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2012


1.

, .................. 4

2.

................................................ 8
2.1. ............................................................................... 8
2.2. .......................................................... 10

3. - ................................................. 14
3.1. .............................................................................. 14
3.2. .............................................................................................................. 14
3.3. .......................................................................................................... 18
3.1. .............................................................................. 21
3.2. .............................................................................................................. 21
3.3. .......................................................................................................... 25
4. ..................................................... 29
4.1. .................................................................................. 29
4.2. ................................................................................. 30
4.3. .............................................................................. 37
5. ...................................................................... 41
5.1. Dithering ............................................................................................. 41
5.2. Noise Shaping ...................................................................................... 47
5.3. T Super Bit Mapping (SBM) ................................................................... 52
5.4. Oversampling ...................................................................................... 53
6. - ...................................................................................... 57
6.1. Noise Shaping ...................................................................................... 57
6.2. - ............................................. 58
6.3. - ................................... 61
6.4. - ................................... 65
6.5. ........................................................................................... 68
7. .................................................................... 72
7.1. .............................................................................. 72
7.2. ............................................................................................ 83
8. ...................................................................................... 89
8.1. ............................................................ 89
8.2. ................................................................ 91
8.3. - ....................................................................................... 94
8.4. .............................................................................................. 99
8.5. ................................................... 102
8.6. CD DVD ..................................... 107
8.7. CD DVD .................................................... 112
9. ...................................................................................... 116
9.1. ............................................... 116
9.2. DASH.......................... 121
9.3. DAT .............................................. 123
9.4. HDD ................................ 129
10. ............................................................... 133
2

10.1. .............................................. 133


10.2. MD ........................................... 134
10.3. ................................................................ 135
11. ................................................................... 137
11.1. ................................................................................................. 137
11.2. AES3, AES3id SPDIF ................................................................. 139
11.3. AES3 AES/EBU.......................................................................... 141
11.4. SDIF-2, SDIF-3 S/PDIF ............................................................ 144
11.5. AES10 .............................................................................................. 145
11.7 MIDI.................................................................................................. 149
..................................................................................................... 154

1. ,
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2448, .

DASH , DAT

Mini Disk (MD)

D, DVD Audio, D R, DVD R,


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SACD
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Compact Disc Digital Audio
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Compact Disc Recordable
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Compact Disc Rewritable

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Super Audio Compact Disc

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Digital Versatile Disc Audio
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Digital Versatile Disc Recordable

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Digital Versatile Disc Rewritable
80 .
Blue Ray
Blue Ray
200 24
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High Density DVD
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Hard Disc Digital
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Digital Audio Stationary Head
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Digital Audio Tape Recorder
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Magneto-optical disks

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___________________________________________________________________________
.*: CD-DA (Compact Disc Digital Audio), SACD (Super Audio Compact Disc), DVD-A(Digital
Versatile Disc Audio), CD-R (Compact Disc Recordable), CD-RW (Compact Disc Rewritable), DVD-R (Digital
Versatile Disc Recordable), DVD-RW (Digital Versatile Disc Rewritable), HDD (Hard Disc Digital), DASH
(Digital Audio Stationary Head), DAT (Digital Audio Tape Recorder), HD-DVD (High Density DVD), BD (Blue
Ray), MO (Magnetico Optical), MD (Mini Disc).

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16- L(8bit )
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31 ( 15) ,
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0000
0001
0010
0100
1000
0011
0110
1100

0
0

+1
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5
6


1011
0101
1010
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1111
1101
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8
9
10
11
12
13
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r x0 , x1...xr 1 .
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2
3
4
5
6
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
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9
1
2
3
4
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6
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1
2
3
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11
1
2
3
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1
2
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f / fch.
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CD-R, DVD-R, CD-RW, DVD-RW,
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