh * kPdtnd * ehd; Vd; Vwf;TlhJ >
Iah * j';fis Vw;wpf;bfhs;s khl;nld;. rPWfpd;w rpd;d Iahit
Vw;wpf;bfhs;ntd;. eP';fs; ahu; >
mg;gh * mnahj;jpia MSfpd;w jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; kf;fs; eh';fs;.
mk;kPdtd; cs;sk; Joj;J/ fz;zPu; toj;J tz';fp/ vd;id
kd;dpf;f ntz;Lk; ,uhkr;re;jpu\u;j;jp * jh';fs; gpwe;j md;W
v';fSf;F md;dKk; Mila[k; tH';fpdhu;fs;. mikr;ru;fs; te;jhny
kpfg;bgupa tuntw;g[r; bra;fpwhu;fs;. eP';fs; rf;utu;j;jpj; jpUf;Fkhuu;.
c';fSf;F xU nfho tzf;fk;. jh';fs; kl;Lk; xlj;jpy; fhy;
itf;fntz;lhk;.
Vdg;gh * ehd; Vwf;TlhJ >
Iand * rpwpJ Jhuj;jpy; xU fU';;fy; ghiw ,Ue;jJ. eh';fs;
,sikapy; mjpy; rUf;Fk;ghiw MLnthk;. me;jf; fy;ypy; j';fs;
fhy; gl;lt[lnd mJ bgz;zhf khwptpl;lJ. ,jpy; fy;Yk;/ kuKk;/
,Uk;g[k; ,Uf;fpd;wd. jh';fs; fhy; itj;jt[lnd Xlk; bgz;zhf
khwptpLk;. ehd; tP;l;oYs;s bgz;izf; fhg;ghw;Wntdh > ,e;jg;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
29
bgz;izf; fhg;ghw;Wntdh > jdte;ju;fs; ,U jhuj;jld; my.;yy;
gLfpwhu;fs;. ehd; ViH. ,e;j Xlj;ij itj;jf;bfhz;Ljhd; $Ptdk;
gz;qfpnwd;.
mg;gh * eh';fs; fhy; itj;jhy; bgz;zhfhJ. eh';fs; mtrpak;
mf;fiuf;Fg; nghfntz;Lk;.
mg;goahdhy; xd;W bra;a[';fs;. ejpapy; ,w';fpr; Rj;jkhff; fhiyf;
fGtptpL';fs;. fy;iyg; bgz;zhf;Ffpd;w kUe;J jz;zPupy; fiue;J
nghfl;Lk; gpd;du; Vwpf;bfhs;syhk;.
,uhku; ejpapy; ,w';fpf; fhy; fGtr; brd;whu;. kPdtd;/ Iand *
fhy;itj;Jj; nja;f;ff; TlhJ vd;W trpl;lu; ckf;Fr; brhy;ytpy;iyah
> fhy; fGt[k; gzpia vdf;F bfhLk;. ehd; Rj;jkha;j;
nja;j;JtpLntd; vd;W Twp/ ,uhkUila ruzhu tpe;j';fisr;
brg;g[j; jhk;ghsj;jpy; itj;J/ uhk uhk vd;W fz;zPUk; gd;dPUk;
tpl;L mgpn#fk; bra;jhd;. fhl;L kyu;fis vLj;J mu;r;rid
bra;jhd;. vk;bgUkhnd cd; ghj g{irf;Fr; rug';fu;/ ghuj;Jth$u;/
jz;lf tdj;j kfup#pfs;/ rgup Kjypa kfup#pfs; gyfhyk; fhj;jpUf;f
jtk; bra;ahj jkpnaDf;F Kjy; ghjg{ir fpilj;jnj vd;W Jjp
bra;J te;jid tHpghL bra;jhd;.
,uhku;/ jk;gp ,yl;Rkzh > ,tid miwe;Jtplyhkh > vd;W
vz;zpdhna * ekJ ghjg{irf;fhf ,t;thW bra;jhd;.
kPdtd;/ ,uhkh * fy;iyg; bgz;zhf;Fk; kUe;J jz;zPupy;
,w';fptpl;lJ. ,ijf; fPnH tpl;lhy; fPnHapUf;fpw fw;fbsy;yhk;
bgz;fshfptpLk;. Vd; kdkhfpa fy; bgz;zhfl;Lk; vd;W Twp
MRkdk; bra;J jiyapy; Cw;wpf;bfhz;lhd;. \tUk; Xlj;jpy;
Vwpdhu;fs;. mtd; gfthDila fPjj;ijr; brhy;ypna Xlj;ijr;
brYj;jpdhd;. Xlj;ij tpl;L ,w';fpat[ld; ,uhku; jd; ifapypUe;j
etuj;jpd nkhjpuj;ij ,dhkhfj; je;jhu;. mtd; mij th';f
kWj;jtpl;lhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
30
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp * ePa[k; Xlf;fhud;/ ehDk; Xlf;fhud;.
bjhHpyhspaplk; bjhHpyhsp ,dhk; th';f TlhJ. ehd; ,e;j ejpf;f
Xlk; tpLgtd;. jh';fs; gpwtpg; bgU';flYf;Fj; jpUto Mfpa
Xlj;ij tpLgtu;. ,g;bghGJ ehd; ,jw;f ,dhk; th';fpdhy;
mg;bghGJ ehd; bghUs; ju v';nf nghntd; * vd;W Twp/ bjhGJ
mGJ ,uhku; kyuokPJ tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;. mtd; md;igf; fz;L
,uhku; cs;sk; cUfpdhu;. \tUk; kpjpiyia nehf;fp g[wg;gl;;lhu;fs;.
kzpf; nfhg[uj;jpYs;s bfhofs;/ ,uhft * ehd; bra;j khjtj;jhy;
kyu;kfs; vd;dplk; te;J gpwe;jpUf;fpd;whs;. mj;jpUkfs; cdf;fj;jhd;
vd;W mire;J miHg;gJnghy ,Ue;jJ. kyu;r; nrhiyfSk;/ mwr;
rhiyfSk;/ fy;tpf; Tl';fSk;/ bry;t khl';fSk; epiwe;J mHFld;
tps';Fk; kpjpiy khefuj;jpw;Fs; EiHe;J/ mur tPjpapy; \tUk;
brd;whu;fs;.
rPijapd; re;jpg;g[ fd;dpkhlj;jpy; fy;Yk; g[y;Yk; cUfj; jhjpau;fs; FH
Mapukhw;W bkUfpl;l j';f tpf;fpufk; nghy; rPjhnjtp epd;w
bfhz;oUe;jhs;. ,uhku; mf;Fy kfis nehf;fpdhu;. mj;jpUkfSk;
,uhkid nehf;fpdhs;. rPijapd; cs;sj;jpy; ,uhkUk;/ ,uhku;
cs;sj;jpy; rPija[k; Fo g[Fe;jdu;. mtu;fs; cs;sk; xd;wpaJ.
,uhku; vd; cs;sj;ijf; bfhs;is bfhz;l ,tu; ahnuh * vd;d
ngnuh * Kgkjpiag; nghd;w KfKk;/ ths; nghd;w Tupa fz;qk;/
gtsk; nghd;w mjuKk;/ jtsbtz; eifa[k; bfhz;l ,tu; vd;
cs;sj;ij cUf;Ffpd;whu;. gz;ilg; gpwg;gpd; bjhlu;gpdhy; ,tUila
re;jpg;g[ Vw;gl;lJ nghYk; vd;W vz;zpdhu;.
bjU tistpy; \tUk; kiwe;jdu;. rPjhnjtp ,uhku; kPJ fhjy;
bfhz;L TWfpd;whu;. ,tu; kd;kjndh * kd;kjdhf ,Ue;jhy; fUk;g[
tpy; ,Uf;Fnk* \';fpy; tpy; ,Ug;gjdhy; ,tu; kd;kjd; my;yu;.
,e;j \';fpy; ,tUila njhisj; jGt[tjw;F vd;d jtk; bra;jnjh *
vd; cs;sj;jpy; FoapUe;j ehzk;/ klk; Kjypa Fz';fs; nghd tHp
bjupatpy;iyna * ,tu; vd; fz;tHp EiHe;J fst[ bra;Jtpl;lhu;.
me;j Kdptu; rpwpJ bky;yg; nghapUe;jhy; ,e;j Re;ju +gid

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
31
,d;Dk; rpwpJ neuk; ghu;j;jpUg;ngnd. ,tu; vdf;f fkzthsdhf
tuntz;Lkhdhy; mWgjpdhapuk; ngu; Jhf;fntz;oa rptjDr; FWf;nf
epw;fpd;wnj. Me;j nkUkiy nghd;w kfj;jhd tpy;iy ,tu;
tisj;jhy;jhnd vdf;ff; fztdhf tuKoa[k; * fz;fsf;Fj;
bjupahky; tpz;zpy; ciwa[k; njtu;fns * rpj;ju;fns * Kdptu;fns *
,e;j tPjp tHpahfr; brd;w Re;ju rPyd; ifapy; mejg; bgupa tpy;
g{khiyg; nghy; tisa[khW bra;jhy; ehd; c';fSf;fhf 14 Mz;L
tdthrk; bra;ntd; vd;W gpuhuj;jid bra;J bfhz;lhs;. bghGJ
nghdgoahy; $df kfhuh$htpd; fl;lisg;go rjhd;eju; \tiua[k;
tuntw;w tpUe;jpdu; khspifapy; j';f itj;j czt[ Kjypad je;J
cgrupj;jhu;.
mnahj;jpapypUe;J kpjpyhg[up 450 iky;. 14 ehs; fle;J te;J
nru;e;jhu;fs;. tHpapy; Jh';fhky ,Ue;j tpRthkpj;jpu Kdptu; mau;e;J
Jh';fpdhu;. ,isa bgUkhSk; ed;F cw';fptpl;lhu;. gLj;j clnd
cw';Fk; ,uhku; md;w cwf;fk; tuhky; g[uz;L g[uz;K gLj;jhu;.
Jhf;fk; tuhikf;f vd;d fhuzk; > V * kdnk * ,d;w khiy
khonky; epd;w mHfpa bgz;kzpiaf; fz;L fhjy; bfhz;idna *
,J Kiwah > mts; Kfk; kl;Lnk bjupe;jJ. fGj;J
bjupatpy;iyna * mts; fGj;jpy; k';fy ehz; ,Ue;jhy; gpwd;kid
tpiHe;j bgUk; ghtk; cdf;F tUnk * ght';fspy; jiyahaJ gujhu
fkdk; fkdj;ijf; fz;og;gjw;fy;yth * eP tpy;iy itj;jpUg;gJ gujhu
fkdj;ijf; fz;og;gjw;fy;yth * ePna me;jg; ghtj;ijr; bra;jhy;
mwbewp gpiHf;Fkh > vd;idg; ghtf; Fhpapy; js;sptpl;lhna * vd;W
gythW rpe;jpj;Jf; FHk;gpdhu;. Kotpy;/ ehd; ve;jg; bgz;fisg;
ghuj;jhYk; vd; jha; bfsriyahfnt ghu;g;ngd;. ,d;w ,tisg;
ghu;j;j vd; kdk; tpUk;gpJ. ,Jtiu ey;tHpapy; nghFk; vd; kdk;
my;tHpapy; nghdjpy;iy. Fw;wk; bra;ahj vd; kdk; mtis
tpUk;gpajhy; mts; fd;dpahfj;jhd; ,uf;fntz;Lk; vd;W Kot[ fl;o
cw';fpdhu;.
tpy; tisj;jy; kWehs; fhiy re;jpah te;jd';fisr; bra;Jtpl;L
\tUk; nts;tpr;rhiyf;F vGe;jUspdhu;fs;. $dfu; mtu;fis

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
32
tuntw;W Mrd';fspy; mku itj;J cgrupj;jhu;. $dfu; tpRthkpj;jpu
KdptUila ,Ug[w';fspYk; ,sk; Nupaidg;nghy; Xsp bra;J
bfhz;L mku;e;jpUf;fpw ,uhkiua[k;/ ,yl;Rkziua[k; Fwpahfg;
ghu;j;J/ FUehjh * ,f;Fkhuu;fs; ahu; > vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; TWfpd;whu;.
kd;du; bgUkhdnd * ,tu;fs; jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpad; Fkhuu;fs;. ,td;
,uhkd; ,yf;Fkzd;. TpUe;jhf ,';F te;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs;. eP
itju;jpUf;fpd;w tpy;iya[k; tisf;Fk; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;fs;.
kDtpd; Fyj;jpy; te;jtu;fs;. ,tu;fs; Fyj;jpd; Kjy;tdhfpa
,&%thF kd;dd; mzp mu';fk; je;jtd;. gpUF. FF!;jd/
khe;jhjh/ FRFe;jd. rpgpf; rf;utu;j;jp/ rfuu;/ gfPujd;/ ,uF/
m$kfhuh$d; ,tu;fs; ,e;jf; Fyj;jpd; bgUikia
epiyehl;odtu;fs;. ,e;j ,uhku; jhlifiaf; bfhd;W ehd; bra;a[k;
nts;tpia Koj;Jf; bfhLj;jhu;. js;supa bgUePjp j';;Fk; gs;sk;
nghd;w gujid; ifnfap bgw;bwLj;jhs;. nku kiynahy; cau;e;j
tPudhfpa ,e;j ,yl;Rkzida[k;/ rj;Uf;fdida[k; Rkpj;jpiu
bgw;bwLj;jhs;. nte;ju; bgUkhnd * ,e;j ,uhftDila bgUik
mstpl KoahJ. ,td; ew;Fz ek;gp. ,uhkUila Fzeyd;fis
vLj;Jf;Twpdhu;. mWgjpdhapuk; ngu; tpy;iyr; Rke;Jbfhz;L te;J
ahf rhiyapy; itj;jhu;fs;. m';Ff; FGkpapUe;j kd;du;fs; tpy;iy
tisf;Fk; Mw;wypd;wp ml';fp kl';fp ,Ue;jhu;fs. xU kd;dtd;
tpy;iyg; ngha;g; ghu;j;Jtpl;Lg; te;j jd; Mrdj;jpy; mku;e;jhd;.
mUfpy; cs;std;. v';Fr; brd;wha; > vd;W nfl;lhd;. mtd;/ ehd;
tpy;iy Jfhf;g; nghftpy;iy. ghu;f;fg; nghndd; vd;whd;.
,d;bdhUtd; tpy;yplk; brd;W fuj;ij ePl;odhd;. mtd; iffSf;F
me;j tpy; ml';ftpy;iy. tUj;jj;njhL jd; Mrdj;jpy; te;j
mku;e;jhd;. mUfpy; ,Ue;jtd;/ v';Fg; nghdPu; > vd;W nfl;lhd;.
ehd; tpy;iy tisf;fg; nghftpy;iy msf;fg; nghndd; vd;whd;.
,d;bdhUtd; tpy;yplk; brd;w vLf;f Koahky; mtkhdj;jld; te;j
mku;e;jhd;. mUfpy; ,Ue;jtd;/ v';Fg; nghdPu; > vd;w nfl;lhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
33
ehd; tpy;iy tisf;fg; nghftpy;iy. epWf;fg; nghndd; vd;whd;.
xutd; vdf;f \d;W ehshff; rha;r;ry; vd;whd;. xUtd; rPij
vdf;Fj; j';if Kiw vd;whd;. ,t;thW
vtUk; tpy;iy tisf;f ,ayhky; gpd;th';fpa
bghGJ Kdptu; ,uhkidf; filf;fz;zhy;
nehf;fp/ ,e;j rptjDR jl;r af;"j;jpy;
gGJgl;lJ. gy Mz;Lfshf mgpn#fk;
bra;J ,w;Wg; nghdJ. ,J ,uhtzd;
rk;fhjj;jpw;F cjthJ. Cdf;fg; guRuhku;
nfhjz;lj;ijj; jUthu;. ,ij tisf;fhnj/
xoj;JtpL vd;W Twpdhu;. m';Fr;
NH;e;jpUe;jtu;fs; $dfUf;f mwpnt fpilahJ.
,e;jg; g[j;jpu uj;jpdj;jpw;F typa kfisj;
juhky; ,ejg; bgupa tpy;iy ,g;gps;is Kd; itj;J/ ,e;j tpy;iy
tisj;jhy;jhd; bgz; jUntd; vd;gJ ngijikahFk;. ,e;j tpy;iy
tisf;fg; nghfpd;wtDk; ,y;iy. rPijf;Fj; jpUkzKk; MfhJ vd;W
gythW ngrpf; bfhz;lhu;fs;. kdptUila filf;fz; ghu;itia
mwepj ,uhku tpy;iy nehf;fpdhu;. ,e;j ,lj;ijj; jpahk;gpuk;kk;/
Kdp Fdirf bjyp!p rptjDR tpupnr!kaK myfyy; yhlffdp
Muhz;Kdp vL bgh';bfndh vd;W ghLfpd;whu;.
,uhku; nkUfpup nghy; ele;J me;jg; bgupa tpy;iy mehahrkhf
vLj;j ehizg; gpoj;j ,Gj;jhu;. tpy; glhu; vd;W xoe;jj. mz;l
ruhru';fs; mjpu;e;jd. vl;Lj; jpirfspYk; me;j Xir nfl;lJ.
njtu;fs; kyu;kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;.
$dfu; bgupJk; kfpH;r;rpa[w;whu;. kpjpyhg[upapYs;s midtUk;
bgUkfpH;r;rpa[w;whu;fs;.
rrPjPjhh ffyy;a;ahhz
zkk; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
34
ePykhiy vd;w jhjp rPijaplk; brd;W ,uhku; tpy;iy tisj;j
bra;jpiaf; Twpdhs;. jhjpapd; thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;L/ rPjhnjtp
bgUkfpH;r;rpa[w;whs;. ,ts; brhd;d Fwpg;gpdhy;/ new;w ehd; fz;l
tPud;jhd; tpy; tisj;jpUf;f ntz;Lk;. ntW xUtd; tpy;
tisj;jpUe;jhy; ehd; khz;Lnthntd; vd;W vz;zpdhs;.
Rigapy; xU bgz;kzp ,uhkiug; ghu;f;fr; rPijf;F Mapuk; fz;fs;
ntz;Lk; vd;whs;. ,d;bdhUj;jp rPijiag; ghu;f;Fe;njhWk; ,uhkUf;F
Mapuk; fz;fs; ntz;Lk; vd;whs;. ,uhkUila jk;gpiag; ghU';fs;
mz;zDf;f ,tu; ,isahu;. Fz';fspy; ,isahu; vd;whs;.
,e;jg; g[z;zpa g[U#u;fis kpjpyhg[upf;f miHj;Jf; bfhz;L te;j
tpRthkpj;jpuUf;f ed;wp brhy;Y';fs; vd;whs;. $dfu; tpRthkpj;jpu
Kdptupd; Mnyhridg; go mnahj;jpf;Fj; jpUkz Xiy mDg;gpdhu;.
Xiyf;bfhz;L te;J bfhLj;jtuf;Fj; jruju; Mila[k;/ mzpfyDk;
tH';fpdhu;. vy;yhiua[k; kpjpiyf;fg; g[wg;gLkhW fl;lisapl;lhu;.
Md;nwhu;fisr; nru;e;j rpwpatUk; Md;nwhuhf khwptpLthu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
35
jrujUila bghw;nwupy; j';fj;jpdhyhfpa rf;fu';fs; cUz;L cUz;L
,Uz;l fy;iya[k; bghd;kakhf;fp tpl;ld. vy;yhUk; kpjpiyiar;
nru;e;jhu;fs;. $dfu; jrujiu tuntw;g[r; bra;J cgrupj;jhu;. ,uhku;
je;ijahiu tz';fpdhu;.
jpUkz ehsd;W kzkf;fis my';fupj;Jj; jpUkz kz;lgj;jpy;
mku;j;jpdhu;fs;. rjhde;ju; g[nuhfpjuhf ,Ue;J ntj ke;jpu';fisf;
Twpdhu;. kztiwapy; rPij tisaiyj; jpUj;JtJnghy;
filf;fz;zhy; fhFj;jidf; fz;L fspj;jhs;.
$dfu; rPjhnjtpapd; fukyiu ,uhkUila fukyupy; itj;J/ ntj
ke;jpuj;Jld; jhiu thu;j;jj; je;jhu;. ,uhku; rPijapd; fGj;jpy; k';fy
ehz; fl;odhu;.
,uhku; rPjhnjtpf;Fj; jhypg{l;oat[d; jhiag; ghu;f;fpDk; kpf;f md;g[ld;
ifnfapia Kjypy; tz';fpdhu;. gpd;du;/ nfhriyiaa[k;
Rkpj;jpiuiaa[k; tz';fpdhu;. trpl;lu; tpRthkpj;jpuUila
FUkhu;fisg; gzpe;jhu;. g';Fdp khj cj;ju el;rj;jpuj;jpy;
rPjhnjtpapd; jpUkzk; eilbgw;wJ.
trpl;lu; Kjypa Kdptu;fspd; Mnyhridapd;go $dfUila jk;gp
Frj;JtrUila g[jy;tp khz;ltpiag; guju; jpUkzk;
bra;Jbfhz;lhu;. $dfUila g[jy;tp Cu;kpisia ,yl;rkzu;
jpUkzk; bra;Jbfhz;lhu;. khz;ltpapd; j';if fPu;j;jpiar; rj;Uf;du;
jpUkzk; bra;Jf;bfhz;lhu;. ,t;thW/ ehd;F jpUkz';fs; eil
bgw;wd.
tpRthkpj;jpuu; tpilbgw;Wf; bfhz;L jkJ jttdk; brd;whu;.
jruju; jkJ Rw;wKk; gupthu';fSk; NH/ $dfuplk;
tpilbgw;Wf;bfhz;L g[wg;gl;lhu;. $dfh/ 4 bgz;fSf;Fk; 400 gLf;if/
400 bts;spaz;lh/ 400 j';ff;Flk;/ 400 nghu;it/ 400 gRf;fs; ,t;thW
epuk;gr; rPjde;je;J/ mwt[iu Twp tHpaDg;gpdhu;. ,uhku; rPija[ld;
jdpj; njupy; g[wg;gl;lhu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
36
guRuhku; tHpapy; kapy; tykhft[k;/ fhfk; ,lkhft[k; brd;wd. ,J
mgrFdk;. Vjpupy; epiwFlk; te;jJ. ,J ey;y rFdk;.
Mfj;jpf;fPiu vjpupy; te;jj. ,J bfLjy;. Ryitj; bjhHpyhsp
mGf;Fj; Jzp\l;ila[ld; te;jhd;. ,J ey;yJ. ,t;thW rFd';fs;/
ey;yJk; bfl;lJk; khwpkhwp te;jd. jruju; epkpj;j';fs; gw;wpf; TWk;
epg[ziu miHj;J ,Jgw;wpf; nfl;lhu;. mtu;fs;/ kiynghy Mgj;J
tUk;/ gdpnghy tpyfp tpLk; vd;whu;fs;.
Myfhy tplk; nghyt[k;/ tlitj; jPiag; nghyt[k;/ vl;Lj; jpirfSk;
mjpu/ tpz;qk; kz;qk; mjpu;r;rpaila m#;lFy ahidfs; m";rf;
fz;zpny beug;g[g; bghwp rpe;j/ \f;fpny/ fhjpny g[iftu/ ifapy;
tpy; Ve;jp guRuhku;/ mlh uhkh * mlh uhkh * vd;W fhJ brtpLgl/
cuj;j Fuypy; Twpf;bfhz;L vjpupy; te;jhu;.
,tu; guk guhf;fpukrhyp fhu;j;j tPupahu;r;RdUila Mape; njhs;fis
kgthy; Jzp bra;jtu;. Nupa Fyj;ij 21 jiyKiw fUtWj;jtu;.
rke;j g";rfk; vd;W Ie;J cjpu kLit cz;lhf;fpg; gpjpu;fsf;Fg;
gpz;lk; je;jtu;.
jruj kd;du; m";rp/ guRuhku; Kd; brd;W/ mtu; fhy;nky; tPH;e;J/
Kdptunu * ,uhkd; rpwpa ghyfd;. mtd; xU Fw;wKk; bra;ahjtd;.
Mwpahky; VjhtJ gpiH bra;jpUe;jhYk; kd;dpj;jUs ntz;Lk; vd;W
ntz;odhu;.
ejpapd; bts;sj;ij cg;g[ \l;ilahy; jLf;f Koa[kh > mJnghy;
jrujupd; ntz;Lnfhisg; guRuhku; bghUl;gLj;jtpy;iy. nguhw;wy;
gilj;j guRuhkd; v';nf > ,uhkd; v';nf > guRuhkDila nfhgk;
cyfj;ijan vupj;JtpLnk * vd; kfd; gpiHf;fkhl;lhd; vd;W
vz;zpj; jruju; \u;r;iraile;jhu;.
guRuhku; ,uhkDf;f kd;nd epd;W/ ,uhkh * eP murd; kfd;. Mjyhy;/
cdf;F Mrp vd;whu;. bgupa kfhd;fs; Fyk; Fwpj;Jg; ngRtJ
ed;wd;W.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
37
,uhku; guRuhkh * cd;idg; ghu;j;jhy; ntjpaidg; nghy;
fhzg;bgWfpd;wJ. mjdhy;/ cdf;F tzf;fk; vd;whu;.
guRuhku;/ ,e;j ,is"d; ek;ikr; brhy;yk;ghy; bjhisj;Jtpl;lhd;.
ntjpaidg;nghy; vd;w thu;j;ij vj;jidf; bfhLikahdJ > vd;w
vz;zp/ nkYk; nfhgf;fdiyr; rpe;jp/ V uhkh * jhlif vd;w
bgz;izf; bfhd;whna mJ Kiwah > ePjpah > vd;whu;.
guRuhkh * gapu; bra;fpd;wtd; bey;iy tsu;f;fg; g[y;iyg; gpL';fp
vwpthd;. mJnghy;/ murdhfpa ehd; Jhatiuf; fhf;fj; jPatiu
mhpg;gJ mur jukk; Mfk;. guruhkh * eP ntjpadhapw;nw. ntlu;
Ve;Jk; tpy;iy. ntjk; Ve;Jk; ifapy; Ve;jp miyfpd;widna > eP
ntjpadh > ntldh > vd;W gjpYf;Ff; nfl;lhu; ,uhku;.
Uhkh * eP tpy; Ve;JtJ epahae;jhd;. bgz;izf; bfhd;wJ epahak;
Mfhnj > vd;whu; guRuhku;.
guRuhkh * gpwu; fz;zpy; cs;s fLF mst[s;s mGf;ifg;
g{jf;fz;zho nghl;Lg; bgupjhfg; ghu;f;fpd;whna. cd; fz;zpy;
g{rzpg;gHkj; mst[ mGf;F ,Uf;fpd;wnj. fhl;oy; trpj;j
bfhoatshfpa jhlifiaf; bfhy;yyhkh vd;W nfl;fpd;whna - gj;J
khjk; Rke;J m';fbky;yhk; behe;J bgw;w jhaiuf; bfhd;widna >
mJ Kiwah >
,uhkh * khdrPff; fw;g[ epiyapy; rpwpJ jhH;e;j jhiaf; bfhy;YkhW
vd; je;ijahu; fl;lisapl;lhu;. je;ij brhy;k;pf;f ke;jpuk; ,y;iy.
mjdhy;/ ehd; jhiaf; bfhd;nwd;. mJ jha; bfhiyahfhJ mj
Kiwjhd;.
GuRuhkh * vd; FUthfpa tpRthkpj;jpuu; jhlifiaf; bfhy;Ykhw
fl;lisapl;lhu;. FU thu;j;ijf;F kWthu;j;ij brhy;yf;TlhJ.
mjdhy;/ jhlifia tijj;njd;. mJ bgz; bfhiyahfhJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
38
,uhkh * eP xU giHa fiwahd; mupj;j tpy;iy xoj;jijg; bgupjhf
vz;zpj; Js;Sfpd;wha;. ,njh * ,e;jg; gpurz;l; nfhjz;lj;ij
tisj;jhy; cd;id capnuhL tpLntd;. ,e;jh tpy; *
,uhku; * eP me;jf; nfhjz;ltpy;iy th';fp xU tpehoapy;p tisj;J/
xU ghzj;ijj; bjhLj;J/ ,e;j mk;g[f;F vd;d ,yf;F > vd;W
nfl;lhu;.
eL';fp xL';fp/ jiyf;Fnky; fu';fisf; Tg;gp/ ehd; mejzd;/
vd;id kd;dpj;J mUs; vd;whu; guRuhku;.
guRuhkh * ehd; cd;id kd;dpf;fpnwd;. Mdhy; mk;g[ kd;dpf;fhJ.
mjw;f tHp brhy;.
vd; jt typikiaj; je;njd; vd;whu; guRuhku;.
,uhku; jd; fizahy; guruhkUila jt typikia mHpj;J/ guRuhkh
> eP mur jUkj;ij tpLj;J, me;jz jUkj;ij vLj;J nky; fly;
Xuk; ngha;j; jtk; bra; vd;W Twp mUs; g[upe;jhu;.
me;jf; nfhjz;lj;ij tUznjtdplk; je;J. jf;f jUzj;jpy;
vd;dplk; jUf vd;whu; ,uhku; guRuhku;.,uhkiuj; bjhGJ tpil
bgw;wr; brd;whu;.
gpwF/ ,uhku; jk; je;ijahiu vLj;J \u;r;ir bjsptpj;Jg; guRuhku;
njhy;tpaile;jijf; Twpdhu;.
jruju; mstw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. vy;yhUk; mnahj;jpia
mile;jdu;.
ifnfapd; rnfhjuu; a[jhrpj;J te;J/ jk; jfg;gdhu;/ jk;
ngug;gps;isfis miHj;Jtur; brhd;djhff; Twpdhd;. jruju; guj
rj;Jf;diuj; j';fs; ghl;ld; ehl;Lf;Ff;/ nffa ehl;Lf;Fg; ngha;tuf;
fl;lisapl;lhu;. gujUk;/ rj;Uf;dUk; ,uhkiu tz';fp mtuplk;
tpil bgw;Wf; nffa ehl;Lf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ldu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
39
,uhku; Rfnk mnahj;jpapy; thH;e;jhu;.
K
KooN
Nll;L;Lt
tppHHhh

,uhkhazkhfpa ,jpfhrj;ij ePl;o tsur; bra;jtu;fs; rpwpa ,U


bgz; ghj;jpu';fs; Mthu;fs;. xUj;jp Tdp/ kw;bwhUj;jp Nu;g;gzif.
,e;j ,Utu;fSk; ,Hpe;j ghj;jpu';fs; vd czu;f.
Nu;g;gzif ,t;tuyhw;iw tsu;j;jptpl;lhs;. gj;J khjf; fijjhd;
\d;wiuf; fhz;l';fshFk;.
rPjh njtpapd; jpUkzj;Jf;Fg;gpd; jrujr; rf;utu;j;jp mnahj;jpia
Ml;rp g[upfpd;whu;.
kf;fs; kdf;ftiyapd;wp kfpH;r;rpa[ld; thH;fpd;whu;fs;. mnahj;jpapy;
mikjpa[k; mwbespa[k; epiwe;J epd;wd.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
40
,uhkgpuhd; mjpfhiyapy; vGe;J ePuho. epj;jpa tHpghLfis Koj;Jj;
jha; je;ijaiu tz';Fthu; FUehjuhfpa trpl;liu tz';Fthu;.
Myak; brd;W ,iwtHpghL g[upthu;. ViH vspatu;fl;F cjtp
g[upthu;. rPjh njtpf;F ntjntjh';fis cgnjrpg;ghu;. miyapy;yhj
flypd; glfpy; brd;why; vj;jiz ,d;gk; ,Uf;Fk; > ,uhk\u;j;jp
Rfkhf thH;e;jdu;.
jjrruujjU
Uff;F
;F XXuu; ; m
mjjppuu;r;r;r;rppaahhd
dm tppgg;g;g[ [
mwwppt
xUehs; fhiy jruju; ePuhof; fz;zhof;F vjpnu epd;W jiykapiur;
rpf;bfLj;J xG';F bra;a[k; bghGJ fhjpd; mUfpy; xU bkd;ikahd
eiuKoiaf; fz;lhu;. mjidf; fz;L mtu; mjpu;r;rpaile;jhu;.
kd;dtnd * cdf;F KJik tUfpd;wJ. KJik te;jhy; kuzk;
tUk;. kuzk; tUKd; ,iwtDila ruzj;ij milantz;Lk;.
,dpa[k; ePu; murpaypy; thH;tJ ed;wd;W. ,j;jidf; fhyk; cyFf;F
ciHj;jha;. ,dp/ cd; capUf;F ciHg;gha; vd;W vr;rupf;if bra;tJ
nghy; ,Ue;jJ.
jruju; jpUtUs; czu;j;j ahf;if epiyahikia czu;e;jhu;.
tUfzj;J thH;e;jpLnkh tpGnkh ,e;j kyf;TL vd;w mwp"upd;
mwpt[iuia czu;e;jhu;. mjdhy;/ murpaiyj; jk; ike;jdplk;
xg;gilj;Jtpl;L. Ml;rpiaj; Jwe;J/ fhdfk; brd;W thdfk; g[Fe;J/
Kj;jp eyk; bgwr; bgupJk; tpiHe;jhu;.
,jdhy;jhd;/ ,uhkUila kFlhgpn#f tpHhit mjpf Mlk;gukhfg;
g[upa tpUk;gpdhupy;iy.
,uhkUila gl;lhgpn#f tpHht[f;F $df kd;du; tuntz;Lk;. guju;
tuntz;Lk; vd;bwy;yhk; mtu; vz;zpdhupy;iy. fhiy 11 kzpf;Fr;
braw;FG Tl;o/ kWehs; mjpfhiy gl;lhgpn#f tpHh
mikj;Jtpl;lhu;. ,ilapy; 19 kzp neue;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. ,J Jwtpny
mtUf;f ,Ue;j mjpjPtpuj;ij czu;j;Jfpd;wJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
41
xU nfhO!;tuDila jiykapu; jPg;gw;wpf; bfhz;lJ. mtd; vd;
jFjpf;F vw;gg; gd;dPuhy;jhd; ,jid mizf;f ntz;Lk;. clnd
Xo gd;dPu; th';fp thU';fs; vd;wh TWthd; > ,j;jifa czu;r;rp
ce;jpa rf;futu;j;jp clnd kfDf;F kFlk; Nl;oj; jtbewp nkw;bfhs;
tpiHfpd;whu; cd czu;f.
jdp kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;J mikr;ru;fisbay;yhk; miHj;jhu;. trpl;l
Kdptiu miHj;jhu;. me;j Mnyhrid kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;J/ jk;
fUj;ijf; TWfpd;whu;.
me;j mikr;ru;fs; mwptpd; rpfu';fs;/ mwbewp tGthjtu;fs;.
te;jijf; fz;L nky; tUgtw;iw czu;gtu;fs;. ,oj;J mw';TWk;
,ay;gpdu;. CWjpia ,ak;g[k; ,ay;g[ilatu;fs;.
jruju;/ "FUehjh * mikr;ru; bgUkf;fns * vdf;F \g;g[
te;Jtpl;lJ. ,j;jidf; fhyk; g[wg;gifia xLf;fp murhl;rp
bra;njd;. muR Ml;rpia/ mu-rhl;rpahfr; bra;njd. ,dp/ ehd;
mfg;gifia btd;W jtj;ijr; bra;J gufjpaila tpUk;g[fpnwd;.
kw;wtu;fl;F kUkfs; jpUkfsg; nghy; tUthu;fs; vdf;Fj; jpUkfns
kUkfshf te;jpUf;fpd;whs;.
md;gu;fns * ,uhkDf;F epykfis ,uz;lhe;jhukhfj; jpUkzk;
bra;J itf;f tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. eP';fs; ,jw;f mDkjp juntz;Lk;"
vd;whu;.
trpl;lu;/ muru; bgUkhnd * ,uhftd; cz;qk; ePupDk; cau;e;jtd;.
,uhkDf;F Ko Nl;Ltjhy; cyfk; ca;a[k;/ ehLk; efUk; kf;fSk;
eyk; bgWthu;fs; vd;whu;.
jruju; n$hjpl ty;yhiu miHj;J mtUld; Ma;e;J kWehs;
Nupnahjaj;jpy; KoNl;l ntz;Lk; vd;W Kot[ bra;jhu;. jrujUila
fl;lisg;go/ Rke;jpuu; ,uhkUila jpUkhspiff;Fg; ngha; ,uhkiuj;
njupy; Vw;wpf;bfhz;L muritf;F te;J nru;e;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
42
,uhku; trpl;l Kdptiu tz';fp/ je;ijahiu tz';fpdhu;. tz';fpa
ike;jidj; je;ijahu; njhSk; khu;gk
[ ; bghUe;jj; jGtp kfpH;e;jhu;.
jk; njhspy; cs;s g{ghuj;ij kfDila njhspy; ,l epidf;fpd;whu;.
Mjypd;/ mtUila njhs;fisa[k; khu;iga[k; jkJ njhspdhy;
msg;gJnghy ,Ue;jJ/ me;jf; fhl;rp.
jruju;/ "vd; mUe;jtr; bry;tnk * vdf;F \g;g[ te;Jtpl;lJ. ,dp/
ehd; jt";bra;J gufjpaila ntz;Lk;. rhFk;tiu murpaypnyna
cHy;tJ mwpt[ilatu; bray; MfhJ. fz;zh * ekJ Fyj;jpy;
njhd;wp Kd;ndhu;fs; jFe;j tajpy; \j;j kfDf;F Ko Nl;otpl;Lf;
fhl;oy; jt";bra;J Kj;jp eyk; bgw;whu;fs;. ,J ekJ Fy jUkk;.
ehisf; fhiy cdf;F Ko Nl;LtpHh eilbgWk;. ,d;W eP tpuj
bewpapy; ,Ue;J jpUtUisa[k; FUtUisa[k; bgWf" vd;whu;.
muRr; bry;tk; ek;ghy; va;Jfpd;wnj vd;W ,uhku; kfpH;e;jhupy;iy.
,g;nghJ kfpH;e;jpUe;jhy; rpwpa jha;/ tdk; ngh vd;fpwnghJ
tUe;jpapUg;ghu; vd;gJ bghJkiw. je;ij brhy;ny ntj thf;fhf
vz;zp ,Ue;jhu;.
Rke;jpnu/ gl;lhgpn#f tpHht[f;F cupa Vw;ghLfs; vy;yhtw;iwa[k;
Fiwtwr; bra;a[k;. kd;du;fns * eP';fs; vy;yhUk; ,Ue;J ,uhkDf;F
KoNl;o itg;gPu;fs; vd;whu; jruju;. murit fiye;jJ.
jruju; bfsriyapd; khspiff;Fg;ngha;/ bfsriyiag; ghu;j;Jg;
bgz;kzpna * ehisf; fhiy cd; kfDf;F KoNl;L tpHh elf;fg;
nghfpwJ vd;whu;.
bfsriy jd; mUke;j kfDf;Fg; gl;lhgpn#fk; vd;wt[ld; kfpH;r;rp
flyhfg; bgh';fpaJ. Mdhy; clnd me;j kfpH;r;rp tw;wptpl;lJ.
gl;l';fl;oa kWehns kd;dtu; fhdfk; ngha;tpLthnu > vd;w
vz;zp cs;sk; tUe;jpdhs;.
ekJ braypy; vd;d cs;sJ > vy;yyk; <rd; bray; vd;W
fUjpdhs;. kfDila KoNl;L tpHh ,dpJ eilbgw/ Mya";brd;W

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
43
,iwtid tHpgl vz;zpr; Rkpj;jpiua[ld; brd;W tHpghL bra;jhs;.
md;dKk; Mila[k; brhu;zKk; twpatu;f;F tH';fpdhs;.
murUila Mizapd;go ahidkPJ KuR KHf;fp/ ,uhkgpuhDila
gl;lhgpn#fj;ij v';Fk; mwptpj;jhu;fs;. ,jidf; nfl;L kf;fs;
kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;. thiH fKFfs; el;L/ kyu;khiyfisj;
bjh';ftpl;L/ fsg f!;Jhup bjwpj;J efiu my';fupj;jhu;fs;
Modhu;fs;/ ghodhu;fs;/ bkype;jtu;fs; kfpH;r;rpapdhy; gUj;jhu;fs;.
t
trrppll;l;luu; ; ,
,uuhhkkU
Uff;F
;F m cggnnjjrrppjj;j;jyy; ;
muurr eePjPjpp c

,uhkr;re;jpu;/ trpl;luplk; brd;W tz';fpdhu;. trpl;lu; Mrp Twp


,uhfth * cdf;F ehis KoNl;lg;bgWk;. ehd; TWk; mwt[iufisf;
nfl;L/ eP mjd;go xGFthahf jzpe;j rpe;ijiaa[ila me;jzu;fs;
kpft[k; rpwe;jtu;fs;. eP mtu;fis tz';fp/ mtu;fspd; Mrpiag;
bgWthahf. me;jzu;fspd; cs;sk; ctf;f elg;ghahf.
mikr;ru;fspd; mwpt[iuia kjpj;J mjd;go elg;ghahf.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
44
,uhkh * ,dpikahfg; ngrntz;Lk;/ <e;J ctf;f ntz;Lk;. kf;fSf;F
ed;ikna g[upa ntz;Lk;.
capiu clk;g[ jh';FtJnghy; kf;fis kd;dtd; jh';fpf; fhj;J eyk;
g[upantz;Lk;.
ViH vspatu;fl;F cjtp bra;a ntz;Lk;. kf;fspd; Jau';fisafw;wp
mtu;fs; mr;rk; ,d;wp thH tHptFf;f ntz;Lk;. murDf;f
MirapUf;ff; TlhJ. rpe;jpj;Jr; bray;gl ntz;Lk;.
,t;thW/ mur ePjpfis cgnjrpj;J/ ,uhkiuj; jUg;igapd;kPJ mkur;
bra;J/ ntj ke;jpu';fisf; Twp/ rl';Ffisr; bra;jhu;. ,uhkUld;
Myak; brd;W ,iwtHpghL elj;jpdhu;.
vy;yhk; jpUtUspd; jpl;lg;gojhd; elf;Fk;. ek; brayhy; xd;Wk;
eilbgwhJ. xd;iw epid/ mJ xHpe;jpl;L xd;whFk;. rf;utu;j;jp
jruju; jk; \j;j kfDf;F KoNl;LtpHh vd;W rfy Vw;ghLfSk;
bra;jhu;. trpl;lhjp Kdptu;fSk; ,Ue;J bra;j Vw;ghL. mJ
jtpLbghoahfptpl;lJ. gl;lhgpn#fk; eilbgwtpy;iy. jpUtUs;
Jiz g[upe;jhyd;wp vJt[k; eilbgwhJ vd;gJ ,t;tuyhw;why;
czu;jy; ntz;Lk;.
,e;jg; gl;lhgpn#fk; 14 Mz;Lfs; tHpe;J rf;utu;j;jpapy;yhky;
ele;jJ. kdpj Kaw;rpahy; vJt[k; Kot[ bgwhJ vd czu;f.
T
Tddppaahhyy; ; t
tee;j;j M
Mddpp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
45
Kd; bra;tpidahy; clk;gpy; nfhzy; Vw;gLk;. Mdhy;/
,uhkazj;jpy; tUk; Tdpf;F cs;sj;jpYk; nfhzy;.
Tdp vd;w ngu; bgw;w ,tu; ke;jiu vd;w ,aw;bgaiua[ilts;.
nffa ehl;L kd;dDila muz;kidapy; gzpg[upe;jts/ ifnfapf;Fr;
brtpypj;jha;/ Jhf;fp vLj;J czt{l;o tsu;j;jts;. mjdhy;/
ifnfaplk; md;g[ g{z;lts;. jpnujh a[fnk Tdpahf mtjupj;j
kfhnkU fpupiag; nghd;w xU bgupa nfL NH;e;jhs;.
kdj;jpYk; nfhzy; cz;L vd;w gl;odj;Jr; Rthkpfs; TWfpd;whu;.
,iwtnd * ey;tpidahy; xUtDf;Fr; bry;tk; gy tHpfspy; tUk;.
tl;o \yk; tUk;/ thlif \yk; tUk;/ tpahghujjpd; \yk; tUk;/
tptrhaj;jpd; \yk; tUk;/ kidtp \yk; rPjdk; tUk;. ,Jnghy;
,iwth * ,r;rpwpnaDf;Fg; ght';fs;/ nfhzy; gl;l kdj;jhYk;/
thf;fpdhYk;/ Ik;g[yd;fshYk; te;J Ftpfpd;wd. mg;ght';fs; jtk;
bra;jhYk; nghfkhl;lh.
,t;thW/ mnahj;jp khefuk; ,d;g bts;sj;jpy; ePe;Jfpd;w neuj;jpy;
,uhtzdhfpa bfhoatd; Kdptu;fSf;Fk; Vida rhJf;fSf;Fk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
46
bra;a[k; bfhLik jpuz;L xU tot';bfhz;L te;jJnghy/ ifnfapd;
khspifaUfpy; Tdp njhd;wpdhs;.
nky;khoapy; g";rizkPJ ifnfapiaj; Jh';f itj;J tpl;Lte;j Tdp/
,d;W vd;d tpHh > efuk; brhu;f;fk; nghy;
my';fupf;fg;gl;oUf;fpd;wnj > vd;W tpdhtpdhs;. m';fpUe;jtu;fs;/
Tdp * cdf;F ,J bjupahjh > ehis ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpf;F
kFlhgpn#f tpHh eilbgw ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;whu;fs;.
,jidf; nfl;l Tdpapd; kdj;jpy; nfhgj; jP \z;lJ. mts;
fz;fspy; jPg;bghwp gwe;jJ. fhjpny \f;fpny g[ifa[z;lhapw;W.
gl;lhgpn#fkh > gl;lhgpn#fkh vd;W Twpf; fWtpdhs;. ,jid
ehd; jLj;J epWj;Jntd; vd;W Twpdhs;.
,uhku; Kd;bdhU fhyj;jpy; kz; cUz;il itj;Jf; Fwp itj;J tpy;
Ve;jp tpisahof; bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
Tdp kw;w bgz;fSld; jz;zPu;f; Fl';fisr; Rke;J te;J
bfhz;oUe;jhs;. ,uhku; ,sikg; gUt tpisahl;lhf mts; KJfpy;
kz;qUz;il vwpe;jhu; vd;W TWfpd;whu;fs;. mg;goad;W/
fUizna tothd ,uhku; kPJ fUiz bfhz;L/ gr;ir
kz;qUz;iliaf; Td; epkpul;Lnk > vd;W vwpe;jhu;. Fk; fPnH tpH
mts; epyj;jpy; tpGe;jhs;. m';Fs;s bgz;kzpfs; ifbfhl;or;
rpupj;jhu;fs;. Td; jPunt kz;qUz;il vwpe;jhu; vd;w MH;thu;
TWfpd;w jpwj;ij ,';F nehf;F';fs;.
……ija cz;iltpy; epwj;jpw;
bwwpj;jha;……
-jpUtha;bkhHp 1.5.5
Kjy;ehs; nghupy; njhy;tpaile;j ,uhtzd;/ jd; rpwpa ghl;ldhu;
khypathdplk; Twpaija[k; ,';F epidt[ Tu;f.
,uhtzd;/ jhj;jh * ,uhkd; vd;kPJ rpde;J nghu; g[upatpy;iy.
,sikapy; Tdpapd; Td;nghf kz;qUz;il bfhz;L

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
47
tpisahoaJnghy; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. nfhgpj;Jg; nghu; g[upe;jhy; ehd;
gpiHj;J te;jpUf;f khl;nld; vd;W Twpdhd;.
,e;jr; rpwpa rk;gtj;ijf; Tdp epidj;J ,uhkUf;Fj; jP';F bra;a
Kay;fpd;whs;.
mau;e;J cw';Ffpd;w ifnfapapd; fhy;fisg; gw;wp/ ifnfaP * cdf;Fg;
gif te;J NH;e;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j Mgj;jhd neuj;jpy; eP
cw';Ffpd;whna > vd;whs;.
ifnfap/ "Tdp* ntjnk aida ,uhkid kfdhfg; bgw;w vdf;Fg;
gif tUnkh * xUnghJk; tuhJ. eP vd;d csWfpd;wha;. >" vd;whs;.
"Tdp kjpapy;yhj k';ifna * eP ,d;Dk; rpW bgz;zhfnt
,Uf;fpd;wha;. ifnfaP * cd; kfidg; ghl;ld; tPl;Lf;F mDg;gptpl;Lj;
jd; fztDf;Fj; jiyaiz ke;jpuk; Xjp/ cd; kfd; ,y;yhj
neuj;jpy;/ Mz;fs; vs;sp eifahl/ jhlif vd;w bgz;izf;
bfhd;whnd ,uhkd;/ me;j ,uhkDf;F ehis gl;lhgpn#fk; eil
bgWk;. ,j;ijg; bgupa g{fk;gk; neu;e;Js;sJ. eP xd;Wk; czuhky;
cw';Ffpd;whna" vd;whs;.
,uhkgpuhDf;F KoNl;L tpHh vd;W nfl;lt[lnd ifnfap mile;j
Mde;jj;Jf;f vy;iyna ,y;iy. mts; Kfk; bghypt[w;wJ/ mfk; kpf
kfpH;e;jJ. Js;spf; Fjpj;jhs;. ,e;j k';fskhd epfH;r;rpiaf; Twpa
Tdpf;Fj; jd; fGj;jpy; mzpe;jpUe;j tpiykjpf;f Koahj Xu; ,uj;jpd
kzpkhiyia mts; fGj;jpy; guprhf ,l;lhs;.
ifnfapf;F ,uhkgpuhd;kPJ mj;Jiz MHkhd md;g[ ,Ue;jJ. me;j
khiyiaf; Tdp fHw;wp tPrp vwpe;jhs;.
epyk; FHpahfpd;w mst[f;f khiyia epyj;jpy; tPrp vwpe;jhs;. me;j
kzpkhiy rpijahjpUe;jJ. mJ mj;Jiz cau;e;j khiy vd
czu;f.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
48
Tdp/ "ifnfaP * ,d;Dk; eP rpW bgz;zhfntzpUf;fpd;wha;. jd;
mjpEl;gkhd kjpEl;gj;jhy; cd; khw;wtshfpa bfsriy thH;t[ bgw;W
cau;e;Jtpl;lhs;. cd; kfd; eilg;gpzk;nghy; Mfptpl;lhd;. rPija[k;
,uhkDk; rp';fhrj;jpypUf;f cd; jtg;g[jy;td; iffl;o/ tha; bghj;jp
epyj;jpy; epd;W nrtfk; g[upa ntz;Lk;. mur khnjtpahfpa eP
bfsriyf;Fg; gzptpil g[upantz;Lk;. bfsriyapd; jhjpf;Fj;
jhjpahf Vty; g[upantz;Lk;. ,g;go Xu; mty epiy
neu;e;Jtpl;lnj. Kw;whs; ike;jDf;F KoNl;LtpHh vd;why;. eP
tUe;j ntz;lhkh > kfpH;fpd;whna * ngijna etuj;jpd khiyia
vdf;Fg; guprhfj; jUfpd;whna > cdf;F mwpt[ ,Ufpd;wjh >
vd; md;g[ kfns * tWikahy; thLgtu;fs; cd;ghy; te;jhy; ms;sp
ms;sp tH';Fthna * ,dp/ cd;dhy; mt;thW mw";bra;a ,ayhJ.
tHf;fkhfj; je;jtu;f;F ,y;iybad;W Twthah > bfhLf;f
KoahjnghJ mj;Jd;gj;jhy; khz;L nghthah > bry;tj;jpy; thH;e;j eP
,dp/ tWikahy; thLthah/ cd; vjpu;fhy mtyepiyia epidj;J
tUe;Jfpd;nwd;" vd;whs;.
,jidf; nfl;l ifnfap g[d;dif g[upe;jhs;. "Tdp * eP tps';fhky;
ngRfpd;wha;. ,uhkd; vd; md;g[g; g[jy;td;.. . mwptw;w eP Vd;
murpaypy; g[Fe;J ngRfpd;wha; > kjp bfl;ltns. v';fs; kDFyk;/
kapy; Fyj;Jupika[ilaJ. kapy; gy Kl;ilfs; ,Lk;. \j;j
F";Rf;Fj;jhd; jiyapy; bfhz;ilapUf;Fk;. mJnghy; v';fs;
Mjpj;jd; Fyj;jpy; \j;j kfDf;F KoNLk; cupika[z;L. ,j;jifa
kuig mHf;fyhkh > rPjh njtpapd; jpUkzk; Koe;j gpd;/
mnahj;jpf;F tUk; tHpapy; vupkiynghy vjpu;j;j guRuhkidr;
rf;utu;j;jpah btd;whu; ? gujdh btd;whd; > ,uhkd;jhnd btd;whd;.
,uhkd; guRuhkid btd;w ek;ikf; fhj;jUspdhnu * md;w ek;ikf;
fhj;jtd; ehd;F g[jy;tu;fspy; \j;jtd; .. . gl;l';fl;l Vw;wtd;.
rPijf;F kh';fy;ak; jupj;J mj;Jizg; bgupa rigapny ,uhkd;
vdf;Fj;jhnd Kjy; tzf;fk; bra;jhd;. ,uhkd; Ml;rp bra;jhy;
vy;yhk; vdf;Fj; jhd; cupadthFk;. Tdp * murpaYf;Fk; cdf;Fk;
btF Jhuk; eP ,jpy; jiyaplhnj. eP vdf;Fk; ey;yts; my;ys;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
49
gujDf;Fk; ey;yts; my;ys;/ kPz;Lk; ngrpdhy; cdf;Fj; jz;lid
fpilf;Fk;" vd;whs;.
Tdp/ "ifnfaP * cdf;F xd;Wk; bjupatpy;iy. gjtpapy;
mku;e;jtl[d; kdpjd; khwptpLthd;. ,g;nghJ ehd; Twtijf;
ftdkhff; nfs;. nffa ehL tsikahd ehL/ tpnjf ehL twz;l
ehL. tpnjf ehl;L kd;dd; nffs ehl;L kd;ddhfpa cd; je;ijkPJ
gyKiw gilbaLj;J te;jhd;. mg;nghJ cd; fztu; jd;
khkdhUf;Fj; Jiz g[upe;jdhy; $dfu; njhy;tpa[w;whu;. ,g;nghJ/
muru; ,uhkDf;F KoNl;of; fhdfk; nghdjhy;/ $dfu; jd;
kUkfdhfpa ,uhkUld; To/ cd; je;ijahiua[k; cd; cld;
gpwe;jhiua[k; bfhd;w tpLthu;. ,jdhy;jhd; ,jid tw;g[Wj;jpf;
TWfpd;nwd;" vd;whs;.
jrujUk; ifnfapa[k;

jruju; jd; kidtpau;fl;Fg; gl;lhgpn#f epfH;r;rpia mwptpj;Jtpl;L


,Wjpahfr; ifnfapd; bghd; khspiff;Fr; brd;whu;. vg;nghJk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
50
mfkyu;e;J Kfkyu;e;J tuntw;W cgrupf;fpd;w fhjy; kidtp
ifnfapiaf; fz;lhupy;iy. gLf;ifaiwapy; jiytpupj;Jf;bfhz;L
my';nfhykhfg; gLj;jpUf;fpd;w gj;jpdpiaf; fz;lhu;. jpLf;fpl;lhu;.
kidtpia md;g[ld; vLj;Jf; fz;zPiuj; Jilj;jhu;. mts; tpk;kp
tpk;kpaGjhs;.
"bgz;kzp * cdf;F vd;d ftiy > Vd; mGfpd;wha; > eP
tUe;jpaG ehd; xUehs; Tlg; ghu;j;jjpy;iyna > cd;id ahuhtJ
,fH;e;jhu;fsh > eP capu;j; Jiztpahapw;nw" vd;W jruju; tpdtpdhu;.
ifnfap/ "bgUkhnd * ntW xd;Wkpy;iy - Kd; rk;guha[j;jj;jpy;
vdf;F ,Utu';fs; jUtjhf thf;fspj;jPnu me;j tu';fis ,g;nghJ
nfl;fpd;wnwd;." vd;whs;.
jruju;/ "bgz;zunr * ,jw;fh ,j;jid rhf!k; - bjhlu;g[
,y;;yyjtu;fSf;bfy;yhk; ms;sp ms;sp tH';Ffpd;w ahd; vd;
capupDk; cau;e;j cdf;F ,y;iybad;ngdh > cd; ike;jd;
,uhkdkPJ Miz. cdf;F vd;d ntz;Lk; >" nfs; vd;whu;.
ifnfap/ "kd;dtnu * xUtuk; vd; kfd; mupaizapy; mku;e;J
muR g[upantz;Lk;/ kw;bwhU tuk; ,uhkd; kut[up rilKoa[ld;
gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; tdk; nghf ntz;Lk;" vd;whs;. ,jidf;
nfl;Lj; jruju; ,o naWz;l ehfk; nghy; eL';fpdhu;. capu;g;g[ ml';fp
Xtpak;nghy; ka';fpf; fple;jhu;. bra;tJ ahJ vd;w mwpahJ
jpifj;jhu;. ehk; fdt[ fhz;fpd;nwhkh > vd;W vz;zpdhu;.
ifnfapiag; gw;wp vw;wyhkh > vd;W vz;zpdhu;. khjiu mog;gJ
Kiwad;W vd;W fUjpdhu;. Ntjidahy; Joj;jhu;. ifnfapd;
fhy;kPJ tPH;e;jhu;. mUtpnghy; fz;zPu; bgUfpaJ.
"bgz;kzp * Ik;gj;jhW njaj;J kd;du;fSk; vd;idg;
gzpfpd;whu;fs;. ehd; cd;idg; gzpfpd;nwd;. cd; kdj;ij
khw;wpatu; ahu; > cd; tuj;jpd;go ehd; mur gjtpiaj; je;jhYk;
cj;jk FzKila gujd; mjid Vw;wf; bfhs;skhl;lhd. ehis

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
51
ehd; ,uhftDf;F KoNl;Lntd;. KoNof;bfhz;nl ,uhkd; vd;id
tz';Fthd;. ,uhkh * ,e;j mur gjtpiag; gujDf;Fj; jUthahf
vd;W ehd; TWntd;. je;ij brhy;iyj; jl;lhj ,uhkd; gujDf;F
KoNl;Lthd;. ,J vdf;Fk; bgUik. ,uhkDf;F bgUik.
gujDf;Fk; bgUik. eP gpothjk; bra;ahnj" vd;whu;.
ifnfap/ "kd;du; bgUkhnd * xU brhy;Yf;fhf kidtpia tpw;w
mupr;re;jpuDila kutpy; te;j ePu; brhd;d brhy;iyj; jtwf; TlhJ.
ePu; ,jid vd; tuj;jpd;go bra;atpy;iyahdhy; ,g;nghnj ehd; capu;
Jwg;ngd;. mgadk; g[Fe;j xU g[wht[f;fhf jd; cly; jiria
mWj;Jj; jiyapy; Vwpa rpgpr; rf;futu;j;jpapd; kutpy; te;j ePu; brhy;
jtwyhkh > gujd; ehlhs ntz;Lk;. ,uhkd; fhL nghfntz;Lk;"
vd;whs;.
jruju; ,jidf; nfl;L mstpy;yhj Jauj;ijaile;jhu;.
"ifnfaP * ehd; nghf ntz;oa fhl;Lf;F ,uhkd; nghtjh >
bky;yizapy; Japd;w vd; mUeke;j kfd; fy;yizapy; Japy;tjh >
,uhkd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhy; cdf;nfh cd; kfDf;nfh vd;d
jP';F bra;thd; > mtd; rua[ ejpf;fiuapy; xU gu;zrhiyapy;
,Uf;fl;Lk;. gujd; Ko Nl;o Ml;rp g[upal;Lk;. btg;gkhd
tpy';Ffs; thGk; fhdfj;Jf;F ,uhkid mDg;ghnj. Jz;ikahd
cd; bgz;ika[s;sk; ,Uk;gh > fy;yh > gujd; ehlhSk; xU
tuj;ijj; je;njd;. kWtuj;ij kwe;J tpL 60 Mapuk; Mz;L jtk;
g[upe;J bgw;w kfdhfpa uhkd; 14 Mz;Lfs; tdthrk; g[uptjh >
mjid epidj;jhy; vd; ,jak; btoj;JtpLk;nghy; ,Uf;fpd;wnj.
,uhkh * ,uhkh *" vd;W g[yk;gpdhu;.
ifnfap/ "je;j tuj;ij kWg;gJ jfhJ" vd;W Twpdhs;. kd;dtu;
",uhkh ,uhkh" vd;W mGJ \u;r;rpj;jhu;.
,
,uuhhkkuu; ; t
tddkk; ; nngghhff t
tppi
illbbggW
Wjjyy; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
52
md;W ,ut[ fHpe;J bghGJ g[yu;fpd;wJ. mnahj;jpapy; thGk;
khe;ju;fs; khl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpapdhy;/ ,uhkUila kFlhgpn#f
tpHhitr; nrtpf;f gl;lhgpn#f kz;lgj;jpy; FGkpdhu;fs;. trpl;l
Kdptu; ntjpau;fs; g[ilFH m';F te;jhu;. Rke;jpunu * gl;lhgp
n#fk; g[upa[k; neuk; beU';Ffpd;wJ. ePu; ngha; kd;dtiu miHj;J
tUf vd;whu;. Rke;jpuu; kd;dtu; ifnfapapd; muz;kidapy;
,Uf;fl;Lk; vd;w vz;zpf; ifnfapapd; jpUkhspifia mile;jhu;.
m';nf rf;futu;j;jp gLf;if aiwapy; mtrkhf ,Ue;jij mtu;
fz;lhupy;iy.
ifnfap mikr;riug; ghu;j;J/ "mikr;rnu * ePu; brd;W ,uhkid
,';F miHj;J thUk;" vd;whd;. Rke;jpuu; kFlk; Nof;bfhs;Sk;
kfid thH;j;jpaDg;g[thu; nghYk; vd;W vz;zp ,uhkUila
jpUkhspifia mile;J/ ,uhkiug; gzpe;J/ ifnfap mk;ikahu;
miHf;fpd;whu; vd;W Twpdhu;.
,uhku; "$hdfp * KoNl;Lk; neuk; beU';fptpl;lJ. vd;d vd;
md;id miHf;fpd;whu;. brd;w tUntd;. eP kFlhgpn#fj;Jf;F

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
53
M[a[j;jkhf ,U" vd;W Twp tpl;Lj; njupy; Vwpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. Rke;jpuu;
njiur; brYj;jpdhu; kf;fs; ,uhkgpuhdf; fz;L fz;q'; fUj;J';
Fspu;e;J fspg;g[w;wdu;. ,uhkiuf; bfsryhnjtp bgw;whu;. Mdhy;/
tsu;j;jJ ifnfapjhnd. Mjdhy;/ jd; md;g[ kfd; ,uhkgpuhid
thH;j;jp mDg;g[fpd;whu;. vd;W kf;fs; ngrpf;bfhz;lhu;fs;. tPuu;fs;
ths; Ve;jpf; fhty; g[upe;jhu;fs;. ,sk; kfspu; btz;rhkuk;
,ul;odhu;fs;. gy bgz;fs; ,dpikahfg; ghodhu;fs;. gyu; kyu;
brhupe;J J}jp bra;jhu;fs;. ntj tpj;jf;fshfpa me;jzu;fs; ke;jpu';
Twp thH;j;jpdhu;fs;.
,uhku; ifnfapapd; khspifia mile;jhu;. ifnfap Kd;
kz;lgj;jpy; mku;e;jpUe;jhs;. ,uhku; (mk;kh ) vd;W md;g[ld;
miHj;j m";ryp bra;jhu;.
i
iffnnffaappaappd
d; ; ffll;l;li
iss
",uhkh * cd; je;ij ,g;nghJ xU g[jpa fl;lisapl;oUf;fpd;whu;.
mjid ehd; Twyhkh vd;whs; ifnfap. ,uhku; mk;kh * je;ijapd;
fl;lis jha; \yk; mike;jhy; ,jidtpl vdf;F eyk; ntW
csnjh > fl;lis ,L';fs;. mjid monad; bra;ntd;" vd;whu;.
ifnfap/ ",uhkh * fly; NH;e;j cyfk; KGtJk; gujd; Ml;rp
g[upantz;Lk;. eP gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; ril KonahLk;/ kut[upa[lDk;
btg;gkhd fhdfk; nghf ntz;Lk;. ,J murDila Miz"
vd;whs;.
,jidf; nfl;l ,uhkgpuhd; kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. mtUila
jpUKfk; jhkiuapYk; kpf mHfhf kyu;r;rpaile;jJ.
ghuk; epiwe;j tz;oapy; g{l;oa fhis khl;il tpH;j;Jtpl;lhy;
mf;fhis khL kfpH;tJnghy; mfKk; KfKk; kyu;e;J ,uhkd;
TWfpd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
54
Kd;dwp bja;tkhfpa md;dna * Mapue; je;ijau; nru;e;jhy; xU
jhahFkh vd;id Ke;EhW ehs; Rke;J bgw;Wg; ghYhl;oj; jhyhl;o
tsu;j;j jhapDk; rpwe;j nfhapy; csnjh > ,y;iy. cd; eyj;jpny
j';fSf;Fj;jhnd mf;fiw ajpfk;. mk;kh * kd;dtUila fl;lisna
,y;iy vd;whYk; j';fs; fl;lisia kWg;ngdh > vd; jk;gp bgw;w
bry;tk; ehd; bgw;wjd;nwh. mur gjtp my;yy; gy jUtJ. je;ij
brhy;kpf;f ke;jpukpy;iy. monad; bra;j g[z;zpak; ,e;j ,dpa
tha;g;g[ fpilj;jJ. ,d;nw tdk; nghfpd;nwd; vd;W Twp tpilbgw;W.
,uhku; g[wg;gl;lhu;.
,uhkgpuhd;/ tdk; nghff; ifnfapaplk; tpilbgw;Wg; g[wg;gl;lhu;.
btz;bfhw;wf; Filapy;iy. btz; rhkukpy;iy. jdpna
g[wg;gLfpd;whu;. rf;utu;j;jpapd; jdpg;bgUk; g[jy;tu; Jizapd;wpj;
jdpna nghfpd;whnu/ vd;W fk;gehlu; vz;qfpd;whu;. ,uhkUf;F
Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; ,Utiur; nru;f;fpd;whu;. ,uhkUf;F Kd; tpjp
bry;fpd;wJ. jUkk; gpd;nd m';Fj; bjhlu;e;J bry;Yfpd;wJ.
,';nf ,iHf;fpd;w tpjp vd;gJ ,uhkgpuhd; bra;j tpjp vd;W bghUs;
bra;af;TlhJ. ,uhtzhjp mt[zu;fs; bra;fpd;w tpjp vd;w bghUs;
bra;a ntz;Lk;.
,uhkgpuhd; jd;idg; bgw;w bfsriyapd; jpUkhspiff;Fr; brd;whu;.
,uhku; jhaiu moaw;w kuk;nghy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;. epyj;jpy;
tPH;e;J gzpe;j kfid vLj;Jf; fd;dj;ijf;fps;sp Kj;jk; je;J
"kfnd/ ePL thH;f. cdf;F kFlhgpn#fk; bra;a[k; neuk; Mapw;nw.
gujd; tuntz;Lk;. $df khkd;du; tuntz;Lk; vd;W
jhkjpf;fpd;whu;fsh > gl;lhgpn#fk; bra;a Vd; jhkjpf;fpd;whu;fs;"
vd;W bfsriy tpdtpdhu;.
,uhku;/ "mk;kh * mg;gh ,e;jj; njrj;ijg; gujd; Msntz;Lk; vd;W
fl;lisapl;oUf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
55
bfsriy/ "kfnd * kpft[k; ey;yJ. ,l;RthF Fyj;jpy;
\j;jtdf;Fj;jhd; KoNl;lntz;Lk;. \j;jtd; ,Uf;f ,isatDf;F
KoNl;LtJ Kiwikad;W. Mdhy; cd;idtplg; gujd; ey;ytd;.
mtd; muR g[upe;jhy; ehl;Lf;F eyk;/ murpay; xU Rik. eP Mj;k
eyDf;F mjpfk; ghLglyhk;" vd;whs;.
"mk;kh * mg;ght[ila fl;lis kw;bwhd;Wk; cz;L. monad;
kut[upa[ld; rilKo jh';fp 14 Mz;Lfs; tdk; nghfntz;Lk;. ,J
gpjhtpd; fl;lis. Mjyhy;/ monad; tdk; nghfpd;nwd;."
,e;j thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l bfsriy/ "kfnd * vd;w epyj;jpy;
tPH;e;jhs;. ntjidahy; kdk; bte;J behe;j JoJoj;jhs;. jhk;
nghfntz;oa btg;gkhd fhdfj;Jf;F cd; je;ij cd;idg; nghf;
brhd;dhuh > bky;yizapy; gLj;j eP fhl;oy; fy;yizapy; gLf;f
ntz;Lkh > cd; bky;ypa ghjk; fy;Yk; Ks;Sk; epiwe;j fl;oy;
elf;f ntz;Lkh > fha;fdp cz;L capu; thJ ntz;Lnk > ,J
vd;d t";rk; > fy; be";rk;. eP nghfpd;w fhl;ow;F ehDk; te;j
cdf;Fj; Jiz g[upfpd;nwd;" vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gp aGjhs;.
"mk;kh * je;ij brhy;jhd; vdf;F ke;jpuk;. ehd; fhdfk;
nghftpy;iyahdhy; je;ijahupd; tha;ik tGt[k;. jh';fs;
je;ijahUf;F cjtp g[upa ,';nf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. gy gpwsfisg;
bgwyhk;/ fztd; xUtd; jhnd * jh';fs; vd;Dld; tUtJ
Kiwad;W. vd; ntz;Lnfhisg; g[wf;fzpf;f ntz;lhk;. monaDf;F
cskhw MrpTwp tdk; nghf tpil bfhL';fs;. "
bfsriy fz;zPu; toj;jhs;. "kfnd * maYhu; nghFk; kfDf;Fj;
jha;l;lKJ fl;oj; jUths;. gujDf;f muR vd;wjdhy; fl;lKjk; ju
vdf;F ,ay;g[ ,y;iy. mg;gona fld; th';fpf; fl;lKJ je;jhYk;
,U ntisf;Fj;jhnd MFk;. "
"vd; MUapnu * mUikg; ghyfnd * xU jha; kfDf;Fr; bra;a[k;
cjtpiar; bra;a ehd; Mw;wy; ,d;wpj; Jd;g[Wfpd;nwd;. jUkk; vd;w

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
56
xU fl;lKij cdf;Fj; jUfpd;nwd;. eP mwbewpapy; GthjpU.
cdf;F tpy';FfSk; gwitfSk; cjtp bra;a[k;. (tpy';F - theuk;/
gwit - $lha[)"
"kfnd * cd; MUapiu mudhu; fhf;f/ cd; rpuj;ijj; jpUkhy; fhf;f/
cd; njhs;fis mRtpep njtu;fs; fhf;f/ Vida njtu;fs; cd;idf;
fhf;fl;Lk;. eP thH;fpd;w fhdfj;jpy; fhykpy;yhj fhyj;jpYk; ku';fs;
gGj;j cdf;F cjt[khf // \yk; ,d;wpna m';nf eWkzk; tPRkhf.. .
eP trpf;fpd;w fhL btg;gk; ,d;wpj; jzpe;J Fspu;e;J cdf;F eyk;
g[upaf; fltJ. ngha; tUf *" vd;w Mrp Twpdhs;.
,uhku; Rkpj;jpiuapd; bghd; khspiff;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. bfsriy
jrujuplk; ngha; ,uhkid tdk; nghfthtz;zk; jLj;J epWj;j
mDkjp bgwyhk; vd;W vz;zpf; ifnfapapd; khspiff;Fr; brd;whs;.
m';F kd;dtu; ,Uf;Fk; mty epiyiaf; fz;L Mwhj; Jau';
bfhz;L kd;dtUila ghj';fisg; gw;wp tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gpaGjhs;.
mf;Fuiyf; nfl;l trpl;lu; ifnfapapd; khspifia mile;J
kd;dtd; \u;r;rpUg;gijf; fz;lhu;.
jpLf;fpl;lhu;. trpl;l Kdptu; "ifnfapiag; ghu;j;j mk;kh * vd;d
epfHe;jJ > kd;dtu; jk;ik kwe;J \u;r;rpj;jpUf;dpwhnu * vd;d
fhuzk; >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
ifnfap/ FUehjh * rk;guhRu a[j;jj;jpy; kd;dtu; vdf;F
,Utu';fisj; je;jhu;. gujd; ehL Mst[k;/ ,uhkd; rilKoa[ld; 14
Mz;Lfs; fhlhst[k; tuk; nfl;nld;. tuj;ijj; je;Jtpl;L ,g;nghJ
Jaug;gLfpd;whu;. rj;jpaj;ijf; fhg;ghw;w ntz;lhnth >" vd;whs;.
trpl;l Kdptu; ifnfapahy; tpise;j tpist[ vd czu;e;jhu;.
"mk;kh * rf;utu;j;jp bfhLj;j tuk; bfhLj;jJjhd;. Mdhy;/
FyFUthfpa ehd; cd;id xU tuk; nfl;fpd;nwd;. gujd; KoNl;o

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
57
muR g[upthdhf. ,uhkd; tdk; nghfkhky; mnahj;jpapy; xU
jtr;rhiyapy; ,Uf;fl;Lk; ,J eP vdf;Fj; jUk; tuk;" vd;whu;.
"fUk;ghiw nghd;w fow be";rKila mf;bfhoats;/ ifnfap/
,uhkd; fhLnghfntz;Lk;. ,y;iynay; ehd; ,g;nghnj capiu
tpLntd; vd;whs;. trpl;lu; rPw;wk; mile;jhu;. ifnfaP *
\j;jtd;jhd; KoNlntz;Lk; vd;gJ kDFyj;jpy; tHptHpahf te;j
kug[. cd;dhy; me;j kug[ mHpfpd;wJ. kd;du; bgUkhd; kuz
ntjidaile;Js;shu;. mjidf; fz;Lk; eP ,u';ftpy;iy. eP
bgz;zh > ngah >" vd;W cuj;j Fuypy; foe;Jiuj;jhu;.
jruju; \u;r;ir bjspe;jhu;. mGfpd;w bfsriyiag; ghu;j;J kdk;
gijj;jhu;. "bgz;kzpna * beL ehisf;F Kd;nd ahid
ntl;ilf;Fr; brd;w ahd;/ Ruf;FLf;ifapy; jz;zPu; Kf;fp vLj;j xU
FU g[j;jpuid/ ahid jz;zPu; Fof;fpwJ vd;W jtwhff; fUjp/
rg;jntjp vd;w fiziaj; bjhLj;njd. mg;ghyfd; khz;Ltpl;lhd;.
mtDila jha; je;ijau;/ mGJ g[j;jpu nrhfj;jhy; cdf;F capu;
g[upa[k; vd;w rhgkpl;lhu;fs;. me;jr rhgk; ,g;nghJ neu;e;Js;sJ.
,uhkd; fhdfk; nghtJk;/ ahd; thdfk; nghtJk; cWjp.
mt;tpidf;F ,t;tpid. tpjpia btd;wtu; ahtu; > eP mHhnj."
"ifnfaP * Tw;Wtd; bgz; totpny te;J vd;d tijf;fpd;whd;.
fztid capUld; thl;o tijf;fpd;w kfspu; rpyu; cz;L.
cd;idg;nghy; fztid mold; tijj;j khju; ahz;Lk; ,y;iy."
,uhkd; cj;jd Fzk; epiwe;jtd;/ mtd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhy;
cdf;nfh > cd; kfd; gujDf;nfh vd;d jP';F bra;thd; > mtd;
fhypy; mfg;gl;l g[Gt[k; eR';fhnj. ghtP * fUt{yj;jpy; cs;s gzk;
Fofspd; tupg; gzkhFk;. mjid Cjhupj;jhdkhfr; bryt[ bra;af;
TlhJ. KoNl;L tpHht[f;F vd;W nrfupj;j bghUs;fis vd;
cj;jufpupiaf;F itj;Jf;bfhs;. gujDf;F KoNl;Lk; ifapy; fhg;g[
Ehy; fl;Lthu;fs;. mjw;f ntW Ehy; tpiy bfhLj;J th';f

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
58
ntz;lhk;/ cd; fGj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; jhypf; fapw;iw cd; kfd; ifapy;
f';fz Ehyhff; fl;Lf. Myfhytplnk xU bgz;qUthf
te;Js;sJ.
"FUehjh * ,e;jf; ifnfap vdf;F kidtpay;ys;/ gujd; vdf;F
kfd; my;yd;. mtd; vdf;F <kf;fld; bra;a tupatdhfhd;. uhk
uhk uhk" vd;W Twp kPz;Lk; \u;r;iraile;jhu;.
,e;jf; nfhu rk;gtj;ijf; fz;L trpl;lu; gl;lhgp n#f kz;lgj;ij
mile;j m';nf ToapUe;jtu;fsplk; epfHe;jijf; Twpdhu;. trpl;l
Kdptu;\yk; bra;jpiaf; nfl;l kf;fs;/ tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gp
mGjhu;fs;. kdpju;fs; kl;Lk; mHtpy;iy. khL/ ML/ ahid/ Fjpiu/
kuk;/ bro/ bfho vd;w ruhru';fs; aht[k; mGjd.
Rgh kz;lgj;Jf;F te;j ,yl;Rkzd;. ifnfap tuk;th';fp gujd; ehL
Mst[k;/ ,uhkd; fhL nghft[k; Vw;ghL bra;jhu; vd;W nfl;L
vupkiynghy; bfhjpj;J epd;whu;. nfhjz;lj;ij tisj;J/ kfh
$d';fns * rp';ff; FUisf;F vd;W rikj;j Cid eha;f;Fl;of;F -
,Ltjh > ifnfapapd; jPa g[j;jpapd; jd;ik bfhoaJ * bfhoaJ *
tPuk; ,Ue;jhy; nghu; g[upa[';fs;. VG fly;fisa[k; vd; mf;fpdpg;
gilahy; tw;wr; bra;ntd; vd;W Twp tpy;iy tisj;J ehz;
Xiria cz;lhf;fpdhd;. mz;l';fs; mjpu;e;jd.
Rkpj;jpiuapd; bghd; khspiff;Fr; brd;Wbfhz;oUe;j ,uhkgpuhd;
,yl;RkzDila tpy; Xiriaf; nfl;lhu;. ,yl;Rkzd; rPwpdhy;
cyfk; mHpa[nk vd;w vz;zpr; rgh kz;lgj;ij mile;jhu. fpzw;W
ePu; bfhjpf;Fkhdhy; fly; te;j jzpar; bra;a[khg;nghy; ,Ue;jJ.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh j';fs; kFlhgpn#fj;Jf;Fj; jil
bra;tjtu;fisj; jtpL bghoahf;Fntd;. g{t[yfk; kl;Lk; md;W/
gjpdhd;F cyf';fisa[k; j';fl;F cupajhf;fp Ko Nl;Lntd;"
vd;whd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
59
"jk;gP * rhe;j miygha[k; ,e;j mnahj;jpapy; kz;qf;nf nfhgk;
tuhnj > cdf;Ff; nfhgk; vg;go va;jpaJ > "
"mz;zh * njtuPUila gl;lhgpn#fj;Jf;Fj; jil bra;j ,d;W vd;
Mw;wy; kpFe;j rPw;wk; vd;w kzpkhiyiag; g{zhky; ntW vd;W
g{z;ngd; > "
jk;gp * jhdj;jpy; rpwe;jJ epjhdk;. ejpapy; jz;zPu; ,y;iybahd;why;
mJ ejpapd; gpiHad;W/ kiHapd; gpiHahFk;. ,e;j epfH;r;rp kd;du;
bgUkhDila gpiHad;W/ ek;ikg; bgw;Wg; ghYhl;oj; jhyhl;or;
rPuhl;og; ghuhl;o tsu;j;j jhapd; gpiHa[k; md;W/ gujd; gpiHa[k;
md;W ,J tpjpapd; gpiHahFk;/ rhe;jkilthahf. "
"mz;zh * tpjptpjp" vd;W ngrp/ kjpiaapHf;fpd;wtd; ehdy;yd;/
tpjpf;Fk; tpjpiaf; fhqk; vd; tpy;yhz;ikia ,g;nghJ fhz;gPuhf. "
jk;gP * ntjk; Xjpa cd; ehtpdhy; tpjpapy;iy vd;W
tpsk;g[fpd;widna. tpjpia xg;g[f;bfhs;stpy;iy vd;why; ekJ kjk;
filf;fhy; ,y;yhj fl;olk; MFk;. mJ ,Uf;fl;Lk;. vd;idf;
fhdfk; nghfr; fl;lisapl;ltu;fs; jha; je;ijauhFk;. jha;
je;ijaupd Mizia kPwyhkh > "
"mz;zh * jruju; je;ijay;yu;. Rkpj;jpiu jha[k; my;ys;. vdf;Fj;
jha;/ je;ij/ bja;tk; vy;yhk; jh';fs;jhd;. "
"jk;gP * cdf;F ehd;jhd; je;ij/ cd; cupikia ehd; kWf;ftpy;iy.
vdf;F ey;Yiu Twp ehWk; tsu;j;jtu; je;ij jruju;. mtu; vd;
je;ij. mtUila fl;lisia ehd; kPwkhl;nld;. cdf;Fj; je;ij
ehd;jhnd. vd; fl;lisia eP kPwf;TlhJ. rhe;jpailf" vd;whu;.
mtu; ahu; > bre;jkpGk; tlbkhHpa[k; nru;e;j ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp vd
czu;f. ke;jpuj;jhy; fl;Lz;l ehfk;nghy ,yl;Rkzu; rpdkl';fp
rhe;jpahdhu;. ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; Rkpj;jpiuapd; jpUkhspifia
mile;jhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
60
ifnfap ,uhkUf;F kut[upia mDg;gpdhs;. kfpHr;rpa[ld; ,uhku;
tpiy cau;e;j Mil mzpfyd;fis mfw;wp kut[upia cLj;Jf;
bfhz;lhu;.
Rkpj;jpiu xU kut[upia jd; mUke;j kfd; ,yl;rkzdplk; je;J
cs;sk; cUfpf; fz;zPu; bgUfpf; TWfpd;whs;.
"kfnd * eP ,uhkDf;Fj; Jizahff; fhdfk; ngha; tUf.
mz;zDf;Fg; ghjg{ir bra;J gjk; bgWthahf. fhl;oy; muf;fu;fs;
te;jhy; mz;zDf;F Kd;nd brd;W nghu; g[upf. jk;gpa[ilahd;
gilf;f";rhd; vd;w gHbkhHpiaf; filg;gpog;ghahf.
cdf;Fj; jha; rPjh njtp/ je;ij ,uhkgpuhd;. ,uhkdp ciwfpd;w
fhdfnk mnahfj;jp khefukhFk;. cd; mz;zd; Fwpg;gwpe;J bjhz;L
bra;thahf. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; fHpj;J ,uhkd; mnahj;jpf;F
te;jhy; ePa[k; tUf. tpjpapd; typikahy; ,uhkDf;F Kot[
neUkhapd;/ mtdf;F Kd; eP Kothahf. ,d;W Kjy; eP ,uhkDf;Fj;
jk;gpay;yd;. ,ukDila gzpahsd;. ,uhkD$d; my;yd;. eP
,uhkjhrd;/ ngha; tUf" fz;zPu; brhupe;J tpil je;jhs;. ,uhk
,yl;Rkzu; trpl;liua[k; Vida jha;khu;fisa[k; tz';fp/ rPjh
njtpapd; jpUkhspifia mile;jhu;fs;.
,uhku; tdk; g[Fjy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
61
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; kut[upa[Lj;Jj; Jwt[f; nfhyj;Jld; tUtijf;
fz;L rPjhgpuhl;odhahu; jpLf;fpl;lhu;. jpUkzk; elf;Fk;nghJ fhrp
ahj;jpiu vd;w xU rl';f epfGnk/ mJnghy; gl;lhgpn#fj;jpy; ,J
xU rl';nfh > vd;W vz;zpdhs;.
rPjhnjtp/ ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhs;. "bgUkhnd *
ckf;F ,g;nghJ kFlhgpn#fk; elf;Fk; neuk; Mapw;nw > ,J vd;d
Jwt[f;nfhyk; >" vd;W tpdtpdhs;.
,uhku;/ "$hdfP * vd; je;ijahu; ,e;j mur gjtpia vd; jk;gp
gujDf;F mspf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;.
rPij/ "bgUkhnd * jh';fs; KoNo mur gjtpapy; mku;e;jhy;
ntjntjhe;j';fis vdf;F cgnjrpf;f neuk; ,uhnj vd;W
vz;zpndd;. ,g;nghJ jk;gp guju; KoNl;of; bfhz;lhy; jh';fs;
mjpf neuk; vd;Dld; ,Ue;J vdf;F kfpH;r;rpiaj; jUtPu;" vd;whs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
62
"njtP * vd; je;ijahu; vd;idg; gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; tdthr";
bra;a[khW fl;lisapl;oUf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu; ,uhku;. ,ijf; nfl;lJk;
rPij/ "RthkP * kpf;f kfpH;r;rp. tdj;jpy; mUtpapy; ePuhlyhk;.
kapy;fs; MLk;/ tz;Lfs; ghLk;. Fapy;fs; Tt[k;. bro bfhofs;
g{j;Jf; FY';Fk; ,aw;if bfhHpf;Fk;. vdf;F tdthrk; epuk;gg;
gpof;Fk;" vd;whs;.
,uhku;/ "njtP * eP mnahj;jpapy; ,U. ehd; tdk; nghntd; *"
vd;whu;. ,e;j bta;a thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;L/ rPij epyj;jpy; tPH;e;J
\u;r;rpj;jds;/ ,uhku; rPijia vLj;J/ "njtp * tdthrk; fodkhdJ.
fhl;oy; mdy; fhw;W tPRk;. ghiwkPJ gLf;f ntqk;. fha;fdpaUe;j
ntqk;. cd; clk;g[ tUe;Jk;. eP muz;kidapy; ,U" vd;whu;.
njtp/ "Iand * ckJ gpuptpy; bgU';fhL RLnkh * ePu; gLf;fpd;w
ghiwjhd; vdf;Fg; g";riz. ePu; cz;qk; fha;fdpfs; vdf;F
mKjkhFk;. cd;idg; gpupnad; vd;W ke;jpuj;ijf;Twp vd;
ifg;gpoj;jPnu. mjid kwf;fyhnkh > xUnghJk; ck;ikg;
gpupakhl;nld;. ehd; j';fSld; te;J j';fSf;F bjhz;L bra;ntd;"
vd;whs;.
,uhku;/ "njtP * fhdfj;jpy; cd;id itj;Jf; fhg;gJ fodk;. Mjyhy;/
eP mnahj;jpapy; ,U" vd;whu;.
"Iand * xU bgz;iz itj;Jf; fhf;f ,ayhjh/ xU bgz;izf;
fhf;f Koahj ePu; cyfj;ij vg;go fhj;jUStPu; > RthkP * mk;khtplk;
Twp tdthrj;Jf;F cj;jut[ bgw;wPuh > mk;kh vd;d brhd;dhu;fs; >"
vd;W nfl;lhs; rPij.
"$hdfp vd; jha; g[j;jpu ghrj;jhy; vd;Dld; tUtjhff; Twpdhu;.
ehd; fw;g[ila khju;fs; fztid tpl;Lg; gpupaf;TlhJ. eP';fs;
mg;ght[f;Fj; Jizahf ,U';fs; vd;W Twpndd;. "

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
63
rPij/ "Iand * taJ Kjpu;e;j ckJ md;id fztid tpl;Lg;
gpupaf; TlhJ vd;W TwpdPnu * ,sk; taJila ehd; j';fis tpl;L
gpupe;jpUf;fyhnkh > jha;f;F xU epahak;/ jhuj;Jf;F xU epahankh *
vd;id tuntz;lhk; vd;why; vd; capu; epiy bgwhJ" vd;W Twp
jhd; mzpe;jpUe;j mzpfyd;fisbay;yhk; mfw;wp kut[up cLj;Jj;
jd; fztidg; gzpe;J vGe;jhs;.
,uhku; rPija[lDk; ,yl;RkzUlDk; tdk;nghfg; g[wg;gl;lhu;.
,uhkgpuhd; trpl;liua[k; Vida jha;khu;fisa[k; bjhGJ g[wg;gl;lhu;.
Rke;jpuUila ntz;Lnfhspd;go nju; Vwpr; brd;whu;. mnahj;jpapy;
thGk; md;gu;fs; midtUk; mGJ ,uhkiuj; bjhGJ njupd; gpd;
brd;whu;fs;. ,uhku; jkf;Fupa bghd; bghUs; gR Kjypatw;iw
twpatu;f;F tH';fpdhu;.
jjrruujjuu; ; K
Kjj;j;jppaai
illjjyy; ;
uhku; nju; kPJ Vwp 16 iky; brd;whu;. Mjpj;jd; nkw; flypy;
tPH;e;jhd;. kf;fs; Jd;gf; flypy; MH;e;jhu;fs;. ,Us; NH;e;J. ,uhku;
Rke;jpuiu nehf;fp/ "ePu; njUld; Cu; jpUk;g[tPuhf. kf;fSk; Cu;
jpUk;g[thu;fs;. vd; je;ijahUf;Fk; jha;khu;fl;Fk; vd; tzf;fj;ijf;
TW tPuhf" vd;whu;. rPij jd; j';ifau;f;F Mrp Twp/ jhd; tsu;j;j
fpspfl;F ntis jtwhj czt[ jUk;gof; Twpdhs;. Rke;jpuu; jpUk;gj;
njiur; brYj;jp muz;kidf;F te;J rf;utu;j;jpiar; re;jpj;jhu;. jruju;
"Rke;jpuh * vd; kfd; v';nf >" vd;w tpdtpdhu;. Rke;jpuu;
bksdkhf epd;whu;. mtuila bksdnk ,uhku; fhdfk; nghdij
czu;j;jpaJ. jruju;/ "uhk uhk uhk" vd;w Twpdhu;. mtUila
Md;kh xsp kakhf mtUila rpurpy; ,Ue;J fpsk;gpaJ.
thdtu;fs; tuntw;f Kj;jpa[yfj;ijr; nru;e;jhu;. vy;yhUk;
fjwpaGjhu;fs;. trpl;lu;/ kd;dDila clk;ig vz;bza;f;
bfhg;giuapy; ,l;lhu;. gujid tUkhW JhJtiuaDg;gpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
64
,uhkgpuhd; rPija[lDk; ,yl;RkzDlDk; ,Us; kpFe;j mlu;e;j
fhdfj;jpy; EiHe;J nghfpd;whu;. mg;nghJ mtUila jpUnkdpapy;
,Ue;J xsp tPRfpd;wJ. Nupad; xspapy; vy;yh xspfSk; ml';Fk;.
,Jjhd; ,aw;if. Mdhy;/ ,e;j ,aw;iff;F khwhf/ NupaDila xsp
,uhkgpuhDila jpUnkdpapd; xspapy; ml';fp xL';fpdjhk;. ,J xU
bgupa mjprakhFk;. vk;bgUkhDila jpUnkdp m";rd iknah >
kufunkh * ePyr; Rlnuh > kiH nkfnkh > ,itfl;F kPwpa mHF.
ff'';i
;iff eePuPuhhLLjjyy; ;
,uhkgpuhd;/ bgUk; g[z;zpa ejpahfpa f';ifiaaile;jhu;. me;jf;
f';iff; fiuapy; thGfpd;w bgUe;jt Kdptu;fs; ,uhkgpuhidf;
fz;L. jhiaf; fz;l ,sk; gps;isfs; nghy; bgupJk; kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
j';fs; fz;fspy; bgUFk; Mde;jf; fz;zPuhy; jpUk";rdk;
g[upe;jhu;fs;. ,d;brhw;fs; vd;w kyu;fisr; Nl;odhu;fs;. mHpahj
md;g[ vd;w mUikahd mKjj;ij Cl;odhu;fs;. ,jdhy;/
,uhkUf;F tHp ele;j tUj;jk; eP';fpaJ.
,uhkUk; rPjhnjtpa[k; ,yl;RkzUk; g[dpj f';ifapy; \H;fp
kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
f';fhnjtp/ ",uhfth * cyfpy; cs;s khe;ju;fs; vd;dpy; \H;fpj;
j';fs; ght';fisg; nghf;Fthu;fs;. ,d;W eP vd;dpy; \H;fpajhy;
vd;dplk; j';fpapUe;j ght';fs; mfd;wd. ehd; ca;t[ bgw;nwd;."
vd;W Twpf;/ ifbjhGJ f';if kfpH;e;jhs;. Kdptu;fs; ,dpa fdpfs;
- fha;fs; ju ,uhku; cz;L cte;jhu;.
F
Fffi
iddrr; ; rree;j;jppjj;j;jyy; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
65
f';iff; fiuapy; rpU';fp nguk; vd;w efupy; thH;gtd; Ffd; vd;w
ntlu; jiytd;. Mapuk; kuf;fy';fl;F mjpgd;. fupa nkdpa[k;
jpuz;l njhs;fSk;/ mfd;w khu;g[k; cilatd;.
,j;jifa Ffd; ,uhkiuf; fz;L kfpH ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;zpdhd;.
,yh';F kPd;fs; bea;apy; bghwpj;J kpsFJhs; Jhtp/ CDk; kPDk;
njDk; fhtoahfr; Rke;J Rw;wj;jhu; g[il FH tUfpd;whd;. Ffd;
,uhkgpuhidf; fhzg; g[wg;gl;L tUfpd;wnghJ/ Tl;lkhfg; nghtJ
ed;wd;W vd;W vz;zpdhd;. Rw;wj;jhiua[k; tpy; ths; Kjypa
Ma[j';fisa[k; mfw;wpj; jtg;gs;spia mile;jhd;.
Mrpukj;jpy; Kd; epw;fpd;w tPudhfpa ,yl;Rkzu;/ "eP ahu; > v';F
te;jid >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. Ffd;/ "Iand * ehd; ntlu;
jiytd;. vd; ngu; Ffd; * cs;ns ,Uf;fpd;w fUzh\u;j;jpiaf;
fhzte;njd;" vd;whd;.
yl;Rkzu;/ ,';F epy; vd;W Twp cs;ns brd;W ,uhkiu tz';fp
"mz;zh * Ffd; vd;w xU ntlu; jiytd; j';fisf; fhz

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
66
te;jpUf;fpd;whd;. Rw;wKk; jhDk; cs;s J}atd;. jhapDk; ey;ytd;.
cs;ns tplyhkh >" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,uhku; mtid vd;ghy;
mDg;g[f vd;whu;. ,yl;Rkzu; FfDf;F mDkjp je;jhu;. Ffd;
Mrpukj;Jf;Fs; brd;W gue;jhkidg; gyKiw tz';fpdhd;. fz;zPu;
brhupe;J gupe;J/ "Iand * kPd;fis bea;apy; bghwpj;Jf;
bfhzu;e;njd;. njtPu; jpUt[sk; vJnth >" vd;whd;.
,uhku; m';Fs;s Kjpu;e;j Kdptu;fisg; ghu;j;Jg; g[d;dif bra;jhu;.
"Ffnd * epuk;g kfpH;r;rp. eP bfhzu;e;j czt[fis ehd;
m';fPfupj;Jf; bfhz;nld;. cd; md;g[ MH'; fhzhj miyfly;
nghd;wJ. ,';nf ,U" vd;whu;. ,uhku; gyKiw Twpa[k; Ffd;
mku;e;jhdpy;iy. gyKiw ghu;j;Jk; FfDf;Fg; nghJk; vd;w vz;zk;
tutpy;iy. vk;bgUkhid tpG';FtJnghy; fz;L fspTu;e;jhd;.
,uhkiuj; jtf;nfhyj;njhL fz;l fz;fisg; gpL';fp vwpa ntz;Lk;
vd;W vz;zpdhd;.
,uhkUila mDkjp bgw;w m';Fj; j';fpdhd;. Ffd; ,yl;Rkziug;
ghu;j;J/ ",uhkgpuhd; fhdfk; tuf; fhuzk; ahJ >" vd;W nfl;lhd;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ gujd; ghl;ld; tPl;oy; ,Ue;J/ jd; jhahfpa ifnfapia
tuk; bra;jhd;. vk;bgUkhd; vy;yhk; Jwe;J ,f;bfhoa fhl;oy;
trpf;fpd;whu; vd;whu;. ,jidf;nfl;l Ffd; Mwhj; Jauk; mile;jhd;.
md;W ,ut[ Ffd;/ jhDk; Rw;wk; NHf; fhty; g[upe;jhd;. khw;wh';jha;
kfdhfpa gujd; mz;zidf; fhl;Lf;F mDg;gpdhnd. ,e;j
,yl;RkzUk; xU khw;whe;jha; kfd;jhnd > ,tid kl;Lk; vg;go
ek;g[tJ vd;W vz;zp/ ,yl;Rkziua[k; ,td; fhty; g[upe;jhdhk;.
,yl;Rkzu; ,ikf;fhky; cs;sk; cte;j fhty;g[upa[k; nghJ
epj;jpiuj;njtp njhd;wpdhs;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ V * epj;jpuhnjtP eP 14
Mz;Lfs; vd;ghy; beU';fhnj vd;whu;. mts;/ czit xHpj;jhy;
cwf;fj;ija[k; xHpf;fyhk; vd;whs;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ cz;nzd; vd;whu;.
epj;jpuh njtp ,yl;Rkziuj; bjhGJ brd;whs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
67
bghGJ g[yu;e;jJ/ ,uhku; ePuho b$gjg';fs; bra;jhu;. Ffidg;
ghu;j;J/ "Xl'; bfhz;L th. eh';fs; f';ifiaf; fle;J tdthrk;
g[upa ntz;Lk;." vd;whu;.
,e;j thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l Ffd; mjpu;r;rpaile;jhd;. " Iand *
jh';fs; ,';nfna ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. j';fl;Fj; bjhz;L bra;a
monaDk; Iahapuk; ntlu;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;nwhk;. f';iff;fiu Rfkhd
,Ug;gplk;. g{irf;F eWkzk; epuk;gpa kyu;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ey;y
ey;y nghu;itfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,dpa fdpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.
giftiu bty;Yntd;. fpH';Ffisf; bfy;Yntd;. vl;Lj;jpirfl;Fk;
tHp brhy;Yntd; * monad; vy;yhj; bjhz;Lfisa[k; md;g[d;
bra;ntd;. Mjyhy;/ ,';nfna ,Uk;" vd;W cs;sk; cUfp
ciuj;jhd;.
,uhku; Ffid khu;g[wj; jGtp "Ffnd * ,d;W Kjy; jrujUf;F Ie;J
g[jy;tu;fs;/ eP vdf;Fj; jk;gp. gujd; Kjypnahu; cdf;Fj; jk;gpau;.
rPij cdf;F mz;zp. Cu;f;FUtp jiyapy; gd';Fiy itj;jJnghy
gujdplk; murpaiy xg;gilj;Js;nsd;. mUfpy; ,Ue;J mtDf;Fj;
Jiz bra;. 14 Mz;Lfs; 14 ehl;fs; nghyf; fHpa[k;. gpd;du;/ ehk;
xd;W nru;e;J thH;nthk;. vd; brhy;iyj; jl;lhnj * Xl'; bfhzu;f"
vd;whu;. Ffd; fz;zPu; mUk;g Xlj;ijf; bfhzu;e;jhd;. ,uhkUk;
rPija[k; ,yl;RkzUk; Xlj;jpd; kPJ Vwpdhu;fs;. ,uhk ehkj;ij
,dpikahfg; ghof; bfhz;nl Xlj;ijf; Ffd; brYj;jpdhd;.
f';if bts;sj;jpy; FfDila Xlg; ghlypd; ehj bts;sKk;
mtDila md;g[ bts;sKk; bfhe;jspj;J xod. mf;fiu
nru;e;jhu;fs;. ,uhku; Ffidj; jGtp/ "kdk; tUe;jhky; ,U .. .
kPz;Lk; xd;W nru;e;J kfpH;nthk;" vd;W gupe;Jiu Twpdhu;.
,uhku; m';fpUe;J g[wg;gl;Lf; fhdfj;jpy; ele;J rpj;jpu Tlk; vd;w
kiyr;rhuiyaile;jhu;. m';F khjt kzp tpsf;fhd guj;Jthr
Kdptiuf; fz;L tz';fp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. guj;Jthr Kdptupd; brhw;go

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
68
rpj;jpuTl kiyf;F mUfpy; cs;s ke;jhfpdp ejpf;fiuapy; Xu; Mrpukk;
mikj;Jj; j';fpdhu;fs;.
rpd;dhl;fs; fHpj;J/ ,uhkgpuhd; gazj;ij nkw;bfhz;lnghJ tHpapy;
aKdh ejpiaf; fz;lhu;. mg;g[z;zpa ejpapy; kidtp/ jk;gpa[ld;
ePuhodhu;. \tUk; fha;fdpfis cz;L grpahwpdhu;fs;.
,yl;Rkzu; \';fpy;fis btl;o xU bjg;gk; mikj;J/ mjpy;
,uhkUk; rPjhnjtpa[k; Vw/ me;ejpiaf; fle;J mf;fiuaile;jhu;fs;.
jk;gpapd; bjhz;od; jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,uhku; tpag;g[w;whu;.
"jk;gp * eP vg;go ,e;j kfhejpiaf; fle;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; "mz;zh * njtUila jpUtoiag; gw;wpndhu; gpwtpg;
bgU';fliyj; jhz;Lthu;fns * monad; ,e;jr; rpwpa ejpiaf;
fle;jJ xU bgupa fUkkh >" vd;W fz;zPu; jJk;gpf; fHwpdhu;.
guju; Ffidr; re;jpj;jy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
69
guju; mWgjpdhapuk; m&nuhzp nridfSld; f';iff;
fiuiaaile;jhu;.
f';iff; fiuapy; rpU';fpnguk; vd;w efupy; Ffd; vd;w ntlu;
jiytd; ,Ue;jhd;. ,akida[k; bty;Ye; jpwika[ilatd;.
tpw;nghupYk; thl;nghupYk; ty;ytd;. m";rh be";R gilj;jtd;.
vz;zw;w glFfisa[ilatd;. CDk; kPDk; cz;gtd;. Ju;ehw;wk;
tPRk; clk;iga[ilatd;. ( ,uhkgpuhd;kPJ ,td; bfhz;Ls;s md;ig
Vw;fdnt mwpe;jpUf;fpd;nwhk;. )
guju; ghl;ld; tPl;oy; ,Ue;J jha;f;F cst[ brhy;yp/ murhl;rpiaf;
ftu;e;J bfhz;lnjhL/ mikjp bgwhky; fhdfj;Jf;Fk; te;J/
mz;zDf;F ,lu; bra;fpd;whd; nghYk; vd;W vz;zpa Ffd; rPwp
vGe;jhd;. r';f ehjk; bra;jhd;. "ntlu;fns * tPW bfhz;L
vG';fs;. tpy;iy tisj;J epy;Y';fs;. vjpu;j;jtiuf; bfhy;Y';fs;. "
njhHu;fns * ek;Kila cjtpapd;wp ,tu;fs; f';fh ejpiaf; flf;f
Koa[kh > ahidg; giliaf; fz;L ehk; m";Rnthkh > guk
ViHahfpa vd;id ,uhkgpuhd; jk;gP * vd;whnu. me;j xd;Wf;fhf
ehd; capiuf; fhzpf;ifahfj; juntz;lhkh > ehL bfhLj;j ehafDf;F
fhL';bfhLf;fhky;/ gila[ld; tUk; bfhLik ,t;t[yfpy; cz;lh >
moa[';fs;/ cija[';fs;/ bfhy;Y';fs; vd;W Twpf; Ffd; Muthu";
bra;jhd;.
"nghu;g; giwaiwtijf; nfl;l guju;. Rke;jpunu * mz;zhitf;
fhzhky; bte;J behe;J tUfpd;w ek;kPJ nghu; bjhLf;fpd;wtd;
ahtd; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
Rke;juu;/ "vk; bgUkhnd * f';iff; fiuf;F mjpgd; vz;zpy;yhj
ehtha;fis cilatd;. Ffd; vd;Dk; ntlu; nfhkhd;. ePu;
,uhkUf;F ,lu; bra;a tUtjhf vz;zpg; nghUf;F Maj;jk;
g[upfpd;whd;" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
70
guju; "flt[ns * ntlDf;Ff;Tl vd; kPJ rPw;wkh > vd;d ght";
bra;njndh >" vd;W Twpr; nridfs epWj;jptpl;Lj; jhd; kl;Lk;
tUfpd;whu;. rj;Uf;du; mtiuj; bjhlu;e;J tUfp;d;whu;.
Ffg; bgUkhd; bjhiytpy; tUfpd;w gujiuf; fz;qw;whu;.
kut[upa[lDk; mGj fz;qe; bjhGj ifa[khff; fy;Yk; cUFkhW
cs;sk; cUfpj; jtf;nfhyj;Jld; tUk; cj;jk gujidg; ghu;f;fpd;whu;.
"M * M * bfl;nld;. Kd;nd tUfpd;wtu; ,uhkz;zhitg; nghy;
,Uf;fpd;whnu * gpd;nd tUgtu; ,yl;Rkziug;nghy; fhl;rp
jUfpd;whnu * mstw;w Jd;gj;Jld; ,uhkgpuhd; brd;w jpir nehf;fpj;
bjhGfpd;whnu * uhkz;zhtplk; xUehs; gHfpa vdf;nf ew;Fz';fs;
,Uf;Fkhapd; uhkz;zht[ld; gpwe;j gujuplk; jPaFzk; ,uhJjhnd *
ehd; mtru g[j;jpa[ilatd;. ey;ytiuj; jPatu; vd;W
vz;zptpl;nld;" vd;W Twpg; gujiur; re;jpj;J/ mtUila kyuoapy;
tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;. guju; Ffidj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;.
"gujnu * eP Vd; jtf;nfhyj;Jld; tdk; te;jha; >" vd;W
tpdhtpdhd;.
guju;/ "mz;zny * kDf;Fyj;jpy; \j;jtd;jhd; muRg[upa ntz;Lk;
vd;w kug[ cz;L. me;j Kiwiar; rf;utu;j;jp if eGttpl;lhu;.
mz;zh ,Uf;f/ ,isathdhfpa ehd; Ml;rp g[upayhkh > mjdhy;/
uhkgpuhid miHj;Jf; bfhz;L ngha;/ KoNl;l vz;zp te;njd;."
vd;whu;.
Ffd; ,e;j trdj;ijf; nfl;L kfpH;r;rpapdhy; xU FjpFjpj;jhd;/
Mde;jf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;. "gujh * jha; tuk; nfl;f/ je;ij je;j
kfj;jhd mur gjtpia cjwpj; js;sp tpl;Lj; jtf; nfhyj;Jld; te;j
cdf;F/ Mapuk; ,uhku;fs; xd;W nru;e;jhYk; ,izahFkh > cd;idg;
nghd;w cj;jk Fzk; bghUe;jpa jk;gp 14 cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy"
vd;whd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
71
guju; "mz;nz * Ffg; bgUkhnd * ma;ah v';Fj; j';fpapUe;jhu; >"
vd;W nfl;lhu;. ,uhku; j';fpapUe;j Mrpukj;ijf; Ffd; fhl;lg; guju;
fz;L tUe;jpdhu;. Ffidg; ghu;j;J ",yl;Rkzd; v';Fg; gLj;J
cw';fpdhu; >" vd;W guju; nfl;lhu;.
gujh * ",yl;Rkzd; gLj;J cw';fpdhdh > vk;gpuhDk; vk;gpuhl;oa[k;
cw';f/ ,yl;Rkzd; tpy;iy Cd;wp. epd;W/ fz;zPu; brhupe;J
bfhz;L/ btg;gkhd beL \r;Rld; tpoa[k; tiu epd;W
bfhz;oUe;jhd;. fz;fs; ,ikf;fhky; epd;W fhty; g[upe;J
bfhz;oUe;jhd;" vd;whd;.
nridfs; glFfspy; ngha; mf;fiu nru;e;jd. mur FLk;gj;jpdu;
jdpg; glfpy; gpuahzk; g[upe;jhu;fs;.
Ffd; fd;iwg; gpupe;j fhuhk;gRikg;nghy; Jaukile;J m';F
mku;e;jpUe;j bfsriyiag; ghu;j;J ",tu; ahu;. " vd;W Ffd;
nfl;lhd;. "md;ng nfs;/ cyf';fis <d;w gpuk njtid/ ehgpapy;
<d;w guthR njtidg; gd;dpU khj';fs; Rke;J bgw;W/ cyfbky;yhk;
jdf;F cupatdhf ,Ue;J/ rpwpnad; gpwe;jjhy; mj;jida[k; ,He;j
Ju;g;ghf;fpatjp bfsryh njtp" vd;whu;.
Ffd; bfsriyapd; ghj kyu; tPH;e;J gzpe;J mGjhd;. "bfsriy/
gujh/ FHe;ijnghy; tpk;kpaGjpLk; ,e;j cj;jkd; ahu; >" vd;W
nfl;lhs;. guju;/ "mk;kh * ,tu; ,uhkz;zht[f;Fj; jk;gp/
,yl;RkzDf;Fk; rj;JUf;dDf;Fk; vdf;Fk; jikad; Ffd;" vd;whu;.
bfsriy/ "ItUk; xw;Wikahfg; gy;yhz;L muR g[upe;J thG';fs;"
vd;W thH;j;jpdhs;. kw;iwj; jha;khu; fisa[k; mwpKfk; bra;jhu; guju;.
,yl;Rkzu; gujUila gilfisf; fz;L gpiHglf;fUjpr; rPwp
vGe;jhu;. Jd;gj;ij Xu; cUtkhf vGjpaij xj;j guju; ,uhku;
jpUtoapy; tPH;e;J mGjhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
72
"mg;gh eykh >" vd;W ,uhku; nfl;lhu;. "rj;jpaj;ij epiyehl;o
tpz;qyfk; nghdhu;" vd;W guju; Twpdhu; je;ijahiu epidj;J
beoJ g[yk;gp ,uhku; mGjhu;. trpl;lu; njw;wj; njwp ,';Fyp vd;w
fpH';ifr; Rl;Lg; gpz;lk; je;jhu;. rf;utu;j;jpf;Fg; gpz;lk; nghl
fhw;go muprpf;F tHpapy;iy ,Jjhd; cyf thH;t[.
guju;/ "mz;zh ePu; te;J KoNl;L Ml;rpg[upa ntz;Lk;" vd;W
tw;g[Wj;jp miHj;jhu;. ,uhkgpuhd;/ "jk;gp * 14 Mz;L tdthrk; g[upa
ntz;Lk; vd;w epajpiaf; iftplf;TlhJ. vd; brhy;iyj; jl;lhnj.
14 Mz;Lfs; 14 ehs;fshff; fHpj;J tUntd;. muR g[upntd;. eP
mnahj;jpf;Fg;ngha; flikiar; bra;" vd;whu;.
njtu;fs; mrPupahf ,uhku; tdthrk; g[upjy; ntz;Lk; vd;W
Twpdhu;fs;.
guju; vk;gpuhDila ghJiffisg; bgw;Wf; bfhz;L gyKiw
,uhkgpuhidj; bjhGJ mGJ g[wg;gl;lhu;.
mnahj;jpf;F mUfpy; ee;jpf; fpuhkj;jpy; kzp kz;lgk; mikj;J/
,uhkUila ghJiffis itj;J/ mg;ghJiffSf;F KoNl;o
tHpgLthuhapdhu;. bjd; jpiriaad;wp ntW jpiria nehf;fhky;
bghwpg[yd;fis mtpj;J cg;gpy;yhj f";rpiag; gUfp/ ,uhkupd;
ghJiffSf;F jpde;jpdk; Mapuk; ke;jpu';fshy; mu;r;rid g[upe;J
,ilawhj ,uhk gf;jpa[ld; jtbewpapy; ,Ue;jhu;.
t
tppuuhhjjd
dppd
d; ; ffhhjjY
Ykk; ; rrhhggK
Kkk; ;
jrujUila kuzj;Jf;Ff; fhuzk; ahJ >
kfDila gpuptpdhy; jruju; kuzk; mile;jhu; vd;W vy;yhUk;
TWfpd;whu;fs;. ,J bghUe;jhJ. Vd; >
jruju; ,uhkDf;F KoNl;of;/ fhdfk; nghf Kot[ bra;jhu;. ,e;j
Vw;ghl;od;go ,uhkUf;F KoNl;oapUe;jhy; rf;utu;j;jp kWehs; jtk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
73
g[upaf; fhdfk; brd;wpUg;ghu;. ,g;nghJjhd; gps;isg; gpupt[
neu;e;jpUf;Fk;.
ifnfapapd; jpl;lg;gog; gujUf;F Ko Nl;oapUe;jhy; ,uhkgpuhd;
nghfpd;w fhdfj;Jf;Fj; jrujUk; ,uhkgpuhDld; nru;e;J
nghapUf;fyhk;. ,jdhy;/ kfDila gpupt[ Vw;gl;oUf;fhJ. ed;F
rpe;jpa[';fs;. jruju; Vd; kuzkile;jhu;. >
kJ Fyj;jpy; \j;j kfDf;Fj;jhd; KoNl;l ntz;Lk;. ,J
tHptHpahf te;j kug[. ,e;j kugpd;go ,uhkUf;Fj;jhd; KoNl;l
ntz;Lk; ifnfapf;Fj; je;j tuj;jpd;go gujUf;F KoNl;l ntz;Lk;.
,J tha;ik. ,uhkUf;F KoNl;odhy; tha;ik mHpfpd;wJ. gujUf;F
KoNl;odhy; kug[ mHpfpd;wJ. xUg[wk; tha;ik/ kWg[wk; kug[.
,Ujiyf; bfhs;sp vWk;g[nghy; jtpj;jhu; jruju;. Mdhy;/ tha;ikiaf;
fhg;ghw;wpdhy; kug[ bfLfpd;wJ. kuigf; fhg;ghw;wpdhy; tha;ik
bfLfpd;wJ. ,e;j ,lu;g;ghl;lhy; ,jak; btoj;J jruju; khz;lhu; vd
czu;f. ,jid thyp TWfpwhd;.
guju; mnahj;jpia mile;jgpd;/ ,uhkgpuhd; rPija[lDk;
,yl;RkzDlDk; g[wg;gl;L mj;jpup KdptUila Mrpukj;ij
mile;jhu;. fhkk;/ nfhgk;/ kaf;fk; vd;W \d;W Fw;w';fSk;
,y;yhjtu; mj;jpup Kdptu;.
,tUila kidtp mENia. mNia ,y;yhjts; mENia.
,k;khjurp Kk;\u;j;jpfisa[k; FHe;ijfshfr; bra;jts;. rkhdkpy;yhj
fw;g[f;furp.
mj;jpup Kdptiua[k; mENia njtpiaa[k; \tUk; gzpe;jhu;fs;.
j';fs; Jauk; jzpe;jhu;fs;. me;j Mrukk; g{ku';fs; NH;e;J Fspu;e;J
,Ue;jJ. fhykpy;yhj fhyj;jpy; ku';fs; gGj;jpUe;jd. eWkzk;
tPrpaJ.
mj;jpup KdptUk; mERah njtpa[k; mtu;fl;Fg; gH';fs; je;J
grpahur; bra;jhu;fs;/ mENah njtp/ rPijiaj; jGtp/ md;g[f;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
74
fz;zPuhy; eidj;J/ "kfns * $dfuhrFkhupna/ kut[upa[ld;
fztiug; gpupahJ fhdj;ij mile;jidna > eP fw;g[f;furp/
mzpfyd;fs; mj;jida[k; Jwe;J btw;Wk;g[ld; ,Uf;fpd;widna > eP
Rk';fyp/ iftisapd;wp ,Uf;ff;TlhJ. ,it vd;Dila
mzpfyd;. eP vd; kUkfs;. ,e;jh/ ,e;j mzpfyd;fis
mzpe;Jbfhs;" vd;w tupe;J Twp/ cr;rp Kjy; cs;s';fhyp tiu
epuk;gg; ghukhd mzpfyd;fis mzptpj;jhs;.
"mk;kh * cd; fw;g[bewp thH;f. xU rkak; eP fztdg; gpupe;jpUf;f
neUk;/ cdf;Fg; grpbaLf;fhj tuk; jUfpd;nwd;/ vd; jtg;g[jy;tpna *
cd; g[fH; eP thH;f/" vd;W mUs;g[upe;jhs;.
,uhkgpuhd; mj;jpup Kdptupd; jtr;rhiyapy; Xu; ,ut[ j';fpdhu;.
kWehs; fhiy Kdptiu tz';fp m';fpUe;J g[wg;gl;lhu;/ jz;lf
tdj;ij mile;jhu;.
tPuhjd; vd;w xU bfhoatd; m';F te;jhd;. fupa bgupa
cUtj;ija[ld;. vjpu;j;j kd;dtu;fisf; bfhd;W jpd;W bfhGj;jtd;.
rkhd kpy;yhj Mw;wy; gilj;jtd;. nju;fis kiyg;ghk;gpy; nfhj;J
nju;kiy/ g[yp khiy/ ahid khiy/ fuo khiyfisj; jupj;jf;
bfhz;oUg;ghd;.
mtd; Kj;jiyr; Nyj;ij Ve;jpapUg;ghd;. me;jr; Nyj;jpd; xU
g[wj;jpy; 16 ahidfisa[k;/ eLtpy; cs;s fjpupy; 32 rp';f';fisa[k;/
kw;bwhU g[wj;jpy; 16 ahspfisa[k; nfhj;jpUg;ghd;/ NLfpd;w tiliag;
gps;isfs; xU Fr;rpapy; Fj;jp itj;jpUg;gJ nghy.
grp te;jhy; xt;bthd;whfj; jpd;ghd;. kPz;Lk; ahid ahspfisg;
gpoj;Jr; Nyj;jpy; Fj;jpr; bfhs;thd;. kiynghd;w bgupa cUtKs;s
mtd; ,uhk yl;Rkziuj; jpd;Dk; bghUl;L te;jhd;. rPjh njtpiaf;
fz;lhd;/ ikay; bfhz;lhd;. M * M * ,ts; vd;d mHF. ,ts;
vd;d j';fr; rpiyah > vd;W Twpf; fUld; nfhHpf;F";irf; ftu;tJ
nghy; gpuhl;oahiu vLj;Jf; bfhz;L tpz;zpy; gwe;J brd;whd;.
njtp gjwpf; fjwp mGjhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
75
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; mtd; kPJ ghzkiHiaj; Jhtpdhu;fs;.
tpuhjd; ghz';fisj; jd; iffshy; tpyf;fp "V kdpjr; rpWtu;fns *
ehd; gpuk njtuplk; mstpy;yhj tu';fisg; bgw;wtd;. Vd;dhy;
rhjpf;f Koahj fUk';fs; ,y;iy. ,e;j mHfpa bgz;kzpia vdf;F
mspj;j ed;wpf;flDf;fhf c';fs; capiuj; je;njd;. Xog; ngh';fs;"
vd;whd;.
jz;l fhUz;ak;

\tUk; jz;lf tdj;ijaile;jhu;fs;.


jz;lf tdj;jpy; gytifahd Kdptu;fs; thH;e;jhu;fs;.
thyf;fpy;ypau; vd;w Kdptu;fs;/ m';Fl;l mstpy; cs;stu;fs;.
,tu;fs; gpuk Fkhuu;fs;. ,tu;fs; mstw;w bgUe;jtrPyu;fs;.
Mjpj;jd; mUfpy; ,Ue;J Mjpj;jDila btapiy kpjkhf;fp cyFf;F
mUs;gtu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
76
KUfg; bgUkhDila gd;dpU fu';fspy; xU fuk; ,tu;fisj;
jh';Ffpd;wJ.
,uhkiuf; fhz ,e;j thyf;fpy;ypa Kdptu;fSk; te;jhu;fs;.
jz;lfhUz;aj;jpy; trpf;Fk; Kdptu;fs; gy epakk; g{z;ltu;fs;.
epyj;ijj; bjhlhky; fapw;wpd; nky; ,Ug;gtu; rpyu;. jiHia kl;Lk;
cz;gtu; rpyu;/ gj;uhrdu; rpyu; jhdpa';fisg; gy;ypy; bfhwpj;J
cz;gtu;fs/ je;Jhyfu; rpyu; Jh';fhknyna ,Ug;gtu;. mirahfpau;
bksd epiyapy; cs;stu;fs;.
,j;jifa rpwe;j Kdptu;fs; ,uhtzhjp mt[zu;fshy; ,ut[k; gfYk;
ntjidg;gl;L epiy Fiye;J Jauj;jhy; Js;spj; Joj;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;.
gy g[ypfSf;F ,ilna cyt[k; khd;fisg; nghy; Jd;g[w;whu;fs;.
,e;j Kdpg[';ftu;fs; rhghEf;fpuf rf;jp gilj;jtu;fs; ,tu;fs;
epidj;jhy; mRuu;fs; midtUk; xU tpdhoapy; mHpthu;fs;.
Mdhy;/ nfhgj;ij ntUld; fise;J rhe;j rPyu;fsha; tps';Ftjdhy;
Jauk; mie;jhu;fs;.
jz;lf tdj;Jj; jnghjdu;fs; fhFj;jidf; fz;lt[ld; fjputidf;
fz;l fky';fisg;nghy; mfKk; KfKk; kyu;e;J kfpH;r;rp
mile;jhu;fs;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpna/ cdf;F mgak; mgak; *
,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fu;fshy; ntjk; XJfpd;nwhkpy;iy. nts;tp
bra;fpd;nwhkpy;iy. ke;jpu b$gk; bra;fpd;nwhkpy;iy. jtk;
g[upfpd;nwhkpy;iy. mjdhy;/ eh';fs; me;jzf; jd;ikia
,He;Jtpl;nlhk;. v';fisf; fhg;gJ epd; fld; vd;W Twpr;
ruzkile;jhu;fs;.
,uhkgpuhd;/ jt Kdptu;fns * ,dp/ muf;fUf;F m";r ntz;lhk;.
vd; fiz Jiz g[upa[k;. c';fs; Mrpu;thjj;jhy; ,uhtzhjp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
77
muf;fu;fis mHpg;ngd;. vd; thf;F rj;jpa thf;F. ehd; bgha;
brhd;djpy;iy. muf;fu;fshfpa vd; ghzkhfpa mf;dpapy; rhk;gyhfr;
bra;ntd; vd;whu;.
,e;j ,dpa bkhHpfisf; nfl;L Kdptu;fs; bgupJk; kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
jz;lf tdj;jpny ,uhku; gj;J Mz;Lfs; trpj;jhu;. beUg;g[ ,Ue;jhy;
gdp mqfhJ. ,uhku; ,Ue;jjdhy; muf;fu;fs; bfhLik mfd;wJ.
,uhku;/ jk;gp ,yl;Rkzh * $hdfp * ek; tdthrk; kpft[k;
gaDilajhf Mapw;W. gRtpd; bghUl;Lk;/ me;jzu; bghUl;Lk;/
vtd; jd; capiuj; jpahfk; g[upthndh/ mtd; Kk;\u;j;jpfSk;
tz';fj; jf;ftdhfpd;whd;. guk rhJf;fshfpa ,e;jj; jt rPyu;fSf;F
cjtp bra;a[k; bgUk; ghf;fpak; ekf;F fpilj;jJ. ,J bgUk;
g[z;zpak; vd;whu;.
,uhkiuf; fhz gy Kdptu;fs; te;jhu;fs;. Mdhy; mfj;jpa
Kdptiuf; fz;L tz';f/ ,uhku; tpUk;gpdhu;.
RjPl;rpdp Kdptu;/ mfj;jpa Kdptupd; ciwtplj;ijj; bjuptpf;f/
,uhku; mfj;jpaUila Mrpukj;ijaile;jhu;. vd;WKs bjd; jkpiH
cyFj;Fj; je;j bgUe;jtKdptuhfpa mfj;jpa Kdptu;/ ,uhkiu
tuntw;W Mde;jf; fz;zPu; brhupe;jhu;. Mrpa[iu Twpdhu;. ed;F
mtiu cgrupj;jhu;. rpt fPijia cgnjrpj;jhu;. rpwe;j tpy;iya[k;
cau;e;j fizfisa[k; je;jhu;. ,it ,uhitz rk;khuj;Jf;Fg;
gad;gl;ld.
mfj;jpaUila mUisg; bgw;W \tUk; g";rtoia nehf;fpg;
g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;.
$$llhhaa[ [ rree;j;jppgg;g;g[ [

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
78
fhrpg KdptUf;F tpeij tapw;wpy; mUz gfthDk; fUl gfthDk;
gpwe;jhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; gwitfSf;F nte;ju;fs;. bja;tg; gwitfs.
ngRk; jpwik gilj;jtu;fs;.
mUz gfthd; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;. Mjpj;j gfthDf;F uj rhujpahf
,Ue;J bfhz;L g[upgtu;. ,tUf;Fr; rk;ghjp/ $lha[ vd;W ,U
g[jy;tu;fs;.
gygy Mz;Lfs; rilnghy; gpd;dpf;bfhz;L ePz;l fhyk;
thH;e;jjdhy; $lha[ vd;W ngu; bgw;whu;. ,e;jg; gwit kd;dd; xU
fUkiyapy; gtsf; Fd;W tPw;wpUg;gJ nghy; fk;gPukhf tPw;wpUe;jhu;.
,uhku; mtiuf; fz;L./ bfhoa Xu; muf;fd; gwit totj;jpy; ekf;F
,lu; bra;a te;jpUf;fpd;whd; nghYk; vd;W vz;zpdhu;.
$lha[ ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fis beU';fp/ FHe;ijfns * eP';fs; ahu; >
vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
eh';fs; jruj Fkhuu;fs; vd;W ,uhku; Twpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
79
,ijf; nfl;l $lha[/ kf;fns * jrujd; vd; cld; gpwthr; rnfhjud;.
mtd; eykhf ,Uf;fpd;whdh > vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
,uhku; vd; je;ijahu; gufjp mile;J tpl;lhu; vd;W Twpdhu;.
,ijf; nfl;l $lha[ gijgijj;Jf; fz;zPu; toj;J cs;sk; Joj;Jg;
g[yk;gp mGjhu;.
jk;gp jrujh * cd;Dila bfhilj; jdj;jpw;Fr; fw;gfk; njhy;tp
mile;jJ. cd;Dila Fspu;e;j btz; bfhw;wf;Filf;Fr; re;jpuDk;
njhw;Wtpl;lhd;. cd;Dila bghWikf;F epykfSk; njhw;Wtpl;lhs;.
cd;Dila kiwtpdhy; fw;gfKk;/ KGkjpa[k;/ g{kpa[k; kfpH;r;rp
mila[k;. ehd; cly; eP capu;. cliytpl;L capu; gpupe;J tpl;lJ.
,dp xUnghJk; thHkhl;nld;. FHe;ijfns * jP tsu;j;jpf;
bfhL';fs;. ehd; beUg;gpy; tpGe;J khz;L nghntd; vd;whu;.
,uhku; mtiu tz';fp/ bgupag;gh * eh';fs; thGk; bghUl;Lj; jh';fs;
khshJ thH ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;odhu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ je;ijna * rpwpa jha;f;Fj; je;ijahu; bfhLj;j
tuj;jpd;gog; gujDf;F ehl;il mspj;J ,tu; fhdfj;ij mile;jhu;
vd;whu;.
je;ijapd; brhy;iyg; gupghypf;fj; jk;gpf;F muirf; bfhLj;j c';fs;
jpahfj;ij kpft[k; ghuhl;Lfpd;nwd;. ,e;jg; bgz;kzp ahu; > vd;W
nfl;lhu; $lha[.
ehd; ,yl;Rkzd;. ,tu;fs; $df uh$ Fkhup. mz;zht[ila
ju;kgj;jpdp vd;W Twpdhu;.
$lha[ rPijiag; ghu;j;J. fw;g[f;F murpna * epd; g[fH; vd;Wk; thH;f.
fl;oa xU Jzpa[ld; fztDld; te;jidna * cd; fw;gpd; jpwj;ij
ahuhy;/ vt;thW g[fH Koa[k; > kw;w bgz;fbsd;why;/ vd;idj; jhahu;
tPl;oy; tpl;Ltpl;;Lg; ngha; thU';fs;. tdthrk; Koe;jJk; jpUk;gp
tUk;bghGJ vd;id miHj;J thU';fs; vd;W TWthu;fs;. mk;kh *

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
80
Crp nghd tHpna Ehy; nghtJ nghy;/ fztd; te;j bfhoa
fhdfj;jpw;F cd; bky;y ghj';fs; neht te;jidna * cd; fw;g[j;jpwk;
thH;f vd;W thH;j;jpdhu;.
$lha[ gwe;J epHy; bfhLj;J tHpfhl;o tu/ ,uhk yl;Rkzu;fs;
nfhjtupf; fiuapYs;s 5 khku';fs; NH;e;j jnghtdkhfpa g";rtoapy;
j';fpdhu;fs;.
g";rto- \tUk; g[z;zpa VG ejpfspy; xd;whfpa nfhjtupapy;
mfku;#z ke;jpuk; brhy;yp \H;fp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. me;j ejp
rhd;nwhu;fspd; ftpiag;nghy; bjspthf ,Ue;jJ.
rf;utu;j;jp jpUf;fkhuu;fshfpa ,uhk ,yl;RkzUk;/ $df
uh$Fkhupahfpa rPjh njtpa[k; tpy';Ffsk;/ mRuu;fSk; epiwe;j bfhoa
fhdfj;jpy; trpg;gijf; fz;L epykfs; fz;zPu; toj;J
mGtijg;nghy; ,Ue;jJ me;j kfhejp.
Nu;g;gzif: Nu;g;gzif - Kwk; nghd;w ef';fis cilats;. gpuk
njtUila g[jy;tu; g[y!;jpa Kdptu;. g[y!;jpa KdptUila g[jy;tu;
tpr;rpu tR. tpr;rpu tRtpd; g[jy;td; Fngud;. mjdhy;/ FnguDf;F
itr;utzd; vd;w bgau; cz;lhapw;W.
mRu nte;jdhfpa Rkhypapd; kfs; nffrp. ,e;jf; nffrpf;f tpr;rpu tR
Kdptuhy; gpwe;jtu;fs; ,uhtzd; Fk;gfu;zd;/ tpgP#zd;/
Nu;g;gzif Mfpnahu;.
,uhtzDf;Fj; je;ij me;jzu;. jha; muf;fp. ,t;thW ,U $hjp
xl;lhfg; gpwe;jtd; ,uhtzd;. Nu;g;gzif mRu Fyk; monahL
mHpaf; fhuzkhdts;. ,uhkhaz khfpa fhtpaj;ij ePl;o
tpl;ltu;fs; ,uz;L cjthf;fiuahd bgz;fs;. xUj;jp Tdp/
kw;bwhUj;jp Nu;g;gzif ,uhkhazkhfpa fhtpaj;jpy; Nu;g;gzif
fye;jgpd; Muz;a fhz;lk;/ fp#;fpe;jh fhz;lk;/ Re;ju fhz;lk; a[j;j
fhz;lk; ,e;j \d;wiuf; fhz;l';fs; tpupt[ bgw;wd.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
81
xU kdpjDf;F neha; gpwf;Fk;bghGnj cld; gpwe;J cupa fhyj;jpy;
btspg;gl;L mtid mHpg;gJnghy; Nu;g;gzif ,uhtzndhL gpwe;J
mtidf; Fyj;Jld; \y ehrk; bgw mHj;Jtpl;lhs;.
Nu;g;gzifapd; fztd; gpj;a[j;$pQ;th. ,td; ,uhtzidtpl
mjpfk; goj;jtd;. ,td; ,Ue;jhy; ekf;Fg; bgUik tuhJ vd;W
vz;zpa ,uhtzd;/ j';ifapd; fztd; vd;W Tlg; ghuhky; bfhd;W
tpl;lhd;. fztd; khz;l bra;jp mwpe;J Nu;g;gzif kfpH;r;rp
mile;jhs;. eP v';nf brd;wha; > ahUld; cwthodha; vd;W
nfl;gjw;F Ms; ,y;iy vd;W vz;zp kfpH;r;rp mile;jhs;.
Nu;g;gzif mlf;Fthupd;wpj; jd; tpUg;gk;nghy; jpupe;j me;j ,lk;
$d!;jhdk; vd;W bgau; bgWk;.
,uhtzDila jha; nffrp. ,tSila j';if Fk;gPdrp. ,tsila
g[jy;tu;fs; fud;/ jpuprpud;/ Jh#zd;. fud; mudplk; mwtw;w
tu';fisg; bgw;wtd;/ nguhw;wy; gilj;jtd;.
,uhku; tdthrk; gjp\d;W Mz;LfSk;/ ,uz;L khj';fSk; fHpe;jd.
v";rpapUg;gJ gj;J khj';fs;jhd;.
xUehs; ,uhkgpuhd; mjpfhiyapy; vGe;J nfhjhtupapy; ePuho/ mjd;
fiuapy;/ xU re;jd kuj;jpd; fPH; mku;e;J v';Fk; epiwe;j ,iwtid
epidj;J jpahdk; bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;. me;jf; fhdfj;jpy;
mlf;Fthupd;wp tpUg;gk;nghy; jpupe;J bfhz;oUe;j Nu;g;gzif
mHfpd; rpfukhfpa ,uhkgpuhidf; fz;lhs;. mts; cs;sj;jpy;
fhkhf;fpdp bfhGe;Jtpl;L vupaj; bjhl';fpaJ.
M * M * ,tu; vd;d mHF > Mapuk; kd;kju;fs; nru;e;jhYk;
,tUila ghj JhSf;F epfuhfhu;. gpuk njtd; bgupJk; Kad;W/
,tiu mHfpd; fUt{ykhfg; gilj;jhd; nghYk;. g[jpa tPl;oy;
fz;nzW fHpg;gjw;Fj; bjhl';f tpLfpd;w tpfhug; gJik nghy;
vd;idg; gilj;jhd;. ,tiu mile;J ,d;gj;ij Efu;ntd; vd;W
vz;zpdhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
82
jd; khah rf;jpahy; mHfpa j';fg; gJiknghy;/ njt muk;ignghy;
totj;ij vLj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. mz;zk; nghy; ele;J ,uhkgpuhd;
jpUKd; epd;whs;. mtisf; fz;lt[ld; ,uhkgpuhDila mo kdk;
jPats; vd;W czu;j;jpaJ.
mk;kh * cd; tut[ v';fSf;Fj; jPik ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fl;Lk;. eP ve;j
Cu; > cd; ngu; vd;d > cd; cwtpdu; ahtu; > vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
Nu;g;gzif/ bgUkhnd * tzf;fk;. ehd; gpuk njtUila ngud;
tpr;rputRtpDila g[jy;tp. vd;Dila mz;zd; Fngud;. bts;sp
kiyia ms;sp vLj;j ,uhtzDila j';if vd; bgau; fhkty;yp.
vdf;F ,d;Dk; jpUkzk; Mftpy;iy. fd;dpahf ,Uf;fpnwd;
vd;whs;.
,uhkgpuhd;/ bgz;kzpna * ,uhtzd; mRu nte;jd;. eP mtd;
j';ifahdhy; mRu tothf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. eP bja;t kfshff;
fhl;rp mspf;fpd;widna * vd;W nfl;lhu;.
bgUkhnd * ehd; jtk; bra;J mRu totj;ij khw;wp ,j;bja;t
totj;ijg; bgw;nwd;. vd;whs; Nu;g;gzif.
,uhku;/ bgz;kzpna * \d;W cyf';fisa[k; MSfpd;w
,uhtnzRuDila j';ifahfpa eP ,e;jf; bfhoa fhl;odpy; jdpahf
te;j fhuzk; ahJ > vd;W nfl;lhu;.
vd; rpj;jj;jpy; jpj;jpf;Fk; g[j;jKk; nghd;wtnu * ehd; mRuu;fspd;
jd;ikiaf; fz;L btWj;Jj; njtUf;Fk; KdptUf;Fk;
md;g[ilatshf ,Uf;fpd;nwd;. j';fisf; fz;lt[ld; mdypy;
itj;j bkGFnghy; vd; cs;sk; cUFfpd;wJ. jh';fs; ,ja uh$h/
ehd; ,ja uhzp.. . j';fis ehd; fUk;bgd tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. vd;id
ePu; kidtpahf Vw;Wf; bfhs;Sk; vd;W Nu;g;gzif mHfhfg;
ngrpdhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
83
mk;kh * eP tpr;rputR vd;w me;jzupd; kfs;. ehd; jruj uh$Fkhud;.
me;jzupd; kfis murd; kze;J bfhs;sf;TlhJ. md;wpa[k;
,uhtzd; Kjypa cd; jikadhu;fspd; mDkjp ,d;wp cd;id ehd;
kze;J bfhs;tJ gpiH. Mjyhy;/ eP vd;id tpUk;g[tJ Kiwad;W
vd;whu; ,uhku;.
md;g[ mjpfkhdhy; Fyk; jil bra;ahJ. fhe;ju;t kzj;jhy; ehk;
,UtUk; To kfpHyhk;.
,t;thW Nu;g;gzifa[k; ,uhkUk; ciuahof; bfhz;oUf;Fk; bghGJ
rPjhnjtp ,uhkiu eho tUtijr; Nu;g;gzif ghu;j;jhs;. ghu;j;J
tpk;kpjk; mile;jhs;. ,ts; ek;ikg; nghy; ,ilapy; te;jtshf
,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. gpuknjtd; mHfpw;F xU tuk;ghf ,e;j
,Utiua[k; gilj;jhd; nghYk;. fUk;ig bkd;wtd; ,Uk;ig
bky;Ythdh > ,e;j mHfpia kUt[fpd;w ,tu; vd;id tpUk;g[thuh >
vd;W vz;zpdhs;.
,uhkiug; ghu;j;J bgUkhnd * ,';F tUfpd;w ,ts; bfhoa muf;fp.
Kdptu;fis kaf;fp nkhrk; bra;fpd;wts;. khaj;jpy; ty;yts;. kpft[k;
bghy;yhjts;. ,tis ek;ghjPu;fs; vd;W Twpdhs;.
rPijiag; ghu;j;J/ rpt g{i$apy; fuo g[Fe;jJ nghy; ehDk;/ vd;
fztUk; ngrp kfpH;fpd;w bghGJ ,';F Vd; te;jha; > ,e;j
,lj;ijtpl;L Xog;ngh vd;W tpul;odhs;.
rPjhnjtp m";rp ,uhkiug; gw;wpf; bfhz;lhs;. ,uhku;/ ,e;j
muf;fpa[ld; ciuahLtJ gpiH. ,J bgUk;nfL bra;a[k; vd;W
vz;zp V* muf;fpna * beUg;igj; jpd;dg; g[G tpUk;g[tJnghy; eP
vd;id tpUk;g[fpd;whs; vd;W Twptpl;L/ rPjhnjtpapd; fukyiug;
gw;wpf;bfhz;L gu;zrhiyia mile;jhu;.
bghd;khDk; bgz;khDk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
84
Nu;g;gzif Kfj;jpy; cjpuk; xGf my';nfhykhf ,y';ifthrpfs;
jpLf;fpl;Lj;/ jpifj;J epd;whu;fs;. ,uhtzd; rgh kz;lgj;jpy;
fk;gPukhf tPw;wpUe;jhd;. muk;igau;fs; Modhu;fs; fe;ju;tu;fs;
ghodhu;fs; Kdptu;fs; j';ff; fpz;zj;jpy; ml;rijia itj;Jf;
bfhz;L “,e;j muprpia cd; thapy; vd;W ,Lnthnkh“ vd;w
KqKqj;Jf; bfhz;L “ePL thH;f *“ vd;w cuj;j Fuypy;
Twpf;bfhz;nl ml;rijiaj; bjspj;jhu;fs;. knfhd;djkhd me;j uh$
rigapy; beUg;nghL nkfk; tPH;tJnghy;/ cjpuk; rpe;j Nu;g;gzif
,uhtzd; fhypy; tPH;e;J mGjhs;.
,uhtzd; j';ifapd; epiyikiaf; fz;L fl;Lf;fl';fhj
fL';nfhgj;ijf; bfhz;lhd;. nfhgj;jpdhy; mtd; fz;fspYk;
fhJfspYk;/ \f;fpYk; ,Ue;J beUg;g[g; bghwpfs; gwe;jd. mjdhy;
kPir kapu;fs; vupe;J fupe;jd. ehtpdhy; mj;jPia mizj;Jf;
bfhz;lhd;. ,o ,oj;jJnghy; KH';fp/ “vd; mUikj; j';ifna *
cd; \f;ifa[k;/ fhija[k; mWj;jtu;fs; ahu; > vd; mUikj;
j';ifahfpa cd; \f;F mupa cyf';fspYk; ahUf;Fj; Jzpt[ Vw;gLk;
> ,t;thW bra;jtu;fs; ahuhf ,Ug;gpDk;/ mtu;fis xU behoapy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
85
ekd; cyfpw;Ff; Fonaw;Wntd;“ vd;W KH';fpdhd;/ mtDila
rPw;wj;ijf;fz;L mkuu;fs; m";rpdhu;fs;. fjputd; fjpfy';fpdhd;.
vl;Lf;Fy kiyfs; mire;jd. VG fly;fSk; bfhe;jspj;jd.
Nu;g;gzif/ “mz;zh ,uz;L rpwpa khdplu;fs; Kg;g[upEhy;
jupj;Js;stu;fs;. jruj uh$Fkhuu;fs;. rkhdkpy;yhj tpy;yhspfs;/
cd;id xU bghUshf vz;zhky; xU rpwpa Jfshf vz;qgtu;fs;.
\j;jtdhfpa ,uhkd; kpft[k; rhe;j rPyd;. ,isatd; rPw;w
Kilatd;. mtd;jhd; vd;id ,t;thW bra;jhd;“ vd;whs;.
,uhtzd;/ “md;g[j; j';ifna * njs;Tlf; if itj;jhy; jhd;
bfhl;Lk;. eP vd;d bra;jha; >“ vd;W nfhgj;Jld; nfl;lhd;.
“mz;zh * ,uhkDila kidtp mHF rpfuk; mtisf; fhz yl;rk;
fz;fs; ntz;Lk;. cd; ,UgJ fz;fs; nghjh. mts; j';fr;rpiy/
md;deil/ kpd;dypil/ ghy;bkhHp/ nry;tpHp/ mtis eP mile;jhy;
mJnt bgUk;ghf;fpak; MFk;. mz;zh * ,e;jpud; rrpnjtpiag;
bgw;whd;. KUfdpd; je;ijahfpa rptbgUkhd; ckhnjtpia
kidtpahfg; bgw;whu;. bre;jhkiuf; fz;zhfpa; jpUkhy;
yl;Rkpnjtpia kidtpahfg; bgw;whu;. rPijia eP bgw;whahdhy;/
rPijf;Fs;s mHF ,e;jpuhzpf;Fk;/ ghu;tjpf;Fk; jpUkfSf;Fk;
,y;yhikapdhy; ePna bgupa g[z;zpathd;. mz;zh * jpUkhy;
,yf;Fkpia khu;gpy; itj;jpUf;fpd;whu;. rptbgUkhd; kiykfis jd;
clk;gpd; xU ghjpapy; itj;jpUf;fpd;whu;. rPijia eP mile;jhy;
mtis v';nf itj;J thH;gnghfpd;wha; > mz;zh * mHfpd;
bja;thkhfpa ,yl;Rkp rPijf;Fg; gzptpil bra;at[k; jFjpahf
khl;lhs;. mts; ifg;gl;lhy; gl;lkuk; Jspu;f;Fk;. mts; ngrpdhy;
fy; fiua[k;/ ,Uk;g[ ,sFk;/ Mjyhy;/ mtis cdf;Ff; bfhz;L
te;J ju ntz;Lbkd;W Jhf;fg;nghndd;. nfhgnk tothfpa
,yl;Rkzd; \f;ifa[k;/ fhija[k; mupe;Jtpl;lhd;. mz;zh * eP
rPijiaf; bfhz;L te;J thH;fpd;wbghGJ me;j ,uhkid vdf;Ff;
bfhLj;JtpL“ vd;whs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
86
,jidf; nfl;l ,uhtzd;/ “j';ifna * $d!;jhdj;jpy; thH;fpd;w
fudplk; brhy;ypUe;jhy;/ fud; mudplk; tuk; bgw;wtd;. mtd; me;j
khdplg; g[Gf;fisf; bfhd;wpUg;ghnd * mtdplk; eP Vd;
Kiwapltpy;iy >“ vd;W nfl;lhd;.
Nu;g;gzif/ “mg;gor; bra;ahky; ,Ug;ngdh * mz;zh * ehd;
fudplk; ngha; Kiwapl;nld;. fud;/ jpuprud;/ J}#zd; mWgJ yl;rk;
nridfSld; ,uhkdplk; nghu; g[upe;J \d;W ehHpifapy; mj;jidg;
ngUk; khz;L nghdhu;fs;“ vd;W Twpaijf; nfl;lJk; ,uhtzd;/
jd; jk;gpahfpa fud; khz;lija[k; kwe;jhd;. j';ifapd; ehrpia
mWj;j yl;Rkzida[k; kwe;jhd;. Nu;g;gzifahy; nfs;tpg;gl;l
rPijia kwe;jhdpy;iy.
muritiaf; fiyj;Jtpl;Lj; jd; muz;kidf;Fr; brd;whd;.
rPjhnjtpia jd; ,jakhfpa rpiwapy; itj;jhd;. gpuhl;oahu; nky;
bfhz;l bgU';fhjyhy; fhkhf;fpdp bfhGe;J tpl;L vupe;jJ. mtd;
clk;bgy;yhk; fUfpaJ. ikay; bgUfpaJ. re;jpuDk;/ bjd;wy; fhw;Wk;
mtDf;F tlitj; jPiag;nghy; btg;gj;ijf; bfhLj;J thl;o
tijj;jd./ tre;jUJ Kjypa Ujf;fisbay;yhk; khw;wp khw;wp
miHj;jhd;. fhy';fs; mtd; fl;lisf; fl';fp khwp khwp te;jd.
md;W ,ut[ mtd;gl;l ntjidf;F msnt ,y;iy. bghGJ
g[yu;e;jJ.
fz;l fz;l ,lbky;yhk; rPijapd; totk; cUbtspapy; njhd;wpd.
me;j kha toj;ijj; jltpj;jltpj; ghu;j;J Vkhe;jhd;. ,ijg;nghy;
Nu;g;gzif ,uhkgpuhidna vz;zp V';fpdhs;. mtSf;Fk; fz;l
fz;l ,l';fbsy;yhk; ,uhftDila cUtk; njhd;wpf; fhl;rp
mspj;jJ. J}jiu mDg;gpr; Nu;g;gzifia ,uhtzd; miHj;jhd;.
bgha;j';Fk; be";irtplf; bfhoatshfpa Nu;g;gzif m';F te;jhs;.
j';ifna * ,njh ghu; * kpd;dy; ,il/ ,Uz;l $il/ khd; tpHp/
j';f nkdp/ ,ts; jhnd eP brhd;d rPij *

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
87
Nu;g;gzif/ “mz;zh * ePynkfk; nghd;wp mHfpa nkdp. mHfpa
rilKo/ kut[up/ tpy;iy Ve;jpa jpUf;if ,J ,uhkd; mz;zh“
vd;whs;. m';nf rPija[kpy;iy ,uhkDk; ,y;iy.
“j';ifna * ehk;jhd; ,e;jpu $hyk; bra;fpnwhbkd;why;/ ,e;jr; rpwpa
khdplu;fs; ke;jpu$hyk; bra;J ek;ikna Vkhw;Wfpwhu;fs;. “
“Nu;g;gzif/ mz;zh * eP ,ubty;yhk; rPijiana epidj;jgoahy;
cdf;F mts; totk; bjupfpwJ“ vd;whs;.
“j';ifna * vdf;Fr; rPij nkYs;s Mirg;bgUf;fhy; rPijapd;
totk; bjupfpwJ vd;whs;. cdf;F Vd; ,uhkd; totk; bjupfpwJ >“
“mz;zh * ,uhkd; kPJs;s mr;rj;jpdhy; vdf;F bjupfpd;wJ“
vd;whs;.
,uhtzd; fhiyapy; ePuhodhdpy;iy. tHf;fk;nghy rptg{ir
bra;jhdpy;iy. t";rid bra;J rPijiaf; ftu ntz;Lk; vd;nw
vz;zpdhd;. jhlifapd; kfdhd khaj;jpy; ty;y khuPridj; Jiz
gw;w ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;zpdhd;. flw;fiuapy; Xu; Mykuj;jpd; fPH;
jtk; bra;J bfhz;oUe;j khuPrdplk; brd;whd;.
khuPrd; ,uhtzidf; fz;L Jqf;Fw;whd;. ,e;j fhiy neuj;jpy;
,td; v';F te;jhd; > vd;W vz;zpdhd;. “kUfnd * tUf * tUf
* vy;yhUk; eykh >“ vd;W tpdhtpdhd;.
,uhtzd;/ khuPridg; ghu;j;J/ “khkh * vy;yhUk; eyk;. cd;
kUfpahfpa Nu;g;gzifiaj; jruj Fkhuu;fshfpa ,uhk yl;Rkzu;
\f;ifa[k; fhija[k; mupe;J tpl;lhu;fs;. fud;/ jpuprpud;/
J}#zhjpaiu tijj;J tpl;lhu;fs;. ek;Kila Fyj;Jf;nf ,J bgupa
mtkhdk;. “

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
88
“khkh * ,uhftDila kidtp rPij mstw;w mHFs;stshk;.
mtis ehd; mila ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F eP Jiz bra;a ntz;Lk;“
vd;W Twpdhd;.
khuPrd;/ “,uhtzh * cd;Dila bra;ifahy; ekJ mRu Fynk
mHpe;JtpLk;. ehd; jPatdhf ,Ue;jhYk; cdf;Fj; J}a cs;sj;Jld;
mwpt[iu TWfpd;nwd;. ght';fSf;bfy;yhk; jiyaha ghtk;
gujhuj;ij tpUk;g[tJ. cdf;F xU yl;rk; kidtpau; ,Uf;f/
,d;bdhUtd; kidtpia tpUk;gyhkh > gpwd; kidtpia tpUk;gp
mHpe;jtu;fs; gyu;. ,e;jpud; mfypifia tpUk;gpg; bgUik
Fd;wpdhd;. re;jpud; jhiuia tpUk;gp eyk; mHpe;jhd;. gujhufkdk;
bra;J mHpe;jtu; gyu;. ,uhtzh * cdf;F fpilj;jpUf;fpd;w gjtpa[k;
bry;tKk; vspjhff; fpilj;jit md;W. gyfhYk; gl;odp fple;J
nts;tpj; jPapy; cd; fu';fisa[k;/ rpu';fisa[k; Jzpj;J/ mf;dpapy;
MQ%jp bfhLj;Jg; gyfhyk; jtk; bra;J bgw;w gjtpiag;
bgz;zhirapdhy; ,Hf;fhnj“ vd;W mwt[iu Twpdhd;.
brtpld; brtpapy; tPizapd; xyp tpGkh > ,uhtzd;. “khkh *
mw;gkhd khdplg; gju;fSf;F m";Rfpd;wha;. $hdfpia ehd;
mile;nj jPu ntz;Lk;“ vd;whd; jPtpukhf.
khuPrd;/ ,uhtzd; jpUe;jkhl;lhd;. ,tDf;F mHpt[fhyk;
te;jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;W vz;zp/ “,uhtzh * ePa[k; ehDk; nghu; bra;J
,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fisf; bfhd;w rPijiaf; ftuyhk;“ vd;W Twpdhd;.
,uhtzd;/ “khkh * rPij mstpy;yhj fw;g[s;sts;. fztd;
,we;jt[ld; mtSk; ,we;J tpLths;. Mjyhy;/ t";ridahff;
ftu;jy; ntz;Lk;“ vd;whu;fs;.
khuPrd;/ “ehd; vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk; >“ vd;W nfl;lhd;.
“khkh * bgz;fSf;F mjprag; bghUs;fspy; tpUg;gk; mjpfk;. eP
bghd; khdhfr; brd;W rPijf;F Kd; cyht[tha;. rPij khd; gpoj;Jj;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
89
jUkhW ,uhkid ntz;Lths;. khd; gpd;nd ,uhkDk;/
,yl;RkzDk; bry;thu;fs;. ehd; rPijia t";ridahf mgfupj;Jf;
bfhs;ntd;“ vd;whd;.
khuPrd;/ “,uhtzh * ,uhftd; vd; jha; jhlifiaa[k; vd;
rnfhjudhfpa RghFita[k; ,sikapnyna bfhd;wtd;. md;nw
vd;idf; bfhy;y ghzj;ijj; bjhLj;jhd;. mf;fiz vd;idf; flypy;
js;spaJ. ehd; cdf;F cwthfp ,j;jidf; fhyk; thH;e;njd;.
,g;nghJ vd;id ekd; cyfk; th * th * vd;W iffhl;o
miHf;fpd;wJ. mRuFy nte;jdhfpa eP khs;tJ jpz;zk;. ehd; Kd;
Tl;ona brd;W c';fSf;bfy;yhk; euf cyfj;jpy; ,lk; gpoj;J
itg;ngd;“ vd;W Twpdhd;.
g";rtoapy; ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp re;jpahte;jdk; bra;Jtpl;L kufjf;
fk;gsk; tpupj;jhw;nghd;w g[y;jiuapy; kndh rhe;jpa[ld; tPw;wpUe;jhu;.
khuPrd; etkzpfs; ,iHj;j bghd; khdhfr; rPjh njtpapd; jpUKd;
cyhtpdhd;. rPij me;j khidf;fz;L mjd;kPJ mstw;w Mir
bfhz;lhs;. fz;iz ,ikf;fhky; ghu;j;Jg; gutrkile;jhs;.
,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;J “bgUkhnd * ,e;j khidg; ghU';fs; *
vj;Jiz mHfhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ > ,jidg; gw;wpf; bfhL';fs;.
,jDld; ehd; tpisahLntd;“ vd;whs;.
muz;kidapy; jdf;bfd;wpUe;j tpiykjpf;f Koahj etuj;jpd;
mzpfyd;fisa[k; gl;lhilfisa[k; J}rhf epidj;Jj; Jwe;J te;j
$df uh$Fkhup/ tdj;jpy; cyht[k; khid tpUk;gpdhs;. mjw;bfd;d
fhuzk; > tpjp tHp kjp bry;Yfpd;wJ.
,uhkgpuhd;/ “jk;gp * ,yl;Rkzh * eP cd; mz;zpf;F ghJfhtyhf
,U./ ehd; brd;W khidg; gw;wpj; jUntd;“ vd;whu;.
Tu;j;j kjpa[ila ,yl;Rkzu;/ “mz;zh * mz;zpf;F a$khd;
jh';fspUf;f me;j khd; Vd; > jtk; bra;a te;j j';fSf;Fj; Jiz
bra;a te;j mz;zp fhl;L khid tpUk;g[tJ eyd; md;W“ vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
90
rPjhnjtp/ “bgUkhnd * j';fs; jk;gp vg;nghJk; ntjhe;jnk ngRthu;.
,e;j khd;kPJ vdf;F mjpf tpUg;gk; Vw;gl;oUf;fpd;wJ. jhkjk;
bra;jhy; khd; XotpLk;. ,jidr; rPf;fpuk; gw;wpf; bfhL';fs;“ vd;whs;.
,uhku;/ “jk;gp * ehl;ila[k; tPl;ila[k; jpahfk; bra;J te;j cd;
mz;zpapd; tpUg;gj;ij/ ehd; epiwntw;w ntz;Lk;. Mjyhy;/ eP
,';F ,U. ehd; brd;W khidg; gw;wp tUntd;“ vd;whu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ “mz;zh * bea;fpd;wtDf;Ff; Fu';Ff; Fl;o Vd; >
vd;W xU gHbkhHp cz;L. ,aw;ifahd khDf;F ,j;jid mHF
,Uf;fhJ. khuPrd; khd; tothf te;jpUf;fpd;whd; vd;W vdf;F
njhd;Wfpd;wJ. mnahj;jpapy; mk;khtpd; thu;j;ijahy; mg;gh khz;L
tpl;lhu;. jh';fs; mz;zp thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;fpd;wPu;fs;. ,jdhy;/
vd;d Jd;gk; tUnkh vd;W m";Rfpd;nwd;. ,tid khdhf
mDg;gpa mRuf; Tl;lk; nkfk;nghy; NH;e;J NH;e;J ekf;F ,lu;
bra;a ,Uf;fpd;wJ“ vd;whu;.
rPij khd; ntz;Lbkd;W fz;zPu; rpe;jp mGjhs;. ,uhku;/
“,yl;Rkzh * ,td; khuPrdhf ,Ue;jhy; vd;d > Xu; mk;gpdhy;
,tidf; bfhy;Yntd;. eP ,';F ,U“ vd;W brhy;yptpl;Lf;
nfhjz;lj;ijf; vLj;Jf; bfhz;L khd; gpd;nd brd;whu;.
khd; Fd;wpil jtGk;/ nkff; FGtpy; elf;Fk;/ epd;why; epw;Fk;/
brd;why; mJt[k; bry;Yk;. ,g;go vk;bgUkhid beLe;Jhuk;
miyf;FHpj;jJ. ,uhku; ,td; muf;fd; vd;W czu;e;jhu;. xU Tupa
ghdj;ijj; bjhLj;jhu;. brj;Jk; bfLj;jhd; rPtfj;Jr; brl;o vd;w
gHbkhHpnghy; khuPrd; ,uhkh Fuyhy;/ “M* rPjh * M * ,yl;Rkzh *“
vd;W myup khz;lhd;.
,jidf; nfl;l rPjhnjtp ,uhkUf;F Vnjh Mgj;J te;jJ vd;W
vz;zp/ “,yl;Rkzh * mz;zh myWfpwhu;. eP Xo cjtp bra;“
vd;whs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
91
,yl;Rkzu;/ “mz;zp ntjntj;adhd vd; mz;zDf;fh Mgj;J >
vd; mz;zDila nfhjz;lk; fhjz;lk; tiu tise;jhy; \jz;lk;
gpsf;Fnk * vd; mz;zd; Rz;L tpuy; mire;jhy; mz;l';fs;
mira[nk * Mwhapuk; vWk;g[fs; nru;e;J Xu; ,Uk;g[f; Fz;il
tpG';Fkh > vz;zhapuk; g[Gf;fs; nru;e;J beUg;igj; jpd;dkh >
Nupa Fyj;ij \ntG ,Ugj;njhU Kiw fUtWj;j guRuhkid vd;
mz;zh xU tpehoapy; btd;whnu * jh';fs; neupy; ghu;j;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;jPu;fns * ahuhYk; bty;y Koahj fpuhjid xU tpehoapy;
bfhd;whnu. fud; Kjypa muf;fu;fis \d;W ehHpifapy; tij
bra;jhnu * ,tw;iwbay;yhk; mwpe;j jh';fs; nguhw;wy; gilj;j
vk;bgUkhDf;F Mgj;J vd;W vz;zyhkh > ehd; j';fis tpl;Lg;
gpupe;jhy; muf;fu;fshy; j';fSf;F Jd;gk; neUk;“ vd;whu;.
rPjhnjtp/ “,yl;Rkzh * eP khw;whe;jha; kfd;. eat";rfd;. ehl;ony
ifnfap btz;bfhw;wf;Filiag; gwpj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. gujd;
mGJbfhz;nl vk;bgUkhd; jpUtoapy; Ks; Fj;jl;Lbkd;W
ghJifiag; gwpj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. eP mLj;Jf; bfLf;f te;jid
nghYk;. cd; fUj;ij ehd; czu;fpd;nwd;. eP mz;zDf;Fj; Jiz
bra;ag; nghftpy;iyahdhy;/ ,njh * vupfpd;w fhl;Lj; jPapy; tPH;e;J
khz;L nghntd;/“ vd;w mf;fpdpf;fUfpy; Xodhs;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ “mz;zp * ePu; ,wf;f ntz;lhk;. jh';fs; brhy;yk;gpdhy;
vd;idj; Jisj;Jtpl;Ou;. ehd; nghfpd;nwd;. bt";rpd; tpjpapid
bty;y ty;ytu; ahu; > ehd; nghfpd;nwd;“ vd;W bgUk; Jauj;Jld;
g[wg;gl;lhu;.
$lha[tpd; tPug;nghu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
92
,yl;Rkzu; kpft[k; ntjidg;gl;L cs;sk; cile;jhu;. "jhd; gpupe;J
brd;why; rPijf;F vd;d Mgj;J tUnkh >" vd;W vz;zpf;
fy';fpdhu;. Jd;gk; neu;e;jhy; $lha[ gfthd; fhj;jUs;thu; vd;W
xUthW kdk;njwp ,uhkiu ehog; g[wg;gl;Lr; brd;whu;.
khiaapy; ty;y ,uhtzd; Kjpa jtKdptdhf/ fhtpj;Jzpa[k; jz;L
fkz;lyKk; cj;jpuhl;r khiya[k; Ve;jp/ rPjhnjtpapd; ghzrhiyia
mile;jhd;.
gpuhl;oaiu cw;W nehf;fpdhd;. gpuhl;oahupd; mHifg; ghu;f;f
vdf;Fs;s ,UgJ fz;fs; nghjhnj. Mapu';fz;fs; ,y;iyna >
vd;W tUe;jpdhd;. ntjfPj';fis ,dpa Fuypy; ghodhd;. M.. .
M.. ,g;bgz;kzp vj;jid mHfhf ,Uf;fpd;whs; >
mGfpd;w Kfj;jpd; mHnf ,g;go ,Uf;Fkhdhy; g[d;dif g{j;j Kfk;
vg;go ,Uf;Fk; > ehd; ,dp ,y';ifia Mskhl;nld;. ,y';if
Ml;rpia ,tis vdf;F bjuptpj;j vd; j';if Nu;g;gzifaplk;
bfhLj;Jtpl;L ehd; ,e;jg; bgz;kapYf;F Vty; bra;J thH;ntd;
vd;bwy;yhk; vz;zpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
93
rPjhnjtp/ re;epahrpiag; ghu;j;jf; fz;zPiuj; Jilj;Jf; bfhz;L/
Kdptnu * tUf * vd;W Twp/ xU jUg;igg; ghapl;L mkur;
brhd;dhs;.
,uhtzd;/ "bgUik epiwe;j bgz;kzpna ePu; ahu; ,';F Vd;
,Uf;fpd;wPu;" vd;W tpdtpdhd;.
rPjh njtp/ "Kdptnu ehd; jrujUila g[jy;tupd; kidtp. vd; bgau;
rPij. "
"fztdhupd; bgaiuf; fw;g[ila bgz;fs; brhy;yf;TlhJ. ehd;
Jwtpfisj; bja;tkhf vz;qfpd;w $df khkd;dupd; g[jy;tp.. .
jh';fs; v';fpUe;J tUfpd;wPu; >" vd;W nfl;lhs;.
",uhtzd;/ ,y';ifia MSfpd;wtd;. mstpy;yhj
bgUika[ilatd;. ew;Fz rPyd;/ ,e;jpud; Kjypa ,katu;/
mtDf;F Vty; g[upfpd;whu;fs;. rptbgUkhd; vGe;jUspa[s;s
bts;spkiyia ms;spbaLj;jtd;. mtd; gpuknjtUila ngud;.
g[fH;bgw;w epfupy;yhj tPuhjp tPud;. bgz;fs; ehafnk * ,uhtzd;
cau;e;j gz;g[ilatd; ,irapYk; ty;ytd;. kpft[k; ey;ytd;. mtd;
xU khjiu ehLfpd;whd;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
rPjhnjtp/ "jtKdptnu * jh';fs; jPatidj; J}atdhff; TWfpd;wPu;
vd; fztdhu;/ ,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fis mHpf;f cWjp bfhz;Ls;shu;.
,uhtzd; ,UgJ njhs;fisa[ila tPud; vd;W TwpdPnu.
Mapue;njhs;fisa[ila fhu;j;jtPupaid ,uz;L njhs;fisa[ila
guRuhku; bfhd;wij ePu; mwpatpy;iyah > mRuu; Fyj;jpy; te;j
,uhtzd; Kjypa jPatu;fis mHpj;Jj; J}atu;fis thHitg;gij
vd; fztdhu; tpujkhff; bfhz;Ls;shu;" vd;W Twpdhs;.
rPjhgpuhl;oahupd; tPujPu bkhHpfisf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; vupkiynghy;
rPw;wk; mile;jhd;. me;j nfhghf;fpdpahy; mtDila kha totk;
mfd;wJ. gj;Jj; jiyfSk; ,UgJ njhs;fSk; cila mRu

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
94
tot[ld; epd;whd;. rPjhnjtp mt;toitf; fz;L m";rp eL';fpdhs;.
,uhtzd; mtiuj; jPz;l m";rp/ MHkhf mfH;e;J g{kpa[ld;
gu;zrhiyia vLj;Jj; njupd; kPJ itj;J tpz;tHpna g[wg;gl;lhd;.
rPjhnjtp/ vupapy; tPH;e;j kyu;f;bfhonghy; JoJoj;jhs;. mywpdhs;.
,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fnd * khid mDg;gp kha";bra;J vd;idf;
ftu;e;j jd;ik vd; fztdhUf;F m";rpdha; vd;gij tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.
ku';fns * kiyfns * vd;id ,e;j muf;fd; ftu;e;jij
vk;bgUkhdplk; TWtPu;fs;. khjhtida nfhjhtupna * eP vd;
fztdhuplk; TWtha; vd;W fjwp mGjhs;. bja;tj;ij epidj;J
bjhGjhs;. mtSila Jd;gj;ijf; fz;L ruhru';fs; vy;yhk;
Jd;g[w;Wd.
xU Fd;wpd;kPJ taJ jsu;e;j nrhu;e;jpUe;j $lha[ rPjhnjtpapd;
Fuiyf; nfl;lhu;. czu;r;rpapdhy; ce;jg;gl;L gwe;J te;jhu;.
rPjhnjtpia ,uhtzd; ftu;e;J bry;tijf; fz;L mjpu;r;rp
mile;jhu;. "V * \lnd ,e;jg; bgz; bja;tj;ij eP mgfupf;fyhkh
> ahf Fz;lj;jpd; mUfpy; ,Uf;fpd;w bea;ia eha;f;Fl;o tpUk;gyhkh
> ,ts; cyfkhjh. cdf;F mHpt[fhyk; te;Jtpl;J. mjdhy;/ ,e;j
mju;kj;ijr; bra;fpd;wha; vd;W Twpr; rpwfpdhy; tUk; fhw;wpdhy;
m';Fs;s miyfisa[k;/ ku';fisa[k; eL';f itj;jhu;.
$lha[tpd; Mw;wiyf; fz;L mkuu;fSk; mjprapj;jhu;fs;.
,uhtzidg; nghfbthl;lhky; jLj;Jg; nghu; g[upe;jhu;. \f;fpdhy;
fps;spa[k; rpwfpdhy; moj;Jk; mkuhodhu;. ,uhtzDila tPizf;
bfhoia \f;fpdhy; Jzpj;J vwpe;jhu;. mtd; clk;gpy; cjpuk; xGf
moj;jhu;. nju;g;ghfDila jiyia btl;oj; js;spdhu;. jd;
khkdhuhfpa $lha[tpd; tPug;nghiuf; fz;L rPij kfpH;e;jhs;. $lha[
,uhtzDila njiu mHpj;jhu;.
,uhtzd; kpfr; rpwe;j ntiy mtu;kPJ tpLj;jhd;. me;j
tugyKila nty; mtUila khu;gpy; gl;Lf; Tu; kG';fpj;
jpUk;gpaJ. ,uhtzd; jz;lha[jj;jhy; $lha[it moj;jhd;. $lha[

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
95
cly; g[z;zhfp cjpuk; xGf/ kPz;Lk; vGe;J mtDld; nghu;
g[upe;jhu;. ,uhtzd; rptbgUkhd; je;j this vLj;J $lha[tpd; ,U
rpwFfisa[k; btl;o tPH;j;jpdhd;. $lha[ cjpuk; xGf/ "uhk;.. . uhk;..
." vd;W Twp kz;zpy; tPH;e;jhu;. thdtu; kyu;kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;.
,uhtzd; rhiya[ld; rPijiaj; njupy; itj;J ,y';ifia nehf;fpr;
bry;yyhapdhd;. mJfz;L $lha[ bgupJk; tUe;jpdhu;. "vd; rpiw
mw;Wtpl;lJ. Mdhy;/ rPjhnjtpapd; fw;g[ vd;Wk; rpiwawhJ" vd;W
g[yk;gp \u;r;rpj;J tpl;lhu;.
rPjhnjtp $lha[t[f;F neu;e;j kuzj;ijf; fz;L Jauf; flypy;
MH;e;ju;. "ju;kk; njhw;Wk; mju;kk; bty;tjh > vd;idf; fhf;f te;j
ePu; ,e;j epiyia mile;jPnu > me;njh * njtuPu; j';fs; g[jy;tiuf;
fz;L vd; epiyiaf; TWtPuhf *" vd;W mGjhs;.
,uhtzd; ,y';ifaile;J njtpia mnrhf tdj;jpy; rpiw
itj;jhd;. bfhoa muf;fpaiuf; fhty;g[upa Vw;ghL bra;jhd;.
rPij jdpna ,Ug;gjhy; vd;d ,lu; tpisa[nkh > VJ tUnkh >
vd;w tUe;jp ,yl;Rkzu; mz;zid ehor; brd;whu;.
khuPrd; Fuiy khw;wpg; g[yk;gpdhnd * ,jidf; nfl;Lr; rPij
fy';Fthns * vd;W ,uhku; vz;zp/ ntfkhfj; jpUk;gp te;jhu;.
tUfpd;w tHpapy; bjhiytpy; jk;gpiaf; fz;lhu;. jpLf;fpl;lhu;.. .
kdk; gijgijj;jhu;.
rPijiaj; jdpna tpl;L vd; jk;gp tukhl;lhd;. khuPrd; Fuiyf;nfl;l
$hdfp fL";brhw;fshy; vd; jk;gpia itjpUf;fntz;Lk;. ,y;iynay;
vd; jk;gp te;jpUf;fkhl;lhd;.
"mz;zh * ,J khd; md;W. khuPr muf;fd;. khd; gpof;fg;
nghfntz;lhk;" vd;W vd; jk;gp vd;idj; jLj;jhd;. mtd;
brhy;iyf; fle;J ehd; khd; gpd; brd;nwd;. vd; jk;gp vd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
96
brhy;iyf; fle;J tUfpd;whd;. mjyhy;/ vd; jk;gp kPJ gpiHapy;iy.
vd;kPJjhd; gpiH vd;W ,uhku; fUjpdhu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; tPH;e;jhu;/ ,uhku;/ "jk;gP *
mz;zpiaj; jdpna tpl;L Vd; te;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * muf;fd; Fuiyj; j';fs; Fuyhff; fUjpa
mz;zp/ j';fSf;F Mgj;J neu;e;Js;sJ eP brd;W Jiz g[[upf *"
vd;whu;. ehd; gyg;gy Twpa[k; mz;zp nfshky; beUg;gpy; tPH;e;J
khs;ntd; vd;W beUg;gplk; beU';fpdhu;. "ehd; tutpy;iy bad;why;
beUg;gpy; tPH;e;J khz;Lnghthu;. Mjdhy;/ tu neu;e;jJ" vd;whu;.
,uhku;/ "jk;gp cd;kPJ Fw;wk; ,y;iy.. khid nehf;fp te;jJ vd;
gpiH" vd;W gu;zrhiyapUe;j ,lk; brd;whu;. gu;zrhiy kz;nzhL
gwpf;fg;gl;L btWikahf ,Ue;jJ ,uhkUf;Ff; fz; RHd;wJ. tpz;
RHd;wJ. kz; RHd;wJ. Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhu;. mtUf;F cyfnk
,Uz;Ltpl;lJ.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "vk;gpuhl;oiaj; jPz;Ltjw;F m";rp gu;zrhiya[ld;
bfhz;L brd;Ws;shd;. nju;r;RtL bjupfpd;wJ. mJt[e; bjw;nf
nehf;fpr; brd;Ws;sJ. ehk; tpiue;J bry;Ynthk; *" vd;whu;.
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; bjw;F nehf;fpr; brd;whu;fs;. tHpapy; tPizf;
bfho tPH;e;jpUe;jJ.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh ,njh ghU';fs; tPizf; bfho.. ,J
,uhtzDila bfho.. . ekJ bgupag;gh $lha[ nghu; g[upe;jpUg;ghu;
nghYk;.. . mtUila \f;fpdhy; bfho Kupe;Js;sJ vd;w Twp/
nkYk; tpiue;J brd;whu;fs; tHpapy; gy jiyfs;/ gy fu';fs;
mWgl;L tPH;e;jpUe;jd. ,jidf;fz;l ,uhkgpuhd; jk;gP * jiyfs;
gy iffs; gy ,Ug;gjdhy; gyu; nru;e;J rPijia mgfupj;jpUg;ghu;fs;
nghYk;" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
97
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * jiyfs; gy/ fu';fs; gy Mdhy;/ fhy;fs;
,y;iy.. . mjdhy; ,uhtzd; xUtd; jhd; ftu;e;Jsd;/ mtDila
rpu';fSk; fu';fSk; mWf;f mWf;f Kisf;Fk; tuk; bgw;wtd;" vd;w
Twp/ kPz;Lk; tpiue;J bry;tuhapdu;. cjpur; nrw;wpny $lha[ epidt[
,d;wp \u;r;rpUg;gijf; fz;lhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ "je;ijna * je;ijna *" vd;W tha; tpl;Lg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;.
"ehl;oy; xU je;ijia ,He;njd;. fhl;oy; xU je;ijaiu
,He;njd;. me;njh * vd; bra;ntd;. vd; bghUl;Lj; njtuPu; ,e;j
kuzj;ij va;jpdPu; *" vd;W fjwp aGjhu;.
$lha[ \u;r;ir bjspe;jhu;. ,uhtzDila gj;Jj; jiyfisa[k;
gyKiw btl;o/ btw;wp bgw;w \f;fhy; ,uhk yl;RkzUila cr;rpia
nkhe;jhu;.
"kf;fns * rPijiaj; jdpna tpl;L v';Fr; brd;wPu;fs; > ,uhtzd;
vd; kUfpiar; rhiya[ld; vLj;Jr; brd;whd;. ehd; vd;dhy;
Mdkl;Le; jLj;njd;. rptd; je;j thshy;/ vd; rpiwia btl;o
tpl;lhd;" vd;whu;.
,jidf;nfl;l ,uhku; vupkiynghyr; rPwpdhu;. "rPijia ,uhtzd;
vLj;jija[k; j';fs; rpwFfisa[k; ,uhtzd; btl;oaija[k;
ghu;j;jpUe;j tpz;ztiua[k; tpz;ztu; cyifa[k; mHpg;ngd;" vd;w
nfhjz;lj;ij tisj;J ehbzhyp bra;jhu;. ,uhkUilz
nfhghf;fpdpiaf; fz;L cyfk; eL';fpaJ.. . ,yl;RkaUk; m";rpdhu;.
,t;thW ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp/ tpz;ztu;fs;kPJ nfhgpj;jnghJ/ $lha[
gfthd;/ ",uhfth * mHfpa ,sk; bgz;izj; jdpna fhl;oy; tpl;L/
khd; gpd; brd;W Fyg;gHpiaj; njof; bfhz;Ou;fs;. c';fs;
Fw;wnkahFk;/ cyfj;ijf; nfhgpf;fykh >" vd;W rpwpJ cuj;j Fuypy;
Twpdhu;. ,uhkUf;F mwpt[iu Tw/ mtiuad;wp ntWahUsu; >

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
98
fte;jd;
,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; $d!;jhdj;jpy; ,Ue;J \d;W Fnuhr Jhuk;
mg;ghy; brd;W. fpbus";rhuz;aj;ijf; fle;J \d;W Fnuhr Jhuk;
brd;W/ xU tdj;ij mile;jdu;. mt;tdnk fte;j tdkhFk;.
eLg;gfy; va;jpaJ. rPijiaj; njor; brd;w ,uhk yl;Rkzu; fte;jd;
iffSf;Fs; mfg;gl;Lf; bfhz;lhu;fs;. fte;jd; vd;w muf;fd;
,e;jpud; t$;$puha[jj;jhy; mof;f/ jiy clk;g[f;Fs; g[ija/ btWk;
Kz;lkhf ,Ue;J mt;tdj;jpy; thH;fpd;w Kdptu;fSf;Fk;
tpy';FfSf;Fk; jP';F bra;J te;jhd;. mtDf;F xU nahrid Jhuk;
ePz;l fu';fs; ,Ue;jd. mtd; ifia ePl;o klf;Fthdhy;
mt;tdj;jpYs;s Kdptu;fSk; tpy';FfSk; mtd; tapw;Ws; brd;W
khz;L tpLthu;fs;.
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; fte;jidf; fz;L mjprak; mile;jhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ "jk;gp * ehk; ,e;jg; g{jj;jpd; ifapy; mfg;gl;L bfhz;nlhk;.
vd;id tpl;Lr; rPija[k; gpupe;Jtpl;lhs;. ,dp vdf;F thH;t[
ntz;Lnkh > eP ,e;j ,lupypUe;J jg;gpj;Jf;bfhs;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; Kd;nd bry;yt[k;/ ,uhku; mtiu Ke;jpr; bry;yt[khf
xUtiu xUtu; Ke;jpr; brd;whu;fs;. fte;jd; ,uhk yl;Rkziuf;
fz;L fu;$id bra;jhd;. ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; mtDila ,uz;L
fu';fisa[k; thspdhy; btl;o tPH;j;jpdhu;fs;. fte;jDila
clk;gpypUe;J xu; xspkakhd cUtk; tpz;zpny epd;W ,uhkiuj;
Jjp bra;jJ.
",uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp * vd; khag; gpwg;ig ePf;fpj; Jha clk;gpidj;
je;jid. cdf;F xU nfho tzf;fk;". ,uhku; mtidg; ghu;j;J/
"cd; tuyhW ahJ >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
",uhfth * ehd; jD tk;rj;jpy; gpwe;jtd;. xU KdptUila
rhgj;jhy; muf;fdhapndd;. ,e;jpud; t$;$puj;jhy; moj;jhy; jiy
clk;g[f;Fs; brUfpaJ/ mjdhy; fte;jdhndd;. cd; fUizapdhy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
99
ey;YUg; bgw;nwd;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp * cd; jpUtof;Fg; gynfho
tzf;fk;. vk;bgUkhnd * gue;J tpupe;j ,t;t[yfj;jpy; eP';fs;
,UtUnk rPijiaj; njor; fz;Lgpof;f ,ayhJ. Jizapd;wp xU
bgupa fhupaj;ij Kof;f KoahJ. Jiz ,d;wpaikahjJ. ,dk;
,dj;Jld; nru ntz;Lk;. kj';f tdj;jpy; Rf;uPtd; vd;w thdu tPud;
,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtd; Nupa Fkhud;. Nupa Fyj;jpy; cjpj;j ePa[k;
mtDk; Xu; ,dkhFk;. ve;j tifapy; vd;why; cd;Dila
kidtpia ,uhtzd; ftu;e;J bfhz;lhd;. Rf;uPtd; kidtpia thyp
ftu;e;J bfhz;lhd;. kidtpia ,He;jtDf;Fj;jhd; kidtpia
,He;j ftiy bjupa[k;. filapy; cz;ltDf;Fj;jhd; filapd;
cztpdhy; tUe; Jd;ge; bjupa[k;. Rf;uPtd; ew;Fz rPyd;. eP
thypiaf; bfhd;W Rf;uPtDf;F mtd; kidtpia kPl;Lf;
bfhLg;ghahf. mtd; vGgJ bts;sk; thdu';fSf;Fj; jiytd;.
mtd; rPijiaj; njlt[k;/ ,uhtz rk;khuj;jpw;Fk; cjtp bra;thd;.
vdnt/ eP rPijiaj; njLfpd;w Kaw;rpia tpLj;J Rf;uPtid
milthahf vd;W Twpj;bjhGJ jd; ciwtplk; nru;e;jhd;.
rrgguupp K
Kff;j;jpp
uhk yl;Rkzu; gy fhj';fs; kiya['; fhL'; fle;J/ ele;J gk;gh
ejpf;Fnky; fiuapYs;s kj';fh!;ukj;ij mile;jdu;. m';F kj';f
Kdptu; jtk; bra;j Mrpukj;ijf; fz;ldu;.
rgup vd;w eiu \jhl;o/ ,uhk yl;Rkziuf; fz;L mstw;w
kfpH;r;rpaile;jhs;. Mde;jf; fz;zPu; brhupe;J mGjhs;. bjhGjhs;.
rgup/ kj';f KdptUila khztp. mts; gy fhyk; jt";bra;J
,uhkiuf; fhz ntz;Lbkd;W fhj;jpUe;jhs;. ,uhkUila tuit
Kd;Tl;ona nahff; fhl;rpahy; fz;L gyg;gy fdpfisf; foj;Jr; Rit
ghu;j;J/ ,uhk yl;RkzUf;Ff; fdpfisf; bfhLj;Jr; tpUe;J bra;jhs;.
,uhku;/ mtsJ md;g[f;F kpft[k; kfpH;e;J cs;sk; befpH;e;J
cUfpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
100
Rgup ,uhftid nehf;fp/ ",uhkh * Nupa Fkhuuhfpa Rf;fPtidj;
Jizahff; bfhz;L/ rPjh njtpiaj; njo mtis milthahf *"
vd;whs;. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; ghu;j;Jf;bfhz;oUf;Fk; nghnj mts;
Kf;jpaile;jhs;.
,uhk yl;Rkzu; gk;gh epjpia nehf;fpr; brd;whu;fs;.
mwpKfk;
mEkdpd; mw

gk;gh ejp- ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; rgup thH;e;j kj';f


Mrpukj;ijtpl;L/ rPijiaj; njLfpd;w jd;ikia tpLj;Jr; Rf;uPtidj;
njof;bfhz;L g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;. rgupapDila Mnyhridg;go
Rf;uPtidf; fz;L mtDila Jiza[ld; rPijiaf; fz;Lgpoj;J
mtis ailayhbkd;W uprpa\f gu;tjj;ij mile;jhu;fs;.
up!;ak; - khd;;
\fk; - Cik

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
101
m';Fs;s khd;fs; ehk; ,iue;J Xirapl;lhy; ,';Fs;s Kdptu;fspd;
jtepiy fiya[k; vd;W fUjp/ thapUe;Jk; ngrhky; Ciknghy;
,Ug;gjdhy;/ me;j kiy uprpa\fk; vd;w bgaiug; bgw;wJ.
me;j kiyr;rhuypy; gk;ghejp/ "hdpfs; jpUt[s;sk; nghy; bjspthf
Xof; bfhz;oUe;jJ. me;j ejpapy; bre;jhkiu kyu;fs; kyu;e;J
eWkzk; tPrpf;bfhz;oUe;jd. me;jr; rpte;j jhkiu kyu;fspy;
md;dg; gwitfs; g[Fe;jd. mf;fhl;rp md;d';fs; ,uhkUila
Jauj;ijg; ghu;j;J/ ehk; vd; ,dp thH ntz;Lk; > ,tUila
Jd;gj;ij ek;khy; fisa Koatpy;iyna > ,we;J nghtnj ey;yJ
vd;W vz;zpr; bre;jhkiuahfpa mf;dpapy; tPH;tdnghy; ,Ue;jJ.
,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; gk;gh ejpapy; mfku;#zk; ( ghgj;ijf; bfLf;Fk;
ke;jpuk; ) ke;jpuj;ij Xjp ePuho $gjg';fisr; bra;J mjd; fiuapy;
j';fpdhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ jk;gpia nehf;fp/ "jk;gp * rPij ,Ue;jhy; vd;Dld; nru;e;J
,e;j ejpapy; ePuho kfpH;ths;. mts; vd;d Jd;gj;ij
mDgtpf;fpwhnsh > jk;gp * mts; vd;id epide;J tUe;Jths;"
vd;W Twpdhu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * rPjhnjtp j';fis epidf;f khl;lhu;"
vd;whu;.
,ijf; nfl;l ,uhku; mjpu;r;rpaile;jhu;.
"jk;gp * cd; brhy; tprpj;jpukhf ,Uf;fpd;wnj. fw;g[ila bgz;fs;
fztidg; gpupe;jnghJ fztid epidg;ghu;fns/ rPij
fw;g[ilatshapw;nw. vd;id epidf;fhky; ,Ug;ghsh >"
"mz;zh * fw;g[ila bgz;fs; jd;idg; gpupe;jpUf;fpw nghJ
fztid epidg;ghu;fs;. Mdhy;/ mz;zp epidf;fkhl;lhu; vd;nwd;.
mz;zp kfh kfh kfh gjp tpujh rpnuhd;kzp. mtu; fw;g[f;F murp.
j';fis kwe;jhy;jhnd epidg;ghu;fs;. vd; mz;zp fzg;bghGJk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
102
j';fis kwf;fnt khl;lhu;fs;. Mfnt/ epidf;f khl;lhu;fs; vd;W
brhd;ndd;."
,yl;RkzUila ngRe;jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,uhku; tpag;g[ mile;jhu;.
,uhku; Rf;uPtidf; fhzntz;Lnk * mtd; v';F ,Uf;fpd;whndh >
mtid vg;gof; fhz;gJ > rPjhnjtp v';F ciwfpd;whnsh > vd;d
Jd;gj;ij Efu;fpd;whnsh > mtis kPz;Lk; fhz Koahnjh >
vd;id ek;gp vd;idj; bjhlu;e;J te;j kidtpapd; Jauj;ijg;
nghf;Fk; Mw;wy; ,y;yhj vdf;F ,e;jf; nfhyKk; ,dp ntz;Lnkh >
kidtpapd; Jauj;ijg; nghf;fhj ,tDf;F tpy; Vd; > vd;W cyfk;
gHpf;Fnk. tpy;iyr; Rkg;gJld; gHpr;brhy;iya[k; Rkf;fpd;nwnd.
xU bgz;zpd; Jauj;ij mfw;w khl;lhj ahd; cyf kf;fspd;
Jauj;ij vt;thW khw;Wntd; > vd;W Twp ,uhku; g[yk;gpaGjhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; njw;w/ xUthW njwpdhu;.
re;jpud; cjpj;jhd;. re;jpu cjaj;jhy; epyk; Fspu;e;jJ/ v';Fk; eyk;
tpise;jJ. Mdhy;/ ,uhkUila csk; Fsputpy;iy. nkYk; nkYk;
tUe;jpdhu;. ,ut[ KGtJk; cw';fhky; cs;sk; ciye;jhu;. jd;
Fyj;J ike;jDf;F ,e;jj; Jd;gk; te;jnj. ehd; ngha; mj;Jaiu
khw;Wntd; vd;W tUthd; nghy; Mjpj;jd; cjpj;jhd;.
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; gk;igapy; tpjpg;go ePuho/ NupaDf;F
mu;f;fpa'; bfhLj;jhu;fs;/ bja;tj;ij tz';fpdhu;fs;.
vGe;jt[ld; ,iwtid tz';f ntz;Lk;. Vd; tz';f ntz;Lk;.
ed;wpf; flDf;fhf tz';f ntz;Lk;. ntW ve;j capu;fSf;Fk;
,y;yhj gFj;jwpthfpa MwhtJ mwpt[ld; ,e;j kdpjg; gpwtpia
,iwtd; ekf;Fj; je;jhd;. mtd; bfhLj;jhd; clk;ghy; mtid
tHpgl ntz;Lk;.
vGe;jt[ld; ,iwtid tz';Ftij tlbkhHpapy; re;jpahte;jdk;
vd;W TWthu;fs;. re;jpahte;jdk; vd;gjw;Fg; bghUs;/ ed;whfj;
jpahdpj;J tz';FtJ vd;gjhFk;. jkpHpy; fhiyf;fld; vd;W

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
103
TWthu;fs;. flidj; jpUk;gpf; bfhLf;ftpy;iyahdhy; ghtkhFk;.
,iwtd; je;j clk;ghy; mtid tHpgltpy;iyahdhy; ekf;F ed;wp
bfhd;w ghtk; tUk;. re;jpahte;jdk; vd;gijf; fhl;oYk; fhiyf;fld;
vd;gJ bghUl;brwpt[ cs;sjhFk;.
eilapdhYau; ehafdhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp tpy;iy
baLj;Jf;bfhz;L Rf;uPtidj; njof; bfhz;L elf;fj; bjhl';fpdhu;.
m
mEEkkd
d; ; rree;j;jppgg;g;g[-[- ml';fhikna xUtothfpa thyp jd; jk;gpahfpa
Rf;uPtidg; gyKiw bfhy;Ytjw;F Kad;whd;. Rf;uPtDila
kidtpahfpa "Ukh" vd;w bgz;kzpiaf; ftu;e;J bfhz;lhd;. ,e;j
upra\f kiyf;F thyp tUthdhapd; mtd; jiy Mapuk; Jz;lhf
btoj;JtpLk;. ,J kj';f KdptUila rhgk;. me;jr; rhgj;Jf;F
m";rp thyp mk;kiyf;F tUtjpy;iy. jikaDila bfhLikf;F
m";rpa Rf;uPtd; mEkd; Kjypa Kg;gj;jpuz;L thdu tPuUld;
mk;kiyapy; thH;thdhapdhd;.
Rf;uPtd; jd;idf; bfhy;Yk; bghUl;L thypapdhy; mDg;gg;gl;L
,tu;fs; tUfpd;whu;fnsh vd;W ,uhk ,yl;Rkziuf; fz;L
m";rpdhd;/ eL';fpdhd;. kpft[k; XL';fpdhd;. rp';fj;ijf; fz;l
FWeupnghy; Xo xU ghiwapd; fPH; xspe;J bfhz;lhd;. mtDf;Fj;
Jiz bra;fpd;w thdu tPu;fs; mtDf;F Kd;dnu brd;W xspe;J
bfhz;lhu;fs;.
xU kd;dtd; jd; gupthu';fSld; fhdfk; nghdhd;. xU g[yp
Juj;jpf; bfhz;L te;jJ. mg;gupthu';fspy; xUtd; eP';fs; g[ypf;Fg;
gag;gl ntz;lhk;. ehd; jiuapy; gLj;Jf; bfhs;ntd; g[ypf;Fg;
gae;jtu;fbsy;yhk; vd; nky; gLj;Jf; bfhs;S';fs; vd;whdhk;. g[yp
nkny ,Ug;gtidj;jhnd moj;Jf; bfhy;Yk; > ,Jnghy; ,Ue;jdu;
Rf;uPtdpd; Jiztu;fs;.
,uhk ,yl;Rkziuf; fz;L mEkd; m";rtpy;iy. mwpt[ilahu;
xd;Wf;Fk; m";rkhl;lhu;fs;. m";Rtjpy;iy/ m";r tUtJkpy;iy
vd;ghu; mg;gu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
104
Mfnt/ mwpt[ilahu; vjw;Fk; m";rkhl;lhu;fs;. Mdhy;/
m";rhjtu;fs; vy;yhk; mwpt[ilatu;fs; my;yu;. ghy; btz;ikahf
,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy;/ btz;ikahf ,Ug;gbjy;yhk; ghy; Mfh.
M";rneau; Rf;uPtidg; ghu;j;J/ "ehd; brd;W ,';F tUfpd;wtu;fs;
ahu; vd;W mwpe;J tUntd;" vd;W Twp tpl;L ku';fspy; kiwe;J
,uhk ,yl;Rkziuf; Tu;e;J nehf;Fthuhapdhu;.
,tu;fs; njtFyj;Jf;nf jiytuhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;/
njtUf;Fj; jiytu; gpukd;/ jpUkhy;/ rptd; vd;w \tuhapw;nw.
,tufs; ,Utuhf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,tu;fis ,d;dhu; vd;W vspjhff;
fz;Lf;bfhs;s ,ayhJ. ,tu;fs; vy;yhk; bra;a ty;ytu;fs;.
,tu;fshy; Mfhj fhupak; xd;Wk; ,Uf;f KoahJ. ,tu;fSila
ghu;itapdhy; Vnjh xU bghUis eho tUtjhfj; bjupfpwJ. kpf
cau;e;j bghUisj; njo tUfpd;whu;fs;. njtu;fSf;Ff; fhy; epyk;
njhahJ. ,tu;fSf;Ff; fhy; epyk; njha;tjhy; ,tu;fs; njtu;fs;
my;yu;/ kdpju; fshfj;jhd; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.
jUkk;/ fUiz bgUe;jd;ik/ khz;g[/ gz;g[ Kjypa Fzeyd;fs;
midj;Jk; xU tothf ,tu;fs; fhl;rp jUfpd;whu;fs;. ,tu;fs;
jk;kplkpUe;j kpf;f mupa bghUs; fhzhky; nghf/ mjid ,tu;fs;
njo tUfpd;whu;fs; vd;gJ ,tu;fs; ghu;itapdhy; tps';FfpwJ.
,tu;fsplj;J ,y;yhjJ rpdk; xd;Wjhd;. bghWikna xU tothf
te;j rhe;j rPyu;fs;. ,tu;fSila Kfj;jpy; mUs; bts;sk;
tHpfpd;wJ. fz;fspy; fUiz bghHpfpd;wJ. xGf;fKk; nguhw;wYk;
gilj;jtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. kd;kjDk; ehzf;Toa nguHF
gilj;jtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. M * M * rp';fk;/ g[yp/ fuo
fhz;lhkpUfk; Kjypa tpy';Ffs; mjd;jd; fd;Wfisf; fz;L fhjy;
bra;tJ nghy/ bfhoa tpy';Ffs; thy;fis mirj;Jf; bfhz;L
,tu;fisf; fz;l khj;jpuj;jpy; tpy';Ffs; bfhLik khwp moikahf
md;g[ bra;fpd;wd. ,tu;fspd; ghj';fs; kz;zpy; njha;fpd;w bghGJ

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
105
fy;Yk; Ks;Sk; kyu;fisg; nghy; FiHe;J tpLfpd;wd. ,j;jifa
mjprak; ehd; v';Fg; ghu;f;f Koa[k; >
kf;fSf;Fj; jPik bra;a[k; nga;fSk; ,tu;fis fz;L cs;sk; cUfp
ed;ik bra;fpd;wd. thdshtpa ku';fSk; ,tu;fisf; fz;L rha;e;J
rha;e;J bjhGfpd;wd. ,tu;fs; j';fs; mUs; Mw;wyhy; ruhru';fis
vy;yhk; jd;trg;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. kapy; Kjy; gwit apd';fs;
,tu;fs;kPJ btapy;glh tz;zk; ePz;l rpwFfis tpupj;J epHy;
jUfpd;wd. nkf';fs; ,tu;fs; kPJ jz;zPu;j; jptiyfisr; rpe;jpf;
Fspu;r;rpiaj; jUfpd;wd. mk;kk;kh * ,tu;fs; mUs; Mw;wy;jhd;
vd;nd * vd; cs;sk; ePwha; cUfpd;wnjh *
,g;go vz;zp ,uhk ,yl;RkzUf;F Kd; brd;W mEkd; md;g[ld;
m";ryp bra;J epd;whu;.
,uhku; mEkidg; ghu;j;J/ "ew;Fzk; mike;j ek;gpna * eP ahu; >"
vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
mEkd; TWfpd;whu;/ "gapu; jiHf;f tUfpd;w k";Rnghy; capu;jiHf;f
te;j jpUnkdpia cilatnu * bgz;fis cw;Wg;ghu;f;fhj/
xGf;fKs;s fz;fisa[ilatnu * * rpwpnaDila je;ij tha[njtd;/
vd; jha; m";rdh njtp/ fUiza';flny * ehd; ,njh * ,k;kiyapy;
thGk; thdu tPudhfpa Rf;uPtDila gzpahsd;. j';fis tuntw;Fk;
bghUl;L te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. c';fs; tut[ ey;tuthFf .. .." vd;whu;.
,uhku;/ "Iand * me;jr; Rf;uPtidj;jhd; eh';fs; njof; bfhz;L
tUfpd;nwhk;. me;jr; Rf;uPtd; v';fpUf;fpd;whd;. clnd/ mtidf;
fhl;L. eh';fs; mtidg; ghu;f;f ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;.
mEkhu; rpe;jpf;fpd;whu;. ",tu;fs; thypapdhy; mDg;gg;gl;Lj; jd;idf;
bfhy;y tUfpd;whu;fnsh vd;W mEkhdpf;fpd;whu;. ,g;nghJ ,tu;fs;
Rf;uPtidj; njo tUtjhfr; brhy;fpd;whu;fs;. thypapdhy;
mDg;gg;gl;L te;jpUg;ghu;fshapd; ,tu;fs; jpUKfj;jpny nfhgf;Fwp
,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. bfhLik epyt ntz;Lk;. xUfhy; Rf;uPtDila

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
106
fUj;jpd;go ,tu;fs; thypapdhy; mDg;gg;gl;Lr; Rf;uPtidf;
bfhy;yj;jhd; te;jtu;fshapd; ehk; Rf;uPtidf; fhl;odhy;. ,tu;fs;
Rf;uPtidf; bfhd;W tpLthu;fshapd;/ mJ bgUe;jPikahf
tpise;JtpLnk" vd;W vz;zpdhu;.
,uhkiug; ghu;j;J "vk;bgUkhnd * nguhw;wYk; bgU';fUiza[k;
gilj;j jh';fs; Rf;uPtidj; njof; bfhz;L tUtPu;fshapd; mtDk;
mtd; FyKk; ca;a[k;. tha;f;fhy; kfhejpia nehf;fpr;
bry;yntz;Lk;. kfhejp tha;f;fhiy nehf;fpr; bry;yf;TlhJ. eP';fs;
kfhejp. Rf;uPtd; tha;f;fhy;. eP';fs; ,';nf ,U';fs;. ehd; brd;W
vd; jiytdhfpa Rf;uPtid miHj;Jf; bfhz;L tUntd;" vd;W
Twp ,uhkUila jpUKfj;ij cw;W nehf;fpdhu;.
xU tpahghup JzpbaLj;J/ th';f te;jtDf;Ff; fhl;o tpiy Twp
mtd; Kfj;ij cw;Wg; ghu;g;gJnghy; ,Ue;jJ ,e;j epfH;r;rp. ,uhku;
Kfj;jpy; ve;j khWghLk; ,y;iy. xU re;jd kuj;ij xoj;J
,uhkUf;F Kd; ,l;L mjpy; mkUkhW bra;jhu;. ,tu;fs; ahbud;W
czu Koatpy;iyna vd;Wk;/ kpft[k; jFjp tha;e;jtu;fis eP';fs;
ahbud;W nfl;gJ Kiway;ynt vd;W fUjpdhu;.
"bgUkhnd * vd; jiytid ehd; miHj;J tUntd;. ahu;
miHg;gjhf mtuplk; Tw ntz;Lk; > j';fis ahbud;W mtuplj;jpy;
bjuptpf;f ntz;Lk; > vdf;F ,jidf; fl;lisapL';fs;" vd;W
tzf;fj;Jld; Twpdhu;.
,uhku; j';fis ahbud;W mwpe;J bfhs;Sk; bghUl;L mEkhd; ngRk;
,dpa Ez;zpa brhw;fisf; mfkpf kfpH;e;jhu;.
"jk;gp * ,yl;Rkzh * ,e;j thdutPud; fy;yhj fiyfns ,y;iy
vd;gJ ,td; brhy;yhny tps';Ffpd;wJ. ,td; brhy;ypd; bry;tdhf
tps';Ffpwhd;. ,td; fiykfis ehtpy; itj;jpUf;fpd;w gpuknjtdh
> my;yJ rptbgUkhdh > ek;ik neuoahf ahbud;W nfshky; vd;
jiytDf;F c';fis ahbud;W brhy;Yntd; vd;W nfl;fpd;w brhy;
jpwk; kpft[k; ghuhl;Lf;FupaJ".

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
107
,yl;Rkzu;/ "md;gnd * NupaFyj; njhd;wyhfg; gj;J uj';fis
btd;W cyfk; KGtija[k; xU Filapd; fPH; MSfpd;w jrujr;
rf;utu;j;jpapd; jpUike;ju; ,tu;. ,uhku; vd;Wk; bgaiu cilatu;.
rpwpa jhahupd; brhy;Yf;F ,z';fpj; jd; murr; bry;tj;ijj; jd;
jk;gpahfpa gujDf;F tH';fptpl;Lj; jtk; g[upaf; fhdfk;
te;jpUf;fpd;whu;. ehd; ,tUila gzpahsd;."
"jk;gp vd;Dk; gof;F md;W/ moahupd; VFjp" vd;W Rkj;jpiu
,yl;Rkziu nehf;fpf; TwpapUg;gjdhy; ,';F ,yl;Rkzu; jk;ikj;
jk;gp vd;W brhy;ypf; bfhs;shky; moatd; vd;W mlf;fj;Jld;
Twpdhu;. Mdhy;/ khUjp ,uhkUila jk;gp ,yl;Rkzu; vd;W
bjupe;J bfhz;lhu;.
khUjp jhk;ngha;/ jk; jiytid miHj;J tUtjhff; Twptpl;Lr;
Rf;uPtdplk; te;jhu;. jdf;F vd;d ,lu; tpisa[nkh vd;W
JoJoj;jpUf;fpd;w Rf;uPtdplk ngha;/ thypf;Ff; fhyd; te;jpUf;fpd;whu;
vd;W Twpdhu;. Rf;uPtd; thypf;F m";rp xspe;J m';F thGfpd;whd;.
mtDf;F ,uhkd; te;jhu; vd;W Twpdhy; mtdJ mr;rk; mfyhJ.
nneehhaa;e;ehhoo nneehhaa;K ;Kjjyy; ; eehhoo m mJ
Jjjz
zppff;F
;Fkk; ;
tthhaa;e;ehhoo tthhaa;g;g;g;grr; ; bbrraayy;.;.
vd;w jpUf;Fwspd; go Rf;uPtDf;F ahuplk; mr;rk; mfhyjpUf;fpd;wnjh
mtDf;F vkd; te;jhd; vd;W TWk; jpwk; kpfkpf cau;thdJ.
"Rf;uPth * cd;Dila Jd;gk; eP';fp ,d;gk; tpisag; nghfpd;wJ.
,uhku; thypiaf; bfhd;W cdf;f thH;t[ jUthu;. euhazuhfpa
guk;bghUns ,uhkuhf Mjupj;jpUf;fpd;whu;. ePjp epiwe;jtu;.
tprthkpj;jpuu; je;j mstpy;yhj bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fs; cilatu;.
jhlifiaa[k; rghFita[k; xnu ghzj;jhy; tijj;jtu;. mfypif;Ff;
fy;YU mfw;wp ey;YU je;jtu;. mstpy;yhj fw;g[ila rpwpa jhauhfpa
ifnfapapd; fl;lidf;fpz';fpj; jd; mur gjtpiaj; jk;gpf;F
<e;jtu;. guRuhkid xU tpehoapy; btd;wtu;. tpuhjidf; bfhd;wtu;/
mudplk; tuk; bgw;w fud; Kjypa muf;fu;fis vspjhff; bfhd;wtu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
108
vdnt/ ,uhkUila bjhlu;gpdhy; cdf;F thH;t[k; tsKk;
cz;lhFk;" vd;W mEkhu; Twpdhu;.
mz;zpapd; mzpfyd;fs;
Rf;uPtd; jdJ Kjyikr;ruhfpa mEkDila mKj trd';fisf;
nfl;L mf kpf kfpH;e;jhd;. bjhiytpy; epd;W gfthid cw;w
nehf;fpdhd;. mtUila jpUnkdpiaa[k; jpUtUl;bghypita[k; fz;L
mg;gona epiyj;J epd;Wtpl;lhd;. fz;fs; ,ik bfhl;lhky; fz;L
fspj;jhd;. gpuknjtd; gilj;j cyf';fspny cs;s mj;jid
Md;khf;fSk; bra;a[k; g[z;zpak; KGtJk; jpuz;L ,uz;L
tot';fshf te;jpUf;fpd;wd nghYk; vd;W vz;zp ,Wk;g{jile;jhd;.
bgUkhid mqfp mtiu m";ryp bra;jhd;. ,uhkr;re;jpu\u;j;jp
mtidj; jGtp mf kfpH;e;jhu;. ,uhkDk; Rf;uPtDk; ,Ue;j fhl;rp/
Kd; bra;j jtKk; Kaw;rpa[k; xU';F ,ize;jJnghy; ,Ue;jJ.
,uhku; Nupa Fyj;J kd;du;. ,td; Nupa Fkhud;. ,dk; ,dj;njhL
nru;e;jJ md;wpa[k; Rf;uPtd; kidtpia thyp ftue;Jbfhz;lhd;.
,uhk gpuhd; kidtpia ,uhtzd; ftu;e;Jbfhz;lhd;. kidtpiag;
gpupe;J thH;fpd;wtu;fSf;Fj;jhd; kidtpiag; gpupe;j ftiy bjpa[k;.
Mjyhy;/ ,e;j ,UtUk; xd;Wgl;oUe;jdu;.
Rf;uPtd; ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ "fUizf;flny * j';fis ehd; Jizahfg;
bgw;nwd;. ehd; bgUe;jtk; bra;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. Mjyhy;/ njtuPUila
Jiz vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. ,e;j tifapy; vd;idg;nghy; jtk;
bra;jtu; vtUk; ,y;iy" vd;whd;.
,uhku;/ "md;gnd * kj';fhrpukj;jpy; rgup vd;w rnfhjup cd;Dila
Fzey';fis vdf;F ciuj;J/ cd;idaila[khW Twpdhs;. ehd;
cd;id eho te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;" vd;whu;.
Rf;uPtd;/ "Iand * vd; mz;zdhfpa thyp Fw;w"; bra;ahj vd;id
moj;J/ cijj;J behWf;fp/ XlXl tpul;o/ vd;idj; Jd;g[Wj;jpf;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
109
bfhy;y Kaw;rp bra;jhd;. ,k;kiyf;F te;jhy; vd; mz;zd; jiy
Mapuk; Jz;lhf btof;Fk;. ,J kj';f Kdptupd; rhgk;. Mjyhy;/
,k;kiyapy; Rfk; ,d;wp thGfpd;nwd;. vd;idf; fhg;gJ j';fs;
fld;" vd;whd;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp mtidf; fl;oj;jGtp/ "Rf;uPth * ,d;W Kjy; eP
vdf;F jk;gp/ jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpf;F MW g[jy;tu;fs;. cdf;F cw;wtu;
vdf;F cw;whu;. cdf;F giftu;fs; vdf;Fg; giftu;fs; cdf;Fs;s
,d;g Jd;g';fs; vdf;Fk; cs;sdthDk;. ,J cz;ik" vd;W Twp
MWjy; bra;jhu;.
,t;thW ,uhku; Rf;uPtDf;F mgae; je;jt[ld; thdtu; kyu;kiH
bghHpe;jhu;fs;. mEkhu; g[sfh';fpjk; mile;jhu;. theu tPuu;fs;
Muthuk; bra;J kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. vy;yhUk; Rf;uPtd; ,Uf;Fk; Fiff;Fr;
brd;whu;fs;.
Rf;uPtd; jd; ,Ug;gplj;Jf;F te;j ,uhkUf;F Mrde;je;J mo
tz';fp/ ghf;F klypy; bfhk;g[j; njidtpl;L kh/ gyh/ thiH/ Kjypa
fdpfisj; jpUj;jp vk;bgUkhDf;F ctifa[ld; je;J cz;gpj;jhd;.
,uhku; vz;qfpd;whu;. ,y;yw bewpapy; kidtpnahL thH;fpd;wtd;
tpUe;jpdUf;F kidtpiaf; bfhz;L czt[ gilf;f ntz;Lk;.
mJjhd; tpjp. kidtp ,Uf;f Mz;fs; gilg;gJ tpjpahfhJ.
m';nf Rf;uPtdpd; kidtp/ czt[ gilf;ftpy;iyna vd;W fUjp/
"jk;gp * kid thH;t[f;Fj; Jizbra;a[k; kidtpia ePa[k;
gpupe;jpUf;fpd;widnah >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,uhkUila ,d;Diuiaf; nfl;l Rf;uPtd; fz; fy';fp epd;whd;.
rj;jpa trdj;ija[ila mEkhu; TW thuhapdhu; *
"vk;bgUkhnd * thDyfpy; epfH;e;j xU tpHhtpy; Mjpj;jDila
nju;g;ghfdhfpa mUzgfthd; bgz; Fu';fh tobtLj;jdd;.
mg;bghGJ mg;bgz; Fu';if ,e;jpud; kUtpg; gpwe;jtd; thyp.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
110
mg;bgz; Fu';if Mjpj;jd; kUtpg; gpwe;jtd; Rf;uPtd;. thypa[k;
Rf;uPtDk; rnfhjuu;fsha; vGgJ bts;sk; theu nridfSld;
fpl;fpe;ijia muR g[upe;J te;jhu;fs;. thypapd; kidtp jhiu.
Rf;uPtd; kidtp Ukhnjtp.
jpUkhypd; mk;rkhfpa cnge;jpud; m';fjdhf te;J gpwe;jhd;. thyp
mstpy;yhj typikia cilatd;. jd;id vjpu;j;Jg; nghu;
g[upgtupd; typikapy; ghjp typik mtd;ghy; va;Jk;. ,J
rptbgUkhd; bfhLj;j tuk;. njtUk; mRuu;fSk; ghw;fliyg; gyehs;
file;jJk; mkpu;jk; njhd;whikahy; tUe;jpdhu;fs;. rptg{i$ bra;a[k;
bghUl;L m';nf brd;w thyp xUtnd ghw;fliyf; file;J file;J
mkpu;jk; njhd;WkhW bra;jhd;.
Mjpnr#d; fple;J jh';Fk; cyif/ ,td; ele;J jh';Fthd;.
mtDila khu;gpy; KUfDila ntYk; bry;yhJ/ mtDila thy;
bry;yhj ,lj;jpy; kl;Lk;/ ,uhtzdpd; br';nfhy; bry;Yk;..
xU rkak; khahtp vd;w bfhoa muf;fd; thypaplk; nghu; bra;J
njhw;W xU gpyj;Jthuj;jpy; xspe;J bfhz;lhd;. mtidj; Juj;jpf;
bfhz;L thypa[k; gpyj;Jthuj;jpd; cs;ns brd;whd;. gpyj;Jthuj;jpDs;
thypa[k; khahtpa[k; ,Ugj;bjl;L khj';fs; nghu; g[upe;jhu;fs;.
mz;zDf;Fj; Jiz bra;ar; Rf;uPtDk; gpyj;Jthuj;Jf;Fs; EiHa
Kad;whd;. theu tPuu;fs; jLj;J epWj;jpdhu;fs;. khahtpia thyp
bfhd;whd;. mtdJ cjpuk; gpyj;jpd; Kfg;gpy; bfhg;gspj;J te;jJ.
mijf; fz;L m";rpa theuu;fs;/ rpW rpW Fd;Wfisf; bfhz;L te;J
gpyj;Jthu Kfg;ig milj;Jr; Rf;uPtidf; bfhz;Lngha; murdhf
Ko Nl;odhu;fs;. Rf;uPtd; gyKiw kWj;Jk; theuu;fs; nfl;ftpy;iy.
thyp khahtpia tijj;Jtpl;L Kfg;gpy; milj;jpUe;j Fd;Wfisf;
fhyhy; cijj;Jj; Jfshf;fp/ ,ijr; bra;jtd; Rf;uPtd; vd;W fUjp/
mtid moj;J ,lu;g;gLj;jpdhd;. Rf;uPtd; thypapd; fhypy; tPH;e;J
mz;zh * vd;idf; nfhgpf;fhnj. ,ij ehd; bra;njdpy;iy. jh';fs;
,Uf;f ehd; muR g[upntdh > jiyapUf;f thy; MLkh > ehd;
cdf;F vd;Wk; moik vd;W Twpa[k; thyp rpde;jzpe;jhdpy;iy.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
111
vl;Lj; jpf;FfspYk; cjpuk; rpe;j tpul;o tpul;o moj;jhd;.
,k;kiyf;F te;J capu; jg;gpdhd;.
Rf;uPtDila kidtp Ukhnjtpiaa[k; thyp jdf;F kidtpahf;fpf;
fs';fg;gLj;jpf; bfhz;lhd;. "
jk;gpf;Fj; jd; muirf; bfhLj;j jahepjpahfpa ,uhku; ,jid nfl;Lg;
bghWg;ghnuh > mtuJ fz;fs; rpte;jd. kzpajuk; Joj;jJ.
"Rf;uPth * thyp ,Uf;Fkplk; fhl;L. mtidf; bfhd;W cdf;F Ko
Nl;Lntd;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
thypia ,uhkgpuhdhy; bfhy;y Koa[kh vd;W Rf;uPtd; Ia[w;whd;.
mEkhu; Rf;uPtidj; jdpahf miHj;Jf; bfhz;Lngha;/ "kd;dtnd *
mstpy;yhj typika[ila thypia ,uhku; bfhy;yf; fltnuh vd;W
eP re;njfg;gLfpd;wid. thdshtpa kuhku';fis ,uhkUila fiz
bjhisf;Fkhdhy; thypapd; khu;iga[k; Jisf;Fk;. ehk; ,jidr;
nrhjpj;J mwpayhk;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,UtUk; nru;e;J nghfpd;w tHpapy; thdshtpa VG ku';fs; epd;wd.
fy;ypDk; ,Uk;gpDk; typajhf ,Ue;jd.
Rf;uPtd; ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ ,e;j ku';fisj; bjhisf;f ,aYnkh >
vd;W tpdtpdhd;. ,uhku;;/ ekJ Mw;wiy ,td; nrhjpf;f
vz;qfpwhd; vd;W vz;zpf; nfhjz;lj;ij vLj;j vl;Lr;jpira[k;
brtpLgl ehbzhyp cz;lhf;fpdhu;. mijf;nfl;L theu';fSk;
thdtu;fSk; vl;Lj; jpf;fpYk; Xo xspe;jhu;fs;. ,yl;Rkzu;
xUtu;jhd; m";rhky; epd;whu;. kw;wtu;fs; clYk; FlYk; eL';f
Xodhu;fs;.
,uFehju; rpwe;j ghzj;ij Vtpdhu;. mJ VG ku';fisa[k; Jisf;f/
me;j VG ku';fSk; ntnuhL tPH;e;jd. VG vd;w vz;zpf;ifa[ila
VG Kdptu;fSk;/ VG fly;fSk;/ VG khjhf;fSk;/ VG nkf';fSk;/
VG cyf';fSlk; VG kiyfSk;/ VG FjpiufSk; m";rp VG

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
112
vd;w vz;zpf;ifapy; ,uhku; ghzk; bjhisf;Fnkh vd;W eL';fp
epd;wd.
,ijf;fz;l Rf;uPtd;/ xU kuj;ijj; bjhisg;gnj mupJ. xnu
ghzj;jhy; VG ku';fisa[k; bjhisj;jhu; vd;why;.. . ,J kpft[k;
ghuhl;Lf;FupaJ. ,e;j ku';fisj; bjhisj;J fiz thypapd;
khu;iga[k; bjhisf;Fk; vd;W Iak; jPu;e;jhd;. ,uhkiu Jjp bra;jhd;.
J
Jee;J
;Jggpp
gpd;du; mtu;fs; nghfpw tHpapy; Je;Jgp vd;w vYk;g[ kiynghy;
fple;jJ. ,uhku;/ "Rf;uPth * ,J vd;d vYk;g[ >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
Rf;uPtd;/ "Iand * Je;Jgp vd;w bfhoa muf;fd; kiynghd;w fupa
bgupa toit cilatd;/ thypaplk; nghUf;F te;jhd;. thyp
mtDld; fLk;nghu; g[upe;J mtidf; bfhd;whd;. mtdila cjpuk;
v';Fk; rpe;jpd mtDila vYk;ng ,J" vd;whd;.
,uhku; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/ "jk;gp * eP ,jid mfw;W" vd;whu;.
,yl;Rkzu; fhy; bgUtpuy; ce;jpdhu;. me;jj; Je;Jgpapd; vYk;g[
gpuknyhfk; tiu brd;W kPz;Lk; kz;qyfpy; tPH;e;jJ. Rf;uPtd;
,yl;RkzUila nguhw;wiyf; fz;L. ,tu; ,uhkgpuhDf;F
,isahd;/ Mw;wpy; ,isahd;.. . vd;W kjpj;J Jjpj;J kfpH;e;jhd;.
m
mzzppffyyd
d; ; ffhhq
qjjyy; ;
,uhkgpuhd; jk;Kila md;gu;fSld; xU nrhiyapy; mikjpahf
mku;e;jhu;. mg;bghGJ Rf;uPtd; ,uF ehafid tz';fp/ "Iand *
eh';fs; ,e;j kiyapd; cr;rpapy; xU rkak; ,Uf;Fk; bghGJ
,uhtzd; xU bgz;kzpiaf; ftu;e;J bry;tijf; fz;nlhk;. me;jg;
bgz;kzp eh';fs; J}Jtu;fshfj; j';fisr; re;jpg;nghk; vd;W
fUjpnah/ ahnjh jd; mzpfyd;fisf; fHw;wp fz;zPu;j; JspfnshL
v';fis nehf;fp tpl;blwpe;jhs;. me;j mzpfyd;fis eh';fs;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
113
ghJfhtyhf itj;jpUf;fpd;nwhk;. vk;bgUkhnd * mjidf; bfhz;L
te;J fhl;Lntd;. mJ mk;ikapd; mzpfyd;fsh vd;W ghU';fs;"
vd;W Twpr;/ rPjhnjtpapd; mzpfyd;fisf; bfhz;Lte;J bgUkhd;
jpUKd; itj;jhd;.
,uhku; me;j mzpfyd; bghjpia mtpH;j;Jf; fz;qw;whu;.
mitaidj;Jk; njtpapd; mzpfyd;fs;. ,it mj;jpup Kdptupd;
mUe;jtg; gj;jpdpahfpa mENia njtpf;F je;jitahFk;.
,uhku; mtw;iwf; fz;L fz;zPu; toj;jhu;/ cs;sk; Joj;jhu;.
"jk;gP * ,yl;Rkzh ,e;jj; jiyapy; mzpa[k; etuj;dg; gjf;fk; cd;
mz;zpapDilJjhnd ghu; > "
"mz;zh/ ,J vdf;Fj; bjupatpy;iy "
"jk;gP * ,e;jj; njhL cd; mz;zpaDilaJjhnd > "
"bjupatpy;iy mz;zh "
"jk;gP * ,e;j \f;Fj;jp cd; mz;zpapDilaJjhnd > "
"bjupatpy;iy mz;zh "
"jk;gP * ,e;jf; fz;lkhiy cd; mz;zpapDilaJ jhnd > "
"bjupatpy;iy mz;zh "
"jk;gP * ,e;j tisay;fs; cd; mz;zpapDilait jhnd * "
"bjupatpy;iy mz;zh "
"jk;gP * ,e;j xl;oahzk; cd; mz;zpapDilaJ jhnd * "
"bjupatpy;iy mz;zh "

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
114
"jk;gP * ,yl;Rkzh * ,e;jf; fhyhHp cd; mz;zpapDilaJjhnd > "
"mz;zh * ,J vd; mz;zpapDilaJjhd; .. .. re;njfkpy;iy"
vd;whu;.
"jk;gP * ,j;jid mzpfyd;fSf;Fk; milahsk; bjupatpy;iyna >
,e;j xd;Wf;F kl;Lk; vg;go milahsk; bjupe;jJ >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
"mz;zh * ,e;jg; gjpdhd;F Mz;LfspYk; njtuPUf;Fk; vd; jha;
rPjhnjtpf;Fk; ghj g{i$ bra;a[k; bghGJ ghje; jtpu ntW jpUnkdp
m';f';fisg; ghu;j;njdpy;iy. mjdhy;/ Vida mzpfyd;fSf;Fk;
milahse; bjupatpy;iy. fhyhHpf;F kl;Lk; milahse; bjupe;jJ. "
,e;j trdj;ijr; Rf;uPtd; Kjypnahu; nfl;L/ ,tuy;yth jk;gp/ ,g;go
,Ue;jhy;jhnd ,Uf;fyhk; ek;gp/ ,tu; ew;Fz ek;gp. xGf;fj;jpd;
j';ff; fk;gp vd;W ghuhl;odhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ "Mjpj;jd; kfnd * mUik ez;gnd * rPij Jd;gj;jhy;
Js;spj; Joj;J/ ,e;j eiffis Koj;J c';fs; ghy; vwpe;jdns/
,ijtplj; Jd;gk; ntW vdf;F cz;lh > fw;g[ila bgz;fs;
fztid ,He;jgpd; mzpfyd;fisf; fHw;wp vwpthu;fs;. ehd;
,Uf;fnt rPij mzpfyd;fisf; fHw;wp vwpe;jdns. ,jdhy;/ ehd;
khz;nldh/ ,jdhy; vz;qe;njhWk; vz;qe;njhWk; cs;sk;
ciyfpd;wJ. "
"Rf;uPth * vd;Dila Kd;ndhu;fshfpa rfuu;fs; fliyj;
njhz;odhu;fs;. mjdhy;/ mJ rhfuk; vd;W ngu; bgw;wJ.
vd; Fyj;J \jhijahuhfpa gfPujd; tpz;zpypUe;J f';fh ejpia
kz;qyfpw;Ff; bfhz;L te;jhu;. f';if ghfPujp vd;W ngu; bgw;whs;.
vd; je;ijahfpa jruju; rk;guhNuidf; bfhd;W ,e;jpuDf;Fg;
bghd;Dyif tH';fpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
115
,j;jifa mupa bgupa Mjpj;jd; Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j ehd; jhyp fl;oa
kidtpapd; Jd;gj;ijf; fisahky; tpy;iya[k; gHpr; brhy;iya[k;
J}f;fpf; bfhz;L miyfpd;nwd;. vd;W gythwhfg; g[yk;gp mGjhu;.
mEku; vk;bgUkhidj; bjhGJ eP';fs; tUe;jhjPufs;. thypiaf;
bfhd;W Rf;uPtDf;F KoNl;o tpl;lhy;/ vGJ bts;sk; theu';fSk;
ek; trkhFk;. ehk; rPijiaj; njo ,uhtzidf; bfhd;W/ rPijiar;
rpiw kPl;fyhk;. thyp tjk; ehis bra;ayhk; vd;whu; vy;yhUk;
,isg;ghwpdhu;fs;.
t
thhyypp K
Kjj;j;jpp
,uhku; mEkhDila Mnyhridia Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhu;. vy;yhUk;
thyp thH;fpd;w fp#;fpe;ijia mile;jhu;fs;. xU nrhiyapy;
j';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhkgpuhd;/ "jk;gP * Rf;uPth * eP thypia miHj;Jg;
nghu; bra;. ehd; thypia tijg;ngd;.. ." vd;whu;. thypiag;
nghUf;F miHf;fpd;w Mw;wYk; ijupaKk; Rf;uPtDf;F ,y;iy. thyp
kfh nkUfpup nghd;wtd;. Rf;uPtd; THh';fy; nghd;wtd;. thypapd;
tPuk; v';nf > Rf;uPtd; tPuk; v';nf > ,uhkgpuhDila fl;lisiaj;
jl;l Koahjtdhfp. kpft[k; Kaw;rp bra;J ijupaj;ij tutiHj;Jf;
bfhz;lhd;.
"mlh thyP * mlh thyP *" vd;W cuj;j Fuyhy; miHj;jhd;. mg;go
miHj;jJ/ tpy';F murhfpa xU rp';fj;ij/ Fl;o ahid nghUf;F
miHj;jJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. mjpfhiy/ thyp jd; kidtp jhiua[ld;
g";rhizapy; gLj;jpUe;jhd;. thypf;F mJ Rf;uPtDila Fuy; vd;W
bjupatpy;iy. ePz;l fhyj;Jf;Fg;gpd; mtDila Fuiyf;
nfl;fpd;whd;.
,J Rf;uPtd; Fuyh > vd; ngiu brhy;ypg; nghUf;F miHf;Fk;
Mw;wy; mtDf;F VJ > Midiag; g{id vjpu;f;Fkh > vd;W
vz;zpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
116
te;njd;/ te;njd; vd;W KH';fp eurpk;kk;nghy; vGe;jhd;. me;j Xir
,e;jpud; jpirKjy; vl;Lj; jpirfSk; nfl;ld.
cLf;Fy';fs; cjpu;e;jd. Fykiyfs; mire;jd. mtDila
nfhgf;fdyhy; VG fly;fSk; bfhe;jspj;jd. tPuhntrj;Jld;
vGe;jhd;.
mg;bghGJ thypapd; kidtpahfpa jhiu mtidj; jLj;jhs;. "vd;
,d;Dapu;j; Jiztnu * jh';fs; j';fs; jk;gpa[ld; nghu; g[upag; nghf
ntz;lhk;. Rf;uPtDf;Fj; Jizahf ,uhkr;re;jpuu; te;jpUg;gjhf vd;
,dpa md;gu;fs; Twpdhu;fs;. ,uhkgpuhd; rkhdk; ,y;yhjtu;.
mtiu bty;y KoahJ" vd;whs;.
thyp/ "bgz;zunr * bgz; g[j;jp gpd;g[j;jp vd;w gHbkhHpapd; go
ngRfpd;wid. ,uhkgpuhd; jUk \u;j;jp jUkk; jd;idj;jhnd
mHpf;Fkh > me;j ey;yw \u;j;jp Fu';Fld; Tl;Lr; nru;thuh >
khw;whe;jha; Tw/ jdJ rhk;uh$;aj;ijj; jk;gpf;F tH';fpa
Fzg;bgU';Fd;wk; mtUila mUika[k; bgUika[k; bjupahJ
ngRfpd;wha;. vd;idj; jLf;fhnj/ tpyF" vd;W Twpr; Rf;uPtid
aqfpg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
thypa[k; Rf;uPtDk; tPu czu;r;rpa[ld; nghu; g[upfpd;w jpwj;ijf; fz;L
,uhku; tpae;jhu;. "jk;gp yl;Rkzh * ,e;j theu tPudhfpa
Rf;uPtDila nghu; jpwj;ij ghu;j;jhah >" vd;whu;.
"mz;zh * cld; gpwe;j mz;zd; bja;tk; nghd;wtd;. jikaDld;
nghu; g[upfpd;w ,tDila gz;g[ cau;t[ md;W" vd;whu; yl;Rkzu;.
"jk;gP * cld; gpwe;j jk;gpabuy;yhk; gz;g[ld; ,Ue;jhy; gujDf;Fg;
g[fH; cz;lhFkh >" vd;whu; uhku;.
thypa[k; Rf;uPtDk; kz;zpYk; tpz;zpYk; gha;e;J nghu; g[upe;jhu;fs;.
mog;ghu;/ fog;ghu;/ fhy;fshy; cijj;Jk; khu;gpdhy; ,oj;Jk;
jhf;fpdhu;fs;. thypaplk; ed;F mog;gl;l Rf;uPtd; cjpuk; ff;fpatdha;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
117
,uhkuplk; te;J tz';fpdhd;. "fUizna XUtotha guk;bghUns
* ehd; vd;d Fw;wk; g[upe;njd; > thypaplk; vd;id moglr;
bra;Jtpl;Lr; Rk;kh ,Ue;jOnu *" vd;W mGJ Kiwapl;lhd;.
,uhku;/ "md;gnd * cdf;Fk; thypf;Fk; ntw;Wik bjupatpy;iy.
mjdhy;/ ghzk; bjhLf;ftpy;iy. ,e;jh * ,e;jf; bfhog; g{khiyia
mzpe;J nghUf;Fg; ngh. ,Jnt cdf;F btw;wpkhiy. ,e;j
khiyapdhy; milahse; bjupe;J thypia tij bra;ntd;" vd;W
kyu; khiyiar; Nl;oaDg;gpdhu;.
Rf;uPtd; kPz;Lk; te;J thypa[ld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. thyp kpfg; bgU";
rPw;wkile;jhd;. Rf;uPtDila bjhilapYk; fGj;jpYk; ifitj;Jg;gw;wp/
kz; kPJ moj;Jf; bfhy;y mtidj; jiy fPHhfj; J}f;fpdhd;.

,uhku; fiz bjhLj;jy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
118
,uhkr;re;jpu\u;j;jp mtDila khu;gpy; fiziaj; bjhLj;jhu;. me;j
mk;g[ thypapd; khu;igj; bjhisj;jJ. kfhnkUfpup ntUld; tPH;e;jJ
nghy; thyp kz;zpy; tPH;e;jhd;. me;j mk;g[ CLUtpg; nghfh
tz;zk; fu';fshYk;/ thypdhYk; gw;wpj; jLj;jhd;. thypapd;
tPur;braiyf; fz;L Tw;WtDk; bkr;rpj; jiyairj;jhd;. tpz;nzhUk;
tpae;jhu;fs;. tpGe;j thyp/ vGe;J "cyf';fis mHpg;ngd; vd;W
vz;zpdhd;/ vd;kPJ fiz bjhLj;jhu; ahtu; > njtnuh > vd
Ia[w;whd;/ njtu;f;F ,e;j Mw;wy; csnjh >" vd;W gythW
vz;zpdhd;. ,uhk ruj;ijg; gpd;Dw <u;j;jhd;. mtDila khu;gpy;
mUtpnghy cjpuk; bgUfpaJ. mjidf; fz;l Rf;uPtd; cld; gpwe;j
ghrj;jhy; bgupJk; cUfp "mz;zh" vd;W fjwp epyj;jpy; tPH;e;jhd;.
thyp ,uhk ruj;ij cw;W nehf;fpdhd;/ uhkh vd;w ke;jpuk; cyfk;
midj;Jf;Fk; \y ke;jpukhFk;. uh vd;w vGj;J Edp eh nky;
mz;zj;ij tULtjhy; njhd;WtJ.
"mz;z Edp eh tUl uH tUk;" vd;gJ ed;D}y;.
kdj;jhny/ thf;fhny/ fhaj;jhny bra;j ght';fis uh vd;w vGj;J
btspna tpul;oaoj;J tpyf;Ffpd;wJ. k; vd;w vGj;J ,U ,jH;fSk;
\Ltjhy; njhd;WfpwJ.
kP fPH; ,jGwg; gk;kg; gpwf;Fk; vd;gJ ed;Dhy;.
k; vd;w vGj;J btspna brd;w ghtj;ij kPz;Lk; cs;ns g[fhjgo
jLj;J epWj;Jfpd;wJ. ,e;j uhkh vd;w ke;jpuk; mehjpna cz;L.
jruj uh$FkhUf;F uhkh vd;w ngu; Nl;odhu;fs;. ,e;j mnahj;jpapy;
thH;e;j jruj uh$Fkhuu; gpwg;gjw;F 21 jiyKiwf;F Kd; ,Ue;jtu;
uprPf Kdptu;. ,tUila kfd; $kjf;fpdp. ,e;j $kjf;fpdp
KdptUf;F Ie;J g[jy;tu;fs;. ,jpy; filrp kfDf;F uhkd; vd;W ngu;
,l;lhu;fs;. ,e;j ,uhkd; jt";bra;J rptbgUkhdplk; guR vd;w
Ma[jk; bgw;whu;. mjdhy;/ guRuhkd; vd;W ngu; bgw;whu;. Mjyhy;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
119
uhkh vd;w ke;jpuk; kpft[k; bjhd;ikahdJ. Md;khf;fSf;F ed;ik
gag;gJ.
,f;fhyj;jpy; xU jiyKiw vd;gJ 100 tUl';fshFk;.. me;jf;
fhyj;jpy; 5000 Mz;L 6000 Mz;LfshFk;. Jruju; mWgjpdhapuk;
Mz;Lfs; muR g[upe;jhu; vd;gjdhy; mwpf. Kk;ik rhy; cyfk;
vd;wJ "mtd; mts; mJ vDk; mit\ tpdikapd;" vd;W tUk;
rpt"hd nghj Nj;jpuj;ijf; Fwpf;Fk;.
",k;ikna vGik neha;f;Fk; kUe;jpid" vd;w brhw;bwhlu; kpf
cau;thdJ.
jhtuk;/ ePu;thH;td/ Cu;td/ gwg;gd/ elg;gd/ kdpju;/ njtu; vd;w
VGtifahd gpwtp neha;f;F ,J kUe;jhfpj; Jiz g[upfpd;wJ.
thyp ,k;ke;jpuj;ij Vw;fdnt cs;sj;jpy; fz;oUe;jhd;. ,g;nghJ
fz;fspy; fz;lhd;.
jd; khu;igj; Jisj;J ,uhkghzk; vd;W bjupe;j thyp bgupJk;
ehzpdhd;. jpupg[uk; vupe;j tpuprilf; flt[s; nghyr; rpupj;jhd;. mk;g[
te;j jpiriag; ghu;j;jhd;. mur ePjpia ,uhku; mHpj;J tpl;lhu; vd;W
TWfpd;w thypapd; Kd;nd mur ePjpiaf; fhf;fte;j fhFj;jd;
fhl;rpapspj;jhu;.
,uhkiug; ghu;j;Jg; bgU";rPw;wj;Jld; thyp ngRfpwhd;. "uhfth *
kDf;Fyj;jpy; \j;jtDf;Fj;jhd; muRupik. ,J tHptHpahf te;j
kug[.. . ,e;j kuigf; fhf;f ntz;Lk; vd;why; ifnfapapf;Fj; je;j
tha;ik mHpfpd;wJ. ,e;j tha;ikiaf; fhf;f ntz;Lkhdhy; kug[
mHpfpd;wJ. Mfnt/ tha;ikiaa[k;/ kuiga[k; fhf;fj; jd; ,d;Dapiu
tH';fpa ts;syhfpa jauj khkd;dtDila ike;jdh eP >"
,uhkh * cj;jk Fzf;Fd;whfpa gujDf;F mz;zdh eP * kDE}y;
vd;gJ kDf;Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j cdf;nf cupikahdJ. Xtpaj;jpy;
vGjbthz;zhj nguHfnd * $df kd;dupd; g[jy;tpahfpa md;dk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
120
nghd;w njtpiag; gpupe;jjhy; cdf;F vJ mwk; vJ kwk; vd;W
bjupahJ jpifg;g[w;wpUf;fpd;wha;. ,uhkh * muf;fu; nte;jd; cd;
kidtpiaf; ftu;e;jw;fhf/ thdu tPudhfpa vd;idf; bfhy;y kD
jUkk; TwpapUf;fpd;whnjh > fUiz epiwe;j eP fUiziaj;
Jwe;jid. gid kujjpy; njs; bfhl;odhy; bjd;id kuj;jpy;/
beupfl;Ltjh > ,uhtzd; bra;j gpiHf;F vd;idj; jz;oj;jidna *
ehd; cdf;F vd;d gpiH bra;njd; > eP ,e;jj; jPikbra;jhy; g[fiHj;
jh';f ty;yhu; ahu; > ,uhkh * Tl;Lj; nruhj bfhw;wth * ,e;jf;
Fu';Fld; Todhna. cd; muir cd; jk;gpf;Fj; je;J ehl;oy; xU
braiyr; bra;jha;/ vd;idf; bfhd;W vd; jk;gpf;F ,e;j muirj;
je;J fhl;oy; ,r;braiyr; bra;jha;/ jikaidf; bfhd;W jk;gpf;F
muR jUk; bra;if ,j;Jld; Koe;jjh/ ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpd;wjh >
njhy;tpawpahj guk guhf;fpukrhypahfpa vd;id tijj;J. . ,e;jr;
Rf;uPtidj; Jiz gw;wpdhna/ ,J mwpt[ilikahFkh > rp';fj;ijf;
bfhd;W Kaiyj; Jiz gw;wpaJnghy; csJ.
,uFtPu * ,uhtzd; vd; ,dpa ez;gd;. vd;dplk; kpFe;j mr;rk;
cs;std;. vd; thy; mire;jhy; mtDila br';nfhy; mirahJ.
ehd; Twpdhy; mLj;j tpehona rPijiaf; bfhzu;e;J tpLthnd.
efj;jpdhy; fps;s ntz;oaijf; nfhlup bfhz;L btl;Lfpd;widna *
cd;Dila Ml;rpapy; vd; cly; ghukh > ,J tPukh > eP thypiaf;
bfhy;ytpy;iy. mur ePjpapd; ntypiaf; bfhd;W tpl;lha;.
epuha[jghzp kPJ ghze;bjhLj;Jf; bfhd;wJ vd;d epahak; > md;wp
kiwe;jpUe;J fiz bjhLj;jidna > "
,uhkgpuhd; ,j;jidiaa[k; bghWika[ld; nfl;L/ thypapd; thjj;ij
kWj;Jf; TWfpd;whu;.
"thyp * jk;gpapd; kidtp kfs; nghd;wts;. eP cd; jk;gpapd;
kidtpiaf; ftu;e;J mtisf; fs';fg;gLj;jpdha;. ,ijtplg; bgupa
Fw;wk; xd;W csjh > mjdhy;/ cd;idj; jz;oj;njd;" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
121
",uhkh * tpy';Ffl;Fj; jha;/ kidtp/ kfs; vd;W ghFghL fpilahJ.
eP kdpj jUkj;ijf; fUjp vd;idj; jz;oj;jJ jtW" vd;whd; thyp.
"thyp * jUk';fisg; gw;wp mqmqthf Edpj;Jg; ngRfpd;widna *
kdpjd; tpy';F vd;gJ clk;gpdhy; md;W. mwptpd; jpwnk
fhuzkhFk;."
jf;f ,d;d jfhjd ,d;d vd;W czuhjtu;fs; kdpju;fns ahdhYk;
tpy';nfahFk;. eP njtupd; g[jy;td;/ jUkj;jpd; Nl;rkj;ij ed;F
czu;e;jtd;. fn$e;jpuid ahid vd;W Twyhkh > $lha[itg;
gwitbad;W gfuyhkh > eP fy;yhj fiy ,y;iy .. . mjdhy;
cd;idj; jz;oj;njd; vd;whu; uhku;.
"eP Twpaij xg;g[f; bfhs;fpnwd;. kiwe;jpUe;J fiz bjhLj;jJ
vd;d epahak;>"vd;W nfl;lhd; thyp.
"fst[ bra;jtidf; fhty; Jiwj; jiytu; nenu te;Jjhd; gpof;f
ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ,y;iy. eP ,e;jpud; - ,uhtz rk;khuk; bghUl;Lg;
gpwe;j eP giftDld; el;g[ bfhz;lJ gpiH. mtjhu nehf;fj;ij
mHpj;j cd;id kiwe;J ,Ue;J fiz bjhLj;jJ gpiHahfhJ"
vd;whu;.
thyp vk;gpuhDila mUs; bkhHpfisf; nfl;Lj; jd; gpiHia
czu;e;J/ ,iwtid ,iw";rpj; Jjp bra;fpd;whd;.
"mwbewp tGthj mz;zny * rpwpnad; bra;j gpiHiag;
bghWj;jUs ntz;Lk;. Fu';fpdkhfpa monadplk; jUkj;jpd;
El;gj;ijf; fhz KoahJjhnd.. .. vd; jk;gp Rf;uPtd; ,e;jf;
Fu';fuirg; bgw;W ,e;jpu gjtpia vdf;Fj; je;jhd;. Iand * vd;
jk;gp vdf;F ey;yJ bra;jhd;.
bgUkhnd * monaDf;F xU tue;juy; ntz;Lk;. vd; jk;gp Rf;uPtd;
kJ cz;L kjpka';fp VjhtJ Fw;w";bra;thdhfpy; vd;nky; Vtpa
ghzj;ij vd; jk;gpnky; tplhnj. ,td; jikadhiuf; bfhy;tpj;jtd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
122
vd;W cd; jk;gpau; ,fH;thu;fnsahdy; eP mtu;fisj; jLf;f
ntz;Lk;. vk;bgUkhnd * kDFy kfhj;khnt * ,e;jr; Rf;uPtd; ed;wp
kwthjtd;. rPijiar; rpiw kPl;f cjt[thd; vd;W Twpdhd;.
jd;idg; ghu;j;J mGfpd;w jk;gpia nehf;fp/ jk;gp tUe;jhnj.
ntj';fSk; Kdptu;fSk; fhz Koahj flt[s; ,uhkgpuhdhf
mtjupj;J cyif ca;tpf;f te;jhu;. ,tiur; ruzk; miltha;"
vd;whd;.
"ve;ijna * ,njh ,Uf;fpd;w mEkd; ckJ jpUj;njhspy;
tps';Ffpd;w nfhjz;lk; nghd;wtd; ,td; vy;yhk; bra;a ty;ytd;"
vd;W Twpdhd;.
mg;nghJ m';fjd; te;J mGJ epd;whd;. thyp "kfnd * mHhnj *
guk;bghUs; ,uhkdhf te;Js;sJ. ,tu; gpwtpg; gpzpf;F kUe;jhthu;"
vd;W Twp/ m';fjid ,uhkuplk; milf;fykhfj; je;jhd;.
,uhkgpuhd; m';fjdplk; jk; cilthisj; je;J mUs; g[upe;jhu;.
thyp ,uhkiuj; jd; fz;fshy; ghu;j;Jf;bfhz;nl Kf;jpa[yf";
nru;e;jhd;. thyp khu;igj; Jisj;j ,uhk ruk; thd f';ifapy; KGfp
,uhkUila mk;g[g; g[l;oypy; te;J xL';fpw;W.
,e;jpud;/ ,uhtz tjk; g[upa thypahf te;jhd;. mt;thW te;j
mtd; ,uhtzDld; cwt[ bra;J bfhz;lhd;. cdf;F cwt[/ vdf;F
cwt[/ cdf;F gif/ vdf;F gif vd;W ,UtUk; xd;Wgl;lhu;fs;.
,uhku; thypa[ld; brd;w ,uhtz rk;khuk; epfH;j;j ,ayhJ. gifahf
te;jtd; cwt[ Mf ,ize;jhd;. mjid mtd; czUkhW ,uhku;
czu;j;jpdhu;.

jhiu g[yk;g[jy; thypapd; kidtp jhiu tpiue;J te;J fztd; kPJ


tPH;e;J g[yk;g[fpd;whs;. jhiuapd; g[yk;gpy; kpFe;j bghUl; brwpt[ld;
ToaJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
123
mjpfhiyapy; g";rizapy; ghu;j;j fztd;. ,g;nghJ cjpur; nrw;wpy;
,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtd; jpde;njhWk; jpirfspd; Kotpw;ngha; md;W
my;e;j kyu;fshy; \d;W ntis rptg{i$ bra;thd;. ,g;nghJ
tHpghL bra;ahky; khz;L fplf;fpd;whd;. gpuhzgjp nghUf;Fg; nghf
ntz;lhk; vd;W jLj;njnd. Vd; brhy;iyj; jl;o te;J khz;L
fplf;fpd;wPnu *
rptbgUkhDila tHpghl;Lf;Fg; ghYk; japUk; g";rhkpUjKk; njDk;
,sePUk; Maj;jkhf ,Uf;fpd;wdnt. g{f;Fliy Mzpapy;
bjh';Ffpd;wdnt. tHpghL bra;ahky; gLj;jpUf;fpd;wPnu *
bgUkhnd * ghw;fliyf; file;;J mKjk; mkuUf;F md;w
tH';fpdPnu * mKjk; cz;ltu;fspy; mwf;flt[Sk; ,Ue;jhnu.
mKjk; tH';fpa ckJ capiug;gw;wpr; brd;whnu. ed;wpa[zu;t[
mwf;flt[Sf;F ,y;iyah > cg;gpl;ltiu cs;s ehs;tiu epidf;f
ntz;Lnk > ePu; mKjj;ij tH';fpdPnu *
capu;j; Jiztnu/ fztd; cs;sj;jpy; kidtpapUg;ghs;. kidtpapd;
cs;sj;jpy; fztd; ,Ug;ghd;. j';fs; cs;sj;jpy; ehd; ,Ue;jhy;
,uhk ghzk; vd;ida['; bfhz;oUf;Fk;. vd; cs;sj;jpy; ePu; ,Ug;gJ
cz;ikahapy; ehd; capnuhL ,Ug;gjdhy; ePUk; thH ntz;Lk;.
Mjyhy;/ vd; cs;sj;jpy; ePUk; ,y;iy/ ck; cs;sj;jpy; ehDk;
,y;iy./ ,dp vg;gpwg;gpy; j';fisf; fhz;ngd; > vd;w fjwpaGjhs;.
,uhku; mDkhiu Vtp MWjy; bra;tpj;jhu;. thypf;F beUg;g[f;fld;/
ePu;f;fld;fs; bra;jhu;fs;. ey;y ehspy; ,uhkUila fl;lisg;go
,yl;Rkzu;/ Rf;uPtDf;F Ko Nl;odhu;. ntj ke;jpu';fSld;
Mrpa[iu Twpdhu;fs;. Fu';Ffs; eldk; g[upe;jd.
Rf;fuPtd; gl;lhgpn#ff; nfhyj;Jld; brd;W ,Utiug; gzpe;jhd;.
,uhkUf;F cs;sk; Fspu;e;jJ. mtid thahu thH;j;jpdhu;. "Rf;uPth/
cd; muR X';Ff. ehd; ,sikapy; ntiyf;fhup Tdpapd; KJfpy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
124
kz;qUz;il va;jjd; tpist[ vd;d Mapw;W vd;W fz;lidah >
je;ijahu; khz;lhu;. gujd; ee;jpak; kiyapy; jtk; g[upfpd;whd;. rPij
nghd ,lk; bjupatpy;iy. Mjyhy;/ cd; muz;kidapy; thGk;
gzpahsu;fspd; kdk; nehf elf;fhnj.
bgz;fshy; Jd;gk; va;Jk;. thypapd; kuzj;Jf;Ff; fhuzk;
bgz;zhirjhnd. thyp kpfr; rpwe;j rptg{i$ bra;Jk;/ xGf;fk;
,d;ikahy; khz;lhd;.
rPjhnjtp khidf; nfl;Lj;jhnd ,j;jidj; Jau';fs; tpise;jd.
kiHf;fhyk; fle;j gpd; rPijiaj; njlyhk;. eP ngha; muR bra;"
vd;w cj;jut[ je;jhu;.
Rf;uPtd; muz;kid brd;W jhiuapd; fhypy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;.
m';fjDf;Fk; ,stuRg;gl;lk; fl;lg;gl;lJ. Rf;uPtd; jd; kidtp
Ukhnjtpa[ld; ,d;g[w;W thH;fpd;whd;.
fp#;fpe;ij Kiwg;go KoNl;of; bfhz;l Rf;uPtd; ed;wpa[zu;t[ld;
,uhkgpuhidg; gzpe;jhd;/ Jaue; jzpe;jhd;/ mtUila jpUtoiar;
brd;dpapy; mzpe;jhd;. ,uhkiuj; jdJ efupy; te;J muz;kidapy;
j';FkhW ntz;odhd;.
"fhl;oy; ,Uf;f te;J ehl;oy; ,Ug;gJ Kiwad;W. md;wpr; rPjhnjtp
Jd;gg;gLfpd;wnghJ ehd; ,d;g[WtJ gpiHahFk;" vd;W vk;bgUkhd;
vy;yhiua[k; fp#;fpe;ijf;F mDg;gptpl;L/ ntW xU Fd;wpy; j';fpdhu;.
kiHf;fhyk; te;jJ. kidtpiag; gyfhyk; gpupe;jpUe;j Rf;uPtd; mtd;
kidtp Ukht[ld; ,d;g[w;W cyif kwe;jpUe;jhd;. ,sturdhfpa
m';fjd; khl;rpa[ld; Ml;rp g[upe;jhd;. mEkhu; ePjp bewpiag; gug;gp
kf;fis ey;tHpgLj;jp eyk; g[upe;jhu;.
thdk; ikbaLj;jJ nghy ,Uz;L kiH bghHpe;jJ kpd;dYk;
,oa[khf/ ,ilawhJ nkfk; bghHpe;jJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
125
,uhkgpuhd; rPijia epidj;j ntjida[w;whu;. ,yl;Rkzu; MWjy;
Tdpdhu;. v';Fk; bts;sk; bgUf;bfLj;J XoaJ. ,uhku; v';Fk;
nghf Koahj epiy. czt[ njoa[k; btspna nghf Koahj epiy.
fhw;wk; kiHa[k; fye;J Jd;g[Wj;jpd. nghu;itapy;iy. ehf';fSk;
njs; Kjypa er;Rg; gpuhzpfSk; epiwe;j tdk;.
"jk;gP * yl;Rkzh * J}f;fzh';FUtp jd; kidtpa[ld; Tl;oDs;
Rfnk J}';Ffpd;wJ. ,e;jf; FUtp bra;j g[z;zpa';Tl ehd;
bra;njdpy;iy. rPij v';nf vd;d Jd;gj;ij mDgtpf;fpd;whnsh >
tdthrk; vd;gJ vj;jidf; bfhLikahdJ. ,j;Jd;gk; giftDf;Fk;
tuf;TlhJ" vd;whu;.
fhu;fhyk; fHpe;jJ. kufjf; fk;gsk; tpupj;jJ nghyg; gRk;g[y; jiHj;J
epykfis mHF bra;jJ. btapy; RuPu; vd;W tPrpaJ. ku';fs; g{j;J
FY';fpd.
,uhkgpuhd; jk;gpiag; ghu;j;j/ "jk;gP * fhu;fhyk; fHpe;jt[ld;
tUfpd;nwd; vd;w Twpr;brd;w Rf;uPtd; mJgo te;jhdpy;iy.
ed;wpia kwe;J el;gpidj; Jwe;jhd; nghYk;. g[y;iy vLj;jhy;jhd;
bey;iy tsu;f;f Koa[k;. mur thH;tpy; ka';fptpl;lhd; nghYk;.
bra;e;ed;wp kwe;j jPatid mHpg;gJ mur jUknkahFk;. XU ntis
thypiaf; bfhd;wgpd; ghzk; jPu;e;J tpl;lJ vd;w vz;qfpd;whndh >
thypiaf; bfhd;w ghzk;nghy; Mapuk; Mapuk; ghz';fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd
vd;W mtDf;Ff; Twthahf/ thypiaf; bfhy;yj;Jiz njodhd;.
,g;nghJ ek;ikf; bfhy;y ntW Jiz njodhYk; njLthd;.
rpj;jpuj;jpYk; Fu';if vGjhky; bra;ntd;. theuk; vd;w ngnu cyfpy;
,y;yhjthW bra;ntd;. jk;gp * mtd; mwbewpapy; khWgl;L VjhtJ
Twthdhapd; mtd; Twpaij vd;dplk; te;J TWf. eP xd;Wk;
bra;J tplhnj. cd;id xg;ghu; \d;W cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy. ngha;
tUf" vd;w Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
126
kndhntfKk; ,uhk ruj;jpd; ntfKk; gpw;gl vupkiy elg;gJ nghy;
ele;jJ. ,yl;Rkzu; fpl;fpe;ijiar; nru;e;jhu;. theu';fs;/ ,yl;Rkzu;
nfhgj;Jld; tUtijf; fz;L gae;J eL';fp xL';fp/ tz';fp tuntw;g[
bra;ahky; nfhl;ilf;fjitr; rhw;wpf; Fd;WfisaLf;fp ku';fis
ntUld; gwpj;Jf; ifapy; Ve;jp epd;wd.
,J vupfpd;w jPapy; bea;tpl;lJnghy; Mapw;W.
,yl;Rkzu; rPw;wj;Jld; tUfpd;whu; vd;w bra;jp xU thduk;
m';fjdplk; mwptpj;jJ. m';fjd; Rf;uPtDila khspif brd;W
mtid tz';fp/ "rpj;jg;gh * ,yl;Rkzu; nfhgj;Jld; tUfpd;whu;.
mtUila ehrpapYk; brtpfspYk; fdy; bghwpfs; gwf;fpd;wd. ekf;F
mHpt[fhyk; te;J tpl;lJ" vd;W Twpdhd;. kJt[z;L cyfj;ija[k;
jd;ida[k; kwe;jpUe;jhd; Rf;uPtd;.
kjpeyk; gilj;j khUjp/ ,e;j neuj;jpy; ,yl;Rkziu ahuhYk;
rkhjhdg; gLj;J KoahJ vd;gij czu;e;jhd;. f';fh ejpapd;
gputhfj;ij cg;g[ \l;ilfs; jLj;J epWj;jkhl;lh. ,jw;F xnu xU
tHp j";rk; g[Fjy; vd;W fUjp/ jhiu ,Uf;Fkpl"; brd;W mtsJ
jhs; kyu;kPJ tPH;e;J tz';fp/ "mk;kh * ,e;j ntisapy; eP';fs;jhd;
vy;yhUf;Fk; capu;g;gpr;ir ju ntz;Lk;. ,isa bgUkhs; rPw;wj;njhL
tUfpd;whu;. Rf;uPtd; kJf;flypy; \H;fpapUf;fpd;whu;. eP';fs;
bgz;kzpfSld; brd;W thapiy kiwj;J epd;W. mtUila
nfhgj;ij Mw;w ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
fizahHp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
127
mEkhu; nkYk; brhd;dhu;/ "jha;/ je;ij/ FU/ gR/ FHe;ijfs;/
bgz;fs; ,tu;fis tijj;jhtu;fSf;Fk; fGtha; cz;L. ed;wp
bfhd;wtDf;Ff; fGtha; ,y;iy. jpidast[ ed;wp bra;jtiuna
vGika[k; epidf;f ntz;Lk;. kiyast[ ed;wp bra;j j';fis
eh';fs; kwf;f Koa[kh > v';fs; theu nridfisj; jpul;Ltjpy;
fhyjhkjk; Vw;gl;lJ. kd;dpj;jUs ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;.
m';fjd; Rf;uPtid kPz;Lk; mqfp/ ,isa bgUkhspd; tuitf;
Twpdhd;. ,g;nghJ kJ kaf;fe; bjspe;jpUe;j Rf;uPtd; ,yl;Rkzupd;
tuit Vd; Kd;dnk vdf;Fj; bjuptpf;ff;TlhJ vd;W nfhgj;Jld;
nfl;lhd;. "je;ijana * eP';fs; kJt[z;L ka';fpf; fple;jPu;fs;. khju;
FHhk; NH vd; md;id brd;W mtiur; rhe;jg;gLj;jpdhs;. jh';fs;
rPf;fpuk; te;J ,isatiur; re;jpf;f ntz;Lk;" vd;whd;.
Rf;uPtd;/ "X * ehd; kJtpdhy; ka';fpf; fple;njdh > ehd; bgUe;jtW
bra;Jtpl;nlnd. kJt[z;ltDf;F ahu; jha;/ ahu; kfs; vd;w
bjsptpy;yhky; nghFk;. fs;spy; bespfpd;w g[Git ePf;fp mij
cz;L ka';fp cUSfpd;w jd;ik vj;jid mwpahikahy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
128
tpisfpd;wJ. me;njh * kJtpd; bfhLikia vz;qk;nghnj kdk;
kUSfpd;wJ. e";R cz;ltidf; bfhy;Ynkad;wp eufj;ij ey;fhJ.
kJ cz;ltid eufj;jpny js;Sk;. kJt[z;ziy tplf; bfhoaJ
ahbjhd;Wkpy;iy. ,dp kJit kdj;jhYk; jPz;nld;. ,uhftd; nky;
Miz" vd;W rj;jpak; bra;jhd;.
kidtpa[ld; te;J ,isa bgUkhisg; gyKiw tz';fpdhd;.
"Iand * mUl;bgU';flny * rpwpnad; bra;j gpiHiag; bghWj;jUs
ntz;Lk;. v';fs; theu nrid td';fspYk; ku';fspYk; thH;fpd;w
thH;f;ifia cilad. mtw;iw xU';F jpul;Ltjpy; fhy jhkjk;
Mapw;W" vd;W ,d;Diu Twp/ muz;kidf;Fs;ns miHj;Jf;
bfhz;L ngha; xU rpwe;j Mrdj;jpy; ,Uf;F khW ntz;odhd;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ fz;fs; Fskhfp/ "md;gnd * vk;bgUkhd; Jd;gf;
flypy; \H;fpapUf;fpd;wnghJ ehd; ,e;j Mrdj;jpy; ,Uf;fyhkh > mJ
Kiwah >" vd;W Twpdhu;. Rf;uPtd; ,yl;Rkziu czt[
cz;qkhW ntz;odhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; Rf;uPth * vk;bgUkhd; cz;l "gr;rpiy/ fha;/ fpH';F
,itfspd; kpFjpiaj;jhd; cz;gJ Kiw. bgUkhd; m';Fg; gl;odp
fplf;f ehd; ,';F cz;zyhkh > mtUf;F czt[ njoj; jUk;
bghUl;L ehd; tpiue;J nghf ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;.
,ijf; nfl;L vy;yhUk; fz;zPu; toj;jhu;fs;. Rf;uPtd; mDkidg;
ghu;j;Jr; "nridfisf; Tl;o miHj;Jf; bfhz;L th" vd;W
fl;lisapl;Ltpl;L/ ,yl;RkzUld; brd;W ,uhkgpuhidg; gzpe;J/
fz;zPuhy; ,tUila ghjkyu;fis myk;gp/ mGJ bjhGJ epd;whd;.
,uhku; Rf;uPtidj; jGtp/ thH;j;jpaUspdhu;. "Rf;uPth * vy;yhUk;
eye;jhnd * cd; Ml;rp khl;rpa[ld; ,Uf;fpd;wjh > v';nf mEkd; >"
vd;W tpdhtpdhu;.
"mEkd; nrida[ld; ehis tUthd;" vd;W Rf;uPtd; Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
129
kWehs; fly; jpuz;lJ nghy; vGgJ bts;sk; theu nridfs; m';F
te;J nru;e;jd. jdpg;bgU"; nridj; jiytd; ePyDk; rhk;gte;jDk;
rjtyp/ nfrup/ Jhkpud;/ juPKfd;/ ftad;/ Jd;Kfd;/ kape;jd;/
Jkpe;jd;/ FKjd;/ gJKfd;/ ,;lgd; Kjypa gilj; jiytu;fSk;
te;J nru;e;jhu;fs;.
Rf;uPtd; ,uhkiuj; bjhGJ miHj;Jf; bfhz;L ngha; theu
nridfis; fhl;odhd;. ,uhku; mstw;w nridfisf; fz;L
mjprak; mile;jhu;. <rd; totj;ija[k; Ik;bgUk; g{j';fisa[k;
rkathjpfspd; gpzf;Ffisa[k; msf;f KoahjJnghy; me;jr;
nridfs; fhl;rp je;jd. me;jr; nridfspd; Koitf; fhz Koahky;
mfkpf kfpH;e;jhu;. ,dp ehd;F jpirfspYk; vl;Lf; nfhz';fspYk;
theu nridfis mDg;gpa rPij ,Uf;Fkplj;ijf; fz;L
gpof;fntz;Lk; vd;W Kot[ bra;jhu;fs;.
Rf;uPtd; ehd;F jpirfSf;Fk; ,uz;ouz;L bts;sk; nridfs;
njLkhW mDg;gpdhd;. xU khjj;Jf;Fs; tu ntz;Lbkd;W
Mizapl;lhd;.
,uhtzd; bjd; jpir nehf;fpr; brd;wjdhy; mEkhUk; rhk;gte;jDk;
m';fjDk; ePyDk; Mfpa Kf;fpakhd tPuu;fs; bjd;jpir brd;W
epakpj;jhd;.
bjd;jpir nghFk; mEkhu; KjypnahUf;Fr; Rf;uPtd;/ mtu;fs; nghFk;
khu;f;fj;ijj; bjspthff; Twyhdhd;.
bjd;jpir nehf;fpr; brhy;Yfpd;wnghJ Mapuk; nahrid fle;jhy;
tpe;jkiy tUk;. gpd;du; eUkjh ejp tUk;. m';Fk; njL';fs;
gpd;du; Vk Tl kiyiaf; fz;L njL';fs;. mijf; fle;J
bgz;iz ejpiag; ghu;j;Jj; njL';fs;. gpd;du; jz;lf ehl;il
mqfpj;njL';fs;. mjidj; bjhlu;e;J ghz;L kiyapy; njL';fs;.
gpd;du;/ g[z;zpa ejpahfpa nfhjhtupia mile;J mjd;
gpunjrj;jpYk; njL';fs; Rtzk; vd;w ejpiaa[k; mjd; mUfpYs;s
efu';fisa[k; fz;L njLtPu;fshf. m';fpUe;J bjd;jpir nehf;fpg; gy

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
130
ehLfisa[k; fle;J bfh';fzk;/ Fype;jk; vd;w ehLfspy; njL';fs;.
m';fpUe;J bjw;F nehf;fpr; brd;why;/ mUe;jjp vd;w xU
bgUkiyiaf; fhz;gPu;fs;. mk;kiyapd; cr;rpia ahuhYk; mila
KoahJ. rkathjpfs; rptd;jhd; bgupatu; vd;gu;/ tp#;qjhd;
bgupatu; vd;gu;. Mdhy;/ ,uz;Lk; xd;W vd;W mtu;fs; mwpahu;.
XU fojj;Jf;F ,uz;L gf;f';fs; ,Ug;gjnghy; flt[Sf;F ,uz;L
gf;f';fs; cz;L. xUgf;fk; rptk;/ kw;bwhU gf;fk; tp#;q. rpt\u;j;jp
,Ugj;ije;J ngj';fspy; nfrthu;j;j \u;j;jp vd;w xU \u;j;jp cz;L.
mjpy; ghjp rptk;/ ghjp tp#;q/
rptd; - NL
tp#;q - Fspu;r;rp
cyfk; thH ntz;Lkhdhy; btg;g jl;g';fs; rupahf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.
btg;gkhd rptk; vupfpd;w kahdj;jpy; vupiaf; ifapy; itj;Jf;bfhz;L
eldk; g[upfpd;wJ. jl;gkhfpa tp#;q ePupil cw';FfpwJ.
btg;gkhfpa rptj;Jf;Ff; Fspu;r;rp jUfpw tpy;tj;ij mu;r;rid
bra;fpwhu;fs;. jl;gkhfpa tp#;qt[f;F c#;zj;ijj; jUk; Jsrpia
mu;r;rpf;fpwhu;fs;. jj;Jt "hdpfs; rptj;ija[k; tp#;qita[k; xd;whf
ghu;g;ghu;fs;. mjdhy;/ rptid cau;j;jp tp#;qitj; jhH;j;jp/
tp#;qit cau;j;jpr; rptj;ijj; jhH;j;jpa[k; ngRnthu; gufjp
milakhl;lhu;fs;.
<rd; tp#;qitr; nritbra; nthu;jik ,fH;nthu;fs;
<du; ,j;jid ngu;fSk; VH;euF cHy;thnu.
- vd;W mUzfpupg; bgUkhd; mUspr; bra;fpd;whu;. mJnghy;
eP';fSk; mUe;jjp kiyapd; cr;rpiar; brd;W mila KoahJ.
brd;W fhyj;ij tPzhf;fhjPu;fs;.
gpd;du;/ kufj kiy brd;W njL';fs;. jkpH; ehl;Lf;F tlf;F
vy;iyaha; tps';FtJk; jd;id mile;jhu; ghtk; eP';fpg; gufjp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
131
mila itg;gJk;/ mkuUk; KdptUk; mDjpdKk; tz';FtJkhd
jpUnt';fl kiyia miltPu;fs;/ mk;kiy jk;ik mile;jhiug;
gufjpapy; nru;f;f ty;yJ/ mjypdhy;/ mk;kiyiaj; bjhiytpypUe;nj
nrtpj;Jr; bry;Y';fs;.
gpd;du; rhd;nwhu;fs; gyu; thGfpd;w bjhz;il ehl;il miltPu;fs;.
m';nf Kj;jp jUk; VG jy';fspy; xd;whfpa fh";rp khefiu
miltPufs;. bjhz;il ehL/ "bjhz;il ehL" vd;W brhy;yp
bfhz;oUf;Fk;. xU kdpjd; bjhz;odhy;jhd; cau Koa[k;.
mjdhy;jhd; bjhz;lu; g[uhzj;ijg; bgupag[uhzk; vd;W bgupnahu;fs;
TWfpd;whu;fs;.
gpd;du;/ bjhz;il ehl;il fle;J VH;jyk; g[fH; fhntupahy; tsk;
bgUFfpd;w nrhH ehl;il miltPu;fs;. m';Ff; fhtpup Mw;wpd;
,UfiuafspYk; rpt tp#;q njthya';fs; gy jpfH;fpd;wd.
rpjk;guk;/ jpUth+u;/ jpUntufk; vd;w gy jpUj;jy';fs; khl;rpa[ld;
fhl;rp jUfpd;wd. eP';fs; gagf;jpa[ld; m';Fj; njtpiaj; njL';fs;.
mijf; fle;jhy; Kj;Jk/ Kj;jkpGk; jUfpd;w bgUieahW gha;fpd;w
ghz;o ehl;il miltPu;fs;. ghz;oa ehl;ilf; fle;jhy; jkpH;ehl;od;
bjw;bfy;iyahfpa bghjpa kiyia miltPu;fs;. m';Fr; bre;jkpH;
je;j me;jkpy; bgUika[ila mfj;jpa KdptUila jkpH;r; r';fjijg;
ghu;g;gPu;fs;. m';Fr; brd;why;/ mj;jkpH; bkhHpapd; ,dpikahy;
cs;sk; cUfp/ m';nfna j';fptpl neUk;. Mjyhy;/ fhjyhy;
mr;r';fj;ijj; bjhiytpUe;nj tz';fptpl;Lr; bry;Y';fs;. gpd;du;/
knfe;jpu kiyia miltPu;fs;. knfe;jpu kiyapy; njotpl;L xU
khjj;Jf;Fs; ,';F te;J mila ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;.
mEkdplk; ,uhku; fizahHp jUjy; ,uhkgpuhd; mEkidj; jdpna
miHj;J/ "mwptpy; kpFe;j mEknd * eP rPijiaf; fhz;gha; vd;W
cWjpa[ld; vz;qfpnwd;. rPij nguHF cilats;. rkhdkpy;yhj
m';ff;fis cilats;. mtsplk; ,f;fizahHpif milahskhff;
bfhLj;J vd;Dila eyj;ijf; Twthahf" vd;W Twp/ rPijapd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
132
jpUnkdp eyd;fis milahskhff; Twp thH;j;jp tpil
bfhLj;jDg;gpdhu;.
,t;thW njtpiaj; njof;bfhz;L mEkd; Kjypnahu;fs; bry;Yfpd;w
tHpapy;/ bfhjpf;fpd;w xU ghiytdj;ij mile;jhu;fs;. mjd;
btg;gj;ijj; jh';fhky; jtpj;jhu;fs;. m';nf xU gpyk; bjupe;jJ.
btg;gj;ijf; jh';fhj theu tPuu;fs; me;jg; gpyj;Jf;Fs; EiHe;jdu;/
,Uspy; ,lu;gl;lhu;fs;. mEkhu; jd; thiy ePl;o mjidg; gw;wpf;
bfhz;L thU';fs; vd;W Tw/ jpUth+u; nju; tlk; gpog;gJnghy;/
mEkhUila ePz;l thiy ePl;o mjidg; gw;wpf;bfhz;L ele;jhu;fs;.
m';nf/ kdpj r";rhuknk ,y;yhj xsp epiwe;j xU efuj;ijf;
fz;lhu;fs;. nrhiyfSk; bfhog; ge;jy;fSk; thdhtpa g{ku';fSk;
epiwe;jpUe;jd. xU gf;fj;jpy; ,dpa czt[fSk; cilfSk;
,Ue;jd. ,Jjhd; ,uhtzd; rPijiar; rpiw itj;Js;s ,lnkh
vd;W $a[w;whu;fs;. m';nf Xu; mHfpa kz;lgj;jpy; xU bgz;kzp
mku;e;J jt";bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhs;. mts; ngu; Rak;gpuig.
thdhu;fs;. Rak;gpuia fz; tpHpj;Jg; ghu;j;jhs;. ahbud;W
tpdhtpdhs; eh';fs; ,uhkgpuhDila moahu;fs;. "jh';fs; ahu; >
Vd; ,';Fj; jdpikapy; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;fs; >" vd;W theu tPuu;fs;
nfl;ldu;.
Rak;gpuig/ ",uhk gf;ju;fns vd; ngu; Rak;gpuig Vik vd;fpd;w
njt khJld; kad; vd;gtd; Tlh XHf;fj;Jld; thH;e;jhd;. mjw;F
ehd; Jiz g[upe;njd;. mjdhy;/ ,e;jpu gfthd; rPw;wkile;J
kaidf; bfhd;W Vikiaj; njt khjUld; nru;j;Jtpl;L/ vd;id
,';nf jdpj;jpUf;FkhWk; Twpdhu;. ,uhk J}jd; mEkhuhf cdf;F
tpnkhrdk; fpilf;Fk; vd;whu;. ehd; ,j;jidf; fhyk; c';fs; tuit
nehf;fp khjtk; bra;J bfhz;oUe;njd;. vdf;F mUs; g[upe;J
,jpypUe;J tpLtpj;J tPL/ ngW jUtPu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhs;.
mEkhu; tp!;t+gk; vLj;J Mapuj;J ehD}W nahrida[s;s me;jg;
gpyj;ij ntUld; gpL';fp/ mJ epykl;lk; tUk;nghJ theu tPuu;fis
kz;zpy; ,w';FkhW bra;J me;jg; gpyj;ij nkw;flypy; vwpe;J

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
133
tpl;lhu;. Rak;gpuig njtnyhfk; nru;e;jhs;. theu tPuu;fs;/ Xu; ,dpa
tdj;ija[k; bgha;ifiaa[k; fz;lhu;fs;. m';Fs;s fha[k; fdpa[k;
njDk; cz;L ,isg;ghwpg; bgha;iff; fiuapy; gLj;jau;e;J J}';fp
tpl;lhu;fs;.
Jkpud; eL ,utpy; kiy nghd;w bgupJk; clYk; ePz;l fu';fSk;
fupa cUtKk; bfhz;l Xu; muf;fd; te;J. vd;Dila Ml;rpapYs;s
bgha;iff; fiuapy; ,tu;fs; te;J cw';fyhkh > vd;W Twp/ m';fjd;
khu;gpy; Fj;jpdhd;. m';fjd; vGe;J mtDld; fLk; nghu; g[upe;J
bfhd;whd;. khz;L fplf;fpd;w muf;fidf; fz;L midtUk; mjprak;
mile;jhu;fs;. rhk;gte;ju; ,td; Jkpud; vd;w ngUila bghy;yhj
muf;fd;. ,tid m';fjidad;wp ahuhYk; bfhy;y KoahJ vd;W
Twpdhu;.
theu tPuu;fs; kPz;Lk; njtpiaj; njodhu;fs;. tpju;g;g ehL/ jz;lf
tdk;/ ghz;L kiy/ nfhjhtup ejp Kjypa gy ,l';fspy; JUtpj;/
JUtpj; njodhu;fs;. gpuhl;oiaf; fhzhJ thodhu;fs;. Kz;lfj;Jiw
brd;W njodhu;fs;. ghz;L kiyiaaile;J njodhu;fs;. mUe;jjp
kiyiaaile;J njodhu;fs;. gpd;du; jpUnt';fl kiyia
mile;jhu;fs;. rpj;ju;fSk;/ Kj;ju;fSk; gf;ju;fSk; te;J gzpe;J/
tpidjzpe;J eyk; bgWfpd;w me;j nt';fl kiyia tz';fpj;
njtpiaj; njodhu;fs;.
theu tPuu;fs; me;jzu; toit vLj;Jf;bfhz;L rhd;nwhu;fs; thGk;
bjhz;il ehl;ilaile;J njodhu;fs;. tlbkhHpa[k; bjd; bkhHpa[k;
fw;W mjd; Koitf; fz;l \jwp"u;fs; m';F thH;fpd;whu;fs;.
me;ehl;oy; njo/ fhntupahy; tsk; bgWfpd;w nrhH ehl;oy;
njodhu;fs;. gpd;du; Kj;Jk; Kj;jkpGk; jUfpd;w ghz;o
ehl;ilaile;J njodhu;fs;. v';Fj; njoa['; fhzhJ bjd;
fliyaile;jhu;fs;.
flypy; miyfs; vGe;J jhH;fpd;w fhl;rp theu tPuu;fns * vk;gpuhl;o
fly; eLtpy; cs;s ,y';ifapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs; thU';fs; / thU';fs;
vd;W ifePl;o miHg;gJnghy; ,Ue;jd.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
134
mnrhf tdj;jpy; klf; bfho

rk;ghjp thdpil gwe;J brd;wgpd;/ theu tPuu;fSf;F ,y';if


khefupy; rPjhnjtp ,Uf;fpd;whs; vd;gJ g[upe;jJ. mjdhy;/
twpatDf;Fg; g[ijay; fpilj;jJ nghy bgU kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;.
,dp ehk; ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ntz;Lk;. "ek;kpy; nghf ty;yhu; ahu;
>" vd;W theu tPuu;fs; rpe;jpj;jhu;fs;. rpwe;j theu tPuu;fs;/ "E}W
nahrid gug;g[s;s fliy v';fshy; flg;gJ ,ayhJ" vd;W j';fs;
,ayhikiaf; Twpdhu;fs;.
ePyd; vd;w nridj; jiytd;/ ehd; vGgj;ije;J nahrid J}uk;
jhz;Lntd; vd;w nahrid ,y;yhky; brhd;dhd;. nguhw;wy; gilj;j
m';fjd;. ehd; E}W nahrida[k; jhz;o tpLntd;. jpUk;gp tu
,ayhJ vd;whs;. $hk;gte;jd ,e;jr; rpwpa fliy ehd; tha;f;fhiyj;
jhz;LtJnghy;/ vj;jid Kiw ntz;LkhdhYk; jhz;Lntd;.
Mdhy;/ ,g;bghGJ ,ayhJ. vdf;F ,sikngha;
KJikaile;jpUf;fpwJ. ehuhazu; jpuptpf;fuk mtjhuk; vLj;J

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
135
cyif Xuoahf mse;jnghJ ehd; btw;wp KuR miwe;J cyfhj;ij
tyk; te;j nghJ/ nkU kiyapd; fhyplwp tPH;e;J CdKw;nwd;.
Mjyhy;/ ,g;bghGJ vd;dhy; ,ayhJ vd;W Twpdhd;.
m
mEEkkd
d; ; M
Mww;w;wyy; ;

vy;yhUk; ,t;thW TwpanghJ mEkhu; xd;Wk; ngrhky; Rk;kh


,Ue;jhu;. j';fkzpf;F Xir apUf;fhJ/ bt';fykzpf;F
XirapUf;Fk;/ gr;nrhiyf;F XirapUf;fhJ. cyu;e;j rUf ryry vd;W
xypf;Fk;. ifahyhfhjtu;fs; tha;r;brhy; tPuuhf/ fliyf; Fog;ngd;/
kiyia ,og;ngd;/ thdpy; gwg;ngd; vd;w tha;g;giwaiwthu;fs;.
Mdhy;/ ifahy; xd;Wk; MfhJ/ mJnghy;/ vy;yhUk; ngr/ mwpt[k;
Mw;wYk; xU';nf gilj;j M";rnau; bksdkhf ,Ue;jhu;. mtUf;F
vt;tst[ Mw;wy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ mtUf;nf bjupahJ.
$hk;gthd; mEkhiu nehf;fp moapy; tUkhW Twj; bjhl';fpdhd;.
"mEknd * cd;id m";rypf;fpnwd;. vy;yhUila jiyapYk; vGjp
tpjpf;fpd;w gpuknjtu; khapDk; khahj kpFe;j thH;ehisa[iltnu *

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
136
rpu";rPtpfspy; xUtnu * ePu; fy;yhj fy;iyapy;iy. jUk';fis
mjpEl;gkhf ePu; mwpe;jtu;. j';fisf; fz;L Tw;WtDk; m";Rthd;.
fhyid cijj;j MyKz;l ePyfz;lidg;nghy; ahiua[k; mlf;Fk;
nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;. ckf;F Ik;g{j';fshYk; mHpt[ fpilahJ.
bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fspdhy; ckf;F kuzk; fpilahJ. ckf;F epfu;
ePu;jhd;. mz;lj;Jf;F mg;ghYk; Fjpf;f ty;ytu;. NkUkiyf;Fk;
nkk;gl;L caukhf epw;Fk; jd;ika[ilatu;. mnjrkaj;jpy; kiHj;
J}wYf;F eLnt brd;W clk;g[ eidahky; bry;yf;Toa
ty;yika[ilatu;. ,e;j kz;qyfj;ij xU ifahy; vLf;f ty;ytu;.
,';fpUe;J Nupaida[k; jPz;Lk; jpwDilatu;. ePjp bewpapy; epd;wtu;.
kdj;jhYk; khjiuj; jPz;lhjtu;. ntj';fs; midj;ija[k;
Xjpa[zu;e;jtu;. CHpiaa['; fle;jtu;. mLj;Jg; gpuknjtdhf tUk;
jFjpa[ilatu;. j';fshy; MfhJ ahbjhd;Wk; ,y;iy. j';fSila
nguhw;wYf;F ,e;jg; bgU';fly; tha;f;fhy; nghd;wJ. Mfnt/ jh';fs;
brd;W gpuhl;oiaf; fz;L kPz;L te;J ,uhkUila ftiyia khw;wp
theu Fyj;jpw;Fg; bgUikiaj;ju ntz;Lk;" vd;whd;.
,t;thW/ $hk;gthd; Twpa g[fGiuiaf; nfl;L M";rneau;
ehzj;njhL epd;whu;. mwp"u;fs; jk;ikg; g[fH;tij Vw;Wf;
bfhs;skhl;lhu;fs;. xUtu; g[fH;e;jhYk; ehqthu;fs;. theu tPuu;fis
tz';fp/ tPuu;fns * ,uhkgpuhDila fUiza[k; c';fs; Mrpa[k;
vdf;F ,U rpwFfshfj; Jiz bra;af; fliyf; fle;J ftiyiaa[';
fle;J vk;gpuhl;oiaf; fz;L kPSntd; vd;W fliyf; flg;gjw;F
Maj;jkhfpg; ngUUt[ld; epd;W fhl;rpaspj;jhu;.
RRee;j;juu ffhhz
z;l;lkk; ;
mEkhu; epd;w fhl;rp cyfj;ij Xuoahf msf;f jpUkhy; vLj;j
tpRt+gk;nghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,uz;L fhy;fisa[k; Cd;wp ",uhkh"
vd;W thdj;jpny gha;e;jhu;. me;j knfe;jpu kiyna eL';fpw;W.
tpz;ztu;fs; kyu; kiH bgHpe;jhu;fs;. ,uz;L fu';fis Kd;nd
ePl;o ,Ue;jJ. ,uhkyl;Rkzu;fs; mtUf;F Jiz tUtJnghy;
,Ue;jJ. gpd;nd bjh';fpa typik epuk;gpathy; ,kaDila

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
137
ghrf;fapW xspe;J bfhz;L ,y';iff;Fg; nghtJnghy; ,Ue;jJ.
mEkhu; tpz;tHpapy; ntfkhfr; bry;Yk;bghGJ ike;ehfk; vd;w
kiynkbyGe;J mtUf;F cjtp bra;a te;jJ.
ike;ehf gu;tjk; ,e;jpud; tr;rpug; gilahy; kiyfspd; rpwFfis
mupe;jnghJ tha[ njtdhy; flypy; js;sp cjtp bgw;wJ. tha[njtd;
bra;j cjtpf;fhf tha[njtd; kfd; mEkhUf;F cjtp bra;a te;jJ.
mEkhu;/ ehd; ,uhk if';fu;akhfr; bry;Yk;bghGJ tHpapy; j';FtJ
ed;wd;W. cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp vd@W Twptpl;L tpz;tHpna brd;whu;.
Ruir vd;w njtkhJ njtu;fspd; ntz;Lnfhspd;go mEkhUf;F
ey";bra;a[k; bghUl;L tpz;zpy; kpfg;bgUk; thiag; gpse;J
epd;whs;. mEkhu; bgz;gps;isf;F ,t;tst[ thah vd;W gupfrpj;J/
xU fzj;Jf;Fs; rpwpa cUt[ld; mts; thapy; EiHe;J
btspg;gl;lhu;. mtu; mkpu;jkak; Mdts;/ mjdhy; mEkhUf;F
mkpu;j rk;ge;jk; cz;lhapw;W. gpd;du;. tHpapy; m';fhuj;jhiu vd;W
ngu; bgw;w bfhoa muf;fp vjpu;g;gl;lhs;. ,ts; gpuhzpfspd;
epHiyg;gw;wpna me;jg; gpuhzpfis cz;qk; Mw;wy; gilj;jpUe;jjhy;
rhahf;fpufpzp vd;w ngUk;/ rpk;kpif vd;w ngUk; gilj;jts;.
Myfhy e";ir tplf; bfhoats;. ,ts; tpz;qf;Fk; kz;qf;Fk;
vy;iyahfg; bgUthiag;gpse;J epd;W mEkhiuj; jLj;jhs;. nguhw;wy;
gilj;j mEkhu; mts; thapy; g[Fe;J ngUUf;bfhz;L mts;
thiaa[k; tapw;iwa[k; fpHpj;Jf;bfhz;L btspg;gl;lhu;. rhaf;fpufzp
khz;blhHpe;jhs;.
mEkhu; ,uhk ehkj;ij ,ilawhJ brgpj;Jf; bfhz;L brd;whu;.
vdf;F tHpapy; ,lu; midj;Jk; eP';f cjt[tJ ,uhkehkk; xd;nw
MFk;. vd;dhy; MtJ ahbjhd;Wkpy;iy. vy;yhk; ,uhkgpuhdJ
fUizna ahFk; vd;bwz;zp ,y';ifapy; cs;s gts kiyapy;
,w';fpdhu;.
nnjjt
tppi
iaajj; ; nnjjLLjjyy; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
138
mEkhu; ,y';ifapd; vHpiyf; fz;L tpae;jhu;. m';Fs;s tPLfs;
midj;Jk; etuj;jpd';fs; ,iHj;J ctiff; fliyj; je;J X';fp
epd;wd.
me;efu; MlYk; ghlYk; ClYk; TlYk; md;wp thlYk;
tUe;jYkpd;wp ,d;g bts;sj;jpy; kpje;J epd;wJ.
mEkhu; rpwpa cUtj;ij vLj;Jf; bfhz;lhu;. v';Fk; ,Us; NH;e;jJ.
,y';ifapy; njtu;fs; vGjpa rpj;jpuk; ngy; brd;W fhy';fle;J
tUtijf; Fwpj;J ,uhtzd; rPWthnd vd;w";rp/ nky; Mil rupa
XLfpd;w fhl;rpia mEkhu; fz;lhu;. mg;bghGJ re;jpud; cjpj;jhd;.
,y';ifapd; kjpy;fspd; cauj;ija[k; EiHthapypd; jpwj;ija[k;
m';Ff; fhty; bra;fpd;wtu;fspd; juj;ija[k; ghu;j;J tpag;g[w;whu;.
kjpypd; kPnjwpj; jht[tjw;F Kad;whu;. ,y';ifiaf; fhty; bra;a[k;
efu njtijahfpa ,y';fh njtp mEkhiu Kd;nd bry;ytplhky;
jLj;jhs;. ehd;F rpu';fSk; Ma[jk; Ve;jpa vl;Lf; fu';fSk; cila
mts; "V Fu';nf/ vd; mDkjpapd;wp cs;ns EiHaf; TlhJ"
vd;W jLj;jhs;. ",e;j Cupy; \tUk; njtUk; EiHa m";Rthu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
139
,iyfisa[k;/ kyu;fisa[k; jpd;fpd;w theukhfpa eP vd;
mDkjpapy;yhky; nghfyhkh >" vd;W Twpdhd;.
"mEkhu;/ fhtw;fhupna * Cu; ghu;f;Fk; MtYld; bry;Yk; vd;id
Vd; jLf;fpd;wha; > ehd; brd;why; cdf;F vd;d ,Ht[ neUk; >"
vd;whu;. ,y';fdp mEkhu; nky; Nyj;ij vwpe;jhs;. mEkhu; me;jj;
jpupNyj;ijg; gpoj;J xoj;J mts; Kfj;jpy; vwpe;jhu;. mts; vwpe;j
Ma[j';fisbay;yhk; xoj;Jj; Jfshf;fpdhu;. jd;idaof;f te;j
,y';fhnjtpapd; vl;Lf; iffisa[k; gw;wp/ mEkhu; X';fpaoj;jhu;.
mts; ,onaWz;l ehfk; nghy; fPnH tpGe;jhs;.
mts; vGe;J mEkhiuj; bjhGjhs;. "Iand/ ehd; ,y';ifapd;
fhty; bja;tk;. gpuk njtUila fl;lisapdhy; ,e;efiuf; fhty;
bra;J bfhz;oUe;njd;. xU Fu';fpdhy; eP jhf;fg;gLk; tiu ,e;jf;
fhty; bjhHpiyr; bra;tha;" vd;W TwpapUe;jhu;. Mjypdhy;/ vd;
fhty; bjhHpy; epiwt[ bgw;wJ. ehd; tpz;qyfk; nghfpd;nwd;.
"cdJ tPuj;ijf; fhl;o mRu Fyj;ij thl;o/ cd; g[fiH ePl;or;
bry;Yf" vd;W Twptpl;L thdpil brd;whs;.
mEkhu; kjpnywpf; Fjpj;J efUf;Fs; brd;whu;. v';Fk; vk;gpuhl;oahiu
njLthuhdhu;.
XUtDf;F Rfk; Kd; bra;j jtj;jpdhy;jhd; va;Jk;. jtk; bra;ahky;
Rfj;ij ehLtJ ,Uk;ig tpijj;Jf; fUk;ig ehLtJ nghyhFk;.
jt";bra;jtu;fs; vy;yh eyd;fSk; bgw;w ,dpJ thH;thu;fs;. ,jpy;
ahUf;thtJ re;njfk; ,Ue;jhy; ,e;j ,y';ifapny te;J ghU';fs;.
fjpu;nghy; ,Uf;fpd;w fupa muf;fpkhu;fis ,ilna ,y;yhj
bghd;nkdpa[ila njt khju;fs; ePuhl;Lfpwhu;fs;. ,J mtu;fs;
jtj;jhy; tpisfpd;wJ.
F
Fkk;g;gffuu;z
;zd
d; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
140
Fk;gfu;zd; JapYfpd;w khspiff;F mEkhu; brd;whu;. mtDila
ehrpapypUe;J tUk; a[fhe;j fhyj;J khUjk; nghd;w \r;Rf;fhw;Wk;
,tiu <u;j;jJ. ehrptiu brd;W bgUKaw;rp bra;J/ fhw;wpypUe;J
tpyfpf; bfhz;lhu;. me;j khspifapYs;s nki$fs;/ ehw;fhypfs;/
mz;lhf;fs;/ Fz;lhf;fs; vy;yhk; mtd; \r;Rf; fhw;wpdhy; cs;ns
nghtJk; btspna tUtJkhf ,Ue;jd. mtDila kpfg; bgupa
clk;iga[k; typikiaa[k; ghu;j;J/ ,td; ,uhtzndh vd;w Ia[w;whu;.
gj;Jj; jiyfs; ,y;yhikapdhy; ,td; ,uhtzd; ,y;yd; vdj;
bjspe;jhu;. ,td; vGe;J nghUf;F te;jhy; fjp vd;dhFk; > ekJ
theu nridfisg; bghupf;fliy cz;gJ nghy ,td; cz;ghd;.
,td; ,uhk ruj;jhy; khz;blhHpthd; vd;w gyg;gy rpe;jpj;jhu;.
m';fpUe;J ntW gf;fkhfr; brd;whu;.
t
tppggP#
P#z
zuu; ;
gak; ,y;yhjtd; vd;W bghUs;. ,J rptbgUkhDila Mapuk;
ehk';fspy; xd;W. Xk; tpgP#zha ek/ rptbgUkhd; xUtu;jhk;/
mr;rk; ,y;yhjtu;. ekf;bfy;yhk; ,ak; gak; cz;L. rptbgUkhd;
,akid cijj;j fhyfhyd; Mthu;. ehbky;yhk; eL';Ffpw e";ir
mtu; cz;lhu;. ekf;F mr;rj;ijj; jUfpd;w kahdj;jpy; mtu;
,Uf;fpd;whu;. ehk; mr;rg;gLfpd;w mut[fis mzpfydhff;
bfhz;ltu;. ehk; gag;gLfpd;w nga;fSld; ,Ue;J MLgtu;.
ek;ikbay;yhk; RLfpd;w beUg;ig mtu; ifapy; Ve;jpatu;. Mjyhy;/
rpt\u;j;jp - tpgP#zh vd;W ngu; bgw;whu;.
tpr;rputR vd;w Kdptu; jk; kfdhfpa ,tDf;F tpgP#zd; vd;W rpt
ehkj;ijr; Nl;odhu;. ,tu; ePjpapy; epd;wtu;/ bghwpg[yd;fis
btd;wtu;/ ,tUila jtg; g[jy;tp jpupril njtpf;F MWjy;
brhy;ypj; njw;wp tUgts;. me;j tpg{#zu; tPl;oy; brd;W njodhu;.
kw;w tPLfspy; kJf;Fl';fisf; fz;lhu;. ,';nf g{i$f;Fupa gd;dPu;g;
ghl;oy;fisa[k;/ ghy;/ njd; g";rhkpu;j';fisa[k; fz;lhu;. tpgP#zuJ
Kfj;jpy; fUiz Fobfhz;oUg;gijf; fz;lhu;. ,tu; ey;ytu; vd;W

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
141
fUjpdhu;. tpgP#zuJ njhw;wk; jUk njtij fUepwj;njhL xspj;J
thH;tJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ.
,
,ee;j;jppuurrppjj;J
;J
mEkhu; g[if EiHahj rpwpa ,l';fspYk; EiHe;J njtpiaj;
njodhu;. gyg;gy ,sk; bgz;fs; MLtJk; ghLtJkhf m';F
,Ue;jdu;. gyu; gLj;J cw';fpdhu;fs;. mtu;fisbay;yhk; ghu;j;J xU
khspiff;Fs; EiHe;jhu;. m';nf MWKf flt[s; xU Kfj;Jld;
cw';FtJnghy; cw';fpf; bfhz;oUe;j ,e;jpurpj;Jitf; fz;lhu;. mtd;
Kfj;jpy; tPuKk;/ njhs;fspy; fk;gPuKk; epfH;e;jd. ,td; kpfr; rpwe;j
tPud;. ,tDld; ,uhk yl;Rkzu;fs; gyehs; nghu; bra;a
ntz;otUk; vd;W fUjpdhu;.
ml;rFkhud;/ mjpfhad;/ kfujf; fz;zd; Kjypa gytPuu;fspd;
khspifiaf; fz;L njor; brd;whu;.
eL mfHpiaa[k; kjpiya[k; fle;J ,uhtzDila bghd;khspifia
mile;jhu;.
mjdUfpy; tpj;jpahju khju; tPLfspYk; muf;f khju; tPLfspYk;/ rpj;j
khju; tPLfspYk; njot kad; kfshfpa tz;nlhjupapd;
,y;yj;ijaile;jhu;. mts; mHfpa k";rj;jpy; ftiyapd;wp cw';fpf;
bfhz;oUe;jhs;. ,ts;jhd; rPijna vd Ia'; bfhz;lhu; mEkhu;.
,uhkgpuhd; brhd;d milahs';fspy; gy mtsplk; ,Ue;jd. mts;
Vnjh tha; gpjw;Wtijf; nfl;lhu; * tlthf;fpdp nghd;w fw;g[ila
vk;gpuhl;o ,ts; my;yd;. njtp ,';nf ,Uf;fkhl;lhs;. ,ts;
,uhtzd; kidtpna vd;W re;njfk; bjspe;jhu;.
jdpikapy; epd;W rpe;jpf;fpd;whu;. ",iwtnd * VG E}W nahrid
gug;g[s;s ,y';if KGtJk; mqtqthfj; njondd;.
Vk;gpuhl;oiaf; fz;nldpy;iy. bfhLe; bjhHpiyr; bra;a[k; ,uhtzd;
vk;gpuhl;oiaf; bfhd;W tpl;lhndh > ,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fd; njtpiaj;
jpd;W tpl;lhndh > ntW cyfj;jpy; rpiw itj;jpUf;fpwhndh >
xd;Wk; vdf;Fg; g[upatpy;iy. ehd;ngha; vk;bgUkhDf;F vd;d

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
142
brhy;Yntd; > ehd; vg;goa[k; rPijiag; ghu;g;ngd; vd;bwz;zpf;
fizahHpia vd;ghy; bfhLj;jhu;. cyf khjhit ehd; fz;L
tUntd; vd;w fhFj;jd; ek;gpapUf;fpd;whu;. njtpiaf; bfhz;L
tUntd; vd;W theu nte;jdhfpa Rf;uPtd; ek;apUf;fpd;whd;.
rPijiaf; fhztpy;iybad;W uFtPudplk; TWtJ Kiwad;W.
,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W mtu;fnshL ehDk; khz;L
XHpntd;.
njtpia vg;gof; fhz;ngd; > typik kpFe;j ,uhtzidg; gpoj;J
vd; fujyj;jhy; moj;J mtd; vYk;ig xoj;J njtpia v';nf
xspj;J itj;jha; > fhl;Ljp/ v';nf itj;jhha; fhl;Ljp > vd;W mtd;
\ykhfnt mwpe;J bfhs;sl;Lkh > ,e;j mHfpa efuk; vupa jP
itj;J bfhSj;jl;Lkh > ,y';ifapy; rPij ,Uf;fpd;whs;. ehd;
,';fpUe;nj ghu;f;fpd;nwd; vd;W rk;ghjp Twpdhnu. mtu; ciua[k;
bgha;ahfptpl;lnj * ,e;j ,y';ifia vLj;Jf; flypny fiue;J
tpll;Lkh > ,uhtzidf; bfhd;W ahDk; vd; thH;ehis Koj;Jf;
bfhs;ntd; vd;W vz;zp nky; jpiriag; ghu;j;jhu;. m';F xU rpwpa
tpsf;Fld; Toa mHfpa mnrhftdj;ijf; fz;lhu;.
m
mnnrrhhfft
tddkk; ;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
143
,';nf vk;gpuhl;o xUfznkJk; J}';fhkYk; fz;fs; ,ikf;fhkYk;
Jauf;flypy; \H;fp cs;sk; bte;J behe;J ,Ue;jhs;. J}f;fk; vd;gJ
ahiua[k; thl;o tijf;Fk;.
xU ez;gd; Xa;t[ bgwf; fUjp jd; MUapu;j; njhHdpd; bry;t
khspiff;Fr; brd;whd;. mtd; ,tid md;nghL tuntw;W ey;Yzt[
ey;fp tpUe;jpdu; khspifapy; j';fp Xa;t[ bgWkhW Vw;ghL bra;jhd;.
mj; jdpkhspifapy; cau;e;j g";rid/ eWkzk; tPRk; tj;jpfs;/
mHfpa gl';fs;/ el;rj;jpu';fisg; nghd;w rpwpa tpsf;Ffs;/
bra;jpj;jhs;fs;/ rpw;Wz;ofs;/ ,dpa E}y;fs; vy;yhk; ,Ue;jd. te;j
ez;gd; rpw;Wz;ofis cz;L bra;jpj;jhs;fisg; goj;J mau;r;rp eP';f/
cau;r;rp bgw;w gLf;ifapy; gLf;f Kad;whd;. me;j tPl;od;
jiytdhd ez;gu; rd;dy; g[wk; te;J ez;gnu * Rfkhfj; J}';Ffs;/
c';fSf;F ,';F xU Fiwa[k; ,y;iy. jha;g;ghiyj; jtpu/ kw;w
vy;yhk; ,';F ,Uf;fpd;wd. ehd; maYhu;ngha; tpoaw;fhiy
te;JLntd;. ,J c';fs; brhe;j ,y;yk;. ,';F ve;j tpjkhd rj;jJk;
tuhJ. mikjp epytpa mHfpa miw/ xU tp#ak;/ Mwo ePsk; xU
bgupa fUehfk; ,e;jr; rd;dy; tHpahf te;J me;jr; rd;dy; tHpahfg;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
144
nghFk;. mJ ve;j neuj;jpy; tUk; vd;W brhy;y ,ayhJ. new;W
,';Fg; gLj;jpUe;j \d;W ngiu foj;Jf; bfhd;Wtpl;lJ. Mjyhy;/
jh';fs; vr;rupf;ifahfr; Rfkhfj; J}';Ffs;. vd;W Twptpl;Lr; brd;whu;.
te;j ez;gDf;F cwf;fk; tUkh > ve;j neuj;jpy; fUehfk; tUnkh
vdw Vf;fe;jhnd tUk; > J}f;fk; tuhJ.
,uhtzdhfpa fUehfk; ve;j neuj;jpy; tUnkh > ,J mtDila
,lk;. ve;j neuj;jpYk; tuf;TLk;. mtidj;jLg;ghu; ,y;iy vd;W
vz;qfpd;w vk;gpuhl;of;F cwf;fk; tuhJjhnd *
gpuhl;o jdf;Fs; rpe;jpf;fpd;whs;. ,e;jf; fhty; epiwe;j ,lj;ij tpl;L
ehd; btspnaWtJ vspjd;W. vd;id ,e;jf; bfhoa muf;fd; rpiw
bra;jpUg;gJ Mjpj;jd; Fyj;Jf;fy;yth ,Gf;F > ntj';fspd;
ehafdhfpa vk;bgUkhd; tUthu;/ fhl;rp jUthu; vd;W vz;zp ehd;F
jpira[k; nehf;Fths;. gtsj;jhy; bra;jJ nghd;w ,uhkUila
fu';fisa[k;/ fhy;fisa[k; bfhz;L ePynkfk; nghy; tps';Fk;
fUiza[Uit vz;qe;njhWk; ePzl ; fz;fspy; ,Ue;J tHpa[k;
fz;zPupdhy; jhd; cLj;jpapUe;j bky;ypa g[ilit eide;JtpLk;.
g[ilit eide;jhy; khw;wpf; fl;of;bfhs;s ntW g[ilit ,y;iy.
clk;gpYs;s $hluhf;fpdp btg;gj;jhy; eide;j g[ilit cyUfpwJ.
kPz;Lk; eidfpwJ. kPz;Lk; cyUfpwJ. ,g;go eidtJk;
cyUtJkhf ,Ue;jJ. bky;ypa g[ilitia kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk;
cLg;gnj md;wp ntw xd;iwa[k; mwpahs;. cLj;jpapUf;fpw
g[ilitia kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; cLg;gjw;Ff; fhuzk; vd;d > czt[
,y;yhikapdhy; njtpapd; clk;g[ tpehof;F tpeho ,isfpd;wJ.
mjdhy;/ g[ilit mtpH;e;J tpLfpwJ. mtpH;e;j g[ilitia
kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; cLf;fpd;whs;. njtp ePuhLtija[k; Jwe;J czita[k;
kwe;J./ Jd;gf; flypy; tPH;e;J jtpf;fpd;whs;. kd;kjd; mkpH;jj;jpy;
tiue;j Xtpak; fw;g{ug; g[ifgl;L k';fpapUg;gJnghy; ,Ue;jhs;.
jikadhiuj; njor; brd;w ,yl;Rkzu; jk; jikadhiur;
re;jpf;ftpy;iynah > ,e;j ,y';if flypd; eLtpy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;w

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
145
vd; fztUk;/ ikj;JdUk; mwpatpy;iy nghYk;. vd;id ,e;jf;
bfhoa muf;fd; ,';Fr; rpiw itj;j jd;ik bjupahky;
,Uf;fpd;whu;fnsh > vd;id ,uhtzd; ftu;e;j te;jijg; gwit
nte;jufpa $lha[ gfthd; xUtnu ghu;j;jhu;. mtiu muf;fd; rptd;
je;j thsy; rpwFfis btl;o tpl;lhd;. mtu; vd;dila epiyia
ike;ju;fSf;Fr; brhy;yhky; ,we;J tpl;lhnuh > mtu;
brhy;ytpy;iyahdhy; vd; epiyikia ahu; brhy;y ty;yhu; >
ts;sy; tH';fpa fizahHp

mnrhf tdj;jpypUe;nj md;id rPjh gpuhl;of;Fg; giHa epidt[fs;


bjhlu;e;J te;jd. khuPrd; rPjh yl;Rkzh vd;W g[yk;gpa
bgha;k;bkhHpia bka;k;bkhHpahf vz;zp/ ,yl;Rkzh mz;zDf;F
Mgj;J eP ngha; Jiz bra; vd;W mtiu kdk; nehf itj;njd;.
ehd; itj bfhL";brhw;fis ,yl;rkzu; jikadhUld; Tw/ vd;
mUikj; jk;gpia itj ,e;jf; bfhoats; vd;W vd;idj; Jwe;J
tpl;lhnuh > vd;id kwe;J tpl;lhnuh > Kw;gpwg;gpy; xw;Wikahf
thH;e;j jk;gjpfis ehd; gpupj;J itf;f me;j tpid ,g;bghGJ te;J

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
146
\z;lnjh > ,g;gog; g[z;zpy; vup EiHe;jJ nghy; g[G';fp
ntjidg;gLfpd;whs;.
bky;ypa fPiufis beUg;gpy; thl;og; gf;Ftkhf vd; fztdhUf;F
ntis jtwhky; czt[ jUntnd. ehd; ,y;yhjnghJ mg;guk jahs
\u;j;jpf;F ahu; jug; nghfpwhu;fs; > mtiuj; njo tpUe;jpdu;fs;
te;jnghJ/ mtu; vd;d Jd;gj;ij milthnuh > tpUe;jpdiu
cgrupf;f Koatpy;iyna vd;W ntjidg;gLthnuh vd;bwy;yhk;
vz;zpdhs;. jhd; ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; bry;yupf;ft[k; vHhky; Jd;gf;
flypy; \H;fpapUe;jhs;.
bfhoa muf;fu;fs; vy;yh capu;fisa[k; g[ilj;Jj; jpd;fpd;w ghtpfs;.
,j;jidf; fhyk; rPijia itj;jpUf;f khl;lhu;fs;. bfhd;W
jpd;wpUg;ghu;fs; vd;W vz;zpr; rl;o Rl;lJ if tpl;lJ vd;W
vd;id tpl;Ltpl;lhu;fnsh > my;yJ jha[k; jk;gpaUk; te;J
miHf;ff; fhdfj;jpy; thGk; fhyKk; Kofpd;w jUzk; Mapw;nw
vd;W mnahj;jpf;Fj; jpUk;gptpl;lhu;fnsh * Mdhy; jh';fs;
nkw;bfhz;l tdthrk; g{u;j;jpahfhky; efUf;Fg; nghf khl;lhu;fs;.
vd;d epfH;e;jnjh > ahJk; mwpfpnyd;. vd; fztu; mUe;jt rPyu;/
bgU';Fzf; Fd;W. vd;Dila Jd;gj;Jf;F Kot[ vg;nghJ tUnkh >
jt";bra;a te;j fztdhUf;Fj; bjhz;L bra;a te;j ehd;/ khidg;
gpoj;Jf;bfhL vd;W nfl;lJk; gpiHay;yth > vd; tpidia
ehd;jhnd mEgtpf;f ntz;Lk; >
vd; ehafd; tpUg;g[k; btWg;g[k; mw;wtu;. je;ijahu; ,e;j muR
cdf;F cupaJ ehis KoNl;LtpHh vd;W brhd;dnghJk;/
khw;whe;jha; eP rilKonahLk; kut[upnahLk; fhdfk; ngh vd;W
fl;lisapl;lnghJk; ,d;gKk; Jd;gKk; ,d;wpr; rpj;jpuj;jpy; vGjpa
bre;jhkiu nghy; ,Ue;j jd;ikia cilatu;. fud; Kjypa tugyk;
cila gjpdhyhapuk; gilfis \d;W ehHpiffspy; bfhd;w tpy;
jpwj;ij vz;zp btJk;g[ths;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
147
f';fh ejpapy; Xlk; tpLfpd;wtDk; fy;tpawpt[k; Mrhuk; ,y;yhjtDk;
CDk; kPDk; cz;gtDkhfpa ViH ntldhfpa Ffid khu;g[wj;
jGtp/ eP vdf;Fj; jk;gp vd;W brhd;d fUizj; jpwj;ij vz;qths;.
jpUkz rkaj;jpy; ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp jkJ g[dpjkhd fu';fshy; jd;
fu';fisg; gw;wpaija[k; mtUila nkyhd fu';fshy; vd; fhiyg;
gw;wp mk;kp kPJ itj;J ntjke;jpu';fisr; brhy;ypaija[k; epidj;J
be";rk; befpH;fpd;whs;.
fztdhu; fhdfj;Jf;Fg; g[wg;gLk;nghJ jdf;nf cupa Milfs;
mzpfyfd;fs; gRf;fs; Kjypa tpiya[au;e;j bghUs;fis ViH
vspatu;fSf;Fj; jhdk; bra;fpd;wbghGJ/ xU ntjpaDf;F Mir
jzpahky; nkYk; jukhl;lhuh vd;W Miraha; tpG';fg;gl;l
jd;ikiag; ghu;j;Jr; rpupj;j bra;ifia vz;qfpd;whs;.
rpj;jpuf;Tl kiyapy; j';fpapUe;j bghGJ/ fhiya[zt[ njo
,yl;Rkzu; tpy;iynae;jpf; bfhz;L brd;whu;. rPijapd; koapy;
bgUkhd; jiyitj;Jr; rpwpJ cw';fp tpl;lhu;. mg;nghJ ,e;jpud;
kfdhfpa $ae;jd; fhfkhf tobtLj;Jg; gpuhl;oahupd; jpUkhu;gigf;
bfhj;jpdhd;. ,uhku; btFz;L mtu; ifapy; Ma[jk; ,y;yhikapdhy;
gLj;jpUe;j ju;g;igg; g[y;iy cUtp ke;jpuj;ijr; brhy;yp Vtpdhu;. mJ
,uhk ghzkhfp mtid tpul;oaJ. mtd; vl;Lf; nfhz';fspy;
brd;Wk;/ mtDf;F ca;t[ fpilf;ftpy;iy. ntW tHpapd;wp ',uhfth
ruzk;' vd;W vk;bgUkhd; jpUtoapy; tPH;e;jhd;. gfthd; 'Klnd/
gujhu fkdk; bra;ayhkh > cd; je;ijahfpa ,e;jpud; mfypifia
tpUk;gpdhd;. mtd; kfdhfpa eP gpwu; kidtpiag; ngqfpd;w
bgUk; ghtj;ijr; bra;jid. milf;fyk; vd;W moapy; tPH;e;j
mw;gg; g[wht[f;F cly; jiria mWj;Jf; bfhLj;j rpgpr; rf;futu;j;jpapd;
ngud; ehd;. milf;fyk; g[Fe;njhiu Ml;bfhs;tJ vd; Fyj;Jf;nf
cupa gz;g[. ehd; cd;id kd;dpj;J capu;g;gpr;ir bfhLf;fpd;nwd;.
Mdhy;/ ,uhkghzk; btWknd jpUk;ghJ. mjw;F eP xU fz;izf;
bfhLj;JtpL vd;W Twpf; fhffj;jpd; xU fz;izf; ftu;e;jhu;. md;W
Kjy; fhf';fSf;bfy;yhk; xU fz;zhf Mapw;W.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
148
,t;thW/ fhjy; kidtpf;Fj; jP';F bra;j fhfhNuDf;Fk; fUiz
ghypj;j ,uhkUila fUzh tpyhrj;ij vz;zpbaz;zpf; fz;zPu;
toj;jhs;.
,t;thW/ g[yk;g[fpd;w rPjh njtpf;F tpgP#zUila g[jy;tphafpa
ew;Fz e';if jpupril/ rPijf;F MWjy; Twp md;g[ilj; njhHpahf
,Ue;jhs;. mts; jhapDk; rpwe;j jaht[ilats;. rPjhnjtp
jpuprilia nehf;fpf; TWfpd;whs;.
"md;g[s;s jpuprilna * bgz;fSf;F ,lj;njhs;/ ,lf;fz;/ ,lg;
g[Utk; Joj;jhy; ey;yJ/ tyg;gf;fk; Jof;ff;TlhJ vd;gu;. uFehafd;
tpRthkpj;jpuUld; kpjpyhg[upf;F te;jnghJ/ vdf;F ,lg;gf;fk;
Joj;jJ. mk;kh/ ehd; fztUld; fhdfk; te;jnghJ tyg;gf;fk;
Joj;jJ. ,g;bghGJ ,le;Jof;fpd;wJ. vdf;F ed;ik tUnkh >"
jpupril/ "mk;kh ,g;bghGJ ey;y epkpj;j';fs; njhd;Wfpd;wd. xU
bghd;tz;L te;J vd; fhjpy; CJfpd;wJ. ,J ,uhkgpuhdplkpUe;J
JhJ tUk; vd;gij czu;j;Jfpd;wJ. mk;kh * vd; bgupa je;ijahfpa
,uhtzd; jiyapy; vz;bza; jltpf; bfhz;L rptg;g[ Milia
cLj;jpf; bfhz;L nga;fSk;/ fGijfSk; g{l;oa njupy; Vwpf;bfhz;L
bjd;jpir nghff; fdhf;fz;nld;. mnrhftdk; mHptjhft[k;/ ,y';if
khefuk; gw;wp vuptjhft[k; fdhf; fz;nld;. ,uhtzDila
muz;kidapYs;s g{uz Fk;g';fs; bgh';fptuf; fdt[ fz;nld;.
tz;nlhjup Kjypa jha;khu;fspd; fGj;jpypUe;J jpUkh';fypa';fs;
jhnd mWe;J tpGtjhff; fdt[ fz;nld;. ,uz;L rpwe;j rp';f';fs;
te;J ,y';ifia mHpj;Jtpl;Lr; bry;tjhft[k;/ ,';fpUe;j kapy;
mr;rp';fSld; nghtjhft[k; fdt[ fz;nld;."
rPij ,jidf; nfl;L kfpH;e;J/ "ey;y fdt[ fz;lid/ cd;idg;
ghjpapy; vGg;gp tpl;nlnd kPz;Lk; cw';fp kw;w fditf; fhz;ghahf
vd;W Twpdhs;."

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
149
m
muuff;f;fppaauu;-;- ,uhtzDila fl;lisapd;go rPjh njtpiar; NH;e;J gy
muf;fpau;fs; bfhLikfs; bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;. me;j
muf;fpkhu;fs; tapw;wpny tha[k;/ gUj;j tapWk;/ mdg;bghwp gwf;Fk;
fz;fisa[k; cilatu;fs;. xU jiya[k; gj;Jf; ifa[k; cilatu;fs;
rpyu;/ ,UgJ jiyfisa[k; ,uz;L iffisa[k; cilatu;fs; rpyu;/
Nyk;/ ths;/ rf;fuk;/ m';Frk;/ njhkuk;/ nty; Kjypa Ma[j';fis
Ve;jpa[k; cs;stu; rpyu;/ ahid KfKk;/ g[yp KfKk;/ fuo KfKk;/
eha; eup Kf';fshft[k;/ bfhLikna xU totkhf cilatuhft[k;
Mapuk; mkhthirnghy; ,Uz;l clk;g[k; jpuz;l njhs;fis
cilatuhft[k; gyu; ,Ue;jdu;.
mtu;fs; rPjhg;gpuhl;oia nehf;fp/ "rPij * cd; fz;izg; gpL';fpg;
fGFfSf;Fg; nghLnthk;/ cd;idj; Jitayhf miuj;J
tpy';FfSf;F tpUe;J itg;nghk;/ Vd; mGfpwha; > cd;id ahu;
vd;d bra;jhu;fs; > v';fs; muruhfpa ,uhtzDf;F mwpnt
fpilahJ. tpUk;ghj cd;id mtu; tpUk;g[fpwhnu > vd;d \lj;jdk;
> Kg;gJ KHk; g[lit v';fSf;F xU Rw;W tUk;. v';fs; gw;fspd;
,ilapilna nga;fSk;/ eha;fSk; mghakpy;yhky; cw';fpf;
bfhz;oUf;Fk;. ,j;jifa v';fis mtu; tpUk;gpdhy; eh';fs;
kidtpfshf ,Uf;f kfpH;r;rpailnthk;. kpd;dhk;g{r;rpnghy; ,Uf;fpd;w
cd;idf; fz;L mtu; tpUk;g[fpd;whnu/ mtUila mwptpd;ikia
ahuplk; brhy;tJ > v';fs; muru; te;jhy; thU';fs; ,U';fs;
tzf;fk; vd;W brhy;Y. xd;gJ khj';fshf mGJ eP vd;d
mile;jha; > v';fs; kd;dtiu tpUk;gpdhy; muz;kidapy; Rfkhf
thHyhk; vd;W Twp/ Ma[j';fshy; ,og;gJ nghYk; mog;gJ nghYk;
fog;gJ nghYk; mr;RWj;jpdhu;fs;." mg;nghJ njtp mile;j
Jd;gj;jpw;F vy;iyna fpilahJ.
me;j eLeprpapy; mUns tothfpa M";rneau; m';F te;J nru;e;jhu;.
gpuhl;oahiuf; fz; Fspuf; fz;lhu;. muf;fpau;fSf;F eLnt fz;zPu;f;
Fsj;jpy; ,Ue;j md;dk;nghy; fhl;rp jUk; bja;tf; fw;g[ila

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
150
gpuhl;oahiu nehf;fp/ ,tu;jhd; rPjhnjtp vd;W vz;zp mstw;w
kfpH;r;rp mile;jhu;.
nnjjt
tppi
iaajj; ; jjuupprrppjj;j;jyy;-;- mUe;jtj;Jg; bgz; bja;tj;ijf; fz;l
mEkhu; mile;j kfpH;r;rpf;F vy;iy ,y;iy. mtu; jkf;Fs;
vz;qfpd;whu;.
mwk; mHpatpy;iy. ehDk; rhfkhl;nld; vd;W vz;zp Modhu;.
uhk; uhk; vd;W ghodhu;. me;j kuj;jpd; kPJ m';Fk; ,';Fkhf
Xodhu;. ctifj; njid cz;lhu;. vk;bgUkhd; Twpa
milahs';fs; midj;Jk; ,tuplk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. vupfpd;w
bfhs;spiaf; Tiu tPl;oy; xspj;J itj;jJnghy;/ jhd; mHpa[k;
bghUl;L ,uhtzd; ,tiu ,';Fj; bfhz;L itj;jpUf;fpd;whd;.
guthRnjthdfpa ehuhaznu ,uhkgpuhd;. jhkiuapy; thGk;
kfhyl;Rkpna rPjhnjtp. ,jpy; rpwpJk; re;njfk; ,y;iy. ,e;j
md;id cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk; ePuhlhkYk;/ cs;sk; bte;J
behe;J bkype;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs;. M * M * ehd; ,uhftDila mHfpa
g[aj;ijg; g[fH;ntdh > bgz;fspd; jpyfkhf tps';Fk; ,j;njtpapd;
jpUt[sj;ijg; g[fH;ntdh > muru;fl;F ,Uf;f ntz;oa jUk Fzk;
epiwe;j $df kd;dupd; Fyj;ijg; g[fH;ntdh > ehd; vjidg;
ghuhl;Lntd; >
g";rhf;fpdpapy; epd;W cz;zhJk; cw';fhJk; jt";bra;nthupd; jt
Mw;wYk;/ ,k;khjurpapd; fw;g[f;F ,izahfhJ. ,g;bgz;zurpd;
jtf;nfhyj;ij ,uhku; ghu;f;fj; jt";bra;jhupy;iy.
,e;j; jtg;bgU"; bry;tpiaj; jUknk fhj;jnjh > $dfuh$htpDila
g[z;zpae;jhd; ,tiuf; fhj;jnjh > fw;g[ vd;w xd;W ,tiuf; fhj;jnjh
> ,J mUikapYk; mUik. ,tUila bgUikia ciuf;fyhfhJ.
Vd;W vz;zp Xu; mnrhf kuj;jpd; fpisapd; kiwe;J epd;W
bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
,
,uuhht
tzzd
d; ; t
tUUi
iff-- ,uhtzd; xsp tPRfpd;w gw;gy kzpfisg;
gjpj;j mzpfyd;fs; g{z;L rPijia nehf;fp tUfpd;whd;. Cu;trp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
151
cilths; Ve;jp cld; brd;whs;. nkdif btw;wpiyg; ghf;F
bfhLj;Jf; bfhz;L cld; te;jhs;. jpnyhj;jid mtDila
brUg;igj; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L brd;whs;. Vida njt khju;fs;
mtDld; bjhlu;e;J brd;whu;fs;.
mtdJ tUifiaf; fz;l M";rneau; jpLf;fpl;lhu;. mtidf; fz;L
capu; ciyfpd;w njtpiaa[k;/ Mirahy; btJk;g[fpd;w muf;fida[k;/
mEkhu; fz;lhu;/ bja;tj;ij epidj;Jj; Jjp bra;jhu;.
,uhtzd; rPjhnjtpapd; mUfpy; va;jp/ "bgz;fs; ehafnk * cdf;F
vd;ghy; fUizapy;iyah > vd;id eP mile;jhy; \t[yf bry;tKk;
cd;id te;jila[k;. njtUk; kw;W ahtUk; cd;id tz';Fthu;fs;.
cd; fztd; capu; tpLk;bghGJ Twpa xypia eP nfl;f tpy;iyah >
moikahfpa vd;id eP Vw;Wf;bfhs;. vd; Mirahfpa mdiy cd;
md;gpdhy; mizj;J vd;idf; fhg;ghw;W vd;W Konky; fu';fisf;
Tg;gpg; gonky; tPH;e;J gzpe;jhd;."
rPjhnjtp vupkiynghy; rPwp/ \d;W cyf';fisa[k; MSfpd;w
nguurdhfpa ,uhtzidj; JUk;ghff; fUjp TWfpd;whs;.
"V mw;gnd * vd;Dila fztiu vd;dbtd;W vz;qfpd;wha; > eP
bts;sp kiyia ms;spbaLj;j bghGJ rpW fhy; tpuyhy; mlu;j;j
rptbgUkhDila tpy;iy vd; fztdhu; xoj;jnghJ cz;lhfpa
Xiriag; gjpdhd;F cyf';fSk; nfl;ld. eP nfl;ftpy;iyah >
cz;ikapy; eP tPudhf ,Ue;jhy; nghu; g[upe;J vd;idf; ftu;e;jpUf;f
ntz;Lk;. vd; fztUk; ,yl;RkzUk; ,;y;yhj neuk; ghu;j;Jr;
re;epahrpahf te;J/ md;dk; nghl te;j vd;idf; fd;dk;
itj;jidna/ ,Jth tPuk; >"
"vd; fztiu kdpjd; vd;W eP myl;rpakhf epidf;fpd;widna *
cd;idr; rpiwapy; itj;j fhu;j;jtPupaid mHpj;j guRuhkDk;
kdpjd;jhnd > cdf;Fk; cd; mRu Fyj;Jf;Fk; ehrfhyk;
ez;zpapUf;fpd;wJ. cd; j';ifapd; \f;if mWj;J cd;
jk;gpau;fshfpa fujpuprpu Jh#zhjpau;fisf; bfhd;W m";rh be";Rld;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
152
tps';Ffpd;w ,uFtPuDila Mw;wyiy eP czutpy;iyah > Mapu';
fu';fisa[ila fhu;j;j tPupad; cd; ,UgJ fu';fisg; gw;wp cd;
thapy; cjpuk; xGf cd;idf; Fj;jpr; rpiwapy; itj;jhd;. mtDila
Mapue; njhs;fisa[k; rpijj;j guRuhkid vd; fztdhu;
fzg;bgGjpy; btd;wij eP mwpatpy;iyah > ,';nf epd;W tPz;
thu;j;ijfisg; ngrhnj" vd;W fLikahf epe;jpj;jhs; rPij.
,ijf; nfl;L ,uhtzd; ehzKk; nfhgKk; bgh';fp tuf; fhjyhy;
kjpaw;W epd;whd;. kuj;jpd; fpisapy; ,Ue;j mEkhu;. vk;gpuhl;oia
vd; Kd;nd ,t;thW ngrpa ,f;bfhoatDila jiyfis cjpu;j;J/
vd; jpwid btspg;gLj;Jntd; vd;W ,U fu';fisa[k; gpire;J
bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
,uhtzd; "rPijna * eP mwptpy;yhj ngijna. ehd; ,uhk
yl;Rkziuf; bfhd;W cd;idr; rpiwapy; itj;jhy; eP khz;L
nghtha;. Mjyhy;/ ,;e;j kha"; bra;njd;. ehd; epidj;jhy; ,uhk
yl;Rkzu;fis xU ifahy; Jhf;fp tUntd;. mt;tpUtiua[k;
thspdhy; btl;Lntd;. Mdhy;/ cd;id vdf;Fj; je;j me;j
cjtpia vz;zp mtu;fisf; bfhy;yhky; ,Uf;fpd;nwd;. ehd; ,uhk
yl;Rkziuf; bfhy;Ytnjad;wp mnahj;jpid aile;J guj
rj;Uf;du;fisa[k; bfhd;W kPSntd;. vd;id ahbud;W vz;zpdha;
>" vd;W Twptpl;L/ m';Fs;s muf;fpkhu;fis nehf;fp/ "rPij vdf;F
trkhFk;gor; bra;a[';fs; *" vd;W Twptpl;Lr; brd;whd;.
mEkhu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
153
mEkhu; ,t;thW gy milahs';fisr; brhy;yp Kotpy; fizahHp -
nkhjpuj;ijf; bfhLj;jhu;. mg;bghGJ mk;ik/ ,e;jg; g[dpj nkhjpuk;
ghtk; epiwe;j muf;fupd; efUf;F te;jnj vd;W fz;zPuhy;
mgpn#f"; bra;jhs;. me;jf; fizahHp/ rdfu;/ jpUkzj;jpd;nghJ
kUkfDf;Fj; je;j gupR nkhjpuk;. rPjhnjtp mile;j kfpH;r;rpf;F
mstpy;iy. ey;y ehfk; kPz;Lk; ahiua[k; fof;fhky; ePz;l ehs;
thH;e;jhy;/ mjd; e";R ehfuj;jpdkhf khWk;. me;j ehf uj;jpdj;ij
,He;j ehfk; kPz;Lk; mij mile;jhy; vj;Jiz kfpH;r;rpaila[nkh
mj;Jiz kfpH;r;rpaile;jhs;. gHk;bghUis ,He;jtu;fs; kPz;Lk;
bgw;wtu;nghy; cte;jhs;. ePz;l ehs; FHe;ijapy;yh kyo
FHe;ijiag; bgw;wjJnghy; bgupJk; kfpH;e;jhs;. mEkhiu nehf;fp/
thH;j;Jf; TWfpd;whs;.
"md;gpd; tothfpa M";rneah * cyfj;ijj; je;j gpuknjtidj; je;j
Kjy;tDf;Fj; Jhjhf te;jha;/ vdf;F capu; je;jha;/ mk;ika[k;
mg;gDk; mj;jDk; Mfp epd;wha;. rpwe;j njhs;fisa[ilatnd *
capiu bfhLj;J ts;sny * gjpdhd;F cyf';fs; mHpe;jhYk; eP
mHpahky; epj;jpa rpu";rPtpahf ,U" vd;W thH;j;jpdhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
154
rPjhnjtp/ mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "kfnd" vd;W miHj;jpUf;fyhk;.
mt;thW miHf;fhky; ts;sny vd;W miHf;fpd;whs;. mEkhu;
bghd;Dk; bghUSkh je;jhu; > md;dKk; Mila[kh je;jhu; > mtu;
mg;nghJ je;jJ vjid > njtpf;F ,d;Dapiu <e;jhu;. rPij cs;sk;
bte;J behe;J capu;tplj; Jzpe;jnghJ fizahHpiaj; je;J
MUapiu tH';fpdhu;. rPijf;F kl;Lkh capiuj; je;jhu; >
m
m"";r;ri
iddF
Fkkhhuud
dppd
d; ; M
Mww;w;wyy; ;
mEkhiur;/ rPjhnjtp ts;sny vd;W miHj;j
fhuzk; vd;d >
rPjhnjtp khz;lhy; ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk;
khs;thu;fs;. mf;fznk Rf;uPtd; m';fjd;
Kjypa theu tPuu;fs; khs;thu;fs;. ,e;jr;
bra;jpia mwpe;jt[ld; gujDk;/ rj;Uf;dDk;
khs;thu;fs;. \d;W jha;khu;fSk; khs;thu;fs;.
mjdhy;/ mnahj;jpapy; cs;s khe;ju;fs;
khs;thu;fs;. mjdhy;/ gf;j cyfnk mHpa[k;.
mEkhu; rPijf;F capu; je;J cyfj;Jf;nf capu; je;jhu;. mjdhy;
ts;sny vd;W miHf;fpd;whu;.
rPjhnjtp mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "eP ahu; > vk;bgUkhDf;Fk; cdf;Fk;
vt;thW bjhlu;g[ Vw;gl;lJ > ,';F eP vt;thW te;jha; >" vd;W
tpdhtpdhu;.
mEkhu;/ "jhna * ,uhtzd; j';fisf; ftu;e;jgpd; ,uhkyl;Rkzu;
j';fisj; njo tUk;bghGJ $lha[itf; fz;lhu;fs;. mtu; j';fs;
epiyikiaf; Twp ,we;Jtpl;lhu;. gpd;du;/ j';fisj; njof; bfhz;L
te;J fp#;fpe;ijia mile;J Nupa Fkhuhdhfpa Rf;uPtDld; el;g[
bfhz;lhu;. eP';fs; md;W vwpe;j mzpfyd;fisf; fz;L capu;
jspu;j;jhu;. ,uhtzid btd;w khtPudhfpa thypia xnu mk;gpdhy;
tijj;jhu;. Rf;uPtDf;F KoNl;odhu;. Rf;uPtDf;F vGgJ bts;sk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
155
theu tPuu;fs; Jiz bra;a ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. mk;kh * vd;id
vt;thW fly; fle;J te;jha; vd;W nfl;fpd;wPnu. j';fs;
fztdhUila jpUtoiaj; jpahdpf;fpd;wtu;fs; gpwtpf;fly; ViHa[k;
flg;ghu;fs;. ehd; ,e;j ctu;f;fliyf; fle;jJ xU rpwg;gh > jhna/
vk;bgUkhDila gzp bra;a[k; tPuu;fs; flypd; kziytpl
mjpfkhfg; gyu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. me;j ,uhk moahu;fspy; monad;
filg;gl;ltd;. m';Fk; ,';Fk; nghFkhW rpwpatu;fSf;Fj; jhnd
fl;lisapLthu;fs; > ,uhkd; moahu;fspy; xUtdhfpa ahd; fliyf;
fle;J te;njd;".
rPij/ "mg;gh * mEkhnd * ,';F mjpfk; eP fhyjhkjk;
bra;af;TlhJ. ehd; ,e;j ,y';ifapy; fhy; itj;jnghJ xU
fu;g;gthrk; (gj;Jkhjk;) ,Ug;gjhfj; jpl;lkpl;nld;. ,d;Wld; xd;gJ
khj';fs; g{u;j;jpahfp tpl;ld. mjw;Fs; vk;bgUkhd; te;J ,uhtz
rk;khuk; bra;J vd;idr; rpiw kPl;Lg; nghFkhW ntz;ondd;. vd;W
brhy;thahf. xUf;fhy; ,e;j xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,';F tu
,aytpy;iyahdhy; ehd; ,';F khz;L xHpntd;. vk;bgUkhd;
mg;gona mnahj;jp brd;W f';iff; fiuapy; vs;Se; jz;zPUk;
,iwf;fr; brhy;Ythahf. FHe;ij ,y;yhj vdf;F ePu;f;fld;
mtu;jhnd bra;a ntz;Lk; > ehd; ,';F khSe; jd;ikia
mile;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. Mjyhy;/ vd;Dila rpwe;j khkpahu; \tUf;F
tzf;f"; brYj;jpdhs; vd;W TWthahf. Rf;uPtDf;F vd;Dila
Mrpiaf; TWthahf. vk;bgUkhd; mnahj;jpf;Fr; bry;Yk; bghGJ
eP';fs; cld; brd;W mtUf;F KoNl;L tpHh bra;a[';fs;. me;jg;
gl;lhgpn#ff; nfhyj;ijg; ghtpahfpa ahd; ghu;f;fj; jt"; bra;jpnyd;"
vd;W Twpdhs;.
mEkhu;/ rPijapd; jpUtofspy; tPH;e;J tz';fp/ "mk;kh * ehd;
brd;W ,uhkuplk; Twp/ mtu; te;J nghu; g[upe;J j';fis kPl;fpd;w
jd;ik ntz;lhk;. mJ fhy jhkjk; MFk;. monaDila njhs;
kPJ mkU';fs;. mLj;j tpehoapy; ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; j';fis
xg;gilg;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
156
rPjhnjtp/ "mEkhnd * cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp. cd;Dila Mnyhrid
ed;wd;W. ghuj ehl;od; gz;gpd;go taJf;F te;j kfidj; jha;
jPz;lf;TlhJ. eP vdf;Fr; nra;/ ehd; cdf;Fj; jha;. vd;idj; jPz;of;
bfhz;L nghtJ rpwg;g[ilajhfhJ. ,uhtznd vd;idj; jPz;lhky;
bfhz;L te;jpUf;fpwhd; kfnd * eP TwpaJ rupad;W" vd;W Twpdhs;.
mEkhu;/ "mk;kh * ehd; j';fisj; jPz;ltpy;iy. ,e;j ,y';ifia
ntUld; gwpj;J ,uhku; Kd;nd bfhz;L ngha; itg;ngd;. mg;nghJ
jh';fs; vk;bgUkhid milayhk;" vd;whu;.
"mEkhnd/ eP rpwpa Fu';fhf ,Uf;fpd;widna/ eP vt;thW
,y';ifia vLg;gha; >" vd;W nfl;lhs; rPij.
mEkhu;/ "mk;kh mUe;jjpna * ehdh rpwpatd; > vd; totj;ijg;
ghU';fs; vd;W tpRt+gj;ij vLj;jhu;. mtUila jpUto mjy
ghjhyj;jpYk;/ jpUKo re;jpu kz;lyk;/ Nupa kz;ly';fisa[k; fle;J
epd;wJ. rPjhnjtp jiyekpu;e;J vl;obal;og; ghu;j;jhs;. mEkhUila
KG';fhYk; bjupatpy;iy. mjprak; mile;jhs;. kfnd * ,e;j
totj;ijf; fhz m";Rfpd;nwd;. ml';Fthahf" vd;whs;.
ey;y FLk;gj;jpy; jha; je;ijau; mlf;fpdhy; gps;isfs; ml';Fk;.
my;yhj FLk;gj;jpy; jha; je;ijaiu mlf;Fk;. rPjhnjtp mEkhiug;
ghu;j;J mf kfpH;e;J Mde;jf; fz;zPu; toj;Jf; TWfpd;whs;.
kfnd * vk;bgUkhDf;F ,yl;Rkziuj; jtpu ntW Jizapy;iy
vd;W vz;zpndd;. eP xUtd; Jizahf mike;jpUg;gjhy;
gfthDf;F Mfhj fhupak; xd;Wk; ,Uf;fhJ. ,y';if/ fly; fle;J
,Uf;fpd;wnj vd;W vz;zpndd;. cd;Dila nguhw;wiyf; fz;l
gpd;/ VG fly;fSf;F mg;ghy; ,Ue;jhy; vd;d/ vd;W
vz;qfpd;nwd;. ,e;j ,y';if cdf;Fr; Rz;L tpuy; ghuk;.
"Mdhy;/ vd;idf; fz;zPu;tpl;L mGfpd;w mgiy vd;W
vz;zhnj. ,e;j ,y';ifia mHpf;f vk;bgUkhd; ,isa

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
157
bgUkhSld; vGgJ bts;sk; theu nrida[ld; tu ntz;Lkh >
nfhjz;lj;ij tisf;f ntz;Lkh > mk;g[fisj; bjhLf;f ntz;Lkh >
,e;j ,y';ifiaa[k; Vida cyf';fs; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; mHpfvd;W
xU brhy;yhy; mHpj;JtpLntd;. mj;Jiz Mw;wy; vd;ghy;
mike;Js;sJ. ehd; ,y';ifiaa[k; ,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fisa[k; xU
fzj;jpy; vupj;JtpLntd;. mg;go vupe;jhy; rPjhazk; vd;Wjhnd ngu;
tUk; > ,uhkhazk; vd;W ngu;tuhnj. bgz;zhfg; gpwe;jtu;fs;
fztDf;Fg; g[fH; njof; bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;. mjdhy;/ vd;
fw;g[f;fdiy mlf;fpf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;nwd;. eP cd; thiy klf;fpf;
bfhz;L bgUkhdplk; ngha; th".
kfnd/ tpjpia btd;wtu;fs; ahu; > tpjptHp kjp bry;Yk;
tpiya[au;e;j Milahguz';fisa[k; khl khspiffisa[k; Jwe;J
te;j ahd;/ mw;gkhd khid tpUk;gpndnd. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk;
tpjpapd; brayhFk;. xUfhy; ,y';ifapy; ehd; khz;L nghntdhdhy;
kWgpwg;gpy; vk;bgUkhd; vdf;Fr; fztdhf tu ntz;Lk; vd;W tuk;
nfl;ljhfg; bgUkhdplk; TWthahf.
M";rneah * ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp mnahj;jpapypUe;J kjpyhg[upf;F te;J
vd; ifiag; gw;wpa md;W/ ,e;j ,uhkhtjhuj;jpy; ,U khjiuj;
bjhnld; * vd;W vdf;F tu'; bfhLj;jij mtUf;F
epist{l;Lthahf. kpjpyhg[upf;Fr; brd;why; vd; jha; je;ijaUf;F vd;
md;g[ tzf;fj;ij mwptpg;ghahf.
"jhna * eP';fs; rpe;ij behe;J brg;g[tijf; nfl;L csk; behe;J
ciuf;fpd;nwd;. jh';fs; mfhy kuzk; mila ntz;lhk;. ehd;
brd;W ,uhkiug; ghu;g;gJjhd; jhkjk;. ehd; brd;W bjuptpj;jt[ld;/
vd; njhs;fspy; ,uhkUk; m';fjd; njhs;fspy; ,yl;RkzUk; theu
nridfSld; ,';F tUthu;fs. muf;fu;fs; mHpa cjpu MW XLk;.
Muf;fpkhUk; mWj;J tPrpa thypdhYk; flf;f Koahj jhyp kiy
,';Ff; fhzg;gLk;. g[z;zpd; ePuhfpa cjpuj;jpy; Fspj;j gwitfs;
muf;f khju;fspd; fz;zPupy; Fspg;gijf; fhz;gPu;fs;. j';fs;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
158
jpUnkdpia cw;Wg; ghu;j;j ,uhtzDila fz;fisf; fhf;iffs;
bfhj;jpj; jpd;gijf; fhzg; nghfpwPu;fs;.
cyf khjhnt * muk;igau; Moa eld rigfspy; Fu';Ffs;
eog;gijf; fhz;gPu;fs;. Mfnt/ mwk; bty;Yk; kwk; njhw;Fk;" vd;W
Twpdhu; mEkhu;.
rPjhnjtp/ "ehd; xU fpspia tsu;j;njd;. mJ Kl;il apl;Lf; F";R
bghupj;jJ. mjw;F vd;d bgau; Nl;lyhk; vd;W nfl;nld;. mjw;F
vk;bgUkhd; vd; jha; ifnfapd; bgaiur; Nl;L" vd;whu; ,e;j
milahsj;ijr; brhy; vd;whs;.

Nlhkzp: gpd;du; jd; koapy; Koj;J itj;jpUe;j Nlhkzpia


vLj;J milahskhf bfhLj;jhs; mk;kzp. ,sk; "hapWnghy; mJ
xsp bra;jJ. ,jid mEkhu; bjhGJ th';fpdhu;. fz;fspy; xw;wpf;
bfhz;lhu;. mjid Jzpapy; Koe;J gj;jpug;gLj;jpf; bfhz;lhu;.
Nlhkzp vd;gJ bra;ah vd;w tha; ghl;od;go NLfpd;w kzp vdf;
fUJf.
njtu;fs; ghw;fliyf; file;jnghJ mkpu;jj;Jld; rpe;jhkzp/
bfs!;Jgkzp/ Nlhkzp vd;w \d;W kzpfs; njhd;wpd.
rpe;jhkzpia ,e;jpud; mile;jhd;. ,e;jpud; tpehafUila
jpUf;fuj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; j';ff; fyrj;jpy; gjpj;J tpehafUf;F <e;jhd;.
me;jr; rpe;jhkzpa[ld; Toa j';ff; fyrj;jhy; tpehafu; ehs;njhWk;
mk;ikag;giu tHpgLthu;.
,uz;lhtJ bfs!;Jgkzpia ehuhazu; jpUkhu;gpy; mzpe;J
bfhz;lhu;. \d;whtJ Nlhkzpia/ ghw;fly; filaj; Jzpe;j 'epkp'
vd;w kd;dDf;F mspj;jhu;fs;. ,td; g{rpj;J te;jhd;. ,td; kugpy;
te;j rPuj;Jtr $dfu;/ jkf;F ntW Mz; re;jjp ,y;yhikahy; ,ijj;
jiyapy; NLk; mzpfydhfr; bra;J/ jk; jtg;g[jy;tp rPjh njtpf;Fj;
je;jhu;. ,e;j kzpia capupDk; cau;e;jjhf vz;zpr; rPjh njtp
,jidg; g{rpj;J te;jhs;. ,e;j kzpiaj;jhd; ,g;nghJ khUjpaplk;
njtp je;jhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
159
Nlhkzp kpFe;j kfj;Jtk; cilaJ. ,e;jr; Nlhkzp nghy; KUfg;
bgUkhDila jpUnkdp xsp tPRk; vd;W mUzfpupg; bgUkhd;
TWfpd;whu;.
m
mnnrrhhff t
tddjj;i
;ijj m
mHHppjj;j;jyy;:;: mEkhu; gpuhl;oahuplk; tpilbgw;Wf;
bfhz;L g[wg;gl;lhu;. 'ehk; te;J jpUlidj; njs; bfhl;oaJ nghy;
btWikahfj; jpUk;gpg; nghtJ ed;wd;W. me;j mnrhftdj;ij
mHpj;jhy; muf;fu;fs; tUthu;fs;/ muf;fiu mHpj;jhy; ,uhtzd;
tUthd;. mtidf; fz;L ciuaho kPsyhk;' vd;W fUjpdhu;.
thndh';fp tsnkh';fpr; brHpj;jpUf;fpd;w g{ku';fisa[k;/ khku';fisa[k;
ntuhL mHpj;Jg; gpL';fp tPrpdhu;. rpy ku';fspy; Jhf;fzh';FUtp
TL fl;oapUe;jd. mk;ku';fisg; gpL';fp thdpny tPrpa nghJ
mf;FUtpfs; Tl;Lld; Rtu;f;fj;ij mile;jd. g[z;zpak;
bra;jtu;fs; Tz;Lld; ifyhrk; nghthu;fs; vd;gJ gHbkhHp. ,';nf
,g;bghGJ mEkhu; rPw;wj;Jld; bra;j bra;ifna FUtpfSf;Ff;
Tl;Lld; Rtu;f;fk; fpilj;jJ. mtu; fUiznahL mUspapUe;jhy;
vd;d fpilf;fhJ >
khUjp Xu; Xk kz;lgj;ijg; gpL';fp ,y';if kPJ vwpe;jhu;. mjdhy;/
muf;fu;fs; gyu; khz;lhu;fs;. fhty; bra;fpd;w njtu;fs;
,uhtzdplk; Xo tz';fp/ "kd;du; bgUkhnd/ xU thduk; te;J
mnrhf tdj;ij Kw;wpYk; mHpj;Jtpl;lJ" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.
"Mjpj;jDk; EiHahj mnrhf tdj;ij xU Fu';F mHpj;jJ vd;W
\lUk; bkhHpahu;. eP';fs; vd;d fdt[ fz;Ou;fsh >" vd;W njhs;
FY';fr; rpupj;jhd; ,uhtzd;.
ffpp'';f;fuuuu; ; t
tiijj:: fp';fuu; vd;w xUtif muf;fu;fis miHj;J/
"eP';fs; brd;W mf;Fu';if capUld; gpoj;J thU';fs;" vd;W
fl;lisapl;lhd;. fly; bfhe;jspj;Jf; fiu fle;J tUtJ nghy;
fp';fpuu; mEkhu; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij nehf;fp te;jhu;fs;. nghu; vd;why;
mtu;fl;Fj; njd; nghy ,dpf;Fk;. ,o nghy KH';Fthu;fs;. rf;fuk;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
160
cyf;if/ jz;lha[jk;/ thsha[jk;/ ,Uk;g[tisj;jo/ rk;kl;o/
gpz;oghyk;/ Nyk;/ tr;rpuha[jk;/ Fe;jk;/ kG Kjypa Ma[j';fis
Ve;jpf; bfhz;L te;jhu;fs;.
mEkhu; me;j muf;fu; nridiaf; fz;L mjpf kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;.
tpz;zshtpa xU kuj;ij ntUld; gpL';fp ehd;F jpirfspYk;
rf;fuk;nghy; RHw;wpg; nghu; g[upe;jhu;. jhs;fshy; rpyiuf; bfhd;whu;.
jlf;ifahy; rpyiuf; bfhd;whu;. njhs;fshy; gyiu kha;j;jhu;. muf;fu;
fu';fspy; ,Ue;j ths;fshy; gyiuf; bfhd;whu;. muf;fu; midtUk;
khz;L xHpe;jhufs;. njtu;fs; kfpH;e;J mEkd;kPJ kyu;kiH
bghHpe;jhu;fs;. fhty; g[upa[k; njtu;fs; ,uhtzd; Kd;brd;W
muf;fu;fs; khz;lhu;fs; vd;W brhy;y m";rpdhu;fs;. tha;
FHwpdhu;fs;. g{kpapy; fhy; njhahJ ifahy; fhl;o ciuj;jhu;fs;.
,uhtzd; bgU"; rPw;wk; mile;J/ $k;g[khyp vd;w nridj;
jiytid/ "eP brd;W me;j thduj;ij capUld; gpoj;J th" vd;W
gzpj;jhd;.
$k;g[khyp ,uhtzDila fl;lisiaf; nfl;L ",e;j tha;g;g[ vdf;Ff;
fpilj;jnj. ,j;jid tPu;fs; ,Ue;Jk; vd; jiytd; vd;id kjpj;J
,e;j mupa tha;g;ig vdf;F tH';fpdhnd > ehd; bgupa ghf;fparhyp"
vd;W vz;zp cs;sk; cte;J nridfs; NHg; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhd;.
njhkuk;/ kG/ tr;rpuha[jk;/ m';Frk;/ ntyha[jk;/ rf;uha[jk;/ tpy;/
jz;lha[jk; Kjypa Ma[j';fisj; jh';fpa tPuk; kpFe;j muf;fu;fs;
mtidr; NH;e;J brd;whu;fs;. nju; tPuu;fs; gjpdhaputu;/ ahid
tPuu;fs; ,Ugjpdhaputu;/ Fjpiu tPuu;fs; ehw;gjpdhaputu;/ fhyhl;fs;
vz;gjpdhaputu;/ mtidr; NH;e;J Muthu"; bra;J kfpH;r;rpa[ld;
brd;whu;fs;.
mEkhu; njhuz fk;gj;jpd; cr;rpapy; mku;e;jpUe;jhu;. MHkhd
Fsj;ijf; fz;lhy; ePe;Jfpd;wtDf;F kfpH;r;rp/ bgU'; Tl;lj;ijf;
fz;lhy; gpur';fk; bra;fpd;wtUf;F kfpH;r;rp. mJnghy;/ nghupy; kpFe;j

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
161
nridfisf; fz;lhy; tPuDf;F kfpH;r;rp. mEkhu; ,uhkUila
jpUtoiar; re;jpj;J m';F xU gf;fk; ,Ue;j jz;lha[jj;ij vLj;jhu;.
,akidg; nghy; RHd;whu;. ghidfis cilf;Fk; ifj;joahidg;
nghyr; nridfisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;. gpzkiy Ftpe;J cjpu
MWfs; Xod. $k;g[khyp jdpj;J epd;whd;. mEkhu; mtd;kPJ fUiz
bfhz;L/ "mwptpy;yhj tPund * cdf;F capu;g; gpr;ir jUfpd;nwd;.
ngh *" vd;whu;. $k;g[khyp mEkhUila fUizj;jpwj;ijf; fz;L
tpae;jhd;. mEkhiu vjpu;j;Jg; nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhd;. xU Jhjd;
,uhtzdplk; Xog; ngha; $k;g[khyp kha;e;jijf; Twpdhd;. "muru;
jiyth * Fu';F xd;Wjhd; mRu nridfis mHpj;jJ" vd;whd;.
gg"";r;r nnrrd
dhhjjppggjjppffs
s;:;: ,jidf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; vup kiynghy;
rPwpdhd;. "vd;Dila ,y';if Ml;rp ed;W/ ed;W/ ,iyfisa[k;
kyu;fisa[k; cz;qfpd;w xU Fu';F ,y';if te;J vd;Dila
gyehs; tsu;j;j mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;Jf; fp';fpuu;fisa[k;
$k;g[khypiaa[k; bfhd;W CUf;Fk; nghfhky; ,d;Dk; nghUf;F vd;W
,Uf;Fkhdhy;/ ,jidtplg; g[Jik vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ > njiuf;
bfhz;L tUf. ehnd nghu; g[upar; bry;Yntd;" vd;whd;.
mtDila rPw;wj;ijf; fz;L midtUk; m";rpdhu;fs;. mg;nghJ/
g";rnrdhjpgjpfs; tpUl;ghl;rd;/ a{ghl;rd;/ Ju;j;jud;/ gpuhrd;/
ghrfu;zd; vd;W ngUs;stu;fs; ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J/ "v';fs; jdpg;
bgUe;jiyth * Xu; vWk;igf; bfhy;y khtPud; jz;lha[jj;ijj; jh';fpg;
g[wg;gl;Lg; nghtJnghy;/ xU Fu';iff; bfhy;yg; nghtJ j';fs;
tPuj;Jf;F ,Gf;fy;yth > v';fSf;F mEkjp bfhL';fs;. g[Gitf;
fhyhy; nja;g;gJnghy mf;Fu';if mHpj;J tUnthk;" vd;whu;fs;.
,uhtzd; g[d;KWty; g{j;J/ "ed;W TwpdPu;fs; ey;yJ. brd;W
btd;W mf;Fu';ifg; gw;wpf; bfhz;LthU';fs;" vd;whd;. g";r
nrdhjpgjpfs; rJu';fnrida[ld; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;Lr;brd;whu;fs;.
mt;thW/ muf;f tPuu;fs; nghUf;Fg; nghFk;nghJ/ mtu;fspd; kidtp
khu;fSk; g[jy;tu;fSk; mtu;fis ,ilkwpj;J mGJ bjhGJ/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
162
"nghUf;Fg; nghf ntz;lhk; nghdhy; jpUk;gp tukhl;Ou;fs;.
te;jpUg;gJ thduk; md;W. ,y';ifia mHpf;f te;j g{jkhFk;.
fhjyhy; TWfpd;nwhk;/ nghfntz;lhk;" vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gpdhu;fs;.
mRuu;fs; mtu;fl;Fr; rkhjhdk; Twpg; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhu;fs;.
nrdhjpgjpfs;/ "me;j thduk; v';nf >" vd;W nfl;lhu;fs;.
m';fpUe;j Jhju;fs;/ "mnjh/ me;jf; njhuzj; Jhzpd; kPJ
,Uf;fpd;wJ ghU';fs;. mJ Fu';fd;W. mRu Fyj;ij mHpf;f te;j
flt[shFk;" vd;whu;fs;. g";rndhjpgjpfSld;/ Ik;gjhapuk; nju;fs;/
Ik;gjpdhapuk; ahidfs;/ xU yl;rk; Fjpiufs;/ ,uz;L yl;rk;
gjhjpfs;/ fly; nghy; KH';fpago te;jd. cjpur;nrw;wpy; nju;fs;
ntfkhfr; bry;y Koahky; jtpj;jd.
mEkhu; ngUUf;bfhz;L ahida[ld; kw;bwhU ahidia nkhjpa[k;/
njUld; kw;bwhU njiu nkhjpaHpj;Jk;/ mtu;fs; ifapy; cs;s
Ma[j';fisg; gwpj;Jk;/ me;j Ma[j';fshnyna mtu;fisf; bfhd;Wk;/
CHpf; fhyj;jpy; vGfpd;w mf;fpdpiag;nghy; me;j mRu nridfis
mHpj;J/ Ie;J nrhdjpgjpfisa[k; cijj;J tijj;jhu;.
Rit xsp/ CW/ Xir/ ehw;wk; vd;w Ik;g[yd;fisa[k; "hdp xUtnu
mlf;FtJ nghy mEkhu; xUtnu g";rnrdhjpgjpfisa[k; tijj;jhu;.
Md;khf;fshfpa ekf;F kpf;f my;yy; jUtJ ,e;j
Ik;g[yd;fnsahFk;. "Ik;g[y ntlupd; mau;e;jid" vd;gJ
rpt"hdnghjk;. "tisj;J epd; iwtu; fs;tu; kdj;jpil Jauk;
bra;J.. ." vd;fpwhu; mg;gu;bgUkhd;.
"Xubthl;lhu; xd;iw cd;d bthl;lhu; kyu; ,l;Ldjhs;.
nrubthl;lhu; Itu; bra;tbjd;ahd;" vd;fpd;whu; mUzfpupehju;. g";r
nrdhjpgjpfs; Ik;g[yd;fis xj;jhu;/ mEkhu; mwpitxj;jhu;.
fhty; tPuu;fs; Xo ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J Jf;fg;gLthu; nghy; eoj;J/
"nte;nj * nridfSld; brd;w Ik;bgU"; nridj; jiytu;fs;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
163
mf;Fu';fpdhy; bfhy;yg; gl;lhu;fs;. me;j thduk; nrhk;gp
,Uf;fpd;wJ" vd;whu;fs;.
ml;r Fkhud;
,y';if KGtJk; khju;fspd; mGif xyp epiwe;jJ. "kfd;
khz;lhd;" vd;Wk;/ "kzthsd; khz;lhd;" vd;Wk;/ "cld;
gpwe;jhd; ,we;jhd;" vd;Wk; muf;fpau;fs; tha;tpl;L mGjhu;fs;.
guk gjptpuijahfpa rPjhnjtp xUj;jpia mHitj;j ghtk; ,d;W
,y';ifna mGfpd;wJ.
g";rnrdhjpgjpfs; khz;lhu;fs; vdf; nfl;l ,uhtzd;
bgU";rPw;wj;ij mile;jhd;. kPz;Lk; jhnd nghUf;F Ma[j;jkhdhd;.
mg;nghJ mtDila filrp kfd; ml;r Fkhud; je;ijia te;jdk;
g[upe;J/ "je;ijna! ehd; xUtd; ,Uf;fpd;nwd; vd;w vz;znk
,y;iyah > ,e;j tha;g;ig vdf;F bfhL';fs;. Jhzpny ,Ue;J te;j
eurp';fnd vd;whYk;/ cyif xU ge;Jnghyj; jd; je;jj;jhy; Jhf;fpa
tuhfnkahdhYk; ehd; bfhy;y ty;nyd;. vd; Mw;wiy cyfk;
mwpe;J ghuhl;Lk;/ vdf;F fl;lisapLk;. XU behoapy; Fu';ifg;
gw;wp tUntd;" vd;whd;.
,uhtzd; kfid khu;g[wj; jGtp tpil bfhLj;J mDg;gpdhd;.
ml;r Fkhud; njupy; VwpanghJ mtDld; gd;dPuhapuk; ,sk;
g[jy;tu;fSk;/ ke;jpupfspd; ike;ju;fSk;/ nridj; jiytu;fspd;
ike;ju;fSk;/ ntW ntW gjtpapy; cs;stu;fspd; ike;ju;fSk;/
,uhtzDf;Fj; njtkhju;fspd; tapw;wpy; gpwe;jtu;fSk;/ ehd;F yl;rk;
,sk; tPuFkhuu;fs; ml;r Fkhuidr; NH;e;J brd;whu;fs;.
,t;thW bry;Yfpd;w ike;ju;fl;Fg; gpd;nd fhf';fSk;/ fGFfSk;/
nga;fSk;/ me;j muf;fu;fs; vz;zpyhj fhykhfr; bra;J te;j
jPtpida[k; bjhlu;e;J brd;wd. nghu;g; giwfs; KH';fpd. khju;fspd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
164
mGif xypa[k;/ nghu;g;giw xypa[k; v';Fk; KH';fpd. ,uhf;fju;fl;F
,lj; njhs;fSk; ,lf;fz;fSk; Joj;jd.
njhuzj; Jhzpd; cr;rpapy; mku;e;J "uhk; uhk; uhk;" vd;W $gpj;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;j mEkhu; ml;rFkhud; nridfs; NH tUfpd;w fhl;rpia
fz;lhu;. ,tu; ,e;jpu$pj;njh > ,uhtzndh > vd;W Ia[w;whu; > gy
jiyfs; ,y;yhikahy; ,uhtzd; my;yd;/ ,td; kpf;f ,sikahf
,Ug;gjdhy; ,e;jpu$pj;Jk; md;W/ ,d;W ekf;F ey;y ntl;iljhd; *
vd;W vz;zpdhu;. me;jr; nridfis nehf;fpj;/ jd; mHfpa
njhs;fis nehf;fp/ ,uhkgpuhid mff; fz;fshy; nehf;fpj; bjhGjhu;.
ml;r Fkhud; mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ myl;rpakhfj; njhs; FY';f
eifj;jhd;. ",e;jr; rpW Fu';fh ,j;jid tPuu;fisf; bfhd;wJ >"
vd;W Twpdhd;.
ml;r FkhuDila rhujp/ "Iand * ,jidf; Fu';bfd;W myl;rpakhf
epidf;f ntz;lhk;. c';fs; je;ijahiu thyhy; fl;oalf;fpa thypa[';
Fu';Fjhnd > tPuk; v';bf';nfh ,Uf;Fk;" vd;whd;.
fha;e;J cyu;e;j g[y;tdj;jpy; fdy; EiHe;jJ nghy; mEkhu;
nridf;Tl;lj;jpy; EiHe;J/ mtu;fs; Ve;jpapUe;j Ma[j';fis
gpL';fp/ mtw;wpdhnyna mtu;fisf; bfhd;W mHpj;jhu;. mj;jidg;
ngu;fspd; capiug; gw;wpf; bfhz;L nghf ,akDf;F Mapuk; nfho
Jhju;fs; ,Ug;gu; nghYk;. muf;fu; nridfis mHpj;Jtpl;L/
ml;rFkhud; nju;kPJ jhtpf; Fjpj;J/ mtd; tpy;iyg; gwpj;J epyj;jpy;
,l;Lj; jkJ ghjj;jhy; nja;j;Jf; bfhd;whu;. mg;goj; nja;j;Jf;
bfhd;wtu;/ cyfk; nja;e;J mHpapDk; njahj khUjp vd;W czu;f.
nnjjt
tppi
iaaff; ; ffz
z;n;nlld
d; ;
cyfpy; capu; vd;why; bty;yk;nghy; ,dpf;Fe;jhnd *

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
165
rpy muf;fu;fs; capu;tplj; Jzpahjtuhfpf; flypy; kPd; cUthfp
kiwe;jhu;fs;. rpyu; gRf;fsha;g; g[y; nkayhdhu;fs;/ rpyu; gwitfs;
Mdhu;fs;. rpyu; me;jzu; tot'; bfhz;lhu;fs;.
rpyu; bgz;fs; tot';bfhz;L Te;jiy tfpu;e;J gpd;dy;
,Ltuhapdhu;fs;. rpyu; khUjpna ruzk; ruzk; vd;whu;fs;. rpyu;
fGj;jpy; b$gkhiyazpe;J ifapy; $hy;uhit itj;Jj; jhsk; nghl;L
mup g$id bra;jhu;fs;. rhtjw;F m";rp/ ghtj;Jf;F m";rhj muf;fu;
,j;jid ntl';fs; nghl;L capu; jg;gpdhu;fs;. ,jid
vz;qe;bjhWk; rpupg;g[ tUfpd;wJ. capu; vd;why; ahUf;Fj;jhd;
,dpf;fhJ >
"rhjypd; ,d;dhj jpy;iy" vd;whu; bja;tg; g[ytu;. muf;fu;fspd;
fs;s toitf; fz;L khUjp g[d;dif g{j;J mtu;fl;F capu;g;gpr;irj;
je;jhu;.
fhty; njtu;fs; ,uhtzd; Kd;ndngha;/ "fspf;Fk; rpe;ija[ld;
nte;jnu * ekJ filf;Fl;o ml;rFkhuu; tPu Rtu;f;fk; nru;;e;jhu; *"
vd;whu;fs;.
,jidf; nfl;l kad; kfshfpa tz;nlhju; tha; tpl;Lg;
g[yk;gpaGjhs;. ,uhtzd; mGjhd;. ,y';ifna mGjJ. me;j
mGifbahyp fly; xypia mlf;fpaJ. fz;zPUk; g[z;zPUk; Xod.
,e;jpu$pj;J jd; kidtpaUld; Moa[k; ghoa[k; Coa[k; Toa[k; ,d;g
bts;sj;jpy; KGfpapUe;jhd;. brtpapy; ,y';if khju;fspd; mGif
xyp nfl;lJ. mUfpy; ,Ue;jtiug; ghu;j;J/ "v';Fk; mGif xyp
nfl;fpd;wnj. ,jw;F vd;d fhuzk; >" vd;W tpdtpdhd;.
mtDila Vtyu;fs;/ "nte;jnu * ghuj ehl;oy; ,Ue;J xU theuk;
te;J mnrhf tdj;ij mHpj;jJ. j';fs; Ml;rpiag; gHpj;jJ. fp';fuu;/
$k;g[khyp/ g";r nrdhjpgjpfspd; capu;fis xHpj;jJ. j';fs; filrpj;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
166
jk;gp ml;r Fkhuiua[k; bfhd;Wtpl;lJ. ,jdhy;/ ,y';if khefunk
Jd;g[Wfpd;wJ" vd;whu;fs;.
,jidf; nfl;L ,e;jpu$pj;J mjpu;r;rpaile;jhd;. "xU Fu';fh ,j;jid
ngiua[k; tijj;jJ > mRu Ml;rp khl;rp mHpe;jnj. ,J mkuu;fs;
NH;r;rpahFk;" vd;W vz;zpj; nju;kPJ Vwp ,uhtzDila bghd;
khspifia mile;jhd;. je;ijahiug; gzpe;jhd;. "je;ijna/ ckf;F
mwpt[ Tu; kG';fptpl;lJ nghYk;. jPapd; Kd;nd g";R \l;ilfis
mDg;g[tJnghy; mDg;gp/ mj;jid ngiua[k; mHpj;J xHpe;J
nghFkhW bra;jPu;. muf;fu;fisf; Fu';F bfhy;ytpy;iy. ePu;jhd;
bfhd;Wtpl;Ou;. mRu Fyj;Jf;F ml';fhg; gHpia cz;lhf;fptpl;Ou; *
mJ theuk; md;W. ,y';ifia mHpf;f te;j g{jkhFk;. ehd; ngha;f;
fl;oapGj;J tUntd;" vd;W rPwp/ btw;wpj; nju;kPJ Vwp mRu
nridfs; g[ilNHg; g[wg;gl;lhd;.
nghu;fsj;jpy; brd;W khz;l nridfspd; clk;g[fs; kiy nghyt[k;/
cjpu MWfisa[k; fz;lhd;. ",j;jid tPuu;fisa[k; xUtdhf epd;W
nghu; bra;J mHpj;j me;j theuj;jpd; tPuk; kpft[k; ghuhl;Ljw;FupaJ.
cfhe;j fhyj;J Uj;jpu\u;j;jpf;F epfuhd mt;theuj;jpd; Mw;wy;
mstpl KoahjJ." jd; jk;gp ml;r Fkhud; epyj;jpny fUntg;gpiyj;
Jitay; nghy; nja;g;g[z;oUg;gijf; fz;L cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;.
"vd; jk;gpah nja;e;jhd; > ,y;iy/ vd; je;ijahupd; g[fH; nja;e;jJ.
,dp vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ >" vd;bwy;yhk; vz;zpdhd;.
mEkhu; tpRt +gj;ij vLj;J ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nridfisf; bfhd;whu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J mEkhUila ngUUitf; fz;L ka';fpdhd;. "theunk/
eP ey;iy/ ey;iy. cdf;F epfuhdtu; ,y;iy/ ,y;iy. ahUlDk;
nghu; bra;a ty;iy/ ty;iy. ,d;W cd; Ma[Sf;F vy;iy/ vy;iy"
vd czu;f vd;whd;.
mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; thu;j;ijfisf; nfl;L mz;l';fs; FY';f
Mu;j;jhu;. jpupg[uk; vupj;j tpuprilf;flt[isg; nghy; rpupj;jhu;. "V
\lnd * c';fs; thH;ehSf;F vy;iya[k; eP';fs; bjhlu;e;J cyf';fl;F

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
167
bra;j bfhLikf;F vy;iya[k;/ c';fs; Ml;rpf;F vy;iya[k; bfhz;L
te;jpUf;fpnwd;" vd;whu;.
rpwpajha; brhd;d jpUbkhHpiar; brd;dpapy; No/ bewpapy; epd;w
,uhkgpuhDila g[fH;nghy;/ tpz;zst[k; tsu;e;J jd; nahf rf;jpahy;
ngUUf;bfhz;L epd;w mEkhiu/ ,e;jpu$pj;J jiy epkpu;e;J vl;o
vl;og; ghu;j;jhd;. ghjpf;Fnky; jpUnkdpiaf; fhztpy;iy.
mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nju;g;ghfidf; bfhd;W/ mtDila tpy;iy
Kwpj;J vwpe;jhu;. xU kuj;ij ntUld; gpL';fp mtd; jiyapy;
moj;jhu;. mtDila nju;fis bay;yhk; mHpj;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J/ tpy;ypy; bjhLj;J/ khdrPfkhf/
mg;gilf;fyj;Jf;Fj; Jhg jPg epntjd';fs; bra;J mEkhu; kPJ
Vtpdhd;. mg;gilf;fyk; bgupa ghk;g[ tothfp mEkhiug;
gpzpj;jJ. M";rneau; nkUkiynghy; rha;e;jhu;. mtu; Kad;why;
me;j m!;jpuj;ij mHpj;jpUg;ghu;. mad; gilia myl;rpag;
gLj;jf;TlhJ. fl;Lz;L ml';fpg; nghtJ ey;yJ.
md;wp ,uhtzidf; fz;L/ mtDf;F mwbewpfisf; Twyhk;.
mjdhy;/ mtd; jpUe;jp/ bra;j gpiHf;F tUe;jp/ rPjh njtpf;fhf
vk;bgUkhid bghwhJ ca;t[ bgwf;TLk; vd;W fUjp/ muf;fu;fs;
ghrj;ijg; gw;wpf; bfhz;Ltur; brd;whu;.
mEkhu;/ jhd; tPrpa ku';fshYk;/ tPuu;fis vwpe;jjhYk; mHpe;jpUe;j
,y';ifiag; ghu;j;Jf; bfhz;nl brd;whu;.
muf;fpau;fs; mEkidf; fz;L/ ",e;jf; Fu';Fjhd; vd; fztidf;
bfhd;wJ. ,e;jf; Fu';Fjhd; vd; kfd;fisf; bfhd;wJ/ ,e;jf;
Fu';Fjhd; vd; je;ijiaf; bfhd;wJ" vd;W Twp ,fH;e;jhu;fs;.
",e;jf; Fu';if moa[';fs;/ foa[';fs;/ Fl;L';fs; cija[';fs"; vd;W
rpy muf;fpau; Muthu"; bra;jhu;fs;. ,e;jr; bra;jpiaf; nfl;l

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
168
rPjhnjtp bgupJk; tUe;jp mGJ \u;r;rpj;jds;. mEkhUila
eyj;Jf;fhf ,iwtid ntz;of; bfhz;lds;.
mEkhiuf; fl;o ,Gj;Jf;bfhz;L nkfehjd; tUk; bra;jpia
ciuj;jtu;fl;F ,uhtzd; gupR je;jhd;.
,e;jpu$pj;J ,uhtzDila mjp mw;g[jkhd m/Hfpa muz;kidf;F
mEkid miHj;Jr; brd;W. mEkhiuf; fhl;o tz';fp/ "je;ijna *
,e;j theuk; Fu';F md;W. rpt\u;j;jpnah/ jpUkhnyh theutotpy;
te;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
cw';Fk;nghJ fz;l ,uhtzid ,g;nghJ mEkhu;
tpHpj;jpUf;Fk;nghJ fhz;fpd;whu;. Myfhyk; nghyr;rPw;wk; vGe;jJ.
"mtDila jiyfisg; ghjj;jhy; gdk;gHk;nghy; cUl;og;gijf;fg;
gijf;f tijf;fl;Lkh > ,td; vYk;g[fis xof;fl;Lkh >" vd;W
vz;zpdhu;. gpd;du;/ jk; fUj;ij khw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;. ",td;
rptdplk; tuk; gy bgw;wtd;. ,tidf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. ,tdhYk;
vd;idf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. nghu; g[uptjhy; ehs; tPnz fHpa[k;.
rPjhnjtp ,d;Dk; xU khje;jhd; ,y';ifapy; ,Ug;ngd;. gpd;du;
capu; tpLntd;. vd;W Twpa[s;shu;. Mjyhy;/ ehk; fhyj;ij tPzhff;
fHpf;ff; TlhJ." vd;W vz;zpf; fiuflthj jpiufly; nghy; epd;whu;
*.
,uhtzDk; mEkhUk;
,uhtzd; khUjpia nehf;fp tpdt[fpd;whd;. "V theunk > eP
rf;fuha[jkh > t$;uha[jkh > Nyha[jkh > gpuknjtdh > g{kpiaj;
jh';Ffpd;w Mapue; jiyfisa[ila Mjpnr#dh > ,e;j ,y';ifapy;
nghh; g[upe;J mHpf;Fk; bghUl;Lg; ngiua[k; totj;ija[k; kiwj;J
te;jpUf;fpd;wha;. capu;fisf; ftu;fpd;w ePyepwKila fhydh >
rput[";r kiyiag; gpse;j ntnye;jpa KUff; flt[sh > bjd;jpirapy;
thH;fpd;w mfj;jpa Kdptuh > vz;jpirf; fhtyupy; eP ahtd; >
me;jzu;fs; mgprhu nts;tp bra;J ,y';ifia mHpf;f mDg;gpa
m";rhika[ila g{jkh > gpuknjtd; mDg;gpa typik kpFe;j

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
169
bja;tkh > eP ahu; > cd;id ahu; ,';nf mDg;gpatu; > cz;ikia
ciug;ghahf" vd;W tpdtpdhd;.
mEkhu;/ ",uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fnd * eP Twpa midtUk; my;yd;.
me;j mw;gkhd typika[ilatu;f;F Vty; g[upfpd;wtd; ehd; my;yd;/
jhkiuf; fz;zhfpa xU rkhdkpy;yhj tpy;yhspapd; Jhjd; ahd;.
,y';if va;jpndd;. me;j tpy;yhsp ahu; vd;W mwpa
tpUk;g[fpd;whah > njtu;/ kdpju;/ Kdptu; Kjypa midtuhYk;
Kof;f Koahj mupa braiyr; bra;gtu;. ,uhtzh * eP gyfhykhfr;
rk;ghjpj;j typikiaa[k;/ njtu;fs; mspj;j tu';fisa[k; / cd;
nridfisa[k; cd; bgUkpjkhd thH;ita[k; xU fizahy; mHpf;f
ty;ytu;".
"mwptpy;yhjtnd/ Mjpa[k; me;jKk; ,y;yhj guk;bghUs;. vf;fhyKk;
fle;j Kk;\u;j;jpfSk; xU \u;j;jpahfp/ Nyj;ija[k; fkz;lyj;ija[k;/
rf;fuj;ija[k; Jwe;J/ Myk; ,iya[k; kyiua[k; ifiyiaa[k; tpLj;J
te;Js;shu;. jUkj;ij v';Fk; epiy epw;fr; bra;J/ kf;fs; kPJs;s
fUizahy; ntj';fs; Twpa ePjp bewpfis kf;fs; bjupe;J xGFk;go/
mtu;fisr; bre;bewpapy; brYj;jpj; jPatiu mHpj;Jj; JhatUila
Jd;gj;ijj; bjhiyj;Jj;/ jd; jpUtoiar; rpe;jpg;ghUila gpwg;ig
mWf;Fk; gukhj;kh gpwe;jhu;. v';nf gpwe;jhu;. fpzw;wpny tPH;e;jtidf;
fhf;fj; jhKk; fpzw;wpy; tPH;e;J Jhf;fpf; fhg;gJnghy; mg;gukhj;kh
te;J gpwe;jhu; vd czu;f".
"mRu nte;jnd * mad; mup mud; vd;w Kk;\u;j;jpfSk; nru;e;J
XUUthfp/ mnahj;jpapy; mtjupj;j ,uhkgpuhDf;F moatd; ahd;/
vd; ngu; mEkhd;. rPjhnjtpiaj; njo te;j m';fjDila Jhjd;".
,uhtzd; njhs; FY';f eifj;J/ "m';fjd; Jhjnd * vd;
ez;gdhfpa thyp Rfkh > thypapd; Ml;rp rpwg;ghf
eilbgWfpd;wjh>" vd;W nfl;lhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
170
mEkhu;/ "muf;fnd/ gag;gl ntz;lhk;. ,uhkgpuhDila xU
fizahy; thyp khz;Ltpl;lhd;. ,dp gpiHj;J tukhl;lhd;.
cd;idf; fl;o/ vz; jpirfspYk; jhtp/ cd;id ntjidg;gLj;jpa
thYk;/ jPapy; \H;fp tpl;lJ. ,g;nghJ Nupa Fkhudhfpa Rf;uPtd;
Ml;rp g[upfpd;whd;. ehd; ,uhkUf;Fk; Rf;uPtDf;Fk; ,dpa md;gd;.
cdf;F mwpt[iu Tw te;njd;. cd;id vdf;Ff; fhl;Lthu;
,y;yhikahy; mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;njd;. tpsf;fpy; tPH;e;J kpd;kpdpg;
g{r;rpfs; mHptijg;nghy; cd;Dila gil tPuu;fs; vd;ghy; nghu;
g[upe;J khz;lhu;fs;".
"g[yj;jpad; kugpy; te;j eP xGf;fj;ij filg;gpof;f ntz;Lk;.
xGf;fk; capupDk; cau;e;jJ. gpwd; kidtpia tpUk;g[nthidg;
gHpa[k; ghtKk; nrUk;/ eufnk tha;f;Fk;. mjdhy; bgUe;Jau;
milthd;. cdf;Fg; gy kidtpau;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. nghf khju;fs;
gyu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,j;jid ,Ue;Jk; gujhuj;ij eP tpUk;g[tJ
mwpt[ilikahFkh > tPl;oy; grpahw md;dkpUf;f/ ,d;bdhUtd;
kidapy; cz;z md;dj;ijj; jpUlyhkh > eP murdh > fs;tdh >
rPjhnjtpia ,uhk gpuhdplk; xg;g[tpj;jhy; mg;guk fUzhepjp cd;id
kd;dpg;ghu;. thH;t[k; tuKk; jUthu;. fhkj;jhy; mwptpHe;J mRu
Fyj;ijna mHpf;fhnj. bra;j gpiHf;F tUe;J/ cs;se; jpUe;J.
,uhkgpuhd; jpUtoiag; bghUe;J. milf;fyk; g[Fe;jtiu Mjupg;gJ
,uhkgpuhDila guk;giu; brhj;J. milf;fyk; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;F
cly; jiria mWj;Jj; je;j rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; ngud;. ,uhkr;re;jpu
\u;j;jp cd;id kd;dpj;Jf; fUiz g[upthu;. mtiug;nghd;w fUzh
\u;j;jpia cyfj;jpy; fhz;gJ mupJ" vd;W mEkhu; Twpdhu;.
,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;L bgU";rPw;wk; mile;jhd;."mw;gf; Fu';nf/ eP
vdf;F mwpt[iu TWtjh > cd;id ,g;nghnj ekd; cyFf;F
mDg;g[ntd;" vd;W Twp/ kpft[k; rPwp/ mEkhiuf; bfhy;Ytjw;F
this vLj;jhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
171
mg;nghJ tpgP#zu; ,uhtzidj; jLj;J "mz;zh/ khjiua[k;/
Jhjiua[k; bfhy;yf; TlhJ. mg;gof; bfhd;why; ekJ g[yj;jpau;
Fyj;jpw;F ,Gf;fhFk;. Mfnt/ bfhy;yhnj" vd;W Twpdd;.
,uhtzd;/ "ed;W Twpdha;. Jhjiuf; bfhy;YtJ ghtk;" vd;W rPw;wk;
Mwp. ",e;jf; Fu';fpd; thypy; fapWfisr; Rw;wp/ bea;apy; eidj;Jj;
jPitj;Jr; Rl;L mDg;g[';fs;" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;.
,e;jpu$pj; mEkhiug; gpoj;Jg; ghrj;ij mfw;wpdd;. ,y';ifapy;
cs;s jhk;g[f;fapW/ C";ry; fapW/ bfhof;fapW Kjypa vy;yhf;
fapWfisa[k; bfhz;L te;J mEkhUila thypy; Rw;wpdhu;fs;.
muf;fpkhu;fs; jhypf; fapw;iw kl;Lk; th';ftpy;iy. fapWfisr; Rw;wr;
Rw;w thy; ePz;L bfhz;nl ,Ue;jJ. xU yl;rk; muf;fu;fs; thiyg;
gw;wp epd;whu;fs;.
,uhtzd;/ "nrtu;fns/ ,e;j Fu';Ff;F ehd; bra;j jz;lidia
kf;fs; czu;e;J kfpHntz;Lk;. mjdhy; tPjpfs; njhWk; Rw;wpf;
fhl;otpl;L/ tlf;Ff; flnyhuk; jP ita[';fs;" vd;W gzpj;jhd;.
,r;bra;jpiaf; nfs;tpa[w;w rPjhnjtp/ "V/ mf;fpdp gfthnd * eP
cyFf;Fr; rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gtd;/ ehd; fw;gpy; Jhats; vd;gJ
cz;ikahdhy; vd; kfd; mEkidr; Rlhnj *."
muf;fu;fs; mEkhUila thypy; jPapl;lhu;fs;. me;j beUg;g[ mtiur;
rpwpJk; Rlhky; re;jdk; nghy; Fspu;e;jpUe;jJ. mEkhu; me;j
mw;g[jj;ijf; fz;L/ ,J md;idapd; mUs; vd;W md;id ,Ue;j
jpiria nehf;fpj; bjhGjhu;.
mEkhUila thypy; mf;fpdp bfhGe;Jtpl;L vupe;jJ. mEkhu;
cau;e;j xU nfhg[uj;jpd; kPJ Vwp/ ,y';if KGtJk; thiy ePl;o
me;efu; KGtija[k; bfhSj;jpdhu;.
efu; KGtJk; jPapdhy; vupayhapw;W. khju;fSk;/ FHe;ijfSk;/ jPapy;
tpGe;J koe;jdu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
172
mg;nghJ ,y';ifapy; mGif xyp v';Fk; vGe;jJ.. . v';Fk; g[ifg;
glyk; \oaJ. ,uhtzDila muz;kid vupe;jJ. ,uhtzd;
Kjypnahu; tpkhdk; Vwp tpz;zpy; ,Ue;J gpiHj;jhu;fs;.
",y';if vupaf; fhuzk; vd;d >" vd;W nfl;lhd; ,uhtzd;.
nrtu;fs; mtidj; bjhGJ/ "Fu';fpd; thypy; ehk; ,l;l jP ekf;F
te;Jtpl;lJ" vd;whu;fs;.
"me;jf; Fu';ifg; gw;wpf; bfhz;L thU';fs;" vd;whd;. gy
muf;fu;fs; btg;gk; jh';fhky; flypy; \H;fpdhu;fs;.
mEkhu; jd;idg; gw;w te;j Ik;gjhapuk; muf;fu;fis thypy; cs;s
jPapdhy; vupj;J/ thdj;jpy; ,sk; "hapW nghy;/ xspur; bra;J mnrhf
tdj;ij mile;J gpuhl;oahiuj; bjhGjhu;.
md;id/ mEkhUila tPur; braiyf; fz;L kfpH;r;rp bfhz;L
mEkhiu thH;j;jpdhu;.
mEkhu; te;j fhupak; ,dpJ Koe;jbjd kfpH;e;J thdj;jpy; X';fp
tljpir nehf;fpg; gha;e;jdu;.
,ilapy; ike;ehf kiyapy; j';fp/ mk;kiyaurd; cgrhuj;ijg; bgw;W/
kpf;f ntfj;Jld; gha;e;J knfe;jpu kiyapy; Fjpj;jhu;. jhapd; tuitf;
fz;l gwf;f ,ayhj ,skl gwitapd; F";Rfisg; nghd;w
theu';fs;; mEkhiug; fzL mfkfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
rpy theuu; mekhiuf; fz;L mGjdu;. rpyu;/ mtu; Kd;dpd;W
Muthu"; bra;jhu;fs;. rpyu;/ tz';fpdhu;fs;. rpyu;/ Modhu;fs;/ rpyu;/
ghodhu;fs; rpyu; mtiu ms;sp tpG';FtJnghy; ghu;j;J epd;whu;fs;.
rpyu; fpH';F fha; Kjypa ,dpa czt[fisj; njof; bfhzu;e;J mtu;
Kd;nd cz;qkhW itj;jhu;fs;.
njtpiaf; fz;L te;jhu; vd;W mtu; jpUKff; Fwpg;ng brhy;y
czu;e;J bfhz;lhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
173
mtUila jhs;fspYk;/ khu;gpYk; njhs;fspYk;/ nghupy; Ma[j';fspy;
Vw;gl;l g[z;fis nehf;fpg; bgU\r;Rtpl;L tUe;jpdhu;fs;.
mEkhu; Kjypy; m';fjid tz';fpdhu;. gpd;du;/ $hk;gthid
tz';fpdhu;.
vy;yhUf;Fk; njtpapDila thH;j;Jiuiaf; Twpdhu;. theu';fs;
kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; mtiu tz';fp ngha;te;j tptuj;ija[k;/ njtpiaj;
juprpj;jija[k; TWkhW ntz;odhu;fs;.
mEkhu;/ ",uhkdoahu;fns/ c';fSf;F tzf;fk; ,uhkgpuhDila
jpUtUspdhYk; c';fs; MrpapdhYk; ,y';if khefuk; brd;W/
njtnjtDila gj;jpdpahfpa rPjh njtpiaf; fz;L/
milahs';fisf; Twpndd;. ,y';ifapy; gpuhl;oahu; bkype;J/
eype;J/ jtbewpapy; ,Uf;ff; fz;nld;. mk;ikahu; bfhLj;j
milahsj;Jld; ,';F kPz;Lk; te;njd;." vd;W Twpdhu;.
muf;fnuhL nghu; g[upe;jija[k; btw;wp bgw;wija[k; ,y';ifapy; jP
itj;jija[k; brhd;dhupy;iy. brhd;dhy; jw;g[fH;r;rpahFk; vd;W
vz;zp kiwj;Jtpl;lhu;.
Mdhy;/ nghu; g[upe;jij mEkhUila clk;gpypUe;j g[z;fs;
bjuptpj;jd. mtu; jpUk;gp te;jnj btw;wpiaj; bjuptpj;jJ. m';F
thdj;jpy; vGk; g[ifna ,y';if vuptijj; bjuptpj;jJ. m';Fs;s
muf;fupd; bgUik/ njtp cld; tuhikna bjuptpj;jJ.
mEkhu; theu tPuu;fisf; fz;L/ "vk;gpuhl;oahu; ,y';ifapy; xU
khje;jhd; capnuhL ,Ug;ngd;. gpd;du; khz;Lnghntd;. vd;W kpFe;j
tUj;jj;njhL Twpdhu;. Mjyhy;/ ehk; jhkjk; bra;ahky; g[wg;gl
ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;.

kJtdk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
174
rPjhnjtpiaf; fhz mEkhu; ,y';iff;F nghdgpd; knfe;jpu
gu;tjj;jpy; ,Ue;j theu tPuu;fs; mEkhu; njtpiaf; fz;L
tuntz;Lk; vd;W ,uhkgpuhDila jpUtoia epide;J
cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk;/ ',uhk ,uhk ,uhk' vd;W ehk ghuhazk;
bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;. mjdhy;/ vy;yhUk; grpapdhy; tho tj';fp
,Ue;jhu;fs;. tHpapy; kJtdj;ijf; fz;lhu;fs;. kJtdk; ,e;jpuDf;F
cupaJ. mjid me;jpud; kfdhfpa thyp mile;jhd;. thypapd;
kiwt[f;Fg; gpd; mk;kJtdk; Rf;uPtDila Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. mjid
,g;bghGJ jjpKfd; vd;w theu tPud; jd; Vtyu;fSld; fhty;
g[upe;jhd;.
theu tPuu;fs;/ ml';fhg; grpa[ld; nrhu;e;J m';fjidg; gzpe;J/
",e;j kJtdj;jpy; cs;s kJit eh';fs; gUf mDkjp juntz;Lk;"
vd;whu;fs;. m';fjd; mt;thnw mDkjp je;jhd;. theu';fs; kJit
Moa[k; ghoa[k; Coa[k; Toa[k; gUfp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
xUtu; thapy; tpl;L/ ,l;L cz;qk; njid/ ,d;bdhU theuk;
Foj;Jtpl;Lr; bry;Yk;. xUtu; ifapy; cs;s njid kw;bwhU
theuk; gpL';fpf; bfhz;Lngha; cz;qk; xnu Fu';fpd; kPJ Vwp
kw;bwhU Fu';F mku;e;J njid cz;qk;. xUtiu xUtu; jGtpa[k;/
xUtiu xUtu; Vrpa[k;/ kJit cz;L kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. fhty; bra;a[k;
theu';fs; jLf;f mtu;fis ,tu;fs; moj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; ngha;j;
jjpKfdplk; Kiwapl;lhu;fs;. jjpKfd; vd;w theu tPud; m';fjdplk;
nghupl;lhd;. mtid mtd; ieag;g[ilj;jhd;. Jd;gg;gl;l jjpKfd;
Rf;uPtid ehor; brd;whd;.
,
,uuhhkkuuppd
d; ; J
Jaauu; ;
,uhkgpuhd; uprpa\f gu;tjj;jpy; Jd;gf; flypy; \H;fpapUe;jhu;.
Rf;uPtd; mtiuj; njw;wpf; bfhz;oUe;jhd;. ,uhku;/ "Rf;uPth/ ehk;
mDg;gpa vy;y theu';fSk; rPijiaf; fhzhky; jpUk;gp
te;Jtpl;ld. bjd; jpirf;Fg;nghd mEkd; Kjypnahu;fs;
te;jhu;fspy;iy. rPijiaf; fhzhj tUj;jj;jhy; khz;L nghdhu;fnsh/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
175
,uhtzidr; re;jpj;J mtdplk; nghu; g[upe;J bfhz;oUf;fpwhu;fnsh >
mtd; mtu;fis v';fhtJ rpiwapy; itj;Jtpl;lhndh * rPijiaf;
fhzhJ bte;J behe;J cs;sk; ciye;J jtk;
g[upe;Jbfhz;oUf;fpd;whu;fnsh *" vd;bwy;yhk; Twp tUe;jpf;
bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
jjpKfd; m';fjdhy; mog;gl;l g[z;fSld; Rf;uPtid mqfpj;
bjhGJ ele;jij etpd;whd;. ,ijf; nfl;l Rf;uPtd; kfpH;e;jhd;.
"theu';fs; njtpiaf; fz;L te;j kfpH;r;rpapdhy; kJtdj;ij mHpj;J
,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ ,uhk if';fu;ak; epiwntwp ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;
jjpKfnd/ m';fjd; ,sturd;/ kJtdj;Jf;F cupatd; mtid
eP';fs; vjpu;f;fyhkh > eP m';F ngha; m';fjidr; ruzk; milthahf
*" vd;W Twptpl;L ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;Jr; brhy;Yfpd;whd;. "Iand *
gpuhl;oiaf; fz;l kfpH;r;rpapdhy; theu';fs; kJtdj;ij mHpj;J
kfpH;fpd;whu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ jh';fs; tUe;j ntz;lhk;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
m
mEEkkhhuu; ; jjppU
Uttoo bbjjhhG
Gjjyy; ;
M";rneau; me;j neuj;jpy; ,uhkgpuhdplk; te;J njtpapUf;Fk; jpir
nehf;fp ,uhkgpuhDf;F nenu fhy;fs; ePl;oj; bjd; jpir nehf;fp
ifTg;gp tz';fpdhu;. ,f;Fwpg;ig nehf;fp uhkgpuhd; rPjhnjtp
,y';ifapy; fw;g[ bewpapy; epw;fpd;whs; vd;gij czu;e;jhu;.
mEkhu;/ "fz;ldd; fw;gpDf;F mzpfyj;ijf; fz;ldd;.
mg;gpuhl;oapd; fz;fspdhy; mtisf; fw;gpDf;F mzpfyd; vd;W
fz;Lbfhz;nld;. bjd; flypy; ,y';if khefupy; mj;njtp jtk;
,Uf;ff; fz;nld;."
"Iand/ njtuPUila njtpbad;Dk; jd;ikf;Fk; jruj uh$ht[ila
kUfpbad;Dk; tha;ikf;Fk;/ $df uh$htpDila kfs; vd;Dk;
jd;ikf;Fk; cupatshf vk;gpuhl;oiaf; fz;nld;."
"bghd;Df;Fg; bghd;jhd; ctik. njtpf;Fj; njtpjhd; ctik.
ckf;F ePnu ctik. vdf;F ehnd ctik vd;W vd;id badf;Fj;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
176
je;jhu;. ,uhfth/ ckJ Mjpj;jd; Fyj;ijj;/ jhd; jtkpUe;J cau;j;jp/
ckf;nf cupajhff; bra;jhs;. g[fH; epiwe;j jhd; gpwe;j $df
khkd;dupd; Fyj;ijg; bgUikg;gLj;jpdhs;. jd;idj; jdpik bra;J
bfhz;L bfhoa muf;fu; Fyj;ij ,akDf;Fj; je;jhs;. njtFyj;ij
thH;tpj;jhs;. vd; Fyj;ij vdf;nf je;jhs;."
ahu; ve;jf; Fu';ifg; ghu;j;jhYk; mEkhu; nghfpwhu; vd;gJ cyf
tHf;F.
"nfhjz;lk; Ve;jpa nfhkfnd * fly; NH;e;j ,y';ifapy; ey;y jtk;
bra;fpd;w xU e';ifiag; ghu;j;njd; vd;W vz;z ntz;lhk;.
Fogpwg;g[ vd;w FzKk;/ bghWik vd;w FzKk;/ fw;g[ vd;w
FzKk; ,e;j \d;W Fz';fSk; nru;e;J xd;iwbahd;W gw;wpf;bfhz;L
kfpH;r;rpapdhy; eldk; g[upaf; fz;nld;."
,
,uuhhkknnd
d// gguukk;b;bgghhU
Uss; ; **
"vk; bgUkhnd/ njtpia ePu; gpupe;jpUf;fpd;wPu; vd;W cyfj;jhu;
vz;qfpd;whu;fs;. me;jf; fw;g[j; bja;tj;jpd; fz;fspy; ePu;
,Uf;fpd;wPu;. mtu; fUj;jpny ,Uf;fpd;wPu; mk;k';ifau;f;furpapd;
thf;fpdpy; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;. kd;kjd; va;j mk;gpdhy; bjhisj;j
g[z;zpYk; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;."
"flYf;F eLnt ,y';ifbad;Dk; efupy; fhiy khiy ,d;wp
tpz;zst[k; tsu;e;j bghd; kakhd fw;gfr; nrhiyf;Fs; jk;gp
yl;Rkzu; bra;j jtr; nrhiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs;. jt";bra;j jtkhe;
ijay; Jha;ikahf ,Uf;fpd;whs;. ghjfdhfpa ,uhtzd; njtpiaj;
jPz;l m";rp/ gu;zrhiynahL ngu;j;Jf; bfhz;Lngha;/ mnrhf
tdj;jpy; itj;jpUf;fpd;whd;. gpuknjtu; ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J
tpUg;gkpy;yhj xU fw;g[ila bgz;izj; jPz;Lthahfpy;/ cd; jiy
Mapuk; Jz;Lfshf btof;f fltJ vd;W rhgk; je;jpUf;fpd;whu;
mjdhy;/ mtd; jPz;odhdpy;iy."

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
177
"vk;bgUkhnd rPjhnjtpapd; fw;g[j; jpwj;jhy; bgz; Fynk
cau;e;Jtpl;lJ. nrhfk; epiwe;j vd; md;idapd; fw;g[ eyj;jhy;
njtkhju;fSk; rpwg;g[w;whu;fs;. rptbgUkhDila ,lg;ghfj;jpy; ,Ue;j
ckh njtpahu; mtUila jiynky; ,Uf;Fk; rpwg;igg; bgw;whs;.
jpUkhypd; khu;gpy; thGk; yl;Rkp njtp mj;jpUkhypd; Mapue;
jiyfspYk; ,Uf;fj; jf;fts; Mdhs;."

"monad; ,y';if KGtJk; ehoj; njoj;/ njtpiaf; fhzhky; tho


tUe;j/ mnrhf tdj;jpy; vk;gpuhl;oia mtSila fz;zPu;f; flypy;
fz;nld;. me;j md;idia Ma[jk; jh';fpa nga; KfKk;/ eha;
KfKk; bfhz;l muf;fpkhu;fs; NH;e;J xt;bthU tpehoa[k; Jd;g[Wj;jpf;
bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;. me;j eLeprpapy; bgz;fs; NH/ mnrhftdj;Jf;F
,uhtzd; te;jhd;. te;jtd; vk;gpuhl;oia ,iw";rpf; bf";rpj;
bjhGJ epd;whd;. njtp Myfhyk; nghy;; rPwp itjhs;. ,uhtzd;
m";rp mfd;W nghdhd;. ehd; xU ke;jpuk; brhy;yp/ muf;fpkhu;fisj;
Jh';FkhW bra;njd;. ahtUk; Jh';fpa gpd; md;id cs;sk;
cile;J/ my;yy; mile;J ehd; ,Ue;j mnrhf kuj;jpd; fpisapy;
ehu;bfhz;l bfhoiaf; fl;o fGj;jpy; RUf;fpl;Lf; bfhz;lhs;. me;j
mghakhd neuj;jpy; ,uhk ehkk; brhy;ypj; bjhGnjd;. mGnjd;.
jh';fs; brhd;d milahs';fisf; Twpndd;. Kotpy; fizahHp
nkhjpuj;ijj; je;njd;."
"fizahHpiaf; fz;L md;idf;F \r;R te;jJ. bgUkfpH;r;rp
mile;jhs;.
',e;jg; g[dpjkhd nkhjpuk; ghtpfs; thH;fpd;w ,y';iff;F te;jnj'
vd;W baz;zp/ fz;fspypUe;J bgUfpa fz;zPuhy; mgpn#fk;
bra;jhs;. mk;nkhjpuj;ijr; brd;dpapy itj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;/ khu;gpy;
itj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. mg;bghGJ te;j tpuf bte;jPapdhy; nkhjpuk;
cUfptpl;lJ. cs;sk; Fspu;e;jJk; cUfpa nkhjpuk; ,WfpaJ.
nkhjpuk; cUfpaJk;/ ,WfpaJk; xU fzj;jpy; epfH;e;jJ. ,uz;Lk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
178
fz;nld;. gpd;du;/ vk;gpuhl;o vd;id ek;gpf; fz;Fspug; ghu;j;J Mrp
Twpdhs;."
",';F eilbgw;w epfH;r;rpfisbay;yhk; tpupthff; Twpndd;.
vk;gpuhl;o mj;jida[k; nfl;L kfpH;r;rp mile;jhs;. md;id
vd;idg; ghu;j;J/ 'kfnd/ ,d;Dk; xU khje;jhd; ,y';ifapy;
,Ug;ngd;. mjw;Fnky; capiutpl;L tpLntd;. Mjyhy;/ xU
khjj;Jf;Fs; vd;idr; rpiw kPl;f ntz;Lk;' vd;W njtuPUf;f
mwptpf;fr; brhd;dhs;. bkype;J eype;J cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk;
vd; md;idj; jtepiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs;" vd;W Nlhkzpia
vLj;Jf; bfhLj;jhu;. me;jr; Nlhkzp ,sk; "hapiwg;nghy; xsp
bra;jJ.
m';fjd; Kjyha midtUk; te;J ,uhkgpuhid mGJ bjhGJ
Konky; ifTg;gp tz';fpdhu;fs;. bgUkhd; vy;yhUf;Fk; mUs;
g[upe;jhu;. Rf;uPtd; ,dp jhkjpf;ff;TlhJ vd;W fUjpr; nridj;
jiytdhd ePyDf;Fr; nridfSld; g[wg;gLkhW fl;lisapl;lhd;.
mEkhUila ntz;LnfhSf;fpz';fp ,uhku; ujj;jpy; Mnuhfzpj;jhu;.
m';fjd; ntz;LnfhSf;fpz';fp ,isa bgUkhSk; Mnuhfzpj;jhu;.
gd;dpuz;L gfy; ele;J bjd; fliy mile;jhu;fs;.
a[j;j fhz;lk;
,
,uuhht
tzzd
d; ; kkee;j;juuhhnnyyhhrri
idd
,uhkgpuhd; bjd;fly; fiuiar; nru;e;jhu;. fly; miy te;J
tPRfpd;wJ. yl;Rkpahfpa rPij flypy; gpwe;jts;. ,uhku; Mfpa
jpUkhy; flypy; epj;jpiu g[upgtu;. mjdhy;/ ,uhkUf;Ff; fly; khkpahu;
tPlhFk;. khg;gps;is te;jpUf;fpd;whu; vd;W fUjpj; bjd;ww; fhw;whfpa
ikj;Jdu; miyfshfpa ghiar; Rul;of; fiuapny Kj;Jk; Eiua[k;
rpe;j cjwpg;gha; tpupg;gJnghy; ,Ue;jJ me;jf; fhl;rp.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
179
,uhtzd; tpRtg; gpukid miHj;J/ ,y';ifia Kd;dpYk;
gd;kl';F mHfhf cz;lhf;FkhW fl;lis apl;lhd;. mj;bja;tj;
jr;rd; bghd;dhYk; etkzpfspdhYk;/ muz;kidfSk;/ rhiyfSk;/
nrhiyfSk; jhkiu XilfSk; khkzp nkilfSk; tps';f
mjpaw;g[jkhf cz;lhf;fpdhd;. ,uhtzd; mijf;fz;L kpf;f
btFkjpfisj; je;J mDg;gpdhd;. gpd; ke;jpuhnyhrid rigia
mile;jhd;. Kdptu;/ njtu;/ bgz;fs;/ ,is"u;fs; Kjypatu;fis
btspnaw;wptpl;Lj; jd; fUj;Jf;Ffe;j mikr;ru; Kjypnahu;
mUfpypUf;FkhW bra;jhd;. jd; mDkjpapd;wp tz;LfSk; fhw;W';Tl
m';F tuf;Tlhbjd;W Mizapl;lhd;.
"md;gu;fns * xU Fu';F te;J mnrhf tdj;ija[k; muf;fu;
Fyj;ija[k; mHpj;J vd; kfdhfpa ml;r Fkhuid kha;j;J/ nja;j;J/
,y';ifia vupa{l;oj;jpUk;gpa[k; ngha;tpl;lJ. vd; tPizf;bfho
bte;J vupe;jJ. gy nfho tPuu;fs; khz;ljdhy; epyj;jpy; cjpuk;
CWfpd;wJ. ehk; gLf;Fk; ,l';fs; vy;yhk; bfhjpf;fpd;wd. mjdhy;/
czt[k; cwf;fKk; ,y;yhJ xHpe;jd. kidtpkhu;fspd; Te;jy; vupe;J
ehWfpd;wd. vdf;F ,ijtpl ntW vd;d mtkhdk; cz;L >
Mfnt/ nkw;bfhz;L ehk; vd;d bra;ayhk; vd;W rpe;jpj;Jr;
brhy;Y';fs;" vd;W ,uhtzd; Twpdhd;.
Jd;Kfd;/ kfhghu;Rtd;/ gpuhrd;/ Nupa rj;JU/ nts;tpg; gif"d;/
jhkpuhl;rd; Kjyhndhu; ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J "vypfisf; fz;L
g[ypfs; m";Rkh > ,U kdpju;fSf;Fk; ,iyfisa[k; kyu;fisa[k;
nfhjpa[z;qk; Fu';FfSf;Fk; m";rp xU ke;jpuhnyhrida[k;
Tl;Ltjhdhy; ekf;F ,ijtpl mtkhdk; VJ > v';fSf;F mDkjp
bfhLj;jhy; eh';fs; brd;W kdpju;fisa[k; Fu';Ffisa[k; bfhd;W
jpd;W tUnthk;. eh';fs; VGfly;fisa[k; Fog;nghk;. kfhnkU
kiyia ,og;nghk;. v';fshy; Mfhj fhupak; xd;W csnjh >
,g;bghGnj nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gLnthk;" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
180
Fk;gfu;zd;
Fk;gfu;zd; vGe;J mz;zid m";ryp bra;J TWfpd;whd;.
'mz;nz * eP Mapuk; kiwfis Xjpdtd;. g[yj;jpau; kugpy; te;jtd;.
Fw;wkpy;yhj xUtd; kidtpiaf; bfhz;L te;J rpiwapy;
milf;fyhkh > cyfk; cd;idg; g[fH ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;qfpwhna.
gujhu fkdk; bra;nthiug; ghu; g[fGkh > ,fGky;yth > jd;khdk;
jd;khdk; vd;W ngRfpd;whna > ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; ,y;yhj
neuj;jpy; re;epahrp totpy; brd;W rPijiaf; ftu;e;J te;jidna. ,J
khdKs;stu; bra;fpd;w fhupakh > fhk trg;gl;Lf; fy';Ffpd;wid
ekJ tPuk; ed;whf ,Uf;fpd;wJ >'
'mz;nz * cd;Dila thH;f;if g[yp rthupnghy; Koe;jJ. g[ypapd;
nky;
Vwpa xUtd;/ g[ypia tpl;ow';fpdhy; g[yp mtidf; bfhy;Yk;.
,w';fhky;
,Ug;gpDk; Mgj;J tUk;. mJnghy; rPijiar; rpiw tpl;Ltpl;lhy;
mr;rj;jhy; bra;njhk; vd;W cyfk; vz;qk;. nghu; bra;J khz;lhy;
g[fH;
ek;ghy; bghUe;Jk;' vd;W Twpdhd;.
,
,ee;j;jppuu$$[p[pjj;J
;J
,e;jpu$pj;J je;ijiaj; bjhGJ brhy;thd;. "je;ijna * ckf;Fr; rpe;ij
Vd; > mnrhftdk; mHpatpy;iy. \t[yf';fisa[k; MSk; ckJ
fPu;j;jp mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. g[Gf;fisa[k; vWk;g[fisa[k; vt;thW bfhy;tJ
vd;W xU tPud; Ma;e;jhdhk;. mJnghy; ,Uf;fpwJ ek;Kila
Mnyhrid. vdf;F mDkjp bfhL';fs;. mk;khDlu;fisa[k; Tdy;
Fu';Ffisa[k; bfhd;W Ftpg;ngd;. ,jpy; vs;sst[k; re;njfk;
,y;iy" vd;W mzw;bghwp gwf;f tPuj;Jld; tpsk;gpdhd;.
t
tppggP#
P#z
zuu; ;
tpgP#zu; ,e;jpu$pj;ijg; ghu;j;J "kfnd * eP rpWgps;isj;jdkhfg;
ngRfpd;wha;. mwpt[f;Fk; cdf;Fk; Mapuk; fhjk;. 'Mj;jpuf;fhuDf;Fg;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
181
g[j;jp kl;L' vd;gJ gHbkhHp. eP ml';fpapU" vd;W Twptpl;Lj; jk;
jikaidg; ghu;j;J mwt[iu TWfpd;whu;.
"md;g[s;s mz;zh * monaDf;Fj; jha[k; eP/ je;ija[k; eP/ jikaDk;
eP/
FUt[k; eP/ ehd; tz';Ffpd;w flt[Sk; eP/ ,';Fs;stu;fs; ahUk; cd;
eyj;ij epidj;J ngrpdhupy;iy. ,tu;fs; Twpa Mnyhrid
'ifapy;yhjtd; vGjpa rpj;jpuj;ijf; fz;zpy;yhtd; fz;L kfpH;e;jhd;'
vd;gij xf;Fk;. ,e;jpuDf;Fk; va;jhj bgUk; gjtpia eP ,Hf;fg;
nghfpd;whna vd;w fUjp/ kdk; kWfp/ csk; cUfp ,e;j mwt[iuia
cdf;Ff; TWfpd;nwd;."
"ehd; TWk; mwt[iu KGtJk; nfl;lgpd;/ gpd;du; nfhgpf;fyhk;.
mz;zh *
Mjpj;jd; fjpUk;/ fhw;Wk; EiHahj ,y';ifapy; xU theuk; EiHa[kh
>
EiHe;J vupf;Fkh > ,e;j ,y';ifia theuk; vupf;ftpy;iy. rPjh
njtpapd;
fw;g[f;fdy; vupj;jJ. ,Jjhd; cz;ik. ee;jpj;njtu; rhgj;jhy; Fu';F
,e;efuj;ij mHpj;jJ vd;W czu;f. tpUg;gkpy;yhj ntjtjp vd;w
fw;g[f;furpia eP fs';fg;gLj;jpdha;. Mts; cdf;Fr; rhgk; je;J jPapy;
tpGe;jhs;. me;j ntjtjpna cd; Fyj;ij mHpf;fr; rPijahfg;
gpwe;Js;shs;."
"mz;zh * Fu';Ffs; vd;W eP myl;rpak; bra;fpd;widna. Fu';fhfpa
thypapdhy; eP mile;j Jd;g';fSf;F msntJ > khDlu; vd;W
myl;rpak; bra;fpd;widna/ khDldhfpa fhu;j;jtPupad; cd;id
mlf;fpr;
rpiw itj;jhd; vd;gij vz;qjp. md;wpa[k;/ fhu;j;jtPupaid tijj;j
guRuhkid ,uhku; btd;whu; vd;gij kwf;fyhkh > ,uhkiug;
gifg;gJ
ed;wd;W. rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L ca;t[ bgWf" vd;W md;g[lDk;
ghrj;JlDk;
,uhtzd; nkYs;s nerj;JlDk; Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
182
,uhtzd; njhs; FY';f eifj;jhd;. "tpgP#zh * 'vjpu;j;jtu;
typikapy;
ghjp cdf;F va;Jk;' vd;W rptd; je;j tuj;jhy; thyp vd;idf;
btd;whd;.
ehd; bts;sp kiyia ms;spbaLj;jtd;. jpirf; fspWfis
btd;wtd;.
gGJgl;l tpy;iy Kwpj;J/ Xl;il ku';fisj; Jisj;Jf; Tdpahy;
murpHe;J/ vd; NH;r;rpahy; kidtpiag; gpupe;J capu; jh';fp cHYk;
xU rpwpa kdpjid guk;bghUbsd;W cd;idj; jtpu ntW ahu;
kjpg;gu; >"
"ee;jp rhgk; vd;W etpd;widna * njtu;fSk; Kdptu;fSk; vdf;F
,l;l
rhg';fbsy;yhk; gypj;jdth > ,Uk;g[z;l ePu; jpUk;g[kh > capiu
tpl;lhYk;
tpLntd;. RPijia tplkhl;nld;" vd;W rPwpdhd;.
,
,uuz
zppaad
d; ;
"mz;zh * cd;idf; fhl;oYk; gd;kl';F typika[ila ,uzpad;
vd;w kfhtPud; thH;e;jhd;. fhrpg KdptUf;Fj; jpjp tapw;wpny
gpwe;jtd;. mtd; jk;gp ,uz;ahl;rd;. ,td; Mztj;jhy; kf;fSf;Fg;
bgupa Jd;g';fisr; bra;J te;jhd;. g{ kz;lyj;ij vLj;Jf; flypy;
mGj;jp cyfj;ij mHpf;f Kad;whd;. fhj;jw; flt[shfpa ehuhazu;
tuhf totbkLj;J mtidf; bfhd;W/ jk; ,uz;L bfhk;g[fspy; ge;J
nghy; cyfj;ij vLj;J/ cyfj;Jf;F ed;ik bra;jhu;. jd; jk;gpiaj;
jpUkhy; bfhd;wjdhy; rPw;wk; mile;J ,uzpad; jpUkhiyg;
gifj;jhd;. ekf;Fk; kuzk; tUnk vd;W m";rpdhd;. kfhnkU fpupapy;
xU fhypy; epd;W Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; gpuknjtiuf; Fwpj;J mupa
bgupa jtk; bra;jhd;. ,td; kidtp yPyhtjp/ ,tDf;F Qpyhjd;/
mDQpyhjd;/ rkQpyhjd; vd;W \d;W g[jy;tu;fs; ,Ue;jhu;fs;.
,tdJ kidtp ehd;fhtjhf fUt[w;wpUe;jhs;. ehuj Kdptu; mtisj;
jk; Mrpukj;Jf;F miHj;Jf; bfhz;Lngha; Qupehk r';fPu;j;jdk; bra;J
bfhz;oUe;jhu;. mts; rpwe;j gjptpuij fU nkw;bfhz;L

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
183
tsuhtz;zk; bra;jhs;. ehujUila Qup g$idiaf; fUtpypUe;j
FHe;ij nfl;Lf; fUtpnyna jpUt[ilajhf tps';fpaJ."
"gpuknjtu; md;dthfdj;jpy; ,uzpaDf;Ff; fhl;rpspj;jhu;. ,uzpad;
gpuknjtuplk; 'jdf;F tpz;zpYk;/ kz;zpYk;/ ePupYk;/ beUg;gpYk;/
tPl;oYk;/ btspapYk;/ ,utpYk;/ gfypYk;/ m!;jpu r!;jpu';fshYk;/
njtu;fshYk; \tu;fshYk; Kdptu;fshYk; al;ru;fshYk;/ mRuu;fshYk;/
tpy';FfshYk;/ ntW vjdhYk; kuzk; tuf;TlhJ' vd;W tuk;
bgw;whd;."
",uz;ag[uk; vd;w jd; efuj;ij mile;jhd;. ehuju; mtdJ
kidtpiaff;
bfhz;L te;J nru;j;jhu;. mts; Mzp Kj;Jg; nghd;w mupa kfitg;
bgw;whs;. gpufyhjd; vd;W bgau; Nl;odhu;fs;."
",uzpad; flt[s; ,y;iy vd;w bfhs;ifia vy;yhUk;
filg;gpof;FkhW
bra;J/ jhnd flt[s; vd;W/ jd;idna vy;yhUk; tz';f
ntz;Lbkd;W
Mizapl;lhd;. vy;yhUk; jd; bgaiuna $gpf;f ntz;Lbkd;Wk;/
jd;idna vy;yhUk; tz';f ntz;Lbkd;Wk;/ jd;idna tHpgl
ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. jd;idj; jtpu ntW flt[s;
,y;iy.
vd;W fUjp/ ntjj;jpy; jd; bgaiur; nru;j;Jg; ghuhazk; bra;a
ntz;Lbkd;Wk; 'Qpuz;aha ek/ Qpuz;a enkhj;J rpj;jk;' vd;W
gs;spfspy; XJkhWk; bra;jhd;. vy;yh Mya';fspYk; jd; cUtj;ijna
gpujp#;il
bra;J jd; cUtj;ijg; g{$pf;FkhW bra;jhd;."
"mRu FUthfpa Rf;uhrhupahu; ,uzpaDila nghf;iff; fz;L. jk;
kfdhfpa rz;lkhu;f;fidg; g[nuhfpjuhf epakd"; bra;Jtpl;Lj; jPu;j;j
ahj;jpiu
ngha;tpl;lhu;. gpufyhju; bjhl;oypnyna ehuhazUila vl;L

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
184
ml;ruj;ij
Xjpj; jpahd rPyuhf tsu;e;jhu;."
",uzpad; Ml;rp muh$khf/ mf;fpuk';fs; nfhu jhz;ltk; g[upe;jd.
njtu;fSk; Kdptu;fSk; bgUe;Jaukile;J tUe;jpdhu;fs;. ,uzpad;
Mw;W ePu; rpwpaJ vd;Wk;/ fly; ePu; ctu; ePu; vd;Wk; fUjp/ mz;il
Kfl;ilg; gpse;J/ m';fpUe;J tUk; Fspu;e;j ePupYk; ed;dPu;f;
flypYk;
ePuhLthd;. gfw;bghGijg; gunyhfj;jpYk; ,ut[g; bghGijj;
njtnyhfj;jpYk; Mly; ghlYld; fHpj;J ,d;g[Wthd;. jdf;F
xg;ghUk; kpf;fhUk; ,y;iybad mf';fupj;J thH;e;jhd;."

gpufyhjupd; bgUik
gpufyhjUf;F Ie;J taJ epuk;gpaJ. kpFe;j Mlk;guj;Jlk; mtiug;
gs;spf;F ,uzpad; mDg;gpdhd;. g[nuhfpjuhfpa rz;lkhu;f;fd;
gpufyhjiug; ghu;j;J/ 'Qpuz;ia enkhj;J rpj;jk;/ Xk; Qpuz;aha ek'
vd;W XJkhW Twpdhd;. gpufyhju; Mrpupau; thu;ijfisf; nfl;L
g[d;dif g{j;J 'Qup enkhj;J rpj;jk;/ Xk; enkh ehuhazha' vd;W
Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;l g[nuhfpju; ,uz;L fu';fshy; fhJfis
\of;bfhz;L beUg;ig kpjpj;jtd; nghy; Js;spf; Fjpj;J/ "me;njh *
bfl;nld;. ,e;j ,Hpe;j thu;j;ijiar; brhd;dhy; eufk; va;Jnk.
ehtpy; g[G tUnk" vd;W fUjpdhd;. "mur Fkhuh * ,e;jj; jfhj
thu;j;ijiar; brhy;yyhkh > ,J cd; je;ijf;Fj; bjupe;jhy; fz;l';
fz;lkhf btl;o bawpthnu * ,dp/ ,ijr; brhy;yhnj/ Qpuz;aha ek
vd;W brhy;" vd;whd;.
gpufyhju;/ "FUnt * ,d;wpUe;J ehis mHpfpd;w xUtd; flt[s;
Mthdh > ehuhazu; xUtu;jkhk; guk; bghUs;. mtUila
jpUtojhd; ca;itf;
bfhLf;Fk; mg;guk;bghUisr; ruzhfjp miltnj Mj;k rhe;jpahFk;.
ntj';fspd; Kot[ ,Jjhd;. tPnz Typf;F khuof;fhnj. ,dp/ ePa[k;
,e;j
ke;jpuj;ijr; brhy;Ythahf" vd;W Twpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
185
g[nuhfpjd; eL';fp xL';fpg; gpufyhjiu miHj;Jf; bfhz;L
,uzpadplk;
te;jhd;. ,uzpaid tz';fp "jhdt Fyj; jiytnd * j';fs; Fkhuu;
rh!;jpu tpnuhjkhd thu;j;ijfisr; brhy;Yfpd;whu;. me;jf; bfhoa
brhw;fis
monad; brhy;ykhl;nld;. brhd;dhy; eufk; tUk;" vd;W Twp
Kiwapl;lhd;.
,uzpad; jd; mUke;j kfid khu;g[wj; jGtp cr;rp nkhe;J
Kj;jkpl;L
mstw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;J tpdtpdhd;. "vd; jtr; bry;tnk * eP vd;d
brhy;fpd;wha; > "
"je;ijna * mfpa cyf';fSf;Fk; jdpg;bgUe; jiytuhf tps';Fgtu;
ehuhazu; xUtnu Mthu;. mtUila jpUehkk; cyfj;ij ul;rpf;Fe;
jd;ika[ilaJ. Xk; enkh ehuazha ek ,Jjhd; ntjj;jpYs;s
ke;jpuk;/ ,e;j kfh ke;jpuk; ekf;Ff; Fye;jUk;/ bry;te;jUk;/ Fiwtw;w
eye;jUk;/ khrpy;yhj tye;jUk;/ ,e;j kfhke;jpuj;ij ehd; brhd;ndd;.
ePUk; brhy;tPu;/ ePu; filj;njWtPu;. "
,uzpad; Myfhyk; nghy; rPwp/ "\lnd * kjpnflnd * ,e;jf; bfhoa
brhw;fis cdf;Fr; brhy;ypf; bfhLj;jtu; ahu; > me;j ehuhazd; cd;
rpwpa
je;ijiaf; bfhd;wtd;. ek; mRuFy itup. mtd; Juhj;kh. ehd;
xUtd;jhd; gukhj;kh. njtUk; \tUk; KdptUk; ,Uoau;fSk;
vd;ehkj;ijr; brhy;yp thH;fpd;whu;fs;. cybf';Fk; vd; ehknk
xypf;fpd;wJ.
eP me;jf; fs;tDila bgaiur; brhy;yhnj. vd; bgaiur; brhy;tha;.
mjdhy;/ cdf;F ed;ika[z;lhFk;. "
gpufyhju; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; ehuhaz ke;jpuj;ijna etpd;W
bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
ml';fhj nfhgkile;j ,uzpad;. ,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fiu Vtp.
Ma[j';fspdhy; gpufyhjUila clk;igf; fz;l'; fz;lkhfj; Jz;l";

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
186
bra;a[khW fl;lisapl;lhd;. gpufyhju; 'ehuhazk;/ ehuhazk;/
ehuhazk;'
vd;W ghuhaz"; bra;Jbfhz;oUe;jhu;. muf;fu;fs; fj;jp/ nfhlhyp/
rk;kl;o
Kjypa Ma[j';fis mtu;kPJ brYj;j/ me;j Ma[j';fs; bghog;
bghoahfj; Jfs;gl;L xHpe;jd.
,jidawpe;j ,uzpad; jPapypl;Lf; bfhy;YkhW fl;lisapl;lhd;.
me;jj; jP/
khrpy; tPiza[k; khiy kjpaKk; tPR bjd;wYk; tP';fps ntdpYkhf
mtUf;F ey"; bra;jJ.
,jidawpe;j ,uzpad;/ nfhgf;fdyhy;/ bfhjpj;Jf; bfhoa
e";ira[ila
mee;jd;/ fhu;f;nfhlfd;/ Fspfd;/ r';fghyd;/ jrhofd;/ gJkd;/
kfhgJkd;/
thRfp vd;w m#;l ehf';fis Vtpdhd;. me;j ehf';fs; mf;
FHe;ijiaf;
foj;Jj; jj;jk; gw;fs; xoe;J nrhf'; bfhz;L tho Xod.
gpufyhju;/ "V ehf';fns * eP';fs; vk;bgUkhDila
gs;spaizay;yth >
vk;bgUkhd; mutizapy; Japy;fpd;wtu;. mtUf;Fj; bjhz;L
bra;fpd;w
eP';fs; eyk; bgw;W thG';fs;" vd;whu;
,uzpad; ehf';fspd; mty epiyiaf; fz;L/ ftiy bfhz;L
Iuhtjk;
g[z;luPfk; thkdk;/ FKjk;/ m";rdk; g[l;gje;jk;/ rhUt bgskk;/ Rg;u
jPgk;
vd;w m#;l f$';fis miHj;J/ ",e;j \lidf; bfhy;Y';fs;"
vd;W
Vtpdhd;. m#;l f$';fSk; gpufyhju;ghy; mqfpd. gpufyhju;/
ahidfns * c';fs; Fyj;jpy; te;j fn$e;jpuDf;Ff; fUiz g[upe;j
fkyf;fz;zDf;F eP';fs; moikfs; my;yth > mjid ehd;
brhy;yth >

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
187
vk;bgUkhd; fn$e;jpu tujd;" vd;W Twp/ ehuhaziuj; Jjp bra;J
epd;whu;.
me;j ahidfs; mtiu ty";bra;J tz';fpr; brd;wd. ,ijf; fz;l
,uzpad; me;j ahidfisf; bfhy;YkhW fhtyu;fis Vtpdhd;.
,uzpaDf;Fg; gae;j ahidfs; jk; je;j';fshy; gpufyhjiuf; Fj;jpf;
bfhiy
bra;a Kad;wd. thiHj; jz;L nghy; je;j';fs; xoe;J koe;jd.
,uzpad; kpft[k; rPw;wkile;J/ ",tidf; fl;Lr; nrhwhff; fl;o
kiyapd;
cr;rpapypUe;J cUl;of; bfhy;Y';fs;" vd;whd;. ,jidf; nfl;l
gpufhyjUila jhahu; kpft[k; tUe;jpdhs;.
,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fu;fs; Fw;w"; bra;ahj Fzf;Fd;iw
kzpf;fapWfshy;
fl;o/ mtu; jiyapy; Fl;o/ kiya[r;rpapypUe;J cUl;odhu;fs;.
gpufyhju;/
'Fd;wj;ij Filahfg; gpoj;j Fzg; bgU';Fd;wnk' vd;W fUkhiy
ePf;Fe;
jpUkhiy epide;J tpGe;jhu;. epykfs; bgz; tote;jh';fp mtiug;
g{r;brz;Lnghy; Ve;jpf; fhg;ghw;wpdhs;. gpufyhju; epykfis 'mk;kh'
vd;W
miHj;Jj; jiyahny Fk;gpl;lhu;. epykfs;/ "kfnd * cdf;F vd;d
tuk;
ntz;Lk; >" vd;W nfl;lhs;. "jhna * g{t[yfpy; rpd;d";rpW rpRf;fs;
Mo
Xo tpisahLfpw nghJk;/ kho Vwp kfpH;fpd;w nghJk; jLf;fp
tpGe;jhy;
,d;W vd;idj; jh';fpf; fhg;ghw;wpaJ nghy; vy;yhf; FHe;ijfisa[k;
fhg;ghw;Wthahf" vd;W tu';nfl;lhu;.
,uzpad; vy;yh tifapdhYk; gpufyhjUf;F kuzk; tuhikiaf;
fz;L
mjprak; mile;jhd;. mtiuf; bfhy;yf; fUjp MHkhff; FHp
njhz;og;
g[ijf;FkhW fl;lisapl;lhd;. mt;thW muf;fu;fSk; mtiug;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
188
g[ijj;jhu;fs;. mtu; jpUkhypd; gj;jpdpahfpa g{kp njtpapd; koapy;
jtH;e;J g$id bra;ayhdhu;. ,ijf; fz;L muf;fu;fs; Mr;rupak;
mile;jhu;fs;. ,uzpad; bfhoa e";irf; bfhLj;J Fog;gpj;jhd;.
jpUkhypd;
Filahfpa ghk;gpd; e";ira[z;L mij $Puzk; g[upe;J gukhde;j
bts;sj;jpy; mGe;jpdhu;.
ghwh';fy;ypdhw; fl;o MH;flypy; tPH;j;jpdu;. gpufyhju;/ "MHpapy;
mwpJapy;
g[upa[k; mupKFe;jh * itFe;jh * nfhtpe;jh * cd; jpUtona ruzk;.
cd;
moahu;f;F VJ kuzk; > vdf;F cyfk; xU jpuzk;" vd;W Jjp
bra;jhu;.
me;jf; fy; bjg;gkhf kpjf;ff; fiunawpdhu;. gpufyhju; gpjh
,Uf;Fkplk;
te;jhu;. gy fhyj;Jf;Fg; gpwF mtiug; ghu;j;j midtUk;
mjprag;gl;lhu;fs;.
,uzpad; jd; mikr;ru;fis nehf;fp/ "vd; capupDk; rpwe;j cj;jk
kpj;jpuu;fns * Mid tapw;wpny g{id gpwf;fhJ. g[yp tapw;wpy; vyp
gpwf;fhJ. mtiuf; bfhoapy; Jtiu fha;f;fhJ. kh';fha; kuj;jpy;
nj';fha;
cz;lhfhJ. ehd; tp#;qt[f;Fr; rj;JU. vd; kfd; tp#;qt[f;F kpj;U.
rj;U
tapw;wpy; kpj;U vg;gog; gpwg;ghd; > vd; jk;gpiaf; bfhd;w ehuhaziu
Ie;J nfho vGgjpdhapuj;J mWgj;njhuhz;Lfs; njondd;. me;jj;
jpUld;
vdf;Ff; fpilf;ftpy;iy. vd; kfd; filf;Fl;o/ rp';ff; Fl;o
ru;f;fiuf; fl;o/
gifahspf; Foia cwthof; bfLf;f ntz;Lk; vd;w gHbkhHpapd;go
ehuhaziug; gf;jp bra;tJ nghy; eoj;J/ mtid tr";bra;J
vd;dplk;
fhl;of; bfhLj;Jj; jpUkhiyf; bfhy;Ytjw;F vd; kfd; bra;a[k; je;jpur;
NH;r;rpahFk;. ,jid eP';fs; czu;e;J bfhs;S';fs;" vd;W Twp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
189
mz;l';
FY';fr; rpupj;jhd;.
"kfnd * mRu Fyj;jiHf;f te;j mUkUe;nj * ek; Fy itupahfpa
me;jf;
jpUkhiyj; njoj; njo tho tpl;nld;. mtd; v';nf ,Uf;fpd;whd;
vd;W brhy;. "
gpufyhju;/ "mg;gh/ ehd; tz';Fk; njdpDkpdpa jpUkhy; rhz;
epyj;jpYk;
,Uf;fpwhd;. mqit EhW Twpl;l nfhzpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. kfnkU
Fd;wpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,njh vjpupypUf;Fk; ,e;jj; JhzpYk;
,Uf;fpd;whd;. cd; brhy;ypYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtd; vy;yh ,lj;jpYk;
,Uf;fpd;whd;. m';fp';bfdhjgo v';Fk; gpufhrkha; ,Uf;fpd;whd;.
JUk;gpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,Uk;;gpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. kz;zpYk;
,Uf;fpd;whd;. tpz;zpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,uzpad;/ "\lnd * ck;gu;f;Fk; cdf;Fk; cjt[fpd;w me;j ehuhazd;
,njh
,Uf;fpd;w ,e;jj; Jhzpy; ,Uf;fpd;whdh > ,y;iybad;why; Fk;gkj
ahidiar; rp';fk; bfhd;W jpd;gJnghy;/ cd;idf; bfhd;W cd;
cjpuj;ijf;
Fog;ngd;." vd;whd;.
"je;ijna * ehd; brhd;d ehuhaz\u;j;jp ,e;jj; Jhzpy;
,y;iybad;why;/
vd;idf; bfhy;y ck;khy; MfhJ. mtu; jpUto rhl;rpahf ehnd
capiu
tpl;L tpLntd;. ,J rj;jpak;." Mapue; Jhz;fisa[ila me;j
Mapu';fhy;
kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;j ,uzpad;/ ",e;jj; Jhzpy; ,Uf;fpwhdh >" vd;W
xU Jhizr; Rl;of; fhl;of; nfl;lhd;.
gpufyhju;/ ",e;j xU Jhz; md;W/ vy;yhj; Jhz;fspYk;
,Uf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;. mg;bghGJ ,uzpad; ve;jj;Jhiz

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
190
miwthndh vd;W vk;bgUkhd; vz;zp/ Mapuk; Jhz;fspYk;
Mapuk; eurpk;kkhf epd;whu;. mtu; vjpupypUe;j Jhiz X';fp
miwe;jhd;. mg;bghGJ ehuhazu; eu totKk; rp';ftotKk; nru;e;J
Tl;lzpahf/ eurpk;kkhfj; njhd;wpr; rpupj;jhu;. mijf;fz;L ,uzpaDk;
rpupj;jhd;.
"V fs;tnd * vdf;F m";rp ePupy; xspe;jpUe;jha; ,g;bghGJ
JhzpYk;;
xspe;jpUf;fpd;wha;. nghu; bra;ag; g[wg;gl;Lth" vd;whd;. eurpk;ku;
mz;lflhf';fs; mjpu/ Mapuk; Mapuk; rpu';fSk;/ Mapuk; Mapuk;
fu';fSkhf ngUUt[ld; epd;W fhl;rpaspj;jhu;. mg;nghJ gpufyhju;/
"je;ijna ,tiu tz';fpdhy; ,tu; fUiz g[upthu;" vd;W
md;g[ld; Twpdhu;. ,uzpad;/ "gpufyhjh * ehd; TWtijf; nfs;.
,e;j eurpk;kj;jpd; njhisa[k; thisa[k; btl;o/ vd; this
tz';Fntd;. ehd; kfspu; CLfpd;w ehspYk; tz';fhjtd;. mjdhy;/
vd; this tz';Fntndad;wp eurpk;kj;jpd; jhis tz';fkhl;nld;"
vd;whd;.
eurpk;kg; bgUkhd; ,uzpaDila Mapu';nfho mRu nridfis
Mapuk;
Mapu'; fu';fshy; btl;o/ kz;zpy; tPrpa[k;/ tpz;zpy; tPrpa[k;
Fykiyfspy; tPrpa[k; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;. ,ut[ky;yhky; gfYkpy;yhky;
re;jp
ntisapy;/ tPl;oYky;yhky; btspapYky;yhky;/ thrw;goapy;/
tpz;zpYky;yhky; kz;zpYky;yhky; koj;jyj;jpy; itj;J/
m!;jpuj;jpYky;yhky; r!;jpuj;jpYky;yhky; ef';fspdhy;/ euDky;yhky;
tpy';F ky;yhky; eurpk;kkhff; Tl;lzpahf te;J mtidf; bfhy;yj;
bjhl';fpdhu;. mg;bghGJ eurpk;k\u;j;jp ,uzpaidg; ghu;j;J/ "cdf;F
vd;d tuk; ntz;Lk;" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,uzpad;/ "eP xU tPudh > xU rpuKk; ,U fu';fSk; cila
vd;id/
Mapuk; Mapuk; rpu';fshy; bfhy;Yfpd;widna/ kWgpwg;gpy; ehd;
gj;Jr;
rpu';fSk; ,UgJ fu';fSkhfg; gpwf;f eP xU rpuk; ,uz;L

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
191
fu';fSkhfg;
gpwe;J vd;idf; bfhy;Ythahf" vd;W ntz;odhd;.
mtdJ cjpuj;ijf; Foj;J eurpk;kg; bgUkhd; btwp bfhz;L
tPuhntrj;Jld; tps';fpdhu;. mtiu mqfj;njtu;fs; ahtUk;
m";rpdhu;fs;. kfhyl;Rkp te;J tz';fpdhs;. eurpk;k Rthkp
gpufyhjiuj; jGtp/ "cdf;F vd;d tuk; ntz;Lk; >" vdf;nfl;lhu;.
vd; je;ijf;Fr; Rtu;f;fk; bfhL';fs; vd;W nfl;lhu;.
"kfnd * "hdf;bfhGe;nj * gf;j rpfhkzpna * eP cd; jha; cjpuj;jpy;
fUtile;j md;nw ,Ugj;njhU jiyKiwf;F itFz;lj;jpy; ,lk;
xJf;fpahfptpl;lJ. xU rj;g[j;ud; gpwe;jhy; me;jf; Fynk ca;a[k;. cd;
g[fH;
thH;f. ,dp/ cd; Fyj;jhiu ehd; bfhy;ykhl;nld;." vd;W
tukspj;jhu;. gpufyhju; bgUkhidj; bjhGJ/ "g[Gtha;g; gpwe;jhYk;
cd;id tGthkw; Jjpf;f tukUs;tha;" vd;whu;.
bgUkhd;/ gpufyhjUf;F Ko Nl;o thH;j;jpaUspdhu;. gpufyhju;
Qupgf;jp
bra;J mwbewp tGthky; Ml;rp g[upe;jhu;. "mz;zh/ me;j eurpk;k
Rthkpjhd; ,uhku;. me;j ,uzpad;jhd; jh';fs;. Mjyhy;/ ,uhkidg;
giff;f ntz;lh. gifj;jhy; mHpt[ tUk;" vd;W mwt[iu gfu;e;jhu;.
,uhtzd; rPwp/ tpgP#ziuf; bfhy;y Kad;whd;. tpgP#zu;/
,uhtzd;
ifahy; ,wf;f ntz;lhk; vd;W fUjp/ mdyd;/ mdpyd;/ mud;/
rk;ghjp
vd;w ehd;F mikr;ru;fSld; tpz;tHpna ,uhkiu nehf;fpr; brd;whu;.
mz;zdplk; kd;dpg;g[f; nfl;Lf;bfhz;L/ $Pthd;kh mwk;/ bghUs;/
,d;gk;/ tPL vd;W cWjpg; bghUs;fSld; g[wg;gl;lhu;.

tpgP#zd; ruzhfjp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
192
",uhfth * ruzk;/ ve;ijna * ruzk;" vd;W tpgP#zu; cuj;j
Fuypy; Twpdhu;. m';fpUe;j theu';fs; tpgP#ziug; giftd; vd;W
fUjp/ ",tidg; gw;W';fs;/ vw;W';fs;/ bfhy;Y';fs;" vd;W Twp
Muthuk; bra;jd. 'kape;jd;'/ 'Jkpe;jd;' vd;w ,U theu tPuu;fs;
mEkhupd; Vtyhy; m';F te;J tpgP#ziug; ghuj;J/ "eP';fs; ahu; >
,';F te;j fhuzk; ahJ > nghu; bra;a te;jPu;fsh > rkhjhd"; bra;J
bfhs;s te;jPu;fsh > cs;sij ciug;gPu;fshf" vd;W nfl;ldu;.
tpgP#zu;/ "ehd; ,uhtzDila jk;gp/ vd; ngu; tpgP#zd;.
,uhkgpuhdplk; milf;fykhf te;jpUf;fpnwd;." vd;w Twpdhu;.
kape;jd;/ "eP';fs; ,';nf ,U';fs;. ehd; ,uhkgpuhdplk; mDkjp bgw;W
tUfpnwd;" vd;W Twp tpl;Lj; jUkk; "hdk; jtk; vd;W \d;W
kjpy;fSld; bgUik/ bghWik vd;W ,uz;L thapy;fSld;/
fUizahfpa nfhapypy; ,Ue;j fhFj;jidf; fz;fshw; fz;L if
bjhGjhd;.
"vk;bgUkhnd * ,uhtzDila jk;gpahfpa tpgP#zd; j';fsplk;
ruzhfjpaila ehd;F Jiztu;fSld; milf;fyk; vd;W
te;jpUf;fpd;swhd;. mGj fz;qk; bjhGj ifa[khf ,Uf;fpd;whd;.
cs;ns tu mtDf;F mDkjp jUtjh > my;yJ mtid tpul;o
tpLtjh > j';fs; jpUt[sk; ahnjh > cj;jut[ bra;jhy; mjd;go
bra;ntd;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,
,uuhhkkggppuuhhD
Diillaa M
Mnnyyhhrri
idd
,uhkgpuhd;/ ve;jf; fUkj;ija[k; jk; Jiztu;fSld; fye;J
Mnyhrpj;Jr; bra;tnj Kiw vd;W fUjpdhu;. jhnk vjida[k; bra;a
ty;ytuhapDk;/ mwptpd; rpfukhf ,Ue;Jk; cldpUf;Fk; Jiztu;fis
kjpj;J mtu;fisf; nfl;Lr; bra;tnj ed;ikahFk;/ mtu;fis
kjpj;jjhft[k; MFk; vd;W fUjpdhu;. Kjypy; Rf;uPtid nehf;fp/
"Rf;uPth/ vd; ,dpa md;gnd * ,uhtzDil jk;gp tpgP#zd;
ek;kplk; milf;fyk; g[f te;jpUf;fpd;whd;. ehd; ,g;bghGJ mtid
m';fPfupg;gjh > g[wf;fzpg;gjh > vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk; vd;gijr;
rpe;jpj;Jr; brg;g[f" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
193
Rf;uPtd;/ "vk;bgUkhnd * tpgP#zd; ey;ytd; my;yd;. xU jha;
tapw;wpy;
gpwe;J/ xU Kiyg;ghy; cz;L/ xU ghapy; gLj;J tsu;e;j jikaidj;
jf;f
jUzj;jpy; iftpl;L te;jtid ek;gf;TlhJ. bgw;w je;ij/ jha;
khkd;/
Mrhupad;/ bgz; bfhLj;j khkd;/ jikad; ,e;j ItUk;
Ik;bgU';Futu; Mtuu;fs;. ,tu;fs; tz';fj;jf;ftu;fs;. Iand *
tpgP#zd; jikadhiug; gifj;Jf; fhl;of; bfhLf;f te;jpUf;fpd;whd;.
mtidj; Jhatd; vd;W vz;zf;TlhJ. jPatd; Mdhd;. mtDf;F
milf;fyk; bfhLg;gJ ed;wd;W" vd;W Twpdhd;.
$hk;gthd;/ ,uhkiuj; bjhGJ "Iand * fUizf; flny *
rpwpnaDila
fUj;ijf; nfl;lUSk;. muf;fu;fSk; ,uf;fkw;wtu;fs; mtu;fSf;Fg;
ghtk;
vd;why; ghark;. ,uhtzd; ,uf;fkw;W te;J vk;gpuhl;oigf; ftu;e;J
brd;whd;. ,td; mtDila jk;gpjhnd > ,tid vt;thW ek;g[tJ >
,tid ek;kplk; mizj;Jf; bfhs;shky; mfw;Wtnj ed;ik"
vd;whd;. ePyd;/ "vk;bgUkhnd * ,Jgw;wp ehapndd; fUj;ij
etpy;ntd;. njtuPUila jpUt[sk; jpUg;ghw;fliyaidaJ. j';fs;
jpUt[sk; mwpahjJ ahbjhd;Wk; ,y;iy. vdpDk; v';fis xU
bgUl;lhf kjpj;Jf; nfl;fpd;wPu;. ,e;j cyfpy; ahiu ek;g[tJ >
ey;ytiug; nghy; eoj;J thGk; ty;ytu;fs; jhk; mjpfk;. muf;fu;fs;
khiaapy; ty;ytu;fs;. ,jw;F rhd;W khuPrd;. khuPrd; khdhf te;J
njdhf tpisaho ekf;Fj; Jd;gj;ij tpistpj;jhd;. Mjyhy;/
tpgP#Dk; me;j tupirapy; itj;;J vz;z ntz;oatd;jhd;. ehk;
xUnghJk; ,tid ek;gf;TlhJ" vd;W Twpdhd;.
m';fjd;/ "mz;zny muf;fu;fs; mepahaj;ij m";rhky; bra;thu;fs;.
ngr;Rf;F Kd; rpupf;fpd;w bgz;iza[k; ek;gf;TlhJ. bjhGfpd;w
ifapy;
Ma[jk; xL';fpapUf;Fk;. ,td; mGJ ek;ik mqfp ekf;Fj; jP';F
bra;a
te;jpUf;fpd;whd;;. ,tu; gh';Filatd; my;yd;" vd;whd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
194
,t;thnw vy;yhUk; tpgP#zDf;F milf;fyk; juf;TlhJ vd;W
btWj;J
kWj;J ciuj;jhu;fs;. ,Wjpapy; mwptpd; rpfukhfpa M";r neau;/
tzf;fj;Jld; fuj;jhy; thia kiwj;Jf;bfhz;L gagf;jpa[ld; gfuj;
bjhl';fpdhu;.
"fUizf;flny * monaDila fUj;ij mwptpf;fpd;nwd;. monad;
,y';if brd;W vy;yhUila ,y;y';fspYk; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; fz;ltd;
ngr;irf; nfS';fs;/ fz;ltu;fs; ngr;irbay;yhk; nfl;f ntz;lhk;.
fhzhknyna fz;ljhf brhy;Yfpwtu;fs; cz;L. Iand * monad;
,y';iff;Fr; brd;W njtpiaj; njoa nghJ muf;fu;fs; tPl;oy
kJghl;oy;fs; Vuhskhf ,Ue;jd. tpgP#zdd; tPl;oy; g{i$f;Fupa
gd;dPu; ghl;oy;fns ,Ue;jd. tpgP#zd; guk rhJ. mtd; mRu
Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j me;jzd;/ bre;jz;ik g{z;ltd;. ,g;nghJ rPij
capUld; thH;tJ jpupril vd;w bgz; kzpahy;jhd;. me;jj; jpupril
tpgP#zDila jtg;g[jy;tpahFk;. je;ijiag;nghy; jpupril
ew;Fztjpahf vd; jha;f;F cjtp bra;J bfhz;oUf;fpd;whs;. md;wpa[k;
ehd; ePjpbewpfis ,uhtzDf;F vLj;Jiuj;j nghJ ,uhtzd;
vd;id thspdhy; btl;l te;jhd;. mg;bghGJ khjiua[k; Jhjiua[k;
btl;lf;TlhJ vd;W jLj;J mwpt[iu Twpdhd;. vk;bgUkhnd *
tpgP#zid ey;ytd; my;yd;
vd;nw itj;Jf; bfhz;L ntbwhU nfhzj;jpy; ghu;j;J rpe;jpj;jhy;/
njtu;fs;
\tu;fs;/ Kdptu;fs; kw;Wk; ahtUk; bra;a Koahj mupa bgupa
fhupaj;ijr; bra;ntd; vd;W nfhjz;lj;ij Ve;jpapUf;fpd;w jh';fs;/
Mgj;jpy milf;fyk; vd;W mile;jtid ey;ytd; my;yd; vd;W
re;njfpg;gJ fpzw;Wj; jz;zPiuf; fz;L rKj;jpuk; ,e;j fpzw;Wj;
jz;zPuhy; ekf;F Mgj;J tUnkh > vd;W Ia[WtJ nghyhFk;.
njthjp njth * tpgP#zd; jPatd; my;yd;/ Jhatd; Mthd;. mtd;
ek;kplk; te;J nrUtJ ghnyhL njd; fye;jJ nghyhFk;. ntjnk
mida j';fs; jpUt[sk; vg;gonah mg;gona bra;a[';fs;" vd;W
Twpdhu;.
,t;thW Twpa mEkhu; gpuknjtdhYk; fzf;fpl;Lg; ghu;f;f Koahj
mj;jid Ehy;fisa[k; Mjpj;jd; Kd;brd;W Xjpdtu; Mthu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
195
,
,uuhhkkuuppd
d; ; ffU
Ujj;J
;J
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp jk; md;gu;fs; midtupd; rPupa trd';fisr;
brtp
kLj;Jj; jk; jpUt[sf; fUj;ijf; TWthuhapdhu;. "md;gu;fns * eP';fs;
vy;yhUk; vd;ghy; md;g[ilatu;fs;. bjspe;j kjpeyk; gilj;jtu;fs;.
vy;yhUk; vd; ed;ikf;fhfnt ngRfpd;wtu;fs;. milf;fyk;
g[Fe;jtu;fis Mjupg;gJ vd; Fy ju;kk; MFk;. milf;fyk; vd;W
jd;ghy; te;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;Fj; jd; cly; jiria mWj;Jf; bfhLj;j
rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; ngud; ehd;. milf;fyk; vd;W te;jtu;fs;
ey;ytu;fnsh my;ytu;fnsh mtu;fis Mjupg;gJ mur jUkKk;
MFk;. ,kaDf;F m";rpj; jd;ghy; milf;fyk; g[Fe;j
khu;f;fz;nlaiur; rptbgUkhd mgae; je;J Mjupj;j mUs; jpwj;ij
kwf;fyhkh > Kjiy gw;wpf; bfhs;s mjDld nghu; g[upe;J bty;Ye;
jpwikapd;wp bkype;J/ eype;j ahid/ ek;gpf;ifnahL Jk;gpf;ifia
Jhf;fp Mjp\yk; vd;W bghJthd ngupl;L miHj;j bghGJ/ me;j
ahidia ehuhazu; xote;J fhj;jij mgak; vd;w ahidf;F cga
ghj';fisj; je;jij kwf;fyhkh > md;wp kw;bwhU tuyhW';
TWfpnwd;. ftdkhff; nfS';fs;.

g[wh tuyhW
xU fhdfj;jpy; Xu; My kuj;jpy; fztDk; kidtpa[khf ,uz;L
g[whf;fs; thH;e;jd. mg;g[whf;fs; <Uapu; XUlk;ghf xw;Wikahf
thH;e;jd. bgz; g[wh jd; fztdhfpa Mz; g[wht[f;F ntu;f;Fkhdhy;
jd; rpwfpdhy; tprpwp tpLk;. Fspu;fhyj;jpy; jd; fztid mizj;Jr;
NL je;J cjt[k;. me;j g[whf;fsplk; ,Ue;j xw;Wik kdpj
Fyj;jpnyna fhz KoahJ. md;g[ld; xd;iw xd;W nerpj;J ,dpJ
thH;e;jd.
xU ehs; Mz; g[wh cly; eyk; Fd;wp eypt[w;W bkypt[w;wJ. bgz;
g[wh/
fztidg; ghu;j;J cs;sk; tUe;jp/ "vd; mUik ehafnu * j';fs;
clk;g[f;F

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
196
vd;d tUj;jk; > j';fs; eyk; xd;iwna ehLk; vd; kdk;/ jh';fs;
Rfkpd;wp
,Ug;gijf; fz;L bgupJk; tUe;Jfpd;wJ. jh';fs; Tl;oy; Xa;btLj;Jf;
bfhs;S';fs;. ehd; brd;W ,iunjof; bfhzu;e;J j';fSf;Fj;
jUntd;."
vd;W mKjk; nghd;w md;g[ trd';fisf; TwpaJ. Mz; g[wh jd;
kidtpiag; ghu;j;J/ "bgz;kzpna * ,iu njo mjpf Jhuk; bry;y
ntz;lhk;. ,e;j cyfk; kuf;fwp ,Uf;f/ g[yhy; cz;L kfpH;fpd;wJ.
ML/
nfhHp gwitfSf;Fk; jd; tapw;iwna ,Lfhlhff; bra;fpd;whu;fs;.
gjwpf;
fjw ML/ nfhHpfisf; bfhd;W bkd;W jpd;W fof;fpd;whu;fs;.
mtu;fSf;bfy;yhk; vd;d eufk; va;Jnkh > bgz;kzpna * eP mjpf
vr;rupf;ifahfr; brd;W mz;ikapy; cs;s ,iuffis cz;L vdf;Ff;
bfhzu;f" vd;W TwpaJ.
bgz; g[wh gwe;J brd;wJ. xU ntld; xU kuj;jpd; fPH; bghup/
fliyiar;
rpe;jp tiyia tpupj;J itj;jpUe;jhd;. NJthJ mwpahj bgz;g[wh
me;j
czit cz;qk;nghJ RUf;if ,Gj;Jg; bgz;g[whitg; gw;wpf;
bfhz;lhd;. gw;wpa g[whitf; Tl;oy; milj;Jf; bfhz;L/ ntW
tpy';Ffis ntl;;ilahoj; jpupe;jhd;. jpObud;W nkf';fs; To/ ,oa[k;
kpd;dYkhfg; bgU kiH bghHpe;jJ. mjdhy;/ ntld; eide;J
grpahYk;
FspupdhYk; ntjid mile;jhd;. bgz; g[whit milj;J
itj;jpUf;fpw
Tl;ila[k; tpy;iya[k; vLj;Jf; bfhz;L/ elf;f Koahky; ele;J/
Mz; g[wh
,Uf;Fk; Mykuj;ijaile;jhd;. grp jhfk; mtid thl;od. mtd;
fz;iz \o mau;e;J tpl;lhd;.
Mz; g[wh beLneuk; Mfpa[k; jd; kidtp tuhikahy; cs;sk;
behe;J
g[yk;gyhapw;W. "vd; md;g[s;s bgz; kzpna * ,j;jid neukhfpa[k;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
197
tutpy;iyna/ eP xU bghGJk; tPz; fhyk; fHpf;f khl;lhna/
fhykwpe;J
vdf;F czt[ je;J cgrupg;ghna. vd; kdk; tUe;j elf;f khl;lhna.
vd; clk;gpy; jpdbtLj;jhy; cd; \f;fpdhy; brhwpe;J tpLthna.
fz;iz
,ik fhg;gJ nghy; vd;idf; fhj;J eyk; g[upthna. cdf;F vd;d
Mapw;nwh > ve;jg; ghtp cd;idg; gw;wpf; bfhz;lhndh > ,dp/
cd;id
,e;jg; gpwg;gpy; fhz Koahnjh > cd;idg; gpupe;J v';'dk;
thH;ntd; >"
vd;W mGJ g[yk;gpaJ.
bgz; g[wh jd; fztDila mKj bkhHpfisf; nfl;L fspg;g[w;wJ.
fztd; jd;idg; g[fH;tijf; nfl;L g[sfh';fpjk; mile;jJ. ,e;jg;
gpwg;gpy;
vdf;Ff; fztdhu; md;g[ xd;nw nghJk; vd;W fUjpj; jd; fztid
nehf;fpf; Twyhapw;W.
"gpuhzgjP * ehd; ,t;ntlDila Tl;oy; milg;gl;Lf; fplf;fpnwd;.
,t;ntld; vd;id Vkhw;wp tiy itj;Jg; gpoj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;.
jh';fs;
vd;idg; g[fH;e;J Twpa md;g[ trd';fisf; nfl;L mfkpf
kfpH;e;njd;.
,e;j cyfpy; vdf;F vd;d ntz;Lk; > fztd; md;g[ xd;nw
ntz;Lk;.
vd; mUik ehafnu * ,y;ywj;jpy; thH;fpd;wtu;fs; tpUe;njhk;g
ntz;Lk;.
,y;ywj;jhUf;F tpUe;njhk;gy; jiyahd flikahFk;. ,e;j ntld;
ehk;
thH;fpw tPl;ow;F te;jpUf;fpwhd;. ,tDf;Fs;s ,liu ePf;fpg; grpahw
VjhtJ gwe;J cjtp bra;a[';fs;" vd;W TwpaJ.
,ijf; nfl;l Mz;g[wh/ "vd; mUik khjunr * ,e;j gpwg;gpy;
cd;idf;
fhz Koahky; nghFnkh > vd;w vz;zpndd;. flt[spd; fUiz

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
198
cd;id vd;ghy; nru;j;jJ. ,dp vdf;F xU Fiwa[k; ,y;iy. eP
brhy;ypagona ,t;ntlDf;F cjtp bra;ntd;" vd;W TwpaJ.
m';F xUg[wk; vupfpd;w fhl;oy; xU rpW bfhs;spiaj; jd; myfpdhy;
bfhz;Lte;J ntlDf;F Kd;nd itj;J/ cyu;e;j rpW rpw Rs;spfis
itj;Jj; jPia tsu;j;jJ. ntld; Fspu; eP';fp kfpH;r;rp mile;jhd;.
Mz;g[wh/ "md;gnu * ,e;j Mykuk; ,njh vd; vjpupy; ,Uf;Fk; vd;
kidtpa[k; ehDk; thH;fpd;w tPL MFk;. ,y;ywj;jhu; tpUk;njhk;g
ntz;Lk;. v';fs; tPl;ow;F te;j eP grpnahL ,Uf;ff; TlhJ."
"g[whf;fshfpa eh';fs; g[yhy; cz;zhj irtg; gpuhzpfs;. vj;jidf;
fhyk;
thH;e;jhYk; kuzk; vd;gJ xd;Wz;L. ehd; ,e;jj; jPapy; tPH;ntd;.
vd;id cz;L eP grpahWf" vd;W Twpj; jPapy; tpGe;Jtpl;lJ.
ntld; mg;g[whtpd; md;igg; ghu;j;J mjpu;r;rpaile;jhd;. ,e;jg;
gwitf;F
cs;s ew;Fzk; ekf;f ,y;iyna. ehd; ,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fdhf
thH;e;njnd. vdf;F ew;fjp fpilf;Fkh > ,dp ,e;j <dj; bjhHpiyr;
bra;nad;" vd;W Twpg; gwitia milj;J itj;jpUe;j Tl;ilg;
gpa;j;bjwpe;jhd;. tpy;iya[k; mk;iga[k; tPrp bawpe;jhd;. fz;zPu;
toj;jhd;/
cs;sk; Joj;jhd;. Tl;oypUe;J bgz; g[wh btspte;J ntlidg;
ghu;j;J
TWfpd;wJ.
"md;g[s;s ntlnd * fztid ,He;J thH;fpd;w khdplg;
bgz;fisg;nghy; ehd; thH khl;nld;. fztd;jhd; vdf;F capu;.
mtu; kiwe;jJk; vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ ,Uf;fpd;wJ. eP
fisj;jpUf;fpwha;. grpahy; ,isj;jpUf;fpwha;. cd; fLk; grpf;F vd;
fztDila rpwpa cly; nghjhJ. ehDk; ,j;jPapy; tPH;e;J khSntd;.
vd;ida[k; jpd;W jpUg;jp milthahf" vd;W Twpj; jPapy; tPH;e;J
tpl;lJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
199
ntld; ,g;g[whf;fspd; md;iga[k; gz;iga[k; ghu;j;J mjprak;
mile;jhd;.
",it gwitfsh > capu;fisf; bfhd;W jpd;W thH;fpd;w ehd;/
kdpjdh >
ehd; bra;j ght';fSf;F vd;d vd;d eufk; cz;lhFnkh > ,dp
thHfpy;nyd;" vd;W Twp/ mtDk; mj;jPapy; tPH;e;J khz;Ltpl;lhd;.
me;j
\d;W capu;fSk; bghd;nkdp bgw;Wg; g[z;zpa cyfj;ij mile;jd.

,uhtzd; Mnyhrid
tpgP#zDf;F Vd; milf;fyk; ju ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;F nkYk;
tpsf;fk;
mspf;fpd;whu; ,uhku;.
"md;gu;fns * milf;fykhf ek; ,Ug;gplj;Jf;F te;j ntlDf;F
cjtp
bra;j g[whf;fspd; md;g[ vdf;F ,Uf;f ntz;lhkh >"
"njtu;fs; ghw;fliyf; file;j bghGJ mjpy; My fhy tp#k;
njhd;wp
tUj;j/ mj;njtu;fs; rptbgUkhid mile;jnghJ. mr;rptbgUkhd;
Myfhyk; cz;L ePy fz;ldhdij ehk; rpe;jpf;f ntz;lhkh >
mj;jpUtUis te;jpf;f ntz;lhkh > xUtd; mgabkd;gtUf;F
mUs
tpy;iyahdhy;/ cs;sj;ijg; gpwUf;F <a tpy;iyahdhy;/ jUkj;Jf;Fk;
Mz;ikf;Fk; vd;d bgUika[z;L > rpe;jpa[';fs;."
rPijia ,uhtzd; ftu;e;J brd;wnghJ mgak; vd;W mGj
rhdfpapd;
Fuiyf; nfl;L/ ,uhtzidj; jLj;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;J.
rptbgUkhDila
thspdhy; rpwifa[k; capiua[k; ,He;J/ bja;t kuzk; bgw;w vd;
bgupa

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
200
je;ijahfpa rlha[ gfthDila fUizj; jpwj;ij ehk; kwf;fyhnkh
>"
"Mjypdhy; md;gu;fns/ milf;fyk; vd;whny Ml;bfhs;tJ jhd;
rpwe;j
mwkhFk;. flika[khFk;. ek;ghy; milf;fykhf te;j tpgP#zid
Mjupf;f ntz;Lk;. jk;gP * rf;uPth/ ePna ngha; tpgP#zid miHj;J
th"
vd;W fl;lisapl;lhu;. Rf;uPtd; tpgP#zuplk; te;J mtidj; jGtpf;
bfhz;L "vk;bgUkhd; cd;id miHj;J tUkhW vd;id
mDg;gpdhu;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,ijf; nfl;l tpgP#zu; mGjhu;/ ,uhkgpuhidj; jpir nehf;fpj;
bjhGjhu;.
"g";R vd;W brhd;dt[lndna rptf;fpd;w bky;ypa ghj';fisa[ila
rPjhnjtpiaf; ftu;e;j t";rfDila jk;gpahfpa vd;id/ tUfbtd;W
mUs; bra;jhnuh * gunkRtud; e";ir cz;L e";ira[k; fz;lj;jpy;
jupj;J
mUs; bra;jJ nghy; vdf;Fk; mUs; g[upe;jhu;" vd;W Twp
vz;zpdhu;.
"jd;idf; file;J Jd;g"; bra;j njtu;fSf;Ff; fly; mkpu;jj;ij
tH';fpaJnghy;/ vk;bgUkhd; vdf;F mUs; g[upe;jhu;" vd;W
vz;zpdhu;.
Rf;uPtDld; tpgP#zu; brd;W kufj kiynghy; rha;e;jpUf;Fk;
kzptz;zidf; fz;L Mde; bts;sj;jpy; mGe;jpdhu;. "uF tPuh *
mgak;. ,uhkr;re;jpuh * mgak;. jruj ee;jdh * mgak;" vd;W Twp.
Iad;
jpUtoapy; tPH;e;jhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ "vd; mz;zdhfpa ,uhtzd; vd;nky; rPwp/ vd;id
btWj;J
xJf;fpaJk; xU ed;ikahapw;W njtUf;Fk; ahtUf;Fk; fpilf;fhj

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
201
,uhkUila jpUto vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. ehd; gpwtpj; Jauj;ijj;
jPu;g;ngd;"
vd;whu;.
,uhku;/ "tpgP#zh * ,d;W Kjy; eP vdf;Fj; jk;gpahFk;. jrujr;
rf;utu;j;jpf;F ,uhkd;/ gujd;/ ,yl;Rkzd;/ rj;Uf;dd; vd;W ehd;F
g[jy;tu;fs; cz;L. FfDld; Ie;J g[jy;tu;fs; Mndhk;. Rf;uPtndhL
mWtuhndhk;. ,g;bghGJ cd;Dld; vGtuhndhk;. cd; je;ijahfpa
jrujDf;Fg; g[j;jpu ghf;fpa';fs; mjpfupf;fpd;wd." vd;W Twp
tpgP#zDila jiyapy; jpUKoiar; Nl;o/ "eP ,y';iff;F
murdhf Ml;rp g[upthahf" vd;W mUs; g[upe;jhu;.
"jk;gP * eP ,y';ifia ntjk; cs;sst[k;/ ,uhkd; vd;W vd; ngu;
cs;sst[k;/ rpu";rPtpahf ,Ue;J Ml;rp g[upthahf" vd;whu;.
tpgP#zu;/ "vk;bgUkhnd * njtuPUila jpUtog; ghJifia
vdf;Ff;
Nl;l ntz;Lk;" vd;W ntz;odhu;. mJgona bgUkhd; Nl;odhu;.
tpgP#zu; gho tPl;il tyk; te;J kfpH;e;jhu;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp fUizf; fly;. cyfpYs;s vy;yh capu;fisa[k;
jd;Dapuhf vz;qgtu;. Md;k nea xUikg;ghL cilatu;.
vy;yhiua[k;
rnfhjuuhf vz;qgtu;. tlnfho f';if/ bjd;nfho y';if/ tlf;nf
f';iff;fiuapy; xU jk;gp Ffd;/ bjw;nf y';ifapy; xU jk;gp
tpgP#zd;.
tlnfhoapy; xU jk;gp/ bjd; nfhoapy; xU jk;gp vd;wjdhy;
,ilapYs;s
midtUk; jk;gpfs; vd;gJ bgUshFk;.
gpd;du;/ tpgP#ziu miHj;Jj; jk; mUfpy; epWj;jp/ "tpgP#zh *
,y';ifiag; gw;wp mwpa tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. mjid vdf;Fr; brhy;Yf"
vd;W
nfl;lhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
202
tpgP#zu;/ "bgUkhnd * Mjpnr#Dld; neu;e;j gyg; guPl;irapdhy;/
nkUfpupapypUe;J gwpj;Jtpl;l kiyr; rpfunk ,y';ifahFk;. mJ
tsikahd jPt[. ,uhtzd; ,jid Ml;rp g[upfpd;whd;. ehd;F
thapy;fspYk; nfhof; fzf;fhd muf;fu;fs; fhty; g[upfpd;whu;fs;.
M";rneau;/ ,y';iff;F te;J mnrhf tdj;ij mHpj;jhu;.
fp';fuu;fisf;
bfhd;whu;. $k;g[khypia tijj;jhu;. ";rnrdhjp gjpfisf; g";rhf
behWf;fpdhu;. ,uhtzDila filrpf; Fkhudhd ml;rFkhuida[k;/
epyj;jpy; nja;j;J mHpj;jhu;. ,y';iff;Fj; jP itj;J mHpj;jhu;.
,uhtzd;
Kjypnahu; VGehs; tpkhdj;jpy; gwe;J thdj;jpy; j';fpdhu;fs;.
mEkhu;
bra;j nghu;j;jpwj;ij ahuhYk; brhy;y KoahJ" vd;W tpgP#zu;
Twpdhu;.
,ijf; nfl;l ,uhkgpuhd; mEkhiu mUl;fz;zhy; ghu;j;J "M";r
neah *
vd; tpy; jpwj;ij cyfk; czUk; bghUl;L ,y';ifiaa[k;
mRuiua[k;
kpr;rkhf itj;jid nghYk;. ,g;nghJ Ml;rpapYs;s gpuknjtu; jk;
Ml;rpf;fhyk; Kot[w;wgpd;/ gpuknjtuhf Ml;rp g[uptha;" vd;W
gpukgjj;ijj; je;jUspdhu;.
tUzid tHp ntz;ly;
,uhkgpuhd; bgU'; fliy vGgJ bts;sk; theu';fSld; vg;gof;
flg;gJ vd;W MH;e;J rpe;jpj;jhu;. tpgP#zidg; ghu;j;J/ "md;g *
ekJ nridfSld; EhW nahrid JhuKs;s fliy vt;thW flg;gJ
>" vd;W tpdtpdhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ "mz;zny * tUzid ntz;o tGj;jp mtUila
Jizapdhy; fliyf; flg;nghk;." vd;whu;.
,uhk\u;j;jp VGehs; ju;g;g radj;jpy; gLj;J tUzid ntz;oj;
jpahdk;
g[upe;jhu;. tUzd; btspg;gltpy;iy. mjdhy;/ ,uhku; bgU";rPw;wk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
203
mile;jhu;. mtUila g[Utk; bespe;jJ. jhkiuf;fz; rpte;jJ.
,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/ "jk;gP * jpir ghyfdhfpa tUzid ehd;
ntz;oaJ mtDf;F mf';fhuj;ij cz;lhf;fpaJ nghYk;. tUzd;
jd; rpWikia czu;e;jhdpy;iy. nfhjz;lj;ijf; bfhz;Lth" vd;W
Twpdhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; nfhjz;lj;ijf; bfhLf;ff; fly; kPjpy; mf;dpg; gilia
,uhku;
Vtpdhu;. mjdhy;/ fly; vupaj; bjhl';fpaJ. kPd;fs; vz;bzapy;
ntFk;
bghUisg;nghy; bte;jd. Kotpy;/ ,uhkgpuhd; gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J
tpLtjw;Fj; bjhl';fpdhu;. mg;bghGJ mfpy cyf';fSk; eL';fpd.
fly;
tw;wpr; nrwhfpaJ. CLf;Fy';fs; cjpu;e;jd. beLepy';fs; mjpu;e;jd.
tUz
gfthd; eL';fp/ xL';fp kpf cau;e;j etuj;jpd khiya[ld;
bgUkhidf;
fz;L tz';fpdhd;.
"Iand * mUshHpf; ifand * ,uz;L jpkp';fy';fs; nghu; g[upe;J/
cyfj;Jf;F ,lu; bra;jd. ehd; mj;jpkp';fy';fisr; rkhjhdk; bra;a[k;
gzpapy; <Lgl;oUe;njd;. mjdhy;/ njtuPu; miHj;jij
mwpe;njdpy;iy.
rpwpnad; bra;j gpiHiag; bghWj;jUs ntz;Lk;. nra; bra;j
gpiHiaj;
jha; bghWg;gJ ,ay;g[jhnd. mfpy cyf';fSf;Fk; jhahft[k;
je;ijahft[k; ,Uf;fpd;w jahgund * ruzk; * ruzk;" vd;W
gzpe;jhd;.
,uhkgpuhd;/ "tUznd * m";rw;f/ mgakspj;njd. vd; fizf;F
,yf;F
ahJ >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
204
"bgUkhnd * kUfhe;jhuk; vd;Dk; jPtpy; kf;fSf;Fj; jP';F bra;a[k;
muf;fu;fs; EhWnfho ngu; thH;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fs; kPJ fizia
Vt[tPu;."
,uhku; gpukh!;jpuj;ij kUfhe;jhuj; jPtpd; kPJ Vtp EhW nfho
mt[ziu
tj"; bra;J mUspdhu;. tUzidg; ghu;j;J ",y';iff;Fg; nghf tHp
ju
ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;. tUzd;/ "vd; nky; nrJ fl;or; bry;tPuhf"
vd;whd;.
nrJ ge;jdk; ,uhku; nrJ mizf;fl;L Vw;ghL bra; vd;whu;. tpRtg;
gpuk;kh esd; vd;Dk; theu tPudhfg; gpwe;jpUf;fpd;whd;. mjdhy;/
Rf;uPtd;
esid miHj;Jr; nrJ fl;LkhW fl;lisapl;lhd;. nrJ ge;jd";
bra;tjpy; ,uhku; ,yl;Rkzu;/ Rf;uPtd;/ tpgP#zu; ,e;j ehy;tUk;
<Lgltpy;iy. Vida vGgJ bts;s theu tPuu;fs; mEkhu; cl;gl
<Lgl;lhu;fs;. kiyfisr; rpy theu';fs; ngu;j;jd. rpy theu';fs;
thyhy;
fl;o <u;j;jd. mitfisr; nrJtpy; nru;j;jd. fliyj Jhu;j;jd.
rpy
theu';fs; ntiy bra;ahkny Mu;j;jd gj;J theu';fs; nru;e;J xU
kiyiaj; Jhf;fp bfhz;L te;jd. kiyiar; brd;dpapy; Jhf;fpf;
bfhz;L
te;jd. mEkhu; thypy; xU kiy/ fhypy; ,Ukiy/ ifapy; ehd;F
kiy/
njhspy; vl;L kiy/ rpuj;jpy; gj;J kiyahff; bfhz;L te;J
mizapy;
nru;j;jhu;. theu';fs; vy;yhk; gk;gukhfr; RHd;W miz fl;od.
theu';fs; gy kiyfisg; gwpj;J vwpa/ mtw;iw esd; ,lf;ifapy;
th';fpj; jh';fp mizapy; nru;j;jhd;. me;jf; fhl;rp rilag;g ts;sy;
btz;bza; ey;Yhupy; j";rbkd;W te;jtiuj; jh';FtJnghy; ,Ue;jJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
205
esd;
M";r neau; jhd; bfhz;Lte;J bfhLf;Fk; kiyfis tyf;ifapy;
bfhy;Yhiuj; jh';fpapUg;gjdhy; ,lf;ifapy; th';fp th';fp mizapy;
nru;j;jhu;. mEkhu; "ehd; Kjyikr;ru;/ ,e;j esd; bfhj;jd;/ ehd;
bfhLf;Fk;
kiyfis myl;rpakhf ,lf;ifapy; th';Ffpwhnd vd;id
kjpf;fpd;whdpy;iy" vd;W fUjp/ jhnd mizapy; kiyfisr;
nru;f;fj; bjhl';fpdhu;. Mdhy; mk;kiyfs; mizapy; nruhky;
flypy; \H;fptpl;ld. ,ijj; bjhiytpy; epd;W ghu;j;Jf; bfhz;oUe;j
gue;jhkd;/
"M";rneah * bjhHpy; Jiwapy; bgupatu; rpwpatu; vd;W
ghu;f;ff;TlhJ. eP kiyfis esd; \ykhfnt mizapw; nru;g;ghahf"
vd;whu;.
,yl;Rkzu; ,uhkiug; ghu;j;J/ "mz;zh * esd; ifahy; nru;fpd;w
kiyfs; ePupy; mGe;jhky; kpjf;fpd;wd. mEkhd; nru;f;fpd;w kiyfs;
ePupy; mGe;jp tpLfpd;wd. ,jw;F vd;d fhuzk; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;.
,uhku; tpsf;fk; mspj;jhu;.
"xU fhdfj;jpy; khjnte;jpuu; vd;w kfup&p jt";bra;Jbfhz;oUe;jhu;.
xU ehs; Nupa fpufzk;. fpuz fhyj;jpy; bja;tj;ijf; Fwpj;J $gk;
bra;jhy; xd;Wf;F Mapukhfg; gyd; cz;lhFk;. md;wpa[k; jz;zPupy;
KGfpr; brhd;dhy; xd;Wf;F yl;rkhfg; gyd; mjpfg;gLk;. mjdhy;/
Md;nwhu;fs; ePupil epd;W jt"; bra;thu;fs;. "
"Nupa fpufzkhfpa md;W khjnte;jpuu; ePupil KGfp epiy jtk;
g[upe;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;. esd; vd;w thduk; mg;nghJ Fl;of; Fu';fhf
,Ue;jJ. Fu';FfSf;Fr; nrl;il mjpfk;. ePupy; jt"; bra;a[k; Kdptu;
kPJ fw;fisbawpe;J FWk;g[ bra;jJ. Kdptu; jtj;ijtpl;L vGe;J
te;J Fu';if tpul;otpl;L kPz;Lk; ePupy; KGfpj; jt"; bra;jhu;. "
"Fu';FfSk; FHe;ijfSk; ntz;lhk; vd;gij ntz;Lbkd;W
bra;thu;fs;. ,tu; gyKiw mf;Fu';if tpul;oa[k;/ me;j Fu';Ff; Fl;o

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
206
fy;iytpl;L vwpe;J bfhz;nlapUe;jJ. $gk; bra;a[k;nghJ nfhg';
bfhz;L rhg'; bfhLj;jhy; $grf;jp Fiwe;JtpLk;. mjdhy;/
mk;Kdptu; Fu';Ff;Fr; rhg'; bfhLf;fhky; ,f;Fu';F vd;nky; vwpa[k;
fw;fs; jz;zPUf;Fs; KGfhky; kpjf;f cltd vd;W Twptpl;Lj;
jz;zPUf;Fs; epd;W bfhz;L $g";bra;tuhapdhu;. Fu';F jhd; vwpa[k;
fw;fs; KGfhky; kpjg;gjdhy; tpisahl;oy; Rit Fd;wp tpyfpr;
brd;wJ. mg;bghGJ jd;Dila $gj;jpw;F ed;ikahff; Twpa
fl;Liuahy; ,e;j esd; ,Lfpd;w fw;fs; jz;zPupy; mGj;jhky;
kpjf;fpd;w jd;ikiag; bgWfpd;wd. mjdhy; esd; \ye;jhd;
mizf;fl;l ntz;Lk;. " ,t;thW theu';fs; ,ut[ gfyhfg; gzp
bra;J \d;W ehl;fspy; miz fl;o Koj;jd. me;j mizapd;
mHiff; fz;L ,uhku; mfkfpHe;J/ tUzd; jdf;FKd; bfhLj;j
etuj;jpd khiyia esDf;Fg; guprhf tH';fpdhu;. mtDila
Mw;wiyg; ghuhl;odhu;. ey;y neuj;jpy; miz kPJ tyf;fhiy Kd;
itj;J ele;J ,y';ifj; jPitaile;jhu;fs;.
RRffrrhhuuz
zuu; ;
esd; Rf;uPtd; Kjypnahu; j';Ftjw;Fg; ghriw tPLfis mikj;Jf;
bfhLj;jhd;. ,uhtzdhy; mDg;gg;gl;l Rfd;/ rhuzd; vd;W ,uz;L
xw;wu;fs; Fu';F tot'; bfhz;L theu tPuu;fspd; Mw;wiy Muha;e;J
jpupe;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;.
tpgP#zu;/ ghk;gwpa[k; ghk;gpd; fhy; vd;wgo ,tu;fis mwpe;J
bfhz;L/
mtu;fs; thapy; cjpuk; tuf; Fj;jp jz;oj;jhu;. mijf; fz;L
theu';fs;
tUe;jpdhu;fs;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp/ "jk;gp * ,tu;fs; vd;d Fw;wk;
bra;jhu;fs;> ,tu;fis Vd; mof;fpd;wha;>" vd;W tpdtpdhu;.
"Iand * ,tu;fs; theu';fs; my;yu;/ ,uhtzdhy; mDg;gg;gl;l
xw;wu;fs;.
,td; Rfd;/ ,td; rhuzd; ek;Kila epiyikfis Ma;e;J ghu;f;f
te;jtu;fs;. mjdhy; jz;oj;njd;" vd;W Twpa tpgP#zu; xU
ke;jpuj;ij

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
207
$gpj;jhu;. mtu;fSf;F theu totk; eP';fp mRu totk; te;jJ.
mtu;fs;
eL';fp epd;whu;fs;. ,uhkgpuhd; mtu;fSf;F mgak; bfhLj;Jf;
TWfpd;whu;.
"xw;wu;fns * rPijiar; rpiw itj;j ,uhtzd; thGk; ,y';ifia
mwpahJ ,Ue;jgoahy; ,uhtzd; ,j;jidf; fhyk; thH;e;jhd;.
,g;bghGJ mtDf;F mHpt[f;fhyk; te;J tpl;lJ vd;gij mtdplk;
brhy;Y';fs;. jUkk; bty;Yk; mjUkk; njhw;Fk; vd;gij mtDf;Ff;
TW';fs;. ,y';iff;Fj; jP itj;j mEkidg; nghd;w theu';fs; vGgJ
bts;sk; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;W bjuptpa[';fs;" vd;W Twpf; fUiza[ld;
mtu;fisr; nrid bts;sj;ij tpl;L mg;g[wg;gLj;jp mDg;gpdhu;.
,uhtzd; xU kzp kz;lgj;jpypUe;J ke;jpuhnyhrid g[upe;jhd;.
"md;g[ila njhHu;fns * theu';fs; kiyfis ntUld; gwpj;J EhW
nahrid Jhuk; flypy; miz fl;o ,y';iff;nf te;Jtpl;ld.
,g;nghJ
ehk; vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk; >" vd;W tpdtpdhd;. rPijiar; rpiw
tpl;Lr;
rkhjhdk; bra;J bfhs;tJ eyk;. vd;W ghl;ldhuhfpa khypathd;
Twpdhd;. Vidnahu; mij kWj;jhu;fs;. ,uhtzd; ghl;ldhu; kPJ
nfhgpj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. mg;bghGJ Rf rhuzu; te;J/ ,uhkUila
fUizj; jpwj;ija[k; theu tPuu;fspd; Mw;wiya[k; tpupj;Jf;
Twpdhu;fs;.
rhfpd;wtDf;F kUe;J gpof;fhJ. mJnghy;/ ,uhtzDf;F khypathd;
Twpa
mwpt[iu Vw;ftpy;iy.
,uhku; gupthu';fSld; Rnty kiy kPJ Vwp ,y';ifiag; ghu;j;jhu;.
mjDila njhw;wj;ija[k; Vw;wj;ija[k; fz;L tpae;jhu;. jk;gpf;F
,y';ifia ,t;thW mikj;j bja;tj; jr;rd; bgUikia
czu;j;jpdhu;.
kkF
Fll gg'';f;fkk; ;
,uhtzd; theu nridfisf; fhqk; bghUl;L Cu;trp Kjypa
muk;igau;fs; gzp bra;a thdshtpa nfhg[uj;jpd; kPJ Vwp epd;whd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
208
jd; mz;zd; epd;W ghu;g;gij tpgP#zu; ,uhkUf;F bjuptpj;jhu;.
m';fpUe;J Rf;uPtd;/ ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/ 'fw;g[j; bja;tj;ijf;
fhty;rpiwapy; itj;j fs;td; ,td;. ,tidf; fz;L ehd; btWknd
,Ug;gJ vd; tPuj;Jf;F ,Gf;fhFk;' vz;bwz;zp/ ,uhtzd; kPJ
gha;e;jhd;. muk;giau; Kjypa bgz;fs; mywp Xo xspe;jhu;fs.
,uhtzDila khu;gpd; kPJ Rf;uPtd; Fj;jpdhd;. ,uhtzDf;Fk;
Rf;uPtDf;Fk; fLk; nghu; epfH;e;jJ. xUtiu xUtu; moj;Jk; foj;Jk;/
gpoj;Jk; kw;nghu; epfH;j;jpdu;.
,uhku;/ Rf;uPtd; jdpikapy; brd;W ,uhtzDld; nghu; g[uptijf;
fz;L bgUe;Jaukile;jhu;. "Rf;uPth * vd;d fhupak; bra;jid > xU
fUkj;ij vz;zpj; Jzpa ntz;lhkh >
''t
tppi
iddt
tyyppaa[k[k; ; jjd
d;t ;tyyppaa[k[k; ; kkhhww;w;whhd tyyppaa[k[k; ;
d; ; t
JJiizzt tyyppaa[k[k; ; J
Jhhff;f;fpprr; ; bbrraayy;.;. ''
vd;Dk; \Jiuia eP gof;ftpy;iyah > cd;id ,uhtzd;
bfhd;Wtpl;lhy; cd; kidtp Ukhtplk; ehd; vd;d brhy;ntd; >
cd;id ,He;J ehd; rPijiag; bgw;why; vdf;F mJ btw;wpahfhJ.
jhdj;jpy; epjhdk; bgupjy;yth > tugyk; kpFe;j ,uhtzidf;
bfhy;tJ vspjy;ynt. kdpjDf;F mtruk; Tlhnj. Muha[k; jpwk;
ntz;lhkh >" vd;bwy;yhk; Twp tUe;jpdhu;.

Rf;uPtd; ,uhtzDila kFl';fspy; ,s"; Nupaidg; nghy; xsp


bra;fpd;w kzpfisg; gwpj;Jf; bfhz;L te;J ,uhkgpuhd; jpUtofspy;
itj;J tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;.
,uhkgpuhDf;Fr; brd;w capu; jpUk;gpaJnghy; kfpH;r;rpa[z;lhapw;W.
Rf;uPtid khu;nghL jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. mtd; clk;bgy;yhk; cjpu
bts;sk; bgh';fpbaGe;jijf; fz;L ,uhku; kpft[k; tUe;jpdhu;.
,uhku; Rf;uPtidg; ghu;j;J "jk;gp/ eP jdpikapy; tu gyk; epiwe;j
,uhtzidr; brd;W vjpu;f;fyhkh > mtd; cd;idf;
bfhd;wpUg;ghdhapd; ehd; btd;Wk; njhw;wtdhfnt Mntd;. rPijiar;
rpiw kPl;Lk; ehd; rpe;ij kfpnHd;. eP vGgJ bts;s theu';fspd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
209
capu; my;yth > cd; capu; nghdhy; ntW vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ > ,dp
,t;thW bra;ahnj" vd;W tUj;jj;Jld; Twpdhu;.
",uhtzDila jiyfisf; bfhz;L tuhky; mtdJ kFl
kzpfisj;jhnd bfhz;L te;njd;. ehl;ony Ffg; bgUkhd; bra;j
jpUj;bjhz;ilg; nghny bra;a ,y;nyd;. fhl;ony fGF nte;jdhfpa
$lha[ gfthidg; nghny capiu tH';fpg; g[fH; bgw;nwdpy;iy.
vk;gpuhl;oiar; rpiw itj;j guk ghjfidg; ghu;j;jJk; mtdJ gj;Jj;
jiyfisa[k; bfhz;L tuhky; btW'; ifa[ld; te;njd;. vd;Dila
bjhz;L rpwg;g[ilajhfhnj" vd;W Twp tUe;jpdhd; Rf;uPtd;.
"Rf;uPt kd;du; bra;jJ mupa bgupa fhupakhFk;. rpt bgUkhDila
brd;dpapypUe;J jp';fisa[k; gwpf;fyhk;/ ehuhaz \u;j;jpapd;
jpUkhu;gpypUf;Fk; ft[j;Jt kzpiaa[k; gwpf;fyhk;. Mdhy;/ vd;
mz;zd; jrKfd; jiyapYs;s kFlj;jpd; kzpfisg; gwpf;f xy;yhJ.
mjidg; gwpj;J te;j gpupjp FkhuDila guhfpukk; ghuhl;Ljw;FupaJ.
,J braw;fupa brayhFk;" vd;W tpae;J brg;gpdhu; tpgP#zu;.
m
mzzppt
tFFgg;g;g[ [
thdu nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd; jd; nridfis mzptFj;J
epWj;jpdhd;. nkw;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[ld; mEkhUk;/
tlf;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[k; Rf;uPtDk;/ fpHf;F thapypy; 17
bts;sk; nrida[ld; ePyDk;/ bjw;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[ld;
m';fjDk; epd;wdu;. ,e;j thdu tPuu;fSf;F nghdfk; njLfpd;wtu;
,uz;L bts;sk;.
JhJk; nghUk;
m
mRRuu nnrri
iddffs
s; ;
fPH;j;jpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; gpuf!;jDk;/ bjd; jpir
thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; knfhjuDk;/ nky;jpir thapypy;
200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; ,e;jpu$pj;Jk;/ efupd; thapypy; 200 bts;sk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
210
nrida[ld; tp+gh&Dk;/ tljpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld;
,uhtzDk; mzptFj;J epd;wdu;.
m
m'';f;fjjd
d; ; J
JhhJ
J
JhJ vd;gJ xU g[ul;rpahd brhy;. Kd;bdGj;J gpd;bdGj;jhft[k; J
- Jh vd;gJ jpUk;gp vd;whapw;W. ,Jnghd;w brhy; jkpHpy; ntwpy;iy.
JhJ vd;gJ fz;nghd;wJ. fz; brd;W gw;W'; fUtp. fz; xspa[ld;
bjhiytpYs;s bghUisr; brd;W ghu;f;fpd;wJ. fhjpy; Xu; xyp te;J
tpGfpd;wJ. xU kd;dtDila fUj;ij kw;bwhU kd;dtDf;Fr;
brd;W brhy;Yfpwtd; Jhjd;. fe;jg[uhzj;jpy; tPuthFnjtu; JhJ/
,uhkazj;jpy; m';fjd; JhJ/ kfhghujj;jpy; cYhf Kdptu; JhJ/
r";rad; JhJ. fz;zd; JhJ/ fnlhj;f$d; JhJ vd;w ehd;F JhJfs;
tUfpd;wd. Mdhy;/ vy;yh JhJfSk; njhy;tpaile;jd. cyfk;
mse;j cj;jkdhfpa fz;zgpuhd;
Jupnahjdplk; Ie;J tPLfs; bgw Koahky; tPnz jpUk;gptpl;lhu;.
jpUth+upy; rptbgUkhd; ,utpny guitahu; kidf;Fr; brd;w me;j
xU JhJjhd; btd;wJ.
rpw;wpayf;fpa';fspy;/ nkftpL JhJ/ ehiutpL JhJ/ fps;istpL JhJ/
tz;LtpL JhJ/ tpwyptpL JhJ/ gztpL JhJ/ jkpH;tpL JhJ/
be";RtpL JhJ/ kapy;tpL JhJ ,t;thW gy JhJfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.
JhJ ,yf;fpak; Ritahf ,Uf;Fk;.
,dp/ m';fjd; ahu; vd;gij tpsf;Ffpd;nwd;. gjtpapy; ,Ug;gtu;f;Fg;
giftu;fshy; gy Jd;g';fs; tpisa[k; cjhuzkhf ,uhku;/ jUku;/
esd;/ mupr;re;jpud;/ ghup ,g;gog; gyUk; giftuhy;
ntjidg;gl;oUf;fpd;whu;fs;.
,e;jpud;/ \t[yfehjd;/ mtDf;F vg;nghJk; gif. XU rkak;
KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jp ,e;jpuDf;Fj; Jizahfr; brd;W mtdJ
giftu;fis tijj;J cjtp bra;jhu;. mjdhy;/ ,e;jpu gfthd;
jpUkhypd; khu;gpy; ,Ue;J jd;dplk; te;j/ tHpghl;L \u;j;jpahfpa
jpahfuh$g; bgUkhid KRFe;jDf;Fj; je;jhu;. KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jp
mg;bgUkhidj; jpUth+upy; vGe;jUsr; bra;jhu;. jpUth+upy; Mz;Lf;
bfhUKiw KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jpf;Fg; g{i$ eilbgWtJ fz;TL.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
211
kw;bwhU Kiw mu;r;Rdd; ,e;jpu cyfk; brd;W ,e;jpuDf;F ,Ue;j
giffisf; fise;J cjtp g[upe;jhu;. Mfnt/ ,e;jpuDf;F vg;nghJk;
gifa[z;L. fhj;jw; flt[shfpa ehuhazu; ,e;jpuDf;F epue;jukhf cjtp
g[upaf; fUjp/ ,e;jpuDila jha; mjpjp tapw;wpy; Mapuk; Mz;Lfs;
fUtpUe;J/ FHe;ijahfg; gpwe;J ,e;jpuDf;Fj; jk;gpahfpa cnge;jpud;
vd;w ngUld; tsu;e;J/ jd; jikadhfpa ,e;jpuDf;Fj; cjtp
g[upthuhdhu;. jpUkhny
cnge;jpudhfg; gpwe;jhu;. me;j cnge;jpud; m';fjdhfg; gpwe;jhu;.
Mfnt/ m';fjd; jpUkhypd; mk;rkhFk;. mjdhy; ,uhkazj;jpy;
m';fjDf;Fr; rpwe;j ,lKz;L. ,uhkUf;Fj; jpUKo Nl;Lk; ,lj;jpy;
mupaiz mEkd; jh';f/ m';fjd; cilths; Ve;j vd;w
brhw;bwhliur; rpe;jpf;f.
m';fjd; m";rh be";ira[ilatd;. jd; je;ijiag; nghy;
mstpy;yhj Mw;wYilatd;. ,uhk gf;jp g{z;ltd;/ jd; rpwpa
je;ijahfpa Rf;uPtDf;F ey"; bra;fpd;wtd;/ ew;Fz ek;gp/
"hyk;nghw;Wk; rPyk; cilatd;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp "murpay; Kiwg;go ,uhtzDf;F xU JhJ
mDg;gpr; rPijiar; rpiw tpLkhW brhy;y ntz;Lk;. mtd; jpUe;jpr;/
bra;j ghtj;Jf;F tUe;jp/ ek;ikg; bghUe;Jthdhapd;/ nghu; g[upa
ntz;oa mtrpak; ,y;iy. mtd; jpUe;jtpy;iyahdhy; nghu; g[upa
ntz;Lk;. md;gu;fns * xU Jhjid mDg;g[tnj ePjpa[k; bewpa[k;
MFk;" vd;whu;. Jhjid mDg;g[tJ mur bewpna vd;W tpgP#zUk;
Rf;uPtDk; cld;gl;lhu;fs;.

,yl;Rkzu;
,yl;Rkzu; JhJ mDg;g[tjw;F ,irahky; kWj;Jiuj;jhu;. "kdpjid
kdpjd; mwpthd;/ kl ehiaj; jof; bfhk;g[ mwpa[k; vd;gJ gHbkhHp.
,uhtzd; gz;ghoy;yhjtd;. cyf khjhitr; rpiwapy; itj;jhd;.
njtUf;F ,Lf;fz; bra;jhd;. me;jzu;fSf;F myf;fz; bra;jhd;/
kd;Dapu;fisg; g[ilj;Jj; jpd;whd;/ $lha[ gfthidf; bfhd;whd;.
mtd; bra;j - bra;a[k; - bfhLikfSf;F msntapy;iy. Mfnt/
JhJ mDg;g[tJ rupad;W" vd;W ,yl;Rkzu; ,ak;gpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
212
,uhku;/ "jk;gp ,yl;Rkzh * eP bkhHptJ Kw;Wk; cz;ik. muf;fu;fs;
mHptJk; cz;ik/ eha; thiy epkpu;j;j KoahJ. MdhYk;/ ehk;
murpay; bewpg;go Jhjid mDg;g[tJ ekJ bgUe;jd;ikf;F
mHfhFk;. md;wp/ kPz;Lk; mEkidna JhJ mDg;gpdhy; mtidj;
jtpu ntW rpwe;jtu;fs; ,y;iynah vd;W vz;qthu;fs;. xU
JhjDf;F mwpthw;wy;/ ngRe; jpwik/ m";rhik/ Jzpt[/ gzpt[/ fdpt[
Kjypa gy Fz';fs; mike;jpUf;f ntz;Lk;. ,j;jidf; Fz';fSk;
mEkhDf;F cz;L. tPl;ow;F te;j kUkfDf;nf jpd;gz;l';fs; khwp
khwpr; bra;J gilg;ghu;fs;. ehk; mEkidna kPz;Lk; mDg;g[tJ
TlhJ. mEkDf;F mLj;j ,lk; m';fjdhFk;" vd;W Twp
m';fjid miHj;jhu;. m';fjDf;F/ khUjpf;F mLj;j ,lk; jdf;Ff;
fpilj;jnj vd;W kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpa[z;lhapw;W.
,uhku;/ "md;g[s;s m';fjnd * eP JhJ brd;W ,uhtzDf;F ePjp
bewp g[fd;W/ vjpu;j;jtiu btd;W/ giftiuf; bfhd;W ,dpJ kPSf"
vd;w Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;.
m';fjd; ,uhkuJ fiziatpl ntfkhf tpz;zpy; gha;e;J brd;whd;.
,uhtzDila kzp kz;lgj;ij mile;jhd;. ,uhtzd; gyu; NHg;/
bghd;nkUfpup mku;e;jpUe;jJ nghy; tPw;wpUe;jhd;. mtDila
,izapy;yhj Vw;wj;ija[k; njhw;wj;ija[k; m';fjd; fz;lhd;. m';fjd;
jdf;Fs;/ "M * ,tdJ bgUkpjk; kpfr; rpwe;jJ. ,tid
,uhkgpuhidad;wpf; bfhy;y ty;yhu; ahu; > ,tDia kFlkzpiag;
gwpj;j vd; rpwpa gpjhtpd; Mw;wy; kpft[k; rpwe;jJ/" vd;W Twpf;
bfhz;lhd;.
m';fjDila tPuj; njhw;wj;ijf; fz;l ,uhtzd; cs;Sf;Fs;
m";rpdhd;. "knfhjuh * ,J Kd; te;j theukh >" vd;W nfl;lhd;.
knfhjud; "mRu Fy nte;nj ,J Kd; te;j Fu';iftpl ,se;
Jog;g[ld; ,Uf;fpd;wJ" vd;whd;.
,uhtzd;/ "theunk eP ahu; > te;j fUkk; ahJ > ,';nf
cs;stu;fs; cd;idf; bfhd;W jpd;gjw;F Kd; tpiue;J brhy;" vd;W
kz;lgk; mjpu eifj;Jf; nfl;lhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
213
m';fjd; TWfpd;whd; ",uhtzh * g{j';fSf;F ehafDk;/ fly;NH;e;j
g{kpf;F ehafDk;/ jpUkfisbahj;j rPijf;F ehafDk;/ bja;t ehafDk;
eP xJfpd;w ntj';fSf;F ehafDk;/ tpjpf;F ehafDk; Mfpa
,uhkgpuhd; mDg;gpa Jhjd; ahd;. ,uhku; Twpa mwpt[iuiar; brhy;y
te;njd;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
m';fjd; thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l ,uhtzd;/ "V/ theunk * rpt\u;j;jp
md;W/ jpUkhYk; md;W/ gpuk njtDk; md;W/ ,tu;fs; vd;ghy; tuj;
ja';Fthu;fs;. Fu';Ffisf; Tl;or; rpwpa fliyr; nrJfl;o
tUe;Jfpd;w ,uhkdh cyfehjd; > eP ahu; > cd; ngu; ahJ >" vd;W
tpdhtpdhd;.
m';fjd; TWfpd;whd;. "jrf;fpuPth * ,y';ifapy; ,uhtzd;
vd;bwhUtd; ,Ue;jhd;. mtid thypy; fl;o mtd; cjpuk; v';Fk;
rpe;j/ kiyfs; njhWk; gha;e;J mtid mlf;fp XLf;fpa kfh tPud;
thyp. me;j thyp fliyf; fyf;fp mkpu;jj;ijj; njhd;wr; bra;jtd;.
mj;jifa tpj;jf thypapd; ike;jd; ehd;. vd; ngu; m';fjd;".
,ijf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; g[d;dif g[upe;J "vd; mUik kfnd/ cd;
je;ijahfpa thyp vd; capu;j; njhHd;/ je;ijiaf; bfhd;w ,uhkd;
gpd;nd eP ml';fp xL';fp/ eL';fpr; brd;W thHyhkh > ,J cd;
bgUikf;F ,Gf;fy;yth > ehd; rPijia cilikahf bgw;nwd;/
cd;id kfdhfg; bgw;nwd;. ,ijtplg; bgUk; ngW vdf;F vd;d
,Uf;fpd;wJ > me;j khDlu;fs; ,d;W ehis mHpe;J tpLthu;fs;.
cdf;F ehd; Ko Nl;Lntd;. cd; muir cdf;Fj; jUntd;"
vd;whd;.
m';fjd; "V * \lnd * ,';Fs;shu; midtUf;Fk; kuzthrk;
beU';fptpl;lbjd;W tpgP#zd; v';fs;ghy; te;jhd;. ,y';iff;F
murdhf mtDf;F eh';fs; Ko Nl;ondhk;. thapy; te;jijr; brhy;yp
vd;id tr";bra;a Kay;fpd;whnah * eP gl;l'; bfhLf;f/ ehd;
murhl;rpiag; bgWntd; vd;gJ/ eha; ey;yuirf; bfhLf;f/ rp';fk;
bgw;Wf; bfhz;lJnghy; MFk;. eP ,g;go Mdhna/ ,t;thW bfl;Lg;
nghdhna * bgz;zhirahy; mHpe;jtu; gyu;. re;jpud;/ ,e;jpud;/
Re;njhgRe;jpuu; Kjypnahu; bgz;zhirahy; mHpe;jhu;fs;. ,y';if

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
214
nte;jnd * eP g[yj;jpau; kugpy; te;jtd;/ g[yj;jpau; gpuk Fkhuu;. gpuk
Fyj;jpy; te;j eP Mapuk; ntj';fis Xjpdha;. eP gujhufkdk;
bra;ayhkh > cdf;Fs;s kidtpau; nghjhjh > mRuu;Fyk; mHpa/
Mirf;F moikahfhnj. njtpia tpLf/ ,y;iynay; Mtpia tpLf.
,uz;oy; xd;W bra;f" vd;w Twpdhd;.
,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;Lr; rpde;J/ ",tidg; gw;W';fs;/ Vw;W';fs;"
vd;W muf;f tPuu;fis Vtpdhd;. m';fjd; mtu;fisf; bfhd;W/
Kjiya[k; \u;f;fDk; bfhz;lJ tplh vd;W fUjp/ thdbtspahf
te;J ,uhkiu tz';fp/ "bgUkhnd tstsbtd;W TWtjdhy;
vd;d gad; > \ld; jiy mw;whyd;wp mtd; MirawhJ" vd;W
Twpdhd;.
K
Kjjyy;e;ehhs
s; ; nngghhuu; ;
thdu nridfs; Kjy;ehs; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ld. ,y';if efuj;jpd;
thapypy; g[Fe;J ,uhkdpd; fl;lisapd;go ku';fisa[k; kiyfisa[k;
vLj;J mfHpiaj; Jhu;j;jd. theu nrida[k; mRu nrida[k; vjpu;j;Jf;
fLk;nghu; g[upe;jd.
tlf;F thapypy; tr;rpuKl;o vd;w mRu tPud; fLk; nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
mjdhy;/ theu';fs; gy khz;ld. Mjpj;jd; kfdhfpa Rf;uPtd;
Myfhy tp#k;nghy; rPwp tr;rpu Kl;oa[ld; nghu; g[upe;J mtid
kha;j;jhd;. fpHf;F thapypy; muf;fu; nridj; jiytdhfpa gpufj;jd;
Mapukhapuk; mk;g[fis Vtp/ mupf;Fy';fisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhd;.
theu nridj; jiythdhfpa ePyd; mtid vjpu;j;Jg;nghu; g[upe;J
bfhd;whd;. bjw;F thapypy; Rghuprd; vd;w mRu tPud; bgUk; nghu;
g[upe;jhd;. theu';fs; tUj;jKw;wd. m';fjd; mtid vjpu;j;J
tijj;jhd;. nkw;F thapypy; Jd;Kfd; vd;w mRu tPuida[k; ,UEhW
bts;sk; nridfisa[k; mEkhu;/ mwtw;w Mw;wYld; nghu;g[upe;J
mHpj;jhu;.
Jhju;fs; Xo/ fpHf;F thapypy; nrdhjpgjp gpufj;jDk; bjw;F thapypy;
RghuprDk;/ tlf;F thapypy; tr;rpu Kl;oa[k;/ nkw;F thapypy;
Jd;KfDk; Vida nridfSk; khz;lhu;fs; vd;W ,uhtzdplk;
Twpdu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
215
,uhtzd; Mapuk; Fjpiufs; g{l;oaJk;/ ,e;jpud; je;jJkhfpa fly;
nghd;w tprhyKs;s njupy; Vwpg; nghUf;F te;jhd;. ,uhtzd;
nghUf;F tUfpwhd; vd;W Jhju;fs; Xo ,uhkUf;F mwptpj;jhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ nfhjz;lghzpaha; \jz;lk; eL';fg; nghu;f;fsj;jpw;F te;jhu;.
,uhkDila tpy;nyhiriaf; nfl;L theu tPuu;fs; \iyf;bfhUtuhf
Xo xspe;jhu;fs;. Nuhjp Nudhfpa Rf;uPtd; ,uhtzidj; jLj;J
mtDld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhtzd; tpl;l mk;gpdhy; Rf;uPtd;
ka';fp tPH;e;jhd;. M";r neau; Rf;uPtd; ka';fp tPH;e;jJ fz;L/ rPw;w';
bfhz;L ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J ",y';if nte;jnd * vd;Dld;
nghu;bra;a th *" vd;W Twp kiybahd;iwg; ngu;j;J ,uhtzd; kPJ
tPrpdhu;. ,uhtzd; fizfis Vtp mk;kiyiaj; Jfs; gL;j;jpdd;.
mEkhu; xU khkuj;ijg; gpL';fp ,uhtzd; kPJ vwpe;jhu;.
,uhtzDila rhujp jiy tPH;e;jJ. ntW rhujp njupy; Vwpdhd;.
,uhtzd; EhW mk;g[fis Vt/ mjdhy;/ mEkhUila jpUnkdp
MWnghy; cjpuk; nrhu my;yy; gl;lhu;.
,yl;Rkzu; ,jidf; fz;L/ cs;sk; ciye;J/ Mapuk; Mapuk;
ghz';fis Vtp/ mRu nridfis mHpj;jhu;.

K#;o a[j;jk;
mEkhu; ,uhtzd; vjpupy; te;J ",y';if nte;jnd * ,g;bghGJk;
ePa[k; ehDk; K#;o a[j;jk; g[upnthk;. cd;Dila khu;gpy; ehd;
Fj;Jntd;. eP gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhy; vd; khu;gpy; Fj;J/ ehd; gpiHj;Jf;
bfhz;lhy;/ ,dp cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; nghu; g[upa[k; epiyikapy;iy"
vd;whu;. ,uhtzd; mEkhUila tPutrdj;Jf;F ,z';fpj; jd;
khu;igf; fhl;o epd;whd;.
mEkhu; Ie;J tpuy;fisa[k; klf;fp ,uhtzd; khu;gpy; X';fp Fj;jpdhu;.
mf;Fj;J nkUkiyapy; ,o tpGe;jJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,uhtzd; rpwpJ
neuk; ka';fpj; ja';fp epd;whd;. mEkhUila Fj;jpdhy; Jd;gj;ij
mile;jhd;. jiyapYs;s \is mtDila fhJ tHpahft[k; \f;F
tHpahft[k; japu; rpe;JtJ nghy; btspte;jJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
216
,uhtzd; mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "theu tPund * typik vd;gJ xd;W
cz;L vd;gija[k; mJ cd;dplk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gija[k; czu;e;njd;.
eP rpwe;j tPud; vd;gija[k; mwpe;njd;. jsu;t[ vd;gija[k; czu;e;njd;
eP vd;id btd;wid. cdf;F epfuhd tPuu; gjpdhd;F cyfpYk;
,y;iy. ,dp cd; khu;gpy; ehd; Fj;Jntd;. mf;Fj;jpdhy; eP khz;L
xHptha;. xUfhy; eP gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhy; cdf;F mHptpy;iy.
cd;dhy; vd;idf; bfhy;y Koatpy;iy. vd;dhy; cd;idf; bfhy;y
Koatpy;iy. Mjyhy; cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; nghupy;iy" vd;W g[fH;e;J
Twpdhd;. gpd;du;/ mEkhUila khu;gpny t$;$puk; nghd;w jd; gj;Jf;
fu';fshy; X';fpf; Fj;jpdhd;. ,uhtzDila Fj;jpdhy; M";rneau;
\u;r;rpj;Jr; rypj;J nkU kiynghy; cyif kwe;J epd;whu;. mEkhu;
rypj;jJ fz;L cyf';fs; rypj;jd.
theu';fs; kiyfisg; gpL';fp ,uhtzd; kPJ tPrpf; fLk;nghu;
g[upe;jd. ,uhtzd; Mapu'; nfho mk;g[fshy; mk;kiyfisr;
rhk;gyhf;fpdhd;. ,uhtzdJ nghu;j; jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,ikatu;
tpae;jdu;.
,yl;Rkzu; tpy;iy tisj;J EhWnfho/ EhW Ehwhapu';nfho
mk;g[fis Vtpg;/ ghz kiH bghHpe;jhu;. mjdhy;/ mRu nridfs;
khz;ld. ,uhtzDila gj;Jf; bfhoa tpw;fisa[k; Jz;L bra;jhu;.
,uhtzd; ,yl;Rkzupd; nghu;j;jpwj;ij kpft[k; tpae;J ghuhl;odhd;.
mtUila fu ntfj;ija[k; ru ntfj;ija[k; fz;L jpifj;jhd;.
tPuj;Jld; eifj;jhd;. xU rpwe;j ntiy ,yl;Rkzu; kPJ Vtpdhd;.
,yl;Rkzu; nty; gl;L czu;r;rpaw;W tPH;e;jhu;. ,uhtzd;/
,yl;Rkziuf; bfhz;L ngha; rpiwapyilf;ff; fUjpj; jd; ,UgJ
fu';fshYk;/ mtiu vLf;f Kad;whu;. bts;sp kiyia ms;spbaLj;j
mtdhy; ,yl;Rkziu vLf;f Koatpy;iy. MdhYk;/ Kaw;rpia
tplhky; mau;r;rpa[ld; ,yl;Rkziuj; Jhf;f vj;jdpj;jhd;. ntwplj;jpy;
nghu; g[upe;J bfhz;oUe;j mEkhu; ,jidg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhHpf; F";irj;
Jhf;FtJnghy; ,yl;Rkziu xU ifapy; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L thdj;jpy;
gwe;J brd;whu;. jd;dhy; Jhf;fKoahj ,yl;Rkziu xU fuj;jhy;
vspjhfj; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L nghFk;. mEkhupd; Mw;wiyf; fz;L
muf;fu; nfhkfd; mjprak; mile;jhd;.
,
,uuhhkkU
Ukk; ; ,
,uuhht
tzzD
Dkk; ;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
217
,uhtzd; vjpupy; te;J nghu; bra;aj; bjhl';fpdhu; ,uhku;/
mg;bghGJ M";rneau; jk; njhspy; VWkhW ,uhkiu ntz;odhu;.
,uhku; mEkhUila njhspy; Vwp/ typik nktp nghu; g[upe;jhu;.
,uhkiur; Rke;jpUf;Fk; mEkhu;/ thypdhYk; fhy;fspdhYk;
fu';fshYk; mRu nridiaf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;.
,uhkUk; ,uhtzDk; kpft[k; bfhjpj;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhu;fs;.
mEkhu; ,uhtzDila xt;bthU Kfj;Jf;F Kd;dpd;W nghu;
g[upe;jhu;. mtd; ifapypUe;J tpw;fisg;gpL';fp vwpe;jhu;. nju;f;
Fjpiufisf; bfhd;whu;. ,uhtzDila gj;J tpw;fisa[k; ,uhku;
mWj;bjwpe;jhu;. ,uhku; xU tpehoapy; ,uhtzDila gj;J kzp
kFl';fisa[k; epyj;jpy; tPH;j;jpdhu;. mjdhy;/ ,uhtzd; re;jpuid
,He;j ,uita[k; Nupaid ,He;j gfiya[k; xj;J epd;whd;.
re;jpud; ,y;iyahdhy; mJ ,uthFk; Nupad; ,y;yhj gfy; fpilahJ.
,g;nghJ ftpr;rf;utu;j;jp Mjpj;jd; ,y;yhj gfYk; xj;jhd; vd;W
TWfpd;whu;. ,jid ,y;bghUs; ctik vd;W g[ytu;fs; TWtu;. mJ
Kw;Wk; bghUe;jhJ.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
218
Nupad; ,y;iyahdhy; gfny fpilahJ. ,uhtzDf;Fg; g{j clk;g[/
g[fGlk;g[ vd;W ,uz;L clk;g[fs; ,Ue;jd. kzpkFlk;ngha; mtd;
xspapHe;J re;jpudpy;yhj ,uitg;nghy; g{j clk;g[ld; ,Ue;jhd;.
Nupad; ,y;yhikahy; gfy; ,y;yhky; nghtJnghy;/ mtdila
g[fGlk;g[ ,y;yhky; kiwe;Jtpl;lJ. fk;gehlUila ftpj;jpwk; fz;L
fspf;fj; jf;fJ.
,uhtzd; njupHe;J. tPud; vd;w ngupHe;J/ nridfs; NH epd;w
rPupHe;J/ gilapHe;J/ fk;gPukhd eilapHe;J khu;gpypUe;J
g{e;bjhilapHe;J/ g{r;rf;fuf; FilapHe;J/ tpy;ypHe;J/
jdpg;bgUe;jiytd; vd;w brhy;ypHe;J khdk; ,He;J tpGJld; Toa
Mykuk;nghy; btW'; ifadha; epd;whd;/ ehzpdhd;/ fhy;
bgUtpuyhy; epy'; fpisj;Jf; filf;fz;zhy; ,uhkiug; ghu;j;J
epd;whd;.
fUizf;flyhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp Xu; mk;gpid Vtp/
,uhtzDila gj;Jj; jiyfisa[k; fPnH js;spapUf;fyhk;. vspjpny
,jidr; bra;jpUf;fyhk;. mt;thW vk;bgUkhd; bra;atpy;iy. nja;e;j
re;jpuid uhF nfJfs; gw;Wtjpy;iy. nja;e;J Xa;e;jtidf; bfhy;Yjy;
jk; tPuj;Jf;F mHfd;W vd;W vz;zpdhu;. ,uhtzd; kPJ ,uf;f';
bfhz;lhu;. jk;Kila ju;kgj;jpdpiaf; ftu;e;j kfhghjfidf; fz;L
rPw;wk; mile;jhupy;iy. mtDila epiyikf;F ,u';fpdhu;. rpy
mwt[iufisg; gfu;fpd;whu;.
"jrf;uPth * jUkj;jpdhyy;yJ typikahy; kl;Lk; bgUk; nghupy;
btw;wp bgWtJ njtu;fSf;Fk; mupJ vd;gij cd; kdj;jpy; cWjpahf
vz;qf. ghtP * ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ntz;Lbkd;W guguf;fpd;wha;.
bkype;jpUf;Fk; cd;id ehd; bfhy;y tpUk;gtpy;iy. mwe;jhd;
bty;Yk; Ma[jk; bty;yhJ vd;gij. ,jdhy; czu;e;J bfhs;. eP
mwk; bty;Yk; vd;gij ,g;nghjhtJ czuf;fltha;. Iah/ cd;Dila
nridfs; aht[k; Nwhtspf; fhw;wpy; ,ytk;g";R gwg;gJnghy; mHpe;J
xHpe;jd. cd; kidtp tz;nlhjup cd;id vjpu;ghu;j;Jf;
bfhz;oUg;ghs;. mts; rpwe;j cj;jkp. eP ,d;W ngha;/ cz;L cw';fp
,isg;ghwp tpl;L ntW Ma[j';fis vLj;Jf; bfhz;L ehisf;Fg;
nghUf;F th" vd;W Twp mUs; g[upe;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
219
f';if ejp gha/ ghf;Ff; Fiyfspy; thiskPd; jht[k; tsika[ila
nfhry ehl;Lf;Fupa ts;syhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp thuj;JlDk;
<uj;JlDk; fUiz jJk;g Twpdhu;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp guk rj;JUt[k; jkJ kidtpiaf; ftu;e;jtDk;
Ju;f;Fzf; fs";rpaKkhd ,uhtzDf;F fUiz g[upe;J/ gupe;J
mUSiu Twpdhu;.
,uhtzd;/ ,uhkgpuhDila fUizj; jpwj;ij vz;zp ,y';ifia
nehf;fpg; nghfpd;whd;.

Fk;gfu;zd;
nghupy; njhy;tpa[w;w ,uhtzd;/ jpir ahidfSld; nghu; bra;j
khu;gpd; typiaa[k;/ ifiy kiyia vLj;j njhspd; jpwikiaa[k;
,ir ty;yhuhfpa ehuj Kdptu; kfpHr;/ rhkntjk; ghoa ehita[k;/
khiyazpe;j gj;J kzpkFl';fisa[k;/ rptbgUkhd; je;j
thsha[jj;ija[k; jd; xg;gw;w tPuj;ija[k; nghu;f;fsj;nj tpl;L/
btW';ifa[ld; ,y';if khefuk; brd;whd;.
jd;idj; jf;f jUzj;jpy; gad;gLj;jpf; bfhs;shjjhy; rptbgUkhd;
je;j ths; mtidtpl;L tpyfpg; nghapw;W. mg;go ,uhtzd; brd;w
bghGJ. xU kdpjDf;Fj; njhw;whd; vd;w gHp mtidj; bjhlu;e;J
brd;wJ. ehzj;jpdhy; fu';fisj; bjh';ftplhky; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L
ele;J jd; efuj;ijaile;jhd;. Mjpj;jd; m!;jfpupia mile;jhd;.
,uhtzd; nghupy; njhw;w ehzj;jhy; jpirfs; vtw;iwa[k;
ghu;f;ftpy;iy. jd;idf; fhzte;j ike;ju;fisa[k; ghu;f;ftpy;iy. fly;
nghd;w jd; nridfisa[k; ghu;f;ftpy;iy. bgz;fs; j';fs; fz;fshy;
jdpj;jdpna mtid nehf;fj;jhd; mtu;fis nehf;fhjtdha; epy
kfs; vd;w bgz;izna nehf;fpf; bfhz;L nghdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
220
jdpahd ,lj;jpy; brd;W kzpj;jtprpy; ,Ue;jhd;. kdfjp/ tha[ntfd;/
kUj;jd;/ khnkfd; vd;w ehd;F JhJfspYk; cs;s ekJ nridfis
miHj;J thU';fs; vd;W TwpaDg;gpdhd;.
,uhtzd; jd;idf; fz;L thDyfpy; ,Ug;gtu;fSk; kz;qyfpy;
,Ug;gtu;fSk;/ jhd; fz;L eifj;j giftu;fSk; rpupf;fpd;whu;fns
vd;W ehzpdhdpy;iy. ePz;l fz;fisa[ila rPij rpupg;ghns vd;W
ngijahfpa mtd; ehzp tUe;jyhdhd;.
F
Fkk;g;gffuu;z
;zd
d; ; nngghhuu;j;j;j;jppwwd
d; ;
rPij jd; epiyiaf; fz;L Vsdkhfr; rpupg;ghns vd;W vz;zp ehzp
tUe;jpa ,uhtzid/ mtDila ,isa ghl;ldhuhfpa khypathd;
fz;lhu;. mtd; mUfpy; mku;e;J md;g[ld; nfl;lhu;.
"ngug;gps;isna * thoapUf;fpd;widna. cdf;F te;j Jd;gk; vd;nd
>" vd;W tpdtpdhu;. ,uhtzd; Twj; bjhl';fpdhd;.
"jhj;jh * rptbgUkhidj; jiyikahff; bfhz;L \d;W g[td';fSk;
vjpu;j;jhYk; ,isatdhfpa ,yl;Rkzid bty;y KoahJ. "
",uhkd; vd;Dld; nghu; bra;jnghJ mtDf;Ff; nfhgnkh/ gugug;ngh/
ntfnkh cz;lhftpy;iy. jd; rpwpa jhapd; brtpypj; jhahfpa
ke;jiuapd; Td;kPJ/ me;jf; Td; epkpul;Lnk vd;W fUizahy;
kz;qz;ilia vwpe;jJnghy;/ vd;Dld; tpisahl;lhfg; nghu;
g[upe;jhd;. mtDf;Ff; nfhgk; te;jpUe;jhy; ehd; ,';F
te;jpUf;fkhl;nld;. ekDyfk; nghapUg;ngd;. vd;Dila ,UEhW
bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uhkd; mHpj;j tPuj; jpwj;ij vd;bdd;W
brhy;Yntd; > ,uhkDila ghz';fis cyfbk';Fk; g[Ftdntad;wp/
CHpf; fhyk; brd;whYk; Xa;tilah. beUg;iga[k; vupf;Fk;. vl;Lg;
bghUg;iga[k; vupf;Fk;. jpirfisa[k; vupf;Fk;. brhy;Yk; thiaa[k;
vupf;Fk;. epidf;fpd;w kdj;ija[k; vupf;Fk;. ehd; ,e;jpuDila
tr;rpuha[jj;ija[k;/ <rDila Nyha[jj;ija[k; jpUkhYila
rf;uha[jj;ija[k; ghu;j;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. Mdhy;/ ,e;j ,uhkDila
Ma[j';fisg;nghy; v';Fk; fz;ljpy;iy. me;j Ma[j';fspd;
jhf;Fjy;fis vd;idad;wp ahu; jh';fty;yhu; > jhj;jh * Mapue;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
221
njhs;fisa[ila fhu;j;jtPupad; rpwe;j tPud;. mtid xg;ghu;
,y;iybad;W vz;zpapUe;njd;. Mdhy;/ ,g;nghJ ,e;j ,uhkDila
fhypy; cs;s xU JhRf;Fk; me;j fhu;j;jtPupad; ,izahf khl;lhd;
vd;gija[zu;e;njd;. ,uhkDila typa tpy; nkw;Fj;jpirapy;
cs;snjh > fpHf;Fj; jpirapy; cs;snjh > \yj;jpirfspy; jhd;
cs;snjh > tlf;nf cs;snjh > bjw;nf cs;snjh > vd;W ,d;Dk;
ehd; czu;e;njdpy;iy."
"xU g[ytDila brhy; ntfj;ijf; fhl;oYk; mtd; tpy;ntfk;
,Ue;jJ. ,uhftDila nghu;j;jpwj;jpd; ntfj;ija[k;/ mtUila
jpUnkdp eyj;ija[k; rPij ghu;j;J/ vd;ida[k; kd;kjida[k; ghu;j;jhy;
eh';fs; eha;f;Fr; rkhdk; Mnthk;. vdf;F ehrfhyk; te;jnghJ
ey;ybjhU gifiag; bgw;nwd;. ,Jjhd; ,d;W epfH;e;jJ." vd;W jd;
njhy;tpiaf; Twp/ ,uhtzd; tUe;jpdhd;.
,ijf;nfl;l khypathd;/ "nguf; FHe;ijna * Ke;jpna cdf;F
mwpt[iu g[fd;nwd;. ,uhkDila gif TlhJ. ,uhkd; cyf ehafd;.
mtd; kidtpia tpUk;g[tJ beUg;ig tpG';f epidj;j g[Gtpd;
jd;ikahFk;. Mjyhy;/ rPjhnjtp fw;g[f;fdy;. mg;bgUkhl;oia
tpUk;g[tJ bgUk; ghtk;. eP rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L mtUila
fUiziag; bgWthahf. ,jdhy;/ mRuu; Fyk; thGk;" vd;W
,d;Diu Twpdhu;.
me;j rkaj;jpy; knfhjud; vd;w Kjyikr;rd; m';F te;jhd;. mtd;
khiaapy; ty;ytd;/ jPaitna g[upfpd;wtd;. ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/
"uhtnz!;tuh * mr;rk; xUtid mHpf;Fk;. rptgpuhDld; ifiy
kiyia ms;spbaLj;j cd; Mw;wYf;F ,iza[z;lh > btd;wtu;
njhw;ghu;/ njhw;gtu; bty;thu;. btw;wpa[k; njhy;tpa[k; cyf ,ay;g[
Mtpia tpl;lhYk; tplyhk;. njtpia tplf;TlhJ/ rPijiar;
rpiwtpl;lhy; njtu;fs; rpupg;ghu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ cd; jk;gp Fk;gfUzid
mDg;gp giftiu mHpj;J eyk; bgw;W thH;f" vd;W Twpdhd;./
,uhtzd; mtd; brhy;iy bkr;rp/ "vd; jk;gp Fk;gfUzid vGg;gp
thU';fs;" vd;W Vtyiu Vtpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
222
fhtyuhfpa njtupy; rpyu; brd;W Fk;gfUzid vGg;g[fpd;whu;fs;. "V
* Fk;gfUzh * c';fs; kha thH;t[ midj;Jk; ,d;Wld; Koag;
nghfpwJ. vGe;jpU. vGe;jpU. ,d;Dk; Jh';f ntz;Lbkd;W tpUg;gk;
,Ue;jhy;/ fhyJhjd; ifapnyngha; cw';Ftha;" vd;W vGg;gpdu;.
mtd; vGe;jhdpy;iy.
Fjpiufs;/ ahidfs;/ ahdpfs; ,itfis Mapukhapukhf mtid
kpjpf;ftpl;L vGg;gpdhu;fs;. me;j tpy';Ffs; Vwp kpjpg;gJ mtDf;Fr;
brhwpe;Jtpl;lJ nghypUe;jJ. mtd; jpUk;gpg; gLj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;.
,uhtzd; mtid vGg;g[khW Mapuk; ky;yiu Vtpdhd;. mtu;fs;
brd;W jhiu/ r';F Kjypa fUtpfis mtd; fhjpy; itj;J
Cjpdhu;fs;. mtd; mUfpy; brd;wt[ld; \r;Rf; fhw;why; mtd;
ehrpf;Fs;ns nghtJk;/ tUtJkhf mtu;fs; ,lu;gl;lhu;fs;. m';Fs;s
ehw;fhypfSk; ntW gy Mrd';fSk; mtd; \f;fpy; brd;W
Cryhod. Mapuk; Fjpiufis mtd; kPjpy; Vw;wp kpjpf;f itj;jhu;fs;.
gy ky;yu;fs; mtd; \f;fpYk; fhjpYk; cs;ns brd;W vGg;gpdhu;fs;.
moj;Jk; ,oj;Jk; mtid JapYUzUkhW bra;jhu;fs;.
F
Fkk;g;gffU
UzzD
Dkk; ; ,
,uuhht
tzzD
Dkk; ;
rk;kl;oahYk;/ nfhlupahYk; mtd; fd;dj;jpy; mof;ff; Fk;gfUzd;
Japiyj; Jwe;J vGe;jhd;. czt[ v';nf vd;W nfl;lhd;. mWEhW
tz;oapYs;s md;dj;ija[k; gjpdhapu'; Fl';fspYs;s kJita[k;
cz;L grpahwhJ gupjtpj;jhd;. gpd;du;/ Mapuj;J ,UEhW
vUikfisg; bghupfliyiaj; jpd;gJ nghyj; jpd;whd;. jpd;Wtpl;L
kPz;Lk; fz;\o cw';fyhdhd;. fp';fuu;fs; mtd; fhjpy; r';fehjk;
nghy; cd; mz;zd; miHf;fpd;whd; vd;W Twj; Jz;bzd vGe;J
mz;zdplk; brd;whd;.
Fk;gfUzd; mz;zdplk; nghfpd;w fhl;rp xU beLkiy ele;J
nghtJ nghypUe;jJ. Fk;gfUzd; jd; mz;zDila ghj';fspy;
tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;.
tz';fpa jk;gpia ,uhtzd; khu;g[wj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhd;.
Fk;gfUzd; xU tprhykhd Mrdj;jpy; mku;e;J Jhf;f
kaf;fj;jpnyna ,Ue;jhd;. ,uhtzd; Fk;gfUzDf;F khu;gpy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
223
ftrj;ij ,l;L/ bew;wpapy; tPug; gl;lj;ijf; fl;og; nghu;f;nfhyk;
g[ide;jhd;.
Fk;gfUzd; epj;jpiu kaf;fk; fiye;J/ "vd; md;g[ila mz;zh *
,e;jg; nghu;f;nfhyk; vjw;fhfg; g[idfpd;wha; >" vd;W nfl;lhd;.
"mUikj; jk;gP ,uz;L khdplu;fs; vGgJ bts;sk; theu';fnshL
,y';iff;F te;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs;. cdf;Fg; nghjpa czt[
Maj;jkhftpy;iy. Mjyhy;/ eP brd;W mj;jidg; ngiua[k; grpahw
cz;L cte;J tUthahf" vd;W ,uhtzd; Twpdhd;.
,ijf; nfl;L Fk;gfUzd; jpLf;fpl;lhd;. njs; bfhl;oaJ nghy;
Joj;jhd;.
"mz;zh * nghu; \z;Ltpl;ljh > mstpy;yhj fw;g[ila cyf
khnjtpahfpa rPjh njtpapd; Jau; ,d;Dk; jPutpy;iynah > kz;qk;
tpz;qk; tsu;e;j epd; bgUk; g[fH; jPapilg; g";Rnghy;
mHpe;Jtpl;lnjh > mRuu;fSk; ehKk; mHpa['; fhyk; te;Jtpl;lnjh
>"
"xUtDf;F epyk; fhuzkhft[k;/ gjtp fhuzkhft[k; nghu; \Sk;.
Mdhy;/ cdf;F xU bgz;kzpapd; fhuzkhfg; nghu; \z;Ltpl;lJ.
beLe; bjhiytpypUe;J xU ehfk; ghu;f;FkhdhYk; tp#k; Vwp khz;L
nghthu;fs;. me;j ehfj;jpw;Fj; jpU#;o tp#k; vd;W ngUz;L. rPij
jpU#;o tp#k; nghd;wts;. mtSila ghu;itapdhnyna cdf;F
mHpt[ tUk;. Kd;g[ ghl;ldhuhfpa khypathDk;/ tpgP#zDk;
monaDk; rPijiar; rpiw tpLtJnt bra;aj; jf;fJ vd;W gyKiw
Twpndhk;. cdf;F tpjp tHp kjp nghfpd;wJ. rhfpd;wtDf;F kUe;J
bry;yhJ. mJnghy;/ eh';fs; Twpa mwpt[iu gadw;W tpl;lJ. tpjpia
btd;wtu; ahu; > gpuk njtUila jpUf;Fkhuhfpa g[yj;jpaUila
kugpy; ehk; njhd;wpndhk;. me;j cau;Fyj;jpd; gz;g[ mHpe;Jtpl;lJ.
mz;zh * ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fSf;F cd; jPz brayhy; thH;t[
je;Jtpl;lha;. cd;Dila Rw;wKk; nrida[k; mHptjw;F tHptFj;J
tpl;lha;. cd;id ,uhk ghzk; bfhy;yhJ. rPijapd; fz;zPnu
bfhd;WtpLk;. gjptpuijapd; fz;zPu; gjpdhd;F cyf';fisa[k;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
224
mHpf;Fk;. mwk; kiwe;J tpl;lJ/ kwk; epiwe;Jtpl;lJ. me;njh *
gupjhgk;. cd; epiyik epidf;Fk;nghJ cs;sk; ciyfpd;wJ. ek;
mRu Fyk; ,dp thHhJ. "
",uhk ,yl;RkzUf;F kdk;/ thf;F fhak; vd;W \d;W fuz';fspy;
kdj;jpy; fUiza[k; thf;fpy; rj;jpaKk;/ fhaj;jpy; ey;byhGf;fKk;
epiwe;jpUf;fpd;wd. ekJ be";rpy; t";rfKk;/ thf;fpy; bgha;a[k;
braypy; ghtKk; epiwe;jpUf;fpd;wd. ,j;jifa ekf;F vt;thW
btw;wpa[z;lhFk; > fhw;iwg; g";R vjpu;f;f Koa[kh > ,Uk;ig vWk;g[
cz;qkh > beUg;ig g[G mHpf;Fkh > "
"fU';fliyf; fhw;wpdhy; fle;j theuk; ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. rPija[k;
rpiwapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs;. thypiaf; bfhd;w ghzKk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
ehKk; ,Uf;fpd;nwhk;. ca;t[ ekf;F ,y;iy. Mfnt/ rPijiar;
rpiwtpl;L ,uhkiu tz';fp mUikj; jk;gpahfpa xGf;fk; epiwe;j
tpgP#zndhL nru;e;J thH;tnj ekf;F ed;ik. mRu Fyj;Jf;Fk;
ed;ik. ,jid eP nfshky; mRu nridfis nkYk; nkYk; mDg;gp
mHpg;gJ ed;wd;W." ,t;thW Fk;gfUzz; mwt[iu Twpdhd;.
Fk;gfUzDila mwt[iuiaf; nfl;Lf; bfhjpj;jhd;/ fhypdhy;
epyj;ij kpjpj;jhd; "Fk;gfUzh * vdf;F mwpt[iu TWk;bghUl;L
ehd; cd;id miHf;ftpy;iy. vdf;F eP g[j;jp brhy;y
ntz;oajpy;iy. ehd; Mapuk; ngUf;Fg; g[j;jp g[fl;Lntd;. ehd;
bty;yhj; nghUk;/ fy;yhj fiya[k; ,y;iy. bts;spkiyia ms;sp
vLj;j njhs;fisa[ila vd;id kdpju;fshy; mirf;f KoahJ
vd;gijj; bjupe;Jbfhs;. ,U kdpju;fis tz';fpa[k;/ ku';fspy; g{t[e;
jiHa[k; cz;L/ Tdp cyht[k; Fu';Ffisf; Fk;gpl;L thH;tJk;
cdf;Fk; cd; jk;gpf;Fnk bghUe;Jk;. tPuhjp tPudhfpa vdf;Fg;
bghUe;jhJ. epuk;g CDk;/ kJt[k;/ nrhWk; cz;L cw';Ffpd;w cdf;F
tPuk; mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. ehd; njoa gifia ehnd mHpg;ngd;. eP ngha;
cz;L cw';Fthahf. VGe;jpU. cd; ,Ug;gplk; nghthahf." vd;W
Twpdhd;. kpft[k; rPwpdhd;. jd; mUfpYs;stu;fisj; "njUk; tpy;Y';
bfhz;L thU';fs;. ehnd nghu; bra;J mj;jid ngiua[k;
mHpg;ngd;." vd;W nghUf;F vGe;jhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
225
Fk;gfUzd; mtid tz';fp/ "mz;zh * eP nghUf;Fg; nghf
ntz;lhk;. tpjp vd; gplu; gpoj;Jj; js;SfpwJ. monad; nghUf;Fg;
nghfpd;nwd;. jpUk;gp tukhl;nld;. ekJ \j;j ike;jd; ,e;jpu$pj;J
,yl;Rkzdhy; kotJ jpz;zk;. vd;id btd;wtu; j';fisa[k;
bty;Ythu;fs;. vy;yhk; mHptjw;F Kd; rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L tpLtnj
mwj;jpd; ghyjhFk;. vd;id tsu;j;J Mshf;fpa mz;zny/ rpwpnad;
VjhtJ gpiH bra;jpUe;jhy; kd;dpj;J tpL';fs;. j';fs; Kfj;jpy;
tpHpg;gJ ,dpapy;iy" vd;W Twp/ cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;Jf; bfhz;L
gyKiw mz;zid Vw ,w';fg; ghu;j;J/ cs;sk; bte;J/ behe;J
nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhd;. ,uhtzd; ,UgJ fz;fspYk; fz;zPu; tHpa
mirahJ jk;gpia nehf;fpr; rpj;jpuk; nghy; ,Ue;jhd;. nridfs; g[il
NH thdKk;/ itaKk; eL';f/ jpirf;fspWfs; xL';f/ njupd;nky;
Vwpr; brd;whd;. ahidfSk;/ rp';f';fSk; nga;fSk;/ g{j';fSk;
mtdJ njiu <u;j;Jr; brd;wd. njhkuk;/ rf;fuk;/ Nyk;/ kG. nty;/
cyf;if/ jz;L/ tpy; Kjypa Ma[j';fs; epiwe;j nrkj; nju;fs; mtd;
gpd;nd bjhlu;e;J brd;wd.
,uhkgpuhd; Fk;gfUzidg; ghu;j;J/ “kiy nghd;w bgupa tot[ld;
nghUf;F tUgtd; ahtd; > ,uhtzdhf ,Ue;jhy; tPizf; bfho
,Uf;Fnk * rpk;kf; bfhoa[ld; tUfpd;whnd * nguhw;wy; gilj;j
rptDila njhisa[k;/ kw;bwhU njhisa[k; ghu;f;f kpFjpahd fhyk;
ntz;Lk;. ,tidg;gw;wpj; bjupa tpUk;g[fpnwd;.“ vd;W tpgP#zuplk;
tpdtpdhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ “mz;zh * ,td; Fk;gfUzd; ,uhtzDf;F ,sty;/
monaDf;F \j;jtd;. ePjp j';fpa be";rpdd;. jd;dpfu; ,y;yhj
jdpg;bgUk; typika[ilatd;. ,td; cau;e;j jtj;jpdd;. rpwe;j tuk;
bgw;wtd;. Jhf;fnk Mf;fkhf cilatd;. ,td; Nyj;ij vLj;jhy;
"hyk; bghogLk;. Myk; cz;ltidg;nghy; Nyj;jpdhy; giftiu
mHpf;Fe; jpwKilatd;. jd; jikaDf;Fg; gygy mwt[iu Twp/
mtd; nfshikahy; nghUf;F te;jpUf;fpd;whd;.“ vd;W Twpdhu;.
Rf;uPtd; ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;J/ “mUl; bgU';flny * Fk;gfUzd;
Kul;Lj; jd;ika[ilatd;/ nguhw;wy; gilj;jtd;/ Mdhy;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
226
ew;FzrPyd;. ,tidf; bfhy;tjhy; ekf;F vd;d gad; > ,tid
ek;ghy; nru;j;Jf; bfhs;tJ ey;yJ“ vd;W etpd;whd;.
,uFtPud;/ “jk;gP * tpgP#zh * eP Fk;gfUzdplk; brd;W/ ,d;Diu
,ak;gp/ mtd; tpUk;gpdhy; ek;ghy; miHj;Jf; bfhz;L tUf“ vd;W
gzpj;jUspdhu;.
tpgP#zu; nridf;fliy ePe;jpf; Fk;gfUzid mqfp/ mtd;
ghj';fspy; gzpe;jhd;. Fk;gfUzd; mtid vLj;J khu;g[wj; jGtpf;
bfhz;lhd;. cs;sk; cUfp/ md;g[ bgUfpf; TWfpd;whd;.
“jk;gp * tpgP#zh * mwj;ijf; iftpl;L kwj;ijj; bjhl;Lf; fhyd;
thapy; fspf;fpd;w v';fs;ghy; Vd; te;jid > eP rpwe;j cj;jk
FzrPyd;/ ftp"upy; mwpt[ kpf;ftd;. mKjj;ij cz;qfpd;w eP/
Myfhy tplj;ij cz;zyhkh > g[yj;jpad; Fyj;jpay;g[ mHpe;jnjDk;/
cd;dhy; ,e;jg; g[yj;jpad; kug[ mHpahj g[z;zpaKk;/ g[fGk; bgw;wJ
vd;W vz;zpndd;. vd; vz;zj;ijg; bghoahf;fp vd; cs;sj;ij
ciyar; bra;J vd; thia cyu;j;jpdha;. me;njh * mgak; vd;W
milf;fyhk; g[Fe;j cd;id ,uhku; g[wf;fzpf;f khl;lhu;. eP kuz
gaj;ij mfw;wpdha;. eP ,';F tuf; fhuzk; ahJ > jUk \u;j;jpahfpa
jhrujpf;F moikahfpa cd;Dila bgUik ahUf;F tUk; > gujhu
fkdk; bra;fpd;w v';fis eP mqff;Tlhnj. ,uhk gpuhidr;
ruzhfjp mile;j cd; jtj;jpd; Mw;wy; ahUf;F tUk; > ntj
ntjhe;j tpj;jfdhfpa ,uhkgpuhid eP mile;jJ gw;wp ehd; mstw;w
kfpH;r;rp aile;njd;. mj;jifa cj;jkdhfpa eP v';fis eho te;jJ
ed;wd;W. cdf;F mRu Fyj;jpd; Fzk; ,d;Dk; nghftpy;iyah >
jk;gp/ v';;fisf; Tw;Wtd; jd; bfhoa euFf;F miHf;fpd;whd;. v';fs;
tpjpa[k; mtDf;Fj; Jiz bra;fpd;wJ. eh';fs; nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhy;
eP ,Ue;jhy;jhnd <kf; fld; bra;a Koa[k; > ePa[k; ,y;iyahdhy;
v';fSf;F ePu;f;fld; bra;thu; ahu; >“
tpgP#zu;/ “mz;zh * ,uhkgpuhd; cd;idj; jd;ghy; miHf;fpd;whu;.
mtu; gpwtp neha;f;F kUe;jhdtu;. jh';fs; vk;bgUkhdplk; te;J
ca;t[ bgw ntz;Lfpnwd;. ,uhkgpuhd; vdf;Fj; je;j ,y';ifr;
bry;tj;ij ehd; j';fSf;Fj; je;J/ j';fs; jpUtoj; bjhz;ldhf Vty;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
227
g[upntd;. Mjyhy;/ ,uhkd; kPJs;s fhjyhy; jh';fs; ,uhftdplk;
te;J nrUf. xGf;fkpy;yhjtUld; ToapUg;gJ ,Gf;fhFk;.
Mdgoahy;/ ,uhk \u;j;jpa[ld; nru;e;J ed;ikailthahf.
,uhkgpuhDila fUiz cd;idj; njo tUfpd;wJ. ,ij
,He;Jtplhnj/ fdptUk; fhyj;jpy; g{f;bfha;af; TlhJ. ntjehafnd
cd;idf; fUizahy; ntz;o vd;id mDg;gpdhu; Mfnt/
bgUkhdplk; te;J nrUf“ vd;W Twp tz';fpdhu;.
Fk;gfUzd; jk;gpiaj; jGtpf; TWfpd;whd;/ "jk;gp/ ,e;j cyf thH;t[
ePu;nky; vGjpa vGj;Jf;F epfuhFk;. kpd;dy;nghy; njhd;wp kiwfpd;w
thH;itg; bgupjhf vz;zp/ vd;id beL';fhyk; tsu;j;Jg;
nghu;f;nfhyk; g[ide;J mDg;gpa jikaDf;F capu; bfhLg;gJnt vd;
flik. flikia czuhjJ klik. flikna vdJ cilik.
vd;Dila ftiyia eP jPu;f;Fk; bghUl;L ePynkf tz;zid
kPz;Lk; brd;W nru;thahf."
"jk;gp * jhkiuapy; thGk; gpuknjtu; cdf;F vz;zpyhj rpwe;j
tu';fis tH';fpapUf;fpd;whu;. ,uhkgpuhdhy; eP rpu";rPtp gjk;
bgw;wpUf;fpd;wha;. eP ,uhkgpuhidaile;J g[yj;jpau; kug[f;F te;j
gHpiag; nghf;fp/ ehl;Lf;F ey"; bra;J ew;fjpailthahf. ehd; nghu;
bra;J g[fH; bgWntd;. gpwiuf; Fk;gpl;L thH khl;nld;. ekJ
mz;zd; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; jdpna khz;L fplg;gJ ed;wd;W. vy;yhk;
tpjpapd;gojhd; eilbgWk;. ehd; mz;zDila czit cz;ljdhy;
mtDf;F Kd; capu; bfhLj;J khs ntz;Lk;. mJjhd; vdf;Ff;
flik/ ehd; mEkd;/ Rf;uPtd;/ ePyd;/ m';fjd; Kjypa theu
tPuu;fis btd;W/ vd; nguhz;ikia cyFf;Ff; fhl;Lntd;/ vd;
nghu;j; jpwj;ij ePl;Lntd;. theu';fspd; capiu Xl;Lntd;. jk;gP/ eP
fhy'; flj;jhky; ,uhkgpuhid milthahf" vd;W mtDf;F tpil
bfhLj;jhd;. tpgP#zu; mz;zid tz';fpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. Fk;gfUzd;
ghrj;jhy;/ jk;gpnky; cs;s nerj;jhy; jk;gpiag; ghu;j;jhd;. fz;zPu;
ePuhfr; brhupe;jJ. tpgP#zu; ,uhkgpuhidf; fz;L Fk;gfUzDila
fUj;ij mwptpj;jhu;.
Fk;gfUzd; nghu; g[upaj; bjhl';fpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
228
Fk;gfUzd; nghu;j; jpwk;
muf;fu; nridfSk; theu nridfSk; tPuj;Jld; vjpu;j;Jg; nghu;
g[upe;jd. muf;fu;fs;/ ths;/ nty;/ jz;L/ ,Ug;g[yf;if Kjypa
Ma[j';fisf; bfhz;L tPuj;Jld; mku; g[upe;jhu;fs;. theu';fs;
thdshtpa ku';fisa[k;/ kiyfisa[k; ntUld; gwpj;J mRu
nridfs;nky; tPrpg; nghu;g[upe;jd.
nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd;/ fhyd; tUtJnghy; Fk;gfu;zid
vjpu;j;Jf; Fd;Wfisr; rpe;jpg; nghu;bra;jhd;. Fk;gfUzd; g[d;rpupg;ghfr;
rpupj;Jf; bfhz;nl ePyid khu;gpy; Fj;jp ka';FkhW bra;jhd;.
m';fjd; Fk;gfUzd; nju; kPnjwp m";rhJ mku; g[upe;jhd;.
Fk;gfUzd; m';fjidg; ghu;j;J/ "theunk/ eP Rf;uPtdh > thypapd;
kfdhfpa m';fjdh > ,y';iff;F jP itj;j mEkdh > g[ypf;F Kd;
vyp te;J nghu; g[uptJnghy; vd;Dld; bghUj te;Js;sid. ehd;
xU ahid/ eP xU g{id/ eP ahu; >" vd;W tpdtpdhd;.
m';fjd;/ "muf;fu; jiytnd * cd; jikadhfpa ,uhtzid thypy;
fl;o kiyfspy; cjpuk; rpe;j/ vl;L jpirfspYk; jhtpg; nghu; g[upe;j
tPuhjp tPudhfpa thypapd; ike;jd; ahd;. cd; capiug; gUf
te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;" vd;W Twp/ kiyfisg; gwpj;J mtd; kPJ
tprpdhd;. mk;kiyfs; mtd; clk;gpy; gl;Lg; bghofshapd.
Fk;gfUzd; m';fjd; kPJ VG Kidfisa[ila Nyj;ij tPrpdhd;.
m';fjd; me;jr; Nyj;ijf; ifahy; gw;wpf; bfhz;L tPuj;Jld;
eifj;Jf; Fk;gfUzd; kPnj jpUg;gp tPrpdhd;. m';fjd; tPuj;ijf;
fz;L tpz;ztu; tpae;jhu;fs;. Fk;gfUzd; me;j VG Kidr;
Nyj;ijg; bghoahf;fp m';fjd; khu;gpy; Fj;jpdhd;. m';fjd; \u;r;rpj;J
tpl;lhd;.
,jidf; fz;l M";r neau; Fk;gfUzid vjpu;j;J xU bgupa
kiyiag; gwpj;J tPrpdhu;. mtd; mjid jd; ,lf;ifahy;
tpyf;fpdhd;. mEkhu; Fk;gfUzdpd; tPuj;jpid tpae;J/ ",dp
cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; nghupy;iy" vd;W Twp tpyfpr; brd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
229
Fk;gfuzd; theu';fisj; jhf;fpdhd;. capiug; nghf;fpdhd;.
theu';fis tpz;zpil vwpe;jhd;/ flypil tPrpdhd;. fhy;fshy;
Jifj;jhd;. mz;l';fs; btog;gl eifj;jhd;.
,
,yyll;R;Rkkz
zuu; ;
theu nridapd; mHpita[k;/ Fk;gfUzDila nguhw;wiya[k;
,yl;Rkzu; fz;L mtDila Mw;wiy tpae;J/ tpy;iy tisj;J/
Mapuk; Mapuk; mk;g[ kiHfisg; bghHpe;jhu;. ,yl;RkzUila
ghz';fshy; nju;g;gilfs; mHpe;jd. ahidg; gilfs; mtpe;J
Ftpe;jd. Fjpiug; gilfs; kha;e;J Xa;e;jd. fhyhl; gilfs; cUz;L
g[uz;L kha;e;jd. khz;l muf;fiu tPu Rtu;f;fj;jpy; muk;igau; jGtp
kfpH;e;jdu;.
Fk;gfUzd;/ ,yl;RkzUila funtfj;ija[k; runtfj;ija[k; ghu;j;J
tpae;jhd;. nghupy; khz;ltupd; bgUikiaa[k;/ ,yl;RkzUila tpy;
jpwikiaa[k; nehf;fpa Fk;gfUzd; jpupg[uj;ij vupj;j rptgpuhDk;
,e;j ,yl;RkzDnk rpwe;j tpy;yhspfs; vd Mapuk; Kiw Twpg;
ghuhl;odhd;. Fk;gfUzd; ,yl;Rkzdpd; Kd; te;J epd;whd;.
,yl;Rkzu; mEkhUila ntz;Lnfhspd;go mtUila njhspd;kPJ
Mnuhfzpe;jhu;. mEkhUila njhs; MW njupd; gug;g[ilajha;
,Ue;jJ. mf;fhl;rp bts;spkiy kPJ bghd;kiy ,Ue;jJnghy;
tps';fpaJ. Fk;gfUzd; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J. "tPu Fkhund * eP
,uhkd; jk;gp/ ehd; ,uhtzd; jk;gp. cdf;F ehd; ,isf;f khl;nld;.
vd; tpy;yk;ghy; ,g;bghGJ eP tpz;qyfk; g[Ftha;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "\lnd/ tPuu;fs; brhy;yhy; msf;f khl;lhu;fs; tpy;yhy;
msg;ghu;fs;. eP brhy;yk;ig tpl ntz;lhk;. tpy;yk;ig tpl;Lg; nghu;
g[uptha;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,UtUk; bgUk; nghu; g[upe;jdu;. Fk;gfUzd; bjhLj;J tpLj;j
fizfisbay;yhk; ,yl;Rkzu; mHpj;J xHpj;jhu;. Fk;gfUzDila
rPiu mHpj;jJ nghy; mtd; njiua[k; mHpj;jhu;. ,ijf; fz;l
thdtu;/ Fk;gfUzDila nridiaa[k; njiua[k; ,yl;Rkzu; mk;g[
va;Jjhd; bfhd;whnuh/ ke;jpu thu;j;ijfshy; itJjhd; bfhd;whnuh >
vd;W mjprak; mile;jhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
230
Fk;gfUzd; Myj;ija[k; tpG';Fk; Nyj;ij vLj;J epd;whd;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ mtd; jiuapy; epw;gijf; fz;L ,u';fp/ mEkhu;
njhistpl;L ,w';fp/ mtUk; ghu;kpir epd;W nghu;g[upe;jhu;. ,uhtzd;
Fk;gfUzDf;Fj; Jiz g[upa/ fizfisr; brhupa[k; nridfis
mDg;gp itj;jhd;.
RRff;u;uPt
Ptd
d; ;
theu nte;jdhfpa Rf;uPtd;/ rpde;J Fk;gfUzid vjpu;j;Jg; nghu;
g[upe;jhd;. xU kiyiag; gpL';fpf; Fk;gfUzd; nky; vwpe;jhd;.
Fk;gfUzd; mk;kiyia jd; ,lf;ifahy; jLj;Jg; bghoahf;fpdhd;.
Fk;gfUzd; jpupNyj;ij vLj;Jr; Rf;uPtd; nky; Vtpdhd;. mEkhu;
mijf; fz;L mjpu;r;rpaile;J mr;Nyj;ijj; jd; fu';fshy; gpoj;Jj;
jiyapy; itj;J xoj;jhu;. mg;nghJ cz;lhfpa/ xyp/ ,uhkgpuhd;
kpjpyhg[upapy; rptgpuhDila tpy;iy xoj;jnghJ/ mz;lflhf';fs;
mjpu xypj;j xypia xj;jpUe;jJ. mj;jpwj;ijf; fz;L Fk;gfUzd;
tpae;J epd;whd;.
Rf;uPtd; Fk;gfUzid vjpu;j;J mtd; khu;gpy; gyKiw Fj;jpdhd;.
mJ Fk;gfUzDf;Fr; brhwpe;JtpLtJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ. Rf;uPtDf;Fk;
Fk;gfUzDf;Fk; fLk;nghu; ele;jJ. Fk;gfUzd; Rf;uPtid vLj;J
khu;gpy; ,Wfg; gpoj;Jf; bfhz;L ,y';ifia nehf;fpg; g[wg;gl;lhd;.
Rf;uPtd; czu;tpd;wp/ mlf;fp klf;fp ,Ue;jhd;.
j';fs; jiytd; Fk;gfUzd; ifapyfg;gl;Lr; rpiw g[Fe;jijf; nfl;l
theu nridfs; mGJ g[yk;gpd. xU Jhjd;/ ,uhkuplk; Xo/ mtuJ
jpUtoiar; brd;dpapy; No/ "vk;bgUkhnd * v';fs; kd;dtdhfpa
Rf;uPtidf; Fk;gfUzd; gw;wpf; bfhz;L ,y';iff;Fg; nghfpd;whd;"
vd;whd;.

khah $dfd;
,ijf; nfl;l ,uhkgpuhd; fd;iw ehLk; jha;g; gRitg;nghy; cs;s';
Fiye;J \jz;lj;ija[k; gpsf;Fk; nfhjz;lj;ij vLj;J/ mk;g[ kiH
bghHpe;J Fk;gfUzd; ,y';if g[fhj tz;zk; ruf;Tlk; fl;o

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
231
mtidj; jLj;Jtpl;lhu;. Fk;gfUzd; ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ,ayhky;
jpUk;gpdhd;.
jhkiu g{j;j kiH nkfk; nghd;w ,uhkgpuhidf; Fk;gfUzd;
fz;zhuf; fz;lhd;. ,uhkUila jpUKfj;jpy; fUiz ePu; bgUfp
tHpe;J bfhz;oUe;jJ. ",uhfth * ,j;Jiz neuk; cd;idj;jhd;
njof; bfhz;oUe;njd;. fte;jbdd;Wk; thypbad;Wk; vd;id
vz;zw;f. ehd; cd; capu; Fof;f te;j Tw;WtdhFk;. vd;
ifapyfg;gl;l Rf;uPtid kPl;ghahdhy; rPijia kPl;ljhf MFk;."
vd;whd;.
,uhkgpuhd; g[d;dif g{j;J/ mtdJ bew;wpay; ,uz;L mk;g[fisg;
gha;r;rpdhu;. FUjp mUtpnghy; rpe;jpaJ. mt;t[jpuj;jhy; eide;j
Rf;uPtd; czu;r;rp bgw;Wf; Fk;gfUzd; ifr;rpiwapypUe;J tpLgl;L
mtDila \f;ifa[k;/ brtpiaa[k; foj;J vLj;Jf; bfhz;L
,uhkgpuhDila jpUtofis tz';fp/ ,z';fp epd;whd;. theu';fs;
Mu;j;jd/ thdtUk; Mu;j;jdu;. kyu; kiH Jhu;j;jdu;. ,uhkgpuhd;
Rf;uPtd; kPz;L te;jjw;F. bgUkfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. Rf;uPtd; foj;Jf;
bfhz;L te;j Fk;gfUzdpd; \f;ifa[k; fhija[k; ,uhkgpuhd;
ghu;j;jUspdhu;.
Fk;gfUzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J jd; fhJk; \f;Fk; nghdJ fz;L/
cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;. itu thisa[k; nflfj;ija[k; jh';fpf;
fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mtd; bra;j bfhLk;nghuhy; theu tPuu;fs; gyu;
khz;ldu;.
rhk;gthd;/ ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ tpiue;J bfhy;YkhW ntz;of; bfhz;lhu;.
,uhkdpuhd; Fk;gfUzdhy; mDg;gg;gl;l nridfs; midj;ija[k;
mHpj;jhu;. Fk;gfUzd;/ Nyg; gilia Ve;jpg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
,uhkgpuhd; mtDila Myj;ijbahj;j Nyj;ij mHpj;jhu;. mtd;
btW';ifadhf epd;whd;. ,uhku; mtidg; ghu;j;J "thSld; te;J
nghu; g[upe;j eP vy;yhk; ,He;J epw;fpd;wha;. eP/ ePjp j';fpa
tpgP#zDld; gpwe;jid. Mjyhy;/ cd;dplk; fUiz fhl;Lfpd;nwd;.
cdf;F capu;g;gpr;ir jUfpnwd;. ,g;nghJ ,y';iff;Fg; nghfpd;whah >
my;yJ nghu; bra;J rhfpd;whah > cd; tpUg;gk; ahJ >" vd;W
TwpaUspdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
232
",uhfth * ehd; vd; je;ijnghy; \f;fpHe;J thH tpUk;gtpy;iy. ehd;
tPue;jzpahJ nghu; g[upe;J tPu Rtu;f;fk; milntd;." vd;W Twp xU
kiyia ,uhku; kPJ vwpe;jhd;. ,uhku; m!;jpuj;jhy; mk;kiyia
Jfshf;fpdhu;. Fk;gfUzd; jz;lha[jj;ij Ve;jpr; Nwhtsp nghy;
RHd;W khshj nfhgj;Jld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
,uhkgpuhd; xU rpwe;j mk;ig Vtp/ mtDila tyf;fuj;ij mWj;J
tPH;j;jpdhu;.
Fk;gfUzd; t$;$puk; nghd;w fuj;jhy; theu';fisg; gpoj;J moj;Jf;
fuj;ija[k; mWj;J tPH;j;jpdhu;. ,uz;L fu';fisa[k; ,He;j mtd;
tPuj;ij ,He;jhdpy;iy. fhy;fshy; cijj;J theu nridfisf;
bfhd;whd;. ,uFtPud; mk;gpdhy; mtd; tyf;fhiy mWj;Jj;
js;spdhu;. mtd; xw;iwf; fhyhy; Fjpj;J theu';fisj;
Jd;g[Wj;jpdhd;. fhy;fisa[k; iffisa[k; ,He;j thapdhy; Fd;Wfisf;
foj;J Cjp theu';fisf; bfhd;whd;.
Fk;gfUzd; jdf;Fs; vz;qfpd;whd;/ ",uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpapd;
tpy;yhz;ikf;F Mapuk; ,uhtzu;fs; ntz;Lk;. ehd; fhy;fSk;/
iffSk; ,He;J Jizapd;wp ,Uf;fpnwd;. fhytuk;g[ ,d;wp thH
ntz;oa ,uhtzd;/ ,dp ca;a khl;lhd;. Fyj;njhL mHpe;JtpLthd;.
,j;jidf;Fk; fhuzk; bgz;zhirahFk;. "
F
Fkk;g;gffU
Uzzd
d; ; t
tuukk; ;
"mgak; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;fhfj; Jiyapy; Vwpj; jd;idna jpahfk;
bra;j rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; kugpy; te;j ,uhfnte;jpuh * vd; jk;gp
tpgP#zd; muf;fu; Fyj;jpy; te;j me;jzd;/ FzrPyd;. mtidf;
filrptiu fhg;gJ njtuPUila fld;. mtd; ePjp jtwhj bewpahsd;.
muf;fu; Fyj;jpy; gpwe;Jk; muf;fu; Fzk; ,y;yhj cj;jkd;. ,uhfth *
eP muru; Fyj;jpy; te;j me;jzd;. vd; jk;gpiaf; bfhy;tjw;F
,uhtzd; Kaw;rp bra;fpd;whd;. jk;gp vd;w ghrKk;/ nerKk;
,y;yhjtd; vd; jk;gpia vg;nghJk; njtuPu;/ ,yl;Rkzu;/ mEkhu;
,e;j \tupy; xUtu; fhty; g[upa ntz;Lk;. \f;fpyh Kfbkd;W
,UoaUk; ,ikatUk; vd;idf; fz;L gupfhrpg;ghu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ vd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
233
jiyiaf; flypy; tPH;j;JkhW ntz;Lfpnwd;. cd; jpUtof;F
tzf;fk;" vd;whd;.
,uhkgpuhd; mtd; jiyia mWj;J/ tha[g;gilapdhy; flypy;
vwpa[khW bra;jUspdhu;. njtu;fs; eldk; Modhu;fs;. muk;igau;fs;
ghodhu;fs;. khjtUk;/ ntjpaUk; mr;rk; mfd;wdu;.
,uhtzd; ke;jpuhnyhrid bra;a[k; kzp kz;lgj;ij aile;J/
"rPjhnjtpia mila[k; tHp ahJ > rPij ,y';iff;F te;J xd;gJ
khj';fs; Mfpa[k;/ mtis ehd; mile;njdpy;iy. ,dp vd;d
bra;jhy; mtis vspjhf milayhk; >" vd;W MHkhfr; rpe;jid
bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhd;. mg;nghJ khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa
Kjyikr;rd; knfhjud;/ m';F te;J mt[zu; nte;jid m";ryp
bra;J mUfpy; mku;e;jhd;. "nte;ju; bgUkhnd * Vnjh xU bghUis
eho/ Kfk; thor; rpe;jidapy; MH;e;jpUf;fpd;wPnu > ckf;F vd;d
rpe;jid >" vd;W tpdtpdhd;.
,uhtzd;/ "md;gnd * eP kjpthzd; ke;jpuj;jpYk; je;jpuj;jpYk;
ty;ytd;. vdf;F xUfzKk; kfpH;r;rpapy;iy. mHfpd; fUt{ykhfpa
rPijia ehd; milar; bra;jhy;/ cdf;F xU nfho g[z;zpak; tUk;.
vd;d bra;jhy; mtis milayhk; > kjp ke;jpupahfpa eP ,jw;F xU
tHp brhy;" vd;W nfl;lhd;.
knfhjud; Twpdhd;/ "mRuFy jpyfnk * bgz;fSf;F ,ay;ghfj;
jha;tPl;oy; ghrk; mjpfk;. jha; je;ijauplk; nerk; mjpfk;. ,jw;Fr;
rhd;W/ jd;id miHf;fhj jd; je;ijahfpa jl;rg; gpu$hgjp bra;j
nts;tpf;Fj; jhl;rhazp brd;whs; vd;gJ. bgz;fSf;Fj; jha;
tPl;ow;Fg; ngha; tUtjpy; kpFe;j gpupak; cz;L. fztdplk;
mtDf;Fj; bjupahky; gzk; vLj;Jr; nrkpj;J tpiya[au;e;j gl;Lg;
g[litia th';fp cLj;jpf; bfhz;L/ jd; je;ijahu; th';fpf; bfhLj;jhu;
vd;W jd; fztDf;Ff; fhl;o kfpH;thu;fs;. jha; je;ijaupd; eyj;jpy;
mjpf ftdk; brYj;Jthu;fs;. "
"bgUe;jifna/ khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa kUj;jd; kpjpyhg[upia
MSfpd;w rPijapd; je;ijahfpa rPuj;Jt$rdfdhf tUkhW bra;Jk;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
234
mtd; cd;id mila[khW rPijf;F tw;g[Wj;jpf; TWkhWk; bra;jhy;/
je;ijapd; brhy;Yf;F kjpg;g[f; bfhLj;Jj;/ je;ijf;F ,lu; tuf;TlhJ
vd;W vz;zp/ rPij kdk; khwpj; j';fis nerpg;ghs;. "
"ifnfap jd; je;ijf;Fr; rdfdhy; mHpt[ tUk; vd;w vz;zpj;jhnd
,uhftidf; fhdfk; nghf tu'; nfl;lhs; > jha; tPl;ow;F mHpt[
tUk; vd;W vz;zpf; ifnfap ,kak; nghd;w fhupaj;ijr; bra;j
Koj;jhs;. Mfnt/ kUe;jidr; rdfdhf tUkhW bra;J xU ehlfk;
nghl;L eoj;J ekJ fhupaj;ij Koj;Jtplyhk;. "
,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;Lj; Js;spdhd;. "Knfhjuh * cd; kjpeyj;ij
bkr;rpndd;. ed;W Twpdha;. M * M * vd;nd cd; kjpEl;gk; > ,e;j
ke;jpu NH;r;rpapy; ehd; rPijia epr;rakhf milntd;. ehd;
rPijapUf;Fk; nrhiyf;Fr; brd;W mtSld; ciuahof;
bfhz;oUg;ngd;. mg;bghGJ eP khah rdfDld; m';F tUf" vd;W
Twp mtid khu;g[wj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhd;.
rPija[k; ,uhtzDk;
,uhtzdhy; Koahj Jd;gf; flypy; \H;fpf; fz;zPu; toj;J/ cs;se;
Joj;J/ Mwhf; ftiyapy; MH;e;jpUf;fpd;w mUe;jjpf;F epfuhfpa
rPjhnjtp ,Uf;Fk; nrhiyf;F ,sk; bgz;fs; jd;idr; Rw;wptu
,uhtzd; brd;whd;.
bgz;Fyj; bja;tkhfpa rPjhnjtpapd; jpUKd; epd;W ifTg;gp
tz';fpdhd;. "bgz;zhuKjnk * jz;zhu; jhkiuj; ijany * ehd;
ikaypy; tPH;e;J/ kjpbfl;L thLfpd;nwd;. tpuf jhgj;jhy; bte;J
behe;J brj;Jr; brj;Jg; gpiHf;fpd;nwd;. NupaDf;Fk; re;jpuDf;Fk;
ntw;Wik bjupatpy;iy. cd; kPJs;s Mirahy; my;yy;gLfpd;nwd;.
bgz;fSf;F vg;nghJk; ,sfpa cs;sk; cz;L vd;W TWthu;fs;.
fUizahy; gpwu;gLk; Jd;gj;ijf; fisthu;fs;. cdf;F Vndh vd;kPJ
,j;jid td;kk; > ,J ju;kkh > vd;id m";nry; vd;W mgae;
je;J Ml; bfhs;thahf. bgz;zurpahfpa cdf;F moik bra;J vd;
thH;ehisf; fHpg;ngd;. vd; muz;kidapYs;s mj;jidg;
bgz;kzpfSk; cdf;F moikahff; Fw;nwty; g[upthu;fs;. vd;kPJ

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
235
fUiz fhl;L" vd;W gpjw;wp kz;zpy; rh#;lh';fkhf tpGe;J
tz';fpdhd;.
,uhtzidr; rPij vupkiyahff; bfhjpj;J nehf;fp/ "ghjfnd *
njhjf"; bra;ahnj/ rp';fj;ij tpUk;g[k; ehd;/ xU eha;f;Fl;oia
tpUk;g[ntdh > me;jzu;fs; bra;a[k; nts;tpj; jPapd; Kd;/ bfhjpj;Jf;
bfhz;oUf;Fk; bea;iaf; Fl;oeha; tpUk;gyhkh > Mirahy;
bfl;lHpahnj. cdf;F tpehrfhyk; te;jpUf;fpwJ. mjdhy;/ tpguPj
tHpapy; nghfpd;wha;. ,';nf epd;W kjpbfl;Lg; gpjw;whnj. tpiue;J
ngh" vd;W foe;J Twpdhs;.
md;idapd; epe;jid ciufis mKjbkhHpfshf vz;zp/
"bgz;Fyg; bgUe;jifna * ,uhtzdhfpa vd;id vspikahf
vz;zw;f. vdf;F eP ,z';ftpy;iy ahdhy; eP gpwe;j efiua[k; g[Fe;j
efiua[k; bghoahf;fptpLntd;. vd;id ahbud;W vz;zpdha; >
fz;qjy; bgUkhd; ,Uf;Fk; bts;spkiyia ms;spbaLj;jtd;.
\d;W cyf';fisa[k; btd;wtd;. mnahj;jpf;Fk;/ kpjpyhg[upf;Fk; mRu
tPuu;fis mDg;gpapUf;fpd;nwd;. mnahj;jpapy; thGk; guj
rj;Uf;du;fisa[k; kpjpiyapy; thGk; cd; je;ijahfpa rdfida[k;
btl;LkhWk; fl;of; bfhzUkhWk; VtpapUf;fpd;nwd;. rpwpJ neuj;jpy;
me;j nrhff; fhl;rpia eP fhz;gha;" vd;W rpdj;Jld; brg;gpdhd;.
mg;bghGJ knfhjud; khiaapy; ty;y kUj;jidr; rdfd; Mf;fp
mtd; ifapy; tpy';F g{l;o ,Gj;Jf; bfhz;L te;jhd;. rPjhnjtp
fl;Lz;L tUk; jd; je;ijapd; mtyepiy fz;L beUg;ig kpjpj;jJ
nghy; Js;sp/ Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhs;. iffisg; gpire;J bfhz;lhs;/
fz;fis vw;wpdhs;/ epyj;jpy; tPH;e;J g[uz;lhs;/ mJ kha t";rk;
vd;W czuhky; njk;gpdhs;.
"bja;tnk * vd; je;ijf;F ,j;Jauk; va;jpanj. guk "hdpahfpa
vd;Dila je;ij fl;Lz;L gupjtpf;Fk; mtyf; fhl;rpiaf;
fz;nlnd. jUkk; vd;gJ xd;wpy;iyah > mg;gh/ vd;idg;
bgz;zhfg; bgw;w xU ghtj;jpw;F ePu; ,g;bgUe;Jauk; mile;jPnu *
me;njh * ehd; vd; bra;ntd; * Mapuk; Mapuk; twpatu;f;F
md;djhdk; bra;tPnu * vz;zw;w nts;tpfisr; bra;J/ ,ikatUf;F

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
236
mtpu;g;ghfk; je;jPnu/ giftiu mHpj;jPnu/ ,g;nghJ vd; bghUl;Lf;
fl;Lz;L fy';Ffpd;wPnu. vd;idg; bgw;w ghtj;jpw;F ckf;F ,e;jj;
Jd;gk; va;jpanj" vd;W gythW g[yk;gp kz;kpir tPH;e;jhs;.
rPjhnjtp ,t;thW mGJ bja;tj;ijj; bjhGJ "vd;Dila rpiwia
kPl;gtnu ,y;iyna/ je;ijna cd;Dila rpiwia kPl;ghu; ahUsu; >
jUk \u;j;jpahfpa j';fSf;F ,j;Jd;gk; neu;e;jnj. bgz;zhfpa ehd;
vd;d bra;af; flntd; >" vd;W Twp ,lu;gl;lhs;.
,uhtzd; rPijia nehf;fp/ "bgz;fs; ehafnk * eP tUe;jhnj. eP
vd;id Vw;Wf; bfhs;thahdhy; ehd; MSfpd;w ,y';ifg; gjtpia
cd; je;ijf;F tH';Fntd;. cd; je;ij ,y';if nte;jdhf muR
g[upthu;. ePa[k; ehDk; ,dpikahd jdpikahd ,lj;jpy; thHyhk;.
cd;idg; bgw;W vdf;Fj; je;j je;ijahiu ehd; bfhy;y khl;nld;.
bfhd;why; ed;wp bfhd;w ghtk; vdf;F tUk;. Mjyhy;/ fhjyhy; thLk;
vd;id m";nry; vd;W Twp Mjupg;ghahf" vd;whd;.
rPjhnjtp "V/ \lnd * vd; fw;g[ fy;ypDk; typaJ. ,e;j ,y';if
Kd;dnk cd; jk;gpahfpa tpgP#zDf;F tH';fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. rp';ff;
Fuis tpUk;g[k; ehd; xU Fweupa[ld; thH;ntdh >" vd;W rpde;J
Twpdhs;. ,uhtzDk; rPijapd; kPJ rPw;wkile;jhd;. mg;nghJ
knfhjud; ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/ "mRu nte;nj * eP rPijiaf;
nfhgpf;f ntz;lhk;. je;ijahfpa rdfnu kfSf;F ,jbkhHp TWthu;"
vd;W Twpdhd;.
rdfd; rPijiag; ghu;j;J/ "vd; bry;tnk * mHhnj. eP ,uhtzid
milthahdhy; vd; Jd;gk; jPUk;. rPUk; bgWntd;. ,e;jpuid kUtpa
mfypif bgUika[ld; thHtpy;iyah > bgz;fs; etuj;jpdk;
nghd;wtu;fs;. etuj;jpdk; vy;yhUf;Fk; bghJthdJ. Mjyhy;/ eP
,uhtzid nerpg;gjhy; gpiHapy;iy/ cdf;Fk; Jd;gk; eP';Fk;/
vdf;Fk; ,d;gk; tt;t[k;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,ijf; nfl;l rPij bgU"; rPw;wkile;jhs;. ",e;j thu;j;ij TWfpd;w
eP vdf;Fj; je;ijah > ,J rdfu; ngRk; thu;j;ijah > tlitf;fdy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
237
gdpf;fl;oahf khwpdhYk; KfhnkUfpup flypy; kpjg;gjhdhYk;/ rPij
fw;gpypUe;J jpwk;g khl;lhs;. Myfhy tp#k; nghd;w bfhoa
trdj;ijr; brhy;yp cd; bgUikia ,Hf;fhnj" vd;W Twp
bt";rpdj;jhy; btJk;gpdhs;.
mg;nghJ Fk;gfUzd; khz;ljpd; bghUl;L thdtUk; theu';fSk;
Muthu"; bra;jdu;. xU Jhjd; ,uhtzDila fhjpy;/ ckJ jk;gp
Fk;gfUzd; khz;L tpl;lhd; vd;W Twpdhd;. ,ijf; nfl;l
,uhtzd; ,onaWz;l ehfk; nghy; eL';fp goapd; kPJ tpGe;J
g[uz;lhd;.
"vd; md;g[ilj; jk;gpna * thdtiu tijj;j Jk;gpna * ek;gpna
,Ue;j vd;id el;lhw;wpy; js;spdha;. cd; gpuptpdhy; btk;gpna
thLfpd;nwd;. bghd;ida[k; bgUisa[k; kidtpiaa[k; kf;fisa[k;
,He;jhy; kPz;Lk; bgwyhFk;. vd; cld; gpwg;ghfpa cd;id
vf;fhyj;Jk; vt;tplj;Jk; ,dpg; bgw Koahnj. cd;id ,He;J ehd;
v';'dk; capu;thH;ntd; > ,dp thdtu;fs; thH;thu;fs;. muf;fu;fs;
jhH;thu;fs;. ek;Kila kugpdu; Jd;gf; flypy; tPH;thu;fs;"
vd;bwy;yhk; g[yk;gpj; jd; muz;kidia mile;jhd;.
"rdfdhfpa ,tidf; bfhz;Lngha;r; rpiwapy; mila[';fs;" vd;W
knfhjud; Twpj; jd; ,Ug;gplj;ij aile;jhd;.
jpupril rPjhnjtpiag; ghu;j;J/ "jhna ePnad; tUe;Jfpd;wha; >
khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa kUj;jidr; rdfdhfr; bra;J knfhjud; eoj;j
ehlfk; ,J. ,';nf te;jtd; cz;ikahfpa rdfu; my;yu;. eP Jaug;gl
ntz;lh" vd;W Twpr; rPijapd; Jauj;ij khw;wpdhs;.
rPij/ Fk;gfUzd; khz;lij mwpe;J kfpH;r;rpa[w;whs;.
m
mjjppffhhaad
d; ;
,uhtzd; mHfpa etkzpfs; ,iHj;j bghd;kakhd Mnyhridf;
Tlj;ij mile;jhd;. m';F epd;w mikr;ru;fisa[k; mRu
jPuu;fisa[k; ghu;j;J/ rpdj;jhy; cly; ntu;j;J/ fz;rpte;J TWfpd;whd;.
"eP';fs; vy;yhk; tPuu;fsh > nfhiHfsh > clk;gpny tPu cjpuk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
238
Xltpy;iyah > fGePuh XLfpd;wJ > vd; mUikj; jk;gp Fk;gfUzd;
,U khdplg; gju;fshy; kha;e;J nghdhd;. eP';fbsy;yhk; ,oj;j
g[spiag;nghy;/ ,';F Mlhky; mirahky; epw;fpd;wPu;fns. c';fs;
cs;sk; Jof;f tpy;iyah > "
,uhtzDf;Fj; jhdpakhypdplk; gpwe;jtd; mjpfhad;. kiy nghd;w
bgupa clk;ig cilatdhjyhy; mtd; mjpfhad; vd;W bgau;
bgw;whd;. gpuk;k njtuplk; tu';fs; gy bgw;wtd;. Njhs; cuk;
gilj;jtd;. mwbewp a[zu;e;jtd;. tPuhjp tPud;. ,td; je;ijiag;
gzpe;J/ "je;ijna * jh';fs; nfhgpf;f ntz;lhk;. jk;gpia ,He;J
jh';fs; jtpg;gJnghy;/ ,yl;Rkzidf; bfhd;W ,uhkida[k;
jtpf;Fk;gor; bra;ntd;. mjpfhadhfpa ehd; epidj;jhy; Koahj
fhupak; \d;W cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy" vd;W t";rpd'; Twp
bt";rpdj;njhL rJu';fr; nridfs; g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhd;.
kapld; vd;w JhJtid nehf;fp/ "eP ,yl;Rkzidj; jdpikapy;
re;jpj;J vd;idg; nghu;fsj;jpy; re;jpf;FkhW ehd; miHj;jjhff;
TWtha;. Vd; je;ijiaj; jk;gpy;yhjtdhfr; bra;jJ nghy;/
,uhkida[k; jk;gpapy;yhjtdhfr; bra;ntd; vd;W ehd; Twpajhff;
TWf" vd;W mDg;gpdhd;. mtd; ,uhkiur; re;jpj;jhd;. m';Fs;s
theu';fs; kaplid moj;J ,oj;J ,lu; bra;jd. ,uhku; jLj;Jj;
Jhjiuj; Jd;g[Wj;jf; TlhJ vd;W Twp/ kaplidg; ghu;j;J. "v';F
te;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lUspdhu;. "ehd; ,uhtnz!;tuDila
kfdhfpa mjpfhak; mDg;gpa Jhjdhf te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. j';fSf;Fj;
jk;gpapy;yhky; bra;ag; nghUf;F te;jpUf;fpd;whu;. ,yl;Rkziug;
nghUf;F miHf;fpd;whu;. "
"Jhjnd * vd; jk;gpia bty;YthUk; bfhy;YthUk; gjpdhd;F
cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; mtdJ g[atypikiag;
ghu;g;ghahf" vd;W Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;. jd; mUfpy; epw;Fk;
tpgP#zd; Kjypa md;gu;fisg; ghu;j;J. "md;g[ilaPu; *
,yl;Rkzidr; rhkhdpadhf vz;zhjPu;. mtd; vd;idg;ghu;f;fpYk;
gd;kl';F rpwe;j tPud;" vd;whu; ,uhku;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
239
"tpgP#zh * eP ,yl;RkzDld; nghu;f;fs";brd;W mtDila
funtfj;ija[k; fhz;ghahf. epiwbkhHp khe;ju; Twpa ke;jpu
bkhHpnghy; mtDila ghz';fs; xt;bthd;Wk; rf;jp tha;e;jit.
giftiuf; bfhy;Yk; jifad;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
mjpfhad; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,yl;Rkziu vjpu;j;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
mtUld; te;j nfhof;fzf;fhd ahidg; gilfisf; bfhd;W
Ftpj;jhd;. mjpfhaDila mupa bgupa fizfshy; theu tPuu;fs;
gyu; khz;ldu;. ,yl;Rkzu; theu tPuu;fSf;F mgae; je;J mk;g[
kiH bghHpe;jhu;. jhUfd; vd;w rpwe;j tPud; ,yl;RkzUld; nghu;
g[upe;J khz;lhd;. mjidf; fz;l fhyd; Kjypa Itu;/ tpsf;fpy;
tPGk; tpl;oy; g{r;rpfisg; nghy; ,yl;Rkziu vjpu;j;J khz;L
xHpe;jdu;.
,uhtzd; ,y';ifapypUe;J \d;whtJ Kiwahf ahidg; gilfis
mjpfhaDf;Fj; Jiz bra;a mDg;gpdhd;. mj;jid ahidg;
gilfSk; beUg;g[f;F Kd; te;j g";Rnghy; mHpe;jd.
,yl;RkzUila ru ntfj;ij Mapu'; fz;gilj;j ,e;jpudhYk; fhz
Koatpy;iy.
mEkhu; kw;bwhUg[wk; ahidg; gilfis mHpj;J xHpj;jhu;.
njthe;jfd; vd;w mRu tPud; mEkhUld; mku; bra;J mHpe;jhd;.
njtu;e;jfDila mHpitf; fz;L mjpfhad; vupkiy nghy;
bfhjpj;jhd;. mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ "V/ theunk * eP vdJ jk;gpahfpa
ml;r Fkhuidj; nja;j;J kha;j;jid. ,y';ifiaj; jPf;F
,iuahf;fpid. ,g;nghJ cd;id ,akDf;F ,iuahf;Fntd;. rpwpJ
epy;" vd;W Twpg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;.
mjpfhad; jd; t";rpdj;ij epiwntw;Wk; bghUl;Lr; Rkj;jpiu bgw;w
j';fkhfpa rp';fj;ij vupj;jhd;. mg;bghGJ/ m';fjd; ntz;l/
,yl;Rkzu; mtd; njhs; kPJ Mnuhfzpj;jhu;. mjpfhaDf;Fk;
,yl;RkzUf;Fk; bgUk;nghu; epfH;e;jJ. mjpfhad; brhupe;j
ghz';fshy; m';fjDila clk;gpy; mUtpnghy; cjpuk; xGfpaJ.
mjidf; fz;l ,yl;Rkzu;/ rpwe;j mk;g[fis Vtp mjpfhadpd;
njiua[k; njiu brYj;Jk; ghfida[k; mHpj;jhu;. mg;nghJ tha[njtd;
,yl;Rkziu nehf;fp "bgUkhnd * mjpfhad; mad; gilahyd;wp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
240
ntWgil ahy; mHpa khl;lhd;." vd;W Twpdhd;. ,yl;Rkzu;
gpuknjtDilag; gilf;fyj;ij ke;jpu kyu;fs; Jhtp/ khdr g{ir
bra;J mjpfhad; kPJ Vtpdhu;. me;jg; gpukh!;jpuk; mjpfhaDila
jiyiaj; Jz;oj;J vwpe;jJ. thdtu; kyu; kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;.
mjpfhad; khz;lijf; fz;l mtd; jk;gpahfpa euhe;jfd; nghu; g[upa
Kd;te;jhd;. m';fjd; ,oiag; nghy; vjpu;j;J/ euhe;jfd;
ifj;jyj;jpypUe;j thisg; gpL';fp/ mt;thspdhy; mtd; thH;ehis
Koj;jhd; nghu; kj;jd; theu nrdhjpgjpahfpa ePyndhL nghu; bra;J
khz;lhd;. takj;jd; vd;w mRu tPuid ,lgd; gilj;j mRuj;
jiytidr; Rf;uPtd; bfhd;whd;. epFk;gd; vd;w tPud; m';fjidf;
bfhy;y Nyj;ij vwpe;jhd;. mEkhu; mjidg; gpoj;bjwpe;J epFk;gid
kha;j;jhu;. ,t;thW/ mRu nridfs; mHpe;jd. Jhju;fs; brd;W
,uhtzid tz';fp/ j';fSila g[jy;tuhfpa mjpfhad; nghUf;Fr;
brd;whu;/ gpd; vkd; CUf;Fr; brd;whu; vd;W mGJ bfhz;nl
Twpdu;.
,uhtzDila kidtpa[k; mjpfhaDila md;ida[khfpa
jhdpakhiy kfd; khz;l bra;jp mwpe;J ,uhtzd; fhy; nky;
tpGe;J fjwpf; fjwp mGjhs;. "bgUkhnd/ vd; kfd; v';nf > kfd;
khz;l gpwF vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ ,Uf;fpd;wJ > cd;idf; fz;L
m";rpa ,ak Jhju;fs; mr;rj;ij tpl;L/ vd; kfd; capiug; gwpj;Jr;
brd;wdnu * vd; kfd; v';nf > mtd; jpUKfj;ij v';nf fhz;ngd;
> ,j;jidf;Fk; fhuzk; eP gpwd; kidia tpUk;gpa
bfhLiknaahFk;. nkijahfpa eP rPijia tpUk;gpg;
ngijahfptpl;lidna. j';fs; ghl;lhdhuhfpa khypathd; Twpa
mwt[iuiaf; nfl;lhapy;iy. mwpt[w;w jk;gp tpgP#zd; tpsk;gpa
ed;bdwpia eae;jhapy;iy. vd; bfhGe;jduhfpa Fk;gfUzd; Twpa
,d;Diuia Vw;whapy;iy. mRuu; Fynk eP nkw;bfhz;l
bgz;zhirahy; kz;zhfptpl;lJ. ehisf;F ,e;jpu$pj;Jf;Fk;
,f;fjpjhnd tUk; >" vd;bwy;yhk; Twpg;g[yk;gpaGjhs;.
cUg;grpa[k; nkdifa[k; MWjy; Twp miHj;Jr; brd;wdu;. rPijahfpa
xU bgz; bja;tk; mGjjpdhy; ,d;W muf;fu; khju;fs; midtUk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
241
g[yk;gpaH neu;e;jJ. ,y';ifna nrhff; flypy; \H;fpaJ. ,uhtzd;
Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhd;.

ehf ghrk;
,y';ifapy; vg;bghGJk; MlYk; ghlYk; ehjfPj XirfSk; xypj;Jf;
bfhz;oUf;Fk;. ,g;bghGJ me;j ,d;dpir Xir khwp/ muf;fpau;fs;
j';fs; ,U fu';fshy; jiyapYk; khu;gpYk; xw;wpf;bfhz;L mGfpd;w
Xir v';Fk; xypj;Jf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;wd. me;j mGif nahiriaf;
nfl;L ,e;jpu$pj;J jpLf;fpl;lhd;. vd;d epfH;e;jJ > vd;W mUfpy;
cs;stiu tpdtpdhd;. mtu;fs; mtdplk; brhy;y m";rpf; iffl;o
tha;g[ijj;Jf; bfhz;L/ “muRFy nte;jnu * mjpfhaDk; epFk;gDk;
kfhghu;RtDk; Mfpa ckJ jk;gpau;fs; ,yl;Rkzdhy; capu;
Jwe;jhu;fs;/ ,y';if thH;f;ifia kwe;jhu;fs;. tpz;qyFf;Fg;
gwe;jhu;fs;. ,y';ifapy; ,d;gkhf thH;e;J bfhz;oUe;j muf;fu;fs;
nfhof;fzf;fpy; khz;ldu;. mjdhy;/ fztida[k; kf;fisa[k; ,He;j
muf;fpau;fs; mGfpwhu;fs;“ vd;W Twpdu;.
,jidf; nfl;l ,e;jpu$pj;J Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhd;. xUg[wk;
ftiya[k; kw;bwhU g[wk; rPw;wKk; bfhz;lhd;. ,uhtzDila bghd;
khspiff;Fr; brd;W je;ijia tz';fp/ “je;ijna * j';fSf;F mwpt[
Tu;kG';fp tpl;ljh > xt;bthUtuhf mDg;gp kdpju;fshy; bfhy;tpj;J.
ekf;F ey;tpj;jhf ,Ue;j vd; jk;gpaiu ,He;J jtpf;fpd;wPnu. fu/
jpupru Jh#zhjpaiuak;/ Fk;gfUzida[k; bfhd;wtu;fis kdpju;
vd;W myl;rpag;gLj;jyhkh > jdpikapy; vz;zyhkh > bja;tnk
kdpj cUthft[k; theu cUthft[k; te;jbjd;W vz;z ntz;lhkh >
,dp ele;jijg; gw;wpr; rpe;jpg;gJ mwpt[ilik ahfhJ. vdf;F tpil
bfhL';fs;. ehd; nghUf;Fr; brd;W mj;jidg; ngiua[k; bfhd;W/
btw;wpkhiy NotUntd;“ vd;whd;. ,uhtzd; kfpH;e;J mtid
khu;g[wj; jGtp/ nghUf;Fr; brd;W kPSf vd;W tpil je;jhd;.
,e;jpu$pj;J ,e;jpud; njupDk; rpwe;J tps';Ffpd;w kpfg; bgupa njupy;
Mnuhfzpj;jhd;. Mapuk; rp';f';fSk; Mapuk; nga;fSk; g{l;oa njupy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
242
Vwp/ ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fis btd;w bgupa tpy;iy Ve;jp/ ehw;gJ
bts;sk; nrid g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsj;Jf;F te;jhd;
,e;jpu$pj;J bfhjpj;Jf; TWfpd;whd;. “vd; jk;gpahfpa mjpfhaid/
mjp fhak;gLj;jpf; bfhd;w ,yl;Rkzid ,d;W ehd;
bfhy;ytpy;iyahdhy; ,uhtnz!;tuDila kfdhf khl;nld;.
,yl;RkzDila cjpuj;ij epykfs; gUfj; jUntd;. m';'dk;
bra;atpy;iyahdhy; vd;idj; njtUk; kw;W ahtUk; ,fH;thu;fshf.
vd; nghu;j;jpwj;ijf; fz;L tpz;qyFk; kz;qyFk; tpag;g[
mila[k;“ vd;W bt";rpdj;jhy; t";rpd ciu Twpg;/ nga;f;
bfhoa[ld; epkpu;e;J epd;whd;. tpgP#zu; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/
“vk;gpuhnd * ,g;bghGJ vr;rupf;ifahfg; nghu; bra;a ntz;Lk;“
vd;whu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ “tpgP#zh * kpFe;j Mw;wYld; ,';Fg; nghu;
bra;a te;jtd; ahu; >“ tpdtpdhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ “brskpj;jpupna * ,e;jpuid btd;wtd; ,td;.
,uhtzDila \j;j kfd; ,e;jpu$pj;J vdg;gLgtd;. vl;Lj;
jpirfspYk; jd; g[fiH vl;LkhW bra;jtd;. ,td; epfupy;yhj tPuhjp
tPud;/ jh';fs; ,tDld; nghu; g[upa[k; bghGJ mEkhu; j';fs; mUfpy;
,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. ,J monaDila tpz;zg;gk;. md;wpr;/ Rf;uPtd;/
m';fjd;/ ePyd; rhk;gthd; Kjypa tPuu;fs; j';fs; mUfpy;
,Uf;fntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa nghu; kpft[k; cf;fpukhf ,Uf;Fk;“ vd;W
Twpdhu;.
nkiy thapypy; nghu; bra;J bfhz;oUe;j mEkhu; ,yl;RkzUld;
te;jhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J vd;w tPuu;fspd; nghu;j;jpwj;ijf;
fhqk; MtYld; thdj;jpy; njtUk; \tUk; te;J FGkpdhu;fs;.
theu';fSf;Fk; muf;fu;fSf;Fk; fLk;nghu; epfH;e;jJ. muf;fu;
nridapy; jiyaw;w fte;j';fs; ehj;jdkhod. cjpu bts;sk; XoaJ.
,U jpwj;Jk; nridfs; khz;ld. Fu';Ffs; Fd;Wfis vLj;J muf;fu;
nky; tPrp muf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jd.
xUg[wk; m';fjd; cUj;jpu \u;j;jpiag; nghy; rpde;J muf;fu;
nridia mHpj;jhd;. xUg[wk; nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd;/ fhyidg;
nghy; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. FKjd;/ ,lgd;/ rhk;gtd;/ gdrd;/ kape;jd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
243
Kjypa rpwe;j theu tPuu;fs;/ thdtUk; tpaf;f tPuj;Jld; nghu;
g[upe;jhu;fs;.
M";r neau; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; Kd;nd epd;whu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J mEkhiug;
ghu;j;Jg; g[d;difj;Jg; g[fYfpd;whd;. “V/ theunkh * rpwpJ epy;ylh/
cd;idr; re;jpj;J cd;Dld; nghu;g[upa epidj;nj te;njd;.
theu';fshfpa eP';fs; fy;byLj;Jk; kuk; vLj;Jk; nghu; g[upfpd;whu;fs;.
fy;yhYk; kuj;jhYk; btw;wpbgw Koa[kh > ,g;bghGnj c';fs; capiu
cz;ngd;“ vd;whd;.
ngRtjpy; ty;ytUk; Ie;jhapuk; vd;Dk; ,yf;fzj;ijf; fw;wtUk;
etahfuz gz;ojUk; Mfpa mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;ijf; fz;L rpupj;J/ “V
/ \lnd * tpy;byLj;Jg; nghu; g[upfpd;w tPuUk; ,';F ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;.
md;wp/ eP';fs; khz;lgpd; c';fSf;Ff; fy;byLg;g[ bra;a ,';nf
xUtd; (tpgP#zd;) ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mij/ ,d;W ehis ghu;f;fyhk;.
c';fSld; nghu; bra;J g[y;iyf; ft;tpa njtu;fisg; nghy; v';fis
mw;gkhff; fUjhnj. tPuu;fs; thahy; ngRtJ rpwg;gd;W. fuj;jhYk;
ngRf“ vd;W Twpdhu;.
mEkhu; xU Fd;iw vLj;J ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nky; tPrp Mu;j;jhu;.
mk;kiy/ mtd; khu;gpy; gl;Lj; Jfshapw;W. mJnghy;/ ePyd; vwpe;j
kiyiaa[k; ,e;jpu$pj;J jd; mk;gf[ shy; bghoahf;fpdhd;. ePyDk;
m';fjDk; ,e;jpu$pj;Jld; nghu; bra;J ,isj;jdu;. ,e;jpu$pj;JJk;
,yl;RkzUk; vjpbujpnu epd;w bghGJ ,e;jpu$pj;J rhud; vd;w
xw;widg; ghu;j;J ,td; ahu; > vd;W nfl;lhd;.
rhud;/ ,td;jhd; gujDila jk;gp ,yl;Rkzd; vd;whd;.
,yl;Rkzu; mk;g[ kiHfisg; bghHpe;J muf;fu; gilfis mHpj;jhu;.
ahidg;gilfs;/ g{idg;gilfisg;nghy; mHpe;bjhHpe;jd. ,yl;Rkzu;/
ghz';fis mk;gwhj; JhzpapypUe;J vLg;gJk;/ tpy;ypy bjhLg;gJk;/
muf;fu;nky; tpLg;gJk; Mfg; nghu; bra;jnghJ/ mtUila if
tpy;ypYk; mk;gwhj; JhzpapYk; khwpkhwpg; ngha;tUk; ,ilbtsp
bjupatpy;iy. mtUila funtfj;ija[k; ru ntfj;ija[k; fz;L/
,e;jpu$pj;J tpag;gile;jhd;. ,tnd rpwe;j tpy;yhsp vd;W g[fH;e;J
Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
244
,yl;Rkzu; mEkhUila njhs;kPJ Vwpg; nghu; bra;jhu;. mEkhu;
,yl;Rkziuj; njhspy; Rke;J bfhz;nl fu';fshYk; fhy;fshYk;
muf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J Mapu';nfho mk;g[fis Vtpdhd;. ,yl;RkzUk;
Mapu';nfho mk;g[fis Vtp mitfis tpyf;fpdhu;. ,UtUila
ghz';fSk; xd;iwbahd;W jhf;fpj; Jfs; bra;jd.
,yl;Rkzu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; khu;gpy; mzpe;jpUe;j tr;rpuf; ftrj;ijj;
Jfs; bra;jhu;. mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; njiuf; fhyhy; cijj;J
mHpj;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; bgupa tpy;iy mupa ghzj;jhy; ,yl;Rkzu;
mHpj;jhu;. mtd; ntW tpy;iy vLj;Jf; bfhz;L ntbwhU njupd; kPJ
Vwpf; bfhz;L nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,yl;Rkzu; tpl;l ghzj;jhy;
mtDila khu;g[ g[z;zhfp/ cjpuk; mUtp nghy; xGfpaJ.
,e;jpu$pj;J va;j ghz';fshy; mEkhUila bew;wpapypUe;Jk;
khu;gpypUe;Jk; cjpuk; bgUfpaJ. ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; Mapuk; nrkj; nju;fis
,yl;Rkzu; mHpj;jhu;. ,e;jg; nghu;j; jpwj;ij tpz;zpypUe;J ghu;j;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;j ,ikatu;fSk; ,Uoau;fSk; mjprak; mile;jhu;fs;.
Jkpuhl;rd;/ kfhghu;Rtd; Mfpa ,UtUk; ,yl;Rkzupd; mk;g[
kiHahy; mHpe;J xHpe;jhu;fs;.
Mjpj;jd; jd; Fy kfdhfpa ,yl;Rkzu; kPJ btapy; tPrp
,lu;g;gLj;jf;TlhJ vd;W nkw;flypy; \H;fpdhd;. t";r kdpju;fspd;
be";rk;nghy; v';Fk; fupa ,Us; NH;e;jJ.
nju; ,He;j ,e;jpu$pj;J tPud; vd;w ngiua[k; ,He;J nkf
kz;lyj;jpy; nkfj;Jf;fpilna kiwe;J epd;whd;. ml;lkh rpj;jpfspYk;
ty;ytdhjyhy; mq+gk; vLj;jhd;. mtd; gae;J njhw;W Xodhd;
vd;W vz;zp ,yl;RkzUk; theuUk; kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;.
,yl;Rkzu; mEkhupd; njhspypypUe;J ,w';fp ,isg;ghwpf;
bfhz;oUe;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J kpfr; rpwe;j bja;tj;jd;ikg[ld; Toa
ehfghrj;ij vLj;J tPrpdhd;.
me;j ehfghrj;jhy; ,yl;Rkzu; fl;Lz;L kjpa[';fjpa['; fy';fp
kz;kpir tpGe;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;ijf; fl;og; gpoj;J mHpg;ngd; vd;W

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
245
Twp tpz;zpny jht Kad;w M";r neaiua[k; ehf ghrk; fl;of;
fUj;jHpar; bra;jJ. ,yl;RkzUila clk;g[ cjpuk; xGf/
Mjpj;jidg; nghy; xsptPrpf; fple;jJ. khah ghrj;jpdhy; fl;Lz;l
"hdpfisg;nghy; ehf ghrj;jpdhy; fl;Lz;L brayw;Wf; fple;jhu;.
theu';fs; vy;yhk; ka';fpf; fple;jd.
,e;jpu$pj;J ,uhtzdplk; brd;W/ “je;ijna * tzf;fk;. ,uhkidj;
jtpu Vidnahiuf; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. rw;W ,isg;ghwpf; bfhz;L
ehis brd;W ,uhkida[k; bfhd;W tUntd;“ vd;W Twpj; jd;
,Ug;gplk; ngha; ,isg;ghwpdhd;.
,yl;RkzUila mty epiyiaf; fz;L tpgP#zu; kpft[k;
tUe;jpdhu;. mdyd; vd;w theu tPud; ,uhkuplk; Xo/ ehf ghrj;jhy;
fl;Lz;L ,yl;Rkzu; mirtw;wpUg;gijf; Twpdhd;. ,uhku; mf;dpg;
gilia Vtp ,Uis afw;wp me;j xspapy; jk;gp ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij
mile;J/ jk;gpiaf; fz;L Mwhj; JaUw;whu;. mtUila
fz;fspypUe;J fz;zPu; ejpnghy; Fjpj;Jr; brd;wJ. jk;gpapd; ghjj;ijj;
jk; ifapdhy; jltpdhu;. khu;gpy; ifia itj;J bka;a[w eL';fpdhu;.
bta;a \f;fpy; tpuiy itj;Jr; nrhjpj;jhu;. \oa fz;fis ePoa
Jauj;njhL ghu;j;jhu;. jd; nfhjz;lj;ijg; ghu;j;jhu;. vz; jpirfisa[k;
nehf;fpdhu;.
jdf;F te;j gHpia nehf;fpdhu;. jk;gpapd; tpHpia nehf;fpdhu;.
jk;gpapDila njhis nehf;Fthu;. Nfhis nehf;Fthu;/ thH;ehis
nehf;Fthu;. “tpgP#zh * ,e;j fizapd; tuyhW ahJ > ,ijj; je;j
flt[s; ahu; > vdf;F Vd; mwptpf;ftpy;iy >“ vd;W tpdtpdhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ “mz;zh * ,yl;Rkzupd; nghu;j;jpwj;jhy; njhw;W Xoa
,e;jpu$pj;J gpuknjtu; je;j ,e;j ehf ghrj;ij Vtp ,t;thW
bra;jhd;“ vd;W Twpdhu;.

fUlhH;thu;
bgUe;Jauk; epiwe;j ,e;jg; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; e";ir khw;Wk;
be";ira[ila fUl gfthd; brk;bghd; Fd;Wnghy; gwe;J

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
246
tl;lkpl;lhu;. mtUila mKj epHy; v';Fk; gutpaJ. fUlhH;thu;
,uhkiu tpz;zpy; ,Ue;J gzpe;J/ md;gpd; kpFjpahy; ,d;gk;
epiwe;j brhw;fshy; Jjp bra;fpd;whu;. "njthjp njth * cyf ehafnd/
myfpyhj bgUika[ilatnd/ gpwtpg; bgU';fliyj; jhz;l itf;Fk;
mwj;jpd; ehafnd/ cyf';fisf; fhj;Jk; ftiy jPu;j;Jk;/ fUiz
g[upfpd;w fhFj;jnu/ Md;khf;fspd; gpwg;igafw;w kz;zpy; gpwe;j
bgUe;jifna/ cd;Dila khiaia mwpaty;yhu; ahtu; >
bjhGthu;f;F mUSk; tGthj fUiza'; flny/ jpU"hd jPgnk/
mUl;bgU"; nrhjpna/ Mzt ,Uisafw;Wk; ,d;gr; nrhjpna. Muh
,d;gk; mUSk; mkynd/ Tu; MHp Ve;Jk; bfhw;wtnd" vdj; Jjp
bra;jhu;.
fUlhH;thUila epHy; gl;lt[ld; me;j ehf ghrk; jhkiu Ehy; nghy;
RU';fp/ ,y;yhknyna ngha;tpl;lJ mJ/ rilag;g ts;siy
mqfpndhu;/ grpa[k; tWika[k; jPu;tJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ. jt
"hdpfisf; fz;l Md;khf;fspd; mwpahikiag;nghy; mHpe;J
xHpe;jJ.
khz;l muf;fu;fs; kPz;L vHtpy;iy. Mjpj;jd tuthy; FKjk;
kyu;tjpy;iy. mJnghy;/ fUlUila tut[ jPatu;fSf;F ey";
bra;atpy;iy. ,uhk if';fu;ak; bra;fpd;w theu';fs; kPz;Lk;
capu;bgw;W cly; g[z;fs; Mwpg;/ g[jpa Mw;wiyg; bgw;W capu;j;J
vGe;J ,uhk; ,uhk; vd;W ,uhk ehk r';fPu;j;jdk; bra;jd.
,yl;Rkzu; vGe;J ey";bra;a[k; ,uhkiu ty"; bra;J tz';fpdhu;.
,uhku; jk;gpia khu;g[wj; jGtp ,d;gf; flypy; \H;fpdhu;. fUl
gfthidg; ghu;j;J/ md;gnd/ ifk;khW fUjhky; v';fl;F cjtp bra;j
cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp. eP md;g[ kakhfj; jpfH;fpd;wha;. cd;id Kd;g[
fz;onyd;. eP te;J v';fSf;Fj; jhH;it ePf;fp thH;itj; je;jha;.
khupnghy; te;J mUs;kiH bghHpe;J cjtp bra;jid. eP ahu; >
cdf;F vd; md;igf; fhzpf;ifahfj; jUfpd;nwd;" vd;W mUSiu
gfu;e;jhu;. itznjad; ,uhkiuj; bjhGJ/ "vd;idg; gw;wp gpd;du;
TWntd;. c';fs; jpUtof;Fg; gy nfho tzf;fk;" vd;W Twpg;
gwe;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
247
mEkhu; ,uhkiu m";ryp bra;J/ "ehk; ,we;J tpl;nlhk; vd;W
vk;gpuhl;o ,d;dy; milths;/ muf;fUk; kfpH;thu;fs; Mjyhy;/ ehk;
njtpapd; Mtp kfpH Muthuk; bra;nthk;" vd;whu;. ,uhkUk;
"mg;gona bra;f" vd;whu;.
vGgJ bts;sk; nridfSk; xU';nf vGfly; nghy; xypj;jd.
,y';if khefupy; Jh';fhjtu; ,Utu; csu;. xUtu; vk;bgUkhidna
,ilawhJ rpe;jpf;fpd;w rPjhnjtp/ kw;bwhUtu; rPijiana vz;qfpd;w
ngijahfpa ,uhtzd;.
,uhtzd; theu';fspd; Mu;g;bghypiaf; nfl;L mjpu;r;rp mile;jhd;.
gpd;du;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J ,Uf;Fk; bghd;khspifapy; g[Fe;jhd;. mg;nghJ
Jhju;fs; te;J ,uhtzidj; bjhGJ/ "mRnue;jpuh * thdj;jpy; fUl
njtd; te;J epHy; nra;a/ khz;l theu tPuu;fSk;/ ,yl;RkzUk;
capu;j;bjhGe;J Kd;dpYk; gd;kl';F typik va;jp Muthuk;
g[upfpd;whu;fs;" vd;whu;fs;. ,ijf;nfl;l ,uhtzd;/ "vd;dplk;
njhy;tp mile;j fUlDf;F ,t;tst[ Mw;wyh > vd;Dila bfhw;wk;
ed;W ed;W. kfnd/ eP ,g;nghnj brd;W gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; mtu;fisf;
bfhd;W btw;wpa[ld; kPSf" vd;whd;.
"je;ijna/ ,d;W xUehs; Xa;t[ bgw;W ehisf;Fg; nghUf;Fr; brd;W
btw;wp bgw;Wj; j';fSila kdj;Jaiu khw;Wntd;" vd;W
,e;jpu$pj;J tPuj;Jld; Twpdhd;.
,uhtzd; jd; ,Ug;gplk; nru;e;jhd;.
ggi
illjj;j;ji
iyyt
tuu;f;fs
s; ; t
tiijj
theu tPuu;fspd; Muthuj;ijf; nfl;l khgf;fd; Kjypa gilj;
jiytu;fs; ,uhtzidj; bjhGJ/ "v';fs; jdpg;bgUe; jiyth *
v';fisg; nghUf;F mDg;g[khW ntz;Lfpnwhk;" vd;whu;fs;.
mg;bghGJ m';fpUe;j xUtd;/ ",e;j khgf;fDk;/ g[iff; fz;zDk;
nghupy; g[w';bfhLj;J Xo te;jtu;fs;" vd;W ,uhtzdplk; Twpdhd;.
mJnfl;L ,uhtzd; bgU"; rPw;wj;ij mile;J. "g[w';bfhLj;j

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
248
g[y;ypau;fns/ eP';fSk; xU tPuu;fsh >" vd;W Twp/
mUfpypUe;jtu;fisg; ghu;j;J/ ",tu;fsJ \f;ifaupe;J khdg';fk;
bra;a[';fs;" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;.
mg;nghJ khyp vd;w tPud;/ ,uhtzid tz';fp/ "tPuk; kpFe;j
nte;ju; bgUkhnd * btw;wpa[k; njhy;tpa[k; khwp khwp tUk;. new;W
,sturuhfpa ,e;jpu$pj;Jk;/ njhw;W te;jhu;. Mjyhy;/ njhw;wtu;fspd;
ehrpia mWg;gJ ey;yJ md;W" vd;W jLj;Jiuj;jhd;. ,uhtzd;
rPw;we;jzpe;J gilj; jiytu;fSld; gj;J bts;sk; nridfisg;
nghUf;F mDg;gpdhd;.

kfuf; fz;zdpd; khag;nghu;


,uhtzDila kdk; khwpaJ. gpwF mtd; gilj;jiytu;fshd
nts;tpg; gif"d;/ ghDg; giftd;/ khypy; gprhrd;/ tr;rpug;gy;yd;
nghd;wtu;fs; tPuj;Jld; g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;. rpwg;ghd Ma[j';fis Ve;jpg;
nghu;f;fsk; Vfpdu;. tpgP#zu; me;j; gilj; jiytu;fspd; Mw;wiyg;
gw;wp ,uhkgpuhdplk; vLj;jpak;gpdhu;. muf;f tPuUk; theu tPuUk;
fLk;nghu; g[upe;jdu;. g[iff; fz;zd; vd;w jiytid mEkhu; moj;J
koj;jhu;. khgf;fd; m';fjndhL nghu; g[upe;J ,akd; CUf;F te;jhd;.
khyp vd;w khbgUk; tPuid theu nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd;
bfhd;whd;. nts;tpg;gif"id ,yl;Rkzu; bfhd;whu;. tr;rpug;gy;yid
mEkhu; tijj;jhu;. gprhrd; vd;w tPuid ,yl;Rkzu; bfhd;whu;.
gilj; jiytu;fSld; te;j MWbts;sk; nridfis ,uhku;
mHpj;jhu;. ehd;F bts;sk; nridfis ,yl;Rkzu; mHpj;jhu;.
Jhju;fs; ,uhtzdplk; brd;W gilj;jiytu;fs; mHpe;jijg;
gfu;e;jhu;fs;.
,uhtzDila jha; nffrp/ mtSila j';ir Fk;gPurp/ mtSf;Ff;
fud;/ jpuprpud;/ Jh#zd; vd;W \d;W g[jy;tu;fs;. fud; mud;ghy;
tuk; bgw;w nguhw;wy; cilatd;. $d!;jhdj;ij muR g[upe;J
bfhz;oUe;jhd;. g";rtoapy; ,uhku; j';fpapUe;j bghGJ/ ,uhkUld;
nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhd;. me;j fuDila kfd; kfuf; fz;zd;. mtd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
249
,uhtzidj; bjhGJ/ "vd; capupDk; rpwe;j bgupa gpjhnt * vd;
je;ijiaf; bfhd;w ,uhkid ehd; bfhd;W vdf;F cw;w gHpiaj;
jPu;j;Jf; bfhs;Sntd;. jat[ bra;J vd;idg; nghUf;F mDg;gp
ita[';fs;. ehd; ,uhk yl;Rkzu;fisf; bfhd;W btw;wp khiynahL
kPs;ntd;" vd;W Twp tpil nfl;lhd;.
,uhtzd; mtidj; jGtp/ "kfnd * cd;Dila tPuk;
nkUkiyiag; nghd;wJ. eP nghUf;Fr; brd;W ,uhk
,yl;Rkzu;fisf; bfhd;W thid khiy Nof; bfhz;L Xifa[ld;
jpUk;g[f" vd;W tpil bfhLj;jhd;.
,uhtzd; mDg;gpa Ie;J bts;sk; nridfSk;/ kfuf; fz;zDila
Ie;J bts;sk; nridfSk;/ g[il NH a[j;jg; giw KH';f
kfuf;fz;zd; nghu;f;fsk; g[Fe;jhd;. nrhzpjf; fz;zd;/ rpf;fd; Mfpa
,UtUk; mtdJ nju; rf;fuj;ijf; fhj;Jr; brd;wdu;. bt";rpdk; g{z;l
kfuf; fz;zd;/ ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;J/ t";rpdk; TWfpd;whd;.
",uhfth * eP vd; je;ijiaf; bfhd;W vd; mRu Fyj;Jf;Fg; bgUk;
gHpia cz;lhf;fpdha;. ,g;nghJ cd;id ehd; bfhd;W/ mg;gHpiaj;
jPu;j;Jf; bfhs;Sntd;" kfuf; fz;zd; jhd; fw;w khiaapdhy; beUg;g[
kiH rpe;jpa[k;/ g[aw;fhw;W tPrr; bra;Jk; thdj;jpy; ,o tpHr; bra;Jk;/
jd; cUit kiwj;Jg; gy;ntW kfuf; fz;zdhff; fhl;rpaspj;J
khag;nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhku; gy ghz';fis Vtpdhu;. cjpuk; xGFk;
cUtnk gy kfuf; fz;zu;fshff; fhl;rpaspj;jJ. ,uhku;/ nkYk; gy
ghz';fis Vtpdhu;. cjpuk; xGFk; cUtnk kfuf; fz;zdpd;
cz;ik cUtk; vd;W fz;Lbfhz;lhu; Vida cUt';fspy; cjpur;
RtL ,y;iy. mjdhy;/ mit khatotk; vd;W czu;e;J rpwe;j xU
bja;tg; gilia Vtp/ mtdJ rpuj;ijj; Jzpj;jUspdhu;. kfuf;
fz;zd; typik Xa;e;J tPue; nja;e;J kha;e;jhd;. ,akDila
Jhju;fs; mtdJ capiug; gw;wpr; brd;wdu;. muf;f Jhju;fs; mtdJ
kuj;ijg; gw;wp ,uhtzdplk; Twpdhu;fs;. ,uhtzd; Jd;gf; flypy;
\H;fpdhd;.
,y';ifapy; thGk; muf;fpau;fs; j';fs; capupDk; ,dpa fztu;fs;
,we;jijawpe;J jk; jk; fztu;fspd; gpz';fisg; nga;fSk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
250
eha;fSk; eupfSk; fhf;iffSk; fGFfSk; cz;gijf; fz;L cs;se;
Joj;J/ fz;zPu; toj;Jg; g[uz;L mGJ capu; Jwe;jhu;fs;.
fw;g[ila xU bgz;zpd; fz;zPu; rpe;J'; fhuzj;jhy; ,y';if thGk;
bgz;kzpfs; midtUk; fz;zPu; toj;Jj; Jof;fyhdhu;fs;.
ggppuukkhh!
!;j;jppuukk; ;

,uhtzd; ,e;jpu$pj;ij miHj;J/ "kfnd * cdf;F epfuhd


kfhtPuu;fs; gjpdhd;F cyfpYk; ,y;iy. fud; kfdhfpa kfuf;fz;zd;
Kjypnahu; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; kha;e;jhu;fs;. kw;iw tPuu;fs; nghu; bra;J
Xa;e;jhu;fs;. ,uhk yl;Rkzu;fis cd;idad;wp bty;thupy;iy. cd;
guhf;fpukk; khnkUfpup nghd;wJ. eP nghUf;Fg; ngha; th" vd;W tpil
bfhLj;jhd;.
,e;jpu$pj;J je;ijia tz';fp/ Mapuk; rp';f';fs; g{l;oa bgupa njupy;
Vwpdhd;. mWgJ bts;sk; mRur; nridfs; mtidr; NH;e;J
brd;wd. ,e;jpu$pj;ijr; NH;e;J te;j mRu nridapd; bgUf;fj;ija[k;
mit ,Uf;fpd;w beUf;fjija[k; fz;l theu tPuu;fs; eL';fp xL';fp
Xodu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
251
,uhku; me;jr; nridfSf;F mr;rk; eP';f MWjy; Twp/ mEkhu;
njhs;kPJ Vwpg; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. m';fjd; njhspy; ,yl;Rkzu;
Vwpr; brd;whu;.
,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; funtfKk; runtfKk; fhl;o ,e;jpu$pj;Jld;
te;j nridfs; midj;ija[k; bfhd;W Ftpj;jdu;. ,uhk
,yl;RkzUila tpy;td;ikiaf; fz;L ,e;jpu$pj;J tpae;J epd;whd;.
mtdJ njUk; mHpe;jJ.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * ,g;bghGJ ,td; kPJ gpukh!;jpuj;ijg;
gpunahfk; bra;ntd;" vd;whu;. ,uhku;/ "jk;gP * gpukh!;jpuj;ij
tpLthahdhy; xU behoapy; cyfnk mHpe;JtpLk;. Mjyhy;/ mad;
fiziaj; bjhLf;f ntz;lhk;" vd;W jLj;jUspdhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J kiwe;bjhHpe;jhd;. Mjpj;jDk; flypy; \H;fpdhd;.
,uhku;/ "tpgP#zh * ekJ nridfSf;F czt[ njof;bfhL" vd;W
gzpj;jUspdhu;.
jhk; nghu;f; fsj;jpdpd;W eP'f; p/ m!;jpug{i$ bra;thuhapdhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J Xu; Mykuj;jpd; fPH; mgprhu nts;tp bra;J
gpukh!;jpuj;Jf;F tHpghL bra;J g[wg;gl;lhd;. knfhjud;/
,uhtzDila fl;lisapdhy;/ bts;is ahidapy; ,e;jpud;
tUtjhft[k; njtu;fSk; Kdptu;fSk; cld; tUtjhft[k; kha";
bra;J fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhd;. nghu; g[upgtd; knfhjud; vd;W czuhj
theutPuu;fs; ,e;jpud; Vd; nghUf;F te;jhd; > vd;W fyf;fKw;whu;fs;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ "ehk; ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fs; bghUl;nl ,uhtzndhL nghu;
g[upfpd;nwhk;. mg;goapUf;f ,e;jpud; Kjypnahu; ek;kPJ nghUf;F tuf;
fhuzk; ahJ >" vd;W Twpf; bfhz;oUf;Fk;nghJ ,e;jpu$pj;J
nkfj;jpy; kiwe;J epd;W/ ke;jpuj;ij cr;rupj;Jf; bfhz;L rpwe;j
gilf;fy khfpa gpukh!;jpuj;ijg; gpunahfk; bra;jhd;.
me;jj; bja;tg;gilf;fyk; jhf;f ,yl;Rkzu; kha;e;jhu;. gpukh!;jpuj;jhy;
m/Ekhu; \u;r;rpj;jhu;. Rf;fpuPtd;/ m';fjd;/ ,lgd;/ gdrd;/ FKjd;
Mfpa rpwe;j theu tPuu;fs; capu;ePj;jhu;fs;. ,d;Dk;/ esd;/ ike;jd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
252
Jkpe;jd/ ftad;/ nfrup/ fjtyp/ Rnrlzd;/ fe;jkhjdd;/ ,Lk;gd;/
jjpKfd; Kjypa tPuu;fSk; khz;ldu;.
gpuknjtnd rhk;gthd;. Mjypdhy;/ gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khshky; kaf;fk;
mile;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J/ thduf; FGt[ld; ,yl;Rkzd; khz;lhd;/ ,uhkd;
nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,y;yhikahy; mtd; kl;Lk; khstpy;iy vd;W
vz;zp btw;wpr; r';if Cjpago je;ijahuplk; brd;W tz';fp/
"je;ijna * ,dp c';fSf;Fr; rpe;ij Vd;. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,uhkd;
fhzg;gltpy;iy. Mfnt/ ,uhkidj; jtpu/ ,yl;Rkzd; Kjypa
midtiua[k; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; btw;wp bgw;nwd;."
vd;W Twpdhd;.
,uhtzd; bgUkfpH;r;rp mile;jhd;. "kfnd * ePa[k; knfhjuDk;ngha;
Xa;btLj;Jf; bfhs;S';fs;" vd;W mtu;fSf;F tpil bfhLj;jhd;.
,e;jpu$pj;J jd; khspif brd;whd;.

,uhkuJ Jauk;
bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fSf;F tHpghL bra;j ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp
nghu;f;fsj;Jf;F te;jhu;. vy;yhUk; khz;L fplf;Fk; mty epiyiaf;
fz;lhu;. khz;L fplf;Fk; Rf;uPtDila cliyj; jltp/ "md;gpd;
fUt{ynk * el;gpd; ehafnk * vdf;Fj; Jiz bra;a te;j
tapuj;Jhnz * eP khz;L fplf;fpd;whna/ vd;id kwe;jhnah >" vd;W
Twpg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;.
mEkhiuj; jGtp/ Mwhj; Jauk; mile;jhu;. "vd; MUapnu * vd;
bghUl;Lf; fly; fle;J mRuu; cly; file;J/ rhdfpf;F capu;
bfhLj;Jr; nrit xd;nw vdf;Fj; njit vd;W gzpg[upe;j
gz;ghsnd/ cdf;Fj; njtu;fSk; rhth tuk; je;jhu;fns. me;j tuk;
bgha;ahFkh > ,g;goa[k; epfGbkd;W ehd; fdtpYk; fUjpnddpy;iy.
M";r neah * eP v';nf brd;wha; > bja;tg; gilf;fyk; cd; capiu
cz;L tpl;ljh >" vd;W Twp kpft[k; g[yk;gpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
253
gpd;du;/ gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khz;L fplf;Fk; tapuj;Jhz; nghd;w
,yl;Rkziuf; fz;lhu;. Jauj;jhy; "jk;gP/ jk;gP" vd;W Twp
\u;r;rpj;Jtpl;lhu;. mtuJ \r;R xU ehHpifg; bghGJ epd;Wtpl;lJ.
ntbwhd;iwa[k; czu;e;jhupy;iy. gpd;du;/ \u;r;ir bjspe;J jk;gpapd;
cliyj; jdpj;jdpna jltpg; g[yk;gYw;whu;.
"jk;gP * vdf;Fj; jha[k; ePna/ je;ija[k; ePna/ jtKk; ePna vd; nra[k;
ePna/ jk;gpa[k; ePna/ bry;tKk; ePna. ,g;bghGJ vt;thW kdk;
Jzpe;J vd;idg; gpupe;J brd;wid > fhdfj;jpy; gjpdhY Mz;Lfs;
,dpa fdpa[k; njDk;/ fha[k; fpH';Fk; vd;id cz;gpj;J eP
cz;zhjpUe;jha;. vd;id cw';Ftpj;J eP cw';fhjpUe;jha;. gjpdhY
Mz;Lfs; epd;w tz;zkhf; nrit bra;jha;. xU jk;gp/ jikaDf;F
,t;thW nrit bra;jhd; vd;w tuyhnw ,y;iy. ,g;bghGJ
KGikahff; fz;\o cw';Ffpd;wha;. jk;gP * cd;idna ,Ue;njd;
ek;gp/ eP vd;id tpl;L eP';fp ePl;o tpl;lha; fk;gp. ehd; mGfpnwd;
btk;gp/ ,dp vdf;F ahu; Jiztu; > "
"jk;gP eP khz;l gpd; capu;thH khl;nld;. khz;L xHpntd;. ehd;
khz;lhy;/ gujDk; rj;Uf;fDk; khs;thu;fs;. ,sikahd kidtpiaj;
Jwe;J/ kzpkhspifisj; Jwe;J/ ehl;ila[k; efiua[k; Jwe;J/
czu;ita[k; cwf;fj;ija[k; kwe;J/ vdf;F gzp bra;jha;. vs; vd;why;
vz;bziaf; bfhzu;tha;/ gUj;jp vd;why; Miliaf; bfhzu;tha;"
vd;W gythW g[yk;gpaGJ mwpt[ nja;e;J/ cs;sk; Xa;e;J epyj;jpy;
rha;e;J \u;r;rpj;J tpl;lhu;.
,uhkgpuhDila Mw;bwhzhj; Jauj;ijf; fz;L njtu;fs; mGjhu;fs;/
Jjp bra;J bjhGjhu;fs;.
rrPjPjhhnnjjt
tpp nngghhuu;f;f;f;fs
skk; ; ffhhq
qjjyy; ;
,uhtzd; ,e;jpu$pj;Jf; Twpa brhw;fisf; nfl;Lg; bgupJk; kfpH;e;J
btw;wpg; giw miwe;J MlYk; ghlYk; KH';f/ fspahly; bra;a[khW
fl;lisapl;lhd;. kUj;jd; vd;w tPuid miHj;J "eP brd;W
nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;l muf;fu;fspd; cly;fs; midj;ija[k; flypy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
254
,Lf" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. ",jidg; gpwuwpahky; ,ufrpakhfr;
bra;" vd;Wk; Twpdhd;.
rPijiag; nghu;f;fsk; fhz miHj;Jg; nghtjdhy; nghu;f;fsj;jpy;
muf;fu;fs; xUtUk; khstpy;iy vd;W rPij epidf;Fk;go ,e;j
NH;r;rpiar; bra;jhd;. ,t;thW bra;atpy;iyahdhy; mEkhu;
kUe;Jkiyiaf; bfhz;L te;j bghGJ khz;l muf;fu; midtUk;
kPz;L vGe;jpUg;ghu;fs;. mt;thW mtidr; bra;abthl;lhky;
jpUtUs; jLj;J mtdJ g[j;jp FWf;nf brd;wJ.
kUj;jd; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;l mj;jid muf;fu;fspd; rly';fisa[k;
flypy; ,l;lhd;. ,g;nghJ theu tPuu;fspd; rly';fs; kl;Lk; ,Ue;jd.
rPijiag; tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpg; nghu;f;fsj;ijf; fhl;LkhW ,uhtzd;
fl;lisapl;lhd;. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;ldu; vd;
mwpe;J rPij jdf;F trg;gLths; vd;W \ld; fUjpdhd;.
muf;fpau;fs; rPijia tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpg; nghu;f;fsk; bfhz;L ngha;f;
fhl;odhu;fs;. jd; fztUk;/ bfhGe;jdhfpa ,yl;RkzUk; mEkhu;
Kjypa kfh tPuu;fSk; khz;L fplg;gijf; fz;l vk;gpuhl;o mile;j
Jauj;ijr; brhy;y ty;yhu;ahtu; > jz;zPupy; tpise;j jhkiu jPzpy;
tPH;e;J fuptJ nghy;/ bgUe;Jaukile;J bgupJk; g[yk;gp mGjhs;.
"vd; bja;tnk * ,uhtzhjpauf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W/ c';fSf;F
mDTyk; g[upntd; vd;W jz;lf tdj;jpy; thGk; Kdptu;fSf;F
thf;FWjp bfhj;jPnu. ,j;jidj; Jd;g';fSf;Fk; fhuzk; ehd;jhnd.
jt";bra;a te;j fztDf;Fj; Jiz bra;a te;j ehd; tpisahl;L
khidf; nfl;lJ bgUk; gpiHay;yth > ,J khakhd; vd;W vd;
bfhGe;ju; jLj;Jk; fztiu tw;g[Wj;jp khd; gpd;nd mDg;gp
,j;jidj; Jd;gj;Jf;Fk; fhuzk; Mndd;. ,yl;Rkzu; vd;idf; fhty;
g[upe;jpUe;jhy; Mapuk; ,uhtzu;fshYk; vd;idr; rpiw gpof;f
KoahJ. gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; czita[k; cwf;fj;ija[k; Jwe;J ,sk;
kidtpia kwe;J/ vdf;Fg; ghjg{i$ bra;j me;jg; guk gf;jid/ eP
eat";rfd; vd;W itJ ,e;jg; Jd;gj;Jf;F Mshndd;. bgz;g[j;jp
gpd; g[j;jp vd;gij cyfk; mwpar; bra;Jtpl;nld;" vdW Twp/
tpjpiaa[k; jd; kjpiaa[k;. ,uhtzDila rjpiaa[k;/ jdf;F neu;e;j
fjpiaa[k; epide;J tha;tpl;L mGjhs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
255
mt;thW/ me;jj; bja;t k';if mGtijf; fz;L njt khju;
mGjhu;fs;. gukrptDila g';fpYiwa[k; ghu;tjpa[k; mGjhs;.
jpUkhypd; j';ifahfpa bfhw;wit mGjhs;. jhkiuapy; thGk;
jpUkfSk; mGjhs;. fiykfs; mGjhs;. jpUkhypd; j';ifahfpa
bfhw;wit mGjhs;. ,uf;fk; vd;gij xU rpwpJk; mwpahj
muf;fpkhu;fSk; mGjhu;fs;.
kkhhaahh rrPi
Pijj
rPjhnjtp/ ",utp Fy jpyfnk * vd; bghUl;L cdf;F ,e;j ,lu;
va;jpaJ. jk;gp ,yl;Rkzh * fz;iz ,ik fhg;gJ nghy; vd;idf;
fhj;J te;jha;. mz;zDf;F Kot[ tUkhdhy; mtDf;F Kd; eP
Koa ntz;Lk; vd;W md;id Rkpj;jpuh njtp Twpa thf;if
epiwntw;wp tpl;lha;. ehd; jPuhg; gHp bgw;nwd;. fliyf; fle;J te;j
M";r neah * cd; cliyf;fz;L tUe;Jfpd;nwd;" vd;bwy;yhk;
mGJ fztd; kPJ tpH Kad;whs;.
mg;bghGJ/ tpgP#zd; g[jy;tpahfpa jpupril rhdfpiaj; jLj;J/
"vd; md;idna * ,itbay;yhk; mRu khia. khid mDg;gpaJk;/
khah rdfiuf; bfhzu;e;jJk; mRuu;fs; bra;a[k; khah $hybkd
czu;thahf. c';fs; fztdhu; kPJ fiz gha;e;j RtL ,y;iy. mtu;
kPJ cjpuf; Fwpapy;iy. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; mRug; gpz';fs; xd;WTl
,y;iy. epj;jpa rpu";rPtpahf eP ,Uf;f ntz;Lbkd;W mEkhDf;F eP
bfhLj;j tuk; bgha;ahfhJ. ehd; fz;l fdt[k; bgha;f;fhJ. Mjyhy;/
jh';fs; kdk; fy';fhJ bjspt[ mila[khW ntz;Lfpnwd;" vd;W
njw;wpdhs;.
rPjhnjtp jpupriliag; ghu;j;J/ "mk;kh * bja;tk;nghy; vdf;F cjtp
bra;fpd;wha;. vd; fztiuf; fhz ntz;Lbkd;w MtyhYk; cd;
fUiz bkhHpahYk; ehd; capu; thGfpd;nwd;. ,d;W Xuput[ capu;
jh';Fntd;." vd;whs;. gpuhl;oahiu kPz;Lk; mnrhftdj;jpy;
nru;j;jhu;fs;.
kUe;J kiy

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
256
,uhkUila fl;lisapd;go theu nridfSf;F czt[ njor; brd;w
tpgP#zu;/ nghu;f; fsj;jpw;F te;jhu;. ,uhku; \u;r;rpj;jpUg;gija[k;
Vidnahu; kha;e;J tPH;e;jpUf;fpd;w mty epiyiaa[k; fz;L bgupJk;
tUj;jk; mile;jhu;. mtu; fz;zpy; fz;zPu; Mwha;g; bgUfpaJ.
cs;sk; cUfpaJ. ,J gpukh!;jpuj;jpd; bray; vd;W czu;e;jhu;.
gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khshjtu; ahnuDk; csnuh vd;W me;j es;sputpy;
njodhu;. \r;rpUf;Fk; mEkhiuf; fz;lhu;. mtuJ clk;gpy;
ijj;jpUe;j mk;g[fis vLj;J/ Kfj;jpy; jz;zPu; bjspj;jhu;. kaf;fe;
bjspe;j khUjp/ tpgP#ziuf; fl;oj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. "mz;zny *
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpf;F Mgj;jpy;iyna" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. "khUjpna
* ,uhkgpuhd; \u;r;rpj;jpUf;fpd;whu;" vd;W tpgP#zu; Twpdhu;. khUjp
tpgP#ziug; ghu;j;J "$hk;gthid mile;jhy; ekf;F ed;ik
cz;lhFk;" vd;W / ,Uspy; $hk;gthidj; njo mtu; ,Uf;Fk;
,lj;ij mile;jhu;fs;. $hk;gthd; ,Uspy; te;jtu; ahbud;nw
mwpahjtuha;/ "eP';fs; ahu; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. M";rneau;/
"monad; mEkd; te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;" vd;whu;. ,ijf; nfl;l
$hk;gthd; Js;sp Fjpj;jhu;. "ca;e;jdk; ca;e;jdk;" vd;W Twp
cte;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
257
epiyikia czu;e;j $hk;gthd;/ "mEknd * eP tlf;nf
beLe;Jhuj;jpy; cs;s rhth kUe;ijf;bfhz;L te;jhy; vy;yhUk;
gpiHj;bjGthu;fs;. ,J Mjpj;jd; cjpg;gjw;F Kd; bra;a ntz;Lk;.
bjd; flYf;F xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid bjhiytpy; ,kakiy
,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,kaj;Jf;F mg;ghy; xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid bjhiytpy;
VkTl kiy ,Uf;fpwJ.mk;kiyf;F mg;ghy; xd;gjdhapuk; nahid
Jhuj;jpy; epljkiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjw;F mg;ghy; xd;gjpdhapuk;
nahrid bjhiytpy; nkU kiy ,Uf;fpwJ. nkU kiyf;F mg;ghy;
xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid Jhuj;jpy; ePyfpup ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ePyfpupf;F
mg;ghy; ehyhapuk; nahrid fle;jhy; kUe;Jkiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
jh';fs; tha[ ntfk;. kndhntfk; gpw;glr; brd;W Nupad; cjpg;gjw;F
Kd; kUe;J kiyiaf; bfhz;L tu ntz;Lk;" vd;W mEkhuplk;
ntz;of; Twpdhu;.
mEkhd;/ ",uhkh" vd;W Twp thdj;jpy; gha;e;jhu;/ ngUUf;
bfhz;lhu;. $hk;gthd; Twpa tHpapy; brd;W ,kakiyia mile;jhu;.
m';nf fapiykiyiaf; fz;L fz;qjw;Fupa flt[isf; fz;L/
vz;qjw;fupa g[z;zpabkd;W tz';fp mtuJ jz;zUisg; bgw;whu;.
Vk Tl kiyiaa[k; eplj kiyiaa[k; fle;J brd;whu;.
nkU kiyapy; bgupa btz;zhty; kuj;ijg; ghu;j;jhu;. me;j
btz;zhty; kuk; ,Ug;gjdhy; ,j;jPt[ ehtye;jPt[ vdg;gl;lJ. ,J
tlbkhHpapy; $k;g[j;jPtk; vd;W bgau; bgw;wJ. m';Fg; gpuknjtidf;
fz;L tz';fpdhu;. gpd;du;/ ,yl;Rkp njtpa[ld; tPw;wpUf;fpd;w tp#;q
\u;j;jpiaf; fz;L tpae;J eae;J gagf;jpa[ld; gzpe;jhu;. Mapuk;
Mjpj;ju;fs; xU';nf cjpj;jJ nghd;w ngbuhspg; gpHk;ghf tps';Fk;
rjhrpt \u;j;jpiaa[k; kndhd;kzp mk;ikiaa['; fz;L gpwtpapd;
ngwhf vz;zp/ Mwhff; fz;zPu; toj;J/ Mde;j eu;j;jd"; bra;J
m";ryp bra;jhu;. gpd; ,ikatu; g[ilNH tPw;wpUf;fpd;w
,e;jpugfthid ,iw";rpdhu;. vz;jpirf; fhtyiuf; fz;L
ifTg;gpdhu;. cj;ju FU vd;w g[z;zpa g{kpiaf; fz;lhu;. m';nf
Mjpj;jidf; fz;lhu;. bghGJ tpoe;J tpl;lnjh vd;W Jqf;Fw;whu;.
gpd; mwpt[ bjspe;J nkUfpupf;F tl jpirahjypd; Nupad; nkw;nf
cjpj;Jf; fpHf;nf bry;Yk; epajpapdhy;/ fjputidf; fhz;fpd;nwhk;
vz;bwz;zp kfpH;e;jhu;. m';F ,sik khwhJ capUk; clYk;nghy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
258
xd;Wgl;L thH;fpd;w g[z;zpa Mj;khf;fisf; fz;lhu;. kUe;J
kiyia mile;jt[ld; mjidf; fhf;fpd;w bja;t';fs;/ "mg;gh * eP
ahtd; > ,';F te;j fhuzk; ahJ >" vd;wd. mEkhu;/ "bja;t';fns
* ehd; tha[ Fkhud;/ mEkhd;/ ,uhk Jhjd;. nghupy; khz;l ,uhk
gf;ju;fis capu;g;gpf;f kUe;J bfhz;L tu te;njd;" vd;W
tpeaj;Jld; tpsk;gpdhu;. mj;bja;t';fs;/ ",k; kUe;ijf; bfhz;L
ngha; kPz;Lk; ,';Ff; bfhz;L te;J nru;f;f ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twp
kiwe;jd.
gpd;du;/ jpUkhypd; rf;fuj;jhH;thu; te;J fhl;rp je;J fUiz fhl;o
kiwe;jhu;. mwpnt xU tothfpa M";rneau; $hk;gthd; Twpa
kUe;Jfisg; gpupj;bjLg;gJ mupbjd;W vz;zpdhu;. mk;kUe;jpd;
tptuk;.
r";rPt fuzp - ,we;jtu;fisg; gpiHf;f itg;gJ
re;jhd fuzp - clk;g[/ ntW ntW TWfshfg; gpupf;fg;goDk;
xd;Wglr; bra;tJ.
tpry;ypa fuzp - clk;gpYs;s g[ije;j gilf;fUtpfis
btspg;gLk;goahfr; bra;tJ.
rhtUzpa fuzp - cUtHpe;j clk;ig cUthf;fp itg;gJ.
gpd;du;/ Mapuk; nahrid gug;g[k; MHKk; cila mk;kUe;J
kiyia ntnuhL bgau;j;J/ xU ifapy; Ve;jpf; bfhz;L ,y';if
nehf;fpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;.
m';nf nghu;f;fsj;jpy; $hk;gthDk; tpgP#zUk; ,uhkuplk; brd;W
mtuJ jpUtoiaj; bjhl;L tz';fpdhu;fs;.
,uhku; fz; tpHpj;jhu;. vjpupy; epd;wpUe;j tpgP#zidg; ghu;j;J/
"md;gnd * ,yl;Rkzd; gpukh!;jpuj;ij Vtp ,e;jpu$pj;ij
mHpg;ngd; vd;whd;. mad;gil midj;Jyf';fisa[k; mHpf;Fk;.
mjid ,g;nghJ Vthnj vd;W jLj;njd;. mjdhy; te;jJ ,e;j
tpist[. ,yl;Rkzidj; jdpj;J tpl;L Ma[j g{i$f;Fg; nghdJk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
259
gpiH. ehd; ,dpapUe;J vd;d gad; > koe;J thDyf"; brd;W vd;
mUikj; jk;gpiar; re;jpg;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
$hk;gthd;/ "vk;bgUkhnd * njtuPu; kde; jsu ntz;lh. ghw;flypy;
mkpu;jj;Jld; gpwe;J ,JtiuahUk; mjid mDgtpf;fhj kUe;J
kiy tlf;nf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mijf; bfhzUkhW mEkid
mDg;gpapUf;fpd;nwd;. mwpt[ila mEkhu; mjidf; bfhzu;thu;.
mjdhy;/ midtUk; gpiHg;gu;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,t;thW ciu epfH;j;jpf; bfhz;oUe;jnghnj ngbuhsp kakhd kUe;J
kiyia xU ifapnye;jpf; bfhz;L mEkhu; tpz;zpypUe;J kz;zpy;
,w';fpdhu;. kUe;jpd; eWkzk; tPrpat[ld; ,yl;Rkzu; Kjypa
midtUk; capu; bgw;W vGe;jdu;.
,uhku; jk;gpiaj; jGtp kfpH;e;jhu;. mEkhiug; ghu;j;J fz;zPuhy;
Fspg;ghl;o/ "M";rneah/ jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; kf;fshfpa eh';fs;
khz;blhHpe;njhk;. ,g;bghGJ cd;dhy; gpiHj;J vGe;njhk;.
v';fSf;F capu; bfhLj;j cj;jknd/ cd; g[fH; ePL thH;f" vd;W
thH;j;jpdhu;.
ahtUk; capu;bgw;W vGe;jJk; $hk;gthd; brhw;go mEkhu; me;j
kUe;J kiyiag; giHagona ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; itj;Jtpl;Lj;
jpUk;gpdhu;.
gpukh!;jpuk; ,uhkidj; bjhGJ jd; ,Ug;gplk; nru;e;jJ.
fspahLjy;
,uhtzd; btw;wp tpHh bfhz;lhLthdhapdd;. kfspUk; ,s';
Fkuu;fSk; fs;Sz;L/ kaf;fj;jhy; js;Sz;L ka';fpg; gho Mo
kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
r";rPtp kUe;jpdhy; capu; bgw;W vGe;j theu tPuu;fs; fly;nghy;
Muthuk; bra;jhu;fs;. btw;wp tpHhtpy; fspj;jpUe;j ,uhtzd;
,jidf; nfl;lhd;. mRu Jhju;fs; tz;LUthfr; brd;W/ gpwu;
mwpahtz;zk;/ "mEkhu; kUe;Jkiyiaf; bfhz;L tu/ mjdhy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
260
khz;ltu;fs; kPz;L vGe;J Muthu"; bra;fpd;whu;fs;." vd;W Twpdu;.
,uhtzd; kdk; ciye;jJ fspahl;lk; fiye;jJ.
,uhtzd; ke;jpuhnyhrid kz;lgj;ij mile;jhd;. m';nf
khypathDk; ,e;jpu$pj;Jk; knfhjuDk; kw;w ke;jpuf; jiytu;fSk;
te;J tz';fp/ ,uhtzidr; NH;e;J mku;e;jhu;fs;.
kkhhyyppaat
thhd
d; ; T
TWWkk; ; m
mwwt
t[i
[iuu
,uhtzDila rpwpa ghl;lduhfpa khypathd; kjpeyk; gilj;jtd;.
",uhtnz!;tuh * ,we;j mRuu;fspd; rly';fisf; flypy; ,lhky;
,Ue;jpUe;jhy; mtu;fs; midtUk; gpiHj;jpUg;ghu;fs;.
,y';ifapypUe;J ,ikf;Fk; neuj;jpw;Fs; nkU kiyiaj; jhz;or;
brd;W r";rPtp kiyiaf; bfhz;L te;j mEkhu; ,e;j ,y';ifia
ntnuhL gwpj;Jf; flypy; vwpe;jhYk; tpag;gpy;iy. mEkhd;
epidj;jhy; nkUkiyiaf; bfhz;L ,y';if kPJ tPrpdhYk; tPRthd;.
mtidj; jLg;ghu; ahu; > Mjyhy;/ eP nkijahf ,Ug;ghahdhy;
ngijnghy; gpothjk; bra;ahnj. rPijiaf; bfhz;L ngha; ,uhkgpuhd;
jpUtoapy; itj;Jr; ruzhfjpailthahf. mjdhy;/ khz;ltu;fs; nghf
v";rp epd;w ek; Fyj;jtu;fs; thH;thu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uhtzd;
Kjpatu; thu;j;ijia kjpapyhikapdhy;/ tpjp te;J cUj;j/ mtdJ
Tw;iw Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhdpy;iy.
,e;jpu$pj;J je;ijia tz';fp/ "vd; md;g[s;s gpjhnt * ehd;
vy;yhiua[k; bfhy;YkhW gpukh!;jpuj;ijg; gpunahfk; bra;njd;. mJ
midtiua[k; bfhd;W ,uhkid kl;Lk; bfhy;yhky; tpl;lJ. Mjyhy;/
,uhkid kdpjd; vd;W vz;qtJ mwpt[ilikahfhJ. vd; rpwpa
je;ijahfpa tpgP#zu; TwpathW ,uhkd; guk;bghUs; vd czu;f"
vd;W Twpdhd;.
,uhtzd; kpft[k; rPw;wkile;J/ "eP';fs; vd; Mw;wiy mwpatpy;iy/
Tw;Wtida[k; Mtp khw;Wtd;. eP';fs; brd;W Xa;btLj;Jf;
bfhs;S';fs;. ehd; xUtnd ehis mtu;fisf; bfhy;Yntd;" vd;W
t";rpd thu;j;ij gfu;e;jhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
261
,e;jpu$pj;J/ "je;ijna * ehis epFk;giy vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; brd;W
ahfk; bra;J mHpahj njiua[k; tpy;yk;g[fisa[k; bgw;W ,uhk
,yl;Rkzu;fisf; bfhy;Yntd;. ,jw;F xU jil ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
tpgP#zd; cst[ brhy;Ythd;. Mjyhy;/ ehd; xU khar; rPijia
btl;o mnahj;jp nghtjhfg; nghf;Ff; fhl;o epFk;giy brd;W
ahfj;ij Kog;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uhtzd; mjw;F
mDkjpaspj;jhd;.
nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,uhkid tz';fpa Rf;uPtd;/ ,y';ifiar; Rl;blupf;f
mEkjp ju ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;odhd;. ,uhkUk; mDkjpaspj;;jhu;.
Rf;uPtdpd; fl;lisapd;go vGgJ bts;sk; theu';fSk; MSf;bfhU
bfhs;spf;fl;iliaj; Jhf;fp bfhz;L xt;bthU tPl;oYk; jP itj;Jf;
bfhSj;jpd.
kkhhaahh rrPi
Pijj
M";r neau; kUe;Jkiyia mjd; ,Ug;gplk; itj;Jj; jpUk;gpdhu;.
nkw;F thapypy; te;J nru;e;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J Xu; muf;fid khah
rPijahfr; bra;J bfhz;L xU ifapy; Te;jiya[k; kw;bwhU ifapy;
thisa[k; Ve;jpago/ "V/ theunk/ ,j;jida[k; ,e;jr; rPijapdhy;
tpise;jitna. Mfnt/ ,tisf; bfhy;Yntd;. mnahj;jp
bry;Yntd;. gujd; Kjypnahuplk; nghu; bra;J bty;Yntd;" vd;W
Twpdhd;.
mEkhu;/ "mg;gh * bgz;izf; bfhy;tJ bgUk; ghtk;. eP g[yj;jpa
KdptUila ngud;/ mwbewpia mHpf;fhnj. ght \l;ilfisf;
fl;of; bfhs;shnj. ehL rpupf;Fk;/ nfL bra;ahnj *" vd;W jLj;Jk;
,e;jpu$pj;J khah rPijia btl;lj; Jzpe;J/ "ehd; mnahj;jp brd;W
guj rj;Uf;diuf; bfhd;W kPSntd;" vd;W Twp tlf;nf nghtjhf
eoj;J epFk;giy ngha;r;nru;e;jhd;.
mEkhu;/ cz;ikapy; rPij ,we;jjhff; fUjpf; fjwpg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp rPij khz;lijf; nfl;L mirtw;W ,Ue;jhu;.
rpj;jpug; gJik nghy;/ capu;g;gile;J Xa;e;jpUe;jhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
262
jikadhiuj; njw;wpdhu;. "mz;zh * njtp khz;lhs; vd;w nrjpiaf;
nfl;L tUe;jpr; brayw;W fplg;gJ mwpt[ilikahfhJ. ,g;bghGJ
mRu Fyj;ija[k; \t[yifa[k; mHpf;f ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
mg;bghGJ M";r neau;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J mnahj;jpf;Fr; brd;w bra;jpiaf;
Twpdhu;. mr;brhy; ,uhkUf;F bte;j g[z;zpy; nty; gha;e;jJnghy;
,Ue;jJ. theu';fs; midtUk; tha;tpl;L mGJ g[yk;gpdhu;fs;.
mg;bghGJ tpgP#zu; tz;LUf;bfhz;L mnrhftdk; brd;W
gpuhl;oahu; Rfnk ,Ug;gijf; fz;L te;J Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;L
vy;yhUk; kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;.
,e;jpu$pj;J epFk;giy brd;W nts;tp bra;J btw;wp bgw
Kay;fpd;whd; vd;gij tpgP#zu; Twpdhu;.
eeppF
Fkk;g;gi
iyy aahhffkk; ;
,uhkgpuhd;/ rPjhnjtp capUld; ,Uf;fpd;whs; vd;Wk;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J
btl;oa cUtk; kha totk; vd;Wk;/ mwpe;J kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rp
mile;jhu;. tpgP#ziuf; fl;oaizj;Jj; jGtpdhu;.
"tpgP#zh * v';fSf;F tUk; Jd;gj;ijg; nghf;f eP ,Uf;fpd;wha;/
bja;tj; jpUtUs; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mEkd; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. v';fs; jtk;
,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mw;wy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ntbwd;d ntz;Lk; > vdf;F VJ
Fiw >" vd;W Twp tpgP#ziu ,uhkgpuhd; ghuhl;odhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ ,uhkgpuhidg; gzpe;J/ "mz;zny * khiaapy;
ty;ydhfpa ,e;jpu$pj;J epFk;giyapy; nts;tpia Kog;ghdhapd;
mtid bty;Ythu; gjpdhY cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy. ahfk; Kotjw;Fs;
mtd; Mfk; Koa ,yl;Rkziu vd;Dld; mDg;gp itf;f
ntz;Lfpnwd;" vd;whu;.
"vd; mUikj; jk;gp * gpukh!;jpuk; ehuhazh!;jpuk;/ ghRgjh!;jpuk;
Kjypa bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fis eP Ke;jpg; gpunahfk; bra;ahnj.
bra;jhy; cyfk; mHpe;JtpLk;. ,e;jpu$pj;J mg;gilf;fyd;fis
Vt[thdhapd; mg;gilfshy; jLj;J mtid btw;wp bgWthahf.
jUke;jhd; bty;Yk;/ mju;kk; xUnghJk; bty;yhJ" vd;W Twp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
263
,yl;RkzUf;F ,uhku; ftrj;ija[k; jpUkhy; tpy;iya[k; xHpahj
mk;gwhj; Jzpiaa[k; bfhLj;Jg; nghUf;F tpilje;J thH;j;jp
aDg;gpdhu;.
theu';fs; MSf;bfhU bfhs;spf;fl;ilapid Ve;jpf; bfhz;L
,ufrpakhfr; bra;a[k; mt;nts;tpiaf; fhj;J epw;Fk; mRu
nridfSld; nghu; bra;jd.
mRu nridfspy; gyu; khz;ldu;. nts;tpapy; itj;jpUe;j jPu;j;jf;
Fk;g';fSk;/ ahff; Fz;l';fSk; rpije;jd. m';nf M";r neau;
te;J/ "V \lnd Fiwf; nflnd/ khah rPijia btl;oa kjpapypna
* gujndhL nghu; bra;J te;jidah > bgha;na tothd g[d;kfnd/
cdf;F mHpt[ fhyk; te;Jtpl;lJ. ,d;D"; rpwpJ neuj;jpy; cd;id
,He;J cd; je;ij mHg; nghfpd;whd;/ cd; jha; tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gg;
nghfpd;whs;/" vd;W Twpg; gupfrpj;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J ehfk; nghy; rPwp/ "mEkhnd * c';fisf; bfhy;tjw;F
ahfk; ntz;oajpy;iy. c';fSf;F mHpt[ fhyk; te;Jtpl;lJ.
tpsf;fpy; tpGfpd;w tpl;oy; g{r;rpfisg;nghy; mHpag; nghfpd;wPu;fs;."
vd;W bt";rpdj;Jld; t";rpd tPu trd';fisf; Twpg; nghUf;F
te;jhd;.
mEkhu; njhs;/ kPJ ,yl;Rkzu; Mnuhfzpj;jhu;. tpgP#zu;/ ",isa
bgUkhnd * ,e;jpu$pj;ijf; bfhy;Ytjw;F ,J Vw;w rkak;. fhyk;
jhH;j;jhJ mtidf; bfhd;W fhyDf;F tpUe;J ita[';fs;" vd;W
Twpdhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;Jf;Fk; ,yf;FkzUf;Fk; bgUk; nghu; epfH;e;jJ. tpz;zpy;
thdtUk; Kdptu;fSk; gpukhjp njtu;fSk; mg;nghiuf;
fhz;ghuhapdu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J tha[g;gilia Vtpdhd;. ,yl;Rkzu; jd;ghypUe;j mf;dpg;
gilia Vtp mjid mHpj;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J tUzh!;jpuj;ij tpl;lhd;/ ,yl;Rkzu; jk;kplkpUe;j
tUzh!;jpuj;jhy; mjidj; Jfshf;fpdhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
264
,e;jpu$pj;J Nupah!;jpuj;ij Vtpdhd;. ,yl;RkzUk; mg;gilapdhy;
mg;gilia mHpj;jhu;.
,e;jpu$pj;J gpukh!;jpuj;ij mgpke;jpupj;J Vtpdhd;. mg;gilf;fyk;
mf;dp kiHiag; bghHpe;J bfhz;L te;jJ. njtUk; \tUk; ,e;j
m!;jpuj;jhy; cyfk; mHpa[nk/ ,yl;Rkzu; gpiHf;fkhl;lhnu vd;W
tUe;jpdhu;fs;.
,yl;Rkzu; jd;ghypUe;j kpfg; bgUik tha;e;j gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J
tpy;ypy; bjhLj;J/ "eP ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; capiua[k; Vida cyifa[k;
mHpf;fhnj. mtd; tpl;l gilf;fyj;ij kl;Lk; mHpg;ghahf" vd;W
Twpg; gpukh!;jpuj;ij tpG';ftpl;L kPz;lJ. ,ijf; fz;l thdtu;
thH;j;jpdu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J jpifj;jhd;. ,yl;Rkziu nkYk; gifj;jhd;.
,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J "V/ tPund * ,g;nghJ ehd; tpLfpd;w
fizahy; khz;blhHptha;/ epr;rakhfj; jg;gpf;fnt KoahJ" vd;W
Twp kpfr; rpwe;j ehuhazh!;jpuj;ij Vtpdhd;. mijf; fz;l njtu;fs;
ehuhazh!;jpuk; ,isa bgUkhisf; bfhy;Ynk vd;W tUe;jpdhu;fs;.

,uhku; tpgP#ziu tpae;J ghuhl;ly;


,uhku; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J "Mz;fspd; jpyfnk * ,e;j btw;wpf;Ff;
fhuzk; ePa[k; my;yd;/ mEkDk; my;yd;/ bja;tKk; my;y/
tpgP#znd Mthd;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
vy;yhUk; ,d;g rhfuj;jpy; mGe;jpdhufs;.
,uhtzdplk; ,e;jpu$pj;J khz;l bra;jpiaf; Twpdhy;/ ,td;
nrhfKk; nfhgKk; bfhz;L ek;ikf; bfhy;Ythnd > vd;bwz;zpj;
Jhju;fs; m";rpdhu;fs;. gzp bra;fpd;w njtu;fSk; muf;fu;fSk;
\iy KLf;Ffspy; xspe;J b;fhz;lhu;fs;.
Xu; xw;wd; brd;W ,uhtzid tz';fp bkhHp gjw iffhy;fs; eL';f.
"muf;fu; Fy nte;nj * ,isa nte;juhfpa ,e;jpu$pj;J khz;lhu;"

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
265
vd;W Twpdhd;. mijf; nfl;l; nrhfKk; nfhgKk; bgh';fp mtid
thshy; btl;o tpl;lhd;. gpd;du; tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gyhdhd;.
"vd; md;g[r; bry;tnk * vdf;F Kd; khz;lidna. me;njh * cd;
capiug; gw;Wtjw;Ff; Tw;WtDf;F Mw;wy; cz;lh > cd; typik
kfhnkU nghd;wjhapw;nw. eP vdf;Fr; bra;a ntz;oa beUg;g[f; fld;/
ePu;f;fld;fis ehd; cdf;Fr; bra;a[khW tpjp tpise;jnj. "
"vd; MUapnu * eP ,we;jij mwpe;J/ jd; gifaHpe;jJ vd;W
vz;zp. ,e;jpud; kfpH;e;jpUg;ghd;. cd;idf; fz;L m";rpa mkuu;fs;
Mde;j bts;sj;jpy; mGe;jpapUg;ghu;fs;. fuj;ij Koa fz;qjw;
flt[fSk;/ ghw;flypw; JapYk; fs;tdhfpa jpUkhYk; gifbahHpe;J
cs;sk; cte;jpUg;ghufs;. eP ngha; vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ csJ > "
,uhtzd; Jd;gj;jhy; Joj;J epyj;jpy; tpGthd;/ kPz;Lk; vGthd;/
njk;gpj; njk;gp mGthd;. jiyapy; moj;Jf; bfhs;thd;. iffisg;
gpirthd;/ gpUk;Kthd;. bgU\r;R tpLthd;. mtDil fz;fspy; cjpu
ePu; bgUfpaJ. gj;Jj; jiyfSk; jdpj;jdpna mGJ g[yk;gpd.
,t;thW mGj ,uhtzd; btwp gpoj;jtd;nghy; m';Fkp';Fk;
Xodhd;. nghu;f;fsk; brd;W kfDila clk;igj; njLthdhapdhd;.
mRug; gpz';fisa[k; ahidg; gpz';fisa[k; g[ul;og; g[ul;oj;
njodhd;. tpy;nyhL mWgl;L tPH;e;jpUf;fpd;w xU ifiaf; fz;lhd;.
Mwhj; Jauk; mile;jhd;. ifia vLj;J khu;gpYk; jiyapYk;
itj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. bgUe;Jauk; mile;jhd;. ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; cliy
vLj;Jf; bfhz;Lngha; muz;kidapy; gl;L bkj;ijapy; ,l;L Xyk;
,l;lhd;.
t
tzz;n;nllhhjjuupp m
mGGjjyy; ;
,e;jpu$pj;ijg; gj;J khj"; Rke;J bgw;w tz;nlhjup/ kfDila
cliyf; fz;L jiyapYk; khu;gpYk; iffshy; moj;Jf; bfhz;L/
"kfnd * kfnd *" vd;W g[yk;gp mGjhs;.
beLneuk; capu;g;gl';fp \u;r;rpj;Jf; fple;jhs;. gpd;du; kaf;fe;
bjspe;jhs;. "vd; mUik kfnd * v';fis ,t;thW V';ftpl;L eP

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
266
v';Fr; brd;wha; > eP ,sk; gUtj;jpy; jz;ilr; rj';if xypf;fj;
jsu;eilapl;Lr; brd;W ,U rp';ff; Fuisfisf; bfhzu;e;J/ ek;
muz;kid Kd;nd epWj;jp mtw;Wf;Fr; rpd\l;o tpisahof;
ifbfhl;o kfpH;thna * ,e;jf; fhl;rp ,dp vd;W/ v';nf fhz;ngd; >
ehisf;F kd;dtUf;Fk; ,e;j epiy jhnd cz;lhFk; >" vd;W Twpg;
g[yk;gp mGjhs;.
,e;jpu$pj;jpd; kidtpau; te;J khz;l fztd; kPJ tPH;e;J g[yk;gp
mGjhu;fs;.
,e;j mty epiyiaf; fz;l ,uhtzDf;Ff; nfhg btsp \z;lJ.
,j;jidj; Jd;gj;Jf;Fk; fhuzk; rPij jhnd > mtis ,g;bghGnj
btl;Lbtd; vd;W Twp ,uhtzd; this cUtpf; bfhz;L rPjhnjtp
,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij eho Xodhd;.
clnd knfhjud; ,uhtzidj; jLj;Jf; TWfpd;whd;.
",uhtnz!;tuh * bghW/ mtrug;gl;L mepahaj;ijr; bra;ahnj. rPij
bgz;. jt"; bra;fpd;w jnghjdp. eP mtisf; bfhd;why;/
rptbgUkhDk; jpUkhYk; gpuknjtDk;/ ,uhtzd; bgz;izf; bfhd;w
ngij vd;W ifbfhl;or; rpupg;ghu;fs;. eP g[yj;jpay; Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j
tPug; gpujhgd;. "
"md;wpa[k; kd;dtnd * ehis ,uhk/ yl;Rkziuf; bfhd;wgpd;/
rPijia ,He;J tpLtha;. Mjyhy;/ rhe;jkil thahf" vd;W Twp
,uhtzd; Mwjyilar; bra;jhd;.
,e;jpu$pj;J clk;ig vz;bza;f; bfhg;giuapy; ,l;lhu;fs;.
ggi
illff;f;fhhll;r;rpp

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
267
,uhtzDila fl;lisg;go M';fh';F ,Ue;j \ygy nridfs;
te;J ,y';ifapy; Ftpe;jd. JhJtu; ,uhtzDf;Fg; gilfisf; fhl;o
mwptpj;jhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; rhfj; jPtpdu;/ ,tu;fs; Firj; jPtpdu;/
,tu;fs; Myfhy e";rpdpy; njhd;wpa ,ytj; jPtpdu;. fly;nghy;
bgUfpf; fhl;rpaspf;Fk; Mapuk; bts;sk; nridfisf; bfhz;l ,e;jg;
gilapdu; nfhgk; bfhz;lhy; jhiaf; bfhd;W jpd;ghu;fs;.
ghte;njhd;wpa fhyj;nj gpwe;jtu;fs;. vy;yhUk; nkUitj; Jfs;
gLj;Jthu;fs;. fU';fliyf; Fog;ghu;fs;. ,tu;fshy; Mfhj bray;
xd;Wk; fpilahJ vd;W gilfspd; bgUikiaf; Twpdhu;fs;.
mj;jid ngUk; khz;blhHpe;jhu;fs; vd;W mUfpYs;stu;fs;
Twpdhu;fs;.
td;dp ,jidf; nfl;Lj; Jqf;Fw;whd;.
mg;nghJ khypathd;/ "mg;gh * td;dp * eP kdpju;fs; vd;Wk;/
theu';fs; vd;Wk; myl;rpag;gLj;jhnd * me;j ,uhkd; fly; file;j
thypia Xuk;ghy; bfhd;wtd;. fu jpuprpu Jh#zhjpaiu xU
ehHpifapy; bfhd;wtd;. xU Fu';F mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;J/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
268
,y';ifia vupa{l;o/ xU rpwpa bghGjpy; r";rPtp kiyiaf;
bfhzu;e;J ,we;jtiug; gpiHg;gpj;j bgUika[ilaJ" vd;whd;.
td;dp/ "nte;ju; nte;nj * ,j;jidg; ngu; khz;l nghJ eP Vd;
nghUf;Fg; nghftpy;iy >" vd;W nfl;lhd;.
,uhtzd;/ "kdpju;fs;/ Fu';Ffs; kPJ nghUf;Fg; nghff; Trpndd;"
vd;W Twpdhd;. Kjy; ehs; nghupy; njhw;wijf; Twpdhdpy;iy.
"ehd; theu nridfSld; nghu; bra;J bfhd;W tUntd;. ,d;Wld;
ekJ nghu; Kw;Wg; bgWtjhf" vd;W Twp theu nridfs; kPJ nghu;
g[upag; g[wg;gl;lhd;.

,uhk - ,uhtz a[j;jk;

td;dp Kjypa gilj;jiytu;fs;/ ",U khdplu;fisf; bfhy;Yk; rpwpa


braYf;F ek;ik ,uhtzd; mDg;gpdhnd >" vd;W ehzpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
269
"vypiaf; bfhy;yg; g[yp nghtjh > g{idiaf; bfhy;y ahid nghtjh
> thiHehu; mWf;f xU $hk;gthid mDg;gpaJ nghy/ vWk;g[fisf;
bfhy;yg; bgUk; gyrhypia mDg;gpaJ nghy/ ,Uf;fpwJ ,r;bra;if"
vd;W vz;zp btl;fj;JlDk; tPuj;JlDk; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhu;fs;.
fly; jpuz;L te;jJ nghy; nju;g;gilfSk; ahidg; gilfSk;
Fjpiug; gilfSk;/ fhyhl; gilfSk; jpuz;L/ nkfk; ,og;gJ nghy;/
fu;$id bra;J bfhz;L mRu nridfs; tUtijf; fz;L
theug;gilapd; tPuu;fs; kjpfy';fpf;/ fjpfy';fp \iyf;bfhUtuhf
Xodhu;fs;. rpyu; nrJ tHpahf Xodhu;fs;. nrJ tHpapy;yhikahy;
jz;zPupy; ePe;jp rpyu; brd;whu;fs;. "mk;kk;kh/ ,e;j mRu nridfis
mHpf;f Mapuk; ,uhku;fshYk; Mapuk; ,yl;Rkzu;fshYk; MfhJ.
,e;j mRu nrid xUntis vy;yh cyfj;ija[k; mHpf;Fk;. ekf;F
kidtp kf;fs; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ,e;jg; nghupy; ehk; ,we;jhy; ek;Kila
kidtp kf;fs; tho tUe;jp/ ntjid milthu;fs;" vd;W kdk;
eL';fp Xodhu;fs;.
m';fjd;/ Xoa theug; gilfisj; jLj;J/ "theu tPuu;fns/ mRu
nridfisf; fz;L eP';fs; Xo xspayhkh > ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpapd;
nfhjz;lk; ekf;Fj; Jiz g[upa[k;. eP';fs; nghUf;Fj; jpUk;gp
thU';fs;" vd;W miHj;jhd;.
theu';fs; m';fjid nehf;fp/ "m';fjh cdf;F fz;zpy;iyah >
,e;j mRu nridfs; xU behof;Fs; ,e;j cyfj;ij mHpf;Fk;
nguhw;wy; gilj;jit. "
",e;jpu$pj;jpdhy; ehk; gl;l Jauk; nghjhjh > ,e;j mRu tPuu;fs;
,e;jpu$pj;ijtplg; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;fs;. ,tu;fs; vkida[k;
bfhy;Yk; typika[ilatu;fs;. ,tu;fSld; nghu; g[upa ,uhkuhYk;/
,yl;RkzuhYk; KoahJ. mEkhuhYk; KoahJ. ehk; capu; thH;tjw;F
kiyfspYk; td';fspYk; fha;fdpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. xspe;J
thH;tjw;Ff; FiffSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,e;j itafj;ij ,uhku;
Mz;lhy; vd;d > ,uhtzd; Mz;lhy; vd;d >" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
270
if eL';fp/ bka;eL';fp/ cs;sk; xL';fp/ ciu eL';fpr; brhy;ypa
theu';fspd; brhw;fisf; nfl;L m';fjd; g[d;dif g{j;jhd;. xU g[wk;
ehzj;jhy; epyj;ij nehf;fp epd;wpUe;j $hk;gthidg; ghu;j;J/ "kjpeyk;
gilj;j khtPund * eP';fs; ,g;go mRu nridfSf;F m";ryhkh >
ek;ik Ms te;jpUf;fpd;wtiu kdpjd; vd;W vz;zyhkh >
guk;bghUns kdpjdhf te;jpUf;fpd;wJ my;yth > ,uhku; xUtnu
,j;jig; ngiua[k; mHpj;Jf; bfhy;Ythu;. eP';fs; m";r ntz;lhk;.
mr;rj;jhy; J";r ntz;lhk;. m";rhky; ,U';fs;" vd;W Twpj;
njw;wpdhu;.
,uhkiutpl;L mfyhky;/ Xlhky;/ tplhky; ,Ue;jtu;fs; Rf;uPtd;/
mEkhu;/ m';fjd; vd;W \tnuahtu;.
tpgP#zu; ,uhkiu nehf;fp TWfpd;whu;. "vk; bgUkhnd * ,e;j
gilfs; \ygyg; gilfs; MFk;. vl;Lj; jpirfspYk; etfz;lj;jpYk;
ghjyj;jpYk; ,Ue;j ,uhtzDila nridfshFk;. ,g;gil tPuu;fs;
cyfj;ij bty;Yk; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;fs;. tpjp fpHpe;J njtuPiu
vjpu;f;f te;Js;shu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,uhku; jk;gpia nehf;fp/ "ehd; \ygyr; nridfis mHpg;ngd. eP
theu nridfSf;Fj; Jizahf ,U. tpgP#zidg; ghJfhj;Jf;
bfhs;" vd;W gzpj;jUspf; nfhjz;lj;Jld; jd;de;jdpna \ygyr;
nridfSld; nghu; g[upthuhapdu;.
thDyfpy; ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fSk; gpukhjp mkuu;fSk; nghu;j;jpwj;ijg;
ghu;j;J ,uhkUila jdpik fz;L ,wf;fk; va;jpdhu;fs;. Mapuk;
bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uFtPud; xU tpy;nyhL/ jiuapy; epd;W
nghu; g[upe;J mHpg;gJ vd;gJ rpe;jidf;F vl;lhj brayhFk;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp jUkFz rPydhFk;. muf;fu;fs; mju;kj;jpd;
tot';fs;. mju;kk; kiynghy; ,Ue;jhYk; mwnk bty;Yk;/ kwk;
njhw;Fk;. nfhjz;lk; btw;wp milf vd;W thH;jpdhu;fs;.
thDyfpy; ,Ue;j kfh g[dpjKila Kdptu;fs; ,uhk gpuhDf;F btw;wp
cz;lhtjhFf vd;W ntj ke;jpu';fisf; Twp thH;j;jpaUspdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
271
,uhku; tpy;iy tisj;J ehnzhiria cz;lhf;fp tPu \u;j;jpahf
muf;fu; Kd;nd epd;whu;. ,uhkUila njhw;wj;ijf; fz;L muf;fu;fs;/
",r;rpWtdh ek;ikf; bfhy;yg; nghfpwhd; > kiyiar; rpW Crpapdhy;
bgau;j;J vLf;f Koa[kh >" vd;W Twp Mapuk; Mapuk; ghz';fis
,uhku; kPJ vwpe;jhu;fs;.
,uhku; vLf;Fk;nghJ xd;W/ tpy;ypy; bjhLf;Fk; nghJ Mapuk;/
elf;Fk; nghJ ,yl;rk;/ jhf;Fk; nghJ nfho vdg; bgUFk;
ghz';fis mgp ke;jpupj;J Mapuk; Mapu'; nfhoahf muf;fu; nky;
tpLj;jhu;. kiHnghy; bghHpfpd;w m!;jpu';fshy;/ ahidg; gilfSk;/
Fjpiug; gilfSk;/ jiug;gilfSk; nju;g;gilfSk; jiyaWe;J
epyj;jpy; cUz;L kha;e;jd. ,uhku; rf;fuk; nghy; RHd;W jpUto
epyj;jpy; glhky; jhtpj; jhtpg; ghz kiHiar; brhupe;jhu;. xt;nthu;
muf;fd; Kd;Dk; ,uhku; epd;W nghu; g[upe;jhu;. xt;bthUtUk; ,uhkd;
vd; vjpupy; epw;fpd;whu;/ vd; vjpupy; epw;fpd;whu; vd;W fz;l ,l';fspy;
vy;yhk; ,uhkiuf; fz;lhu;fs;. ,uhku; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; gy nfho
,uhku;fshff; fhl;rpaspj;jhu;.
Mapuk; Mapuk; mRu tPuu;fs; mzp tFj;J epd;whu;fs;. Mapuk;
tPuu;fSf;F mg;ghy; epw;Fk; xU tPud;/ Kd;nd epw;Fk; tPuidf;
fz;L/ rw;nw tpyF/ rw;nw tpyF vd;W TWthd;. Kd;dpw;fpd;wtd;/
ehd; vd;d tisayh mzpe;jpUf;fpd;nwd; > vd;W Tw/ tpyfhky;
Kd;dpw;Fk; tPuu; jiyiaa[k;/ tpyF vd;W Twpa tPudpd; jiyiaa[k;
,ilnaa[s;s tPuu;fspd; jiyfisa[k; ,uhkghzk; mWj;Jj; js;Sk;.
Mapuk; jhkiu ,jH;fspy; xU itu Crp EiHtJ nghy;/
,uhkghzk; xa;t[ bgwhky; mRuu;fis tijj;jJ. cjpu ejpfs; bgUfp
Xod.
ahidg; gpz';fSk; Fjpiug; gpz';fSk; mRug; gpz';fSk;
kiynghy; Ftpe;jd. ,uhkUila tPur; braiyf; fz;L giftu;fSk;
tpag;gile;jhu;fs;. thDyfpy; njtu;fs; ,jidf; fz;L fspg;g[w;whu;fs;.
,uhkUila nfhjz;lj;jpy; gjpdhW j';f kzpfSk;/ gjpdhW ePsk;
Fiwe;j fte;j kzpfSk; bjh';f tpl;oUe;jd. Mapuk; ahidfs;/
gjpdhapuk; nju; xU nfho Fjpiufs;/ Mapuk; nrid tPuu;fs; Mfpad

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
272
,we;jhy; ,uhkUila tpy;ypy; cs;s fte;j kzp xU Kiw xypf;Fk;.
me;jf; fte;j kzp Mapuk; Kiw xypj;jhy; bgupa j';fkzp
fzPbud;W xypf;Fk;. ,g;bghGJ ,uhkUila nfhjz;lj;jpy; cs;s
Kg;gj;jpuz;L kzpfSk; ,ilawhJ VHiu ehHpif xypj;J KH';fpd
vd;why;/ mRu nridfs; ,we;j vz;zpf;ifia ahuhy; ,ak;g Koa[k;
> ,uhkUila bja;tpfr; bra;ifia ,e;j \ygyg; nghupdhy; bjspf.
Mid ahapuk; nju;gjp dhapuk;
mly;gup xUnfho
nrid fhtyu; Mapuk; ngu;god;
fte;jbkhd; bwGe;jhLk;
fhd khapuk; fte;jk;epd; whood;
ftpd;kzp fzpy; vd;Dk;
Vid ak;kzp Vhiu ehHpif
MoaJ ,dpJ md;nw
,t;thW/ ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp \ygyr; nridfis tijj;Jtpl;L/
thif khiy No theu';fs; ,Uf;Fkplj;ij mile;jhu;.

ntnyw;w tPuk;
,uhtzd; theu tPuiuf; bfhy;Yk; bghUl;L/ Mjpj;jidg; nghy; xspr;
bra;a[k; nju;kPnjwpj; njtu;fis btd;w tpy;Yk;/ mk;gwhj; Jhzpa[k;
jh';fpatdha;/ EhW nfhoj; nju;fSk; gj;Jf; nfho ahidfSk;/
,UEhW nfho FjpiufSk; ,tw;wpd; ,ul;oahd fhyhl; gilfSk;
g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsk; te;jhd;.
theu tPuu;fSk;/ mRu tPuu;fSk; m";rhky; vjpu;j;Jf; fLk;nghu;
g[upe;jdu;. ,uhtzd; ,yl;rkziu vjpu;j;Jr; rPw;wj;Jld; nghu;
g[upe;jhd;. ,uhtzd;/ ,tidr; rhkhd;akhd m!;jpu';fshy; bfhy;y
KoahJ vd;W fUjpj; bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fis vLj;J tpy;ypy;
bjhLj;Jg; nghu;g[upe;jhd;.
gpd;du; rptbgUkhdhy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;l nkhfh!;jpuj;ij ,isatu;
kPJ gpunahfk; bra;jhd;. mg;bghGJ/ tpgP#zu;kPJ bgUk; rPw;wk;
bfhz;lhd;. tpgP#ziuf; bfhy;y ntz;Lk; vd;W fUjpg; gpuknjtu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
273
nts;tpapy; cz;lhf;fpaJk;/ tz;nlhjupapd; je;ijahfpa kad;/
tz;nlhjupf;Fj; jpUkz tpHhtpy; je;jJk;/ ahiu nehf;fp tpl;lhYk;
mtiuf; bfhd;nw kPs;tJkhfpa tr;rpuha[jj;ija[k; Nyha[jj;ija[k;
epfu;j;j ntyha[jj;ij tpgP#zu; nky; Vtpdhd;.
,jdhy; ,d;W vd; capu; mHpa[k; vd;W tpgP#zu; me;j ntYf;F
Kd; Vtpdhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; Vtpa ghz';fs; mj;jida[k; ntypdhy;
Jfs; gl;blhHpe;jd. milf;fyk; g[Fe;j tpgP#ziuf; fhf;Fk;
bghUl;L mtiuj; js;spf; bfhz;L ,yl;Rkzu; Ke;jpdhu;.
,yl;RkzUf;F Kd;nd m';fjd; te;J epd;whd;. m';fjidj; js;spf;
bfhz;L Rf;uPtd; epd;whd;. Rf;uPtidg; gpe;j itj;J M";r neau;
Ke;jpdhu;. Kotpy; M";rneaiuj; js;spf; bfhz;L ,yl;Rkzu;
Ke;jpdhu;. nty; ,yl;RkzUila khu;gpy; gl;L mtUila capiug;
gUfp bfhz;L brd;wJ. ,yl;Rkzu; epyj;jpy; tPHe;J kha;e;jhu;.
tpgP#zu; bgupJk; nrhfKk; nfhgKk; mile;J ,uhtzDila
njiua[k; nju;f;Fjpiufisa[k; mHpj;jhu;. ,uhtzd; ,j;Jld; nghu;
Koe;jJ vd;W fUjpj; jd; muz;kid nru;e;jhd;.
,yl;RkzUila kuzj;ijf; fz;L tpgP#zu; bgupJk; Jaukile;jhu.;
"me;njh me;njh" vd;W fjwpg; gjwp mGjhu;. mg;bghGJ
$hk;gthd; mEkhu; kPJ ,Ue;j mk;g[fis mfw;wp/ kUe;J
bfhz;Lte;J ,yl;Rkziu capu;g;gpf;f ntz;Lk; vd;W Twpdhu;.
M";r neau; kndhntfkhfr; brd;W kUe;J bfhz;L te;J/
,yl;Rkziug; gpiHg;gpj;jhu;. capu;j;bjGe;j ,yl;Rkzu;/ "tpgP#zu;
eykh >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. mEkhiuj; jGtp mfkfpH;e;jhu;. vy;yhUk;
,uhkiu mqfpdhu;fs;. tpgP#ziuf; fhf;Fk; bghUl;L ,yl;Rkzu;
capu;j;jpahfk; bra;j g[dpjkhd mUl;braiy vz;zp ,uhku; mstw;w
kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;.
"milf;fyk; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;fhfj; jd;Dliy mWj;Jf;
bfhLj;Jf; Jiyapy; Vwpa rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpa[k; vd; jk;gpf;F
epfuhfkhl;lhd;. ,yl;RkzUila fPuj; ;jp ,kakiyiag; nghy X';fp
epw;Fk;" vd;W Twp kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
274
,uhku; ,yl;RkzUld; tpy;iya[k; mk;gwhj; Jhzpiaa[k; mEkhuplk;
bfhLj;Jg; nghu; bra;j mau;r;rp eP';f ,isg;ghwpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
theuu;fs; \y gyr;nridfs; mHpe;jpUe;jijf; fz;L/ ,uhkUila
tPuj;ij tpae;J gutrkile;jhu;fs;. ,uhkiuj; Jjpj;J/ kjpj;Jg;
nghw;wpdhu;fs;.
,uhtzd;/ ,yl;Rkziuf; bfhd;W tpl;nlhbkd;W fUjpg;
bgU';fspg;ig mile;J/ jd; Vtyu;fis miHj;J/ "\ygyr;
nridapdhy; ,uhkd; khz;oUg;ghd;. ,yl;Rkzid ehd;
bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. nghu; Koe;jJ. vd; bghUl;Lg; nghu;g[upe;j nridj;
jiytu;fSf;F tpUe;J bra;antz;Lk;. Mfnt/ tpUe;Jf;F Vw;ghL
bra;a[';fs;" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;.
Mapuk; Mapuk; mz;lhf;fspy; Ritahd md;d';fSk;/ gl;rz';fSk;
FoePu; tiffSk;/ jhk;g{yk; re;jdk; Kjypa thridg; bghUl;fSk;
kpFjpahfr;/ nrfupj;J epug;gpdhu;fs;. MlYk; ghlYk; epfH;e;jd.
Jhju;fs; ,uhtzid mqfp/ ",';F tpUe;jpw;F Vw;ghL
bra;fpd;whna. cd;ghy; ahu; csu; > ,uhkd; xUtnd \ygyr; nrid
KGtija[k; VHiu ehHpifapy; mHpj;Jtpl;lhd;. mj;jidg;ngUk;
khz;blhHpe;jhu;fs;. ,e;j czit khz;L nghdtu;fSf;Fg; gpz;lk;
nghl itj;Jf; bfhs;" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.
,ijf;nfl;l ,uhtzd; ,Wk;g{J va;jpdhd;. "xU jdp kdpjd;
\ygyr; nridfisf; bfhd;whdh > ,J ek;gf; Toajh >
mg;goapUg;gpDk; ehd; ,yl;Rkzidf; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. jk;gpapd;
kuzj;ijf; fz;L ,uhkd; capu; jh';fkhl;lhd;/ khz;blhHpthd;.
Mjyhy;/ btw;wp vdf;Fj;jhd;" vd;W Twp kfpH;e;jhd;.
kw;bwhU Jhjd; te;J/ ,uhtzid tz';fp/ "munr * mEkd;
bfhz;L te;j r";rPt kUe;jhy; ,yl;Rkzd; gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;"
vd;W Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
275
,jidf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; mjpu;r;rp mile;jhd;. nfhg[uj;jpd; kPnjwp/
\ygyr; nridfs; khz;oUg;gijf; fz;L mjpraKk; nfhgKk;
JauKk; mile;jhd;.
bra;tJ vd;d vd;W bjupahky; jpifj;jhd;. ke;jpuh nyhrid
kz;lgj;ijaile;jhd;. mg;bghGJ mtDila rpwpa ghl;;ldhuhfpa
khypathd; te;J ,uhtzidf; fz;L/ "mRu Fy nte;jnd *
,g;nghjhtJ tpgP#zd; Twpa mwpt[iuia epidf;fpd;whah >
Mapuk; bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uhkd; xUtnd bfhd;whnd vd;W
mjprak; milfpd;whna. ru;t rk;Qhu fhyj;jpy;
rptbgUkhd; xUtnu mfpy cyf';fisa[k;
mHpj;jhu; vd;W eP nfl;ljpy;iyah > ehuhaznu
,uhkuhf te;J mtjupj;jhu;. bja;tk; rPwpdhy;
itak; thGkh > ,dpahtJ kwr;braiy
kwe;J/ mwr;braiy nkw;bfhs;thahf" vd;W
Twpdhu;.
khypathdpd; ngr;ir kjpj;jhdpy;iy ,uhtzd;.
nfhgk; bfhz;L rPwpdhd;.
njnuWjy;
,uhtzd; knfhjuid miHj;J ,y';ifapy; khz;ltu;fs; nghf
v";rpapUf;fpd;w mRu nridfisg; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gLkhW
giwawptpf;Fk;gof; fl;lisapl;lhd;. mjd; go giwaiwa ehy;tifr;
nridfSk; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ld. mjdhy;/ ePu; tw;wpa fly; nghy;
,y';if btWikahfpaJ.
,uhtzd; ePuhor; rptg{i$ bra;jhd;. fUt{yj;jpy; ,Ue;j bghd;kzp/
Mil Kjypa tpiya[au;e;j bghUs;fisj; jf;ftu;f;Fj; jhdk;
bra;jhd;. gpuknjtd; ahfk; bra;J gilj;jJk;/ ,e;jpud; je;jJkhd
,uj;jpd ftrk; mzpe;J/ mk;gwhj; njhzpiaj; njhspy; fl;o/
nkUfpupiag; nghd;w tpy;iy Ve;jpf; bfhz;L njupy; Vwpdhd;. me;jj;
nju; bghd;Dk; kzpa[k; ,iHj;J/ ,s"; Nupaidg; nghy; xsp
bra;jJ. mjpy; g{l;oa Fjpiufs; Mw;wYk; mHFk; ciladtha;f;
fhw;iwtpl ntfkhfr; bry;Yk; jd;ika[ilait. mj;njupy; ths;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
276
nty;/ jz;L/ njhkuk; Kjypa Ma[j';fs; epiwe;jpUe;jd. ,uhtzd;
mj;njUf;F kyu;fis mu;r;rpj;Jf; fsg f!;Jhup bjspj;J tHpghL
bra;jhd;. mtDila gj;Jj; jiyfspYk; ehf uj;jpd';fs; ,iHj;j
kzp kFl';fs; mHF bra;jd.
,uhtzd;/ fztid ,He;J rPij tapw;wpy; vw;wpf;bfhz;L mH
ntz;Lk;. mJ ,y;iybad;why;/ mjid tz;nlhjup bra;a ntz;Lk;.
,uz;oy; xd;W eilbgw ntz;Lk;. vd;W Nsiu gfu;e;J
rp';ff;Fuisnghy; nju;kPJ Vwpg; nghu;f;fsj;ij mile;jhd;.
mtDila tPug; gpujhg';fisf; fz;L/ njtu;fs;/ ,d;W vd;d
epfGnkh vd;W vz;zpf; fy';fpdhu;fs;.
,uhtzDila cf;fpukhd tUifiaf;fz;L theu tPuu;fs; eL';fp
xL';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp fUiza[ld; theu tPuu;fisg;
ghu;j;J/ "eP';fs; m";rhjpU';fs;. ,d;W ,uhtztjk; epfGk;/ ,d;W
c';fs; Jauk; jPUk;" vd;W mga trdk; Twpg; nghu;f;nfhyk;
g[ide;J g[wg;gl;lhu;.
thdj;jpy; njtu;fs; FGt[f;F eLnt tps';Fk; rptbgUkhd;/
"njtu;fns * ,uhtzd; ,d;W khs;thd;. c';fs; bgU';ftiy
eP';Fk;. ,uhk gpuhDf;F ,e;jpuDila epfupy;yhj njiu mDg;g[';fs;"
vd;W gzpj;jUspdhu;.
,e;jpud; jd;Dila Re;juj; njiuf; bfhz;L nghFk; goj;
nju;g;ghfdhfpa khjypf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhd;. kpf;ftypt[k;/ bghypt[k;
bghUe;jpa ,e;jpu ujk; ,uhku; Kd; te;J epd;wJ. ,uhkgpuhd;
mj;njiuf; fz;L/ ",J mRu khianah >" vd;W Ia[w;whu;.
mg;bghGJ tpgP#zUk; mUfpy; ,Ue;j njiu cw;W nehf;fpdhu;.
khjyp ,uhkgpuhidj; bjhGJ/ "fUizf; flny * ew;Fzf; Fd;wnk *
cd; jpUtof;F tzf;fk; nju;kPJ epd;W nghu; g[upa[k;nghJ/ njtuPu;
ghu;kPJ epd;W nghu; g[uptJ ed;wd;W. gpuknjtDk; fz;qjw; flt[Sk;
fl;lisapl/ khjyp vd;Dk; ehd; ,e;jpu gfthDila njiuf; bfhz;L
te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. njupd; kPJ Mnuhfzpj;Jg; nghu;g[uptPu;" vd;W
gzptd;g[ld; Twpdhd;. ,g;bghGJ ,e;jpud; njupy; g{l;lg;gl;oUe;j

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
277
ntfKk; typika[k; epiwe;j Fjpiufs; ntj ke;jpu';fisf; Twpd.
,uhku;/ kfpH;e;J njupd;kPJ Vwp mku;e;jhu;. me;j tprhykhd nju;
,uhtzDf;F Kd; brd;wJ.
kknnffhhjjuud
d; ; kkhhaa;j;jyy; ;
,uhtzDila Kjyikr;rdhfpa knfhjud; ,uhk gpuhid vjpu;j;Jf;
fL';fizfisr; brhupe;J nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhk gpuhd; mk;g[ kiH
bghHpe;J/ mtDld; te;j ehYtifr; nridfisa[k; mHpj;jhu;.
knfhjud; ,g;nghJ jdpna epd;whd;. ,uhkgpuhd; ,uhk ru';fisj;
bjhLj;J mtd; jiyia mWj;J tPH;j;jpdhu;. knfhjud;
khz;blhHpe;jhd;.
knfhjuDila kuzj;ijf; fz;L ,uhtzd; kpft[k; bfhjpj;jhd;. jd;
njiur; brYj;jpf; bfhz;L ,uhkUf;F Kd;nd te;J epd;whd;. ,uhk
gpuhd; g[d;dif g{j;Jf; funtfj;jhYk; runtfj;jhYk; ghz kiH
bghHpe;J ,uhtzidr; NH;e;J te;j mj;jidr; nridfisa[k;
mHpj;J xHpj;jhu;. ,g;bghGJ ,uhtzDf;Fg; gy Jd; epkpj;j';fs;
cz;lhapd;. ,lf;fz;qk; ,lj; njhs;fSk; Joj;jd. mtd; khu;gpy;
,Ue;j khiyfs; fupe;J gpz ehw;wk; tPrpd. cjpu kiH bghHpe;jJ.
mjid ,uhtzd; bghUl;gLj;jtpy;iy. ,uhtzd;/ ",e;j mw;g
kdpjdh vd;id bty;yg; nghfpwhd; > ehd; bts;sp kiyia ms;sp
vLj;jtd;. jpir ahidfis btd;wtd;. ,g;bghGnj ,tid
mHpg;ngd;" vd;W vz;zpdhd;.
,uhtzd; bgupJk; rPw;wk; bfhz;L ",uhkdhfpa mw;gg; g[Gitj;
njnuhL tpz;zpny tPrp vwpe;J bfhy;ntd; *" vd;W fu;$id
g[upe;jhd;. ,uhkUila tpy;nyhira[k;/ ,uhtzDila tpy;nyhira[k;
Mapuk; ,onghy; KH';fp vl;Lj; jpirfSk; brtpLgLk;gor; bra;jd.
kkd
drr;r;rppi
iww
,uhtzd; vz;zw;w mk;g[fis kiHnghy; brhupe;jhd;. me;jg;
ghz';fs; tpz;iza[k; kz;iza[k; kiwj;jd. ,uhkiua[k; kiwj;jd.
mJ fz;L thdtu;fs; m";rpdhu;fs;. theu';fs; gae;jd.
,uhtzdila nju; tpz;zpnya[k;/ nkUkiy kPJk;/ cjafpup kPJk;/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
278
m!;jfpup kPJk;/ RHd;W rhup bra;jd. mtd; nju; brd;w ,lbky;yhk;
khjyp jd; njiur; brYj;jp/ mtid eL';FkhW bra;jhd;. ,uhtzd;
mu;j;j re;jpu ghzj;ij Vtp/ ,e;jpuj; njupy; ,Ue;j ,of;bfhoia
mWj;Jj; js;sp Muthuk; g[upe;jhd;. ,ijf; fz;L fUlgfthd;
,uhkUila bfhoahf epd;whu;. ,uhkgpuhd; Tupa mk;igj; bjhLj;J
,uhtzDila njupy; ,Ue;j tPizf;bfhoiaj; Jzpj;J tPH;j;jpdhu;.
,uhtzd; kpfr; rpwe;j jhkjg; gilia Vtpdhd;. mg;gil gy;ntW
Kf';fSld; g[ay;/ kiH/ beUg;g[ ,itfisr; rpe;jpf; bfhz;L
,uhkiu nehf;fpr; brd;wJ. ,uhku;. rpth!;jpuk; Vtpj; jhkjg; gilia
mHpj;jhu;.
,uhtzd; kpff; bfhoa mRuh!;jpuj;ijj; brYj;jpdhd;. mJ
nfhof;fzf;fhd mk;g[fshfg; gpupe;J beUg;g[ kiHiar; rpe;jpf;
bfhz;L ,uhku; kPJ brd;wJ. ,uhku; mf;dpg; gilahy;
behog;bghGjpy; mHpj;jhu;. ,uhtzd; jd; khkdhfpa kad; je;j
kah!;jpuj;ij ,uhku; kPJ Vtpdhd;. ,uhku; fhe;ju;tf; fizahy;
mjidg; bghog;gLj;jpdhu;.
,uhtzd;/ ",dp ,e;j ,uhkid kpfr; rpwe;j Ma[jj;jhy;
bfhy;Yntd;" vd;W Twp khah!;jpuj;ij vLj;J/ mjid ke;jpu
g[#;g';fshy; mu;r;rpj;Jj; JhgjPgk; fhl;or; rptbgUkhid tHpgl;L
,uhku; kPJ Vtpdhd;. me;j m!;jpuk;/ khz;l Fk;gfUzd;/
,e;jpu$pj;jd;/ mjpfhad;/ kfuf;fz;zd;/ \ygyr; nridfs; vy;yhk;
vGe;J Muthuk; bra;tJnghy; njhd;wp/ cyfj;ij eL';f itj;jJ.
,jidf; fz;L theu';fSk; thdtu;fSk; jpifg;g[w;W m";rpdhu;fs;.
vk;bgUkhd; me;j khar; braiyf; fz;L eifj;J/ "hdh!;jpuj;ijg;
gpunahfk; bra;jhu;. ,Uis xsp tpG';FtJ nghy; khah!;jpuj;ij
"hdh!;jpuk; bjhiya[k;gor; bra;jJ.
gpd;du;/ ,uhtzd; kpfg; bgupa tugyKila Nyha[jj;ij ,uhku; kPJ
Vtpdhd;. mJ ,onghy; xypj;Jf; bfhz;L ,uhkiuf; bfhy;y te;jJ.
,uhku; mr;Nyj;jpd; nky; gyg;gy fizfis Vtpdhdu;. mf;fizfs;
Nyj;jpy; gl;Lg; bghoahf cjpu;e;jd. ,uhkUila ghz';fs;
mr;Nyj;ij mHpf;f KoahJ mkpe;jd. Nyk; ,uhkUila khu;g[f;F
neuhf te;jJ. tpz;qyfpy; ,g;nghiug; ghu;j;Jf; bfhz;oUe;j njtu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
279
ahtUk; ,dp ,uhku; gpiHf;f khl;lhu; vd;W fy';fp ka';fpdhu;fs;.
jUk brh+gpahfpa ,uhku; ..k;.... vd;w X';fhu Xirahy; cug;gpdhu;.
me;j X';fhuj;jhy; Nyha[hjk; bghog; bghoahfj; Jfs; gl;L xHpe;jJ.
,ijf; fz;l ,uhtzd; mjpraKk; mr;rKk; mile;jhd;.
",td; rptbgUkhndh > rptbgUkhdhdhy; \d;W fz;fSk; gts
nkdpa[k; ,Uf;f ntz;Lnk * ,td; ,uz;L fz;fisa[ilatdhfpa[k;
ePynkfk; nghd;w epwKilatdhft[k; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,td; rptd;
my;yd;. "
",td; gpuknjtndh > ,td; gpuknjtdhf ,Ue;jhy; ehd;F
Kf';fSk; vl;Lf; fz;fSk; ,Uf;f ntz;Lnk > Mjyhy;/ ,td;
gpuknjtDky;yd;. "
",td; jpUkhnyh > mtd; jpUkhyhf ,Ug;ghdhapd; r';F rf;fuk;
,Uf;f ntz;Lnk > Mjyhy;/ ,td; jpUkhYk; my;yd;. "
",td; jtKdptndh > vd;Dila - ehd; gyfhYk; Kad;W bgw;w -
tu';fs; midj;ija[k; ,td; mHpj;J tpl;lhd;. ,td; jtKdptdhf
,Ug;ghdhapd;/ ,e;j ,sk; tajpy; ,t;tst[ jt typik bgw
,ayhnj. mfpy cyfj;ija[k; mHpf;fty;y Nyha[jj;ij btWk;
X';fhuj;jhy; mHpj;Jtpl;lhnd. Mjyhy.;/ ,td; ntj Kjw;
fhuzdhfpa guk;bghUshf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. vd; jk;gp tpgP#zd;
,tidg;gw;wp md;W Twpa trd';fs; cz;ikjhd; vd;gij ,g;nghJ
czu;fpd;nwd;. "
nkYk;/ ,uhtzd;/ ",td; ahuhf ,Ug;gpDk; nghu; bra;J
bty;Yntd;. g[w';bfhLj;Jg; nghf khl;nld;" vd;W vz;zp/
,uhku;kPJ epUjpg; gilia Vtpdhd;. ,uhku; fUlg; gilahy; mjid
epu;\yk; bra;jhu;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp xU rpwe;j fizia Vtp ,uhtzDila
eLj;jiyia mWj;Jj; js;spdhu;. ,ijf; fz;L njtu;fs; kfpH;r;rpahy;
Js;spdhu;fs;. mw;w jiy epyj;jpy; tpGKd; ntWjiy Kisj;jJ.
,uhku; ,uhtzDila rpu';fisa[k; fu';fisa[k; gyKiw mWj;Jj;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
280
js;spdhu;. Mdhy;/ mtd; bgw;w tu';fshy; rpu';fSk; fu';fSk;
kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; Kisj;Jf; bfhz;nlapUe;jd. ,uhtzd; jd;
mWgl;l fuj;jhy; ,uhkUila nju;g;ghfdhfpa khjypia moj;jhd;.
mtd; kPJ njhkuk; vd;w Ma[jj;ija[k; Vtpdhd;. mogl;l khjyp
cjpuk; ff;fpdhd;. ,uhku; njhkuj;ijg; g";rKfg; gilahy; mHpj;jhu;.
,uhtzDf;F tPuKk; typika[k; Fd;wpd.
,uhku; vwpe;j ghz';fs; mtd; mzpe;j ftrj;Jf;Fs; EiHe;J
cliyj; Jisj;J cjpuk; bgUFkhW bra;jd. ,uhtzd;
\u;r;iraile;jhd;. rhujp mtd; njiu ntW gf;fk; jpUg;gp mtDf;F
cjtp bra;thd;. mg;bghGJ khjyp ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ "bgUkhnd
,uhtzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;jhy; mtidf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. Mjyhy;/
mtid ,g;nghnj bfhy;Yjy; ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twpdhd;.
,uhku;/ "ghfnd/ \u;r;iraile;j giftidf; bfhy;tJ bgupa ghtk;
MFk;. mJ tpy;ywkhfhJ. Mjyhy;/ mtd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J/ vGe;j
gpd;dnu nghu; bra;J bfhy;y ntz;Lk;. ,Jjhd; jUk bewp" vd;W
Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;L thdtu;fs; fuf;fk;gk; bra;J kfpH;e;jhu;fs;.
,uhtzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J ghfidf; nehf;fpf; nfhgpj;J/ "\lnd *
njiuj; jpUg;gpg; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ehd; g[w';fhqkhw bra;jidna/ ,J
vd; tPuj;jpw;F ,Gf;fy;yth > njtu;fs; vd;idf; fz;L
gupfrpg;ghu;fns > vdf;Fg; bgupa mtkhdj;ijr; bra;jidna >
btFkjp bgw ntz;oa cd;id/ btFz;L jz;of;FkhW bra;jhna.
cd;id capUld; tpl khl;nld;" vd;W Twp thspdhy; btl;lg;
nghdhd;.
nju;g;ghfd; ,uhtzid tz';fp/ "tPug; bgUe;jifna/ jh';fs;
typik Fd;wp ka';fpajhy; j';fisf; fhf;Fk; flika[ila ehd; njiu
xU gf;fk; jpUg;gpj; j';fSf;F cjtp bra;J vd; flikiag;
g[upe;njd;. ,y;iynay; jh';fs; khz;oUg;gPu;fs;" vd;whd;.
,uhtzd; nfhge; jzpe;jhd;. ,uhkUf;F Kd;nd te;J epd;W
Myfhy tp#k;nghy; rPwpf; nfhof;fzf;fhd fizfis vwpe;jhd;.
mizfpd;w jPgk; mjpf Rlu;tpl;L vuptJ nghy;/ mtd; fLk;nghu;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
281
g[upe;jhd;. ,uhku; mtDila tpw;fis mHpj;jhu;. mtd; jz;L/ ths;/
nty; Kjypa m!;jpu';fis vwpe;jhd;. mj;jida[k; ,uhku; mHpj;Jg;
gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J khdrPf g{i$ bra;J ,uhtzd; kPJ Vtpdhu;.
me;jj; bja;tg; gil ,uhtzDila khu;gpy; g[Fe;J mtDila
capiug; gUfp/ thd f';ifapy; ePuho/ vk;bgUkhDila mk;gwhj;
Jhzpia te;jile;jJ. ,uhtzd; khz;lhd;.
,uhkghzk;/ ,uhtzDila thH;ehspy; Kf;nfho Ma[isa[k;/ mtd;
bra;j bgUk; jtj;ija[k; Kjy;td; je;j tuj;ija[k;/ njhs; cuj;ija[k;
cz;L/ capiua[k; cz;L mtid mHpj;jJ.
nghu;f;fsj;jpy; tPH;e;j ,uhtzDila Kf';fs; \d;W kl';F
mjpfkhfg; bghypt[w;w jpfH;e;jd. mtDila njhs;fSk; fu';fSk;
nfhgKk; tPuKk; ml';fp kl';fp xL';fpd.
,uhku; njiu tpl;ow';fp khjypia thH;j;jp/ "k';fsk; cz;lhFf"
vd;W Twpj; njupidf;bfhz;L nghFk;go tpilaspj;jDg;gpdhu;.
gpd;du;/ jk;gp Kjypatu; cld; tu ,uhtzd; cly; mUfpy; brd;W
mtDlk;igf; fUizf; fz;fshy; fz;lhu;. ,uhtzDila KJfpy;
,Ue;j g[z;fisf; fz;L/ "jk;gP/ tpgP#zh * cd; jikaDila
KJfpy; g[z;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdnt. KJfpy; g[z;qs;stidf; bfhd;wJ
gHpf;F ,lkhapw;nw. vd; tPuk; Fd;wpanj" vd;W Twp tUe;jpdhu;.
tpgP#zu;/ "mz;zny/ vd; jikad; KJfpy; cs;sit tLf;fs;/
g[z;fs; my;y. vd; mz;zd; jpf;tp$ak; bra;j nghJ jpir ahidfs;
vl;Lk; je;j';fshy; vd; mz;zidj; jhf;f me;jj; je;j';fis mWj;J
mzpfyd;fshff; bfhz;lhd;. Mjyhy;/ ,J g[wg;g[z; md;W" vd;W
Twpdhu;.
,uhku; rkhjhdk; mile;jhu;.
;
tpgP#zu; nrhfk;
tpgP#zu;/ cld; gpwg;bgd;w ghrj;jhy; nerj;jhy;/ cs;sk; tUe;jp/
kdKUfpf; fz;zPu;bgUfpj; jikad;nky; tPH;e;J mGthuhapdu;. "

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
282
mz;zh * eP tPut[yfk; brd;widnah > guknyhfj;ij
mile;jidnah > jpUf;fapyhaj;ij mile;jidnah > mz;zh/
ehd; md;W brhd;d mwt[iufis ,g;nghJ vz;zpg; ghu;f;fpd;wPnuh >
vd; mKjhd brhy; md;W cdf;F e";rhf ,Ue;jJ. cd;dhy;
jPz;lg;gl;l ntjtjp beUg;gpil tPH;e;J cd; Fyj;ij mHpf;fr;
rPijahfg; gpwe;jhs;. mtisr; rpiw itf;fhnj vd;W ,oj;J
Twpndnd. vd; brhy;iy ePu; nfl;Oupy;iy. e";R cz;ltiuj; jhd;
bfhy;Yk;/ fz;lhiuf; bfhy;yhJ. Mdhy;/ rPijahfpa e";R fz;zhy;
fz;l cd;idf; bfhd;W tpl;lJ. gpwu; kid tpiHtJ bgUk;ghtk;
Mapw;nw. bgUe;jtk; bra;J bgw;w bry;t';fs; mj;jida[k;
bgz;zhirahy; bjhiyj;J tpl;lhna * fs; cz;lhiu kaf;Fk;/ fhkk;
fz;lhiua[[k; bjhl;lhiua[k; kaf;Fk; typika[ilaJ. cd;dhy;
mRuFynk mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. ,y';if mRuu;fs; ,d;wp btWik
Mfptpl;lnj. "
"Nu;g;gzif/ mts; fztid eP bfhd;wij kdjpy; cl;gifahff;
bfhz;L/ rPijapd; mHif cd;dplk; brhy;ypf; Fyj;njhL
cd;idaHpj;Jg; gHp jPu;j;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. ehj;jpahy; - ehj;jpahy; ,';Ff;
Fyk; monahL mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. ,dp vg;gpwg;gpy; fhzg; nghfpnwd;."
vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gp mGjhu;/ gpd;Dk; tpgP#zu;/ "mz;zh *
tPuu;fisj; jGtpa ePu;/ ghu;kfisj; jGtpg; gupjhgkhf ,we;j
fplf;fpd;wPnu. ck;Kila mty epiyiaf; fz;L ftiyailfpd;nwd;
" vd;whu;.
$hk;gthd; tpgP#ziuf; fz;L mtUila fz;zPiuj; Jilj;J/
"kjpeyk; gilj;j khkd;dnu/ ,t;thW ePu; g[yk;g[tJ
mwpt[ilikahfhJ. tpjpia btd;wtu; ahu; > ,uhtzDila tpjp
mtid ntnuhL mHpar; bra;J tpisahoaJ. mz;zDf;Fr; bra;a
ntz;oa ePu;f;fld;/ beUg;g[f;fld;fisr; bra;thahf " vd;W
njw;wpdhu;.
kz;nlhjup kuzk;
,uhtzDila ,y;yf; fpHj;jpa[k; rpt\u;j;jpia tHpgLgtSk;/
ey;ywk; gapd;wtSk;/ kad; kfSkhfpa tz;nlhjup/ khz;Lfple;j

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
283
fztidg; ghu;f;fg; g[wg;gl;L te;jhs;. mtSld; ,uhtzDila
Vida kidtpkhu;fs; Mfpa mRukhju;/ njtkhju;/ ehfkhju;/
al;rkhju; Kjypa bgz;kzpfs; bjhlu;e;J mGJ g[yk;gpf; bfhz;L
te;jhu;fs;.
kz;nlhjup bgupJk; g[yk;gpdhs;. " g";rizapy; fple;j ck;ik
,g;bghGJ cjpur; nrw;wpy; ghf;fpd;nwnd. ePu; ,we;J nghtPu; vd;W
fdtpYk; fUjpnddpy;iy. bgz;zhirahy; kjpka';fpg; gy;yhapuk;
nghfkhju; ,Ue;Jk; rPijnky; itj;j ikayhy; khz;L fplf;fpd;wPnu.
j';fis ,t;thW fz;l fz;fis ehd; gpL';fp vwpa ntz;lhkh >
vd; md;g[f; fUt{ynk * MUapu;r; bry;tnk * jh';fs; rpt
\u;j;jpiaa[k; nru;j;J bts;spkiyia ms;spbaLj;jtuhapw;nw.
mj;jifa nguhw;wy; gilj;j j';fs; jpUnkdpapy; vs; ,Uf;f
,lkpd;wp ,uhkghzk; Jisj;jpUf;fpd;wnj. "hdk; epiwe;j mf;fiz
capu; ,Uf;Fk; ,lk; bjupe;J xU juk; Jisj;nj capu; ftuj;
bjupahjh > ,j;jidj; Jisnghl;L capiu vLf;f ntz;Lkh >
rPijiar; rpiwapy; itg;gjw;F Kd;dnu/ mg;g[dpjtjpia kdr;
rpiwapy; itj;jPu;. me;jr; rPijnky; itj;j fhjy; cd; clk;g[f;Fs;
v';nf ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;W vz;zp Mapuk; Mapuk; Jisapl;Lj;
njoanjh > Mapuk; Jisapl;Lj; njoanjh > "
"bgUkhnd/ kdpjDf;F Jd;gk; Mirapdhy;jhd; tUk;. Mirfs;
gytpj';fs; cz;L. vy;yh MirfspYk; bghy;yhjJ bgz;zhir.
jh';fs; bgz;zhirahy; kjpapHe;J/ fjpapHe;J/ gjpapHe;J/ epjpapHe;J
kha;e;JtPl;Ou;. " vd;W fjwpaGJ fztd; khu;gpd;nky; tpGe;jhs;.
fw;g[f;furpahfpa tz;nlhjupapd; capu; gpupe;Jtpl;lJ.
,uhtzDila clk;iga[k; tz;nlhjupapd; clk;iga[k; gd;dPuhy;
myk;gpf;/ fsg f!;Jhup bjspj;J kyu; khiy Nl;or; re;jdk;/ mfpy;
Kjypa thridf; fl;ilfis mLf;fp/ tpgP#zu; jP \l;o
beUg;g[f;fld; bra;jhu;. gpd;du;/ ePu;f;fld; bra;jhu;. Vida
muf;fu;fSf;bfy;yhk; <kf; fld;fis Kiwna bra;jhu;.
,uhku; gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; tdj;jpy; ,Ug;gjhf cWjp g{z;ljhy;/
,y';if khefUf;Fg; nghtJ mtUila tpujj;jpw;F Vw;wjd;W.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
284
Mjyhy;/ ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/ "jk;gp * eP brd;W tpgP#zDf;F
KoNl;o tUthahf " vd;W fl;lisapl;lhu;.
tpgP#zu; KoNLjy;
,isa bgUkhs;/ Rf;uPtd; m';fjd;/ $hk;gthd;/ ePyd; Kjypnahu;
g[ilNH ,y';if khefUf;Fg;ngha;/ efuj;ij my';fupf;fr; bra;jhu;.
g[z;zpa jPu;j;j';fisf; bfhz;L tur; bra;J/ nts;tpj; jP tsu;j;J
jUk ehafuhfpa tpgP#ziu mupaiznky; ,Uj;jp mgpn#fk;
bra;tpj;Jj;/ jk; jpUf;fu';fshy; kFlhgpn#fk; bra;jhu;. Kdptu;fs;
ke;jpul;rij bjspj;J tpgP#ziu thH;j;jpdhu;fs;. ,irthzu;fs;
ghodhu;fs;. muk;igau;fs; Modhu;fs;. tpgP#zUila jUk
gj;jpdpahfpa ruik kfpH;r;rpa[w;whs;. mtUila g[jy;tpahfpa jpupril
cs;sk; cte;jhs;. tpgP#zu; twpatu;f;Fg; bghd;Dk; kzpa[k;
md;dKk; Mila[k;/ ms;spas;sp tH';fpdhu;. ,y';if khefuk;
tpHhf;nfhyj;jpdhy; kfpH;r;rpa[w;wJ.
tpgP#zu; nghu;f;fsj;jpw;F te;J ,uhkgpuhDila ruz fkyhyaj;jpy;
tpGe;J gyKiw gzpe;jhu;. ,uhku; jd; jk;gpahfpa tpgP#ziu
Mde;jf; fz;zPuhy; mgpn#fk; g[upe;J khu;g[ld; ,Wfj; jGtpf;
bfhz;lhu;.
"tpgP#zh * ,e;j cyfk; mwj;jhy; epiy bgWfpwJ. mwk; thGk;/
kwk; jhGk;. ViHfs; mGj fz;zPu;/ bry;tj;ij mHpf;Fk;
Ma[jkhFk;. mur thH;tpy; ,Uf;fpd;w eP/ ViH kf;fSf;F
vg;bghGJk; bjhz;L bra;a ntz;Lk;. kf;fSf;F eP je;ija[k;
jha[k;nghy; ey"; bra;a ntz;Lk;. ehd; kd;dtd; vd;w vz;zk; cd;
kdj;jpy; fLfst[k; tuf;TlhJ. eP kf;fSf;Ff; fhtydhf ,Uf;f
ntz;Lk;. kf;fs; eyj;jpy; fz;q'; fUj;Jk; itj;J khl;rpa[ld; Ml;rp
bra;a ntz;Lk;. murhl;L murhl;rpahf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. thH;f "
vd;W thH;j;jpaUspdhu;.

rPijapd; re;jpg;g[

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
285
,uhkgpuhd; mEkhiu nehf;fp/ " md;g[s;stnd * eP rPijaplk; brd;W
,uhtz tjj;ijj; bjuptpg;ghahf " vd;W Twpdhu;. mEkhu; kpft[k;
kfpH;e;J/ mnrhftdk; brd;W jpUkyuofspy; tPHe;J tz';fp/
"md;idna/ | uhk b$ak; njtuPu;f;Fg; gj;J khj';fs; ,Lf;fz;
bra;j ,uhtzd; ,uhk ghzj;jhy; kha;e;J nghdhd;. ,g;bghGJ
tpgP#zUf;F KoNl;o tpHh eilbgw;wJ" vd;W Twpdhu;.
,e;j k';fy thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l rPij vd;d brhy;tJ vd;W mwpahJ
beLneuk; jpifg;g[w;wpUe;jhs;. "kfnd mEknd * eP vdf;F bra;j
cjtpf;F ehd; vd;d ifk;khW bra;ntd; > md;W khizapd;
bfhoapy; fGj;jpy; RUf;fpl;lnghJ eP te;J/ vk; bgUkhDila
fizahHpiaf; bfhLj;jhapy;iy/ vd; capiuna bfhLj;jha;.
,g;bghGJ te;J. ,e;j mKj trdj;jhy; vd;Ds;sj;ijf; Fspu
itj;jha;. \d;W cyf';fisa[k; fhzpf;ifahfj; je;jhYk; eP bra;j
cjtpf;F mJ <lhfhJ. Vbdd;why;/ cyfk; mHpaf;ToaJ. mHpahj
cjtp bra;j cdf;F ,e;j mHpfpd;w cyfj;ijah jUtJ > cd;id
vd; jiyapdhy; bjhGtnj jFk;."
"cj;jk tpj;jfnd/ cdf;F vd;d tuk; ntz;Lk;. nfs; jUntd;"
vd;W rPjhnjtp Twpdhu;.
mEkhu;/ "mk;kh/ ehd; jpUkzk; Mfhj ie#;of gpukr;rhu;/ cyfj;jpy;
vdf;F ntz;LtJ xd;Wkpy;iy. jh';fs; tuk; bfhLf;fpd;nwd; vd;W
TWfpd;wPu;fs;. mk;kh * eha; KfKk; nga; KfKk; bfhz;L fj;jpa[k;
nfhlhypa[k; jh';fp ,e;jg; gj;J khj';fshf mo/ cij/ Fj;J vd;W
rPwpr; rpj;utij bra;j ,e;jf; bfhoa muf;fpaiuf; bfhSj;Jntd;. ,e;j
tuj;ij vdf;Fj; juntz;Lk;. "
,ijf; nfl;l muf;fpkhu;fs; eL';fp xL';fp gpuhl;oahiuj; j";rk;
g[Fe;jhu;fs;.
je;ija[k; jdaDk;
,e;j epfH;r;rpapy; kw;wtu;fshdhy; gHpf;Fg; gHp th';f vz;qthu;fs;.
kz;bzz;bza; tpl;Lf; bfhSj;J vd;ghu;fs;. Mdhy;/ fUizna

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
286
tothfpa rPjhnjtp mt;thW Twtpy;iy. tpehof;F tpeho jP';F bra;j
me;jg; bghy;yhj muf;fpaUf;F mgak; mspj;jhu;.
"M";rneah * ,e;j muf;fpkhu;fs; vdf;Fj; jP';F bra;a tpy;iy. ehd;
,iHj;j tpidapdhy; ,e;jj; Jd;gk; Vw;gl;lJ. tpidia nehf
ntz;Lnk md;wp/ ,tu;fis nehff; TlhJ. "
"xU rpWtd; eha;kPJ fy;iy vwpe;jhy; me;j eha; fy;iyf;
fof;fg;nghFkh > my;yJ vwpe;jtidf; fof;fg; nghFkh > eha;
fy;ypd; nky; rPwpg; nghfhky fy; vwpe;jtd; nky;jhd; nghFk;. me;j
eha;f;Ff; fy;iy nehfhky; vwpe;jtid nehFk; jd;ik
,Uf;fpd;wnghJ/ Mwwpt[ gilj;j kdpjDf;F ,e;j ew;Fzk; mika
ntz;Lkh > ehd; ,j;jidf; fhyk; mDgtpj;j Jd;gj;jpw;Ff; fhuzk;
,e;jg; bgz;fs; my;yu;. ,uhtzd; Vtypdhy; ,tu;fs; vdf;F ,lu;
bra;jhu;fs;. vd; Jd;gj;jpw;Ff; fhuzk; ehd; bra;j tpidjhd;.
tpidia nehf ntz;Lnkad;wp ,tu;fis nehff; TlhJ. "
"vk;bgUkhd; jt"; bra;af; fhdfj;jpw;F te;jhu;. mtUf;Fj; Jiz
bra;a ehd; te;njd;. jt"; bra;a te;j ehd; tpisahl;L khidf;
nfl;lJ gpiHay;yth > v$khd; ,Uf;f/ me;j khid tpUk;gyhkh >
khidf; nfl;f tpy;iybad;why; ,e;jj; Jd;gnk te;jpUf;fhJ.
md;wpa[k; gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; fz;fis ,ik fhg;gJ nghy;/
cz;zhky; cw';fhky;/ epyj;jpy; cl;fhuhky; bjhz;L bra;j vd;
ikj;Jdiu/ eP khw;whe;jha; kfd; eat";rfd; vd;W mtu; kdk;
g[z;gl itnjd; my;yth > mt;tpidapdhy; ,t;tpid te;jJ.
md;wpa[k; vd; tPl;oy; ,Ue;J bfhz;L/ vd; czit cz;L bfhz;L/
ehd; bfhLj;j cilia cLj;jpf; bfhz;L vdf;F jP';F bra;j
Tdpiatplf; bfhoatu;fsh > ehd; epidj;jhy;/ mf;bfhoa Tdp
md;nw koe;jpUg;ghs;. Tdpapd; Fw;wj;ijna bghWj;j ehd;/ ,tu;fs;
bra;j Fw;wj;ijg; bghWf;f ntz;lhkh > md;g[k; mwKk; gz;g[k;
epiwe;j eP/ ,tu;fsplk; fUiz bra; " vd;W Twpdhs;.
,uhku; tpgP#ziug; ghu;j;J/ " jk;gP * eP rPijia ePuhl itj;J
Milazpfyd;fs; my';fupf;fr; bra;J miHj;J th " vd;W
fl;lisapl;lhu;. tpgP#zu;/ mnrhftdk; brd;W njtpapd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
287
jpUtofspy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;. mUfpy; ,Ue;j jpupril/ "mk;kh *
,tu;jhd; vd; je;ij " vd;W mwpKfk; bra;J itj;jhs;.
tpgP#zu;/ "jhna * j';fisf; fhz vk;bgUkhd tpUk;g[fpd;whu;.
njtu;fSk; j';fs; jpUtoiaj; bjhH vjpu;ghu;j;Jf;
bfhz;oUf;fpd;whu;fs;. c';fis my';fupj;J miHj;J tUkhW
fl;lisapl;lhu; " vd;W Twpdhu;.
rPij/ "md;gnd * ,';F cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk;/ jtk; bra;J
bfhz;oUe;j vd; jtf; nfhyj;ij mtu;fs; ghu;f;f ntz;lhkh >
Mfnt/ ehd; jtf;nfhyj;Jlnd tUntd;" vd;whs;.
tpgP#zu;/ "jhna * vk;bgUkhDila fl;lisia vg;go kPWtJ > "
vd;W Twpdhu;. njtp ,z';fpdhs;.
Cu;trp/ uk;ig/ jpnyhj;jik/ nkdif Kjypa njtkhju;fs; te;J
njtpiaj; jPz;o jiyf;F eWkzj; ijyk; g{rp/ tpahr gfthd;
ntj';fisr; rpf;bfLj;J xG';F bra;jJnghy/ jiyKo kapiur;
rpf;bfLj;J xG';F bra;J eWkz ePuhy; KGf itj;J Milazp
fyd;fshy; my';fupj;Jg; gy;yf;fpy; Vw;wp ,uhkgpuhd; jpUKd;nd
bfhz;L te;J nru;j;jhu;fs;.
theu tPuu;fs; vk;gpuhl;oia tpG';FtJ nghyg; ghu;j;Jg; gzpe;J/
tpidjzpe;J epd;whu;fs;.
vk;gpuhl;o vk;gpuhidj; bjhGJ epd;whs;. ,uhk gpuhd; fUiza[ld;
mtiu tuntw;fhky; Kfj;jpy; nfhgf;Fwp njhd;w mtiu nehf;fpdhu;.
,uhku; me;j fw;g[j; bja;tj;ijf; fdpe;J ghu;f;fhky; Rspj;Jg; ghu;j;jhu;.
"$hdfp/ eP eye;jhnd. ehd; cd;idr; rpiw kPl;Fk; bghUl;L
,j;jidg; bgupa a[j;jj;ijr; bra;njdy;yd;. ,l;RthF Fyj;jpy; gpwe;j
vd; kidtpia Xu; muf;fd; ftu;e;jhd; vd;w gHpiaj; jPu;f;Fk;
bghUl;L ,e;j gpuk;khz;l nghiur; bra;njd;. eP ,';f Vd; te;jid >
,e;j Milazpfyd;fs; ,uhtzd; je;jitah > cdf;F ey;y Cz;
czt[fs; fpilj;jpUf;Fnk > fw;g[ila bgz;fs; fztidg; gpupe;j
mf;fznk capiu tpLthu;fns * eP capnuhL ,Uf;fpd;w jd;ik/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
288
bgz; Fyj;jpw;nf gHpg;ig cz;lhf;FfpwJ. cd;dhy; k';ifau; Fynk
khR mile;jJ. eP ,e;j ,lj;ijtpl;Lg; nghfyhk; my;yJ rhfyhk;. eP
epyj;jpy; g[Gitg;nghy; njhd;wpdha;. mjdhy;/ cdf;F ew;Fzk;
mikatpy;iy. "
,g;go fUizna tothfpa ,uhkgpuhd; fw;g[f;furpiag; gyu; Kd;nd
,Hpthfg; ngrpaJ vd;d epahak; > vd;W md;gu;fSf;Fj; njhd;Wk;.
,uhku; rf;utu;j;jp/ ahu; Fw;wk; bra;jhYk; jz;of;Fk; eLepiya[ilatu;.
mj;jifa bgUkhd; rPij/ ,yl;Rkziu khw;whe;jha; kfd; eat";rfd;
vd;bwy;yhk; epe;jpj;J kdk; nehfg; ngrpdhu;. mjw;Fg; gpd;du;
,g;nghJjhd; rPijiar; re;jpf;fpd;whu;. ehl;ilj; Jwe;J tPl;ilj;
Jwe;J/ kidtpiaj; Jwe;J/ g";riziaj; Jwe;J/ czitj; Jwe;J/
cwf;fj;ijj; Jwe;J/ Rfnghfk; midj;Jk; Jwe;j cj;jkid kdk;
nehfg; ngrpa gpiHf;F ,g;nghJ kidtpapd; kdk; nehfg; ngrpj;
jz;lid bfhLf;fpd;whu; vd;W bjspt[ bgWf.
,uhkgpuhDila Tupa ghz';fisg; nghd;w brhw;fs; bfhL";
jd;ikf;F vk; bgUkhd; bfhLf;fpd;w jz;lid vd;W czu;e;jhs;.
,uhkgpuhd; brhy;ypa brhw;fisf; nfl;L mEkhu; gjwpf; fjwp mGjhu;.
theu';fSk; thdtu;fSk; cs;se; Joj;J/ capu; Joj;J ciye;jhu;fs;.
rPjhnjtp vk;bgUkhidg; ghu;j;Jf; fiuflthj jpiuf; fly; nghy;
epd;W/ "Iand * ehd; mnrhf tdj;jpy; bra;j jtj;jpd; jd;ikia
kjpeykpFe;j mjpeyKila mEkhd; j';fsplk; Twtpy;iyah >
j';fs; nkypUe;j md;gpdhy;/ Mu;tj;jhy; ,d;dk; xUKiw j';fs;
nrtoia tz';f ntz;Lk; vd;W capu; jupj;jpUe;njd;. j';fisj;
juprpj;J tpl;nld;. vd; jtk; g{u;j;jpahfptpl;lJ. gynfho tzf;fk; "
vd;W Twp/ xUg[wk; epd;W bfhz;oUf;Fk; ,isa bgUkhis nehf;fp/
" brk;kdr; brk;kny * ehd; jPf;Fspf;f beUg;ig tsu;j;jpf; bfhL "
vd;W Twpdhs;. "md;W ehd; cd;id thapdhy; Rl;nld;/ ,d;W
jPapdhy; Rlg; bgWfpnwd;. "
,yl;Rkzu; kpFe;j ntjida[ld; jikadhiu nehf;fpdhu;. mtu;
fz;zpdhy; fl;lisapl;lhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
289
,yl;Rkzu; fz;zPiur; brhupe;J bfhz;nl ke;jpu g{u;tkhfg;
bgUe;jPia tsu;j;jpdhu;. rPjhnjtp ,uhkiua[k; mf;dpf; Fz;lj;ija[k;
tykhf te;jhu;. "fUizf; flny * ckJ jpUtUs; xd;nw vdf;F
ntz;oaJ. njtuPu; vd; fw;gpd; epiyawpahky; ngrptpl;Ou;. ,dp
vdf;F kuzk; jtpu ntW Rfkpy;iy " vd;W Twptpl;L mf;dpf;F
mUfpy; brd;whu;.
,ijf; fz;L cyfpYs;s vy;yh capu;fSk; tha;tpl;L muw;wpd.
thdj;jpy; ,e;jpuhzp/ "me;njh * ,g;goa[k; xU bfhLikah > ,ijg;
ghu;f;f ehd; vd;d ghtk; bra;njndh > " vd;W fz;fis \of;
bfhz;lhs;. rPjhnjtp/ "cyfpy; gpuknjtDk; rptbgUkhDk; jpUkhYk;
cs;s';if bey;ypf;fdp nghy; bjupthuhapDk; k';ifau; kd epiyia
mwpakhl;lhu;fs;. V/ jPf;flt[ns * ePjhd; cyFf;Fr; rhl;rp. cyfpYs;s
midtUk; mf;dpia tyk; te;J jpUkzk; bra;j bfhs;fpwhu;fs;.
ehd; kdbkhHp bka;fshy; gpiH bra;jpUg;ngdhapd; vd;idr; RLf "
vd;W Twpj; jPapy; gha;e;jhs;.
me;j mf;dp rPijapd; fw;g[f; fdyhy; rlrlbtd;W Rlg;gl;lJ.
mf;dpf; flt[s; rPjhnjtpia tpl;L/ "Iand * ehd; vd;d Fw;wk;
bra;njd; * vd;id Vd; ,j;jhapd; jPapdhy; ntjid bra;jPu; * " vd;W
Twpdhd;. ,uhkUila fL"; brhw;fisf;nfl;Lr; rPjhnjtpapd; Kfj;jpy;
njhd;wpa ntu;it mg;gona ,Ue;jJ. mtu; khu;gpy; ,Ue;j
khiyfSk;/ mjpy; ,Ue;j tz;LfSk; gRikahf ,Ue;jd.
mk;ikapd; fw;gpd; Mw;wiyf;fz;L cyfbky;yhk; ifTg;gpj;
bjhGjJ.
gpuknjtd;/ rptbgUkhd; Kjypnahu; ,uhkiug; ghu;j;J "
vk;bgUkhnd * rPij fw;g[j; bja;tk;. mts; rPwpdhy; cyfnk
mHpe;JtpLk;. eP beUg;g[ld; tpisahlhnj. mtis Vw;Wf;bfhs; "
vd;W Twpdhu;fs;. gfthd; fUiznahL rPijiag; ghu;j;J mUspdhu;.
jruju; tUif
rptbgUkhDila fl;lisg;go njtu;fs; g[il NH tpz;qyfj;jpy;
thH;e;j jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpia tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wp miHj;J te;jhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
290
je;ijahiuf; fz;l ,uhkgpuhd; Mde;jKk;/ mw;g[jKk;
xU';nfaile;J jrujUila ghj fky';fspy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;.
tPH;e;j ike;jidj; jruju; vLj;J khu;g[wj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. Mde;jf;
fz;zPuhy; mgpn#fk; bra;jhu;.
"md;g[s;s kfnd * md;W ifnfap nfl;l tukhfpa muk; vd;
khu;gpy; ijj;jpUe;jJ. vd;idf; bfhd;Wk; me;jf; bfhoa ,Uk;gzp
vd;idtpl;L mfytpy;iy. ,g;nghJ eP vd;idj; jGtpf; bfhz;ljhy;/
fhe;jkzpahy; Mzp btspg;gLtJnghy; mfd;Wtpl;lJ. "
fz;zpy; gha;e;j Crpia kUj;Jtd; fhe;jj;jhy; vspjhf vLg;gJnghy;/
jrujUila khu;gpy; ,Ue;j ifnfapapd; tukhfpa muj;ij/
,uhkUila fhe;jkh kzpahfpa khu;g[ vspjhf vLj;Jtpl;lJ.
"kfnd * ehd; bgw;w ngW ahu; bgWthu; > cyf';fSf;bfy;yhk;
je;ijahfpa cdf;F ehd; je;ijahf ,Ue;njd;. Kd;du; ehd;
kz;qyfj;jpy; thH;e;jnghJ/ ehd; tz';fpa njtu;fs; vy;yhUk;
,g;bghGJ vd;id tz';Ffpd;whu;fs;. me;jf; fhl;rpia cd;
fz;zhy; fhz;ghahf. gpuknjtDf;Fr; ruprkkhf mku;e;jpUf;fpd;w
xg;gw;w bgUik vdf;F cz;lhfpapUf;fpd;wJ" vd;W Twpr;/ rPijapd;
mUfpy; brd;whu;.
ikjpyp/ khkdhu; kyu;j; jpUtoapy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhs;. jruju;
kUkfis thH;j;jp/ "mk;kh * j';fj;ij beUg;gpypLtijg;nghy;
fw;g[f;furpahfpa cd;id mf;dpapy; ,l;L cd; fw;gpd; bgUikia
cyFf;F czu;j;Jk; bghUl;L ,uhkd; ,jidr; bra;jhd;. eP rPw;w';
bfhs;shnj " vd;whu;.
,yl;Rkzu;/ je;ijahiu tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;. jruju; Mde;jf; fz;zPu;
brhupe;J/ ,yl;Rkziuj; jGtp/ "mUik ike;jnd * cd;
jikaDf;fhfg; gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk;
epyj;jpy; ,Ufhy;fSk; epd;w tz;zk; tdk; te;J nrit bra;jhna.
njtuhYk; kw;w ahtuhYk; bty;yKoahj ,e;jpu$pj;ijf; bfhd;W/
,e;jpuhjp njtu;fspd; ,Lf;fz;fis mfw;wp/ tpz;ztu;f;F cjtp
bra;jhna/ thd cyfpy; v';nf ghu;j;jhYk;/ ve;j neuj;jpYk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
291
cd;Dila bgUikiana ngrpf; bfhz;oUf;fpwhu;fs;. ifnfapd;
tukhfpa mwk; eP';fpa g[z;/ cd; !;guprj;jhy; MwpaJ. cd; g[fH;
thH;f * " vd;W cs;sk; Fspu;e;J Mrp Twpdhu;.
jruju; ,uhkidg; ghu;j;J/ " cdf;F ntz;oa tuk; nfs;" vd;whu;.
Kd; kdpjdhf ,Ue;jnghJ ifnfapf;F tuk; bfhLj;Jj;jhd; ,j;jid
,lu;fSk; te;jd.
,uhku;/ "je;ijna * j';fisj; juprpj;jnj vdf;Fg; nguhde;jk;. vdf;F
ntz;oaJ xd;Wkpy;iy " vd;W brhd;dhu;.
jruju;/ "kfnd * cdf;F tuk; ju tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. VjhtJ nfs;"
vd;whu;.
,uhku; jd;dykpy;yhjtu;. jdf;F vd;W nfl;gJ mtUila
bgUikf;F ,Gf;F. tuk; nfl;gJ gpwu; bghUl;L ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.
Mdhy;/ mjpy; jdf;Fk; bjhlu;g[ ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. me;j tuk; jruju;
xUtnu juf;Toajhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Kd;du; trpl;lu; jpUKd;
ifnfap vdf;F kidtp my;ys;/ gujd; vdf;F kfd; my;yd; vd;W
jruju; Twp tpyf;fpdhu;.
Mfnt/ ,uhkd; mnahj;jpapy; brd;W kFlhgpn#fk; bra;J
bfhz;lhy; ifnfapiar; rpw;wd;id vd;W tz';Fk; tha;g;gpUf;fhJ.
gujidj; jk;gp vd;W Vw;f ,ayhJ. FUt[f;F Kd; tpyf;fpa
ifnfapiaa[k; gujida[k; jruju; Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhy;jhnd ,tUf;F
jha[k;/ jk;gpa[k; MfKoa[k; >
KoNl;L tpHhtpy; ifnfap fye;J xUg[wk; fz;zPu; tog;ghs;. md;wp/
,uhku; je;ijahiug; ghu;j;Jf;/ ifnfapia kidtpahf Vw;Wf;
bfhs;S';fs; vd;gJ ehfupfkhf ,Ue;jJ. mJ ,uhkUf;F tuKk;
MfhJ. md;wpj; jruju; Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhy;jhd; ,tUf;Fr; rpwpa
jhahuhf Mf Koa[k;. Mfnt/ vd; rpw;wd;id vd;W brhy;yt[k;
tHpapy;iy. ifnfap vd;W bgupatu;fs; bgaiu cr;rupg;gJk; gpiH.
mjdhy; thf;F td;ika[s;s ,uhkgpuhd; rpwpa jha; vd;W Twhky;
TWfpd;w mjpaw;g[jkhd thf;F xsp bra;tij ,';Ff; fhz;f.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
292
ifnfapiaj; bja;tk; vd;W ,uhku; TWfpd;w mUe;jpwk;
vz;zpbaz;zp kfpH;tjw;FupaJ. vd; bja;tKk; kfDk; vd;w
gpunahfk; kpfkpf cau;e;jJ. ,ijf; nfl;l jruju;/ "kfnd/ Fw;wk;
bra;ah Fzf;Fd;whfpa gujid kfdhf Vw;Wf; bfhs;ntd;. ekJ
kDf;Fyj;jpy; \j;jtd;jhd; muR g[upa ntz;Lk; vd;wpUe;j
guk;giuiaf; bfLj;Jj; Jfshf;fp cdf;F kut[upa[k;/ ril Koa[k;
bfhLj;Jf; fhl;ow;F mDg;gpa ghtpia vd; kidtp vd;W
Vw;fkhl;nld; " vd;whu;.
,g;nghJ ,uhku; TWfpd;whu; " je;ijna * rw;Wg; bghWikahff;
nfS';fs;. vd; mUikj; jha; bra;jjpy; mqtst[k; gpiHapy;iy.
jh';fs; vd;id KoNl;of; bfhs;SkhW fl;lisapl;Ou;. ehd; mij
kWf;fhJ xg;g[f; bfhz;lJ vd; gpiH. ehd; njtu;fs;
ntz;Lnfhspd;go mnahj;jpapy; gpwe;jJ nfhry ehl;il Ms;tjw;fh >
,y;iy. gy fhykhf njtu;fSf;Fk; Kdptu;fSf;Fk; ,lu; bra;j
,uhtzidf; bfhy;tjw;fhf. vd; mtjhu nehf;fnk ,uhtz
rk;khue;jhnd * "
"me;jf; nfhl;ghl;Lf;F khwhf/ ehd; murhs epidj;jJ vd;
gpiHahFk;. me;jj; njtfhupaj;Jf;F cjtpahf ,Ue;jJ vd; jhapd;
bra;if. mjidr; rpe;jpahky; vd; jhiaf; nfhgpg;gJ vd;d Kiw > "
,ijf; nfl;l jruju; ,uhkgpuhd; mtjhu nehf;fj;jpw;F cWJizahf
,Ue;jJ. ifnfapapd; bray; vd;Wzu;e;J bjspt[ bgw;Wr; rPw;wk;
Mwpdhu;.
jruju; ifnfapapf;Ff; bfhLj;j tuk; ,uz;lhFk;. ,g;nghJ ,uhkUf;Fk;
,uz;L tuk; bfhLj;jhu; vd;W thdtu;fs; tGj;jpdhu;fs;.
njtu;fs; ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;J " Iand * ckf;F vd;d tuk;
ntz;Lk; " vd;W nfl;ldu;.
,uhkgpuhd;/ " nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,we;J nghd theu';fs; mj;jidg;
ngUk; gpiHf;f ntz;Lk; vd;Wk;/ theu';fs; thH;fpd;w fhdfk;
Kjyhd ,l';fspy; td tsKk;/ fha;fdpfSk;. NjDk;/ ePUk; bgUfp/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
293
theu';fSf;F eyk; bra;a ntz;Lk; " vd;Wk; tuk; nfl;lhu;. mJgo
njtu;fs; tuk; bfhLj;jdu;.
khz;l theu';fs; kPz;L vGe;jd. gpuknjtDk;/ rpt\u;j;jpa[k;
mEkhiu nehf;fp/ ",uhkgpuhDila gjpdhY Mz;L tdthr fhyk;
epiwntWfpwJ. eP ,d;W brd;W gujid milatpy;iyahdhy; gujd;
mf;dpapy; tPH;e;J ,wg;ghd;. Mjyhy;/ eP';fs; ,g;nghJ mnahj;jp
bry;Y';fs; " vd;W Twp ,uhkiu thH;j;jp j';fs; j';fs;
cyf';fSf;Fr; brd;whu;fs;.
,uhku; jpUk;g[jy;

,uhkgpuhd; tpgP#ziug; ghu;j;Jj; " jk;gP/ tdthrk; gjpdhY


Mz;Lfs; ,d;Wld; epiw ntwptpl;ld. ehd; ,d;nw mnahj;jp nghf
thfdk; cz;lh >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. tpgP#zu;. " vk;bgUkhnd *
,uhtzd; jd; jikadhuhfpa Fngudplk; ,Ue;J ftu;e;J bfhz;l
g[l;gf tpkhdk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjpy; vy;yhUk; nghfyhk; " vd;W Twp
tpkhdj;ijf; bfhz;L te;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
294
,uhku;/ "njhHu;fns * eP';fs; vy;yhUk; c';fs; ,Ug;gplj;Jf;Fr;
bry;Y';fs;. c';fs; cwtpdu;fSf;F vd; Rfj;ijr; brhy;Y';fs;. ehd;
mtrukhf mnahj;jpf;Fg; nghfpd;nwd;" vd;whu;.
tpgP#zu; Kjypa md;gu;fs; ,uhkiu tz';fpg; " bgUkhnd *
eh';fs; vy;yhUk; te;J njtuPupd; KoNl;L tpHhitf; fz;L fspf;f
ntz;Lk;. v';fSf;F mDkjp bfhLf;f ntz;Lk; " vd;W ntz;odu;.
,uhku;/ "mt;tz;znk thU';fs; " vd;W Twpdhu;. vy;yhUk;
tpkhdj;jpy; Vwpf; bfhz;lhu;fs;.
tlf;F nehf;fp tUfpd;w tHpapy; ,uhku; rPijiag; ghu;j;J "$dfuh$d;
bgw;w jtf;bfhGe;nj * ,njh ,e;jr; nrJ miziag; ghu;g;ghahf.
,jidg; ghu;j;j khj;jpuj;jpy; vy;yhg; ght';fSk; nghFk;. ,fgu
eyd;fs; cz;lhFk;" vd;W nrJtpd; bgUikiaf; Twpdhu;
tpkhdk; fpl;fpe;ijf;F mUfpy; te;jt[ld; ,uhku; tpkhdj;jpy;
,Ue;jgona fpl;fpe;ijiar; rPijf;Ff; fhl;odhu;. rPjhnjtp/ "
bgUkhnd * ,e;j theug; bgz;fisa[k; mnahj;jpf;F miHj;Jf;
bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. ehd; xUj;jp kl;Lk; .,e;j tpkhdj;jpy; nghtJ
rpwg;gd;W " vd;W Twpdhs;.
tpkhdj;ijf; fpl;fpe;ijapy; ,wf;fp m';Fs;s jhiu Kjypa
bgz;kzpfis tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;fs;.
me;j theug; bgz;fs; kdpj totk; vLj;Jr; brd;whu;fs;.
tpkhdk; rpj;jpu Tlj;ij mile;jJ. ghuj;Jthru; kz;qyfpy;
epd;Wbfhz;L ,uhkiu/ ,';F ,w';f ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;of;
bfhz;lhu;. ghuj;Jthru;/ ",uhkh * vd;idtpl;Lg; gpupe;j gpd; epfH;e;j
epfH;r;rpfs; mj;jida[k; ,';nfapUe;J ghu;j;J kfpH;e;njd;. ,d;W
vd;dplk; j';fp cztUe;j ntz;Lk; " vd;whu;. gujd; m';F
capu;tplj; Jzpe;jpUf;fpd;whd; vd;wwpUe;Jk;/ ,uhku; rhg;ghl;ow;F
xg;g[f; bfhz;lhu;/ mjdhy;/ mtu; rhg;ghl;L ,uhkd; vd;W bgau;
bgw;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
295
,uhku;/ "mEknd * eP tpiue;J brd;W gujdplk; vd; fizahHpiaf;
fhl;o/ vd; tuitg; gujDf;Fj; bjuptpg;ghahf " vd;W Twpdhu;.
,uhkgpuhDila tUifiag; gujUf;F mwptpf;Fk; bghUl;L mEkhu;
thd;tHpr; brd;whu;. jd; je;ijahfpa tha[ ntfKk; ,uhk ghz
ntfKk; gpw;gl/ jdJ kdKk; gpe;j mj;Jiz ntfkhfr; brd;whu;.

gujupd; gupt[

,uhk gf;jpna Xu; cUbtLj;jJ nghd;w guju; mnahj;jp khefiua[k;/


muz;kidiaa[k; Jwe;J/ mnahj;jpf;F mUfpYs;s ee;jpf; fpuhkj;jpy;
xU kz;lj;jpy; ,uhkUila ghJifia itj;J tHpghL bra;J
bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
,iwtid moahu;fs; fhiy/ cr;rp/ khiy vd;W Kg;nghJk;
tz';Fthu;fs;. gujnuh vg;nghJk; tz';fpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;. bghwp
g[yd;fis mtpj;J cs;se; jtpj;J mGj fz;qk; bjhGj ifa[khf/
eWkz kyu;fshy; mu;r;rpj;J tHpghL bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
296
,uhku; brd;w jpir bjw;F/ Mjypd; bjd; jpiriaj; jtpu ntW
jpirfis nehf;fhu;. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; ,d;W g{u;j;jpahfpd;wJ.
mupr;re;jpud; kugpy; te;j vd; mz;zd; brhd;d brhy; jtwkhl;lhu;.
14-tJ Mz;L Kotpny tUntd; vd;whnu/ me;j thf;fpd;go mtu;
te;jhupy;iy. mtUf;F vd;d ,lnuh > giftuhy; Jd;gk;
tpise;jnjh > murhl;rpiag; gujnd Msl;Lk; vd;W fUjp tuhJ
,Uf;fpd;whnuh > ,dp ehd; thH khl;nld;. khz;L xHpntd; >
vd;bwz;zpg; guju; capu; tplj; Jzpe;jhu;.
gf;jpna xUUthf te;jJ nghd;w guju; bgUe;Jaukile;J rj;Uf;diu
miHj;J tur; brhd;dhu;. rj;Uf;du; tpiue;J te;J gujUila ghj
jhkiu kPJ tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;.
guju;/ vd; md;g[ilj; jk;gP * Fwpg;gpl;lgo mz;zh tutpy;iy. ,dp
xU fzKk; capUld; thH tpUk;gtpy;iy. vdf;F beUg;g[ tsu;j;jpf;
bfhL. me;j murhl;rpia eP Vw;Wf; bfhz;L thH;thahf vd;whu;.
mjidf; nfl;l rj;Uf;du; eLeL';fpdhu;. jPapy; tPH;e;j g[Gitg; nghy;
JoJoj;jhu;. gujiuj; bjhGJ gfu;fpd;whu;.
mz;zh * epykfs; tUe;j mtisf; iftpl;Lf; fhdfk; g[Fe;j
vk;gpuhidf; fhj;J epHy; nghy;/ bjhlu;e;J bjhz;L bra;ag; nghd
,yl;RkzUk; xU jk;gp fhdfk; brd;wtu; jpUk;gptUk; jtiz ehs;
Koe;jJ vd;W/ koe;J nghfj; Jzpe;J epd;w njtuPUk; xU jk;gp.
kw;bwhU jk;gpahfpa monad; ,e;j Ml;rpiag; g[uptjh > ,e;j
murhl;rp ,dpf;Fkh > jh';fs; jPapy; tPH;e;jhy; monaDk; tPH;e;J
khz;L nghntd;. xU fzKk; capu; jupnad; vd;W Twpj; bjhGJ
mGJ epd;whu;.
gujd; jPapy; tPH;e;J khz;L nghfj; Jzpfpd;whu; vd;w bra;jpiaf;
nfl;l mnahj;jpapy; thGk; kf;fs; Muhj; Jaukile;J ee;jpf;fpuhkk;
te;J/ g[j;jp behe;J/ rpe;jhFyk; mile;jhu;fs;.
jpUKo Nl;Ljy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
297
bfsryh njtp ,jidf; nfl;L cs;sk; Jof;ff;/ fz;zPu; toj;J
tapw;wpy; moj;Jf; bfhz;L gujdplk; te;J/ vd; md;g[ kfnd * eP
vd;d fhupak; bra;fpd;wha; > vz;zpy;yhj nfho ,uhku;fs; TodhYk;
cd; md;g[f;Fk;/ gz;g[f;Fk; epfuhf khl;lhu;fs;. mz;zd; ,d;W
tutpy;iy bad;why; ehis tUthd;. te;j ,uhkd; eP khz;lij
mwpe;J jhDk; khz;L nghthd;. mjidawpe;J mnahj;jpapYs;s
mj;jid kf;fSk; khz;L nghthu;fs;. tpz;qyfKk; kz;qyfKk;
khz;L xHpa[k;.
kfnd * cd;idg; nghd;w cj;jk jk;gp cyfpy; njhd;wpaJkpy;iy/
,dpj; njhd;wg;nghtJkpy;iy. cd;Dila md;g[ kfhnkU kiyapDk;
bgupaJ. eP jPapy; tpHhnj vd;W Twp mGJ jLj;jhs;.
guju;/ mk;kh * jhapd; brhy;iyf; nfl;gJk;/ je;ijapd; brhy;iyf;
nfl;gJk; ,uhkUf;nf cupait. ,uhku; tuhikapdhy; ehd; capu;
tpLntd;. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; bghWj;J ehd; tUntd; vd;W
mz;zh cWjp Twpdhu;. mg;bghGJ ehd; mz;zidg; ghu;j;J
mz;zh * jh';fs; Twpago gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; fHpj;J
tutpy;iyahdhy; ehd; capUld; ,Uf;f khl;nld; vd;W rgjk;
bra;njd;. mz;zd;jhd; brhd;d brhw;go tutpy;iy Mfnt/ ehd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
298
thH;tJ Kiwapy;iy. jPapy; tPH;tJjhd; Kiw. vd; jha;f;Ff; bfhLj;j
tuj;ij epiwntw;w capiu tpLj;j jrujUila kfd;jhnd ehd; >
rj;jpaj;Jf;fhf mtu; capiutpl;lJ nghy;/ ehDk; capiu tpLntd;.
,J cWjp vd;whu;.
mf;dpf;F mUfpy; brd;w guju; mf;dp g{i$ bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;.
mg;bghGJ M";rneau; ,uhkUila tuitf; f';iff; fiuapy;
Ffdplk; Twptpl;L/ tpz; btspna te;J/ rgjj;ijna tpujkhff;
bfhz;l gujnu * ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp te;Jtpl;lhu;. ,d;Dk; ehw;gJ
ehHpifapy; ,';F tUthu;. ghuj;Jthr Kdptupd; Mrpukj;jpy;
j';fpapUf;fpd;whu; vd;W Twpdhu;.
;
,t;thW mEkhu; Twp/ ,uhkgpuhDila fizahHpiaf; bfhLj;jhu;.
guju; nkhjpuj;ij th';fpf; fz;fspy; xw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;. rpurpd;kPJ
itj;Jf; bfhz;lhu; vy;iyapy;yhj kfpH;r;rpia mile;jhu;. Modhu;/
ghodhu;/ m';Fk; ,';Fk; Xodhu; mEkhu; jpwj;ij ehodhu;.
TwpatDf;Fg; bghd; g[ijay; fpilj;jJnghy; bgUk;
kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. m';F epiwe;jpUe;j ntj tpj;Jf;fshd
me;jzu;fis m";ryp bra;jhu;. jdf;Fr; rkhdkhd muru;fisj;
bjhGjhu;. tl;og; bgUf;Fk; gzpahsu;fshfpa jhjpau;fisj; bjhGjhu;
jd;idna jhd; bjhGJ bfhz;lhu;.
kfpH;r;rp xU fs; nghd;wJ. fs;Sz;lhu;f;F ,d;dJ bra;tJ vd;W
bjupahJ.
mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ thdbtspahf te;J vd; Cdk; jPu;j;j "hd
\u;j;jpna * eP ahu; > cd; ngu; ahJ > vd;W nfl;lhu;.
mEkhu; gujUf;Fj; jd; tpRt +gj;ijf; fhl;odhu;. me;jg;
ngUUtj;ijf; fz;L trp#;lUk;/ gujUk; rj;Uf;dUk; mr;rKk;/
mjpraKk; mile;jhu;fs;. kw;wtu;fs; tpz;qk;/ kz;qk; \o epd;w
mEkhUila tpRt +gj;ijf; fz;L btUz;L/ kUz;L/ eL';fp
xL';fp epd;whu;fs;. me;jz totj;jpy te;j mEkhu; ,g;bghGJ jd;
Ratotj;ijf; fhl;l/ vy;yhUk; tpae;J eae;J epd;whu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
299
guju; mEkhUf;Fg; bghd;Dk;bghUSk; kpf tpiya[au;e;j
uj;jpdkzpfSk; bghd;dhilfSk; guprhff; bfhLj;J kfpH;tpj;jhu;.
gpd;du;/ guju; mEkhiug; ghu;j;J v';fis thH;tpf;f te;j ts;sny *
cd; tuyhW ahJ > vd;W nfl;lhu;. mEkhu; monad; tha[ Fkhud;.
vd; jha; m";rdh njtp. vd; bgau; mEkd;. ehd; ,uhkUf;F
monad; vd;W Twpg; guju; ,uhku; gpupe;j gpwF ele;j tuyhw;iwr;
RUf;fkhft[k; cUf;fkhft[k; Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;Lg; guju; ,uhkUf;F
neu;e;j Jd;g';fis vz;zpg; bgupJk; Jaukile;jhu;.
guju; mnahj;jpia my';fupf;FkhW fl;lisapl;lhu;. mWgjpdhapuk;
mf;nuhzp nridfSk; mnahj;jpthH; kf;fSk; ,uhkiu vjpu;bfhz;L
miHf;fr; brd;whu;fs;.
,uhku; cld; te;jhUld; g[#;gf; tpkhdj;jpy; Vwpf; f';fh ejpiaf;
fz;L ,w';fpdhu;. Ffd; ghrj;JlDk; nerj;JlDk; ,uhkUila
jpUtofis tz';fpdhd;. mtd; fz;fspy; Mwhf ePu; bgUfpaJ.
,uhku; tpgP#zUf;Fk;/ Rf;uPtDf;Fk; Ffid mwpKfg;gLj;jp itj;jhu;.
Ffd;/ tpgP#ziua[k; Rf;uPtida[k; khu;g[wj; jGtp Mde;jf;
fz;zPuhy; eidj;jhd;.
,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpa[k; rPjhnjtpa[k; ,yl;RkzUk; ntj ntjhe;j
tpj;jfuhfpa trp#;l KdptUila ghjhu tpe;jk; gzpe;jhu;fs;.
trp#;lu; ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fisj; jGtp/ cs;sk; cUfp/ fz;zPu;
bgUfp/ ,uhfth vy;yh eyd;fisa[k; bgw;W ePL thH;f vd;W
thH;j;jpdhu;.
,uhkgpuhd; Kjypy; ifnfapapd; fky ghjj;jpy; tPH;e;J md;g[f;
fz;zPuhy; mts; ghjj;ij mgpn#fk; bra;jhu;.
ifnfap ,uhkiu vLj;J md;g[ld; MrPu;tjpj;jhs;. gpd;du;/
bfsriyiaa[k; Rkj;jpiuiaa[k; mqfp/ md;g[ld; mtu;fSila
jhkiuj; jhs;fs; kPJ tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;.
guju; jhiu jhiuahf mGJ bfhz;nl jk; jiy nkypUe;j ghJifia
,uhkgpuhd; jpUtoapy; itj;J capiug; gpupe;j clk;g[ kPz;Lk;
mt;t[apiu mile;jJ nghy; xg;gpy;yhj ctifa[ld; gukidg;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
300
gzpe;jhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; md;g[ totkhf mUe;jtf; nfhyj;Jld;
mGjtz;zk; bjhGj ifa[ld; epw;Fk; gujUila ghj fkyj;ijg;
gpoj;Jf; fz;zPu; toj;jhu;.
guju; ,yl;Rkziu khu;g[wj; jGtp/ jk;gP ,yl;Rkzh * eP vd;d
g[z;zpak; bra;jidnah > epHy; nghy vk;gpuhidj; bjhlu;e;J brd;W
my;Yk; gfYkhf/ md tujKk; cz;zhky; cw';fhky; bjhz;L
bra;jid. vdf;F mg;ngW fpilf;ftpy;iy. eP g[z;zpaj;jpd;
fUt{yk;/ eP vd;d khjtk; bra;jidnah > ,e;jg; ghf;fpak; ahUf;Fk;
fpilf;fhJ. cd; fPu;j;jp thH;f vd;W md;g[ld; bkhHpfshy;
,yl;Rkzid thH;j;jpdhu;.
rj;Uf;du; ,uhkiua[k;/ ,yl;Rkziua[k; rPjhnjtpiaa[k; md;g[ld;
vl;L m';f';fSk; epyj;jpy; njha tz';fpdhu;. ,uhkgpuhd; mtiu
thH;j;jpdhu;.
,uhkgpuhd; guj rj;Uf;du;fSf;Fj; jk;Kld; te;jtu;fis mwpKf";
bra;jhu;.
jk;gP * ,td; mEkhd;/ capupDk; rpwe;j cj;jkd;. ,tDf;F epfu;
,td;jhd;. ffd khu;f;fkhff; fliyf;fle;J ,y';iff;Fr; brd;W
rPijiaf; fz;L/ ,y';ifia vupa{l;o te;jtd;. nkUtiuapd;
nkk;gl;l nguhw;wy; bgw;wtd;. Mjpj;jdplk; xd;gJ
tpahfuz';fisa[k; Xjpa[zu;e;jtd;. ,tid et tpahfuzg; gz;ojd;
vd;W vl;Lj; jpf;Fk; kjpf;Fk;. ,tDila brhy;yhw;wy; kpft[k;
cau;e;jJ. mad;fizahy; midtUk; khz;l nghJ ifiy kiyf;F
tlf;nfa[s;s r";rPtp kiyia xU ifahy; bfhz;L te;J
midtUf;Fk; capu;g;gpr;ir bfhLj;j cj;jkd;. ,td; bgUik
mstplw;fupaJ. rpyuplj;jpy; md;gpUe;jhy; mwptpUf;fhJ/
mwptpUe;jhy; Mw;wypUf;fhJ. ,e;j cj;jk rPydplk; vy;yhf;
Fz';fSk; xU';nf mike;jpUf;fpd;wd. ,td; nritapd; rpfuk;.
rPijf;F capu;g;gpr;ir bfhLj;j cj;jkd;. Rf;uPtDila Kjyikr;rd;.
m#;lkh rpj;jpfSk; ,tdplk; iffl;o tha; bghj;jpg; gzpg[upa[k;.
,td; Rf;uPtd; Nupa Fkhud;/ fp#;fpe;ijia khl;rpa[ld; Ml;rp
g[upgtd;. cw;w ,lj;J capiua[k; bfhLf;Fk; cz;ik ez;gd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
301
,td; tpgP#zd;/ ,uhtzDila jk;gp. cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; rnfhjud;.
rhe;jnk tothdtd;. rfy fyh ty;ytd;. ,uhtz a[j;jk;
ele;jbghGJ gy el;gkhd ,ufrpa';fisr; brhy;ypj; Jiz g[upe;jtd;.
,tDila g[jy;tp jpupril/ rPijf;F cw;w Jiztpahf ,Ue;J cjtp
bra;jts;. rPij mnrhf tdj;jpy; rpiwapy; Jd;gj;jpy; Joj;Jf;
bfhz;oUe;jbghGJ MWjYk; njWjYk; bra;jts;.
,td; m';fjd;/ thyp Fkhud; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtd; ew;Fz ek;gp/
fp#;fpe;ijf;F ,sturd;.
,td; $hk;gthd;/ mwpthw;wypy; rpwe;jtd;/ mEgtk; Kjpu;e;jtd;/
vy;yh tifapYk; rpwe;jtd;.
,td; ePyd; nrdhjpgjp/ vGgJ bts;sk; nridfSf;Fj; jdpg;bgUe;
jiytd;. giftuhfpa itf;nfhy; g[y;Yf;F beUg;g[ nghd;wtd;.
,t;thW ,uhkgpuhd; jkf;Fj; bjhz;L bra;j mj;jidg; ngiua[k;
mwpKfk; bra;J itj;jhu;. guju; mj;jidg; ngiua[k; jdpj;jdpna
jGtp/ vz;zupa g[z;zpaj;jhy; c';fSf;F ,uhk if';fupak;
fpilj;jJ. ,e;jg; ghf;fpak; ahUf;Fk; fpilf;fhJ. eP';fs; vy;yh
eyd;fSld; gy;yhz;L thH;f vd;W Twp cgrupj;jhu;.
Rke;jpuu; Kjypa mikr;ru;fs; te;J/ ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fisg;
gzpe;jhu;fs;. ,uhku; vy;yhiua[k; thH;j;jpdhu;. vy;yhUk; tpkhdk; Vwp
mnahj;jpia mile;jhu;fs;.
,uhkUk; kw;w jk;gpaUk; jiyKoiar; rpf;bfLj;Jj; ijyk; jltpr;
rua[ ejpapy; ePuho my';fupj;Jf; bfhz;lhu;fs;. rpwe;j kzpj; njupy;
,uhku; Vwpdhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; Fil gpoj;jhu;. rj;Uf;du; btz;rhkuk;
tPrpdhu;. guju; rhujpahf ,Ue;J nju; brYj;jpdhu;. njupd; ,U
gf;f';fspYk; tpgP#zUk;/ Rf;uPtDk; ahidfs; kPJ brd;whu;fs;.
m';fjd; Kd;nd brd;whu;. mEkhu; gpd;nd brd;whu;.
kdpj tot'; bfhz;L ,Ue;j theu khju;fs bgz; Fjpiuapd; kPJk;
ahidfs; kPJk;/ gy;yf;F Kjypa Cu;jpfspYk; brd;whu;fs;. bghd;
tpkhdj;jpy; rPjhnjtp brd;whs;. njtu;fs; g{kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;.
mjdhy; g{f;fs; v';Fk; epiwe;J kz;qyfk; g{t[yfk; Mapw;W.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
302
,uhku; njiutpl;L ,w';fp muz;kidf;Fs; brd;whu;. gjpdhd;F
Mz;Lfs; gpupe;jpUe;j mnahj;jp efuj;J kf;fs; jhiaf; fz;l nriag;
nghy; kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. cilfs; mtpH;e;J nghtija[k; czuhky;
Tj;jhodhu;fs;.
KoNl;o ehis epr;rapj;J vz; jpirf;Fk; Xiy mDg;gpdhu;fs;.
yl;nrhg yl;rk; ngu; KoNl;L tpHht[f;F te;J nru;e;jhu;fs;. mEkhu;
j';ff; Fl';fspy; etPu;j;j';fisa[k; bfhz;L te;jhu;. KoNl;L
kz;lgj;ijg; bghd;dhYk; kzpahYk; g{thYk; my';fupj;jhu;fs;.
trp#;lu; Kjyhndhu; nts;tp bra;jhu;fs;. M";rneau; rp';fhjdj;ijj;
jh';fpf; bfhz;L epd;whu;. gujhH;thu; btz; bfhw;wf;bfhil gpoj;jhu;.
,yl;RkzUk; rj;Uf;dUk; btz; rhkuk; tPrpdhu;fs;. rPjhnjtp ,uhku;
mUfpny tps';fpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;. btz;bza; ey;Yhu; rilag;g
ts;sypd; \jhijfs; kzp kFlj;ij vLj;Jf; bfhLf;f/ ,uhkUf;F
trp#;lu; jpUKo Nl;odhu;.
ght';fSf;bfy;yhk; bgupa ghtk; bra;e;ed;wp kwj;jy;.
g[z;zpa';fSf;bfy;yhk; jiyaha g[z;zpak; bra;ed;wpawpjy;.
vvee;e;edd;w;wpp bbffhhdd;w;whhuu;f;f;F
;Fkk; ; c
caa;t [z;l;lhhkk; ; c
;t[z caa;t
;tppyy;i
;iyy
bbrraa;e;e;e;ed
d;w;wpp bbffhhdd;w;w kkffww;F ;F vd;ghu; jpUts;Stu;.
MMd d;K ;Kiiyy m mWWjj;j;j m mwwd dpp nnyyhhuu;f;f;F ;Fkk; ;
kkhhz
zppi iHH kkffs sppuu; ; ffU
Urr;r;rppi ;Fkk; ;
ijjjj; ; nnjjhhuu;f;f;F
FFuut
tuu; ; jjgg;g;gppaa bbffhhLLi ikk nnaahhuu;f;f;F ;Fkk; ;
ccaa;j;jpp ccz z;L;L bbrraa;j;jppbbffhhd d; ; nnwwhhuu;f;f;F
;F
ccaa;j;jpp aappd
d;b;bwwddm mwwkk;g;ghh ooww;W;W..
-g[wehDhW.
fk;g ehlu; ed;wp kwthj ew;Fz rPyu;. jkf;F md;dKk; Mila[k;
bghd;Dk; bghUSk; tH';fp Mjupj;j rilag;giuj; jpUKo Nl;Lk;
,lj;jpy; ghuhl;of; ftp g[ide;jhu;.
jpUKoNl;Lk;nghJ thdtu; kyu;kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;. muk;igau;fs;
Modhu;fs;. ehuju; Kjypatu;fs; ghodhu;fs;. trpl;lhjp Kdptu;fs;
ke;jpuhl;ir Jhtpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
303
vy;yhUnk j';fs; j';fSf;F KoNl;oaJ nghy kl;lw;w
kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;.
,uhku;/ me;jzu;fl;F Mila[k; mzpfyd;fSk; gRf;fSk;
tH';fpdhu;. twpatu;f;F ms;spas;spg; bghd;Dk; kzpa[k; je;jhu;.
tpgP#zUf;Fj; njtu;fs; je;j ,uj;jpd flfj;ijj; je;J/ cdf;F
xg;ghupy;iy vd;W Kfkd; Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;.
Rf;uPtDf;F rk;guidj; jruju; btd;wnghJ gpuknjtu; je;j ,uj;jpd
flfj;ija[k;/ nju; ahidfisa[k; guprhf tH';fpdhu;.
,e;jpud; bfhLj;j kzpf;flfj;ij m';fjDf;F mspj;jhu;. ePyd;/
$hk;gthd; Kjypa theuj; jiytu;fl;F ,uj;jpd kzpkhiyfis
tH';fpdhu;. FfDf;F cau;e;j ,uj;jpdh guz';fisj; je;jhu;.
mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ M";rneah/ cdf;F xg;ghu; xUtUk; ,y;iy.
r";rPtpkiy bfhzu;e;J khz;ltiu kPz;blGkhW bra;j cd;
jpahfKk; nrita[k; nkUtiuapDk; nkk;gl;lJ. eP Jha gpuk;krhup.
cdf;F vd;d gupR tH';Fntd; > vd;idna jUfpd;nwd; vd;W Twp
khu;g[wj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;.
,uhkgpuhd; rPjhnjtpiaf; filf;fz;zhy; ghu;j;jhu;. Fwpg;g[zu;e;J
rPjhnjtp jdf;Fr; ru!;tjp je;j ed;Kj;J khiyia mEkhUf;F
mspj;jhu;.
,e;j KoNl;LtpHh bjhlu;e;J mWgJ ehs; ele;jJ.
tpgP#zu;/ Rf;uPtd; Kjypa midtiua[k; ,uhkgpuhd; ghu;j;J/
murdpy;yhj ehL fhlhfptpLk;. eP';fs; brd;W/ c';fs; ehl;il ed;F
muR bra;a[';fs; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhu;.
vy;yhUk; vk;bgUkhdplk; gpupahtpil bgw;Wg; g[wg;gl;lhu;fs;.
tpgP#zu; vGgJ bts;sk; nridfisa[k; tpkhdj;jpy Vw;wpf;
bfhz;L Ffidr; rpU';fpnguj;jpYk;/ Rf;uPtd; Kjypatu;fisf;
fp#;fpe;ijapYk; ,wf;fptpl;L ,y';if ngha; uhk gf;jp bra;J Ml;rp
g[upe;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
304
| ,uhkgpuhd; jk;gpau;f;F ,stuRg; gl;lk; je;J kDbewpapy; Ml;rp
g[upe;jhu;. kz;qyfk; brHpf;fj; bjhl';fpaJ.
E
Ehhww;g;gaad
d; ;
cyfk; ca;a cjpj;jpl;l
xspnru; ,uhkd; tuyhw;iw
epynky; XJk; bka;ad;gu;
epiwe;j ,d;gk; bgWthu;fs;
myfpy; yhj bka;";"hdk;
miltu;/ milahu; MFy';fs;/
gyUk; g[fGk; gz;g[lnd
guk gjj;jpy; thH;thnu.

(epiwe;jJ)

SRIRAMAJAYAM

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D drjperumalphd@yahoo.com
305